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First-year struggle

Freshmen enter college highly dependent, without long-term goals. So who’s at fault if they don’t succeed? JOSEPH PAUL Features editor Jennifer Shields is an average full-time incoming freshman at Indiana State who plans to pursue a degree in political science. On her way to meet with her academic advisor on the second floor of Gillum Hall, Shields explained her plan to graduate. “I’m going to study more and get my work done on time,” she said. Although good intentioned, nearly one in five students like Shields at ISU won’t even advance to their second semester, according to retention and graduate rates published by ISU in February 2013. Furthermore, less than 2 percent of ISU’s class of 2013 graduated within four years of enrollment. At the six-semester mark and beyond, however, the number rockets to nearly 50 percent. It’s a problem with which every university across the United John Beacon, vice president of enrollment management, States struggles. On average, communications and marketing, assists with an incoming freshman just 38 percent of students in during an advising session. Research suggests one in-five first-year four-year institutions across students won’t complete a second semester (Photo by Bob Rhodes). the nation graduate on time,

according to figures by the National Center for Education Statistics. If Shields was AfricanAmerican, Hispanic or American Indian, her chance of Friday September 6, 2013 graduating on time would drop even further. Indiana State University Such retention problems across the country raise a Volume 121 Issue 5 question that Mark Frederick, Ph.D., an adjunct faculty for the Bayh College of Education, attempted to answer nearly eight years ago: who is failing who? From there, Frederick codeveloped the University Learning Outcomes Assessment, or UniLAO, after surveying thousands of people across the nation to learn what qualities, skills and attributes they expect from college graduates. “We were just shocked at the Extravaganza: mountain of information we got back,” Frederick said. Cunningham Memorial The responses, which came Library gears up annual from employers and business welcome owners along with some from within higher education, aligned into seven general criteria: critical thinking, self-awareness, communications, diversity, CONTINUED ON PAGE 8 PAGE 4

Sycamores snatch victory from Cougars Tuesday THOMAS BEELER Sports editor The Lady Sycamore volleyball team shut out the Chicago State Cougars Tuesday on their home turf, winning three sets. In the opening set the Sycamores rolled out to an early 16-5 lead. The Cougars bounced back and held off the winning point until ISU sophomore middle Cassandra Willis ended the set off of an assist from sophomore setter Erika Nord. A tie-score early in the second set put both teams at a standstill until ISU

launched a four-point run to break away and take the lead 9-5. Another four point run from the Sycamores and 10-2 run took the second set from the Cougars with 2512 score. ISU led the match 2-0 but Chicago State wasn’t going to give in that easily. The Cougars controlled the court early with Indiana State continuing to match them on the scoreboard. The Cougars peeled ahead to a 17-12 lead before ISU Indiana State’s volleyball team shut out the Chicago rose back up to even the score at 19. State Cougars on the road Tuesday (Photo courtesy ISU CONTINUED ON PAGE 12 Communications and Marketing).


Going up?:

As more students flock to Indiana State, how will the university cope?


Caution: ISU Public Safety is seeking a suspect in two recent incidents on campus PAGE 2


Friday, September 6, 2013 • Page 2 News Editor, Tamera Rhodes

Public Safety urges students to report stalker

Indiana State public safety officials encourage students to use the emergency stations positioned across campus (Photo courtesy of ISU Communications and Marketing).

Seth Yates Reporter Three incidents of one or more drivers attempting to pick up female students have occurred near campus during the last two weeks of August. In two instances the driver was described as an older white male and he was last seen on Aug. 27 driving a lightcolored, older-model car. However, there was also another report of a similarly described individual attempting the same thing in an older, red, “soccer mom” style van on Aug. 21. The first instance occurred at approximately 11 a.m. near Fifth and Tippecanoe streets. According to an ISU Police report, the driver approached a female student and asked if she wanted a ride and she ignored him. He then proceeded to circle around the block and ask her if she would make a cell phone call for him. The student ignored him again and the

driver left in his car. The student then notified police. Assistant Police Chief Joseph Newport said the student did the right thing. “We want to ensure the safety of our students and also make sure that they report anything suspicious to us,” Newport said. “We don’t know this man’s intentions, he could be violent, lonely or just a nuisance,” he said. “The more information we find out, the better we can track him down.” The other two instances occurred within ten minutes of each other around 3 p.m. outside of Imperial Lanes Bowling Alley located at 400 North Third St. in a different make and model of car. Newport said any information would be helpful and should be brought forward. Police still do not know the license plate number or the state that issued the plate. They also do not know the exact make and model of the suspcious vehicles

involved in either of the incidents, and done the same thing if a driver had said they could use more information approached her. regarding the driver’s description. “I had seen the email from the school Newport encourages students to be saying to be aware of it, and yeah, you should just keep walking and ignore anyone that tries to do that to you,” she said. Students may not think much of “We want to ensure the safety reporting this type of incident. Traub, a senior criminology major of our students and also make saidJillthat something similar happened to sure that they report anything her roommate, but neither one of them suspicious to us.” reported it. “The guy came up to her in broad daylight and asked if she needed a ride, Joseph Newport, assistant chief of she walked away, came back home, and police told me,” Traub said. “It was the same day that the warning email went out.” Traub believes it is common knowledge aware of this and other issues that could among college students to avoid getting pose a threat to them. He encourages into any stranger’s vehicle. students to be proactive in reporting “We’re not seven-year-olds, we’re not suspicious activity they witness on or stupid,” she said. around campus. Traub said that in the future she Sophomore chemistry major will report suspicious activities and Samantha Smith said she would have encouraged others to do so. 

Friday, September 6, 2013 • Page 3

Briefs Criminal charges dropped for local news anchor A Terre Haute broadcaster accused of domestic battery will not be charged with the crime. Jonathan M. Swaner, a WTHI-TV 10 news anchor and former adjunct professor of communication at Indiana State, was arrested Aug. 23 on a preliminary misdemeanor of domestic battery. According to a police report, the arrest resulted from a confrontation between Swaner and his wife, who was injured as a result. Early last week in Vigo County Court Division 4, Judge Christopher Newton found probable cause for Swaner’s arrest and set bail at $10,000. On Aug. 28, Vigo County Prosecutor Terry Modesitt opted not to file criminal charges against Swaner, according to court documents. The charges were dropped, as

was the no contact order between Swaner and his wife. Swaner, who last taught communication classes at Indiana State during the Spring 2013 semester, is not teaching at ISU this semester, Communication Department Chairperson Mary Kahl said. Swaner on Wednesday declined to comment about the incident.

Researchers aim to save drowning bats Bats attempting to use swimming pools as a water source may instead find themselves trapped and drown. Indiana State University senior biology major Zachary Nickerson from Columbus, Ind., and Joy O’Keefe, assistant professor of biology, want to find a solution to the problem. “There were many anecdotal reports of bats using swimming pools and even reports of bats drowning in swimming

pools,” Nickerson said. After speaking with several people in South Carolina who had found dead bats in their swimming pools, O’Keefe reached out to Bat Conservation International in Texas and asked if they had heard of similar problems. “Their expert on bats and water said, ‘You know, it is an important issue and we don’t really understand how big of an issue it might be,’” O’Keefe said. In response, Nickerson and O’Keefe have created an online survey (http:// to send to “anyone who owns, uses, manages or observes a swimming pool on a regular basis,” O’Keefe said. Nickerson will leave the survey open until the end of the year at which time he hopes to be able to answer questions about where and how often bats use swimming pools. Together, Nickerson and O’Keefe plan to publish their findings and if necessary, make recommendations about possible swimming pool modifications that would allow bats to crawl out of pools. O’Keefe, who serves as both the director of Indiana State’s Center for Bat Research,

Outreach, and Conservation, said bats are not very well understood but are an important part of our ecosystem. “Here in the Midwest bats are insectivorous so they play a great role in removing insect pests from the skies, things that could prey on our crops, trees or us,” she said. After researching bats during the summer in eastern Tennessee, Nickerson now has a new appreciation for bats, calling them his “new favorite animal.” “I have always been a fan of Batman, but not the actual animal,” he said. “Once you handle the little guys, your perception of bats switches from blood sucking flying rats to little evolutionary geniuses.” Nickerson is thankful for the emphasis Indiana State places on experiential learning and said the research experience has made him “more passionate about studying biology, and more dedicated to preserving it.” “I believe research opportunities are the most beneficial thing I’ve done at ISU,” he said. “The opportunity to take what I’ve learned in lectures and labs and apply it in a hands-on research setting just furthers my understanding.”

Page 4 • Friday, September 6, 2013

Extravaganza showcases all the library has to offer

With the Library Extravaganza, students will have the chance to visit booths from campus organizations as well as areas special to the library, such as the Writing and Math Center (Photo courtesy of ISU Communications and Marketing).

Tamera Rhodes News Editor Cunningham Memorial Library is hosting it’s annual Library Extravaganza on Sept. 12, between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. in the library events area. Now in it’s 11th year, the Extravaganza started out as a ‘small welcome back event,’ said Dara Middleton, library events coordinator. Originally, the event provided students with library need-to-know information, but today it has evolved and other campus organizations have joined since the library is in a centralized location. On the heels of Welcome Week, the event is geared toward freshmen, but Middleton said all students are invited to attend. “While new students are the main focus, there are enough changes that anyone on campus can expect to get some new information if they come every year,” Middleton said.

Last year, there were 6,203 attendees at the Library Extravaganza with 5,172 in 2011. Sophomore Hilary Zeigler, a social work major attended last year’s extravaganza for the first time, and she said it was worth attending. Zeigler participated in the library tour and learned about the services available to her on campus that she was unfamiliar with, she said. The extravaganza also provided her with information about student services around campus such as the counseling and career centers. The Extravaganza itself is organized by a committee of library staff at least six months in advance to organize the event. She said each member of the committee is in charge of a specific part of Extravaganza. Reference and Instruction librarian staff manage the core information tables and decide which topics need to be

covered each year, while all library staff, including student assistants, work the day of the event. In addition to providing information, the event offers students the chance

The Library Extravaganza is “a nice way to meet new people ... it was informative about various things and free food never hurts.” Jeffrey Neal, sophomore psychology major to win prizes donated by campus and community people, as well as organizations. The prizes differ from year to year, but

Middleton said the list includes $20 and $25 Barnes & Noble gift cards, cut and style services donated by local salons and gift certificates for local restaurants, such as Wise Pies and Cheeseburger in Paradise. Other prizes with higher values such as car cleaning supplies from Auto Zone, Community Theater tickets and a free acupuncture session will be offered at the event, as well. Middleton said this year there will also be a giveaway for a Keurig coffee maker and a flat-screen TV. To be eligible for prizes, students should stop to get their Extravaganza card stamped at ten resource tables. Jeffrey Neal, a sophomore psychology major, also attended for the first time and said if his schedule permits he will attend again this year. “It is a nice way to meet new people … it was informative about various things and free food never hurts,” Neal said. 

Friday, September 6, 2013 • Page 5

Project addresses consent laws and ethics in the U.S. Jennifer Sicking

ISU Communications and Marketing Indiana State University students conducted a research study this summer based on the laws and ethics in the medical and science field to define the evolution of informed consent. The project was part of the Summer Undergraduate Research Experience and The Center for Genomic Advocacy. The project partly began with Indiana State’s selection for the fall read of “The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks,” which traces the cells and their continued life after being taken from the poor black tobacco farmer during a medical procedure in 1951. Her cells, also known as HeLa, transformed the field of medicine and led to many breakthroughs, but Lacks was unaware the cells were taken because the physicians failed to get permission. “Genetic information was taken without her consent and used in research,” said Bobby Webb, a senior political science and legal studies major. “There’s been a lot of money made from research on those cells, it brings an ethical dilemma to policy.” Webb, along with senior education major Dianne Reeves, worked with Nathan Myers, assistant professor of political science, and Chia-An Chao, associate professor of business education, information and technology, to investigate the types of consent laws passed by the states throughout the years. “It’s important when giving information to doctors or scientists that we’re protected so we know how that information is used,” Myers said. Chao called the issue complex and evolving, and said when doctors and researchers discuss consent and risks of genetic testing and research participation, the risks are based on current research and capabilities of genomic and information technologies. Interpretation and communication of test results, as well as access and use of the information later are risks. “The risks you sign off may be valid at that time, but down the road, that understanding can change,” she said. “The informed consent process is critical - it is the first step in helping patients and research participants make informed decision before consenting to

Dianne Reeves and Bobby Webb explain their findings on genomic policy (Photo courtesy of ISU Communications and Marketing).

the collection, storage and use of their genetic material and information.” The federal government passed the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008, which prohibits employers and health insurance companies to base hiring and insuring decisions on a person’s genetic information. There are also federal regulations governing informed consent for research subjects. So, for decades state governments have been enacting legislation affecting the use of genetic samples. Recently the federal government revisited its regulations, partially in response to different state policies. “Almost every state has some sort of genetic testing legislation,” Webb said. “Most of it is about insurance.” The change guarantees all parties’ rights involved to be protected. “Informed consent protects the rights of the subjects and the patients,” Reeves said. Research subjects must give consent

for samples to be taken and tests to be run, and broad or narrow consent determines what can be done with those samples afterwards. In surveying the states, Webb and Reeves examined the political make up of each state and political divides between the houses and the governor, as well as poverty and graduation rates. “Poverty didn’t have an effect for broad or narrow [consent],” Reeves said but higher poverty rates were found in states with legislation too difficult to assign into either category. They found divided governments passed more informed consent legislation accounting for 12 laws upholding broad consent and nine laws that stemmed from a politically divided govwernment. The students also found 28 pieces of legislation with narrow consent with 18 that resulted from a divided government. States with broad consent laws have an average graduation rate of 76.4 percent, while states with narrow consent have

the average of 75.7 percent graduation rate. “The hypothesis is they might be more favorable toward science research and want scientists to be able to do research with fewer constraints,” Myers said about states with broader consent laws. Their study also showed states without consent laws have a graduation rate average of 73 percent. The next step involves reviewing statistics from their data followed by developing new questions with hopes to further their research. Together the team of students worked to enhance each other’s studies. “We learned a lot from what Bobby and Dianne found,” Myers said. “They dug in and found the nuances in legislation and gave us lines of future research.” Reeves said she is curious to know what these policies entail for everyone and what everyone’s rights are. “I want to know what’s out there, what are we signing and what’s the law,” she said.


Friday, September 6, 2013 • Page 6 Opinions Editor, Tony Khalil Editor in Chief, Brianne Hofmann

Statesman editorial

Indiana State University must prepare for more students Indiana State University’s student enrollment has been on the rise for the past few years with more and more students attending in the fall semester. With the current 2013 student populations reaching 12,448 it’s an exciting time for ISU students. This is the first instance in 41 years that ISU has reached this level of enrollment. However, incoming freshmen numbers have remained stagnate with only 2,661 firstyear students this fall compared to roughly, the same number of freshman last year. This lack of growth in freshmen enrollment opens up questions about whether the university is doing enough to entice new students. W i t h ISU’s advertising budget of $1.5 million, it is a little surprising that the university has been unable to grow its incoming freshman

numbers for 2013. This raises questions about whether or not the advertising money is being used effectively towards freshman recruitment.

“With hard work, future planning and good leadership we have no doubt that ISU will be able to overcome the growing pains of the coming years.” However, while the university has been unable to grow its freshman enrollment, it has expanded ISU’s total enrollment values. In fact, the university’s enrollment numbers

having been steadily growing over the last few years. Which means that the university has been spending its money to entice transfer students rather effectively. While financial cost issues are extremely important to the enrollment situation. We also need to take into account the social and convenience impact that will be taking place on campus. With more students attending ISU every year, expansions in housing, parking and food choices will need to be made. The new sorority housing being built on campus will help alleviate some of the housing needs of Greek life the question is will it be an effective long term solution to help alleviate these issues. Not only will the growing pains of housing cause an issue, but also the already cramped

parking conditions on campus will become much worse if new parking spaces are not made available in the coming years. One of the major issues that the University will be facing and has already seen some inkling of, are the growing classroom sizes. If classrooms become to large it will effect one of the university’s main selling points of having small class rooms where you can get to know your professor. If the pattern of increasing enrollment at ISU continues in the coming years, the university is going to suffer some difficult growing pains while it adapts to its growing population. But with hard work, future planning and good leadership we have no doubt that ISU will be able to overcome the growing pains of the coming years.

The clitoris: Use it, don’t abuse it Julian Winborn Columnist “Cliteracy,” is defined as the ability to navigate the clitoris based on an understanding that it is fundamental to the female orgasm. However, visual artist and creator of Cliteracy, Sophia Wallace did not create this refreshingly bold project because she believes that people are cliterate. She actually believes that the majority of the world is “ilcliterate,” meaning that many do not understand the woman’s sexual organ and the broad societal phenomena that surround it. The details of the clitoris were unknown until 1998, when Australian urologist Helen O’Connell took note of the size and depth of the organ, measuring up to nine centimeters long. O’Connell’s research was well received by the Journal of Urology, but Sophia Wallace believes that it might as not

have been discovered at all because of the amount of misconceptions when it comes to the female body. Wallace takes note of the objectification of women’s bodies saying that it is “the primary metaphor for sexuality” as it is used in art, advertising and “mainstream erotic imagery”, but the story of the clitoris is always left untold as woman often feel embarrassed or ashamed to discuss the body part. It is incredibly common for women to feel ashamed while discussing their sexual organs, and that shame is rooted in centuries of oppression. Throughout history, the femininity of women has been highly desired by men, but simultaneously viewed as weakness and inappropriate. Women are often criticized for not covering up, and are routinely called “sluts” if they do not comply. Young women are also taught that sexuality belongs primarily

to men, and should a woman ever showcase the same veracious sexual appetite as men do, then surely she is nothing more than a whore.

that introduces the project, Wallace points out that many derogatory words that men and women are subject to such as “pussy”, “faggot,” “cunt” and “twat” all draw their power from a common disrespect for women and their genitals. Aside from becoming more knowledgeable “It is incredibly common for about the clitoris, Wallace wants for men and women to feel ashamed while women to feel empowered and politically saying that the project is about “not discussing their sexual organs engaged having one’s body controlled or legislated” and that shame is rooted in and that engaging in physical pleasure that centuries of oppression.” is our “birthright” is a “deeply political act.” Wallace’s message of empowerment and sexual literacy is one that is controversial, given the current political climate, but it is Calling attention to these fallacies is a needed in order for us to be able to intimately powerful undertaking that Wallace should appreciate each area of our lives without be revered for, because understanding the feeling ashamed. female body not only empowers women, but men as well. In her YouTube video 

Friday, September 6, 2013 • Page 7

Camelot and its effect on future American foreign policy Dr. Earl Tilford Opinion Submision November 22 marks the 50th anniversary of the end of Camelot. During its tenure, President John F. Kennedy’s administration set national security precedents that have influenced the way Washington has approached military commitments to the present day. For instance, in January 1961, after inheriting a crisis in Laos, the newly inaugurated president asked the Joint Chiefs of Staff for advice. Only the Air Force was optimistic about the prospects for intervention, as long as nuclear weapons could be used to close four passes from North Vietnam into Laos. Abjuring using nukes in Laos, Kennedy opted for a neutralization strategy. In doing so, Kennedy also retained American military advisors in Thailand to continue covert activities in Laos. Plausible deniability distanced Washington from the continuing war. In April 1961, Kennedy faced his next crisis, this one in Cuba. Saddled with a questionable plan initiated in the previous administration, Kennedy changed the invasion site to the nearly inaccessible Bay of Pigs, a remote area with no place to escape if the invasion went wrong. This plan required a wouldbe assassin to kill Fidel Castro. The hope being that Castro’s death would spark a mass uprising against the nascent communist regime. The assassin never got close, and Kennedy cut the number of covert airstrikes by B-26 bombers. Kennedy also prohibited any kind of American combat support for

an armada of old freighters tasked with landing a small brigade to face 30,000 Cuban troops backed by tanks and militiamen. The Kennedy administration’s first priority was plausible deniability. The result was total failure. Months later, facing a crisis over Berlin with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, Kennedy activated reserve units and, as a warning to Khrushchev to go no further after building the Berlin Wall, released previously classified assessments proving the “missile gap” existed. Khrushchev responded by placing midrange ballistic missiles and aircraft bombers in Cuba. The world came close to facing war during the October 1962 Cuban missile crisis, until Khrushchev, faced with nuclear annihilation, backed down. The Kennedy administration felt vindicated with the nuclear brinksmanship and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara proclaimed that crisis management had superseded strategy. Meanwhile, the Kennedy administration vowed to “draw a line in the sand” in South Vietnam. In November 1961, Washington dispatched an Air Force training unit to Saigon. Its mission, however, was not to train local airmen, but rather to fly covert combat support for South Vietnamese forces. Mission tactics included taking Vietnamese airman aboard converted training prop planes that were marked with South Vietnamese insignia. This tactic helped maintain Washington’s plausible deniability. Two years later, in October 1963, after

much consternation, the decision was made to back a military coup d’état in Saigon. To maintain plausible deniability, the Kennedy administration left the coup planning to South Vietnamese generals, who then murdered President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu on Nov 1, 1963. Three weeks later, Camelot ended with Kennedy’s assassination. Maybe it’s a commitment to preserving Camelot that drives the notion that, if

“Camelot’s legacy for foreign policy was flawed by halfway measures that betrayed credibility and emboldened our enemies Given the escalatory potential at the world’s energy epicenter, the stakes this time are much higher.” Dr. Earl Tilford, military historian

Taylor, Kennedy’s top military advisor, had stated that by January 1965 the South Vietnamese would be able to fight the war alone. In the interim, all Washington had to do was not lose the war. Not losing was never winning. By January 1965, faced with sure defeat, LBJ opted for phased escalation to prevent losing Vietnam and risking his presidency. Since Vietnam, with the exception of operations in Grenada and Libya during the Reagan administration, U.S. military operations have retained many of Camelot’s approaches to military commitment. This includes the Bush administration’s sidetrack into Iraq in 2003 without considering the possibility of a prolonged insurgency. It also includes the Obama administration’s 2009 doubling down in Afghanistan while setting a timetable for withdrawal. Using the same halfway approaches, Washington has dithered itself into an untenable strategic position over the use of chemical weapons in Syria, with the likes of Teheran and Moscow and other nations questioning U.S. credibility. Camelot’s legacy for foreign policy was flawed by halfway measures that betrayed credibility and emboldened our enemies. Given the escalatory potential at the world’s energy epicenter, the stakes this time are much higher.

Kennedy had lived, America might have been spared the tragedy in Vietnam. This is questionable considering Lyndon Johnson retained most of his predecessor’s national security team. Furthermore, just as JFK would have, Johnson was to face Sen. Barry Goldwater in the November 1964 Dr. Earl Tilford is a military historian and fellow election still unsure of carrying Dixie, which for the Middle East & terrorism with The Center for was wavering in its solid support for the Vision and Values at Grove City college. Democratic Party following forced school desegregation. Additionally, Gen. Maxwell

The U.S. is likely to receive reprisals after Syrian assault Tony Khalil Opinions Editor

planning on engaging in military strikes on With the United States Senate likely to “Without the support of the back President Obama’s call for military strikes on Syria, I find that America is now U.N. America and her allies risk in a dangerous position within the Middle violating international law. East. Although the House of Representatives With Russia and China having must now convene and decide on whether or blocked continued attempts for not action should be taken, it is highly likely that they will find unity with the senate and a vote on this issue at the U.N. approve President Obama’s plan. Secturity council.” Even though Senator Rand Paul has pledged to filibuster the proposual in the U.S. Senate, it is likely that it will be pased Syria in retaliation for Syria’s use of chemical anyways. The U.S. in a combined force with weapons on its own citizens on the Aug, 21. “The west is playing with the middle east a few other countries including France are

like a monkey with a hand grenade.” Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said. Without the support of the U.N. America and her allies risk violating international law. With Russia and China having blocked continued attempts for a vote on this issue at the U.N. Security council. There is no U.N. solution in sight, and now Russia has moved two of its military vessels into the region. A military strike by the US risks setting the whole Middle East ablaze, with Iran threatening retaliatory strikes if the U.S. decides to initiate military strikes on key Syrian targets. Its unlikely the US will strike

Syria’s chemical weapons storage’s due to their proximity to civilian areas. So the major issue at this point isn’t, if the U.S. will attack Syria, or the type of attack that will be indicated, but what the resounding effects on the entire Middle East will be. If the war in Syria over flows the boarders of the country it will have a dramatic effect on world oil prices. With Israel’ Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and a bunch of U.S. military bases with in range of Syrian missiles, the greatest risk is not to our nation, but to our allies that might be on the receiving end of attacks.


Friday, September 6, 2013 • Page 8 Features Editor, Joseph Paul

Admissions Transfer Coordinator Lisa Stein works with incoming freshmen in June to schedule their first semester courses. Indiana State hosted orientation sessions throughout the month of June and and introduced incoming students to programs aimed specifically at helping them succeed (Photo by Bob Rhodes). Continued from PAGE 1

citizenship, membership and leadership, and relationships. The latest UniLAO report from 2011-2012, which assessed more than 32,000 students across the nation on the above criteria, found that students enter college highly dependent without long-term goals. Furthermore, the report found that traditional students who enroll after high school graduate from college at the same level as first-year, non-traditional students, who begin college later on in life. “Where a traditionally aged student ends in the eighth semester, is exactly where a first semester, nontraditional student begins,” Frederick said. “So we’re saying that based on these various points, the growth students experience is due to normal maturation, as opposed to anything that the institutional experience excites in them.” In other words, entering college doesn’t result in students experiencing monumental advances in critical thinking, rather they grow and mature with age during their college years, college, Frederick said.

“This begs the question, who has to assume the

“The tools that colleges seem to be engaging, and this is across the country, are the same tools they’ve engaged for decades. And if the tools we’re engaging produce the same results as they have for decades, and they have, doesn’t it make sense that we bring some new tools in?” Mark Frederick, Ph.D., adjunct faculty for the Bayh College of Education and co-creator of the University Learning Outcomes Assessment responsibility?” Frederick said. “The current higher education paradigm is one that graduates 55 percent of students who enroll. That’s nationwide. Is that good

enough?” Frederick said universities should instead focus their time and resources more accurately by addressing the skills that college students lack when they enroll and desperately need when they graduate, such as oral communication skills. “The tools that colleges seem to be engaging, and this is across the country, are the same tools they’ve engaged for decades,” Frederick said. “And if the tools we’re engaging produce the same results as they have for decades, and they have, doesn’t it make sense that we bring some new tools in?” Frederick said he believes the best way to foster student growth is to engage students in meaningful relationships early on in their college careers. While he recognizes the many opportunities available to students at any university, he said only a fraction of students utilize them. He believes an “outside source,” such as the university, should be more engaged in fostering Continued on PAGE 9 

Continued From PAGE 8 these relationships, rather than giving the brunt of the responsibility to the student who, as he found, is highly dependent when entering college. A happy medium, what he calls “interdependence,” needs to be established. ISU has made its own strides in years past to accommodate and ensure the success of first-time students, its most recent being the founding of the University College, new this semester, which provides academic advising specifically designed for incoming, first-year freshman. “We have two very significant charges in the next two years,” University College Dean Linda Maule, Ph.D., said. “One is the advising of all first-year students and the other is working collaboratively with faculty who teach first-year students to provide them the resources, the knowledge base and the skills to assist students to move from where they currently are academically, to where we want them to be.” Academic advisors from the University College work closely with first-year students, informing them about career opportunities of their chosen major and whether or not their area of study is appropriate for their interests. They also attempt to assess a student’s academic strengths and weaknesses to figure out how to advance a student to 30 credit hours, when normal departmental advisors step in, said Susan Johnson, director of academic advising for the University College. “We’re trying to find a good fit for them so they can

Friday, September 6, 2013 • Page 9

graduate in four years,” Johnson said, “and make sure they’re aware of all the resources that are available to them.” However, Frederick said universities have long established similar one-size-fits-all support services and intervention programs without much avail. The problem lies not in the “what,” he said, but in “how”

“We’re trying to find a good fit for [students] so they can graduate in four years and make sure they’re aware of all the resources that are available to them.” Susan Johnson, director of academic advising for the University College the programs are administered. “These programs can exist and be administered with efficiency, but nobody’s attending to how they’re administered,” Frederick said. “I’ve got some extensive experience as a summer camp counselor and I’ve come to realize an effective program could be building a bonfire and making ‘Smores’ on the quad — that can have a direct impact on retention.” However, Maule attests to the University College’s individualized plans for students and denies any “onesize-fits-all” mentality to their advising program.

Rather, she said advisors target a student’s weaknesses, whether it’s critical thinking, problem solving or critical reading, and develop a plan to bring them up to the university’s standards. “I think it’s a movement from saying, ‘They should be able to do this and why can’t they?’ to ‘This is what they’re able to do, these are the reason why they’re able to do it, what do we want them to be able to do and how do we take responsibility for getting them there?’” Maule said. “So by the time that they’re a sophomore they’ve been exposed to those kinds of things and do them better.” Furthermore, Johnson said the University College’s academic advisors are the “first contacts” to first-year students — a kind of first line of defense — who can build relationships with students who are dependent or homesick. This relationship, she said, can premeate other areas of the student’s life and make them more likely to get involved, return the next semester and graduate on time. “Every piece of scholarship suggests that if a student can find a non-parental adult that will have a healthy professional relationship with them who they trust, that they’re far more likely to be successful,” Maule said. Shields agreed that the university should play a more active role in student involvement, “just so more people get a good college experience and get to know a lot more people instead of just staying in their room,” she said.

Page 10 • Friday, September 6, 2013

‘A Hole in the Head’ author reveals Indiana’s history with human experimentation Ciarra Kroslack Reporter As a five-year-old boy, Vertus Welborn Hardiman was exposed to large amounts of radiation. So much that he developed a hole in his head. Hardiman, who was treated at Gibson County Hospital in Indiana for scalpel ringworm along with 10 other children in 1927, was exposed to more radiation than the others.

Smith will speak about his book Monday at 7 p.m. in Tilson Auditorium. The event is free. Wilbert Smith, author “A Hole in the Head”

When Hardiman heard his doctors say, “Oh God, I’ve given him too much,” he knew his life would never be the same. Hardiman’s story is chronicled in the documentary “A Hole in the Head” by award winning author and filmmaker Wilbert Smith, Ph.D., revealing America’s hidden and grim history of human experimentation. The documentary was shown in the University Hall Theater this week in conjunction with Smith’s upcoming Monday visit to ISU when he will speak in Tilson Auditorium as a part of the University Speaker Series. In the documentary, when Smith asks Hardiman if he was angry about the situation, Hardiman’s response was, “If you’re angry, that means your heart’s not right.” A big part of what made the documentary so moving and emotional, freshman criminology major Lynae Hostrawser said, was the fact that Hardiman was able to tell his story without any resentment or anger toward the people

who administered the excessive amounts of radiation. “It is truly humbling that somebody could go through an emotionally scarring experience for 80 years of their life — something that impacted them every minute — and have no sort of hateful feelings to the men and women who knew they were doing something wrong,” Hostrawser said. “There was also so much love and heart in the friendship between Willbert and Hardiman. Everybody needs a friend like that.” Senior Suni Gooch, a human resources development major, said he was very touched by the documentary. “It was heartfelt and definitely moving,” Gooch said. “It made me think of life in a totally different way.” “I had no idea that Indiana had such a crazy history with human experimentation. I knew that Indiana was a historical place, but I never would have expected something like this.” Samantha Reynolds, a freshman criminology major, said the documentary opened her eyes to a bigger picture about people who have conditions with which they are forced to live. “It’s so sad that this good man of God had to live with a literal hole in his head. It’s crazy that only four or so people along with his doctors had ever seen it,” Reynolds said. “He constantly wore a beanie because he didn’t want people to either see the hole, or to pity him and judge him.” Hardiman also mentioned in the documentary he strongly believed the experimentation done on the group was partially fueled by racial judgment. He said they were never warned beforehand that they would be treated with radiation. He added the children and their parents or guardians were never told how the treatment would be administered. “The documentary was very humbling,” said Dierre Littleton, a senior communication major. “If this man can get through life with a hole in his head, than any situation I experience I can go through it without being angry.” For more information about Smith or his documentary, visit the the University Speaker Series webpage at speaker/

Briefs ‘Walk for a Cure’ to take place Saturday The Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation Wabash Valley affiliate will host its 17th annual “Race for a Cure” on Saturday, Sep. 7 at Memorial Stadium. Online registration for the 5K is now open and participants are encouraged to form teams for the event. Team village will open at 7 a.m., while registration begins at 8 a.m. The expo tent and survivors’ tent will open at 9 a.m. Registration closes at 10 a.m., followed by the opening ceremony at 10:10 a.m. A parade will begin at 10:30 a.m. with a survivor’s one-mile walking following at 10:45 a.m. The 5K race will begin at 11 a.m. There will be a top team award, t-shirt design award and largest team donation award. Interested parties can also participate as part of the team as a “Spirit Walker” if they are unable to attend on the day of the race. Indiana State University’s Zeta Tau Alpha chapter, which works with the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation as their philanthropy of choice, will provide a special gift for survivors at the survivors’ tent in combination with Bank of America. For more information, call 812-917-5047 or visit www. Volunteers are still needed for this year’s race. In order to get involved, email for more information.

Women’s soccer hosts ‘Bark in the Park’ tonight The Indiana State University women’s soccer team will host the fourth annual “Bark in the Park” during the home game against Wisconsin Green Bay tonight at 7 p.m. at Memorial Stadium. Participants are invited to bring their dogs to the game and to donate two dog items to the local humane shelter in exchange for free admission. A list of donation items frequently requested by the shelter include baby food (chicken/turkey), bath towels, bleach, cat bedding, cat litter/litter scooper, Dawn dishwashing soap, dog or cat collars or leashes, flea medication, gift cards, heartworm medication, laundry soap/detergent, metal feeding bowls, newspapers, dog/cat food, dog/ cat shampoo, dog/cat tags, stuffed animals, office supplies, paper towels and Science Diet pet food. Cash donations will also be accepted during the game. Without two donation items, admission is $5 for adults, $4 for seniors and $3 for children. A scrimmage will be held at halftime and players will sign autographs after the game. Contact Alison Conquest with any questions at 812-237-7805 or by email at 

Indiana Statesman

Friday, September 6, 2013 • Page 11


Friday, September 6, 2013 • Page 12 Sports Editor, Thomas Beeler

Continued from PAGE 1

STATESMAN RUNDOWN Indiana State Women’s Volleyball vs. CSU 3-0 W Women’s Soccer vs. WKU 2-1 L Women’s Cross Country Overall 2nd Nicole Lucas 5th Men’s Cross Country Overall 1st John Mascari 1st Taylor Head 4th David Timlin 5th Missouri Valley Standings Football North Dakota 1-0 Northern Lowa 1-0 South Dakota 1-0 South Dake S. 1-0 Western Illinois 1-0 Youngstown 1-0 Illinois State 0-1 Indiana State 0-1 Missouri State 0-1 Southern Illinois 0-1

Sophomore Taylor Reckards prepares herself while waiting for a play to begin (Photo courtesy of ISU Communications and Marketing).

From then on, each team matched each other’s points until a service error from Chicago State tied their potential game winning point at 25. The Cougars had another opportunity to end the set but a kill from Willis kept the Sycamores on the battlefield. The Sycamores had three turns to end the set in their favor but the Cougars blocked two out of the three. Blocks from freshman Kynedi Nails and Willis gave the team the final opportunity and a set from Nord and a kill from senior outside hitter Morgan Dall won the set for the Sycamores.

Leading the Sycamores in kills was Dall with 26 in 37 attempts, two service aces, four digs and 28 points. Dall’s 26 kills earned her the 10th best in a single game. Her .649 hitting percentage ranked her fourth on the ISU all-time single game list. Dall’s total kill count is 976 for her career, which ranks her 11th on the Sycamores AllTime list. She would need 11 more to be 11th person in school history to reach 1,000 in her career at ISU and 30 more would earn her the 10th spot. Willis contributed eight kills; two assists three

digs and four blocks to the team’s total while junior middle Kyla Thomas had seven kills and four blocks. Nord had 37 assists and senior Molly Murphy and freshman Shannon Murphy each grabbed 11 digs. ISU will be on the road again this weekend competing in the 2013 Campbell Hampton Inn of Holly Spring Invitational. Their line-up for the invite will be Georgetown at noon Friday, with the Campbell Camels at 8 p.m. followed by North Carolina Central Saturday at 11 a.m.

Women’s Volleyball Bradley 2-1 Evansville 2-1 Illinois State 2-1 Indiana State 2-1 Wichita State 2-1 Evansville 2-2 Loyola 2-1 Northern Iowa 1-2 Drake 1-3 Southern Illinois 1-3 Women’s Soccer Evansville Loyola Indiana State Illinois State Northern Iowa Drake Missouri State

2-1 1-0-2 1-2 1-3 1-3 0-3-1 0-5 

Friday, September 6, 2013 • Page 13

When cross fit meets track and field

ISU’s track and field throws group prepares for coming indoor season with a new approach to training and a new method for building consistency and strength.

Senior history education major Chris Field carries a log across Marks Field during one of the team’s off-season, crossfit workouts (submitted photo).

Thomas Beeler Sports Editor Indiana State’s track and field team has begun its fall conditioning but an event group has decided to take a different approach to this year’s workout. For the moment, the throws group has traded throwing around weight to controlling it. Head throws coach Erin Gilreath has been putting her athletes through multiple cross fit style workouts. “Always in the fall, athletes go through this conditioning phase,” Gilreath said. “But there are a couple of reasons I decided to kind of switch things up with them this year.”

Athletes that have competed at Indiana State for a couple of years are kind of getting bored, she said, so she wanted to bring something new to their training. “We go through conditioning to build endurance and strength to get through the practices; so when we start throwing our bodies are actually built up and ready for what’s going to come up all year,” senior recreation and sports management major Mary Theisen said. These workouts keep the athletes stimulated throughout the limited eight-hour practice week. Another reason Gilreath wanted them to try this at

ISU is approaching her own one-year anniversary with the cross fit world. “I feel it’s really helped me in a lot of areas as far my overall fitness, general conditioning and endurance, which for sprint and power athletes it’s not their favorite thing to do,” Gilreath said. “I know that my strength has improved a ton which made want to encourage with these athletes here.” The group is focusing more a body weight component more than the doing power cleans and squat a lot of weight. Gilreath wanted focus more on overall fitness Continued on PAGE 14

Page 14 • Friday, September 6, 2013

Continued from PAGE 13

The training is focused on fitness and endurance, aerobic conditioning and flexibility. Concentrating on these areas helps her better learn the strengths and weaknesses of her freshman athletes, Gilreath said. The group is focusing on body weight components more than traditional bench presses and squats with heavy amounts of weight. “A lot of time, when I have new people come in here, I don’t know there backgrounds with their training so it isn’t really advisable for me as a coach to say” the student must squat 300 pounds today, Gilreath said. “Most of the kids, if they never trained like this, they have no idea of what they are capable of,” Gilreath said. “I tell them they need to bring the strength to their specific event training.” Theisen said she has noticed a drastic change from the past years. “Last year we did more polymeric,” Theisen said. “Right now, we are doing mostly circuits flipping logs, running, lots of squatting, push-ups, sit-ups and all kinds of stuff like that.” “The basis of athleticism is how well you move Sophomore Katelyn Rutz believes Gilreath’s varied your own body weight.” training methods will help her build her endurance and be more competitive earlier in the season. ISU track and field throws coach Erin Gilreath “I feel like this benefits us a lot, endurance wise,” Rutz said. “I know at the beginning of last season, I had a lot of issues with becoming tired really quickly at meets.” The intensity of the workouts also helps the athletes develop a mental advantage over their opponents, Gilreath said. It’s also kind of team intensity, which she thinks will help build team moral. “The basis of any athleticism is how well you move your own body weight. So most of the stuff is like body weight squats, push-ups, sit-ups, pull-ups; just kind of hitting those four major areas more than anything else,” Gilreath said. Down the road Gilreath hopes the training helps the athletes with their overall level of fitness. She plans on continuing this training regimen this month so that her athletes will receive the maximum benefit. “Being at meets all day left me overall exhausted,” Rutz said. “You get more used to it at the end but if we can have a good start to the season we have an even Sophomore Kateyln Rutz goes through one of her turns in the weight throw competition at Rose Hulman (Photo better end.” courtesy of ISU Comunications and Marketing).

Cross country athletes named conference athletes of week Indiana State sophomore John Mascari was named Missouri Valley Conference Men’s Cross Country Athlete of the Week Tuesday from the league office. Mascari won the Evansville Mid-American Opener on Aug. 31, timing in at 18 minutes and 25.93 seconds for a 6,000 meter run. The Sycamores earned a victory over Louisville, winning the meet 29-26.

He also won the MVC Athlete of the Week in 2012 after winning the 2012 Missouri Valley Conference meet. Mascari broke 8,000-meter school record last year at the NCAA Pre-Nationals meet in 23 minutes and 55 seconds. Junior Nicole Lucas has received an honorable mention for her performance at the Mid-American

meet as the first Sycamore to cross the tape finishing fifth overall. She posted a time 15 minutes and 19.48 seconds. The Sycamores will be on their home turf Sept. 14, at the LeVern Gibson Championship Cross Country Course for the Sycamores Invitational.


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