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INFOCUS|INDIA-CHINA|INFRASTRUCTURE

Nepal’s Engagements with China 1HSDOUHTXLUHVLQYHVWPHQWVDQGLQDOOOLNHOLKRRGLVJHWWLQJWKHEHQH¿WVRI&KLQHVH LQYHVWPHQWV%XWZKDWLVWKHQDWXUHRI&KLQD¶VYHQWXUHLQ1HSDODQGWKHJHRSROLWLFDO LPSOLFDWLRQVWKHUHRI":KDWDUH,QGLD¶VFRQFHUQVRQ&KLQD¶VHQJDJHPHQWZLWK1HSDO" Dr. Praveen Kumar

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:2 UHFHQW HDUWKTXDNHV XDNHV WKDW shook Nepal in less than three ZHHNVDSDUWFDXVHGKXJH KXJH FORVV RI OLIH DQG LQIUDVWUXFWXUH LQ WKH ODQGORFNHG FRXQWU\WKDWERUGHUV&KLna in the north and south, h, east DQGZHVWWR,QGLD(YHQDV,Q,QGLDQDQG&KLQHVHUHVFXHHII IIRUWVFRQWLQXHDURXJKDVVHVVPHQWRILQIUDVWUXFWXUH WROO ZRXOG LQGLFDWH WKDW UHEXLOGLQJ DQGUHFRQVWUXFWLRQZLOOWDNHWLPH Following the earthquake, due to landslides, movements on Araniko KLJKZD\ EXLOW ZLWK &KLQHVH IXQGV GXULQJVJRWREVWUXFWHG%ORFNDGH RI WKLV KLJKZD\ KDSSHQV TXLWH RIWHQ GXULQJWKHUDLQIDOOVWRR7KHKLJKZD\ RQHRIWKHPDQ\LQIUDVWUXFWXUHSURMHFWV that was built in Nepal with the &KLQHVH KHOS  LV WKH RQO\ OHJDO SRLQW RI HQWU\ EHWZHHQ 1HSDO DQG &KLQD 1HSDO HVWDEOLVKHG IRUPDO GLSORPDWLF UHODWLRQV ZLWK &KLQD LQ  D IHZ \HDUV DIWHU &KLQD¶V DQQH[DWLRQ RI 7LEHWLQHDUO\+RZHYHU1HSDO¶V OLQNDJHVZLWK7LEHWFRXOGEHWUDFHGWR WKHHDUO\SHULRGVRIKLVWRU\%XGGKLVW DQG &KULVWLDQ PLVVLRQDULHV FURVVHG WKH7LEHW1HSDOERUGHUDQGPLJUDWLRQ IURP 7LEHW DOVR RFFXUUHG GXULQJ WKH DQFLHQWSHULRG)RFXVRI&KLQD¶VFORVHU engagements with Nepal appears WR EH LQIUDVWUXFWXUH GHYHORSPHQW +RZHYHU H[SHUWV GHEDWH RQ &KLQD¶V ODUJHU LQWHQWLRQV 7KH ¿UVW LV UHODWHG WR %HLMLQJ¶V LQWHQWLRQ RI FRQWUROOLQJ WKH7LEHWDQGLDVSRUDRIDSSUR[LPDWHO\

CHINA’S SUPPORT FOR INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS IN NEPAL SHOWS LARGER CONVERGENCE OF INTERESTS BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES. NEPAL ALSO INTENDS TO ENHANCE TRADE RELATIONS THROUGH BETTER ROAD AND RAIL NETWORKS  LQ QXPEHU LQ 1HSDO DQG WKH VHFRQG LV UHODWHG WR LQWHQWLRQ LQ JDLQLQJODUJHUVWUDWHJLFOHYHUDJHYLVj YLV,QGLD &KLQD¶V ODUJHU REMHFWLYH LQ 1HSDO PD\ KDYH EHHQ JXLGHG E\ LWV 7LEHW FRQFHUQ1HSDO¶VODUJHUIRUHLJQSROLF\ FKRLFHV KRZHYHU DUH DOVR UHTXLUHG WR IDFWRU LQ ,QGLD¶V VHFXULW\ FRQFHUQV ZKLFKDUHJXLGHGE\WKH)ULHQGVKLS 7UHDW\ &RQVLGHULQJ WKLV WKH SROLWLFDO OHDGHUVKLS LQ 1HSDO HDUOLHU XQGHUWKH0RQDUFK\DQGODWHUGXULQJ

|48| India-China Chronicle ƒ May-June 2015

WKHWXPXOWXRXVSHULRGVRIGHPRFUDF\ DSSHDU WR KDYH GRQH D ¿QH EDODQFLQJ DFW EHWZHHQ ,QGLD DQG &KLQD ,QGLD¶VDSSURDFKWRZDUGV&KLQD LQWKHHDUO\VFRXOGKDYH EHHQ RQH RI WKH LQÀXHQFLQJ IDFWRUV IRU WKH WKHQ Nepalese leadership WR VKDSH LWV SROLFLHV WRZDUGV &KLQD ,Q WKH LQFLSLHQW SKDVH RI UHODWLRQVKLS &KLQD DQG 1HSDO DSSHDU WR KDYH GH¿QHG WKH WHUPV RI UHODWLRQV ZLWK UHVSHFW WRWKH¿YHSULQFLSOHV panchsheel) that LQFOXGHV QRQDJJUHVVLRQ PXWXDO UHVSHFWIRUWHUULWRULDOLQWHJULW\DQGVRYHUHLJQW\ QRQLQWHUIHUHQFH LQ LQWHUQDO PDWWHUV HTXDOLW\ DQG PXWXDO EHQH¿W DQG SHDFHIXO FRH[LVWHQFH ,QGLD DQG &KLQD KDG VLJQHG WKH µpanchsheel’ DJUHHPHQWLQ Nepal’s relations with China 1HSDO¶VUHODWLRQZLWK&KLQDKDVIROORZHG LWV WUDMHFWRU\ VLQFH WKH HVWDEOLVKPHQW RI GLSORPDWLF UHODWLRQV 7KH UHODWLRQVKLS KDV ODUJHO\ EHHQ XQGHUVWRRG LQ WHUPV RI DV\PPHWU\ WKDW RI EHWZHHQ WKH SRZHUIXO DQG WKH ZHDN WKH GRQRU FRXQWU\ DQG WKH UHFLSLHQW FRXQWU\DQGWKDWRIEHWZHHQDQHPHUJLQJ JOREDO SOD\HU DQG D VPDOO QDWLRQ WKDWLVHQGHDYRXULQJWRDFKLHYHSROLWLFDO DQG LQVWLWXWLRQDO VWDELOLW\ IROORZLQJ D ORQJ DUPHG LQWUDVWDWH FRQÀLFW WKDWZDVZDJHGE\WKH0DRLVWVUHEHOV DJDLQVWWKHVWDWHRI1HSDO 7KHODUJHUGLUHFWLRQVRIWKHFRQWHPSRUDU\ HQJDJHPHQWV EHWZHHQ 1HSDO DQG&KLQDFDQEHXQGHUVWRRGE\ORRN-

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Controversy on China’s Projects in Nepal +\GURSRZHU DORQJ ZLWK WRXULVP SRWHQWLDOO\FDQKHOS1HSDOVWUHQJWKHQ LWV HFRQRP\ ,W FDQ DOVR KHOS EULGJH LWVWUDGHGH¿FLWZLWK&KLQD+RZHYHU reports have also suggested that DPLGVW WKULYLQJ HFRQRPLF WLHV EHWZHHQ 1HSDO DQG &KLQD VRPH RI WKH &KLQHVHEDFNHG LQIUDVWUXFWXUH SURMHFWV KDYH UXQ RYHU VFKHGXOH DQG EHHQ DFFXVHG RI FRUUXSWLRQ 1HSDO JRYHUQPHQW UHSRUWHGO\ WHUPLQDWHG D FRQWUDFW WR FRQVWUXFW D WXQQHO IRU WKH 0HODPFKL :DWHU 6XSSO\ 3URMHFW ZLWK &KLQD 5DLOZD\  %XUHDX *URXS

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May-June 2015 ƒ India-China Chronicle |49|

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