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INCM 009

LIECHTENSTEIN 16TO23OCT2009 LARGE SWISS TRIP

23TO26OCT2009


HOCHSCHULE.LI

ETH ZH & EPFL

UNITED EASA FL AND EASA CH


LIECHTENSTEIN THE PRINCIPALITY OF LIECHTENSTEIN IS A TINY AND THE ONLY DOUBLY LANDLOCKED ALPINE COUNTRY IN WESTERN EUROPE, BORDERED BY SWITZERLAND TO ITS WEST AND BY AUSTRIA TO ITS EAST. IT IS THE LAST REMNANT OF THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE. MOUNTAINOUS, IT IS A WINTER SPORTS DESTINATION, ALTHOUGH IT IS PERHAPS BEST KNOWN AS A TAX HEAVEN. DESPITE THIS, IT IS NOT HEAVILY URBANIZED. MANY CULTIVATED FIELDS AND SMALL FARMS CHARACTERIZE ITS LANDSCAPE. IT IS THE SMALLEST GERMAN-SPEAKING COUNTRY AND THE SIXTHSMALLEST INDEPENDENT NATION IN THE WORLD BY LAND AREA. LIECHTENSTEIN IS SITUATED IN THE UPPER RHINE VALLEY OF THE EUROPEAN ALPS. THE ENTIRE WESTERN BORDER OF LIECHTENSTEIN IS FORMED BY THE RHINE RIVER. MEASURED NORTH TO SOUTH, THE COUNTRY IS ONLY ABOUT 24 KM LONG AND ITS AREA IS 160.475 KM2. IN ITS EASTERN PORTION, LIECHTENSTEIN RISES TO HIGHER ALTITUDES. DESPITE ITS ALPINE LOCATION, PREVAILING SOUTHERLY WINDS MAKE THE CLIMATE OF LIECHTENSTEIN COMPARATIVELY MILD.


EXHIBITION INTRODUCE YOUR

COUNTRY

IN A SMALL SCALE NC S PREPARE POSTERS OF THEIR SCHOOLS


HOCHSCHULE .LI INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTURE AND PLANNING PHILOSOPHY: ARCHITECTS ARE COMMITTED TO THE ART OF BUILDING. THEIR RESPONSIBILITY FOR WHAT TRANSPIRES DURING CONSTRUCTION DEMANDS SOUND KNOWLEDGE AND CLEAR JUDGMENT REGARDING MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION, UTILISATION AND IMPACT, MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMY, SUSTAINABILITY AND ACCEPTANCE. OF EQUAL IMPORTANCE IS ARCHITECTURE’S INVOLVEMENT IN THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SETTLEMENTS AND SOCIETY, NATURE AND LANDSCAPE. RENOVATION, RENATURATION AND INTEGRATION ARE CONSEQUENTLY BECOMING INCREASINGLY CRUCIAL . THIS IS THE HOCHSCHULE.LI


LARGE SWISS TRIP

23TO26OCT2009 CHUR CITY : A DAY IN THE CAPITOL OF GRAUBÜNDEN THE OLDEST CITY OF SWITZERLAND IN THE LARGEST KANTON IN THE WORLD. SLEEPING IN SWISS BUNKER. SYMPOSIUM WITH LOCAL ARCHITECTS VALS : WE CAN STAY OVER NIGHT IN THE HOTEL FOR TWO DAYS. ON THE WAY TO THE THERME, WE WILL STOP BY SMALL AND LARGE PIECES OF ARCHITECTURE BUILT IN THE SWISS ALPES, WHERE NATURE WOULD REALLY LIKE TO TAKE OVER THE AREA AGAIN .


SWITZERLAND (GERMAN: SCHWEIZ, SWISSGERMAN : SCHWYZ, FRENCH: SUISSE, ITALIAN: SVIZZERA, ROMANSH: SVIZRA). THE SWISS CONFEDERATION (CONFOEDERATIO HELVETICA IN LATIN) IS A COUNTRY OF ROUGHLY 7.6 MILLION PEOPLE IN WITH AN AREA OF 41,285 KM2. SWITZERLAND IS A CONSISTING OF 26 STATES CALLED KANTONS. IT IS BORDERED BY THE COUNTRIES GERMANY, AUSTRIA, ITALY, FRANCE AND LIECHTENSTEIN. SWITZERLAND HAS A LONG HISTORY OF NEUTRALITY, IT HAS NOT BEEN AT WAR SINCE 1815 AND HOSTS MANY INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, INCLUDING THE RED CROSS, WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION AND ONE OF THE TWO EUROPEAN U.N OFFICES. HOWEVER, IT IS NOT A MEMBER OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. SWITZERLAND IS MULTILINGUAL AND HAS FOUR NATIONAL LANGUAGES : GERMAN, FRENCH, ITALIAN AND ROMANSH. WITH AN AREA OF 41,285KM2, SWITZERLAND IS A RELATIVELY SMALL COUNTRY. THE MORE MOUNTAINOUS SOUTHERN HALF OF THE COUNTRY IS FAR MORE SPARSELY POPULATED, WHILE THE NORTHERN HALF HAS A GREATER DENSITY, AS IT COMPRISES MORE HOSPITABLE HILLY TERRAIN.


GRAUBÜNDEN OR GRISONS (GERMAN: GRAUBÜNDEN, ITALIAN: GRIGIONI, ROMANSH: GRISCHUN) IS THE LARGEST AND EASTERNMOST KANTON OF SWITZERLAND. THE AREA OF THE CANTON IS 7105 KM2. ONLY ABOUT A THIRD OF THIS IS COMMONLY REGARDED AS PRODUCTIVE LAND. FORESTS COVER ABOUT A FIFTH OF THE TOTAL AREA. THE CANTON IS ALMOST ENTIRELY MOUNTAINOUS, COMPRISING THE HIGHLANDS OF THE RHINE AND INN RIVER VALLEYS. MANY OF ITS SCENIC AREAS ARE PART OF THE ONLY SWISS NATIONAL PARK. THE MOUNTAIN RANGES IN THE CENTRAL AREA ARE VERY DEEP, SOME OF WHICH ARE CONSIDERED THE DEEPEST VALLEYS IN EUROPE. THESE VALLEYS WERE ORIGINALLY SETTLED BY THE RATIANS. MOST OF THE LANDS OF THE CANTON WERE ONCE PART OF A ROMAN PROVINCE CALLED RAETIA WHICH WAS ESTABLISHED IN 15 BC . THE AREA LATER WAS PART OF THE LANDS OF THE DIOCESE (CHUR), WITCH IS THE OLDEST CITY OF SWITZERLAND AND TODAYS CAPITOL AT CURIA OF GRAUBÜNDEN. AGRICULTURE AND TOURISM ARE THE PILLARS OF THE CANTON ‘ S ECONOMY.


CHUR CITY

(GERMAN: CHUR, ROMANSH: CUIRA, ITALIAN: COIRA, LATIN: CURIA RHAETORUM) IS THE CAPITAL OF THE BIGGEST CANTON OF SWITZERLAND AND LIES IN THE NORTHERN PART. CHUR IS THE SEAT OF THE BISHOPS OF CHUR AND CAPITAL OF THE SWISS CANTON OF GRISONS, IN WHICH CHUR IS THE MOST POPULOUS MUNICIPALITY. ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE OF SETTLEMENT AT THE SITE GOES BACK AS FAR AS THE PFYN CULTURE (3900-3500 BC), THEREFORE CHUR IS THE OLDEST CITY OF SWITZERLAND. THE CITY IS LOCATED AT A HIGHLY STRATEGIC LOCATION, WHERE THE ROADS FROM SEVERAL MAJOR ALPINE TRANSIT ROUTES COME TOGETHER. THE MODERN NAME CHUR DERIVES FROM WHEN THE SITE WAS A ROMAN FORTIFIED CAMP, CURIA RAETORUM. CHUR IS 74 KM BY RAIL FROM ZURICH, AND IS THE MEETING-POINT OF THE ROUTES FROM ITALY OVER MANY ALPINE PASSES. SO THAT IT IS THE CENTRE OF AN ACTIVE TRADE AND IT IS THE BIGGEST SHOPPING - DESTINATION BETWEEN ZURICH AND MILANO.


THERME VALS ZUMTHOR WAS SELECTED AS ARCHITECT FOR THE SPA. THE FACILITY WAS BUILT BETWEEN 1993-1996. THE BATHS WERE DESIGNED TO LOOK AS IF THEY PRE-DATED THE HOTEL COMPLEX, AS IF THEY WERE A FORM OF CAVE OR QUARRY-LIKE STRUCTURE. THIS IS PARTICULARLY EVIDENT FROM OBSERVING THE GRASS ROOF STRUCTURE OF THE BATHS, WHICH RESEMBLE THE FOUNDATIONS OF AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE, AND REVEAL THE FORM OF THE VARIOUS BATH ROOMS, WHICH LIE BELOW, HALF BURIED INTO THE HILL-SIDE. BUILT USING LOCALLY QUARRIED VALSER QUARZITE SLABS, THE SPA BUILDING IS MADE UP OF 15 DIFFERENT TABLE-LIKE UNITS, 5 METRES IN HEIGHT, WITH CONCRETE ROOF UNITS SUPPORTED BY TIE-BEAMS. THESE UNITS FIT TOGETHER LIKE A GIANT JIGSAW PUZZLE. THE NATURE OF THE CONSTRUCTION IS REVEALED THROUGH CLOSE INSPECTION OF THE ROOF. THE ROOFS OF THE UNITS DON’T JOIN, BUT ARE COVERED BY GLASS. THERE ARE 60,000 1 METRE LONG SECTIONS OF STONE FORMING THE CLADDING OF THE WALLS. THESE ARE INITIALLY APPEARING RANDOM LIKE AN WALL .


EASA FL AND EASA CH


INCM009.li