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Things to do...

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DECEMBER 2011

Christmas in Peru

Summer in Peru has just started; until the end of April. So, this is an ideal time to plan a vacation to Peru! See pages 3-5 for planning your holiday

Complimentary from Authorised Distributors


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LIMA History

Built on the banks of the Rio Rimac, Lima is Peru’s largest city and its capital. Founded in 1535 by Francisco Pizarro, Lima was used as the headquarters of the Spanish conquistadors, ideally located because of the surrounding fertile planes irrigated by the Rimac and its close proximity to the natural port at Callao.

Lima soon became the commercial and administrative centre of the Spanish empire in South America, bringing a period of prosperity to the city until an earthquake in 1746 destroyed all but 20 houses. Following this devastation the opportunity was taken to elaborately rebuild the city. Today’s wide streets, huge plazas and old houses with ornately carved balconies are a legacy of this period. Lima continued to prosper over the 19th century, but the good times didn’t last. During the latter half of the 20th century Lima has suffered its share of problems. Political and economic instability brought rise to increased poverty throughout Peru. Migrants from the countryside flocked to Lima looking for work, making their homes in sprawling self-built shanty towns that surround the historic centre, and occupying the vacant desert sands. These shanty towns now contain nearly half of Lima’s estimated 10 million inhabitants. Decades of hard work have turned some of these areas into pleasant districts, while others still remain incredibly poor without electricity or proper water or sanitary arrangements. The early 1990’s saw a low point in Lima’s history, as thousands of campesinos migrated to Lima fleeing the terrorist activities of the countryside and jungle, only to be caught up in a bombing campaign in the city. At this point it would have been hard to say anything positive about Lima. But Lima’s fortunes are on the rise and the historic centre is being carefully restored, museums built, parks and gardens planted, the streets cleaned, police vigilance increased and terrorist activity eradicated.

During this trip, you must also remember to sample one of the best cuisines in the world. The city offers a wide variety of restaurants and inviting locales where you will be able to taste delicious dishes, the result of the mixing of European, African, Asian, and Andean cuisines. Here a list you can nor missed: Main: Picarones Carapulcra Anticucho Suspiro a la limeña Lomo saltado Arroz con pollo Butifarra Pollo a la brasa Aji de gallina Drinks: Desserts: Ceviche Chicha morada Arroz con leche Causa Pisco Sour Mazamorra morada

What to eat or drink...

Where to go... In the historic centre, placed by UNESCO on the World Cultural Heritage List, you can visit splendid samples of Colonial architecture like the Cathedral, the Convent of Santo Domingo, and the Convent of San Francisco as well as fantastically wood carven balconies. Lima is also an inexhaustible source of culture, demonstrated by the existence of numerous and varied museums which guards priceless Incan and pre-Incan treasures.

LARCOMAR

PASEO DE AGUAS

BARRANCO

For those who only have a short time visiting the capital we have listed just 3 of the most interesting museums below for you. Museo de la Nacion (Peru Highlights Category: Best Museum - Editors Pick) Avenida Javier Prado Este 2465, San Borja. Open Tues-Fri 09:00 - 18:00. Sat-Sun 10:00 18:00. Entrance fee 9 Soles (about US$3) Museo Larco (Museo Arqueologico Rafael Larco Herrera) Avenida Bolivar 1515, Pueblo Libre. Open daily 09:00-18:00 Entrance fee 20 Soles (about US$6) Museo Nacional de Arqueologia, Antropologia e Historia del Peru (National Archaeology and Anthropology Museum) Plaza Bolivar, Pueblo Libre. Open Mon-Sat 09:00 - 18:00, Sun 10:00 - 17:00. Entrance fee about US$3.

Situated in the heart of the city are great archeological monuments such as the Huallamarca Huaca or the Pucllana Huaca. And, on the outskirts of Lima facing the ocean is Pachacamac, the most important pre-Incan sanctuary on the coast, built in the third century A.D. Some of the other great attractions are the beaches where you can do all types of aquatic sports, enjoy the sun, or simply gaze at the mesmerizing beauty of the Pacific Ocean. Walks—From Barranco’s main plaza to the Pacific; through Colonial Lima; the seaside malecon in Miraflores. Late Night—The city’s best nightclubs at Larcomar Shopping Center; dinner and drinks at a peña (music house) downtown or in Barranco. During this trip, you must also remember to sample one of the best cuisines in the world. The city offers a wide variety of restaurants and inviting locales where you will be able to taste delicious dishes, the result of the mixing of European, African, Asian, and Andean cuisines. /www.andeantravelweb.com /www.promperu.gob.pe


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History

What is known of Cuzco, previous to the conquest, is that the old traditions transmitted from generation to generation remained. It is said that the city of Cuzco was founded around the 11th century and XII of the age, by the legendary figure of Inca Manco Capac and, according to the legend, emerged Lake Titicaca. Cuzco, sacred city and capital of the Tahuantinsuyo, was the center of government for the four extensive regions of the fabulous Inca Empire, which became great; covering of what is today; Equador, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina and Chile. This Empire was an admirable example of political organization - social by its large know-how in architecture, engineering hydraulics, medicine, agriculture, etc. It possesses three beautiful systems of snow-covered mountain range close to the six thousand meters of height, where they comply scientific and sports activities. March 23, 1534, Francisco Pizarro founded on the city of the Cuzco a Spanish city that was built on the Inca foundation, converting it thus in example of cultural fusion, having inherited architectural monuments and works of art of incalculable value. During the colony, large rebellions against the Spanish control; the most important one being that of José Gabriel Condorcanqui (Túpac Amaru II) in 1781. Also those of the brothers Angulo and Kill Pumacahua in 1814. From 1825, with the republic, Cuzco begins to show the impression of its culture and with the discovery of Machu Picchu, by Hiram Bingham on July 24th 1911, Peru is put in awe of the entire world.

CUZCO

Capital Archaeological of America The sanctuary of Machu Picchu is divided into two large sectors - one the agricultural sector and the other the urban or the citadel - of which the first surrounds the second. We could consider the peak Wayna Picchu as a third sector. The principal road to approach Machu Picchu, which comes from Cuzco through the south (Qosqoñan), crosses the crest of the mountain and goes to the entrance to the sanctuary after passing through areas with isolated constructions - such as what is now called the watchtower - posts for lookouts or guards, qolqa or granaries and abundant agricultural terraces. There were also other roads, such as that which made the river accessible from the sanctuary on the northeast. At present a road has been constructed for tourist visits, a road which did not exist before and now runs parallel to the Qosqoñan. The sanctuary properly speaking is a citadel made up of palaces and temples, dwellings and storehouses, but above all for buildings

Cuzco nights... A real nightlife only developed in cusco when the tourist arrived. Towards the seventies, they opened the first night places for them: the “abraxas” and the “hatuchay” both in the main square. After some time the same people in cusco, with the imagination encouraged by the stories going everywhere, decided to face the cold nights that had made them stay at home and realise that by night people are friendlier and it is easier for them to approach each other

forgetting social, cultural and even languages differences. We affirm that, in addition to the diverse attractions, cusco can add to this list the intense, mad and cosmopolita nightlife with an original andean touch. Enjoying its enchantments is a way of best knowing the imperial city and compenetrate with its spirit. The following lines are the key you need to open the door and enter this world.

An avenue of Machu Picchu

which clearly fulfill ceremonial religious functions, the more luxurious and spectacular components of which are the mausoleums carved in the rock. The buildings as well as the plazas and the platforms that constitute the urban sector are connected among themselves by a system of narrow lanes or paths, mostly in the form of flights of steps, which cross the terraces which follow a flat longitudinal axis. The main platform of the urban sector is an extensive plaza - the main plaza - which in turn divides the buildings into hanan (“above” or “upper”) and urin (“below” or “lower”). The urban sector was surrounded by impediments to gaining access to the sanctuary such as a defense wall and the deep and wide ditch, or dry moat, which surrounded the whole complex, not as part of a military fortification rather as a form of restricted ceremonial isolation.


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THINGS to do in Peru Making a list of things you can’t do in Peru would be much easier than making one for all the things you can do here. Peru tourist attractions come in all shapes and sizes, and when you plan a Peru vacation, you will find that it isn’t hard to include a lot of them in one trip. Peru is a country that is blessed with a varying landscape of astounding beauty. You can spend a few days in a desert oasis resort, follow it up with an adventure in the Andes Mountains, then zip down into the Amazon Rainforest. With so many activities to do in Peru, it is not generally a destination where you are going to do a lot of sitting around. The following list of things to do in Peru only aims to give you some idea as to the range of possibilities.

Try Surfing in Peru

Explore Inca Ruins Most people who come to Peru are here first and foremost to visit the Inca ruins at Machu Picchu, and not only is this sacred site the king of all Peru tourist attractions, but it is also the most visited site in all of South America. In the peak months of June-August, some 3,000 visitors visit Machu Picchu every day. The ancient capital of the Inca Empire, Cusco, is the base for most trips to Machu Picchu, and the ruins of the Inca fortresses in the towns of Ollantaytambo and Pisac are worth a visit as well. In Cusco, you can see Inca walls, which now serve as the bases of the more modern structures built atop them. The Sacred Valley and the Cusco region aren’t the only place to see great Inca ruins. The northern highlands cities of Trujillo and Chiclayo have nearby the Tucume pyramids, some of which pertain to the Inca.

If you follow northward from Lima on the Peru coast, you will find the best beaches in the country. Not only ideal for swimming and catching some sun, these beaches are also known for churning up some world-class waves. At Chicama, you will find the longest wave in the world. Near Lima, the 2008 international surf contest at Puntas Rocas goes to show the kinds of waves you can expect to find in Peru, but they aren’t all big and bad. Beginners can find spots where the waves are more gentle, and the surfing easier to attempt. Surf tours with lessons are a good way to experience Peru surfing for beginners, and the more experienced will probably know what to do. In the northern departments of Tumbes and Piura, surfing can be enjoyed all year round, thus making it a nice addition to your list of desired Peru tourist attractions. Peru’s beaches are best enjoyed from December to April.

Shop at the Pisac Market

Climb the El Misti Volcano

The Andean town of Pisac is not more than a short car ride from Cusco, and its Sunday market is perhaps the best handcraft market in the country. Native peoples from all over come in their traditional, colorful clothing. They bring their wares, hoping as well to find something interesting to acquire as well. All around the main square, the hundreds of booths sell everything from musical instruments to Alpaca wool sweaters. Tuesdays and Thursdays also see the Pisac market up and running, but neither of these days quite matches the Sunday affair in terms of atmosphere. Don’t forget to add a visit to the Inca ruins in Pisac before you head back to Cusco

Mountain climbing in Peru can be a challenging, but amazingly rewarding addition to your list of things to do in Peru. For experienced mountain climbers, there are some technical climbs here for sure, but if you are just looking for an easier climb, then El Misti might just be perfect. You can pretty much climb El Misti without any equipment year round, but at times it can have snow and ice on it, requiring the possible need for an ice ax and crampons. El Misti tops out at around 19,100 feet, so you will want to let your body adjust before you climb. Depending on each visitor’s level of fitness, making it to the volcano’s crater is usually a very good possibility. El Misti dominates the skyline of Arequipa, so basing yourself here before the climb is the norm.


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See the Abundance of Plant and Animal Life in the Amazon Jungle If you want an experience that contrasts so distinctly from the rest of Peru, then you will make time to enjoy an expedition into Peru’s Amazon Rainforest. This is one of the top Peru tourist attractions for those with a sense of adventure. From Cusco, you can descend down the eastern slopes of the Andes and make way for the Manu National Park, and from Lima, you might fly to Iquitos, where you can arrange for a boat ride down the mighty Amazon River. A nice Peru tour to add to your itinerary might see you meeting local tribes people, or staying in a jungle lodge.

Trek the Inca Trail Trekking, or hiking, the Inca Trail is among the top things to do in Peru, and for good reason. Along the way, you are rewarded with stunning views of snow-capped mountains and encounters with Inca ruins. Of course, the end reward for your effort being Machu Picchu, it is no wonder this top Peru tour remains a constant favorite. Generally, you can choose Inca Trail tours that cover 2, 4, 5, or 7 days. If you are looking for Inca Trail trekking tours, Cusco is the best place to start.

USEFUL

INFORMATION During your stay in Peru WEATHER

Lima’s weather is warm but very humid (up to 90%). Summer ranges from 23 to 30 Celsius degrees and winter from 14 to 18 Celsius degrees.

CURRENCY

Peru’s official currency is the Nuevo Sol. It has denominations in metallic coins of 5, 10, 20, 50 cents, as well as of 1, 2 and 5 nuevos soles. Bills correspond to 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 nuevos soles.

TELEPHONE

The international code of Peru is 51 and of Lima is 01 (when you are out of Lima). There is an important public network for local, national, and international calls.

INTERNET

In Lima, there are abundant internet cabins. The service is approximately 2 nuevos soles per hour.

TAXIS

Rates are agreed with the driver before entering the vehicle. The minimum cost for a short distance is S/.5 but, average is between S/.6 and S/.9.

Fly over the Nazca Lines The Nazca civilization flourished in the Nazca region roughly from 300 BC until 800 AD. The town of Nazca is about 275 miles south of Lima, and it is found in one of the driest deserts on the planet. Due to the dry and relatively non-windy environment in the Nazca region, the amazing, and confounding lines that were created by the Nazca civilization are amazingly preserved. From the town of Nazca, and from the cities of Pisco and Ica, you can arrange to take one of the tours that flies you over the Nazca Lines, and since you can only see these impressive creations from above, this airborne Peru tour is pretty much the only way to go.

Source Inca’s Golden Book

Climb the Huascaran

Drop into the deep Colca Canyon Twice as deep as the Grand Canyon, the Colca Canyon, which is located just 100 miles outside of Arequipa, is where flocks of tourists come to see the great Andean condors. The largest flying land birds on the planet, they are truly magnificent to see up close. You can also take guided hiking tours into the canyon, and the towns lining the north and south sides of it are a joy to bounce between, offering hostels and hotels and restaurants.

The most majestic, and the highest nonvulcanic mountain outside the Himalayas, is Huascaran. the Parque Nacional Huascarán contains all the Cordillera Blanca (with the exception of the distant Nevado Champará in its extreme north), the highest range of the Peruvian Andes and the highest range in the world’s tropical zone. Its total area is approximately 1300 square miles. Every year it is attempted by a number of climbers seeking to reach its summit. Actually, Huascaran has two summits, the north and the south, with the south summit being the highest, but they are both impressive. Climbing Huascaran though, is not a walk in the park, and both technical skills and sufficient acclimatizing are key factors in succeeding. If you are not familiar in steep, icy terrain or of visiting these altitudes, assistance from a climbing company is recommended.


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Anticuchos

Anticuchos are po pular, inexpensive dishes in Andean states consisting of small pieces of grilled skewered meat. Anticuchos can be readily found on streetcarts and street food stalls (anticucherias). Th e meat may be marinated in vinega r and spices (such as cumin, aj i pepper and garlic), and while anticuchos can be made of any type of meat, the most popular are m ade of beef heart (anticuchos de corazon). Anticuchos often co me with a boiled potato on th e end of the skewer. Anticuchos can be traced as far back as the 16th ce ntury, when they were first enco untered by the Spanish conqui stadors. It was at this time th at European ingredients such as garlic were added. It was a po pular dish among the inhabita nts of the Inca Empire, and it is cu rrently popular throughout most So uth American countries.

Tourist Information and Assistance Service CONSULATES

ADDRESS

PHONE NUMBER

CONSULATES

ADDRESS

PHONE NUMBER

ARGENTINA

Pablo Bermudez 143 Piso2 urb. Santa Beatriz

433-5141

ISRAEL

Natalio Sanchez 125, Lima

433-4431

AUSTRALIA

Victor Andres Belaunde 147 Torre Real 3 Of. 1301

222-8281

ITALY

Gregorio Escobedo 298, Jesus Maria

463-2727

AUSTRIA

Av. Republica de Colombia 643, Piso 5 Edificio Las Naciones, S. Isidro 442-0503

JAMAICA

Av. Jorge Basadre 255 Of. 501, San Isidro

442-8828 442-0504

BELGIUM

Av. Angamos Oeste 380, Miraflores

241-6379

JAPAN

Av. San Felipe 356, Jesus Maria

218-1462

BOLIVIA

Los Casta単os 235, San Isidro

442-3836 4402095

KOREA

Av. Principal 190 Piso7 Santa Catalina, La Victoria

476-0950

BRAZIL

Av. Jose Pardo 850, Miraflores

445-2421

MALAYSIA

Av. El Bosque Ex Av. Diagonal 350, San Isidro

422-0297

CANADA

Libertad 130, Miraflores

444-4015

MEXICO

Av. Jorge Basadre 710, San Isidro

221-1100

CHILE

Av. Javier Prado Oeste 790, San Isidro

221-2221 221-2180

NEW ZEALAND

Los Nogales 510 3Piso , San Isidro

422-7491

CHINA

Jose Granda 150, San Isidro

442-9458

NICARAGUA

Av. Alvarez Calderon 738, San Isidro

422-3892 422-3895

COLOMBIA

Av. Jorge Basadre 1580, San Isidro

441-6922

NORWAY

Av. Del Parque Norte 605 Of. 302, San Isidro

475-2925

COSTA RICA

Calle Baltasar La Torre 828, San Isidro

264-2799

PANAMA

Emilio Cavenecia 329 Of 2A, San Isidro

421-4762 4406592

CUBA

Coronel Portillo 110, San Isidro

512-3400

PARAGUAY

Calle Alcanfores 1286, Miraflores

444-1310 444-2391

DINAMARCA

Bernardo Monteagudo 201, San Isidro

421-7050 421-5907

PHILIPPINES

Av. Andres Belaunde 147, Torre Real 3 Of. 502, S. Isidro 222-4466 222-4463

DOMINICAN R.

Av. Tudela y Varela 360, San Isidro

421-9767

POLAND

Av. Salaverry 1978,Jesus Maria

471-3920

EGYPT

Av. Jorge Basadre 1470, San Isidro

440-2642 440-2547

PORTUGAL

Calle Antequera 777 Piso 3, San Isidro

440-9905 421-5979

EL SALVADOR

Av. Javier Prado Oeste 2108, San Isidro

440-3500 221-2561

RUMANIA

Av. Jorge Basadre 690, San Isidro

422-4587

FRANCE

Av. Arequipa 3415, San Isidro

215-8400 215-8420

SOUTH AFRICA

Torre Real3 Via Principal 155 Of. 801, San Isidro

422-3881

GERMANY

Av. Arequipa 4238, Miraflores

212-5016 99757-6200

SPAIN

Av. Jorge Basadre 498, San Isidro

212-5155 4410084

GREAT BRITAIN

Av. Larco 1301, Piso22, Miraflores

617-3050 617-3055

SWITZERLAND

Av. Salaverry 3240, Orrantia, San Isidro

264-0305

GREECE

Av. Principal 190 Piso 6 Santa Catalina, La Victoria

476-1548 476-1329

TAIWAN

Av. Benavides 1780, Miraflores

447-1764

GUATEMALA

Inca Ripac 309, Jesus Maria

460-2078 463-5885

U.S.A.

La Encalada Cdra. 17 S/N Monterrico, Surco

434-3000 616-2397

HOLLAND

Av. Larco 1301, Piso 13, San Isidro

422-7491

URUGUAY

Calle Jose de Anchorena 084, San Isidro

264-0099

HUNGARY

Av. Javier Prado Este 1520, San Isidro

442-0973

VENEZUELA

Av. Arequipa 298, Lima

433-1191

INDIA

Av. Salaverry 3006, Magdalena

460-2289 461-0374


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IN

SPORT

CA

Schalke offer Farfan for Arsenal midfielder The Gunners want around £15m for the 30-year-old which is around what Schalke would want for Farfan, considering his contract situation, TalkSPORT reported.

Lima, Nov. 13 (ANDINA). Bundesliga side Schalke are ready to offer Arsenal the chance to swap Andrey Arshavin for Peruvian winger Jefferson Farfan. According to reports in Germany, the Bundesliga side are desperate not to lose Farfan for nothing when his contract expires at the end of the season - and he is unlikely to sign a new deal. But Schalke will not sell the Peruvian forward, 27, in January unless they can secure a replacement. And it is understood that they have set their sights on Arshavin, Arsenal’s record signing, who has become a bit-part player at The Emirates. It has been reported that Schalke are hoping to solve their Farfan dilemma by offering Arsenal a straight swap for Arshavin.

Dibos, president of the Peruvian Institute of Sport, speaks during a news conference about the 2012 Argentina -Chile-Peru Dakar rally in Paris Francisco Boza Dibos, president of the Peruvian Institute of Sport, speaks during a news conference about the 2012 Argentina -Chile-Peru Dakar rally in Paris November 8, 2011. The Dakar 2012 rally will start on

January 1st from Mar Del Plata in Argentina to January 15th at Lima in Peru. REUTERS/Jacky Naegelen (Francia - Tags: SPORT MOTORSPORT POLITICS)

Werder Bremen plan to offer Pizarro contract extension Bremen, Nov. 13 (ANDINA). Werder Bremen’s director of sport Klaus Allofs said Sunday he is eager to extend the current contract of star striker Claudio Pizarro, who is on international duty with Peru. Pizarro recently passed the mark of 150 goals scored in the German league. The 33-year-old has already netted 11 goals in 11 Bundesliga games this season and has a contract until June, with the option of an extra year. “We want him to stay. He knows what he has done for Bremen,” Bremen’s chief executive officer Allofs told German television channel Sport1. “Something unusual will have to happen for him to leave Werder.”

Diciembre2011  

december newspaper

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