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University of Waterloo Waterloo, Ontario volume 16, number 27 friday, january 9, 1976



Inside Cattle to eat$*%! Einstein on socialisni’ Intramural Feedback

The senate undergraduate coun1 decided yesterday to table a rejr&calling for the closure of the .rman relations and counselling udies department until opposing ews can be presented to council. Council’s move might influence :nate at its Jan. 19 meeting as to hether to accept a task force relmmendation that the UW deu-tment be closed down and its + -ograms phased out. If senate decides to endorse the :port, then it will go to the UW Dard of governors for final ratifiition. The closing down of the deartment could take up to two :ars to complete, UW president urt Matthews said at a regularly :heduled news conference yesrday . It took council one hour to reach s decision to table, and the Ddy heard various students and culty members argue for a brief spite so they could better re)ond to thereport. The report was released to the :ws media on Monday and to :nators a week earlier. Meanwhile, the senate graduate

council voted unanimously on Wednesday to recommend to senate that the task force’s report be accepted as is. The task force, chaired by graduate studies dean Lynn Watt and comprised of five professors and onegraduate student, drafted a 2O-page report which examines in detail the three programs offered by the department and proposes that they be discontinued. However, the report calls for provisions to be made by the Arts Faculty so as to allow students curren?ly enrolled in doctoral, masters and bachelors programs to complete their degrees. There are I4 PhD students, 29 masters and 33 undergraduates enrolled in the department. In the three years the department has existed (it was established in 1972 as a spin-off from the psychology department), 30 students have graduated with masters and 5 with doctoral degrees. The report says the goal of the department to develop ‘ ‘interdisciplinary programs in human relations” is a “laudable one and had the department achieved it, its

Pub ripped-off As if the campus centre pub did )t have enough problems, a pub ‘fice was robbed of approximately !90 during the holidays. The amount lost, according to sard of entertainment associate iai’rman, Art Ram, consisted of >out $200 in quarters (all wrap:d), $70 of their float funds and !O of petty, cash. Ram said they had determined lat the theft took place between ecember 18 and 30. He explained lat one of the employees was in le office on the 30th and used the npty petty cash box which was in Le cabinet from which the .money as taken. The employee did not realize lat the box was not supposed to be npty, so it was not reported at at time, Ram said. He added that was reported to security last Jesday.

tion of experiential

and theoretical

learning. ’ ’ At present, “students spend considerable time in conceptual as well as experiential learning,” Barret-Lennard said. ‘ ‘This integration is potentially a major strength for the program.” Some students have come to UW “specifically to enrol in our undergraduate program,‘,’ the professor pointed out.

over hol!!iday

Security declined to make any comment to thechevron on the matter. “I don’t suspect anyone with a key did it since all those with keys have just received raises and I don’t think they would risk that” Ram said. He was referring to employees of the pub. Ram later added that, as yet, all the keys to the cabinet that are in


programs would almost certainly have provided worthwhile academic opportunities for ‘both graduate and undergraduate students. ’ ’ However, the report adds that this goal hasn’t been achieved and the department “ . . .is probably incapable of doing so.” In a presentation to undergraduate council yesterday, Goss Barre t-Lennard , a human relations and counselling studies professor, disputed the report’s conclusion saying it takes ‘ ‘considerable time to work at developing an interdisciplinary program. ’ ’ He added that “one of the unique aspects of human relations and counselling studies is the integra-

are not accounted


This is because the cabinet was used by the board of entertainment before it was usedsby the pub, he explained. There were no signs of forceable entry except for a few scratches on the locked cabinet door. Ram could not definiately say whether or not these scratches were present before the robbery. The thief, or thieves, had to get past three locks in the process of the robbery: one on the office door,

one on the cabinet door and alock on one of the money boxes. Ram said that the lock on the money box can be easily picked while the other two present more difficulty. Equipment worth much more than the money taken was left in the office untouched, Ram said. This prompted him to make the comment: “It had to be someone who knew what to look for.” In the past, the pub has experienced robberies. in which valuable equipment was taken. Ram said that in these cases, as in the recent one, the thefts took place after the pub had been closed for a lengthy Ijeriod of time. Ram said that from now on all money will be kept in the bank and not in the office. No arrests have been made in connection with the Christmas i robbery. -graham


. . *. . . . . . .l. .p.5 ’ : I. . e . . . . . . . . .po 32

schedule . e . . . . . . . . . . . . .p. I 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .pZ

Barret-Lennard a.lso said he was‘ “puzzled at the task force’s statement regarding the lack of resources available to the department” saying there are “im-

was so great a few years ago that the then chairman, professor Butler, was unable to carry on his responsibilities and resigned,” the report states. mediate resources” available from “We wish to emphasize that the the Counselling Foundation of dissension which arose in this deCanada which could fmance four partment went far beyond anynew positions. thing that might be considered He said he was in the process of normal.” preparing a fuller brief to senate at The dissension within the deits next meeting on the state of the partment became so “bitter and department, and he urged council personal” that it was literally unto table discussion of the report able to function,” the report says. and recommend likewise to se“The negative effect of this fanate. culty dissension on the students Other students at yesterday’s was profound. Some students meeting also argued they needed stayed away from the campus as more time to present a collective much as possible during this positionon the matter to council. period. Students dropped out of Spearheading the student posicourses because of the atmosphere tion, student senator -Andrew of tension created. ’ ’ Telegdi said council “has to allow The report goes on to say that, a forum for those people who op after hearing several presentations pose the report and to give the opfrom people within the departposition time to prepare posiment, it became evident the inter\ tions . ’ ’ nal strife could be resolved if “cerHe said it was in keeping with ’ tain individuals were removed ’ ’ . senate’s tradition to allow time for But, the same people, who were full discussion on , a controversial identified as “faculty and others” matter. in the report, couldn’t by any Task force chairman, Lynn means agree on which members of Watt, said it was up to senate to the department would have to be make a decision on whether to acremoved to solve the problem.” cept his committee’s recommendaThe task force report, however, tion. _ doesn’t feel the department would The report states that the progbecome a “viable” one simply by rams “as they presently stand are removing some of thecurrent fanot academically viable,” and culty . “any further investment of re“In our view, the-differences go sources to strengthen the departmore deeply. Indeed, they are ment in the hope that it could rerooted in the very beginnings of cover, would be a high risk gamthe department, in that, different ble.” members of the department had at The report added that: “The rethat time, and continue to have, sources required would be subdifferent perceptions as to what stantial, and it is by no means certhe goal of the department was or tain that such measures would should be.” succeed. These different perceptions “The only appropriate course of have split the faculty in two action-for the university to take is “diametrically opposed” camps, to phase out the academic progthe report argues. “The division is rams and to close down the ‘deone of fundamental philosophy partment.” and one that most of the faculty Besides arguing that the proginvolved believe to be insoluble. rams have fallen short of their We concur.” stated goals, the task force also The report then recommends says that “many of the problems that it would be unwise to allocate which the department faces have further resources to the departarisen from disputes among memment in an attempt to bridge thebers of the faculty.” faculty differences. This “strife in the department -john morris



the chevron


Motor Hotel, w

professional legal advice. Call 885-0840 or come to CC 106. Hours: 11:30-2:30pm and 7-1 Opm.


871 Victoria St. N. - 744-3511 NO JEANS PLEASE Every Wednesday is Singles Night IN THE CROWN ROOM THIS WEEK

Campus MacKenzie 6pm.


Pub opens 12 noon.

from 9-l am. .74 cents after


Centre Pub opens I2 noon. Paul Languille from g-lam. .50 cents after 6pm.


Flicks The Godfather Part II with Al Pacino. 8pm. AL 116. Feds $1 Others $1.50.

Saturday Campus

Grand Valley Car Club welcomes you to our next meeting. Waterloo County

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Fish and Game Protective Association, Pioneer Tower Rd., off Hwy. 8 between Kitchener & Hwy 401.

Pub opens

7pm. .74 cents ad-

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Club General

Everyone welcome. activity area.


2pm. PAC, Blue


Little Symphony Orchestra. Haydn-Mass in Time of War. 7pm AL 6. For further information contact A. Kunz ext. 2439.


Flicks The Godfather Part II with Al Pacino. 8pm. AL 116. Feds $1 Others $1.50. Assistance



Club regular meeti Discussions of term events and nomi tion of Club executive are on agenda. 7 pm. CC 135.

Wednesday Campus

Centre Pub opens 12 no Paul Languille from g-lam. .50 ce after 6pm. Chapel.

UW chaplains.


Para-legal Assistance offers nonlegal advice. Call professional 885-0840 or come to CC 106. Hours: 1-4:30pm.


Career Talks about teaching. Faculty of Education, Queen’s University. 3:30pm. ML 246. Rehearsals Concert Choir. Haydn-


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Pub opens 12 noon.

Paul Languille from g-lam. after 6pm.

Sunday Table Tennis


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Part II with Al Pacino. 8pm. AL 116 Feds $1 Others $1.50.


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Concert Band. Hay{ Mass in Time of War, 5:30pm AL 6. further info contact A. Kunz ext 243

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Free Movie-What ever happenec Baby Jane? 10:15pm. Campus Cer Great Hall. Sponsored by Camf Centre Board.




Centre Pub opens 12 no Paul Languille from g-lam. .50 ce after 6pm.


Assistance offers nc professional legal advice. C 885-0840 or come to CC 106. Hot 1:30-4 :30pm.


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* I Theatre of the Arts Admission $5.00, students & seniors $2.50 * * 1 Reserved Seats a Box Office ext. 2126 Gts centre * *



Everyone is invited to attend these re! lar meetings for informal discussio 7:30pm. Hum. 174.

Teilhard de Chardin: The Man a His Thought. A lecture by Prof. Art Gibson, St. Michael’s College, U 01 7:30pm. Humanities Faculty Lour Rm 373, Hagey Hall. Admission Fret

Friday U of W Ski Club day trip to Holic Valley, Ellicotville, New York. Tick available at PAC office, $12 incluc transportation and tow ticket for the d 6:45am PAC Blue North.


Centre Pub opens 12 not Paul Languille from g-lam. .50 ce after 6pm.


Flicks The Young Fral enstein with Gene Wilder and Pe Boyle. 8pm. AL 116. Feds $1 Othc $1.50.

Students investigating the claims of Jesus Christ and Christianitv

4:30=discussion, seminar 51 §-supper 6:00-Harry Klassen speaking on “Christ’s Challenge”





9, 1976


the chevron

to tap new soull*6es

Soliciting funds for student scholarships is one of the many goals for UW this year, and it won’t be easy, says university president Burt Matthews. In the past, the university hasn’t been “very active” in trying to get scholarship money, Matthews said Tuesday. Matthews said he’s going to approach the university’s committee of development by June or July to see whether he can urge the group, made up of members of the UW board of governors, to solicit money from sources other than the provincial government. However, the president said he’s “not optimistic” about obtaining outside funds.

The terms of reference of the committee is to “procure” funds from sources other than the government for the “enrichment of the university’s academic programs and fiscal development,” Matthews said. To date, the committee hasn’t been “doing very much” to raise scholarship money from community donors, the president added. A year ago, UW ranked 15th among Ontario’s 15 tax-supported universities in scholarship funds available on a per student basis, Matthews said. Right now, even after the setting up of a university wide contributory scholarship fund, UW still re-

Pub pact paralyzed The agreement between the Federation of Students and the university regarding the campus centre pub has been rejected by the Liquor Licence Board of Ontario, federation president John Shortall told student council at-its meeting on Tuesday. Shortall later told the chevron that the agreement was rejected as contrary to the Liquor Licence Act because it gave the.federation too much control. The rejection, received by Shortall on Dec. 16, 1975, said in part that: “in its present lease form, the licence holder, the university, does not retain control of the operation.”

However, Shortall said, “we have taken over the pub and are operating as though the agreement were in force until we get clarification of some points.” The agreement with the university would have given the federation effective control of the pub while leaving the licence in the hands of the university. This would make the university, in the person of the administrative services director Bill Deeks, responsible to the liquor board for the operation of the pub. Shortall said that he expected little difficulty in changing the agreement to satisfy the requirements of the liquor board.

mains “‘in the bottom” compared with other universities. The fund, which consists of scholarships and bursaries, amounts to $172,000 and $68,000 comes from contributions made by staff and faculty with a matched grant from the university. In addition, there are 44,000 in Descartes mathematics scholarships, $12,000 in optometry scholarships, $14,000 in miscellaneous scholarships and $34,000 in bursar-y funds. In a related matter, Matthews announced that UW received $500 from Nestle Canada Ltd. to establish a scholarship for an “outstanding Faculty of Arts student.” The money was awarded in the name of Tim Pickett, an Arts student, in recognition of his selection to the Canadian Inter-Collegiate Athletic Union’s Canadian All-Star Football team. Nestle has offered the College Bowl promotion whereby the home institution of every player selected to the Canadian All-Star receives a $500 bursary in the player’s name. The company also gave a $1,000 bursary to the institution at which the Most Valuable Player in the preliminary bowl game is registered. Total grants amount to $15,000. Pickett, once a student at St. Jerome’s high school, is the defensive halfback for UW’s Warriors. Though the athletes don’t get the money, the scholarships are awarded in their names. -john

In a stunning upset Frank Mensink emerged the victor in the recent senate election for undergrad-at-large representative. With 368 votes (28+.5%), Mensink topped Ray Groom who had 336 votes (26.1%), Brad Keeler who Garnered 310 votes (24.1%) and Bruce Rorrison who obtained 275 votes (21.3%). The low turnout of about 1300 people (which is under 10%) was blamed on the mail strike and general student apathy with regards to the Senate. Surprisingly, Mensink, who had been a relative unknown, defeated people considered as “names” on this campus. Bruce Rorrison is Arts society president and quite involved with the Federation of Students. Ray Groom is known because of the activity of his father, Bill Groom, who is a former staff association president and sits on the board of governors. Keeler formerly sat on the campus centre board and is very important in the UW birth control centre. Frank Mensink’s activity has mainly been confined to St. Paul’s College where he is secretary-treasurer of the alumni club. In a telephone interview with the chevron he said that bing ana ctive former resident of St. Paul’s helped him gain his votes from residents and ex-residents of the college, many of whom are his personal friends. Mensink is presently a Math student, switching into Math after three years in Engineering. He believed many votes came from his present or former classmates. He also believes, as many observers do, that people in Math and Engineering voted for him because he is in or was in the same faculty as they are. Mensink did not wage a large campaign because of the mail strike. He was quite surprised that Bruce Rorrison’s campaign was not as effective as he thought. He said that he would like to see candidates make more contact with the voters. Mensink felt that students don’t know enough about the senate, though he also felt student senators are left in the dark on a number of issues. In the losing camps the reaction was different, ranging from shock to relief. Bruce Rorrison was astounded by the vote, but felt the mail strike may have hurt his campaign as it was gaining steam. Still he was determined not to give up student politics at Waterloo. Perhaps the most relaxed loser was Brad Keeler, who felt that he shouldn’t have entered the senate race because his heavy involvement in other activities would not give him enough time to devote what he felt was needed for an effective job there. -j.j.



Energy ve

Monday’s senate executive committee meeting proved to be an exciting event which featured UW secretary jack Brown, president Burt Matthews, vice-president Tom Brzustowski and dean of graduate studies Lynn Watt. The main topic on the agenda was the closing down

of the human relations and counselling studies department, and the executive committee decided to place the item before senate at its Ian. 7 9 meeting.

Groups join to produce newsletter Twenty-five KitchenerWaterloo community groups have joined forces to produce a monthly community newsletter. The first issue, now in preparation will be distributed later this month. The newsletter, in a pamphlet form 9 will contain submissions from the involved community groups and other interested groups who can still contact the organizers . Each community group will outline their goals and ongoing programmes in the first issue. These articles will be collected and then typeset and printed for distribution. The organizers of the newsletter see the project as a forum to exchange ideas and criticisms and mutually support their activities. The Ki tc hener-Waterloo Record, which owns virtually every

newspaper in the region, including the Waterloo-Chronicle has given very limited coverage of the groups’ events and the newsletter organizers see the project as filling this gap. Many of these people were involved in the production of the independent Kitchener-Waterloo Free Press during the summer of 1974 which folded after about ten issues. Since the failure of this project the organizers have been meeting regularly and began the newsletter last September. The groups involved include Radio Waterloo, OPIRG, the Community Action Centre, Dumont Press Graphix 9 the Rape Distress Centre, Gay Liberation, Creative Energies Centre, the Global Community Centre, and the food co-op. The newsletter organizers add, almost any group is welcome to join

the project. However, the participants have decided to discourage the involvement of certain ‘“authoritarian’ ’ groups. These groups include the AntiImperialist Alliance (ALA), Progressive Cultural Club and other groups which accept direction from the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) (CPCML) . One of the newsletter participants Michael Ura, an Arts student, told the chevron: ‘ ‘We don’t care about the involved group’s internal politics, however we oppose the involvement of authoritarian groups who refuse to work cooperatively with other groups and listen to other views.” Ura cited the AIA’s disruption of Katie Curtin’s talk on China and last term’s Wages for Housework meeting as examples of their “dogmatic” behaviour. However, Ura said they would

accept articles from members involved in AIA and other CPC(ML) groups if they are consistent with the newsletter’s goal of helping to change society to suit people’s needs. A spokesperson for AIA or PCC could not be reached for comment. Should you know of any groups interested in the newsletterproject, you should contact any of the participating groups, OPIRG or Shane Roberts in the Federation of Students office. The first issue of the newsletter will be out in late January. Newsletter organizers estimate they will print 1,000 copies. Each group will pay eight cents a copy for the number of copies they require. Students on campus can obtain copies from the federation office or the OPIRG office in the Chem-Bio link. -michael


The administration at UW is cooperating with the Energy Management Program of the Ontario ministry of energy in an attempt to drastically reduce the energy consumption levels on campus. One of the immediate successes of the project has been a 10 per cent cut in the UW’s utilities expenditures. Academic vicepresident Tom Brzustowski, who is involved in the energy-saving campaign, says that over $177,000 has been saved by removing a number of fluorescent lamps, shutting down lighting in unused rooms and cutting back on airconditioning and heating levels. Energy is also being saved by delaying the turning-on of airconditioning and heating, dropping the hot water temperature from 140 degrees Fahrenheit to 115, improving the maintenance of energychanneling equipment to reduce energy-loss while it is being transported and by watering the lawns at nights during the summers rather than during the daytime. W.E. Robinson, an engineer in the physical resources department, claims that the reduced light levels have saved the most money. Evidently, many members of the UW community have been roaming the halls, turning off ventilators, closing windows and shutting off unused lights. In a related matter, UW has joined Fanshawe community college and the universities of Carleton, Guelph) Laurentian 9 Trent, Western, and York in a. program sponsored by the Ontario energy management program designed to conserve $164,000 in energy costs per year. The program will cost an es timated $53 1,000. Highly specialized monitors and controls will be installed by physical-plant personnel in the structures on these campuses. -mike




the chevron


9, 197(

Renison College Special Topics Courses Winter Term 1976 Classifieq

In response to a number of enquiries received, we want to confirm that the following courses are being taught at Renison in the Winter Term, 1976. PSYCHOLOGY OGY OF MEN




The emergence of the women’s movement has provoked and threatened many men, producing anger, bitterness, confusion and guilt. Yet a perplexing question has been raised: what does it mean “to be a man” in our society? What should it mean? In an attempt to answer these questions the course will examine socialization and development, power and violence, fatherhood, work, sexuality, marriage. R. Lahue, Instructor IO:30 MWF Rm. 43, Renison

For information please contact

on other courses being the Registrar at Renison,

INTERDISCIPLINARY SOCIAL SCIENCE 367R* EDUCATION AS A SOCIAL PROBLEM A look at how our educational institutions are reflective of selected social problems. A consideration of the relationship between education and the place of the individual within society. The significance of education and social process for the study of selected issues in social work. R. Coupland, Instructor 7 - IO Mondays AL 208

taught at Renison 884-4400.

in the




is noon Tuesdays



for Friday


cash. CC 217. Weekdays

Pregnant & Distressed? The Birth Control Centre is an information and referral centre for birth control, V.D., unplanned pregnancy and sexuality. For all the alternatives phone 8851211, ext. 3446 (Rm 206,’ Campus Centre) or for emergency numbers 884-8770. U of W Mathematics graduate looking for research or TA position. Call 745-9020 ask for Mike. Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto has extended the deadline for receipt of completed application forms for admission to first year De.ntistry, 1976. The new deadline is Friday, January 16, 1976. Application forms are available in the Career Information Centre, first floor, Needles Hall.


1947 Plymonth, Special Deluxe. Orig nal and in excellent condition. Thanks tc Westcoast living. $2,000.00. Call Ton at 886-0172.

Wanted Play Flute or Saxophone? Can impro vise? Need you for class. Pay. Please contact Diana 884-2503 Soon!



Galt to U of W and back, Mon., Wed. and Fri. Share gas. Phone l-621 -192: after 6pm or ext. 2781.

Typing Fast accurate typing. 40 cents a page IBM Selectric. Located in Lakeshore vil lage. Call 884-6913 anytime.

Gay Lib Office, Campus Centre Rm 217C. Open Monday-Thursday 7-l Opm, some afternoons. Counselling and information. Phone 885-l 211, ext. 2372.

Will type essays or thesis, 50 cents pe page, Phone Mrs. Norma Kirby 742-9357.

Will do light moving with a small truck. Call Jeff 745-1293.

Wanted one quiet person to shart household duties and expenses witt three others. Call 576-8706 after 6pm

For Sale Waterbed for sale, double size (5’x7’~18”) with heater and white pile bedspread, upholstered in purple pile. Has 5 yr. guarantee (16 mo. old). Looking for $250 or best offer. Call 884-6011 or come to 172 Cedarbrae Ave., Waterloo. Ask for Tim.



Two people looking for third for houst on Joseph St. Big place, lotsa windows cooperative living. Leave your name ir R. Torrie’s box in Fed. of Students offict in Campus Centre. 2 Semi-private rooms; males, in private home. Frig. No smoking or drinking Breakfast optional. On no. 8 bus line 742-I 437.

Federation Used Book Store sells used books. Bring in your used books to earn

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Friday, jar-wary


the chevron

9( 1976

you looked

at your food lately?

may be raised

Livestock Microbes will soon be employed 3y the UW chemical engineering department to convert manure into ‘eed for livestock (cattle, hogs, ?oul try). The microbes will be housed in a ‘ermenter where they diet on aninal wastes from which they are ex2ected to produce nutritious protein. Professor Murray Moo-Young with the help of University of 3uelph animal nutritionist professor David Mowat will be carrying 3n the work to try to build a practi:a1 system for producing protein his way. The National Research Council ras been intrigued enough by the dea that it has awarded $80,100 for ;he project. The funds are provided in the lope that means may be developed ‘or producing all the protein on a *arm that its animals may require. The manure on the farm would deally be put into a special fernenter where the yeast-like mic-obes would go to it. The animals would then feast on the resulting 3rotein. Livestock now dine on imported joy bean meal and fish meal. The United States is the main supplier ‘or the estimated $50 million spent Jer year by farmers in Qntario for ‘.. .hese imports. This research was triggered by a number of projects Moo-Young has 3een involved with over the past several years. He has successfully produced Jrotein from micro-organisms that ive on petroleum; he has also had juccess with micro-organisms that ive on cellulose (sawdust or 3aper). A nearby industrial organization, Mid-West Silo Systems Limited, of Wellesley, learned of his work and approached him with the manurento-protein idea. Mid-West Silo is 3 manufacturer of livestock feeding ;ystems and liquid manure handlng systems, as well as concrete ;ilOS .

The three-Moo-Young, Mowat lnd Mid-West-approached NRC ?or a PRAI (Program for Research 4pplicable to Industry) grant, and

this has been approved, effective Dec. 1, 1975. Moo-Young says he had some concerns as to whether the grant would be made, in view of recent federal government statements concerning spending cutbacks. He regards it as an indication NRC believes the research could be extremely beneficial in the near future. Moo-Young has been named co-ordinator of the project; his primary concern will be to develop the process. Mowat is directing the evaluation part of it. Mid-West Silo is the “collaborating company.” Moo-Young is particularly optimistic about the project for a couple of reasons: first, he has developed a new type of fermenter unit which he feels will work well; second, he will be using a new (for him) kind of micro-organism (the mold) with which to start up the project.



As for the fermenter, the traditional type is, essentially, a tank with a stirring device. “My design involves a tube through which the manure will pass,” he says. “You shovel it in at one end, the micro-organisms feed on it as it passes through, and the usuable protein will come out the other end.” His design takes into consideration the need for temperature controls and the addition of oxygen to sustain the growth of the microorganisms. He has also developed a polymer-addition tee hnique for speeding up growth. One of his process inventions has recently been patented and another is pending. He has already experimented with a lab model of the fermenter. Now he will scale this up to a demonstration-sized model with the capacity to provide for the protein needs of about 20 farm animals . The unit will be built on the University of Guelph’s experimental farm near Elora.

? Very As




promising “new”


organisms with which he will be working, this is a very recent development, and a very promising one. “We started in this work using a micro-organism that had first been isolated by the United States army,” he says. “They had been studying a mold that used to rot their clothing and equipment in the tropics. They found they could use it to break down cellulose, including paper, into alcohol. They could actually use the-alcohol as a fuel. In other words, they weren’t interested in making protein, but we soon realized that it could do so.” That’s the micro-organism he has been using in the past. The new one, he feels, will produce protein more than three times as fast as the U.S. army mold. It is the discovery of D.S. Chahal, who found it in compost heaps in- his native India, and isolated it successfully. Chahal’s organism makes protein faster because it doesn’t waste as much energy as th’e U.S. army breed. “Dr. Chahal has just joined our team,” says Moo-Young. “He had been a Fullbright scholar at M.I.T. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) until recently. He is on campus now and has already begun work on the new project.”



Production of the new fermenter is expected to start this term. Hopefully, it will be ready some time next spring, and the first protein should start oozing out of it three or four days later. A feature of the Moo-Young fermenter is that you can get a steady flow of manure in and protein out so you don’t have to make it in batches, although this is also possible. Mowat has set up a-careful program to monitor the nutritional results and safety of the protein when it is fed to farm animals. These tests will be carefully controlled over the next couple of years. Some of the questions the two hope to answer include: Will the scaled-up fermenter work satisfactorily? Will it be easy forafarmer to

The 38th annual meeting of the Canadian University Press was held at McGill University in Vontreal during the week from December27 tojanuary 2. It featured many sessions such as this neeting of the services commission aimed at improving the workings of CUP as a national ‘\ _r

operate? Will the animals take to the protein? Will it be adequately nutritious? How will the cost of this microbe-produced protein compare with the cost of imported soy bean or fish meal protein? Moo-Young says lab tests indicate the protein will have all the amino acids livestock need for healthy growth. He has been working with professor Thammaiah Viswanatha of U-W’s department of chemistry. Viswanatha is a biochemist and is particularly interested in amino acids. “We know that protein, if it is to provide good nutrition, must contain certain essential acids,” Moo-Young says. “This is why the proteins available through eating grains are deficient-for example, they lack lysine, a vital amino acid-for proper human nutrition. “Interestingly enough, the manure from which the protein will be made contains everything needed to produce the amino acids ; that is, it contains carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and so on. “Now we know from- our previous research, that when you-make protein out of petroleum you have to add nitrogen and other ingredients. Not so with manure.” He feels about 50 per cent of the manure produced by a herd of farm animals will be required to produce all the protein they need. This means the other 50 per cent could be used for fertilizer or soil condii-

Have ya heard... There’s a professor at the University of Toronto who has also taught here and at Western and who claims UW is a friendly place; Western is a social place, and Toronto is a serious place. When he was at Waterloo he’d step into the classroom in the morning and say, “Hi class !” and the class would shout back “Hi!” At Western he’d do the same thing and there’d be silence-they were too tired from being out the night before to bother to respond. At Toronto he says, “Hi class !” and they all write it down.

n- shit


tioning, or the farmer could produce more protein than he needs and dry and sell the rest. Possibly, Canada could even become an exporter of microbeproduced protein. No consideration is being given to production of protein for direct human consumption at this stage. “People will keep on eating meat for their protein for a long time yet,” Moo-Young predicts, “but the benefits could be that their steaks and pork chops will be a little cheaper.” He says preliminary calculations indicate the cost of protein feed supplements could be cut in half for the average farmer, including the amortized cost of the fermenter. Moo-Young is aware that there is indeed some usable protein in farm animal wastes even without processing them through a fermenter. He knows that for years it has been the practise of some farmers to mix small amounts of manure in with the feed they give their hogs. However, there are limitations to these attempts to recirculate protein. For one thing, you can only take care of a very small percentage of the animals’ protein needs this way. For another, you can only recirculate protein this way two or three times; otherwise, toxic materials tend to develop in it. “With our process,” he says, “the manure will be biochemically transformed. ” “Even most of the undigested fibres and cellulose in the manure will be transformed into protein the animals can readily digest. We think a farmer will be able to take care ofjust about 100 per cent of the protein needs of his livestock in this way, and we think there will be no -recirculation problems .” Within two years Moo-Young% and Mowat should have some answers to their questions. In the meantime, the project will generate a lot of work for the research team which also includes UW chemical engineering professor Cam Robinson and students Janis Swan, John Hilton, Linda Duxbury and Dia Gabanni. -shane



students news organization, as well as technical sessions and seminars on various inadvertantly became a topic a_s the menu at the Berkely Hotel made instant believers out of many who had doubted the truth of the Quebec meat scandal. photo by henry hess






the chevron



9, I 97

--Lecture series on local govt%nment _ -/ organized by federation atid . OCLG A lecture series on local govemment has been organized in a cooperative effort between the Federation of Students and the Ontario’ Conference on ~~~ Government (O.C.L.G.). The reason for the course, according to federation education coordinator Shane Roberts, is that there have beencomplaints over issues at the municipal-level. As a result, it w&decided that a better understanding of the workings of local government is needed

-so that these complaints can be more effectively made. Roberts also expressed hope that relations could be developed betWeen CitiZeIlS’ gOUpS and the Ulli,vers$y community. : The topics to be presented are as follows : -history of local government in Ontario: -forms and structures of municipal government in Ontario. -the role of the province. -how the municipal corporation

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operates. -how are decisions that will affect Lectures will be delivered b -functions and special services of the future of our community made? members of the O.C.L.G., a nor the munici$ality .’ -within local government, what profit organization composed c -municipal assessment. opportunities do and do not exist several provincial bodies ir -municipal finance. for residents,’ and citizens’ groups terested in encouraging more ur -municipal finance. to influence decisions? derstanding of and participation i -parliamentary procedure in the A request has been made to municipal affairs. council chamber. O.C.L.G. for them to change the The cost ,of enrolment is seve --community planning. course to include more on regional dollars per person and a limit o -participation in your local govgovernment and citizen participaenrolment of 100 has been set b L ernment (panel). tion: the O.C.L.G.\ since they feel that i -local government in >OntarioLectures will be held one evenall they can handle in one course its future and yours. ,, ing a week for six weeks and are If you wish to register for th scheduled to begin ’ course or have any questions , con It is hoped that the course will’ tentatively ,Wednesday, February 18, in the answer such questions as : tact the Federation of Students -how does municipal and regional board room on the third floor of University of Waterloo, 885-0370 government work? Needles Hall. -graham gel

Arthur Maloney, Q.C., Ontario’s first ombudsman and Maxwell Henderson, formerly Canada’s auditor-general ’ and member of the committee which prepared the special program review on government spending in Ontario, will speak in the 1976 _Hagey Lectures. They will speak separately on - the general theme of “Canada in the Year 2,000, Where Are We Going?” The letter inviting Maloney to speak in the Hagey Lectures asks him to speak on “developments in the way that the law is likely to affect the individual and his social

noA : Be Male

arrangements and to outline the’ probable role of ombudsman to the people of Ontario.” R.R. Kertbn, chairman of the department of economics who heads this year’s Hagey Lecture Committee said, “ the selection committee ‘wants to reach all sectors of the campus and fulfil1 the Hagey Lecture objective of reaching the community at large;” Kerton added: “this year the topic of the lecture is designed to have a general appeal and to be of interest to the local community as well as the student population. ” “The emphasis is on a broad theme that will not be strictly


academican’d will have a practic; application to real life,” Kerto , said. The Hagey Lectures honou UW’s founding president and pref ident emeritus, J.G. Hagey. They are jointly sponsored b the Faculty Association and th university . Previous Hage y lecturers hav included George Wald of Harvard Fred Hoyle of Cambridge, Davil Suzuki of the University of BritiS Columbia, Geoffrey Elton of Cam bridge and Boyd Neel of Toronto Free tickets will be available a the Theatre of the Arts box office -judy


’ ’ -

\ /Myth no.4 : /Have’s

desire to be a disc jockey


i day,


9, 1976





rNomen need po!itical

Changing women’s attitudes ron’t change a thing; we need a olitical strategy as well, says Fern filler, a UW political science pro’ :ssor. “Canada’s‘Why Not?’ camaign seems to be based o d the idea rat all women have to do to thieve equality is to change their ttitudes ,” she says. “I am not putting down Dnsciousness-raising. It is a first :ep. But the fact is, women don’t ave the organizational backup rey need to really change their tuation. ’ ’ Miller is teaching a course at U W lis winter which includes both a

study of the social structures which contribute to the continuing subjugation of women and an investigation of strategies for bringing about change. Called “Women and Politics” (Political Science 102E), it will be given Thursday evenings at 7:00 pm which should attract part-time women students from the community. However, she does not see it as a “women only” type of thing and hopes that men will be interested in the class too. The subjugation of women will be studied as it occurs in marriage, religion, economics, language and mythology.

She also said that she plans to continue her fight against the firing. Indications that Forest -would not be rehired upon termination of her contract first ‘appeared in November, 1975, when the management committee of the human relations department recommended that her contract be allowed to terminate when it expires this June. A memo from the committee to

~ouhcil yote y -. Favours , . NUS ’ /

The UW student ‘council voted n Tuesday in favour of a motion * tiling on students to support the .ational Union of Students (NUS). In effect the motion urges stuents to vote “yes” to the upcomig referendum on whether or not re Federation of Students afliates with NUS. ’ The vote was unanimous allough a number of councillors ab:ained,. Shane Roberts, chairperson of le federation’s board of educaon, spoke in favour of the m,otion. With an increasing tendency on re part of the federal government ) investigate cutbacks in their inolvement in the financing of postscondary education, Roberts exressed fear that the provincial ovemment would follow suit. He [aimed that a single representative f all post-secondary students in Canada would be more effective in egotiations with the federal govmment than a myriad of delegaons from each campus. Federation president John Shor111also spoke in favour of the moon. Mark Wills\, an arts councillor; Tarned that the organization of a rational Union of Students camaign could deter the organizing of ampuses on an individual basis. NUS was organized in 1972 in rder to provide a focus for the in:rchange of ideas, as a centre for ollective student action to fight for olicies that benefit the students of lanadian post-secondary instituons and as a lobbying research, nd information service. So far NUS has concentrated its ctivity on the student aid s&cue, which it claims is “grossly indequate’ and designed to prevent ersons from low income families *om gaining access to university ducation. It has been heavily involved in re student housing issue- and has stablished the first student housig lobby in six years. \ ’ NUS also initiated discussion on re unprecedented low level of stu-,+. r

dent summer unemployment. In addition, it has presented a brief to the joint parliamentary committee on the green paper. The highest- -decision-making ’ body in NUS is the general meeting of members, which occurs at least twice yearly. The executive body of NUS is called the central committee and is co posed of provincial delegates; ,J o members-at-large; and a treas’ urer . There is a national office at Suite 207, 227 Laurier Ave., Ottawa, where three full-time staff members, work under the supervision of the central committee. In its two years ‘of existence, NUS has grown to represent over a third of a million Canadian students’. Due to’ inflation, increasing service expenditures and more coast to coast communication, the NUS per student fee has been raised from thirty cents to one dollar.


There are “enormous barriers” to women becoming professionals in any field, or to women assumingleadership roles in business or government or assuming any other traditionally men’s roles Miller feels. ‘ ‘The hard .facts are that there are tremendous pressures. on such w.omen,” she says. “They are practically driven out. They have to be enormously tough to withstand these pressures. The opportunities are clearly unequal. ’ ’ -As for the strategies for bringing about change, Miller proposes looking at those used by other exploited groups. : “For instance, the blacks on this



acting chairman of the department Arthur Wiener stated-in part that: “We have considered your request for advice regarding Dr. Forest’s reappointmen? and have taken note of your own view that the appoint. ment should not be renewed. ,We agree with this view . . . .” Forest charged at that time that she is being fired because she is a Marxist-Leninist>, and termed the action a ‘ ‘political+%urge”. She said that she had never been notified that she was being reviewed, and claimed that the review procedures ignored student opinion. (She pointed out that both she and Wiener teach the same first-year course and said that she has 55 students in the course while he has seven. Forest also commented upon the report to senate which recommends that the department of human relations and counselling studies should be closed down. She said that “every department has its problems” and that cutting the human relations department is just an “excuse; a way for the university to save money.” “There are two issues: the political purge and the cutbacks,” Forest said. “And the faculty,must unionize; that’s the only way to protect itself.” University president Burt Matthews stated earlier in the week that not renewing the contracts of faculty who are on ,definite-term appointments is a normal procedure . He said that Forest was among the 15 or 20 faculty members whose contracts were not being renewed, and added that this was not an unusually large number.



Studies - \ Women’s Course ih , ‘Human Relations , 9


7 (


Forest ‘i7o$wofficia//y It-is now official that humanrelaons professor Marsha Forest will ot have her contract renewed next ear. _ Forest said that she received her otice of non-renewal from arts ean Jay Minasofi December 24. She said that she still has not’ een given any reasons for her firig, and expressed “utter con:mpt” for the manner in which it , ‘as done. /’ j

the chevron

continent-we will take a look at books such as S&l on Ice by Eldridge Cleaver, and Soiedad Brother by George Jackson,” she says. “We willtalk about the dangers of working through - existing organizations -the danger that the women who do so will only attain success by taking on masculine characteristics or, as ‘they say, by being socialized into male roles.” A strategy Miller strongly recommends is that women learn to act together. “We -have to stop playing the’ male, competitive game and start promoting and supporting each other;” she says. For example, had Rosemary Brown been chosen leader of-the NDP, Miller would favor women Liberals and Progressive Conservatives crossing party lines to vote NDP at the next federal election. Or, should Flora MacDonald be chosen national leader at the next PC convention she would favor Liberal and NDP women voting Progressive-Conservative. _

\ 4ionyx


Lear@ about China during China <Week , i.,’ Learn about China and have some fun doing it-that’s what China Week is all about this year. Theweek, to be held at UW from Jan.: 17-23, will consist of films, displays, speakers and exhibitions, all of which will convey the significance of China’s educational system, the medical facilities afforded to the country’s peasants and the reconstruction of the Chinese society. In a press release, the UW Chinese student society says: “Our purposes in presenting this project are to enhance the cultural exchange between Canada and

China, and to encourage social and cultural interaction and concern in the community.“\ _ The -week will feature a talk by the famous Chinese micro-wave physicist Jen Chih-Kung of the John Hopkins University entitled \“The historical and contemporary I L development of Chinese science and technology”. Other sponsors of the week are . the Federation of Students, the Arts society and International Students Association. And “all are cordially welcome to attend and participate,” says the press release. ,I


WINTER TERM * VILLAGE I ROOMS ’ available for women For further information please inquire at the Housing Office, Needles Hall, or phone -8840544. \



Bachelor of Edkation

Persona/ Dimensions of Inequality

HR 282 (02) - Mon. 7:00’- 1O:OO / -Psych 2084

“If you can’t switch your vote you’ll never be able to exert any political influence,” she says. “It is in the nature of the political process that the poli&ians worry first and foremost about the people who switch. Those they are sure of don’t usually have much influence on the politicians. “So, until women start voting as ’ a block, or at. least start appearing t,o do so, the male politicians who are the ones with power now aren’t going to pay too,much attention to \ them.” Miller believes the major prob- lem is a split between what might be called “career women”. and “women in the, home.” The two groups are gradually drawing to-g&her; she feels, with more and more women going into the marketplace, for at least portions of their lives, along with the wages-’ for-housework campaign. Until the very structures of society are changed, Miller warns, consciousness-raising can in itself be a frustrating experience.

A representative Queen’s Uni vksi students in:


/’ \

This course will examine the-basis of the unequal status occupied by women in society. The course ~$1 focus onthe economic basis of oppression, the experience of women in therapy and the conditions of wome’n as workers, -wetfare recipients .etc. This course will be taught by Marsha Forest and Marlene V‘Vebberwill act%s special guest lecturer. All\ interested students (male and female) welcome.

from the Faculty of Educ,ation ty wi II meet with interested ’


To provide Education certification

13, 1976 ._

information concerning the Bachelor of program-which leads to Ontario teacher for elementary or secondary schools.

if you are unabl‘e to attend may be obtained from..

the meeting,

information c



The Registrar Faculty of Education Queen’s University Kingston, Ontario. K7L 3N6






No. 1 $56.50


board established

-ES_- .puiilication \ . . . --revamped .

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Editorial .


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Joseph Kessell, Conestoga College; Iskandar Gabbour, University of Montreal’s Institute of Urbanism; ? George I,.,ermer, Economic Council of Canada; Ira M. a Robinson, University of Calgary’s Urbanism Program, and Blanche van Ginkel, van Ginkel Associates Ltd., Montreal. Also included are several internationally known planners and urban specialists in the United States, the United’ Kingdom, Israel, Switzerland and Australia.

“Contact” \a publication of the faculty of environmental studies is being revamped. The’publication is in its seventh year of existence and deals with urban and environmental affairs. The changes in “Contact” are twofold: establishing an editorial board as well as changing the format from magazine-size to pot ket-size edition. The editorial board has been established to include such Canadians as Thomas Burton, ministry of state for urban affairs; Jacques Paliband, chief. restoration architect of the federal government;

professor in UW’s School of Urban and Regional Planning. Pressman states : “The creation of an editorial board means “Contact’? will bring readers higher quality information’ ’ . The current issue includes a lengthy article on “The Emergence of Megalopolis”, by John G. Papaloannou. Papaloarinou comments on some of the problems of Southern Ontario which has become part of a megalopolis which ultimately will extend from Milwaukee to Quebec City. ’ He speaks of air pollution over Windsor and Sarnia, and over Toronto and Hamilton, of waterpollution in Lake Erie, and of “novel techniques” needed to cope with future problems relating to the urbamzation of this part of-Canada. An article by Harry ,Harker’&a UW PhD student calls for a strong international agency to deal with planning and pollution problems “Great Lakes over, the Megalopolis ’ ’ area. The current -issue also contains reviews of recent books on urbanization, environmental issues and housing. -. It reports .on a variety of recent developments in theenvironmental field, and it contains announcements of forthcoming seminars : conferences and symposiums. Articles and news items appear in both French and English. The journal is making every attembt to become bilingual, focusing on Canadian as well- as international

’ Norman E.P. Pressman, the editor of ‘Contact” is an urban designer/planner and associate

‘Native pebple’s symposium _/



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1, 1976-April 30, l!h7



Other guests are inch rded. fromuniversities and organiz; ations across Canada, as well as from the tcdf University of Waterloo i,“,,,, The first part will be’cultural in nature, consisting of performantes, films and seminars. I% cussion will take place on the role of cultural expression and native art for the purpose‘of illustrating


Canadian Opera Company with- Orchestra

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Sala& $145 per week Applications close Jan. 30

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This course will examine the development of social welfare policies-from the British Poor Laws to the Canada Assistance Plan-m the context of the developments in capitalism which dictated the im- . plementation of particular kinds. of welfare legislation. -


(Jest Society ‘$3.50) All other Performances Reserved Seats $5--!00 5. (Discount for Students & Seniors).



The following courses are useful for students in sociology, psychology, economics, political science, history and general arts as well as students in Renison’s Social ,Deveiopment Studies Programme.

Sat./Man. Mar. 27L29 - (8pm




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brie of Canada’s longest running satirical





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To obtain a subscription, contact Norman E .P. Pressman, Extension 3586, ESS Building, Room 105A.

The chevron invites applications

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native peqple’s concerns. Conflicting views on the situa-ion of native people in Canada, The second part of the symand questions about the direction -i posium will deal with the situation as it now exists. Forums and semiin which the struggle should move, nars will be held on the emerging is the theme of “Tandi”, a symrole of native women in Can&da, posium on native. peoples hosted by students of Conrad Greb’el Colthe Kenora situation of 1974, the Alberta pipeline dispute, and the lege., problems which arise when the - “Tandi” is the Cree word meanvalues of white culture are ing “where” a word which the organizers feel is appropriate in exsuperimposed on native people. pressing-the -“search for the most The last part of the symposium way of moving-towards the deals with “The Road Ahead”. 4 Harold Cardinal; Brian Hartly from It is hoped that the symposium Indian‘ Affairs; Emma LaRoque; ’ will raise consciousness about the and William Wutnee will discusso reality of native people’s existence in Canada, asstmggle well as provide a tive forum people,s for different viewsto emerge, of the naion on what the future holds for native people’s struggles. IIt is also hoped that the sym’ posium will provide an opportunity Those who have questions refor interaction between native and garding the symposium may phone non-native people in the university Conrad Grebel College. ‘-a community. l The symposium has been organized to cover a three day period beginning January 20th, and will feature suclrguests as Lo uis Cameron, who was involved in the occu: pation in Kenora, and th e caravan I I- -- LI-. - -- - - ‘IT I to Parliament Hill in 1974; Harold Cardinal, author of The Uniusf , a navtive . ;;~-;~;~f;~;;~ Toronto; ’ Term:. May and William Wutnee, ;author of I

* +

1+ *

Comminity arranged Meet


Issues, Interdisciplinary Jan. ,I 3, Rm-42,


Social Science 221 R*, Time: tqbe


to arrange



An examination of political, lsocial and ethical issues in selected social problems with particular emphasis on the K-W community. This term will concentrate on ownership and control of the mass media, methods used to produce “packagedconsoiousness”‘and the question of what interests are served by the mass media. If there is interest in the class, this course can be split into two sections, the other concentrating on the housing question-the construction oligopoly, vertical integration; “rationalisation” of the industry, etc. This course will rely heavily on local research and investigation.





Admission through completion of prerequisite indicated (see calendar) or by consent Students should consult Renison’s calendar for official course descriptions.

These courses will be taught by Marlene Webber.

of instructor. ---





9, 1976

the chevron


& chaos

‘Red’ Emma smashes Heaving the bomb, brandishing protest signs, hurling ideological slogans and romping in bed-once again the media, this time exemplified by CBC, has succeeded in confirming all the popular misconceptions of those “fanatical deviants”-anarchists. The play “Red Emma” performed by the Toronto Free Theatre Troupe, aired last Sunday evening, proved to be a shallow melodrama distorting and sensationalizing a few episodes from Emma Goldman’s early life. The play opens with a starryeyed Emma Goldman seeking consort with fellow anarchists in an unconvincing Sach’s Cafe in New York City. The year, historically speaking, is 1889. The characters, or more aptly the caricatures, are introduced in all their pale simplicity. Johann Most, upholding his oftrepeated refrain “I am king of the anarchists” rises from the table and rails against the kings of the capitalists. Sasha launches into an endless succession of puritanical denunciations from the pulpit of revolutionary righteousness. Helen Minkin smiles graciously in the background. And Fedya, alas poor Fedya suffers the grossest distortion of them all. Leeringly enveloping Emma in his arms, he croons “I am an anarchist, I believe in free love.” These cardboard apparitions are shunted around from scene to scene, never to evince further complexity or depth. Emma herself appears as the hotly contested cupcake of drool-

ing male lusts. (That is an exaggeration. The action never becomes that spicy. Even the bedroom scene-Sasha and Emma crowing and making bumps in the blankets-inspires one to ponder the whyfors of crocheting.) Emma Goldman was one of the most vociferous feminists of her age. She would have spewed fire had she seen herself depicted as the passive observer of an altercation between Most and Sasha-an altercation over her own disinclination to become Most’s bedmate. She would vehemently debunk the petty motif of jealous rivalry which permeated the relationship of Fedya and Sasha in the play. To cite the introduction of Red Emma Speaks : “I believe in your freedom to love,” said the principaled Berkman (Sasha), giving Emma’s and Fedya’s love his blessing; jealousy, he maintained, deserved no place in an anarchist’s heart. And Goldman, who had nothing but contempt for the demeaning notion that a woman must belong to one man as a piece of property, admired Berkman all the more for his largeness of spirit.”

The episodes culled for the one hour production smacked of Arthur Hailey sensationalism. (Of course the characters’ one dimensional fanaticism in “Red Emma” would lead one to expect any outrageous manifestation .) The anarchists in Goldman’s autobiography, Living My Life, do not go around shouting ‘Attentat!’ and then thump to the floor open orificed . The political assassination of the industrialist Frick, Emma’s desperate and driven attempt at prostitution, the horsewhipping of Johann Most (probably the only time Emma ever inflicted personal injury on anyone)-they’re all here. Together, of course, with free love-a lofty ideal embraced by Goldman, who wrote “Love is the

strongest and deepest element in all life.” In “Red Emma” we see it reduced to wild do-your-own-thing bedroom skirmishes. The build-up to the attentat, a violent deed of propaganda that was intended to arouse the people against their capitalist oppressors, curiously enough provided an unintentional interlude of comic relief. A collage of old prints, bolstered by a resounding chorus of bullfrog blaring, described the steel strike in Homestead, Pennsylvania and the ensuing repression by an army of Pinkerton goons. A dozen died and hundreds were injured. We are introduced to a “Perils of Pauline” vaudeville-type villian, Henry Clay Frick, manager of the Carnegie Steel Corporation. He is only too ripe for assassination. And our heroes come through. The play fails miserably to convey the solemn intensity surrounding the trio’s (Sasha, Fedya and Emma’s) fateful decision to commit this self-sacrificial act. Our next ‘Annie Get Your Gun’ sequence portrays Emma’s last resort plunge into prostitution-an effort to procure funds for a revolver. Goldman describes the inner turmoil that consumed her as she walked 14th street for the first time : ‘I wanted to take flight, run back to my room, tear off my cheap finery, and scrub myself clean. But a voice kept ringing in my ears: “You must hold out; Sasha-his act-everything will be lost if you fail.” I continued my tramp, but something stronger than my reason would compel me to increase my pace the moment a man came near me. One of them was rather insistent, and I fled. By eleven o’clock I was utterly exhausted. My feet hurt from the high heels, my head throbbed. I was close to tears from fatigue and disgust with my inabil-

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members of Abortion Cbalition of Michigan-A selfabortion-centre people dedicated to the practice of sound care in the field of

A touch of Tia Maria (1 %ounces) topped with 3 dashes of heavy cream and a cherry impaled with a toothpick. Looks and tastes great in a liqueur glass.

the tube ity to carry out what I had come to do.’ The play rendition of this incident was flatter than any pancake. We watch as Emma beats a clumsy and long-winded ditty-then leaps eagerly at the first potential patron. Much to our surprise, he looks remarkably like Frick. A shortage of actors in the troop-or an ironic twist? The play did possess some redeeming qualities. The occasional

epiphany transmogrified the dialogue. “I call you a sausage”, piped up one perceptive heckler during a bombastic spiel by Johann arc--A. 1VlOS 1. The assassination scene was graphically sanguine. The blind courtroom interpreter dispel1 ed any illusions of subtlety. The actress playing Emma did not wear false eyelashes. And Monty Python came on the tube one half hour later. +iotig


and carol beam

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-The CIA needs to< be- ‘destabilized’ No one with any awareness of cold war politics could have been too surprised upon hearing Gerald Ford offer his version of the Domino Theory as a rationale for beefing up US aid to Cambodia- and South Vietnam. America, as the foremost imperial power, has worked with a remarkably broad definition of its national security interests when justifying its international behaviour. Arguing that they wish no lasting political hegemony over the cultures whose actions threaten this security, American men of state claim to labour only to maintain a world order “receptive” to American business interests-or those of its economic ‘lookalikes-and in practise it has spawned a virulent campaign against communism as a social alternative.

tnam, Brazil and’s0 on-were followed by an unsettling silence. Indeed, up until the recent expose of the CIA-organized coup inchile, the agency and its directors enjoyed a holiday from criticism throughout what may some day be seen as their most active and effective period. Now even that fiasco, an intervention so callous and bloody as to be offensive to even the dulled sensitivities of cold-war liberals, is being buried under columns of print devoted to argument. over the CIA’s right to spy on American citizens.

Private hands

Epoch of affluence Throughout an epoch of uninterrupted affluence this persuasion gave rise to a round of military interventions and support operations from Korea to Vietnam, making the threat of American presence an element of political life throughout the third world. Sandwiched between the need for financial and technical assistance in order to achieve economic independence and the realization that it was contingent upon remaining in America’s good graces; these nations evolved their futures around some accommodation of American interests. The naked ‘threat of military force has hampered the choice of a spectrum of responses to the problems of feudalism and development, one defined as communist but . in practise including even sharply nationalistic or agrarian reform movements. The horrors suffered by theVietnamese stand constant witness to the price potentially to be paid for the right of self-determination. . Public comprehension of these events has been largely determined by the reportage of the international press, from whose ac4 counts the readerlearns mainly of the militi ary dimensions of America’s world presence, of the country’s armaments, its readiness to meet the communist threat by means of war, its intervention against “aggressors.” Much of this information is purveyed in morality play terms, objective accounts of

the progress made by the forces of good in silence have appeared.: the exposure of -their defence of freedom against communist Project Camelot to the Latin American peointrigue. In this way the press has %lways ples, as a government sponsored counterinsupported, by implication or by conscious surgency program under academic cover, design, the claim that America responds sensitized many to America’s global intenfrom commitment to worthy principles to the tions; scattered reports on the infiltration of chaos created by power-seeking world nominally independent bodies like the communism, and then only after all peaceful . National Student Association and the means have been exhausted. journaLEncounter by the CIA taught many Consistentwith this view of America, as a that America had a presence beyond its embeleaguered well-doer in a hostile world, is bassies and troops; finally the manhunt and the absence of any investigation of the real subsequent execution of Che Guevara by the network of non-military, policy-enactment CIA in Bolivia suggested that-the agency had agents-like the CIA-present around the wider interests than its James Bond image world before, during and after military operwould allow. ations are begun. Yet these outbursts-along with the coup in Greece and partially substantiated stories Edifice of silence of CIA government toppling in Iran, Over the yearn cracks in this edifice of Guatemala, Guyana, Cambodia, South Vie-

Redress for this condition will come only from private hands: for those who take up this task, there is ammunition aplenty in three unique testimonies that, read conjointly, provide the first inside glimpse of agency operations. They are The CIA ,an,d the Cult oj‘ Intelligence, by Victor Marchetti and John Marks: Inside the Company:CIA Diary, by Philip Agee; and The Secret Team by L. Fletcher Prouty. They present, respectively, the first full account of the operating structures, budget and scope of agency activities; the first day-today account of the operating practises of a Covert Actionagent in Latin America; and the first outline of the liaison and control functions in foreign affairs work centralized pithin the CIA by its ruling clique. The first two are written by ex-agents, Marchetti having been a high level officer in intelligence work (the agency’s stated function) and Agee having worked as a secret agent in foreign countries intervening in their affairs (as both authors would agree, the agency’s actual function). The last piece is written by a retired U.S. Air Force Colonel with inside knowledge of the Vietnam war. It is a suggestive but less factual portrayal of the upper echelons of the “intelligence community,” one that provides hints about the inner regions of decision making but is constrained by the paranoia of its author.

‘Free World’ Disaffection with the very existence of the agency is central to each writer, built on his continued on page 11

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rception of the gap between the stated inntions of American foreign affairs defense of ,democracy and protection of e “free world”+md the sordid actions tdertaken in the name of the ideal. Prouty sees the agency’s misdeeds hinging Lthe lack of effective control over the CIA bparatus, a feature which has allowed it to snder from intelligence gathering to actual blicy enactment. To him the entanglements that America 2kes to find itself caught in are the product the machinations of the CIA and its allies. Charged with the job of monitoring the owth of revolutionary movements around e world, the agency regularly crosses the te between intelligence gathering and >vert Actions. by using its operatives to ovoke the left into showing its expansive sign. The provocations add up to a deteriorating bmestic scene and soon the American peo2 are formally involved in escalating comitments, all at the behest of a CIA “in ntrol of the United States and the world.” This overstatement does bring up a very al issue: who, if anyone, does control nerica’s international secret police? Rent controversies point to the central probn: all those in a position to assume respon-, >ility for the agency’s actions deny having ly connection. We appear to have on our hands a secret, lice,thatacts inthe name and according to z values and interests of a society, but is stached from any accountability to that ciety. Almost certainly, as Prouty asserts; e CIA has a drift of its own, one encour? ed by its self image as the guardian of :edom on the front line against to-’ / itarianism. But does that fact, for all its significance, bstantiate the agency’s independence to ape the campaign against communism and dictate the development of its fronts? ’ Harry S. Truman, who created the ency, lived to lament the very forces he d set in motion, complaining that the CIA d ’ ‘become an operational arm and at nes a policy-making arm of the govem:nt.” One suspects that .Truman, like senhower after him in regard to the litary-industrial’ complex, fell somewhat ort of complete candor. For whether we ascribe to the idea that the :A was born good and has since been perr-ted, or to the idea that its purpose was set >rn the start and-that what has changed is e imagination and skill with which it has en employed, we are felt to deal with the :t that, while providing for an intelligence thering function, its charter allows the ency “to perform such other functions and ties related to intelligence affecting the tional security as the National Security until may from time to time direct.” This clause, with its bland and ineffectual n-ding, that last of five, opens the door to erything from police retraining to coup etat, from wiretaps and mail checks to out:ht assassination. Now while this represents license for the ;A to practise police medicine on the lrld, it does not give them the freedom to tiate actions on their own; we can be sure at this beast is well leashed, that if it has mdered down any paths to its own liking ey have in fact lead in directions the nerican executive wished to travel. _



Marchetti and -Marks make public the full lysiognomy of the agency, laying bare its ots deep within the executive and the “inlligence community.” From a formidable :arly budget of $750 million and “autotalling to 16,500, orized manpower”, ey work outwards through the tightly “apped layers of operating divisions, clanstine agents and informal allies that these sources set in motion. The visible portion of the agency is, to use tired but apt analogy, only the tip of a assive iceberg. Agency, operating renues , bolstered by income from profitsking proprietaries like Air America, Air ia, C t il Air Transport and Southern Air ansport (which serve double duty as its ivate air force), comprise a seed fund used purchase services and allegiances in unrdeveloped countries at rates of return ometrically greater than their North rnerican value. To see the full multiplier effect one need Ily look to the Arm&e Clandestine fielded Laos to fight a secret war without the I;owledgerZf Congress; in this ‘case CIA”

operatives commanded a force of some 30,000 men, many of whom were Meo tribesmen ‘“who could be put into the field for less than ten cents per man per day.”



’ More importantly they make the case that the CIA’s responsibility for intelligence gathering and coordination is a shield behind which is enacted the agency’s prime purpose: Covert Action. Covert Action operations are those that make a surreptitious intervention in the internal affairs of a sovereign nation, affairs which by international law and diplomatic agreement lie outside their legal right to influence. The scale of CIA operations of this nature is clearly global, the only restriction being that each undertaking carry a reasonable likelihood of success and that it be developed so as to be “plausibly deniable” by those whose legitimacy would be undermined by association with it. By means of these precautions the agency has served as ’ ‘a secret instrument of the Presidency and a handful of powerful men” who use it to operate in regions where open and formal intervention would reveal America’s true profile. To America, appearance is all; that its purpose is furthered directly by the favourable resolution of some inexplicable domestic chaos in a banana republic (and that it recognizes the ruling junta as the legitimate government four days later), should appear to be the product of good fortune alone. True, there will be rumblings around the world of CIA involvement; but how much easier it is to disperse 66rumours” than to mask or explain military presence on sovereign soil, to fight an image than to live \ \

encourages the CIA to play midwife to the A mistake frequently made is to see the agency as potent on paper and ineffective in right in a slow process of social birth. reality, a belief usually based on wellSearching out the active and latent elements publicized failures like the U-2 affair and the of fascist sentiment, particularly within the military and police forces which comprise abortive Bay of Pigs invasion. the direct instruments of class control, the In actual fact these mistakes were momenCIA imparts work techniques like torture tary setbacks on the way to a maturity that and provocation, teaches effective intellighas reaped success in ‘almosf every Latin ence and infiltration methods, and provides American nation, throughout the Caribbean, the latest in weapons and training for effecin-Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand. tive social repression. It is a mistake as well to view the CIA as a In the concentration on this agenda’ as -pocket army for mop-up missions in places .against the program of eliminating social inwhere military intervention is unwarranted, justices to which America is verbally comto view its capacities asformidable but only mit&d, Agee discerns the moving force that occasionally and selectively applied. Nor is pulled the props out from under Latin the agency a covey of bumbling neanderthAmerican democracy and forced the jump to als, as some left-wing groups would like to the right we associate with the age of the see it. Alliance for Progress. The CIA, as all three books attest, is a Fascism administered directly by a militskilled and secretive police force with ary junta committed to economic developparamilitary capabilities placed so as to act ment and the conservation of traditional as the eyes and fingers of American foreign privilege conforms precisely to America’s’ . policy. needs, if not to its stated intent. Indeed the majority of fascistic states with From the vantage of a nation that claims to which America is leagued in-Latin America be’democratic and inclined to isolation, that yammers constantly about the virtues of ’ and Asia have ridden to power with the help-and often under the direction-of the self-determination and freedom, overt militCIA. Agee’s experience of the fruits of disz ary intervention against hostile ideologies is ruption and polarization in Ecuador, a method of grave cost, both internationally Uruguay and Brazil argues forcibly that the and domestically. between democratic freedom How convenient then for the President to connection is a paper have at his disposal a team in the field on a and foreign policy undertakings link, an ideology propagated to soothe the, day-today basis, trained specifically to aniof America’s genteel allies. mate the forces of anticommunism and to do, consciences In this respect the overthrow of the demoit such that its actions are detached from any cratically elected Allende regime was only traceable ‘connection with the American the latest installment from the people who government. . . pitched Arbenz out of Guatemala and Goulart out of Brazil. Dirty business As the pattern emerges, willing conThe dirty business of breeding anticomspirators are found within the native political munism organizes the world into which elite, within the comprador bourgeoisie and among the latifundistas; where no organs or institutions exist to counter the communist entente, they are created, particularly among the ranks of industrial and agricultural labour. Lumped together under the banner of right wing ideals, the CIA types orchestrate their endeavours so as to ensure that muscle is applied when and where it is most needed.

b e



CIA behaviour This brings us to a most significant aspect of CIA behaviour. It concerns the degree to which CIA undertakings are shown to be -dependent for their success on the active participation of supposedly unaligned representatives of the American policy. Testimonies to the willingness of multinational corporations to sacrifice the niceties of democracy to their need for market control and access to raw materials will surprise no one. Moreover the world is coming to realize “Let that rap on the knuckles be a lesson to you. ” that .American-sponsored aid and development agencies are undisguised: foreignwith a character trait. The CIA’s operating Agee’s CIA Diary plunges the reader. It is policy tools that spend more time retraining police at the International Police Academy ground is developed then by means of the hard to imaginea more candid account-of the than in promoting economic reform. deceptive exploitation of a grey area lying workings of informal imperialism, somewhere between the acknowledged right America’s gift to the world. I But what will surprise most readers-with for the industrialized naof national self-determination and the physiIf anything, Agee’s -book produces an grave implications tions as well-is the degree to which Marcal fat t of outright foreign control. even more startling \effect in the reader than Thus by verbal allegiance to a principle chetti and Agee document the identification the Marchetti-Marks piece, for what stands of interests that exists between elements of that behind the scenes they spurn, and by in their work as a type of person or cast of the civilian social structure-notably stumeans of a potent civilian army that they mind comes to life from the pages of Agee’s publicly deny and privately-control, Ameriautobiography. dents, the press, cultural organizations and, can presidents from Truman to Ford have most importantly, the ruling group within the Active throughout the length and breadth manipulated the levers of imperial power of Latin America, the agency’s objective is AFL-CIO-and the realization of America’s without having to wear the mantle of empire. ’ ‘penetration”.and the subject is any person world aims. Were important elements within these groups not committed to the creation or institution liable to exercise some effect ‘Free world’ of an alternative to communism within the i over the direction of national politics. The . _ The distinctive feature of post-war purpose of the exercise is to”identify, neutfree enterprise system, and thus happy to American imperialism’, apart from its unpre- (I ralize, contain, divert and discredit anything provide the front groups and training organicedented economic might, derives from the that is or might give rise to a popular left- - zations, cutouts and contacts that CIA cover manner in which it has connived to control wing movement and to supportfinance, exrequires, CIA &haviour would be severely world politics without the-colonial encumpand and control the political and social forcurtailed. mations that will act as a watchdog against From all that has been said above, the berments of previous imperial regimes. Direct and forcible control of nominally. the spread ofcommunist sympathies. ’ importance of these bookswill be manifestly sovereign nations doesn’t do here in the During Agee’s tenure in Latin America evident. Rather than approachingthe “free world:” ‘like the chrome covered inthis type of activity enjoyed much success, realities into which they can initiate us as an struments in Nixon’s Moscow model both in achieving the prime objective of invitation to paranoia and despair., we ought kitchen, America’s .behavi’our must appear eliminating Cuban presence and in polarizto treat their authors’ willingness to break lustrous in the eyes of the world if it is to ing forces against its future influence, and in ranks as a promising sign of the agency’s stand as a model for emulation. the secondary but related task of suppreswaning credibility and to look upon their Behind America’s ritual genuflection besing popular movements of the left. , writings as manuals to be used to good adfore the god of freedom, Marchetti and, vantage (Agee‘ alone mentions-and thus To have had such effect has in each case Marks show us a-secret police given over to required influence-if not direct control goes a good way towards neutralizing-25 the manipulation and influencing of actors -over command sectors of the military and pages worth of front groups and agents’ and institutions within all countries that host civilian police, over the local and portions of names. The fight to eliminate the CIA’s inAmerican missions. the international press, the pos office, the tervention in the internal affairs of sovereign Through trained agents lodged in its diptelephone system and the t transport nations is an integral part of the struggle to lomatic embassies acting in concert with agfacilities. Such power-to which, in Agee’s ’ ‘des tabilize’ ’ -to use an agency phrase ents and collaborators infiltrated or found in experience, the CIA regularly attains-puts -American imperialism. In this endeavour situation in companies ,’ universities and the agency in a position to play with the (as someone recently said of Chile with re. labour unions, the CIA works to monitor and national destiny: gard to Portugal) we would do well to treat contain events hostile to American interests --“*the experiences these books address as a Blind’ commitment and to initiate and amplify undertakings , lesson, not a.,,>.. destiny.,r,... _favourable to them. ’ ’ ’ The blind commitment to anticommunism -david cubberley




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on socialism:

We are all aware of Dr. Einstein as theformulator of the theory of relativity. But we are generally uninformed as t6 his thinking iri other spheres. In the following &trticle he relates his ideas on socialism. This article originally appeared in May, 7949 as an introduction to the first issue of the independent socialist magazine Monthly Review.


Is it advisable for one who is not anexpert on economic and social issues to express views on the 3 I believe for a number of subject of socialism. reasons that it is.. Let us first consider the questionfrom the noint of view of scientific knowledge. It might appear that there are no essential methodological differences. between astronomy and economics: scientists in both fields attempt to discover laws of general acceptability for a circumscribed group of phenomena in order to make the interconnection of these phenomena as clearly understandable as possible. But in reality such methodological differences do exist. The discovery of general laws in the field of economics is made difficult by the circumstance that observed economic phenomena are often affected by many factors which are very hard to evaluate separately. In addition, the experience which has accumulated since the beginning of the so-called civilized period of human history has-as is well known-been largely influenced and limited by causes which are by no means exclusively economic in nature. For example, most of the‘major states of history owed their existence to conquest. The conquering peoples established themselves, legally and economically, as the privileged class of the conquered country. They seized for themselves a monopoly of the land ownership and appointed a priesthood from among their own ranks. The priests, in control of education, made the class division of society into a permanent institution and created a svstem of values bv which the neonle were ’ thenceforth, to a large extent unconsciously, guided in their social behavior. But historic tradition is, so to speak, of yesterday; nowhere have we really overcome what Thorstein Veblen called “the predatory phase” of human de-

velopment. The observable economic facts belong to that phase and even such laws as we can derive Corn them are not applicable to other phases. Since the real purpose of socialism is precisely to overcome and advance beyond the predatory phase of human development, economic science in its present state can throw little light on the socialist society / of the future. Second, socialism is directed towards a socialethical end. Science, however, cannot create ends and, even less, instillthem in hclman beings ; science, at most, can supply the means by which to attain certain ends. But the ends themselves are conceived by personalities with lofty ethical ideals and-if these ends are not stillborn, but vital and are adopted and carried forward by those vigorousmany human beings who, half unconsciously, determine the slow evolution of society. For these reasons, we should be on our guard not to overestimate science and scientific methods when it is a question of human problems; and we should not assume that experts are the only ones who have a right to express themselves on questions affecting the organization of society. Innumerable voices have been asserting for some time now that human society is passing through a crisis, that its stability has been gravely shattered. It is characteristic of such a situation that individuals feel indifferent or even hostile toward the group, small or large, to which they belong. In order to illustrate my meaning, let me record here a personal experience. I recently discussed with an intelligent and well-disposed man the threat of another war, which in my opinion would seriously endanger the existence of mankind, and I remarked that only a supra-national organization would offer protection from that danger. Thereupon my visitor, very calmly and coolly, said to me: “Why are you so deeply opposed to the disappearance of the human race?” I am sure that as little as a century ago no one would have so lightly made a statement of this kind. It is the statement of a man who has striven in vain to attain an equilibrium within himself and has more or less lost hope of succeeding. It is the expression of a painful solitude and isolation from which so many people are suffering in these days. What is the cause? Is there a way out?

a S/OW ew

It is easy to raise such questions, but difficult to answer them with any degree of assurance. I must try, however, as best I can, although I am very conscious of the fact that our feelings and strivings are often contradictory and obscure and that they

tionships of ht susceptible to ( Memory, the the gift of oral developments ; dictated by bit Such develoI tions, institutio in scientific an works of art. T1 certain sense, n own conduct, thinking and w: Man acquires Cal constitution unalterable, inc characteristic c during his lifeti tion which he munication and ences. It is this cultu sage of time, is mines to a very 1 the individual ( has taught us, t so-called primit of human being: prevailing cultu zation which px It is on this th the lot of man beings are not c cal constitution the mercy of a If we ask our and the cultural order to make 1 we should cons there are certain modify. As mer of man is, for a change. Furthermore, velopments of 1 conditions whil densely settled 1

cannot be expressed in easy and simple formulas. Man is, at one and the same time, a solitary being and a social being. As a solitary being, he attempts to protect his own existence and that of those who are closest to him, to satisfy his personal desires, and to develop his innate abilities. As a social being, he seeks to gain the recognition and affection of his fellow human beings, to share in their pleasures, to comfort them in their sorrows; and to improve their conditions of life. Only the existence of these varied, frequently conflicting,

strivings accounts for the special character-of man, and their specific combination determines the extent to which an individual can achieve an inner equilibrium and can contribute to the well being of society. It is quite possiblt that the relative strength of these two drives is, in the main, fixed by inheritance. But the personality that finally emerges is largely formed by the environment in which a man happens to find himself during his development, by the structure of the society in which he grows up, by the tradition of that society, and by its appraisal of particular types of behavior. The abstract concept “society” means to the individual human being the sum total of his direct and. indirect relations to his contemporaries and to all the peopleof earlier generations. The individual is able to think, feel, strive, and work by himself; but he depends so much upon society in his physical, intellectual, and emotional existence that it is impossible to think of him or to understand him, outside the framework of society. It is “society” which provides man with food, clothing, a home, the tools of work, language, the forms of thought, and most of the content of thought; his life is made possible through the labor and the accomplishments of the.many millions past and present who are all hidden behind the small word “society.” It is evident, therefore, that the dependence of the individual upon society is a fact of nature which

cannot be abolished-just as in the case of ants and bees. However, while the whole life process of ants and bees is fixed down to the smallest detail by, rigid, hereditary instincts. the social pattern and interrela-


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tion : very



e new combinations, have made possible eings which are not es.

themselves in tradigtions ; in literature; ccomplishments ; in it happens that, in a s his life through his process conscious 3 part. I heredity, a biologiconsider fixed and al urges which are. ecies. In addition, a cultural constitu:iety through combther types of influwhich, with the pas;e and which deterelationship between tiern anthropology tive investigation of : the social behavior tly, depending upon the types of organiciety. striving to imI;rove heir hopes : human use of their biologich other or to be at :ed fate. structure of society hould be changed in isfying as possible, ous of the fact that zh we are unable to he biological nature 3ses, not subject to Id demographic deturies have created stay. In relatively the goods which are

indispensable to their continued existence, an extreme division of labor and a highly-centralized productive apparatus are absolutely necessary. The time-which, looking back, seems so idyllic-is gone forever when individuals or relatively small groups could be completely selfsufficient. It is only a slight exaggeration to say that mankind constitutes even now a planetary community of production and consumption. I have now reached the point where I may indicate briefly what to me constitutes the essence of the crisis of our time. It concerns the relationship of the individual to society. The individual has become more conscious than ever of his dependence upon society. But he does not experience this dependence as a-positive asset, as an organic tie, as a protective force, but rather as a threat to his natural rights, or even to his-economic existence. Moreover, his position in society is such that the egotistical drives of his make-up are constantly being accentuated, while his social drives, which are by nature weaker, progressively deteriorate. All human beings, whatever their position in society, are suffering from this process of deterioration. Unknowingly prisoners of their own egotism, they feel insecure, lonely, and deprived of the naive, simple, and unsophisticated enjoyment of life. Man can find meaning in life, short and perilous as it is, only through devoting himself to society. The economic anarchy of capitalist society as it exists today is, in my opinion, the real source of the evil. We see before us a huge communitypf producers the members of which are unceasingly striving to deprive each other of the fruits of their collective labor-not by force, but on the whole in faithful compliance with legally established rules. In this respect, the entire productive capacity that is needed for producing consumer goods as well as additional capital goods -may legally be, and for the most part are, the private property of individuals. For the sake of simplicity, in the discussion that follows I shall call “workers” all those who do not share in the ownership of the means of production-although this. does not quite correspond to the customary use of the term. The owner of the means of production is in a position to purchase the labor power of the worker. By using the means of production, the worker produces new goods which become the property of the capitalist. The essential point about this process is the relation between what the worker produces and what he is paid, both measured in terms of red- value.

Insofar as the labor contract is “free”, what the worker receives is determined not by the real value of the goods he produces, but by his minimum needs and by the capitalists’ requirements for labor power in relation to the number of workers competing for jobs. It is important to understand that even in theory the payment of the worker is not determined by the value of his product. Private capital tends to become concentrated in few hands, partly because of competition among the capitalists, and partly because technological development and the increasing division of labor encourage the formation of larger units of production at the expense of the smaller ones. The result of these developments is an oligarchy of private capital the enormous power of which cannot be effectively checked even by a democratically organized political society. This is true-since the members of legislative bodies are selected by political parties, largely financed or otherwise influenced by private capitalists who, for all practical purposes, separate the electorate from the legislature. The consequence is that the representatives of the people do not in fact sufficiently protect the interests of the underprivileged sections of the populations. Moreover, under existing conditions private capitalists inevitably control, directly or indirectly, the main sources of information (press, radio, education). It is thus extremely difficult, and indeed in most cases quite impossible, for the individual citizen to come to objective conclusions and to make intelligent use of his political rights. The situation prevailing in an economy based on the private ownership- of capital is thus characterized by two main principles: first, means of production (capital) are privately owned and the owners dispose of them as they see fit; second, the labor contract is free. Of course, there is no such thing as a pure capitalist society in this sense. In particular, it should be noted that the workers, through long and bitter political struggles, have succeeded in securing a somewhat improved form of the “free labor contract” for certain categories of workers. But taken as a whole, the present day economy does not differ much from “pure” capitalism. Production is carried on for profit, not for use. There is no provision that all those able and willing to work will always be in a position to find employment; an “army of unemployed” almost always exists. The worker is constantly in fear of losing his job. Since unemployed and poorly paid workers do

not provide a profitable market, the production of consumers’ goods is restricted, and great hardship is the consequence. Technological progress frequently results in more unemployment rather than in an easing of the burden of work for all. The profit motive, in conjunction with competition among capitalists, is responsible for an instability in the accumulation and utilization of capital which leads to increasingly severe depressions. Unlimited competition leads to a huge waste of labor, and to that crippling of the social consciousness of individuals which I mentioned before. This crippling of individuals I consider the worst evil of capitalism. Our whole educational system suffers from this evil. An exaggerated competitive attitude is inculcated into the student, who is trained to worship acquisitive succes,s as a preparation for his future career. I am convinced there is only one way to eliminate these grave evils, namely through the establishment of a socialist economy, accompanied by an educational system which would be oriented toward social goals. In such an economy, the means of production are owned by society itself and are utilized in a planned fashion. A planned economy, which adjusts production to the needs of the community, would distribute the work to be done among all those able to work and would guarantee a livelihood to every man, woman, and child. The education of the individual, in addition to promoting his own innate abilities, would attempt to develop in him a sense of responsibility for his fellow men in place of the glorification of power and success in our present society. j Nevertheless, it is necessary to remember that a planned economy is not yet socialism. A planned economy as such may be accompanied by the complete enslavement of the individual. The achievement of socialism requires the solution of some extremely difficult socio-political problems: how is it possible, in view of the far-reaching centralization of political and economic power, to prevent bureaucmcy from becoming all-powerful and overweening? How can the rights of the individual be protected and therewith a democratic counterweight to the power of bureuacracy be assured? Clarity about the aims and problems of socialism is of greatest significance in our age of transition. Since, under present circumstances, free and unhindered discussion of these problems’has come under a powerful taboo, I consider the foundation of this magazine to be an important public service.

14 -_

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Mixed Badminton Broomball

Jan. I2 Jan. I2

For these and any others, check tic Board. ML-downstairs These ads are a further keep you informed.


Arts Sot Athle-

by your Society to

Events 76-


Meet your Arts Rep Night -ArniesJan. 15 --call for reservations See those who represent


Inter-Society Conference January 24, 1976 * Campus Centre Great Hall Sponsored by Arts, Sot in co-ordination with the _ Federation in an effort to increase understanding of j the- role / of student Societies on campus. ’ Arts Newspaper+‘Knot Garden’i’ r , returns Jan. 4th -submissions welcome at Society offices *HH 178A, 369 -sponsored by the clubs of Arts Sot, Coffee Shop HH 280.

Friday, january

9, 1976

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is conditioned at every stop by bodily vigor. To attain the best results, must accompany and condition mental training.” Comenius.

INSTRUCTIONAL CO-ED INTRAMURALS: The instructional program is increasing in both interest and participation. Where there is sufficient interest in learning the basic skills of an activity, an Instructional program is introduced. Instruction in over 12 activities is offered to all members of the university community on a co-ed basis who have paid their Athletic Fee.

physical .



INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS: HOW TO RECEIVE INSTRUCTION 1. Register at organizational meeting-or pre-registration. 2. Contact Intramural Office Rm. 2050, if vou miss the meetina. 3. Check with individual instructors to see* if there are any spa;es left in the class. ACTIVlTY


Judo Karate Fitness


Tues. Jan. 13 7pm Red North Act. Meeting-Noon, Jan 14 in Gym 3Come in your shorts Register Jan. 21 at Warrior B-Ball Game or Jan 22 1 l-3 pm in rm. 2050 PAC.


Squash :Beginners)

Pre-Register in Rm 2050 PAC-10:30-2:30 pm-Jan. 14 1st come 1st serve

qacquet Ball Clinit swimming

Instruction in basic squash techniques for beginners 5-l hour sessions (5 wks) Limit-20 persons per hour. Basic instruction in racquetball a combination of tennis and squash.

Jan. 19 Rm 1001 8 :OOpm Pat Jan. 12-7pm-Level 1,2, 3,8 pm Bronze, Award, Distinction. Red Act. PAC Programs begin Jan. 15

NAUI (underwater diving) Skiing (all levels)

Wed. Jan. 14 6:30 1083 PAC bring suits and $75 Wed. -Jan 7 2050 PAC 12noon4:30pm 1st come 1st serve to accomodate 50-60 people. Cost $25.

Ballroom Dancing

Wed. Jan. 14 7‘:3Opm Red Act. Area first 100 persons to register,


Level IA-Non swimmer-unfamiliar with water Level IB-Non swimmer-able to float Level 2-Knowledge of front crawl-1 length able to swim elem. Back-l length Level 3-able to swim 2 length-crawl/able to swim 2 length-back/knowledge of breast and side Thurs. class will be senior R.C. Bronze-very strong swimmer N.L.S.-$15 to cover book cost Award-pre-reg-Bronze Dist.-pre-reg-Award must attend Thurs. & Fri. Need fins. snorkel, mask. Medical, above average ability to swim-swim test Jan 14, certified program. 6-l l/4 hr sessions at Chicopee Ski School-Chicopee Instructors cost $25-30. Cost indudes transport. Max 50 persons 1st come. Instructional program in Ballroom dance-waltz, Foxtrot, Latin American Jive, cost $5 per person.


How a man plays the game shows something

HOW TO ENTER INTO COMPETITION: 1. Contact your unit representative. 2. Go to the Intrmural Office. 3. Attend the organizational meeting. Note-All teams tional meeting to be included in the regular schedule.



Beginners - Advanced classes starting Jan. 19forlOweeksUWstyfeby John Hatashita. UW style by staff of J. Hatashita Activity programs of jogging, calisthenics - games for men I? women. 6-l l/4 hr lessons-- beginners and fundamentalswing, putting/Advarced stroke movement. Max 15/sessions by UW Golf team. Video analysis

be represented

of his character.

Mondays & Weds. 7-8:3Opm Beginners 830-l 0:OO Ad vanced. Starts Jan. 19 for 10 weeks Tues. & Thurs. 7-9pm Red Act. Starts Jan. 20 for 10 weeks. Daily 12 noon-l pm Gym 3 for 10 weeks Starts-Jan. 14. Classes-Every Sunday beginning Jan. 25 Section l-l :3Opm Section 2-3:OOpm Section 3--7aOpm Section 4-83Opm (Advanced) Monday, Tuesday, Wednesdays at 7:30pm, 8:30pm 9:3Opm. Beginning, Jan. 19 for 5 weeks. Jan. 22 73Opm-Location

to be announced.

MON. 6 :30-7:30 6:30-7:30 6:30-7:30

THURS. 6:30-7:30 6:30-7:30

8 aO-9:30


FRI. --

6:30-8:30 7 :30-9:30 7:30-9:30 Wed. 6 30-9:30pm 12 lessons<ost

8:30-9:30 $75 start Jan. 14.

Tues. & Thurs. 8:30pm beginning Jan. 13 (Rental available-make your own arrangements) Bus leave Campus Centre at 6:45pm each day. (rentals phone 578- 1740) Mon. evenings. Student VI Great Hall 8-l 0 lessons. Clas l-7:30, Class 2-830pm. Starting Jan. 19.

How he loses shows all of it.” Anonymous

at the organiza-

INDEPENDENT LEAGUE TEAMS: Occasionally, there is a request by a group of interested students, faculty, staff to participate in a Competitive league in a particular sport but are not able to compete as one of our existing units. Independent teams are only accepted after unit :eams are filled. Enter through normal channels. WOMEN’S


ACTIVlTY Basketbal I


SCHEDULING MEETING Tues. Jan. 13 9:OOpm Rm 1001

TIMES/LOCATION Mon. 7:30-10:3Opm PAC

3adminton Doubles

Mon. Jan. 12 Rm 2050 PAC

Tues. Jan. 13 7:30 Main Gym

3adminton Mixed

Mon. Jan 12 Rm 2042 PAC

Thurs. Jan. 15 7:30 Main Gym

Prel. Thurs. Rounds Jan. 13 Finals Thurs. Jan 15. Prel. Rounds Tues. Jan. 15 Finals Jan. 20

ulixed Bowling

Mon. Feb. 2

Feb. 7 12:30pm Waterloo Lanes

Sat. Feb. 7 1 :OO& 3zOOpmdraws

Mixed Volleyball

Fri. Feb. 28 Rm 2040

Tues. Mar. 2 7:15pm Main Gym

ski (Giant Slalom) rlovice/Experienced

Fri. Feb. 6 Ret skiing all day

Enter at hill Race at 1:3Opm

Tues. Mar. 2 7:30-l 1pm Wed. Mar. 3 Thurs. Feb. 12 12-5pm Could be all day

squash bc Hockey

Mon. Feb. 2 2050 PAC Thurs. Jan. 8 Just come

Thurs. Feb. 5 First Rounds Thurs. Jan. 8 11pm Wloo Arena

Squash Cts. 730-10:3Opm Thurs. 1lpm-1 am Starts Jan. 8

3ADMINTON (RECREATION) tinon & Wed 9:00pm-10:30pm-Gym 3 Fri 7:30pm-9:OOpm-Main Gym and free time during the day on a first :ome basis. RACQUET RENTAL is 25 cents outside Women’s Toteroom. -ITNESS CLASSES donday to Friday, 12noon-1 pm (see instructional program)-Location-Gym 3 PAC 3YMNASTlCS 3ee Clubs for further info. General meeting on Sunday, Jan. 11 at 7:OOpm Blue Activities. IOGGING PROGRAMS 4 complete free time jogging kit is now available from the Intramural Office. Beginners and experienced alike can iimply come and pick it up and run for fun. i SAUNA ivailabie in both Men’s and Women’s Toterooms during open PAC hours SKATING ‘hurs 1 :15-3:OOpm Waterloo Arena and free skating in public times through Community Services Board. Starts -hurs Jan. 8 to March 11. SWIMMING 11:30am-1:20pm 8:30-l 0:30pm donday-Friday ‘uesday 8:20am-9:20pm Yed. & Thurs. 3:30pm-4:20pm . ’ Saturday 10:30am-12:30pm (Family 1 :OOpm-3:45) 8:30-9:30pm iunday JPPER DECK, COMBATIVES ROOM AND POOL BOOKINGS iny group wishing to use Pool, Combatives or the Upper Deck Areas of the PAC, must contact the Intramural Office at Ext. 3532 or 3533. -0WEL SERVICE s offered on an I.D. Card basis. QUASH, RACQUETBALL COURTS ‘AC. There are 8 singles and 2 doubles courts available during open building times. To Book: 24 hours in .dvance through the Men’s and Women’s Toterooms by signing your name and ID number. No phone reservaons permitted. Ct. time is now 40 min. 1 crt. booking/person. lacquet Rental Vouchers in order to provide a constant supply of racquets, a rental system is in effect. The ental machine is in the Red North corner-lower level, near entrance to Women’sdocker room. Desposite 25 ents, receive a voucher, hand in voucher and ID card and obtain a racquet (squash, tennis, racquetball, ladminton). ‘riendly Squash Ladder Starting January 12, an English and American Friendly Squash Ladder will be in effect lr the winter term. Simple obtain a token from the toteroom and place appropriately on the board with name and hone number. Meet new people and play.

EXPLANATION Practice Night. Jan 12-sign-up for times. Enter A or B division. League games start Jan. 19-Feb. 16-piayoff s Rm 2050 One level only. A & B levels of play. Everyone guaranteed min of 2 games. 3 games/team total points for entire team. 2 matches per team--single elim. with consolation to fina draw. Cost-$1 /person/Bus providedneavesat 12 noon. Rental: booked personally through Chicopee 1 wk in advance. Thurs. Feb. 5thnhurs. Feb 18th Softball-Elimination Tournament Pick up games for all who want to come. Bring your owr equipment.

TENNIS Waterloo Tennis Club (Call before 9:OOam) To Book call 885-3920,48 hours in advance, a person may book 1 court hour. Must present ID card, smooth soled shoes necessary-racquets rented at PAC. Change facilities available. Court Times Five days a week, 2 indoor courts. Mondays 9:00am-12noon (2 courts). Tuesdays and Thursdays 9:00am-1 lpm (2 courts). Fridays 9:00am-12pm (2 courts), 12noon-2:OOpm (1 court), 2:00-6:OOpm (2 courts). Sundays 1 :OOpmto 11 pm (2 courts). WEIGHT ROOM PAC. Two Universal Gyms plus assorted portable weights are available on a free time basis during open hours. Weight Training Kits: Individual weight training programs for men and women are now available in the Intramural Office. BUILDING HOURS PAC Monday-Friday 8:00-l 1 :OOpm Saturday 9:00-5:OOpm Sunday 1:00-l 0:OOpm SEAGRAMS Ext 3356: Monday, January 12 to April 1, 1976. The City now owns Seagrams Stadium. Special hours have been rented by the University and are booked internally through the IM office. Ext. 3532. These times include: Monday 3:45-l 1pm, Tues. 12-l pm. Thurs. 12-l pm, 3:45-l 1pm, Fri.-Sun. 3:45-l 1pm. CITY 8, UNIVERSITY MUTUAL USE OF SEAGRAMS: certain times have been established for any group to book the gym by calling Mr. Caron, Community Services 576-2420,48 hours in advance. Other special arrangements through Mr. Caron may be booked as a community group, Wednesday and Saturday, 3:45-l 1 :OOpm. HOSPITAL/MEDICAL COVERAGE The Department does NOT have medical coverage for participants in its program. Each student is personally responsible for his own medical and hospital coverage. TRAINING (INJURY CENTRE) Injury Procedure: All injuries must be reported to the Intramural Office or Training Center PAC Blue North regardless of severity, Ext. 3532. Trainer: Brian Gastaldi ext. 3855. Times: Monday to Thursday-l 2:30-2:30pm, Friday-l 2:30-4:30pm ELIGIBILITYIntramural Fees A) All full-time students have already paid, B) All.faculty, staff, part-time students and alumni, Cl All spouses of faculty. staff - students. &st: $i O/term-$1 5 with locker and $20/year (Sept. l/76)-$30 with locker. To Pay: Go to financial services, 2nd floor, Administration Building. FREE GYM TIME Best during the day. PAC-check weekly Gym Schedule. Seagram-phone 3356 for information.


on page




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if you’re sick call us

Christ I_

^ %

“NOf You can’t keep the water bed! rc:a;ked on water. He neuer slept on it!” The imitation A Redemptorist

Open Sundays 11 am - 9 pm

of Christ Priest

takes many is one.


t place 578-8800

Rev. Eugene O’Reilly, C.S.S.R.

721 Coxwell Avenue


(416) 466-9265


Feb. 2-7, 1 Monday

-Tug of war in Arts Quad-noon -teams of 4 -prizes include milk & cookies

Tuesday Wednesday

-Annual spelling bee-HH 280 -prizes -tentative pub in MC 5136




-All day Broomball Tournament -St. Clements arena --entry fee $5.00-limit of 8 teams so enter early -major prizes to winning team


-‘Convergence ‘76” Semi-Formal -with “FM House”




$1 O/couple $12/couple. Others -sit down dinner 8pm -dance 9Pm For information or competition before the scheduled event.





M4C 3C3

9, 1976

/ P

jmrwfry 9, 1976 F,..c-




Recreatibnal A








make a wiscuse

of any part of his life- must allot a goodly 7


of it to recreation.‘:














Fri. 1i&pm Queensmount Sun. Jan. 183:45pm Seagrams

no body checking no slap shots-form of pond hockey Sun. 3:45-l 0:45 Mon. 3:45-l 045 Seagrams equal numbers-players in innertubes & play

5-7 games-no playoffs self disciplined

Ret Hockey

Tues. Jan. 13 7pm 1001 PAC -

Mon. Jan. 12

Thurs.Jan. 15 7pm 1083

Co-ed Innertube Waterpolo

Fri. Jan. 16

Mon. Jan. lQ7pm 1001 PAC

Indoor Soccer Co-ed Volleyball

Fri. Jan. 16 .

Mon. Jan. 19 8pm 1001 PAC

Fri. Jan. 23 3:45pm.

Fri. Jan. 23

Mon. Jan. 26 7pm 1001,PAC ,

Tues. & Wed. 7:30-10:3Opm Main Gym Starts Tues. Jan. 27




5-7 game schedule no officialspJayoffs 5-7 games-no playoffs, officials A&Bleagues6-7 games no officials ,

Mon. Jah. 12



_Shoe & non-shoe league. Own brooms.

Tues. Jan. 13 8pm 1001 PAC -


Wed. Jan. 14

Mon. Jan. 12



4. Return the completed form to the receptionist 0% or before the entry deadline. = 5. Send a team representative20 the prescribed Scheduling and Rules Meeting. 6. Note: Any individuals, male or female, not able to form a team but still interestedin playing simply attend the team organizational meeting or contact the Intramural Office at Ext. 3532 or 3533. 7. Have fun!!!! 8. All teams must be represented at the‘organizational meeting.

Co-ed Broombal I

,’ -

‘% -?

’ --,HOW TO ENTER TEAM ACTIVITIES: 1. Gather together a group of friends. . 2. Pick up an entry form now from the receptionist in the Physical Activities North Entrance. 3. Complete the entry form indicating: - :name of activity -name of your team _-captains name, address and phone number -the name, I.D., address, faculty year of t/earn members -time/day you would prefer to play. -

Ball Hockey 5 Aside



RECREATIONAL INTRAMURALS:.This program is geared to the leisure time pursuitsof the students, staff and faculty at Waterloo, who have paid their IM Fee. There are three forms of recreational activities: (4) recreational team sports, (2) individual activities and (3) free time activities. Over 20 activities are offered on a recreational /basis. L



f , “He



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~_ Tues. 7-9:3Opm Sun. 6-8:30pm - ‘1 Tues. Jan. 20 _




15 players 3 women 35 teams 15 players (Max.. 16 teams) 10 players



~lrplayers 4 women 25 teams I 10.. players 9 players 3 women

Round Robi; - Self officiated 5-7 games/no officials playoffs

All games Fri. 3:45-8:45 Seagrams ‘-low skill -equal numbers --round robin play


.Ath-letic Clubs

i “Our youth from their earliest,years surrounded with such an atmosphere , -



-must take part in all the more lawful forms of play, for if they a& not they can never grow up to be well conducted ana virtuous citizens.”







HOW TO BE INVOLVED IN A CLUB PROGRAM: 1. Attend the CGb organizational meeting of your choice. 2. Experience one of their regular sessions. 3. -Contact the Intramural Office. ORGANIZATIONAL


5 Pin Mx. Bowling

Curling (Men’s & Women’s Mixed)


Ret Gymnastics (Co-ed) Orienteering


*Table Tennis

*Outer’s _

Underwater Whitewater








Cost-$l.357night/Subsidized ‘Bowling in Every Sun. 8:30-10:30pm mixed friendly atmosphere. Free nite at end Waterloo Bowling Lanes __ of term. Extramuralcompet. Mixed-Mon. Jan. 5 4-6pm ’ Cost-$1 O/term/Men’s Mixed and Ladies/ Mixed-Mon. 4-6pm Men’s-Tues. Jan. 6 10:30-l 2:30pmLeague play-some mixed Men’&Tues & Thurs 10:30-l 2:30 Women-Thurs. 10:30-l 2:30pm Women-Thurs. Jan. 8 8-10:30pm. extramural play _ All at Granite Curling Club _ Granite Curling Club , Sun. Jan. 11 7:OOpm Blue -low key, friendly group of people Blue Activities Area PAC Mon. Activities Area interested in enjoying gymnastics+veryone 7-1 Opm/Tues. 5-7pmMled. 7-1 Opm/ regardless of ability. Thurs. 5-7pm/Sun. 7-9:30pm Sun. Jan. 11 630pm 1083 PAC Open to all levels of ability. Instruction and Possibility of instructional sessions and winter meets. competition in Orienteeringman vs man vs nature : TripstovariousSkiareasJay Psakes, Elliotville, Regular trips schedkled through Cindy Tues. Jan. 6 MC5136 7:OOpm Blue Mt. Osler Bluffs Cross Country Ski Info. Bahen Strong social aspect of fun and skiing. Sun, Jan. 11 2 pm Blue Act. A brand new Club that captures thq,table Blue Activity Area PAC We& 5-7pm .‘ % tennis interest on campus-friends’;! C: . Thurs. 7-16:30pm Fri. 4-6pm & sinstruction, recreation feagU8S& ; 8-10:30pm Sat. 2-4:3Opm Sun. 2-5pm Comp. tourneys. Tourney:Sat. Jan.31 Q-5pm / ‘. Sun. Jan. 11 7pm Regular Trips to Soenic areas. . , tnfo. regularly posted-In Chevron & Gazet&‘. / lO83PAC . Return to nature winter camping ’ Outer’s Bulletin Board Env.Stud. Rm. 356 Sun, Jan. 116pm Pool PAC Underwater hockey games and gbssih@;:“~‘.‘~” Tues. Jan. 13 6:30-8pm/ tourney. If sufficent interest, ..:. ’ Sun.Jan. 18’6pm/ ice-dives willbe organized. Fri. 3-4:30pm and Special arranged time. . * Sun. Jan. 11 4pm Instruction ,for all in the @ of Kayaking. ,. Sun. 4-6pm Pool PAC Build your own kayak model available Pool PAC Sailing features a strong Summer and Fall program. There are no meetings planned for the winter term. Anyone wishing to help in boat repairs or helping with thesummer program should contact Mike or Lawrence. Mon. Jan. 12 8pm _ I Possibility of 15 aside trip to New Orleans /’ Grad Club ~ -other fun tourneys, plus IM teams rep TBA by Executive each month. : Rugby Club I G

COl!lTACT PERSON* Dave Potje 743-2555 over 30 bowlers

Sun. Jan. 11 8:30pm Waterlob Bowling Lanes

For Further Information Contact (Everyone located in PAC)-all assistants Ext. 3532. Carl Totzke, director of athletics Ext. 2474 Peter Hopkins, director of men’s intramurals I- Ext. 3532 Sally Kemp, director of women’s intramurals Ext. 3533 Lynn Montag; intramural secretary ’ Ext.-3531 t Ext.3302 Sharon Langdon, PAC receptionist Men’s Toteroom-Ext. 3535/Women’s Toteroom Ext. 3536 Seagrams Gym Ext. 3356 . Frank Boychuk, aquatics coordinator 884-4343 Bob Hunter, ret team sports coordinator 884-2006 Bev Oliver, intramural trainer -’ 884-7774 Barb Russwurm, publicity 884-1949 Jim Ranson, tournament coordinator

located Rm. Rm. Rm. Rm.

Ron French 576-5134 Gayle Bower 884-0242 Sheila Wile 743-7982 80 members .


GillianMayer 885-5632 Eric Flanagan ‘. _ Dayle Vraets 884-4071 15-20’members 1

Stan Drystek 884-188,1 Ci n 884-3485 over 200 members 3$$ c.,,*>‘* Gaetan Massie 884-5695 overembers

NormReed,88S-2657 Ext. 361t&&Clark884-4715 members




\ Gabe Farkas 886-0635 1O-20 members Lawrence McCauley 884-8221 Mike Ruwald 884-9042 over 80 members I-Roger Downer Ext. 3226 ove?~~~.members _ y”< _ _-

in 2040 - -

,r -



2054 2640 2050 2039







. . I



_.. .

/ ,


the chevron



7 & 9:20




9,. 1976

Maniacal muiicman ENO HERE












Brian Eno is certainly one of the most extreme of modern musicians. By his own admission he is crazy. On top of that he holds claim to an amazing list of eccentric collections, hobbies, and activities. Eno, (as he is 4usually referred to), is proud of his pornographic card collection; has suffered a physical breakdown after some 30 hours of sexual activities involving no fewer than six women (Eno is lovingly referred to as “the one man orgy” by many of his fans); and he is the owner of a reasonable recording studio in his home. He once owned 3 1 tape recorders at the same time, and he houses two fact that Ferry refused to use any * phonetic poetry where words are million feet of blank tape that songs on Roxy’s albums except his changed into pure sounds. I take hasn’t become music yet. ’ own. Eno wanted to inject his sounds and change them into Eno never erases anything that music into the band, and so there words .” he records. He has put together the was nothing to do but leave. Often Eno’s vocals are simply Plastic Eno Band, which is a collecnonsense words or syllables. He This move proved to be advantion of completely plastic instrunever includes the lyrics with his tageous for Eno anyway, since ments. albums. Essentially, as he has He has also produced the being alone has blossomed his instated, his songs have no meaning fluence, his musical endeavors and Portsmouth Sinfonia, a collection invested in them. of crazies who possess little or no his popularity. If someone wished to examine He has recorded three albums “n knowledge of classical instruments the lyrics of this intellectual madbut who butcher and record such his own: Here Come The Warm man then,you could pick up Phil Jets (1973), Taking Tiger Mountain pieces as The William Tell OverManzanera’s Diamond Head (BY Strategy) (1974), and the newly ture. Very entertaining. album. There are a couple of Eno Eno does however hold claim to released Another Green World.&, tunes there, and Phil has included a also has many more projects in the some more conventional accomplyric sheet. stage. lishments. He has produced al- conceptual This all brings us to the album in For as well as being crazy Brian, bums by Andy Mackay of Roxy question, Here Come The Warm Eno is also incredibly intelligent Music, and John Cale of Velvet Jets. It was Eno’s first solo atand amazingly energetic. Along Underground fame. He has coltempt, and was an excellent effort. with his music he gives interviews laborated on albums with Eno employed a sizeable group of by the score (he once did 31 in one A.C.N.E., (Kevin Ayers, John artists on “Warms Jets”; from his day) and he lectures in various Cale, Eno, and Nice), Phil ManRoxy Music friends, to his King cities on the topic of art, the subject zanera, Robert Fripp (of King Crimson friends, to Simon King of ’ Crimson), and Genesis; as well as that he studied at university. Hawkwind, to Nick Kool and the En0 is constantly writing, those efforts which are totally his Koolaids . scribbling in notebooks ; attempting own productions . I His contribution, aside from to put down on paper the form funcEno began his career as a musiwriting all of the tunes, is described tion and process that will become cian performing with Roxy Music. in the credits as, “Eno sings all He played synthesizer, but not as a his “non-music”. other vocals and (occasionally) What is non-music? Essentially star virtuoso in the style of Keith plays simplistic keyboards, snake Eno tries to put together musicians Emerson or Rick Wakeman. guitar, electric larynx and synthRather he textured the tone of in the studio who would not noresizer and treats the other instruplaying toRoxy’s music. For Eno cannot re- mally find themselves ments . ” ally play any instrument. He does gether. In this way he creates cerThat is perhaps the best descriptain frictions and conflicts between however ‘attack them: twiddling tion of his musical style that one dials on mixers and phasers, and the musicians as they play, and the could ask for. resulting compositions he calls punching out on keyboards. You What of the tunes then? Eno has non-music. see, on top of all the other craziness listed the qualities that “endorse I disagree though. I think that Eno prides himself on being what the kinds of feelings that I try to Eno is making excuses for himself. he calls a ‘ ‘non-musician’ ’. inject into the music: sexy /insane Eno played with Roxy Music for For what these people produce is /grotesque /sinister/beautiful find all of their first two albums. However, in far from non-musicLI /passionate /incessant /desperate July of 1973 tensions between him Eno’s albums quite musical, and in /angular /reptilian. ’ ’ and group leader Bryan Ferry be- fact good music. Eno makes music like no-one else, which does not Warm Jets covers this whole came so strong that he left. Perhaps say that he is good; but spectrum. For instance, “Cindy the major conflict came from the necessarily he is good. Tells Me” is simple and melodic, How do I describe Eno’s music while other songs are simple but then? At the simplest level it is a non-melodic, like “Driving Me combination of techno-rock style Backwards”. Tunes like “Blank instrumentation and phonetically Frank” are choppy, cliff-like, based lyrics. aided by Robert Fripp’s energetic That is, Eno employs the instruguitar work. Other songs are pleasments, and then treats them on the antly bizarre, such as “Baby’s on tape recorder in such a way that the Fire”. resulting sound is strongly subHowever, in the end Eno must be merged in technology. It is often listened to in order to even touch mechanically musical. his style. No description can even But this is a generalization at give a hint about the true complexJan 9-10 Fri & Sat best, for Eno would never allow ities of the music. himself to remain trapped within Certainly my description of 7 & 9:15pm the same sound. He knows that as Brian Eno and his music has only one becomes more familiar with a scratched the surface. A man like sound then the process of creating Eno dabbles in so many diverse new material is altered. / areas. What else can I say though? Thus his music is never stagnant. Jan 11 Eno makes me move. His style of Sun He is constantly moving through life, and music excites me. He 7&9pm incredible changes. That is why he transfers his feelings of intensity l ooooooooooooooooooI is involved in so many diverse prointo myself. He brings up emotions jects, from his old Roxy Music days in me like few other artists. He has to!’ the professional amateurs of taught me so much about form, Portsmouth Sinfonia. . function and process in music. Jan 12-14 Mon-Wed Eno prefers to write when he is Here Come The Warm Jets was 8Pm exhausted, because then he is Eno’s first. That was three years working almost totally on intuition. oooooooooooooooooo~ ago, and it has never lost its appeal. Such a state is very exciting to Eno writes music that doesn’t beBrian Eno. His vocals, as mencome familiar. It is always fresh, tioned earlier, are extensions of alive, and maniacal. Eno is not for Jan 15-18 Thurs-Sun phonetic sounds. Like the instrueveryone, but if you have followed 7 & 9:15pm mental generation he simply asmy reviews then you will have sembles sounds and impressions some ideas of what music I personl oooooaooooooooooo~ which gradually grow into a song. ally enjoy. You can take it from admission $2.00 As Brian has said “It’s the exact there. opposite of the technique used in -bill mccrea










9, 1976




One of these nights and a lost generation The Eagles, recently touted as one of America’s top groups, certainly have improved their lot since their start as session musi5ans and back up band to Linda Ronstadt. 7 Although performing with one of the top female acts in the music business is in itself no mean achievement, credibility as a headliner by themselves tends to reaffirm the accolades given to the Eagles.

The group in 1975 established itself as a solid single act managing to put three singles on the top one lundred, a feat equalled by no i Ither group during the past year. Their latest album “One of These Nights” on Asylum Records

proves without a doubt that ‘this five man Southern Californian band indeed has a wealth of talent. The title tune, “One of These Nights” and a second song “Lyin’ Eyes”, have already sold over a million copies apiece, and a third cut, “Take It To The Limit” is currently receiving much air time. A lot of mileage out of one al bum ! Seven of the eight selections on the album were written by group members. This constitutes somewhat of a change from past recordings which featured cuts - written by Jackson _ Browne and other writers who worked closely with the group. The Eagles consistently rely on

crisp, clean instrumentation and superb four part harmony. Their contact with session musicians gives the album an added bonus as “friends” such as Jim Ed Norman, Al Kooper, David Bromberg and the Royal Martian Orchestra join in on the record to augment the Eagles ’ talent. “One of These Nights” is an excellent album with the only drawback being the lack of numbers of cuts. No doubt though, quality makes up for quantity. An album which may rate at the other end of the scale is Elliot Murphy’s “Lost Generation” on R.C.A. b Murphy, a resident of Long Island New York, impressed few as






worthwhile, and Jon Smith’s sax solo on “Looking Back” is commendable. For the most part though, the overpowering percussion work by Jim Gordon and the din of full treble guitars tend to drown out the already weak vocal performance of Murphy on many, selections. “Bittersweet” is one of the few songs which escapes this drawback and where Murphy’s voice is fully audible. On a whole “Lost Generation” seems generally raucous, and of poor quality with tunes being repetitive in beat thus making the album somewhat of a chore to listen to in its entirety.

an opening act at the recent Sha Na Na concert. He fares only slightly better with his efforts on his second album. Billed as a rock and roll artist, Murphy’s style and format seem to fall short of filling such a mould. Ten selections all written by Murphy can be categorized as songs of social comment and personal experience. Murphy’s voice at times is reminiscent of Bob Dylan especially on the tracks entitled “Hollywood” and “Visions of the Night”. The style of the Band is also evident on some of the cuts. Murphy’s harmonica work. on ‘ ‘His tory” and “Eva Braun” are





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QYU --Yyyyr, 1)t FEDERATION OF STUDENTS ELECTION OF PRESIDENT FOR THE YEAR 1 7976 - 7977 I: 1 Nominations for the position of President of the E Federation of Students, University of Waterloo, for i the year 1976-77. open on W-EDNESDAY, : JANUARY 7, 1976 and close WEDNESDAY, ’ ; JANUARY 14. *

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. / 20



the chevron


jatwary __.c, ”

9, 197t

TM for fun &d-profit

,DiscoVeeFg inner energy - i and overcoming Stress x \ \


The authors, meditators them- . mantra (the Sanskrit sound that alselves, are professionals in the lows you to dive easily into your medical and social sciences. They subconscious mind) should cost is have brought to-gether a sociolog& never fully explained to my satisfaction. _ caI tract about the ills of modem society with a history of the TM It’s understandable that a movement and an up-beat scientific - movement such as TM, one that’s “The book that started it all,” treatise showing how TM works got to-gether a detailed world plan the advertisements say, “The only that hopes to teach every human TM paperback that’s also a and /how the practice of their par* ticular technique can indeeddo just being ;on the planet a method of hardcover bestseller.” “225,000 what they say in the title. stressless living, should need funds copies sold at $8.95.” To addweight to their arguments to carry on their work; WraplGg a Don’t be pu,t -off by the and credibility to their beliefs they simple, honest pitch for dollars ina publisher’s fru-fra. It is Nobably have thrown in a foreward by Dr. secret package, however, is a se+ the most complete package on Hans Selye, the fa_m_ous authority ous drawback to many people. transcendental meditation and the on modern stress, and an introducThose who might otherwise launch -- - science of creative intelligence. tion by the master architect of into the thing with a certain ap,planet earth, R. Buckminster Ful- , preciation for their own well-being ler. The intro by ‘Bucky’ is worth through paying for the discipline of the price of the book alone. learning a technique, are reticent to The book doesn’t try to teach take on little secrets. you how to meditate. To learn the It is put to you, in the’book, that technique of transcendental medithe mantra is a sound specifically tation, in case you didn’t know, tailored to your personality. To reyou must hie yourself- off to the veal the sound is to neutralize its nearest introductory lecture. effect upon you. This is good You’lifind ads in the local papers sense. You are diving into yourself, as to where and when these are held while meditating, by means of a in this area. sound which should rightly become T-his is followed by a second lecinternalized. It doesn’t take apainture, assuming you’re interested ful stretching of the -mind to feel enough to come backfor more. The that blabbing it around is not an ball is always in your park though. effective means of making it a-very You’ll discover the teachers of TM real part of you. are not missionaries. Their zeal is Obviously a one-to-one sound shown by their manner. You won’t for each person on the glove is imfind hucksterism in TM. No one possible. In arecent Time cover will hammer you into a follow-up story it was revealed that there are session. seventeen mantra .given to the However, the next stage will cost teachers of TM. They learn a you money. Why-the use of a method of assigning a particularly suitable sound to their students, no doubt based on traits and characteristics that could belong to any thousands of people throughout the world. Exception’& usually taken at this point. Some journalists .writing about TM have argued that they have used their own made-up non: sense word to the same ends and it didn’t cost them a nickle. Devotees We pay cash Tar your used texts. of the TM method have, so far, come up with some pretty weak reconthued on page 21 TM: Discovering Inner Energy and Overcoming Stress, by Harold H. Bloomfield, -M.D.;, Michael Peter -Cain, Dennis T. Jaffe, and Robert B. Cory.-Deii Publishing Co., Inc. 317 p&es, $1.95.

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‘riday, januaty

9, 1976

the chevron

energy continued

The UW “A” Chess Team continued its remarkable winning streak by defeating the formidable London “A” Chess Team with a 4-2 score. The undefeated UW “A” Team now holds the lead in the League. _ The UW “B” Chess Team also recorded a 3-1 victory over the Hamilton “B” Chess Team. Less successful, however, was the UW ’ No. 1 “B” Team with a 3-l loss against the highly successful Burlington “B” Chess Team. The brilliant victory by Harry Kaminker of the UW “A”ChessTeam reflected highly on his skill, as he crushed Peter Murray whose 2217 rating puts him in the top twenty-five Canadian Chess players.



White: H. Kaminker Black: P. Murray 1 P-K4 P-QB4 2 N-KB3 N-QB3 3 P-Q4 PXP 4 NXP N-KB3 5 N-QB3 P-Q3 6 B-QB4 . .. Fischer’s success with this aggressive move has been largely responsible for its recent popularity. White intends to launch asharp King-side offensive based on the advance of his King-side pawns. 6 P-K3 Black’ prudently decides to limit the range of the menacing White King Bishop. 7 B-K3 . P-QR3 8 Q-K2 Q-B2 9 B-N3 N-QR4 P-KR3 10 P-KN4 11 o-o-o .. . White castles Queen-side and inaugurates his King-side offensive. As is usual in the Sicilian Defence Black will try to counterattack on the Queen-side.‘ 11 . . . NXBch 12 RPXN P-QN4 B-N2 13 P-KB3 14 P-KR4 N-Q2 15 P-N5 P-KN3? While White single mindedly pursues his attack, B!ack is led astray by the idea of trapping and winning the White Knight on White’s Queen 4 square. This is a very plausible idea but Black would have been wiser to restrain his ambitions and play the simplifying 15 .PXP!; and if ,White replies 16 PXP, then exchange a pair of Rooks with 16 . . .RXR. White forsees that for Black to win the Knight, he will leave himself open to a winning attack. 16 P-R5!! P-N5 17 N-R4 P-K4 PXN 18 RPXP ‘19 BXP N-K4 Black now makes the unpleasant discovery that if he plays 19 . . . R-KNI he will be unable to stop White’s far advanced Pawns after 20 NPXP. White can now regain his material with P-KB4. R-QNI 20 N-N6 NXNP 21 P-KB4 Q-R4 22 N-Q5 23 K-N1 .. . White is rapidly strengthening his position. He now threatens 24 B-N6! forcing the win of Black’s Queen. Y B-B3 23 . . . -24 BXR NXB 25 P-B5 B-KN2 26 P-B6 Black is still unable to organize’his pieces on the King-side as a consequence of White’s energetic play. Nor is Black’s King very safe in the center. White is able to make good use of this unhappy state of affairs (for Black). B-K81 26 . . . 27 NPXP K-Q1 Attempting to flee a disaster area. 28 KR-Nl BXRP Desperation. 29 KR-Rl ... time pressure White In misses 29 R-N8ch!, K-Q2; 30 Q-N4mate. 29 . . . N-N3 K-B1 30 RXB NXN 31 NLK7ch 32 PXN K-Q2 KXP 33 R/RGXPch Q-K4 34 RXP 35 RXP K-B1 Thus White winds up with an overwhelming material advantage and his attack still rages on. Black can offer only token resistance. 36 R/R6-Q6 R-K1 37 R-Q8 Q-B5 38 RXRch KXR 39 Q-Q3 K-B1 40 Q-Q6ch K-N2?? In time pressure Black blunders his Queen but this only hastens the inevitable end. 41 QXQ Resigns A well played game. -robert inkol



~~~ page 20

plies to this fact. Keeping a secret smacks of the primary schoolyard. It is not a solid basis for an adult answer, yet staunchly literate people continue to tread on eggshells over this point. In the book, a lot of pages are given over to experiments, empirical proofs, and personal stories that surely cannot be ignored or disputed. The experimentors cited are very careful to include control groups of non-meditators in their designs. Some interesting and significant results are shown to exist with meditators. Changes in physiology and psychological set are distinct and unquestionable. But nothing significant has been done in the way of getting results with a factorial design that includes transcendental meditators, non-meditators, and meditators using their own sound but otherwise practising a technique similar to TM. This is in no way a glaring fault of the TM method or of the book. It is an omission, though, to which the answer might give TM’ers a more solid footing when somebody asks, “Why pay?” For me it’s a simple matter of commerce. I pay an amount of money in exchange for something. Don’t we all? We pay for vacations, for our education, for our cars, for anything we need or think we need. And I put out 115 bucks, before I ever read the book, to learn a skill that has been more rewarding than I could spell out in ten pages or less. I would never have evolved the discipline to sit quietly for two sessions of twenty minutes a day on my own. So I paid to find out how to do it with ease. As a meditator, that’s my answer. No silliness about mantras and secrets. If you’re a free spirit and you can override a little preachiness, a few childish mysteries, and some unimportant omissions, the TM book is mostly solid stuff to read. Apart from their central theme, the authors poke away at stodgy psychological theories and rip into relevant issues in our society with a light, sure touch. Breaking traditional molds is always an exhilarating experience. Start breaking, you’ll probably enjoy the trip. -robert


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iIndividuaLs Re. your article (pg. 5, Dec. 5), I would like to chastise the Chevron for their indiscriminant publication of the names of certain professors that Math Society is having problems with in respect to our course evaluation, ANTI-CAL. Math Society considers the names of those who oppose us to be internal to the Society, and can see no useful purpose in the exposing of said individuals. We would eventually like to win these individuals over to our side, and can only see your actions as a hinderance to this process. In future I hope the chevron will show more discretion in respect to course evaluations as at present .they are not on as firm ground as would be liked. President,

Gary Dryden Math Society

Inverted Hanham Regarding - your _ article entitled ‘Inverted Hanham,, we feel it is our duty to inform YOU of the unreadability of the account of the game. Not only was the analysis inadequate but the account of the moves was extremely erroneous. As exampIes we bring to your attention moves no.7, 17, 19, 21, 24, 32 and 36!!!!! Among other mistakes we find it inconceivable that the Queen possesses properties of the Knight. We feel it is useless to waste time, energy and space in your newspaper on a article that is so degrading to the honourable game of Chess. Has Robert Inkol considered putting his energies toward a game more suiting his intelligence? How about C heckers?? ! ! . Peter Smarda Kevin Nonomura Robert Gillanders

Proposed gun-control legislation by the Federal government- faces the similar problem long felt by gun-control supporters in the United States powerful gun and hunting lobbies here oppose any gun legislation measures which may restrict the ever increasing availability of handguns and longguns to the public. In Canada, much of the pro-gun legislation is supported by U.S. gun magazines and large retail outlets which benefit by the large sales of firearms. Thus it is imperative that the majority has an organized voice to support the need for firearm legislation. Readers interested in further information may write to: National Firearms Safety Association, 7 Galt Street, 0 ttawa, Ontario David


Government nd universities FURTHER TO HENRY CRAPO’S LETTER TO FEEDBACK -an effort to understand why the Gov’t no longer likes us (the universities) I remember as a small child watching T.V. and hearing ads asking us to give to the University of our choice. The ad announced that university was the panacea to everything, the confirmation and fulfilment of the Americanadian Dream. I remember in Grade 12 hearing the principal lecture us on how much extra earning

power would be ours for every year of educationpasthighschool. “Youcan’tgetajob without a B .A.” I was told and since I was an “A” student, the idea of moving through the University system became inevitable. But now the rhetoric changes. When the government’s hopes for the universities did not material& they suddenly contend that the lavish growth which they themselves instigated is socially wasteful. They now say that an education is more a personal value than a social value. I would like to ask how a personal value can ever NOT be a social value. I would also like to suggest that what the government really means is that the sort of values which emerge from the universities are not to the government’s liking. The university tends to reenforce several very different kinds of attitudes. The value of the university to society lies primarily in the dispersion of these attitudes throughout society. The value to the individual is something that should become clearer in a minute. ONE: The university leads its graduates to have higher pecuniary expectations than the norm. TWO: The University leads one segment of graduates to think of themselves as a privileged class; gives them a big ego and makes it harder for the government to push them around. THREE : The university creates in some students a more articulate criticism of society, social policy and government which is always embarassing to the gov’t. FOUR: The university gives some students three or four years freedom from the work force and if it also leads them to challenge certain of the ethics of the work world they might spend these years perfecting an alternate life-style and become radical drop-outs which the government finds VERY dangerous. FIVE: The university takes a few bright lower class kids and makes them middle class, thus raising their expectations and capabilities and depleting the ranks of menial labourers. SIX: The university, in its faculty, creates a class of people who can criticise from relative safety, thus undermining the government’s authority. For a Tory government, all these things are bad. They all tend to weaken the dominance of the dominant classes either through frontal assault or by making too many potential members. They take timid and submissive high school students and turn some of them into vocal and often effective social critics, many of whom are (heaven forbid) of a socialist inclination. Thus the government of Ontario would probably be quite happy to see the universities shrivel up and die. But not quite. We still need engineers, we still have to provide replacements for the economy. So we’ll make university more expensive to filter out lower class elements and we’ll make the arts and social sciences less profitable to the institution so that they’ll be deemphasised. We’ll make those radical kids and those potential radicals buckle under economic pressure and submit to the authoritarian ethos of the workplace just to remind them who’s in control here. FACT: University graduates are a bad bet for the assembly line. Few employers will hire you even if you have a single year of university because they know you’ll be bored to tears, react negatively or quit. Education threatens the labour supply. That in itself is enough justification for the government to strongly resist growth in Universities. ‘The more education that exists, the more difficult it will be to maintain an economy based on exploitation because the educated person is more likely to see through and resist exploitation. FACT: A gulf exists between the welleducated (university grad) and the undereducated (high school graduation or less) in terms of the books and magazines they read, the radio and T.V. programmes! they listen to, the parties they vote for and even the cars they buy; not to mention the jobs they vie for and the economic power they wield. All of this threatens social order, is detrimental to social cohesion and makes more

difficult to enforce a policy of economic oppression. (Economic oppression here refers basically to the mechanisms whereby labour is kept in check by the carrot and stick mechanism of punishing anyone who makes noise and offering at least a subsistance income to those who obey. The price of food is boredom.) I think the government sees us, or some of us as very threatening, lest we become too numerous. A big question in my mind concerns the legitimacy of their fear. The next couple of years will demonstrate this. If we, the university community, allow the government to split our ranks along faculty student lines and get us fighting among ourselves, and if we, the university community are unable to effectively resist further cut-backs in government funding, and if we, the university community are unable to effect a more economically representative sample among the student body-then the governments fears will have been unfounded. If we don’t stand up to the Ontario Government and prevent this castration of academe then we are only a vaguely potential menace, one too naive and stupid to become anything else. The university of today is a child of the Ontario Government, some are adopted, some are legitimate. But the time has come to grow up and stand up to daddy who doesn’t like our long hair and independant thinking. If we are not willing and able to do this, we are not worth taking seriously. Doug Thompson Integrated Studies

Nom de plume Charlotte Bronte did it. Also Emily B. and, heaven help us, Madame Amantine Lucile Aurore Dudevant. But I didn’t. That is, I did not, in my article on Hans Jewinski’s book, Poet Cop, which appeared in the chevron Dec. 5, write under cover of a nom de plume. Why should I? In the unenlightened past women wrote under men’s names, in the belief that their writings would be more fairly received if readers thought them penned by a man. Hopefully this expediency has now passed into unlamented oblivion. Indeed, the chevron, in its strange mistake, has tacitly acknowledged that this is so. My amazed annoyance is partially abatted by the fact that my article was attributed to a much-esteemed collegue, Judi Hurst. One could not ask for a better putative pseudonym, however oddly arrived at. 4ul ia Schneider A thousand pardons! We did not intend to associate you with any of those illustrious persons whom you mention. It does help us considerably in correctly identifying a writer, however, if they sign their work (which you did not). An article in the same vein had previously been received from Judi Hurst, and your article was apparently and wrongly linked with that one. -lettitor

Lionism and Israel I

The article you ran in the December 5th issue titled What is Zionism demands correction. The first part of the article gives a concise and well written summary of the principles of Political Zionism, only one of four historical Zionist movements. The rest of the article, written by a very small but vocal group calling themselves “The Alliance of Non-Zionist Jews” is filled with half truths, misconceptions and clearly shows a lack of understanding of the forces at work in Israel today. The following statements found in the article, although simple and straightforward on the surface, are misleading in their childlike simplicity . 1. “The Israeli leaders have turned their state into a military fortress at war with all the nations surrounding it.” It is true that all young people in Israel, upon finishing high school are drafted into the army, women serving two years, men serving three. It is also true that most would prefer not to have





9, 197 I

to serve in the army, but the authors don mention the endless threats of annihilatic made by Arab leaders and the call for tl destruction of the State of Israel found in tl cevenant of the Palestinian Terror group the largest being the P.L.O. Unwritten al the savage incidents of murder, perpetrate against the men, women, and children ( Israel in shopping markets, bus depot! schools, air-planes; movie theatres, bordc areas, hotels and even the Munich Olyn pits! Is it any wonder that although Israe youth despise war and wishes to be rid of tf army, draft dodging and desertion is all bl non-existant. 2. “Israel’s ‘black skinned’ Jews are suffe ing from oppression and misery in tl white-dominated social structure .” This is common misconception of one of Israel social problems because it is a description ( an Israeli phenomena in North America terms. In North America there occurs race-base prejudice against some black people. To sa the same of Israel is grossly misleadinl There are some Jews of North African de: cent (tending to be darker skinned than Jew of European descent), who indeed live j slums and lead miserable lives. To say th: they live in misery because of a racist Israe society is undeniably false. Between 1949 and 1951 the newly bor Jewish State absorbed 30,000 jews fro1 Morocco, 13,000 from Tunisia, 30,000 fro] Libya, 16,000 from Egypt and 150,000 othc Jews from the Arab World. They were dr ven from their homes and fled to Israc homeless and penniless. Thrown into western style democracy that they could nc understand and deprived of a means of se1 support, many of these Jewish refugees su fered terrible hardships. Under that straii traditional family ties broke down accon panied by juvenile delinquency, prostitt tion, crime and poverty. It was as a result ( those trying times that slums and povert exists in Israel today, not as a result of r: cism. 3. “Despite Israel’s claim to be democratit it still has in force a series of emergent regulations . . . characterized . . . as ‘faci laws’ .” This statement is not specific thereby vague and meaningless. If there any doubt that Israel is a democracy should be understood that there are close ten political parties in Israel ranging from tl Moscow aligned Communist Party to tl ultra-orthodox religious party Agudat Yi rael. The major political parties print dai! newspapers and there are two independal dailies as well: Ma’ariv and Ha’aretz. Tl news media enjoys complete freedom of tlpress except where publication of certaj military information may endanger nation security. 4. “The Israeli State, since its inception has been allied with most reactionary force on a world scale.” This is one of many e: amples of the half-truths and oversimplific; tions spread by Israel’s enemies. At its cre; tion in 1948, the State of Israel desired t become part of the non-aligned third worlc The young state sent agricultural and med cal advisors to several black African Statt and it was not uncommon to see young Afr can students at Israeli universities or to fin them studying the makeup of kibbutz. Th has all changed in the last few years unfortt nately . Chad for example, broke off diI lomatic relations with Israel in 1972 an shortly thereafter received a loan c $9O,OOO,OOO from Libya. Several African nr tions have broken diplomatic links in a sim lar manner. Another demonstration of Israel’s desir to be politically and economically indeper dant is its improving relations with the Euro pean Economic Community. Only recent1 did Israel achieve preferential trading statu with the E .E .C., a position attained by vex few nations outside of Europe, climaxin more than fifteen years of improving rel: tions with Western Europe. Zionism is the national and social liberr tion movement of the Jewish People and I: rael is its physical manifestation. Israel wi negotiate with any representative of th Palestinians not dedicated to Israel’s dc struction. Michael




9, 1976

Zionism? I see that the Chevron, in its unending quest for truth, has once again ‘presented one entire side of a contentious issue. It asks the question “What is Zionism?“, and proceeds to answer the question by quoting AC. Forrest, a notorious anti-Zionist, and the “Alliance of Non-Zionist Jews”. No effort is made to get the opinion of a Zionist supporter, or, for that matter, a neutral observer on the issue. You might as well write an article on “What is Communism” and devote the article to quotes from Joseph McCarthy (read Forrest) and Andrei Sakharov (read ANZJ). At any rate, since the Chevron has absolutely no interest in facts, someone else will have to set the record straight. The State of Israel was created at 4:OO p.m. on Friday, May 15,1948. Palestine had been partitioned into predominantly Jewish and predominantly Arab areas, much as India and Pakistan would later be partitioned . The Jewish area, of course, became Israel. For eight whole hours, there was no Palestinian refugee problem. Then, the armies of Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Jordan invaded Israel, entirely without provocation. As a result, the Israeli War of Independence had to be fought. Israel, attacked from all sides, managed not only to survive, but to capture some of the territory originally partitioned tq the Arabs. The Arabs in these areas did not wish to stay under Israeli rule and/or stay on a heated battleground, so they left. Thus began the Palestinian refugee problem-not a consequence of “Zionist imperialism”, but a direct result of ARAB / aggression. Shafik Al-hout states in his article: “I was chased out of Israel because I am not a Jew-that is Zionism”. If that is indeed Zionism, the Zionists are doing a terrible job of it-more than one Israeli in nine is Moslem (over 300,000 in all). Incidentally, one of the articles in the PLO manifesto calls for the expulsion from Palestine of all Jews except those who came before the “Zionist invasion” -November 2, 1917, the date of the signing of the Balfour declaration. So much for Al-hout’s statement that he wants to “live in peace with the Jews.” As for his claim that “the only way to co-exist is to live in democracy despite religious differences’ ’ , I merely wish to know after which Arab state he intends to pattern his democracy ? Egypt? Syria? Saudi Arabia? These, and almost all other Arab countries, represent. among the most despotic nations on earth. There is, of course, one Arab democracy, Lebanon, but it is rather horrible to contemplate what the mere presence of the PLO in that country has done to “peaceful co-existence despite religious differences”. He says, “ . . .the Israelis refuse to recognise the PLO as the legitimate representatives . . .“. This is hardly surprising. The PLO and all other Arab countries certainly refuse to recognise the government of Israel as a legitimate representative of its people. At least the Israeli government is elected by its people-I cannot imagine what the PLO’s chief claim to legitimacy is, for I do not count more murders, bombings, and general terrorism than any other group of “freedom fighters” (surely one of the most decryable euphemisms ever invented) as legitimacy. The comments on the Zionist demonstration outside Al-hout’s speech are utterly laughable. “Nobody would claim. responsibility for organising the demonstration”??? I guess the Ottawa Jewish Community Council (mentioned in the very next paragraph) just doesn’t count. Incidentally, why did nobody except Charlotte McEwan take responsibility for any of the articles-they are the only unsigned articles in the entire paper. As for the comments on “precision bombing”, I cannot believe you are actually quoting any of the demonstrators-a remark that stupid could only be made by a Chevron or Canadian University Press staffer. Before I continue, I should just like to clear up a few minor points which I do not believe should go unchallenged. Not

the chevron

everyone who opposes the PLO’s entry into Canada is a Zionist-they are merely people who don’t feel completely safe with terrorists, kidnappers, and murderers in the country. I am sure, for example, that the existence of Israel has never been one of the motivating factors in the life of Art Phillips, mayor of Vancouver.1 also object strenuously to the constant harping on the “progressiveness” of Third World nations, and the reactionism of developed nations. The vast majority of Third World nations have governments far more repressive than any of the developed countries have had since the 18th century. It has always been a source of amazement to me that the Chevron can continuously overlook the strong-armed tactics and rampant racism in Uganda, while continuing td harp on the ‘ ‘racist, imperialist” U.S.A. Onwards to “What is Zionism?“. It is stated that “Israeli leaders have turned their state into a military fortress at war with all the nations surrounding it”. This misstatement actually reverses cause and effect-it should read, “the nations surrounding Israel have turned it into a military fortress at war”. Surely the authors of the article cannot believe that Israeli leaders think it in their best interests to remain at war-it is difficult, however, to negotiate with nations which deny your existence, and whose sole aim 7s to destroy your state. It is stated that “despite Israel’s claim to be democratic, it still has . . .emergency regulations”. Unfortunately, this is an inevitable consequence in any nation at war. Even so, the presence of these regulations hardly make Israel undemocratic-there is free voting (with more than one candidate to choose from), citizenship is open to members of all races, etc. There is no doubt at all that only Lebanon among the Arab states can make even remotely similar claims. It is stated that “Israel was among the fist to extend diplomatic recognition to Chile”. I will not challenge this statement IF you publish a list of dates on which all the countries which have recognised Chile first did so. I am sure that that statement is at best a halftruth, which at least puts it halfway ahead of anything else in your articles. As for “Canadian harassment of the Palestinians ’ ’ , there is nothing that really needs to be said. The PLO knows full well why it is being “harassed” lack of “harassment” on the part of Germany led to the massacre at Munich; lack of “harassment” by the Swiss led to the hijacking at the Zurich airport. There is no validity whatever in complaining that “clergymen or pacifists” are also affected. How can a pacifist belong to a terrorist association? How can a clergyman condone murder? The harassment seems indeed a small price -murder victims during hijacks were considerably more than harassed for merely flying on El Al. When someone joins the PLO, he knows that he is associating with murderers-and, it is, and certainly should continue to be, the policy of the Canadian government to keep all violent criminals and their ‘accomplices out of the country. One final point. Palestine contained not just the state of Israel, but also the kingdom of Jordan. I have yet to hear any Palestinian call for negotiations with Jordan. I imagine that this is due in some measure to the PLO’s abortive coup of some years ago against King Hussein. The result of this coup was the expulsion of the PLO from Jordan, and their consequent resettlement in Lebanon. The PLO simply cannot live in peace with anyone. ,

Owen Leibman 3B Mathematics

Exec report As 1976 begins we feel it necessary to submit another Executive Report on the future direction of the Arts Society. The October report held a measure of cautious optimism as the Society widened its scope in an attempt to become more responsive and informative. The past successes of the Society suggest a bright potential for improved communication, representation, and a sense of spirit within the Arts Faculty. Past endeavours include the organization of the

Knot Garden, Arts:Math-ESS Week, Semi-Formal, athletic teams, coffee shop etc. The re-emergence of twelve special interest clubs, such as the History and Psych societies, which are sponsored and funded by the Arts Society, add increased depth to efforts to satisfy areas of student interest. This term there will be such things as Arts-ESS-Math Week, Meet your rep night, Inter-Society Conference, and some student info outlets, but there is always room for improvement (ie. communication between clubs themselves and the Society). To create a more effective and informative Arts Society, we must all contribute and work more diligently in these areas. We have one comment to make concerning the role of special interest areas and their relationship to any organization. These areas, whether they are groups, causes, clubs, beliefs, or viewpoints of many or few, should be able to have their opinions heard in I


respect to any contribution they might make. This is essential for a better understanding of problems and issues. At the same time the manner of expression should not hinder the views of others or the operation of the representative process. Those involved in an elected or administrative capacity should strive for an encompassing view of events to avoid the con straint of limited direction. Any time there is a preoccupation with certain aspects of an organization you place a limit on the growth and effectiveness of the organization’ as a whole. \ With this in mind we invite all Arts students to participate in any activity, event or group sponsored by your Arts Society. Bruce Rorrison-President Sondra Vaughan-Vice-Pres. Dave Herbst-Treasurer Pete Abrams-Secretary Andy Seibel-Social Doug Irons-Pub1 ications



Member: Canadian university press (CUP). The chevron is typeset by members of the workers union of dumont press graphix (CNTU) and published by the federation of students incorporated, university of waterloo. Content is the sole responsibility of the chevron editoriai-staff. Offices are located in the campus centre; (519) 885-l 660, or university local 2331. Goodday, and i hope you are-all recovering satisfactorily from the holidays. Contrary to rumour, the chevron does not plan to publish regular tuesday editions, at least not this year. If you are interested in a bi-weekly chevron let us know and we will plan accordingly. It will mean we need greater support (in the form of more warm bodies in the chevron office heir-‘?g out); all you closet journalists take note. Aside to a few: the reason your letters do not appear in “feedback” is that they are not typed and we don’t have anyone here with time to type them. If you want to come down and type them they will go in. nuff said. Anyone with any interest in contributing to the chevron by writing, photoing, editing, producing, clipping, filing, debating or otherwise ’ participating we can certainly use (not utilize) you. Some of those who have tried it and like it are: libby warren, glen dewar, bob inkol, judy jansen, Chris jones, graham gee, Steve mcmullan, george eisler, shane roberts, andrew telegdi, doug roberts, mike ura, michael gordon, john carter, bill mcrea, randy hannigan, dionyx mcmichael, Sylvia hauck, diane ritza, henry hess, john morris and neil “more whiskey!” docherty. hh



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