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the chevron



june 13, 1975

This week on camDus is’s free column for the announcbments of meetings, .special seminars or speakers, social events and happenings. on campus -student, faculty or staff. See the chevron secretary. Deadline is noon Tuesdavs.


In Colour-An exhibition of drawings and prints. Optometry building. Exhibition hours: Mon-Fri 9-6, Sat 2-5 till-June 26th.

meditation. All meditators welcome. 8pm. E3-1101. . - -- !!!YYaY Campus Centre pub opens 12 noon. Blackcreek f?%‘9-lam. 74 cents after 7Drn.

Eight From Town Exhibition. UW art gallery. Hours: Mon-Fri 9-4, Sun 2-5 tillAug 22. Campus Ce& Pub opens I2 noon. Freelance from g-lam. 74 cents after 7pm. Used Book Sale Woman’s Place, 25 Dupont St., Waterloo. I-6pm daily, Wed till 8pm. Donations of books welcome. Till June 15. Conrad Grebel College presents “In Search of a Country”. 8pm. Theatre of the Arts. Admission $3.00. Federation Flicks Man With The Golden Gun, with Roger Moore. AL 116. 8pm Feds $1 Non-feds $1.50. -__-- _

Saturday ___ --- - ~-


Campus Centre Pub opens 7pm. Freelance from 9-l am. 74 cents admission.


Haven’t you called dad a “Jewel” for years . . . great, wonderful and dependable always? We’ll help you choose the one compliment expressing your deepest appreciation . . . a handsome diamond ring from our fine collection.. . it says it all . . . Jo brilliantly.

Conrad Grebel College presents “In Search Of A Country”. 8pm. Theatre of the Arts. Admission $3.00. Federation Flicks Man With The Golden Gun with Roger Moore. AL 116. 8pm. Feds $1 Non-feds $1.50.





Federation Flicks Man With The Golden Gun with Roger Moore. AL 116. 8pm. Feds $1 Non-feds $1.50. Conrad Grebel College Chapel 8pm. A Bible lesson from James 4 by John Remple. Students’ International Mqditatlon Societv. Advanced. lecture & grou

IMhAlG.RATION .------ - .- - - . WHAT KINd OF CANADA?

‘mmigrat!on’ What Kind Of a Canqda? Kitchener Public Library. 7:3Oom. A new lmmicrration Policv for Canida. Panel disc&sion and imall group discussions. Sponsored by Kitchener Public Library, Global Community Centre, Multi-Cultural Centre, and Human Rights Caucus.



Campus4Zentre Pub opens 12 noon. Blackcreek from g-lam. 74 cents after 7pm. The Woman’s Movement: Different Perspectives. Kitchener Public Library. 1:3Opm in the Lounge. Rehearsals with University of Waterloo Summer Choir. AL 113. 7pm. Chess Club Meeting. pus Centre Rm. 113.

730 pm. Cam-

Notlce-All Engineering students You are urged to attend a talk given by Dr. T.A. Brzustowski (UW Vice President Academic) titled; “Energy Crisis: Three Challenges to the Engineer”. Free cof; fee & do-nuts. All are welcome. Sponsored by C.S.M.E.

lntroductofy lecture on transcendental meditation. Admission free. Everyone welcome! 8pm. Psych 2084. 884-l 125.

Wednesday Campus Centre-Pub opens 12 noon. ac creek from g-lam. 74 cents after FLrnk Introductory lecture on transcendental meditation. Admission free. Everybne welcome! 8 pm. Psych 2084.884-1 125. Gay Coffee house. Centre Rm. 110.

8:3Opm. Campus

Free Movie-Hospital with George C. Scott. 10:15pm. Campus Centre Great Hall. Sponsored by The Campus Centre Board,

Thursday Campus Centre Pub opens I2 noon. Blackcreek from g-lam. 74 cents after 7pm.

, Friday Campus Centre Pub opens I2 noon. Blackcreek from g-lam. 7’4 cents after 7pm. F;ederation Flicks Day for Night. Francois Truffault’s. AL 116. 8pm. Feds $1 Non-feds $1.50.

lclassifiedI - area: theses, essays; reasonable rates, excellent service; no math papers.


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Housing %Wanted Ottawa Co-op C.A.‘s interested in dis- ‘. cussing co+p housing (fall term). -

A new - immigration policy for Canada Panel discussion: What are the current immigration policies? What are the effects of the Green paper proposals? Are there other -alternatives for Canada?

June 16 7:30 pm



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the chevron

june 13, 1975

G r n Paper under. fire’ , Both existing immigration policy from Europe in 1957, said that imand the Green PaperIon im&gr& migrants take work that Canadians tion and population came under fire shun. Monday night at the Kitchener Workplaces with bad working Public Library as over 100 people %nditions and low-pay often find gathered in the first of three talks. immigrants to be steady employees . Turnover among the CanaOne of the panelists fir the pubdian workers on the other hand, is lic discussion, K-W lawyer David often high. Cooke, complained that “one of According to David Cooke the the biggest beefs we lawyers have about immigration (regulations) is RCMP uses the personnel departthat we don’t really know what the ments , particularly of low-wage plants, to enforce the immigration law is.” regulations. Company files are Cooke went on to explain how checked to track down foreigners the present policy, which is loosely who are not “landed” and who are based on the Immigration Act of employed without work permits. 1952, is frequently changed in Ot-Panelist Norman Lynn, presitawa government offices .--‘ dent of the regional Folk Arts These changes not only lead to Council and a local restauranteur, confusion among lawyers \ and addressed himself to the issue of non-citizens but have also contri“ghettos”. buted to red tape snarls within the _ HT questidned the’- use of the Immigration Department. word “ghetto” as unclear and disCooke reviewed alocal case, just torted. Mr: Lynn said that immigrecently settled, that had dragged rants for reasons of social security, on for years and threatened -to particularly as involves language separate an immigrant fathtir from and life-style, tended to form ethnic his wife and small daughter who neighbourhoods. were at variou&imes ordered deThe meeting w%modiat&d tiy ported. Repeated reversals of deciFrank Epp of Conrad Grebel Colsions within the Department re- lege who has served since 1968 on sulted in all members of the family the federal immigration departfinally receiving landed immigrant ment’s 12-person advisory board. status. .Dr. Epp sketched the history of Cooke says that deportations of immigration policy as non-citizens average one per day in Canadian being characterised by two general K-W, mostly through unintentional periods. Pre-World War I policy is violations of immigration reguladescribed as a “liberal” era. First tions. fear of “aliens” later the DepresAnother panelist, Dick Husak sion led to a period of “restrictive” -(plant superintendent at Waltec Inpolicy. dustries in Cambridge), responded negatively to the oft-heard asserThe present Immigration Act tion that immigrants take away jobs was brought into being in 1952. It from Canadians. was followed by the 1966 “white Mr. Husak, who immigrated paper” which introduced the 100



The government’s Green Paper on immigration has met with opposition from across the country and on Monday night, lune 9, over 400 people demonstrated outside the Park Plaza hotel in Toronto where the parliamentary commission is hearing briefs from more than 40 organizations. Here about 40 demonstrators from the United Front Against the Green Paper (Waterloo-Wellington) and the Toronto Committee to Oppose the Green Paper demonphoto by neil docherty strate while another 150 members listen to the briefs being presented inside.

point system for determining admission to Canada as an immigrant. Visitors were also allowed to a@@ly from within Canada. _ This situation led to a “loss of control” as a backlog of applications and appeals mounted backing up two to three years. ’ Subsequently the government severely restricted applications from within Canada. The existing regulations were otherwise described as unmanage,able. The federal government deadline for public discussion, originally scheduled for July, has been extended to October 1 and manygroups are trying to get the period extended further. Public talks on the Green Paper will continue on June 16 and 23, at 7:30 in the Kitchener Public Library. ’ -shane roberts

as “racist”

EngSoc votes: but racism The content of the Engineering Society’s Enginews came under attack from “some people” who feel its editorial copy is sf a racist nature, said George Soulis, associate engineeting dean, Wednesday. These people were prepared to. take Enginews’ last issue to court but were dissuaded from doibg so by engineering administrators, Soulis added. Instead, Soulis said he told the people that he’d communicate the gravity of the matter in a letter to EngSoc and wait to see what action they’d take. If the matter had been taken to court, not only the editors of Enginews but the Engineering faculty could be sued for damages as it permitted the distribution of the paper on campus, Soulis noted. He _said he preferred not to name the people as they have agreed not to go ahead with legal action. He said he’s “not about to start censoring it (Enginews)” as he’s willing to give the editors an opportunity to discuss the matter and see what action they’ll take. Meanwhile EngSbc; at its Tuesday council meeting, decided to oppose “any literature_ that discriminates on the basis of race, creed or color” in response to Soulis’ letter. The motion, presented by councillor Max Mercer, was amended somewhat as it originally disallowed sexual discrimination. However, the majority of councillors felt it would be hard to determine what constitutes sexual discrimination. . Mercer said that some of the humor such as the ?aki jokes” in Enginews could be changed to ones

Here’s our PETsurveying on Saturday afternoon, million helicopters used to Waterloo again before the Liberals have been

his subjects as he visits the Ad&Recreation Centre june 7. PET was able to visit us thanks to three $7 to transport him and his advisors. Maybe he’ll return t’he next provincial election to remind us how good to big business and other interests in our society. photo by michael gordon

Work discbssed

EngSoc councillors vote opposition to racism ic literature at their meeting on Tuesday night, lune 70. It had been charged that Ehginews was encouraging racism through some of its recent features. photo by henry hess

which “make us laugh at ourselves rather than at others.” UW student senator Andy Telegdi noted that the editoqs of the paper “haven’t been sensitive to foreign students as such jokes are reinforcing the fears they feel about I-acism in Canada.” In other business, EngSoc supported the Federation of Students in its brief to the Ontario Council of University Affairs that asks the government not to allow individual universities to raise tuition through their boards of governors. Telegdi urged councillors to back the federation as the- Engineering faculty could be the first to have its tuition increased. He said that since engineering is one of the strongest programs at the University, it could get away with uppingits fees and still maintain a high enrolment.

He said that such a development could result in a two university system since all universities would’be allowed to raise tuition for their stronger programs and keep it down for weaker ones. In other words, one level of’ the univers,ity system would be of high quality while the other due to a lack of money would be of inferior caliber, Telegdi said. While some councillors agreed with Telegdi’s contention, others felt that since co-operative students get more income due to their work terms they should expect a higher tuition. But the majority of councillors felt that the board of governors would raise tuition if they had the right as “what they didn’t get from the government they would try to get from us.” --john


Should women receive wages for housework? This and other issues of concern were discussed last - weekend by local Kitchener-Waterloo residents and students and the Toronto ‘ ‘Struggle against Work Collective”. It was agreed that wages for housework would win for women the ability and dignity of earning their own living. Wages for housework would also increase a women’s freedom because she would then have the opportunity to refuse housework rather than having it automatically expected from her. The freedom of men would also be increased because they would not be completely ljutidened with earning the livelihood for an entire family.

The Federation Used BookStore will be having a sale all week June 16-21. Hours are 12:00 to 4:00 -pm in room 217A, Campus Centre.

Men could better bargain for improved working conditions and higher pay because they would have less financial responsibilities. Participants in the discussion attempted to answer the question, “What is the working class?” It was agreed the working class is not one homogeneous group. Instead, it is made up of many varied and different groups. These would include, immigrants, women, stu-. dents, blacks, Indians and the unemployed. Participants agreed these groups must each lead their own struggles for their fair share of society’s wealth. At the conclusion of the meeting all agreed the discussion had been fruitful and another get-to-gether is planned for a later date. -robert


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rontoys t i,ny perfect/ m+ayor :r developers and newcomers lmercial development, who were ry-law, kept up a constant din at y hall, the larger more seasoned lent. They had nothing to lose al to gain from a slowdown of pment . . .the less competition e future the more they stood to leld.” until the OMB threw out the byy sky scaper proposed for the was herded through the municiCrombie. Crombie did not want rapers, he simply wanted “bet. Toronto council continuing to = development even though citi: organizing across the city to apartments, inner city residents : demolition of their houses for of luxury condominiums and 1 was elected in 1972 with a clear :he concrete and glass high-rises ling through the city? Crombie he public’s dislike for develop=d “development was good for lopment was also good for the : of whom generously supported onservative party. Crombieand porters insisted high-rise debadly needed because it inof the city tax coffers. 1 years earlier, a study by the lsulting firm Price Waterhouse, / the Toronto Borough of York, 5ans the costs of municipal ser)age, etc.) for new high rise prod for by the high-rise developher taxpayers in the city had to h-rise development. :ach an old dog new tricks, so friends continued to rationalize ment by saying it added revenue fers. The high-rises grew even ifty-six storey Toronto Dominerything was ‘a, ok’ for Crombie 1 tears apart Crombie’s housing )ter entitled Housing: Not nolg much reveals the ineptitude nbie and his housing commisDennis tried to deal with the hen Crombie was elected housle most important issue to Tongle family homes in Toronto rage more than frfty thousand s were increasing every month.

Lower income families and now middle income by MiLhael Gordon families could not buy their own homes. For years the housing industrv was given a carte blanched to decide their own housing -r priorities. How did they do this? The housing ’ 7jr-i -?!;I industry determined where they could gain the highest profits. And so very little middle and lower income housing was built because the profits were not enough for the developers. The housing industry determined what type of housing yielded the fattest profits and it was not single family housing. For a developer it’s more profitable to rent housing that to sell it, and renting rather than selling means the developer retains ownership of the land (a highly valued, and continuously inflating commodity in Toronto) and “earns” profits from inflated realty values as years go by. It is also more profitable to rent to higher-income tenants than lower income tenants, and so almost no lower and middle income housing was being built in the early seventies. The book, Highrise and Superprofits by Barker, Penny and Seacombe dealt with this issue at great length. They saw the city not as a human settlement with a unique culture and history, but as a product to be brokered for the sake of not profits, but superprofits. . This was Crombie’s role in the mayor’s chair, to broker out chunks of Toronto land to city developers by either approving or disapproving the development. Crombie guided the develop- ’ It. . . and with the inevitable rise in crimes of violence that will folloir the rcment he approved through council. Furthermore, + development, we can get this super new hospital and police block OPCY hem. _. . IV Caulfield charges that Crombie did not even manage this quite as well as his predecessors, “in ional centre for Ontario. Two Toronto represen-maybe we’ll produce 4,000 units a year-but ‘fact it was nothing better than last minute crisis tatives, the Toronto planning commissioner and it’s not much”. management, dealing with issues as they surSusan Fish refused to support the recommendaThe most important and innovative aspects of faced”. At one point Crombie pushed hard and tion and called for the decentralization of GO rail the housing policy were the citizen working facilities throughout the province. Their objecgot council to purchase several houses for almost committees which worked on a day-to-day basis tion was Toronto was being overdeveloped and one hundred thousand dollars each. At that price with the planning and development of the housthe city could hardly afford to offer it to low de-humanized. They wanted development deing. After all, who would know anything more throughout the province. One cerincome tenants, though they were the ones who about housing than the people who are going to centralized tainly could not do this when the provincial govreally needed a roof over their heads and the live in it? It makes much more sense to accept houses were surrounded by deteriorating roomernment was planning to centralize all rail transtheir advice than to listen to a developer whose portation in a Toronto terminal. ing houses. The houses were bought and rented sole aim is to reap a profit from the housing. out to upper class tenants. Several aldermen However these new initiatives’ came not from However despite Fish’s and Barker’s refusal to adopt the recommendations and Toronto city pointed to the cheap houses in Parkdale that Crombie or Dennisbut from the resident groups, could be rented as low income housing, rather the non-profit housing organizations , tenants and. council’s motion “to strongly oppose any largethan demolished for high-rises. This suggestion. members of the council reform caucus. scale expansion of GO”, no one heard anything fell on the deaf ears of Crombie who was incapaWith a majority of councillbrs taking a stronger more than a peep from Crombie when the proble of keeping his promises for providing lowvince decided to go ahead with the expansion of approach to housing there could have been income housing, because the developers he supthe terminal. The mayor did not want to step on tougher regulations on development and the conported would have nothing to do with ‘low profit’ too many progressive concervative toes, espetrol of housing could have been wrested from the housing. cially Davis’ who has always considered GO his hands of the profiteering developers and into the Crombie talked grandly of the city building its “own baby”. Carver said of Crombie “you are control of tenant associations, homeowners and own low-income housing but his housing corn- - non-profit unwilling to antagonize Davis on the larger issue companies. David Crombie resisted missioner had some revealing things to say, “in of decentralization’ ’. this pressure to make some real changes in housitself it isn’t very important, it’s something But why do Crombie and Davis oppose decening and insured everything would continue as it tralization of development in Ontario? Quite had. After all he is a conservative. simply, profits are made by developers on land In mid-1974 the american edition of TIME that increases in value because of increased demagazine listed Crombie as among the one velopment in a small area. This development hundred world leaders of tomorrow. He was in cannot ever find enough land, especially when it the company of Bill Davis, Robert Bourassa, Peter Lougheed and John Turner; a lovely asis centralized and so the land prices are bidded sortment of political hacks. In fact Crombie is upwards. The landowner or developer then openly pondering the national leadership of the makes a tidy profit even though he has put nothing whatsoever into the land, just its original progressive conservative party when Stanfield steps down. He has been methodical in his relacost. The land value increase is facilitated by the tionship with the provincial conservatives and centralization of development and publicly paid for facilities in downtown Toronto. And that is ,most of all with PC’er Metro chairman Paul Godfrey. In fact party leaders see Crombie as the why Crombie and Davis do not like decentralizastrongest conservative candidate in Ontario and tion. Recently Crombie has been interviewed by alperhaps the country. At present Davis is having difficulty dodging scandals and lifting his party most every large magazine in the United States as from the bottom-of the opinion polls,. The conserthe mayor of one of North America’s safest and cleanest cities. Crombie’s image is good and vatives were slaughtered in Toronto in the last clean. He’s neat and tidy, dresses intelligently federal election. Meanwhile Crombie was virtuand speaks in ally unopposed in his last race and has a solid sentimental liberal hyperbole-today’s successful politician, a man reform reputation. on the make (god help us). Even Crombie’s closest friends readily admit Caulfield’s -The Tiny Perfect Mayor is an imporhis first loyalty is often not to his city but to his political aspirations. Jeremy Carver, a personal tant political biography and should not be overlooked by, those interested in all levels of govfriend of Crombie said in the Globe and l%iaiLlast ernment. Crombie is at the -municipal level now Monday “the-mayor has compromised himself so much in dealing with Premier William Davis that but it appears he will soon grow tired of the politics of housing. Crombie has announced he will he can no longer act in the interests of the city”. not run for a third term. One can safely predict he Carver strongly attacked the mayor’s refusal to will not leave politics after his successful stint as fight against a centralized and hugely expanded Toronto’s, mayor. He’s a man to watch. commuter rail terminal in Union Station. A week earlier a provincial task force appointed by the Give this book a read and i guarantee it will Ontario cabinet recommended commuter GO give you a two hundred page warning to keep this facilities be centralized in Toronto which would man where he belongs, at Ryerson Polytech further enhance Toronto’s position as the regteaching business adminstration. w

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the chevron



june 13, 1975--

=Morag:---_ her -stow

The Diviners by Margaret Laurence Bantam Books


Morag Gunn is a writer and The is the story of her life, told in her 47th year. The narrative alternates between present and past, so that as you get to know who Morag is you are also finding out how she got to be that way. At 47 she lives in an old farmhouse in Southern Ontario with her &ghteen year old daughter, Pique, and the spirit of Catherine Parr Trail. She spends her time remembering , thinking and writing, primarily about her past. Morag is not agonizing, analysing or advertizing about the past. Rather, she is recreating it -reflecting it, instead of reflecting upon it. For instance, she rarely wonders whether she was right or wrong. Her questions are “what happened?” and “why?” and “how?“. She was always confused by herself and others, never quite being able to find a comfortable, comprehensible niche. She was smart and tough at a time when to be a successful woman -meant docility, stupidity (of a * kind), and beauty. That was how she saw it and it was difficult for her. She alternately hid and fought, struggling with who she was and who she should be. But eventually Morag leamid. A frustrating marriage, success as a writer, an illegitimate child, affairs, travel-these were her pilgrimage that led her to herself and McConnell’s Landing, a place where she could bear to live as she couldn’t elsewhere. Her old farmhouse became the place where she could do her divining. A diviner with his forked branch finds water. His mysterious skill has results both tangible and useful. In reading The Diviners it seems as if Morag Gunn must have a forked branch in her head. Where it points, you find-what? Like Diviners

water, it is something essential, vital. Morag’s special sense is insight and with it she finds herself and the necessary selves of others. She has learned to see into the essential nature of the world she has experienced, is experiencing, and the nature of its inhabitants. Like water divining, almost everyone could do it, if they would just stop trying to explain it. Morag has one other special skill, of course, in her writing. She must communicate what she knows without ever knowing whether her words, her “magic tricks” worked or not. A novelist, having something to say, creates people and situations which somehow express what he knows. He provides a mass of sensory and intellectual material and the reader sorts it according to who he is himself. Margaret Laurence’s way of presenting Morag’s world and its characters is basically realistic. This is not to say that she describes things exactly as they are or, even more likely, as they were. Morag Gunn says, “How could that colour be caught in words? A sort of -rosy peach colour, but that sounded corny and was also inaccurate. ”

Accuracy is of fundamental importance to Laurence’s style, but it does not exist alone. Her realism is modified by aesthetic and expressive considerations. However, the expressive component of any description is tricky. Poorly used, it distorts rather than amplifies, although distortion is, of course, a judgement made from a personal perspective. It is fruitless to apply some social scientific standard of Sat. June 14 9:00 Music with Dianne Russel 12:00 Music with Brian McManus 3:00 Music with Peter Campbell 6:00 Explorations-David Assmann 830 People’s Music. Tonight Tony Crea. 930 The 9 to 12. 12:OO Uncle Gordy’s Midnight Minutes Sun. June 15 10:00 Music with Tim Jansen l2:OO Classical music with Sharon’ Spall and Norm McKenzie 3:00 Classics Unlimited with Ian McMillan 530 Symposium on Non-violence -“Canadian Nationalism and Foreign Policy”. 6% Music with Marilyn Turner 9:00 Audio Mirror Presents. 930 Music with Phil LaRocque 12:OU Music with Jim Currie -



accuracy to a work of art. The realism of a novel is verified by its relation to any reader’s own experience. If, then an author attempts a realistic style, he limits the greatest impact of his book to that part of his audience who can relate most intimately to the characters and their particular situation. Laurence h&self commented on this limitation as it concerns The Diviners. She said , “ . . .there were few perceptive reviews from America and I think that was because it is a very Canadian book and there were aspects of it that they really didn’t understand . . . .some of the reviews were unbelievable. ’’ ___ The Diviners is not a classic in any universal sense, but it might be called a Canadian classic. Laurence would not, I think, consider that an insulting qualification. In a recent interview she said, “I think that one thing that Canadian writing is doing is to define our roots, our ancestors, our myths, where we came from and it’s only out of this that we can understand who we are.” In The Diviners, Laurence has made yet another contribution to this process of definition and comprehension. She has written a down-to-earth, passionate novel describing a reality which may very likely have something in common with your own. If you read it well, you may even learn something of Morag Gunn’s brand of divining. And you’ll be a little wiser. ,


Tues. 12:00 3:00 530

June 17 Mike Kurtz Al Wilson with Animal Hours Worker’s Issues-“Working Class Consciousness” Stanley Aronowitz 6:30 More Dazzling Than Diamonds with Carol Pierce, Karen Woolridge and Niki Klien. 9:00 Foreign Aid and Canada’s Role-Michael Lubbock. 930 Jazz with Dennis Ruskin.

Wed. June ‘18 3:00 Music with Rick Redman 530 Native Issues-Northern Development and the MacKenzie Valley Pipeline. 630 The Phantom and Fitzgerald with Michael Kerr and CraQ Forgrave 9:00 Bill Culp 930 Tom Krol with Labour News 10:00 Visions with Reinhardt Christiansen

Mon. June 16 Thurs. June 19 l2:OO Music with James Higginson 3:00 Music with David Clark 3:00 Music with Dave Hunsberger ’ 5:30 People and Issues5130 Canadian Issues-“Canada’s Na“Megalopolis” professor John tive People; A Question of SurviPapaioannou from Athens, ‘A val” megalopolis stretching from 6:30 Music with Donna Rogers Oshawa to Chicago?’ 9 a0 Student Issues-“The Foreign 630 Music with Terry Brent Student and Immigration Policy -9100 Issues in Food-“The Hazards of in Canada Parbone” ) Radiation” 930 Jazz with David Scorgie 930’ Waterloo inna Dark-Fred Bunting and Rick Worsnop. ’ 12100 Music with Doug Maynes

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‘&d Frog Part Two with Peter Gcmdwin 3100 The W&us Hour with Villem TeCb 6100 Music


the chevron

A hoo ha is brewing about essay services and according to a Council of Ontario Universities’ report the day may come when a student who hands in a purchased essay as his own may be liable to fourteen years imprisonment. And quite independently federation vice-president Alan Kessel has taken s up a crusade against them and has requested ’ the chevron to stop carrying their ads. The concern is over plagiarism, students buying essays, custom made or from the agency’s files, and passing them off as their own. A practise which poses many questions for those in education. Are these services immoral? Do they undermine the educational system? Do they tip the balance in favour of the better-off student? And who is using the service and why? If it is as one of the agencies suggested “Technical students who have no interest in academic topics like English and History,” but have to take them, so they just buy a paper, does this mean that general education or tokenism toward it cannot be institutionalised. Those are the questions but how are the answers to be found? The first problem is to distinguish between the bonafide research 1 agency which strictly provide reference and research material, and those who sell papers with the knowledge that the essay is going to be submitted by the student as his own work.The chevron asked the owner of Termpapers, Mr. Ron Connort, if he had any way of knowing that students weren’t merely handing in the purchased essay. He said that the papers were sold for reference and research but that there was no way of checking how they were used. He suggested that the same was true of those who sell whiskey and have no knowledge as to whether the customer is an alcoholic. The other agency which carries an ad in the chevron’ is Essay Services. The man- ager, Mr. Larry Jackson, refused to give an interview on the grounds that he felt he had fulfilled his obligations to the media with the interviews he had given over the last two years. But it seems,-however, that both of these agencies are very aware of how students are using their product, and actually make provisions to ensure that no two students in the same university hand in identical papers. A chevron reporter phoned these companies and made enquiries about buying a paper. He said that the professor had given the whole class the same assignment. The reporter wanted some guarantee that other students wouldn’t submit the same work. Essay Services assured him “we keep a record of where every paper goes and where ’ every paper is from.” He was also told that if someone else from the same university ordered the same paper the student would be asked to choose another paper. The final guarantee was that the same paper would not be sent twice to the same university, and to put his mind to rest he was informed that the company sent papers to universities all across the country and so the problem doesn’t usually arise r With Termpapers the guarantee was not so steadfast. He was told that the company

writes on the back of each paper what umversities it has been sent to and if a client from the same university wants the same paper he/she is told that it has already gone there. Usually this is enough to put the client off that paper, but if the client insists-“we will sell it to him.” The* other problem in investigating essay agencies is how to establish the extent to which they are being used. Despite the above conversation both companies said, during a telephone interview, that they had no means of calculating how many essays were being sent toUW. Connort did say that his company got response from all the five or six ads run in student newspapers across the country. And in reply to one of the few questions Jackson answered he said that UW was “a low response area’ ’ . Connort , however, did give some indication of the volume of his business. He said in the fall and winter terms 15 to 20 writers are kept busy producing custom made work, and that is over and above the demand for essays on file. (All the writers have their degrees checked.) Connort also said that since he started the business three and a half years ago demand has certainly increased. Students using these services pay about $5 a page for a custom made paper, which can be delivered in 8 days. There is a minimum charge of $25. But if the essay requested is one of the many essays on file the cost is between $2.50 and $2.75 a page. (converted to metric that’s about five beers a page). There is also some demand from students doing their masters, and for them a custom page of research comes in around $7 a page. Connort said that most of the demand is for “academic topics such as English and History as opposed to the technical field”. To the charge that his service was immoral he said that the people who use it have had several years in educational institutions and so if they feel they have to use these services perhaps there is something immoral in education. But he did agree that his service tipped the balance in favour of the better-off student commenting “I suppose that applies to anything in society”. None of these arguments satisfy Kessel. He feels there is a danger that if professors cannot be sure that students are submitting their own essays then they may be forced to use other means of examination. This would penalise students who prefer writing essays. Kessel said that he came across this problem in a Sociology 101 class. , He also said that he thinks these agencies handicap those students who can’t afford their services, and all things considered.that they are morally dubious. He feels that if the university has certain standards then they should be maintained and any changes in the examination system should come as a progressive step and not as a defense against plagiarism. The COU report also expresses serious concern about plagiarism, says bb. . .even if the number of fraudulentand papers

being submitted is small, the perception that the practice exists is very deleterious to the morale of students-; undermines the credibility and integrity of the academic process, and can drive the system back towards an increasing reliance on examinations. ’: The report discusses ways of preventing plagiarism other than direct legislation, since it is felt that the problem has not reached the proportions which would warrant special legislation. One possibility suggested is “ . . .that the education authorities and the provincial attorney general may be able to rely on the forgery provisions and the conspiracy section of the Criminal Code to- suppress plagiarism activities of term paper companies .” A_ It also states that “A student who uses such a false paper may be charged under sec. 326(l) for “uttering forged documents” and is liable to the same penalty” (imprisonment for fourteen years-or less). Much worse the report states that our own editor, Michael Gordon, may be locked up for two years for criminal conspiracy to commit forgery should he knowingly publish an Essay Agency ad. An Unfair Trade Practice charge may be another way of stopping plagiarism. The report points to successes achieved in Wisconsin where an examiner issued a restraining order against an essay agency on the grounds that: 1) The. term paper business take undue advantage of student weaknesses and aid and abet the student to commit a fraud: 2) The university is deceived into unfairly awarding course credits. 3) They foster an unequal and unfair relationship between students who use the service and those who don’t.


4) They are unfair to employers who select employees on the basis of educational records. 5) That Termpaper companies unfairly compete with legitimate research agencies. The report states that “similar action may be brought against such companies in Ontario under legislation enacted Feb. 1975. And once again students using the service and editors “who aid and abet” may be charged. But the harshness of the report is qualified in its conclusion where the author Prof T.P. Chen says “In my opinion, prior publicity and appropriate warning must be given before such sanctions are to be applied, although decisive action may sometimes prove to be necessary in handling blatant offenders, particularly term paper companies. The more appropriate measure is for the educational authorities to obtain an injunction or cease and desist order against the offenders. One final suggestion in the report is that since most of the Term Paper companies are incorporated in the U.S. and are beyond the reach of Canadian courts, that the Postmaster General could issue a mail-stop order. Since most of the companies’ business is conducted by mail such an order would b6 . . .effectively intercept the illegal mails and, thus, nip these plagiarism activities from their buds.” In case all of this is not sufficient to deal with essay agencies, the COU is investigating the possibility of drafting a bill which would not so much nip their buds as chop off their heads. So the signs are that the presidents are getting restless and Term Paper companies, students and editors should be warned. I



The chevron believes that the existence and use of essay services represent a symptom of what is wrong with the educational system today rather than being a cause of the malaise, and that whjle such services may contribute to existing inequalities by giving the wealthy student an unfair advantage, they can be combatted only by focussing on the underlying causes which lead to their use. In its next issue the chevron will examine what some of these causes may be. We invite reader response.

Member: Canadian university press (CUP). The chevron is typeset by members of the workers union of dumont press graphix (CNTU) and published by the federation of students incorporated, university of.waterloo. Content is the sole responsibility of the chevron editorial staff. Offices are located in the campus centre; (519) 885-l 660, or university local 2331. Ho hum, where is the term going? We’re already approaching midterm bhres again. Enough talkof exams and other. suicide missions. On the brighter side the university announced the July first long weekend will stretch out to four ,days. Classes will be cancelled on both Monday and Tuesday. Nothing like a week! Lets see what other mind boggling events occured this week. The university, remember it’s in a crisis, a financial one at that, is laying several thousand. ’ dollars down on a new sculpture which is being erected between the PAC building and the campus centre. Why in the hell when our libraries are literally going to pot, periodical subscriptions are being cut by half and the university is considering firing 137 professors are we spending thousa,r# of dollars on useless sculptures. And in the same breath Burt Matthews is pleading with the government for more money. What for, more sculptures? Ah what the hell, eh Burt? It

only means increasing tuition fees. The administration isn’t cutting back on its mouthpiece the Gazette but it sure is willing to let the quality of education deteriorate. The rumour mill sa’ys the Gazette may_ get another staff reporter. It looks like administration is more important than education. Nothing like drinking your sorrows away, so meet you in the pub.. . Chevrics were everywhere thfs week and those in the office included doomsday diane, joking john morris, a hell of a guy henry hess, tulips to helen because we just couldn’t find the room, randy and Sylvia, shansroberts, robert maklan, neit docherty, merciless-mike gordo regret to the woman who wrote the divine book review b&use I (next week for sure) and thanks for joining the ship and that is



the chevron

I,ntramural ’


After Wednesday’s basketball , action, the favoured teams have improved their position as Slaughterhouse 5 and Math remain the only two undefeated teams in B-league, while the Dons are the only A-team in this position.

These three teams duce both the “A” and champions, although won their last game by


should pro“B” league Math &y two points.

In A-league the Twine Ticklers upset K. St. Lymphnodes by two points, and either of these teams could still give the Dons trouble.

Peugeot CCM Sekine _ Raleigh ’

Repairs to all makes of bicycles We sell Mopeds ,

june- 13, 1975



McPhail’s Cycle and Sports Ltd.


Two teams have switched leagues for more equalized play. 3A Mech (No. 6) are now team No. 20 while the powerful North 6 So&s (formerly team 20) are now team 6. In last week’s play, Base Burglers and the Ret All Stars remain undefeated in A level. Screen Gems Master Batters, 4A Civil and 76 Mech also are undefeated. In the game of the week, the Humkins threw a scare into Ret All Stars leading 8-4 in the #bottom of the 4th. However, their reckless play enabled Ret to score 4 unearned runs to tie the game. In the fifth, Humkins went ahead 9-8 with Ret to bat. Toughening their defences, the Humkins proceeded to bumble, bobble booble the game away and, allow 3 more Ret runs. Although the score ended 1 l-9 for Ret, Ret realized that the old men aren’t dead yet only dying.


98 King St. N., Waterloo


Softbal I

., -

In soccer play, System United managed to upset Renomes to remain undefeated in B league. Rumour has it that CCCP have recruited a few new players in the hope of re-capturing their status of last fall. A league is very close. Panthers and Senior Citizens tied O-O. The Klingons having won two consecutive games have moved back into a tie for fust.

Anyone still wishing beginners tennis lessons is to contact Miss Sally Kemp, ext. 3533.


MOSDOrt racing I

Porsche has assaulted and conquered the IMSA GT Series for the past two years with smooth driving and controversial Peter Gregg leading the charge. Gregg will head the Porsche contingent in the Labatt’s Blue 5000 Weekend, June 13, 14 and 15 at Mosport Park, when a record 60 cars are expected to start the IMSA race. Never before have so many cars started a race at Mosport in the track’s 14-year history. The date also marks the one time in 1975 that both a Formula 5000 and IMSA GT event will be seen on the same track on the same weekend. Despite his winning ways on the track, Gregg has gained the reputation as an outspoken individual with clear opinions on the way racing should be handled. He has shown reluctance at times to make public appearances because he felt preparing his race car was more _ -s,.T1 . :~pc&inr and C&.iSiS~~~ ’ -711~ he has been known to criticize his fellow drivers, making him one of the most controversial participants in auto racing. The 35-year-old Gregg, the 1973

and 1974 IMSA GT champion also captured the Trans Am championship both seasons. After six events so far this year, Gregg, a native of Jacksonville, Fla., leads the series with 99.5 points while teammate Hurley Haywood is second with 65.5. Gregg who clinched both his IMSA titles during the final race of each season, has picked up the majority of his points by registering victories at the 24-Hoursof Daytona, Road Atlanta, Laguna Seca and Lime Rock. A graduate of Harvard University and a Porsche dealer in Florida, Gregg started his racing career in 1963. His first major win was the 2.5 litre class of the 1969 Trans Am. The following year Gregg and Haywood joined Brumos Porsche and the team has won every IMSA title since which included endurance victories at the 24 Hours of Daytona and the 12-Hours of Sebring. Mosport is not new to Gregg as he competed there in the 1970 Can-Am, but was involved in a spectaclar eras h.


Opening: Sunday June 15 > 2-5 pm

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1 II

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westmount pharmacy

place 578-8800

MON-SAT 9 am - 10 pm SUN and HOLIDAYS 11 am - 9 pm ,\

The Federation of Students stages countlesseducational activities during summer, but needs “personpower” and good ideas. II Interested individuals can contact Shane Roberts or John Morris at ext. 3426 or better still can drop by at the Federation of Students office in the n Campus Center. II



Westmount Plaza or King & John locations