Page 1

Louis Cameron, chairman of the Ojibway Warrior Society, spoke to a packed house on the long mistreatment of the aborigirM nations by the Canadian and American government and peoples. Cameron, who was present at the Anishinabe Park takeover earlier this year, argued that the so-called violence of the native peoples at incidents like

Wounded Knee and in Kenora was a necessary step in combating socia/ policies designed to divide and suppress the indian nations. From Waterloo Cameron will join up with a cross-Canada caravan scheduled to arrive in Ottawa on September 30, the_ opening day of parliament.


Sal tsman ( Waterloo-NDP) said “Canada shouldn’t interfere in the internal matters of other countries.” 1 The hunger strike was-staged in protest to the six year imprisonment term of Moroz by Soviet authorities in 1970 for his alleged “anti-soviet” activity, which according to both Sirskyj and Szuch is little more than an ardent desire to see the Soviet Union’s constitution respected- by The ten day hunger strike is the authorities. finally over for Boris Sirskyj and Moroz, facing increasing Lubomir Szuch, but Ukrainian -pressure from Soviet authorities to writer Valentyn Moroz is still retract his defence for the imprisoned in the Soviet Union, preservation of the Ukramian despite massive protest. culture, went on a twelve week The ordeal ended Wednesday hunger strikewhich ended a’ week afternoon, with both Sirskyj and ago last Wednesday when he was Szuch expressing much concern taken to a prison hospital after a over their -backload of schoohvork collapse. apd health. IIowever, Moroz has not been “It was physically exasperating freed despite worldwide support more than anything else” said for his release. Sirskyj, a third year philosophy According to Sirskyj, Moroz student, to the chevron, about the remains a * ‘marxist-leninis t” who hunger strike which began a week is “fighting for the human rights of ago last Monday. people to speak their own “There could have been serious opinions”. ‘Moroz also wants problems with my health, if I “human rights for everyone in the continued, specially kidney world.” problems” said second year As for the erstwhile hunger political science student Szuch. strikers there is “one great conBut despite the side-effects both solation; the voices of protest from seemed almost happy at having the West have penetrated the iron Dendured so long without anything curtain; behind which innocent to eat except water. and vitamin people are forbidden the rights pills. . that are guaranteed in their Szuch said the reaction to the constitutionl” protest was “enthusiastic”, with john morris 1,700 to 1,800 students signing their names to petitions which have already been sent off to prime minister Pierre Trudeau, external affairs minister Allan MacEachen and the Soviet embassy in Ottawa. In an article reporting on the In addition N)o students affixed executive meeting of the their names to telegrammes also federation of students in last weeks sent to the same parties. chevron, a quote that was atSo far there has been no tributed to Myles Lawlor was in response both from Canadian fact made by Art Ram. authorities and the Soviet emTed Scott also denies that * he bassy . implied that the rented car was When asked by the hunger being used for “other than its strikers Wednesday for his opinion appointed use’ ’ . Apologies to all on the matter federal M.P. Max concerned.


- strike


is- over


K-W Free- P-ress needs your. help _~ ; -In tan effort to gain time to rebuild its operating s true tyres., the staff of the Kitchener-Waterloo Free Press made a late night decision to cancel publication of this week’s issue. The staff of the community weekly, whose existence has been threatened through lack of finances on a number of occasions, believes that the current impasse is a product of a lack of volunteers and an inefficient operating structure. The “reluctant decision” to forgo publication of the issue was made on the Tuesday deadline night as staff faced up to the fact that there was not enough copy to fill the customary sixteen pages. “We could have busted our assesand got together a twelve pager”, said one staffer; however, it was decided the time might be more profitably put towards staff recruitment and reorganization. The Free Press appeared in the area this July and since then has been known for news and features of community interest, written by local citizens and _ focusing on areas unreported by the daily press. As if to show defiance towards those people sceptical of the possibility of a community paper, financed by its readers, making itself via_ble, the staff adopted as its hallmark the slogan “every week”, a promise it has kept until this week. However, the F’ree Press is quick to assure that it will resume publication next week in the normal format. The sheer volume of laboty-- that

goes into writing and producing the newspaper limited the Free Press in its early operation, and left little time and energy to deal with the problems of selling ads and distributing the paper to its readers. In a late summer crisis session called to decide the future of the project, a “ten we&k plan” based on financial pledges from staff and supporters was developed in order to revampcthe neglected areas and lead the operation to financial health. Indications that the financial goals may be within reach by early winter are appearing at precisely the same time as a staff drain, caused by an exodus oPstaff members to university, is severely cramping the scope of its coverage. “There’s lots to be covered that isn’t written about anywhere else”,’ said one writer,

“but every week we have to let a little bit more go by.” Undaunted by the setbacks, the Free- Press remains convinced that the concept of a newspaper written by nonprofessional writers on issues of community concern and supported through the contributions of its readers is viable. Over the next week it will attempt to swell its staff ranks by recruiting ‘from within the university and the community. The Free Press is felt to offer a unique opportunity for anyone wanting to work in the community by helping to provide it with access to the information it needs to become involved in decision making. The Free Press is open to anyone without regard for professional qualifications. dave cubbe&

3t uw An anxiety managment workshop is being planned for the near future to help students deal with any problems relating to the control of their anxiety. The workshop will be conducted by Jeri Wine who has conducted anxiety managment programs through the University of Waterloo counselling services. Wine ~‘is also a faculty member at Renison College in the Applied Social Science department. The workshops are open to any

students from either this university or Sir Wilfred Laurier University, and will run for a length of three weeks with two sessions each week. The groups will be small with approximately four to six students per group and the times of the meetings will be flexible in order to fit into the students timetables. I Anyone interested workshop should contact at Renison College.

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A home maintenance course dealing with electricity, repairs to small appliances, plumbing and carpentry. Any more projects are open-to the initiation of interested women. The freedom of self-expression is very emminent and any and all ideas are a part of the growing process of The Women’s Place. In the writing collective, women are pursuing their-interests in creative and factual writing in order to form a magazine or newsletter. The Lesbian Drop-In offers friendship to women who are lesbians without the threats that society pushes onto minority and non-conformity groups. The Health Collective offers a chance.for women to overcome the problems that have confronted them in poor health care. Selfeducation is. the principle aim so that women may be aware of how their bodies work and to know what problems can arise with. the body. Lack of knowledge has left many‘women very sorry or worse in their ignorance and the Health Collective hope to educate each other through the sharing of experiences and the knowledge of qualified personnel. Topics of discussion include Menstruation,. Body Awareness, Birth Control and Infections. This collective is especially useful to students who could use the education about themselves before they hit the age where they will experience any real problems. The collective also offers a very easy-going manner in which a mutual honesty dispells any embarrassment on the part of the individual. On a larger community level The Women’s Place is embarking upon a Regional Research Project. The purpose of this project is to investigate the conditions and lives of Women in the region and to communicate the findings to other women’s centres for the purpose of an exchange of resources. Finally, the women in this project hope to get back to the interviewees and show them the overall results and possibly offer them a chance to work out their problems. Now how, you ask, does a young organization such as The Women’s Place propose to pay for such a project or for that matter even its existence as an organization?



WOnian’s .<pIa-be _

On Tuesday‘ Sept. 23 -women gathered for a second year at The Women’s Place in downtown Waterloo, quickly abandoning the images of bra-burning, menhating, ultra-radicals that the sensationalist mass-media untiringly produce. Those extremist ideas are an illusion which ,has been created through, a not uncommon, ignorance of the problems and issues at hand.These women range from students to middle-aged housewives, normal in’every way, with an awareness that their intelligence and abiliti’& and desires have been trampled by a society that gives little or no understanding to the individual (whether male or female). They are frustrated by the narrow roles they’ve been forced into and by the injustices hampering their development as an individual. Twenty-five Dupont St. offers a viable solution for these women by being a place where they can gather and feel the support of other women who have known the same problems. By a collective effort, solutions are being found to the problems and each individual is b.being -given the opportunity to develop as a unique personality. The emphasis is definitely on the collective effort. It was hoped that such a philosophy would be in practice from the beginning. Unfortunately, the administrative body of ten to fifteen women ended up taking the responsibilities for the bill-paying and phone answering and house-keeping until outsiders saw it as a “closed” group. New women just weren’t becoming involved and the already existing administrative group were becoming bogged down and losing touch with their real interests. Even the projects being offered by The Women’s Place were being left in the hands of single leaders and women

were refusing to take the initiative to organize for themselves. In short, it had the appearance of a bureaucracy and that isn’t a good light in which to attract women who are fed up with the inadequate social bureaucracies. This year however, the principle concern is with the interest areas rather than the administrative areas. Women are being encouraged to become involved with projects and people in the area of their personal interest. This plan should attract a greater number of women who will participate in the organization of their interest areas. The First Anniversary Open House last night offered glimpses into the areas of interest that certain women have decided to Under the field of pursue. Educational Collective, each member of the collective is expanding upon one particular interest. Her hopes are to encourage other women who have the same interests as herself to form a group and work in that area to solve problems and develop new projects. This system should create a cooperative effort by each group so that every member share responsibility and new women will feel- free to join. The tentative program involves the following interest groups : A support group for women who are separated and want to discuss their situation. A course called “An Introduction to the Women’s Movement” where an informal study group will find out the issues concerned with the women’s movement and the strategies for change. “Sexism in the public schools” as an investigation of sexist policies in the public schools. A course taught by CKWRon the use of technical equipment so that radio shows about women can be produced.

well, first of all on a day to day basis, the Woman’s Place does not have a paid staff, they are staffed -by devoted volunteers. Secondly, they survived from Sept. to April of last year simply on donations from different people. Those two facts alone are enough to show how determination and honest devotion bring success. The third fact is that the government department of the Secretary of State offers grants to -organiza tions who will not be forming with a paid staff. A small amount from the government paid for the summer and the Secretary of State has also offered $8,000 for this research project. In the next year they will be surviving with a combination of both donations and money-raising projects where they can be selfsufficient in their survival.

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Survive they definitely will do! The Women’s Place works under a flexible structure in order to accommodate the variety of_ personalities who they hope to attract, yet their objectives are definite and realistic. They want women to be free to be themselves. Society has boxed them in and given them an image to become. Lonely frustration results in knowing that they can never be a predetermined image and yet are hopeless to’ overcome their situation. The Women’s Place overides any such negative views. Any person has the right to freedom and especially the freedom to be the person they are. Women are gathering at the Women’s Place for a real chance to discover themselves. ’

NEW YORK - (LNS)Responding to recent disclosures that the United States government authorized -$ll million for covert CIA activities in Chile, President Gerald Ford publicly defended such activities in that country and elsewhere as necessary “to protect national security.” While Ford’s statement during a press conference on September 16 represents the first public admission by the White House under Ford or Nixon that the U.S. did intervene against duly-elected Marxist President Salvadore Allende, it involved no admission of wrongdoing. “Our government had no involvement in any way whatsoever in the coup itself,” asserted Ford. Furthermore, he contended that CIA activities were merely an attempt “to assist the preservation of opposition newspapers and electronic media and to preserve opposition political parties.” Such intervention was justified, he explained since “there was an effort being made by the Allende government to destroy opposition news media, both the writing press as well as the electronic press. And to destroy opposition political parties.” In the light of these “threats,” Ford continued, our intervention was “in the best interest of the people of Chile, and


certainly in our best interest.” Ford’s statements, however, are in definite conflict with the facts. Under the Allende government, opposition parties and newspapers were not being threatened and unlike Chile today under the military junta leadership of August0 Pinochet, opposition was allowed to exist and there was no political censureship. One wonders why the U.S. CIA, with its strong desires to ,keep opposition alive, isn’t supporting an opposition in Chile now. Furthermore, U .S. involvement in Chile was not limited to financial support for opposition media and political parties. Less than one-half of the money made available for clandestine activities in Chile was provided for those purposes. According to recently revealed secret testimony by CIA director William Colby, the CIA considered bribing members of the Chilean congress back in 1970 as part of a scheme to overturn Allende’s election. And disclosures in the- September 20 New York Times verify what has long been denied by high government officials-that the CIA secretly financed striking labour union and trade groups in Chile for more than 18 months before Allende was overthrown. -continued

on page 12

_ _



the chevron



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NOTICE STUDENTS INTENDING TO GRADUATE FALL 1974 CONVOCATION Students expecting to graduate at the Fall ConvoCation, Friday, October 18, 1974, must submit an “lntehtion to Graduate” form by October 4, 1974. Students who submitted a form earlier in the year need not submit a new form. The forms can be obtained from the Office of the Registrar, second floor, Needles Hall.

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COMING SOON OCT. 22 & 23 - k p.m. THE DYBBUK BY S. Ansky The Manitoba Theatre Centre’s production of this powerfully moving drama. A new version adapted and directed by John Hirsh. A mystical, timeless love story full of music, song, dance and ritual. Humanities Theatre Adrqission $5.00, students‘$‘2.50 Central Box Office ext. 2126






the chevron

-- -

/’/ . ,


Third World , -I comes. , K-W area to



Anyone remotely interested in the so called Third World could do well to visit the newly opened Global Community Centre (94 Queen St. S.., Kitchener > and quench whatever thirst he/she has on the all important topic with a small circle of-sympathetic people. The centre is the result of a long effort by K-W Overseas Aid to give to its development education programme a long-term consistency through having a place to work on a day to day basis and a place where individuals r and groups can interact and utilize resource materials and r,esource people. Staff members Doris M’Timkulu and Bill Sparks have each been involved for a number of years in the development process now taking place in Africa. Each fully understand the fundamental equation which stresses that for social change to occur in the Third World, change must necessarily first occur here., Each have had exposure to the exploitive results of western colonialism and economic neo-colonialism and know well the inevitable , dichotomy of capitalist develop* ment: development at one extreme;. underdevelopment and dependence at the other. For this disparity to lessen-let alone disappear-these unequal economic relations must change and it is in this light that they see

spring and at the equally swift their role as catalysts for this type of change in the West. change of events in that country’s The approach used in the Centre African colonies : namely, GuineaBissau where independence has seeks to make people look at their own society and its pursuit for ever already been achieved, Mozammore material consumption and bique where a new- provisional government has just been drawn then to examine the historical and contemporary consequences of up consisting mostly Of FRELIMO freedom fighters, and Angola ’ this pursuit on the peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Staffers where independence proposals are will help people have a second look beginnings to be considered. Sam emphasized how important at the motives behind most of the were. the pressures put on the aid and trade policies of western government by countries and those of Canada, in fascist Portuguese the World Council of Churches and particular. Stress will be put on the nature other groups in the West who gave material and moral support to the and meaning of the term“Third various guerilla movements World” and how the indians of Kenora, the farmers of Prince fighting Portuguese colonialism in Edward Island, the unemployed in Africa. These liberation movements Harlem, the African migrant. because of this type of support labour force in Paris, Ontario form gained a solid respectability in as much a part of_ this “Third World” as do the slum dwellers of many parts of the West and this respectability lay heavily on the Calcutta. That development education of minds of the young officers who overthrew the fascists in Lisbon. this type can have tangible effects For Sam and Doris, emanon Third World realities was well cipation of their homelands from illustrated in very emotional termsracialist rule seemed to come that at an open house meeting last Saturday. much closer because of that event. Tonight at 8:OOp.m. in the Sam Makhurane, a WLU student graduate lounge in the humanities from fascist-ruled Rhodesia, was building, the ‘global community speaking to centre staffer Doris centre is, sponsoring a meeting M’Timkulu whose home through with two members of the Zimmarriage is South Africa-a babwe African Peoples Union beautiful country whose tragedy is (ZAPU) who will speak on the well known. Both were expressing their amazement and joy at the * freedom struggle in Zimbabwe sudden revolution in Portugal last (Rhodesia ) . -

,; Pub -Biz

If all goes well the next few days, the small coterie of campus centre pub hangers-on will have to migrate elsewhere as the outlet is due for major renovations which could last up to two months to complete. / Last year, the campus centrepub came under the university’s jurisdiction as a result of Bill 146 passed by, the Ontario Legislature. The bill no longer permits any special occasion permits for universities after December 81, 1974,

Food Services will now control the pub area with a full lounge licence with the Federation of Students and, the Campus Centre Board acting in an advisory role. And it will be open only to students, staff and faculty and their invited guests (The guest list will be restricted to one guest only.) The renovations must be cornpleted by December 81, 1974 to* enable the pub to be licenced. The present pub -area must have an expansion of the beer cooler, the installation of draft taps and a dishwasher. The university has been having difficulty getting the official approval from the liquor board of Ontario. “It’s a totally frustrating experience. There has been a lot of bureaucratic screw-ups, which





.\ \’


by Dilly Dali

Birth control dIscustied by villagers _

have slowed down the opening date of the pub. If the renovations ’ m aren’t completed on time, there is a real possibility of a dry campus in January”, said Art Ram, designated entertainment manager of the pub. .Presently the pub has licences for the week of October 5 and With over three hundred possibly the week after. students engaged in rapt The actual date of _ the discussion, the birth control renovations is still up in the air. conference held last Monday in The contract has been let to Ball Village One, can rightfully be Brothers since July but a four termed a success as far as month delay on the refridgerator resulting awareness of conunit has delayed the start contraceptive methods goes. siderably . Organized by the Birth Control “It will be back to the old system Centre, the conference began with for a few months. South Campus an hour long small group hall and the Village Great hall will discussion on sexuality. Volunbe licenced friday and Saturday \ teers from the Centre and Health nights only,” Ram concluded. . Services personnel went from : -jay roberts group to group asking for accounts

A CREDIT COURSE IN ENGLISH AS A SECOND ,LANGUAGE \ * AT RENISON COLLEGE \ 1 Renison Co,llege offers 109M in two half courses for credit starting now.


lntefisive training in the English language for ,non-native speakers, aiming it fluency e ii7 speaking and ease in writing, comprising: - GRAMMAR IDIOM READING ASSIGNMENT & SUMMARY WRITING ’ Particular attention will. be paid to PRONUNCIATION’ ( Conversation groups and seminars Will be arranged. : Students can join at any level, be it fairly elementary*or advanced Renison College has specialized in the teaching of English as a second language for , \ the last 7 years. Contact: ADMISSIONS / Renison College ’ 884-4400


of personal experiences, answering questions and handing out various types of contraceptives. Several students fielded additional questions on how to go about arranging abortions and on the reliability of contraceptives and vasectomies. All in all the discussion was both open and honest. One topic which received’ studied attention was the roles men and women are forced to play in sexual relationships. Several women complained that “women who are picked up at p,ubs of ten perform sexual intercourse with their date and then never see the guy again.” The conference ended with a showing of Chernick’s “Sexuality and Communication.” The film was a fairly good review of society’s ridiculous sexual morals and the intricacies of sexual / conduct. After,

-one villager told the “this type of forum is one that is badly needed in the village. Honest discussion between women and men is something that doesn’t occur enough.” Marked by good planning and with the indispensable support of the Village dons who encouraged their houses. to attend, it can safely be asserted that the conference will provide a model for all future educational conferences hopefully to be held in the Villages. Since it is important that such events occur at least as frequently as the weekly pubs, a conference similar to this one is planned for Village two.








th_e chevron



The Struggle for freedom in Rhodesia. Two members of the Zimbabwe African Peoples’ Union (ZAPU) will speak on the oppressive Ian Smith regime and what Canadians can do to help. 8pm - HUM building, graduate lounge. I Sponsored by Board- of Education Federation of Students and African Liberation Support Movement. .-

First Interdenominational Reformed worship service with ChaplaXin Remkes Kooistra in charge will be held in Conrad Grebel- College. 8pm. K-W Symphony 2:30 and 7:30 pm. Humanities Theatre. Admission $3.50, students and senior citizens $2. Central box office ext. 2126.



African Liberation support Movement. First meeting of the new season. Plans 3AlUKUHI ----. n~r-tng A :.-:-- UI ,L Ed‘lcques Roy’s .- anaI purpose. K-W Symphony. 7:30pm HUM Theatre. video-tape “The War ir’ Angola”. c T ,_ I-ur All welcome Admission $3.50. students and senior revtew or Lapu s 101 citizens $2. Central box office ext. 7:30pm AL213. 2126. 3,



. .-...._-._.._-._-, --

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Students’ International Meditation Society advanced lecture and group meditation for members. 8pm 1101. . service : Ecumenical t Ch ’ apel small “discussion on groVvth. through CVnkn, r\,,,,A 10:30am. LUIIF~U UIGUCI groups.” chapel.


History Department, University of Waterloo presents a noon hour lecture WEDNESDAY by Or. Hugh MacKinnon on “Western Concert ‘Choir rehearsal, AL113 Civilization” in the Auditorium, Kit: 7 :OOpm, all interested persons please chener Public -Library. Lunch will be come. available for 75 cents.

“Abortion and Social Justice” a talk to be given by Dr. Hart Bezner. All welcome. 7.:3ppm St Jerome’s Room 20. _

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Concert Band rehearsal, AL6, 5:30pm, all interested persons please come.


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lnhn... . .RPY Llniwwitv of-. . ,“,C,,,b .Prnf I w.. WV .-,., -... --‘-‘-I Toronto, will hold a colloquium on ‘Max Labour and his Critics’, 1:30 to 3:30pm HUM334. Spot isorea ’ ’oy Department of Sociology.

Effective Gamma Rays on Man in the Moon - Marigolds. 7: 30pm, 75 cents, WLU 1El. Ukranian Club meetjng. 8:30pm . MLA354.




12pm PSY3005. All welcome.


$ 0 q

Waterloo Christian Fellowship supper meeting 5 :30-7 :30pm ‘Free meal and Christian fellowship. Arden Mertz,,-.. I -* I . . .I , I, 211welcome. “Brble stuay Metnoas: p -rsycn.rm.soc wine ana1 cneese I-party. 8\/icitinD




A community -. seminar of “The Princioles of Sentencinev- and-~Disoositions” -I- -p&&ted-by the K-W John Howard Societyand Conestoga College. Auditorium, Kijchener Public Library 7pm. I





‘6 Duplicate Bridge. Ail bridge players _,. N welcome, no experience necessary. Partnerships can be arranged. 7pm ” SSc lounge. attention; Psych. 363-Tues. section. No class next Tues. Please come on Thurs. for moralitysquad presentation. , Psych. 2083-Fred. _

Royal Shakespeare Company presents ‘The Hollow ‘Crown’ an entertainment by and about the Kings and Queens of England 1:30pm and ‘Pleasure and Repentance’ a lighthearted look at love 8pm Humanities Theatre. Admission ;+s;tudents $2. Central box office ext.

The . . . Association, .. I.. of Greek r .IStudentsholds its electrons Tor me new executive committee. All ‘students of TUESDAY Greek descent are urged to come and vote. CCllO, 8:30pm. _ Chess club meeting.







the chevron





Realities of *H.Wsing i

It looks like students are going to have to solve their own housing problems. During the federation’s housing forum last Wednesday in the Campus centre politicians and housing experts threw the topic around for two hours but nobody had any new solutions. Federal M.P. Max Saltzman summed I up the discussion saying the only solution is firm government action but he made no - concrete ‘suggestions as to I what kind of action. Opening the discussion Waterloo mayor Don- Meston pointed out that a lot of families who have rented out to students, in the past are not now because they think they will lose the rent’money in the new income tax regulations. This is not the case and he. suggested that these people must be informed of it. Mary Jane Mewhinney, Waterloo alderwoman (and chairwoman of the committee of Community Services) said “the qulantity of accomodation could be raised for students but other groups must be taken into consideration, such as senior citizens and the handicapped .” She also felt that the Waterloo regional government, through a region wide planning effort, could ease the housing’ situation. Andy Telegdi, federation y president, suggested to Mewhinney that the city of Waterloo go around and in-. spect housing. But Waterloo mayor Meston insisted that this was a student

concern and that the city does not have the facilities to solve the student’s problem. . Mewhinney suggested a maintenance bylaw to increase and upkeep the quality of housing. Saltzman added what was needed was not only a larger quantity of housing but better quality of housing. Burt Matthews, president of the university, said the housing crisis was precipitated by‘ “students who don’t look for unti I they get here”. housin He felt R, at there will always be a “mini-crisis” in September and that this crisis is the student’s fault. To ease the September crisis a panelist suggested that Waterloo go on a tri-semester system similar to that of Guelph. Matthews however, former academic vice-president of Guelph, pointed out that this would not work because of the reluctance of students to attend university in the summer. At this point Telegdi asked for comments from the floor. The first student complained of the dubious quality of the townhouses that students occupy and are accused of wrecking. He noted that if one tries to clean the walls with soap and water the latex paint digjntegrates. Tony Bergmeier, president of the Waterloo Regional Apartment Association, dismissed the student’s charges saying “perhaps you shouldn’t have . gotten the marks on the wall in the first place.” This remark went over Ii ke a lead balloon among the students.

photo by mike gordon

Another student insisted that “housing is a right, not a privi Iege” which was accompanied by applause. She continued that men like Bergmeier see housing as only a way to get profit and that this was unfair to the majority of people who cannot afford adequate housing. Bergmeier insisted that “housing is not just a privilege but something that has to be paid for.” The student admitted that the small entrepreneur such as Bergmeier were being squeezed by the high interest rates for financing while the large developers such as Trizec flourish. Trizec’s assets have grown from 164 million dollars in 1965 to 480 million dollars in 1971. . ‘Saltzman agreed with the student that in the r.i/ch Canadian society housing is a right but pointed out that in

photo by m.1. harding

other countries such as Sweden people wait for as long as seven years for housing. He felt that the student has nothing to compla;n about. ‘At one time lstudents had to ‘*sleep in relatives’ kitchens” and that they should feel lucky that they are even able to consider having a home of their own. But getting back to the situation at hand a student quest ioned Bergzmeier on the costs of housing. Bergmeier listed in detail all the landlord costs and pointed out that their costs were more than the rent they were charging. Bergmeier felt rents were at present depressed in the Waterloo area due to the high vacancy rate. He explained that he saw this situation changing because there are no “new housing construction starts in this area” due to, the high cost of financingand due to the present 12 percent interest rate. Bergmeier continued that at present the landlords were

bbeing pressed out of business by the high interest rates but a studentpointed out that much of their financing would have occurred ,before the recent high interest rates especially for existing housing. To wrap up Telegdi asked Saltzman and Breithaupt what solutions the federal and provincial governments were proposing for jthe student’s housing problems. Saltzman stated “the shortage and inadequacies of j housing is a political question that can only be solved by firm government act ion”. While Breithaupt said “he can see no relief for student housing in the next one or two years but that provincial OSAP grants and loans could be increased to help the student cope with rising costs.” The forum ‘ended with no new solutions presented but the discussion, however, was enlightening as to the realities of the student housing problem.



“We’ve got to remove the mistakes, particularly from the offensive backfield,” was the way in which Head Coach Wally Delahey of the University of Waterloo Warriors expressed this week’s work. The Warriors are preparing for their Homecoming game which pits them against their traditional rivals from “down the street”, the Wilfrid Laurier Golden Hawks. The Warriors and Hawks have met six times over the years. Some of those games have been classic affairs. What can be said about all of them is that the form charts go out the window. In the six meetings between the two teams,, the series has been split, each team taking three contests. The Hawks won the first game in 1966 by a score of 17-7. The Warriors took the next three-12-8 in 1967, 14-10 in 1968 and 19-i’ in 1971. The Hawks have taken the last two games, both by big scores, 48-4 in 1972 and 39-7 last year. The winner of Saturday’s game, also takes ‘the Bar-O-O Trophy.’ This Trophy, which reflects some of the history of the Waterloo area in its makeup (a whisky barrel) was first presented for competition by the 1966 graduating class in

’ Physical Education from the University of Waterloo. “We’ve got to get our backs to hit the proper holes ’ and to run to daylight when they get through the line. If we had been a little sharper in our backfield execution last Saturday things could have gone a lot differently,” (the Warriors lost last Saturday 23-10 to the Windsor Lancers). “Our offensive line was doi,ng the job but the backs weren’t takmg advantage of it,” said the Coach. “Our defense played a very good game, particularily. our inside linebackers, Duncan Prange and Dino D’Aloisio. If they can continue to play like that and if we get some more productive work out of the offensive backfield, we’ll be much improved.” The Hawks surprised a few people last weekend in their game against Guelph when they went with the pass more than they ordinarily do. The Hawks’ quarterback Gord Taylor threw 12 passes, completed nine of them for three touchdowns. It would appear that the Warriors defense will have. two threats to concern themselves with . on Saturday. It should be quite -a game.


-m-i ke gordon





the xhevron


27, 1974


-‘Tf you want me, wkiiktle; Just pucker your Zips and bZow. ”

. lnternitichlal Students

-? -This represents -a rather unique form of communication to be sure; but since most of us use the telephone the Student Directory can be quite useful. In order that the Board of Publications can produce a directory for the fall term it is--important that you file a local address-card with the Registrar’s Office as , ,soon as possible. It could make quite a difference to your long winter evenings. Terry Harding Chairperson Board of Publications \

Small groups

Please Needles Office) address

report to the International Student ,Office, Hal17 Rm. 2080 (across from the Registrar’s as soon as possible so that your name andcan be added to _our mailing list. Thank you.

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McClelland and Stewart - (they like to c*all themselves The Canadian Publ’isher) have cleaned out their warehouse and made to booksell& a wide selection of golden oldies. Included are titles of interest to the general reader, as yell as texty things, especially in the areas of sociology, political science, Canadian affairs, and lit. Things like: Self-GovernmenI, Lower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $75 Politics in France, Ehrmann . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $75 Challenge of Confidence: Kierans on Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $.75 The Triple Revolution: Social Problems in Depth, Perrucci avd Pilisuk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $75 The Law of Primitive Man, Hoebel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $99 The Modern Tradition: An Anthology of Short Stories, ed. Howard .. : .. _ . . . . . .$1.25 plus lots more - don’t miss the 25 and 50 cent bins

The Counselling Centre will be offering a number of different Groups this fall: 1. Personal Growth / Sensitivity 2. Self-Consciousness Lowering 3. Community (Mature persons from outside and inside the University) 4. Male-Female Relatibnships 5. Couples / 6 Gestalt . 7. Mind-Body Awareness & Corn m unications 8 I nternational Students (Leadership, Corn m unication ‘ski‘lls, etc.) If you are interested in more information, or in joining a group, please contact us, Counselling Services, Needles Hall, , Ext. 2655. -


St.W. W’loo I 6 Princess tel : 743-7911







OCOANUTS starring

The- rnarm PARKDALE




Sept. 27-25




ble Bi 11

in -Five



Cocoanuts, the Marx Brothers’ first film, contains intact some of their best stage routines, including Groucho’s land auction and the excruciating “Viaduct” dialogue (Chico: “Why a duck?“)..Groucho ha: said of the film’s. two directors that one didn’t understand English (Robert Florey) and the other (Joseph Santley) didn’t understanc Harpo, and Groucho* was never more direct than in this film in hi: insulting romancing of Margaret Dumont. 1929. Black and White.





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Unitarian fellowships offer an opportunity for people to get together and talk freely about the human condition and the meaning of ethics. A Unitarian fellowship has existed in this community for many years. It meets Sunday mornings -at 1l:OO a.m., at 136 Allen St., East, Waterloo (at the corner of Allen and Moore not far from the centre of the city). Subject for this Sunday: T’ai Chi (Meeting will be held informally by Lake Columbia, if weather is favora ble)



27, 1974

the chevron





-. ,



who should the paper represent. In order to discuss these issues four panel members and a moderator took part in the forum. Frank Goldspink, presently a commercial press reporter and a former Canadian University Press field worker moderated the panel of Dr. Burt Mathews, Chris Redmond, editor of the University of Waterloo Gazette, Terry Harding federation board of publications chairman and Randy Hannigan, present editor of the chevron.

fi orum

Although the forum was relatively poorly attended and there was a definite lack of’ discussion, the main concern that students have with the paper is the ‘bias that it exhibits, and ‘t.he Jack of coverage of campus events. The lack of coverage of campus

In an attempt to gain some feedback about the operation of thechevron, the staff of the paper organised a forum which was held last Thursday afternoon. The forum, entitled “the role of the student newspaper on campus” was initiated -to deal with such areas as content of the paper, the problem of staffing a student newspaper, , what degree of objectivity can be achieved in reporting, who does the paper represent and

The ideology of the paper, if in fact there is one, is largely a reflection of th& ideology of those per&s who write for the, paper. At this point in time there does seem to be a consciousness on the part of staff to try and present some aiternate views to those views that are commonly held to be true.”

“you have got to chbose, either you do what the people who‘ come out to the paper want to do, you print the kind of things that they want tp write and you talk to the people who want to listen to that, or you say; ail right we are going to be the definitive newspaper we are going to carry -the news, and demand a high standard of journalism, and you are going to have to pay your staff and. no one is going to read it. The Chevron has made the first choice. ”



‘Tuesday October 8,1974 ’ 9:30 - 4:30 p.m. / vote math




by faculty

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The following



events was attributed to a severe shortage of students who are willing to work on the paper, presently the paper has no entertainment or sports staff and only a limited amou.nt of persons interested in writing news and features. This then has produced the situation where fewer people are doing more work, and therefore the quality suffers but in order to attract more people the quality must improve, and this cannot be done until there are ‘more persons willing toNwork on the paper. The apparent bias of the paper was attributed to the fact that with a small staff, many of the same people are writing or reporting on different events and therefore their own per-

“of my personal knowledge of the CJevron over the past six or eight years, this year compared with the last two is a good time for people, to get in there and take part. There is going to be some kind of acceptance, not like two years ago and last year wheo people found it difficult to walk into the office, they were intimidated. ThiS is a good time to \ go there. ”



seats were



October ..

4, 1974

science co-op integrated Federation i


determined by the amount of advertising. That is, the advert isi ng content very .seldom goes beyond forty percent of the totat number of pages. If there is a large amount ofadvertising then sometimes it is necessary to rely on outside 1 material to help fill the paper. However, ‘it is felt that these articles can be extremely valuable since often the research facilities are not available in this area. ’ The chevron also has access to a large number of publications from various sources and therefore hopefully will choose the best ones to be reprinted. Mathews felt that these articles were not relevant to this campus, to the students, staff or faculty, since they could find this ‘information in other publications. Dr: Mathews did feel, however, that local ly written and researched articles such as the recent food supplement had a place in the student newspaper. . Frank Goldspink criticised the chevron and other university newspapers for failing to get into the campus and recruit, he f,elt there was too much of a tendency for , papers to be isolated from the


“I do believe that there is a place in the student newspaper for feature. articles, what I would be interested in knowing is why the Chevron so often pubiishs such long articles of the boiler-plate nature which come from elsewhere, are written elsewhere and are researched elsewhere and have nb relevance to this campus. ” sonal biases will show-. The paper, itself has no editorial bias but it simply reflects the biases of the persons writing for the paper. In other words the biases of the staff determine the bJas of the paper rather than visa versa. Dr. Mathews questionned why the chevron ran so many of the long articles of the boilernature which are plate researched and written elsewhere. This was a common sentiment that was expressed by many students, also, Dr. t h’at Mathews suggested ,perhaps this was just filler in order to filt a certain number of pages and that if that were true then perhaps the chevron should decrease its size. It was then explained to Dr. Mathews that the size of the paper is




“quite. frankly, I am publications; doesn ‘t ,,read the Chevron?” -photos

bored of everyone

by c. buycek

rest of the campus. Terry .Harding echoed the same sentiment and offered as an .explanation, that when a person becomes a full time staff member of the paper, he or she is no longer a student and attending classes and therefore loses touch with the students. The forum didn’t prove anything except that it reaffirmed a feeling that interest on this campus in the student newspaper is at an all time low.





the chevron

~ THE WOMAN’S PLACE-AN INTRODUCTION . Women’s groups are nothing new. For years women have been getting together with neighbours and friends to talk, to work on various projects, and to share their common experiences. But even when they shared their experiences, many women’ in these groups still viewed their frustrations as individual failures, and could not see that their common problems might be the result of their upbringing as women. Now, over the last few years, women have begun to understand some of the injustices of this society which to a large extent defines a person’s self-image and potential for development according to her or his sex. So now women are coming together to do something about it. But as we begin to question the roles we have, as women, been playing for so long, we find that it is a difficult and sometimes pretty frightening thing to do when we don’t know if there is anyone, around to support us in what we are .--doing., TheWoman’s Place was started by women w-ho felt this need ‘for support themselves and who also felt that others could perhaps benefit from having a place where they could meet other women and by talking to them’begin to understand themselves as people versus society’s expectations of them as women. We felt that while this type of discussion is necessary for personal development, it is also essential as a first step in making changes in our society. The Woman’s Place is now one year old. As with any group which exists to challenge and hopefully change the basic structures of this society, the structures that are part of our every day lives, we’ve been continually confronted with the necessity of developing new and better ways to work together. We’ve struggled with how to best structure the Woman’s Place to do the work which needs to be done: while in)rolving as many women on as many levels as possible. In the following paper, Sue Kothiringer describes last year’s attempts at collective organizing through an “administrative collective” as an alternative to more bureaucratic and hierarchical forms of organization, and goes on to suggest a more decentralized form-of organization which will reduce the time needed to take care of administrative tasks-and allow women to be involved in the things thatinterest them most.

For the past year of operation, the Woman’s Place has been’ run by a group of ten women known_ as the “administrative collective.” The . administrative collective was essentially an informal friendship group. I describe it as such, for there was no designated way to become a participant in that group. Because it was not clear to “outsiders” how to become active in such a group, the collective appeared “closed” to many people. The women who were actively involved in this collective possessed a knowledge about how the centre was set up and this knowledge was not publicly shared. No one was really attempting to hide anything; rather, the unstructured nature of the organization made it appear vague and perhaps inaccessible to women who were not involved. Thus, the many attempts which were made to involve new women failed, because of this underlying structurelessness. Therefore, I see that we are at a juncture where outlining a clearly stated structure for the centre is imperative if we are to build a strong base to the Woman’s Place. In-the Spring, it became clear to me that the’ administrative collective was becoming defunct and that leadership was not being used effectively. This group had become a catch-all for any of the gaps in the functioning of the centre. For example, if it appeared that no newsletter had been written, this group would pull the announcements and articles together and create a newsletter. Such an approach to leadership meant that what energy was available got drained on the many trivial aspects of running the centre. In this situation only the minimum tasks got done and the women in the collective felt isolated in -an administrative capacity and were unable to feel free enough to branch out on their own, according to their unique interests. This set-up discouraged initiative on the part of new women, as well, who had ideas and felt that their ideas needed “ap‘proval” from the “administrators.” The issue of leadership is a very complex one, for it gnaws at the root of our social&&on as women. Being. a leader, r takingindividual initiative and responsibility is frightening for any person; For many women it seems to be the most difficult of questions. I saw a great deal of individual potential lying ,dormant as women within the administrative collective frequently waited for the group to-act. Collective organizing, _ as I see it,’ can never replace the need for individuals to initiate and to act responsibly on their personal beliefs. As we examine this particular alternative method of organizing, we must keep in mind that a group can. only give support to the individuals within it -a collective cannot be strong unless every individual is working to develop her strength. This weakness of the administrative \ collective to develop effective leadership and individual initiative should hopefully teach us that we must challenge each other as individuals as well as building strong working collectives. -With these thoughts’about leadership in mind, I have begun to see the need to disperse our leadership and to do away with an administrative group entirely. A centralized collective is not, in my mind, the answer to organizing a women’s centre. We must begin to. use our strengths in particular interest areas and to form collectives around specific concerns, rather than learning to become bureaucrats, creating new hierarchies. Such an approach to leadership has inhibited individuals from acting independently and has established an isolated administrative elite. I am

‘not suggesting that we do away with any type of leadership, but - instead . we should use our leadership to focus our energy more specifically. In strengthening such interest groups, we will be building a broad and diversified base of women. We will also be redefining the Woman’s Place as an umbrella for a series of projects and support systems, rather than seeing it merely as a house for which the rent and phone bill are paid. A New Conceptual Structure Jn exam-g the various aspects of the Woman’s Place, I feel that three basic functions support, administration, and interest emerge: functions. The “support” function is the drop-in and counselling aspect of the Woman’s Place, ,as it serves to support and guide women in difficulty and those who want to develop relationships with other women. The “administrative” functions involve financial issues and maintenance concerns, to ensure that we have a house and money to keep the centre in existence. Finally, the “interest” functionsare the specific projects which groups of individuals are work-mg to set up. Existing interests include the educational I collective, health collective, home maintenance magazine collective, lesbian drop-in eourse, centre, and the newly emerging research group. In the past, administrative functions were the main tasks for the leadership, and as a result, the _ interest and support functions have suffered. Thus, I see that our task ahead is to clarify a working structure which will provide a balance between the functions which I have described and a larger communication network which attempts to maintain an overview of the centre. This balance could be provided by defining a larger which would be a loose “Co-operative” organizational structure \ composed of representatives from existing and newly created

photo by M. Varasour

collectives. Emphasis. would be given to the collectives which are maintaining the interest and support functions. These interest collectives would evolve as interested women felt the need to set up projects and could receive support, guidance and resources from the Co-operative. The support function would be carried out by a “staff collective,” which dealt with the daily functioning of the centre. All collectives would be’ relatively autonomous, and yet their support of the Co-operative would be necessary in order to keep communication and sharing open. /

27, 1974


For space reasons, this paper has been condensed. The complete paper is available at the Woman’s Place. These ideas will be discussed further at the next ,general meeting on Thursday, October 3. All women are welcome. The Woman’s Place is located at 25 DuPont St. E. in Waterloo. Phone 744-7011. ~ EducatiQnal Collective The Woman’s Place Educational Collective was conceived in March 1974, as a new way to plan educational programs at the Woman’s Place. Prior to the formation of this group, individual women were responsible for such areas as courses, Wednesday night discussions and consciousnessraising groups. These women felt isolated in their tasks and felt a need to involve more women both for their own support and to work with other

this situation. This separated woman talking with other just gone through

group who ‘7 wome this.

A course will be offered ci to the Women’s Movemt informal study group of understand what the VOX about. Readings on the w be suggested by Sue Kc convener, in an attempt t on the coneems of the mo an understanding of thl derlying strategies for cha meeting will be held on Ocl ‘Sexism project

in the public which Barb

sch( Pelt

-The Womi ,’


4 n



gmnivt women in developing organizational and teacher and a parent, \ -leadership skills. This’ group was formed with the project will begin as an idea that setting up programs could be an ex- ’ policies in public schoo perience where women could learn to work whatever direction inter-6 together toward a common goal. take it. They will probably The need to develop a philosophical framework women who are working c as a basis for-educational programs has been an research grant. on-going issue in this group. Wow should we educate ourselves and others? What should be the CKWR radio station has 4 goals of these educational experiences? As well, how to use their technical the‘ collective has constantly been concerned produce radio shows : about supporting the individual members’ efforts Kowalski would like to at developing leadership skills and planning women so that we can 1 specific programs. resources which the s&101 In late spring we worked as a group to plan the is t,+at this group will deve Wednesday night discussions and also to to produce on-going ri organize a series of more personal “Tuesday women’s issues. Night Conversations”. These endeavours initially -attracted many women. However, due to the The home maintenance COI waning interest during summer holidays and the parts: 1) electricity-we feeling that our energy was too concentrated, we electrical theory and saf decided to reexamine our plans once again. While miniature wall section an we had the option to start these discussion nights small appliances-we2 again in September,- most of us felt a need to set toasters, kettles, etc. and up programs-which would be relevant not only to working i order using women generally but to ourselves as well. knowledge of electrici^iy to set up programs which would be relevant not toilets and leaky fauc only to women generally but to ourselves as well. Therefore, we decided to approach our planning of educational programs in terms of our own interest areas. At a meeting in July, each member of the collective decided to concentrate on one particular interest in the coming months. In pursuing her interest and attempting to generate enthusiasm among women who use the centre, small interest groups would evolve under the larger umbrella of the educational collective. Regular meetings of the educational ,collective would be r designed to aid the members in organizing their groups and to expand the interest areas as new women wanted to start differ&projects. Also, as a group we intend to plan -monthly programs such as films, speakers, etc. in order to continue to educate a larger group of . women in the community. Thus, with this background of planning, examining and re-plarming, we-have developed a tentative program for the fall, which involves the following interest areas: A. support group for women who’ have been recently separated and who are looking for a group where they can discuss concerns specific to





ed “An Introduction t.” This will be an Jomen who want to n’s movement is all nen’s movement will nringer, the group’s help women to focus !ment and to develop political issues un;e. An organizational !atBpm. s” is the subject of a and Anne Dagg, a

nary red to teach women uipment in order to ut women. Marg pnize zi group of ! advantage of the LSto offer. The hope the skills necessary programs about

is divided into four idly discuss some , then construct a ire it; 2) repairs to bring in defunct to restore them to ’ newly acquired i plumbing-since are predominant


troublemakers, we study these\& detail; 4) carpentry-each participant selects a project )eg. patio chaise lounge, chair, bookcase, footstool) and builds it using hand and power tools. Any women who want to start educational-type projects or support groups should feel free to approach the educational collective and to use this group as a resource. Membership in the collective,is open, and we urge women who are interested in joining-even if they don’t feel ready to initiate a project on their own-to watch for announcements of meetings and try to attend. Another way to become involved is to call the Woman’s Place and leave your name and phone number. Someone from the collective will get back to you. Women interested in joining any of these interest groups should call the Woman’s Place and leave your name. We are hoping to be able to

being organ&d by a mts to spend time who are going/have

t to develop. The estigation _of sexist and will move in d women- want to involved with other obtaining a region@

the -chevron



. share our interests educate ourselves -._

with other and others.


so as. to

Writing Collective The writing collective was started by a group of women who are interested in creative and factual writing, possibly in a magazine format. We also plan to be responsible for putting out a monthly Woman’s Place newsletter. The magazine will be a complex project and needs as many women, involved on as many levels as possible-creative writing (poetry, fiction), fact& and investigative: reporting, photographers, artists, women interestX? earning typesetting, pasteup, general production work; also, women interested in handling business aspects, such as circulation, subscriptions, etc. Join us if you are interested. Phone the Woman’s Place and leave your name and phone number. LesbianDrop-in , ’ The Friday night Lesbian Drop-in will continue this-fall. The purpose of the drop-in is to offer friendship and support in a non-threatening atmosphere to women who are lesbians, who have _ had lesbian experiences, or, who are exploring the possibility of a lesbian relationship. It is important that we come together as a group-especially within the context of the women’s movement because although we do not represent the entire movement, we are anintegral part of it. Heaven only knows, it isn’t easy being a lesbian in a patriarchal, hetereosexual society, much less in a conservative community like this one. But by meeting together informally we can give each other support, by first of all just letting each other know that we do exist. Come out and talk! The drop-in’ is open every Friday night at 8 p.m. at the Woman’s Place. , . s-g The Woman’s Place has no paid employees. All staffing is done by volunteers. In order to keep the Place open all day, every day, we must have more womanpower. If you are interested in becoming a member of the Staff Collective, please let us know. Staffers are people who volunteer to do a regular shift at the Place each week. Some shifts take up a whole morning, afternoon or evening. Others are only two or three hours long to accommodate people who work or have children in school. \

photo by M. Varasour

Staffers are responsible for the day-today running of the centre; for maintaining household supplies; receiving and answering mail; receiving and recording donations; answering telephones, giving referrals, support, information, advice; welcoming people who drop in; keeping track of the signing in and out of library books; and keeping the place warm and tidy. If that seems a lot, remember that there is a Staff Collectivecwhich meets regularly to provide help and training as a group. Running a women’s centre is not something many of us have had experience with. We can all learn together. Since we are just getting things back together at the W-qman’s Place after a summer ‘dormancy period, don’t be too surprised if you phone and there’s no one there. Just keep trying. If you are willing to volunteer, call the Woman’s Place at 744-7011. We need you. Hkalth Collective The health collective met regularly over the summer in an attempt to form a group who were interested and felt able to organize a falI program. The collective suffered from the backlash of the demise of the Downtown Health Clinic for months in terms of having to adjust our enthusiasm and ambitions to more realistic and attainable goals. However, we have emerged as a small but active group and have a number of programs we hope to put into effect this year. We will be at the open house September 2&h, at which time we will introduce educationallyoriented sessions which will start October 1st. Other plans include a pre-and post-natal group, work with the neighbourhood Ys and some PR work. We think our goals are of interest to a great many women. We would- welcome any new members. Regional Research Project The regional women’s centres research project is now ready to

co-operative get off the

ground. The grant proposal, written by womenfrom the K-W, Cambridge, Guelph, and Hamilton centres has been submitted to the office of the Seqetary of State in Hamilton. The function of the proj-ect, which came out of a regional conference held here in May, will be to investigate the conditions, lives and hopes of local women in the work force and in the home. We feel that women’s centres are not’ necessarily an accurate reflection of what community women want or need. Such an investigation will help us to determine what women’s priorities are and what role centres can play in helping women develop their potential. If the grant comes through we w.ill be equipped with -cassette tape recorders for interviewing women and a budget for travel between centres in order to share our results and findings. There will also be a budget for publishing bimonthly reports for distribution among the centres and for a final report which will contain the entire results _ of the research. The Role of Women in Everyday Life: A Course Marlene Webber and Marsha Forrest want to invite all interested women to a new course which will be given Monday evenings 7-10 p.m. at Renison College, Room 44. The course will begin September 9th. You can take the course for university credit or for your own interest. (If you are registering for credit the course number is listed as Social Work 369.) A tentative outline for the first semester includes such topics as Women in Canada: Our Herstory; Socialization; Women and Work; Sexuality; The Family; Women in Other Cultures. We have put together a good reading list and plan to have films and guest speakers. The course will combine lecture, discussion and a chance for all of the participants to participate and exchange ideas. We hope to see many of you there. fjll are welcome (women & men). ._



the chevron’


Notice of Studerits Council By-Election



Care@ iti the \ Federal Public Service

A by-election is being called to fill the following vacancy km students council

This year, the Federal Government sity graduates in all disciplines of professional and administrative Find

1 seat

renison L



We will Come

be on campus and

Information placement All positions


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Nominations open Tuesday October 1st and close Tuesday October 8th at-4:30 p.m. Nomination forms are available from Helga Petz in the federation office campus centre , room 235, and must be returned to that office by 4:30 October 8th. J.J. Long Chief Returning officer Federation of Students





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page 3 ,

After the coup the State Department formally denied any financial involvement in the 1973 truck stoppage or any other work stoppages and protests in Chile, describing that “such statements are absurd.” And such deception by high government officials has by no means ended. As these “new” disclosures were being made to the New York Times, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was still denying-before a Senate Foreign Relations sub-committee-that U.S. clandestine activities in Chile were aimed at subverting the Allende government. Kissinger, who is head of the 40 Committeeultimately responsible for authorizing all CIA activitiesasserted, like Ford, that the CIA’s involvement had been authorized solely to keep alive political parties --and news media threatened by Allende’s government. Kissinger’s testimony directly contradicts all other statements which indicate that the policies regarding the clandestine financing of trade .groups and unions had been established and approved by the 40 Committee of which Kissinger is the prime influence. These sources also reveal that the widespread involvement of the CIA with labour unions and trade groups was part of a broader effort to infiltrate all areas of Chile’s government and political life. By the end of the Allende period, the agency had agents and informers in every major party making up Allende’s Popular Unity government. “The people within the embassy felt that they were engaged in a kind of’ warfare,” explained one CIA source who had served a number of years in Chile. “The people were either with ‘you or against you when it came to Allende.” ! “Of course, the agency tries to support the people who-believe in its aim,” stated another official defending the CIA’s involvement with trade unions and organized strikes. “The strike money was used to supply subsistence for 3 people who believed in what. you do.” He further explained that some financial support for newspaper and, radio stations was needed because “it wouldn’t have been good to have strikes if nobody knew about it.” Statements like this appear to be the new kind’of “candor” which is marking the Ford administration. While it is finally admitted that international subversion-the CIA calls it “destabilization’‘-is going on, it is described in the most benign terms and defended as legitimate. When questioned by news reporters at his September 16 news conference as to what international law gave the U.S. the right to attempt to destabilize the democratically elected government of another country, Ford responded, “I’m not going to pass ‘judgement on whether it’s permitted -or authorized under international law. It’s a recognized fact that historically as well as presently such actions are taken in the best interest of the countries involved. ” Buteven more astounding is the latter part of Ford’s assertionreiterated twice during his press conference+hat U.S. intervention in Chile was “in the best interest of the people of Chile.” Which people? Thirty-thousand Chileans were killed during the coup and the weeks that followed; thousands of others have been arrested and tortured or forced to flee the country; and Chilean workers and peasants now face unparallelled poverty and unemployment.




27, 1974




f----F t-




Campus groups at the Uniyersity of Toronto ,Fould run into difficulties-booking meeting space on campus as a result of a -new ‘university policy which was adopted without notifying any of the groups. ’ Campus groups cannot technically reserve - space unless they have received official recognition by the university administration. The recognition allows the group to use , the

university’s name and campus ‘facilities- without charge during regular hours. Official student organizations such as the students’ union, council, course unions and college oriented clubs are exempt from the requirements. University officials claim the charge is solely due to a desire from administrators to have up-todate information on .what campus : groups are operating.

in membership, but -However, the timing of the discrimination that the groups’ announced last-, also . requires policy. chgnge, “objectives and activities. . . be spring, came shortly after the seen as attempting to contribute to Students for a Democratic Society recreational, (SDS) was suspended’by the ad- the educational, ministration for a disruption of a social or cultural values of the university.” . visiting leeturer . Student committee Eember On this basis, . SDS was David Shindman, however, says suspended after its disruption of a the decision arose directly out of lecture by American urbanologist the SDS incident. Internal Affairs Edward Banfield. -Former student had no way of monitoring groups, Internal Affairs member Arlene he added; and wanted to know who Dick, says under the clause the was responsible f? organizations. same incident could be used to In fact, he says, the committee deny SDS recognition this year. was “looking for a-way to reinstate Administration officials insist suspended groups.” The only such group. at the time-and before or that judgement will be made on the - basis of information submitted by SDS. . since-was the group in question. SDS’SDS activist David Depoe satisfied all criticized the move claiming it will . previous constitution including the non-enable political censorship of requirements, discrimination and suitable obgroups whit h the administration jectives an6 activities. ’ disagrees with. Recognition’ is contin&&?iot ’ Groups on the current list were not notified of the change requiring’ only on application for status, including - submission of the application, but notices have been group’s constitution and nonadvertised in the campus media,

- ,

need! ‘,


_ ‘

including the student newspaper the, Varsity. One administrative official, who was involved in the decision to suspend SDS last year, predicted the radical student group will have little trouble regaining recognition if it reapplies. - But if the Western Guard (a fascist-prone political group>, which is avowedly, white supremacist, applies, she is not as confident. Depoe --denounced the clause used to suspend the SDS as “loose and therefore very arbitrary,” and asserted that the administration was “putting everybody on notice that they had better conform” to what the university thinks a group should do. Student Administrative Council president Seymour Kanowitch stated “he probably would disagree”, if the SDS is refused recognition status because of application of the clause to last year’s disruption.

Opirg . holds .-_ elections

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Students wishing to run for office on the-board of governors of the Ontario Public Interest Research . Group (OPIRG) in late October, should contact the OPIRG office (rm. 351, chemistry I) assoon as possible. s According to an_ OPIRG press release “the prime requisite ‘of candidates for the governing board” is “a sincere concern for ‘public interest’ issues.” “OPIRGis a non-profit, nonpartisan, tax-exempt corporation controlled by the students of the University of Waterloo”, which yearly collects -a three dollar refundable fee from every undergraduate student. It encourages students to research in the areas of “environmental quality, consumer protection, corporate responsibility, government action and human rights.” In addition to partially funding the research. in travel, telephone and other minor expenses, OPIRG staffers and concerned faculty memberssupervise --- “these student investigations and in most cases the student is able to obtain academic credit for his ‘work.” Once the preliminary data is collected, “professionals carry out the major part of the action program. ” The ensuing “action may consist of publication of an expose, drafting a new law of regulation, lobbying or litigation.” OPIRG has a board of five governors who manage the affairs of the corporation. The board “has the broad responsibility ’ of allocating ,resources to the different research projects, and generally, of making major policy decisions for the group.” 1

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page 18

‘Completely accepted

_ Rider



the powerless, Kennedy, Johnson and -Nixon and all their aides were not executed in the name of world justice. As a matter of fact, Nixxon, the recent president of the United States, made the end of the war in South-East Asia a promise he didn’t keep through two successive elections.

This war was not completely accepted by all portions of the American society. The youth of the country was a significant vocal minority who protested Amerika’s genocide. They rejected Amerika’s position because it was them, along with the Vietnamese wh’o bore the brunt of the war. Mobilization ‘around the war effort radicalized a large portion of the Amerikan Youth in this era. Repression, as soon as Nixxon was elected, was directed towards them (cf. Kent State 1971, Berkeley Free Park 1968) and the organizations such as SDS experienced the “divide and - conquer” tactics used so successfully by the administration’s forces everywhere except in the face i of a liberation army in Vietnam. Approximately 50,000 youth of this fascist Amerika decided not to fight such an\ imperialistic war and, in the face of repression for their decisions, either became exiles or went underground. They were and still are technically guilty of a crime and are quite actively sought by the agents of the Amerikan government. Although the war crimes tribunal found’ the leaders of Amerika guilty; inside the monster in the courts it was the people who refused to fight who were found guilty as ‘war trim inals’. This inherent contradiction , in the United States’ policy has hopefully been glossed over by the recent conditional amnesty given to these people by the new president, Gerry Ford. Nixon’s amnesty was ,granted first and is only conditional‘on the fact that Ford doesn’t want to get impeached. For the exiles, their return to Amerikan society must be accompanied by 18 months service to the Amerikan monster. The administration will not admit that it is wrong and by this liberal measure hopes the evaders will, in effect, confess that they were wrong. Needless to say the offer has been considered and immediately rejected by those concerned. Thirty ye’ars in ago, Nurembu’rg and Tokyo, the wagers of an aggressive war were brought before the world and tried. Now in the United States, the insects who made -the war have been pardoned,. their crimes condoned in the interest of freedom while those who didn’t fight are being given ,a sentence of 18 months hard labour. Why wait 10 years for 1984, it is already here. Reid Glenn -








ClasSif ied ,


Classified ads are &cepted\between 9 and 4 each day in the Chevron office. Ask for Charlotte. The ad deadline is Tuesday afternoon by12 pm. All classified adsmust / be prepaid. ’


_ 1

ago). Includes a Shure M75D cartridge with a new stylus. Phone 885-1549.

Whoever picked up the wrong jacket from behind the screen at Columbia no. 5 on Thursday, September 19 please phone 884-7221.

Three Siamese kittens, Chocolate Point, 7 weeks old. $35 each. Call 7431011. \


8-track stereo in excellent condition. $55. Also many tapes $2-$5. Call 884-

Pregnant and Distressed? Birth Control Centre 885-1211, ext. 3446. Doctor referrals, unplanned and unwanted pregnancy counselling and follow-up birth control information. Complete confidence. Pregnant and Distressed? Birthright 579-3390. Pregnancy tests, medical and legal aid, housing, clothing, complete confidence. y Couples needed, part-time and fulltime openings. Very fewarding. Must have car and be bondable. Call 8840788, Two orange 3 month old kittens, bpth male, both have distemper and rabies shots. Free. They need a new home. Call Sue 742-8004. 23 channel C.B. set, with ship (9 foot), VSWR- meter, external loudspeaker, $225. 742-3274 after 6pm Walter.


“3J”’ WANTED Riders or carpdol in daily commuting from Guelph. Phone Lynn 82t-7804 after 6pm. , ’ Cooks, waiters and waitresses for pafttime work, noon hours and evenings. Earn good money during your spare time at Cosmo’s Factory Tavern. Call 744-3373. Help! I need a,firm gentle person to be with my’10 arid 12 year old daughters daily from 3:30-5:30. Student wife would be ideal-we’re within walking distance of universities. Call 885-0712 after 5:30pm. ’ Help ,wanted. Waitresses/waiters wanted for cocktail lounge, part-time. Phone after 12 noon 744-6367.


Dynaco PAT-4; stereo 80, $225. 7423274 after 6pm ask for Walter.

IBM Selectric, located in Lakeshore Village. Call 884-6913 anytime.

1970 Volkswagen, excellent condition, 46,000 miles, sunroof, radio, gas heater, defrosW Abelts. Phone 745-2525.

Experienced typist will do typing in own home- Phone 578-1553. Thesis, essays, arts subjects only. Westmount area, 2 or 3 days notice. Phone 743-3342. HOUSING AVAILABLE

1968 Volkswagen, excellent condition, newly painted, radio, good tires. $1,000 or best offer. 884-1436. I

Dual 1214 automatic turntable in ,excellent condition (lab. tuned 3 weeks

Double room for rent, excellent kitchen and laundry facilities, close to university, male only. Call 884-1381.

Grand prix There is something special about Formula I racing. It is the most sophisticated and demaFding type of auto racing-to be found. The world championship for drivers is determined by ti Grand Prix race series for Formula I cars. The series involves one race in each of fifteen countries and extends over a period of nine months. The drivers represent an elite group of the world’s best professional racers. Less than three dozen drivers throughout the entire world can qualify to be included among the ranks of Formula I racifig. The racing cars themselves-represent the highest level of automotive engineering. The roar of their 500 horsepower engines and graceful aerodynamic shape makes them somethicg to marvel at. Last weekend the Formula I teams converged on Mosport for the Grand Prix of Canada. The weather was dreary all weekend but the crowd of about 45,000 on hand-did its best to make a party out of the situation; Beer and wine bottles were m&e numerous than trees and the usual raunchy contingent of motorcycles and dune-buggies endlessly ripped its way through the grounds all night long. An occasional streaker would flash by every now and then, as the bleary-eyed onlookers ap; plauded and reached for another beer. . By race time the crowd was vibrating with anticipation as they anxiousIy waited for the race to begin. After the playing of the national anthem the starter dropped the Canadian flag and the race exploded into life. The noise, the colour, and the action totally overwhelmed the senses as the 26Formula I cars thundered by in a tight pack. The race was quite tense with a number of surprises throughout the-entire 80 laps. When the checkered flag fell and all the dust had settled, Emerson Fittipaldi emerged victorious with Clay Regazzoni second and Ronnie Peterson third. It was quite a race and quit_e a weekend. -!.a. gervasio



the chevron


27, 1974

Read .th’e.I -Free Press \ \ every week , New and OM Volunteers WdCome


Birth Control Centre meeting Tuesday, Oct. 1 at 4: 30 pm. Room 135 in the Campus Centre

,0 SK\ ‘,


. Attention Are you interested “Risk” with new Chess. A minimum \ For further 744-6367.

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at the Grand

play than

A,uditions for th”e University of Waterloo dance company were held last Monday evening, in the dance studio of the physical education building. The dance company will be performing two concerts this year, one in the fall and-one in the spring. The fa!I concert will take place November 19 and 20th and will be staged in the theatre \ of the arts. -ph_oto

by r. hannigan


OSAP Reminder

Ministry of Cc4leges and Universities



Those students seeking assistance through the Ontario Student Assistance Program for a full academic year must submit their applications to their Student Awards 3Wicer before Septembe-r 30,1974. Applications received after this date will be assessed for half


. .

With YOM it7ltldS and Nowtt-&ou haveyob-degree, ou r capital, we can he Ip ~~~~,an,x,i.“~~~~~~~o~~~ow, it’s as simple as that. First you need money make your name ’ not to start a practice. Which is where the Royal Bankcan help you. Because we’ll loan up to $25,000 (or more) to help you bridge the gap until you become established. You see, we believe in your earning power in the years to come. So we’ll tailor your repayment to fit that - we’ll even defer your first payment if it helps. To find out more, drop into your local branch of the Royal Bank and pick up our brochure - “Money - and more - to help you start your Professional Practice”. Or talk to a Royal Bank manager, who’s a professional too. And before you know it, vou can have vour name out front like you always knew you would.



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Sept. Oct. Oct. Oct. Nov. Nov.

28 5 12 26 2 9


’ ,


saTt. Oct.5 Fri. Oct. 11 Sat. Oct. 19


25 1

Oct. 5 Oct. 11 Oct. 19 Jan. 25 Mar. 1




’ ” .

The Athenas have their fall season well underway. The field hockey team opens their season against Guelph on Thursday evening in Guelph, then Saturday the Athenas will host Western and McMaster on the back campus beginning with Waterloo vs Macl at 10 am. and later Waterloo vs Mat 2 at 12:30. At 3:30 pm. Waterloo plays \ Western. ’ This year the roster contains more experience and depth than it has in the past. With the loss of leadership in Brenda Eckhardt, the Athenas will strive to develop in this area. The forward line has five returnees and one freshman, Wendy Gray, and Marlene Grolman shows much improvement at the wing spots and will be asked to play in the inside of the forward line also. Sally Abbs, a freshman, from Mississauga will make her debut at the inner or wing- position. The interior of the forward line will have second year Donna Schoales, Clara Kisko and Sue Hamilton. Hamilton was top team scorer last year with 17 goals. Kisko returns from her last fall co:op term to strengthen our attack with Schoales. One of the objectives in the past has been to concentrate on offense and score more goals. With this line, the attack will improve and the experience factor will definitely be an asset. _ On defense there will be a few new faces. Carol Slipetz, will return after not playing last year to team up with Janet Helm and Cheryl Margolt at the full back slots. Both Slipetz, and Margolt have some experience to rely on while Helm is a rookie to field hockey. The halfback line has the speed of JoAnne Stewart returning. Stewart is extremely-effective on both defense and offense because of her tremendous speed. Jan Thorne, Carolyne Oughton and Marie Miller complete the halfback line. The goaltending will be done by Beth Huether. Huether is presently competing on an Ontario team that will compete in an International Tournament in Washington, D.C. at Thanksgiving. With the good support that the team can give in the open field, Huether will round out the team with excellent experience. Coach Judy McCrae hopes to see better offensive movement this year from such anexperienced group.

McMaster Invitational at Windsor Invitational Waterloo Invitational OUAA ‘Championships York Invitational OUAA .Championships

at McMaster at Western

at Guelph Waterloo Tournament at Guelph I at McMaster at Michigan at Michigan at Michigan Waterloo Tournament Part 1 OWIAA Finals at McMaster


, I

Sept. 16 Sept. 20 Sept. 23 Sept. 27 Oct. 3

’ Waterloo Invitational O’Keefe Invitational (Toronto) Brock Invitational 1 OUAA Sectional (Windsor > OUAA Finals (Queen’s)

The University of Waterloo rugby team played their first league game last Wednesday against Brock University. The home gamesfor the rygby team will be played at Columbia field. For a schedule of their games see page seventeen.


Sept. 25 Sept. 29 Oct. 2 Oct.. 5 Oct. 12 Oct. 16 Oct. 19 Oct. 26 Nov.21

Brock here Toronto here at McMaster RMChere ’ Guelph here Western here. at Queen’s at York at Trent ’ OUAA Finals



Nov. 9 I


1 ’


Sept. 26 Sept. 28 Oct. 4 Oct. 9 Oct. 18 Oct. 19 Oct. 20 Oct. 25 Nov. 1

MEN’S ,Wed. Sun. Wed. Sat. Sat. Wed. Sat. sat. Sat. Sat.





at McMaster Invitational at Windsor Invitational Waterloo Invitational OWIAA Championships at MC Master at York Invitational . OWIAA Championships at Western

Field hockey sat-urday


Sat. Sept. 28

Mon. Fri. Mon. ~ Fri. Fri.

at Guelph Open at RMC Invitational Octoberfest Marathon at York Invitational at Canisius Invitational at OUAA Championships, Queen’s CIAU Championships, Guelph


Sat. Sept. 28


1 \

West Sectional at Guelph at McMaster l



Thurs. Sat. Fri. Wed. Fri. Sat. Sun. Fri. Fri.



Sat. Oct. 5 Fri. Oct. 18




Far West Divisionals at Waterloo West Sectionals at Windsor OUAA Finals at York


Sat. Fri. Sat. Sat. Sat.

2 p.m.’ 2p.m. 2p.m. 8 p.m. 2 p.m. 2p.m.


Sat. Sept. 28 Fri. Oct. 4 Sat. Oct. 12

Sat. Jan. Sat. Mar.


2 p.m.


Sat. Sept. 21

Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat. Sat.


* at Bishops -IWindsor here Laurier here at Western McMaster here at Guelph at York Playoffs Playoffs at Atlantic Bowl CollegeBowl

Sat. Sept. 14 Sat. Sept. 21 Sat. Sept. 28 Sat. Oct. 5, Fri, Oct. 11 Sat. Oct. 19 Sat. Oct. 26 Sat. Nov. 2 . Sat. Nov. 9 Sat.‘Nov. 16 Sat. Nov. 23




3p.m. 2 p.m. 3p.m. 2 p.m. 2p.m. 3 p.m. 2p.m. 2p.m. 2 p.m.



Wed. Sept. 25 Sat. Sept.._28 b Sun. Sept. 29 Tues.Oct. 1 ,’ Wed. Oct.9 Sat. Oct. 12 Wed. Oct. 16 Sat. Oct. 19 Sat. Oct. 26 Sun. Oct. 27 _ Sat_. Nov.2


at Toronto Brock here at Laurentian at Laurentian at MeMaster Guelph here at Brock at Guelph at Western McMaster here Toronto here Western here

Contact Person

1 p.m. 3 p.m. 4 p.m. 1 p.m. 3 p.m. 3p.m. 1 p.m. 3 p.m. 1 p.m. 1 p.m. 1p.m. lp.m.




Don Statham


Monday 7 : 00-10 : OOpm Red Activities, P.A.C.




Sunday8:30-10:30pm Waterloo Bowling

Bob Jerrard


Starts Oct. 17 Mon, Thurs 4:00-6:OOpm Granite Club



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li Curling


Sat. Sept. 21




Sleep ,




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the chevron forces of repression were and unfortunately victorious continued in her Germany desi,gns for imperialistic Europe and the rest of the The co-aggr&sors, world. Germany, Italy and Japan joined to form the axis of power for the rest of the earth. The total war tactics used by these states were not only to conquer militarily the enemy state but to conquer that society as well. A Europe militarily, economically and culturally dominated by the fascists in Berlin was the goal of Hitler, and Japan had similar plans for the far east. Such/ imperialistic desires were soon acted out and -_agression. the dominated against societies resulted in the geqocide (pacification) of undesirables and repression against the,..culture. As in ancient Sparta, the aggres,sor had -also relinquished his freedom for a,dedication to the cause of the fatherland. , Most of the allied countries were duly shocked by such happenings in central Europe and Asia but none had the foresight to actually take action against this menace to world stability. The Second World War broke out in Europe in late 1939 having already started in Africq and South-east Asia. The allies agreed that if the war turned out favourably for them and adthe politicians ministrators of such a war should bq brought to trial for the people of the world. immediately folIowing the cessation of hoitilities with the surrender of Berlin, and the experiments of atomic power over Japan a new- league of nations was established; the United Nations. Its charter outlawed form of any aggressipn, however defined, except for defence purposes. Many countries were allowed to join but still others were off icial ly excluded. Soon after these meetings in San Francisco, war climes tribunals were instituted to prosecute the insects who had made the war. This was a precedant for the future; not only was war acknowledged to- be wrong but the common aggressors were prosecuted afterwards for their deeds. The Tokyo and Nuremburg tribunals all had the same case; to f-ind whether the leaders of the respective countries were guilty of crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity: Crimes against peace were those’actions which led to the start of the war; war crtmes were vioI_ations of the internationally _recognized rules of warfare and crimes against humanity were imthe plementation of genocide against the oppressed nations.

Ifeedback. ] The leap towards fasclisrn Neanderthal man had really no use for wars-his main battle everyday was to- try to survive in an hostile environment. Sometimes he would engage in conflicts with his neighbors but this was a natural ocdurance. This sort of ideology (or lack of it) was undoubtably lost by the Spartans or Roman warriors. From what little we c8n gather about their society it would seem that these men battled fairly and honestly Ikaving their individual fate to the care of their gods, who, they supposed, were also sk-irmishi’w. Chivalry descended from this reverance for one’s god and country and spouse. The middle ages saw knights in white satin on the fields of honour in many religious wars. These, crusades, however misguided or imperialistic in intent, were fought by men of honour at a close range. The struggle was in skill; in the face of the enemy-one and one battles occurred everywhere and the sum of these individual conflicts was the engagement. One needed good men-not many; the war was definitely. won-at the level of the individual participant. Somewhere around the start of the industrial revolution though, things began to really get out of hand. Weapons were not used anymore just to protect one’s immediate bodyspace but instead to kill other people at a distance. The Engli: !I longbow was the first -. In a long succession of , weapons that science helped to develop. Across the channel in Europe, the more European -cross-bow was developed to combat this weapon. -Soon gunpowder and other -engines of death superseded such -primitive arms. As the war became less of a subjective battle between two opposing belligerents the casualities began to mount at an alarming rate. Soon after the end of. the Thirty Year,s’ War- in Europe a lot of- the then governing powers decided that it really might be a good idea if the excessive killing could be reduced. The end result of such excesses were a succession of international treaties outlining how to wage a legal war.Such aqreements hopefully .safeguarded noncombatents, -r foreigners and civilians in the time of war.

Crimean campaign _

The close of the Crimean campaign in the mid eighteen hundreds saw the first steps towards the actual codification

of rules of conduct which were binding on all the belligerents. The Red Cross came into existance about a decade later with the introduction of rules the treatment of governing wounded and’ also captured Marine warfare was enemies. finally included by the turn of the century and in 1906 many were previous treatie?‘ amalgamated in the signing of the Treaty of Geneva by the world community. The First World War ended with Germany prosecuting her own official leaders for i their conduct in the war. The only meaningful descendent of this “war to end all wars” was the League of Nations. At this time most governments had given up trying wage war legally and began to look towards such a world government to prevent outbreaks of further hostilities in the future. lr~ the late twenties poison gases along with all other forms of chemical _ and biological warfare (CBW) were banned from the world’s ar-’ senals. Fifty years earlier in St. .Pe?ersburg all weapons which. inflicted needless suffering were outlawed. The United States of Amerika was the only country in the world not to ratify the CBW treaty.

Arena of warfare


One can see how the spread of technology into the arena of warfare first revolutionized the death business by insuring quick victory to the belligerent with the most developed weapon systems. However, when both sides had nearly equal capacities for destruction the net effect was an al-arming increase in the casu’alities. The process took about three hundred years butin thh decade following the first “great” war -most civilized nations had renounced war as a method of solving international disputes. The League of Nations proved to be only as’good as the intentions of its member states and soon ‘lost the footing it created for a peaceful world. In the early thirties Japan and Italy started wars of imperialism in China and North Africa respectively. Sanctions were imposed by the world body son Italy but were not effective since the embargo was not complete. Again people wanting to exploit others by ‘force of arms gained power. The revolution in the later parts of the thirties in Spain was used successfully by the Nazis in Germany to try out her war machine against poorly armed liberation fighters. The




The results of the Nuremburg trial, besides the elimination of the insects in charge of the Third Reich, was in the establishment of precedents. The tribunal agreed that each man fighting in a war had the responsibility of his actions upon him and so one could no longer defend oneself by claiming that (s)he was just following orders. In the same manner a commander was immediately L responsible for the actions of his troops in his control. This decision would, of course, be bind,ing in $1

future wars of agression as well. Existentialists were not the only ones pleased w‘ith such a turn of eients. Tokyo was the scene of the. tribunal prosecutfig Japan for her activities in Southeast Asia. The format was slightly dififerent because General MacArthur was in charge of Japan and all sentencing ultimately went through him. The war of aggression waged by Japan was little ,different in nature from that of Germany. Since the people involved were not white these trials drew little interest in the western world. France was- still a \ colonial power at this tiTi7e and she welcomed back her possessibns in Asia, namely Vietnam. The Japanese were with violating the charged rights of the former French not the people incolonies; volved. Thus it is interesting that the first war of liberation fought by the Vietnamese started in 1945 against the French. A decade of guerilla war against the French presence in Vietnam resulted in 1954 in the capture by General Giap of Dien Bien Phu. This was the largest French -outpost in central Vietnam and even with mass&e air support the base could not be held. France soon decided not to be an imperialistic power in Asia any longer and agreed to peace terms at Geneva in late 1954. The .terms al lowed a provisional government to be set up in Saigqn only long enough to supervise the elections which were to be held in 1956. Astute, political observers predicted an overwhelming victory for Ho Chi Minh in these elections. The result, of course, would ha*jle been a Communist government representing all of Vietnam.

Cold war The United States was, at this time, into the cold war in foreign affairs and such a defeat to France could be construed aS a victory of the Comrriunist bloc. As a result it was imperative for the United States to prevent the spread of communism, even though thepeople willed it upon themselves (cf. United States’ recent involvement in Chile for Chile’s own best interests). Throughout the meetings in Geneva American the representative, by the use of divide and conquer tactics, tried to destroy the conference. When this proved impossible , the U.S. desperately attempted to get a\ counter-accord signed before the original pact was ratif ied. This operation was not successful before the conference ended so the U.S. selectively approved the treaty; rejecting the clause which arranged elections in two years and assured democracy in all of -Vietnam. When the rest of the signing countries were hoping for an end to the hostilities the US. announced that it was not bound by the accord and would ignore i& The counter-a-ccord was signed a few weekslater by the U.S., Australia, New Zealand and-‘Korea. It was called the South East Asia Treaty Organ izat ion and it was in direct ContradicI‘ion to the legal Geneva pact by the articles which announced that the signing countries w o u 1-d safeguard Vietnam, Cambodia


27, 1974

and Laos -from all outside imperialism save their own. It should not be surprising then that no free elections were held and that , the U.S. recognized the provisional Saigon regime as the true spokesman for all of Vietnam just as Taiwan represented all of China. Various puppet leaders symbolically controlled the budge‘t of South Vietnam; percent which was 80 American military and social aid. This ancient country which had existed as a unified whole since before Christ was now 1 split thanks to American ‘imperialism, which only took over from France when it became obvious that the French didn’t have the stamina necessary to fight a people’s liberation army. The S. Vie’tnam regime was _ typical in its repression agailClst its subjects and slowly the area _ of control of the puppet regime became smaller and smaller as the people became aware that they didn’t need this sort of It was exactly at oppression. this juncture in 1965, when the Saigon regime was near an impending collapse, that the U.S. stepped in with a lpt more intensive military aid for her friends in Saigon. Since then the Americans have been safeguarding this investment in freedom by massive airlifts of technol-ogical energy; high explosive bombs, napalm and ant i-personnel pel let born bs. The millions of casualities and born b craters I ittering SouthEast Asia give real meaning to the truth of the American “pacification-” programs. The world was standing by; watching the most powerful nation on the earth--test its strength on an underdeveloped nation thousands of miles away. The similarity between ’ fascist Germany and‘ the Spanish revolution and the American .involvement in Vietnam is alarming, to s&y the least. Many people at this time began to become angry at this sort of behavior and, with the preced’ent of Nuremburg twenty years behind them, decided 3 tribunal to judge the American war effort in Vietnam and the rest of South-East Asia. Jean-Paul Sartre and Bertrand Russell were among the many powerless individuals who wanted to bring the most powerful nation to justice. Many probleps were encountered because of the disapproval of the U.S. an@ its numerous allies. Eventually the tribunal held hearings in both Denmark and ‘Sweden. The United States did not send any representatives, apparently letting the record speak for itself. The result of the war crimes tribunal was a massive documentation of the war trim-es committed by the United States and the other SEATO powers. ..A book, Against the Crime .of Silence; The Proceedings of the Russell War Crimes Tribunal was the -lasting physical result. A damning picture of the imperialism being waged by the present administration of the United’ States. In the final verdict the tribunal decided that the United States had violated the peace of the world; waged a war outside the normal rules of conduct and attempted genocide, quite successfully, against a people. Since this was a trial of the powerful by continued on page le



. the

27, 1974




Adgress all letters ti Chevron, Campus Centre. on a 32 or a 64 character spaced. A pseudonym may are provided with the real writer.

’ Miidly sensational reportage In last week’s “chevron”, Graham Anderton reported on a brief presentation on Housing ‘74 which I made to the Federation executive at its meeting of the 18th of September. I understand that . Mr. Anderton is one of your promising young reporters. Unfortunately, he missed the whole int of my criticism, and was zi rhaps blinded by his enthusiasm to report on what he thought to be the latest Federation “rip-off”. I . would like to try to clear up a few of Mr. .Anderton’s misconceptions. In the spring of 1974, _ the student’s council allocated $5,000 for a proposed housing study which became known as Housing ‘74. The motion to grant the money read “that the Federation donate $5,000 tq the proposed study.” Council failed to include provisions for -an administrative structure to control the use of these funds. It was taken for granted at the beginning that John Shortall, chairman of the. Board of Student Grievances, was in immediate charge of the yet he was working project; outside the region for most of the summer and could not communicate regularly with project members. No one was left in charge in his absence, and it is my belief that the project’s effectiveness was impaired by a lack of supervision. Andrew Telegdi, Federation president involved himself in the project later in the summer. At one point he decided to change the group’s approach to the problem, but met with opposition from some of the project members who questioned his authority to intervene. During the clash the project came to a standstill, resulting in what I believe were considerable unnecessary losses in monies spent on salaries and a rented car. The rented car was being used to conduct surveys in the area. I did not imply “that the car was being used for other than its appointed purpose.” The conflict was resolved when the , executive sat down to define exactly who was in charge: something which should have been done by council back in May. The second part of my criticism was that ‘during the summer, a number of people working on the project were allowed to take time off with pay for significant periods (up to 2 weeks in one case). The privilege was granted (I assume by Telegdi and Shortall) with the understanding that the time would be made up later, presumably when the Tent City and housing office operations were at their peak. For most of the project members, there can be no question. that, in fact, the time was made up. Indeed, many worked ex-

tremely hard. Unfortunately, for one or two people it is questionable whether the hours were put in. Mr. Anderton brought two unrelated problems together-the rented and the paid car vacations-to imply that people working on the project treated themselves to an all-expense paid vacation to Xanadu at Federation expense. I,m sorry to ruin a good story, but such a scandal never occured. These two problems were completely unrelated, except in the sense that both were rooted in the loose organization set up by the council. I did not wish my comments to be taken as outright condemnation of Housing ‘74. Housing ‘74 was a worthwhile project. I was merely trying to point out a couple of problems which could have been avoided. This letter probably raises more questions than it answers. I hope it may help clear things up, as what I was reported to have said must have antagonized many students who worked for, and were helped by Housing ‘74. Yours truly, Ted Scott, Treasurer Federation of Students

I can r&ally shake em down ,’ There must be more people on this campus, a few I know of, that would get a real charge out of learning how to dance. I, for one, would enjoy learning how to jive, and polka, and do other dances just for the exercise.’ The intention is not to become a superstar, but to work off a bit of excess, and tone up. What better way then to do it to music? Dancing relaxes me, and feels good. Why doesn’t someone out there who knows how to dance, arrange this type of thing? Believe me, the turnout would be overwhelming. Edith Liedtke

ctl#oroz rehabilitated from chevron The front page coverage, “Students go hungry”, the chevron, September 20, 1974, is impressive, however it seems to divert emphasis from the- main issue in the hunger strike. The chevron article seems to narrow the views of the Soviet Ukrainian disstdent, Valentyn Moroz. In the article, written by Mike Gordon, the terms russification and nationalism are used somewhat out ‘of context with the issues Moroz stands for. True, Moroz uses the word

the Editor, Please type line, doublebe run if we name of the

russification in his essays and is level, Moroz believes that people ravishing FM stereo as opposed to against the arbitrary power of one recognizel culture and tradition, duldrum local AM this was sure to nation over another, however, the but do not cultivate it. In fact, the be a definite outcome. historian-philosopher stands for Soviet Ukrainian dissident But, having arrived at the much more. Moroz’ main point suggests that. this level of convillage I was informed by a revolves around the fact that a sciousness does not consider the “friendly” letter frjiom the local governing body does not have the value of culture and allows without cable company that the age old right to annihilate culture under question, the destruction of it. For tradition of hooking your receiver the mask of, a vision of utopia. In Valentyn Moroz, the lowest level of to the lounge T.V. would be Moroz discusses cultural awareness or cultural his writings, disallowed and offenders would be Plato, who strivingfor his utopia, nationalism, is actually the nonliable to the Criminal Code of exiled Homer. As Moroz puts it existence of spiritual or cultural Canada and as a result I would “with complete candour Plato - feeling. The philosopher believes have to pay in order to have the argued that poetry and music were that a movement towards this cable installed. the Trojan horse which imlowest level is underway in Soviet Fine, I said, this being a perceptibly introduced changes Ukraine. He blames this on the capitalistic society why not pay a into the spirit of the nation. Poetry premeditated actions of the Soviet dollar a week to enhance a local regime. Moroz writes, “for when a and music are best driven out, but “striving” company in times of since this cannot be done they despot proclaims his monopoly inflation. Well with 20 students in a should be rigidly ’ standardized to over reason, honour and conhouse using this service the insure against ambiguities and science, forbidding the cultivation company might well break even. innovation.” The Soviet Ukrainian of these qualities independently, Of course they couldn’t afford to this is the beginning of the spiritual dissident compares Plato’s let a house go at a discount Republic with the Soviet Union. void of man.” Thus, the terms whereby the price would be nationalist or nationalism must not However, Moroz argues, “the proportionally lower to the amount point is that change does not be misunderstood in the light of of students using the service. We destroy society at all, but only Moroz’ philosophical viewpoints. are only students, and naturally Otherwise, this would unjustly those social. norms which have this idea used in private residences become obsolete.” Mike Gordon’s narrow down the cause for which could never be applied here. statement that Moroz’ book -Moroz stands. ’ Okay, then they informed me “denounces the suppression of the Valentyn Moroz stands for that if I was to pay three months in Ukrainian culture by the universal human rights and battles advance when a representativeof russification programme” the unlawful repression of the the cable company came around to evidently gives an incomplete individual/ by the State machinery. collect I would receive my service picture of the wide range of Moroz’ Bunger Strikers within a week. Well now’1 find out thought and concern. Campus Centre that this will not be available for a In his article, Gordon writes, University of Waterloo month. Perhaps they are just “apparently the Russians do not testing our moral standards or are approve of his book ‘Report from hoping that we will succumb and the Beria Reserve’ which is go back to hooking up to the lounge critical of the’soviet Union’s police’ T.V:terror against Ukrainian I wonder if this company really nationalists?’ The terms knows what’s going on? Of course nationalist or nationalism are they would never consider tricking somewhat ambiguous when inthe students and making them pay * terpreting the situation within the for three months while only giving Soviet Union. service for two, now would they? The word nationalism has been It’s really too bad for their sake, Last year being a frosh in overused and has lost its .specific I mean now they are going to have Village 1 I was green with envy at meaning. Nationalism, for some to go through piles of red tape to all the stereos around. This year reason has come to connote only refund one month’s fee. If we’re myself having acquired my own something negative. Perhaps the stereo I was readily awaiting a lucky we might even get it back by reason for this is mainly due to January 1976. But-in the meantime chance to use it for a background those “nationalistic” wars that a to my vital studying. they have use of that money or, I was sure few decades ago, claimed the lives would they do such a thing as use this would raise my marks by at of millions of people. Nationalism least a whopping 5 percent. Of it? No of course not,! \ was not the cause of the turmoil; it course with the added dimension of Robert Penner was chauvinism, which had evolved from obsessive nationalism. ’ For Valentyn Moroz, nationalism means living practice and devotion to social and cultural traditions. He argues that under the despotic rule of the Soviet regime, culture and tradition are being undermined in the Soviet Union. Moroz views three different levels of cultural consciousness, member: Canadian university press (CUP). The chevron is with respect to culture. The highest level of cultural contypeset by dumont press graphix and published by the sciousness, Moroz believes, is only federation of students incorporated, university of waterloo. found s in specific ’ areas. Moroz Content is’the sole respo&bility df the chevron editorial gives examples of the Hutsul area staff. Offices are located in the campus centre; (616) 885of Soviet w.est Ukraine. Here, he 1660, or university local 2331. claims people have not abandoned old ideas or myths for new ones, but have absorbed them into a new time is running short can’t think of anything to say try better next time production unity . Therefore, the historian this week: mike gordon, jeff beckner, dave cubbecley, randy hannigan, rose writes , that this specific area selander, paul sharpe, doug ward, jay roberts, Chester buyzeck, m.1. harding, serves as a mecca for the rest of graham anderton, ,felicia klingenberg, marilyn varasour, stan gruzsek and the society. The Soviet’ Ukrainian dumont ducks, end jm. writer uses the term “mass / culture”when referring to the second level of nationalism. At this .

In protest of cable 3 monopoly




In tram urals Monday night COMPETiTiVE~ Last the Waterloo Flag Football:


\ c


the chevron



at’ 7:00 p.m. at tennis club. Preregister today at the intramural Thursday marked the first day of league play. A new rule office to ensure . Your Participation in the tournament. instituted this‘year promises to Following last week’s speed up the game and involve rounds at the much less- confusion. Instead qualification Foxwood Golf Club, twentyof a three downs to make ten the field has been players have been chosen to yards, in the tournament divided into 4 quarters and a compete team must advance _the ball - finalsAbout 90 rounds were into the next quarter of the field Played during the weekIneluded in the field of finalists in three downs or give up the are two former champion and ball. - Results of Thursday’s g&es three runner UPS. The A bracket ’ ‘cutoff was 78 with 12 players show that Vl West was the only qualifying, while the B bracket team to- default its first game. In A league Vl North defeated ’ cutoff was 84. The top round VI South and the Poontangs wasa74shot bY Terry RedVerS, beat E.S.S. by 7-l scores. St, last Year’s mnner .uP. Defending champion Marc Davidson Jeromes A blanked _ Cdnrad shot a 76. The tournament will Grebel 20-O and 3B Mech Eng a 36 hole playoff on took the Co-op Res. 13-1. In B involve league action Vl East outSaturday and Sunday pointed the C.C.F.U. 24-6 and V2 South defeated V2 North 7ORlEN TEERING 6. At the organizational In Soccer action last Thursday, Co-op Maih defeated meeting, September 11, there the Civil Barbarians 2-l and th& was a good turnout of about Greek Students blanked the twenty interested people. Glory Seekers 2-O. Monday A clinic and short “0” course afternoon saw two O-O draws was planned for Laurel Creek between Conrad Grebel and Vl Conservation Area where eight South and Renison dnd St. beginners learned how to read Jeromes A in B league action. a map and compass, and Four tournaments will take navigated the course. Luckily, place this weekend and the no c%e was lost in the woods following week. The co-ed as the sun set, but already track meet which was to- have certain beginners were inbeen held last Monday has troduced to the orienteers wet been changed to this Sunday at foot syndrome. 2:00 p.m. at Seagrams Club -members have run at Stadium. With nine track two_ meets this season, with events and seven field events to varying degrees of success. participate in, one need not be Not often does it happen that a super athlete to come out. someone cannot complete his The Co-ed Horseshoe tourcourse, but the beauty of nament will be held tomorrow orienteering is that a person and Sunday from 1: 00 p.m.does not feel compelled to 5: 00 p.m. on the Village Green. win; he runs to his own Again expertise is not stressed. satisfaction on a course whose The men’s and ladies tennis length and difficulty he tournament will start on chooses. If he consistently


places well on a certain course, he may move up a level for stiffer competition. The-club has at least eight -entries in the Ontario Championships near Vinelandon September 28 and anticipates an- even better turnout for the Hamilton meet south of Campbellville on Sunday, Oct. 6. Any non-members wishing to try orienteering on the novice course should contact Dayle Vraets at 884-4071. .




Friday, September 27, 1974 Entry Date: Tennis (Men’s SingieS) Mixed Horseshoes Sunday, Sept. Tournament: Horseshoes






Monday, 6:30 p.m. Tournament: Tennis (Men’s Singles) Waterloo Tennis Club Entry Date: Co-ed Waterpolo Co-ed Volleyball Monday11th. Freshman -courts: 1072


Friday, squash 1069,

\ ’ October tryouts. 1070,

Tuesday, October 15th Male varsity squash ~Courts: 1069, 1070, 1072 -Daily4: 30 thru 6:00 p.m.





27, 1974

Louis Cameron, chairman of the Ojibway Warrior  

with a cross-Canada caravan scheduled to arrive in Ottawa on September 30, the_ opening day of parliament. a quote that was at- tributed to...

Louis Cameron, chairman of the Ojibway Warrior  

with a cross-Canada caravan scheduled to arrive in Ottawa on September 30, the_ opening day of parliament. a quote that was at- tributed to...