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‘Riditig. ’ _ ,

Kitcihener The chevron submitted related to student concerns for the provincial legislature Wa ter7oo North ridings . The



three questions closely to each of the candidates from the Kitchener and




A Liberal government will first institute a trimester system. This will allow students some leeway in planning their work periods and should cut down on the normal influx of those seeking summer jobs. As routine mechanical jobs are becoming fewer, students should be encouraged to work in projects to help urban youth, to work in pollution and social service areas and to get jobs in the growing resort and leisure time areas such as the Bruce peninsula. This last would include expanded forest ranger programmes, water safety instruction and anti-pollution campaigns. For long term graduate jobs, we will develop an independent university commission to oversee the development of post-graduate education in Ontario. In the light of manpower demands and duplicated facilities, there must be a central agency to co-ordinate and approve graduate work. At a time when we are short of doctors, we do not intend to plan to turn out nuclear physicists who


Edith Maclnfosh


.On becoming a political ’ candidate or MPP, a person does not become an instant authority on everything. Having been a teacher, and having had practical work and communication with many graduates and students, I have found excellent and accurate information on academic developments readily available. Unemployment, a federal responsibility, is related to the whole condition of the economy. Inadequate opportunities for education in the 1920’s and 1930’s were blamed ~for problems of employment and growth in the 1950’s. The economic council of Canada stressed the role of education in economic and cultural growth by calling for large-scale investments in education in the 1960’s. The council’s latest annual review speaks about the 1966’s as a decade of “vigourous educational mobilization” and affirms that “the main pay-off is yet to come.” The high level of education enjoyed in this province is an investment in the future, more than a cost, The Davis government has initiated employment programmes for students this ‘past summer e.g. in the department of environment, the department of lands and forests. The Davis government continues to prod the federal government for the problem of unemployment is theirs to a great extent.





There are two questions involved here. First there is the question of finding a permaneilt career for the student after graduation, and a career whictl will make-’ full use of the -special qualifications of the student. These special qualifications go beyond the narrow limits of professional and-technical training to include the greater maturity of outlook which the student should have gained during his years at university. This question of careers cannot be solved by treating’ students as an isolated group. Student employment is simply one facet of the whole problem of employment in the Ontario economy. When that economy is sensibly and humanely planned, when the resources of Ontario are developed to meet the needs of the people of Ontario, when public investment is used to ensure balanced and steady economic growth, when small businesses are protected from the over-powerful corporations, and when women are given their equal place in then unemployment will become unthe economy, necessary. And in a fully employed Ontario, students will find, not only jobs, but meaningful careers. The second question involves temporary jobs for students, while still students. A full employment policy is one way to approach this. As employment is reduced, the competition for temporary summer ‘jobs is eased and more of them become open to students. This is not all. It is +part of the NDP programme to expand the recreational facilities of the province. If the rivers, lakes, and forests are to be made available to the people of Ontario in a way that will protect them from destruction and pollution, their use will have to be planned, controlled, and super~ vised. This is one task, which, by its nature, is partitularly suited for student summer employment.








1 -. -..

‘I.-What would your party do to solve student unemployment and underemployment? 2.-Would you foresee any’ changes in the student financial systems (grants and loans)! ..LThere has been severe criticism of the cost of education in Ontario in that it comprises some 50 per

cent of the provincial budget. How do you and your party propose to (a} curb the rising costs and (b) make these institutions more accountable to the people?

cannot find jobs. Within two years, a new Liberal government will insist that the majority of the total teaching staff of each Ontario university be Canadian citizens. Within six years, that ratio must climb to two thirds. The president of any institution that does not meet these guidelines will have to explain himself to the human resources committee of the legislature. Over 45 percent of all students are receiving ontario student awards, including 2,500 Ontario graduate fellowships. Of those 46,006 students, only about 9,766 (21 percent) have parents whose gross family income is $4,006 or less. If nearly all of those 9,766 students are in our universities, while some 20 percent of our population Over 45 percent of all students are receiving Ontario student awards, including 2,500 Ontario graduate fellowships. Of theose 46,006 students, only about 9,706 (21 percent) have parents whose gross family income is $4,900 or less. If nearly all those 9,700 students are receiving student awards, then less-than ten percent of economically poor students are in our universities, while some 20 -percent of our population exists on incomes less than !$4,600 per year. Obviously, the

sons and daughters of the poor are badly underrepresented at university. The 1961 census showed that the wealthiest four percent of Canada’s families occupied 28 percent of the law school places and 22 percent of the medical places. A liberal department of education will promote and finance elective accessibility programs which will shift this balance in favour of the deserving students who may not be able to afford this kind of draduate work. The present OSAP must be supplemented by specific selected programs geared to the poorest of our people The rhetoric of “equality of educational opportunity” will have to be backed up with money.

People who talk about curbing the cost of education are often the same people who are proposing new services. and demanding increased financial support. The education cost spiral is j being curbed. The cost of suggestions for changes in educational services in the past few months adds up to over one billion dollars which would double the education budget if implemented. We need less elaborate facilities in our educational in our educational institutions and more utilitarian rooms, equipment etc. Current estimates for the provincial department of education control the cost of education through controlling the rate of increase in educational expenditure. This deceleration in the rate of increase in spending is being accomplished without reducing the number of dollars ,being spent on each pupil per year.

of improvement and prosperity is linked directly with our investment in education. Even in difficult periods, we, in Ontario, have the highest rate of employment in Canada. The 1971 Ontario government’s budget gives top priority to increasing job opportuities in Ontario. The operation of Canada Manpower and implications of federal policies. are being studied. Ontario’s direct contribution to relieving unemployment in the first half of this year was over $16 million and created an estimated 12000 jobs as well as employing 14000 students during the summer months. Increased job opportunities call for modernizing capital equipment in Ontario business and industry, including agriculture, and contributions by qualified personnel to increase productivity and reduce inflatioary pressures. A Task Force is currently investigating world-wide markets for Ontario products and know-how. Hon. Robert Welchstates that quality education for students of all ages is the first priority in the distribution of available money. Ontario intends to pay 60 per cent of the overall costs of elementary and secondary school education by 1972. An objective is to equalize the financial capability of widely different jurisdictions so that as far as possible no community will be penalized by its lack of assessment, A committee on the costs of education in the schools of Ontario is currently conducting a full review of the costs of education in relation to the aims, programmes and priorities of the educational system.



It is unlikely that there is another jurisdiction in ’ the world where university students have had it so good in terms of opportunities for higher education and financial assistance over the past decade. Since most students have reached eighteen+he age of majority-I foresee making s these students more responsible for their own future. I foresee students loans being made on the basis of the individual’s potential. The question of student involvement in the governing of universities is still being examined and I don’t think a perfect answer has been found. We welcome, however, the move to involve students in this way. Ontario’s school population growth has been among the highest of all the countries in the western world. Our level


This question is tied in directly with the previous one. If students are to find well-paid summer employment, the need for additional financial aid is not so great. But to some extent it will always be there and it is our policy that no student should be kept away from university by the lack of money. When a student is unable to meet the costs of a higher education, he must be assisted. This assistance will almost certainly take the form of some balance between direct grants and loans, although what precise form it would take would have to depend on the state of the economy at any particular time. Obviously more direct aid is necessary now, .when the economy is in recess, than will be necessary in a time of expansion and full employment.


The candidates’ answers questions above.

are numbered



First, we will merge the three present departments of education, colleges and universities, and correctional services into one department of education. The present duplications, overlaps, empirebuilding and administrative tails will be removed. Competitive tenders on buildings will be required and we expect to cut constructruction costs by some 20 percent. Increased accessibility to the people: the changes in financing already referred to will help form a new policy.




It would be very easy to reduce the cost of education in Ontario. It could be done quite simply by providing poorer education and making it available to fewer people. A much more difficult task is to expand the range and quality of education and, at the same time, limit any increase in the cost to the taxpayer. The NDP will attempt to do just this. One major contribution to this principle is our “Concept of Sharing” plan. This provides for the meeting together of seperate and public school boards to work out a sharing of such facilities and services as buildings, busses, technical equipment, and so on. It is also part of our programme to shift the burden of educational costs away from property taxes, which are a regressive form of taxation, and have I them increasingly taken up by the provincial government.



This will make it possible to provide better educational facilities in those areas where’, under the present system, municipalities are simply unable to raise the necessary money. At the primary school level, an NDP government will substantially increase the per-pupil grants, and reduce the number of pupils per teacher. As well it will *provide a system of voluntary pre-school institutions in which culturally deprived, economically disadvantaged children will be able to gain the experience and background necessary to benefit from the primary school system. In secondary education the system must be changed to develop students’ minds rather than their capacity to pass examinations. An NDP government will co-operate with the economic planning agencies of the government in assessing the nature of the skills required for the future so that vocational, trade, and technological courses can be shaped to provide them. The NDP also realises that much more education can take place outside the monolithic school system. At the university level, it is our experience that the present Ontario system of “formula financing” has led to many wasteful practices and distortions of objectives. Formula financing is responsible for the present over-production of graduate students, partitularly in the sciences, by giving universities an irresistable incentive to expand expensive facilities, with little consideration of the consequences to society as a whole. It is time to cut the losses and to move on. to a new basis of support which can relate to real university needs, the special qualities of particular universities, and the over-all resources the province may choose to devote to this aspect of education.