by Alex O’Grady Chevron staff “TO put
it mildly, we feel that some of the coordinators are incompetent,” said Dave Sharkey, chairman of the student advisory council on the coordination department. He was expressing the council’s disappointment towards coordination after thursday night’s meeting. He elaborated by saying that there was a lack of consistency in marking of work reports, some of them were negligent in consulting their students, and
were lackluster in finding new job openings. The council felt one of its main probelems was a lack of communication with the students. To alleviate this it will distribute a critique to all students at the end of their work term analysing their coordinator. Coordination director Bert Barber suggested that they be signed to assure honesty. This brought home the problem of the communication gap with great clqrity as the student would need assurance that his critique would not get past the
Sharkey SAC ; however, as pointed out, if he doesn’t know what the SAC is, how can he trust them? were Various suggestions made as to the methods of enlightening the student body on the functions or existence of the council. Some of these were the inception of bitch sessions with Barber, establishment of a suggestion box and, most comprehensively, a class-by-class instructive tour by council members. TO further complicate matters it was the consensus that most
students were unaware of their rights and privileges due to administration reticence. To rectify that situation the council is preparing a booklet to delineate the pros and cons of being in a cooperative system. Barber suggested they let his department write it up or hire some professional agency to do it as the students themselves were only amateurs and wouldn’t know what questions the pamphlet should answer. He elaborated expressing gratitude that students on SAC sould even consider working on
the booklet in view of their study requirements. One student questioned the cost of having the booklet done professionally and was assured that he need not worry about that. Just before the Chevron reporter was asked to leave (due Ito confidential eng-sot executive affairs being discussed), a future wine and cheese party at Barber’s house was announced. In summation Sharkey felt, “We’re not an effective council, we’re only acting -on trivial issues, not the main question of whether co-op education is effective”.
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TORONTO (CUP)-York University’s Glendon College thursday became the first Canadian campus to officially support this month’s Vietnam moratorium and Glendon officials made it clear the support was intended as a political act. Glendon principal Escott Reid broke a 23-23 deadlock in the college’s faculty council to approve the cancellation of all classes for the afternoon of november 13, after ruling out of
order a proposal that classes be cancelled on a voluntary basis. Seminars, films and speakers on the Vietnam conflict will replace the classes. On november 14, students at York University and the University of Toronto will boycott carry classes-unofficially-to on discussions of the war. A mass march by anti-war groups is also planned for Toronto on Saturday, november 15.
The, seven student council vacancies were filled thursday with turnouts ranging from about 6.6 percent in arts to 16 percent in engineering. Bill Carrothers, chemistry 3, took the one vacancy in science with 86 votes. George Greene, applied chemistry 2A, received 59, and 9 ballots were spoiled for the 11.7 percent turnout. Allan Lodberg, electrical 3B, and Bob Floyd, mechanical 3B, with 181 and 162 votes respectively, took the two engineering seats. George Wagner, civil 4A, received 152 votes, and Renzo Bernardini, electrical 2A, received 46. Seven ballots were spoiled. Sixteen percent of the in engineering eligible voters turned out for the election.
The two vacancies in the graduate constituency were taken by Gerald Fuller, civil engineering with 140 votes and Roger Kingsley, computer science, with 82. Bob Epp of computer science received 48, and 14 ballots were spoiled in the 9.9’percent turnout. There was a 6.6 percent turnout to fill the two arts vacancies, with Louis Silcox, sociology 3, receiving 124 votes, and Cyril Levitt, sociology 4, with 108. Vern Copeland, psych 4, received 91, and 6 ballots were spoiled. Jim Shawera, history 3, became the new arts society president, with 96 votes. Steve Earl, history 3, received 70 votes and 3 ballots were spoiled.
AUCC conference OTTAWA (CUP)-After two days of closed meetings, a banquet, six speeches and seven commission meetings, the 1969 national conference of the association of universities and colleges of Canada ended here thursday with conference and a cancelled press “nothing to say.” Reporters who showed up thursday afternoon for a wind-up press conference at Ottawa’s posh skyline hotel met a bare conference room: the AUCC board of governors, which met in secrecy for the two previous hours, decided they had nothing further to tell the press. “That’s about par for the course,” said a reporter for one large Toronto daily. ‘I just want to finish this story and get out of here.” “I’ve complained about it before, but it’s really hitting home to me now that it’s impossible to describe some situations. ” The 600 registered delegates to the
Edward Dube has been retained as watchdog (pro tern) to defend the Chevron staff from wrath of the reactionary right, the correct-line left and the great silent majority.
conference-including approximately 45 students-had dwindled to 150 people by the final day of the four-day affair, which began november 3. The conference basically provides a get-together for administrators from all Canadian universities, and is supposed to provide a forum for administrators’ ideas and problems concerning higher education. The first two days of the conference were closed to the public, as various administrative groups-planners, information directors, financial experts -compared experiences, exchanged thoughts on policy and made short statements to the press at short, carefully managed conferences. Altogether, the administrators conducted three hours of open deliberations at simultaneous commission meetings on financing, curriculum, university government, planning and employment practices. Few recommendations or state-
ments were forthcoming: l one commission suggested the AUCC consider “close working relationships with the national association of community colleges if and when it is formed” l another suggested that committees for reforming undergradreponsible uate curriculum should have representation “from all elements of the university community” l a committee on library resources “deplored the discontinuance of Canada council grants for support-ing research collections in libraries and urged their renewal” l a commission on university government reported nothing at all: just a “full and frank discussion.” All commission recommendations were accepted at a single, 45minute plenary thursday. No votes were taken: all recommendations were forwarded to the board. The only untoward incident of the
to suy’ conference occurred at -an official banquet Wednesday night, when four french-speaking students, delegates to the conference, interrupted guest speaker sentor Maurice Lamontagne. Before Lamontagne began his speech, one of the students took the microphone to question Lamontagne’s credentials as a “representative of Quebec. ’ ’ The student, wearing a sign proclaiming himself “a cuban agitator in Quebec, ” told the audience Lamontagne was “a demagogue-not part of the people’s struggle.” “He is a representative of Quebec’s universities-and Quebec universities are state universities,” the protestor said. The student returned the microphone to Lamontagne as diners chanted “speaker, speaker.” Theme of the conference was “The contemporary university: its idcolog\ . and commitments.”
Sir George principal suspends publication MONTREAL (CUP)--Sir George Williams University principal J.W. O’Brian bowed to student and faculty demands thursday and suspended publication of the Paper. whose editor was charged with libel last monday after the appearance of a racist cartoon in that day’s issue.
The paper is the joint publication of the Sir George and Loyola college evening students’ associations.
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“Under no circumstances will Sir George Williams tolerate the spread of racism,” O’Brian said, adding that, under current regulations, the evening students’ association did not maintain editorial control over the Paper.
“The ESA must accept responsibility for, and exercise authority over, any publication issued under its auspices: ” O’Brian said.
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Appearance of the cartoon monday threw the Sir George campus into an uproar-the edition of the Paper was publicly burned and editor Wayne Gray was charged with libel by a group of 38 faculty and students under a newly-created disciplinary code. The cartoon which caused the furor depicted two blacks-one carrying a machine gun-preparing to attend a black studies program at Sir George. The two were surrounded with skulls, shrunken heads and pennants reading “Mau mautech” and “Nigeria U. ’
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The name of the cartoonist is not yet known. Suspension of the Paper will remain in effect until ESA representatives “accept such responsibility and authority” over the publication, according to O’Brian. Meanwhile, protest over the incident continued at Sir George and neighboring McGill university. Black faculty at Sir George sued a demand that Gray and author of monday’s cartoon be missed from their positions, that the Paper remain under pension until charges against two were settled.
At McGill, 50 students met thursday over the incident. Carl Benjamin, a spokesman for black students at Sir George, read statements of support for the black community, and said he hoped the issue could be used to rally support behind students arrested following the destruction of the Sir George computer last february. The defendants in the computer affair will begin court appearances sometime after january 7. Sentiment is strong among blacks at McGill and Sir George that the issue of racism, which originally sparked last february’s incident, was never investigated. The question of racism, they say, was merely ignored during the hysteria which arose after destruction of the computer.
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The ‘block-and-tackle’ warriors closed their 1969 season with a fine 29-20 fourth quarter victory over the Western mustangs as they scored three touchdowns in the last fifteen minutes for the win. Rick Wiedenhoeft had an outstanding offensive game for uniwat as he caught two Dave Groves’ passes for touchdowns and contributed some fine inside running. His first touchdown tied the score 7-7 in the first quarter. It was a beautiful catch as he went right to the dead-ball line to The pass, make the reception. thrown by Groves, was equally
Puckers-about by Peter W. Armstrong Chevron staff
The ‘pucking about’ warriors came back strongly in the third period to defeat the Laurentian voyageurs 6-4 in the first of two weekend games Saturday. Although the warriors took control of the puck from the start of the first period, the voyageurs opened the scoring at 13:52. Ray Lamart beat Pete Paleczney and netminder Jim Weber to score on a one man effort. Five minutes later Rick Bacon scored his first of three goals on a two way passing play with The period ended Roger Kropf. l-l. The second period saw the quality of hockey degenerate as The 18 penalties were called. voyageurs opened the period hitting and the warriors tried to retaliate. By the six minute mark Laurentian had gone ahead 3-l. Their third goal was a result of warriors retaliating rather than playing the puck and was scored over Bob Thorpe who had been
Intra-squad basketball game goes tonight at 8pm in the gym. Athletic clubs have been formed in many activities. These are archery, badminton 7 curling, fencing, gymnastics, orienteering, rugger, skiing, squash and underwater. Contact the phys-ed department for details. The second half of the co-ed swim meet is tomorrow. All 100 yard strokes and 3 relays will be held. Entries for these and the men’s badminton singles on november 19 should be made at the phys ed office.
remarkable, reminiscent of the type Werner Von Braun threw while playing for the University of Florida. Western had gone ahead early in the game on a touchdown that the warriors handed them. On second and long yardage the mustang quarterback, Steve Stefanko, rolled out to look for a receiver. Just as he started to run he was knocked into touch by two warriors. But as he lay on the ground in front of the uniwat bench a third warrior pounced on him. The referee, standing right there, assessed the team a 15-yard penalty, giving Western a first down they would not have had otherwise. Western took advantage of this and threw deep to Doug Digby
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to the Waterloo four yard line. Jeff Hilton got the touchdown and Colossimo’s convert made it 7-O. The only other offensive highlight of the warriors’ first half was Paul Knill’s fine punting, which continued throughout the game. One of his kicks in the second half covered an amazing 95 yards for a single. Western added another touchdown in the first half. It was set up by a Groves’ fumble on the warrior one yard line. He was under great pressure and tried to throw the ball away but was unable to show a passing motion and it was ruled a fumble. Digby caught the touchdown pass to make it 13-7. Anyone who left at halftime figuring the game would be a repeat of last week’s fiasco missed
the only real display of ball control * and enthusiasm shown by the warriors all year. Early in the fourth quarter, with the score 20-8, Wiedenhoeft took a short toss from Groves for another six points. This was set up by a 20-yard punt return by Gord. McLellan, good runs by Chuck Wakefield and a clutch third down reverse by Dave Groves. That reverse was by far the best call the warriors made all season and suggests that there may have been a strategist hidden among us all year. Knill added his second convert of the day to shorten the mustangs’ lead to five points. Then came the surprise of the day. Knill’s kickoff was taken by Stew Behie who fumbled when hit bv Stu Koch and Andy Roy. The ball was recovered by Joe Sowieta who returned it for a touchdown. It was a just reward Laurentian led 1-O after one I for Sowieta who has played well for the defense all year. period on Pollard’s goal and 2-l Don Manahan scored the final after two. Warriors goal came touchdown on an over-the-middle from Ron Robinson after a good pass from Groves. Paul Colepass from McKegney. The secman’s interception and good runs ond voyageur goal was the reby Wakefield and Wiedenhoeft sult of a missed icing call, which set up the score. Knill’s convert typified the refereeing on Sunday. made it 29-20. The third period saw the voyThat nine point spread was ageurs run the warriors out of exactly what the mustangs had the rink taking a 5-l lead on goals beaten the warriors by earlier by men left uncovered in front this season. If the warriors could of the net. Bob Thorpe scored have scored another point they the game’s last goal but the would have finished fourth on the warriors lacked the drive to stage basis of the pointspread. a comeback. The third period on Saturday showed that * the optimism about this year’s ‘puckers-about is well founded but Sunday’s game showed that a some smoothness and coordination are still to come if the warriors are to be contenders this year. The warriors play two home MONTREAL (CUP)-The MC exhibition games this week. They Gill University moratorium comhost York on Wednesday and mittee will lead up to the second Waterloo Lutheran on friday at Vietnam moratorium november 8pm in Waterloo arena. 13-14 by “bringing the war home” -right to the Montreal area. The committee finalized plans Cooperation.. . Wednesday to simulate the “pacification” methods used by the begins at home U.S. army in Vietnam-with but gunfire and burnA committee to consider a co- everything ing houses-on a Quebec village. operative arrangement between village. Waterloo Lutheran and uniwat was announced recently by the Sometime next week, students dressed as members of the napresidents of both universities. tional liberation front in black Press releases were issued on pyjamas and broad-brimmed the same date by both univerconical hats will station themThe statements were sities. selves at the town’s main interidentical with one exception: section. where the names of the univerOverhead, a private plane will sities and the admin presidents drop leaflets onto the village saywere mentioned, uniwat’s release ing: “your village is going to be gave Waterloo Lutheran second pacified.. . .the Viet Cong have billing, and Lutheran did the been seen living here. You have same for uniwat.
split with Lavrentian felled by a high stick in front of the net. Rick Bacon scored again at lo:05 after digging the puck out from behind the net, Kent Pollard gave voyageurs a 4-2 lead before the period degenerated into a donnybrook. The warriors forechecked the voyageurs into the ice in the third period and controlled the play for the entire period. Bacon and Bob Reade scored to tie the game by the four minute mark. Rick Maloney stole the puck in front of the voyageur net and scored the winner unassisted. Dave Rudge added the insurance goal at 18:43. The warriors outskated and outplayed the voyageurs for the entire game, outshooting them 54 to 20. The voyageurs seemed better coordinated as a team but they have played together for about three weeks longer than the warriors. The warriors had a little difficulty with the power play and did not finish their plays with the authority with which they controlled the play. Their penalty killing was exceptional j and another fine game was turne’d in by Ian McKegney. It must also be mentioned that Laurentian goalie Grace was instrumental in keeping the score respectable. Sunday afternoon’s game was a totally different story than the third period Saturday. The warriors were outskated, outhustled and outscored by 5-2. They were outshot 41 to 31 and Ian Scott played well in the warrior nets, several breakaways. stopping Orest Romashyna was quite good on defense.
Knill did try to kick for it at the end of the game but the mustangs ran the ball out of the endzone and with that took fourth place. The warriors, after playing their normal lackluster ball game for three quarters, exploded in the fourth. With that explosion they showed the type of ball they could have been playing all year with the proper enthusiasm and leadership. True, they were helped saturday by two fourth-quarter fumbles and one interception but it was nice to see the warriors making the breaks go their way for a change. Some of the warriors were exceptional Saturday. Stu Koch was again incomparable at corner linebacker and the defensive backs, especially Andy Roy and Ian Woods, were aggressive. Wiedenhoeft led the offense and got assistance from Chuck Wakefield and flurries of brilliance from Dave Groves. McLellan was outstanding on punt returns. The offensive blocking provided the best running holes of the year for the warrior’s backfield. (Wasn’t it amazing that Wayne Fox didn’t start the game at flanker after he led the offense last time we played Western. ) Only one question remains, “Did the 1969 warriors have to save their best quarter of football for their last? ”
McGill students pose pacification
24 hours to get out before destruction. Go to the nearest government camp, where we will protect you. ” The note will add: “if you were now in Vietnam, this message would be for real.” Truckloads of “U.S. army troops” will enter the town, capture the NLF members, rope them together in two chain gangs, and march them back to the trucks, while the troops force all citizens to evacuate the village. All participants will then clean up the leaflets. The organizers hope the simulation will “effectively dramatize the nature of the american pacification program” and draw attention to the upcoming moratorium. Organizers will not announce the name of the Quebec “target“’ in advance. 11 november’1969
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OTTAWA (CUP)-Canadian university administrators wednesday waffled in the face of a plea to give more assistance to Canadian graduate and post-graduate students seeking employment in their own country, and finally wriggled out of discussion by suggesting that a study be done of the problem, The administrators, meeting in an association of universities and colleges of Canada conference commission on university employment practices and job opportunities for graduate students, gave little sympathy to requests made in a 43-page brief recommending immediate action by the AUCC to help relieve a job squeeze on aspiring Canadian academics. Prepared by A.M. Smolensky, graduate students’ association president at the University of British Columbia, the brief said 5039 advanced degrees were granted by Canadian universities in 1967-but only 362 out of 2611
academics hired by Canadian universities the next year were Canadian. Smolensky recommended that the Canadian government discontinue a current two-year waiver of taxes now granted to foreign academics teaching at Canadian universities, and that the AUCC “act so as to assure maximum utilization and an adequate of graduates. ” But administrators thought differently. PhD students should become less specialized if they want jobs, said R.J. Rossiter, dean of graduate studies at the University of ‘Western Ontario-PhD students should become more specialized instead, said Robert Bell, dean of graduate studies at McGill University . The delegates agreed universities should publicize openings on staff more widely-but they also agreed it would be difficult “alma-materism” to eliminate -personal contact-in hiring pol-
employment icies. The commissioners skipped over a proposal that universities abolish tenure in favor of fiverenewable contracts to year, open up academic positions to more completition. Even Smolensky approved as the commission decided that calling for an end to the federal government’s tax waiver was too
harsh a measure, and decided instead to ask the government to “reassess its policy.” The commission’s recommendations went before an AUCC plenary thursday, the final day of the conference-no opposition was expected. The conference held open meetings only on the last two days of its four-day session.
Conrad Grebel residence is getting more liberal every year. A few years ago the students succeeded in obtaining permission to hold open house once a month on sunday afternoon with room doors open. This fall the students agreed upon and immediately put into effect open house every weekend on friday, Saturday and sunday evenings when doors could be closed. On november 2 college pres-
liberal ident Winfield Fretz told the students to go back to the hours agreed upon last year (7-10 fridays) pending official approval by faculty council. This caused considerable concern among the students and various meetings were held last week including a student council meeting monday with a large galley. However, faculty council thursday gave the desired hours with the exception that open house closes at twelve rather than one or two as students wished.
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O’l”l’~I W A ( (‘[JP J-Administratars and students held a “full and t’r:rnk discussion of the structures of university government*’ wedncsda y . Rut’ they made no recommendations to’ the full plenary of the association of universities and colleges of Canada national conference here. Even then, the discussion “wasn’t very concrete,” reported A. Davidson Dunton, chairman of the AUCC commission \ supposed to “evaluate” recent
decisionchanges in university making. Instead, commission members debated whether parity at the departmental level of the university would encourage more in university student interest affairs, or whether more student interest in university affairs would encourage the adoption of parity. The structures commission drew more student participation than any other AUCC discussion group-most of the 40 students
registered as accredited delegates or observers at the conference. Bob Rae, a former student member of the University of Toronto’s commission on university government, caused momentary discomfort when he made a reference to Simon Fraser University’s department of political science, sociology and anthropology-the only uni-
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departmental level, rather than the upper reaches of university government, was the main area of student concern, and the probable area where students would demand increased representation in the future. “Students have no interest in being on the snow removal committee,” one delegate said, “but they do care about curriculum.” ”
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. HE ORIGINS OF THE PRESENT war in Vietnam go back to the struggle for vietnamese independence against a french colonial regime in the 1940’s and 1950’s, one of many such revolutionary movements which developed in the third world during and after world war II. The Vietnamese revolution was peculiar in one respect, however-its leadership was communist. Years before, the father of the Vietnamese independence movement, Ho Chi Minh, had decided that communist doctrine and discipline offered the best means of overthrowing french rule. Notwithstanding Ho Chi Minh’s commitment to communism, the american government under Franklin D. Roosevelt provided aid and assistance to the movement during the second world war, in order to defeat a common enemy, the japanese, who were . then occupying Vietnam. After the war the french tried to restore their colonial regime in Vietnam using a Vietnamese collaborator, Bao Da&-a policy which brought them into direct conflict with Ho Chi Minh and his colleagues, who were trying to establish an independent nation. Fighting began in 1946, after the french shelled the city of Haiphong. The ensuing Vietnamese war for independence was, like the american revolution, also a civil war in which many Vietnamese fought on the side of the french colonialists. In the meantime, the changing shape of world politics had changed american policy toward Vietnam. As the United States became more and more committed to a cold war against “communism”, support began to develop in America for the french colonial effort in Vietnam. Following Mao Tse Tung’s triumph in China in 1949 and the outbreak of the korean war in 1950, the american public tended to identify all communists as part of an international conspiracy to conquer the world. It was in this atmosphere that the american government began to finance the french effort in Vietnam paying 80 percent of the military cost of the war in the years from 1950 to 1954.
In spite of american aid, however, the french gave up the struggle in 1954 and agreed to settle the conflict peaceably at an international conference in Geneva, attended by the major powers of the world. The Geneva accords provided for a ceasefire and regroupment of military forces into provisional northern and southern zones, divided, at the 17th parallel. Implementation of the ceasefire and regroupment agreements were to be overseen by an international control commission composed of representatives from one western nation, Canada, one communist nation, Poland, and one neutral, India. The commission was also to supervise the implementation of the political agreements reached at Geneva, which included nationwide elections to be held in two years to establish a permanent vietnamese government. By dividing the country into provisional zones, the accords prevented the immediate coming to power of a vietminh government for all Vietnam, which had seemed inevitable given the french unwillingness to continue fighting. But the common
assumption was that they had only delalyed this outcome, since the vietminh appeared certain to win the elections in 1956. For this reason the american government refused to join France, Britain, Russia and China in rattfying the accords. It did, however, make a unilateral declaration not to interfere with them. American policy from 1954 on was to render permanent the temporary situation created by the accords, a divided Vietnam, and thus avoid the end to which their political terms seemed inevitably to point, a Vietnam united under communist leadership. The United States government had already pressured France into having Bao Dai appoint as his premier Ngo Dien Diem, who had remained out of the country during the revolutionary struggle. After the Geneva Conference; Diem cooperated with the United States to substitute american for french influence in the southern zone of Vietnam. By 1955 he had replaced Bao Dai as head of government and was in a position to reject the overtures of Ho Chi Minh’s government in Hanoi for discussions of the nationwide elections projected by the Geneva accords. Recognizing that he would lose the elections Diem took the position that since his government had not approved the accords, it was not bound by them. Although this stand conflicted with the language of the accords which bound the french agents in Vietnam, or their successors, the international control commission, including Canada, made no effort to force the Diem government to conform with the political terms providing for national elections. The Geneva accords also allowed Vietnamese to transfer from one zone to another if they chose. A substantial portion of the catholic community living in the northern zone-roughly three quarters of a million people-emigrated to the south so that they might live under a government headed by a fellow catholic rather than by the communist, Ho Chi Minh. It was largely these militantly anti-communist catholic emigres whom Diem drew upon to stafl his government and. who provided the principal basis of support for that government. ’ In 1956, as the time for the elections came ant went, Diem sent his appointees into the villages oj the southern zone to replace the officials who hat previously been locally elected. The unpopularity of the Saigon officials in the villages, many oj whom were corrupt, was one condition leading tc a resumption of the Vietnamese revolution. A second condition was Diem’s effort to crush all political opposition to his government, noncommunist, as well as communist. The methods used, destruction of hostile villages, arbitrary arrest of suspected dissidents, concentration camps, executions, etc., are those commonly associated with communist governments, and make it clear that the Diem regime equalled Ho Chi Minh’s government in the northern zone in ruthlessness and brutality, if it did not surpass it. The former vietminh whom Diem was trying to destroy renewed the revolutionary struggle in the southern zone. The most spectacular though not the most significant aspect of this revolution was the rebels “terroristic” attacks on the Saigon officials in the villages. This was simply rpart of the larger struggle between the government and the 1 c
Historical per: I the United SI -ing to undo c takes and “sa\ nam.To do it, willingtodest -esel nation aI rebels for the control and support of the people, a struggle which the rebels began to win. Unless a government is extraordinarily alienated from a large portion of its people no revolutionary movement can hope to succeed. As one leader of the movements for algerian independence put it: Revolutionary warfare does not require simpiy discontent among the masses but a sense of desperation and a grin determination to end injustice and humiliation. It demands patience with prolonged suffering and a determined conspiracy of silence and militant y.
By the end of the 1950’s the revolution had gathered sufficient momentum for the Hanoi government to recognize the southern rebels and provide assistance in organizing the struggle. Believing like all Vietnamese, including Diem that Vietnam was one country and that they had been cheated of the fruits of their victory in 1954, Ho Chi Minh and his colleagues probably had no qualms about interfering in affairs in the south. But plagued with internal difficulties of their own and uncertain about the success of the revolution in the South, they were slow to come to its assistance. After 1959, they began to send southern vietminh who had been regrouped in 1954 back to their local communities in the south to fight in the revolution. In 1960 they helped the southern rebels to form the national liberation front, a coalition of anti-Diem groups under communist leadership. North Vietnamese assistance was still limited, however. As late as 1963, general Paul D. Harkins commander of the american forces in Vietnam admitted: “The guerrillas are obviously not being reinforced or supplied systematically from North Vietnam, China or any other place. ”
In the meantime, the american military commitment in Vietnam was increasing. At first the United States simply trained the south Vietnamese army and supplied it with weapons. But after 1960 the number of military personnel was increased ‘and gradually americans began to participate more and more in the war itself. By the beginning of 1965, there were 23,006 american military personnel in Vietnam. As the United States ,commitment grew in the early 1960’s there was evidently american pressure on Canada for greater support for her effort. Although Canada had with the other members of the international control commission allowed the United States and Diem to sabatoge the political terms of the accords in 1956, the Canadian representative did sign reports in 1957 and 1962 condemning other american violations of the accords. But squadron leader Hugh Campbell, who ser-
ved with the comm tified that he was ignore american v period. In 1965, when tht calations of the w american action b of it. In spite of the in port, the position to deteriorate to th ernment became (: the war. When Washingtc ment would be F Diem’s army depc tablished a militar: The NLF contini by 1964 was on the government, now decided to avert tl intervention. The P of 1964 by sending into the territoria Vietnamese gover Vietnamese comm; Even after a nor intercepted sugges on the destroyers. to penetrate nortl this penetration tl been attacked, bu place has never bet The Johnson ad] by bombing North introducing into Tonkin resolution up before any inc ority “to take al any armed attack States and to prev! Johnson refusec of this authority mising the amer going to send arnt miles away frorr ought to be doing I But in 1965 th send large numb1 to Vietnam and were more than the same time t both North Vie1 areas in South Vie The justificatio the war was a w nam. As it turn own figure of th b
pective proves Hes is attempt xades of mis9 face” in Viet:hey are even oythevietnam
d pedem from 1961 to 1963, has tesucted by his superiors to Ins of the accords in that ed States began major esurada fully supported the the commission and out ed american military supSaigon regime continued t where the american govzed that Diem would lose laled that a new governle in Saigon, leaders of nd murdered him and esto rule in his place. gain ground,however, and of victory. The american !d by president Johnson, eat by a massive miliatry LS prepared in the summer can destroyers repeatedly rs claimed by the North near the site of a south iid on the North. namese message had been le probability of an attack were ordered once more amese waters. Following royers reported they had her an actual attack took Ily determined. -ation however responded am for the first time and gulf of ngress the it had apparently drawn occurred, giving it authssary measures to repel ;t the forces of the United ;her aggression. ” mmit himself on the use f election campaign proeople that “We are not boys nine or ten thousand I to do what asian boys nselves. ’ ’ ministration did begin to american combat troops 3 end of the year there fighting men there. At ,ernment began to bomb and the NLF-controlled the new policy was that aggression by North Viethowever, the pentagon’s ber of north Vietnamese d
regular troops fighting in South Vietnam was 400 at the time of the american escalation, a time when the United States already had 25,000 of its Moreover, the claim own troops in Vietnam. totally ignored the fact that Vietnam was one and not two countries. The north Vietnamese began to commit their troops in the south as the american military buildups continued, though at a much slower In 1967, when the size of the american rate. force approached half a million men, the pentagon estimated that there were 50,000 to 60,000 north Vietnamese troops fighting in the south.
Fun and more games As the magnitude of the war increased so too did the damage to the society. The american policy of search-and-destroy missions and indiscriminate bombing of NLF-controlled areas demolished villages, killing and wounding combatants and non-combatants alike and transforming a substantial portion of the south vietnamese into refugees. In the fall of 1967 a senate investigating committee estimated the yearly toll of civilian casualties in Vietnam at about 150,000 persons; the total number of refugees at that time was estimated at about four million persons, one fourth of South Vietnam’s entire population. The committee concluded from its investigations that most of the casualties and refugees were the result of american military action. At about the same time the director, co-director and five other workers from the international volunteer service program in South Vietnam, who had spent years doing humanitarian work there, resigned in protest against american military policy. In a letter to president Johnson signed by forty-three of the IVS workers they wrote that “to stay in Vietnam and remain silent is to fail to respond to the first need of the Vietnamese people-peace. ” “The war itself,” they went on to say, “is an overwhelming atrocity.” According to the letter, the massive destruction in South Vietnam created a widespread Vietnamese hatred of the United States and the Saigon regime. The efforts of the Saigon government to legitimatize itself do not appear to have offset this hatred. The elections held under a new constitution in the fall of 1967 were regarded as meaningless by a large portion of the south Vietnamese population, because all serious contenders to the military ticket were ruled off the ballot in advance and because there were widespread irregularities both during the campaign and in the election itself.
The committee of the south Vietnamese assembly which investigated the elections recomm,ended ;ixteen to three against their validation, and the nilitary junta had to exert all its influence to <et the assembly to accept them. In the spring of 1968 general Nguyen Cao Ky, who arranged the elections and was elected the Iresident in them, told a european correspondent: ‘Our last elections was a loss of time and money, 1 mockery. They were useful to elect a regime which is wrong and corrupted and weak.” Ky might have added that the elections merely confirmed in power a junta of military leaders ncluding himself who fought with the french n the war of independence and are consequently segarded by many Vietnamese as Benedict Arnold was by americans after their revolution. Furthermore, the elected government like the governments before it, is a government of landords in a country where there are large num)ers of, landless peasants whose strongest desire s for land of their own to till. Finally, the government is every bit as dictatorial and repressive as the Diem regime was. In violation of the constitution the press is censored and enormous numbers of political persons are held without trial. A recent investigation of south Vietnamese prisons revealed among other things that torture is commonly used to maintain discipline, that large numbers of children are being held under barbarous conditions, and that most of the prisoners are not adherents of the NLF. Among the prisoners is the‘ runner-up presidential candidate in the elections of 1967, Trong Dinh Dzu. The crime for which he was sentenced five years was advocating peace talks with the NLF.
The weaknesses of the Saigon governmen:. has meant that as the society was more and more ?olarized between the NLF and the government gy the intensified revoluntionary conflict, NLF strength increased in spite of the toll taken by american firepower. By early 1968 the United States claimed to have killed over a quarter of a million enemy troops but the “enemy” was stronger than ever. This was forcibly brought home in the Tet offensive in february of 1968, in which virtually all the cities of South Vietnam were attacked, several were captured and one, the ancient capital of Hue, was held for twenty-five days against a bombing and artillery attack which destroyed four-fifths of the city. The damage wrought not only to Hue but to all of Vietnam during the Tet offensive surpassed everything which had gone before. The comments of an american major about the city of Ben Tre seemed to characterize the entire american “It became necessary to effort in Vietnam: clrestro
The Tet offensive also shattered the confidence of the american people in the ability of their government to achieve a military victory in Vietnam and precipitated a financial crisis in The United States. This eventually drove the Johnson administration to seek peace negotiations through the halting of the bombing of North Vietnam. The peace negotiations began in Paris in the fall of 1968,
jut stalled on the american government’s unwillingness to abandon its policy of undeviating upport for the Saigon regime. Recently on a trip to Vietnam, president Nixon lamed the leader of that government, Nguyen Jan Thieu, as one of the great statesmen of our ime. It seems obvious that the NLF and the iorth Vietnamese will not agree to a settlement which includes the present leadership of the Saigon regime.
The nam.e of the game In the meantime destruction has continued to rain down upon South Vietnam. Although the Nixon administration has reduced the numbers of american troops in Vietnam slightly, it continued the policy of search-and destroy missions until last august, when public pressure against the war forced it to minimize american casualties. The bombing of South Vietnam has been intensified. By the end of this year the United States will have dropped more than twice the tonnage of bombs it dropped in all theaters throughout world war II. B52 raids alone were reported to have torn about “two-and-a-half million holes forty-five feet in diameter and thirty-feet deep-holes that are now filled with water and are breeding grounds for malarial mosquitoes. ” The United States is also engaging in an unparalleled destruction of land through the use of chemical agents. Last may senator Vance Hartke, on the basis of material supplied by the pentagon, stated: “By the end of the calendar year, if one projects the figures, the loss of croplands _(in Vietnam) will total more than half a million acres, and the total acreage treated with destructive chemicals will exceed three and a half million acres. ’ ’ The permanent ecological damage to the society aside, it is no wonder that South Vietnam has been converted from an area which exported rice to one which must import almost a million tons yearly from the United States to survive. *And this is only a single aspect of the devasting effect the war has had in the Vietnamese economy and culture. What are the human facts behind these statistics? A recent american friend services committee white paper on Vietnam, based on the reports of their workers in the countryside, puts the matter succinctly: “the cumulative result of U.S. involvement (on top of 25 years of warfare) borders not on Vietnam’s salvation but on its death.” This is the consequence of a decade and a half of american intervention in a civil war in a country on the other side of the globe. The significant question for the world community now reduces itself to this: Shall the United States be allowed to kill South Vietnam in order to save its own face? by Chaplein Chaplein tory
of affairs in
a moritorium of
7 I november
feature address involvelt is pres-
7969 f 10:30)
This week in the sandbox
graduates Permanent employment interviews will be in progress If you have not signed for employment interviews, you 1969 in order to participate in the Nov.- Dec. interviews.
from Nov. 17-Dec. must do so by Nov.
Placement centre 6th Floor Math and Computer Bldg.
You may as well hit the books for the next week or so-the entertainment scene at uniwat looks pretty sad. The line-up is something like this: TONIGHT--Snap-a-cap pub in the campus center sponsored by the class of 71. TOMORROW-stage band, a noon hour concert of modern music featuring jazz and rock, in the arts theater-sponsored by the creative arts board. TOMORROW AFTERNOON-Distinguished lecture series features William J. Lederer speaking on America and the world. Lederer is the author of The ugly american and A nation of sheep. SATURDAY-a dance in the food services building featuring The brass union. Starts at 8:30 p.m. Movies in the Kitchener-Waterloo area.are not exactly exciting either, except perhaps for A/ice’s restaurant which hopefully opens tomorrow. LYRIC (124 King street, Kitchener, 742-0911). The Libertine closes tonight. Hopefully, A/ice’s restaurant, the movie version of Arlo Guthrie’s underground hit record starts tomorrow. Arlo plays himself in this chronicle of how one happy-go-lucky hippie fol-ksinger beats the draft. Arthur Penn of Bonnie and Clyde.fame directs CAPITOL (90 King east, Kitchener, 578-3800). A double bill of Three into two won’t go and Better a widow. The former is a comedy about extra marital affairs starring Rod Steiger and Claire Bloom. Shortly after the film was produced, Steiger and Bloom announced the break-up of their own (real life) marriage. Better a widow is a so-called comedy which flops badly. The body-beautiful of Virna Lisi, however overexposed can’t even save this one. FOX (161 King east, Kitchener, 745-7091) Despite rumours that Medium coo/ was to start this week, Easy rider is proving too great a box office success to pull out. As we all know it’s the cool movie of the year with something for everyone-rock music, souped-up bikes, drugs and disillusionmentwhich is probably why it’s cleaning up. WATERLOO (24 King north, Waterloo, 576-1550) You’ve got just two more days to see The /ion in winter, the costume drama starring Peter O’Toole as Henry II and Katherine Hepburn as his wife, Eleanor of Aquitane. This is an over-acted cheapie movie abounding in bad dialog and trivial intrigues. It’s an impressionistic satirical summing up of the 1914 war, loosely based on the Joan Littlewood stage show. Director Attenborough has brought together a star-studded cast which includes among others, Laurence Olivier, John Mills, and Vanessa Redgrave. A few fresh ideas have been added by Attenborough which generally make for a good production. ODEON (I2 King west, Kitchener, 742-9169). The battle of Britain a super production about the air war over England in the Longest day style closes tonight. It too has a star studded cast which includes Laurence Olivier, Michael Redgrave and Michael Caine. Two Clint Eastwood movies open tomorrow. The good, the bad and the ugly is the last of the spaghetti westerns, that made Eastwood a star. Running about an hour too long it includes just about every cliche in the book. From this point of view it’s one of the funniest movies playing right now. Hang’em high is more or less along the lines of Eastwood’s earlier epics, except that it’s a Hollywood production. Old Clint actually has a name in this one and manages to change his expression a couple of times. He‘gets hung in the first five minutes of the movie, and after that the action never lags. FAIRVIEW (Fairview shopping plaza, Kitchener, 578-0600) Back for the umpteenth time is Gone with the wind. This classic, which first hit the screen in 1938, is one of the highest grossing movies in Hollywood history, right up there with Sound of music. It stars Clark Gable, Vivian Leigh and a host of others, many of whom have long since vanished from the face of this earth.
NOON CONCERT StageBand - Modern Music featuring both Jazz & Rock Stylings AYLMER
November 12th, 12:15P.M. Admission -Free Theatre of the Arts ’ Wednesday November
l&4: 15 p.m.
co-author of “The Ugly American” Author of “A Nation of Sheep” HI-C FARIVI HOUSE
FRU T DRIP KS 48 OZ.
Waterloo UNIVERSITY 0
500 the Chevron
Foodliner AT KING
“America and the World: A New Direction” Admission-Lecture
series Card-50c at door
Theatre of the Arts Autographing session with William J. Ledefer, Author at the Bookstore, Nov. 13th 2-3:30 p.m.
The Easter egg
Plot ridiculous by D. Bowden
Chevron staff The easter
egg, a play in three short. acts, was presented thursday night in the arts theater-ho hum. After the first ten minutes I thought I had made a mistakesurely I was witnessing the first rehearsal of the play. But no, it was for real. I had the program in my hands, and there was an audience of fifty or sixty people (which decreased expoentially as the intermissions increased). Due to circumstances beyond my control, I was unable to slip away, and so I resigned myself to paying halfhearted attention to the stage antics. The other half I turned toward trying to fill the vacuum which boredom always brings with it. I sat back, crossed my arms, closed one eye, and tried to play a game of chess in my head. White moves pawn to king 4, and black, deciding upon the french defence, moves pawn to king 3. The second move is pretty much automatic. White: pawn to queen 4. Black: pawn to queen 4. (Incidentally, the play concerns a 22-year old who is kept mentally imprisoned by his money-hungry and social-climbing stepmother.) White sees the possibility of establishing a strong pawn position in enemy territory and moves: pawn to king 5. Black, however, attacks white’s position by pawn
but... to queen’s bishop 4. A good move. ( Mean while, the stepmother’s sister is trying to trap her beau, a sadistic and addlepated anglican clergyman, into a proposal of marriage. He proposes, and she accepts. ) White now shores up his pa.wn structure with pawn to queen’s bishop 3. But black continues the attack with knight to queen’s bishop 3. White defends with knight to king’s bishop 3, but black presses on with queen to knight 3! Another good move. (Apparently, the young man is in this confused mental state because long ago he had witnessed his father’s suicide. For some reason an ornate, glass easter egg was buried, and for some other reason, only slightly more understandable, a dead cat was buried at the same spot. ) White feels he has time to prepare for castling, and moves his bishop to king 2. But black is not ready to quit yet, and there follows: /pawn takes pawn. (But eventually both the dead cat and the easter egg are dug up. Upon seeing the iatter, the young man is miraculously cured and proposes marriage to his stepmother’s sister, who accepts. The good guys win and the bad guys lose. The clever twist is that all of them are quite obviously insane! ) White responds, of course, with pawn takes pawn.
by Bella Loon Chevron
production of by Canadian playwright James Reaney is a change from the groups usual program of highly stylized morality plays. ’ The easter egg, however, is an unfortunate choice. James Reaney may be a great poet but a play demands more than beautiful verse. This play was saved from total obscurity only by the acting ability of the group and the admirable direction of Judith Hinchcliffe. The whole company worked hard to make a smooth, total production of Reaney’s choppy plot especially Saskia Tuyn as the widow and Kenneth Lavigue as the retarded son. Pat Connor maintained the fine line between the maudlin and the farcical, and was consequently able to convey honesty to lines such as “Oh Kenneth, you mustn’t be so cruel, you must always love people”. Stephen Haller as Ira Hill, and Fred Tierney as George Sloan, both impotent though in different senses of the word, provided comic relief and the few touches of
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truth in this otherwise unbelievable play. My main criticism of this production is aimed at the author rather than the group. One method of getting ideas adross is to abstract them by means of symbols. Symbols are or should be subconscious emphases and reiteration of concrete themes. Unfortunately Reaney has goofed in this area. His use of symbolism is heavy-handed and self-conscious and one gets the feeling he is saying, “now I will use a symbol of power, look everyone the necklace is a symbol of power.” Generally the’ symbolism is illtimed, does not follow logically or fit smoothly. It tends to jump out of context and bludgeon the audience (like the Chevron). The play needs a number of rewrites, or a co-author who understands the difference between good poetry and good theater. All in all, the actors and director admirably made the most of a poor play. It is wonderful to make use of Canadian talent, but surely there must be far better Canadian plays than this one.
1 I november
-SW strikers BURNABY (CUP)-The strike at Simon Fraser University is over, but the tribulations of faculty and students in the department of political science, sociology and anthropology may have just begun. Approximately 150 PSA strikers voted last tuesday to end their confrontation with the SFU administration, 41 dAys after administration president Kenneth Strand forced the conflict over restoration of autonomy to the only university department in Canada which had instituted complete student parity. After the vote to end the strike, the eight faculty offered to help students catch up in their work-provided it did not violate suspension regulations imposed on them two weeks after the strike began September 24. But SFU arts dean Dale Sullivan reminded the striker’s Wednesday of an academic senate decision made October 9, cancelling all but one PSA class taught by suspended f acuity .
to .end confrontation
Students who did not transfer to special courses in other university departments-thereby deserting the strike -will not receive academic credit for their work this semester. But the professors were told by Sullivan Wednesday they can “teach anything they want-it is unofficial.” Three of the professors are still under a court injunction issued October 24 forbidding the profs to “obstruct any campus facility.” Some of the PSA students have carried on studies since the beginning of the strike anyway-in counter courses set up to “provide an alternative to Strand’s university.” “The irony of it is that some of us are working harder on the counter course than we would have on the original,” said professor Nathan Popkin, whose class has carried on a survey of ‘canadian attitudes toward their Canadian identity and toward foreign economic influences.
“We were doing something we are really interested in,” he said. When the survey questionnaire is prepared, Popkin and his students will send letters to all students enrolled in Popkin’s original course, inviting them to aid in the survey work. Popkin said his seven striking colleagues still face hearings into their suspensions by a committee of the SFU board of governors, and also face simultaneous dismissal proceedings. The hearings are set to begin november 17, over objections that board chairman Richard’ Lester bas prejudged their cases. Presumably, the end of the PSA strike will also mean the end of the student parity arrangements which inspired the original administrative clampdown on the department last summer. The administration refused to accept tenure recommendations made by the parity student-faculty committee in the
PSA department, and used its own tenure committee to demote, fire or place PSA professors on probation. Students and faculty in the department demanded that Strand and the administration at least begin negotiations to reverse the decisions and remove the administrative trusteeship imposed prior to the tenure reversals. Strand’s continued refusal forced the strike, which at its peak was supported by students in history, english and philosophy with vocal support from other university departments at Simon Fraser and across the country. In Ottawa, Strand had no comment on the end of the strike-he said he had onl$ been informed by telephone of the event. Strand was attending the annual conference of the association of universities and colleges of Canada, which lasted from november 3 to 6. He was scheduled to fly back to SFU friday.
campus nature watchers have discovered a veritable grassroots revolution among the campus wildlife. A pack of muskrats have inhabited ial sick;bay adjacent to the sterile infirmary. These anarch,istic night wanderers seem determined to stay despite physical-plant’s planning,
AUCC non-committed OTTAWA (CUP)-Students are finding out more about life outside the classroom than inside it, a University of Toronto professor told the commission on undergraduate curriculum reforms at the association of universities and colleges of Canada conference here Wednesday. The 100 person at the commission, one of seven which reported to the plenary of the AUCC national meeting thursday, agreed
with prof Gerald McGuigan on that point. But they were not so willing to concede his corollary that “we are ignoring the problems we have to face, we can’t continue to view the university in the old ways. ” “We discussed....how change, fundemental and sometime,; change, is possible in Canadian Dennis Healy, universities,” academic vicepresident at York
MONTREAL (CUP)-A meeting of the Loyola College senate degenerated into pandemonium thursday as the college’s administration called police onto the campus to eject student president Marcel Nouvet. But an angry group of more than 50 students, crowded outside the senate room, blocking police attempts to carry the handcuffed president out of the building. Loyola officials, trapped in the meeting, finally agreed to call off the -police if Nouvet dispersed the crowd and stayed off campus until friday. The grotesque scenario began as dean of students Roderick Shearer accused Nouvet of disrupting the meeting, called to defend a clampdown on protests in support of dismissed physics The administration professor S.A. Santhanam. dictum was issued Wednesday, after Santhanam refused an administration offer of $10,000 and the . rest of a $16,000 grant to leave the campus. From a gallery seat, Nouvet angered senators by interrupting their debate, and refused to leave the meeting at the request of administration president Patrick Malone.
502 the Chevron
bn undergrad University and chairman of the commission, told a press conference following the commission. But the arts i and II program at the university of British Columbia-which Healy used as an example of the kind of change he meant, and which McGuigan worked on and discussed in the commission-was not accepted as any kind of alternative by the delegates. Arts I and II are “semi-
Nouvet again refused to leave at Shearer’s request, but even senate members were visibly shocked when seven police constables turned up at the meeting to cart the student president away. The police grabbed Nouvet-who was linked armin-arm with his brother and his mother, Loyola professor Margaret Anderson-and Hauled him’ to the door ini handcuffs amidst rapidly-growing chaos. But students outside the chambers, screaming for Nouvet’s release, would not let police take him to their cars, and inside the senate meeting, faculty and students implored Shearer to withdraw the police. After 20 minutes of confusion, the dean of students agreed to set Nouvet free and promised no charges would be laid against him. By the time things settled down, three senators had walked out of the meeting, and several professors have since indicated they will resign from the body over the incident. Nouvet, in defiance of last Wednesday’s prohibition against protests, has called a mass m_eeting of students for November 12.
free-school” projects modelled after experiments in american universities. Approximately 240 first-year students at UBC enrolled in the programs, which demand three-fifths of their credit time be spent on a “themeoriented” program abolishing normal restrictions of exams, rigid curricula and lectures. McGuigan described it as “merely an alternative channel . . .so everybody doesn’t go through the same mold.” Other delegates said 3 valid evaluation of the project couldn’t be made because a random sample hadn’t been used-the students and faculty in the program were volunteers. “These people, even in a traditional course, would probably have done as well-certainly better than the average student,” said one. Their statistical approach stymied concrete discussion of the kinds of change the, delegates saw as possible or necessary in undergraduate curricula. For example, C.B. MacPherson, U of T political science prof, summed up his criteria for breaking through “the restric-
tions of a necessary meritocracy :” “The only way to shake ourselves out of it,” he said, shrugging his shoulders, “is to shake ourselves out of it. ” A student from the new university of Quebec pointed out the reason for the difficulty in agreeing on reforms. “The question I’d like- to ask is, ‘what are yovr goals?“’ he said. “Once you answer that, you can easily find the pedagogical means to achieve what you want. ” The administrators’ discussion was abstract, he said, because “universities under neo-capitalism don’t want such students-they are turning out cheap labor for industry.” “Why then are you talking of changes in undergraduate curriculum? Do we need it?” he concluded. Healy later told the press conference the only recommendation to come out of the commission was a resolution“ that curriculum changes be attempted by some body widely representative of the university community.”
Are you a secretary? Alienated? Irritated? Frustrated? University secretary? A uniwat student and former secretary is interested in hearing complaints, and comments from on-campus secretaries. Judy Wells, arts 1, can be contacted at 578-8118 from 3pm to midnight, today and tomorrow.
’ Realitv of remembratice Probably the. true sign,ficance of remembrance day is being demonstrated today in the United States where the Vietnam war hawks are calling for support of their fighting men and, in particular, Richard Nixon. They are calling for the support of a political leader who uses as one of his main sources of political support a “southern strategy” and “law and order”-thinly-veiled racism. . They are calling for the support of a policy of war in the name of the ideals of the nation. , They are calling for the support of the conduct of a war that has its. roo,ts in an economic policy of temporary booming prosperity through a vigorous industrial-military complex in particular and foreign exploitation in general. They are calling for support of these policies in the name of those who have given their lives for the same policies-the policies of the fatherland. The fatherland in this case is America-land of the free, home of the brave, etc. But it could easily have been nazi germany. * * * . The only human reality of remembrance day is the senseless death of the pawns of the game played by the ruling groups of op-! posing societies. Certainly the nazi aggresssors had to be stopped-but by the people of another country whose government and whose economic and social policies are no better? The first-world war was no different-it was a mere game between ruling groups. \Both world wars were only products of the economic conditions of the times and the policies of the people holding economic and political power.
came a nation on Vimy Ridge. That’s the sort of myth that will be remembered today. The Canadians (or americans, britons, germans, french or russians) who fought but survived will have perceived the soldiers of the opposing country as their enemy as they fought to preserve their particular form of freedom, economy and fatherland. , They did not then--nor are they apt to now-perceive their enemy to be a particular mythical definition of freedom, a particular concept of fatherland or a particular system of econo-my. The definitions, concepts and systems of the opposing countries were remarkably similar.
* * * While the powers that fought in the imperial wars known as the first and second world wars had the same basic beliefs, a small vociferous minority held a different view. The russian socialists who withdrew from the first imperial world war to have a revolution were able. to do so largely because the war raised the people’s consciousness to=understand the folly of their system. . Unfortunately, the people’s influence waned and Stalin wasn’t much better than the imperialists who waged the second world war. A second example is the people of Vietnam. They have fought one imperial power after another. in search of real freedom. No mere patriotism, no totalitarian manipulation would make such a prolonged struggle possible. In his speech a week ago, Richard Nixon told the great silent majority Let us be united for peace. Let us also be united against defeat. Because /et us understand: North Vietnam cannot defeat or humiliate the, United States. Only americans can do that.
War in such a situation is only escalated competition. The only real losers are the pawns-inThat was unintentional satire: stead of being just a wage-slave the democratic rhetoric of the Unfor a living, some of the workers ited States was defeated and humhave to risk getting killed for a liviliated long ago by americans, ing. + and the determination of the VietEvery world power involved in namese people continues this defeat and humiliation today. the world wars was an imperial power, pursuing whatever colonial In the same speech, Nixon reitinterests it could get away with. erated the domino theory-if VietThe only social issue involved nam falls to the tommies, so will was the massacre of the jews in the rest of the area-a theory that Germany-the extent of which has excused U.S. imperial preswas not known until the war was ence in the, entire area in question. over anyway. Half a dozen times, Nixon told Racism may not be as blatant in the silent majority he had a plan the morally upright countries that to win America’s peace in Vietfought Germany, but their oppresnam. sion of minorities in other ways is He did not, tell them what his probably just as immoral. plan was, he just asked them to Dick Gregory points ‘out that support him SO that the peace and after the war a german soldier freedom of millions of pe‘ople on who could have killed Gregory’s this earth (would not be) suffocated father in the war could buy a home ( b y th e f o&es of totalitarianism. in an american neighborhood that On remembrance day 1969, are barred Gregory. we to forget that silent obedience k * * * to military power at home or aHistorian D.J. Goodspeed in broad is in itself part of totalitarThe roadpast Vimy said Canada beianism? ’
“lsn ‘t it wonderful,
died so you and I might Zire. ”
Great. Silent majorities Richard Nixon’s much-publicized speech on Vietnam openly appealed to the great silent majority to support him. Well, how .did he hope to solve the internal contradiction of a silent majority executing some act of support? They could go out and physically try to silence the small vocal minority. The ,great silent majority would be able to retain its identity by definition as the opposite of the small vociferous minority, if not in-reality. The great silent majority could go out and vote in the off-year elections the next day for the proNixon, pro-war candidates. Dicky managed a tricky play here, since free primetime television the night before the election is hard to compete with. Most importantly, the great silent majority could go back to what it’s most useful for-being silent. . . working,. consuming, believing in the american way. In 200 years, the american people have been transformed from a group that fought a revolution because they weren’t consulted about a tax on tea to a mass of manipulated human commodity. It is a serious possibility that the great silent majority would accept open totalitarianism as long
as it provided them with the same standard of living and at least a theoretical chance for “those who work hard” to get ahead. The only other thing necessary would be well-controlled mass media: ’ But the media are well-controlled now and probably are largely responsible for the existence of the great silent majority. Remember those mildly anti-establishment liberals, the Smothers brothers? . Y Only rarely in history has the great silent majority escaped manipulation to be really heard. And in no society is it yet in real control of its own destiny. The democracy of Richard Nixon is based on a great silent majority.. .and it’s a farce. It can be manipulated at the whim of those who hold political and economic power. It can silently send thousands of telegrams to support Nixon, but it could never, never be seen in the streets. For the great unwashed, the workingman, the dedicated student, the ordinary Joe will always .be at the politicians’, the bosses’ or the administration presidents’ command until they take control of their society and continually be ’ vocal to keep it.
University Press (CUP) member, Underground Syndicate (UPS) member, Liberation News Service (LNS) and Chevron International News Service (GINS) subscribers. The Chev ron is published tuesdays and-fridays by the publications board of the Federation of Students (inc.), University of Waterloo. Content is independent of the publications board, the student council and the university administration. Offices in the campus center, phone (519) 578-7070 or university local 3443; telex 0295-748; circulation 12,500; editor-inchief - Bob Verdun. The AUCC conference had nothing to say on page 1, waffled on page 4, decided nothing on page 5 and was noncommittal on page 10. One could hedge and suggest that perhaps the AUCC conference people might have had problems making up their collective administration-type minds. * Being very definite in this issue: Bella Loon, Bob Epp and Anita’.for putting up with the late hours he keeps, Allen Class, Jfrn Dunlop, Pete Marshall, Peter Armstrong, Una O’Callaghan, Alex Smith, David X, Eleanor Hyodo, Tom Purdy, reNato ciOlfi, Brenda Wilson, dumdum jones, D. Bowden Suits, Sue Burns, Alex O’Grady who’s doing okay for a cub reporter, Nigel Burnett,-and certainly least Jim Bowman and thanx to CUP for filling the space between the ads and Dave X *isn’t getting credit for his pits on pages 1 and 10 because he bitched so much about doing them. tuesday
7 7 november
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BOARD OF EXTERNAL RELATIONS
International conference on Red China To Be Held At The University January 20-24 Delegates
Must Be Prepared To Submit A Seminar Presentation
Lectures 1. 2. 3. 4.
Forces that made the Revolution in China China and the west Canada and China beadline
for Applicants is 5:00 November 14,1969.
what do you .,
dulling anesthetics, Enter my mind, Progressively, continuously. After breast-feeding, Comes the long after-birth Of mind-feeding. Selective food, That stagnates With reason, Or truth. Dulling anesthetics, Which blind me from Seeing, thinking, doing. Dulling anesthetics, Which make me immune to Wars, hate, greed, poverty, Death, truth, life. Grade by grade, I am programmed, To a great Happening, In which nothing happens. Justice, thinking, happiness, Are out, waiting for Some museum case. Hunger, war, suffering, Are in, the Now, The Pepsi Generation. At the Great Auction, They’ll bid for me, My program. Who, Where, How Much? Not what, or why. ien. Electric, Dow Chem., :en. Motors, Westinghouse. ‘erhaps when I retire can puke up my food, ,nd live, nd die. -Dean
by Jean Anouilh Thurs., Nov. 20th Fri., Nov. 21 Sat., Nov. 22
Theatre of the Arts - 8: 00 pm Admission
$1.25 - Students 75qt
remember? ~ttt!i!lttttttlttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttt~ttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttlttttttttttttttttttttt~ m z
WHEN JOHNNY ZAME MARCHING
1 i i 1
He stares And searches The old mirror at noon For friendly faces: Not a muscle twitches, The owl can only break The rock of night.
What happened to That hissed in the Xnd why A gnarled limb of For those foot-ball
$ Gas For less $ AT
summer sun, tree legs?
Or is this the boy Who peeped Into a wounded corner, And saw a cloud of locusts Gather in the golden paddy?
Who fell among thieves On an island of rock That flamed at its core, Where the blue water Only nibbled At its iron sides?
To Serve You
Rd. opposite Towers 46.9c
-Park St. at Uniroyal -Courtland at sterling -King St. E. - just before Fairview
Or was his feet still going; Going on that road, Every cobble-stone A tongue of flame Thrusting and twisting And turning Towards the empty palace On the hill Where the angry gods Had played their rituals And left nothing But limbs of clay? -Rienzi
504 the Chevron
Rooted his hair in mud, Where hair grew long And sad as willows, Where the jambu and lovi Bled in the green bush?
i iL 1
This can’t be Johnny Campanella, With a green face And red crackling eyes?
i $ i
1 b 3 P
Office, 5th floor Arts Library
Ladies & Gents Join The Gang
King & University Hot