Portfolio Architecture + Design Imogyn Nicholas
Contents Part 1 D6-1: Latent Landscapes Task 1- 11 bus route Task 2- psychogegraphic mapping of Longton Task 3- Data mapping Combining Data Graphic representation Relation 2 D6-1 Make your own space! The Longton Festival Festival kiosks
Part 2 D6-2: Active Architectures D6-1 overview Research + concept Site analysis Site Planning Precedents study Concept sketches + scratch modelling Finished building design:introducing the Patchworks Section 1:50 Eleavtions 1:100 Floor plans 1:200 Interior visuals Construction details Environmental section
Looking back over my I conducted for D6-1, I felt the moste helpful way to rectify the amount of negative spaces withing Longton was to create a moving festival that would pop-up within different areas of the town at certain times of the year. Shown here are the kisoks at a scale of 1:50 and below them are the 5 components used to make the kiosks also at 1:50.
The project was called ‘the Longton festival’. Which was created to help bring together the people of longton into a more closely knitted community, as many locals felt that this feeling had been lost over the years. The festival was made of these little interlocking polycarbonate diamonds that could be used to create kiosks that then intern made the festival. I then realised that for the festival to take place, people from Longton would probabaly need some input from the local councilt to help set it up. This was when I came up for the concept for my D6-2 building, of setting up an institution of some sort that could either work together with or help run the festival.
Research + concept Location map1:5000
Also show on the 1:5000 map is the location of where the guild will be located in proximity with a possible site for my D6-1 project ‘The Longton festival’
Trading Strategy N
D6-2: The Patchworks
D6-1: The Longton Festival
The main goal of the guild is to help support the local craft industry in Longton and other surrounding areas. This trade mape illustrates how the guild operates. industries that are part of the guild take part in the festival
The crafts will then see the return in money from the guild efforts
People of the craft trade, join the guild for a set amount of money per month (or per annum).
Guild uses that money to help endorse those same business through advertising
Considering my project has been based around the craft industry, my initial researc involved looking to see whether there were still any existing crafts tradesmen within the Longton district. They are marked off with a little square on this map. I also did some research into government buildings and I found out that buildings called ‘guilds use to run help run a certain trade in some towns, so I felt, to help the craft industry within longton it would be best to make and ‘arts and crafts guild’.
The guild helps to support the festival from my D6-1 project.
This map shows my basic understunding of how I found out guilds work, and this also show how I aim to run the arts and crafts guild in Longton
Site Analysis Some research done on the site that I conducted during my path 3. This helped me to decide which rooms would be most appropriate within different areas of the site.
Organogram map Using the results from my site anaysis, I planned the different rooms for my site accordingly. Just like the bordeux law courts, I felt the separation between private and public space was key so that was the first thing I did as illustrated below.
These organagrams show different variation of how I thought to plan my site, they aren’t to scale but the do show where the different rooms would be in relation to each other. They also have pros and cons of each configuration noted on the diagram.
Below is a slightly more in depth organogram that include all possible floors for my the guild.
I thought that private space should go towards the back as there was less noise there and it is away from the front entrance which would be in constant use. Going even further in planning, I started to look at how the rooms would be group onto the site and there locations, which is illustrated below.
3-D massing + modelling
The wheel to the left is a compilation of the massing models I constructed that used different variations and orgers of the rooms I felt were nessessary for the guild. Above I have separated them into how each of these configurations would be laid out ontop of each other Below is further analysis on how these configurations would sit on the site surrounded by context, using ‘google sketch up’.
The rooms within the building have all been placed in areas that I think best respond to my site analysis (Path 3). Below is shows the location of each room/area of the building is located in relation to each other.
Courtyard + garden
1 Computer suite
Conference room guild office
Private studio Toilets
Private studio Toilets Workshop
Reception Office Boiler room
Mezzanine Private studio
Entrance On the ground floor the public orientated spaces such as the Foyer and the exhibition area are kept to the
front so people can see into them from the street. They also act as noise buffers from the the surrounding urban environment by helping to sheild the offices which are mostly kept toward the back of the building. As you can see workshops are also kept away from the offices at the opposite end of the site, as they are expected to produce a lot of noise aswell. On the 1st floor, the private work studio are also kept away from the communal workshops to limit the amount of noise. They also sit closer to the southern end of the site so they can get as much light as possible, this is because, compare to the towers, these rooms sit on a much lower level.
Precedent study Reference: http://www.richardrogers.co.uk/work/buildings/bordeaux_ law_courts/completed
General information Commissioned by the french ministry of justice to design new law courts for the city of Bordeux that would emphasise a through feeling of openess. The breif called for a civil and criminal and criminal courts, administrative ofices and a large publice space.
Location: Bordeux, France Dates: 1992 - 1998
Gross internal area: 25,000m2 Number of floors: 5
construction cost: ÂŁ 27,000,000 The reason I chose the bordeux law courts as my main precedint study, was I find that way they divide the private an public space away from each other by using the pods is very clever. and also creates more usable space on an otherwise small or awkward space. I also like the general design, the pods look incredibly dynamic and very elegantly designed, and the materials used make the building feel bigger than it really is. Timber panels
The location of my site is quite hidden and space is also quite awkwardly shaped, so maybe looking at the design methdo of the law courts couls help.
Interiror timber cladding
Construction The main building makes use of a curtain wall structure to allow in maximum amount of light throught to the office spaces. coupled with the orientation, and the timber roof, it gets shielded from heat, without losing light..
The towers are made from a laminated Glulam timber beam structure, to created the curved forms of the pods. The interior finish uses maple veneered panels. this is because it deflects sound really well shielding each of the courtroom pods from the noises of the public atrium spaces. The exterior of the tower is clad in strips of red Cedar panels to give it a clean finish.
The construction drawings to the right show how the pods are put together and how they are connected to the rest of the building. The Glulam frame work allows for the cladding materials to be easily joined to the the frame with air gaps in between to allow the materials to store heat within the frame. The towers have small metal joists attached to the side of the towers which connect the towers to the curtain wall frame of the main building. The construction methods used for this deisgn rae higly useful to because I also wish to use a timber strycture for my building, prurely because it is more cost effective than using other materials. My builing also has to link two different typr of building forms together so looking at the joining methods (as shown in the 1:20 construction section) really helps because it shows me how to joind two parts if a building that are made from completely different materials
insulation 1:50 Construction section
Structure The building makes use of two different forms and combines them, and there for has three different structures. Firstly, there is the main building. This uses a concrete shell as its structure with reinforced concrete columns. The concrete in this area of the building is used as a passive heating and coolind system. The pods that house the law courts use a glulam timber frame, ans it is lightweight, cost effective, and allows for the pods to form there unique shape. The is and exploded image of the basic structure of the law courts to the right of this paragraph. Lastly, there is the structure that combines the two different element.. This part of the building is made using a curtain wall, which connected to the pods and and the concrete casing around the offices. This links up the hole building and also house the atrium.
The structural base for the bordeux law courts is very simple. It follows a very basic grid structure with structural colums located every 6 metres. The image below shows the location of all the beams (the red dots), plus the grid itself (pink dotted lines). The pods are perfectlhy a ligne with the structure of the main building, also following along the structural grid. Putting the pods in line with the rest of the building mad it easier to construct.
Exploded diagram of one of the pods A B C 1 2 1:1200 1st floor plan
Concept sketches _+ scratch modelling
As aformentioned, I really liked the way the law courts split up private and publice spaces, so I decided to use a similar concept for my building. I decide that my building will utilise the idea of using towers separate the private space away from the private spaces. The towers wouls be raise above the publice domains, making the inside look really grand and giving my building the look of having lots of space. Below are some initial sketches and models of the building form. I had decided that the main shape of the building should be closed to the ground. I wanted the towers to establish the most amoun of dominance upon the site, and for the main building to just be kind of cloak that would link the towers together.
Most of my intial ideas centre around the idea of a curved roof struct made from a glulam frame, this was becasu I felt this would give the build the impression that it was sinking into the ground. with the towers shooting out from the top.
These are only a few choice sketches and modesl that show the basic idea I was going when think about the towers, they are largely based upon the ones that feature within the law courts
I wanted the towers to be as unique and dynamic as possible, so I went through a llot of different designs, the final design is on the following page. for further elaboration on my designing process with the towers, please refer to the A4 stchbook located next to this portfolio
Longton print studies
These were a largely discontinued idea, originally I was going to clad some of the building in materials that would have prints of the surround ing area, truly linking the design on the buillding with the surround ing area, I found another way to clad the towers in a unique material, shishc is further elborated on later on in this portfolio and is also referneced within the A4 sketchbook
The cladding detail was moved to look like these diamond shaped and would be attached to each of the towers. The design of the cladding detail is based upo the design of the components I ued in D6-1, which is shown in the image to the right. 1:10 cladding diamond
Finished building design: Introducing ‘the Patchworks’
Location: Caroline street, Longton, Stoke-on-Trent Overview
Being part of the six potteries, Longton has a rich history in the craft industry. The arts and crafts guild helps to preserve this tradition by making it easier for start up businesses to create a business. It also supports existing craft companies from the imediate area. The guild helps to support and promote its members by through advertisements and by hosting ‘The Logton festival’ which is aformentioned in my ‘D6-1’ project. on aft Gr d roa
Site Plan 1:500 N Wood
re e st
The Patchworks as viewed as if you were walking from the viaduct
Namesake + logo design The name for the guild originates from its earlier concept where I was planning to make the building out of as many different materials and material print patterns as possible. Since the guild was meant to be a creative space and a hub within Longoton for all those within the craft undustry, I wanted it to look as interesting as possible. As the designing continued I managed to keep part of my original concept for it being made out of as many different materials as possible. This idea is reflected withing the diamond shaped cladding on each of the towers, which as aforementioned, reflects the activities that take place within. The rest of the main building is made from an oak wood and glulam frame with red cedar cladding.
1:50 Front elevation from Caroline street (East facing)
The Logo that is present on the fron ot the building and also within the name was formed from using the existing logo from the ‘city of Stoke-on-trent’ council logo which is shown adjacent. I edited the log to resemble a paint palette so it could be easilt associated with both ‘the Patchworks’ guild and with Stoke-on-tent.
Lift Metal workshop
1:50 Short section through B-B
1:50 Long section throught A-A
South-west elevation (northeast facing)
Accommodation list Room List 1. Art studio 2. Kiln room 3. Wood workshop 4. Art studio 5. Glass + Pottery work studio 6. Computer suite 7. Private studio rooms
Size (m2) 63m2 63m2 63m2 63m2 63m2
Capacity 10 people 6 people 10 people 10 people 10 people
8. Metal workshop 9. Exhibition space + Circulation space 10. Courtyard + garden 11. Foyer + Entrance 12. Meeting/conference room 13. Guild office 14. Toilets
10 people a) 2 people b) 1 person 10 people N/a
250m2 100m2 30m2
N/a N/a 10 people
24m2 20m2 (x2)
6 people a) 9 people b) 6 people 2 people N/a
15. Guild reception 25m2 16. Boiler + storage room 20m2
North-east elevation (south-facing elevation)
Front elevation from caroline street (East facing)
The layout of the Patchworks makes use of as much space on the site as possible, it being a hub for both people of the craft industry, and it being a place for interested in seeing the handy skill of the local tradesmen. The guils makes use of its large spaces, such as a ‘foyer’, ‘courtyard’ and ‘exhibition’ space as a means to both showcase work and for people to meet up . Since the guild was initially built up around this ideas of community, these importanat space are placed at the centre towards the main entrance. The uniqely designed pentagonal towers at the far end of the site were fromed to create communal workspaces for the people of whom are a member of the guild. Each tower, labelled ‘the red tower’, ‘the blue tower’ and ‘the green tower’ are all each have a unique atcivity (workshop) creative spce within. The names are given due to the respective colouring of the cladding visible from the outside. on the ground floor, south of the foyer are building services rooms, and the offices, which are for workers od the guild only. One the mezzanine floor above these room are the private rented works studios which are open for everyone, even those who are not member sof the guild to use, there is also a computer suite which is also available for everyone to make use of.
Floor plans 1:200 N 2
5 Void 7b 7b 6
16 15 12
Looking towards the foyer and the mezzanine floor from the exhibition space
Entrance to the exhibition space
The wood workshop at the top of the first tower
Winow looking through to the courtyard space
Construction of building red cedar roof
The main building uses mainly an Oak timber frame for most of the building. The south side of the building uses concrete pillars to support that wall instead of timber. This is because the south facing wall is made from hollow concrete because it helps to heat and cool the offices and private studios it is directly attached to. The rest of the building is clad in red cedar, including the roof, except for the curved area of the roof which is produced using a glulam timber frame.
glulam arched roof
Roof timber walls
Rooms + interior walls
The structural grid for my building is very unusual, the main buildings grid was entirely based upon the location of the towers. because my main focus was on the towers, I wanted the rest of my building to just follow that pattern. Main timber coolumns witht he main structure sit at about 6metres apart, with the reinforced concrete colums fro the towers sit at about 7 metres apart from each other.
Timber frame + concrete foundation
N 3 2 1
The timber and concrete frame sites a concrete slab foundation. This is becaause this part of the building on spans 1 and half floors off the ground and the foundation didnâ€™t to be any deeper. The timber is an oak frame and the concrete is reinforced concrete columns, pretty muhc the same as they are for the tower.
A B C D 1:200 structural grid
Red cedar timber planks (3000 x 250 x 100)
Main building Sawn timber Red cedar oak frame Sawn timber timber oak frame planks (3000 x 250 x 100) Timber dowel joint
Red cedar timber planks (3000 x 250 x 100)
Glass window (double glazed) 1:20 elevation of part of main building Sawn timber oak frame
Sawn timber red cedar planks
Sawn timber oak frame Separating layer
Timber panel cladding planks (red cedar)
Sawn timber cladding planks (wood stain treated red cedar)
Sand cement screed layer Drainage pit
Concrete slab foundation
1:20 main building construction
Sawn timber boards Stainless steel tubes
The picture above show how the structure of the tower is form using frames that vary in thickness as you go up the tower. Unlinke the main part of the building, towers use a steel braces as the frame instead of a timber one. This is because each towere house two floors within them, and have heavy machinery in the them. so I needed a robust material to make them out of. The foundation used for the towers also differe to the main building. because each towere sits at a various height. they each use a concrete foot for the foundation that goes deep underground
uPVC window frames Stainless steel braces
Sawn timber board (plywood) How the cladding detail is pinned to the board
Diamond shaped cladding of various materials Concrete flooring slab 1:5 cladding diamond
Reinforced concrete columns
Construction model 1:5 towers
The images above show a small section of how parts of the tower is constructed. large stainless less steel braces act as frames that wrap aroun the steel tubes, rigind insulation is then fixed to the back of the frames, with larg timber sawn boards ar then bolted on. One is attached directly to thesteel brace, and then the other is then attached to the rigid insulation around the back. Cladiing is the screwed to the timber board.
Large sawn timber planks for the roof
Joining methods Towers
Reinforced concrete column (228 diameter)
Steel braces (placed Vertically) [500mm width x 2800 lenght] Steel braces (placed horizontally) [500mm width x varying lenghts] Steel rivet joint
uPVC window frame
Sawn timber board (Plywood)
Reinforced concrete column (228 diameter)
Glass window pane (double glazed)
Rigid insulation 800mm
Steel braces (placed horizontally) [500mm width x varying lenghts]
Reinforced concrete column (228 diameter)
Steel braces (placed horizontally) [500mm width x varying lenghts] Sawn timber board (Plywood)
Steel braces (placed Vertically) [500mm width x 2800 lenght]
Cladding detail made from varying materials
Concrete floor plate
Large sawn timber planks for the roof Separating layer
PVC window frame
Reinforced concrete column (228 diameter) Sawn timber cladding planks (wood stain treated red cedar)
Timber panel cladding planks (red cedar)
Glass window pane (double glazed)
Sand cement screed layer 60mm
1:50 Tower elevation Sawn timber cladding planks (wood stain treated red cedar)
Concrete slab foundation 300mm
1:20 Tower construction Concrete foot
Environmental section 1:50
This image shows how the passive and active environment takes place within the building The passive environment Glazing on the roof lets light in. lighting the whole of the building. The concrete walls are heated by the light and are released into the building. Concrete is a self heating/cooling material and contributes a lot to the buildings environment The active environment There are lights all within the building that light it up and and underfloor heating system the heats the whole of the ground floor