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100 YEARS OF WRENS Learn the history of women in the Royal Navy and their legacy to cadets

THE REAL LIFESAVERS Introducing the cadets and volunteers who put their first aid skills into action

BADGE KNOW-HOW Find out where to put badges on your uniform with our illustrated guide

A magazine for parents, volunteers and cadets Summer 2017 | www.sea-cadets.org

A HOME FROM HOME Meet Kate, a young carer whose life has been transformed by the support she receives at Sea Cadets PLUS: Win kayaks! - Cadets’ summer selfies - Sign up for courses - Q&A with Sir Kenneth Branagh


WELCOME Welcome to our summer issue! With the commissioning of our new yacht, TS City of London, and various competitions up and down the country, it's been a busy few months for the Corps.

202 Lambeth Road, London SE1 7JW Tel: 020 7654 7000 sea-cadets.org SCmag@ms-sc.org The Sea Cadet magazine is edited and designed by

Cover: For young carer AC Kate, Sea Cadets provides a supportive environment where she can focus on herself

If you have any news or ideas for the magazine, let us know by emailing SCmag@ms-sc.org.

Tower House, Fairfax Street, Bristol BS1 3BN Tel: 0117 927 9009 immediatecontent.co.uk Copyright MSSC 2017 Managing Editor: Jessica Keating Editor: Rachael Stiles Senior Art Editor: Paul McIntyre Art Editor: Elaine Knight-Roberts Account Manager: Clair Atkins Director of Branded Content: Julie Williams

Cover image: Claire Wood Photography

Printed in the UK on FSC® certified stock. All rights reserved. Material contained in this publication may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, without prior permission of MSSC and Immediate Media Company Limited. Views expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of MSSC or Immediate Media Company Limited, which accept no responsibility for them.

Marine Society and Sea Cadets is a registered charity. England and Wales 313013 Scotland SCO37808


To celebrate 100 years since the formation of the WRNS, we take a look back at the inspirational figures who paved the way for women in the Royal Navy today. Plus, find out how Sea Cadets helps AC Kate in her role as a young carer, and read about the cadets and volunteers who have saved lives, thanks to their first aid training.

Yours, Communications Team

In this issue NEWS AND EVENTS 03 Corps news Read the latest goings on from across the Corps. 06 A  rea news Find out what units have been getting up to in your area. 07 W  hat’s on? Courses to sign up for now and upcoming events for summer/autumn. FEATURES 08 Focus  on first aid Meet cadets and volunteers who have been using the skills they learn at their units, out in the real world. 10 100 years of women in the Navy Learn about the pioneering women who changed the face of the Royal Navy and left a lasting legacy for female cadets. 12 A  home from home We talk to a cadet who is a young carer and find out how the supportive atmosphere of Sea Cadets helps her. 14 V  olunteer of the issue This issue's volunteer is OiC of Bolton Sea Cadets and a full-time doctor. 15 Careers: catering Find out what it's like working as a Royal Navy chef at sea and onshore, and see how Sea Cadets can help young people to follow a similar path with recognised qualifications and experience.


ADVICE 16 A guide to... positioning badges You've worked hard to earn them – make sure they're in the correct place. 17 Ask the Corps Captain Sea Cadets answers your questions on uniform, saluting and Facebook groups. FUN 18 Your photos: Summer selfies Cadets send in their snaps from around the UK. 19 5 questions for... Sir Kenneth Branagh A Q&A with the award-winning actor about his new WWII film, Dunkirk. Competition: win kayaks and more! A chance to win kayaks, GoPros and other prizes when you enter our survey.





NEWS Catch up with the Corps and see what cadets have been getting involved in. Send your news to SCmag@ms-sc.org Cadets from across Cornwall attended the commissioning of our new yacht

Happy birthda Sea Cad y, e We turn ts! ed 1 on 25 Ju 61 ne

Trek of a lifetime

Welcome to the fleet! Cadets welcome their brand-new yacht, which promises exciting offshore adventures and life-changing experiences

Sea Cadets survey 2017 Our survey is back! We last asked for your views in 2015 and were thrilled with the overwhelming response, so we think it’s time we hear from you again! It gives us crucial insight into your thoughts and opinions as we build on the Sea Cadets Experience, so we can keep giving young people life-changing opportunities and enable volunteers to pass on their skills. It opens soon, so keep your eyes peeled and help shape the future of Sea Cadets!

“It will allow us to get even more young people out to sea, boosting their confidence and selfbelief.” These are the words of Sea Cadets’ CEO Martin Coles, who is delighted that a new Sea Cadets yacht is ready for duty. Training Ship (TS) City of London was launched on Saturday 3 June at the Royal Cornwall Yacht Club in Falmouth, following a £400,000 fundraising appeal. The Rustler 42 was built in Falmouth, and can take up to six cadets, along with a skipper and mate. The first of two new yachts, it will enable more young people to gain valuable qualifications, and to build up life skills such as teamwork, leadership and communication. In attendance were Lord and Lady Mountevans. Last year, Lord Mountevans was the Lord Mayor of London and nominated Sea Cadets as his chosen charity for the year. He led the appeal and selected the name of TS City of London for the yacht. Sea Cadets is now fundraising for the second yacht and has so far raised £225,000 of the total. If you would like to donate, please visit seacadets.org/donate or call 020 7654 7018.

Sea Cadets has teamed up with the British Exploring Society (BES) to offer two cadets the chance of a lifetime. AC Adam and CFC Kate will experience high-altitude trekking, stunning peaks and scientific fieldwork on a trip to the Himalayas. They will set off on the five-week trip on 24 July and will visit isolated peaks and valleys, home to rare wildlife such as snow leopards, Tibetan antelope and herds of yak, as well as glaciers and snowfields, if conditions allow. Emyr Goodwin, a former sea cadet and now a Civilian Instructor at Aberystwyth Unit, went on the same expedition in 2016. "You get a really good time out of it," he said. "There's a lot of personal development, learning new skills, developing skills, and generally just learning about yourself. I learnt a lot."

Young people can see the world with us




Engineering new opportunities

Following the successful pilot of the Marine Engineering Pathway (MEP) project in South West Area, the scheme has now launched in London Area.
 The MEP project is a joint venture with Seafarers UK to inspire young people to consider a career in STEM (science, technology, engineering and maths) and to ensure greater access to engineering training. The MEP pod is a mobile workshop trailer. Inside, cadets and students can get handson with diesel engines and a full suite of tool kits, giving them a real insight into a career in engineering. Taster workshops are offered in schools, and units can book the pods, with volunteers delivering an Intermediate Engineering Specialisation qualification to cadets.
 The project will continue to roll out, with all six Sea Cadets areas covered by the end of 2018. The next pod will be hitting Northern Area in September 2017. Units can book the pod by emailing Daniel Simons at: dsimons@ms-sc.org

Where do you read The Sea Cadet?


Southern Area won the National Boxing Cup

Drill and piping skills on show Cadets from units across the country have given another sterling performance at this year’s Drill and Piping Competition Once again cadets have battled it out at the annual Drill and Piping Competition, an opportunity to showcase their skills in front of an audience of hundreds. Each year the best units and detachments selected from their areas compete for The National Boxing Cup. This year the competition was held at HMS Raleigh in Cornwall, where Southern Area was crowned champions after performing exceptionally well in ‘unarmed squad’ classifications. The Area Officer for Southern Area, Cdr Trevor Price RN, said the cadets put on the best performance he has ever witnessed. “The military precision, timing and elegance of the displays was inspiring. Certainly the best I have seen during a 30-year career,” he says. Some cadets join as quiet young people who, through Sea Cadets, build the confidence to perform in front of large crowds at national events.

Southern Area Best Sea Cadets squad commander – Portsmouth Unit, Southern Area Best Sea Cadets unarmed squad – Portsmouth Unit, Southern Area

Here are the full results of each category:

Piping trophies Best individual piping – Flitwick & Ampthill Unit, Eastern Area Best piping team – Flitwick & Ampthill Unit, Eastern Area Best Sea Cadets colour party – Portsmouth Unit, Southern Area

This photo was sent in by PO (SCC) Christopher Smith, from Sheffield Unit, and shows his friend and Sea Cadets supporter, Tom Kempka. Tom is pictured at Mount St Helens volcano in the USA, exactly

Overall winning area The National Boxing Cup (overall winners) – Southern Area

37 years after the eruption. Share your photos of reading The Sea Cadet in unusual or exotic locations on Facebook or email SCmag@ms-sc.org.



Unarmed squad trophies Best arena display squad – Portsmouth Unit,

Sea Cadets armed guard trophies Best arena display (guard) – Weston-super-Mare Unit, South West Area Best Sea Cadets Guard Commander – City of Liverpool Unit, North West Area Best Sea Cadets armed guard – Weston-super-Mare Unit, South West Area Royal Marines Cadets armed guard trophies Best arena display – Hull RMCD, Eastern Area Best RMC Guard Commander – Hull RMCD, Eastern Area BEST RMC guard – Hull RMCD, Eastern Area

Congratulations to everyone who took part!


Runners take on Vitality 10,000 Six runners took to the streets of London to raise money for Sea Cadets in the Vitality London 10,000 in May. A family of three – Robin, Linda and Charlie – were among the 12,000 people who took part in the 10k race. Charlie is a cadet at Newhaven and Seaford Unit, where Linda volunteers. They were joined by volunteers Amy Burton from Helensburgh Unit and APO Charlotte Jacobs, adventure training instructor at Middlehill Activity Centre, plus Monika Czechowska from HQ. “Charlie has been a sea cadet for six years, and it has worked wonders," says Linda. "I don’t think he would know what to do with himself without it. It keeps him busy and focused at school.” There are lots of opportunities throughout the year to raise money for Sea Cadets, including a Zambezi River challenge and the Royal Parks HalfMarathon. For more information, contact the Events Team: events@ms-sc.org.

Eileen Buchan, Chairwoman at Peterhead Unit

Cliff Burns, RNR, District Officer in Northern Ireland

Volunteers recognised in Queen’s Birthday Honours Cadet’s Royalist image wins Peregrine Trophy AC Sally, from Tenby Unit, is this year's winner in the Sea Cadet Amateur Open Category for the Royal Navy’s Peregrine Trophy. The 16-year-old is due to attend a glitzy ceremony at Trinity House, London, on 4 July, where the awards will be presented by The First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir Philip Jones KCB ADC. Sally says: “I have been in Sea Cadets for five years and enjoy everything! I've been on some amazing courses but my favourite by far is when I went offshore for two weeks on TS Royalist in 2016, which is when I took the winning photo.”

Three Sea Cadets volunteers, Eileen Buchan, Chairwoman at Peterhead Unit, Teresa Smith, Chairwoman at Sheffield Unit, and Lieutenant Commander (SCC) Cliff Burns RNR, District Officer in Northern Ireland, were among the inspirational people honoured by the Queen in this year’s Birthday Honours. Eileen and Teresa were awarded a British Empire Medal for voluntary services to young people, while Cliff will receive the same honour for services to the community in Newtownards, County Down. The list was unveiled on 16 June, with Sir Paul McCartney and J K Rowling among the famous faces making an appearance.

Shop online to support your unit! Don’t forget that you, your friends and family can raise money for Sea Cadets when you shop online, without it costing you a penny. We’ve teamed up with easyfundraising so that you can raise valuable funds for FREE. More than 3,000 retailers are ready to give donations to your unit when you shop for groceries, fashion, insurance and travel. Our units have raised more than £25,000 so far! To sign your unit up, visit: sea-cadets.easyfundraising.org.uk.




AREA NEWS See what’s been happening in our six Sea Cadets areas. Send us news from your area to SCmag@ms-sc.org



John o’Groats to Land’s End

Royal celebration for reopened unit

A group of eight, including a former Sea Cadets Commanding Officer, cycled from John o’Groats to Land’s End to raise money for Chelmsford Unit and other good causes. Nigel Bunton, a former Commanding Officer at Chelmsford Sea Cadets, led the group on the 1,200-mile challenge, while PO (SCC) Keith Chapman accompanied them as the driver. Nigel describes Sea Cadets as a cause close to his heart: “For me, Sea Cadets gives children of all backgrounds equal opportunities. It would be great if more people could volunteer, as it really does make a difference to young people.” You can sponsor the group at: cyclingknights.uk/.

HRH Princess Anne visited Peterhead Unit, where she met volunteers and cadets and formally reopened its premises. She was given a tour of the refurbished building and unveiled a plaque to commemorate the occasion. Cadet Josh piped as she arrived, while LJC Alexander presented her with a posy. Peterhead Sea Cadets has been based at the same location for more than 60 years, and the refurbishment follows a five-year £150,000 fundraising effort. The Officer in Charge, Sub Lieutenant (SCC) Marleen Mowatt, said the unit was honoured to have welcomed the Princess at its new premises.

North West


Honouring our armed forces

Unit back in action after flooding

Twenty cadets from units across Manchester attended a service that commemorated the 100th anniversary of a veterans’ charity. Broughton House’s Centenary Service took place at Manchester Cathedral and was attended by the Duke of York, who took the time to speak to the cadets. The Greater Manchester charity provides care to people in the North West who have been in the Armed Forces and the Merchant Navy. The service was led by the Dean of Manchester, the Very Reverend Rogers Govender, who paid tribute to the vision of Col Sir William Coates, a surgeon who established Broughton House in response to the casualties after the First World War and lack of hospital beds in the area.

Wakefield Sea Cadets is now in its newly refurbished building, which had been flooded by Storm Eva. The unit had to work hard to raise the funds, after it was damaged on Boxing Day 2015. Sea Cadets gave £13,650 towards replacement windows and doors, which included a grant of £7,500 from the Premises (Annual) Fund and £6,150 from the MSSC Emergency Fund. The official opening of the unit also incorporated an awards night, and finished with a presentation of certificates of gratitude to several local businesses and organisations, for their support over the period of closure.

South West


Freedom of the Borough for Weymouth

Kayaking cadet takes bronze

Weymouth Sea Cadets Unit was given the rare honour of the Freedom of the Borough to mark its 75th anniversary. Cadets and volunteers were joined by others from Somerset and Dorset District as they paraded through Weymouth in Dorset on Saturday 13 May. The 120-strong group was cheered on by families and friends as it made its way through the town, led by Portland Sea Cadets band. There was also a blessing at a local church. Weymouth and Portland Borough Council voted to give Sea Cadets the Freedom of the Borough in February.

A Reading sea cadet finished third in the famous Devizes to Westminster International Canoe Race, kayaking for hours at a time over four days. LC Simon, 17, took on the 125-mile race with Stephen, also 17, and secured the bronze medal in 17 hours, 26 minutes and 31 seconds. In the race, they competed against 90 other pairs in the 15–18 category, kayaking for long periods – including more than five hours on one day – without any rest. Simon said: “I didn't have much free time; any hour I had was spent training, revising and being at Sea Cadets! At Sea Cadets, I try to focus on helping others. I love helping younger cadets to try and improve.”





to sign up for now

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What’s on: summer/autumn Events happening around the country to attend with friends and family 19 August

National Band Competition Tower of London

What: Activity First Aid When: 29 Oct 2017–1 Nov 2017 Where: SCTC Raleigh Info: This course is equivalent to First Aid Class 1 and covers how to deal with conditions specific to leisure and sporting activities and the outdoors including: communication and casualty care, emergencies in public, extremes of temperature, resuscitation, choking, bleeding, asthma, head injuries and many more! Minimum age 16. Cost: £48 Course Code: RAL /17/459689 Contact: Emma Link, elink@ms-sc.org

What: Cadet Naval Acquaint When: 21 Jan 2018–26 Jan 2018 Where: SCTC Raleigh Info: This course gives cadets the chance to experience daily life within the Royal Navy training environment. During the week cadets have the opportunity to run the assault course, carry out sea survival drills in the swimming pool and partake in firefighting and ship damage control evolutions run by the Royal Navy. There will also be an opportunity to visit the Dockyard. These are great activities for everyone, especially those who have never been away from home before. By the end of the week the cadets may have the opportunity to achieve Heartstart First Aid. Cadets must be under 14 at the start of the course. Cost: £80 Course Code: RAL /18/459539 Contact: Garry Drew, gdrew@ms-sc.org

What: Catering Class 2 When: 11 Feb 2018–16 Feb 2018 Where: SCTC Caledonia Info: This course is designed to offer cadets practical experience of preparing a range of simple dishes and to acquaint cadets with food hygiene, safety awareness in the galley, basic knife skills and awareness of the requirements of catering planning. They will plan, prepare and cook a buffet, which they’ll be assessed on and experience mass catering by serving lunch. What: Peer Educator (Advanced) Cadets must have already When: 23 Oct 2017–26 Oct 2017 completed Catering Class 3. Where: SCTC Excellent Cost: £80 Info: This course is designed to give cadets the skills Course Code: CAL /18/460341 and tools required to become effective instructors Contact: Karen Townend, and lead a group. The aim of Peer Educator is about ktownend@ms-sc.org developing confidence and skills such as leadership, communication and problem solving. It gives cadets the opportunity to become active in the learning process rather than simply being passive learners. The course is a prerequisite for cadets wishing to progress to Petty Officer Cadet. Leading Cadets Only. Minimum age 15. Cost: £32 Course Code: EXC /17/458991 Contact: Paul Barker, pbarker@ms-sc.org

150 Sea Cadets will be taking over the moat at the Tower of London for the National Sea Cadets Band Competition! An expected 25,000 visitors in attendance will hear 10 Sea Cadets bands, soloist drummers and buglers perform. Bugler and drummer soloists will start the day on the green next to the Byward Tower with a steadily growing crowd. By noon, 10 bands will take to the moat for the marching band competition. Cadets compete in regional heats all year to make it to the nationals for a chance to take home the winning trophy. If you’re in London visit us at the Tower of London from 9.30am to 4pm! 2 September

National Combined Regatta Excel Centre, London Cadets from across the UK have competed in heats at area level for the opportunity to attend the national competition, where they will be put to the test in dinghy sailing, windsurfing, rowing and watersports. Who will triumph? 22 October

Trafalgar Day Parade Trafalgar Square The 212th annual national Trafalgar Day Parade will welcome 500 cadets from across the UK to take part in a spectacular display and parade in Trafalgar Square and down The Mall to Buckingham Palace. Crowds will be entertained with performances including physical training, glee club, pipes and drums, plus the 80-strong Sea Cadets Massed Band!




Volunteer’s instincts kick in PO (SCC) Euan Wilson, Peterhead Unit

Volunteer Euan, with his girlfriend Sarah, who came to the aid of some motorists

Last year, Sea Cadets volunteer Euan and his girlfriend, Sarah, went to the rescue of two occupants of a car that had careered off the road. Euan stopped his own car, waved down two other vehicles, and asked bystanders to call 999. Then, along with another member of the public, he approached the vehicle to find two occupants, the driver still in the front seat, conscious but in pain and in shock, and a second occupant unconscious and bleeding. Another member of the public arrived with a first aid kit, so Euan climbed in through a broken window to reach the casualty and administer first aid to stop the bleeding while maintaining her airway. She was pinned into the vehicle so movement was very limited. Euan remained in this position until the paramedics arrived. “I reacted to the situation with instinct,” Euan says of the experience. “I just needed to do something to help the person in the vehicle, and the qualifications I’ve gained at Sea Cadets meant I had the skills I needed.”

FOCUS ON FIRST AID Cadets and volunteers have been putting into practice some of the many skills they learn at Sea Cadets – with lifesaving results

Positive thinking = positive action AC Lewis, 16, Ballymena Unit AC Lewis was involved in a car crash in January 2017. His dad Thomas, his dad’s partner Hazel, and her eightyear-old son Stuart, were also involved. Lewis’s Sea Cadets training kicked in, and he lifted Stuart and Thomas to safety, and kept Hazel calm until the emergency services arrived. He was worried about Stuart, as he is prone to having seizures because of a condition he has, so he lifted him out first. Lewis said: “If I wasn’t in Sea Cadets, I wouldn’t have known what to do. What you are taught at Sea Cadets doesn’t compare to what you are taught at school, in terms of life skills. Sea Cadets has built my confidence, and helped with positive thinking – you are always taught to think positively, and that is what I tried to do.” Lewis acted quickly to help his family after being involved in a car accident



Cadets any e not tak should nt of e v e the risks in rgency. an eme and 9 Call 99 wn ro u o y t pu ead of h safety a s. other


Rescue on the river CFC Chris, 14, Cdt Jamie, 13, AC Tamara Gray, 15, Hebburn and Sunderland Unit Chris, Jamie and Tamara were on the River Tyne in May undertaking training in powerboat handling, when Jamie spotted a man trapped under the quayside. With Tamara at the helm, they made their way across to him, where they found two men clinging to a wooden structure, having difficulty staying afloat. The cadets and accompanying adults pulled the men from the water, gave them emergency blankets and offered medical assistance, before driving them back to shore, where the emergency services were called. APO (SCC) George Heron, who was instructing the cadets at the time, says: “Not only did the cadets actively take part in the rescue, but they also saw the dangers jumping into a flowing river can cause. Despite being relatively untrained, they did not panic and conducted themselves very calmly and did what they were asked without hesitation.”

Jamie, front, and Tamara with Probationary Civilian Instructor Ryan Smurthwaite

Award-winning skills OC Thomas, 14, Orpington Unit

Thomas received a Jack Petchey Foundation Achievement Award

When his friend received a serious head injury, Thomas utilised skills learnt from Sea Cadets to help him. Thomas and his friend were in the countryside when his friend was hit on the head by a rock. Thomas stemmed the bleeding, called an ambulance and helped his friend get to a safe place while he waited for the paramedics. In the 20 minutes it took for the ambulance to arrive, Thomas had managed to stabilise his friend, stem the bleeding and treat him for shock. Once he was taken to hospital, the paramedics reported back that Thomas’s friend had lost more than a pint of blood and if it wasn’t for Thomas’s actions the injury could have been a lot worse. In April, Thomas was presented with a Jack Petchey Foundation Achievement Award for his efforts.

Sea Cadets offers three first-aid qualifications for cadets covering how to deal with many of these conditions, including communication and casualty care, extremes of temperature, bleeding and head injuries. Turn to page 7 to find out how to book, and speak to your Training Officer to find other courses.




'A watershed moment' To celebrate 100 years since the formation of the Women’s Royal Naval Service, we take a look at the pioneers who paved the way for women in the Navy today, and our own female sea cadets

I Wrens on HMS Invincible in 1990, the first year women could go to sea

n her wonderfully detailed account on the BBC, former Wren Marjorie Hirst shares her memories of serving in the Women’s Royal Naval Service (WRNS) during World War II. Sometimes exciting (spotting Churchill, Eisenhower and Montgomery just days before D-Day), sometimes tiring (working from 9am to 1am the following day), but never boring (meeting King George VI aboard HMS Bulolo), the anecdotes give a true insight into why the hard work, dedication and determination of these pioneering women still inspires today.

A watershed moment

A WRNS firefighter, 1990


Formed in 1917, under the leadership of Dame Katharine Furse, the WRNS recruited women to take up the shore-based jobs left vacant by men serving in World War I. Victoria Ingles, Senior Heritage Project Officer of the Pioneers To Professionals: Women And The Royal Navy exhibition at Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, calls it: “A huge watershed moment in terms of the employment of women… It provided the foundation of what women do in the Navy today.” Members were recruited from all walks of


life, according to Celia Saywell MBE from the Association of Wrens, which supports women of the Royal Naval Services, past and present. "It changed their lives forever,” she says. “These were girls, many of whom were still living at home or working in fairly ordinary jobs, sent all over the country to fill vital roles.” “They wondered whether Wrens would be able to do something as ‘complicated’ as wireless telegraphy,” Celia laughs. “As it happened, the first group that went in beat the record held by the men.” Disbanded at the end of the Great War, the WRNS was revived at the outbreak of World War II, but this time “the women wanted more”, says Celia. “They wanted to do the more technical jobs and knew they were capable of doing them.”

Progress begins By 1945 around 75,000 Wrens had served as radio operators, meteorologists and sea-going cypher officers. “When it came to 1945, Wrens were, of course, glad the war was over, but not everyone wanted to go back to their old lives,” says Celia. “Society had changed and progress had begun.”


Making STEM more accessible

“When it came to 1945, Wrens were glad the war was over, but not everyone wanted to go back to their old lives. Society had changed and progress had begun.” Celia Saywell MBE, from the Association of Wrens It would take another three decades before the formal integration of women into the Royal Navy. This was a frustrating time that the current President of Greenwich Sea Cadets Unit, Commandant Anthea Larken CBE, was very familiar with. She joined the WRNS in 1956 and held a wide range of roles during her early career, including Range Assessor and Photographic Interpreter. She became WRNS Director in 1988 and grew frustrated that many women were leaving, all giving a similar reason: “I’ve had a marvellous time, but I cannot see a future of anything but dull jobs unless we go to sea,” they told her. “Lack of sea experience is inhibiting my future.” In October 1990, she was instrumental in seeing the first women join the crew of a Royal Naval warship, HMS Brilliant. Despite the long wait to get there, the work of those first Wrens, which began a century ago, undoubtedly set the wheels in motion and paved the way for women serving today – not to mention our own female sea cadets. Royal Navy Lieutenant Commander Suzanne Lynch, a former cadet, recently gave a presentation at Stratford-upon-Avon Unit about her posting to Djibouti, on the North-East coast of Africa, where she was in charge of logistics on a counterpiracy operation. Lt (SCC) Roger Edmunds RNR, Officer in Charge, invited her to help celebrate the centenary of WRNS and the achievements of women across the Navy. “We have a high proportion of girls at the unit, so it seemed appropriate to highlight this anniversary,” says Lt Edmunds. “Just like the Royal Navy, Sea

Cadets is fully inclusive, regardless of who you are, and we are very proud of that fact.”

Women in command This year marks the 75th anniversary of the Girls Nautical Training Corps, formed in 1942 to teach girls the same seamanship skills as the Sea Cadet Corps taught boys. It was wound down in 1980, when girls were allowed to join the Sea Cadet Corps instead – and they’ve been breaking down barriers ever since. For young female cadets today, there is no limit to what they can achieve and no shortage of senior female officers to inspire them. It has recently been announced that women will be able to join the Royal Marines, in the same year that Captain Ellie Ablett was named the first woman in command of HMS Raleigh, the Royal Navy’s largest training base in the South West. Taliarose Whitelock, 18, is a former sea cadet at Whitley Bay Unit who has been selected as one of only two hydrographical, meteorological and oceanic specialists recruited by the Royal Navy this year. “I was the quiet one, I never used to speak, but Sea Cadets built my confidence up,” she says.“I developed self-worth and learnt new skills. I received sailing and marine engineering qualifications and my seamanship. “I went offshore with Sea Cadets and I really enjoyed being at sea. It helped me decide what I wanted to do, and to be the person I am now.” Pioneers To Professionals: Women And The Royal Navy is at Portsmouth Historic Dockyard all year. For more info visit: historicdockyard.co.uk/.

“We need more women in engineering to promote a wider diversity of thinking and to make sure we use the talent available,” says Amelia. “My mission is to tell young people about the fun I’ve had as an engineer and the amazing opportunities available. Studying STEM makes you much more employable in a huge range of sectors." Just 9% of engineers in the UK are women. Sea Cadets is addressing this by committing to a UK-wide project to deliver fun, hands-on workshops. The sessions take place in mobile pods at schools and aim to inspire young people about careers in engineering.

Images: The National Museum of the Royal Navy, BAE Systems & ©UK MOD Crown Copyright 2015

From far left: Wrens in the 1940s; keeping fit at HMS Dauntless in 1955; Wrens embarking for passage

Engineering graduate and former cadet Amelia Gould has been appointed Head of Engineering within the Naval Ships Combat Systems team at BAE Systems, after 12 years in the Royal Navy. She's passionate about sharing the benefits of a career in STEM (science, technology, engineering and maths), particularly with women.

Units can book the pods at weekends, to deliver the Marine Engineering Intermediate Course – previously held at national training centres. To book, email Daniel Simons: dsimons@ms-sc.org.

A female Marine Engineering Officer on board HMS Defender







It is estimated that as many as 244,000 young people under the age of 19 care for a relative. We meet Kate, a cadet at Salford Unit, who tells us about her responsibilities as a young carer and her hopes for the future


hen Kate, an Able Cadet at Salford Unit, was just 12 years old, her dad suffered a serious stroke and, overnight, she and her brother became young carers. “My dad really supported me when I joined Sea Cadets and he was in the process of joining as a volunteer when he had a massive stroke,” she says. “He lost his speech and some of his mobility.” Kate and her brother are not alone. In its most recent research, the Office for National Statistics found there are nearly a quarter of a million children in England and Wales caring for mentally or physically ill relatives – 23,000 of whom are under the age of nine.

Carers Week We spoke to Kate ahead of Carers Week (12–18 June), an annual campaign that sets out to raise awareness of caring, highlight the challenges that carers like Kate and her brother face, and recognise the contribution they make to families and communities around the UK. Life can be tough for young carers, with many sacrificing social lives as they struggle to keep up with school and home commitments. The Children’s Society found that as many as one in 12 young carers spend more than 15 hours a week looking after a parent or sibling, and one in 20 misses school. Kate and her brother help their dad out in many ways, whether it’s walking the dog, doing jobs around the house or joining him on hospital appointments. “It is hard,” Kate admits. “My dad has almost no speech so we have to find new ways of communicating. As you can imagine it’s quite stressful but the leadership tasks we regularly carry out at Sea Cadets has taught me to keep calm. It also helps that I have earned my first-aid qualifications through Sea Cadets, which helps me to care for my dad at home.”

Safe, secure environment One of Sea Cadets’ key objectives is to support every one of its cadets, whatever their personal situation, so they can find focus, build skills and reach their full potential. “Sea Cadets will offer support to any young person, and our volunteers are trained to help and assist them,” says Jane Sales, Head of Safeguarding at the charity. “We provide a safe, secure environment for all young people to find self-confidence and self-belief, and to form friendships.” For Kate, Sea Cadets provides a place where she can meet friends, explore career opportunities and enjoy herself. “The volunteers there are like my second family,” she says. “They support me and create an environment where I don’t feel overwhelmed. When things are difficult, they help to take my mind off my problems and give me back my positive attitude. I’d like to thank Sea Cadet volunteers throughout the country on behalf of all young carers.”

Building ambition While her present situation might be challenging, being a cadet helps Kate focus on the future and concentrate on achieving her dream of becoming a Weapon Engineer Officer in the Royal Navy. “My dad was a passionate engineer and loved to take my brother and me to work with him,” she says. “When he looked around the unit and saw the engineering classroom, he was fully on board with us joining. Going on adventures or learning about engineering are opportunities my dad would have given me, and Sea Cadets now does that.” If you are affected by any of the issues raised in this story, or if you would like to find out more information, visit carers.org or speak to your Commanding Officer.

Here to help How Sea Cadets supports young people from all walks of life SUPPORT NETWORK For many young people Sea Cadets is like a second family. Far more than just a hobby, we build safe, caring environments where help, advice and support come as standard. “Some of my best friends are cadets,” says Kate. “Everyone shows respect for each other and pushes each other to do their best.” CONFIDENCE Whether it’s competing in the Duke of Edinburgh’s Award or finally tying that tally correctly, our cadets are constantly achieving and exceeding their expectations, which results in a big confidence boost. “My confidence has grown so much since joining Sea Cadets,” says OC Alycia, from Preston Sea Cadets. “I’ve been able to go away on courses, meet new people and make friendships that will last a lifetime.” SKILLS You want to sail? Then learn to sail. Want to become a medic or a chef? We’ve got that covered. Need to practise your interview skills? No problem. We deliver a dizzying array of qualifications and experiences that can set you up for life. “They’ll come back from courses worldly-wise, resilient, confident and independent,” says Clare Towns, Commanding Officer at Hebburn and Sunderland Unit. “And the sooner young people learn the life skills they need to survive, the better.” ASPIRATION After spending time with us, cadets have gone on to land top jobs in a wide variety of sectors. Dream big and Sea Cadets will set you on the path to success. “I have seen many examples of shy young people transform into natural leaders,” says Development Worker Shane Daly. “Their confidence has been boosted, they have climbed the ranks and taken on leadership roles. Instilling the core values of the Sea Cadets into these young people has helped prepare them for whatever lies ahead.”


Image: Claire Wood Photography

‘When things are difficult, Sea Cadets takes my mind off my problems and gives me back my positive attitude’



‘The best part? Seeing cadets progress and achieve their dreams’

Nomin ate a volunt eer! E SCma mail g@ms -sc.or and te g ll us w ho it is and why th ey deserv e it

What does your role involve? With the help of the other volunteers, I organise the day-to-day running of the unit. I liaise with the unit management team to make sure we have enough money and that we are recruiting new cadets and volunteers. How do you balance work, life and Sea Cadets? Some weeks are easier than others! There are times when I’m not able to attend the unit due to my shifts, but luckily that doesn’t happen very often. I have a great team of volunteers around me who step up when I can’t be there. What’s your fondest memory of being a cadet yourself? I joined Sea Cadets when I was 12, and the memories that stay with me the most are the summer camps – going away for a week and having fun with my best friends. Other things that stick in my mind are going to naval

Former cadet and now Officer in Charge at Bolton Unit Dr Megan Duxbury, 24, tells us how she juggles her volunteering with being a full-time doctor

establishments such as HMS Raleigh and doing action stations and the assault courses. What are some of the challenges you face at your unit? While I have been part of Sea Cadets for many years, I’ve only recently taken over as Officer in Charge so that is a big challenge in itself. This is coupled with other issues, such as not having enough instructors to cover all classes. How do you hope to overcome these challenges? I feel that good and effective communication is always the key to a well-run unit. We are now actively recruiting more instructors to help with delivering the courses. Both an increase in volunteer numbers and good communication will help us to plan ahead, and also enable us to develop, and ensure that none of the cadets miss out on the best experience possible.

What drives you to take this on with such a demanding job? Sometimes I ask myself that! But I had a fantastic time as a cadet, and I am very grateful to all the volunteers who helped me. I want to give something back to the charity, and more importantly to help young people. Without Sea Cadets, I don’t know if I would have had the confidence or interpersonal skills to pursue my career. I enjoy the challenges running a unit presents and seeing the cadets develop and become happy, confident young people.

when cadets feel able to confide in you, and this is something I think is important to remember as volunteers.

What has been the most satisfying part of being a volunteer so far? As corny as it may sound: seeing cadets progress and achieve their dreams. I find myself getting excited and happy for cadets when they tell me about their exam results, college applications and their achievements within Sea Cadets. I also find that you are put in a very privileged position

Can you see a difference in young people who attend Sea Cadets? I’ve seen cadets join as incredibly shy and quiet juniors who, not even a few months in, are the life and soul of the unit. They continue to grow in confidence all the time they are with us. I think we give young people something they don’t get from school and it gives them a special edge.

“Megan was a very high-achieving cadet, and as a volunteer is a very valuable member of the charity. She took on a lot of responsibility while training to be a doctor and still put her hand up for various projects. She epitomises the cadet experience and demonstrates the core values we strive to achieve. Megan is an exemplary role model for cadets and adults alike.” Cdr (SCC) J Evans MBE DL RNR, Senior Staff Officer, North West Area



What are your hopes for the future of the unit? There are so many things I want to do! This year our big focus is to get cadets away on as many courses as we can, while raising money to repair our building, which is in dire need of work. We are also recruiting more volunteers and working on training our current instructors to provide a wider range of skills to cadets.

An open day to celebrate the unit’s 75th anniversary in May 2017. The Mayor of Bolton presented the unit with a cheque for £1,000


Five ways Sea Cadets can help you find a career in catering

1 2

TEAMWORK You need to be able to work as a team, communicating with each

other to ensure service is smooth. EXPERIENCE AT SEA Get to know what it’s like working at sea. As Chris says, it’s different

to land and you’ll have sea-specific skills to learn.


LEADERSHIP SKILLS The ability to lead a team

So you want to work in...

with confidence and to follow


instructions accurately. For a career in a busy kitchen, both are essential. The Catering Specialisation

Leading chef and former sea cadet Chris Hooper-Callcut gives us a slice of life as a chef in the Royal Navy


ooking for 280 people together with one other chef on board a ship is impressive and a great responsibility, but Chris Hooper-Callcut took his first role on the water in his stride, aged 17. “It’s just about working really hard. Two chefs is all you need for a meal,” he assures us. Several years and five ships later, Chris can be found on land at Admiralty House in Portsmouth, cooking three-course meals as a leading chef. He’s currently enjoying flexing his culinary creativity in the form of elaborate desserts. “I absolutely love it, I’m in a fantastic job,” he says. “I enjoy being adventurous with the menus, cooking food of a very high standard. It’s more like working in a restaurant.” However, it was the ships that first caught Chris’s imagination and set him on his path to a career in catering. A sea cadet from the age of 10, he went sailing on TS Royalist and attended an open day on board HMS Montrose, where he discovered a love for ships. “I originally wanted to join the army, but because of Sea Cadets I went out sailing and really enjoyed it. I’d see the ships sailing around Portsmouth and I thought, why not? Sea Cadets was very encouraging,” he says.

Recipe for success “Everything you do as a cadet helps you and sets you in good stead for the future,” enthuses Chris. “Learning to look after uniforms, ironing,


QUALIFICATIONS with Sea Cadets covers different

aspects of food preparation theory and practice. The course is very hands-on and involves a lot of practical skills

polishing, drills and how to march. Skills such as taking orders are really important. You learn all the basics, making it easier if you go on to join the Royal Navy or other armed forces.” After six years as a sea cadet, Chris joined the Royal Navy, where he trained as a chef. Now 25, he has worked on six warships in total. “I like the things that you do on a ship. As a chef, I did first aid, firefighting and damage control, as well as other courses. I enjoy that it’s different from what you would do on land.” Challenges have included chef seasickness: “I was the only chef on the Lancaster that didn’t get seasick. So when it got rough, I had the responsibility of cooking all three meals for 180 people. That was a little challenging!”

such as cooking, tasting and planning the catering for events.


ATTENTION TO DETAIL It’s important to be able to work under pressure as a chef while

keeping that attention to detail; this is a basic skill that all cadets learn from the start, and is imbued throughout all aspects of the Sea Cadets Experience.

A promising future Chris’s sights are now set on furthering his chef skills on land. “I am currently applying to be the Second Sea Lord’s Executive Chef, so I would be cooking here for him and catering his functions.” He would encourage all sea cadets to come onboard and visit a ship as much as possible. “Look around, go to sea for a day. Try everything you can – see what you could be doing on a practical level, it’s both inspiring and great fun.” With Sea Cadets being instrumental to Chris’s own ambitions, he recommends a career in the armed forces. “It’s a great start to a good career, teaching you to work hard while supplying you with so many valuable skills.”

Royal Navy careers Being a chef in the Royal Navy is a catering career that’s literally miles from anything you could do at home. From high-volume catering on operations on board warships or deployed with the Royal Marines, to fine-dining excellence for politically influential VIPs, you’ll learn how to run a supremely efficient operation. To find out more about this and other jobs within the Royal Navy, visit: royalnavy.mod.uk/careers.




Sea Cadets guide to...

BADGE POSITIONS Captain Sea Cadets Captain Phil Russell RN provides your essential guide to making sure your badges are all displayed in the correct place on your uniform At Sea Cadets you work hard and put in a lot of effort to earn badges, so make sure you put yours in exactly the right position. Whether you’re a junior, a sea cadet or a royal marines cadet, take pride in your uniform and in the Corps by correctly displaying your achievements. Our illustrated guide can help by showing you where all the different badges go.


The Commodores’ Broad Pennant is worn at the top, above all other badges

Proficiency badges are worn under the blue stars



Centre point of the badge should be at the centre point between elbow and shoulder

10mm from top of the SCC flash to top point of shoulder

Rate badge Good Conduct badge Waterborne Proficiency badges (max of two badges)


Specialisation badge (one badge only)

Proficiency badges


For jackets without cuffs, they should be 85mm from the edge of the jacket to the bottom of the cuff

Specialisation badge (one badge only) Waterborne Proficiency badges (max of two)

For jackets with built-in cuffs the bottom of the badge is 10mm from the top edge of the cuff

10mm from top of the SCC flash to top point of shoulder

Rate and Good Conduct badges

Proficiency badges For jackets without cuffs they should be 85mm from the edge of the jacket to the bottom of the cuff

Illustrations: Mark Watkinson

Centre point of the badge should be at the centre point between elbow and shoulder

For jackets with built-in cuffs the bottom of the badge is 10mm from the top edge of the cuff

Achievement badges are sewn onto a brassard, worn on the right arm


Etiquette A. The personal salute, in addition to being Q. I understand and agree with SCC personnel saluting RN officers, but should RN personnel salute SCC officers?

a mark of respect, is an act of courtesy and good manners. It is never wrong to salute even if subsequently the person saluting another discovers that person is not entitled to be saluted. As a general rule, ratings (members of the Royal Navy subordinate to officers) are to salute all officers and officers are to salute those superior to them in rank. The naval personal hand salute is only to be made when the senior person is in uniform and wearing headgear. Without uniform headgear and when civilian clothes are being worn, only a verbal salutation is neccessary.

ASK THE CORPS Each issue Captain Sea Cadets Captain Phil Russell RN and the team answer your questions about Sea Cadets. Email SCmag@ms-sc.org to ask us a question! Uniform

Equality Q. This year it’s the 75th anniversary of the Girl’s Nautical Training Corps and the 100th anniversary of the Women’s Royal Naval Service. How far do you think Sea Cadets has come with matching the Royal Navy in reducing the gender divide? A. It’s a great question, and on the whole I think this charity is on the front foot when it comes to narrowing the gender divide. We are one of the only youth charities that has a unisex uniform, and have done since 1980 when the Girls Nautical Training Corps was incorporated into Sea Cadets. 36% of our cadets and 40% of our volunteers are female, which Youth United advises is the best mix of any uniformed youth group. We have also pioneered girls joining the Royal Marines Cadets for many years. As you can read about in this issue, we are always keen to champion our heritage, harking back to the WRNS, and are proud to be an inclusive charity, open to all and committed to equality for young people.

Social media Q. Our unit likes to use closed groups on Facebook to communicate internal messages to cadets. This allows us to keep our external page free for promotion and to show off what we do. Is this OK? A. Unfortunately not, you should not be using social media

Q. I find it difficult to keep the creases in 4s trousers. Do you have any tricks or tips to help keep the crease in? A. It is definitely a skill to keep the crease straight and intact when wearing number 4s! Over the years, I have heard plenty of tips on how it’s best to combat this issue. Personally, I place a damp cloth over the creaseline and press with an iron until it’s dry. The damp cloth protects the trousers and the water helps to keep the crease in. I have heard that one method is turning the trousers inside out and running a bar of soap up and down the leg, where the crease is, before ironing in the

crease. The line of soap acts like a glue, holding the crease together longer. Personally I would not recommend using soap and instead would stick to the damp cloth method.

to contact cadets directly at all. You are allowed to have an open Facebook fan page, which nearly all our units do, and all communications should be on that – in the public eye. The reasoning for this is that a private line can make you liable and open to reports of duty of care. The same rule applies to other social media sites as well as group messaging tools such as WhatsApp. The official Sea Cadets policy on such matters reads ‘Closed and open groups on social media are only permitted for volunteers to network across their unit and area. Cadets must not be accepted or invited to join a closed or open group.’ For guidance on how to set up a fan page on Facebook, please read ‘Understanding Facebook use.’ We recommend sending messages to parents in order to reach cadets. This is the tried and tested way and is the method that the majority of schools use.




SUMMER SELFIES Cadets’ pictures of what they’ve been getting up to at units, events and competitions around the country

Unit awards night at Weston-superMare Unit, by AC Sophie

Amy, Beth and Ryan after visiting HMS Hood at Catford Haringey RMCD at the Graspan Parade 2017, by Cdt Sgt Ryan

YOUR PHOTOS CFC Paris from Bridgwater Unit with Captain Sea Cadets at the freedom parade in Weymouth An RYA Day Sailing Course at Royal Docks Boat Station, sent in by A/PO (SCC) Hassan Kamara

Hitchin Unit during drill training at stand easy, from AC Megan

Charlotte and Bill at Exmouth Unit, enjoying divisions Cadets from across London at LASCAT Caving

Cadets from Cardiff Unit after taking part in the field gun competition at HMS Collingwood




5 questions for… ©JEP Celebrity Photos / Alamy

SIR KENNETH BRANAGH The esteemed actor discusses his forthcoming WWII film, Dunkirk, in which he plays a Naval Commander involved in rescuing 400,000 troops trapped on the beaches of France


When writer/director Christopher Nolan first approached you about the film, what attracted you more: the filmmaker or the subject matter? It was the filmmaker, I didn’t know what the subject matter was initially. Christopher walked me through the story, and told me he wanted to condense the experiences of Dunkirk across intersecting stories set on the land, on the sea and in the air. Growing up, I often heard the expression ‘Dunkirk Spirit,’ but it wasn’t until I started learning about World War II that I came to understand it. It has to do with never giving up, no matter how impossible the odds. A nation united in an epic, courageous, impossible evacuation effort to bring those soldiers home. That spirit transformed a potentially catastrophic defeat into a ‘miracle of deliverance,’ as Winston Churchill called it.


What can you tell us about your character, Commander Bolton? He’s charged with organising the logistics on the Mole – a narrow breakwater being used as a dock for the ships coming in to evacuate the stranded soldiers on the beach. Bolton carries enormous responsibility and has to keep

a cool head and maintain as much control as possible under these unpredictable and extremely dangerous conditions.


Many of the characters we meet in the film are young men, thrown into this horrific situation. What is Commander Bolton’s perspective? Bolton is from a generation that had been in World War I as well. So, to come out of the ‘War to End All Wars’ and find himself here, you can feel an older generation of Brits saying, ‘What have we come to again?’ I think that’s a perspective Chris was interested in expressing through this character. From his position on the Mole, Bolton can see into the far distance the massive numbers of people involved, and feel an incredible sense of youth exposed, and the role his generation played in setting them up to be cornered on this strip of beach.


Bolton’s a commander in the Royal Navy, and you have several scenes with James D’Arcy, who plays Army Colonel Winnant. Is there tension between the two? Yes, indeed. Winnant is Army, which means he’s part of the group that got

the 400,000 soldiers to Dunkirk, and are now relying on the Navy to get them off the beach quickly. The Army and the Navy have rivalries with each other generally – even more so in this extreme situation – and James and I could play a bit with that dynamic.


What impact do you think Christopher Nolan’s approach to filmmaking had on the story of Dunkirk? Chris has found a way to take an independent approach to popular moviemaking that is unique in modern cinema. What I witnessed on Dunkirk was the hands-on, detailed approach he takes to even the smallest aspect of this giant operation, which is entirely under his control. You can see what an enormous undertaking it is just by walking along that beach, which was packed with extras – and his vision permeates all of it. Regardless of the scope, it feels like a highly personal film that he has chosen to make on a vast scale.

Dunkirk in cinem is across thas e UK on 21 July

Win kayaks, £500, a GoPro or an offshore voyage! Our Sea Cadets survey is back! We last asked for your views in 2015 and were thrilled with the overwhelming response so we think it’s time we hear from you again! This survey gives us crucial insight into your thoughts and opinions as we build on the Sea Cadets Experience, so we can continue to give young people life-changing opportunities and enable volunteers to pass on their valuable skills. It will be opening very soon so keep your eyes peeled and take the opportunity to have your say and shape the future of Sea Cadets! The fantastic prizes up for grabs are: District with the most entries: Four Pyranha Speeder kayaks Unit with most entries: £500 One cadet, chosen at random: An offshore voyage Six cadets (one from each area) chosen at random: A GoPro camera each



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The Sea Cadet - Issue 4  

The magazine for volunteers, parents and Sea Cadets

The Sea Cadet - Issue 4  

The magazine for volunteers, parents and Sea Cadets