THE FREE MAGAZINE FOR MSSC SUPPORTERS
SEAFARER Summer 2017
Celebrating the pioneering women who changed the face of the Royal Navy, on the centenary of the Wrens
A new training facility in Central London will provide Royal Marines with vital experience to help combat terrorism
SMART SHIPS ON THE HORIZON
Youâ€™ve heard of smart cars, but what about autonomous ships?
Editor’s welcome Welcome to the summer issue of Seafarer News, keeping you up to date with some of the latest news from the Royal Navy, Merchant Navy and marine industry. Read about the history of women in the Royal Navy as the Wrens turn 100 this year. And have a go at our nautical-themed crossword for a chance to win a book about them. We hope you enjoy the issue. Please send your feedback to email@example.com.
Some of the latest stories from the Royal Navy, the world of shipping and the Sea Cadet Corps
100 years of the Wrens: pages 6–7 Learn about the pioneering women who weren’t satisfied with the traditional roles they were offered and strove to go to sea, sometimes going to extreme lengths. At Ease: page 8 Enter our crossword competition to win a book about The Women’s Royal Naval Service. Our Man at Sea plans a wedding, and worries that he might not be able to attend...
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It is expected that there will be an employment shift towards analytics, technology and specialists for combatting cyber attacks
Smart ships on the horizon The shipping industry predicts that autonomous vessels will be afloat within three years, impacting economics and employment Smart ships are on their way. As advancements in smart technology and automation start to become more commonplace in our homes, workplaces and on our roads, the marine sector looks set to follow. The technology needed to make ships fully autonomous already exists and it’s just a matter of time before remote sea vessels become reality. This is according to Oskar Levander, Vice President of Innovation, Marine at Rolls-Royce, speaking about the advantages of smart ships and when we might see them at sea. “Smart ships are expected to be safer, more efficient and cheaper, both to build and to run,” he says.
“We envisage a remotely operated vessel in local waters and in operation by 2020. By 2025 we hope to have a remotely operated vessel at open sea and five years after that we expect unmanned ocean-going vessels to be a common sight on the ocean.” Autonomous shipping is predicted to mean big savings for the shipping industry, and will inevitably impact employment. Barry Parker, an expert in analytics and communications in the marine industry, reports in Maritime Logistics Professional magazine that it will see a shift in roles for seafarers towards analytics, technicians and specialists in shore support and prevention of cyber attacks.
New training facility will help marines in urban combat Royal Marines Reservists based in London have a brand-new and unique urban combat training facility to help equip them in their fight against terrorism Hailed as the latest weapon in the war against urban terrorists, a new £200,000 four-storey facility, named the Centre for Urban Tactics And Climbing (CUTAC), will prepare commandos for climbing up, abseiling down and storming buildings in towns and cities. The facility has been designed with all three of the capital’s emergency services in mind, to practise rescues in multi-storey buildings. “This facility is a fantastic addition to our London base – without it we would travel for several hours to get the value of similar training,”
says Lt Col Ed Moorehouse RM, Commanding Officer of RMR City of London. “It’ll be an essential tool not just for Royal Marines but for all our military colleagues in and around London.”
The opening of the new training facility CUTAC AT
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©UK MOD Crown Copyright 2017
Corps in Action: page 5 Units have been honouring the armed forces, moving back into refurbished premises and winning medals for kayaking in a 125-mile race.
News: pages 2, 3 & 4 Autonomous shipping, a new Royal Marines training centre to help in the fight against terrorism, and more.
Daring destroyer acts as escort through ‘missile alley’
©UK MOD Crown Copyright, 2015
The call of duty has seen HMS Daring repeatedly run the gauntlet of the Bab al Mandeb Strait to safely escort other vessels through this dangerous route HMS Daring has safely escorted more than 800,000 tonnes of shipping through the infamous ‘missile alley’ in the Red Sea. The purpose-built destroyer crossed the Bab al Mandeb Strait, located between Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula, and Djibouti and Eritrea in the Horn of Africa. At least two ships have previously been hit by missiles fired from land while passing through. On 20 trips, HMS Daring escorted more than 800,000 tonnes of shipping – the equivalent of about a dozen QE2s, or four World War II Atlantic convoys. Ensuring the secure passage of both HMS Daring
merchant vessels and warships, HMS Daring earned significant praise from Rear Admiral Bob Tarrant, the Royal Navy’s Commander of Operations, who directs the work of all Britain’s warships, submarines and naval aircraft on frontline duties around the globe. He says: “HMS Daring has represented the Royal Navy and the UK superbly in a challenging deployment protecting UK interests in the Middle East region, her Ship’s Company should be justifiably proud of their achievements.” The BAM, as it is known in military terminology, is regarded as one of the most strategically important ‘choke points’ on the Seven Seas. Experts say that if it were ever closed, it would have a severe impact on global trade – not least the fuel from the Middle East delivered to the UK by tankers passing through the strait.
Letter reveals Nelson’s romantic defeat A letter that was written by Admiral Nelson four years before he was killed, revealing frustration at having his personal life thwarted, is being sold at auction. The Daily Telegraph reports that the letter documents Nelson’s ill feelings at being kept at sea by angry naval bosses who wanted to frustrate his scandalous relationship with his mistress. After being made Lord of the Admiralty in 1801, Sir Thomas Troubridge was said to have deliberately ordered Nelson to stay at sea for long periods so he could not continue to see Lady Emma Hamilton, as their affair was a public scandal. In the 216-year-old letter to Emma, Nelson wrote of his anger towards Sir Thomas “lording it” over him and admitted to feeling seasick because he had been at sea for so long. The letter has been in the possession of a private collector and is now being sold by International Autograph Auctions in Marbella, Spain, for a pre-sale estimate of £15,000. ms-sc.org SEAFARER NEWS
Incoming: drones to be rolled out for ship deliveries You might have heard about online retailer Amazon announcing the first successful drone deliveries to UK customers last year. Now, drone technology is soon to be used to make deliveries to ships as well. Norway-based firm Wilhelmsen Ships Service has announced it is set to pilot the use of drones for last mile deliveries to vessels. Wilhelmsen expects the use of drones to increase in a variety of industries in the years to come, including their own. When speaking to World Maritime News, Wilhelmson cited cost efficiencies (reducing costs by up to 90%), speed, significantly slashed lead times and less labour-dependent semi-autonomous precision delivery, as proof of drones’ viability for use in the future.
Pay in question for sailors held by pirates
Due to the rise of maritime piracy attacks in international waters, which often include the kidnapping of seafarers, shipping employers are facing new challenges regarding their pay. Under the terms of the Maritime Labour Convention, employers are obliged to pay salaries to workers that are caught and held captive by pirates. However, an issue has arisen on the duration of payment, as there have been numerous cases when seafarers were kept for several years, some with their fate unknown. At a meeting of the International Labour Organisation in Geneva, Switzerland, they examined issues related to the protection of seafarers’ wages when they are held captive. Shipowners’ obligations toward seafarers currently continue until they are released or until the date of death, if they die while in captivity. In addition, seafarers cannot be dismissed while held captive. 3
MARINE SOCIETY NEWS
MARINE SOCIETY NEWS Bringing you the latest stories from Marine Society, supporting seafarer development and education
Library team opens pop-up shop at IMO The Marine Society held a pop-up bookshop at the International Maritime Organization’s London headquarters, during its Maritime Safety Committee. More than 1,000 delegates were present to debate new resolutions and recommendations relating to sea safety. The Marine Society has been the designated bookshop for IMO and an authorised distributor for 10 years but the pop-up shop represents a new chapter in the Marine Society’s relationship with IMO. The IMO said it was pleased to support the work of Marine Society and its commitment to lifelong learning and the provision of essential maritime regulatory information to all seafarers and IMO delegates.
Safety at Sea shortlist for Learn@Sea Marine Society’s digital Learn@Sea education platform has been shortlisted in HIS Markit’s Safety at Sea awards. The awards recognise those who improve seafarer competence and risk management with innovations and achievements in the fields of training, operations, equipment and services. The ‘Best Crew Development and Training Programme’ category, in which Marine Society is shortlisted, distinguishes the programmes that develop seafarer skills and ensure that crew comply with industry best practice and global regulation. To date, more than 5,200 seafarers have used Marine Society’s Learn@Sea platform to help improve the skills they need to fulfil their career ambitions, and to make the ships they sail on safer by improving the communication skills and technical ability of crew. The winner will be announced in September. 4
Mike at the beginning of his maritime career
‘Why I support Marine Society’ Retired marine engineer and MSSC supporter Mike Wall wrote to Marine Society to share the huge difference its support made to his career, and why he decided to leave a gift to the charity in his will My seagoing career began in 1963 when I became a marine engineer apprentice with Cunard Line. My ultimate aim was to become a chief engineer. I came from a broken marriage and was independent from the age of 10. In 1967 at the age of 19, after two years at Riversdale Technical College, I didn’t have two pennies to rub together to buy my seagoing uniform. Thanks to the intervention of a lecturer and the Cunard Line personnel manager, Marine Society granted me £75 and loaned me a further £75 so I could continue. My first sea service was on a cargo vessel on the Liverpool–New York– Boston–Baltimore–Philadelphia route. American hospitals bought blood at $7 per pint and that’s how I managed to pay off my loan. If I had a rarer blood type I’d have paid it off even quicker! I completed my cadetship and served as a junior engineer before coming ashore to study a BSc in nautical studies. This required many books, and again the Marine Society helped.
Career progression After my degree, I taught engineering in Cardiff and Belfast for three years before returning to sea to obtain my Class 2 and Class 1 Certificates of Competency. Once again, Marine Society helped with relevant books. I wished to progress in the academic world, particularly within marine education, so in 1977 I began a master’s degree in shipping and maritime studies. The Marine Society’s library continued to be invaluable.
I then worked in different positions relating to marine education and surveying. My last position was owner of a marine consultancy firm for 25 years. In 2011, I sold up and retired to Thailand. During my career, I was impressed by the number of ratings and officers who wished to progress in the industry. I always made them aware of the various distance learning courses available, and how the Marine Society could help them.
A lasting legacy During my career, I was lucky enough to experience various types of vessel, engine and trade, including offshore work, all over the world. But my greatest satisfaction has been helping others to progress in their careers. I have continued to teach marine-related subjects as a visiting lecturer at various times and have written several books. For 17 years I have been publishing a free email newsletter, Flashlight, circulated to 3,000 marine surveyors. Every year, before Christmas, I suggest that my readers make a contribution to Marine Society, a charity where we know the money is going to a good cause: helping other seafarers like us. I would not have had the career I had without Marine Society. My way of saying thank you is to make a gift in my will. My only regret is that as a child I was in the Boy Scouts, not Sea Cadets! Learn how you can leave a legacy in your will by calling Vanessa Boyle on 0207 654 7018 or emailing email@example.com.
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SEA CADETS NEWS
CORPS IN ACTION
A round-up of what Sea Cadets have been getting up to across the UK
2 5 6 3
1. John o’Groats to Land’s End
3. Freedom of the Borough for Weymouth
A group of eight, including a former Sea Cadets Commanding Officer, cycled from John o’Groats to Land’s End to raise money for Chelmsford Unit and other good causes. Nigel Bunton, a former CO at Chelmsford Sea Cadets, led the group on the 1,200-mile challenge, while PO (SCC) Keith Chapman accompanied them as the driver. Nigel describes Sea Cadets as a cause close to his heart: “For me, Sea Cadets gives children of all backgrounds equal opportunities,” he says. “It would be great if more people could volunteer, as it really does make a difference to young people.” You can sponsor the group at: cyclingknights.uk/.
Weymouth Sea Cadets Unit was given the rare honour of the Freedom of the Borough to mark its 75th anniversary. Cadets and volunteers were joined by others from Somerset and Dorset District as they paraded through Weymouth in Dorset on Saturday 13 May. The 120-strong group was cheered on by families and friends as it made its way through the town, led by Portland Sea Cadets band. There was also a blessing at a local church. Weymouth and Portland Borough Council voted to give Sea Cadets the Freedom of the Borough in February.
2. Honouring our armed forces Twenty cadets from units across Manchester attended a service that commemorated the 100th anniversary of a veterans’ charity. Broughton House’s Centenary Service took place at Manchester Cathedral and was attended by the Duke of York, who took the time to speak to the cadets. The Greater Manchester charity provides care to people in the North West who have been in the Armed Forces and the Merchant Navy. The service was led by the Dean of Manchester, the Very Reverend Rogers Govender, who paid tribute to the vision of Col Sir William Coates, a surgeon who established Broughton House in response to the casualties after the First World War and lack of hospital beds in the area. ms-sc.org SEAFARER NEWS
4. Royal celebration for reopened unit HRH Anne, Princess Royal visited Peterhead Unit, where she met volunteers and cadets and formally reopened its premises. The Princess Royal was given a tour of the refurbished building and unveiled a plaque to commemorate the occasion. Cadet Josh piped as she arrived, while LJC Alexander presented her with a posy. Peterhead Sea Cadets has been based at the same location for more than 60 years, and the refurbishment follows a five-year £150,000 fundraising effort. The Officer in Charge, Sub Lieutenant (SCC) Marleen Mowatt, said the unit was honoured to have welcomed the Princess.
5. Unit back in action after flooding Wakefield Sea Cadets is now in its newly refurbished building, after the unit was flooded by Storm Eva. It worked hard to raise the funds for repairs after it was damaged on Boxing Day 2015. The official opening also incorporated an awards night, and finished with a presentation of certificates of gratitude to several local businesses and organisations for their support.
6. Kayaking cadet takes bronze medal A Reading sea cadet finished third in the famous Devizes to Westminster Canoe Race, kayaking for hours at a time over four days. LC Simon, 17, took on the 125-mile race with Stephen, also 17, and secured the bronze medal with a time of 17 hours, 26 minutes and 31 seconds. They competed against 90 other pairs in the 15–18 category, kayaking for long periods without any rest. Simon said: “Any hour I have has been spent training, revising and being at Sea Cadets! At Sea Cadets, I try to focus on helping others. I love helping them to try to improve.” 5
THE WRENS TURN 100
A CENTURY OF THE WRENS
Step back in time with Alice Hancock as she delves into the history of the Women of the Royal Naval Service, and reveals its lasting legacy 100 years on
Main image: A Wrens group embarking for duty. Below: Wrens on board HMS Invincible and a female firefighter, both from 1990, the first year women were allowed on board Royal Navy ships. Bottom right: Wrens keeping fit at HMS Dauntless in 1955
y mother’s godmother was a Wren, or, more officially, a member of the Women of the Royal Naval Service (WRNS). She died this year, a stalwart lady of 93 who into her 90s insisted on a brisk daily walk around Greenwich Park. Everyone knew her as ‘Aunt Jane’. She grew up on the Isle of Wight and in 1940, impelled to dig for victory her own way, trained to drive the island’s ambulance. The emergency vehicle, donated by the Americans in World War I, was described by Aunt Jane as “just like a tin with a bench and stretcher in it”. But eventful nights were rare and instead Jane – “so fed up” – decided to join the Wrens. Not many jobs available to women at the time would have allowed her to train as a cipher officer. Nor would she have been able to travel with Winston Churchill to Canada to encrypt messages from his meeting with US president Franklin Roosevelt. Nor, indeed, would she have revelled in illicit bathing parties off the battle cruiser HMS Renown during the Cairo conference of 1943.
the embryonic tensions that led to World War I. Prior to this, women had only been allowed on board ships as the wives of warrant officers such as gunmen or carpenters, where their role was purely domestic. A few women had previously served aboard a ship – but never to the knowledge of their superiors. Hannah Snell (1723–1792) is one of the most famous. She passed for four-and-ahalf years in the Royal Marines as ‘James Gray’, even managing to hide her gender when she was wounded 11 times in the legs and once in the groin during the siege of Pondicherry in 1748. It wouldn’t be until 1990 that a woman served again in a close combat role. The WRNS was officially born in 1917 when a
Breaking the ceiling The WRNS, founded 100 years ago this year, originally grew out of two nursing organisations – the Queen Alexandra Royal Naval Nursing Service, founded in 1884, and the VADS (Voluntary Aid Detachment), formed during 6
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THE WRENS TURN 100
Timeline of the WRNS 1884 The Naval Nursing Service, the first female uniformed service, is established.
1917 WRNS is formed. ‘Women for the Navy – new shore service to be formed’, reads its founding directive. Katharine Furse, later made a Dame, becomes its first director.
Right: Some of the first Wrens, in 1919. Below: Wrens at Chatham helped to feed 6,000 sailors during WWI
1918 The first Wren dies on active service. Josephine Carr, aged 19, is aboard the RMS Leinster when it is torpedoed.
1919 Disbanding of the Wrens, now with 7,000 members. Its motto was ‘Never At Sea’.
drastic wartime shortage of men encouraged the Admiralty to recruit women to shoreside roles, in order to free up men to fight. Though they adopted the motif of the feathered wren from the start, the Wrens’ own wings were clipped, initially bound to fill jobs that were largely considered appropriate to their sex: cooking, stewarding and secretarial work. It was not long before these forthright women (many of them suffragettes before the war) saw new opportunities. “Very quickly when people began asking around and seeing what jobs were needed, they started doing all sorts. There were Wren porters, repairers, despatch riders, and working on naval air stations,” says Victoria Ingles, Senior Heritage Officer at the National Museum of the Royal Navy.
Second wave In the inter-war years the Wrens disbanded, but an energetic campaign regularly pestered the Admiralty to establish a women’s reserve service. “The idea of women joining the service was not welcomed by most men,” continues Victoria. “Not least because the women were taking landbased roles that meant the men would have to go to sea.” Others, including some women, simply thought it wasn’t proper. In April 1939, the petitioning proved successful. The WRNS was reformed as a skeleton force of 1,000. When hostilities broke out in September ms-sc.org SEAFARER NEWS
1939 In April the WRNS is reformed with a new director, First World War Wren and suffragette, Vera Laughton Matthews.
1944 The number of Wrens reaches 74,000.
1949 The WRNS is recognised as a regular force. Women are permitted to claim a naval pension after 22 years of service.
A lasting legacy
The WRNS no longer officially exists as an arm of the Royal Navy. After the war, the service was made into a regular force but the women were still considered civilians. It wasn’t until 1993 that the WRNS disbanded, but with good reason: women had officially become a part of the Navy itself. Today, a woman is able to fulfil any naval role – except Royal Marine, though this is set to change in 2019 – and many young women are taking full advantage of the high tides their predecessors rode. Taliarose Whitelock, 18, a former cadet from Whitley Bay Sea Cadets, has been selected as one of just two meteorological and oceanic specialists recruited by the Royal Navy each year. For her, like the Wrens who paved the way, the experience has been transformative. “I was always the quiet one and never used to speak up,” she says. “Sea Cadets built my confidence and helped me to get my marine engineering and seamanship qualifications. It helped me become the person I am.” Invited back to see women at work aboard HMS Dauntless, former Wren Judy Bloomfield is wistful: “I’m so envious of women in the Royal Navy today,” she admits. “I see them and I wish I could go back in time.” Pioneers To Professionals: Women And The Royal Navy is at Portsmouth Historic Dockyard: historicdockyard.co.uk/.
Women are subject to the Naval Discipline Act, which means they have to abide by the same rules as men.
1990 Female officers are sent to sea for the first time, followed in October by the first ratings on HMS Brilliant.
1993 The WRNS disbands as it is subsumed into the Royal Navy.
2004 Commodore Carolyn Stait is the first woman to command a Royal Naval base, having started her career as a cadet Wren in 1975.
2014 Women are permitted to serve on submarines. Images: The National Museum of the Royal Navy
the same year, that number ballooned. By 1944 the WRNS was 74,000 strong, twice the size of today’s Royal Navy. Changes in technology and more liberal attitudes to women meant the Wrens’ roles grew. Some, like Aunt Jane, worked as ciphers, while others worked at Bletchley Park or prepared for D-Day. Constance Hale, a shorthand typist aboard the training ship HMS Philante in the Irish Sea, was awarded the Atlantic Star – a rare achievement, as it was only given to those who had spent at least six months at sea.
2016 The government announces that women may serve in close combat roles, opening the door to a ruling that will allow female Royal Marines Commandos in 2019.
2017 The Wrens celebrate their centenary with, among other events, an exhibition at the National Museum of the Royal Navy.
Our leisurely back page: planning weddings at sea, an epic war film to watch, and the chance to win a book about the Wrens
! WIN y of
How will you fare in our nautical crossword?
A cop The WRNS: oyal ’s R Women rvice e S Naval
How to enter Send your completed crossword (or a clear photocopy) by 30 August 2017, with your name, address and phone number, to: firstname.lastname@example.org or Seafarer News, MSSC, 202 Lambeth Road, London SE1 7JW. The winner and solution will be announced in the next issue.
Our Spring 2017 winner Ian M. Malcolm from St Andrews won a copy of All Hands and the Cook. Congratulations!
Across 1 Iridescent marine fish, aka mahi-mahi and dolphinfish (6) 4 Canadian port featuring in NATO alphabet (6) 9 Part of sailing boat just above the topgallant (5,4) 10 Which port might be sought in a storm? (3) 11 ----- Swale-Pope, round-the-world sailor (5) 13 Word you don’t want to hear before “ship”! (7) 14 With sails furled, and helm lashed alee (5) 15/19 Nickname for the 8 down strait (7,5) 17 Fore-and-aft structural member in a wooden boat (7) 19 See 15 21 Seawards (of eg tides) (3) 22 Peninsular in north-west England (3,6) 24 HMS ------, escort ship operating in 15 across 19 across (6) 25 Inlet of the Indian Ocean, between Africa and Asia (3,3)
Down 1 Albrecht -----, painter of The Sea Monster (5) 2 Electric ---, aka torpedo (3) 3 Tam ------- MP, author of Thatcher’s Torpedo: Sinking of the “Belgrano” (7) 5 ----- Electronics, awarded Royal Navy Sonar contract in 2014 (5) 6 Practice routine held in port before a ship sails (4,5) 7 Port in French Guiana (7) 8 Name of strait connecting 25 across to the Gulf of Aden (beware: other spellings exist) (3,2,6) 12 Sailor’s headgear in stormy weather (9) 14 N orman -------, aquatint artist and author of A Line in the Water (7) 16 Popular aquaria-based attraction for all the family (3,4) 18 Run landwards (of wind, etc) (3,2) 20 Black Sea port, site of WWII conference in 1945 (5) 23 Prefix for ships contracted to carry mail (3)
One to watch
One to visit
Dunkirk Release date: 21 July 2017 Esteemed director Christopher Nolan, responsible for blockbusters The Dark Knight, Inception and Interstellar, turns to fact-based drama for the first time with World War II epic Dunkirk. A handsomely staged dramatisation of the Operation Dynamo evacuation in May and June 1940, the movie features an all-star cast including Tom Hardy, Cillian Murphy, Harry Styles, Mark Rylance and Sir Kenneth Branagh.
Captain Bligh: Myth, Man, Mutiny National Maritime Museum, Cornwall 17 March 2017–7 January 2018. Tickets: £12.50, valid for 12 months. This exhibition remembers a notable West Countryman and significant national figure, known for the famous mutiny led by his acting lieutenant. In the 200th anniversary year of his death, it challenges the common Hollywood depiction of Bligh as villain and his lieutenant as romantic hero, and brings to life one of the greatest small boat survival stories in history. The exhibition features relics from the voyage and a reproduction of the Bounty launch, giving a real sense of the situation for the 18 men who sailed it over 3,600 nautical miles across the Pacific. Find out more at: nmmc.co.uk/whats-on/event/captainbligh-myth-man-mutiny.
Life at sea Our man at sea shares the ups and downs of organising your onshore life Name: Second Officer Spencer Wyles Ship: Maersk Recorder Position: Hoping to make it to the church on time... This summer is the busiest I’ve had at sea in a long while – I’m due to be married in September. But wedding planning at sea has been relatively enjoyable, as my better half has taken care of most things. I’m sure that many readers will fondly remember their wives or husbands taking the lion’s share of the wedding planning, but I don’t know how anyone did it without the internet. We’ve mostly relied on an instant messaging mobile app, WhatsApp, which allows us to send pictures, videos, voice messages, text messages and even to livecall each other over the ship’s Wi-Fi. Unfortunately, wedding planning does require my presence at home from time to time, and I’ve missed a large number of planning meetings and even missed out on the food and wine tastings, so that will all be a surprise on the day! The company I work for asked me to join a ship on the Monday before the wedding and for the first time I’ve had to say no to a job. We have to register our marriage that day, and I have to actually be present for that. The day after the wedding, I head to college to start my chief officer studies, so my honeymoon will be put on hold – at least it’s one less thing to organise. There is one remaining issue, despite having 16 months’ notice, I’m still not 100% confident that I’ll be able to attend... The project I am due to start on has already been postponed three times, so I’m nervous that I’ll actually be at sea on my wedding day. So I’d really appreciate it if the lovely readers of Seafarer News could keep their fingers crossed for me. SPRING 2017 ISSUE CROSSWORD SOLUTION: Across: 1 Mimosa, 4 Swamps, 8 Gunroom, 10 Garbo, 11 Brisk, 12 Outhaul, 13 Polar Code, 17 Bulwark, 19 Eagre, 21 Dirks, 22 Ransome, 23 Nassau, 24 Astern. Down: 1 Mugabe, 2 Mendi, 3 Snorkel, 5 Wight, 6 Margate, 7 Shoals, 9 Moonraker, 13 Pelorus, 14 Oceanos, 15 Abadan, 16 Severn, 18 At sea, 20 Globe.
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