Barcelona Prof.ssa:Rosalba Principato Alunno: Davide Messina
Barcelona is the capital of Catalunya, of 1,619,337 inhabitants, is a city of Spain,. In 1992 it was the seat of the Summer Olympic Games.
The city is the second largest financial and industrial center in Spain, after Madrid, and the largest commercial port and tourist center in Spain and one of the largest in Europe.
The city has a long and rich architectural history. It is known as the capital of modernism, for the great quantity and quality of architecture tresaure that preserves.
The spanish architect Antoni Gaudì was one of the most rapresentative exponent of the so-called Art Nouveau architecture.
His most important works are: Casa Calvet, Park Güell, Casa Batllò, Casa Milà (La Pedrera), La Sagrada Famìlia.
This house was built in Barcelona between 1898 and 1900 and Martin Calvet was its promoter. Built in carved stone, this building shows an upper undulating contour and is crowned with spherical pinnacles.
Park GĂźell On a piece of land on the Muntanya Pelada, Eusebi Guell wanted to built a park inspired by the concept of the garden city. GaudĂŹ worked on the construction of this park between 1900 and 1914, and even moved to live there in 1906.
For its construction he used colorful ceramics and pieces of recycled glass, along with its concrete sculptures, representing a universe of fantastic animals.
True to his style, GaudĂ created a work that is integrated in nature.
The square is supported by a doric colonnade, an imposing space designed as a marketplace.
The upper part of the square.
House Batlló is considered one of the most original works of Gaudì. The building was declared, UNESCO World Heritage Site, in 2005.
In 1904 Josep Batlló, textiles industrial, commissioned Gaudí to the task of refurbishing a modest building.
Gaudí's work, completed in 1907, significantly changed the appearance of the building, transforming the main façade, expanding the central courtyard and raising two plans which didn’t exist in the original buildings.
On the ground floor stood the stables, later transformed into warehouses , and the town hall.
The first floor of the building, the “piano nobile” , was intended to house the Batlló family while on the other four floors there were eight apartments for renting.
Casa MilĂ (La Pedrera)
Casa Mila, (La Pedrera), was built between 1905 and 1912 by Antoni Gaudi in Barcelona, Spain. Since 1984 it has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with other works of GaudĂ.
The building has 6 floors, on each of which there are 8 apartments. There are also 2 internal courtyards, which provide light brightness to all apartments.
The external facade of the building is clad in rough stone: it was this peculiarity that benefited the nickname La Pedrera.
A key material for Casa Mila is wrought iron, used in the doors, balconies, in the gate and in the very structure of the dwelling.
La Sagrada FamĂŹlia
The Sagrada Familia is a large Catholic church, still under construction, and is one of the masterpieces of the architect Antoni GaudĂ. The vastness of the scale of the project and his distinctive style has made it one of the main symbols of the city and a must see of mass tourism.
It is under construction. Work began in 1882 and will continue for many years, probably until 2026. Although unfinished, the church was consecrated by Pope Benedict XVI on November 7, 2010.
The towers are crowned by geometrically shaped spiers , 115 m high, covered in brightly colored ceramics, which were probably influenced by Cubism. There you can admire a large number of elaborate decoration.
The construction of the church depends on funding from donations to the association and work is proceeding slowly, partly because of the difficulty of the project. Several surrounding buildings (primarily condominiums built during the Franco) must be razed down to make way for the main staircase
The church will have three major fronts, two of which have already been completed.
The facade of the Nativity, which has a Gothic appearance, was made of the sculptures provided by GaudĂ and built by J. Busquets.
The Passion facade, which is especially striking for its thin, emaciated characters, tormented by the ominous forms, created by the contemporary sculptor Josep Subirachs. This facade is very interesting for the presence of numbers that add up to lines, columns and diagonals always result in "33", the years of Christ.
The Glory facade, not yet realized.