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Vizinhos/Neighbours HO HO HO

9 VERNO 200 WINTER/IN

15

It’s that time of year again! It’s Christmas time. This day is the day that Jesus in the Christian calendar was born. To celebrate his birth we shower our loved ones in gifts just like he was. Every year on December 25th we celebrate to remember his birth a very special day in the Christian calendar and religion. As Traditions we decorate a tree with fancy lights and ornaments or we put up lights around our houses. We also believe that a man in a big red suite named Santa Clause brings us presents and leaves them under the tree. Best Wishes To All !

December: a month to celebrate Diversity Tradições que a emigração levou Winter Solstice, the longest night of the year! It is a special time of year celebrated by many cultures throughout the world. Many modern winter holiday traditions are rooted in ancient Winter Solstice celebrations. Does your family have a special time set aside for celebration during the winter? IMF/ESF invites you to travel through some of the main traditions at this time of the year! To understand the Solstice we can say that half of the year the Southern Hemisphere is more exposed to the sun than the Northern Hemisphere. For the other half of the year the reverse is true. The lowest elevation of the sun occurs on or about December 21 in the Northern Hemisphere and June 21 in the Southern Hemisphere. As you can see we have a Winter Solstice and a Summer Solstice. Religions observe many days of celebration during the month of December. As you know many are religious days, and are linked in some way to the winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere. The celebration that is close to us is Christmas, but there is also Kwanzaa which is a nonreligious African-American celebration that begun in the 1970s, and is based on various African harvest celebrations. It begins on December 26 and continues for 7 days. For each day, family get together to light one of seven candles. As each candle burns, the family talks about one of the seven principles on which Kwanzaa is based: They are Unity, Self-determination, Collective responsibility, Cooperative economics, Purpose, Creativity and Faith, Cool, hein? For the Jewish people they celebrate Hanukkah, or the "Festival of Light and it celebrates the taking back of the Temple of Jerusalem from the Romans over two thousand years ago. The symbol of Hanukah is a menorah – a lamp holding eight candles – that symbolizes the victory. On each of the eight days of Hanukkah, a candle is lit. No festivities take place but the event is celebrated by the making of traditional foods – particularly latkes, fried potato pancakes. This year the Muslim world also celebrated Eid ul-Fitr in December. Often abbreviated to Eid, it is a Muslim Holiday that marks the end of Ramadan of the Islamic holy month of fasting. And Muslims make it a truly unforgetable time. They have three days of celebration to comemorate Edi. Enjoy diversity and happy Holidays from IMF/ESF !

«Aqui no Brasil, a minha mãe segue algumas das tradições que trouxe dos Açores, que infelizmente se perderam um pouco, pois minha mãe já está no Brasil há mais de 50 anos. Quanto à culinária ela é a base de Peru, Chester, Perni... esse tipo de carnes. Todavia,o tradicional bolo de massa, ainda o fazemos para esses festejos natalinos. Eu aprendi com a minha mãe a fazer alguns pratos, como a malassada açoriana, mas nessas épocas de Natal não costumamos a fazer. Entendo um pouco da culinária açoriana devido ao convívio com as Senhoras da Casa dos Açores aqui de São Paulo. Segundo minha mãe - Maria de Lourdes A. Paes hoje com 64 anos que nasceu em S. Miguel na Freguesia do Pilar da Bretanha - quando ela era criança sempre na época do Natal montava-se a arvore onde era enfeitada com algodão e pinhas que caiam das arvores. Era comemorado sempre com muita alegria, a ceia era feita com as comidas típicas açorianas como por exemplo, o polvo com batatas, a carne guisada, e não podia faltar o Bolo de Natal Açoriano que era feito a base de vinho, frutas cristalizadas e castanha. Ela lembra-se que cantava se muito cantigas de Natal como Noite Feliz e Boas Festas Vamos dar. A minha mãe conta-me que os preparativos começam no princípio do mês de Dezembro. A preparação da Ceia e do Presépio é uma das tradições mais importantes das terras açorianas. O presépio era feito de barro, musgo fresco e seco. O dia 24 acaba sempre com a missa do galo. Em S. Jorge, o dia da consoada é importante para as raparigas porque elas podem sair à noite até à hora da missa. Nos outros dias depois das Trindades às seis horas da tarde estas não podem sair, havendo um ditado que diz: “Trindades batidas, meninas recolhidas”. Glauce Paes, S. Paulo


PAG 15-Vizinhos.FINAL