Formula Student 2021 Event Guide

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Contents

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01. Competition Timetable ........................................................................................................................ 4 02. Welcome .................................................................................................................................................. 10 03. What is Formula Student? ................................................................................................................ 16 04. FS in COVID Times .............................................................................................................................. 18 05. Team Interviews - UP Racing Electric ..........................................................................................20 06. Awards......................................................................................................................................................22 07. Live Stream Details..............................................................................................................................24 08. Learn to Win ...........................................................................................................................................26 09. Formula Student Class Team Info (Petrol) .................................................................................28 10. Formula Student Class Team Info (Electric) ..............................................................................42 11. Concept Class Team Info (Petrol) ..................................................................................................48 12. Concept Class Team Info (Electric) ...............................................................................................64 13. FS-AI Teams Info (ADS) ......................................................................................................................82 14. FS-AI Teams Info (DDT) ......................................................................................................................84 15. FS-AI Teams Info (IC)...........................................................................................................................88 16. Sponsor and Partner Profiles..........................................................................................................90 17. Alumni Interview – Will Snyder ........................................................................................................94 18. Alumni Interview – Nimrod Ludescher ........................................................................................96 19. Judge Interview – Will Ashford .......................................................................................................98 20. Team Interviews – TM Racing ...................................................................................................... 100 21. Team Interviews – Sussex Racing .............................................................................................. 102 22. Venue and Track Maps.................................................................................................................... 104 Officials

Patron Ross Brawn OBE FIMechE Ambassadors Allison, Leena Leena Gade, Gade, Ambassadors Mike Mike Gascoyne, Gascoyne, James James Allison, Paddy Lowe, Dallas Dallas Campbell, Campbell, David David Brabham, Brabham, Willem Willem Toet Toet Paddy Lowe, Chairman FIMechE Chairman Dr Dr Andrew Andrew Deakin Deakin FIMechE Project Manager Lucy Killington Project Manager Lucy Killington Operations Manager Neil Carr-Jones, Goose Live Events Operations Manager NeilNicole Carr-Jones, Operations Coordinator Potter,Goose Live Events Operations Coordinator Nicole Potter, Goose Live Events GooseSafety Live Events Event Advisor Ben Harding, DB Safety Event Safety Advisor Ben Harding, DB Safety Covid-19 Safety Officer Lisa Bainbridge Press Officer Margaret-Anne Orgill Chief Chief Judge Judge Dan Dan Jones Jones Head Head Design Design Judge Judge Neill Neill Anderson Anderson Head Cost and Manufacturing Judge John Dangerfield Head Cost and Manufacturing Judge John Dangerfield Head Business Plan Presentation Judge Mark Hassall Head Business Plan Presentation Judge Mark Hassall FS-AI Head Judge Holly Watson Nall Chief Technical Alex Darvill Dynamic EventsScrutineer Captain Chris Slevin Clerk Technical of the Course Rob Adaway Chief Scrutineer Alex Darvill Deputy of the Rob Course Lynne Spurr Clerk ofClerk the Course Adaway Deputy Clerk of the Course Chief Marshal Peter Harding Lynne Spurr Chief Marshal Peter Harding Deputy Chief Marshal Elaine Brice Deputy Chief Marshal Elaine BriceChris Baker Motorsport UK Chief Scrutineer Motorsport UK Chief Scrutineer Chris Baker Motorsport UK Scrutineers Geoff Deakin, Kenn Almond, Motorsport Scrutineers Urwin, Henry Fairhead, Peter Urwin, UK Henry Fairhead, Peter Mike Chadwick Steve Spurr Marshals British Motorsports Marshals Marshals British Motorsports Marshals Club, Club, 750 750 Motor Motor Club Club and Silverstone Silverstone Marshals Marshals Club Club and Results Dr Dr Andrew Andrew Deakin Deakin FIMechE, Results FIMechE, Vikki Vikki Benn, Benn, Joe Joe Staton Staton

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Official Programme

Rules of engagement

Despite the organisers taking all reasonable precautions, unavoidable accidents can happen. In respect of these, we must make clear the rules of engagement for all participants and visitors. Motorsport may be dangerous and persons attending this event do so entirely at their own risk. It is a condition of admission that all persons having any connection with the organisation and/or conduct of the event, including owners of the land and the drivers and owners of the vehicles are absolved from all liability arising out of accidents, howsoever caused, resulting in damage and/ or personal injury to spectators, pass and ticket holders, or their goods and vehicles. This event is held under the General Regulations of the MSA (incorporating the provisions of the International Sporting Code of the FIA), the Formula Student Rules and Regulations, Final Instructions and any written instructions that the organisers issue for the event. MSA Permit COE 121479.

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01. Competition timetable

01. Competition timetable

Wednesday 21 July 2021 Time Activity

Location

07:30

Car Park 50

08:00

10:00 13:00 14:00

Car Park 50 opens for Exhibitors security checks Exhibitors access to Paddock following security checks

FS-AI teams permitted access to National Paddock subject to completing the arrival registration procedure in Car Park 50 Car Park 50 opens for teams to begin pre-opening security checks

National Paddock

Car Park 50

Site open to Formula Student teams - last admission 22:00

15:00-17:00

16:00 23:00

Garage welcome visits Teams to be in their pit areas ready to be welcomed by IMechE team, organising committee and guests EV Garage tours for EV Safety Team and H&S Officer

EV Charging open

09:00-18:00

Technical Scrutineering / Motorsport UK Scrutineering

Scrutineering Bay / Garage 12 A

Engineering Design and Cost & Manufacturing judging

Pavilion

09:00-12:00

09:00-18:00 09:00-18:00 14:00-19:00 14:00-19:00 14:00-19:00

15:00-19:00

Information Point (underneath Race Control) Garages

23:00

00:00

Location

07:00-15:00

Accreditation Centre open

07:00-23:00

Site open to Accreditation holders - last admission 22:00

Car Park 50 Ticket Office

Silverstone Security to check accreditation - students without a wristband must report to Accreditation Centre in CP50

Gate 19 (Main Entrance) and Gate 5 (from Campsite)

08:30-20:30 09:00-18:00 09:00-18:00 09:00-18:00 09:00-18:00

Formula Student 2021

Official Programme

Medical Car Park

Scrutineering Bay

Fuel open

Support Paddock 1

FS-AI full track area open Tilt table

Noise Test

Brake Test

Site closes

Campsite access gate closes

Site open to Accreditation holders - last admission 22:00

08:00-18:00

Garage 12 D&E

Pavilion

07:00-23:00

08:00-18:00

Information Point (underneath Race Control)

FS-AI judging

Accreditation Centre open

08:00-18:00

Activity

EV Safety Scrutineering

07:00-15:00

Site closes

Time

FS-AI ‘early track shape’ practice area open

Friday 23 July 2021 Time Activity

Garages

Thursday 22 July 2021

4

08:30-18:30

12:00-19:00

Access to garages for setting up pit areas Garages Information Point open

Information Point open

09:00-18:00

NOTE: All students must access Silverstone via the Main Entrance off the Dadford Road and must go through security checks in CP50 first in order to obtain a wristband 14:00-18:00

08:00-18:00

Medical Car Park

Support Paddock 1 Support Paddock 1 Support Paddock 1 Gate 5

Location Car Park 50 Ticket Office

Silverstone Security to check accreditation - students without a wristband must report to Accreditation Centre in CP50

Gate 19 (Main Entrance) and Gate 5

Technical Scrutineering / Motorsport UK Scrutineering

Scrutineering Bay

Information Point open

Information Point (underneath Race Control)

EV Safety Scrutineering

Scrutineering Bay

FS-AI Practice Area Open

Medical Car Park

EV Charging open

Practice Area open for FS teams Fuel open Tilt table

Garage 12 D&E

Support Paddock 1 Support Paddock 1 Support Paddock 1 5


01. Competition timetable

01. Competition timetable

09:00-18:00

Brake test

Support Paddock 1

09:00-18:00

Engineering Design and Cost & Manufacturing judging

Pavilion

09:00-18:00 09:00-18:00 14:00-18:00 TBC

23:00

00:00

Noise test

FS-AI judging

Skid Pad Event - FS-AI teams Site closes

Campsite access gate closes

07:00-15:00

Accreditation Centre open

07:00-23:00

Site open to Accreditation holders - last admission 22:00

08:00-18:00 08:00-18:00 08:00-18:00

08:30-20:30 08:00-18:00 09:00-12:00 09:00-12:00 09:00-12:00

09:00-18:00 09:00-18:00 09:00-18:00 09:00-18:00 11:00-14:00

Pavilion

Centre Car Park 1

Faculty Advisors and Team Leaders’ 2022 Online Briefing

Saturday 24 July 2021 Time Activity

08:00-18:00

Support Paddock 1

Gate 5

Location Car Park 50 Ticket Office Gate 19 (Main Entrance) and Gate 5

Technical Scrutineering / Motorsport UK Scrutineering

Scrutineering Bay

Information Point (underneath Race Control)

EV Safety Scrutineering

Garage 12 D&E

EV Charging open

Garage 12 D&E

Fuel open Tilt table

Sprint Event - FS-AI teams

Acceleration Event - FS teams (including top 6 run off final)

Support Paddock 1 Support Paddock 1 Medical Car Park

National Pit Straight

Skid Pad Event - FS teams

Centre Car Park 1

Noise test

Support Paddock 1

Brake test

Practice Area open for FS teams FS-AI Practice Area open

Walk of Sprint Course - FS teams

Business Plan Presentation Final

Pavilion

14:00-18:00

Sprint Event - FS teams

Copse Corner

13:00

14:00-18:00 17:00

18:00-19:00 23:00

Silverstone Security to check accreditation - students without a wristband must report to Accreditation Centre in CP50 Information Point open

13:00-14:00

Support Paddock 1 Brooklands Run Off Medical Car Park Copse Corner

00:00

Formula Student 2021

Acceleration Event - FS-AI teams

Formula Student class Cost & Manufacturing & Manufacturing and Engineering Design provisional results posted

Gate 5

07:00-23:00

Site open to Accreditation holders - last admission 19:30

08:30-16:30

08:00-18:00 09:00-12:00 09:00-12:00 09:00-12:15

09:00-14:30 09:00-14:30 09:00-14:30 09:00-14:30

09:00-16:00 Official Programme

Information Point (underneath Race Control) and Online

Campsite gate closes

Site closes

Accreditation Centre open

08:00-10:00

National Pit Straight

Pavilion

07:00-15:00

08:00-18:00

Information Point (underneath Race Control) and Online

Cost & Manufacturing Final

Sunday 25 July 2021 Time Activity

10:00-12:00 6

Concept Class Cost & Manufacturing results and FS-AI provisional results posted

Location Car Park 50 Ticket Office

Silverstone Security to check accreditation - students without a wristband must report to Accreditation Centre in CP50

Gate 19 (Main Entrance) and Gate 5

Walk of Endurance Course ALL Endurance drivers to attend

Copse Corner

Information Point open

Information Point (underneath Race Control)

EV Charging open

Garage 12 D&E

Technical Scrutineering / Motorsport UK Scrutineering

Scrutineering Bay

Fuel open

Support Paddock 1

EV Safety Scrutineering

Garage 12 D&E

Practice Area open for FS teams

Brooklands Run Off

Sim Racing Qualifying Sessions Brake test Tilt table

Noise test

FS-AI Track Drive

Endurance Event for FS teams

Online

Support Paddock 1 Support Paddock 1 Support Paddock 1 Medical Car Park Copse Corner

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01. Competition timetable

10:30-18:00

Parc Ferme open

Scrutineering Bay

11:00

Concept Class Engineering Design results posted

Online

Engineering Design Final

Pavilion

Sim Racing Finals

Online

10:55-11:10

12:00-13:00 12:00-13:00

13:00-16:00 13:00-15:15 19:30

20:00-22:00 23:00

Church Break for Endurance Lunch break for Endurance

Endurance Event for FS teams restarts Garages clear

ALL TEAMS MUST BE COMPLETELY CLEAR OF PITS Final Awards and Closing Ceremony sponsored by MathWorks

Copse Corner

Pavilion

Full event results posted online

Please note this timetable is subject to change. Any amendments will be posted on the Official Noticeboard outside Race Control. 8

Formula Student 2021


02. Welcome

02. Welcome

ROSS BRAWN OBE PATRON, FORMULA STUDENT

I’m happy to welcome you back to a live Formula Student event in 2021. Having to move the competition to fully online last year, we are back in the paddock at Silverstone and I’m sure you are all very happy to be here with us. I’m very proud to have been associated with the competition as Patron for 15 years now. The dedication so many people showed the event to still run online last year is testament to the competition and what it means to so many people. This year’s competition will look a bit different, with many elements still taking place online, but its great to see so many of you back out on the track. Since the inaugural UK event in 1998, Formula Student graduates have played an integral role in engineering, not just in the UK but worldwide. From a motorsport perspective, I witness first-hand how important Formula Student is to the Formula One community as both the paddock and factories are full of FS alumni who have gone on to secure sought after roles in my sport. For employers of graduate engineers, there’s really no substitute for the right combination of practical and soft skills that Formula Student nurtures. We talk about the skills gap that exists in the marketplace and my support of Formula Student is in recognition of its commitment to narrowing that gap with a strong educational ethos to the competition’s framework. As employers, an investment in Formula Student is one of the smartest business decisions you can make and I would like to thank all of the Partners and Sponsors giving their support to our competition. To all the competing teams, who will appreciate the tremendous values that being part of a Formula Student team and part of this competition will teach you, I wish you a successful, safe and enjoyable competition. Ross Brawn OBE FIMechE 10

Formula Student 2021

Official Programme

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02. Welcome

02. Welcome

ANDREW DEAKIN

When executed well, the culmination of their efforts will be seen at Silverstone during the four days of competition with the excitement of on-track action on the last two days. Many teams will perform well and a few teams will win awards, but all those that take part will all be winners due to the experience they gain, putting them in good stead for their future careers. That all teams have adapted so well to virtual presentations speaks to the flexibility and creativity of young engineers to overcome unprecedented difficulties and will lead to a more resilient class of graduate engineer.

CHAIRMAN

roster of events taking place over the next few days. With issues accessing workspaces, sourcing materials and working remotely, it is encouraging and inspiring that so many teams have continued to design, develop and manufacture their vehicles in these difficult circumstances. By incorporating both first and second year vehicles to compete this year we have tried to allow as many teams as possible to enter their cars and get feedback on their work. It will be a great pleasure to see all the teams that will be taking part this year and I look forward to the numerous innovations that will be on show, as well as the sights and sounds of the vehicles you have been working on. Welcome to FSUK’s 24th event. Welcome Competitors, Sponsors and Volunteers to the 24th Formula Student Event. Following the difficult decision we made to hold last year’s event entirely online, it is with great pleasure that we are able host teams with running cars at Silverstone for 2021’s competition I am very grateful to project manager Lucy Killington and colleagues on the organising committee for their work to realise Formula Student this year. Considerable thought and effort has been put into the live event to ensure that it is safe and COVID-secure for all teams, so please familiarise yourselves with the guidelines that have been circulated so that everyone can enjoy the

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We must also recognise the work of dozens of teams based both in the UK and internationally competing in Concept Class or for whom travel to Silverstone is currently impossible. We hope that the feedback you have received in the online presentations will help enhance your designs and we look forward to welcoming you and your working vehicles in FS class next year. Formula Student is primarily an engineering competition where not only do young engineers learn about how to apply the engineering knowledge gained through university lectures, but they also learn how to work as a team, to manage and plan a large and complicated project and develop practical skills that many craftsmen would be proud of. Formula Student 2021

The Formula Student Committee, the IMechE, UK industry and government place significant value on the skills that are being developed through Formula Student in the engineers of the future. Over the last 24 years, approximately 40,000 students have competed in Formula Student, benefitting from the experience. Despite the challenges posed by COVID we have continued to evolve and add new elements to the competition. New to this year’s Concept Class is the Lap Time Simulation event, which expands on the competition’s wide variety of opportunities for students to learn and get experience with industry-standard vehicle simulation software. With the event being made mandatory for FS and Concept Class in 2022, this year will be one to watch as teams get to grips with the software. We are delighted to see that more teams have taken up the challenge of autonomous vehicle development, including teams from Cardiff, Glasgow, Cairo and Lund taking part for the first Official Programme

time in FS-AI. This growth reflects the increased demand in industry for capable engineers to realise the next generation of fully autonomous driving vehicles, both in the UK and around the world. With Formula Student providing the perfect starting point for engineers to work on a real-world autonomous vehicle project, we are sure that more students will take this opportunity in the coming years. Of course, I would like to thank our event Partners IPG Automotive, MathWorks and Babcock International, our sponsors GKN Innovation Centre, Cranfield University, RS Grass Roots, Newton Europe, BMW Group and Direct Line Group, as well as all of our Media Partners and Supporters for their ongoing support. Thanks also to the extreme dedication of our army of volunteers and, of course, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, for continuing to support Formula Student. Formula Student remains so highly respected within the engineering world because of the talent, ingenuity and sheer hard work of those taking part and the number of people willing to give up their time to support this event is a credit to that. Last, but by no means least, thanks to the incredible students and team members who make this event viable. It really couldn’t happen without you, so from myself and the Organising Committee, good luck to all the teams taking part! Dr. Andrew Deakin Chair, IMechE Formula Student

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MathWorks is a proud supporter of student competitions that inspire learning and advance education in engineering, science, and math Learn more at mathworks.com/academia/student-competitions

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Formula Student 2021

Official Programme

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03. What is Formula Student

What is Formula Student?

The competition is split into two parts: static events, which test the team’s business logic, design and costing skills, and dynamic events, which test the performance and durability of their vehicle.

03. What is Formula Student

Formula Student is Europe’s most established educational engineering competition which uses motorsport to inspire students. Backed by industry and high-profile engineers such as Patron, Ross Brawn OBE, the competition aims to develop enterprising and innovative young engineers and encourage more young people to take up a career in engineering. The format provides an ideal opportunity for students to demonstrate their engineering knowledge and test and improve their capabilities to deliver a complex and integrated product in the demanding environment of a motorsport competition. All students taking part get a chance to demonstrate their technical analysis, engineering design and manufacturing skills while having to meet strict deadlines. Gaining experience in teamwork, time management, project management, budgeting and presentation, students come out of the competition with valuable knowledge and practical skills that prospective employers value, setting them up for a bright career in engineering. THE CHALLENGE The competition is split into two parts: static events, which test the team’s business logic, design and costing skills, and dynamic events, which test the performance and durability of their vehicle.

whilst being low in cost, easy to maintain and reliable. During the competition the teams must demonstrate the logic behind the proposal and must be able to demonstrate that it can support a viable business model with rigorous testing. Now in its fourth year, Formula Student – Artificial Intelligence (FS-AI) challenges student teams to develop an AI driver capable of controlling a purpose designed FS car through a series of real-world challenges. The competition is designed to evolve to keep pace with the skills requirements of the UK Autonomous vehicles and Artificial Intelligence sectors. Teams compete across several event categories, including the requirement for the students to also consider Real World Autonomous scenarios. Students have the option to design and build their own autonomous vehicle, similar to the traditional format of Formula Student, whilst also developing AI code. Alternatively, teams may use the competition’s purpose-built Autonomous Driving Systems Driverless Vehicle (ADS-DV), which has been developed by the IMechE with funding from the Centre for Connected & Autonomous Vehicles (CCAV) via Innovate UK. Scoring Breakdown

Points in brackets are maximum scores.

Formula Student 2021

Static Events:

- Technical and Safety Scrutineering - Tilt test, brakes and noise testing

- Engineering Design Event (150 points) - Cost and Manufacturing Event (100 points)

- Business Plan Presentation Event (75 points) Dynamic Events:

- Skid Pad (75 points)

- Acceleration (75 points) - Sprint (100 points)

- Endurance (325 points)

- Efficiency, measured during Endurance (100 points) Concept Class Static Events:

- Engineering Design Event (150 points) - Cost & Manufacturing Event (150 points)

- Business Plan Presentation Event (75 points) FS-AI

Static Events

- Business Plan Presentation Event (75 points) - Real World AI (100 points)

- Engineering Design (300 points) Dynamic Events:

- Skid Pad (75 points)

- Acceleration (75 points)

The teams are tasked to produce a prototype for a single-seat race car for autocross or sprint racing and present it to a hypothetical manufacturing firm. The car must be high performance in terms of its acceleration, braking and handling qualities 16

Formula Student Class

- Autocross/Sprint (100 points) - Trackdrive (250 points) - Efficiency (75 points) Official Programme

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04. FS in COVID times

FS in COVID times

04. FS in COVID times

team members, officials, sponsors and partners to Silverstone for this year’s Formula Student live event, the largest event in the Institution’s calendar and now in its 24th successive year. Once again, the gauntlet has been thrown down to challenge student teams to use their creativity and technical skills to design, build and race single-seater cars across a series of presentation and ontrack events.

Improvise, adapt, overcome: Formula Student is back. Whether you’re able to join us in-person, are participating online or watching the action on our live stream, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers warmly welcomes

Despite COVID-19 restrictions faced by countries around the world, the success of 2020’s virtual event was a testament to the ability of student teams’ ability to adapt to changing conditions. Building on this groundwork, 2021 will see Formula Student take place as a hybrid of virtual and in-person competition. With changeable conditions surrounding COVID-19 measures, this event format will

give teams that may not be able to travel to the UK the chance to showcase their work and compete with their peers online, while those who have completed vehicles and are able to travel will be able to put them through their paces. This preserves the spirit of the Formula Student competition: to give young engineers the chance to apply their skills to a real-world project and prepare them for their careers as graduate engineers in industry.

The Institution of Mechanical Engineers would like to thank MathWorks, IPG Automotive, GKN Innovation Centre, Babcock International, Cranfield University, RS Grass Roots, BMW Group, Direct Line Group and Newton Europe for their support of Formula Student, together with all the volunteer officials who contribute their time and expertise to ensure that the competition runs smoothly.

We have also decided to take other popular elements from last year and incorporate them into this year’s and future competitions. In particular the continuation of the Lap Time Simulation event will provide Concept Class teams with the opportunity to gain new experiences of calibrating and testing virtual vehicle dynamics and simulation projects with industry-standard software. The LTS event will form part of both the Formula Student and Concept Class from 2022.

Whether you are taking part in virtual presentations or are able to join us at Silverstone this year, we wish you and your team the best of luck in your events and hope that you enjoy the chance to showcase your hard work.

We are excited that FS-AI continues to grow in size year on year, with several new teams taking up the challenge of autonomous vehicle development for the first time. If you are considering starting your own FS-AI team for 2022, make sure you catch up with the FS-AI dynamic events on Saturday and Sunday to see the vehicles running and meet and chat with the teams and officials.

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Formula Student 2021

Official Programme

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05. Team Interviews - UP Racing Electric

05. Team Interviews - UP Racing Electric

incremental changes each year rather than unsustainable leaps; and we hope to continue this trend for years to come until we’re up there with the big dogs! How has COVID been affecting the team and how have you been overcoming any related issues? JW: It was decided that we would move entirely online and utilise MS Teams for team meetings and communications. As of yet we haven’t had a single team meeting in person, and it doesn’t seem to have hindered us yet, we meet several times a week with team members currently based all around the globe!

UPRacing Electric charge up for 2021

JW: A common phrase on the team has always been “to finish first, first you have to finish” and we have really stuck to this, building the team from strong foundations in engineering principles, and most importantly reading the rules!

Team leader Josh Wright discusses the next phase of their electric vehicle development

Coming from a concept class history, we have always focussed on making the static event submissions a focal point of the team and understanding the link between the events. Alongside this we operate under a set of ‘golden rules’ to ensure that everyone is on the same page.

Kindly give us an overview of your university and team!

Joshua Wright (JW): UPRacing Electric was formed in the 2018 season, and won the concept class competition in 2019, followed by finishing as the top EV team in the virtual static events of 2020. We’ve learned a lot in the past 3 years and are hoping to continue our successes into the future, by competing in the concept class competition later this year and presenting Portsmouth’s first EV at FS2022! UPRacing Electric have had a wealth of wins in the Static Events over the last few years, how does your approach differ from the norm? 20

What are you doing to maintain your dominance in the Static events?

JW: With the static event this year we’re really hoping to step up our game even more and show the judges something special. By linking all three static events and ensuring that they are assigned the same level of responsibility, we hope to create another well-rounded submission and give our engineers an appreciation for all areas of a project. We have worked hard to stick to a holistic and iterative approach, making

Formula Student 2021

We’ve worked hard to integrate the team and ensure that everyone feels welcome, hosting team pub quiz nights, playing various video games and holding weekly team meetings to ensure we’re all on the same page. Tell us about the vehicle/s you’re developing for FS2021 – are we finally going to see your EV in the flesh for the Dynamic Events? JW: With the concept class competition this year we are working to ensure that everything is ready for the 2022 competition, when we plan to bring Portsmouth’s first EV to the competition! JW: We’re currently finalising the design and ensuring that we have everything in place to create a straightforward manufacturing process after FSUK 2021, and hopefully have plenty of time for testing to fully understand our vehicle. What has been the biggest challenge to realising an electric vehicle from scratch and how have your managed to solve them? Official Programme

JW: Creating an EV is no small feat, however we have been fortunate that from the beginning we had a small core group of individuals who worked hard to pioneer the vehicle and create strong foundations for the team to expand! Of course in designing anything there are numerous technical challenges, but fortunately the team has never shied away from being wrong, rather embracing the idea that we know nothing, and “the more that you know, the more you don’t know”! What are your goals for FS2021?

JW: FS2021 for us is such an important year as we are taking the opportunity to expand the team and ensure that the knowledge retention is there for when some of the older members of the team graduate in July. We’ve always operated as a small team, and this year we have more than doubled our number of members, now 33 people working hard over 8 different sections! Of course our primary focus this year is ensuring that everything is in place for the manufacture and testing of our vehicle prior to the 2022 competition – however I would be lying if I told you it wouldn’t be nice to bring some more silverware back to Portsmouth again! What would you say to anyone just starting FS for the first time this year?

JW: To all the newbies out there, the first and most important thing is to read the rules! I also can’t emphasise enough the importance of setting achievable and sensible targets for your situation, and not getting carried away! Make sure that you consider the bigger picture before you go crazy trying to make the most innovative design on the planet. 21


06. Awards

Awards ceremonies timetable

06. Awards

The award ceremony will take place on Sunday evening to celebrate the amazing achievements and many memorable moments from across the competition. Teams can join us in the Pavilion on Sunday evening to find out who will take home our prestigious awards. Note: owing to restrictions this year not all awards will be presented to teams during the awards evening, these will be sent out to teams after the event.awards.

Additional awards: • Concept Class Engineering Design • Concept Class Cost & Manufacturing • Concept Class Lap Time Simulation • Formula Student Runner Up 1YV • Formula Student Third Place 1YV • Formula Student Runner Up 2YV • Formula Student Third Place 2YV • Concept Class Overall Winner

Sunday:

• RACE TECH Spirit of Formula Student 2021 • Fastest Egress • Faculty Advisor Outstanding Contribution • FS-AI Class Business Plan Presentation Winner • FS-AI Real World AI Winner • FS-AI DDT Class Autonomous Design Winner

• Top Individual Driver

• Most Cones Hit

• Craig Dawson Award - Most Valuable Team Member

• Furthest Travelled Cone

• FS-AI ADS Class Autonomous Design Winner • FS-AI Simulation Development Winner

• Formula Student Cost & Manufacturing

• Formula Student Outstanding Contribution Award

• Most Entertaining Driver

• Concept Class Sim Racing Winner

• Formula Student Overall Static Events

• FS-AI DDT Class Overall Winner

• RaceCar Engineering Engagement, Outreach and Communications Award

• Business Plan Presentation

• FS-AI ADS Class Overall Winner

• Formula Student Overall Winner

• FS-AI DDT Class Overall Static Events Winner

• Formula Student Engineering Design 1YV • Formula Student Engineering Design 2YV

• Formula Student Overall Winner 1YV • Formula Student Overall Winner 2YV • Formula Student Overall Dynamic Events Winner • Formula Student Acceleration Winner • Formula Student Skid Pad Winner • Formula Student Sprint Winner • Most Efficient Car

• FS-AI ADS Class Overall Static Events Winner • FS-AI Acceleration Winner • FS-AI Skid Pad Winner • FS-AI Sprint Winner • FS-AI Endurance Winner • FS-AI Overall Dynamic Events Winner

• Most Efficient Internal Combustion Engine Car 22

Formula Student 2021

Official Programme

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07. Live Stream Details

07. Live Stream Details

Playing on large screens around the track and also available on our youtube channel

www.youtube.com/ fsimeche Tell your friends who couldn’t make it to check you out on track from home.

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Formula Student 2021

Official Programme

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08. Learn to Win

Why join Formula Student? It’s not just “because racecar”; current competitors and FS alumni weigh in on the importance of taking part. It seemed to me to be the natural path to take whilst studying an automotive engineering degree. When the opportunity arose in my third year there was no doubt in my mind that this was what I wanted to do. The Formula Student project offered all the things I was looking for, engineering projects based around vehicle technology especially anything to do with powertrains, the opportunity to compete, and to use your ingenuity to problem solve. Keith Summers, IC Team Leader, Sussex Racing

Truly the passion for motorsports and doing things outside of my comfort zone were my fuel to join TM Racing. And I can confidently say it has been the best decision of my entire life. Zyanya Zúñiga, Team Leader, TM Racing

I joined TM Racing because I wanted to apply what I learn in class. Also, to meet new people who are also passionate about motorsport and from whom I can learn a lot. Competing against the best is also a great reason to do it. Juan Pablo Rojas, Engineering Leader and Cooling System Chief, TM Racing

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FS also provides the chance to learn practical skills not covered in course curriculums. Building the car as a team means there are plenty of opportunities to learn practical skills like carbon fibre layup and metal machining which you would normally not get the chance to do. You get the satisfaction of seeing parts you have personally designed and/or made being used on a racecar.”

SAVE THE DATE:

Learn To Win 2022

Benjamin Jenkins and Sam Cohen, Project Manager & Electronics Lead and Vehicle Dynamics Lead respectively, Team Bath Racing

Most of us grew up in environments unknown to the world of Formula Student but we were fascinated by the world of engineering.

October 2021

Full details coming soon

Asma Noor, Public Relations Manager, Formula Electric Racing NUST

FS is such a great way to experience so many aspects of the workplace before you get there and realise what you actually enjoy doing! I don’t think there is any project in the world that offers such a diverse range of work, and the opportunity to see a product life cycle from start to finish! Joshua Wright, Team Leader, UPRacing Electric

A lot of us have joined Formula Student for the opportunity to use our engineering skills in a practical environment. It’s really exciting to apply theory and produce a physical car. Speaking personally, I think that most of my engineering growth has come through Formula Student projects. The car always challenges us to produce our best work and I think this has encouraged a lot of younger students to join up. Peter Gillan, Head of External Relations, Queens Formula Racing

Learn to Win is the first date in the diary that kickstarts the new Formula Student season and brings together the event organisers, head judges, partners and teams to discuss the year ahead. Whether you are involved in team management, design, fabrication or testing, Learn To Win will give you crucial insights into what the judges are looking for and how to improve every aspect of your car.

Understand the ruleset, with all

the major changes and updates to stay compliant at FS2022 Be inspired by successes and avoid failures, whether IC, EV, hybrid or FS-AI Speak directly with the judges involved in Cost, Business, Design and more and maximise your scoring Get new team members up to speed and help returning members improve Benchmark your car against other teams and take back new ideas ...and much much more!

Following fully booked events in the last three years, early booking is strongly recommended.

Book online: www.imeche.org/learntowin Book over email: eventenquiries@imeche.org Book over telephone: +44 (0)207 973 1251 Formula Student 2021

Official Programme

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09. FS Class Team Info

09. FS Class Petrol

ASTON UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

ASTON RACING

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic and lockdown the 2020 team were unable to finish the car, this year sees the 2021 team take over their car as a continuation for the 2021 competition. This allowed the team to further develop their designs and integrate them with new ideas to ensure the car can socre as highly as possible in both the static and dynamic events. The team hopes that despite the logistical challenges faced Aston Racing is and will continue to be as strong as ever. This project would not have been possible with the generous support from Swift-Cut, John Ashley Exhausts, Hieta, McGill Motorsport and Kliktronic and other sponsors.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2700/1450/1065/1250 Track 1250/1250 Car weight (approx.) 253 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 101.2/151.8 Suspension Double wishbone pull rod suspension front and rear Tyres 7.0/16.0 - 10/A92/Avon front and rear Wheels 7 front/7 rear Brakes AP Racing CP2623 Cylinder, with Pressure Switch fitted for activation of Brake Light. front/AP Racing CP2623 rear Chassis Steel space frame Engine Honda CBR600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc #REF! Fuel system Indirect injection via Honda CBR600RR stock injectors Max power/max torque 87.24kW@13000rpm/ 64Nm@11000rpm Transmission 520 pitch chain driven Differential Drexler Limited SLip Differential Final drive 3

CARDIFF UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM CARDIFF RACING

After competitive results from 2020’s virtual events, Cardiff Racing are back for their 18th year at Formula Student, and bringing their strongest car yet. CR17 represents a blend of innovation and improvement over the team’s past successes, building on areas of strength and ironing out areas of weakness. The car retains the team’s staple hybrid aluminium honeycomb monocoque/steel spaceframe chassis construction, playing to the properties of each material, but with significant changes in shape to accommodate a new

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113

16 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

approach to front suspension, with the design placing greater emphasis on vehicle dynamics than ever before. The team again makes use of the powerful Triumph 675 Street Triple engine, this time packing a 102Bhp punch, while CR17’s aerodynamics package has been optimised for both durability and performance. Cardiff Racing are going into the competition with clear goals and the car to match them, and are eager to get back on track. TEAM!

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2852.717/1487.08/1171.215/1540 Track 1190/1120 Car weight (approx.) 200 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 89.09/110.9 Suspension Underfloor Mounted Pullrod Actuated Unequal Length Double Wishbone front/Pushrod Actuated Unequal Length Double Wishbone rear Tyres 16.0 x 7.5-10/R25B/Hoosier front and rear Wheels OZ 10” OD, 7” width front/OZ 10” OD, 7” width rear Brakes AP CP7855 14mm Diameter, Remote Adjust Threaded Balance Bar front and rear Chassis 3/4 Monocoque, 1/4 spaceframe Engine Triumph 675 Street Triple Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 74/52.3/3/675 Fuel system Keihin KN-6 330cc fuel injectors, twin-jet solenoid operated plate valve Max power/max torque 76.2kW@11225rpm/ 69.55Nm@9757rpm Transmission Chain drive, DID 520ZVM2 o-ring chain Differential Drexler clutchpack imited slip differential, 25Nm preload, Castrol SAF-XJ oil 40/50 accel/decel ramp angles Formula Student 2021 2021 Final Formula drive 3.33 Student

BRUNEL UNIVERSITY LONDON

UNITED KINGDOM BRUNEL RACING

This year marks the 22nd anniversary of Brunel Racing competing in Formula Student. The team has been hard at work designing many important upgrades from its predecessors, these include an adjustable pedal box, an ergonomic steering wheel, and a new aerodynamic package. The team predicts that these key improvements will enable them to achieve their goal of placing first out of the UK teams. A new team structure has been implemented this year, and now welcomes students who are studying outside of the Engineering colleges to participate within the University’s Formula Student

programme. Brunel Racing are proud to have placed 3rd in BP’s Sponsorship Competition, as well as securing £3000 from IMechE financial award. The team are delighted to have a chance to build upon these successes and are excited to prove their expertise and adaptability by competing in this year’s event. The team would like to thank their sponsors BP, ENGIE Fabricom, Demon Tweeks, Easy Composites, MoTeC, Magellan, Renishaw, DMC and 3DPRINTUK as well as Brunel University for their support of this year’s Formula Student programme.

COVENTRY UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM COVENTRY UNIVERSITY PHOENIX RACING Coventry University’s Phoenix Racing Team first entered Formula Student back in 2003 and has been present ever since with the exception of 2010. In 2018, the team achieved their best result in 15 attempts, finishing 14th in the overall standings and 8th out of the UK teams. This year, the team is aiming for a top 10 finish in the overall standings. The areas identified as key to achieving this target is to improve the business presentation and design show performances, whilst the ongoing chase for aerodynamic improvements and mass savings continue. Phoenix Racing would like to thank its sponsors, including Coventry

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

University, BOSCH, Life Racing, Aktiv Solutions, Ogle, RS, Easy Composites, the Bugatti Trust and Precision Thread Rolling.

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2904/1494/1189/1530 Track 1250/1170 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 110.4/119.6 Suspension Double unequal length wishbone A-arm with push rod actuation and ARB front and rear Tyres 457x191-254 R25B Hoosier Slick/0/0 front and rear Wheels Diameter: 10.9 Width:7.0 front and rear Brakes Tilton 77, 3/4inch bore pushtype, trunnion bias-bar front and rear Chassis Tubular spaceframe Engine 2007 Yamaha YZF-R6 2CO Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Common rail, intake manifold pressure injection control Max power/max torque 60kW@14000rpm/ 53Nm@10000rpm Transmission 520 chain and sprocket Differential Drexler Salisbury plate type with adjustable locking rate Final drive 3.17

87A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2969/1500/1173/1550 Track 1240/1184 Car weight (approx.) 213 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 98/116 Suspension Pullrod actuated double wishbone front and rear Tyres 18x6.0-10/LC0 Road Racing/ Hoosier front and rear Wheels 10” diameter, 7” width front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP2624-91 17.8mm bore front/AP Racing 2623-90 16.8mm Bore rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Engine Honda CBR 600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Life Racing ECU, Denso 12 hole injectors Max power/max torque 63.5kW@9804rpm/ 65.4Nm@7940rpm Transmission CBR600RR, Chain Drive, Final Drive Sprocket Differential Drexler FSAE-Specific Clutch Pack Salisbury Limited Slip Differential Final drive 6

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09. FS Class Team Info

09. FS Class Petrol

DE MONTFORT UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM DMU RACING

DMU Racing, De Montfort University’s internal combustion powered Formula Student team return for their 9th year competing in Formula Student at Silverstone. We intend to compete with a 2nd year vehicle in 2021. We will be improving on DMU Racing MK7 , which finished 23rd overall in the 2019 competition. We pride ourselves on manufacturing 90% of our components in house. The team continues to aim for an ambitious top 15 result overall and top 10 UK. This year we hope to decrease our acceleration time by 5% after utilisation of a launch control system. The team would like to thank the technician

teams across campus and our title sponsors and technical partners, Caterpillar UK BCP, Northampton Motorsport and Demand Engineering for their continued long term support. A most special thanks to our project mentor and academic supervisor Yong Sun and also Mr Stephen Cliff, our Senior Technican, both a source of inspiration.

MANCHESTER METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM MCR MET RACING

Since their establishment in 2008, MCR MET Racing has taken strides in improving performance, most recently by developing and improving their brand-new full carbon fibre aerodynamics package, switching to a single-cylinder engine and converting to electric clutch and gear shifting. The aim of each year is to build a stronger foundation for the future generation team through training schemes to pair experienced engineers with new minds and fresh ideas. The team is composed of 35 engineering students of multiple disciplines, from Foundation level to Masters, all fully dedicated to getting a

30 2

racing car to the competition. Working with MMU’s PrintCity allowed the team to apply rapid prototyping to thier designs and gain an insight into sustainable and lightweight materials. With the help of our sponsors EASL and Schroth Racing, our new ideas and a larger yet more closely-knit team will improve their performance, helping them achieve the aim of a top 10 finish.

31A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2690/1565/1265/1550 Track 1195/1145 Car weight (approx.) 210 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 95/115 Suspension Unequal, non-parallel, double wishbone. Pushrod to coilover spring-damper front/Direct Acting, Wishbone to spring-damper rear Tyres 18x10x6”/LC0/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 7.0 wide front/7.0 wide rear Brakes AP Racing CP7854 17.8mm bore, trunnion balance bar front and rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Engine Triumph Street Triple 675cc (2009) Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 74/52.3/3/675 Fuel system Denso 1060-72208, 1 Injector per Cylinder - Custom Fuel Rail Max power/max torque 62kW@10500rpm/54Nm@7500rpm Transmission Chain Drive Differential Drexeler Formula Student V3 Final drive 3.43:1

161 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3144/1426/1186/1600 Track 1082/1193 Car weight (approx.) 195 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 81.9/113.1 Suspension Double wishbones Pull Rod front and rear Tyres 250/470 R 13/FSAE C19/ Continental front and rear Wheels 13 inch, split rim front and rear Brakes 14mm bore cylinder, aluminium monoblock construction front and rear Chassis Tubular Space Frame Chassis Engine Triumph Street Triple 675 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 74/52.3/3/675 Fuel system Port Injection Max power/max torque 46.98kW@8000rpm/ 69Nm@7000rpm Transmission 525 chain, six speed sequential gearbox, wet plate clutch. Differential Drexler LSD Clutch-type (FS 2010 version) Final drive 4

Formula Student 2021 Formula Student 2021

KINGSTON UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM KINGSTON RACING

Kingston Racing aims for a top 25 finish and completion of all dynamic events at this year’s competition. This would represent their best result since the team was created and would be made possible by all the hard work of every team member. The team was established in 2013 as KUE-Racing and finished 84th, 79th, 85th, and 84th from 2013 to 2016 respectively. The teams most recent result came in 2019 where they finished 69th , which was their highest result yet but the car did not complete scrutineering and statics work was not completed. After 2019 the team was rebranded and set out with a different approach for the competition. Their

main focus revolved around consistency and creating a robust car that would be reliable in every event it takes place in. A reformed statics and business team also set out to achieve success relative to previous years efforts. Deputy Team Leader, Justin Shoulson and the team would like to thank their faculty advisor Patrick Sheen and the university technical staff who have worked hard to provide the aid that the team needs. They would also like to thank Kingston University for their support of the teams efforts in the Formula Student competition.

SHEFFIELD HALLAM UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM SHU RACING

SHU Racing, Sheffield Hallam University’s Formula Student team, will be building on their recent successes as they return to the competition in the summer of 2021 with the aim of finishing in the top 20. SHU Racing was formed in 2011, and in the past five years has shown a steady improvement in their performances. In 2019, the team achieved their most successful finish to date, placing 21st and reaching the final of the cost event. Building on this progress, the team is aiming to achieve a top 50% finish in all dynamic events and 25% finish in the static. As a 2nd year vehicle, SHU Racing has been presented with a unique opportunity

Official Programme Official Programme

20

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2787/1441/1144/1578 Track 1250/1300 Car weight (approx.) 198 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 88.1/110.3 Suspension Coilover w/ double wishbone (Converging Unequal Length) front and rear Tyres 180/550R13/N/A/Avon Radial Slick front and rear Wheels 7.5’ front and rear Brakes Hydraulic, OEM, 0.7” ID front/ Hydraulic, OEM, 0.7” ID rear Chassis Steel Space Frame Engine Yamaha MT-07 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 80/68.6/2/689 Fuel system Steel Fuel Rail (in house) Max power/max torque 55kW@9000rpm/68Nm@6500rpm Transmission Rear wheel drive Differential N/A Final drive 2.688

39A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

to further optimise their car. The aerodynamics package has been further improved to reduce drag and improve the cars dynamic performance. Adjustments have also been made to the powertrain to increase the power output. This has included changes to the exhaust routing and the intake. The team are looking forward to racing in the summer and cannot wait to get back out on track.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2934.91/1408.78/1122.7/1570 Track 1206/1257 Car weight (approx.) 200 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 92/108 Suspension Steel wishbone, bell crank pull rod front/Steel double wishbone, bell crank push rod rear Tyres 6.0/18.0-10/LC0/Hoosier front and rear Wheels BRAID STURACE: 10.0”x 6.0” 10mm offset front and rear Brakes 14mm bore push type. Balance bar proportioning. front/15mm bore push type. Balance bar proportioning. rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Engine KTM 500 EXC Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 95/72/1/510 Fuel system Keihin fuel injector with custom port-fuel injector housing. Max power/max torque 39.69kW@8500rpm/ 58.25Nm@4000rpm Transmission 520 chain driven. Internal OEM engine gearbox. Differential Drexler FSAE Differential, 60Nm preload, 60%/40% lockup Final drive 2.923

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09. FS Class Team Info

STAFFORDSHIRE UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM STAFFORDSHIRE UNI RACING Staffordshire Uni Racing are a young team in Formula Student, this is their fifth year entering the competition. Formerly Formula Staffs before rebranding in 2019, they were the recipients of the Breakthrough Award in 2018 after impressing the Judges with their vehicle and work ethic. The team comprises of around 20 members from Games Programmers right through to Automotive Engineers. They take pride in how their close-knit group mentality produces a great atmosphere and work ethic. Their members believe that Formula Student is massively important in beginning a successful career. After a University best 62nd

place in 2019, the team have set their most ambitious goal to date - finishing in the Top 30. They believe that completing all dynamic events and improving reliability are paramount in achieving this. The team would like to thank sponsors Alton Towers and KMF for their incredible support this year - as well as the University for their continued Formula Student support.

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH

UNITED KINGDOM EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY FORMULA STUDENT Founded in 2014, EUFS from the University of Edinburgh will be bringing its 6th car to FSUK, SISU 21C. The car was entered in FSUK 2020 as a CAD model and now it is brought to life. As the Team has developed reliability in their designs over their history and has competed in all dynamic events during FSUK 2019, for SISU 21C they plan to make significant improvement to the car’s performance in order to be a competitive entry and score over 600 points at FSUK 20201. The Team is also in the process of developing an EV powertrain for future years. The main improvement the Team has made to their car are anti-roll bars for improved

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control over the understeer and oversteer characteristics of the car, significant weight reduction from the previous seasons and improved rear suspension packaging. All of these improvements will lead to a decrease in lap time in all of the Dynamic Events. The Team also plans to put more focus on the Static Events through better work documentation and a more in depth understanding of the car and the designs. The Team is excited to take part in FSUK 2021 Competition and hopes to secure the best finish to date.

136 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 1703/1150/1040/1600 Track 1150/1100 Car weight (approx.) 280 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 126/154 Suspension Pull Rod, Double Unequal length wishbones, Height adjustable coilovers 240mm shock absorbers front and rear Tyres 7.2/20-13/Slick/Avon front/7.2/20-13/Slick/Avon rear Wheels Braid winrace (7jx13, ET38) front/Braid winrace (7jx13, ET38) rear Brakes Wilwood GS Compact Remote Reservoir 12.7mm front and rear Chassis T45 Steel Space Frame Chassis Engine Triumph 675 Daytona Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 74/52.3/3/675 Fuel system Multi-point Injection, Keihin Fuel Injection, Steel Braided Fuel Lines, Bosch Fuel Pump Max power/max torque 76kW@11000rpm/68Nm@9500rpm Transmission Chain Differential Quaife QDF7ZR (Automatic Torque Biasing) Final drive 3.75

45 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2657/1463/1173/1530 Track 1300/1300 Car weight (approx.) 204 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 80.3/123.2 Suspension Double unequal length A-arms, pull rod, ARB front/Double unequal length A-arms, push rod, ARB rear Tyres 16”x10”x7”/A92/Avon front and rear Wheels OZ 10”x7” front and rear Brakes CP7855 Type AP Racing (14mm bore), inclined front and rear Chassis Space Frame with an aluminium rear bulkhead Engine Kawasaki ZX-6R Ninja B1H Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 68/43.8/4/636 Fuel system KEIHIN TTK-38 × 4 Max power/max torque 58kW@10400rpm/41Nm@9800rpm Transmission Chain: 792mm x 20mm, engine to limited slip differential. Stock 6 speed gearbox. Differential Drexler Adjustable V3 limited slip differential. Final drive 3.33

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

09. FS Class Petrol

SWANSEA UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM SWANSEA UNIVERSITY RACE ENGINEERING Since the teams formation in 2001, Swansea University Race Engineering (SURE) team has offered a great platform for race car enthusiasts to develop their personal and professional skills, leading to jobs in prominent motorsport and automotive companies. Our goals for this year are to build a strong and reliable car capable of completing, and scoring top 20 overall. The S21 car has been built around a Yamaha MT07 parallel twin, with linear power delivery thanks to a crossplane crankshaft and with impressive low end torque, providing strong foundations. S21 has been designed with previous cars success in mind,

boasting improved suspension geometry built from the ground up to provide optimum grip and control for the driver. SURE also plan to continue their Static events success after achieving 8th overall and top 5 UK in the 2020 Virtual Static Events and continue to educate all team members past their degree courses. Adrian McNea, Team Principal, and the whole team would like to thank Swansea University and our Faculty Advisors Professor Davide Deganello and Mark Daniel, for their continued support of SURE during the challenging times.

TRANSILVANIA UNIVERSITY OF BRASOV

ROMANIA BLUESTREAMLINE

BlueStreamline is the first Romanian Formula student team ever. Founded by a small group of enthusiastic students of Transilvania University of Brasov in 2009, they aligned for the first time in Romanian motorsport history a single seater on legendary Silverstone. Starting with a small 11 brave youngsters crew, BlueStreamline rode for the last decade, on Silverstone, Circuit de Catalunya and in Varano de Melegari (2011). Along the years, generations of students forged their spirits, applied their knowledge, dreamed and competed in no less than 22nd Formula Student editions achieving 2 podiums as Best Teamwork Award

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

26A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2880/1512/1065/1620 Track 1310/1170 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 96.6/133.4 Suspension Double wishbone, non-parallel and unequal length. Pull rod actuated spring/damper front and rear Tyres 6.2/20/13/R25B/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 7”, Cast Magnesium Alloy front and rear Brakes AP racing, 19.1mm Bore, Trunion Bar front and rear Chassis Aluminium honeycomb monocoque, rear steeel spaceframe hybrid Engine Yamaha MT-07 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 80/68.6/2/689 Fuel system DTAFast S80pro sequential fuel injection, sequential ignition Max power/max torque 55kW@9000rpm/68Nm@6500rpm Transmission Chain driven, 525 pitch using two chainrings Differential Drexler Limited Slip Differential Final drive 2.5:1

111 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

(FSS 2011 and 2018) and Fuel efficiency Award (FSS 2011). Another generation is looking for Formula Student UK and Formula Student Spain and BlueStreamline dream goes on with its 12th single seater!

Length/height/width/wheelbase 3002/1354/1180/1525 Track 1150/1100 Car weight (approx.) 200 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 96/104 Suspension Double wishbone pullrod suspension front/Double wishbone pushrod suspension rear Tyres 205/470R13/0/Continental front and rear Wheels 13x 7” R13 Continental Slicks front and rear Brakes Tilton push type master cylinder with 5/8 inch bore size, balance bar proportioning front and rear Chassis Steel tubular spaceframe Engine Honda CBR600RR PC37 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Bosch, port-injection Max power/max torque 57kW@12000rpm/50Nm@8000rpm Transmission Chain Drive , size 520 Differential Adjustable Drexler Limited Slip Differential ; Lbricant:75w140 oil Final drive 4.09

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09. FS Class Team Info

UNIVERSITY OF BATH

UNITED KINGDOM TEAM BATH RACING

Team Bath Racing 21 is the latest design from the University of Bath’s combustion Formula Student team. The Team’s aim is to design a lightweight and reliable car whilst maximising the handling performance. Our goal is to build on our overall victory at the Virtual Static Events in 2020 and become FSUK 2021 champions. Each department has aimed to maximise performance for minimum mass penalty. The Vehicle Dynamics team has focused on optimising tyre performance and reducing unsprung mass with strict compliance targets, additively manufactured outboard suspension components, and

all-new aluminium rear hubs. The Aerodynamics team have aimed to maximise the downforce generation of the over body devices whilst optimising the undertray for downforce and to provide consistent flow for the radiators through side venturi tunnels. The turbocharged KTM 500 engine has been selected for its superior powerto-weight, combined with a pneumatic shifting system for weight saving, performance and reliability. The CFRP monocoque designed by the Chassis department ensures high stiffness and low mass, whilst offering large flexibility in mounting locations for the suspension geometry.

UNIVERSITY OF BRADFORD

UNITED KINGDOM TEAM BRADFORD RACING

Team Bradford Racing is in its 4th year and is looking to compete in class 1 again. The team is a mixture of 1st, 2nd, 3rd year and postgraduate students. Building on the progress made in the first three years, the team will produce their most advanced race car for the 20/21 competition. TBR is focusing on a modular design philosophy, allowing easily sourced components to be used on the car. With low production costs allowing high volume manufacture for the amateur racing market. Enhancements to the 20/21 car will include a telemetry system with app based data logging- useful for fine tuning the car and driver

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training- as well as a revised nose cone for the car to reduce drag, improving efficiency. The car is designed to be used by the novice weekend racer. To fit this principal, we aim to build a car that is easy to work on and maintain. Any repairs should only require basic tools and simple manufacturing techniques. The components the team are creating are all designed to be robust. This will ensure they have a high lifespan allowing the user to get the most out of their car further enhancing ease of update and design evolution.

153 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2905/1440/1185/1535 Track 1200/1180 Car weight (approx.) 170 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 79.3/90.6 Suspension Short-Long Arm Double Wishbone suspension with pushrod actuated coilover springs front and rear Tyres 16x7.5-10/LCO/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 7” width, Magnesium rim (Center-lock) front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855 – 22.2mm Bore front/AP Racing CP7855 – 20.6mm Bore rear Chassis CFRP Sandwich Construction Composite Monocoque Engine KTM 500 EXC Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 95/72/1/510 Fuel system Port injected, Bosch EV14, 1.4 lt per min Max power/max torque 51.5kW@8500rpm/ 80Nm@6000rpm Transmission Chain Drive, 4-speed gearbox (KTM450SX-F) Differential Custom Spool Differential Final drive 2

70 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2800/1450/1200/1600 Track 1352/1302 Car weight (approx.) 320 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 112/208 Suspension Double wishbone, spring and damper attached to lower wishbone front/Rear swept back Double wishbone suspension with pushrod actuated spring and damper rear Tyres 7.0/16.0-10/Rubber/AVON front and rear Wheels 7.2 front/7.2 rear Brakes Tilton 75 series master cylinder 0.7” piston bore front/ Tilton 75series master cylinder 1.0” piston bore rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Engine Honda CBR 600 RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system OMEX 600 Series ECU Max power/max torque 79.9kW@13500rpm/ 61.5Nm@11250rpm Transmission Chain driven Differential QDF7Z BC/IB5 Gearbox Quaife ATB Helical LSD differential Final drive 3.23

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

09. FS Class Petrol

UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM

UNITED KINGDOM UBRACING

Founded in 1997, the University of Birmingham’s Formula Student team, UBRacing, were hoping to return to compete at FSUK for the 24th time. The team had high hopes for bringing the University colours of blue and red onto the podium after a disappointing finish in the last live year. With a large reduction in weight, as well as large aerodynamic increases, vastly improved data analysis and driver training, the team are confident that the extra power extracted from the engine will be effectively put down to the tarmac. The team have been focussing on more accurately documenting the design choices for the car, along

with ensuring that they have been properly validated. This will hopefully help UBRacing to achieve their best result in the Design event for many years and we look forward to competing in the live competition once again.

UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL LANCASHIRE

UNITED KINGDOM UCLAN MOTORSPORT

UCLan Motorsport from the University of Central Lancashire will be aiming for a top 10 finish at this year’s Formula Student competition at Silverstone, for their most successful campaign to date. First formed in 2002, the team last enjoyed success in the 2017 competition when they finished 31st overall, their highest placed finish of recent years. Since 2017 focus has been on improving powertrain performance with the installation of a new Yamaha R6 powerplant, with electronic paddle shift and electronic throttle control, in order to move up the leaderboard in the dynamic events. As well as a top 10 finish, the team will

target reaching the Business Plan Presentation finals and improving scores in other static events. Team Leader, Jonathan Chapman and the team would like to thank their sponsors Loctite, Ravenol , Schroth and Drexler as well as Faculty Advisors Graham Calderbank and Simon Hindle and the University of Central Lancashire for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

121

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2980/1443.22/1167.28/1600 Track 1220/1145 Car weight (approx.) 221 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 108.5844/112.1156 Suspension Double unequal A-Arm, pull rod actuated spring and damper front and rear Tyres 16.0 x 7.5 x 10/R25B/Hoosier front/16.0 x 7.5 x 10/R25B/Hoosier rear Wheels 10”, 7.5” front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855, Balance bar, 15mm bore front/AP Racing CP7855, Balance bar, 15.875mm bore rear Chassis Hybrid composite monocoque and steel rear subframe Engine Yamaha YZF-R6 -2005 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 65.5/44.5/4/599 Fuel system Common rail, Sequential port fuel injection Max power/max torque 58kW@10500rpm/58Nm@7500rpm Transmission Single 520 size chain Differential Drexler 2016, FS LSD, 35 Nm Clutch pre-load, Acceleration locking ratio: 60%, Deceleration ratio: 52% Final drive 2.7

46A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2510/1350/1130/1530 Track 1175/1175 Car weight (approx.) (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) Suspension Outboard dampers, double wishbone front and rear Tyres 7.0 x16.0, Avon /0/0 front and rear Wheels 7in , 3 piece alumninum alloy front and rear Brakes AP CP7855-1CD FS front and rear Chassis tubular space frame Engine 2012 Yamaha YZF R6 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Yamaha R6 Standard Max power/max torque Transmission Chain driven - 520 Differential Drexler V3 differenential Ravenoil 75w140 Final drive 2.8

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09. FS Class Team Info

09. FS Class Petrol

UNIVERSITY OF EXETER

UNITED KINGDOM XRACING

Team XRacing from the University of Exeter will be aiming for a top 20 finish at the FS2021 competition, marking their most successful campaign to date. Established in 2013, XRacing last enjoyed success in the 2019 competition, with a car competiting in all dynamic events. Since 2019, focus has been on improved driveability, reduced mass, and reliability.

XRacing has increased focus on the Costing and Business events, targeting a significant improvement in static event scoring. Team Leader, Sam Seager, Technical Director, Max Prüstel, and the team would like to thank their Faculty Advisors David Moxey and Paul Wilkins and the University of Exeter for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

UNIVERSITY OF HUDDERSFIELD

UNITED KINGDOM TEAM HARE

Huddersfield Automotive Racing Enterprises, or Team HARE, from the University of Huddersfield, are celebrating their 22nd year of competing in Formula Student UK. The 2021 team is smaller than previous years, with 1 MEng student being supported by 2nd and 3rd year BEng Mechanical students. Since achieving best UK team in 2013, the team have been developing and pushing themselves to achieve large advances to maintain competitive design, suspension geometry, and powertrain evolution. The vehicle used in 2021 is a 2YV using the HARE19 chassis, which was initially designed to transition from 13” to 10” wheels. The car is

36 5

99 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2774/1518/1355/1651 Track 1331/1331 Car weight (approx.) 240 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 96/144 Suspension Pull rod Suspension front/Push rod Suspension rear Tyres 7.2/20.0-13/A92 Crossply/ Avon front/7.2/20.0-13/A92 Crossply/ Avon rear Wheels 13.0 x 7.0 front/13.0 x 7.0 rear Brakes Wilwood 260-15089 0.625 front/Wilwood 260-15089 0.625 rear Chassis Steel Space Frame Chassis, One piece Engine Honda CBR600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/62.5/4/599 Fuel system OEM Honda Injectors Max power/max torque 50.3kW@11995rpm/ 42.3Nm@10775rpm Transmission Chain Differential Limited Slip Differential Final drive 0.26-0.32

5A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

also the first in Team HARE’s history to use a split frame, allowing for easy engine access and removal. The team would like to thank their sponsors Denso, Magna, Thomas Brown Engineering, Tri-Cast, 3M Buckley Innovation Centre, Metals4U, EvoScann and TEI as well as all the academic staff involved and University of Huddersfield for their support of Team HARE 2021.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2913/1415/1160/1570 Track 1210/1150 Car weight (approx.) 220 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 97/113 Suspension Unequal length A-arm, pull rod actuated, vetically orientated Ohlins TTX25 dampers front and rear Tyres 16X7.5 - 10”/R25B/Hoosier front/16X7.5 - 10”/R25B/Hoosier rear Wheels 10X7 front/10X7 rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855-905PRTE (16.8mm Bore Size) front and rear Chassis Tubular steel spaceframe Engine Triumph Daytona 675 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 76/49.6/3/675 Fuel system Triumph sequential multipoint injection Max power/max torque 67.1kW@10000rpm/ 53Nm@8200rpm Transmission Triumph Daytona 675 standard gearbox, chain drive 520 Differential Drexler FSAE Salisbury type. 45° accel 60° decel. 40Nm preload Final drive 5

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW

UNITED KINGDOM UGRACING

UGRacing enter FSUK 2021 in competitive spirit off the back of their record breaking 2019 results and a strong year of design in 2020. Comprised of around 100 members from all years and degree programmes, the team has attended Formula Student since 2007, and has seen significant success in recent years. Winning the Racecar Engineering Communications Award, placing 3rd in the Business event and taking part in the final six acceleration shoot-out were just some of the highlights of the team’s 2019 competition as well as finishing third at

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

the 2020 BP competition. Notable improvements on the 2019 entry this year include an optimised Honda CBR600 engine, simplified and stiffer chassis with aluminium rear bulkhead, a much lighter unsprung mass and drivetrain assembly, and for the very first time a full aerodynamics package. 2019’s successful undertray diffuser project and concept development team laid the groundwork for the team’s new front and rear wings, which will help UGRacing achieve their goal of making it into the top three UK teams at FSUK 2021.

UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS

UNITED KINGDOM LEEDS GRYPHON RACING

Following a year away, Leeds Gryphon Racing continues their aim to finish among the top 10 UK teams. After a late setback with their 2021 car, the team’s focus with their 2nd year vehicle has been to fix the key reliability and performance issues from 2019; as well as increasing the engine capacity and the introducing a DAQ system. The team hopes this will result in them completing all dynamic events for the first time in their recent history. Having released their first sustainability strategy this year, the team will focus encouraging a sustainable crew – increasing diversity and inclusion within the team – car – aiming for 90%

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52

of material to be reused and recycled after competition – and partners – ensuring the companies they work with have a similar commitment to sustainability. In such a strange year, the team would like to thank the University of Leeds for their continued support and their sponsors for their understanding and generosity. They are also incredibly grateful to their faculty advisor Kris Kubiak, technicians Alan Brickwood, Peter Grieve and Max Pepper as well as visiting lecturer Isobel Pollock.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2982/1380/1156/1530 Track 1190/1150 Car weight (approx.) 205 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 91.8/113.2 Suspension Double unequal length a-arm. Pushrod actuated spring and damper front and rear Tyres 7.0/16.0-10/A92/Avon front and rear Wheels 7”, crossply slicks front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855-89PRTE, 15mm Bore, Balance Bar front and rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe, machined alloy rear bulkhead. Engine Honda CBR600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Multi-point fuel injection with Denso 12-holes injectors and custom fuel rail Max power/max torque 60kW@9000rpm/57Nm@7500rpm Transmission Chain drive, 520 chain, origin Honda CBR600RR transmission Differential Drexler Clutch Pack Self-Locking Diff., 30Nm preload, lubrication - Fuchs Silkolene 75W140, ramp angles: 40deg-50deg Final drive 2.46

97A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2717/1436/1128/1550 Track 1233/1200 Car weight (approx.) 205 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 92/113 Suspension Double wishbone, pull rod actuated coilover front and rearr Tyres 16x6.0-10/R25B/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 6”, 13mm wheel offset front and rear Brakes Short push; 15mm bore; 30mm stroke; bias bar. front/Short push; 17.78mm bore; 30mm stroke; propor valve. rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Engine KTM 500 EXC (EU) Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 102/72.2/1/590 Fuel system Single Keiheim injector with custom designed fuel rail. Max power/max torque 44.3kW@7700rpm/ 56.9Nm@6250rpm Transmission KTM synchro sequential gearbox, chain drive to differential, 520 chain, 40 tooth final drive sprocket Differential Drexler clutch type limited slip torque lock up Acl. 60%, Decl. 42% Final drive 3

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09. FS Class Team Info

UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL

UNITED KINGDOM UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL MOTORSPORT The University of Liverpool Motorsport team will be aiming to secure a place within the top 10 teams at Formula Student Silverstone 2021, making ULM015 the most successful team throughout ULM’s history. The team’s best performance was noted in the 2016 competition securing 15th place overall, placing 3rd of all UK teams participating. Since then, the team have been implementing major design changes including moving on from a steel spaceframe to a

CFC monocoque and indirect suspension to a direct version. The team had an extremely successful Concept Class competition in 2019, placing 6th overall. ULM intend to continue this success throughout Formula Student Class this year. The team would like to thank all sponsors that have been engaged with our success as well as ULM’s faculty advisor Dan Hibbert and the University of Liverpool for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD

UNITED KINGDOM SHEFFIELD FORMULA RACING Sheffield Formula Racing (SFR), based at the University of Sheffield, will be entering a B-spec edition of their 11th car, SFR11, into the 2021 FSUK event at Silverstone. The team have taken advantage of the COVID pandemic through making small design modifications to the 2019/20 car, including improvements to the steering rack centre, fuel tank, and various drivetrain components. In addition, the aerodynamics package has been optimised with added pressure tappings to validate CFD simulations and a Kinematics and Compliance rig has been designed to test

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the compliance of SFR11B’s suspension system. The team’s dedicated LTS has also received particular attention, implementing a 7-DOF model, 3D track modelling with banking and inclinations and the addition of CoP to optimise aero balance. Finally, the team have committed to using solenoid actuated gear shifting, requiring a redesign of the steering wheel to accommodate the relevant electronics. SFR would like to thank all our sponsor s for their consistent contribution to the team helping make our designs a reality.

09. FS Class Petrol

24 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2840/1395/1204/1550 Track 1220/1150 Car weight (approx.) 237 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 116.5/120.1 Suspension Direct Suspension, unequal and unparallel wishbones arms and modified ohlins shocks front and rear Tyres 205/470 R13/C16/Continental front and rear Wheels 13”x7” OZ Racing front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855-905PRTE, 16.8mm bore front and rear Chassis Composite Monocoque Engine Yamaha YZF-R6 13s Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Student designed stacks, Yamaha injectors Max power/max torque 64.9kW@11282rpm/ 57Nm@11120rpm Transmission Yamaha sequential gear box, chain driven, custom-made driven sprocket. Differential Drexler FSAE 2010 Mechanical LSD Final drive 3.2

UNIVERSITY OF SALFORD

UNITED KINGDOM SALFORD RACING

Salford Racing from the University of Salford is entering class 1 again in 2021 after achieving 58th with their first class 1 entry in 2019. Their goal to improve their competition place was hoped to be achieved by producing a reliable car under 300kg by increasing usage of composite materials and producing their first purpose built aluminium pedal box. The team directors would like to thank all the team for all their hard work over the year and throughout the crazy times we have all had to endure. We would also like to thank the University of Salford and the school of Engineering and all its staff for all their help and positivity

114A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2881/1350/1195/1535 Track 1146/1110 Car weight (approx.) 166 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 73/93 Suspension Double Unequal A-Arm, Pull Rod Actuated, Split Heave/ Roll X-Fusion Air Sprung Dampers front and rear Tyres 16x6.0-10/R25B/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 7” x 10” forged front/7” forged rear Brakes AP Racing .625 CP7855-90, 15.9Dx170Lx30Smm front and rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Engine KTM 500 EXC Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 95/72/1/510.4 Fuel system Keihin electronic fuelinjection system Max power/max torque 38.2kW@8800rpm/ 47.3Nm@7100rpm Transmission Single 520 Chain Differential Drexler Clutch Type Limited Slip - Castrol SAF-XJ-oil Final drive 03-Apr

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

throughout the year and to both Morson Group and the Morson Makerspace for providing not only sponsorship and facilities, but their years of expertise to the team.

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON

UNITED KINGDOM SUFST

Southampton University Formula Student Team (SUFST) are entering this year’s competition with their 7th car, STAG VI. SUFST would like to thank their sponsors for their support in helping the team realise their goals. The team is made up of over 200 students from a variety of course backgrounds. Having competed at Formula Student UK at Silverstone for the last 7 years, SUFST also regularly compete in at least one European competition each year. The team is divided into technical and operational departments. The technical departments include Aerodynamics, Structural Design, Electronics, Powertrain,

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Race Engineering, and Vehicle Performance. This year, the team are focusing on increasing driveability and reducing mass. SUFST attracts a large number of students, and to better manage the intake this year, the team provides weekly CAD tutorial learning opportunities on top of their regular meetings.

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2787/1296/1280/1588 Track 1325/1382 Car weight (approx.) 280 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 159.7/120.3 Suspension Double Unequal Length Wishbone. Pull rod actuated through a Bellcrank pivot mounted to a suspension node front and rear Tyres 170/515R13/C9 Supersoft Compound/Hankook Ventus F200 Slick front/170/515R13/C9 Supersoft Compound/Hankook Ventus F200 Slick rear Wheels 13” diameter - 7” width, 22 Offset front/13” diameter - 7” width, 22 Offset rear Brakes OBP 0.7 inch bore front/OBP 0.625 inch bore rear Chassis Steel Space frame chassis Engine Rotax DS450 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 94/61.5/1/427 Fuel system Siemens Deka 420874402 Max power/max torque 28kW@7500rpm/41Nm@6000rpm Transmission Chain driven. 520 width chain. Internal standard DS450 gearbox in usage. Differential 0 Final drive 3.29

15A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2913/1504/1195/1550 Track 1181.82/1150 Car weight (approx.) 217 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 97.43/119.08 Suspension Pushrod actuated double-wishbone. Gas corner springs/ dampers front/Pushrod actuated double-wishbone. Gas corner and heave springs/dampers with U-bar ARB rear Tyres 6.0/18-10/LC0/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 10” Diameter, 7” Width, Centre Locking front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855-91PRTE front and rear Chassis Monocoque with tubular rear subframe Engine Honda CBR600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Denso Returnless Common Rail Max power/max torque 50kW@11500rpm/ 43Nm@10500rpm Transmission Chain drive Differential Drexler FSAE viscous differential Final drive 3.4545

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09. FS Class Team Info

UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE

UNITED KINGDOM UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE MOTORSPORT Founded in 2000, University of Strathclyde Motorsport Team has produced a car every year since. Securing wins in the Cost & Manufacturing event twice at FSUK and twice at FSG, with a highest placed overall finish of 12th at FSG 2015. Team USM for the 2018/19 season is comprised of 25 students from across the university’s Engineering and Physics faculties. This year the team hopes to build on their success from winning the Santander Universities most improved car award at FSUK last year and high performances in the static events at FSG. The design focus for this year’s car – USM19, has been for a complete overhaul

of the electrical systems and a better integration with aerodynamics. The team is aiming for a top 10 finish in all of the statics events and to complete the endurance race. The team would like to express our gratitude to the University and all of our sponsors for their support for the season.

UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST OF ENGLAND

UNITED KINGDOM UWE FORMULA STUDENT

UWE Formula Student from the University of the West of England will be aiming to finish within the top 10 UK teams at the Formula Student competition at Silverstone. The team was formed in 2012 as a class 2 team with the first class 1 entry coming in the 2014 competition. The highest place finish for the team is 8th in 2019. UWE Formula Student has focused on the development of an aero

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package and the development of an onboard telemetry system. Everyone at the team would like to thank their all their sponsors and specifically, Tollgate Hire, SKF, and The Colin Chapman Foundation. The team would also like to thank their Faculty Advisor Jason Matthews and The University of the West of England, who without their continued support the project wouldn’t be able to run.

115A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2975/1400/1150/1535 Track 1200/1150 Car weight (approx.) 178 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 82/96 Suspension Direct Actuation unequal length A-arm front/Push Rod unequal length A-arm with ARB rear Tyres 6.0/18.0-10/LCO/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 6.0/18.0-10 front and rear Brakes AP Racing Cast Alumnium CP7855-905 front/AP Racing Cast Alumnium CP7855-94 rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Engine Suzuki LT-R450 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 95.5/62.8/1/450 Fuel system Stock Suzuki LT-R450, 450cc/min, Single Point Port Injection Max power/max torque 34kW@9000rpm/ 33.9Nm@9000rpm Transmission Stock 5 speed gearbox, 520 chain drive Differential Drexler Limited Slip FS 2010, clutch w/ 15Nm bolt preload, theoretical bias 88%fwd 51%rear Final drive 3

7A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2920/1400/1166/1550 Track 1200/1100 Car weight (approx.) 235 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 113/122 Suspension Double converging unequal-length wishbone, Pullrod, Blade Style Anti-roll front/Double converging unequal-length wishbone, Pushrod, Blade Style Anti-roll rear Tyres 16x7-10/A92/Avon front/16x7-10/A92/Avon rear Wheels 7 inch, 3 Piece 2014 T6 Aluminium billet centre, Force Racing 10 inch Barrels front/7 inch, 3 Piece 2014 T6 Aluminium billet centre, Force Racing 10 inch Barrels rear Brakes AP Racing CP6465-202PRME Pull Type front/AP Racing CP6465202PRME Pull Type rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Engine Triumph Street Triple 675cc Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 74/52.3/3/675 Fuel system Stock Max power/max torque 63.4kW@11500rpm/ 60Nm@7000rpm Transmission Chain Driven 520 Differential Drexler Slaisbury Clutch type LSD Final drive 2.857

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

09. FS Class Petrol

UNIVERSITY OF SUSSEX

UNITED KINGDOM SUSSEX RACING

The SR21 Formula Student Vehicle marks the start of a new era for the Sussex Racing team. Going forward, Sussex Racing will now alternate between Internal combustion and Electric powertrain each year. For the 2021 year, the team of 15 members focused on developing tools and simulations that will become the foundation of design choices for the future SR vehicles. With practical experience from

Cummins Turbo technologies, Jaguar Land Rover and Rolls Royce within the team, Sussex Racing 2021 seeks to achieve a top ten finish within the static events and a design that can be developed upon in years to come. The team’s success is in no small part thanks to the tireless support of the faculty at the University of Sussex in addiion to the team’s sponsors; Santander, WRX, RS components and Ricardo.

UNIVERSITY OF WOLVERHAMPTON

UNITED KINGDOM UNIVERSITY OF WOLVERHAMPTON RACING UWR are a small but dedicated team based at the Telford campus of the University of Wolverhampton. The team have become regulars at the competition with 2021 being their 6th entry with a previous best result of 13th in 2017. This year the team have entered a new phase of development, for the first time the car will use a full aerodynamics package featuring front and rear wings as well as a twin speed diffuser. This paired with a reliable 4 cylinder Yamaha engine and predictable handling from an all new suspension system mean Wolf VI stands to be their most competitive car to date. This development shows the teams

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dedication despite a challenging year, with the extra time made available to students through national lockdowns used to full effect. UWR are proud to present Wolf VI to the competition and would like to extend their thanks to the key sponsors that allowed them to reach this point: Hub le Bas, RS Components, KA Sensors, HCI Systems and the Engineering Integrity Society.

18

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 3195/1424/1232/1550 Track 1230/1160 Car weight (approx.) 220 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 100/120 Suspension Double Wishbone Pullrod Suspension SLA front/ Double Wishbone Pushrod SLA Suspension rear Tyres 7.0/16.0-10/A92/Avon front/7.5/16.0-10/A92/Hoosier rear Wheels 10x7.2 single front/10x7.2 single rear Brakes CP2623-95PRM88, bore: 23.8mm front/ CP2623-96PRM115, bore: 25.4mm rear Chassis Tubular Spaceframe Engine Honda CBR600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Direct Multi-Port Injection, Denso 12-hole injectors Max power/max torque 97kW@12000rpm/83Nm@8500rpm Transmission 520 DID Motorbike Chain, 35-tooth driven sprocket Differential Drexler LSD V3, 10mm Pre-Load, Variable Ramp angle (6 different setups) Final drive 2.7

110 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 3137/1698/1246/1836 Track 1246/1464 Car weight (approx.) 220 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 88/132 Suspension Unequal, diverging, double wishbone, pullrod with combined spring damper front/Double wishbone, pushrod with combined spring damper rear Tyres 7.0/16.0 - 10/A92/Avon front and rear Wheels 10” ?, 8” wide split rim, outboard on upight bolts to rim front and rear Brakes AP Racing Master Cylinder CP7855 front and rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Engine Yamaha R6 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system fully sequential 3d open loop mapped adustable via Life racing ECU Max power/max torque 51.48kW@12558rpm/ 32.6Nm@9810rpm Transmission manufacturer gearbox, chain driven with changeable ratios, Drexler differential Differential drexler plate LSD 45/30 ramps Final drive 3.25 or 4

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10. Class 1 Electric

10. FS Class Team Info

LANCASTER UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM LANCASTER E-RACING

The Lancaster E-Racing (LER) team consists of 18 of the most ambitious Lancaster University Engineering students working towards the Formula Student competition, which takes place at Silverstone. In 2019 the Lancaster entry became one of only two UK teams to pass scrutineering with an electric powertrain. With a larger team this year, covering a great breadth of expertise giving perhaps the best shot at winning that the Lancaster FS programme has ever seen. From the professional management structure to the meticulous optimisations accompanying each design decision, every upgrade made this year will

continue to reinforce future teams for years to come. The aim is to transform LER into a consistent performer which is environmentally and competitively sustainable. Complete redesigns of the electrical safety systems, suspension and aerodynamics package are set to transform the reliability and performance of the car and propel the team to a greener, zero-emission future.

OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM OXFORD BROOKES RACING Oxford Brookes Racing, the Formula Student team from Oxford Brookes University, is entering the competition whilst embarking on a new era for the team. After 2 decades of pushing the limits with their ICE vehicle, the team at the heart of the motorsport valley, now enters FSUK with an all new 4-wheel drive electric car. After a year of many challenges, OBR21 is setting the new baseline for Oxford Brookes Racing, which will continue to push its members towards a more innovative and competitive development. Oxford Brookes Racing would like to thank all of the sponsors, partners, faculty, technicians,

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56 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3169/1413/1206/1760 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) 225 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 101.25/123.75 Suspension Push Rod, Bell Crank, Planar front and rear Tyres Hoosier / 43101 / 18.0” x 6.0” - 10 / R25B front and rear Wheels 7.0” / 2 Part Aluminium Front Plate front and rear Brakes Wilwood - 0.625 inch bore front/Wilwood - 0.625 inch bore rear Chassis Steel Tube Spaceframe Electric Motor EMRAX208 Accumulator Spec Energus Li8P25RT Samsung 18650 Max power/max torque 68 @ 6000, 130 Transmission Electric Motor Chain - Differential (Direct Drive) Differential Drexler Formula Student Limited Slip Differential Final drive 3.91:1

2 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

alumni, family, and friends for their continued support towards the team, particularly during this challenging year. Also thanking them for making this journey a very memorable one for each one of our students. The team would also like to thank the Institution of Mechanical Engineers for their continued support and dedication in making this year’s event possible, whilst ensuring the safety and wellbeing of everyone at the competition.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2854/1558/1200/1535 Track 1236/1236 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 110.4/119.6 Suspension Double, unequal length wishbone with directing acting spring damper front/ Double, unequal length wishbone with rocker actuated spring damper, U-Bar ARB rear Tyres Hoosier, 16”x6-10, R25 B front and rear Wheels 7”, Carbon Fibre front and rear Brakes 15.8 front/15 rear Chassis Full carbon fibre moulded monocoque Electric Motor AMK DD5-14-10POW Accumulator Spec Melasta, Lithium ion Pouch cell Max power/max torque 35kW @ 16000RPM,21Nm for 1.24 seconds Transmission Planetary gearbox, in-hub motors Differential Final drive 15.55

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

LIVERPOOL JOHN MOORES UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM LJMU E-RACING TEAM

LJMU e-Racing Team will be competing with their first electric vehicle at Formula Student UK 2021. With success since 2010 with internal combustion vehicles, Liverpool John Moores University endeavours to rebrand their entry as one that incorporates an electric powertrain. Due to the technical challenge this presents, LJMU 19e was planned to be developed over two years. Following a successful Class 2 entry at FSUK 2018 with astounding results of 5th overall and 2nd best UK-based university. The team had hoped to continue this momentum into the FSUK 2019 competition; however, due to unforeseen circumstances, the team decided the safest option was to pull out of the

competition. LJMU 19e was therefore rebranded as LJMU 21. The design of LJMU 21 focusses around the electric powertrain, more specifically its robustness and dependability. Through use, if various testbeds and dynamometer testing, the reliability of the control systems that characterise the powertrain have been rigorously analysed to ensure satisfactory operation. LJMU e-Racing Team would like to extend their gratitude to the Faculty of Engineering and Technology at LJMU, and the teaching staff for their endless support throughout the development process of the vehicle. LJMU e-Racing Team would also like to thank their sponsors, without whom the entirety of the project would not be possible.

UAS BERN

SWITZERLAND BERN FORMULA STUDENT

The Bern Formula Student team was founded in 2014 and consists of students from the engineering and technology department. Every year they develop a purely electrically powered vehicle, combining performance with safety and environmental awareness. Through an academic competition that unites countless teams from all over the world, they want to promote the development of sustainable and lightweight technologies. In addition, this competition offers an optimal opportunity for future engineers to apply the theory to this interesting project. Next to providing a unique opportunity for a new

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generation of engineers to gain practical experience during their training, they want to reduce the environmental impact of our industry in a pragmatic and systematic way. Ethics and the will to change things are among the values of their association. For this purpose, the students can deal with sustainable and trend-setting lightweight technologies and develop new concepts.

64 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3000/1450/1150/1620 Track 1180/1280 Car weight (approx.) 221 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 99.89/121.51 Suspension Double wishbone, pushrod front and rear Tyres 6.2/20-13, Super Soft A92, Avon front and rear Wheels 172mm, magnesium front and rear Brakes CP7854 AP Racing, adjutable bias, 20.6mm bore front and rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Electric Motor Accumulator Spec EP Battery Max power/max torque 100kW at 1600rpm, 709Nm for 30 seconds Transmission Chain driven, 520 chain, geared speed reduction 1:1.6 Differential Drexler Limited Slip FSAE Differential Final drive 1.6:1

107 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2922/1469/1190/1534 Track 1200/1150 Car weight (approx.) 220 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 110/110 Suspension Double wishbone, pushrod actuated airsprings front and rear Tyres 205/470 R13, Continental C18 Slick front and rear Wheels 7x13 ET30, OZ magnesium central-lock rims front and rear Brakes AP Racing, 16.8mm, balance-beam front/ AP Racing, 19.1mm, balance-beam rear Chassis Steel Tube Spaceframe Electric Motor Fischer TI085052-070-04B7S-07S04BE2 Accumulator Spec Sony US18650VTC6 Max power/max torque 35KW @ 11600 RPM, 29.1 Transmission Planetary gearbox Differential Electronic Final drive 14.45:1

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10. FS Class Team Info

UNIVERSITY OF BATH

UNITED KINGDOM TEAM BATH RACING ELECTRIC (TBRE) This the FS Class entry submitted by Team Bath Racing Electric for the 2021 Formula Student UK competition. The primary aims of the team are to retain the title of top UK electric Formula Student team, while focusing on gaining valuable data from a 2YV entry. The team has focused on improving upon the best features of previous designs, by introducing an aerodynamics package to improve vehicle cornering speed, maximum rear wheel traction and improve stability. The team have also introduced a new Low Voltage system, with two separate CAN networks to ensure critical

systems are unaffected by the introduction of a telemtry system. Adjustments to rear suspension and braking configurations will ensure higher reliability during the endurance event. TBRe21 features a hybrid front carbon fibre monocoque, rear steel spaceframe chassis with a composite backplate. A single permanent magnet axial flux EMRAX 228 motor will drive the two rear wheels via a chain transmission with spool axle. The powertrain will be powered by a single accumulator located behind the driver consisting of 714 cells arranged in six subpacks with a combined capacity of 7.7 kWh.

UNIVERSITY OF NOTTINGHAM

UNITED KINGDOM UNIVERSITY OF NOTTINGHAM RACING The University of Nottingham Race Team is a team of talented students from a range of disciplines, all with the same ambition: to stand out and to be the best. The team hopes to become one of the few teams who can successfully develop an electric race vehicle that can compete and excel in the dynamic events at the Formula Student competition. This year, the team are working on using lap time simulation to help aid

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design decisions. The team aims to simplify electronics and improve reliability by moving to a Control Area Network (CAN) communications platform, and ‘off-the-shelf’ inverters with a tried and tested electromagnetic noise filter on the DC-link, whilst developing their own custom inverters as a long term project. A team of bright sparks with a plan of action!

117A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2835/1360/1059/1535 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) 211 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 84.55/126.52 Suspension Double wishbone, pushrod, out of plane front/Double wishbone, pushrod, in-plane rear Tyres Hoosier 16.0 x 7.5-10 LC0 front and rear Wheels OZ centre lock 10” spin cast magnesium, 22mm offset front and rear Brakes Tilton 78-812, 13/16” bore, balance bar front/Tilton 78-813, 13/16” bore, balance bar rear Chassis Hybrid front carbon fibre monocoque, rear steel spacframe Electric Motor Emrax 228 MV CC Accumulator Spec Sony US18650VTC6 Max power/max torque 100kW @ 6500RPM rear, 240Nm Transmission Chain drive, simplex 520 chain Differential Final drive 3

23 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2590/1494/1151/1548 Track 1296/1264 Car weight (approx.) 276 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 110.4/165.6 Suspension Double Wishbone SLA, Pullrod front and rear Tyres Continental FS C19 205/470 R13 front and rear Wheels Three-piece 13”. 7” width (1.5”+5.5”) front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP785588PRTE push-type, dia 14 mm; Tilton 72-260 balance bar front/AP Racing CP7855-93PRTE pushtype, dia 20.6 mm; Tilton 72-260 balance bar rear Chassis Steel Space Frame Electric Motor Parker USA GVK142-050-L IPMSM Accumulator Spec Zhuhai Hange Battery Corporation Limited HGB8665155-20C Max power/max torque 36@20115, 32 for 10s Transmission Fixed speed perwheel reduction, single reduction planetary gearbox, fixed ring gear Differential Final drive 9

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

10. Class 1 Electric

UNIVERSITY OF HERTFORDSHIRE

UNITED KINGDOM UH RACING

UH Racing was formed in 1997, and have established themselves as a top competitor within the Formula Student competition. In 2021, the team are looking to continue where they left off last year, after the impact of COVID-19 prevented them from entering their first electric car in 10 years. UH Racing have always looked to push the boundaries within the competition, where they produced the first hydrogen powered Formula Student car (UH08H), along with the first electric Formula Student car (UH12A). UH23 will be no exception to this; where the car will feature a fully electric, 4WD setup capable of torque

vectoring. UH Racing aims to provide a competitive electric car; providing a strong foundation to future EV entries within the team.

UNIVERSITY OF PATRAS

GREECE UOP RACING TEAM

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

8

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2906/1397/1179/1580 Track 1200/1180 Car weight (approx.) 224 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 103.4/116.6 Suspension Unequal length double A-arms; direct dampers front and rear Tyres 205/470R13, C17, Continental front and rear Wheels 7J x 13”, OZ Racing magnesium alloy rims front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855, 17.8mm diameter bore front/ AP Racing CP7855, 19.05mm diameter bore rear Chassis Tubular Steel Spaceframe Construction Electric Motor Fischer Elektromotoren TI085 Accumulator Spec Sony VTC6 18650 cells (1s5p Energus Modules) Max power/max torque 35.4, 29.1 for TBC seconds (Testing required) Transmission 4x Compound epicyclic gearboxes housed inside each upright Differential Final drive 9

86 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2850/1452/1177/1535 Track 1180/1180 Car weight (approx.) 210 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 104.5/115.5 Suspension Double Unequallength A-Arms, Push Rod Actuation front and rear Tyres 16 x 7.5 - 10, R25B, Hoosier front and rear Wheels 10’’ OZ Magnesium front/10’’ OZ Magnesium rear Brakes Tilton 78 series, 15.9mm bore, adjustable bias front/ Tilton 78 series, 15.9mm bore, adjustable bias rear Chassis Composite monocoque Electric Motor AMK DD5-14-10POW-18600-B5 Accumulator Spec Melasta SLPBA642126 Max power/max torque 34.4 kW @ 16000 rpm, 21 Nm for 1.24sec rear Transmission Compound Planetary Gearbox Differential Final drive 12

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MEMBRANE, with no input or output parameters, plots MEMBRANE(1).

10. Class 1 Electric

10. FS Class Team Info

L = MEMBRANE(k,m,n,np) also sets some mesh and accuracy parameters:

12

UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK k = index of eigenfunction, default k = 1. m = number of points on 1/3 of boundary. The size of the output is 2*m+1-by-2*m+1. The default m = 15. n = number of terms in sum, default n = min(m,9). WARWICK RACING np = number of terms in partial sum, default np = min(n,2). the University as bulkheads, uprights, With npWarwick = n, Racing, the eigenfunction is nearly zero onand the boundary. Formula Student brackets have been optimised With npof <Warwick’s n, = 2, the boundary is practical not tied Team, arelike a crossnp disciplinary to the lightest mass.down.

UNITED KINGDOM

UNIVERSITY OF ZAGREB

CROATIA

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

FSB RACING TEAM

FSB Racing Team is the first Formula Student team coming from Croatia. Established in 2003, the team has built 6 Formula Student cars so far. This year’s car, called VulpesR, was the team’s biggest challenge. It is the team’s first ever electric car and the first car with a monocoque chassis. Much time and effort has been invested into this year’s project, and a lot of knowledge was gained from different areas which was put into the design, optimisation and production of the car. Nowadays, the team is about 100 active members divided into twelve subteams. What all members have in common is the love and passion

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2433/1433/1225/1700 Track 1250/1150 Car weight (approx.) 398 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 181/216.5 Suspension Double unequal length A-Arm. Pull Rod front and rear Tyres 7.2/20.0-13 Avon A92 front/7.2/20.0-13 Avon A93 rear Wheels Team Dynamics 1.2 Pro, Cast Alloy front/Team Dynamics 1.2 Pro, Cast Alloy rear Brakes 15.9mm Bore front/15.9mm Bore rear Chassis Tubular Spaceframe Electric Motor YASA P400S Accumulator Spec Panasonic UR18650RX Max power/max torque 90 kW @ 3200 rpm, 390 Nm for 10s Transmission Single 520 Chain Differential Drexler Limited Slip Differential Final drive 3.14

team of tenacious engineers Warwick Racing would like to fixed on one goal: producing thank all those involved with a high performance electric the project for their ongoing Out-of-date reference: racing vehicle. The team support. Fox, are Henrici & competitive Moler, SIAM J. Numer. Anal. 4, 1967, pp. 89-102. aiming for performance in the dynamic 6-30-91, 6-17-92; Cleve Moler 4-21-85, 7-21-87, it debuts WRe1, the MathWorks, Inc. Copyrightevents (c) as 1984-94 by The team’s first EV to be raced in Class 1. WRe1 features nargin <custom 1, k accumulator = 1; end packs nargin <made 2, in-house. m = 15;Having end spent significant development time on nargin <motor 2 & control, isstudent, m =are 10; end the batteries nargin <expected 3, n =to min(m,9); end deliver formidable across all dynamic nargin <performance 4, np = min(n,2); end events. Leveraging the team’s k > 12 experience with topology error(ÔOnly the first 12 membrane eigenfunctions are available.Õ) optimisation, components such

d

mbda = [9.6397238445, 15.19725192, 2*pi^2, 29.5214811, 31.9126360, ... 41.4745099, 44.948488, 5*pi^2, 5*pi^2, 56.709610, 65.376535, 71.057755]; mbda = lambda(k); m = [1 2 3 2 1 1 2 3 3 1 2 1]; m = sym(k);

Part of the boundary in polar coordinates eta = (1:3*m)Õ/m * pi/4; = [ones(m,1)./cos(theta(1:m)); ones(2*m,1)./sin(theta(m+1:3*m))];

for the project, what they do and how it helps them grow. Since 2019, the team’s main focus is to optimise their knowledge in electric vehicles and to transfer the knowledge to younger members. This year´s main goal was to reduce the mass of the vehicle and to successfully finish all the Dynamic Events, especially Endurance. The whole team would like to thank their long-year sponsors Rimac Automobili and FSB (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture) as the University Zagreb for their continuous support in the project.

54 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2693/1502/1191/1530 Track 1290/1240 Car weight (approx.) 226 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 102/124 Suspension Double unequal wishbone, pushrod actuated front and rear Tyres 18x6-10 R25b Hoosier front and rear Wheels 6.25 inch, three-piece aluminium wheels front/7 inch, three-piece aluminium wheels rear Brakes Tilton 78 Series 5/8’’ front/ Tilton 78-Series 13/16’’ rear Chassis Composite monocoque Electric Motor Cognitio Elektronika TM-40 Accumulator Spec Sony 18650 VTC6 Max power/max torque 50 kW @ 8000 rpm, 60 Nm for 10 sec rear Transmission Single stage gearbox / spur gears (m = 1.5 mm; z1 = 15; z2 = 120) / shared housing Differential Electronic differential Final drive 8

if sym = 1, alfa = [1 5 7 11 13 17 19 ... ] * 2/3, (odd, not divisible by 3) if sym = 2, alfa = [2 4 8 10 14 16 20 ... ] * 2/3, (even, not divisible by

x1

if sym = 3, alfa = [3 6 9 12 15 18 21 ... ] * 2/3, (multiples of 3) fa = sym; 1 - u*u l = sym + 3*(sym == 1); x 1 Fcn r j = 2:n, alfa(j) = alfa(j-1) + del; Mu del = 6-del; x2 d; fa = alfa * 2/3; sym ~= 3 alf1 = (alfa(1):1:max(alfa)); alf2 = (alfa(2):1:max(alfa)); k1 = 1:4:length(alf1); k2 = 1:4:length(alf2); se alf1 = (alfa(1):1:max(alfa)); alf2 = []; k1 = 1:2:length(alf1); k2 = []; d

_ +

1 _ s

x2

1 _ s

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

MathWorks is a proud supporter

x1

1 Out1

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Scope

of student competitions that inspire

2 Out2

learning and advance education in engineering, science, and math

Build up the matrix of fundamental solutions evaluated on the boundary. = sqrt(lambda)*r; = besselj(alf1,t); = besselj(alf2,t); = [b1(:,k1) b2(:,k2)]; gnore,k] = sort([k1 k2]); = A(:,k); = A.*sin(theta*alfa);

Learn more at mathworks.com/academia/student-competitions

The desired coefficients are the null vector. (lambda was chosen so that the matrix is rank deficient). ,R,E] = qr(A); = 1:n-1; = -R(j,j)\R(j,n); n) = 1; = E*c(:);3 46 c(1) < 0, c = -c; end The residual should be small. res = norm(A*c,inf)/norm(abs(A)*abs(c),inf)

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

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11. Concept Class Team Info

AIN SHAMS UNIVERSITY

EGYPT ASU RACING TEAM

Ain Shams University Racing Team was founded in 2010 with the aim of reviving the automotive industry in Egypt. The team consists of multidisciplinary students all aiming to design, build and test a formula student vehicle. The team is structured according to the design requirements and later restructured to accommodate the manufacturing of the vehicle and the competition events. This

year the team will be targeting a solid performance in both static and dynamic events as the vehicle is designed with a certain philosophy and reasonable targets aiming to decrease the weight, lower the CG while increasing the engine overall performance. The new vehicle features a new 4-cylinder Honda CBR 600RR and an optimized aerodynamic package.

BRUNEL UNIVERSITY LONDON

UNITED KINGDOM BRUNEL MASTERS MOTORSPORT Brunel Masters Motorsport (Founded 2004) is the MSc team for Brunel University that compete in the Formula Student event that is carried out each year. Brunel Motorsport is a closely wound team which strives for perfection and innovation, making the best out of the opportunities presented to them. Comprised wholly of level 5 Masters of Automotive and Motorsport Engineering students; the team aims to successfully manage a racing team that will design and prototype a single seater racing vehicle that is to compete in the Formula Student Class 2 event.

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11. Concept Class Petrol

73 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2775/1371/1248/1630 Track 1100/1100 Car weight (approx.) 250 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 120/130 Suspension Double Wishbone equal arm length suspension with pull rod. rod front and rear Tyres 18x7.5-10/R25B/Hoosier rod front and rear Wheels Braid 10x7.5 ET33, SpinForged aluminum wheel rod front and rear Brakes Cp-7855 ,piston radius 7mm,0.55:0.45 front to rear rod front and rear Chassis Steel Tubes Space Fame Engine Honda CBR600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Honda single rail multipoint indirect fully sequential injection, controlled by Link Monsoon G4X Max power/max torque 73kW@10000rpm/ 70.5Nm@9000rpm Transmission Single 525 Chain Drive Differential 2010 FSAE Drexler Limited Slip Differential Final drive 2.4

266 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 3234/1353/1354/1600 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) Weight distribution (approx.) Suspension Double unequal length A-Arms. Push rod actuated spring and damperrod front and rear Tyres 20.5” x 7” - 13” 43164 Hoosier/0/0 rod front and rear Wheels 13” x 7” OZ Rims front/13” x 7” OZ Rims rear Brakes AP Racing, Push rod, size 7/8” front/AP Racing, Push rod, size 3/4” rear Chassis Steel Space Frame Engine Triumph Daytona 675 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 74/52.3/3/675 Fuel system Keihin Fuel Injection - PFI Max power/max torque 94kW@12600rpm/ 70.5Nm@11750rpm Transmission Chain Drive Differential Drexler FSAE Clutch Plate (Salisbury) Limited Slip Differential Final drive 3.2:1

Formula Student 2021 Formula Student 2021

ALFAISAL UNIVERSITY

SAUDI ARABIA ALFAISAL HAIZUM

Alfaisal Haizum is a pioneering team, as it is currently the only team in the Gulf region and second in the whole middle eastern region to participate in Formula Student. The team is comprised of dedicated and passionate individuals from multiple different backgrounds, and they are hoping to see the rise of the automotive industry in the middle eastern region. The team also believes that there are never enough competition cars, and aims to create cars that are respected world-wide. Despite the rising

threat of self-driving cars, the team believes that motorsports form a connection between man and machine that is only fulfilled by the screaming revs of petrol engines. They are the most ambitious team coming out of Alfaisal so far as they are planning on manufacturing a car with many new features, such as a full aero kit and a telemetry system. Alfaisal Haizum seeks to prove its potential in the proving grounds of Silverstone and make themselves known as the little team that could.

CANADIAN INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE

EGYPT

RADIX-CIC RACING TEAM

Radix-CIC racing team from the Canadian International College will be aiming to reach out to the top best designs in the competition.Team has been established in 2020, The Radix-CIC Team is participating for the first time and entering the concept class this year. Our vehicle design has many unique features which will affect positively in business planning event. Team Leader Sherif Sabry and the team would like to thank our sponsers embotech and Europ Education as well as our Faculty Advisor Dr. Wessam Hussien and the Canadian International College for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

Official Programme Official Programme

69 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3284.15/1353/1149.72/1730 Track 1250/1250 Car weight (approx.) 212 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 84.8/127.2 Suspension Double Unequal length, non-parallel A-arm. Push rod actuation front and rear Tyres 508mmx177.8mm-300mm Hoosier Slick/0/0 front and rear Wheels O.Z. Racing Auminium 330mm front and rear Brakes wilwood Tm1, Remote Tandem with 15.875mm bore with adjustable brake bias front and rear Chassis Tubular Steel Spaceframe Engine Honda CBR 600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Dual Stage Fuel Injection (DSFI) Max power/max torque 76.65kW@13500rpm/ 57.77Nm@11250rpm Transmission Chain and Sprocket (sprocket connected to differential) Differential Drexler FSAE Limited Slip Differential Final drive 06:01

222 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3238/1457.86/1325/1530 Track 1215/1115 Car weight (approx.) 233 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 110.75/122.04 Suspension Double unequal length A-arm and Toe link \ Push-rod front/ Double unequal length A-arm and Toe link \ Push-rod rear Tyres 7.2/20.0-13/A-92/Avon tyres front/7.2/20.0-13/A-92/Avon tyres rear Wheels 7.2/20.0-13 front/7.2/20.0-13 rear Brakes 2 Tilton 25.4mm bore diameter. Cross connection, adjustable proportioning valve front/2 Tilton 25.4mm bore diameter. Cross connection, adjustable proportioning valve rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Engine Honda CBR 600RR 2007 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4 in-line/599 Fuel system Batch fire Max power/max torque 53.1kW@11000rpm/ 50.2Nm@5000rpm Transmission Chain driven. Chain type 530 Differential Limited slip differential Final drive

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11. Concept Class Team Info

CANADIAN INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE

EGYPT EMIT RACING TEAM

EMIT Racing team from candian international college in Egypt will be aiming to develop the first formula student vehicle. This year will be the first entry in formula student. Team followed certain philosophy targeting a light weighted car with high features. Team descided to use a brand-new Honda CBR 600 RR and simplified tubular

NIGERIA Hebron motorsports from Covenant University will be aiming for a top 5 finish at this year’s formula student concept class competition. Established in the year 2014, the team has never truly competed and was in fact comatose until the year 2020. Since 2020, focus has been on designing a vehicle suited for the Nigerian environment in every regard, parts and material selection to engine performance. As well as a top 5 finish, the team will target reaching the business plan presentation finals and

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333 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

space frame. Furthermore, a data acquisation system has been developed to help the team to further monitor the vehicle performance on track. Team Would like to thank their sponsors Talent Group and ELbadr industries as well as the university professosr for their continued Support.

COVENANT UNIVERSITY HEBRON MOTORSPORTS

11. Concept Class Petrol

winning the cost presentation. Team Leader, Asoro Ese and the team would like to thank their sponsors; Covenant University, Ansys and SolidWorks, as well as Faculty Advisor Prof Ohunakin Yinka and Covenant University for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 0/0/0/0 Track 0/0 Car weight (approx.) 0 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 0/0 Suspension Double unequal A-arm and Toe link \ Push-rod front/Double unequal A-arm and Toe link \ Pushrod rear Tyres 7.2/20.0-13/A-92/Avon tyres rod front and rear Wheels 7.2/20.0-13 front/7.2/20.0-13 rear Brakes 2 Tilton 25.4mm bore diameter cross connection, adjustable proportioning valve rod front and rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Engine HONDA CBR 600 RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4 in-line/599 Fuel system Multipoint, Fuel injection Max power/max torque 53.1kW@11000rpm/ 50.2Nm@5000rpm Transmission Chain driven. Chain type 530 Differential limited slip differential Final drive 03:01

412 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2685.27/1542.3/1197.52/1600 Track 1240/1192 Car weight (approx.) 235 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 96.3/138.65 Suspension Double unequal length A-arm suspension with direct acting shock absorbers front and rear Tyres 20.5 × 7-13/R25B/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 7”, OZ wheels front/7”, OZ wheels rear Brakes 13 .97 front/19.05 rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Engine Honda CBR600 RR 2007 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4 cylinder /599cc Fuel system PE-8400P EFI Max power/max torque 53kW@10000rpm/58Nm@7000rpm Transmission chain/sprocket Differential sprool Final drive (45/11)

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

CHUKWUEMEKA ODUMEGWU OJUKWU UNIVERSITY

NIGERIA NUTABOLTS RACING TEAM

The NUTABOLTS RACING TEAM will this year set their target for a top five finish at Silver Stone Circuit UK. We first participated in this event in 2012. However, for this year event, with the experience the team has gathered over the years, the team is looking forward to surpassing their achievements at the event.

The team came up with design philosophies and goals to design a race car which incorporates simplicity, ecological friendly, light weight, locally sourced biodegredable materials, and cost effectiveness.

ECOLE NATIONALE D’INGÉNIEURS DE METZ

FRANCE METZ RACING TEAM

Metz Racing Team was created in 2011 under the name ENIM formula Student in order to design and build a Formula Student car at the ENIM (Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Metz). In 2019, the Metz Racing Team reaches the record of point for a French Team with a 5th place overall at Silverstone. Since then, the aim is to maintain our position and reach the top 100 in Internal Combustion Categorie. To reach

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

260 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2964.2/1460.01/1390.83/1609.98 Track 1239.45/1192 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 92/138 Suspension double unequal length A-Arm. pull rod actuated spring independent suspension front and rear Tyres D2704 20 x7.0 13R110/soft compound(unthreaded)/goodyear tyres front and rear Wheels 0.9inch wide 3pc rim construction front and rear Brakes Model: CP2623, Weight: 0.34Kg,Bore size: 15mm, Material: aluminum, Make: AP racing front/ Model: CP2623, Weight: 0.34Kg,Bore size: 13mm, Material: aluminum, Make: AP racing rear Chassis Tubular space frame Engine honda 2006 CBR 600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67.0 & 42.50/0/4 cylinders/599 Fuel system student design /built tank and PGM-DSFI electronic fuel injector. Max power/max torque 86kW@86kw/13000min-1(95/1/EC) rpm/86Nm@86Nm/11000min-1 (95/1/ EC)rpm Transmission Standard 525 O ringsealed chain and sprocket Differential The torsen type differential. With torque bias ratio of 3:1 sending 80% of torque to wheels Final drive 3.571:1

57 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

this goal, the team is focusing on designing a reliable and controllable car by working on mechanical grip, aerodynamics package and power management such as traction control. Thanks to our sponsors and all technical support provided by them, all this development that we worked on has been possible. We would like to thank our school as well as our faculty advisor for this continuous support.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2988/1387/1200/1530 Track 1180/1150 Car weight (approx.) 235 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 117,5/117,5 Suspension Double Wishbone suspension, Pullrod in the middle of them, “U” shape ARB front/Double Wishbone suspension, Pushrod in the top , “U” shape ARB rear Tyres 16X7.5-10/R25B/HOOSIER front and rear Wheels Braid STURACE 10in X 7.0in ET41 front and rear Brakes 17,8mm bore with driver adjustable bias bar and bias valve front/15mm bore with driver adjustable bias bar and bias valve rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Engine Honda CBR600RR / PC40 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42,5/4/599 Fuel system OEM Honda low pressure injection fuel system from CBR600RR Max power/max torque 66,7kW@11670rpm/ 59,04Nm@8190rpm Transmission Internal Gearbox with longer 1st gear, attached by quick chain hitch. Differential Drexler limited slip differential Final drive 3,286

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11. Concept Class Team Info

11. Concept Class Petrol

GHULAM ISHAQ KHAN INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY

PAKISTAN TEAM INFINITY

Team Infinity hailing from Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute is participating in a FSUK event for the first time ever and plans to head start this journey by bagging some handsome achievements in 2021. Conceptualized by Mechanical Engineering students four years ago, this is a major hallmark for the team to present their case this year in Concept Class due to lack of resources for the manufacturing of the car. In its first year, the team has been forwarding the mission to the new batches. In its pioneering edition this year, its members are confident about their design. The team is thankful to Zarrar Khan, the institute’s

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

alumnus who sponsored the dues along with AYESHA MUMTAZ Hop Orbits and AL BADAR ENGINEERING Pvt Ltd. Also, props to an experienced professor and a fellow IMechE UK, Dr.Wasim Ahmed Khan, who has been a major motivation in making it to FSUK.

KAFRELSHEIKH UNIVERSITY

EGYPT

KAFRELSHEIKH RACING TEAM Kafrelsheikh Racing Team is an initiative that’s held and operates from Kafrelsheikh University and dedicated to the development of automotive vehicles for participation in national and international student competitions such as Formula Student, EVER, and MotoStudent. Founded in December 2016, the team now consists of about 40 engineering students ranging from 1st - to 4th year exclusively from Kafrelsheikh University. The team Consists of two arms, the technical arm that works on the vehicles and competitions which breaks down to 6 teams, Chassis, Vehicle Dynamics, Engine, Power Transmission,

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Electronics and Business Team. the Managerial arm that works on the marketing, fundraising, and public relations. Our goal is to be the first Egyptian team to pass inspection and all finish dynamic events in its first year, which is 2021 for us.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2500/1690/1000/1650 Track 1300/1300 Car weight (approx.) 300 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 135/165 Suspension Double unequal length A-arm suspension with direct acting shock absorbers front and rear Tyres 205/470R13/DRY /Continental front and rear Wheels 1 pc construction with 7 “ width with a 22 mm pos offset front and rear Brakes Brembo, 25mm bore, 30mm stroke, dual reservoir, single inlet/ outlet, adjustable bias front/N/A rear Chassis Steel tubular spaceframe Engine Honda CBR 600 RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Dual Stage Fuel Injection (DSFI) - Denso 12-hole injectors Max power/max torque 87.6kW@13500rpm/ 66Nm@11225rpm Transmission Chain (520), Stock Honda gearbox with team made wheel for shifting Differential Drexler Adjustable Limited Slip differential Final drive 3.2

40 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3000/1420/1280/1630 Track 1200/1170 Car weight (approx.) 250 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 100/150 Suspension Independent Double Wishbone, unequal A-Arm length. Push rod actuated with springs and dumpers. front and rear Tyres 20*7.5-13/R25B/Hoozier front and rear Wheels 7.0 inch wide, 13 inch dia front and rear Brakes Commercial 16mm bore front and rear Chassis steel space frame Engine Yamaha Motor corporation/ YFM700RV Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 102/84/one cylinder/686 Fuel system Low Pressure injection / Rubber Max power/max torque 31.4kW@7500rpm/ 52Nm@5000rpm Transmission chain drive (520*98 O-ring) Differential locking differential (spool) with no lubrication. Final drive 3

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

263

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF APPLIED SCIENCES

FRANCE INSA RACING TEAM

The INSA Racing Team was created in 2019. The team represents the National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA) of Lyon. Its objective is to participate for the first time in 2021 in Concept Class, before being able to present a first prototype car in 2022. The team’s project in participating in Formula Student is to show that it is possible to produce performance vehicles while controlling their environmental impact. Composed of 26 active members, the team will start its story with a basic vehicle, powered by an internal combustion engine, but with the best possible performance, while taking into account their

budget restrictions. In order to allow future team members to progress and improve their vehicles in the best possible conditions, their first vehicle will be designed to be as healthy as possible, both in terms of drivability and reliability. The objective after making the best possible score at FSUK, is to be able to cover as many kilometers as possible and in the best conditions.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2842/1446/1210/1550 Track 1255/1205 Car weight (approx.) 205 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 91.9/113.1 Suspension Double Wishbone suspension sprung by a coil spring via pull-rod. Roll stabilisation by anti-roll bar front and rear Tyres 16.0 x 7.5 - 10/R25B/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 10” x 7” Wheel. Three parts assembly (Outer and Inner Halves and hub link) front and rear Brakes Single cylinder, Piston Ø15,9mm and Stroke 22mm front and rear Chassis Full steel spaceframe Engine Yamaha MT-07 ( CP-2) Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 80/68.6/2/689 Fuel system Bosch EV14 CKxT injector with homemade rail, aftermarket pressure regulator, MaxxEcu Race ECU, 3d mapping RPM/manifold pressure Max power/max torque 55kW@8500rpm/69Nm@6500rpm Transmission Chain pitch 525, stock Yamaha gearbox, teammade shifting system Differential Drexler limited slip differential V2 (140mm), 85W90 Final drive 2.69

KHULNA UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

BANGLADESH KILO FILGHT

Team Kilo Flight was first formed in November of the year 2018 with a view to compete for the first time in 2020. The team is divided into 4 major sectors; Engine, Mechanism, Analysis and Design. Having completed the virtual competition last year, we look forward to competing in 2021 and beyond. As the first team from our University, we have high hopes and expectations from the team - we have a long way to go but we are hopeful about our fate: fortune favours the brave and our hard work will pay off in the future.

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3100/1560/1230/1580 Track 1240/1215 Car weight (approx.) 320 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 128/192 Suspension Independent, Double unequal wishbone, Unparallel, Push Rod, Compression spring front and rear Tyres 175/70R13/0/Dunlop front and rear Wheels 6.88’’wide, 1pc, front and rear Brakes Single piston master cylinder, 20.6375 mm bore, balance bar proportioning front and rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Engine ktm duke 390cc Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 89/60/1/373 Fuel system Bosch, Port fuel Injection Max power/max torque 31.99kW@9000rpm/ 37Nm@7000rpm Transmission Chain driven, Belt: N/A, Chain: Size 520 (Pitch), Gearbox: 6 Speed Differential Open Differential, Configuration: 2 side gears, 2 planet gears, Tuning: N/A, Final drive 03:01

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11. Concept Class Team Info

MANSOURA UNIVERSITY

EGYPT

MANSOURA MOTORSPORT

Team Mansoura Motorsport from the University of Mansoura will be aiming for a top 20 finish at this year’s Formula Student competition, for their most successful campaign to date. Established in 2013, the team last enjoyed success in the 2017 competition with their highest placed finish of 12th design event. Since 2019, focus has been on improved aerodynamics and developing a new braking system. As well as a

top 20 finish, the team will target reaching the Business Plan Presentation finals and finishing Endurance. Team Leader, Ahmed Rizk and the team would like to thank their sponsors Akl Automotive industry, Alhashemia international contracting company as well as Faculty Advisor Ahmed Radwan and the University of mansoura for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

QUEEN MARY UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM

11. Concept Class Petrol

72 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2844/1353/1345/1650 Track 1150/1100 Car weight (approx.) 254 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 115.2/138.8 Suspension Double unequal length A-arm. Push rod Suspension front and rear Tyres 20.5*7.0 - 13/R25B/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 6 inch wide, 35mm offset front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP5623-88PRM115 front and rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Engine Honda cbr 600 f4i / 2004 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Honda f4i indirect injection system controlled be megasquirt 2v3 Max power/max torque 65kW@12000rpm/ 56.76Nm@5000rpm Transmission rear wheel drive with rolling chain Differential limited slip differential Final drive 2.9

81 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Team 81 from the University of Queen Mary will be aiming to compete at this year’s Formula Student concept class event at Silverstone. Having been best newcomer in 2017, since 2020 the focus areas like the chassis structure as well as the suspension spring system. The team will also target competing in the Business Plan Presentation. Team Leader, Efe

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Sen and the team would like to thank their sponsors SolidWorks and Zero Exhausts as well as Faculty Advisor Dr Yousef Zawahreh and the University of Queen Mary for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2600/1440/1225/1545 Track 1200/1185 Car weight (approx.) 350 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 157.5/192.5 Suspension Double A Arm Wishbone front and rear Tyres 520/N/a/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 7 front/7 rear Brakes Area 198mm^2 front/Area Rear-285mm^2 rear Chassis Steel Space frame Engine Honda CBR600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67mm /42.5mm/4/600 Fuel system Manifold Port Injection Max power/max torque 56.67kW@10,000 RPMrpm/60 NM Nm@9000RPMrpm Transmission 520 Chain Differential Drexler Limited Slip Differential Final drive 3.85

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY

PAKISTAN

NUST FORMULA STUDENT TEAM (NFST) NUST Formula Student Team (NFST) has been representing Pakistan in FS competitions since 2012 and has established itself as pioneers of FS culture in Pakistan. The team won ‘Most Effective Communication Strategy’ award in FSUK-14. In 2020, the team achieved an overall position of 7th in FSUK Virtual, ranking 3rd in the Design and Acceleration event, and 10th in the Cost and Skid Pad event. The team now aims for a top slot, focusing on a reliable car through improvement in testing strategies. NFST recognizes the gap that

currently exists between the educational and industrial sectors. To bridge this gap, the team has worked towards forming an industry-academia linkage, making institutions understand the demand of industry and vice versa. The team is also working to create a sustainable ecosystem for Pakistan’s Formula Student teams. That is to gather Pakistan’s existing FS teams on one forum and move forward as a FS community. All of these initiatives point towards team’s ultimate aim: to build a better future for Pakistan.

ROBERT GORDON UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM RGU RACING

RGU Racing are delighted to be representing Robert Gordon University at Silverstone this year with the team’s first Formula Student class entry, which builds upon experience gained from successful participation in the concept class of the previous two competitions. The team has consolidated its membership structure in the last year to streamline remote work as a multi-departmental outfit. With the goal of designing and building its maiden Formula Student car achieved, RGU Racing aims to place in the top 50% of each event, having benchmarked performance figures against previous

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

competition entrants. The team would like to thank both Robert Gordon University and the School of Engineering alongside our sponsors for the generous support they have provided us this year.

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2540/1476/1201/1580 Track 1270/1270 Car weight (approx.) 225 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 108/117 Suspension SLA suspension, pushrod actuated, inclined coil over dampers front and rear Tyres 20.5x7.5-13/R25B/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 13’’ x 7’’ 22mm offset front and rear Brakes Nearly vertically mounted, bore dia: 0.7”, Stroke: 1.1” front and rear Chassis TIG Welded Mild Steel Tubular Spaceframe Engine Honda CBR600RR 2008 model Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system OEM denso 12 hole fuel injectors for sequential port fuel injection Max power/max torque 40-45kW@7000rpm/ 50-55Nm@6000rpm Transmission Chain drive with type 525 Differential Drexler FSAE LSD Final drive 3

49 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2648/1250/1320/1600 Track 1150/1150 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 96.6/133.4 Suspension Unequal arm direct acting front/Trailing arm converging pushrod rear Tyres 7.2/20-13/A92/Avon front and rear Wheels Braid 13 x 7” front and rear Brakes OBP .625” front/OBP .7” rear Chassis Steel tubular spaceframe Engine Yamaha MT-07 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 80/68.6/2/689 Fuel system Denso high impedance injector Max power/max torque 55kW@9000rpm/68Nm@6500rpm Transmission Chain driven limited slip differential Differential Helical gear limited slip differental Final drive 2.6875

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11. Concept Class Team Info

SOUTH VALLEY UNIVERSITY

EGYPT

11. Concept Class Petrol

215 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2800/1348/1250/1550 Track 1150/1150 Car weight (approx.) 262 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 109/151 Suspension double unequal length A-Arm direct acting spring snd damper front and rear Tyres 520mm /0/0 front/520mm/0/0 rear Wheels 13.5 front/13.5 rear Brakes aluminum body,7/8”bore,full stroke 14mm front/aluminum body,7/8”bore,full stroke 14mm rear Chassis Tubular Engine Honda cbr 600RR ,2007 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67mm/42.5/inline four cylinder/599cc Fuel system PGM-FI Max power/max torque 88.1kW@13500rpm/ 66Nm@11250rpm Transmission manual gearbox, whith drive chain and sprockets Differential Direct shaft coupling Final drive 3.33

UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN

UNITED KINGDOM TEAM ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY RACING (TAU) Team Aberdeen University Racing (TAU) started in 2008 and since then have consistently performed well, achieving 4th overall at FSUK and placing highly against the UK teams. The team has focused on a significant design overhaul, introducing a complete aerodynamics package and a reduced wheel diameter to improve upon their results. The TAU-21 vehicle uses a 675 Triumph Daytona, carbon fibre bodywork, and front and rear pullrod suspension and are this year targeting a top 20 in the design event. The team would like to thank all their sponsors, but particularly CNOOC, Whittaker Engineering, and

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Grampian Fasteners. The team would also like to thank their faculty advisor Richard Neilson for his continued support over another challenging year.

303 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2800/1403/1120/1541 Track 1210/1190 Car weight (approx.) 214 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 96/117 Suspension Pullrod front/Pullrod rear Tyres 7.5x10/RB25/Hoosiers front and rear Wheels 7’’ Kaiser drums, Machined wheel centres front and rear Brakes AP-Racing, 14mm bore, CP7855-88PRTE front and rear Chassis Steel Space Frame Engine Triumph; Daytona 675 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 76/49.6/3/675 Fuel system Stock Triumph fuel rail: Bosch Injectors rated at 353cc/min at 4bar, inline Bosch 12V fuel pump Max power/max torque 55.5kW@9500rpm/ 62.3Nm@7275rpm Transmission Chain driven final drive: 520 chain, 11T front sprocket, 37T rear sprocket, stock gearbox with 1st/6th removed Differential Drexler Formula Student LSD (adjustable via ramp angle changes); Lubrication: Castrol Syntrax 75W-140 (SAF-XJ) Final drive 3.36

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

UNIVERSIDAD EUROPEA DE MADRID

SPAIN FORMULA UEM

Team FormulaUEM from the Universidad Europea de Madrid is presenting its 12th prototype, the aim of the team through the years is to reach as many points as possible, focusing the efforts on the events of acceleration, skid pad, autocross, such as all the static events. In this year edition a new redesigned prototype is presented , different from all the previous versions of the car but always following the roots of the team and the basis settled through the years, the main hoop has been integrated into the monocoque to reduce weight , a new spherical intake valve has been developed and based in previous years’ experience

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

the differential support has been reinforced to give it the extra strength necessary. All the decisions unite the team on reaching one of the top 10 positions of the global score.

UNIVERSITY OF BATH

UNITED KINGDOM TEAM BATH RACING 22

Team Bath Racing 22 is the newest combustion Concept Class team from the University of Bath. The team aims to build on the succes of TBR21 by defending the FSUK title in the static events this year and Formula Student Class in 2022. The team has produced a highly competetive car, maximising performance without compromising on reliability or mass. The integration of decoupled heave-roll suspension and a 2/3 hybrid

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

83 Length/height/width/wheelbase 2855/1414/134/1655 Track 1158/1070 Car weight (approx.) 188 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 77/111 Suspension Pullrod actuated asymmetric double Wishbone (A-arm) Suspension. Tyres 16.0 x7,5-10/LCO/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 10” x 7.5” front and rear Brakes Tilton 78-750, Bore Size 0.750 in, Stroke 1.100 in front and rear Chassis Two pieces: tubular steel spaceframe and carbon fibre monocoque Engine Honda CBR 2007 600 RR (MOTO 2) Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42,5/4/599 Fuel system Sequential Max power/max torque 72kW@13600rpm/76Nm@7700rpm Transmission Chain 428 Differential Self–locking Drexler Part number: 100-100-00-255 Final drive 4

322 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

chassis are firsts for TBR. Rear spaceframe packaging has allowed minimal compromise from any department, while VD has reduced unsprung mass by designing single piece CFRP wheels. Powertrain has implemented a turbo KTM 500 with pneumatic clutch and shift actutation allowing flat shifting and clutch blip. Aerodynamics has developed side wings combined with venturi tunnels to create downforce without compromising cooling.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2899.85/1413.36/1200/1535 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) 176 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 79.97/96.15 Suspension Short-Long Arm Double Wishbone, Pushrod, Mechanically Decoupled Roll-Heave Coil SpringDampers front and rear Tyres 16x7.5-10/R25B/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 7” x 10” (Width x DIA) front/7” x 10” (Width x DIA) rear Brakes AP Racing CP7854 front/AP Racing CP7854 rear Chassis CFRP Sandwich Construction Composite Monocoque with Steel Space Frame at the rear Engine KTM 500 EXC Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 95/72/1/510.4 Fuel system Bosch EV14K, Port Injected. Max power/max torque 56.1kW@10500rpm/ 50.6Nm@7000rpm Transmission 520 Chain drive. 12 Front and 30 Rear Sprocket. Custom 450/500 Hybrid Gearbox Differential Drexler Adjustable limited slip differential Formula Student V2 Final drive 2.5

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11. Concept Class Team Info

UNIVERSITY OF BOLTON

UNITED KINGDOM NCME Racing are the University of Bolton’s first Formula Student team. The teams goal this year is to produce a running car for the 2021 event. The team would like to thank the university for its ongoing support and Easycomposites for their contributions.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2831/1400/1436.61/1550 Track 1247.6/1247.6 Car weight (approx.) 220 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 99/121 Suspension Based off the Aquila suspension unit. Double wishbone front and rear Tyres 170/550/R13/AO48/ YOKOHAMA front and rear Wheels 13x6 front and rear Brakes Piston diameter 0.75” front/ Piston diameter 0.75” rear Chassis Spaceframe Engine Honda CBR 600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/600 Fuel system Stock Honda CBR 600 RR, port injection Max power/max torque 58kW@10500rpm/55Nm@9000rpm Transmission Chain(525)/ Gearbox(constant mesh 6-speed with straight-cut gears) Differential IB 5 ATB Final drive 2.875

UNIVERSITY OF CYPRUS

CYPRUS

FORMULA RACING TEAM UNIVERSITY OF CYPRUS (FRTUCY)

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169 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

NCME RACING

Formula Racing Team University of Cyprus (FRTUCY) is a newly created formula racing team from the University of Cyprus and is competing for the second time in the Concept Class category. The team was created in March of 2019 by a group of ambitious Mechanical Engineering students. Currently, the team consists of more than 50 young undergraduate students from both Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Departments, while there are also many existing collaborations with students from the Computer Science and Business and Public Administration Departments. The members of the team are divided in eight sub-teams, which are the Aerodynamics team, the Suspension and

11. Concept Class Petrol

Steering team, the Brakes and Tyres team, the Ergonomics team, the Chassis team, the Electronics team, the Powertrain team and the Business and Sponsorship team. For the 2021 participation the FRTUCY looks forward in participating in the Concept Class of the competition, while planning soon to take part in the dynamic events and have the team’s unique formula student vehicle race at the Silverstone circuit. The whole team would like to thank all their sponsors as well as their Faculty Advisor Mr. Ioannis Ioannou and the academic personnel of the Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering of the University of Cyprus for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

280 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2967.56/1361.22/1255.35/1646.21 Track 1155/1155 Car weight (approx.) 330 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 184.8/145.2 Suspension Double unequal wishbone, push-rod front and rear Tyres P185/60/R13/Proxes R888R/ Toyo tires front and rear Wheels Width=7J, Wheel diameter=R13 front and rear Brakes Single cylinder, Bore=18, Stroke=40, Proportioning method=none front and rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Engine SUZUKI GSXR600 ‘09 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/599 Fuel system Bosch, multipoint Max power/max torque 81kW@13100rpm/ 63.3Nm@11300rpm Transmission Chain 525 , 6 speed manual Differential Quaife ATB QDF7ZR Helical, Limited Slip Differential Final drive 4.46

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

UNITED KINGDOM TTP FULL BLUE RACING

TTP Full Blue Racing of the University of Cambridge present the latest iteration of its innovative Formula Student vehicle. The 2020 design integrates a new chassis, centred on the lowering of the car’s mass to aid handling and performance. New prototyping techniques are ensuring that an enlarged cockpit position allows a greater range of drivers for vehicle testing, and a new cockpit display system gives improved driver feedback which has scope for future integration of design validation tools. CAD updates are focussing on integrating many pre-existing elements of the vehicle into the new chassis, allowing wing

development to go ahead in future years. This year’s move to a pneumatic shift gearbox is a noteworthy improvement, allowing a significant decrease in shift times against previous models. New software is being implemented to allow a re-design of the exhaust and air-intake system, which will be complimented by the purchase of a new slip differential.

UNIVERSITY OF HULL

UNITED KINGDOM HULL UNIVERSITY FORMULA STUDENT The 2021 season will be the 10th year that Hull University Formula Student (HUFS) team has taken part in FSUK. The team member numbers has stayed consistent to previous years at around 15, however with a significant number of which being new to the team. In the 2019 season the team achieved its best performance to date, something that we are wanting to further improve upon this coming year in an attempt to move towards an EV in the 2022 season. One of the main changes to the vehicle concept for the 2021 season is a top down process to designing the car, considering the full vehicle as a system derived of sub-systems instead of sub-

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

systems creating a vehicle as it has been seen in previous years. This coupled with now having access to TTC data is allowing the team to develop tyre and vehicle models that have not been previously viable allowing for greater understanding and optimisation of the vehicle.

75 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2925/1380/1013/1550 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) 220-235 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 95-105/120-130 Suspension Double unequal A-Arm, Coil-over strut suspension, Anti-roll bar front and rear Tyres 7.2/20.0-13/A92/Avon front and rear Wheels Braid Sturace Monoblock 6” x 13” ET+18 front/Braid Sturace Monoblock 6” x 13” ET+18 rear Brakes 16.2mm bore AP Racing CP6465 front and rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Engine Yamaha R6 5SL Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 65.5/44.5/4/600 Fuel system Yamaha R6 stock fuel rail and injectors Max power/max torque 60kW@12000rpm/58Nm@8200rpm Transmission Chain Drive Differential Drexler LSD 120mm Final drive 3

181 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2755/1427/1285/1530 Track 1220/1100 Car weight (approx.) 200 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 90/110 Suspension Double unequal length A-arm. Pull rod actuating spring and damper. front/Double unequal length A-arm. Push rod actuating spring and damper. rear Tyres 7.2/20.0-13/A92/Avon front and rear Wheels 7” Width Radial front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855 Master Cylinder 15.9mm Bore front/AP Racing CP7855 Master Cylinder 14mm Bore rear Chassis Tubular Space Frame Engine Honda CBR600F4i Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67.0/42.5/4 in-line/599 Fuel system Multipoint fuel injection; PGM-FI Max power/max torque 66.9kW@9120rpm/ 72.7Nm@8500rpm Transmission Chain drive; Differential Drexler Limited Slip Differential Final drive 2.759

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11. Concept Class Team Info

UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER

UNITED KINGDOM UNIVERSITY OF LEICESTER RACING Established in 2013, University of Leicester Racing has grown to consist of 45 members, from the school of Engineering, school of Business and school of Physics and Astronomy, from all years of study and backgrounds. Since 2019 the team’s focus has been on developing it’s structure and the skills of its members to form a strong foundation going forward. University of Leicester Racing will be aiming for a top 15

finish in this years IC Concept Class competition, for their most successful campaign to date. Team Leader, Tomos Jones, and Technical Lead, Matthew Jeffries, and the team would like to thank their sponsors Stakesys, RapidHarness, KS composites and RamAir, amoung others as well as the University of Leicester for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER

UNITED KINGDOM MANCHESTER STINGER MOTORSPORTS Manchester Stinger Motorsports from the University of Manchester is a diverse team from a multitude of academic and cultural backgrounds. The team is aiming for a top 20 finish at this year’s concept class competition, to set a strong foundation for their entry into the FS Class 1 category. They want to be the first team in the university’s history to successfully design, and eventually in 2022, implement a full aerodynamics package. This, along with many other designs first, including a completely redesigned suspension, chassis concept and a near-complete departure from the previous team’s design goals, means

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the team has their work cut out for them, but with a strong talent pool of enthusiastic, capable members the team is confident they can achieve their goals and more for this year’s competition. The team would like to thank sponsors J-Tec, West Performance, CGI, ANSYS, Altair, Solidworks, Mathworks, Pro formance metals and E plan for their continued support of the team throughout the last year, as well as the MACE, EEE and our faculty advisor, Martin Simmons for the immense help and guidance that they have provided.

11. Concept Class Petrol

96 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2860/1566/1324/1548 Track 1326/1330 Car weight (approx.) 242 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 104/138 Suspension Double Wishbone, Pushrod front/Double Wishbone Direct Acting rear Tyres 19.5x6.5-10/R25B/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 178mm (7 inches) front/178mm (7 inches) rear Brakes 17.78mm (0.7 inch) diameter, OBP Motorsport Master Cylinders. Proportioning method: Bias Bar. front and rear Chassis Steel Tubular Spaceframe Chassis Engine CBR600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67.00mm/42.5mm/4/599 Fuel system Full sequential fuel injection controlled by the CORE4 ECU running the open-source ECU software Speeduino, Injectors are from the 2010 Honda CBR600RR, Injection is EFI controlled. Max power/max torque 45-55KwkW@10,000-11,000rpm/4050Nm@8,000-11,000rpm Transmission 520 Chain driven from gearbox output sprocket (15T) to rear sprocket (48T). Differential Torsen LSD Final drive 3.2

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2969/1536/1188/1575 Track 1175/1110 Car weight (approx.) 215-230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 101.5-108.1/113.95-121.9 Suspension Unequal Length, Non parallel, double wishbone pushrod actuated spring and damper with ARB front/Unequal Length, Non parallel, double wishboe with toe-link and ARB rear Tyres 18x6.00-10/LC0/Hoosier front and rear Wheels 6, purchased front/6, purchased rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855 16.8mm, CP5520 Balance bar front and rear Chassis Tubular welded steel alloy spaceframe chassis Engine 2004 Yamaha YZF-R6 four stroke I4 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 65.6/44.5/4/599 Fuel system Bosch single cone injectors, EFI Max power/max torque 62kW@10000rpm/ 47Nm@10000rpm Transmission single 520 chain, z-ring Differential Drexler Formula Student V3 Limited Slip Differential Final drive 4

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

UNIVERSITY OF MALTA

MALTA

UNIVERSITY OF MALTA RACING 2021 marks University of Malta Racing’s ninth year, and its sixth time competing. In 2019, the team presented its new design in the concept class competition, placing 9th in design which was the team’s best achievement. For this year, the team aims to finish all of the dynamic events, including the endurance, and achieve a top 25 overall position with the lightest car the team has ever built.

UNIVERSITY OF MISKOLC

HUNGARY FORMULA RACING MISKOLC Formula Racing Miskolc from the University of Miskolc have an aim for a top 20 finish and complete the competition without technical issues at Silverstone, so based on the last experience they can improve their performance for this season. The team was established in 2014, after which

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

122 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2772/1490/1147/1537.59 Track 1275.3/1256 Car weight (approx.) 200 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) N/A/N/A Suspension Double unequal length A-arms, direct actuation, using Ohlins TTx25 front/Double unequal length A-arms, Pull-rod via bell crank using Ohlins TTx25 rear Tyres 18.0”x 6.0” - 10”/R25B/ Hoosier front/18.0”x 6.0” - 10”/ R25B/Hoosier rear Wheels 6.0” front/6.0” rear Brakes Tilton 78 Series, 5/8 inch bore front/Tilton 78 Series 1 inch bore rear Chassis Spaceframe Engine Yamaha MT-07 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 80/68.6/2/689 Fuel system RON98 common fuel rail controlled by Megasquirt MS3X Max power/max torque 55kW@9000rpm/62Nm@7000rpm Transmission Single drive chain Differential Drexler formula student limited slip differential Final drive 2.69:1

126 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

they try to compete with better qualified teams. experience, the team have improved their aerodynamics and suspension and made further developments on the electrical systems to have a more competitive car this year.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2930/1400/1200/1600 Track 1200/1150 Car weight (approx.) 215 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 105/110 Suspension Double unequal lenght A-Arm, push rod actuated horizontally oriented spring and damper front and rear Tyres 205/470/R13/Continental front and rear Wheels 7x13 ET 21 O.Z. Formula Student Magnesium Wheel front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP 7855 front/AP Racing CP 7855 rear Chassis Steel (T45) tubular space frame with screw mounted carbon fiber panels Engine Honda CBR600 RR (PC37) Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42,5/4/599 Fuel system Factory default, Double injection Max power/max torque 62kW@8000rpm/67Nm@9000rpm Transmission Chain Drivetrain Differential Drexler Limited Slip Differential (adjustable characteristics) Final drive 5.71

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11. Concept Class Team Info

UNIVERSITY OF PORTSMOUTH

UNITED KINGDOM UPRACING IC

UPRacing IC is presenting the University of Portsmouth’s 13th internal combustion vehicle design the UPR-13. Building on the experience gained from the team’s first Concept Class submission in 2020, having previously competed as a Formula Student Class, UPRacing IC is hoping to score the highest points finish in the universities internal combustion history before leading into a full car entry in 2022. The two years spent at a Concept Class have

474 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

given the team a chance for a full design refresh, building on the many years of experience within the team, whilst being able to present a whole new idea, creating a solid foundation of engineering knowledge. We would like to acknowledge everyone who has supported our journey. To our sponsors, partners, alumni, friends and supporters we thank you, and are excited to move forward together.

UNIVERSITY OF WEST ATTICA

GREECE

11. Concept Class Petrol

Length/height/width/wheelbase 3035/1464/1184/1610 Track 1250/1200 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 98.0392/131.6 Suspension Push Rod, unequal unparallel wishbones, directly mounted Ohlins TTX25 Mk 2 FSAE x2 front and rear Tyres 16x7-10/A92/Avon front and rear Wheels 10” x 7” Keizer 10i, +58 offset, 4x100mm PCD front and rear Brakes AP Racing master cylinder 14mm with balance bar front/AP Racing master cylinder 15.9mm with balance bar rear Chassis Tubular steel space frame Engine Yamaha YZF R6 (5SL) - 2005 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 65.5/44.5/4/599 Fuel system Custom fuel rail-Bosch 25003YD injectors, DTA S80 ECU Max power/max torque 88.2-92.7kW@13000rpm/60.568.5Nm@12000rpm Transmission 525X Chain Differential Drexler SAE LSD with V3 housing Final drive 0.325:1

205 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2850/1382/1154/1530 Track 1225/1200 Car weight (approx.) 245 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 98/147 Suspension Short-Long Arms, Pull Rod front and rear Tyres 20x6.2-13/A92/AVON front/20x7,2-13/A92/AVON rear Wheels 20/13/6.2 front/ 20/13/7.2 rear Brakes Bore: 15 (Flanged mount MC with Balance Bar) front/Bore: 14 (Flanged MC with Balance Bar) rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Engine YAMAHA YZF R6 2006 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/84.5/4/600 Fuel system DENSO 297500-0640/4 Max power/max torque 79.97kW@15000rpm/ 69.94Nm@8500rpm Transmission Drive chain 525V8/ DAIDO, 6 gears Differential Drexler Adjustable LSD V3 Final drive 2,813

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Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS

UNITED KINGDOM SAINTS PERFORMANCE AUTOMOTIVE DESIGN Saints Performance Automotive Design is a small team of committed motorsport enthusiasts and engineers from the University of St Andrews. This is their first year competing, and they are looking forward to being able to take place in the competition in the coming years.

UNIVERSITY POLITEHNICA OF BUCHAREST

ROMANIA UPB DRIVE

UPB Drive is the first Formula Student team from Bucharest, Romania, to take part in a FS Competition. Our first official competition, it was Formula Student Netherlands, in 2019, but we only attended the static events and we took the 10th place in the Business Plan Presentation event in the CV class. Last year we took part in FS 2020 Vitual Event where we focused on the static events and the results were satisfying. For

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

420 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 1700/1300/0/1525 Track 1100/1220 Car weight (approx.) 0 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 0/0 Suspension Macpherson Strut, coilover shock front and rear Tyres 7.0/16.0-10.0/A45/Avon front and rear Wheels 190mm front/0 rear Brakes Chassis Tubular steel space frame Engine Honda CBR600rr Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67.0mm x 42.5mm/0/4/599 Fuel system Denso 12-hole Max power/max torque 0kW@13500rpm/0Nm@11250rpm Transmission Chain Drive Differential Limited Slip Differential Final drive 0

357 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

this year our aim is to finish as well as improve our car and in the future switch to EV and have 2 vehicles ready to race. We are very grateful for the support of our University and our Sponsors for taking a chance on us and helping us get where we are.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2800/1490/1193/1530 Track 1300/1300 Car weight (approx.) 235 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 95.5/134.5 Suspension Double Wishbone with Push rod front and rear Tyres 205/470/R13/C16/Continental front/205/470/R13/C16/Continental rear Wheels 7J front/7J rear Brakes Hydraulic master cylinder, with a diameter of 17.78mm . The proportioning is done with a balance bar front and rear Chassis Steel space frame tubing Engine PC35 Honda CBR600 F4i (2001-2006) Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42.5/4/600 Fuel system Fully sequential port injection, 230cc/min injectors Max power/max torque 56kW@11500rpm/70Nm@7500rpm Transmission Chain driven,DID 525HV chain , using stock PC35 gearbox, but a 14T pinion and a 50T sprocket Differential Spool drive (solid axle) Final drive 3.57

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12. Concept Class Team Info

BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MESRA

INDIA

TEAM SRIJAN ELECTRIC

Team Srijan, the electrical formula student team of Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, INDIA, has been going steady since 2007. It is a group of 35 undergraduate students from various branches of engineering who work together to design, conceive and manufacture the formula style prototype race car to participate in various formula student competitions held across the globe, Since 2007 the team been taking parts in various formula student competitions which include FS UK, FS Italy, Formula Bharat in combustion category and held a good legacy With this good legacy and adapting to current industry trends the team has

decided to shift electric from combustion in 2019, thereby giving rise to Team Srijan Electric. The engineering marvels that are conceived in the workshop are the results of the efforts put in by every member of the team.

CHEREPOVETS STATE UNIVERSITY

RUSSIA ELECTROMAGNETS TEAM

We are a new team from Cherepovets State University (Russia, Vologda region, Cherepovets). We will present our project in the concept class. This year will be the debut for our team. We aim to enter the top 10 teams of the concept class. We focused on the overall assembly of the car, including many carbon and aluminum components, taking into account the production technology. This will allow us to achieve a better powerto-weight ratio. We also paid special attention to the business report and the cost document.

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12. Concept Class Electric

444 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2804.155/1389.63/1062.315/1540 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) 208 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 104/104 Suspension Short-Long Arm, push rod actuated spring and damper with adjustable sway bar front and rear Tyres 18x7.5-10, R25B, Hoosier front and rear Wheels 10 inch, Keizer 10i Forged, Aluminium, 3-piece modular front and rear Brakes 1 piston, stroke 1.1”, bore 0.625”, bearing mounted, balance bar front and rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Electric Motor N/A front/Saietta 119R PMDC Motor rear Accumulator Spec Westinghouse, Cylindrical Cell, Li-NMC chemistry Max power/max torque N/A front,24.326 kW at 3591 RPM rear/N/A front,64.69 Nmfor less than a minute rear Transmission Chain Drive;chain pitch 5/8” roller; directly coupled to motor Differential Drexler Limited slip Diffrential V1, Self locking limited slip diffrential with 6 ramp angle settings, max torque of 1.2kN-m and preload 30-35 N-m. Final drive 3.76

350 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2555/1353/1230/1250 Track 1353/1353 Car weight (approx.) 210 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 0/0 Suspension mcpherson front/ double-lever rear Tyres AVON 7,2/20,0 r13 front and rear Wheels SKAD r13 7j, aluminium casting front and rear Brakes Wilwood GS Compact Integral Master Cylinder Bore Size: 5/8” to 3/4” Material: Aluminum front and rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Electric Motor QS Motor/8000W Car Motor/motor-wheel Accumulator Spec LG LiNMC Max power/max torque 24 front,24 rear/700 for 10 sec Transmission Epicyclic gearing Differential n/a Final drive n/a

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

CAIRO UNIVERSITY

EGYPT

CAIRO UNIVERSITY RACING TEAM Cairo University Racing Team ( CURT) aims to bring the pharaonic legacy back to life. Ancient Egyptians excelled in the field engineering 7000 years ago, and CURT is determined to do the same today. CURT’s vision is to have a huge impact on formula student competitions worldwide, and most specifically FSUK.vThe team aspires to make it to the Top 20 in the overall ranking this year, with high hopes of a Top 10 finish in the Business, Cost event and top 20 in Design events. The team’s first participation was FSUK12 to be a pioneer in the MENA region to participate in this competition. CURT then won “The most

challenging team award “ in FSG 15.The team was also the first in the MENA region to pass all technical inspection in both FSUK16 &FSG16. CURT then achieved 3rd rank in Cost event FATA17. Finally, they came back very closely to meeting their objective by achieving rank 21 in FSUK19 design event with their first year EV. The team is proud to be backed up by its own faculty, workshops, and several other sponsors that provide the necessary support to get this project off the ground.

CHUKWUEMEKA ODUMEGWU OJUKWU UNIVERSITY

NIGERIA NUTABOLTS RACING TEAM

The NUTABOLTS RACING TEAM will this year set their target for a top five finish at Silver Stone Circuit UK. We first participated in this event in 2012. However, for this year event, with the experience the team has gathered over the years, the team is looking forward to

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

surpassing their achievements at the event. The team came up with design philosophies and goals to design a race car which incorporates simplicity, ecological friendly, light weight, locally sourced biodegredable materials, and cost effectiveness.

25 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2732/1358.4/1250/1580 Track 1200/1140 Car weight (approx.) 261 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 123/138 Suspension Double unequal length a-arm,Push rod springdamper acuation front and rear Tyres Hoosier 18.0 x 6-10, R25B front and rear Wheels Keizer 7” width Aluminium 10i Forged Billet front and rear Brakes 14 bore diameter, push type front/14 bore diameter, push type rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Electric Motor EMRAX/228/MV Accumulator Spec A123 lithium ion prismatic pouch Max power/max torque 100 at 6500 RPM, 230 for a few seconds Transmission RWD Differential Drexler Limited Slip Differential Final drive 03:01

260 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2964.2/1460.01/1390.83/1609.98 Track 1239.45/1192 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 92/138 Suspension double unequal length A-Arm. pull rod actuated spring independent suspension front and rear Tyres D2704 20 x7.0 13R110/soft compound(unthreaded)/goodyear tyres front and rear Wheels 0.9inch wide 3pc rim construction front and rear Brakes Model: CP2623, Weight: 0.34Kg,Bore size: 15mm, Material: aluminum, Make: AP racing front/ Model: CP2623, Weight: 0.34Kg,Bore size: 13mm, Material: aluminum, Make: AP racing rear Chassis Tubular space frame Engine honda 2006 CBR 600RR Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67.0 & 42.50/0/4 cylinders/599 Fuel system student design /built tank and PGM-DSFI electronic fuel injector. Max power/max torque 86kW@86kw/13000min-1(95/1/EC) rpm/86Nm@86Nm/11000min-1 (95/1/ EC)rpm Transmission Standard 525 O ringsealed chain and sprocket Differential The torsen type differential. With torque bias ratio of 3:1 sending 80% of torque to wheels 65 Final drive 3.571:1 1


12. Concept Class Team Info

FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE MAKURDI

NIGERIA NUTABOLTS TEAM ELECTRIC Nutabolts Team Electric makes its first debut at FS2021. With a mouth-watering design, the team is eyeing the top ten spot in this year’s rankings, hoping to return Nutabolts Racing Team to its glory days in 2021.

ECOLE CENTRALE DE LYON

FRANCE ECURIE PISTON SPORT AUTO

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12. Concept Class Electric

300 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3478.3/1360.5/1497.68/1565 Track 1250/1280 Car weight (approx.) 228 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 107.16/120.84 Suspension Double unequal length and non-parallel A-arm. Pushrod actuated horizontally oriented dampers with springs. U-bar ARB front/Double unequal and parallel A-arm. Pushrod actuated horizontally oriented dampers with springs. T-bar ARB. rear Tyres 20.5 x 7.0 - 13, R25B Hoosier front and rear Wheels 13” x 6.5” , +1” offset Keizer 3pc Al front/13” x 8” , +1.5” offset Keizer 3pc Al rear Brakes Model no: CP2623, mass: 0.31 Kg, Bore size: 15mm., Material: Aluminum, Make: Ap racing front/Model no: CP2624, mass: 0.31 Kg, Bore size: 14mm., Material: Aluminum, Make: Ap racing rear Chassis Tubular space frame Electric Motor Emrax Innovative Motors 228 medium voltage Accumulator Spec Melasta High Discharge rate cells Max power/max torque 0 front,100 rear/0 front,240 rear Transmission Direct Differential The torsen type differential. With torque bias ratio of 3:1 sending 80% of torque to wheels. Final drive 3.14:1

DE MONTFORT UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM DMU FASTER

281

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2757/1460/1272/1605 Track 1254/1200 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 101.2/128.8 Suspension Double wishbone, rocker arm damper, pull-rod front/ Double wishbone, rocker arm damper, push-rod rear Tyres 205/470 R13 FORMULA STUDENT C19 front and rear Wheels 7 in front / 7 in rear Brakes Beringer brakes, MC 127, proportioning with rear by a balancer bar front/Beringer brakes, MC 127, D piston: 12.7 mm. Piston stroke : 20 mm. rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Electric Motor Emrax 228 Medium Voltage and liquid cooling Accumulator Spec Hong Kong Mingda Electric Power Max power/max torque 109 at 5500 RPM,230 for a few second Transmission Chain : CBR.900. RR ‘92/95 16X42 RK530GXW # (SC29,SC28). No gear box Differential Adjustable limited slip differential Final drive 3,23:1

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

ESTACA CAMPUS OUEST

FRANCE ESTACARS

Estacars is a team of 20 students from ESTACA, a transport specialized engineering school in France. This summer the team is competing with the FSE02, the second car in Estacars’ history. The team was founded in 2011 to compete in the “Trophée SIA”, a former French equivalent of Formula Student using a different type of cars. After this competition ended in 2013 we decided to participate in the Formula Student competitions outside of France. Our main objective is to be in compliance with the FSUK Rules with a reliable car.

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

321 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2711/1379/1175/1875 Track 1150/1211 Car weight (approx.) 258 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 107.61/150.01 Suspension Unequal, non-parallel, double wishbone. Push rod to coilover springs and dampers front and rear Tyres 20 x 7.2, A92, Avon Motorsport front and rear Wheels 7J, Team Dynamics Pro Race 1.2 Cast aluminimum front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7854 17.8mm Bore, Trunnion balance bar front/ AP Racing CP7854 23.8mm Bore, Trunnion balance bar rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Electric Motor Emrax Accumulator Spec Samsung 25R INR18650 (green) Max power/max torque 100 kW @ 5000 rpm, 230 Nm for a few seconds Transmission Chain Drive Differential Quaife Helical ATB QDF7ZR Final drive

53 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2720/1370/1302/1525 Track 1200/1150 Car weight (approx.) 278 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 139,04/139,04 Suspension Double triangle/Pull rod/Ohlins springs/No anti roll bar front / Double triangle / Push rod / Ohlins springs, No Anti roll bar rear Tyres 18 x 7.5 - 10 R25B Hoosier front and rear Wheels Diameter : 10 inches/ Width : 8mm/Machined front/10x6,5/Pofi Engineering/ Stamped/Spin rear Brakes Quad system Simple Piston : 12,7mm dia stroke: 21mm Weight : 79g Anodized aluminum front and rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Electric Motor Enstroj Emrax 228 (High Voltage) Accumulator Spec Electric Power Max power/max torque 100 at 5000, 240 for 10 sec Transmission Chain between the engine sprocket and the crown (mounted on the differential) Differential Drexler Self-locking differential Final drive 0,34:1

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12. Concept Class Team Info

11

HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM HW RACING

As a relatively small team of around 40 students, HWRacing prides itself on great team spirit and maximising personal development. The team’s excellent learning environment, supported by Heriot-Watt University’s School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, ensures all members are given the best possible opportunity for development in all aspects of engineering. On top of this, HWRacing has high standards of safety, document control and data structuring. Their cars are designed for reliability which has resulted in consistent performance and well-marked statics. 2020 marks both an end and a start

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

of an era for the team, with them saying goodbye to their Honda CBR600RR internal combustion engine and switching to an electric drivetrain driven by an Emrax 228 motor. Building upon the high-performance chassis and dynamics of HWR09, HWR-X will be the product of a conservative year as the team learns to get to grips with electric power and ambitiously hopes to finish the endurance race in it’s first year as an EV entry. Furthermore, the team has expanded into the world of aerodynamics with a 2 year developed aero package to be implemented for the first time on a HWRacing entry.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 3135.409/1470/1203.768/1540 Track 1240/1170 Car weight (approx.) 260 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 114.4/145.6 Suspension Unequal Length, NonParallel double Wishbone, Pushrod Actuated front / Unequal Length, Non-Parallel double Wishbone, Pushrod Actuated rear Tyres 16.0 x 7.5 x 10 front and rear Wheels 7” Single Piece Cast Magnesium Alloy /w Post Machining front and rear Brakes APRacing CP785588PRTE, 14mm bore, Balance bar front and rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Electric Motor EMRAX 228, Liquid Cooled Accumulator Spec Samsung INR18650-25R Max power/max torque 100kW at 5000rpm, 240Nm for <5seconds Transmission Single gear electric motor, size 520 chain Differential Spool differential Final drive 3.38

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HONG KONG POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY

HONG KONG

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

2155.57

373.65

applauded for its quality build and design. We are now aiming to improve power and reliability of our vehicle. Team Captain Chu Sheung Yam Ivan, Deputy Captain Fan Wing Ting Bethany along with our entire team would like to thank our sponsors, Team Advisor Ir Tang Wai Fong Elsa and the Hong Kong Polytechnic University for their continued support for our team.

1158.82

HK PolyU Racing from the Hong Kong Polytechnic University will be debuting in Formula Student UK Concept Class in the 2021 season. The team was founded back in 2015 and has participated in Formula Student Electric China for seasons 2017, 2018 and 2019. To push the teams abilities we decided to participate in events outside China. In FSEC our aerodynamics design has been

120.13

HKPOLYU RACING TEAM

320.02 642.97

School Car No. Part Name Scale Date

School Car No. Part Name Scale Date

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University 352 Front Suspension Assembly 1:10 10 May 2020

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University 352 Rear Suspension Assembly 1:10 10 May 2020

Length/height/width/wheelbase 3215.75/1390.5/1190/1600 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) 250 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 112.5/137.5 Suspension Double Wishbone, Push Rod to damper front / Double Wishbone, Rocker arm damper rear Tyres Continental 205/770 R13 front and rear Wheels OZ 13inch Magnesium wheel front and rear Brakes AP Racing, CP262394PRM088, forged aluminium alloy body, travel range: 25.4mm, cylinder diameter: 22mm, attached with balance bar front and rear Chassis Tubular Chassis Electric Motor EMRAX 188 Accumulator Spec GRPA17517510C-3.8V 16800mAh Max power/max torque N/A front / 80kW for 1 second Transmission 1-stage planetary gearbox Differential n/a Final drive 5.5:1

12. Concept Class Electric

HIGHER TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE 10TH OF RAMADAN

EGYPT APEX RACING TEAM

Apex Racing Team is a group of Egyptian students from the higher technological institute, interested in the vehicle industry especially electric racing cars. Initially, the team started to spread the awareness of electric vehicle rise in the institute using social media propaganda, offline campaigns, orientations, and learning phase for the students who showed an interest in joining the team. In the past three years, the team competed nationally three times in EVER and twice in FSUK 2019 class 2. For this year, the team would compete

in FSUK, EVER, and GEVC. The team’s goal is to manufacture a car that can compete in FSUK class 1 at Silverstone, so the team aimed to improve aerodynamics, power to weight ratio, and overall weight. The operational team began to search for sponsors that can afford 1,000,000 LE. Hopefully, the team would change from concept class to class1. Eventually, the team hopes that Apex become a company that can manufacture vehicles, and one day the team will be able to compete in Formula E.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3007.3/1423.3/1188.8/1555 Track 1210/1196 Car weight (approx.) 215 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 92.45/133.03 Suspension Unequal length Converging A-arms, Pull-rod Actuated front/Unequal length Converging A-arms, Push-rod and ARB rear Tyres Continental 205/470 R13 C16 front and rear Wheels 8in Wide, 1 pc Al. Rim, ET 31, PCD 100 - Braid Wheels front and rear Brakes 5/6 (inch) bore size with adjustable bias bar front/5/6 (inch) bore size with adjustable bias bar rear Chassis Tubular space-frame Electric Motor Emrax 228 mv Axial flux motor Accumulator Spec Grepow GRPA175175 Transmission Single Rear Motor rear-wheel drive Differential Drexler limited slip differential (V2) Final drive 4.3

HONG KONG UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

HONG KONG HKUST EVRG

For the new season and our switch to FSUK, we are required to have a newly built vehicle.

Our project has been set up with three main goals: to design a new EV race car to be rules compliant, to have a reliable vehicle and ensure our race car can run smoothly in the dynamic’s events and finally to be a lightweight vehicle, as according to Newton’s Second Law, we know that the less the mass the faster the acceleration if we have the same thrust output.

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

The first half of our project will be designing and validating our design

through CAD and CAE software following our three goals, the second half of the project will be focusing on manufacturing and testing of the vehicle according SAE international and FSUK official standard. The final part of the project will be joining the FSUK 2021 competition if the Covid situation allows us to do so.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 3050/1360/1300/1540 Track 1180/1200 Car weight (approx.) 236 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 118.15/118.15 Suspension Push-Rod front/ Push-Rod rear Tyres 18.5 inch front and rear Wheels 7 inch front and rear Brakes obp Motorsport Integral Master Cylinder - .625 front and rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Electric Motor NA front/EMRAX 208 HV LC rear Accumulator Spec Melasta Lithium-Polymer battery SLPB7864155 Max power/max torque 8kW at 6000RPM, 140Nm for 120sec rear Transmission Chain driven, 428 Chain with 11 tooth front sprocket and 49 tooth rear sprocket Differential Drexler Formula Student LSD V3 with ramp angle set as 50° Final drive 4.45

SOLIDWORKS Educational Product. For Instructional Use Only.

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Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

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12. Concept Class Team Info

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY BOMBAY

INDIA IIT BOMBAY RACING

With the aim to revolutionise electric mobility in India with sustainable technologies and innovation, the IIT Bombay Racing team has left no stone unturned to achieve this in the last 12 years.

This Mumbai-based team team intends to inspire and prepare students to enter the EV field and believes in building engineers who are motivated about what they do and are practical about how they do it.

The team has over 70 member sfrom streams like engineering, design, management and pure

science who continuously learn from each other and grow through the year.

With 7 electric cars, each one bettering the last in terms of performance and reliability, the team is determined to keep improving. This year we are using new motors that are lighter and have a higher power density. On the electrical side, we have made a self developed AMS for more versatility. The team would like to thank their faculty advisor Prof Amber Shrivastava and the college IIT Bombay for their continued support.

MANSOURA UNIVERSITY

EGYPT

MANSOURA MOTORSPORT

Team mansoura motorsport from the University of mansoura will be aiming for a top 10 finish at this year’s Formula Student competition for their most successful campaign to date. Established in 2019 , this is frist time to participate in Ev field so we aim to do best as we can to achieve our target , focus has been on improved aerodynamics , power to weight ratio and ev system . As well as a top 10 finish, the team will target finishing Endurance with an improved efficiency score. Team Leader, Mohammed Elshony and the team would like to thank their sponsors Akl Automotive industry , Alhashemia international

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12. Concept Class Electric

77 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3026/1398/1314/1549.5 Track 1168.4/1143.4 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 71.7/158.3 Suspension Double Wishbone with unequal and non parallel links actuated with a pullrod damper spring assembly front/Double Wishbone with unequal and non parallel links actuated with a pushrod damper spring assembly rear Tyres 457.2 mm x 190.5 mm - 254 mm, R25B Hoosier front and rear Wheels 10 inch dia, 7 inch wide; Forged Oz racing Mg alloy wheels(+22 mm) front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP785588PRTE; 14mm Bore Diameter; Proportioning using spherical bearing-based Balance bar front and rear Chassis Tubular Spaceframe Electric Motor Emrax 188 (High Voltage - Liquid Cooled) Accumulator Spec E Propulsion Systems Pouch cells Max power/max torque N/A front,60 @ 4200-6500 RPM rear/N/A front,90 ( 60-120 sec) rear Transmission Single step reduction Planetary gearbox (with fixed ring gear configuration) Differential Electronic Differential with Torque Vectoring Final drive 4.55

272

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

contracting company as well as Faculty Advisor Ahmed radwan and the University of mansoura for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 3091/1260/1200/1600 Track 1100/1050 Car weight (approx.) 243 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 108.44/134.56 Suspension Double unequal length A-arm. Push rod. Damper Öhlins TTX25 MkII front and rear Tyres 20.5*7.0-13 R25B Hoosier front and rear Wheels 6 inch wide , 35mm offset, 1pc aluminum alloy front and rear Brakes Aluminum alloy -Weight =300g -Full Stroke =25.4mm -Travel To Cut Off =0.68 To 1.09mm - Push Rod Length Form Mounting Flage =PRM 115 -Ap Racing (CP5623-88PRM115)Diameter =14mm. front/Aluminum alloy -Weight =300g -Full Stroke =25.4mm -Travel To Cut Off =0.68 To 1.09mm - Push Rod Length Form Mounting Flage =PRM 115 -Ap Racing (CP5623-89PRM115) Diameter =15mm. rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Electric Motor EMRAX 228 Medium voltage permanent magnet synchronous motor Accumulator Spec Samsung INR 18650-25R Max power/max torque 100 KW at max RPM, 240Nm for a few seconds Transmission Rear drive Formula Student 2021 Differential drexler limited slip Formula Student 2021 differential Final drive 3

LOUGHBOROUGH UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM LUMOTORSPORT

Founded in 2003, LUMotorsport is Loughborough University’s Formula Student team. We are around 25 undergraduate students from the university are part of the team, and members can get involved from their first year through to their final year, regardless of their course. Formula Student is a student led endeavour at Loughborough University and the project does not form part of any degree programme. All design and manufacturing work is undertaken in students’ spare time, which has helped create a tight knit, highly skilled team that are focused on achieving the best possible results at competitions. This year sees

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

LUMotorsport embark upon designing and building their first electric car, with a single motor electric powertrain, under the lead of their first female team leader. The team’s main objectives for 2021 are to create a car that can pass electrical scrutineering and provide a solid foundation that can be built upon in future years.

NEWCASTLE UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM NEWCASTLE RACING

Newcastle Racing 14, (NR14) from Newcastle University is aiming to enter the concept class with an electric space frame vehicle design. NRX, Newcastle Racing’s 10th car, was the last to be built and raced in the Formula Student competition all the way back in 2017. The primary goal of our team this year, is to complete a design that can be fully constructed over the following year by our team. NR14 will incorporate some of the components that were planned for use in NR11, which was designed over the course of multiple years but never built.

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

221 Length/height/width/wheelbase 2875/1420/1200/1535 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 90/140 Suspension Double Unequal Length A-Arm with Pullrod and Rocker actuated Ohlins Cane Creek Dampers front and rear Tyres 16x6.0-10 LC0 Hoosier front and rear Wheels 10” Diameter, 7” width front and rear Brakes AP Racing Push Type 17.8mm Bore front/AP Racing Push Type 15.9mm Bore rear Chassis Hybrid Spaceframe Steel Spaceframe reinforced with Composite Sandwich Panels: Floor and SIS Electric Motor Emrax 228 HV Accumulator Spec Sony/Murata VTC6 18650 Max power/max torque 109 at 5500. 230 for a ‘few seconds’ Transmission Single Renthal RR4 520 Road Race SRS chain Changeable front sprocket for adjustment of final drive ratio Differential Drexler Limited Slip Differential Standard Final drive 3.8:1

212 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2797/1530/1153/1615 Track 1300/1300 Car weight (approx.) 250 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 90/160 Suspension Pushrod double A-arm wishbone suspension front and rear Tyres 202, Rubber C7, Handcook Ventus F200 front and rear Wheels 10’’ V5 Force Racing Wheels front and rear Brakes Tilton 78 series Master Cylinder with Tilton 900 series balance bar front and rear Chassis Spaceframe Chassis (Welded) Electric Motor EMRAX 228, medium V, axial flux motor Accumulator Spec Samsung Max power/max torque 109 Kw, 230Nm Transmission Rear Wheel Belt drive Differential Drexler Standar Formula Student Differential (120) Final drive 03:01

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12. Concept Class Team Info

PAKISTAN NAVY ENGINEERING COLLEGE-ELECTRIC

PAKISTAN

FORMULA ELECTRIC RACING NUST Team Formula Electric Racing – NUST is Pakistan’s first Formula Student electric team and has previously participated in FSAE Electric 2016, Formula Student UK 2018 and Formula Student Virtual 2020. Since its inception, the team has promoted a shift from combustion to electric in the country. The team is divided into Electrical, Mechanical, Vehicle Integration, and Marketing and Communications departments. A Documentations wing is formed from the members within the main departments. The team’s

approach for this year’s vehicle was to improve the reliability of components. PCB manufacture was outsourced, instead of in-house etching. An off-theshelf BMS was used although research is being carried out to develop a customized design. The 2021 battery pack uses Liion cylindrical cells in modules of 8, compared to the previous stacks of Li-Po pouch cells. The cells were purchased and the modules designed by the team itself based on their vehicle targets for this year.

SHEFFIELD HALLAM UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM SHU RACING DEVELOPMENT SHU Racing Development is Sheffield Hallam University’s Formula Student Development team. It is entering the concept class in 2021 for its first time, where it will be entering with the university’s first EV design. The team consists of students from a variety of academic backgrounds with previous experience working for SHU Racing. By building on the experience gained by its members the team is aiming for a top 5 finish in its category. To achieve this the team has ensured that it has a solid foundation by designing the chassis around the

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12. Concept Class Electric

47 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3026.8/1553.2/1275/1750 Track 1250/1350 Car weight (approx.) 252 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 88.2/163.8 Suspension Unequal A-Arms with pushrod actuated dampers front and rear Tyres 20x7.5-13 R25A, Slicks Bias front and rear Wheels Diameter 320mm, Width 190.5mm, Wheel Offset 35, Aluminium front and rear Brakes Spherical bearing-mount Tilton master cylinder, with bore size of 15.88 mm front and rear Chassis Tubular Spaceframe (Round tubes) Electric Motor HPEVS AC 15 Induction Motor Accumulator Spec Samsung INR 25R Lion 18650 Max power/max torque 27.43kW @ 2500rpm, 80.6 Nm for 10sec Transmission Chain size 530, direct coupled with the motor sprocket Differential Open Differential directly coupled with motor sprocket. Final drive 3

439 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

suspension geometry. This not only increases the drivability and stability of the vehicle but also simplifies the future development of the vehicle. In addition to this, the has built upon the success of its sister team by developing a hybrid composite chassis, a full aero package, a full carbon Impact Attenuator and an improved steering system. The new team and vehicle design, represents the success of past formula student teams at the university, as well as its commitment to investing in the future of the competition and industry.

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2935/1436/1160/1570 Track 1206/1257 Car weight (approx.) 200 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 100.47/99.53 Suspension Steel double wishbone, bell crank pull rod front and rear Tyres 16.0 x 6.0-10.0, R25B compound, Hoosier (43070) front and rear Wheels BRAID STURACE Al Alloy: 10.0”x 6.0” 23mm offset front and rear Brakes 16.8mm dia bore push stoke, Balance Bar Proportioning, front and rear Chassis Hybrid Monocoque Electric Motor Emrax 208 HV Accumulator Spec Sony VTC6 Max power/max torque 68kW at 6000RPM. 140Nm for 120sec Transmission 520 chain driven Differential Drexler FSAE Differential, 60Nm preload, 60%/40% lockup Final drive 4

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

QUEEN’S UNIVERSITY BELFAST

UNITED KINGDOM QUEEN’S FORMULA RACING Queen’s Formula Racing will be competing at the 2021 FSUK with their first Electric Vehicle. QFR is made up of 40+ multidisciplinary students from Queen’s University Belfast. Formed in 1999, the team brought their first car to FSUK in 2001 and have had 6 top 10 finishes, including winning the acceleration and efficiency events in 2017. QFR21 will be the team’s first electric formula student vehicle and the team have adopted a measured approach to ensure the best chance of a successful

transition. The car will be driven by an Emrax 228 motor connected by a chain drive to a proven rear axle configuration. The remainder of the powertrain will comprise a custom-built accumulator, Orion BMS, and DTI Inverter. QFR has a sharp focus on successful participation this year. We aim to finish early, build in reliability, and compete to the best of our ability in all events. The team would like to thank all the QFR sponsors for their continued support throughout the development of QFR21.

THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG

HONG KONG HKU RACING

Established in 2018, HKU Racing (HKUR) from The University of Hong Kong will be running a full vehicle entry for the very first time. Following a successful first entry in class 2 event in 2019, finishing 3rd overall, the team is looking to obtain a solid result in FS2020. This year we focus on reliability and manufacturability. The team would like to thank the university and generous sponsors for their support and encouragement.

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2667/1389/1072/1529 Track 1209/1209 Car weight (approx.) 227 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 102/125 Suspension Unequal length, converging double wishbone. Pull-rod actuated spring-dampers front and rear Tyres 7.0/16.0 - 10, A92, Avon front and rear Wheels 6.5 x 10 ET29, Aluminium Alloy front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855 14mm bore front/AP Racing CP7855 14mm bore rear Chassis Full Tubular Steel Spaceframe Electric Motor Emrax 228 Accumulator Spec Sony Max power/max torque 100 kW at 5500 RPM, 230 Transmission Chain drive (520) to differential Differential Drexler LSD Final drive 3

168 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2811/1453/1200/1530 Track 1240/1207 Car weight (approx.) 212 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 95.157/116.325 Suspension Double wishbone, Pushrod front and rear Tyres Hoosier 16.0 X 7.5 -10 , LCO front and rear Wheels 7” X10 et+22, Mg, casted front and rear Brakes AP racing CP7855 bearing mounted, 14mm, AP racing CP5500 balance bar front/AP racing CP7855 bearing mounted, 19.1mm, AP racing CP5500 balance bar rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Electric Motor EMRAX 208 medium voltage liquid cooled Accumulator Spec Microvast Max power/max torque 68kW at 6000 RPM. 140Nm for 60 secr Transmission 520 chain Differential Drexler adjustable formula student differential Final drive 3.85

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12. Concept Class Team Info

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN

IRELAND UCDFS

UCDFS from University College Dublin are an entirely student run team entering the FS competition for the second time. First competing in Class 1 in the 2019 competition, the team enjoyed an 8th place finish in the EV competition. Hoping to build on what we learned from the 2019 competition, the team, led by Team Captain and Suspension Captain Robert Burke, are designing for improved dynamic performance in suspension behaviour and overall car handling. We aimed to design and manufacture a lighter, more agile car, while using recyclable components year on year. Our

design also focused heavily on manufacturability as we hope to take on as much of this in house as possible. We would like to thank our title sponsors, Kirby Group Engineering, the Johnson & Johnson STEM Academy, Workhuman, Maxim Integrated, the Davy Group, the Engineering Society, UniTek GmbH, RS, CALT Dynamics, Stickermule, and the UCD College of Engineering and Architecture. We would also like to thank Faculty Advisor Dr. Paul Cuffe, and ESO Dr. Nan Zhao for their help and continued support, the project would not have been possible without their backing.

UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM

UNITED KINGDOM UBERACING

UBeRacing is the University of Birmingham’s electric Formula Student team. Covid hindered the team’s chances to build the car this year and instead will be aiming for a top 10 finish in Concept Class. Once the team have produced their first car they will start to refine and develop sub-systems, enabling the team to become more competitive. The team would like to thank the facaulty advisors and the School of Engineering for their assistance this year.

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12. Concept Class Electric

135 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2760/1420/1280/1560 Track 1200/1220 Car weight (approx.) 208 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 99.42/108.58 Suspension Double a-arm geometry, lower a-arm mounted direct acting shocks front and rear Tyres 20.5 x 7.0-13 R25B Hoozier front and rear Wheels 7 inch wide, 13 inch dimeter, 6.5 inch backspacing two piece alloy front/8 inch wide, 13 inch dimeter, 6.5 inch backspacing two piece alloy rear Brakes AP Racing CP2623, Bore diameter 22.225mm. Balance Bar front and rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Electric Motor Emrax 208 Medium Voltage Liquid Cooled1 Accumulator Spec Sony Murata VTC6 US18650 Li-on cells Max power/max torque 68 kW at 6000 RPM,150Nm for 2 minutes Transmission Direct Chain Drive (520 Chain), 13-tooth front sproket, 45-tooth rear sprocket Differential Quaife Helical limited-slip differential, 31 degree helix angle, torque bias ratio: 2.1 acceleration, 1.9 deceleration. Final drive 3.46

240 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3049/1403/1175/1640 Track 1200/1124 Car weight (approx.) 240 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 117.6/122.4 Suspension Double unequal A-Arm, pull rod actuated spring and damper front and rear Tyres 16.0 x 7.5 x 10 front and rear Wheels 10”, 7.5” front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855, Balance bar, 15mm bore front/ AP Racing CP7855, Balance bar, 15.875mm bore rear Chassis Hybrid composite monocoque and steel rear subframe Electric Motor Emrax 228 MV LC Accumulator Spec UBeRacing Max power/max torque 109, 230 Transmission Single 520 size chain Differential Drexler 2016, FS LSD, 35 Nm Clutch pre-load, Acceleration locking ratio: 60%, Deceleration ratio: 52% Final drive 3.1

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

UNIVERSITY OF BATH ELECTRIC

UNITED KINGDOM TEAM BATH RACING ELECTRIC (TBRE) TBRe22 is the University of Bath’s electric Formula Student Concept Class entry which will be manufactured for the 2022 competition. The primary aim of the team is to retain the title of top electric Formula Student team from the UK and improve world ranking. The team has focused on designing a car to improve the traction limit and to maximise speed around corners. This will be achieved through the implementation of a four-wheel drive powertrain with traction control and torque vectoring systems. Along with this innovation, a full monocoque composite chassis and a full aerodynamic package have been designed. Four AMK

DD5-14-10-POW motors will be used to power each wheel individually through an in-house designed planetary gearbox. The powertrain will be powered by a single accumulator located behind the driver consisting of 714 cells arranged in six subpacks with a combined capacity of 9.0 kWh.

UNIVERSITY OF EXETER

UNITED KINGDOM XRACING ELECTRIC

Team XRacing from the University of Exeter will be aiming for an upper half finish at the FS2021 concept class competition, marking their first EV entry. Established in 2013, XRacing last enjoyed success in the 2019 competition, with a car competiting in all dynamic events. This year XRacing aimed to create a electric vehicle

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to future proof its team and broaden its design skills. Team Leader, Sam Seager, Technical Director, Max Prüstel, and the team would like to thank their Faculty Advisors David Moxey and Paul Wilkins and the University of Exeter for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

217 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2910/1390/1211/1540 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) 250 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 79-110/101-140 Suspension Double wishbone front and rear Tyres 16.2” OD, LCO, Hoosier front and rear Wheels 7” width, spin cast magnesium front and rear Brakes APCP7855, 16.8mm bore front/APCP7855, 22.225mm bore rear Chassis Full monocoque composite chassis Electric Motor 2 x AMK DD5-1410-POW front and rear Accumulator Spec Sony US18650VTC6 Max power/max torque 35.1kW @ 16,000RPM Transmission Four-wheel drive, in hub motors, single speed compound planetary gearbox housed in inhub Differential n/a Final drive 12.36

210 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2600/1500/1300/1600 Track Car weight (approx.) 240 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 96/144 Suspension unequal length double wishbone push rod suspension front and rear Tyres 16” wheel rim 10” hoosier front and rear Wheels 7.5” wide front and rear Brakes wilwood 260-15089 front and rear Chassis Steel Space frame chassis, one piece Electric Motor Emrax 228 High Voltage Liquid Cooled Accumulator Spec Front/LG 18650HG2 rear Max power/max torque 109, 230, no exact time provided by manufacturer Transmission Chain Sprocket Differential Drexler limited slip Final drive 3.5

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12. Concept Class Team Info

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW

UNITED KINGDOM UGRACING

Building off the successes of their Formula Student/Class 1 team, UGRacing enter FSUK 2021 looking towards the future, entering the competition with their first ever battery powered electric car as part of the Concept Class category. This new format for the team will surely be a recipe for success. Not only will this electric car bring innovative technologies and room for development within the team, but it was also double UGRacing’s design time as they work towards delivering reliable, fast and competition winning cars to the Formula

Student/Class 1 category in years to come. This Concept Class electric car will be the first example of this new format for UGRacing. Introducing an Emrax 208 motor for rear wheel drive, full aerodynamic package, custom accumulator, hybrid monocoque and new developments in drivetrain, this car design will eventually see the track in 2022, manufactured and refined as part of the Class 1 team next year.

UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS

UNITED KINGDOM LEEDS GRYPHON RACING

Formed in 1997, Leeds Gryphon Racing (LGR) was the UK’s first Formula Student team. Now on its 24th car, LGR is made up of students from a number of disciplines, across all levels. Following an increased interest into the electric autonomotive industry, the team decided to shift to an electric powertrain instead of a combustion one. The focus was placed on the development of an electrical powertrain and many mechanical designs were adapted from the previous

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combustion cars. This year, the aim of the team has been to develop a purely reliable car, with the ambition of finishing in the top 10 UK concept class teams. The team is extremely grateful for their sponsors RS Components and . They would also like to thank their faculty advisers Krzysztof Kubiak , Alan Brickwood, Peter Grieve and Benjamin Chong for their invaluable guidance as well as the University of Leeds for their continued support of the team.

12. Concept Class Electric

268 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2890/1460/1200/1530 Track 1100/1130 Car weight (approx.) 232 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 92.8/139.2 Suspension Pull-rod decoupled suspension front and rear Tyres 7.0/16.0-10, A92, Avon front and rear Wheels 7’’, Crosply slicks front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP785589PRTE, 15mm Bore, Balance Bar front and rear Chassis Hybrid Frame, Composite Moncoque with Rear Steel Space Frame Electric Motor Emrax 208M Axial Flux PMSM (outrunner) Accumulator Spec Samsung 18650 Li-ion Max power/max torque 90kW @6,000RPM, 140Nm Transmission 2-stage geared transmission, single reduction ratio from motor to Differential. Differential Drexler Limited Slip Differential Final drive 4.4:1

369 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2888/1400/1176/1633 Track 1200/1150 Car weight (approx.) 300 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 129/171 Suspension Double wishbone pushrod actuation front and rear Tyres Hoosier 16x6-10 LCO front and rear Wheels 7 inch, 22mm offset front and rear Brakes APRacing CP7854 14mm bore (with bias bar) front/APRacing CP7854 15.9mm bore (with bias bar) rear Chassis Steel Spaceframe Electric Motor Emrax 228-mv liquid cooled Accumulator Spec Sony VTC5A 18650 cells Max power/max torque 109kW @ 5,500 RPM. 230 for a few seconds Transmission Chain DID520MX (520 size), direct to motor, 40 tooth final drive sprocket, 8 tooth motor sprocket Differential Drexler Clutch type limited slip torque lock up Acl. 60%, Decl. 42% Final drive 5

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

UNIVERSITY OF HERTFORDSHIRE

UNITED KINGDOM UH RACING

UH Racing, from the University of Hertfordshire, will be aiming for a competitive and educational experience at FSUK 2021. Established in 1997, UH Racing have a rich history and are proud to carry this on with their latest Concept Class vehicle, which focuses on extracting higher performance out of a potential

aerodynamics package through structural changes. This will allow the team to explore ways to optimise areas of the car whilst maintaining a robust electrical system. The team would like to thank Dr. Howard Ash for his continued support, and members of the Formula Student Class team, for aiding them in their development.

UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL

UNITED KINGDOM UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL MOTORSPORT The University of Liverpool Motorsport Concept Class Team is comprised of MEng Mechanical Engineering students in their penultimate year of study, and volunteers from other departments across the university. The team has competed at two previous Formula Student Concept Class competitions, FSUK18 and FSUK19, placing sixth overall both times. After achieving success in with an IC powertrain, the team have decided to transition to an EV powertrain for FSUK21 to champion sustainability and help to

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drive motorsport technology forward. The car features an all-wheel-drive powertrain that consists of AMK DD5-14 electric motors with highly integrated hub architecture and planetary gearing, supplied by an 8kWh accumulator. The car operates with a direct suspension system, and the chassis is full carbon fibre monocoque. This will be complemented by a full aero package and the distinctive Liverpool nose and livery. The team wish to extend their gratitude to all sponsors involved this season.

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2784/1397/1053/1580 Track 1200/1180 Car weight (approx.) 193 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 103.95/88.55 Suspension Unequal length double A-arms; push rod front and rear Tyres 205 / 470 R13, Soft, Continental C17 front and rear Wheels 7.87” front/7.87” rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855, Ø17.8mm bore front and rear Chassis Tubular Space frame Electric Motor FischerElektromotoren TI085 front and rear Accumulator Spec Sony VTC6T cells, 1s5p Energus modules Max power/max torque 35.4 front and rear, 29.1 for TBC Transmission A direct compound epicycle gearbox, connected to the motor shaft with a sun gear, three planetary gears and a ring gear Differential N/A Final drive 9

224 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 3012/1384/1224/1550 Track 1185/1144 Car weight (approx.) 220 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 101.2/118.8 Suspension Direct Suspension, unequal and unparallel wishbones arms and modified ohlins shocks front and rear Tyres 205/470 R13 C16 Continental front and rear Wheels 13”x7” one piece magnesium front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP7855905PRTE, 16.8mm bore front and rear Chassis Composite Monocoque Electric Motor AMK DD5-14 10POW front and rear Accumulator Spec Samsung ICR18650-25R Max power/max torque 36 front,36 rear/21 front,21 rear Transmission AWD in-hub with 2-stage planetary gearset Differential N/A Final drive 16

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12. Concept Class Team Info

UNIVERSITY OF PORTSMOUTH

UNITED KINGDOM UPRACING ELECTRIC

UPRacing Electric is entering the concept class competition this year following a successful year as top EV team in the virtual static events in the 2020 season. UPRE has worked entirely online this year, with team members based around the UK and overseas as far as Hong Kong. The team is hoping to present another strong year of static events, with the intention of presenting Portsmouth’s first EV in the 2022 season, giving appropriate amounts of time for manufacturing and testing.

UPRacing Electric would like to thank our sponsors, Morson, Velocetec and DNA who continue to support us, without your help this project would not be possible. UPRE would also like to thank the University of Portsmouth for their cooperation and ongoing support.

UNIVERSITY OF STAVANGER

NORWAY ION RACING UIS

ION Racing from the University of Stavanger are bringing their 7th EV entry to FSUK 2021 competition. The team was founded in 2011 and presented its first IC-vehicle in 2012. ION Racing entered the EV-class in 2014 and has produced electric FS vehicles to this day. The team has placed 32nd overall in FSUK 2017 and won the award for best powertrain presented by Mercedes AMG HPP.

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12. Concept Class Electric

13 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2500/1413/1160/1600 Track 1227.517/1230.124 Car weight (approx.) 195 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 82.2689/112.6811 Suspension Unequal length double wishbone with direct acting coilovers front and rear Tyres 7.0/16.0-10 A92 Avon front and rear Wheels OZ Formula Student Magnesium center locking 10inch wheel, Offset 22mm front and rear Brakes 14mm diameter master cylinder CP2623 front and rear Chassis Steel Tubular Spaceframe Electric Motor Emrax 228 Axial Flux Motor Accumulator Spec Lithium Werks Max power/max torque 109kW @ 6,500RPM, 230Nm for 20 sec Transmission 525 chain Differential Drelxer Limited Slip Differential with adjustable ramp angle Final drive 5.5

41 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2850/1400/1255/1650 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) 251.6 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 133.1/118.5 Suspension Double A-arm w pullrod front and rear Tyres Hoosier 20.5x7x13 R25B front and rear Wheels 7Jx13 FH2 OZ Formula Student front and rear Brakes Tilton 78-series, 5/8” dia., stroke 1,1” front and rear Chassis Steel space frame Electric Motor EMRAX 228 Medium Voltage LC Accumulator Spec Energus Li1025RT Samsung INR18650-25R Max power/max torque 109 kW @ 5,500 RPM, 230e Transmission Chain (530) Differential Drexler version 1, 120mm bearing spacing, 1,5-limited slip Final drive 04:07

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON

UNITED KINGDOM SUFST

Southampton University Formula Student Team (SUFST) are entering this year’s competition with their first electric car concept. SUFST would like to thank their sponsors for their support in helping the team realise their goals. The team is made up of over 200 students from a variety of course backgrounds. Having competed at Formula Student UK at Silverstone for the last 7 years, SUFST also compete in at least one European competition each year. The team

is divided into technical and operational departments. The technical departments include Aerodynamics, Structural Design, Electronics, Powertrain, Race Engineering, and Vehicle Performance. This year, the team are focusing on increasing driveability and reducing mass. SUFST attracts a large number of students, and to better manage the intake this year, the team provides weekly CAD tutorial learning opportunities on top of their regular meetings.

UNIVERSITY OF SUSSEX

UNITED KINGDOM SUSSEX RACING CONCEPT

Sussex Racing Concept is the Formula Student team representing the University of Sussex for the 2021 IMechE Formula Student UK competition. The aim is to design an electric concept car, with the intention to be built for the 2022 competition, and with manufacturing starting in September 2021. For the 2021 competition, 30 students will be involved with designing the chassis, suspension, and aerodynamics. As well as, the design, build, and testing of the

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electric powertrain. This year of innovation and development allows the team to maximise the performance and build a platform of success for the 2022 Sussex Racing car. The team would like to thank the support of sponsors Santander University, TTS Performance, and the University of Sussex.

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2890/1525/1232/1550 Track 1234/1184 Car weight (approx.) 230 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 115/115 Suspension Pushrod actuated double-wishbone. Gas corner springs/dampers with U-bar ARB front and rear Tyres 7.5/16-10 front and rear Wheels 10” Diameter, 7” Width, Centre Locking, Forged Magnesium front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP785591PRTE front and rear Chassis Full carbon fibre monocoque Electric Motor EMRAX 228 LC HV Accumulator Spec Molicel INR-21700 P42A Max power/max torque 109, 230 Transmission Chain drive, 501 Differential Drexler LSD, 40/50 Final drive 4.2

201 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2816/1421/1200/1550 Track 1230/1160 Car weight (approx.) 220 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 112/110 Suspension Double Wishbone Pullrod Suspension SLA front/ Double Wishbone Pushrod SLA Suspension rear Tyres 7.0/16.0-10 front/7.5/16.0-10 rear Wheels 10x7.2 single, Forged aluminium front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP262388PRM115 front/AP Racing CP2623-96PRM115 (Added 0.8 reduction using TORQUES AN-3 adjustable brake bias Proportioning valve) rear Chassis Tubular Spaceframe Electric Motor Accumulator Spec Samsung 1865025R1 Max power/max torque 50.66 kW @ 3,600 RPM, 66.6Nm for 10 secs Transmission ANSI 50 Chain, 46-tooth driven sprocket Differential Drexler LSD V3, 10nm Pre-Load, variable ramp angle (6 different set-ups) Final drive 4.6

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12. Concept Class Team Info

12. Concept Class Electric

UNIVERSITY OF THE BASQUE COUNTRY (UPV/EHU)

SPAIN

FORMULA STUDENT BIZKAIA The FSB2021 is the 10th electric vehicle designed, manufactured, and tested by Formula Student Bizkaia (FSB) to compete in Formula Student. The team´s trajectory starts in 2008, with an internal combustion engine singleseater, which was successively improved until 2012. Since then, Formula Student Bizkaia has focused on electric mobility development, considering it a key technological tool in our compromise with sustainability. However, the advances have not been limited to the technical part, as an educational project, FSB aims to develop an experience as close as possible to the real engineering world. This work has been reflected in the results achieved throughout these years, achieving 1st place in multiple static events and several TOP10 in the overall classification. Our 2021 team is willing to participate for the 13th time on FSUK, gathering all the experience, know-how and

the motivation of the previous year’s results. To achieve the best result, the FSB2020 has a new chassis manufactured with a new stepped manufacturing method, an optimized LVS, a big improvement on control algorithms, and a full ergonomics study. Our internally developed simulator is the core of our designs, helping us to enhance the design, manufacture and test cycle. This way, the FSB2020 will be the most competitive RTW developed by FSB. On the other hand, we are actively working on the FSB2022, our 11th electric vehicle, which will be the 1st AWD one for us. This single-seater, developed in parallel to FSB2021, was called to be the vehicle of the 20/21 season. However, due to the pandemic, the FSB2022 will not be finished until the end of spring of 2021, although many of its developments have been updated into the FSB2021 to test them.

DEVELOP YOUR KNOWLEDGE IN 2021

48 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 3041,7/1515,9/1132/1610 Track 1220/1160 Car weight (approx.) 210 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 84/126 Suspension Semiindependent, pull, lever-armed anriroll bar front and rear Tyres Hoosier 43105 18.0 x 7.5-10 R25B front and rear Wheels ring: Keizer 10” 2 pieces 7,5” width. Own designed nucleous front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP785588PRTE 15mm bore front with driver adjustable bias bar front and rear Chassis Composite structure, monocoque cured in oven with vacuum pressure Electric Motor EMRAX/188/ SYNCHRONOUS/HV/ COMBINED COOLED Accumulator Spec MELASTA: SLPB9059156 Max power/max torque 60kW at 8000rpm. 90 rear Transmission SINGLE STAGE PLANETARY GEARBOX Differential ELECTRONIC Final drive 6.188

TECHNICALis SPECIFICATION GKN Automotive a global leader in eDrive technologies, the architects of an electrified future. Our innovation, expertise and global footprint give us the ability to drive a sustainable future, delivering eDrive technologies, competitively and at scale.

The GKN Automotive Innovation Centre helps make this electric revolution a reality. It is at the epicentre of our research and development of future technologies for electric vehicles. We develop, design and prototype test the next generations of electric motors, making them more efficient and cheaper – key factors in making future electric vehicles more affordable to buy and run.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

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13. FS-AI Team Info

13. ADS Electric

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH

UNITED KINGDOM

EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY FORMULA STUDENT: AI ADS SISU 21D is the first electric and the first autonomous car developed by the Edinburgh University Formula Student team for the 2021 ADS Class entry. It is based on the 2019 IC Class 1 platform (SISU IV) using its original suspension system, wheels, and slightly modified spaceframe chassis. The major changes include new electric

powertrain, accompanying drivetrain and electrical safety systems, and the addition of autonomous actuators. The overall design goals are to create a reliable, controllable and integratable platform to apply the full autonomous software stack and win the ADS class in FSUK.

44 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2781/1580/1260/1584 Track 1403/1407 Car weight (approx.) 246.7 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 99.2/161 Suspension Unequal A-arms with Pushrod front and rear Tyres 20.5x7.0x13, R25B, Hoosier front/20.5x7.0x13, R25B, Hoosier rear Wheels 7.7 in front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP2623 front and rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Electric Motor Emrax 208 Liquid Cooled Medium Voltage Accumulator Spec Samsung 18650 - INR18650-25R Max power/max torque 68 at 6000rpm,140 for 120s Transmission chain (520) Differential Drexler Formula Student V1 Limited Slip Differential Final drive 4

UNIVERSITY OF BATH ELECTRIC

TEAM BATH RACING ELECTRIC (TBRE)

This is the FS AI entry from Team Bath Racing electric (TBRe) for the 2021 Formula Student UK competition. The base electric vehicle is shared with this yearÕs EV entry, a 2nd year vehicle previously used in 2019 which has been updated and improved for 2021. This is Team Bath Racing electric AIÕs (TBReAI) first year entering dynamic events at a Featured Events live competition and the entry reflects a cumulation of the knowledge and experiences 14/9over the past few years. Therefore, the design ethos has remained: To develop a safe,

14 September 2021 Live Online Seminar

13. FS-AI Team Info

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH

UNITED KINGDOM

EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY FORMULA STUDENT: AI ADS SISU 21D is the first electric and the first autonomous car developed by the Edinburgh University Formula Student team for the 2021 ADS Class entry. It is based on the 2019 IC Class 1 platform (SISU IV) using its original suspension system, wheels, and slightly modified spaceframe chassis. The major changes include new electric

JOIN US AT 177 KINGDOM THEUNITED FOREFRONT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING.

powertrain, accompanying drivetrain and electrical safety systems, and the addition of autonomous actuators. The overall design goals are to create a reliable, controllable and integratable platform to apply the full autonomous software stack and win the ADS class in FSUK.

44 TECHNICAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2781/1580/1260/1584 Track 1403/1407 Car weight (approx.) 246.7 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 99.2/161 Suspension Unequal A-arms with Pushrod front and rear Tyres 20.5x7.0x13, R25B, Hoosier front/20.5x7.0x13, R25B, Hoosier rear Wheels 7.7 in front and rear Brakes AP Racing CP2623 front and rear Chassis Steel spaceframe Electric Motor Emrax 208 Liquid Cooled Medium Voltage Accumulator Spec Samsung 18650 - INR18650-25R Max power/max torque 68 at 6000rpm,140 for 120s Transmission chain (520) Differential Drexler Formula Student V1 Limited Slip Differential Final drive 4

SIMULATION AND MODELLING 2021 UNIVERSITY OF

Formula Formula Student Student 2021 2019

9-10 November 2021 Kia Oval, London

INTERNATIONAL EV BATTERIES

COST-EFFECTIVE BATH2021: ELECTRIC ENGINEERING FOR HYBRID

UNITED KINGDOM

AND ELECTRIC VEHICLES To support all engineering industries, the Simulation International EV Batteries 2021 and Modelling 2021 event TEAM BATH RACING ELECTRIC (TBRE) will bring you cutting-edge will once provide This is themore FS AI entry from a reliable, and technical robust autonomous updates from OEMs, Team Bath Racing electric as the foundation forum to discuss the latest platform to act researchers and regulators. Hear (TBRe) for the 2021 Formula for future innovation and growth. developments being made Student UK competition. The TBRe21 features a mechanical hybrid front engineers on from base electric vehicle is shared carbon fibre monocoque, rear with computer aided and they are cost-effectively with this yearÕs EV entry, a space framehow and composite virtual engineering. Explore backplate. Aincreasing 2nd year vehicle previously single permanent range, guaranteeing used in 2019 which has been magnet axial flux EMRAX 228 the advances being for made withmotor will drive updated and improved the rear wheels performance and ensuring 2021. This is Team Bath Racingand via a chain transmission with integration, optimisation durability electric AIÕs (TBReAI) first year spool axle. The AI sensorand range of electric validation, from events design entering dynamic at stage a suite consists of ahybrid ZED stereo and vehicles. Understand live competition the entry camera, Slamtec RPLiDAR and right through toand manufacturing. how industry is planning to meet reflects a cumulation of the

SBG Ellipse 2-N. An NVIDIA

knowledge and modelling experiences Jetson TX2 is used as the AI future demands on material Discover new over the past few years. computer, enabling high FPS resourcing, manufacturing, techniques that impact Therefore, the design ethos has cone detection with the YOLOv4 remained: design To develop a safe, and algorithm. recycling and second life of EV industrial output and HEV batteries. competitiveness though more accurate models and efficient www.imeche.org/evbatteries design. www.imeche.org/simmod2021

VIEW THE FULL LIST OF MARKET LEADING EVENTS: WWW.IMECHE.ORG/EVENTS Online: www.imeche.org/events

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reliable, and robust autonomous platform to act as the foundation for future innovation and growth. TBRe21 features a hybrid front carbon fibre monocoque, rear space frame and composite backplate. A single permanent magnet axial flux EMRAX 228 motor will drive the rear wheels via a chain transmission with spool axle. The AI sensor suite consists of a ZED stereo camera, Slamtec RPLiDAR and SBG Ellipse 2-N. An NVIDIA Jetson TX2 is used as the AI computer, 9-10/11 enabling high FPS cone detection with the YOLOv4 algorithm.

Official Programme

Email: eventenquiries@imeche.org

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2901/1360/1059/1535 Track 1200/1200 Car weight (approx.) 207 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 82/125 Suspension Double wishbone, pushrod, out of plane front/Double wishbone, pushrod, in-plane rear Tyres Hoosier 16.0 x 7.5-10 LC0 front/Hoosier 18.0 x 6-10 LC0 rear Wheels OZ centre lock 10” spin magnesium, 22mm offset 7-8/12 cast front and rear Brakes Tilton 78-812, 13/16” bore, balance bar front and rear Chassis Hybrid front carbon fibre monocoque, rear steel spacframe Electric Motor Emrax 228 MV CC Accumulator Spec Sony US18650VTC6 Max power/max torque 100kW @ 6500RPM, 240Nm rear Transmission Chain drive, simplex 520 chain Differential N/A Final drive 3

7-8 December 2021 London 13. ADS Electric

POWERTRAIN SYSTEMS FOR NET-ZERO TRANSPORT

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Building on the industryleading IC Engines conference, TECHNICAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION SPECIFICATION the Powertrain Systems for Net-Zero Transport conference Length/height/width/wheelbase 2901/1360/1059/1535 will focus on the internal Track 1200/1200 combustion engine’s role in Car weight (approx.)as 207 (kgs.) Net-Zero transport well Weight distribution (approx.) as covering developments in 82/125 the wide range of propulsion Suspension Double wishbone, pushrod, out of plane front/Double systems available (electric, fuel wishbone, pushrod, in-plane rear cell, sustainable fuels etc) and Tyres Hoosier 16.0 x 7.5-10 LC0 theirfront/Hoosier associated powertrains. 18.0 x 6-10 LC0 rear Wheels OZ centre lock 10” spin

www.imeche.org/powertrainsnetzero cast magnesium, 22mm offset front and rear Brakes Tilton 78-812, 13/16” bore, balance bar front and rear Chassis Hybrid front carbon fibre monocoque, rear steel spacframe Electric Motor Emrax 228 MV CC Accumulator Spec Sony US18650VTC6 Max power/max torque 100kW @ 6500RPM, 240Nm rear Transmission Chain drive, simplex 520 chain Differential N/A Final drive 3

Phone: +44 (0)20 7973 1251 1


14. FS-AS DDT Team Info

14. FS-AI DDT

AIN SHAMS UNIVERSITY

EGYPT

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

ASU RACING TEAM

Length/height/width/wheelbase 2814.6/1430/624/1530 Track 1201/1201 Car weight (approx.) (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.)

CARDIFF UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM CARDIFF AUTONOMOUS RACING The team Cardiff Autonomous Racing is built from the base up with a strong focus on enhancing and refining the deep-learning neural networks which power the autonomous racing cars of the future. Pair this with a more unorthodox vision system and a unique mix of computer scientists, electrical engineers, and mechanical engineers, and the result is an outstanding team that promises to surprise and innovate. While vision systems are usually based around LIDAR, Team Cardiff Autonomous Racing have decided to go with stereo-vision technology, which has the marked advantage of being more robust than often fragile LIDAR systems, as well as being a cheaper system overall. The money saved here can then be sunken into other

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areas of the project, including adding more sensors to the car – ensuring better overall visibility and positioning knowledge. Their sponsor budget was not large, but due to extra effort and lateral thinking from the students, the team has managed to test their software on multiple environment’s, some real-world and some computer simulation environments, all the while gaining valuable information, as well as finetuning both software and hardware. Overall Team Cardiff Autonomous Racing has assembled an innovative team thanks to the contributions and hard work of the many members and sponsors. This is a team that cannot wait to demonstrate just what their car can do on the track.

ARAB ACADEMY FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - SMART VILLAGE

EGYPT AAST AI TEAM

22

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2814.6/1430/624/1530 Track 1201/1201 Car weight (approx.) (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.)

Suspension Tyres SAE FORMULA STUDENT AVON 7.2/20.0-13 Wheels Brakes Chassis Custom built Electric Motor Accumulator Spec Max power/max torque

Suspension Tyres SAE FORMULA STUDENT AVON 7.2/20.0-13 Wheels Brakes Chassis Custom built Electric Motor Accumulator Spec Max power/max torque

Transmission Differential Open differential Final drive

Transmission Differential Open differential Final drive

116 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2814.6/1430/624/1530 Track 1201/1201 Car weight (approx.) (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.)

COVENTRY UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM AI COVENTRY UNIVERSITY

19 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2814.6/1430/624/1530 Track 1201/1201 Car weight (approx.) (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.)

Suspension Tyres SAE FORMULA STUDENT AVON 7.2/20.0-13 Wheels Brakes Chassis Custom built Electric Motor Accumulator Spec Max power/max torque

Suspension Tyres SAE FORMULA STUDENT AVON 7.2/20.0-13 Wheels Brakes Chassis Custom built Electric Motor Accumulator Spec Max power/max torque

Transmission Differential Open differential Final drive

Transmission Differential Open differential Final drive

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

OfficialProgramme Programme Official

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14. FS-AS DDT Team Info

14. FS-AI DDT

LUND UNIVERSITY

SWEDEN

LUND UNIVERSITY FORMULA STUDENT Lund Formula Student 2021 from Lund University, Sweden, constructs the first EV car in the teams history. With reliability as main focus, the car reflects the teams hard work of building a platform as a EV team for future generations. The team has been successful as a CV team historically, and the journey towards a successful EV team has just begun. With hopes of building a reliable car with decent performance, the team aims to finish any competitions without DNF’s. Team Leader Vanessa Rundgren and Technical Leader Tom Laumola would like to thank all sponsors and collaborators for this year’s establishment. We have learned

a lot and we are certain that we have set the team on a great trajectory moving forward.

UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW

UNITED KINGDOM UGRACING

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129 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2814.6/1430/624/1530 Track 1201/1201 Car weight (approx.) (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.)

OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY

UNITED KINGDOM OXFORD BROOKES RACING AUTONOMOUS

143 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2814.6/1430/624/1530 Track 1201/1201 Car weight (approx.) (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.)

Suspension Tyres SAE FORMULA STUDENT AVON 7.2/20.0-13 Wheels Brakes Chassis Custom built Electric Motor Accumulator Spec Max power/max torque

Suspension Tyres SAE FORMULA STUDENT AVON 7.2/20.0-13 Wheels Brakes Chassis Custom built Electric Motor Accumulator Spec Max power/max torque

Transmission Differential Open differential Final drive

Transmission Differential Open differential Final drive

152 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2814.6/1430/624/1530 Track 1201/1201 Car weight (approx.) (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.)

UPM TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF MADRID

SPAIN UPMRACING

29 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2814.6/1430/624/1530 Track 1201/1201 Car weight (approx.) (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.)

Suspension Tyres SAE FORMULA STUDENT AVON 7.2/20.0-13 Wheels Brakes Chassis Custom built Electric Motor Accumulator Spec Max power/max torque

Suspension Tyres SAE FORMULA STUDENT AVON 7.2/20.0-13 Wheels Brakes Chassis Custom built Electric Motor Accumulator Spec Max power/max torque

Transmission Differential Open differential Final drive

Transmission Differential Open differential Final drive

Formula Student Student 2021 2021 Formula

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15. FS-AI Team Info

15. FS AI IC

UNIVERSITY OF MODENA AND REGGIO EMILIA

ITALY

MORE MODENA RACING DRIVERLESS Team MMR Driverless from the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia will be aiming for a good performance at this year’s Formula Student competition. Established in 2018, this is the first year that the team will participate in a competition. Since 2018, focus has been on designed a vehicle that can guarantee safety and reliability in dual mode: Autonomous and Manual.

The team would like to thank their sponsors and in particular Bosch and Fondazione di Modena as well as the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia for their continued support of the Formula Student programme.

199 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Length/height/width/wheelbase 2985/1387/954/1534 Track 1179/1144 Car weight (approx.) 265:275 (kgs.) Weight distribution (approx.) 111,6:115,9/153.4:159,1 Suspension Double unequal A-Arms with pull-rod front/Double unequal A-Arms with pull-rod rear Tyres Hoosier R25B 18.0x6.0-10 front and rear Wheels 10”x7.25” front/10”x7.25” rear Brakes Tilton Series 76 15.88 mm front/Tilton Series 76 15.88 mm rear Chassis Composite Monocoque Engine Suzuki GSX-R 600 k6/k7 Bore/stroke/cylinders/cc 67/42,5/4/599 Fuel system Indirect Fuel Injection, dual rail with two injectors per cylinder Max power/max torque 68.5-69.5kW@1000012000rpm/66-67Nm@75009500rpm Transmission Bevel Gear Differential Drexler FS2010 LSD Final drive 3,38

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Innovating at speed. We’re proud to be the AI partners to the innovators, creators and go-getters at Formula Student 21 and wish every competitor the very best of luck.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

Masters of Motorsport Exclusively postgraduate and located in Motorsport Valley®, Cranfield University has a track record of developing talent for the international motorsport sector. Our Masters courses are managed through an advisory board which includes representatives from F1®, Formula E, WRC, WRX, WEC, MotoGP, the FIA, Motorsport UK and the MIA. Students are given the opportunity to study with sector-facing academics and motorsport practitioners who support learning, group design and individual projects. Students have access to first-class, motorsport-related facilities, equipment and software. If you are looking to put your motorsport and high performance engineering career prospects on pole, apply today: • Advanced Motorsport Engineering MSc. • Advanced 88 Motorsport Mechatronics MSc. 1

Visit us at our Formula Student stand to find out more about our motorsport and automotive MSc courses, including our Connected Formula Student 2021 Formula Student 2021 and Autonomous Vehicles Engineering (Automotive) MSc.

FORMULA 1, F1, GRAND PRIX and related marks are trade marks of Formula One Licensing BV, a Formula 1 company. All rights reserved.

www.cranfield.ac.uk/avec

studytransport@cranfield.ac.uk

Official Programme

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babcockinternational.com


16. Sponsor and Partner Profiles

Babcock is a leading provider of critical, complex engineering services which support national defence, save lives and protect communities. We focus on three highly regulated markets – defence, emergency services and civil nuclear – delivering vital services and managing complex assets in the UK and internationally. We are a trusted partner who understands the key roles that our technology, our expertise, our infrastructure and our assets play in ensuring our customers can deliver. We share risk with them in delivering innovation, and we share the benefits www.babcockinternational.com

As a global leader in virtual test driving technology, IPG Automotive develops innovative simulation solutions for vehicle development. Designed for seamless use, the software and hardware products can be applied throughout the entire development process, from proof of concept to validation and release. The company’s virtual prototyping technology facilitates the automotive systems engineering approach, allowing users to develop and test new systems in a virtual whole vehicle. IPG Automotive is an expert in the field of virtual development methods for the application areas of Autonomous Vehicles, ADAS, Powertrain and Vehicle Dynamics. The company’s CarMaker 90

16. Sponsor and Partner Profiles

product family is used in OEMs, Tier 1s and universities around the world to address the challenges associated with developing and testing autonomous vehicles and training AI algorithms. To this end, highly accurate vehicle models with detailed sensor models are integrated in a realistic environment and autonomous driving functions are validated in countless scenarios. The scalability of the simulation enables the execution and evaluation of millions of virtual tests overnight. As a proud Partner of the Formula Student Championship, IPG Automotive wishes every team the best of luck in all the competitions! Find us at our exhibition stand in the paddock. Our CarMaker support team is ready and happy to answer all your questions. Take the opportunity to find out how IPG Automotive is pioneering simulation technology to increase the efficiency of development processes. ipg-automotive.com/company/ research-teaching/formula-carmakerprogram/

MATLAB and Simulink are fundamental computation tools used at more than 5,000 educational intuitions worldwide. MATLAB is one of the top 10 most popular programming languages and is used for teaching, research, and project-based learning. Add MATLAB and Simulink to the classroom to inspire critical thinking and innovation as well as prepare students for prominent careers in industry, where the tools are the de facto standard for R&D.

Competitions such as Formula Student UK, MathWorks prepares and supports the next generation of scientists and engineers with software, training, and mentoring to tackle the same technical issues as professional engineers. Student teams receive industry-standard tools, with a flexible design environment where they can apply classroom theory to competition problems. Students with competition experience become employees who are productive on the job from day one.

With our four brands BMW, MINI, RollsRoyce Motor Cars and BMW Motorrad, we are the world’s leading manufacturer of premium automobiles and motorcycles. We also provide premium financial and mobility services. Our success is based on long-term thinking and responsible action, as well as ecological and social sustainability at local, national and international level: As a global company, we operate 31 production and assembly facilities in 15 countries and we have a global sales network in more than 140 countries. The UK is the only place in the world where BMW, MINI and Rolls-Royce Motor Cars are represented by

Employing a Model-Based Design approach to the automotive design process enables teams to design, test, validate and share their models within one environment. Using industry-standard tools such as MATLAB and Simulink help students tackle real engineering problems. For more information visit: www.mathworks.com/fsuk

manufacturing operations. In addition to our manufacturing sites located in Oxford, Hams Hall, Swindon and Goodwood, our Farnborough offices host our UK Sales and Marketing divisions, as well as Financial Services, Leasing and Fleet Management departments. The BMW Group is committed to providing everyone with the opportunity to grow and develop their career in our exciting and rewarding industry. We employ around 8,000 people directly in the UK, with an additional 16,000 through our retailer network. www.bmwgroup.jobs/uk

By getting involved in Student Formula Student 2021

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16. Sponsor and Partner Profiles

16. Sponsor and Partner Profiles

Environment for Autonomous Vehicle Innovation facility which is a £9 million ‘smart’ roadway test environment for the development of intelligent and autonomous vehicles.

GKN Automotive is headquartered in the UK, operating in 20 countries and employing 27,500 people worldwide. www.gknautomotive.com

*DHLE longitudinal, 2017. www.cranfield.ac.uk Cranfield has over 60 years’ experience in the automotive and motorsport sectors with excellent industrial links and an outstanding record for the employment of our graduates (UK no.2 for graduate employment*). Our close contacts with industry mean we equip students with the knowledge and opportunities to develop a successful future career whether this is in mainstream automotive, motorsports or off-highway/military. Our courses have been developed in partnership with industry to provide high-calibre engineers that are equipped with the necessary skills to advance vehicle technology to meet the demands of the future. In an increasingly interconnected world, we specialise in understanding the whole environment in which transport operates: the vehicles, infrastructure, businesses and logistics, as well as the human aspects of operating, managing and using transport. Our education and award-winning research cover all modes of vehicles and transport across technology, engineering and management, including sustainable transport and intelligent mobility. Our world-class facilities include an offroad vehicle dynamics facility, a Crash Impact Test Centre (one of just two FIA approved test centres in the world), our Intelligent Mobility Engineering Centre (IMEC). We also have a Multi-User

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We are Newton.

GKN Automotive is the global leader in drive systems. A global automotive technology company that pioneered electric drive systems and is now driving the future of transportation. It is the trusted partner for most of the world’s automotive companies, specialising in developing, building and supplying market-leading driveline systems and advanced ePowertrain technologies. GKN Automotive’s world leading Driveline division demonstrates strength in depth, with an extensive portfolio of products that combine value with technical expertise. The technologies span highvolume low-cost vehicles to top end premium cars with complex all-wheel drive driving dynamics. These world-class products are being constantly refined and improved for global customers. The ePowertrain division offers solutions for all electrified vehicles. It is a go-to technology partner for world leading vehicle manufacturers creating the ultimate electrified driving experience. Its ability to fully integrate eDrive systems derives from its all-wheel drive legacy and leadership. The first system was fitted to a production car over 20 years ago and GKN Automotive eDrive technologies are now powering over 1.5 million electrified vehicles worldwide.

Formula Student 2021

We’re a team of the brightest and most curious minds with a fundamental belief that every organisation can be better. We crack some of the toughest business and public sector challenges of the day. Not with reports or copy and paste thinking. But by pinpointing and implementing the changes that will make the biggest difference – and then guaranteeing our fees against delivering measurable results. We never start out assuming we know the answer, but we’re always certain we’ll find it and see it through to the finish. By uncovering the data that means the most important decisions are made with facts, not opinions. By bringing together people who live and breathe delivering results. And by embedding in client organisations this same passion, self-belief and knowhow to thrive on any challenge in the future.

Grass Roots Education is the dedicated Engineering & Technology Youth Empowerment Team at RS Components, who aim to develop and support students across the globe to help bridge the gap between University & the workplace. For over 80 years, RS Components have been providing products and solutions to engineers, making it easy for our customers to do business and saving them time and money. Today, we are a global omni-channel solutions partner for industrial customers and suppliers who are involved in designing, building or maintaining industrial equipment and facilities. We aim to offer our customers unrivalled choice of product technologies, solve problems with innovative solutions and deliver a world-class customer experience. DesignSpark is our online engineering community, and is an amazing platform for student engineers to build their professional profile. uk.rs-online.com/web/generalDisplay. html?id=Grass-Roots

We demand better in everything we do. We think you should too. www.newtoneurope.com/careers

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17. Alumni Interview - Will Snyder

17. Alumni Interview - Will Snyder

Where are they now: Will Snyder

passed your exams. By designing and building your own car from scratch you are forced to apply everything you have learnt to a real-world situation and that process really cements the knowledge. The experience you gain getting hands on building, optimising, and diagnosing every vehicle component is also invaluable when going into a career in vehicle design. What skills and knowledge do you see as essential for young engineers to succeed in their future careers?

Having led the University of Bath’s team in the competition nearly ten years ago, we catch up with competition alumnus Will Snyder to find out what doors opened post-Formula Student and the key skills for young engineers to grasp for the start of their careers.

How were you involved with the Formula Student competition and what made you join? I was the Team Manager for Team Bath Racing’s 2012 entry. Alongside the general team management, I undertook project on exhaust and silencer optimisation as part of my degree. Having grown up around cars and motorbikes, it really appealed to me, so I factored it into my university selection. At Bath University it is easy to incorporate Formula Student into your degree, so becoming involved was easy!

What was your biggest challenge during FS and how did you overcome it?

Personally, the biggest challenge was always time! Combining a challenging degree with all the associated coursework with overseeing the whole car design and build was exceptionally demanding. 94

You always want to produce the best car possible, but at times this meant a lot of sacrifices in other areas of your life to spend your whole time in the build room! Tell us about your current role!

At the start of 2020 I joined IPG Automotive as a Sales Engineer for the UK and Ireland markets. IPG Automotive develop industry-leading simulation software and hardware for virtual test driving and work with companies at the forefront of vehicle development, making it very exciting! Although the role is primarily sales, my background working as an engineer in the automotive industry has been massively beneficial when it comes to understanding and helping our clients. How did your experiences at Formula Student help prepare you for your career?

In my opinion, Formula Student was the most beneficial part of my degree. In lectures you are taught a lot of valuable theory, but it can often feel abstract and hard to relate to. As a result, it is easy to forget that information once you’ve Formula Student 2021

A good grasp of engineering fundamentals will always set you in good stead for any engineering role, but more and more this knowledge will be used in conjunction with modelling or simulation tools. A practical experience of industry standard tools will be very beneficial to any aspiring engineer. You can also never underestimate the value of hands-on experience. Formula Student is one of the absolute best ways to gain experience. Things as simple as recognising a vehicle part, its function and failure modes are second nature once you’ve built a Formula Student car, but this knowledge shouldn’t be taken for granted – many graduates go into industry without it. How should teams get the most out of IPG Automotive’s Formula CarMaker package?

IPG Automotive CarMaker can be used throughout the design cycle. It can be used to make design decisions long before any prototypes are available, saving teams time and cost. Whether you are tuning parameters or testing a new concept, everything can be done faster and cheaper in simulation! For the best results, I would start by creating and validating a model of the Official Programme

previous years car. Once you have a validated model, you can test your concepts for the next car and compare results in an entirely repeatable test. Start with the basics, such as steady state tests to find maximum lateral load, acceleration etc, then build up to full dynamic lap time simulation. What advice would you give to young engineers seeking employment postgrad? Aim for something you are passionate about and keep an open mind.

Passion is key, it’s much easier to excel at a job that you love. It doesn’t matter whether you love if for the role, the company or the product, the important thing is that you go into work every day motivated. You may also be surprised what motivates you when you get into industry, so keep an open mind. I left university knowing that I wanted to do powertrain design, so I never considered any other options. While I have no regrets, I realised over the years that there are many other roles that I would also enjoy that I would never have considered before – hence the move to sales! Please can you provide a recommendation for anyone thinking of taking part in the competition! I would recommend going to an event before you get started, you’ll get a good feel for the competition and some great inspiration for your design. Also, read the rule book carefully, then read it again. We nearly entered an illegal car after we overlooked a minor rule change!

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18. Alumni Interview - Nimrod Ludescher

Where are they now: Nimrod Ludescher

Former FS competitor and Cranfield University MSc gradate Nimrod Ludescher reflects on his time in the competition, the value of his post-FS study and advice for competitors. My involvement with Formula Student is far from being standard, as officially, I was never part of a Formula Student Team. There were 2 teams at my formal university, one which made the car (Arrabona Racing Team), and one just for engine and powertrain development (SZEngine), as a kind of supplier for FS teams. I joined the engine team as I realised early, that hands on experience will be the key for moving forward, and it was simply fun. What was your biggest challenge during FS and how did you overcome it? Formula Student introduced us to the motorsport lifestyle, which is pretty intense. Working 20 hours a day, forget about free weekends, or anything else, but the team, and the race car. The biggest challenge is to stay focused, ambitious, and manage your time; but as I mentioned earlier, FS just gave us an introduction to it. Later on the career in the motorsport and high class automotive industry is more or less the same. It is, and will always be a hard work, but extremely rewarding! 96

18. Alumni Interview - Nimrod Ludescher

Tell us about your current role!

Together with some former team members we founded BDN Automotive, and currently developing an AI based real-time combustion control system to increase the efficiency and performance of engines operating in varying ambient conditions, such as Hillclimb racing, or endurance. Besides that, I am working at Koenigsegg Automotive, where I am responsible for the powertrain software development, and engine mapping. After competing, what made you go on to study an MSc with Cranfield University?

Once I asked course director Clive Temple why Cranfield doesn’t compete in FS and the answer was simple: It would not be fair. UK and the Motorsport Valley is the heart of this industry, and Cranfield has a proven track record in Motorsport Engineering. It is a good way to get into F1 or any serious motorsport, so all the best engineers from all the FS teams around the world meet in Cranfield to finish their journey. What aspects of your course did you enjoy the most?

Professors are amazing and helpful, the modules are super exciting and hands-on. Cranfield’s philosophy is that experiment and theory need to go hand in hand during the taught modules, and later during the Group Design Project and thesis projects as well. We used the facilities such as the wind tunnels, the impact centre (where the majority of the F1 crash tests are done) the test track, the tyre test rigs, and other test equipment to understand what they taught us the day before. The modules and the Group Design Project are held by professionals with relevant experience in the industry, who are always up to date with the latest technologies. Formula Student 2021

What did Cranfield University’s course offer over others?

Besides the exceptional lexical and experimental knowledge and experience, Cranfield offers one more thing, which is its most important advantage: network. The engagement of Cranfield alumni is pretty high, we had guest lectures every week from motorsport professionals such as Pat Symmonds! Clive also helps a lot finding the right people to support your thesis project, or finding a job. All in all, network, network, network, this is the key of becoming someone in this industry! How did your experiences at Formula Student and Cranfield University help prepare you for your career so far?

Both experiences taught me how to become a curious, open-minded engineer and gave me the relevant engineering skillset. Cranfield gave me a brief introduction of all the different departments of race car development, such as vehicle dynamics, aerodynamics, powertrain, or advanced materials, which in my opinion is a must for every motorsport engineer.

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What advice would you give to young engineers seeking employment postgrad? Networking is the key to your future! Talk to everyone, go out for race events, and give your CVs to all the engineers you meet. Keep pushing as hard as you can, be up to date with the current technologies and regulations, but the most important is never give up. Many companies have graduate programmes, or thesis projects, which is also a good opportunity to gain some experience or permanent position there. When you are in FS, sometimes these are not options anymore, as your time is limited, but many companies appreciate the Formula Student years even more, than a previous employment – just like Koenigsegg does.

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19. Judge Interview - Will Ashford

Judge interview: Will Ashford

11. Judge Interview - Will Ashford

ARE YOU AS PASSIONATE ABOUT TECHNOLOGY AS ED IS?

benefits it provides and encouraging my colleagues to become involved. So, contrary to any misconception, judging the Business Presentation Plans is not a relaxed day of endless cups of tea, chocolate biscuits and fancy sandwiches that teams think it is!

Ed, Digital Consultant

Typically, each one-hour session with a team comprised of a quick introduction while they located their presentation before jumping into the role play scenario and the presentation of their Business Plan and a short Question & Answer session. After this, our judging team would break for about 25 minutes to review and score the students’ presentation before returning to provide some feedback on what went well and where they consider making some improvements.

With the majority of the judging for this event done online, Judge Will Ashford from Mi-GSO|PCUBED throws some light on the process from the judges’ point of view and some of the work done behind the scenes. As a former competitor at Formula Student, becoming a judge and supporting the next generation of engineers was a natural progression for me. Returning each year is something I look forward to: it’s always inspiring to see the creativity, innovation and dedication the students have, as well as getting to meet with the fellow judges and share their insights from industry. I am also proud to say my employers are especially supportive of this event, recognising the 98

With six sessions each day, you always have some surprises and IT issues, but this year we didn’t witness anything catastrophic that stopped any of the teams presenting their work to us. I’m happy to say that my team didn’t see any team’s dropout this year either! By the end of the two days, it is fair to say that your brain is a bit frazzled from the volume of content and the unrelenting pace, however it is definitely all worth it. I always leave the event in awe of the effort and commitment on display (and a bit of jealousy that I’m not a student still competing – I’ve never come to terms with not being one of the drivers of my university’s car!). I’ve got my fingers crossed for the live finals and wish all the teams the best in the remainder of the competition. If any teams for next year are reading this in hope of some tips, I will sign-off by saying make sure you go to Learn to Win, read the rules and practice, practice, practice!

Formula Student 2021

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20. TM Racing Interview

FS Passion from Mexico: TM Racing

20. TM Racing Interview

We found that online meetings can be helpful to our decision making and design process, keeping general meetings as short as possible and the team bonding activity helps break the monotony of doing everything online. Tell us about the vehicle you’re developing for FS2021!

TM Racing’s team leader Zyanya Zúñiga and her colleagues share details of their latest car for the Formula Student competition. Kindly give us an overview of your university and team! Zyanya Zúñiga: TM Racing is ITESM’s (Tecnológico de Monterrey) first and only Formula Student team. We were founded in 2017 and have competed in FSUK Concept Class with an EV design 3 times, 2021 being the 4th one. Our team is the only group of our university that is made up of students from 3 different campus in the Mexico City region. How has COVID been affecting the team in Mexico? Zyanya: Since March 2020 we have not been able to access any of our campus facilities, such as laboratories or even our workshop. Nevertheless, as we are still competing in Concept Class, it has not been of great damage to the work on our car. Our members are from 3 different campus, so even before the pandemic we were used to do at least one online general meeting every 2 weeks. 100

Sydney Hickert, Project Manager and Electronics Chief: Given we can compete with the same car from last year, we have really implemented the feedback we received from the judges and worked on more details with the main objective of achieving the greatest performance our car can give. Patricio del Villar and Ricardo Arenas, Powertrain Chiefs: Our car will be powered by four AMK motors, one for each tire in an in-rim configuration. The motor will be directly connected to the sun gear of a double stage planetary gearbox made of a high-strength steel. This configuration will allow for a maximum speed of 120 kph. What are your goals for FS2021? Juan Pablo Rojas, Engineering Leader and Cooling System Chief: Our main goal is to have the car design ready to be manufactured, so we can start it as soon as it is possible. What have been your best moments of the competition so far? Zyanya: Catching up with everybody before starting a meeting. Listening to how everybody is doing and having a short moment to get to know everyone better is what I consider a key factor of working as a real team. Sebastian Calderon, Operations Chief: For me the best moment of the competition Formula Student 2021

so far has been recruiting new members from our university and expanding the TM Racing Family. As well as preparing online events, such as conferences with important women in the industry! Sydney: One of my favourite moments is when we have made online events. This year we had some conferences with important women in the automotive industry in Mexico such as the CEO of Hyundai Mexico. Listening to these high performing women talk about their life and career really inspires me to shoot for the stars. Sometimes the career we choose will be complicated, demanding, harsh but we are all more resilient than we think. What made you and/or some of your team members join Formula Student? Zyanya: Truly the passion for motorsports and doing things outside of my comfort zone were my fuel to join TM Racing. And I can confidently say it has been the best decision of my entire life. Official Programme

Who or what inspires you and the team? Patricio del Villar: I think that as a team we want to continue with what we started so we keep pushing. Sydney Hickert: I am inspired by my teammates and what we have achieved up to this day. Many of us want to work in motorsport, especially F1, one day. This drive to reach one of the most demanding industries pushes us to give the best and put in the effort to do quality work. The motivation to learn and keep improving from past results keeps us moving forward. We want to change the perception of what Mexicans can do in engineering and, to do so, we need to give the absolute best of us. Zyanya Zúñiga: Everyday my teammates inspire me to do and give my best, not for my own satisfactions, but for the team’s future.

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21. Team Interviews – Sussex Racing

South Coast’s Sussex Racing prepare for 2021 Sussex Racing’s Keith Summers, IC Team Leader, and Lucy Uffindell-Saunderson, IC Team Head of Purchasing, outline their challenges and inspirations. What do you think Sussex Racing in particular bring to the competition?

Keith: Sussex Racing brings a professional yet irreverent team spirit, this year we have strived to produce a more complete team, working closely with the concept class as well as joining forces with Sussex Electric under one banner. We hope this new approach will make this our most successful year to date. In pursuit of this we are fielding an E85 fuelled supercharged 4-cylinder car with a structurally optimised tubular steel chassis. The last time we properly caught up with Sussex Racing was in 2018; what has been happening since then? Lucy: Since 2018, we have changed and grown to a team of 60 members. We have focused on strengthening our new Sussex Racing brand and image, with our main change being that we are now alternating between producing an Internal Combustion and an Electric vehicle. This year we will be producing an Internal Combustion vehicle and will produce an electric vehicle for the 2022 competition. This is the first year that the Concept Class Team will comprise of both thirdyear bachelors and fourth year masters 102

21. Team Interviews – Sussex Racing

students. We hope this collaboration between years that will develop a test bench and mechanical components of the vehicle will lead to a successful finish for the first ever Electric Vehicle in Sussex Racing history. How has COVID been affecting the team?

Lucy: We are very fortunate to have the full support of Sussex University, who has helped us ensure that the manufacturing of our car has been able to continue in a COVID secure environment since the start of September. Without the support of our amazing technicians and faculty members at the University of Sussex this project would not have been possible. As you’ve been a part of the team since 2018, what would you say to yourself back then?

Lucy: Focus on getting designs finalised in the first phase of the project (our third year) so that in fourth year the focus can just be on manufacturing. I would also say do not just focus on having the best car, focus on having a reliable car that can be manufactured in time to have sufficient testing time before the event. Enjoy every minute and every experience this project brings as the knowledge and skills you gain from being part of Formula Student is invaluable. What have been your best moments so far?

Lucy: When our chassis and wishbones arrived in our garage. This moment was great motivation for the team seeing our designs being manufactured and seeing that we were one step closer to the 2021 competition. Formula Student 2021

What made you join Formula Student?

Keith: Attending an open day at Sussex and being introduced to the Sussex Racing team was my first exposure to the competition, it seemed to me to be the natural path to take whilst studying an automotive engineering degree. When the opportunity arose in my third year there was no doubt in my mind that this was what I wanted to do. The Formula Student project offered all the things I was looking for, engineering projects based around vehicle technology especially anything to do with powertrains, the opportunity to compete and to use your ingenuity to problem solve. What would you say to anyone just starting FS for the first time this year?

Keith: You are taking on a large challenge, so be prepared for the workload. More specifically, if you want to be successful then learn to communicate; now more than ever effective communication is a challenge but to execute your own project Official Programme

and to make a meaningful contribution to the team effect communication is key. Lastly, when the pressure is mounting, go watch an old video of the competition or sit in one of the team’s old cars; you’ll remember why you love what you are doing and you will feel good about where you are going. What inspires you and the team?

Keith: Our team ethos this year has been to approach all elements of the competition from first principles, a concept Elon Musk has championed and one, which we gladly emulate. My personal inspiration comes from engineers such as Gordon Murray, who search for innovative solutions within the rule set and who reject tradition when it stands in the way of progress.

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