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Verbos irregulares más comunes con transcripción fonética y traducción. Al fin al d el fil e ha y una p ágin a con todo s los “Símbolos Fon éticos ”. Los verbos irregulares tienen formas propias que se deben aprender de memoria. Damos un elenco de los verbos irregulares más comunes. El “past simple” traduce el pretérito perfecto y el pretérito imperfecto. Por lo tanto,“I went” puede significar = yo fui o bien yo iba.

Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

be

bi:

was/were

woz- w¨:

been

bi:n

ser; estar

beat

bi:t

beat

bi:t

beaten

bi:tn

golpear

became

bikeim

become

bikúm

volverse

become bikúm begin

bigin

began

bigAn

begun

bigún

empezar

bend

bend

bent

bent

bent

bent

doblar -se

bind

baind

bound

baund

bound

baund

atar; encuadernar

bite

bait

bit

bit

bitten

bitEn

morder

bleed

bli:d

bled

bled

bled

bled

sangrar

blow

blou

blew

blu:

blown

bloun

soplar

break

breik

broke

brouk

broken

broukEn

romper

bring

briN

brought

bro:t

brought

bro:t

traer

build

bild

built

bilt

built

bilt

construir

burn

b¨:n

burnt

b¨:nt

burnt

b¨:nt

quemar -se

buy

bai

bought

bo:t

bought

bo:t

comprar

catch

kAtS

caught

ko:t

caught

ko:t

agarrar, coger

choose

tSu:z

chose

tSouz

chosen

tSouzEn

elegir

C a r m e l o M a n g a n o – h t t p : / / w w w . i n g l e s p a r a e s p a n o l e s . c o m – fo r p r i v a t e o r a c a d e m i c u s e o n l y.


2

Verbos irregulares más comunes con transcripción fonética y traducción. Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

come

kúm

came

keim

come

kúm

venir

cost

kost

cost

kost

cost

kost

costar

cut

kút

cut

kút

cut

kút

cortar

deal

di:l

dealt

delt

dealt

delt

tratar

dig

dig

dug

dúg

dug

dúg

cavar

do

du:

did

did

done

dún

hacer

draw

dro:

drew

dru:

drawn

dro:n

dibujar; tirar de

dream

dri:m

dreamt

dremt

dreamt

dremt

soñar

dream

dri:m

dreamed

dri:md

dreamed

dri:md

soñar

drink

driNk

drank

drANk

drunk

drúNk

beber

drive

draiv

drove

drouv

driven

drivEn

conducir

eat

i:t

ate

eit

eaten

i:tEn

comer

fall

fo:l

fell

fell

fallen

fo:lEn

caer -se

feed

fi:d

fed

fed

fed

fed

alimentar

feel

fi:l

felt

felt

felt

felt

tocar, sentir

fight

fait

fought

fo:t

fought

fo:t

luchar

find

faind

found

faund

found

faund

encontrar

fly

flai

flew

flu:

flown

floun

volar

forget

fEget

forgot

fEgot

forgotten

fEgotEn

olvidar -se

forgive

fEgiv

forgave

fEgeiv

forgiven

fEgivEn

perdonar

freeze

fri:z

froze

frouz

frozen

frouzEn

helar; congelar

get

get

got

got

got

got

conseguir, volverse

get

get

got

got

gotten

gotEn

conseguir, volverse

C a r m e l o M a n g a n o – h t t p : / / w w w . i n g l e s p a r a e s p a n o l e s . c o m – fo r p r i v a t e o r a c a d e m i c u s e o n l y.


3

Verbos irregulares más comunes con transcripción fonética y traducción. Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

give

giv

gave

geiv

given

givEn

dar

go

gou

went

went

gone

gon

ir -se

grind

graind

ground

graund

ground

graund

moler

grow

grow

grew

gru:

grown

groun

crecer; cultivar

hang

hAN

hung

húN

hung

húN

colgar

hang

hAN

hanged

hANd

hanged

hANd

colgar

have

hAv

had

hAd

had

hAd

haber; tener

hear

hiE

heard

h¨:d

heard

h¨:d

oír

hide

haid

hid

hid

hidden

hidEn

esconder -se

hit

hit

hit

hit

hit

hit

golpear

hold

hould

held

held

held

held

tener; agarrar

hurt

h¨:t

hurt

h¨:t

hurt

h¨:t

hacer daño

keep

ki:p

kept

kept

kept

kept

guardar, tener

know

nou

knew

nju:

known

noun

saber, conocer

lay

lei

laid

leid

laid

leid

poner

lead

li:d

led

led

led

led

dirigir; llevar

learn

l¨:n

learnt

l¨:nt

learnt

l¨:nt

aprender

learn

l¨:

learned

l¨:nd

learned

l¨:nd

aprender

leave

li:v

left

left

left

left

dejar; salir

lend

lend

lent

lent

lent

lent

prestar

let

let

let

let

let

let

permitir; dejar

lie

lai

lay

lei

lain

lein

echarse, acostarse

lose

lu:z

lost

lost

lost

lost

perder

C a r m e l o M a n g a n o – h t t p : / / w w w . i n g l e s p a r a e s p a n o l e s . c o m – fo r p r i v a t e o r a c a d e m i c u s e o n l y.


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Verbos irregulares más comunes con transcripción fonética y traducción. Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

make

meik

made

meid

made

meid

hacer

mean

mi:n

meant

ment

meant

ment

significar

meet

mi:t

met

met

met

met

encontrar -se

pay

pei

paid

peid

paid

peid

pagar

put

put

put

put

put

put

poner, meter

read

ri:d

read

red

read

red

leer

ride

raid

rode

roud

ridden

ridEn

montar

ring

riN

rang

rAN

rung

rúN

sonar

rise

raiz

rose

rouz

risen

rizEn

run

rún

ran

rAn

run

rún

correr

say

sei

said

sed

said

sed

decir

see

si:

saw

so:

seen

si:n

ver

sell

sel

sold

sould

sold

sould

vender

send

send

sent

sent

sent

sent

enviar

set

set

set

set

set

set

poner

shake

Seik

shook

Suk

shaken

SeikEn

agitar

shine

Sain

shone

Son

shone

Son

brillar

shoot

Sut

shot

Sot

shot

Sot

disparar

show

Sou

showed

Soud

shown

Soun

mostrar

shut

Sút

shut

Sút

shut

Sút

cerrar –se

sing

siN

sang

sAN

sung

súN

cantar

sink

siNk

sank

sANk

sunk

súNk

hundir –se

sit

sit

sat

sAt

sat

sAt

sentar –se

salir (sol), aumentar

C a r m e l o M a n g a n o – h t t p : / / w w w . i n g l e s p a r a e s p a n o l e s . c o m – fo r p r i v a t e o r a c a d e m i c u s e o n l y.


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Verbos irregulares más comunes con transcripción fonética y traducción. Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

sleep

sli:p

slept

slept

slept

slept

dormir

smell

smel

smelt

smelt

smelt

smelt

oler

smell

smel

smelled

smeld

smelled

smeld

oler

speak

spi:k

spoke

spouk

spoken

spoukEn

hablar

spell

spel

spelt

spelt

spelt

spelt

deletrear

spend

spend

spent

spent

spent

spent

gastar; pasar

spill

spil

spilt

spilt

spilt

spilt

derramar

spill

spil

spilled

spild

spilled

spild

derramar

spit

spit

spat

spAt

spat

spAt

escupir

spit

spit

spit

spit

spit

spit

escupir

split

split

split

split

split

split

dividir, partir

spoil

spoil

spoilt

spoilt

spoilt

spoilt

estropear -se

spoil

spoil

spoiled

spoild

spoiled

spoild

estropear -se

stand

stAnd

stood

stud

stood

stud

estar de pie

steal

sti:l

stole

stoul

stolen

stoulEn

robar

strike

straik

struck

strúk

struck

strúk

golpear

swim

swim

swam

swAm

swum

swúm

nadar

take

teik

took

tuk

taken

teikEn

tomar -se

teach

ti:tS

taught

to:t

taught

to:t

enseñar

tear

teE

tore

to:

torn

to:n

romper -se

tell

tel

told

tould

told

tould

decir; contar

think

†iNk

thought

†o:t

thought

†o:t

pensar

throw

†rou

threw

†ru:

thrown

†roun

lanzar

C a r m e l o M a n g a n o – h t t p : / / w w w . i n g l e s p a r a e s p a n o l e s . c o m – fo r p r i v a t e o r a c a d e m i c u s e o n l y.


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Verbos irregulares más comunes con transcripción fonética y traducción. Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

understand

understood

understood

úndEstAnd

úndEstud

úndEstud

comprender

wake

weik

woke

wouk

woken

woukEn

despertar -se

wear

weE

wore

wo:

worn

wo:n

llevar (puesto)

win

win

won

wún

won

wún

ganar, vencer

write

rait

wrote

rout

written

ritEn

escribir

Verbos irregulares menos comunes con transcripción fonética y traducción. Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

arise

Eraiz

arose

Erouz

arisen

ErizEn

surgir

awake

Eweik

awoke

Ewouk

awoken

EwoukEn

despertar -se

bear

beE

bore

bo:

born

bo:n

portar; dar a luz soportar

to be born

ser dado a luz

I was born...

Yo fui dado a luz

bet

bet

bet

bet

bet

bet

apostar

bid

bid

bid

bid

bid

bid

pujar

breed

bri:d

bred

bred

bred

bred

criar

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

bro:dka:st

bro:dka:st

bro:dka:st

emitir, transmitir

burst

b¨:st

burst

b¨:st

burst

b¨:st

estallar

cast

ka:st

cast

ka:st

cast

ka:st

tirar, arrojar

C a r m e l o M a n g a n o – h t t p : / / w w w . i n g l e s p a r a e s p a n o l e s . c o m – fo r p r i v a t e o r a c a d e m i c u s e o n l y.


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Verbos irregulares menos comunes con transcripción fonética y traducción. Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

cling

kliN

clung

klúN

clung

klúN

creep

kri:p

crept

krept

crept

krept

forsake

fEseik

forsook

fEsuk

forsaken

fEseikEn

abandonar

kneel

ni:l

knelt

nelt

knelt

nelt

arrodillarse

knit

nit

knit

nit

knit

nit

tejer, tricotar

lean

li:n

leant

lent

leant

lent

apoyarse

lean

li:n

leaned

li:nd

leaned

li:nd

apoyarse

leap

li:p

leapt

lept

leapt

lept

saltar

leap

li:p

leaped

li:pt

leaped

li:pt

saltar

light

lait

lit

lit

lit

lit

encender -se

light

lait

lighted

laitid

lighted

laitid

encender -se

rid

rid

rid

rid

rid

rid

librar, librarse de

seek

si:k

sought

so:t

sought

so:t

shed

Sed

shed

Sed

shed

Sed

buscar despojarse de (hojas) perder (peso)

shrink

SriNk

shrank

SrANk

shrunk

SrúNk

encoger –se

slide

slaid

slid

slid

slid

slid

speed

spi:d

sped

sped

sped

sped

speed

spi:d

speeded

spi:did

speeded

spi:did

resbalar viajar a gran velocidad; superar los limites de velocidad

spin

spin

spun

spún

spun

spún

hacer girar; hilar,

spread

spred

spread

spred

spread

spred

extender -se

spring

spriN

sprang

sprAN

sprung

sprúN

saltar

stride

straid

strode

stroud

stridden

stridEn

andar a zancadas

aferrarse moverse lentamente; arrastrarse

C a r m e l o M a n g a n o – h t t p : / / w w w . i n g l e s p a r a e s p a n o l e s . c o m – fo r p r i v a t e o r a c a d e m i c u s e o n l y.


8

Verbos irregulares menos comunes con transcripción fonética y traducción. Base Form

Past Simple

Past Participle

string

striN

strung

strúN

strung

strúN

encordar; ensartar

strive

straiv

strove

strouv

striven

strivEn

esforzarse

swear

sweE

swore

swo:

sworn

swo:n

jurar, insultar

sweep

swi:p

swept

swept

swept

swept

swell

swel

swelled

sweld

swollen

swolEn

swelled

sweld

barrer hincharse, crecer (un río)

swing

swiN

swung

swúN

swung

swúN

balancear -se

thrive

†raiv

throve

†rouv

thriven

†rivEn

prosperar

thrive

†raiv

thrived

†raivd

thrived

†raivd

prosperar

thrust

†rúst

thrust

†rúst

†rúst

empujar con fuerza

tread

tred

trod

trod

thrust trod trodden

trod trodEn

pisar

undertake

undertook

undertaken

úndEteik

úndEtuk

úndEteikEn

emprender (trabajo)

weave

wi:v

wove

wouv

woven

wouvEn

tejer

weep

wi:p

wept

wept

wept

wept

llorar

wet

wet

wet

wet

wet

wet

mojar

wet

wet

wetted

wettid

wetted

wettid

mojar

wind

waind

wound

waund

wound

waund

enrollar

wring

wriN

wrung

wrúN

wrung

wrúN

torcer

C a r m e l o M a n g a n o – h t t p : / / w w w . i n g l e s p a r a e s p a n o l e s . c o m – fo r p r i v a t e o r a c a d e m i c u s e o n l y.


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P H ON E T I C S Y M B O LS

ú A a: E e i i: o o: u u: ¨: ou j s z T

† tS dZ g S N h w Z :

=

símbolos fonéticos

sun

sol

=

a

cat

gato

=

un sonido entre la a y la e

car

coche

=

a

a bo y

un muchacho

=

sonido neutro

pen

pluma

=

e

corta

six

seis

=

i

corta

tree

árbol

=

i

larga

not

no

=

o

corta

short

corto

=

o

larga

put

poner

=

u

corta

food

comida

=

u

larga

girl

muchacha

=

sonido neutro largo

go

ir

=

sonido neutro, seguido de u

yes

si

=

i s

larga

marcada

books

libros

=

zero

cero

=

that thing

aquél cosa

= =

d con la lengua entre los dientes. sonido obtenido soplando con la lengua entre los dientes.

child

niño

=

chi

Jane

---

=

como en el nombre italiano Gina

good

bueno

=

g

fish

pez

=

king

rey

=

n

como en la palabra Congo

house

casa

=

h

aspirada

whisk y

whisky

pleasure

placer

no existe en español

como en la palabra “gamba”

no existe en español

- - j

como en la palabra francesa je

Los dos puntos indícan que el sonido vocálico es largo.

C a r m e l o M a n g a n o – h t t p : / / w w w . i n g l e s p a r a e s p a n o l e s . c o m – fo r p r i v a t e o r a c a d e m i c u s e o n l y.

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Verbos irregulares ingles  

verbos en ingls para alumos d 6º de educac prmaria

Verbos irregulares ingles  

verbos en ingls para alumos d 6º de educac prmaria

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