Issuu on Google+

Edition 19 February 2012 Price $1.000

English in Chile / Chile in English

Local News all in English

NEWS What makes a maid in Chile Saying goodbye to González Keeping passion alive Chile's global credit rating

Marlen Olivari

I  Love  Chile   Hits  the  Stage 1


Daniel Boyle & Matt Niner

Photo:  Ricardo  Salcedo

ILCNEWS / LETTER FROM THE EDITOR

Letter from the Editors Hello  readers, Let  me  introduce  myself,  my  name  is  Daniel   Boyle,  I  am  an  Australian  who  has  moved  to   Chile.  Like  my  fellow  editor  Ma?  Niner,  I  am   married  to  a  Chilean.  I  came  to  Chile  for  love,   so  it  makes  sense  to  work  in  a  publicaCon   such  as  “I  Love  Chile”. It  has  been  four  months  since  I  arrived  in   Chile  and  I  am  enjoying  my  Cme  so  far.  I  look   forward  to  geHng  to  explore  more  of  Chile   and  connect  with  all  the  people  living  here   through  my  work  in  the  publicaCon. As  Chile  conCnues  to  grow,  we  at  I  Love  Chile   would  like  to  conCnue  to  grow  with  the   country.  To  be  a  resource  both  for  Chileans   and  for  others  who  have  chosen  to  live  in   Chile,  or  those  who  are  just  visiCng. We  aim  to  put  our  energy  in  providing   posiCve  stories  about  Chile.  While  this  is  not   always  possible,  looking  on  the  bright  side   gives  a  chance  to  inspire  other  people  to  be   proud  of  Chile.  Our  namesake,  the  musical   comedy  “I  Love  Chile”  aims  to  do  the  same   thing. You  may  noCce  this  month  we  have  gone   away  from  the  themed  issue.  Like  they  say,  “a   change  is  as  good  as  a  holiday”  and  we  hope   to  give  our  readers  some  regular  monthly   features  to  look  forward  to. As  always,  we  would  love  to  hear  from  you.  If   you  are  interested  in  contribuCng,  get  in   touch.  Make  sure  to  check  our  website  for   daily  news  and  regular  features.  

Dear  reader, It's  an  honor  and  a  privilege  to  have  found  a  place  among  the  I   Love  Chile  family  and  I  happily  write  my  first  le?er  to  you,  dear   reader,  as  editor  of  this  remarkable  publicaCon.  This  year  marks   my  return  to  Chile  aPer  a  six-­‐year  absence,  and  I  can  say  that   the  progress  SanCago  has  made  was  evident  to  me  almost   immediately.  Several  things  are  noCceably  different  now  than   they  were  in  2006,  when  I  was  here  last.   First  and  foremost,  all  the  buses  are  green!  How  did  that   happen?  Yes,  riding  them  is  sCll  frustraCng,  but  it's  a  lot  safer.   Second,  the  metro  goes  all  the  way  to  Maipú.  FantasCc,  that's   where  my  wife's  family  lives!  Third,  the  river  doesn't  sCnk  any   more.  Extraordinary!  I  remember  when  you  could  smell  the  Rio   Mapocho  from  three  blocks  away.  Finally,  the  Parque  Forestal   looks  amazing.  The  workers  who  are  out  there  every  single  day   making  sure  the  grass  is  green  and  the  trees  are  healthy  have   been  doing  a  great  job.    These  changes  may  be  superficial,  but   they  are  much  more  important  than  many  people  realize.

So,  even  though  it's  easy  to  focus  on  all  the  problems  that  the   country  has,  it's  important  to  take  a  look  from  Cme  to  Cme  at   the  progress  you  have  made,  including  the  li?le  things,  in  the   last  few  years.  It  was  easy  for  me,  because  I  saw  six  years  of   I  look  forward  to  engaging  with  all  our  readers   progress  all  at  once  when  I  got  off  the  plane.  Take  it  from  me,   over  the  coming  months  and  years  working   Chile,  you're  headed  in  the  right  direcCon. with  I  Love  Chile. Daniel  Boyle

Ma?  Niner 2


ILCNEWS / TABLE OF CONTENTS

Table  of  Contents

Publisher Daniel  H.  Brewington

Letter  from  the  Editors

.........2

Table  of  Contents

.........3

Politics:  The  Calm  Before  the  Storm

.........4

Politics:    La  Junta,  Patagonia:  Tin  Shacks  Turned  to  Gold

.........6

Environment:  Investing  in  a  Low-­‐carbon  Future

.........8

Environment:  Mega-­‐Project  Brings  Mega-­‐Changes

........10

Indigenous  Focus:  New  Indigenous  Representatives   Elected  to  CONADI

........12

Travel  Editor Jonathan  Franklin

Business:  Standard  &  Poor  May  Upgrade  Chile’s  Credit

........13

Business:  Why  Invest  in  Chile  Today?

........14

Director,  Sales  &  MarkeBng May  Ipinza

Entrepreneur:  Gled  Plays  with  Chile’s  Entrepreneurial   Reality  

.......16

Feature:  Clearing  the  Air:  What  Makes  a  Maid  in  Chile

........18

Feature:  I  Love  Chile:  The  Musical!

.......20

Feature:  Marlen  Olivari  in  I  Love  Chile

.......24

Sports:  Fernando  González  Announces  his  Retirement   from  Tennis

.......26

Arts:  The  Tempo  Keeps  On  Changing

.......28

Chilean  Abroad:  Santiago  to  U.K.

.......30

Travel:  Chilean  Antarctic

.......32

Food:  A  Taste  of  the  South

.......34

Food:  Bye  -­‐  Bye  Nescafé

.......36

Sport  Column:  Should  Claudio  Bravo  Remain  Captain  of   Chile's  National  Team?

.......38

Woman  Column:  Fueling  the  Fire

.......40

Love  Column:  Soltera  in  Santiago:  Stupid  Cupid

.......42

Culture  Column:  How  to  Say  Goodbye  in  Chile

.......43

Learning:  Puzzle  /  Learn  While  you  Read

.......44

Learning:  How  to  Use  this  Newspaper

.......45

I  Love  Chile  Group  Ltd. Copyright  ©  I  Love  Chile  Newspaper  Limited  2012.  All  rights  reserved. Loreto  6  -­‐  Of  2  -­‐  Bellavista Office  Chile:  +56  (02)979-­‐1009  Office  USA:  518-­‐632-­‐4199 General  Inquires:  info@ilovechile.cl    /  AdverCsing:  sales@ilovechile.cl 3

ILCNews  STAFF Editors Sharon  Ewing Ma?  Niner Daniel  Boyle Managing  Editor Pamela  Lagos

Journalists Shonika  Proctor Richard  Magennis Pablo  Retamal Ma?  Niner Nick  Levine Paul  Coleman Titus  Levy Daniel  Boyle Deborah  Kunkel Pepe  Rawlinson Marie  Vitkova Laura  Seelau Ryan  Seelau Darren  Kaiser Marcelle  Dubrel Columnists Bridget  McAndrew Colin  Benne? Ken  Shields Mamiko  Ito AddiBonal  Contributors Sernatur Photographers Ricardo  Salcedo Daniel  Brewington Julia  Dose TranslaBons Jose  Miguel  Galdames Nicole  Mege


ILCNEWS / POLITICS

The  Calm  before  The   Storm Preparing for the Next Political Hurricane

By Nick Levine

It  is  in  this  context  that  we  can  expect  a  number  of   issues  to  conCnue  affecCng  the  poliCcal  agenda  on   numerous  levels.  To  give  just  one  example,  despite  the   fact  that  President  SebasCán  Piñera  has  said  that  a   poliCcal  and  electoral  reform  is  not  a  priority  of  his   administraCon’s  the  issue  was  one  of  his  campaign   promises  and  his  own  party,  Renovación  Nacional   (RN),  has  been  engaged  in  talks  with  the  opposiCon   Democracia  CrisCana  (DC)  to  come  up  with  a  mutually   However,  this  is  merely  the  calm  before  the  storm  that   agreeable  proposal  on  replacing  the  binomial  elecCon   begins  in  March,  when  officials  of  all  poliCcal  colors   system,  raising  hackles  in  both  alliances.   return  to  their  jobs  with  renewed  vigor  in  their   a?empts  to  gain  an  upper  hand  in  the  constant   While  the  Chilean  electoral  system  has  long  been   poliCcal  back-­‐and-­‐forth  that  characterizes  all   considered  an  anachronism  by  foreigners  and  locals   democraCc  socieCes.  But  this  year  promises  to  be   alike  and  is  one  of  the  last  remaining  so-­‐called   parCcularly  intense:  municipal  elecCons  will  be  held  in   “authoritarian  enclaves”  contained  in  the  ConsCtuCon,   December  and  the  presidenCal  and  congressional   no  real  progress  has  ever  been  made  toward  changing   elecCons  in  2013.  The  former  of  these  is  oPen   considered  a  sort  of  prelude  to  the  la?er,  as  it  allows   the  respecCve  poliCcal  forces  in  the  country  to  know   where  they  stand  with  regard  to  their  naConal   aspiraCons.  

“There  is  no  doubt  that   reforming  the  binomial  system   will  not  benefit  or  harm  all   parties  equally,  but  it  is  also   true  that  it  will  break  with  the   current  stagnation  in  Congress   and  the  growing  public   perception  that  the  legislature   is  not  representative.”

4

Photo:  Courtesy  Senado  de  Chile

Well,  summer  is  here  and  the  streets  of  SanCago  at   Cmes  seem  like  those  of  a  ghost  town  as  the  capital’s   residents  flee  the  city  for  the  many  desCnaCons  that   the  country  has  to  offer  tourists  at  this  Cme  of  year.   The  same  is  the  case  with  poliCcs,  with  the  faces  of   previously  unknown  undersecretaries  appearing  on  TV   in  replacement  of  their  respecCve  bosses  as  the   ministers  go  on  their  respecCve  vacaCons.  


ILCNEWS / POLITICS

it.  On  the  one  hand,  the  Unión  Demócrata   Independiente,  UDI,  also  part  of  the  governing   coaliCon,  iniCally  categorically  refused  to  discuss   the  ma?er,  as  it  believes  that  the  system  provides   stability.  On  the  other,  the  government,  as  well  as   the  UDI  and  the  DC’s  allied  in  the  opposiCon   Concertación  coaliCon  all  reacted  angrily  to  two   “enemy”  parCes  engaging  in  talks  behind  their   backs  to  resolve  this  situaCon.  

that  lose  representaCon  in  Congress  would  have  a   chance  to  recover  it  in  regional  governments.  

Thus,  despite  the  argument  that  the  country  faces   more  pressing  issues,  the  reform  of  the  electoral   system  is  not  about  to  go  away,  regardless  of  how   distant  a  memory  the  dictatorship  becomes.  Those   who  oppose  it  need  to  realize  that  doing  so  is  not  just   to  pass  judgment  on  the  military  regime,  but  that  it  will   In  this  context,  reforming  the  binomial  is  about  more   than  breaking  with  the  dictatorship’s  legacy.  In  fact,  the   ulCmately  provide  them  with  greater  legiCmacy  and   overall  representaCon  of  forces  in  Congress  is  unlikely   also  more  freedom  in  the  search  for  poliCcal  alliances   and  soluCons  in  the  future.    ILC to  change  significantly  other  than  to  allow  smaller   parCes  like  the  communists  greater  representaCon,  but   they  are  sCll  unlikely  to  hold  the  balance  of  power.  It  is   about  the  legiCmacy  that  the  country’s  elected   representaCves  have.  Furthermore,  it  would  be  a  break   with  the  perversity  of  the  current  system,  which   obliges  candidates  to  compete  against  their  own   coaliCon  allies  instead  of  their  more  natural  poliCcal   adversaries.  This  in  turn  makes  it  very  hard  to  engage   in  the  coaliCon  poliCcs  that  the  system  was  designed  of   foster.   For  those  who  fear  the  potenCal  loss  of   representaCves,  likely  to  affect  the  UDI  the  most,  there   is  a  clear  soluCon  to  this.  It  is  obvious  that  changing   the  binomial  system  needs  to  be  accompanied  by  more   extensive  poliCcal  reforms,  specifically  the  direct   elecCon  not  just  of  regional  and  provincial  council   members  but  also  the  so-­‐called  intendants,  equivalent   to  state  governors.  One  of  this  government’s  main   problems  has  been  its  inexperience  with  public   administraCon  aPer  20  years  in  the  opposiCon  and  this   soluCon  would  offer  parCes  the  chance  to  show   regional  leaderships  and  their  corresponding  policy   successes  and  failures  when  they  do  not  hold  naConal   power.  Power  would  become  decentralized  and  parCes  

5

Photo:  Courtesy  Presidencia  de  Chile

Of  course,  there  is  no  doubt  that  reforming  the   binomial  system  will  not  benefit  or  harm  all  parCes   equally,  but  it  is  also  true  that  it  will  break  with  the   current  stagnaCon  in  Congress  and  the  growing  public   percepCon  that  the  legislature  is  not  representaCve.  In   this  context,  there  are  infinite  alternaCves  that  have   been  proposed  in  the  past  that  could  eventually  be   acceptable  to  the  different  parCes  involved  when   creaCve  soluCons  are  applied.

“The  current  system  obliges   candidates  to  compete  against   their  own  coalition  allies   instead  of  their  more  natural   political  adversaries.”


ILCNEWS / POLITICS

Photos:  Paul  Coleman

La  Junta,  Patagonia:   Tin  shacks  turned  to  gold

Tiny village in Northern Patagonia quickly becoming a hot spot in Southern Chile By Paul Coleman For  years,  La  Junta,  now  a  village  of  2000  people,  was   virtually  unknown  outside  of  Northern  Patagonia.  When   my  wife,  Konomi,  and  I  first  came  to  Chile  to  buy  land  in   early  2007,  the  only  reference  to  the  village  that  we   ever  saw  was  a  brief  paragraph  in  the  Rough  Guide  that   described  La  Junta  as  ”nothing  more  than  a  depressing   collecCon  of  Cn  shacks.”   Increasingly  this  ”depressing  collecCon  of  Cn  shacks”   which  we  love,  is  becoming  the  place  to  be  seen,   especially  if  you're  a  tourist,  or  a  member  of  the   governing  poliCcal  party.  President  Piñera  and  Laurence   Golborne,  the  Minister  of  Public  Works,  came  here  last   October.  Just  two  days  ago  the  Minister  was  here  again,   arriving  by  military  helicopter  to  proudly  announce  to   the  gathered  crowd  that  from  where  he  was  standing  by   the  bridge  that  crosses  the  Rio  Rosselot,  this  very  road   would  be  paved  for  next  sixteen  kilometers  south.   In  many  parts  of  the  world  this  may  not  seem  like  a   noteworthy  event,  but  this  is  not  the  rest  of  the   world,  this  is  Northern  Patagonia,  the  most  remote   part  of  Chile,  served  and  saved  by  this  one,  potholed,   dirt  and  gravel  road.  The  Carretera  Austral,  the  great   southern  highway  through  the  vast  wilderness    has   so  far  taken  thirty-­‐five  years  to  complete.   The  project  to  create  the  Carretera  began  in  1976   when  General  Pinochet  decided  that  southern  Chile   would  be  more  protected  from  ArgenCnian   territorial  claims  if  the  people  living  there  were  

connected  to  the  rest  of  the  naCon.  And  so  the  work  on   the  Carretera  began.  It  was  never  anything  less  than  an   extraordinary  undertaking.  The  trailblazers  were  the  ten   thousand  workers  of  the  Military  Works  Department   who  carved  a  path  through  a  thousand  kilometers  of   virgin  forests,  mountains,  swamps,  cliffs,  lakes  and   fiords,  virtually  by  hand,  as  the  terrain  was  so  extreme   that  machinery  could  not  reach  them. By  the  year  2000,  aPer  two  hundred  million  dollars,  and   five  hundred  tons  of  explosives,  the  road  was  finally   complete...  to  a  point.  In  truth  the  road  sCll  does  not   link  Patagonia  with  the  rest  of  Chile,    a  long  ferry  trip  is   necessary  to  reach  Puerto  Mon?  on  the  mainland.  But   in  the  eyes  of  poliCcians,  the  road  from  Puerto  Mon?  to   Villa  O'Higgins  is  as  good  as  built,  especially  now  that   land  has  been  expropriated  from  Douglas  Tompkins,  

“By  the  year  2000,  after  two   hundred  million  dollars,  and   five  hundred  tons  of   explosives,  the  road  was  finally   complete...  to  a  point.”

6


ILCNEWS / POLITICS

who  had  been  blocking  its  construcCon  through     Pumalin  Park.  

Photos:  Paul  Coleman

“Laurence  Golborne's  visit  lays   the  first  rock  in  the  paving  of   the  next  sixteen  kilometers  of   the  Carretera  Austral.”

Another  local  tradiCon  is  loyalty  to  General  Pinochet,   who  is  sCll  honored  and  seen  as  a  founding  father  of  La   Junta  and  the  creator  of  the  great  road  that  linked  the   This  recent  expropriaCon  is  one  of  the  reasons  why  the   community  with  the  rest  of  the  world.  There  is  even  a   President  came  to  li?le  La  Junta  in  October,  proudly   well-­‐maintained,  recently  painted  monument  in  the   announcing  that    the  compleCon  of  the  Carretera  was   middle  of  the  highway  that  reminds  everybody  on  the   his  personal  dream  and  that  soon  Patagonians  would  be   highway  who  built  it  and  who  it  was  originally  named   connected  physically  and  culturally  with  the  rest  of  the   aPer.   naCon.   With  such  a  history  of  support  for  the  road  and  undying   In  the  meanCme  there  was  a  cut-­‐back  on  ferry  service   loyalty  to  those  who  make  their  lives  easier,  La  Junta  is   from  Puerto  Mon?  to  Chaitén.  A  subsidy  was  cut  and  for   an  obvious  desCnaCon  for  Presidents  and  Ministers  with   a  long  Cme  the  ferry  company  ran  only  one  vessel,   big  plans.   which  translated  to  fewer  trucks  bringing  fewer  goods   and  increased  prices.  All  of  a  sudden  the  mainland   And  so,  Laurence  Golborne's  visit  last  week  to  lay  the   seemed  further  away. first  rock  in  the  paving  of  the  next  sixteen  kilometers  of   the  Carretera  Austral  was  welcomed  by  an  enthusiasCc   But  people  here  don't  complain  much,  they've   crowd  that  included  local  people  who've  been  working   experienced  far  greater  hardships  over  the  past  fiPy   for  twenty  years  to  get  the  road  paved.  The  Minister   years  of  pioneer  life.  Less  than  twenty  years  ago,  the   spoke,  smiled,  signed  the  necessary  papers,  shook   bridge  that    President  Piñera  stood  by  was  not  there  and   hands,  hugged  old  ladies,  danced  the  Cuenca,  and     people  living  in  farms  waded  and  swam  their  horses   acknowledged  the  peCCons  of  those  living  on  the  other   across  the  river  to  reach  the  village.  It's  a  tradiCon  that   side  of  the  bridge,  the  side  with  the  hundred  and  fiPy   is  sCll  remembered  today  at  the  annual  La  Junta  Fiesta.   kilometers  that  sCll  need  to  be  paved.  ILC  

7


ILCNEWS / ENVIRONMENT

Investing  in  a   Low-­‐carbon  Future UK Funds One-of-a-kind Research Center in Chile By Pablo Retamal Universidad  Mayor  opened  a  spanking  new  Low   Carbon  Economy  Research  Centre  last  November.   The  Centro  de  Estudios  para  economía  Baja  en   Emisiones  de  Carbono  or  CEEBEC  is  up  and  running.   It’s  role?  Provide  focused  policy  research  and   services  that  will  help  advance  the  low  carbon   economy  in  Chile.  Top  notch  academics,  economists   and  sustainability  experts  staff  CEEBEC.    

“In  2012  the  global  economic   recovery  presents  an  ideal   opportunity  for  countries  to  shift   towards  green  and  low  carbon   growth.”

“In  2012,  as  the  world  economy  is  unevenly  coming   out  of  the  worst  crisis  most  humans  alive  have  ever   known,  the  global  economic  recovery  presents  an   ideal  opportunity  for  countries  to  shiP  towards  green   and  low  carbon  growth.  Countries  that  adapt  quickly   to  a  carbon-­‐constrained  world  will  be  be?er  able  to   deliver  lasCng  prosperity  for  their  ciCzens.”  Says  Jose   Leal,  CEEBEC’s  Director.  Mr.  Leal,  a  graduate  from   Sorbonne  University  in  Paris,  spent  over  30  years   advising  governments  and  the  UN  on  environmental   economics.  With  the  help  of  the  BriCsh  Embassy  he  

managed  to  set  up  CEEBEC  under  the  Faculty  of   Forestry  and  Agriculture  at  Universidad  Mayor.   “We  have  a  comparaCve  advantage  as  a  private   University  in  Chile.  We  are  not  just  more  in-­‐tune  with   the  private  sector,  we  are  also  part  of  it,  ”  adds  Leal.   Photo:  Ricardo  Salcedo

CEEBEC  was  designed  in  a  joint  effort  between  the   Chilean  Ministry  of  Environment  and  the  BriCsh   Foreign  Commonwealth  Office.  It  will  provide  private   and  public  organizaCons  with  innovaCve  carbon   management  services  and  creaCve  sustainable  

8


ILCNEWS / ENVIRONMENT

“Countries  that  adapt  quickly  to   a  carbon-­‐constrained  world  will   be  better  able  to  deliver  lasting   prosperity  for  their  citizens.”

soluCons.  For  example  CEEBEC’s  carbon  footprint  unit   is  now  offering  companies  not  just  to  measure  their   CO2  but  also  train  their  staff  in  being  able  to  upkeep   carbon  foot  prinCng  acCviCes.      

fight  taking  place  amongst  two  communiCes  and  not   far  from  SanCago.  

Chile  faces  some  serious  challenges  ahead.  Few   people  realize  the  Nobel-­‐prize  winning   Intergovernmental  Panel  on  Climate  Change  (IPCC)  has   rated  Chile  amongst  the  three  most  vulnerable   countries  to  the  effects  of  global  warming  in  the   world.  Chile  fulfills  7  of  9  vulnerability  categories  and   risks  deserCficaCon,  mass  epidemic  propagaCons  (i.e.   malaria  outbreaks),  catastrophic  sea  level  rises  and   loss  of  natural  resources  (i.e.  water).    As  a  ma?er  of   fact  in  my  last  ILC  column  I  talked  wrote  about  a  water  

9

Photo:  Ricardo  Salcedo

The  UN’s  regional  Economic  Commission  (ECLAC)  has   produced  studies  claiming  Chile  will  suffer  in  its   In  January  2012,  Dr.  David  Ockwell  from  the  University   central  regions  with  30%  less  water  in  less  than  50   of  Sussex  visited  CEEBEC.  Over  the  three  days  CEEBEC   years’  Cme.  Why?  Climate  change!  So  –  aPer  all,  it  is   staff  and  Dr.  Ockwell  established  joint  research   about  Cme  a  less  scienCfic  and  more  economic   programs  the  Sussex  Energy  Group  and  Chile’s  newly   climate  change  research  center  opened  its  doors  in   formed  equivalent.    In  the  pipeline  from  CEEBEC  is   Chile.  We  oPen  hear  of  how  the  low  carbon  economy   research  on  GHG  Emission  factors  for  specific   presents  opportuniCes  and  those  who  act  first  will  be   economic  sectors,  carbon  trading  diplomas  as  well  as   able  to  capitalize  on  future  remarket  trends.  Let’s  see   reinforcement  of  climate  change  diplomacy  subjects   how  CEEBEC  does  in  helping  Chile  accelerate  into  a   within  the  Environment  &  Sustainable  Development   more  modern  and  resilient  sustainable  economy.  ILC Master’s  Degree  currently  offered  by  Universidad   Mayor.  The  la?er  is  already  being  taught  by  members   of  the  Chilean  climate  change  negoCaCng  team  and   set  to  mark  a  precedent  as  the  only  degree  in  Chile   training  future  negoCators  specialized  specializing  on   in  the  United  NaCons  Framework  on  Climate  Change   (UNFCCC)  issues.

For more information on CEEBEC contact: CEBEC Director: Jose Leal (jose.leal@mayor.cl)


ILCNEWS / ENVIRONMENT

Mega-­‐Project  brings   Mega-­‐Changes By Marie Vitkova

Weighing the Consequences of the Hidro Aysén The  Hidro  Aysén  project,  supposed  to  build  5  dams  on   two  of  the  largest  rivers  in  southern  Chile,  has  been  a   topic  of  discussion  and  several  demonstraCons  for   many  months.  The  esCmated  US$10  billion  energy   project  would  generate  2,750-­‐megawa?s  annually   with  a  capacity  that  can  be  extended  in  the  future.

“The  project  approval  is  now  at   the  Supreme  Court  and  we   expect  to  have  their  decision   soon.”

10

Photo:  Felipe  Cancino

The  Hidro  Aysén  project  is  a  joint  venture  between  two   companies,  Endesa  (a  subsidiary  of  the  Italian   conglomerate  Enel),  with  a  51%  stake  and  Colbún   The  idea  is  that  the  Hidro  Aysén  project  should  help  in: S.A.  which  owns  the  other  49%.    They  presented  the   • solving  problems  of  the  energy  supply  market   whole  project  as  an  environmentally  friendly  soluCon   to  Chile's  growing  energy  needs.  President  SebasCán   in  Chile;    helping  the  country  to  be  energy  self-­‐ Piñera  says  that  Chile  needs  a  base  of  large,  reliable   sufficient power  plants  that  use  sources  such  as  coal,  hydro,  or   • it  is  an  sustainable,  inexpensive  energy  source nuclear  energy  and  that  renewable  energy  can't  serve   • the  construcCon  of  the  dam  should  provide   the  country's  needs  cost-­‐efficiently  in  the  short  term. new  jobs  and  help  the  economy  of  Region  XI The  official  approval  of  the  project  on  May  9,  2011   On  the  other  side  of  the  coin,  the  members   under  the  government  of  President  SebasCán  Piñera,   provoked  several  demonstraCons  and  joined  together   of  Patagonia  Sin  Represas  consider  this  project  to  be   a  group  of  environmental  organizaCons  and  ciCzens  of   "a  project  we  don't  need.    It  is  an  ill-­‐conceived  project   Chile  to  create  the  Consejo  de  Defensa  de  la  Patagonia   which  is  not  good  for  the  region",  Hernan  Mladinic   from  Fundación  Pumalín  (Pumalin  FoundaCon)  says.   Chilena  (Chile’s  Patagonian  Defense  Council)  in  order   "We  have  other  ways  to  find  the  energy  that  we  need,"   to  defend  Patagonia  under  a  campaign   he  conCnues. called  Patagonia  Sin  Represas  (A  Patagonia  Without   Dams) Hernan  Mladinic  also  pointed  out  that  there  can  be   something  done  about  the  growing  energy  


ILCNEWS / ENVIRONMENT

consumpCon  which  creates  a  demand  for  new  power   staCons.  As  a  primary  soluCon,  he  suggests  creaCng  an   energy  policy  that  will  take  the  needed    measures  for   using  energy  more  efficiently. The  dam  construcCon,  if  successful,  will   irreversibly  change  the  region.  Hernan  Mladinic  points   out  especially:  "The  negaCve  impact  on  the  land  and   the  people  who  live  there  and-­‐-­‐will  have  to  be   displaced  from  their  land-­‐-­‐  tourism  and  loss  of  the   value  of  this  prisCne  landscape  which  people  are   coming  to  see." Moreover,  he  objects  by  staCng  that  "when  the   construcCon  project  is  finished,  there  are  going  to  be   124  people  working  there  to  operate  the  power  plant.   At  this  moment,  there  are  something  between  3,000  to   4,000  people  working  in  the  tourism  sector  and  in  long   term,  the  impact  would  be  more  on  the  negaCve  side   rather  than  what  we  would  gain."  He  believes  that  for   Chile  in  long  term,  this  project  is:  "CreaCng  a  problem   rather  than  a  soluCon." The  Hidro  Aysén  project  in  fact,  consists  of  two   separate  projects: 1.

The  dam  construcCon,  which  was  approved  by   the  government  in  May,

2. The  transmission  line  project,  a  plan  of  

construcCon  for  2,000  kilometers  of  power   lines  that  should  be  transferring  the  electricity   to  SanCago  and  north  to  the  mining  sector.  It's   approval  is  sCll  pending.

11

“HidroAysén  should  help  solve   problems  of  the  energy  supply   market  in  Chile,    helping  the   country  to  be  energy  self-­‐ sufficient.” Approximately  160  kilometers  (99.4  miles)  of  the  line  is   supposed  to  run  underwater.    It  would  start  at  Río   Yelcho  and  end  in  Puerto  Mon?.  From  there  the  line   would  join  with  the  main  electric  grid,  called  the   Central  Interconnected  System  (SIC).  "That  will  radically   increase  the  costs  of  the  project,"  Hernan   Mladinic  suspects.   "The  project  approval  is  now  at  the  Supreme  Court  and   we  expect  to  have  their  decision  soon,"  he   conCnues.  "The  company  has  announced  that  they  are   going  to  introduce  their  study  for  the  transmission   lines  project    in  the  next  few  months,  most  probably   before  March."  How  the  public  reacts  and  how  it  will   change  the  final  approval  of  the  dam  project  should  be   clearer  aPer  that.  ILC

Photo:  Felipe  Cancino

The  transmission  line  is  supposed  to  be  1,912   kilometers  long,  starCng  in  the  Patagonian  town  of   Cochrane.  It  would  cross  seven  of  Chile's  15  regions.  

"The  problem  of  the  transmission  lines  is  that  they   would  have  to  cross  people's  properCes  and  naConal   parks  without  giving  them  any  profit,"  Hernan  Mladinic   comments  about  the  reason  why  this  project  proposal   triggered  so  much  opposiCon  from  the  public.


ILCNEWS / INDIGENOUS FOCUS

INDIGENOUS  FOCUS:    

New Indigenous Representatives Elected to CONADI

By Laura and Ryan Seelau

On  Sunday,  January  15th,  CONADI,  Chile’s  Indigenous  

development  corporaCon  that  oversees  the   administraCon  of  indigenous  policy  in  most  areas,  held   elecCons  to  fill  eight  spots  reserved  for  indigenous   leaders  on  its  NaConal  Council.  In  total,  more  than   30,000  indigenous  individuals  cast  votes  all  across  the   country.  The  eight  individuals  who  won  the  elecCon   will  take  their  posiCons  on  April  12th  and  will  serve  a   four-­‐year  term. CONADI  was  created  in  1993  with  the  passage  of  the   Ley  Indígena  (Indigenous  Law).  At  the  Cme  of  its   creaCon,  the  Indigenous  Law  also  created  a  NaConal   Council  that  was  aimed  at  incorporaCng  an  indigenous   voice  into  naConal  indigenous  policy.  The  NaConal   Council  is  a  seventeen-­‐member  body  that  includes   eight  elected  indigenous  representaCves.  The   remaining  nine  posiCons  are  filled  by  various  heads  of   ministries  and  presidenCal  appointments.  The  head  of   the  enCre  NaConal  Council  is  a  presidenCal   appointment  and  is  currently  filled  by  a  Mapuche  man   named  Jorge  Retamal.

In  total,  as  is  required  by  law,  indigenous  voters   elected  four  representaCves  for  the  Mapuche  people   (Ana  María  Llao  Llao,  Andrés  Hernán  Ma?a  Cuminao,   Iván  Catalino  Carilao  Ñanco,  and  Claudia  Pailalef   MonCel);  one  representaCve  for  the  Aymara  people   (Zenón  Vicente  Alarcón  Rodríguez);  one  representaCve   for  the  Atacameño  people  (Wilson  Manuel  Reyes   Araya);  one  representaCve  for  the  Rapa  Nui  people   (Rafael  Hernán  Tuki  Tepano);  and  one  urban   indigenous  representaCve  (Marcial  Collín). In  light  of  the  issues  CONADI  has  had  over  the  years,   and  with  the  raCficaCon  of  ILO  ConvenCon  169,  the   next  four  years  should  prove  to  be  an  interesCng  Cme   for  CONADI  and  the  NaConal  Council—likely  one  of   transiCon.  ILO  ConvenCon  169  introduced  into  Chile  a   new  and  stronger  set  of  indigenous  rights,  and  in  its   wake,  CONADI  is  being  expected  to  take  on  increasing   responsibiliCes,  someCmes  on  issues  for  which  it  has   li?le  previous  experCse  and  experience.    Just  last  year,   the  Chilean  government  put  forth  a  proposal  to   significantly  restructure  CONADI  and  alter  its  role  in   the  broader  scheme  of  indigenous  policy.  As  the  new   council  members  take  up  the  work  of  the  council,  they   will  likely  be  key  actors  in  determining  the  future  of   CONADI.  ILC

The  lasCng  effects  of  that  decision—coupled  with   other  controversies  CONADI  has  found  itself  in  the   middle  of  over  the  years—could  be  seen  in  last   month’s  vote.  Although  the  elecCon  was  largely   considered  a  success  by  government  reports,  the   turnout  was  lower  than  expected.  According  to  the   2002  Chilean  Census,  there  are  more  than  700,000   people  who  idenCfy  as  indigenous  in  Chile  (by  some   other  esCmates,  that  number  is  well  over  a  million).  Of   those,  approximately  175,000  indigenous  individuals   12

Photo:  Courtesy  Conaripe

Even  though  CONADI  was  supposed  to  increase   indigenous  parCcipaCon  in  government,  it  has   rouCnely  been  met  by  mixed  reviews  from  indigenous   peoples  and  scholars  as  to  its  legiCmacy  as  a   representaCve  insCtuCon  for  indigenous  peoples’   interests  and  how  much  power  it  actually  has.  Part  of   CONADI’s  image  problems  date  to  an  incident  that   occurred  just  five  years  aPer  its  creaCon,  which  many   cite  as  a  reason  why  CONADI  has  never  been  fully   embraced  in  the  country.  In  1998,  CONADI’s  NaConal   Council  had  to  approve  some  land  transacCons  in   order  for  the  massive  Ralco  Dam  Project  to  begin.  At   the  Cme,  an  indigenous  individual  was  the  NaConal   Director  and  then-­‐President  Frei  was  worried  that  the   project  might  be  blocked.  So,  in  an  act  of  desperaCon,   Frei  removed  the  NaConal  Director  and  replaced  him   with  a  non-­‐indigenous  person  to  ensure  the  votes   necessary  for  the  development  project  would  move   forward.

were  registered  to  vote  in  the  CONADI  elecCons.  But   when  it  came  Cme  to  vote  for  the  highest-­‐elected   indigenous  posiCon  in  Chile,  less  than  20%  of  those   registered  actually  parCcipated.  Despite  the  low   turnout,  the  elecCon  was  historic  in  that,  of  the  eight   newly  elected  council  members,  two  of  them  will  be   indigenous  women—something  that  has  not   happened  before.  


ILCNEWS / BUSINESS

But What Difference Does it Make? Well,  it’s  good  news…or  is  it?    Let’s  be  careful  here.     Upgrading  credit,  which  is  supposed  to  be  good  news,   will  most  likely  lead  to  more  borrowing.    More   borrowing,  especially  by  governments,  usually  doesn’t   have  a  profit  moCve  behind  it  because  governments   can  raise  taxes  to  pay  the  interest.     Is  more  borrowing  what  we  want  in  Chile?    It  may  be.     If  poliCcians  here  use  a  be?er  raCng  to  borrow  at   lower  rates  to  pay  off  higher  rate  debts,  that  would  be   very  wise.    It  would  reduce  the  budgetary  allowance   for  interest  payments,  and  that  money  could  be  used   for  something  more  producCve.     Chile’s  external  debt  is  just  shy  of  US$100  billion.     Be?er  credit  could  reduce  the  average  rate  by  around   1%.    If  that  were  to  happen,  it  would  mean  an   addiConal  US$1  billion  in  cash  for  internal  use.     Imagine  that!    In  a  country  of  about  17  million  people,   that  works  out  to  a  savings  of  roughly  US$58  per  year.     This  is  money  that  is  already  being  spent,  folks,  and   could  be  refunded  to  the  people  either  in  cash  or   increased  services.    OK,  so  you  don’t  think  58  bucks  is   much  money.    You’re  right.    What’s  more  important  is   that  it’s  the  right  direcCon.     Here’s  a  be?er  idea:  how  about  paying  off  US$1  billion   each  year.    That  would  mean  each  year,  the  naCon   would  have  even  more  money  saved  in  interest,  which   could  pay  off  even  more  principal.  In  just  about  40   years,  Chile  would  have  no  external  debt  and  all  the   money  that  used  to  pay  interest  could  then  be  used   internally,  or  taxes  could  be  lowered.  This  would  be  a   major  posiCve  step,  especially  in  light  of  the  banking   crises  around  the  world.     Ok,  I  heard  the  laugh  in  the  back  of  the  room:  “Ken!   You  don’t  really  believe  that  can  happen,  do  you?!”     Actually,  no.    But  if  I’m  going  to  fantasize,  I’m  going  to   make  up  some  really  good  rules.    What  do  I  think  may   happen?    Well,  I’m  not  sure,  but  I  can  make  some   guesses  based  on  history  and  human  nature.     Remember  Pemex,  Mexico’s  state-­‐owned  oil   company?    Well,  from  1977-­‐1980,  Mexico  borrowed   against  the  future  oil  revenues  and  used  most  of  the   money  for  drilling  pla†orms  and  refining  capacity.     Where  did  the  rest  of  the  money  go?    Who  knows?    

13

By Ken Shields

PoliCcians  and  bankers  were  involved  and  that  money   could  have  gone  anywhere.    The  point  is  that  business   profit  margins  are  oPen  razor  thin  and  not  using  100%   of  the  borrowings  for  improving  the  bo?om  line  is   risky  at  best.    Well,  oil  prices  dropped  and  suddenly   Mexico  couldn’t  service  the  debt  and  suffered  crisis   aPer  crisis.    Oil  was  sold  at  bargain  basement  prices   and  those  who  had  cash  picked  up  the  profit.     This  isn’t  the  only  Cme  something  like  this  has   happened  in  history.    Instead  of  borrowing  and   expanding,  Mexico  should  have  expanded  from  profits   aPer  the  profits  were  in  hand.    They  could  have   avoided  a  lot  of  trouble.    I  hope  Chile  will  avoid  the   same  trouble  and  pay  off  debt  instead  of  acquiring   more.     Do  I  think  Chile  will  acquire  more  debt?     Unfortunately,  I  do  indeed.    I  see  the  financing  of   hydropower  occurring  with  new  debt.    Once  again,  the   profit  margins  are  small.    Some  Cme  in  the  future,   when  the  internaConal  economy  has  major  problems,   maybe  even  a  collapse,  demand  for  electricity  will   drop  precipitously  (profits  will  become  losses)  as   mines  and  other  businesses  shut  down  and  the  money   to  pay  interest  won’t  be  there.  Chile  will  lose  control  of   its  power  generaCon.     There  are  four  reasons  I  think  this  will  happen.    First,   there  has  been  so  much  environmentalist  resistance  to   new  hydropower  projects  that  things  are  geHng   desperate.  Second,  poliCcians  are  involved  and  want   to  buy  votes  by  solving  the  energy  crisis.  Third,   bankers  never  want  anyone  to  pay  off  debt  because   their  interest  income  dries  up.  Finally,  internaConal   business  will  be  severely  impacted  and  foreign  sales   will  dry  up,  especially  for  copper,  because  no  one  will   have  money  to  buy.     I  said  in  an  earlier  column  that  Chile  can  probably   weather  this  storm  as  a  primary  producer  of  food  and   raw  materials  for  clothing  and  shelter.  However,  that   doesn’t  mean  that  Cmes  won’t  be  difficult.    I  also   proposed  an  idea  of  how  to  develop  hydropower   without  debt  financing  so  control  is  not  lost  to  foreign   investors.    If  Chile  will  pay  off  its  debt,  Cmes  will  be   much  less  difficult.    The  trick  is  holding  poliCcians   accountable.  ILC

Photo:  Julia  Dose

Standard  &  Poor  May   Upgrade  Chile’s  Credit


ILCNEWS / BUSINESS

Why  invest  in  Chile   today?

Interview with Sercotec Regional Director Emiliano Orueta By Darren Kaiser Over  the  last  5  years,  I’ve  spent  a  lot  of  Cme  traveling   throughout  LaCn  America,  Europe,  and  even  parts  of   Africa  searching  for  green  pastures  for  starCng  a   business  and  invesCng  in  property.    A  couple  of  years   ago,  I  stumbled  upon  Chile.  At  the  Cme,  I  had  no  idea   that  Chile  offered  one  of  the  most  business-­‐friendly   environments  in  the  world.  I  was  also  unaware  that  the   country  is  determined  to  be  a  center  of  technology  and   innovaCon  in  the  coming  years.  Grants,  free  trainings,   and  general  assistance  available  to  new  companies,   both  large  and  small,  make  the  start-­‐up  process  in  Chile   much  less  daunCng  and  the  likelihood  of  success  much   higher  than  in  other  parts  of  the  world. The  result  of  this  progressive  approach  has  been  more   jobs  throughout  the  country,  more  goods  and  services   available  to  both  residents  and  visitors,  and  increased   revenue  for  the  government.  Some  of  the  organizaCons   that  provide  help  to  new  businesses  and  investors   include  Sercotec,  CORFO,  ProChile,  and  Start  Up  Chile.   Today  we  are  meeCng  with  the  Regional  Director  of   Sercotec,  Emiliano  Orueta,  in  Rancagua.  Sercotec   played  an  integral  role  in  seHng  up  Chile's  first   business  development  center  which  just  opened  it’s   doors  in  December.

Why  do  you  think  an  American  or  anyone  else   from  around  the  world  would  want  to  invest   in  Chile  today?   Emiliano  Orueta:  Chile  today  offers  the  foreign  investor   a  very  unique  opportunity.  The  Chilean  government   provides  financial  and  logisCcal  assistance  to  new   businesses  and  fosters  a  free,  open,  and  transparent   market.  We  currently  have  a  very  stable  economy  and   our  government  has  been  very  forward  thinking,   puHng  aside  money  from  our  copper  revenues  in  the   last  several  years  while  metal  prices  have  been  high.   This  has  given  us  a  very  good  fooCng  for  any  economic   downturns  we  may  see  and  will  help  insure  that   investments  made  here  will  have  a  lot  of  room  for   growth  in  the  future.

Can  you  explain  what  Sercotec  does?

Emiliano  Orueta:  We  are  a  private  corporaCon  that   administers  state  funds  reserved  for  new  businesses.   We  work  with  entrepreneurs  and  micro/small   businesses  that  are  anywhere  between  just-­‐geHng-­‐ started  to  ones  that  are  earning  up  to  $1,000,000  USD/ year.  We  provide  seed  capital  and  we  help  owners  and   managers  obtain  informaCon  and  tools  necessary  to   improve  and  develop  their  businesses.  

Darren Kaiser from I Love Chile with Sercotec Regional Director Emiliano Orueta at his office in Rancagua

Photo:  Darren  Kaiser

14


ILCNEWS / BUSINESS

How  do  you  see  the  Chilean  economy   developing  over  the  next  5  to  10  years?

Emiliano  Orutea:  Obviously  our  rate  of  growth  will   parCally  depend  on  the  growth  rates  of  other  countries   around  the  world.  That  being  said,  we  should  be  able   to  maintain  our  rate  of  growth  at  somewhere  around   its  currently  rate  of  6%  even  with  the  economic   problems  so  much  of  the  world  is  seeing.  The  savings   that  the  government  has  built  up  puts  us  in  a  very   stable  posiCon.  This  stability  has  already  been   a?racCng  a  decent  amount  of  foreign  investment  and   will  conCnue  to  do  so,  possibly  at  an  even  faster  rate  in   the  future.  The  benefits  of  our  friendly  business  climate   can  already  be  seen.  Due  to  our  strategy  of   systemaCcally  improving  infrastructure,  we  are  be?er   able  to  deliver  goods  to  the  world  market  with  every   passing  year.  Even  during  years  that  are  difficult  for  the   global  economy,  we  should  do  well,  and  if/when  the   global  economy  does  improve,  we  will  be  making  leaps   and  bounds.

Can  you  tell  me  about  a  local  success  story   Sercotec  has  been  involved  with?

Emiliano  Orueta:  One  local  success  story  here  in   Rancagua  is  that  of  the  craP  beer  company,  Copper.   The  founder  came  to  Sercotec  a  number  of  years  ago   with  a  business  plan.  He  wanted  to  start  a   microbrewery,  and  had  plenty  of  know-­‐how,  but  he   only  had  the  funds  for  a  very  small  operaCon.  He   applied  for  the  first  round  of  our  seed  capital  program   and  was  awarded  a  grant.  He  used  the  money  to  buy   5 ow, equipment  for  his  brewery  and  became  famous  locally   where it comes in and where it goes, for  the  quality  of  his  beer.  He  has  provided  help  with   quality  control  to  other  microbreweries  throughout   5 Chile  and  in  2011,  he  won  2  medals  at  the  Copa   places where you will spend money Cervezas  de  America. is is

How  does  the  economic  situaBon  of  the  6th   region  compare  to  other  regions  in  Chile?

Emiliano  Orueta:  One  thing  that  sets  the  6th  region   apart  from  most  other  regions  throughout  Chile  is  the   El  Teniente  copper  mine.  It  is  the  world’s  largest   underground  mine  and  is  located  50  kilometers  from   Rancagua.  We  have  a  large  populaCon  that  earns  well   above  the  naConal  average  because  of  El  Teniente.   Most  regions  in  Chile  have  1  or  2  important  industries   but  here  in  the  6th  region  we  have  3,  actually  4  these   days,  those  being  mining,  commerce,  agriculture,  and   our  growing  tourism  sector.  We  are  quite  well  off   because  of  these.  

In  your  opinion,  which  industry  presents  the   most  opportunity  at  this  moment  in  Chile?

Emiliano  Orueta:  ParCcularly  in  this  region,  I  would  say   the  agroindustry,  gourmet  foods,  and  tourism.  

I  see  that  Sercotec  helped  start  the  business   development  center  that  just  recently  opened   here  in  Rancagua.  Are  there  other  business   development  centers  already  operaBng  in   Chile? Emiliano  Orueta:  As  far  as  being  strictly  a  business   development  center,  this  is  the  first  one,  it’s  a  pioneer   project.  There  are  other  offices  that  do  similar  things   but  this  is  the  first  one  dedicated  to  providing  all  of   these  services  under  one  roof.  ILC

For  those  with  an  entrepreneurial  spirit  or  anyone  looking  to   become  their  own  boss  someday,  more  informaCon  on   Sercotec  programs  can  be  found  at  www.sercotec.cl.  

cially when you are stressed or sad. Instead, visit places like parks and 5 fer a payment plan or reduction on 5 is the thing that has motivated you in the past to spend money such llment or rewards for oneself? Was it something else ness? Look how you can rebuild and

For  a  FREE  3  month  trial  membership  to  the  Chile  Business  and   Investment  Alert,  sign  up  at  www.theglobetro?erweekly.com/ chile-­‐business-­‐investment-­‐alert.html.

15

Visit us at 221 Centre Street New York NY 10013 or at www.puro-chile.com


ILCNEWS / ENTREPRENEUR

Gled  Plays  with  Chile’s   Entrepreneurial  Reality  

Photo:  Courtesy  GLED

By Shonika Proctor Somewhere  between  the  physical  world  and  the  virtual   usually  is  not  a  relevant  use  or  exisCng  consumer   world  and  the  creaCve  world  and  the  technical  world,   market  that  would  purchase  the  product  or  applicaCon   lies  the  world  that  Gled  built. once  it  has  been  discovered.  So  research  is  ‘harvested’   for  years  and  the  project  remains  in  stealth  mode   Originally  started  as  a  project  out  of  the  Universidad   Técnica  Federico  Santa  María,  UTFSM,  (Chile's  leading   usually  while  being  tested  in  some  high  profile  North   American  corporaCon  research  lab  or  at  a  remote   Science,  Technology  and  Engineering  School)  by   offshore  military  facility.   classmates  Aníbal  Valencia,  Juan  Pablo  León,  Tomás   Mardones  and  Gonzalo  Vallejos,  the  mulC-­‐award   winning  company,  Gled,  has  risen  to  become  one  of   LaCn  America’s  (and  in  many  regards)  one  of  the   world’s  leading  provider  of  augmented  reality  (AR)   customized  applicaCons.

As  Augmented  Reality  (AR)  has  yet  to  be  widely   adopted  in  the  mainstream  marketplace,  when  you   look  at  compeCCve  players  and  industry  pioneers,  you   must  look  on  an  internaConal  level  as  there  is  not  yet   one  area  of  the  country  or  world  where  a  company  has   built  a  dominant  brand  name  in  the  AR  space.  

It  is  only  in  recent  years  (since  the  la?er  part  of  the   90’s)  that  Augmented  Reality  has  spun  off  from  the   Virtual  Reality  space  and  is  starCng  to  be  adopted  in   industries  ranging  from  gaming  to  transportaCon.

Gled Pioneers the AR Industry in Latin America

Gled  received  its  first  major  exposure  in  the  world  and   the  world  of  Augmented  Reality  when  it  became  the   first  Chilean  team  to  win  the  Intel®  Challenge  (2010).   This  opened  up  the  opportunity  to  parCcipate  in  the   Intel®  +Berkeley  Technology  Entrepreneurship   Augmented Reality and Disruptive Challenge.  IBTEC  is  a  global  compeCCon  of   Technology technological  business  plans  where  some  of  the   world's  best  entrepreneurs  and  projects  in  the  world   Augmented  Reality  is  considered  a  spin  off  or  an   converge.    Prior  to  winning  the    Intel®  Challenge  Gled   extension  of  Virtual  Reality.    Virtual  Reality  was   discovered  in  the  late  1950’s  or  early  1960’s  by  Morton   had  been  prototyping  and  parCcipaCng  in  numerous   locally  sponsored  compeCCons  as  a  way  to  gain   Heilig,  a  cinematographer  who  patented  a  simulator   that  provided  different  sensory  opCons.  But  like  most   exposure,  build  their  network  and  further  validate  their   new  technologies,  no  ma?er  how  cool  it  seems,  there   ideas.   16


ILCNEWS / ENTREPRENEUR

Photo:  Courtesy  GLED

It  was  as  early  as  2007  when  their  work  started  being   recognized  and  discovered  in  Chile  as  it  was  during  that   year  they  won  Emprendedores.NET,  a  compeCCon   hosted  by  MicrosoP  and  UTFSM,  and  received  licenses,   office  space  and  seed  capital  to  build  their  prototype.     They  later  received  an  honorable  menCon  and  funding   at  the  Santander  100k,  which  was  organized  by   Santander  and  Southern  Angels  from  OctanCs.  And   they  were  also  one  of  the  winning  awardees  at  the   Sub35  compeCCon,  which  is  the  digital  scouCng   iniCaCve  inspired  by  País  Digital  (FoundaCon).  The   grand  prize  was  a  trip  to  South  Korea  which  they  are   anxiously  awaiCng  to  depart  for  in  March  2012.  

Playing with International Possibilities Currently  Gled  is  best  known  in  LaCn  America  for  their   commercializaCon  strategies  for  different  customer   segments,  such  as  markeCng  and  adverCsement   agencies,  soPware  developers  and  brand   agencies.    They  have  done  a  broad  range  of  custom   work  from  designing  Augmented  Reality  games  for   cereal  boxes  to  a  developing  a  specialty  applicaCon  for   a  notebook/laptop  cover  for  Rhein  MoCon. Their  high  profile  clients  include  the  who’s  who  of   internaConally  recognized  mulC-­‐naConal  companies   such  as  Chevrolet,  Intel  and  Nestlé  among  others   where  they  have  been  able  to  integrate  their  flagship   products  (IVEO  Desktop  and  IVEO  Web)  into  the   companies  markeCng  mix.  These  programs  are  capable   of  adding  virtual  elements  to  the  real  world  in  many   novel  and  surprising  ways,  simply  by  placing  printed   pa?erns  such  as  [bar]codes,  pictures  or  brands  in  front   of  a  webcam.  

startups  SmartBoxTV  (smartboxtv.com),  which  designs   interacCve  apps  for  Smart  TV  distributors  and   consumers  and  MonkeyContact  (monkeycontact.com)   which  developed  an  app  that  allows  you  to  find  and   aggregate  all  your  contacts  across  social  networks  and   email  pla†orms.  

"The  first  milestone  we  accomplished  in  our   internationalization  process  was  closing  our   first  international  sale  (client)  with  our   Between  their  award  recogniCon  and  their  growing   mulCnaConal  client  base,  they  are  constantly  affirming   technology”,  said  Gled  co-­‐founder,  Aníbal   Valencia.  It  was  very  challenging,  and  at   they  are  on  the  cuHng  edge  of  development  in  this   next  generaCon  technology  space.  And  with  a  home   times  seemed  impossible,  but  we  did  it.”

base  of  Viña  del  Mar  (Chile),  they  are  shining  the  light   on  the  depth  of  talent  coming  not  only  out  of  Chile  but   Working  in  the  Valley  gave  Gled  the  opportunity  to   also  outside  of  SanCago  where  much  of  Chile’s   prospect  the  market,  expand  their  network  and  learn   technological,  entrepreneurial and  startup   from  the  main  compeCtors,  and  while  they  loved  their   communiCes  are  centralized.   experience  working  with  the  internaConal   In  2011  Gled  was  selected  for  Global  ConnecBon  (a   marketplace,  they  realize  that  their  real  and  immediate   Corfo  sponsored  program  for  technological   opportuniCes  are  here  in  Chile’s  rapidly  growing   entrepreneurs  working  on  internaConal  projects).  As  a   technology  and  innovaCon  community.  Thus  they  are   selected  recipient  they  received  the  opportunity  to   aggressively  looking  to  reach  more  mulCnaConal  firms   work  out  of  the  Plug  and  Play  Tech  Center   and  companies  looking  to  launch  or  grow  their   (www.plugandplaytechcenter.com)  based  in  Silicon   operaCons  in  Chile  and/or  LaCn  America  using  hybrid   Valley,  California  region.  Plug  and  Play  Tech  Center   and  social  engagement  markeCng  techniques. provides  a  support  ecosystem  ranging  from  funding  to   As  for  what’s  it  like  to  be  an  entrepreneur  in  an   shared  office  space  and  mentorship  to  a  group  of   ‘augmented  world’  that  is  as  abstract  as  it  is  physical,   select  entrepreneurs  chosen  from  different  regions   Aníbal  says  that  it  is  important  to  fully  believe  in  your   around  the  world.   idea  but  be  careful  that  you  don’t  get  blindsided   Gled  recently  returned  from  their  3  month  stay  where   because  you  failed  to  follow  suggesCons  by  more   they  also  had  the  opportunity  to  present  at  the  2011   experienced  people.    How’s  that  for  keeping  it  real?   Plug  and  Play  Winter  Expo  along  with  fellow  Chilean   www.gledit.com  ILC 17


ILCNEWS / FEATURE

Clearing  the  Air:   What makes a Maid in Chile

Photo:  Courtesy  Tiburón  Films

Are  domestic  workers  the   target  of  discrimination,  or  is  it   something  deeper? By Matt Niner Most women in the lower economic classes in Chile don't work. They stay at home raising their children, just like millions of other mothers around the world. Since many of them have little education, their opportunities to make money are very limited. It would probably cost their entire salary to hire someone to take care of their house. For the middle class (70-80% of the country), who are able to find jobs that pay more money, it is absolutely necessary to find someone to take care of their homes while they are at work. Since many women work more than 12 hours per day, they have very little time or energy to do the cleaning, cook dinner, help the kids with their homework, go shopping, walk the dog, and all the other things that are necessary to maintain a normal home. As a result, many families depend on the services of a maid. “Maid” is a general term that includes a lot of different things, but refers to a person, usually a woman, whose job is to clean the house, do laundry, and cook meals. If she also takes care of the children, she is usually called a “nanny” (nana in Spanish). A nanny usually works as a part of the family. She becomes, for the wife, the "right hand" and is trusted to take care of the things that are the most important, such as the house and the children. After a few years,

the nanny and the family develop a very strong bond and real love often develops between them. Children who are raised by nannies usually get along better with them than with their own parents! In this sense, a nanny also has a great deal of power. If she decides not to do her job, then the family is paralyzed and cannot do their own jobs because they must return home. What do you tell your boss if the nanny does not show up? Your own job may be at risk because you are so dependent on the. It can be very stressful. According to Chilean law, a nanny can work a maximum of twelve hours per day and must have one free day each week. During the administration of Michelle Bachelet, the law changed and gave nannies the right to have all holidays as free days. Before, this was determined, not by the law, but between employer and employee. Even though it sounds reasonable, many women employers opposed the law. They opposed it because it gave everyone more free days except them. For the middle-class wife, the new law meant that now they had to work even more. Imagine working all day at your job, then returning home to work even more because the nanny isn’t there, and also working on weekends for the same reason. So, when there is a

18


ILCNEWS / FEATURE Photo:  Courtesy  Tiburón  Films

19

holiday and you can finally take a day off… you have to work again. From this point of view, it is easier to understand why many middle-class women do not support the laws that prohibit maids and nannies from working all the time. Without a maid, a wife in this situation would have to work all the time herself. To believe that the work schedule should be determined by employer and employee, and not determined by the government, is not discrimination.

was shown on television, she was immediately demonized by the entire city and suffered public humiliation. Not long after, however, it was revealed that the interview was taken completely out of context and she was, in fact, saying that the workers should not have to walk out in the cold when transportation is available. Pérez and her husband have filed a lawsuit against the network.

Of course, this does not mean that discrimination is not a problem in Chile. In fact, you can see it almost everywhere. The divide between rich and poor, light In January, the Chilean media was up in arms about and dark skin, and native and immigrant Chileans is some comments that an upper-class woman made something that cannot be ignored. However, when you about the domestic workers in her neighborhood. Inés look at the relationship between maids and the women Pérez, a resident of the El Algarrobal II apartment who employ them, it becomes hard to believe that complex about 40km north of Santiago, was maids are discriminated against simply because they interviewed by Chilevisión and appeared to have a very are maids. The real problem of discrimination, though discriminatory attitude towards the numerous domestic very real, lies elsewhere. workers who work at her building. When the interview


ILCNEWS / FEATURE

Director Pablo Cantero Tells Us all About his Newest Espectáculo By Matt Niner You’ve  all  heard  of  I  Love  Chile  News  (in  fact,  you’re   reading  it  right  now),  but  now  there  is  something  just   as  amazing:  I  Love  Chile:  the  Musical!  Starring  Marlen   Olivari  and  CrisCán  Henríquez,  I  Love  Chile:  the   Musical  is  an  elaborate  theatrical  spectacle  featuring   some  of  the  best  singers,  dancers,  and  performers  that   Chile  has  to  offer.  This  February,  the  show  amazed   theater-­‐goers  in  Viña  del  Mar  with  an  extravaganza  of   sight  and  sound  that  you  would  normally  find  only  in   Las  Vegas.  We  sat  down  with  the  show’s  director,   Pablo  Cantero,  who  told  us  all  about  it.

About the cast People  love  our  star,  Marlen  Olivari,  almost  too  much!   Everybody  tells  her,  “take  my  baby,  take  a  picture  with   me!”  People  love  that  woman!  CrisCán  Henríquez  is  a   popular  Chilean  comedian,  who  works  on  Morandé   con  Compañía,  which  is  a  very  popular  TV  show  in   Chile.  He  has  a  lot  of  popular  characters  such  as   Michael  Pérez  Jackson,  an  impersonator  of  a  Michael   Jackson  impersonator.  He  also  has  Ruperto,  a  drunk   man  who  tells  off-­‐color  jokes,  but  without  any  bad   words.   Henríquez  is  from  a  li?le  town  called  Copihue.  He  was   a  circus  performer  at  that  Cme  and  one  day  I  went  to   20

Photos:  Courtesy  Cafeína

I  Love  Chile:  The  Musical!


ILCNEWS / FEATURE his  circus  and  saw  his  show.  I  really  liked  it,  so  I  put   him  on  TV…  and  since  then  he  has  become  a  big  TV   star!  Finally,  we  got  Marlen  and  CrisCán  together  and  I   convinced  them  to  create  this  comedy  called  I  Love   Chile.  

The shows origins The  name  comes  from  a  conversaCon  I  had  with   Marlen,  and  she  said,  “what  if  we  named  this  project   ‘I  Love  Chile?’”  It  was  the  perfect  name  for  the  show,   because  it  is  so  similar  to  the  shows  in  Broadway  or  

21

Las  Vegas.  The  difference,  of  course,  is  in  the  scale  of   the  producCon.   We  did  not  want  to  do  the  same  old  thing  like  in  the   classic  revistas.  We  wanted  to  do  something  different.   Chileans  oPen  do  things  trying  to  maximize  profits;   however,  we  did  the  opposite.  We  took  a  risk  and   invested  all  our  money  in  the  show  in  order  to  make  it   look  like  something  you  would  see  at  a  Vegas  casino.


ILCNEWS / FEATURE

Inspiration for I Love Chile If  we  really  look  at  Chile,  we  will  realize  that  we  are  the   champions  of  solidarity.  We  created  Teletón,  which   spread  from  Chile  to  the  world.  The  Chilean  army  corp   of  the  United  NaCons  is  helping  people  everywhere.   We  have  very  important  people  who  give  everything  to   the  people  of  the  country  such  as  Felipe  Camiroaga.   When  he  died,  the  whole  country  was  devastated.  We   also  had  a  caring  police  commander,  Mr.  Gordon,  who   died  in  a  helicopter  crash  while  helping  in  Ecuador.  We   also  have  a  very  popular  singer,  Violeta  Parra,  who  is   very  well  known  in  the  world  because  she  exposed   Europe  to  all  her  works.  Chile  produced  Alexis  Sanchez,   who  grew  up  in  a  very  small  town  called  Tocopilla,  and   today  he  is  playing  for  one  of  the  most  important   football  teams  in  the  world.   The  point  is,  as  Chileans  we  must  allow  ourselves  to   have  dreams  and  try  to  make  them  reality.  That  is  how  

a  country  grows  up.  We  have  to  take  risks,  which  is   what  we  did  with  this  project.

On the production team The  people  who  work  in  this  company  are  very  young,   mostly  under  30  years  old,  so  they  are  very  ambiCous   to  grow  up  in  their  field.  Why  are  we  doing  this?   Because  we  want  to  improve  our  talents  and  our  skills.   We  suffered  during  our  school  years  and  the  first  few   years  of  our  careers,  where  we  were  forced  to  do   things  we  did  not  want  to  do.  So  now,  we  have  the   opportunity  to  do  what  we  want  to  do  on  stage,  even  if   we  don’t  earn  as  much  as  we  had  hoped.  Our  legacy   will  be  there,  and  those  who  try  to  do  something   similar  will  have  to  do  it  even  be?er.  We  want  to  fight   against  mediocrity.  That  is  my  main  objecCve  as  a   director.  I  am  always  trying  to  push  my  people  to  take   new  risks  not  be  afraid  of  new  things  in  order  to  build  a   be?er  country.   This  is  my  life…  I  was  born  to  do  this  job.  ILC

22


By Daniel Boyle

“I  think  this  is  the  best  moment  in  my  life,”  Marlen   Olivari  says  as  we  sit  down  to  an  interview  in   Vitacura.  “I  have  had  an  intense  career  with  great   saCsfacCon,  but  since  my  son  was  born,  I  have  had  a   great  change.  A  very  posiCve  change.” Marlen  Olivari  and  her  co-­‐stars  have  embarked  on  a   new  spectacle,  “I  Love  Chile”.  The  show  mixes   comedy,  theater,  circus  and  acrobaCcs  and  aims  to   celebrate  all  of  Chile,  in  a  style  that  is  not  seen  so   oPen  in  Chile.  The  performance  is  heavily  inspired   by  shows  in  Vegas  as  well  as  those  of  Buenos  Aires.   The  show  features  twenty  five  different  performers,   six  of  whom  were  selected  locally.  “Since  I  am  from   the  FiPh  Region,  I  wanted  local  arCsts  in  the  show.   We  carried  out  casCngs  and  we  have  six  people   from  the  area  performing  with  us,”  said  Olivari. The  show  covers  a  variety  of  topics  relaCng  to  Chile,   not  only  through  the  performance  but  also  on  large   LED  screens  showing  images  that  reflect  Chile.  The   spectacle  reflects  the  whole  mixture  of  Chile,  mixing   the  highlights  with  the  tragedies.  

Photos:  Courtesy  Cafeína

ILCNEWS / FEATURE

Marlen  Olivari  in   I  Love  Chile

“I  want  people  feel  proud  of  be  Chileans.  Besides   humor  and  a  2  hour  show,  we  give  them    a  message   sharing  with  them  the  most  shocking  or  amazing   images  the  country  has  gone  through  the  last  years,   such  as  the  earthquake,  floods,  our  tennis   champions,  Alexis  Sánchez,  the  miners.  We  have  an   audiovisual  work  in  which  we  show  the  good,  bad,   nice  and  ugly  and  people  get  overwhelmed  by  it,  so   the  message  is  that  we  have  good  and  bad  things,   but  we  are  Chileans  and  that  is  how  I  Love  Chile  got   its  name.” The  other  main  star  of  the  I  Love  Chile  show  is   comedian  CrisCan  Henriquez,  who  plays  a  wide   variety  of  characters  including  “Ruperto”  and   “Michael  Pérez  Jackson”.  The  stars  of  the  show   made  sure  the  spectacle  was  well  publicised   throughout  the  region.  Taking  to  popular  beaches   such  as  Reñaca  and  making  people  aware  of  the   show.  One  parCcular  lifeguard  wasn't  so  happy   about  the  unexpected  performance,  expelling  the   stars  of  the  show  from  the  beach.

“Marlen  Olivari,  model  and  TV  star   talks  about  the  changes  in  her  life   that  her  new  son  has  brought  and   her  new  show  “I  Love  Chile.” “We  had  a  bit  of  a  misunderstanding,  but  we  are  

friends  now.  I  invited  the  lifeguard  and  his  family  to   come  to  the  show  this  weekend,”  she  says  with  a   24


ILCNEWS / FEATURE

Photo:  Ricardo  Salcedo

laugh.  In  regards  to  promoCon,  the  team  behind  the   show  have  no  doubt  about  the  best  methods.  “We   have  invested  a  lot  of  money  on  adverCsing,  so  we   have  filled  Viña  del  Mar  with  adverCsing  on  radio,   phone  calls,  television.  There  must  be  a  lot  of   adverCsing  to  catch  the  eye  of  the  audience.  Once   people  have  seen  our  show,  the  most  important  way   of  adverCsing  our  show  is  the  word  of  mouth.  People   have  been  our  best  adverCsing.” Aside  from  being  the  star  of  the  I  Love  Chile  spectacle   as  well  as  being  mother  to  seven  month  old  Lorenzo,   Olivari  has  also  taken  up  a  posiCon  as  ambassador  for  a   government  program  against  domesCc  violence.  “I  am   the  public  figure  in  a  SERNAM  and  PDI  campaign  called   A  Summer  Without  Violence  in  order  to  support   women  and  people  in  encourage  women  in  general  to   report  those  abuses.”  She  added  “women  need  to  be   independent.  They  need  to  work  so  if  they  are  facing   abuse,  they  can  leave  the  situaCon.  You  need  to  be   independent  to  take  personal  decisions  in  life.”

“I  want  people  to  feel  proud  of   being  Chileans.” about  the  proposal.  “We  have  had  some  offers  from   New  York  and  Sweden  already.  I  would  love  to  take  the   show  to  Chileans  living  abroad.” As  for  young  Lorenzo,  it  is  planned  he  will  grow  up  in   Chile  and  proud  of  the  fact.  The  new  mother  said  “I  am   going  to  teach  my  son  he  must  be  proud  of  being   Chilean,  because  it  is  a  parent's  work  to  teach  their   children  the  love  for  their  country  and  values.”  It  is   likely  the  Viñamarino  will  share  her  love  of  Chilean   seafood  with  her  son.  “We  have  great  seafood  all   through  Chile,  that  is  my  favorite  food”.

When  asked  who  she  would  most  like  to  have  at  the   When  we  asked  Marlen  if  she  would  like  to  be  seen  as   show,  the  answer  was  slightly  surprising.  “I  used  to  play   a  role  model,  she  replied  that  “it  would  be  a  honour  for   basketball  as  a  child.  I  would  love  to  have  some  of   me  to  become  in  such  a  thing.  And  I  would  really  love   these  guys  like  Michael  Jordan  and  Magic  Johnson.  I   used  to  write  down  some  strategic  plays.”  It's  not  only   to  collaborate  in  the  woman  protecCon  campaign,   basketball  that  Olivari  is  interested  in  either.  “I  like  to   especially  for  the  woman  of  social  risk.” watch  the  Chilean  naConal  soccer  team  play.  That's   when  everyone  in  Chile  comes  together  with  the  one   APer  the  I  Love  Chile  show  finishes  its  run  in  Viña  at   red  shirt.”  ILC the  end  of  February,  the  producCon  will  travel   throughout  Chile  and  has  already  received  offers  to   take  the  producCon  further  afield.  Olivari  is  excited   25


ILCNEWS / SPORTS

 Fernando  González   Announces  his   Retirement  from  Tennis Part  of  Chile's  “Golden  Era”   of  tennis,  the  big  hitting   Fernando  González  has   decided  to  end  his   professional  tennis  career. Now  it  is  certain:  aPer  much  speculaCon  over  the   past  two  years,  the  31-­‐year  old  is  sure  that  he  will  be   finishing  his  career  at  the  Miami  Masters  event,  on   March  21.  He  chose  Miami  to  finish  his  careers   because  of  the  large  Chilean  populaCon  living  there   and  close  Ces  with  the  tournament  organizer.

In  2007,  González  reached  his  best  ranking  of   number  five  in  the  world.  He  spent  much  of  his   career  overshadowed  by  players  such  as  Roger   Federer  and  Rafael  Nadal,  but  overall  he  can  hark   back  to  a  very  successful  career.   Gonzalez,  also  known  as  Mano  de  Piedra  (Stone   hand)  won  11  tournaments  and  his  greatest  triumph   was  the  victory  in  the  Athens  Olympics,  where  he   combined  with  Nicolás  Massú  to  win  the  doubles   event.  This  was  Chile's  first-­‐ever  Olympic  gold  medal.   Massú  won  gold  in  the  singles  with  González  taking   bronze. So  let  me  start  a  short  review  of  the  Chilean  tennis   player.  He  received  his  talent  for  playing  tennis  from   26

Photo:  Courtesy  Diane  Krauss

By Daniel Boyle


ILCNEWS / SPORTS

his  father,  who  was  the  owner  of  a  tennis  club  in   SanCago.  González  started  playing  tennis  when  he   was  7  years  old.  As  a  junior,  Mano  de  Piedra   achieved  the  world  number  one  ranking.

Beijing  2008.  He  managed  to  reach  the  final,  but  was   beaten  by  Rafael  Nadal.  The  silver  medal  meant  he   has  a  gold,  silver  and  bronze  to  his  name  over  the   course  of  two  Olympic  Games.

In  2009,  Gonzalez  returned  to  Viña  del  Mar  and  was   crowned  champion  once  again,  his  fouth  victory  in   the  tournament.  A  variety  of  injuries  have  slowed   down  the  great  Chilean's  career.  Only  able  to   compete  in  ten  tournaments  in  2011,  González   The  season  2002  became  the  breakthrough  for  the   dropped  to  number  298  on  the  ATP  rankings.   Chilean,  who  achieved  two  tournament  victories  in   Rumours  abounded  over  the  past  two  years  that   Viña  del  Mar  and  Palermo.  He  ended  up  this  season   each  game  could  be  his  last,  but  in  early  February,  he   in  18th  place  in  the  ATP  rankings.   made  the  announcement.  “I  realized  that  I  didn't   2004's  success  at  the  Olympics  projected  him  to  the   have  the  energy  I  needed,  nor  am  I  prepared  to  do   status  of  a  naConal  hero.  Alongside  Massú  as  well  as   all  I  need  to  do  all  I  need  to  do  in  order  to  be  where  I   want  to  be,”  he  said  in  a  press  conference  in   Marcelo  Rios,  this  was  a  golden  era  for  tennis  in   SanCago. Chile.  2005  saw  González  win  three  more  ATP  Ctles. Fernando  González  had  a  good  career,  which  the  31-­‐ In  2007,  Mano  de  Piedra  reached  his  first  and  only   year  old  can  look  back  on  with  pride.  Not  only   final  at  a  major.  The  loss  to  Roger  Federer  allowed   members  of  the  tennis  community,  but  many  other   him  to  enter  the  top  five  in  the  ATP  rankings.  Later   Chilean  sports  starts  have  noted  the  loss  of  González   the  same  year,  González  finally  overcame  Federer.   as  a  sad  day  for  sport  in  Chile.  ILC APer  the  success  in  2004,  González  was  chosen  as   the  flag  bearer  for  Chile's  Olympic  delegaCon  in   In  the  year  2000,  one  year  aPer  he  started  his   professional  career,  he  won  his  first  ATP  Ctle  when   he  defeated  Massú  at  the  U.S.  Men's  Clay  Court   Championships  final  in  Orlando,  Florida.  

Photo:  Courtesy  Olimpic.org

27


ILCNEWS / ARTS

The  Tempo  Keeps  On   Changing

By Titus Levis

Chilean Music Legend Reflects on an Evolving Industry

Just  by  walking  through  the  streets  of  SanCago,  it’s   easy  to  see  that  the  city  has  a  vibrant  music  culture.   Posters  for  upcoming  concerts  are  plastered  onto  every   conceivable  surface,  announcing  the  next  spate  of  live-­‐ shows  to  be  played  in  every  corner  of  the  city.  Whether   it’s  a  big-­‐name  rock  concert  at  the  NaConal  Stadium,  a   small,  sweaty  cumbia  show  at  the  Galpon  Victor  Jara  in   Barrio  Brasil,  or  an  inCmate  jazz  concert  in  Bellavista,   SanCago  has  everything  a  local  music  junkie  could   want.   According  to  Chilean  musician  Francisco  “Pancho”   Molina,  it  wasn’t  always  this  way.  Ten  years  ago,  when   he  was  living  in  SanCago,  the  musical  landscape  was   much  different.  “Even  though  the  music  industry  was   happening,  there  were  not  many  bands,  not  many   places  to  play  music,”  he  explained  to  me.  “It’s  much   be?er  now.  New  bands,  new  bars  to  play  in,  theaters.   Casinos,  that’s  new  for  me  too.”  

the  1990’s.  Combining  a  diverse  array  of  rock  and   blues-­‐based  influences  such  as  the  Beatles,  the  Rolling   Stones,  Chuck  Berry  and  Nirvana,  the  band  produced   their  own  unique  blend  of  folk-­‐rock.  They  translated   this  mix  into  mainstream  success  in  the  mid-­‐90’s. The  group  got  its  start  playing  concerts  in  bars  and   universiCes  around  Concepción,  Chile’s  second  largest   city.  Eventually,  they  moved  to  SanCago,  and  added  the   talents  of  Angel  Parra  (son  of  legendary  folk  musician   Violeta  Parra),  before  releasing  their  first  proper  album,   Los  Tres,  in  1991.  

In  the  next  few  years,  their  popularity  conCnued  to   grow.  The  release  of  their  third  album,  La  Espada  &  la   Pared  (The  Sword  and  the  Wall)  in  1995,  brought  the   group  a  level  of  internaConal  fame  and  a?enCon  that   vaulted  them  to  the  top  Cer  of  LaCn  American  bands.   That  same  year,  MTV  invited  them  to  Miami  to  perform   for  their  Unplugged  series.  The  band  put  on  a   Molina  is  well  acquainted  with  the  music  industry,  both   legendary  performance,  and  the  live-­‐album  of  the   inside  and  outside  of  Chile.  He  was  the  drummer  and   concert  went  plaCnum  four  Cmes  within  three  months   one  of  the  founders  of  Los  Tres  (We  Three),  one  of  the   of  its  release.   most  popular  and  influenCal  LaCn  American  bands  of   28

Photos:  Courtesy    Petra  Richterova

“More  artists  were  coming  to   perform  in  Chile.  Maybe  it’s   because  the  economy  in  Chile  is   strong  and  solid.”  


ILCNEWS / ARTS The  band  members  broke  up  and  went  their  separate   ways  in  2000.  In  2006,  the  group  reunited,  but  Molina   did  not  return  to  take  up  his  post  behind  the  drums.  In   2004  he  moved  to  Boston,  where  he  enrolled  in  the   Berklee  College  of  Music,  and  found  work  in  the  dance   world,  playing  percussion  for  the  Boston  Ballet  and  the   Boston  Conservatory.   In  2009,  Molina  moved  to  New  York,  a  place  that  he   had  been  visiCng  and  recording  music  in  since  his  days   with  Los  Tres.  APer  taking  a  few  years  to  establish  

“Santiago  has  everything  a   local  music  junkie  could   want.” himself  in  the  city,  he  found  the  musicians  he  wanted   to  play  with  and  started  work  on  a  new  album.  The   record,  Open  for  Business  (a  collecCon  of  original   composiCons  by  Molina  and  guitarist  Elias  Meister),   was  recorded  in  Manha?an  and  released  in  June,  2011.   For  Molina,  the  album  is  difficult  to  classify,  with  the   sound  moving  across  a  variety  of  musical  genres.  “It   can  be  called  jazz,  but  really  it’s  my  vision  of  world   music.  It  has  elements  of  rock,  funk,  jazz  and   improvisaCon.”

In  December,  Molina  returned  to  Chile  to  play  a  series   of  shows  around  SanCago.  He  once  again  found  –  as  he   has  on  previous  trips  back  to  this  home  country  –  that   the  music  scene  had  changed  dramaCcally.  StarCng  in   2004-­‐2005,  he  said,  “more  money  was  coming  in  to   support  the  live  shows.  More  arCsts  were  coming  to   perform  in  Chile.  Maybe  it’s  because  the  economy  in   Chile  is  strong  and  solid.”   Big  name  acts  may  be  coming  to  fill    Chile’s  music   arenas,  but  Molina  does  not  see  any  threat  of  the   country’s  losing  its  unique  musical  idenCty.  It’s  a   tradiCon  that  includes  the  folk  ballads  of  troubadours   such  as  Victor  Jara,  Violeta  Parra  and  Los  Jaivas.  For   Molina,  the  Chilean  tradiCon  of  mixing  music  and  social   consciousness  lives  on  today.  “Music  is  an  important   part  of  social  movements  all  the  Cme,”  he  said.  “I  think   [Chilean  musician]  Ana  Tijoux  is  doing  something…it   could  be  somebody  like  that  who  is  going  to  come  out   with  an  expression  of  what  is  happening  in  the  social   movement  in  Chile.  But  it’s  quite  different  now,   because  it’s  not  only  in  Chile.  It’s  happening  all  over  the   world.”  ILC

English(AA(in(Chile

contact@englishaainchile.cl

www.englishaainChile.cl 29


ILCNEWS / CHILEANS ABROAD

Chileans Abroad:

Santiago  to  U.K. Our  first  writer  is  Daniela  Reyes  Arellano.  She  is   from  San\ago  but  currently  living  in  Chesterfield,   England.  

about  the  German  guy,  yes…   he  is  conservaCve  and   structured.

WriCng  introducCons  about  oneself  is  always  something   really  hard  to  do.  I  mean,  if  you  give  too  much   informaCon  about  yourself,  people  may  think  you  are   vain.  On  the  other  hand,  if  I  just  give  you  the  usual   informaCon,  you  won’t  find  it  interesCng  at  all,  you’ll  turn   the  page  and  forget  about  me,  which  is  not  the  idea!

The  three  of  us  are  working  in   a  public  school  in  the  suburbs   of  Chesterfield.  The  truth  is   that  this  is  kind  of  a  holiday  for   me!  I  mean,  in  Chile  I  work   from  8-­‐9  am  unCl  10-­‐11  at   night.  So,  working  12  hours  a   week  is  just  fantasCc!

Let’s  go  from  the  very  beginning:  my  name  is  Daniela   Reyes  Arellano,  I’m  from  the  not-­‐that-­‐friendly-­‐but-­‐ amazing  city  of  SanCago  (yes,  despite  of  what  many   people  think  about  our  capital  city,  I  love  SanCago).  I’m  a   teacher  of  English  at  the  IP  Chileno  Británico  and,  at  the   moment  I’m  working  as  a  Language  Assistant  in  the  UK. I  live  in  a  small  city  called  Chesterfield.  It  is  in  the  middle   of  England,  one  and  a  half  hours  from  Manchester  and   just  15  minutes  from  Sheffield.  The  city  is  very  small,  if   you  compare  it  to  SanCago,  but  you  can  find  everything   you  need-­‐  and  when  I  say  everything,  I  really  mean  it.  It   has  all  the  nice  typical  BriCsh  stuff  that  big  ciCes  like   London  have:  fish  and  chips,  fancy  cabs,  roundabouts   everywhere  and  even  our  own  Big  Ben…  ok,  in   Chesterfield  is  more  like  a  Small  Ben!

Editor’s Note: Here at I Love Chile we hope to get everybody more involved, not just for people in Chile or those who are planning a visit, but also for Chileans who have spread out through the rest of the world. This is the first of our Chileans Abroad section. If you are a Chilean living somewhere else, maybe you would like to contribute to this section. Please get in touch by email – editor@ilovechile.cl

When  I  was  preparing  to  come,   a  lot  of  people  told  me  that  life   in  the  UK  was  kind  of  hard  and   really  expensive.  To  tell  you  the  truth,  the  first  and  only   thing  I  thought  when  I’d  just  arrived  was  how  hard  it  will   be  to  get  used  to  the  li?le-­‐huge  details  from  everyday   life:  people  driving  on  their  right,  supermodels  selling   meat  at  the  butcher’s,  the  buses  arriving  on  Cme,  people   saying  ‘hi’  when  they  see  you  on  the  street  or  even  the   days,  which  in  winter  can  last  only  5  hours. So,  every  week  on  the  I  Love  Chile  web  site  I’ll  tell  you   about  the  tasty  details  that  make  life  more  entertaining,   and  of  course  some  useful  informaCon  about  this   beauCful  and  cold  island.  Then,  if  you  decide  to  come  in   the  future,  you’ll  be  prepared.

I’m  living  here  with  my  Chilean  boyfriend  (I  know,  I’m   really  lucky),  and  with  two  other  two  language  assistants:   Saludos! a  French  girl  and  a  German  boy.  About  the  French  girl  I   can  say  that  yes,  she  does  take  showers  everyday.  And   Daniela  Reyes  A.

30


/ˆVŽiÌÃÊ܈̅ʘœÊÃiÀۈViÊviiÃʜ˜Ê/ÕiÃ`>ÞÃÊvÀœ“Ê£äÊ>“Ê̜ʣÓÊ«“Ê>ÌʜÀˆi˜ÌiÊ̅i>ÌiÀÊLœÝʜvvˆVi°Ê*i`ÀœÊ`iÊ6>`ˆÛˆ>Ê䙙]Ê*ÀœÛˆ`i˜Vˆ>°

  Ê

,   / Ê t

, "

Ê, / 1  "  /

/

-/Ê*,ÊÓ£Ê 7Ê* ,", /

I

6 off 1 ˜ Ì ˆ  Ê  > À V … Ê Î £Ì…

Évi˜ˆÝ“ÕÈV> Jvi˜ˆÝ“ÕÈV> *Dcto.  para  personas  naturales  que  paguen  con  Tarjetas  del  Chile,  mostrando  código  solicitado  en  bancochile.cl.  Dcto.  debe  solicitarse  en  punto  de  venta.  Realización  del  evento  y  dcto.  son  otorgados  por  FEG  SA.  sin  responsabilidad  de  Banco  de  Chile.  Infórmese  sobre  la  garan a  estatal  de  los  depósitos  en  su  banco  o  en  www.sbif.cl


ILCNEWS / TRAVEL

From Punta Arenas there is a 2-hour flight to Base Frei in Rey Jorge Island (South Shetland Islands). The provider is Antártica XXI, a company leading the way in transport that offers touristic tours with a scientific touch. For more information visit www.antarcticaxxi.com. Flights are by DAP airways, http://www.aeroviasdap.cl/

Chilean  Antarctic The frozen Continent

The  AntarcCc  is  located  in  the  Chilean  Magallanes  and   AntarcCc  Region  and  it  belongs  to  Chile.  Its  specific   locaCon  is  between  60  and  90  degrees  laCtude  south,   990km  from  the  south  of  Punta  Arenas  and  it  is   1,250,000km2.   Nowadays,  AntarcCca  is  important  because  of  its   unique  climate  and  animals.    Both  researchers  and   tourists  have  increased  in  the  last  few  years.   Discovered  200  years  ago,  this  conCnent  has  been   hidden  to  humanity  since  long  ago.  InteresCngly,  many   thinkers  such  as  Aristóteles,  Eratóstenes  and  Ptolomeo   speculated  about  it,  calling  it  the  Terra  Australis  Ignota   or  the  Unknown  Land  in  the  South.   Today,  the  so-­‐called  Frozen  ConCnent  has  achieved  a   great  level  of  tourism,  thanks  to  broadcasCng  about   the  region  by  different  iniCaCves  of  Punta  Arenas’   companies.  

“It  is  an  honor  and  a  privilege  to  us  (NaConal  Tourism   Service,  a.k.a  Sernatur),  that  the  city  of  Punta  Arenas   was  one  of  the  first  jumping  off  points  for  AntarcCca.     It’s  one  of  our  more  exoCc  and  a?racCve  places  in  the   country,”  added  Andrea  Téllez,  Regional  Director  of   Magallanes’  Sernatur.   All  those  tourists  who  arrive  in  AntarcCca  highlight  its   beauCful  landscapes  and  extreme  weather.  It  is  one  of   the  most  visited  places  by  tourists. The  things  that  characterize  AntarcCca  are  its  amusing   scenarios.  It  has  glaciers,  mountains  and  ice  masses,  as   well  as  fauna  which  include  whales,  elephant  seals,   crabeater  and  Weddell  seals;  Adelia,  Papúa  and  Barbijo   penguins;  and  also  a  huge  variety  of  birds  like  the   Albatross  and  Petrel,  among  others.    

32

Photos:  Courtesy    Sernatur

How to get there


Photo:  Courtesy    Sernatur

ILCNEWS / TRAVEL

“Discovered  200  years  ago,  this   continent  has  been  hidden  to   humanity  throughout  history.”

   A

Scientific and Ecologic treasure

Located  between  the  60°  and  90°  South  LaCtude  and   with  an  almost  circular  shape,  AntarcCca  has  a  4,000  km   diameter  and  approximately  14,000,000  km²  total  area.   The  Chilean  area  is  1,250,000  km²  located  990   kilometers  from  Punta  Arenas. Towards  the  center,  temperatures  vary  between  -­‐70°   and  -­‐40°C  during  August;  during  February,  the  warmest   month,  the  temperatures  vary  from  -­‐45°C  and  -­‐15°C.   Coastal  area  temperatures  are  higher,  varying  from   -­‐32°C  to  -­‐15°C  in  winterCme,  while  in  summer,  they   reach  -­‐5°  -­‐  5°C.

     A

new touristic pole

Whether  by  sea  through  Puerto  Williams,  Cape  Horn   and  the  Drake  Sea  or  by  air  from  Punta  Arenas,  tourism   has  se?led  into  AntarcCca.  Cruise  lines  offer  everyone   combinaCons  of  cruises  which  allow  people  to  see  by   the  main  sights  of  AntarcCca. According  to  the  “AntárCca  XXI”  Chief  OperaCng   Manager,  Diana  GalimberC,  “the  fact  that  this  place  is   becoming  more  visited  by  tourists  is  an  excellent  way  of   preservaCon  in  itself,  since  people  realize  how   important  this  place  is  because  of  its  unique  fauna,  for   example.  We  are  working  on  that  with  the  air-­‐cruise   project,  in  which  tourists  visit  this  place  with  a  tourist   and  scienCfic  outlook.”

The  conCnent  is  divided  into  two  areas,  the  main   AntarcCc  or  eastern  AntarcCca,  which  is  bigger  and   older,  and  the  minor  AntarcCc  or  western  AntarcCca,   recently  formed  and  characterized  by  the  lands  and  ice   poinCng  to  the  North,  known  as  the  AntarcCc  Peninsula. Visitors  arrive  here  by  air  on  Rey  Jorge  Island,  the   biggest  from  the  archipelago  and  the  place  where  most   Two  seas  and  its  bays  give  AntarcCca  its  characterisCc   features:  the  Ross  and  Weddell  seas.  More  than  90%  of   of  the  scienCfic  bases  from  different  countries  are   located.  In  that  place,  tourists  can  get  on  a  sight-­‐seeing   it  is  covered  with  ice.  It  is  the  highest  conCnent  on  the   planet  with  areas  that  are  more  than  2,200  meters  high   mariCme  voyage  and  can  expect  to  see  whales,  orcas,   seals,  elephant  seals,  sea  lions  and  penguins,  albatross,   and  peaks  exceeding  3,000  meters.  Here,  wind  plays  a   key  role  since  it  regulates  the  global  weather,  especially   and  petrels  inhabiCng  huge  icebergs  that  have  broken   off  from  ice  masses. ILC the  South  hemisphere  weather.  

33


ILCNEWS / FOOD

A  Taste  of  the  South

Culinary Destinations Not to Miss in Southern Chile By Colin Bennet Photos:  Colin  Bennet

It’s  February,  which  means  the  annual  migraCon  from   the  urban  jungle  of  SanCago  to  the  coast,  to  Chile’s  Lake   District,  to  Patagonia  and  beyond.  If  you’re  heading   south,  the  driving  moCvaCon  might  be  the  volcanoes,   the  lakes,  the  greenery  of  the  region,  but  there  are   some  excellent  food  desCnaCons  not  to  be  missed.   Here  are  three  of  them:

Capitan Pastene A  must  see  (and  eat).  This  is  Chile’s  own  Li?le  Italy,   created  in  the  early  1900’s  by  about  80  families  that   immigrated  to  Chile  from  Italy  to  find  new   opportuniCes  in  South  America.  Now  a  community  of   about  3000,  Capitan  Pastene  hasn’t  lost  its  roots.  Here   you  have  three  top  quality  tra]orias  where  the  food  is   superb.  More  than  just  homemade  pasta,  two  of  these   spots  make  their  own  Prosciu?o,  Italian  ham  aged  over   three  years  and  full  of  flavor.  Stop  by  either  L’Emiliano  or   Don  Primo  for  a  memorable  experience  and  great  food.   Even  if  you’ve  traveled  extensively  in  Italy,  this  place   offers  something  new.  Dishes  that  incorporate  Chilean   and  Mapuche  ingredients,  like  merken,  create  a  blend  of   Italian  Chilean  cuisine.  It’s  worth  a  night’s  stay  to  sleep  off   the  sheer  amount  of  food  you  will  eat  during  a  visit.  It  is   located  about  two  hours  north  of  Temuco,  the  nearest   urban  center  and  airport,  and  is  best  accessed  by  private   car.

Lago Budi Heading  east  from  Temuco,  leaving  the  paved  road   behind,  aPer  about  an  hour  and  a  half  you’ll  arrive  to   Lago  Budi.  Formed  aPer  a  tsunami  in  the  1960   earthquake,  Lago  Budi  is  an  inland  salt  lake  surrounded  by   small  Mapuche  communiCes  that  are  open  to  visitors  and   tourists.  Some  places  even  have  rukas,  the  tradiConal   home  of  the  Mapuche  people.  This  is  an  excellent   opportunity  to  experience  Mapuche  culture  first  hand.   34


ILCNEWS / FOOD Most  of  the  cabins  and  rukas  in  the  area  include   tradiConal  meals  in  their  offer.  During  your  stay,  head   to  the  dock  of  Puerto  Saavedra,  where  you  can  find  a   fresh  and  delicious  display  of  seafood  cuisine  and   Mapuche  cooking.

Chiloé Chiloe’s  gastronomic  contribuCon  is  the  curanto-­‐  a   colossal  mix  of  shellfish,  pork,  chicken,  sausages,   potatoes,  fish  and  more,  cooked  in  either  a  dug-­‐out  

35

hole  or  large  pot.  It  serves  up  enough  to  feed  a  small   army.  But  it  doesn’t  stop  there.  Try  some  of  the   naCve  potatoes,  the  elephant  garlic,  or  a  rack  of   lamb,  then  have  a  drink  or  two  in  true  Chilote   fashion.  It  is  a  delicious  mix  of  food  and  local  culture.   ILC

Colin Bennett is an editor, writer and guide with foodyChile.com, a blog and tourism website that offers food tips and tours in and around Santiago. Visit www.foodychile.com for more info.


ILCNEWS / FOOD

Bye  -­‐  Bye  Nescafé Enjoying the Chilean coffee shop You  just  can’t  beat  chillin’  out  in  a  sidewalk  café   enjoying  a  cup  of  joe.  This  is  not  an  experience  to  take   lightly  here  in  SanCago.  It  wasn’t  all  that  long  ago  that   there  was  a  percepCon  out  there  about  Chile’s  coffee   scene  being  somewhat  lacklustre.  

By Susan Taylor

biggest  and  best  coffee  producers  in  the  world,  how   can  you  not  get  a  decent  cup  of  coffee  in  Chile?

Unlike  Brazil  and  Colombia,  coffee  has  never  been  a   tradiConal  hot  drink  down  here.  It  really  has  been  in   the  last  50  years  or  so  that  it  has  started  to  take  hold   A  couple  of  years  ago,  I  wouldn’t  have  blamed  visitors   (more  on  this  point  later).  Before  that,  tea  and  a  drink   for  bringing  beans  from  home.  Going  into  a  restaurant,   called  “ulpo”  were  the  choices;  Ulpo  got  its  start  when   at  Cmes,  meant  you  got  some  hot  water  and  some   the  Spanish  conquistadores  brought  wheat  to  be   Nescafé  instant  coffee.  Thankfully,  the  Cmes  are   grown  in  the  south.  The  Mapuche  toasted  the  wheat,   changing  in  this  regard.  A  couple  of  weekends  ago,  I   ground  it  and  added  it  to  hot  water  with  some  honey.   happened  to  come  across  the  1st  Annual  Cafe  Expo   This  was  very  popular  in  the  countryside,  and  in  some   held  in  Espacio  Juventud  in  Providencia,  where  coffee   parts  it  sCll  is. baristas  got  to  demonstrate  the  art  of  making   wonderful  la?es  and  espressos.  Could  it  be  that   About  50-­‐years  ago,  a  group  of  business  men  got   SanCago  is  finally  shedding  this  age-­‐old  reputaCon  of   together  and  decided  they  would  really  like  to  have  a   bad  coffee  and  is  embracing  a  new  atmosphere  of   place  to  go  in  the  aPernoons  and  have  their  espresso.   coffee  bean  supremacy? A  new  business  was  born,  Café  HaiC,  which  was  soon   to  be  known  as  the  first  café  con  piernas  (coffee  with   You  may  be  thinking  like  I  did  when  I  first  got  here:   legs).  This  wasn’t  any  ordinary  business  as  it  was  a   When  you  are  on  the  same  conCnent  as  some  of  the   coffee  shop  where  the  female  servers  all  wore  very   Photo:  Ricardo    Salcedo

36


ILCNEWS / FOOD

Cght-­‐fiHng  aHre  and  high  heels  while  offering  only   conversaCon  and  fresh-­‐brewed  coffee.   Other  coffee  houses  soon  took  off-­‐-­‐  as  did  a  li?le  extra   clothing  in  some  places  (those  are  the  ones  with  the   blacked  out  windows!).  One  thing  about  most  of  these   places  is  that  the  coffee  is  served  from  a  bar  and  all  the   patrons  are  standing.  You  really  don’t  have  the  relaxed,   laid-­‐back  atmosphere  that  you  find  in  the  cafes  in   Europe  or  even  next  door  in  ArgenCna. Then  again,  Chileans  never  seemed  to  have  had  Cme   before  for  big,  leisurely  moments  to  enjoy  a  cup  of   coffee.  Take  breakfast,  for  instance.  Back  during  the   70’s,  Nestle  started  a  markeCng  campaign  that   capitalized  on  this  fact  by  introducing  an  instant  coffee   that  could  be  made  quickly  and  anywhere,  at  any   Cme,,  with  just  hot   water..  

It’s  2012  now,  and   Chile’s  economy  is   booming.  Many   Chileans  are   traveling  overseas  

37

Now  we  get  to  relax  with  our  favourite  cup  in  the  many   different  cafes  throughout  SanCago  that  offer  different   blends  and  preparaCons,  and  I  don’t  just  mean  the   stand-­‐up  kind.  Even  those  diehard  fans  of  Starbucks  – impossible  not  to  miss  the  famous  green  label  even   here  in  Chile-­‐  can  have  their  way. My  favourite  places  are  the  ones  that  have  hidden   paCos  and  gardens  that  take  you  away  from  the  hecCc   pace.  There  are  the  ones  that  play  a  great  mix  of  music   and  have  a  nice  shaded  terrace.  You  can  sit  back,  relax   and  chill.  So  next  Cme  you  go  off  on  a  trip,  just  leave   room  in  your  suitcase  for  other  things  than  coffee.  It   won’t  take  you  long  to  find  a  small  cafetería  with   interesCng  alternaCves  from  around  the  world.     If  you’re  in  Providencia,  check  out:  

Café  Espresso-­‐Avenida  Pedro  De   Valdivia  1974

Nice  easy  going  music,  light  snacks  and  sandwiches.   Really  enjoyed  the  pear  and  almond  tart!

Café  Plaza  Victoria  -­‐  Santa  Isabel  052 Right  next  to  the  Santa  Isabel  Metro  stop,  with  a  li?le   garden  paCo  in  the  back.  They’ve  got  delicious   European  style  cheesecake  made  with  rico?a  cheese,   yum!  ILC

Photo:  Ricardo    Salcedo

Of  course,  today   you  will  sCll  see   store  shelves  lined   with  Nescafé  coffee,   but  stores  and   supermarkets  are   starCng  to  make   room  for  more  and   more  whole  bean   stuff  (yeah!).

and  people  are  flocking  here.  More  people  want  to   experience  what  they  have  enjoyed  in  other  parts  of   the  world.  


ILCNEWS / SPORT COLUMN

DANIEL BOYLE

Photo:  Courtesy  Presidencia

Each month our sports editor Daniel Boyle will give his opinion on various sports topics. This week he looks at Chile's World Cup qualifying campaign

 Should  Claudio  Bravo  Remain   Captain  of  Chile's  National  Team? With  the  World  Cup  being  held  in  Brazil  in  2014  and   the  hosts  assured  a  place,  the  South  American   qualifying  group  (CONMEBOL)  is  wide  open  for  who   will  qualify.  The  top  four  teams  of  the  nine  in  the   group  will  move  through  to  the  World  Cup,  while  the   fiPh  team  will  play  off  with  the  fiPh  team  in  the  Asian   group.  Chile  currently  sits  in  fiPh.

Teams  look  for  inspiraCon  from  their  captain.  The  job   of  the  goalkeeper  is  to  keep  the  goals  out  and  let  the   team  make  a  counter  a?ack  from  their  work.  If  Bravo   is  not  stopping  the  goals,  can  the  rest  of  the  team   respect  him?

What  has  let  Chile  down  is  discipline  and  defence.  The   discipline  issue  is  both  on  and  off  the  field,  with  the   much  publicised  case  in  November  seeing  the   dismissal  and  suspension  of  five  players  from  the   squad.

Some  argue  that  Claudio  Bravo  is  not  Chile's  best   goalkeeper.  Jhonny  Herrera  played  a  huge  part  in   Universidad  de  Chile's  charge  to  the  Copa   Sudamericana  Ctle,  however  Coach  Claudi  Borghi  has   stated  before  the  outspoken  player  is  not  needed  in   the  naConal  squad.

Chile  has  so  far  won  two  and  lost  two,  however  both   of  their  defeats  have  been  heavy.  4-­‐1  against   ArgenCna  and  4-­‐0  in  Uruguay,  aPer  the  mischievous   five  had  been  dumped  from  the  squad.  Chile's  captain   is  Real  Sociedad  goalkeeper  Claudio  Bravo.

Bravo  took  the  reins  as  captain  aPer  the  reCrement  of   the  legendary  Marcelo  Salas.  The  next  qualifying   matches  are  in  June,  away  against  Bolivia  and   Venezuela.  Claudio  Bravo  will  need  to  lead  by  example   to  make  sure  he  remains  as  captain. 38


APPROVED R*YOU… WE*CARE*FOo*visit*us! if*you*care*t

Clínica Las*Condes (in*front*of*Lider) www.quirodoc.com dr.tello@quirodoc.com

Oddball Ex-Pat tax problems?

If you are an ex-pat with oddball tax problems OR an oddball ex-pat with tax problems, help is available. Call Ken Shields

66670525

Feeling Culture Shocked? Learn the secrets of Chilean culture that every gringo needs to know with The Gringo’s Culture Guide to Chile. Available in paperback and instant ebook download.

I LOVE CHILE RECOMMENDS

Get your copy at GringosCultureGuide.com


ILCNEWS / WOMAN COLUMN

MAMIKO ITO

Each month Mamiko Ito will share her opinions on women’s success.

Fueling  the  Fire

Is it really possible to keep passion alive in a relationship? Many  people  think  it’s  normal  that  passion  dies  off   aPer  a  few  years  in  a  relaConship.  It  is  common  that   the  fire  and  passion  you  used  to  have  at  the  beginning   of  the  relaConship  diminishes  over  Cme,  but  it  is  NOT   normal  that  it  happens.  

“A  woman’s  job  is  never  done,   whether  she  has  one  child  or   seven.”

It  is  hard  for  modern  women  to  be  always  loving  and   pleasing  to  our  partners.  Unlike  our  mums  and   grandmas,  we  have  to  work  as  hard  as  men,  come  back   home  and  sCll  have  to  cook  dinner,  clean  the  house   and  take  care  of  children.  Many  women  hardly  have   enough  Cme  for  themselves,  let  alone  being  a  loving   wife,  welcoming  their  husband  back  home  with  smile.

environment  is  really  hard  for  women  because  it’s  not   our  natural  state.  Feminine  energy  is  about   connecCng,  sharing,  feeling  and  giving.  The  longer  we   connect  ourselves  with  masculine  energy,  the  harder  it   becomes  for  us  to  switch  back  to  feminine  energy.  And   that’s  exactly  what  kills  the  passion  and  romance  in  the   relaConships.

At  work,  we  have  to  be  confident  and  goal-­‐oriented.   We  have  to  focus  on  result  instead  of  caring  about   emoCons  and  the  feelings  of  other  people.  We  have  to   pretend  to  be  strong  and  independent.  We  have  to   compete,  not  only  with  men,  but  with  other  women  at   work  who  can  be  your  enemy.  Working  in  such  

When  women  become  more  masculine,  we  want  to  be   in  control.  When  I  start  acCng  like  a  commander-­‐in-­‐ chief,  I  know  that  I’m  in  masculine  energy.  I  start  to  put   everything  in  order  and  feel  overwhelmed  with  all  the   things  I  have  to  do.  And  when  I’m  in  that  state,  I’m  far   40


ILCNEWS / WOMAN COLUMN 41

from  wanCng  to  cuddle  and  be  inCmate  with  my   husband.  Does  it  sound  familiar  to  you?

4. Make sacred time with your partner –  My   husband  and  I  organize  a  spontaneous  hot  date  night  

ReconnecBng  yourself  with  feminine  energy  is  criBcal   not  only  for  the  relaBonships,  but  for  your  well-­‐being.   A  study  shows  that  stay-­‐at-­‐home  mums  generally  tend   to  feel  happier  than  working  mums.  But  it  doesn’t   mean  that  you  have  to  quit  your  job  and  stay  at  home.   These  small  rituals  can  make  a  shiP  from  masculine  to   feminine  energy  quicker  and  easier,  and  you  can  start   every  month.  Whether  it’s  a  night  out  or  30  minutes   aPer  your  kids  go  to  bed,  make  Cme  exclusively  for  you   feeling  happy  and  loving  again. to  connect,  enjoy  and  have  fun.  During  the  sacred   1. When you return home, change your Cme,  don’t  talk  about  work  (especially  if  you  are   working  together)  and  disconnect  yourself  from   clothes to something that makes you feel iPhone  or  Blackberry  .  It’s  not  about  the  quanCty,  but   feminine  –  LighCng  up  a  candle,  playing  soothing   quality.  Be  present. music  like  jazz  and  bossa  nova,  puHng  your  favorite   perfume  or  taking  a  bubble  bath  can  immediately  shiP   5. Go out with girls  –  meeCng  up  with  my   your  energy  and  put  smile  on  your  face. girlfriends  and  talking  about  everything  from  a  new   restaurant  in  town  to  the  recent  vacaCon  is  a  big  de-­‐ 2. Reconnect with yourself with yoga, stress  Cme  for  me.  Women  process  feelings  and   Pilates, meditation or walking in nature -­‐   emoCons  by  talking  and  sharing  and  it’s  something   ShiPing  your  awareness  to  your  body  and  relaxing  your   men  can’t  understand.  When  a  frustraCng  or  upseHng   mind  have  amazing  effect  on  your  relaConships. event  happens  to  us,  what  we  need  in  order  to  feel   be?er  is  just  talking,  being  heard  and  a  feeling  of   3. Let go of control  -­‐  I  know  it’s  hard  for  some   empathy.  For  men,  it’s  difficult  to  just  listen  without   women  to  let  go  of  control  when  you  come  home  and   offering  soluCons.  (Guys,  isn’t  that  right?) see  things  sca?ered  on  the  floor,  unwashed  plates,  and   piles  of  laundry.  Hire  a  part-­‐Cme  maid  or  helper,  if  you   6. Get help from experts  –  Understanding  the   can.  (Great  thing  in  Chile  is  a    (maid)    is  much  more   difference  between  men  and  women  can  liberate  us   affordable  than  Japan  or  the  US!).  It’s  impossible  to   from  frustraCons  and  unnecessary  arguments.  “Men   meet  the  same  standard  as  our  mums  and  grandmas   are  from  Mars,  Women  are  from  Venus”  by  John  Gray   who  simply  managed  the  house.  Drop  your   and  “Secrets  About  Men  Every  Woman  Should  Know”   expectaBon.  A  woman’s  job  is  never  done.  Whether   by  Barbara  DeAngelis  are  my  top  relaConship  books.     you  have  1  child  or  7  children,  you’d  sCll  end  up  giving   They  are  both  fun  to  read.  ILC everything.  And  your  partner  would  probably  be   happier  seeing  you  more  relaxed  than  being  nagged.

“When  women  become  more   masculine,  we  want  to  be  in   control.”


ILCNEWS / LOVE COLUMN

Soltera  in  Santiago:   Stupid  Cupid Valentine’s Day Isn’t So Lovely for Everyone Okay,  so  el  día  de  los  enamorados  came  and  went  this   year  and  if  you  are  anything  like  me,  you’re  ready  to   take  Cupid’s  arrow  and  poke  him  in  the  face  with  it.

2

Head  to  the  Cupid  is  Stupid  SanCago  Pub   Crawl.  Now,  even  though  it  may  seem  like   it,  especially  aPer  my  last  arCcle  about  Chileans   loving  to  be  in  relaConships,  not  everyone  is  in  one.   SomeCmes  I  even  wonder  if  ValenCne’s  Day  is  there  for   Those  who  are  not  were  at  this  event.  So  dress  to  the   those  in  relaConships  or  if  it’s  there  to  simply  remind   nines  and  next  Cme  get  your  fabulous  self  out  and   those  of  us  who  aren’t,  that  we  are  in  fact,  not.  Now,   about  instead  of  staying  home  sulking.  It  takes  place  at   enough  of  the  cynicism.  I’ve  compiled  a  list  of  things  to   the  Chocolate  Club  in  Bellavista. occupy  yourselves  with  if  you  find  yourself  single  on   next  year’s  lovey-­‐dovey  holiday,  so  you  don‘t  end  up   Take  into  account  that  ValenCne’s  Day  is   throwing  yourself  off  of  Cerro  San  Cristobal  out  of  self-­‐ actually  a  commercial  holiday  so   pity.  I  was  up  there  contemplaCng  it  myself,  though.   businesses  can  make  money  from  cards,   Just  kidding. candy,  and  flowers.  Even  so,  these  things  are  sCll   enjoyable.  So  what  do  I  say?  Get  up  and  go  buy   Have  an  anC-­‐ValenCne’s  day  party  with  your   yourself  some  flowers  and  chocolates!  Whoever  said   single  gal  pals.  Same  goes  for  the  fellas.  There   you  ever  needed  a  significant  other  to  enjoy  sugary,   is  nothing  be?er  than  feeding  your  face,   fa?y  goodness? drinking  cocktails,  and  watching  movies  with   others  that  know  what  it’s  like  to  be  single  on  this   Speed  daCng!  That’s  right.  They  have  a  speed   couple-­‐oriented  holiday. daCng  event  with  salsa  lessons  at  Salsa  Brabra   at  Santa  Isabel  0305,  the  day  before  ValenCne’s   Day.  Next  year  it  will  be  even  be?er.

3

1

4

And  finally,  this  one  is  more  of  a  warning.  If   you  do  venture  out  on  the  actual   holiday  itself,  please  don’t  go  to  some   restaurant  by  yourself.  You’ll  only  be  seHng   yourself  up  for  couple  central  to  make  you  feel  all  the   more  soltera.

5

Well,  ladies  and  gents,  however  you  celebrated,  I  hope   you  remembered  that  being  single  has  its  benefits.  One   of  them  is  that  you  save  a  lot  more  money  than  those   in  relaConships.  You  dodged  the  bullet  about  having  to   empty  the  wallet  for  dinner,  giPs,  cards,  unnecessary,   oversized  stuffed  bears,  etc. Well,  I  hope  everyone  had  a  Happy  ValenCne’s  Day!  Or,   hmpf,  a  happy  AnC-­‐ValenCne’s  Day  for  my  fellow   Singles!  ILC

soltera@ilovechile.cl

42


ILCNEWS / CULTURE COLUMN

PEPE’S CHILE

Photo:  Julia  Dose

Each month PEPE’S CHILE will teach us more about this wonderful country

How  to  say  goodbye  in  Chile How  to  say  goodbye  in  Chile  is  a  li?le  different  from   what  you  may  have  learned  or  seen  elsewhere.    Your   basic  Spanish  class  taught  you  how  to  say  goodbye  to   someone.  You  learned  to  say  adios  as  you  depart.    In   Chile,  you  won’t  typically  hear  adios.  When  you  depart   a  friend’s  house  or  leave  a  group  you’ll  say  chau  or   chao.

give  handshakes  (formal  seHngs),  hugs,  or  cheek  kisses   to  everyone  you  are  leaving  behind  (give  cheek  kisses  if   you’re  a  woman  or  saying  goodbye  to  a  woman). Departures  are  essenCally  the  opposite  of  how  you   greet  people  in  Chile.    If  you  arrive  with  a  flurry  of  hugs   (abrazos)  and  kisses  (besos),  that's  how  you’ll  leave,   too.

When  I  first  heard  this  I  was  a  li?le  surprised.  I  thought   Make  sure  you  save  Cme  for  a  proper  departure.  You   I  was  in  Italy. don’t  want  to  offend  anyone.  It  takes  a  while  to  kiss   Pronounce  chau  with  the  “ch”  of  “church”  and  the  “au”   and  hug  everyone,  especially  in  a  larger  group. like  the  “ou”  in  “out”.    It  sounds      like  “chow”. In  addiCon  to  a  single  chau  farewell,  you’ll  also  hear   the  rapid  double  version:  chau  chau.

English goodbyes in Chile?

Chileans  also  love  to  sprinkle  in  English  words   occasionally  during  normal  conversaCons.  In  place  of   It  seems  like  adios  is  reserved  for  a  more  finalized  good   chau,  I’ve  heard  the  Spanish  pronunciaCon  of   bye  where  you’ll  never  see  the  person  again.  However,   “goodbye”  or  “bye-­‐bye.” even  in  those  cases,  chau  is  oPen  used. However,  as  a  foreigner  in  Chile,  you  shouldn’t  use   Goodbye  in  Chile  is  more  than  words. English  words  trying  to  be  cute.  Say  chau  and  everyone   will  know  what  you  mean. Remember  that  in  Chile,  you  can’t  just  say  goodbye   and  leave.  You  need  to  personally  say  goodbye  and   43


ILCNEWS / LEARNING

Learn  While  You  Read 1

4

2

3

5

6 7

10

8

9

11

12

13

14

15

16 17

1 3 4 10 13 15 16 17

44

Across More than 90% of it is covered with ice Cup of Joe El dia de los enamorados Drummer and one of the founders of “Los Tres" World Cup 2014 Mano de Piedra Town Alexis Sanchez grew up in The Centro de Estudios para economía Baja en Emisiones de Carbono

2 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14

Down Patagonia Sin Represas Popular Chilean comedian who works on Morandé con Compañía Sercotec Regional Director RN The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people Author: Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus Captain of Chilean national futbol squad Chile's flag bearer in 2008 Olympics Mexico’s state-owned oil company Minister of Public Works Corporación Nacional de Desarrollo Indígena


We’ve  heard  from  our  subscribers  that  many  of  you  use  I  Love  Chile  to  teach  English.    Every  arCcle  in   each  month’s  ediCon  can  start  a  discussion  (in  English,  please!)  about  travel  or  food  or  poliCcs.  It  is  a   great  way  to  build  vocabulary  and  to  learn  English.    The  new  symbols  [add  link  here]  a?ached  to  the   arCcles  indicate  the  difficulty  of  the  English  used  in  the  arCcle.   One  of  the  new  addiCons  you  will  like  is  the  crossword  puzzle.    All  of  the  answers  to  the  clues  in  the   puzzle  can  be  found  in  the  arCcles  in  the  same  issue  of  I  Love  Chile.    To  make  it  more  fun  for  our   English-­‐speaking  readers,  there  are  clues  in  Spanish,  too.

15

JANUARY 2012 / FEATURE

Celebrating New Year’s

on

at the sea

what´s

Green circle:

Black diamond:

I  haven't  studied  English  for  too  long,  and   want  a  nice,  easy  read.  

Of course the greatest potential for this sort of system is in the desalinization and purification of water for simple household usage. With more of the world, even here in Region V, facing increased water shortages, the urgency for a low cost and eco-friendly system will become even greater with time, and Fischmann’s research and development team is already investigating how to make such purification a reality using their technology. “We are developing ways to remove salinity with our system,” Goldsmith said. “Several minerals are being studied a lot, as these kinds of solutions are needed for Chile’s north, where lots of mining takes place. However, we are still early in development for this kind of thing.” ILC

Double black diamond:

English  is  easy.  I'm  done  studying  and  want  to   be  challenged!

Puzzle  solution

G O N

A U G M A R L E N

A E N T A R C T I C A

F E 9 R E N O V A C I N 11 A 12 13 N D O 8

D I

6

S C R I

F R A N C I

4

Ó N N A C I O N A L P I P H A I 14 T E D R E A L I T Y N W M L 15 R I I A C 17 Í T L C L Q H I L A U O A A U E U N U D 19 Z T O J D I O I D O H O B 22 L A U R E N C E G O L M U B R S E G R G T R A H A A V I Y O A C 5 S C O P A N C H O R P F M I N A T I O N F S T E 7 T A T E I G O Á O C 1

2

S 20 C T E O 21 E B N B O R N E E A C Z H I A L N D 18

D C H A U Y

16

V M O L I N A L E N T I N 10 E M E X ’ S 3

Clínica odontológica Hanke

Z O Á L L I E V Z A R 23 C O N A D I

Did yo u know that th acidic e compo nents dental of the plaque decalc your to ify oth en amel? your te Keep eth cle an at C Odonto línica lógica Hanke !

45

4

I  am  beginning  to  get  comfortable  with  English   and  want  to  take  it  to  the  next  level.

6

plant provided increased opportunities. “Our research and development team is developing more applications,” said Goldsmith about the power plant reservoir. “For instance, energy from a cooling system could be used for residential use and other heating. Our lagoons would become a heat reservoir, possibly even a thermal beach for a nearby real estate project.” The use of purified water would prevent corrosion within the heat transfer system, and stop the growth of algae in the system, as well as other problems. “At temperatures above 23 degrees Celsius, conventional water systems couldn’t be used to cool things down in this sort of reservoir,” Goldsmith said.

Across Drummer and one of the founders of “Los Tres" The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people RN Mexico’s state-owned oil company AR (Abbreviation) How to say goodbye in Chile Minister of Public Works Corporación Nacional de Desarrollo Indígena

Blue square:

The filtration system has also been sought out by non-real estate interests, particularly after Fischmann visited Babson College in Boston to present its industrial application. One idea he passed along in his presentation was its use in the cooling systems of “thermal” (coal-fired, etc.) power plants. In the United States, heat dissipation for thermal power stations is permitted only through cooling towers. An earlier one-pass cooling method that involved passing river or sea water through a heat transfer system was finally disallowed by the EPA when the impact of pumping warmer water back into a natural system was show to be in general too large. The use of a purified water reservoir to transfer heat out of a power

I'm  ready  to  have  a  nice  conversaCon  in   English  and  express  my  own  ideas.

9 10 12 16 22 23

O

27

Down 1 Patagonia Sin Represas 2 Cup of Joe 3 El dia de los enamorados 5 Popular Chilean comedian who works on Morandé con Compañía 7 Town Alexis Sanchez grew up in 8 Chile's flag bearer in 2008 Olympics 11 More than 90% of it is covered with ice 13 Female star of I Love Chile Musical 14 Sercotec Regional Director 15 Coach of Chilean national side 17 Captain of Chilean national futbol squad 18 Mano de Piedra 19 Author: Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus 20 The Centro de Estudios para economía Baja en Emisiones de Carbono 21 World Cup 2014

ILCNEWS / LEARNING

How  to  use  this  newspaper



ILC News Issue 19: February 2012