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The History of Red & White Dairy Cattle and the

First Fifty Years of the Red & White Dairy Cattle Association

By Ronald F. Eustice

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RED & WHITE REFLECTIONS The First Fifty Years of the Red & White Dairy Cattle Association By Ronald F. Eustice

Founded in 1964, the Red & White Dairy Cattle Association (RWDCA) was located in Crystal Spring, PA from 1975 until 2009 when the headquarters were moved to Clinton, WI. The RWDCA strives to encourage and promote the progressive breeding and development of superior Red & White dairy cattle by providing breeders with information, programs, and services to help track, evaluate, and improve the breed from one generation to the next. The Association is based on the principle of an open herdbook and currently serves over 1, 300 members.

The dairy cow was added as Wisconsin’s official “domestic animal” by Chapter 167, Laws of 1971, in recognition of the animal’s many contributions to the state. In keeping with a succession plan adopted by the Wisconsin Purebred Dairy Cattle Association, whose members represent the seven major dairy breeds, the Red & White Holstein was designated as the 2011 Cow of the Year.


Published on the 50th Anniversary of the Founding of the Red & White Dairy Cattle Association 2014

Ronald F. Eustice All Rights Reserved. No reproduction of Red and White Reflections in whole or in part or in any form may be made without the written authorization of Ronald F. Eustice, author. The author may be contacted at reustice@gmail.com. Cover photo by Elmer Carpenter (1910-2004) 4


Consignments from these Exciting Families will sell at the

Visions of Excellence Sale

September 13, 2014 • Olmsted County Fairgrounds, Rochester, Minn.

KHW Regiment Apple-Red-ET EX-96-3E DOM

7-00 2x 365d 33,280 5.0 1654 3.4 1128

Red and Black grand daughters selling!

Melarry Advent Dutch-Red VG-87-2Yr-Can

All-Canadian Milking Yearling 2012 Res. All-American Milking Yearling 2012 1-10 2x 361d 29,290 4.0 1168 3.3 955

Daughters and family members selling!

Melarry Pitbull Donna-Red-ET GP-84

2-01 2x 311d 29,797 3.5 1029 3.0 879

#2 GTPI RED Cow of the Breed! Sale Managed by:

SCOTT & AMY COURTNEY

2564 Pole Line Rd • Ridgeway, IA 52165 563-387-0035 • -0046 fax • Cell 563-380-1318 secourtney@hotmail.com

Misty Springs Planet Brice-ET VG-87 GTPI +2117

2-01 2x 350d 25,820 3.8 979 3.4 885

Former #1 RC of the Breed!

Featuring consignments from:

DeBoer Holsteins

T-Spruce Holsteins5


THE REMARKABLE RISE OF RED & WHITE DAIRY CATTLE The ancestors of today’s cattle came in a variety of colors; white with red, roan, grey, blue-grey, dun, brindle or black spotted. Until the 18th century there was no organized effort to improve livestock nor select for traits such as hide color through artificial selection. Previously, cattle were first and foremost kept for pulling plows as oxen and no particular attention was paid to such things as selection for color, conformation or production of meat or milk. The development of the Red and White dairy breed has been a complex and evolving process. It began in the countries of Northern Europe where paintings and early records show that red and white cattle have been common from very early times and have existed side by side with the black and white, usually in the same herds. Red and white calves were commonly born from black and white parents. Some experts have estimated that worldwide there are more red, and red and white cattle kept for dairy production than black and white. This is not hard to believe when we take into account European red or red and white breeds such as Angler, Red Dane, Norwegian Red, Swedish Red, Meuse-Rhine Ijssel, Rotbunt, Fleckvieh, Simmental, Montbeliarde, Red Poll and others and Bos Indicus breeds such as Red Sindhi in India, besides the Guernsey, Ayrshire and Milking Shorthorn in North America, the British Isles, Oceania and South Africa. Robert Bakewell (1725–1795), a British Agriculturist, is recognized as one of the most important figures in the British Agricultural Revolution. In addition to work in agronomy, Bakewell is particularly notable as the first to implement systematic selective breeding of livestock. His advancements not only led to specific improvements in 6

sheep, cattle and horses, but contributed to general knowledge of artificial selection instead of random breeding. Robert Bakewell was the first to breed cattle to be used primarily for beef. He crossed long-horned heifers and a Westmoreland bull to eventually create the Dishley Longhorn. Bakewell’s great innovation was to begin what he called “breeding ‘inand-in’” or “close breeding.” Previously, livestock of both sexes were kept together in the fields with random breeding resulting in many different breeds with their own unique, but random, characteristics. Bakewell separated males from females, allowing mating only deliberately and specifically. Furthermore, by inbreeding his livestock he fixed and exaggerated those traits that he thought were desirable. Robert Bakewell’s methods of inbreeding became the models which were followed by leading North American cattle breeders such as T. J. Mccaulay (Montvic), H.F. Dupont (Winterthur), Roy Ormiston (Roybrook), Hector Astengo (Rosafe) and Tom Dent (Springbank) among countless others. By inbreeding their cattle, breeders not only changed the conformation and productive capacity of their cattle they also unintentionally concentrated the recessive gene for red and white hair color in breeds such as Holstein-Friesian and Aberdeen Angus where the black gene is dominant. As more and more farmers followed

Bakewell’s lead, farm animals increased dramatically in size and quality. In 1700, the average weight of a bull sold for slaughter was 370 pounds (168 kg). By 1786, that weight had more than doubled to 840 pounds (381 kg). However, after Bakewell’s death, the Dishley Longhorn was replaced with versions of the Shorthorn. While few cattle today are based on Bakewell’s breeds, his selection methods have become accepted practice world-wide. In the 17th and 18th centuries, cattle from Holland were imported into the British Isles and became influential in the formation of some of the most renowned breeds of England and Scotland. Professor Low, whose writings (circa 1840) are regarded as eminent authority on British breeds says “Of the precise extent of these early importations we are imperfectly informed, but they exercised a great influence on the native stock.” Professor Low goes on to say that Dutch cattle were used to improve the existing British herds including what we now know as Shorthorn, Ayrshires and British Friesians.1 While the British began to recognize the quality of Dutch cattle during the 17th and 18th centuries, there was only informal selection of cattle in the Netherlands before the establishment of the Netherlands herdbook in 1873 and the Friesland herdbook in 1879. Before herdbooks were established in the Netherlands, breed improvement was brought about without the aid of a public record keeping system. There is little evidence that even private records were kept, although it is known that certain superior individuals were recognized beyond the confines of the owner’s herd. No herdbooks existed in Holland until after they had been established in the United States. In some cases pedigrees of Dutchborn animals could be traced for a few generations. It was well known that black and white cows occasionally gave birth to red and

The Netherlands herdbook was founded in 1873 and the first cattle were recorded in the Friesland herdbook in 1879. The postage stamps above were issued by the Netherland government in 1974 to commemorate the establishment of the Netherlands Herdbook (Rundvee-Stamboek).

1 HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN CATTLE; by Solomon Hoxie, published in Harper’s New Monthly Magazine; Volume LXXVII, pp. 363370; June to November, 1888.


white calves, but the Dutch farmer cared more about the productive ability of the animal than the color of its hide. Strong prejudice against the red and white calves did not manifest itself until export to the United States began during the 1870s when American buyers began to express a strong preference for black and white spotted cattle. There is no evidence that any red and white cattle were imported from the Netherlands to the U.S., but experts believe that perhaps as many as 2500 red carriers were imported into the United States between 1877 and 1885. An April 2003 Holstein International article authored by Doug Savage estimated 25% or more of the original imports from the Netherland were red carriers. Dr. Lee Majeskie’s work at Kansas State University in the 1960s gave a similar value. Canada’s early Holstein population was the result of imports from the United States, so it is reasonable to assume that the percentage of red carriers would be similar in both countries. A Friesian cow named Clothilde was imported from Holland by the firm Smiths and Powell of Syracuse, NY in 1880. Clothilde was no ordinary cow; she was considered to be the best of the “old timers.” Clothilde carried the gene for red hair color. She had seven daughters, some of which also carried the red gene and passed it on

to their offspring. Almost every red and white or red factor Holstein in the World probably traces back to Clothilde, not just once but dozens of times. Had Clothilde been an ordinary cow, there probably would not be a need to write this history. Because Clothilde and her daughters were outstanding, their genetics became infused into some of North America’s finest Holstein herds: Carnation, Osborndale, Winterthur, Montvic, Romandale, Rosafe, Springbank, Hanover-Hill, the Gillette family farm, Mil-R-Mor and others. Initially, none of these herds selected to intensify the red factor, which they considered undesirable, but through inbreeding and line breeding to concentrate superior genetics in their herds, they unintentionally perpetuated the gene for red hair color. While the red and white calves were quietly and unceremoniously removed from the herds, a few visionaries such as Larry Moore, John C. Gage, Dr. John P. Ostrander, Elmer Carpenter, Norman Williams and others realized that some of the world’s best dairy cattle genetics were being lost every time a red and white calf was eliminated. They began to actively search out and acquire red and white calves born to black and white Holstein parents. Although the vast majority of Red and Whites in North America are almost pure Holstein, crossbreeding and an open herdbook have always been an attractive

and important aspect of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Association (RWDCA). A review of board members and classifiers of the RWDCA shows prominent Ayrshire breeders including Arnold Stansell (Selwood) of Ontario, and Ralph Cooley (Brisklea), NY, as well as Jerry Good, who together with Elton R. Smith owned MedO-Bloom, Michigan’s largest purebred Guernsey herd. Among early crossbreeding advocates, Elmer Carpenter stands out. Some cattle in his Pinelee herd at Crystal Spring, PA had the blood of four or five breeds in their veins. Carpenter insisted that red cattle breeders should have a choice between Red Holsteins and other breeds to develop the Red and White dairy cow. Since the 1970s, interest in North American Red and White cattle has expanded worldwide. The availability of frozen semen and embryos from outstanding Red and Whites and Red Factor Holsteins has resulted in rapid genetic improvement throughout the World. Modern technology such as genomics and cloning has created energy, enthusiasm and excitement that could not be imagined by those decisionmakers who chose to close the HolsteinFriesian Herdbook to red and white offspring of black and white parents and by those visionary leaders who saw opportunity and established the Red and White Dairy Cattle Association in 1964.

This postcard shows the statue of a Dutch cow in front of the Nederlands Rundvee Stamboek (NRS) office in Leeuwarden, the capitol of Friesland. The NRS records Friesians: black and white, red and white, Meuse Rijn Issel and Blaarkopf cattle.

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RED & WHITE REFLECTIONS

THE REMARKABLE RISE OF RED & WHITE DAIRY CATTLE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The Remarkable Rise of Red and White Dairy Cattle................................................................4-5 Fifty Years of Red and White Progress.......................................................................................... 7 Acknowledgements........................................................................................................................ 8 I. In The Beginning...................................................................................................................... 9-11 II. Coming To America..................................................................................................................... 12 III. Clothilde..................................................................................................................................13-14 IV. A Century of Development and Discovery.............................................................................15-16 V. The Migration of the Red Factor................................................................................................. 17 Arden Farms and The Minnesota Holstein Company........................................................... 19 Winterthur Farm.................................................................................................................... 20 Osborndale Farm................................................................................................................... 21 Carnation Farm.................................................................................................................22-23 Gillette Family, Sarcastic Lad and the Johannas................................................................... 18 VI. Red Pathways Between the United States and Canada................................................................ 24 Canadian Headliner Herds................................................................................................25-30 Pedigree of Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign........................................................................... 25 Montvic Farm........................................................................................................................ 26 Springbank Farm .................................................................................................................. 26 Rosafe Farm .......................................................................................................................... 27 Spring Farm........................................................................................................................... 27 Rockwood.............................................................................................................................. 28 Glenafton............................................................................................................................... 28 Roybrook Farm...................................................................................................................... 28 Romandale Farm ................................................................................................................... 29 Hanover Hill Farm................................................................................................................. 30 VII. The Early Years of The Red & White Dairy Cattle Association.............................................31-33 VIII. John Gage’s Red and White Newsletters..................................................................................... 34 IX. Founding Fathers of The Red and White Breed.....................................................................35-40 X RWDCA Leadership; Past and Present...................................................................................41-42 XI. Red and White Dairy Cattle Association Reserve Fund Donors................................................. 43 XII. 50,000 Lbs. Red & White Milk Producers...................................................................................... XIII. International Champion Red and White Males............................................................................ 44 XIV. International Champion Red and White Females...................................................................45-48 XV. Brood Cows That Helped Build The Breed............................................................................49-68 XVI. Red Factor Foundation Sires........................................................................................................ 69 Bulls That Built The Breed...............................................................................................70-74 XVII. International Interest Drives Demand.....................................................................................75-77 XVIII. The Polled Gene and Red & Whites; A History Lesson.............................................................. 78 XIX. The Bright Future......................................................................................................................... 79 XX. Chronology.............................................................................................................................80-86

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FIFTY YEARS OF RED & WHITE DAIRY CATTLE PROGRESS By Ronald F. Eustice

In 1963, as a University of Minnesota freshman, I purchased my first Red and White females. During high school, I spent my summers working with show cattle at Mor-Ayr Farm owned by Dr. R. B. Graves, a physician at Red Wing, MN. He purchased and bred some of North America’s finest Ayrshires. One of Dr. Graves’ animals was Mor-Ayr Bell Bellidina, who at EX97.2 is still the highest classified Ayrshire of all time. Jerry Strandlund, then a recent graduate of the University of Minnesota, became manager of Mor-Ayr in 1964. He worked at Mor-Ayr several years before becoming herd manager for Larry Moore in Suamico, WI in 1965-66.

parents to enter the Holstein herdbook. Efforts at national conventions failed several times before the membership decided it was time to open the Holstein herd book to Red and Whites.

In 1962, Dr. Graves donated several heifers to the University of Minnesota with the understanding that a purebred Ayrshire herd would be developed. Dr. Clarence Cole, Dairy Department head, graciously accepted the gift and promptly bred each of the heifers to Red Holstein bulls: Larry Moore Pioneer and Larry Moore Nobile, then on loan to the University from Larry Moore. From those matings, four heifer calves were born. At the time, Dr. Cole was my college advisor and one day I asked him what his plans were for the Red and White calves? His response was, “I’ll sell them to you and cheap.” I negotiated a deal and as a university freshman at 18 years old, I owned my first Red and Whites.

During the next few years, I became acquainted with nearly all of the early Red and White cattle breeders. Several times I was invited to be a guest in their homes and I traveled with some of them, most notably Elmer Carpenter, from farm to farm to select consignments for the National Red and White Sale held at Waterloo, IA in 1969. I served on the RWDCA board from 1979 until 1982. In 1965, I purchased a Red and White heifer from Apple Acres Farm, Hastings, MN. This cow, Color Crest Miss Scarlet-Red (VG-87) was named Reserve Grand Champion at the first National Red and White Show in 1968 at World Dairy Expo. Later in the week, she topped the 1968 National Sale at World Dairy Expo. Scarlet-Red was purchased by Cliff and Claudine Boatright, Wellington, KS and gave birth to six daughters. A head shot of Scarlet appeared on the cover of Farm Journal magazine and three different times on the cover of the American Breeder’s Service Red and White sire directory.

In those days, there was limited domestic demand for Red and Whites. While still a student at the University of Minnesota, I was able to purchase some well-bred calves at very reasonable prices including daughters of SRD Advancer Three, Arlinda Ace, Pineyhill Majority, Center Field Ivanhoe Trustee, Walkway Monitor Joel and Citation R. Maple as well as a son of Reflection Brauns Ace. Many of these animals found a new home in Brazil. The proceeds helped pay my college tuition and living expenses. My passion for Red and Whites raised a few eyebrows. Some of the prominent Holstein breeders in Minnesota and elsewhere were not happy to see these red and white outcasts legitimized. The U.S. and Canadian Holstein Associations were considering by-law changes that would allow red and white offspring of purebred black and white 10

There were many who were openly hostile to the Red and Whites. One prominent Holstein breeder, a Minnesota Holstein Association past president, took me aside one day for some fatherly advice and said, “Ronnie, you have a good future ahead of you, but if you keep on with those Red and Whites, you might ruin your reputation.” I politely thanked him and completely ignored his advice.

Since then, my career has included nearly 50 years of service to American agriculture including management positions at Minnesota Holstein Association, where in 1984, I helped start the Minnesota Red and White Club; Carnation/Genetics; American Breeder’s Service; Land O’ Lakes; and, the Minnesota Beef Council. I have continued to be involved in cattle activities and during the past 50 years and have thoroughly enjoyed watching Red and Whites gain worldwide acceptance and popularity. In 1964, who could imagine that descendants

of heifers that narrowly missed the butcher block could sell at public auction for a million dollars? Who could imagine that in 2013, there would be almost as many spectators at the International Red and White Show as there were watching the Black and White judging later the same day? No one could imagine that a Red and White, Lavender Ruby Redrose-Red (EX96) would be crowned Supreme Champion at World Dairy Expo in 2005 and that in 2013, KHW Regiment Apple 3-Red-ETN (EX-96), a cloned female, would be selected as Grand Champion at the International Red and White Show at World Dairy Expo and named Reserve Supreme Champion. As the RWDCA enters its 50th year, I have been asked by the organization’s History Committee to share some of my recollections of the early years of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Association. I am highly honored for the opportunity to reflect upon 50 years of Red and White dairy cattle progress.

Ronald F. Eustice

Ronald Eustice owned his first calf at a young age when his parents needed money and cashed a $50 War Bond, a gift from his greatgrandfather James Eustice to purchase a Brown Swiss heifer. Since then, he has spent his entire career working to promote US agriculture and food production. A Minnesota native, he lives in Tucson, AZ and Savage, MN. He became a member of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Society in 1964 and personally knew nearly all of the early leaders and breed founders.


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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The author is grateful to the following people who have been willing to share their extensive experience, knowledge and research with me to make this publication possible. These experts have one thing in common; they share a passion for Red and White dairy cattle and as a result have helped the breed reach a position of worldwide prominence and respect. Dr. Larry Specht, Professor Emeritus Dairy Science, Pennsylvania State University, has compiled a history of Red and White Holsteins, which is available online at http://extension. psu.edu/animals/ dairy/documents/ red-and-whiteholstein-history. The history provides an overview of how the existence of Red and White dairy cattle evolved in the United States when all of the early Holsteins imported from the Netherlands were black and white. From a series of interviews and research into existing documentation, Dr. Specht explained the emergence of the red trait, and how Red and White Holsteins came to be accepted as eligible for registration first in Canada and then in the United States. The research centers on the introduction of the red gene into the United States and then the migration of the red hair color trait between the United States and Canadian Holstein populations. He identifies the primary bloodlines and “carrier” animals that succeeded in keeping the trait viable. Dr. Specht tried to use three primary sources to confirm the information he found, as he traced the pedigrees of Red and Whites as known Red Factor carriers back to the foundation animals. His research included studying old herd books, and reading extensively in the Canadian and U.S. breed publications, as well as other printed materials referencing early reports about red and white cattle.

Dr. David Selner, is a globally recognized dairy geneticist, who operates his own dairy consulting business that specializes in dairy

genetics, dairy management, and dairy software both domestically and internationally. He worked in the A.I. industry for over 30 years, holding positions as Vice-President and Senior Manager in Genetics, and in sire procurement, progeny testing, training and marketing. Dr. Selner has presented genetics seminars and papers in over 20 countries, educating producers and industry personnel. Every major U.S. dairy breed and many international dairy cattle breeding associations have sought his expertise to aid their genetic development. He remains actively involved in managing his family’s dairy operation, is an international dairy cattle judge and served as the Chairman of the Dairy Show at World Dairy Expo. Dr. Selner has a special interest in Red and Whites and has a unique knowledge of red and red carrier sires that have influenced the breed.

Maurice Leduc, Beauharnois, Quebec, was partner of the Granduc Holstein herd until 2002 when the herd was dispersed. This Quebec herd twice received the prestigious title of “Master Breeder”, 1994 and 2005. The Granduc herd has developed internationally Cloverlands Skylar Cherry-Red

(VG-87-CAN DOM 12*). Maurice has been the first Canadian to accept two important RWDCA awards: the Larry Moore Master Breeder Award and the Don Albrecht Distinguished Achievement Award in 2007. Maurice Leduc has been the Club Resource Officer for the Canadian Red and White Holstein Club since 2002. He has written numerous articles on the transmission of the Red Factor which have been published in Canadian dairy journals. The province of Quebec has been a leader in organizing Canadian Red and White Holstein activities. The driving force behind these activities has been Maurice Leduc.

Jean-Louis Schrago, Crans, Switzerland, has spent his entire adult life promoting Red and White dairy cattle. As an employee and later sales representative for American Breeders Service, he was a pioneer in the introduction of Red Holstein genetics in Switzerland, throughout Europe and many other countries.

Jean-Louis Schrago established his own dairy breeding company, ABC Genetics, and has developed several outstanding proven Red Holstein sires that have had a major impact on Red and White genetics worldwide. JeanLouis works closely with his brothers in the development of their Red and White herd in Switzerland.

A SPECIAL THANK YOU Tim Baumgartner, Past President, RWDCA R. Curtis Day, Burnsville, MN Peter English, Publisher, Canadian Holstein Journal Margaret McAndrews Eustice, Savage, MN Fred Hendricks, Sunshower Acres, Bucyrus, OH HolsteinWorld; Holstein Friesian History, Volume 3, Diamond Jubilee Edition, (1960); Holstein Friesian World, Lacona, NY

Gary Janssen, RWDCA Board Member Bob Kosters, Nestle/Carnation Archives France Lemieux, Production Coordinator at La revue Holstein Quebec Larry Olson, RWDCA Jerry Strandlund, Publisher, Northwest Holstein News, Bellingham, WA The Bullvine, Andrew Hunt, Hamilton, Ontario Anna Troester, RWDCA

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CHAPTER I: IN THE BEGINNING A Question of Color: Early records show that red and white calves were born from black and white parents in Holland at least as far back as the 1700s. Dutch paintings prior to the 18th century show cattle with hair coats of various colors, but none were black and white. Dr. D. L. Bakker of the University of Wageningen in the Netherlands (cited in E. Y. Morwick’s book The Chosen Breed) examined many paintings and wrote in A History of the Dutch Cow that no black and white animals appeared prior to the second half of the eighteenth century. However, some black and white cattle together with red and white and dun colored animals do appear in paintings by Paulus Potter, a 17th century Dutch artist. The author has not located any early Dutch paintings showing only black and white cattle. Until the 18th century cattle of diverse colors were bred in the Dutch Provinces. After 1750 the black pied (spotted) colored type was dominant. But there were also unicoloured red and red spotted cattle but in smaller numbers. In the Provinces of Drenthe and Overyssel both of which border the Provinces of Friesland and Groningen, there were cattle of the socalled Drenthe breed which were similar in character and color to the Ayrshire. A well-known Dutch artist Hendrikus van de Sande Bakhuyzen (1795-1860) painted pictures with agricultural themes. The

paintings seen below and above on the right were completed during the 1840s, and show black and white and red and white cows in the same pastures.

That such individuals appeared argues no impurity of blood in either sire or dam. In the language of the geneticist they both carry red and white color factors.1

Records from a variety of sources show that red and white cattle have been common in North Holland and Friesland from very early times and have existed side by side with the black and white, usually in the same herds and commonly from black and white cows that gave birth to red calves.

So far as is known, no red and white animals were ever imported into the United States and red and white animals were barred from Holstein-Friesian registration until 1970, but as is well known red and white offspring from black and white parentage were not infrequent in the early history of the breed in Holland and in the United States.

There were very few, if any, exclusively red and white herds when importation of Dutch cattle to the United States began. The Dutch farmer seems to have had little prejudice against the red color. The bulls selected were always black and white but if a cow, particularly a good milker, dropped a red and white calf it remained in the herd and was bred to a black and white bull and usually produced black and white calves that were retained or rejected solely on their ability to produce. In this way there was perpetuated a constant slight tendency for the appearance of red and white offspring from black and white parentage. It amounted to between one and two per cent in the majority of herds though a considerable number of the more careful breeders confined themselves to strictly black and white animals. There was never any question of difference between the two in characteristics, qualities, or productive capacity other than the difference in color.

Dr. J.C. Rennie, Professor of Dairy Science at the University of Guelph in Ontario and chair of the Canadian Holstein committee that studied the color question in the 1960s, said in his report to the Association: “Early records show that cattle of broken colors entered the Netherlands from Central Europe in the 13th century. Most were red and white. Black and whites were not common until the 18th century.” According to Dr. Larry Specht in his 2007 paper titled “Red and White Holstein History,” Frank Decker who operated Thendara Farm near Syracuse, NY from 1918 until 1936, also provided some insight on the question of color. Decker had a great interest in Holstein cattle and obtained his first Holsteins from the Gerrit S. Miller herd. The Miller herd, established in 1869, had become the oldest purebred Holstein herd in the United States when it was dispersed in 1937. The early members of the Miller herd were imported during the ten-year period between 1869 and 1879. The descendants of Miller’s cattle made a permanent contribution to the Holstein breed in the U.S. Gerrit Miller attempted to rid his herd of animals carrying the red trait, which he considered undesirable. In 1879, Miller imported a bred heifer called Coronet from Holland. In 1880, Coronet had a heifer calf which Miller named Copia. Miller’s records show that Copia carried the red gene. Decker detailed the history of the Miller herd in several 1920s publications. A lawyer by profession, Decker offered a

A Herdsmen With Cattle on a Country Road, Province of Drenthe by Hendrikus (Hendrik) van Sande Bakhuyzen (1795-1860). Drenthe is located on the southern border of Friesland.

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1 Holstein Friesian History; First edition 1930; pp. 3-4.


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plausible explanation for the emergence of red and white Holsteins from an imported population that was all black and white. Decker wrote: “Recorded history is short on detail about the dairy population in the Netherlands before the latter part of the 19th century when nearly all of the imports from Holland came to America. At that time, most of the cattle in the Netherlands were black and white, but some were various shades of red, yellow, dun, and grey. There are reports that black did not become the dominant color until the late 1700s when cattle from Denmark were brought in as replacements for those lost due to floods and disease.” Solomon Hoxie a Free-Will Baptist preacher who owned a farm near West Edmeston, NY, imported many cattle from Holland and became the driving force behind the establishment of the DutchFriesian Breeder’s Association, in which he served as treasurer, and the HolsteinFriesian Association. He personally selected in Holland several importations of cattle. In 1888, he wrote a scholarly

article published in Harper’s New Monthly Magazine. Following are excerpts from the article titled HOLSTEINFRIESIAN CATTLE; “In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries these cattle (from Holland) were imported into the British Isles and became influential in the formation of some of the most renowned breeds of England and Scotland. Solomon Hoxie refers to writings (circa 1840s) This painting by Dutch artist Hendrikus (Hendrik) van de Sande of Professor Low, Bakhuyzen (1795-1860) was completed about 1840. who was regarded as the eminent authority on British breeds. Professor Low goes on to say that Dutch Professor Low writes, ”Of the precise cattle were used to improve the existing extent of these early importations we are herds including what we now know as imperfectly informed, but they exercised Shorthorn, Ayrshires and British Friesians. a great influence on the native stock.” Some of the British and Scottish imports from Holland had to carry the red factor or there would be black Ayrshires and Shorthorns. The exact origins of the Friesian breed are difficult to determine but it is known that in the 18th century, herds of small black-andwhite cattle were brought into northern Holland and Friesland from northern Jutland (Denmark) to replace animals that had fallen victim to disease and flooding. These animals were crossed with the existing Dutch cattle and formed the basis of the Dutch Friesian breed. Before the establishment of the Netherlands herdbook in 1873 and the Friesland herdbook in 1879, both black-spotted and red-spotted animals were maintained separately. The preference for blackspotted cattle, particularly in the United States, led to the further segregation of red and white animals. 1,2

“Four Cows by the Water’s Edge with a Boy in a Boat” by Paulus Potter (17th century) About the Artist: Paulus Potter (1625-1654) was a Dutch artist. Animals appear prominently in all of Potter’s works, usually in small groups silhouetted against the sky. Potter grew up in the region of West-Frisia at Enkhuizen, located in the province of North Holland. Nearly all of Potter’s paintings show cattle of various colors, chiefly red and white and black and white, but also shades of brown. Paulus Potter spent his youth in West Friesland where the Holstein-Friesian breed originated and he died in Amsterdam of tuberculosis at age 28.

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1 Genus Bos: Cattle Breeds of the World, 1985, MSO-AGVET (Merck & Co.), Rahway, N.J. 2 Mason, I.L. 1996. A World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties. Fourth Edition. C.A.B International; pp. 273.


Paulus Potter painting “Cattle resting Under the Willows” - 17th Century

A December 1883 report by John F. Winter, U.S. Consul in Rotterdam provides insight into the Dutch cattle population. The document includes considerable detail (some of which is quoted directly below). The information was provided to Consul Winter by Mr. C.J.N Jongkindt Coning, Director of the Government Agricultural School at Wageningen, Netherlands. “Well over half (57.41%) of the Dutch cattle in 1883 were cross-breds of various combinations of Dutch breeds. The descriptions of the various breeds are of special interest. Similarities to red breeds such as Shorthorn and Ayrshire are mentioned as is the fact that 5% of Groningen

cattle were red and white. Friesian, Holland, Gelderland, Drenthe and various crosses were the breeds of the northern Dutch provinces. With this combination of breeds as a background, it is not surprising that some red calves were born. The report describes the various breeds as follows: Cattle of the Friesian breed are considered to be good breeding cattle, and found in the provinces of Friesland and Drenthe. The Holland breed is principally found in Purmer and Beemster, in the province of North Holland. This is probably the breed from which the Shorthorns have been raised in England, although it is doubtful whether Flemish cattle must not be considered as the

Paulus Potter (1625–1654) painting “The Cow” - 17th Century. By permission of the Trustees of Dulwich Picture Gallery. DIFFERENT BREEDS OF HOLLAND Percentages in the Dutch stock (1883):

Groningen breed 7.02% Friesian breed 8.15% Holland breed 7.08% Flemish or Zeeland breed 3.83% Gelderland breed 7.08% Drenthe breed 1.42% Friesian-Drenthe-Gelderland breed 13.61% Groningen-Friesian-Gelderland 23.81% Flemish-Gelderland-Holland 15.52% Miscellaneous breeds 2.48%

primitive breed of the Shorthorns. The Drenthe breed is much like the Ayrshire breed in Scotland that it is nearly impossible to distinguish a thoroughbred Drenthe cow from an Ayrshire. The best Drenthe animals are found in Salland, province of Overyssel. Groningen cattle, also known as blaar kopf, are typically black in color with a white head and belly. However, about 5% of the population are red rather than black.

Paulus Potter’s most famous painting is titled “The Young Bull,” now displayed in Mauritshuis in The Hague, Netherlands. “The Young Bull” was painted by 21-year-old Paulus Potter around 1647.

“A Dutch Milkmaid” by Paulus Potter - 17th Century. Nearly all of Potter’s paintings show cattle of various colors, chiefly red and white and black and white, but also shades of brown.

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CHAPTER II: COMING TO AMERICA The early Dutch settlers brought cattle from Holland to the United States as early as 1621-1625. In 1795, the Holland Land Company sent two bulls and six cows to their agent, John Lincklaen, at Cazenovia, NY. All traces of their descendants were soon lost; and, the same was true of at least two other small importations, one by the Honorable William Jarvis, the noted importer of Merino sheep, to Wethersfield, VT; and the other by Mr. Herman Le Roy to the Genesee Valley in New York State. Credit for the first permanent establishment of Dutch cattle in the United States belongs to Winthrop W. Chenery of Belmont, MA. In 1852, he purchased a Holland cow from the master of a Dutch sailing vessel that had just landed a cargo of Holland rum at Boston. The cow had been selected to furnish fresh milk for the crew during the voyage. She proved to be such a satisfactory producer that in 1857, Mr. Chenery instructed his agent in Holland to purchase a bull and two cows. Two years later, in 1859 he imported four more cows, but unfortunately all of them and their offspring, except for one young bull, contracted lung plague or contagious pleuro-pneumonia and were destroyed by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in a successful effort to stamp out the illness. Mr. Chenery remained convinced of the superiority of these cattle and in 1861 imported a bull and four cows. This time the ravages of pleuro-pneumonia were avoided. These animals as well as the surviving bull from the earlier importations became the nucleus of Chenery’s herd. Usually, the importers were neither farmers nor livestock men, but were businessmen who saw a chance for financial gain while improving the dairy stock in North America by importing “Dutch” cattle. In the early 1870s, a group of early entrepreneurs formed The Association of Breeders of Thoroughbred Holstein Cattle and in 1872 published the first of nine volumes of the Holstein Herd Book. They decreed that animals of any color other than black and white would not be recorded in their herd book. They also decided that the animals would be known by the name Holstein. One member of the group, Illinois importer George L. Brown, objected and chastised

his colleagues by saying that quality and not color should be the criteria for selection. He also maintained that the animals should have been called ‘Dutch’ cattle rather than ‘Holsteins.’ His protests fell on deaf ears despite the fact that nearly all of the imports came from Holland and not from the German Province of SchleswigHolstein. Another challenge arose when Thomas Whiting of Concord, MA imported a number of cattle from Holland in the early 1870s. Those animals that were not black and white were refused entry to the herd book. This caused a disagreement that festered for several years and ultimately contributed to the formation of the DutchFriesian Association and publication of four volumes of the Dutch-Friesian Herd Book. Through the years, these two groups had several disagreements, which were gradually resolved but in 1884, the Association of Breeders of Thoroughbred Holstein Cattle passed a resolution “Requiring the examiners of imported cattle to reject any animal which had a red or red-brown spot or spots equal to four inches in diameter.” The DutchFriesian Association saw this rule change as a relaxation of standards. A compromise was reached and the two organizations became one in 1885. The combined group was named “The Holstein-Friesian Association,” and that name has endured to the present day, although it is now called “Holstein Association USA.” Records show that all Dutch cattle imported into the United States were black and white, although it is not clear what color Thomas Whiting’s cattle were when his animals

were refused entry into the Breeders of Thoroughbred Cattle herdbook. If no red and white animals were imported, where did the red and white cattle come from? John H. Klippart, an American, made an agricultural tour of Northern Europe in the summer of 1865 and on his return published his observations. “It is a very common practice to speak of “Holland Cattle” as though they were as distinct a breed as the Shorthorn or Devon breed. In Holland there are several breeds of cattle, almost all of which owe their origin to the Holland proper breed. The Oldenbergers, West Friesian, East Friesian, Groningen, and Beemster are all Holland breeds and may be traced back to one original breed. The most celebrated of the Holland cattle are the Friesians, which are regarded as the original stock of all. They belong to what may with propriety be called the heavy breeds, and are remarkable for their very fine bones, fine and mellow hide, and peculiar coloring. The most in popular favor are the white with red, grey, bluegrey, or black spots.”1 Experts estimate that approximately 25% of the Dutch cattle that came to North America were carriers of the recessive red gene. Most prominent among imported red carriers was a cow named Clothilde who was imported by the firm of Smiths and Powell of Syracuse, NY during the early 1880s. Dr. Larry Specht has extensively researched records and pedigrees to identify some of the early Dutch imports that carried the red gene and became the ancestors of today’s Red and Whites. 1

Ohio Agricultural Report (1865)

An 1877 etching showing cattle stalls of the steamship “Denmark.”

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CHAPTER III: CLOTHILDE Clothilde was not an ordinary cow!

She was considered by most to be the best of the “old timers” in both individuality and production . . . She also carried the recessive red gene and passed it on to some of her offspring and their descendants. Of all importers none took a more prominent part, both in the point of numbers, quality of individuals, and influence on the Holstein breed as a whole, than the Smiths and Powell firm. Among the Smiths and Powell imports was a cow named Clothilde who carried the recessive red gene and became a primary source of the red trait in both the United States and Canada. Clothilde was born in Friesland on March 1, 1879. Reports show that when Clothilde was selected in Holland as a yearling, she showed great promise and when she came into production soon after she arrived in the United States, she proved to be a real champion. Freshening in January 1881, before she turned two years old, Clothilde produced 92,899 lbs. of milk in five years, an accomplishment which was unequalled for many years. During the year, 1885-86, as a 6-year old, Clothilde produced 26,021 pounds two ounces of milk, exceeding all records previously made. The record stood for two years until surpassed by Pieterje 2nd with her 30,000 lbs. production record.1 Between 1885 and 1887, Clothilde and her daughters, Clothilde 2nd and Clothilde 4th, made many outstanding production records especially in butterfat. In 1886, Clothilde won the butter production championship at the New York State Fair.2 Between 1885 and 1887, Clothilde made a 7-day record of 28 lbs. 2 1/4 ozs. butter, Clothilde 2nd made 30 lbs. 8 ozs., and Clothilde 4th, 22 lbs. 10 1/2 ozs. as a 3-year-old. These and other similar records brought much fame to HolsteinFriesians as butter producers and did much to bring them up to parity with Guernseys and Jerseys, breeds that had become very popular. In 1887, the second significant breed contest in butter production was organized during the first National Dairy Show Association. The event held May 1-14, 1887 in Madison Square Garden was sponsored largely by gentlemen engaged in breeding Jersey and Guernsey cattle. There were the usual prizes and classes for the dairy breeds, a large 20

Clothilde 1308 HHB Clothilde 1308 HHB

Clothilde was born March 1, 1879 and imported from Holland as a bred yearling in October 1880 by Smiths and Powell of Syracuse, NY. She became the foundation cow of a notable family and is credited with being the primary source of the red and white genetics in the U.S. and Canada.3

display of dairy utensils and machinery, and two “sweepstakes” prizes, one for the cow of any breed producing the largest quantity of milk during 24 consecutive hours of the exhibition. The report for the show stated that the Jersey breeders were so confident in the outcome that the cup offered for the highest butter production was engraved with the likeness of a Jersey cow. The report of The Cultivator and Country Gentleman4 on this latter competition is particularly terse and significant. “Cow of any breed producing largest quantity of butter during 24 consecutive hours of the exhibition - Smiths, Powell and Lamb, Clothilde, Holstein, 2 lbs. 7 1/2 ozs. Second to her, Clothilde 4th, also Holstein, same owners, 2 lbs. 1/4 oz. Seven Jerseys, six Holsteins and two Guernseys in competition.” In the eyes of the public, the surprise of Clothilde’s achievements as well as the great amount of butter and milk produced by this cow and her daughter focused public attention on the Holstein-Friesian as a butter breed as well as a milk breed. In order to set at rest the criticisms in regard to the quality of butter made in the large records reported from various cows, the managers of the New York Dairy Show asked Dr. S. M. Babcock, at that time chief chemist of the New York Agricultural Experiment Station at Geneva, to make

analyses of the butter from each of the cows in the competition. This was done and Dr. Babcock reported that not only had Clothilde produced the most butter, she had also produced more fat than any other cow in the contest. Clothilde was described as a cow of outstanding conformation in every respect; a remarkable dairy cow. At the New York State Fair in 1883, competing in a class of 21, she won first prize and was a member of the Gold Medal herd at the fair that year and again in 1884. Clothilde was selected as the trademark for the New York HolsteinFriesian Association because of the belief that she typified the ideal of the breed in body conformation, production, and reproduction. One authority stated that he considered Clothilde to be the best cow of all the “old timers” both in individuality and production. Clothilde never produced a son, but her influence was transmitted through her seven daughters, which were born between January 1881 and May 1888. Netherland Prince sired four of her daughters and through their sons her blood has been widely distributed. Clothilde 4th was considered to be the best daughter not only of Clothilde herself, but also of the long list of outstanding cows sired by Netherland Prince. As a 3-year-old, Clothilde 4th produced 16,457 lbs., 8 oz. of milk and a statement attached to the record calls attention to the fact that no grain of any kind was given to Clothilde 4th after the third month of her year’s test. Two sons of Clothilde 4th were retained for service in the Smiths and Powell herd. Of these the best was Clothilde 4th’s Imperial, by a son of Netherland Prince. The outstanding sons of Clothilde 4th’s Imperial were Aaggie Cornelia 5th’s Clothilde Imperial, who sired Colantha 4th, the dam of Colantha 4th’s Johanna, and 1 2 3 4

Holstein History, pp. 256-57 Ibid, pp. 18-19 Holstein-Friesian History; 1930; p. 178 The Cultivator and Country Gentleman; May 19, 1887, p. 402


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A View of the Clothilde Family at Lakeside Stock Farm

In the center is Clothilde herself; at left in front is her first daughter, Clothilde 2nd, former World’s Champion 4-year old, with Clothilde 2nd’s Duchess at the left rear. Clothilde 4th, considered to be her best daughter, as well as the best daughter of Netherland Prince, is in the foreground at right. Clothilde 4th’s son, Clothilde 4th’s Imperial, is the young bull in the picture.1

Johanna Rue 2nd, who was the dam of the sire of Colantha 4th’s Johanna; also Artis’ Adiantum’s Clothilde, whose daughter, Rag Apple’s Clothilde Artis was the dam of Pontiac Butter Boy, Pontiac Clothilde De Kol and Pontiac Clothilde Inka, all famous for their transmitting ability. Pontiac Clothilde De Kol 2d, the first cow to produce above 1,000 lbs. of butterfat, carried Clothilde 4th’s Imperial in her pedigree only four generations removed. Pontiac Butter Boy was the foundation sire of the Crescent Beauty herd in Wisconsin. The 1891 sales catalog of Smiths and Powell makes the statement that Clothilde and five of her daughters in their herd averaged 16,605 lbs., 6 1/3 oz. milk in a year, 22 lbs. 13 1/2 oz. butter in a week, three of these daughters being tested in 3-year-old form. They stated in the catalog that this average for the entire family exceeded any other cow family in equal numbers developed up to that time and made the claim that Clothilde herself was unquestionably the greatest foundation cow imported by them. By 1891, Clothilde and at least two of her daughters were owned by Senator McPheerson of New Jersey. That year, he dispersed his herd of 131 head. The outstanding individuals in the herd were Clothilde 8th bringing $580 and Clothilde 7th selling for $500. At that time there was an economic recession and cattle from better sales were averaging between $40 and $100 per head.2 The name of Clothilde is found frequently in the pedigrees of the first 75 cows of the Holstein breed to exceed 1000 lbs. butterfat in a lactation, in fact, 63 of these animals traced back to Clothilde a total of 320 times. Four of the six 1,000 lbs. fat producers on the list of the first 75 cows to exceed 1000 lbs. of butterfat traced back to Clothilde ten or more times. In 1920, Segis Pieterje Prospect, Carnation’s World Champion producer completed a record of 37,381.4 lbs. milk and became the first cow in the world to average over 100 pounds a day for a full year. Segis Pieterje Prospect, traced back to Clothilde 18 times.3 1 2 3

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Harpers New Monthly magazine; volume LXXVII; June-November 1888 Holstein History, pp. 92-93 Holstein History, p. 258

A Smiths, Powell and Lamb newspaper advertisement from the 1880s. Clothilde features prominently in the ad.


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CHAPTER IV: A CENTURY OF DEVELOPMENT & DISCOVERY By Dr. Larry Specht

Harold J. Shaw, while president of the U.S. Holstein Association, addressed the 1952 Canadian Holstein Convention. He told of a sire in an artificial insemination (AI) unit in the U.S. that was a carrier of red coat color. Although the AI unit reported the condition and advised breeders as to its mode of inheritance, almost a third of the breeding unit’s Holstein services that year were to that red-carrier bull. U.S. Holstein Secretary Norton also told the Canadian audience that American AI units had used 67 red factor bulls that had sired 8250 registered progeny. This may have been the first time the “red factor” was openly discussed at a Holstein breed convention. After hearing the remarks by Shaw and Norton, delegates at the Canadian (and at the U.S. Holstein convention held later that year) rejected any change to the color marking rules. How was the red trait able to survive the attempts to eradicate it that came from all sides of the Holstein industry? First, the mode of inheritance. As with any recessive, it is difficult to completely eliminate a trait from a population when it is hidden or masked by the dominant in the heterozygous state. Such is the case in Holsteins, since black is dominant to red, and if an animal inherits a red gene from one parent and a black gene from the other, the calf will have black hair. Sacrificing the red animals seemed like an easy solution to the problem, but breeders could not eliminate what they could not see. The usual way of finding out that an animal was a carrier was when it became the parent of a red calf. Even when the calf was killed or sent to a grade herd, it is unlikely the herd owner did anything to remove the dam from his herd and only hoped that she would not have another red calf. Most red calves, born from purebred Holsteins in Canada and the U.S. prior to the 1970s, were quietly disposed of, even though many had elite pedigrees. Second, thousands of Holsteins were imported from Canada each year, and many were carriers. Canadian Holstein Secretary Clemons reported to his Board 24

of Directors that more than 14,000 Holsteins were exported to the U.S. in 1964 and again in 1965. This was at a time when both countries were debating the “red question.” While the United States was trying to eliminate the red trait, the Canadian imports simply counter-balanced the U.S. effort to reduce its incidence. The Debate Early on, there was criticism of the policy of the Canadian AI units to remove bulls found to carry red. A number of bulls credited with doing a superior job of breed improvement were slaughtered or exported. The studs were simply supporting the Canadian Holstein breed policy that said: “The intent of the policy is to prevent the intensification of the red recessive in the breed. When semen is offered, the phrase ‘carries the red factor’ must be included in the ad. It is the official policy of the Association to discourage excessive promotion and the use of semen from unproven bulls which are known as carriers of the red factor.” They later refined their “red-carrier” policy with reference to AI sires and said that: “The intent of the policy is to prevent an intensification of the red recessive in the breed while still permitting intelligent breeders to utilize the superior genes of any red carrier sire that has an outstanding proof for production and type.” It became obvious that AI was the primary way of finding out which bulls were “red carriers.” Prior to AI, few red carrier sires were uncovered because their service was limited to one or a few herds. Such herds often had no carrier females, and there was only a 25% chance that a red carrier bull mated to a red carrier female would produce a red calf. If a red and white calf was dropped, it was usually concealed and quietly removed from the herd. The first World-Friesian Conference was held in Amsterdam in September 1964 with 17 countries participating. Canadian Holstein Secretary George M. Clemons reported on the subject of color markings

as follows: “There was no support for a separate herd book. The FRS (Red and White) herd book in the Netherlands has had a separate book for 80 years. The number of registrations has been pretty stable and is a small figure in light of total registrations.” Clemons quoted one participant as saying “It has no useful part in dairy economics in Friesland. Black and Whites are THE breed, so don’t promote the competition as it will just become a nuisance.” This perception was contradicted by a 1981 report from the Netherlands Herd Book Society that at the time recorded a majority of the pedigreed cattle in Holland. They indicated a breakdown of 71% Black and White Friesian and 28% Red and Whites. The question in the late 1960s was: Should Holstein Canada begin a registry for Red and White Holsteins? The Red and White Dairy Cattle Association (RWDCA) that accepted Red and Whites (regardless of origin) had already been established in the United States. After much debate, a recommendation was made that a separate herd book for Canadian Red and Whites be established and to then move to an integrated herdbook, when it became acceptable to the major Canadian (export) markets. The U.S. Holstein-Friesian Association and its membership worked diligently from its early days until about 1970 to eliminate the red trait from the registered population. However, once the door was open, red and whites began to appear in some of the more elite herds. The rush to get the best of Canadian breeding even prior to the opening of the herd book brought red calves to many dairymen who had never even seen one before. Although red and white calves were being born in the United States, from the beginning, Canada was the main source of breeding stock for U.S. Red and Whites. Canada’s number one “red carrier” sire in the 1940s was ABC Reflection Sovereign. His sons and grandsons in the 1950s and 60s spread the red gene throughout Canada and increased its frequency in the United States. The November 1962 Canadian AI sire report listed 476 bulls


in ten AI units, and 41 were identified as red carriers. The red trait was readily available in Canadian Holstein genetics. Four of the most popular bulls siring Red and Whites in the United States in the early days were Rosafe Citation R, Roeland Reflection Sovereign, Rosafe Domino and Chambric A B C, all sons of “ABC.” Rosafe Citation R likely had the biggest impact of any red carrier sire in North American breeding circles. He was exported to Don Marcos Ortiz, Texcoco, Mexico mainly because he sired red calves. Holstein Canada’s Alternate Herd Book Canadian Red and Whites became eligible for registration in the herd book on July 1, 1969. This was done through an alternate book that included black and whites that did not meet color requirements for the main registry book. Red and Whites were to be listed with the suffix –RED and Black and Whites with ineligible markings would be registered with the suffix –ALT. Both groups and all of their progeny would be listed only in the Alternate book and the suffixes

had to be part of the name. Examination of the Canadian herdbooks issued from 1970 to 1976 revealed that all “–Alt” and “-Red” animals were listed in the regular herdbook in registration number order and were identified with an “A” in front of their number. The “Alternates” were separate in name only. The “A” in front of the registration number was discontinued in 1976 and the “–Alt” suffix was dropped in 1980, but “–Red” was continued. It did not bar the registration of animals whose hair turned from red to black. Number of Registrations Red and Whites registered in the Canadian herdbook numbered 281 in 1969 and 243 in 1970. It was suggested that the low numbers were due to many head being exported to other countries and thus never registered in the Canadian Association. In the first two years use of the “Alternate” category, only 25% were listed as –Red, and the other 75 % had the –Alt suffix. A closer look revealed that many of the “Alts” had a red and white parent. Confusion as to how to register the “off-color ones” may have kept the number of animals registered as “-Reds” below what it actually was

Holstein USA In 1969, after several years of serious and sometimes emotional debate at various state and national Holstein conventions, members of the Holstein Association voted to accept Red and Whites and “offcolor” animals into the herdbook and not create a separate herdbook as had been done in Canada. The suffixes of –Red and –OC would be used, and numbering would be consecutive. Holstein historian, Horace Backus in his book Milestones: Along a nearly 70year journey with Registered Holsteins, tells how in 1969, Ted (Pete) Wagner, a Juniata County, PA breeder passed away and his widow asked the Backus sales organization to manage the estate sale. The herd included 96 females 2 years and over, 33 bred heifers and 39 calves over 3 months of age. There was a serious problem. The bred and open heifers were all identified in Wagner’s book by ear tag numbers alone with no sketches. The Holstein Association had discontinued printing ear tag numbers on registration certificates. The almost 70 heifers were nearly all black, each with a white switch, four white stockings


Developing our Red & White Herd In 2007, we made our first purchase of a red and white, Grenade. We were interested in her first for her tremendous pedigree. As she developed and started having daughters, our passion for red and white took off! That same year we had our first home bred red and white! Sunrise comes from the first cow we ever took to a fair! Along the way our herd has grown to include more than 20 red and whites today! What started out as a wise purchase has grown into a strong passion for the red and white Holstein!

ELK-CREEK-ACRES GRENADE-RED EX-91 Sire: Ladino Park Talent-IMP-ET Dam: Elk-Creek-Acres Bac Lemon VG-86 Next Dams: VG-85 x VG-87 x EX-94 GMD DOM x EX-94 GMD x VG-87 Daniel Stender 952-467-2115

Sesquicentennial farm. Visitors welcome.

MEADOW-MARSH AD SUNRISE-RED EX-90 Sire: KHW Kite Advent-Red-ET Dam: Meadow-Marsh Sequence-ET VG-85 Next Dam: Meadow-Marsh Storm Sequence VG-86

Meadow-Marsh Holsteins

andYoung Tim Stender 15420 110thDan Street, America, MN 55397 15420 110th Street, Young America, MN 55397 Ph. 952-467-2115 | 952-607-6297 Tim Cell | tstender30@yahoo.com

and a star on the forehead. Backus was in a quandry. No one on the farm knew which heifer came from which cow. The Holstein Association fieldman was called in to assess the situation. This was before much blood typing was done. There was urgency because the sale date of May 8 had been set. So after much discussion, those involved did their best to correctly identify and number each heifer. Fortunately, the pedigrees were very similar and a few of the neighbors thought they knew which calf came from which dam because the ailing Mr. Wagner himself had pointed the calves out to them before his passing. Horace Backus was a delegate to the 1969 National Convention in California and was determined to get the Holstein Association to put ear tag numbers back on registration papers so problems such as what occurred at Wagners’ farm could be avoided. While visiting at the hotel and checking with others from the New York delegation it became clear that many delegates, not only from New York but also other states, agreed that ear tag numbers should go back on the 26

certificates. The proposal to set up a herdbook for Red and White Holsteins and declare a moratorium so that Red and Whites over 2-years-old could be registered (at that time black and whites over 2-years-old could not be registered) was scheduled to be presented for a vote at the convention. Some leaders from Pennsylvania were just as anxious to get Red and Whites registered as the New York delegates were to get ear tag numbers back on certificates. With the Pennsylvania delegation wanting to register Red and Whites and the New York delegation wanting ear tag numbers on certificates it seemed natural to support each other. While delegates from each state were not bound to vote either way, it was obvious that almost every delegate from both states would support both propositions. Jack Fairchild from Pennsylvania made the motion on the floor to register Red and Whites and Horace Backus seconded the motion which passed 154 to 66. The first Red and White Holsteins were

Tim & Amy Stender 952-607-6297 Breeding Bulls tstender30@yahoo.com For Sale

recorded in Volume 214 of the HolsteinFriesian Herd Book with an “R” in front of their number. Larry Moore’s entire herd was accepted for registry and are found in Volume 214 of the HolsteinFriesian Herd Book that was published in 1971. The certificates were printed with rosecolored ink rather than the typical blue ink for black and whites. There were 212 males and 1191 females recorded in the initial group of “red” registrations. During the period from 1970 to 1976, the number of Red and White registrations in the U.S. Holstein herdbook increased slowly but remained below one percent of total registrations. At this time many in the RWDCA and elsewhere were very concerned that this action by the Holstein Association would have a detrimental effect on the future of the RWDCA. More than four decades later, the RWDCA remains a strong and vibrant association and there are more Red and White cattle in more countries than ever before.


CHAPTER V: THE MIGRATION OF THE RED FACTOR This chapter will center on the migration of the red hair color trait (often abbreviated in the text as *RC) in both the United States and Canadian Holstein populations and its travel across the border between the two countries. The objective is to identify the primary bloodlines and “carrier” animals that kept the trait viable from the early Dutch importations until Red and White Holsteins were accepted for registration in the herd books of both countries. An April 2003 Holstein International article authored by Doug Savage estimated 25% or more of the original imports from the Netherland were red carriers. Dr. Lee Majeskie’s work at Kansas State University in the 1960s gave a similar value. Canada’s early Holstein population was the result of imports from the United States, so it is reasonable to assume that the percentage of red carriers would be similar for both countries. Meaningful numbers of cattle came to the United States from Holland in the late 1870s and early 1880s. Records show that during eight years between 1877 and 1885, there were approximately 10,000 animals imported from Holland, of which about 750 were bulls. The cattle were brought over by 117 individuals or firms and all but 1,400 were registered in the Holstein Herd Book. 22 importers brought over 6,857 head or about 70% of the total. Note: The Holstein Friesian History (1960 edition) lists a total of 7757 imported from 18521905. The authors could not explain the disparity but they thought it likely that some of the animals were on more than one of the lists that had been merged to get the HFA number of 7757. Two Important Early Herds Two herds that imported cattle during that period stand out from the rest in terms of their contribution to the Holstein breed and especially to the emergence of the “red factor” in North America. Gerrit S. Miller: The Gerrit S. Miller herd of Peterboro, NY, imported only 53 head, but was a key to breed improvement. Early members of the Miller herd were imported in the 10-year period between 18691879. Miller’s herd was established in

1869 and had become the oldest purebred Holstein herd in the United States when it was dispersed in 1937. The descendants of Miller’s cattle made a permanent contribution to the Holstein breed in the U.S.

Fairgrounds. Here they set up a breeding establishment known as Lakeside Farm and engaged extensively in the breeding of horses, hogs and cattle. They were shrewd, energetic businessmen of high character and the firm soon acquired a high standing.1

Until his death in 1937, Miller kept a detailed journal of daily events on his farm. He identified numerous animals that were born red and were either given away or killed. These included calves from some of his most important breeding females. While Gerrit Miller attempted to rid his herd of animals carrying the red trait, a cow named Copia born on Miller’s farm in 1880 carried the red gene and passed it to her offspring and thus made a contribution to the genetic base of Red and White cattle. Copia’s dam was a cow named Coronet, imported by Miller in 1879. Gerrit Miller’s greatest sale was that of the 10-year-old female Johanna to the Gillette herd of Rosendale, WI. As we will see later, one of her great-grandsons introduced the red trait to Canada in 1901.

They made their first importation in 1879, after having purchased a bull and four cows from Gerrit S. Miller. These animals proved satisfactory. Between 1878 and 1886, Smiths and Powell imported 90 bulls and 1,203 females or more than 12.5% of all U.S. imports from Holland. Smiths and Powell’s number one contribution to the red trait was Clothilde who they imported as a bred heifer. She was an outstanding individual in both type conformation and production. She produced seven daughters and made a major contribution to the breed which has been discussed in detail previously. 1

Holstein History, p. 10-11

Smiths & Powell: The second herd of importance was that of Smiths and Powell of Syracuse, NY, who imported about 1300 head of Holsteins from Holland. They (along with Miller) had a major impact on the fortunes Only a small number of carriers were identified over of the breed and were largely the 100-year span from the early importations until responsible for their area of they were accepted into the Canadian and American upstate New York becoming herd books in 1969 and 1970 respectively. Most of known as the “cradle of the the early accounts of red calves being born to black breed.” Of all importers none and white parents were never documented because took a more prominent part, dairymen did not others to know that the red gene both in the point of numbers, existed in their herds. Dr. Specht has been able quality of individuals, and to piece together documentation from a variety of influence on the Holstein sources confirming the presence of the red gene at breed as a whole, than the several well-known U.S. and Canadian herds. Smiths and Powell firm. The business was composed of William Brown Smith, his two sons, Wing R. Smith and W. Judson Smith and his son-in-law, Edward A. Powell. They were florists and nurserymen and owned a considerable tract of land on the shore of Onandaga Lake, including a large part of what is now the New York State

While red gene existed in these herds, records were kept to avoid matings that could produce a red calf. After all, red and white calves had little or no value and were quickly and quietly disposed of. It was not until Larry Moore began to develop a red herd in the 1940s that records were kept to select for and propagate the red gene. Several well known U.S. herds unintentionally propagated the red gene and helped to form the genetic base of today’s Red & White dairy cattle.

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The Red Gene Spreads throughout North America Arden Farms, J.M. Hackney Arden Hills, MN Joseph M. Hackney, a St. Paul, MN businessman, developed a leading herd on his Arden Farms west of Lake Johanna, at 3000 North Hamline Avenue, St. Paul. It is now the St. Paul suburb called Arden Hills. In 1912, August Knopse of Juneau, WI dispersed his Homestead bred herd with most of the top animals being purchased by Joseph Hackney, two at $2,100 each. The purchases included Wisconsin Bess Piebe Laura who was carrying a calf, later known as Piebe Laura Ollie Homestead King who was used extensively in the herd along with King Segis Pontiac Count. These were used on each other’s daughters and produced some high producing cows of very desirable type. It was one of the top herds in Minnesota for several years. They won the get of sire award at the National Dairy Show in 1922. Hackney’s Beauty Beets Walker Segis was the first 2-yearold to make a yearly record over 25,000 lbs. of milk and 820 of fat. Hackney was vice president of the national Holstein Association from 1919 to 1921. Arden Farms was the scene of the famous barbecue held in connection with the 1920 National Holstein convention. He was vice president of the National Holstein Association. The herd did not maintain its prominence after Hackney retired and 40 head were dispersed by Arden Dairy on November 18, 1935. In 1917, Hackney sold one-half interest in Piebe Laura Ollie Homestead King to V.S. Culver, Minnesota Holstein Company, Austin, MN.

Sir Inka May shown above, sold for $12,000 at the Brentwood Sale in Abington, PA on April 29, 1925. The consignors were the Minnesota Holstein Company and four Minnesota farmers, Charles E. Walker, Frank Johnson, Block and Sons, and William W. Graupman, who had used the bull briefly as a yearling.

May Walker Ollie Homestead She was the dam of three All-Americans: Sir Inka May, who went to Carnation in 1925, May Walker

Inka Segis, sold to Canada for $7,100, and Sir Bess Ormsby May who sold to Osborndale Farm in Connecticut for $6,200, both at the Minnesota Holstein Company Dispersal. All carried the red gene and spread it from Minnesota to Washington state, Connecticut and Ontario, Canada. May Walker Ollie Homestead held the world record for butterfat production with 1,208 pounds.

V. S. Culver & the Minnesota Holstein Company, Austin, MN V.S. Culver, a native of Nebraska, in partnership with A.L. Eberhard organized the Minnesota Holstein Company and established a herd on their farm west of Austin. One-half interest in Piebe Laura Ollie Homestead King was purchased from Joseph Hackney in 1917, and he was used extensively in the herd and produced some great cows. His highest record daughter was May Walker Ollie Homestead who was bred by J.M. Hackney, but developed by Culver. Her record of 1,208 pounds of butter fat stood for several years as the highest in the United States. She spent her last days at Femco Farm, Breckenridge, MN. Her son, Sir Inka May, was bred at the Minnesota Holstein Company. The herd under Culver’s management had a very successful showing record. They were the premier breeder and winner of the grand champion bull award at the Philadelphia Sesquicentennial Exposition and won the premier exhibition award in 1924, and the get of sire award at the 1924 and 1925 National Dairy Shows. The Minnesota Holstein Company herd was

dispersed in 1927, with a $1,078 average. Walker Ollie Homestead sold to Femco Farms owned by Minneapolis publisher F.E. Murphy, at $4,000. Her All-American daughter, May Walker Inka Segis, sold to A. C. Hardy, Brockville, Ontario, Canada at $7,100 and her son, Sir Bess Ormsby May to Osborndale Farm in Connecticut for $6,200. Culver continued to be active in Holstein affairs and was in charge of the Dairy World of Tomorrow dairy cattle exhibit at the New York World’s Fair in 1939. It is of interest to note that Sir Inka May was first sold or leased to four farmer/breeders in McLeod County, MN and used there. The breeders were Charles E. Walker, Frank Johnson, Block and Sons, and William W. Graupman. Together with the Minnesota Holstein Company, they sold Sir Inka May to Carnation Farms for $12,000 in the April 29, 1925 Brentwood Sale in Abington, PA. For several years, Sir Inka May was the main herdsire at Carnation Farm. He lived to the remarkable age of almost 21 years and is an ancestor of nearly every Red and White Holstein dairy animal in the world. 29


Winterthur Winterthur was well known as a major source of red in U.S. Holstein circles. Colonel H.A. DuPont purchased a farm at Winterthur, DE in 1863. The first purebred Holstein to carry the Winterthur prefix was Belle of Winterthur 34993, born on Christmas day in 1893. Upon taking over management of the farm in 1914, H.F. DuPont began building a complete set of modern dairy barns. Mr. DuPont was advanced in his thinking and was convinced animal nutrition, record keeping and genetics were crucial to success in dairy cattle breeding. He bought the best breeding stock available and bred strictly within a bloodline as long as results justified the effort. He practiced line breeding and inbreeding of full brothers and sisters to identify superior individuals. His approach was a radical departure from accepted order. While the search for the key family was under way, females were assembled from various sources and Sir Inka Prilly Segis 80914 was selected as the first sire for the Winterthur herd. Sir Inka Prilly Segis was the son of the noted sire, King Segis (also the sire of King Segis 10th) and his dam Inka Prilly was a daughter of Prilly Princess. These animals were closely related and were of similar genetics to animals that at the time were successfully bred by H.A. Moyer in New York. H. A. Moyer of Syracuse, NY bred the bull King Segis 10th who as a calf was purchased by George V. Leighton of Boise, ID. King Segis 10th was the bull that helped put Carnation on the map. King Segis 10th

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Posch Ormsby Fobes 14th

was then old and crippled and was thrown in with the deal when Carnation purchased 85 head from Leighton in 1915. The results of the Winterthur program were remarkable and are shown most strikingly in the position held by Winterthur on the Holstein Honor List during the years starting in Cattle on pasture at Winterthur Farm, Delaware 1922, when the HolsteinFriesian Association implemented this ranking system. That DeKol Aaltje Pontiac *RC who was the year, Winterthur was 31st as the owner of dam of Posch Ormsby Fobes 14th who sired animals on the Honor List and far down as numerous offspring that carried the red trait. breeders of Honor List females. In 1926, Winterthur was at the top of both lists. Winterthur furnished many sires to AI units Many red carrier bulls were used in the and to fellow Holstein breeders. Posch herd. Inbreeding and line breeding had the Ormsby Fobes 14th was used extensively effect of concentrating and propagating the and died in 1950 at the age of 14 years and six red gene. One of the most influential bulls months. His descendants figure prominently used at Winterthur was Posch Ormsby in the pedigrees of many red and whites, Fobes 14th purchased at the Maytag Farm particularly in the northeastern part of the United States. One of the first Red and White sale in Iowa in 1937. bulls to see use was the Pennsylvania-bred Melvin Scholl, a well-known Holstein Bardine Ivanhoe Hit-It-Rich who was a son historian, tells the story in his book of Winterthur Ivanhoe Eden Pete 1396768 Arnewood, of how E. H. Maytag, owner of (Osborndale Ivanhoe from Winterthur Eden Maytag Farm, was able to get his favorite Flare Jetoria 4019233, a granddaughter cow bred to Sir Inka May just before the bull of Lauxmont Admiral Lucifer). Winterthur was to leave from the Minnesota Holstein cattle were also the foundation of the Larry Company herd for the 1925 Brentwood Moore herd of Red and Whites. Larry Sale where he sold to Carnation Farms Moore Transmitter Jack-Red traced three for $12,000. The mating resulted in a bull times back to Posch Ormsby Fobes 14th. calf that was named Prince Ormsby Inka May. He sired the female Ormsby

Clarkdale Gloria Transmitter *RC was known as “The Bull of a Lifetime.� He was of Winterthur breeding and carried red. His dam, Clarkdale Gloria Posch Ormsby (EX-1103 lbs. fat), resulted from the mating of Winterthur Posch Victor, (VG-SMP) born 2/3/1940, a son of Posch Ormsby Fobes 14th (EX-GM) out of Winterthur Posch Donsegis Nobsgrl (1079 lbs. fat) with Winterthur Select Great Unya, born 8/14/1939, a daughter of Winterthur Posch Great Select, born 1/17/1937.


Osborndale, Derby, CT Mr. and Mrs. W.S. Kellogg of Derby, CT established the Osborndale Holstein herd in 1920. The farm was named in honor of Mrs. Kellogg’s father, Major Wilbur Osborne, who founded the farm after his return from the Civil War. Osborndale Farm purchased Sir Bess Ormsby May at the Minnesota Holstein Company dispersal in 1927. Sir Bess Ormsby May was a maternal brother to Sir Inka May who went to Carnation and is credited with having an early and important influence in keeping the red trait viable in the United States. Their dam, May Walker Ollie Homestead was also the dam of the female May Walker Inka Segis, purchased by A. C. Hardy of Brockville, Ontario. May Walker Ollie Homestead was the dam of three All-Americans and with a record of 1128 lbs. butterfat was at one time the U.S. Champion in fat production.

Sir Bess Ormsby May sired numerous red carriers at Osborndale, and sales of his offspring spread the red trait to other influential herds. While Osborndale Ivanhoe was not a red carrier, his genetics entered the Red and White population through several sons including Milk and Honey Ivanhoe *RC, Centerfield Ivanhoe Trustee *RC as well as Bardine Ivanhoe Hit-It-Rich-Red. Sir Inka May, who was born in Minnesota but spent most of his life at Carnation, is credited with having an early and important influence in keeping the red trait viable in the United States. However, his dam May Walker Ollie Homestead, had two other progeny that also made significant contributions to the “red cause.” May Walker Ollie Homestead was the dam of the twice All-American female May Walker Inka Segis, purchased by A. C. Hardy of Brockville, Ontario.

Frances Osborne was the last of four children born to the Major and Mrs. Wilbur Fisk Osborne, and the only one to survive childhood. In 1919, at age 43, Frances married Waldo Stewart Kellogg, a New York architect who had been trained at Cornell University and Paris. Following the death of her husband in 1928, Frances Osborne Kellogg took a special interest in the Osborndale herd and made it world famous.

Sir Bess Ormsby May 477657 Sir Bess Ormsby May, was purchased by Osborndale of Derby, CT at the Minnesota Holstein Company dispersal in 1927. He was a maternal brother to Sir Inka May and sired numerous red carriers at Osborndale. Sales of his offspring spread the red trait to other influential herds throughout the US.

Produce of May Walker Ollie Homestead All-American Produce of Dam 1924 Left: May Pietertje Homestead Ormsby, born 1921 and Right: Sir Inka May, born 1923

May Walker Inka Segis May Walker Inka Segis, owned by Minnesota Holstein Company, was All-American Senior Yearling in 1926 and All-American Two-YearOld in 1927. May Walker Inka Segis was purchased by A. C. Hardy, Brockville, Ontario at the Minnesota Holstein Company dispersal in 1927. She became a conduit for several branches of the family in Canada and helped spread the red gene.

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The Red Gene at Carnation Farms

Carnation Milk Farms, Carnation, Washington

On the left is an early view of Carnation Stock Farm photographed in 1914 that appeared on a picture postcard. The photo on the right shows Carnation Farm as it appeared in approximately 1970.

Red & White Carnations In 1908, E.A. Stuart had started a project of bringing purebred Holstein bulls from the Midwest for the purpose of furnishing bulls and seed stock to patrons of his Carnation Milk Products Company. A Holstein herd was established at Carnation, WA in 1910. Serious genetic improvement at Carnation Stock Farm (later changed to Carnation Milk Farms) began in 1915, when the George V. Leighton herd from Boise, ID was purchased. The Leighton herd included 85 head descended from the purchase of females from the A. A. Hartshorn herd of New York. The bull, King Segis 10th (badly crippled at the time) was thrown in with the deal. He had been purchased as a calf from H. A. Moyer of Syracuse, NY. The bull, Matador Segis Walker, a son of King Segis 10th, was also part of the Leighton purchase. This bull and his full brother, Segis Walker Matador (purchased later), were important sires in the early Carnation herd. The herd gained worldwide acclaim in 1920 when the Leighton-bred cow, Segis Pieterje Prospect, sired by King Segis 10th completed a record of 37,381.4 lbs. milk becoming the first cow in the world to average over 100 lbs. a day for a full year. Carnation purchased Sir Inka May, then a 2-year old, in 1924. Sir Inka May was used heavily at Carnation and lived to be nearly 21-years-old and made significant contributions at Carnation. He sired thirteen 1000 lbs. fat daughters (one of which was the dam of Governor of Carnation). The daughters of Sir Inka May mated particularly 34

well with Matador Segis Ormsby as well as with Governor of Carnation. Sir Inka May’s longevity and popularity helped to firmly and permanently infuse the Red Factor into the Carnation herd. The Carnation Company was purchased by Nestle in 1985. Nestle has maintained Carnation Farms records dating back to about 1915. The card file contains several thousand entries. This information was gathered to help reduce the chance that red gene carriers would be mated and thus reduce the possibility that red calves

ineligible for registration would be born. Many of the early red carrier animals are identified in the records. These records show that the first red and white calf at Carnation was born in September 1915, but we cannot positively trace its ancestry. Between 1915 and 1965, more than 30 red and white calves were born at Carnation Farms. Thirteen of the red calves (over 40%) were sired by Sir Inka May between 1928 and 1937. Red and white calves were not then eligible for registration and removed from the herd. As a result some of the world’s best genetics were lost.

Sir Inka May *RC 422078 - Born April 8, 1923 Sire: Sir Inka Superior Segis 313447; born 8/19/1919 Dam: May Walker Ollie Homestead 300043; born 4/21/1915 Sir Inka May was purchased by Carnation from Minnesota Holstein Company at the 1925 Brentwood Sale in Philadelphia for $12,000 and heavily used from 1925 until his death in 1943 at nearly 21-years-of age. Carnation records show that Sir Inka May sired 40% of the red calves born at Carnation. Records show that 13 red and white calves by Sir Inka May were born between 1926 and 1937.


Known Red Factor Sires born or used at Carnation Sir Tillamook Butter King De Kol *RC 292390 - Born May 15, 1919 Sire: Sir Bessie Fayne De Kol Fobes 135692 Dam: Topsy Lola Butter King 226513 He sired three red calves in 1927. Sir Inka Superior Segis *RC 313447 Born August 19, 1919 Sire: King Segis Pontiac Superior 121833; Born 5/1/1913 Dam: Southside Inka De Kol 120617; Born 10/27/1908 Sir Inka Superior Segis was the sire of Sir Inka May and was also owned by Carnation Farms. Sir Inka Superior Segis sired at least two red & white calves (1927/28) while he was at Carnation. Sir Inka May 8th *RC 504581 Born July 29, 1926 Sire: Sir Inka May 422078 Dam: Carnation Matador Idleaze 799612 (By Matador Segis Walker 148839) He sired a red calf in 1928. Carnation Inka Colantha*RC 600156 Born May 16, 1929 Sire: Sir Inka May 422078 Dam: Carnation Colantha Mary 563340 He sired a red calf in 1932. Carnation Imperial *RC 578252 Born November 5, 1928 Sire: Sir Inka Superior Segis 313447 Dam: Cascade Mary Mercedes 617022 He was the sire of a red calf from Tillamook Daisy Butter Queen *RC 1113634 on 9/1/1932.

Carnation Emperor *RC 671030 Born September 14, 1932 Sire: Governor of Carnation 629472 Dam: Carnation Inka Empress 1203409 (Daughter of Sir Inka May) Carnation Emperor was sold to H.O. Norris (Wimbledon prefix) of Annapolis, MD as a calf in 1932. He sired a bull calf originally named Emperor Montvic that was sold by Norris to Mount Victoria at Hudson Heights, QC in 1938. The calf was renamed Emperor of Mount Victoria and was the main herd sire at Montvic until the herd was dispersed in 1942. Emperor of Mount Victoria was the sire of Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign who was the sire of ABC Reflection Sovereign, all of whom carried the red gene. Carnation Butter King *RC 739005 Born June 20, 1936 Sire: Sir Inka May *RC 422078 Dam: Carnation Ormsby Butter King 1165152 (Matador Segis Ormsby 396511, born 4/21/1922 x Carnation Matador Butterking 900812, born 1/20/1924). He sired a red calf from Carnation Bessie Jessie Queen *RC 1972625 on 7/19/1940. Carnation World Beater *RC 999549 Born August 8, 1946 Sire: Carnation King Madcap 857466 Dam: Carnation Daisy Madcap 2023545 (daughter of Carnation Ormsby Madcap) He sired a red calf on 9/13/1948 from Carnation Hazelwood Veeman *RC 1960301.

Segis Pieterje Prospect

The first statue erected in memory of a cow was unveiled at Carnation Farm in 1928. The statue honors Segis Pieterje Prospect, World Champion milk producer from 1920 to 1936. She traced back to the known red carrier Clothilde 1308 HHB 18 times. There is no record to confirm that Segis Pietertje Prospect carried the red gene but records show that Segis Pietertje Prospect’s son - Carnation Segis Prospect (shown above) - sired at least three red & white calves at Carnation Farms.

Carnation Segis Prospect *RC 233799 Born 2/13/1918 Sire: Dutchland Governor Sir Colantha H90477 - Born April 19, 1911 Dam: Segis Pietertje Prospect Carnation sold Carnation Segis Prospect in 1921 at the Brentwood Sale in Philadelphia for $27,100 to Brentwood Farms and Huntington Valley Farms. E.A. Stuart bought him back six months later for $50,000. Carnation Farms records show that Carnation Segis Prospect *RC sired three red & white calves between February 1923 and January 1924. Later he sold to Spain for a “fancy” price, possibly because he sired red calves. He sired Carnation Ormsby Gluck 1042591 who produced 7 yrs. 8 mos. 4X 33,347.7 M 1225.4 BF 3.7%. It is not certain from which parent the red factor came. His dam Segis Pietertje Prospect traced back 18 times to Clothilde, a known red carrier. The sire Dutchland Governor Sir Colantha was a son of Colantha Johanna Lad (a son of Sarcastic Lad and Colantha 4ths Johanna who broke every production record from 7 days to 365 days) from a daughter of Hengerveld De Kol.

Carnation Homestead Aristocrat *RC 903212 - Born January 25, 1944 Sire: Governor of Carnation 629472 Dam: Carnation Inka Model Ormsby 1840657 (She was a daughter of Sir Inka May *RC) He sired Elmer Brook Aristocrat, born March 9, 1954 who was a red carrier at East Central Breeder’s Cooperative, Waupun, WI and one of the first Red Factor bulls to be used in AI in the U.S. Carnation Revealer *RC 1372547 VG-87 - Born December 19, 1959 Sire: Carnation Marauder 1278455 Dam: Carnation Leon Empress 4370545 Note: Carnation Revealer was the first known Carnation bull to sire an RWDCA animal. He was not used at Carnation Farm but sold to a grade herd where he was used on unidentified grades with the calves having birthdates from 1962 to 1965.1 1

Bob Kosters, Archivist, Nestle/Carnation

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The Gillette Family, Sarcastic Lad and the Johannas Wilson J. (W.J.) Gillette (1861-1921) of Rosendale, WI was an early Holstein breeder and the original organizer of the Wisconsin Holstein Association. The Gillette family is best known for the development of the cow family known as the “Johannas.” In 1884, the firm of Moore and Gillette of Rosendale, WI purchased Johanna 344H from Gerrit S. Miller, who had imported her in 1878. Johanna was bred by K.J. Akkerman, of North Holland and was considered by Gerrit Miller to be the best milk cow in Holland at the time. Upon arrival in the United States, Johanna was immediately placed into milk production competition by Miller. In 1880, at the New York State Fair, Johanna was the first prize milk cow of all breeds and a member of Mr. Miller’s gold medal herd. Johanna milked 88 pounds per day while running on pasture and although this record was made before the Babcock test, it was believed to be very rich milk. The Johanna family was largely developed by W.J. Gillette and other Wisconsin breeders. Five maternal granddaughters of Johanna founded five branches of the family. The Johannas were mated with the famous bull, Sarcastic Lad, who was purchased

before birth by W.J. Gillette from the Michigan Agricultural College. Sarcastic Lad was sired by Maurice Bonheur, a son of Rosa Bonheur 5th, one of the most outstanding cows in the Michigan College herd. The dam of Sarcastic Lad was Belle Sarcastic, also one of the best cows in the Michigan herd who made a yearly record of 23,189.6 pounds of milk and 721 pounds of fat, a record which was not exceeded for ten years. Sarcastic Lad traced back to Clothilde and other Smiths and Powell importations as well as some of the best females imported by Gerrit Miller including Rip Van Winkle, Hollander and Dowager. Sarcastic Lad gained national prominence in 1904 when he won Grand Championship honors at the St. Louis World’s Fair. Sarcastic Lad was sold by the Gillettes to the Holstein Friesian Association to head their World Fair exhibit. Following the show, Sarcastic Lad was sold at auction, along with the rest of the demonstration herd, and purchased by the University of Illinois Dairy Department where he spent the remainder of his life. The fame of Sarcastic Lad rested largely on his contribution to the Gillette herd. Of Sarcastic Lad’s 35 A.R.O daughters, 20 of the best carry Johanna breeding on

Johanna 344H

Johanna was considered by Gerrit Miller to be the best milk cow in Holland. Upon arrival in the United States, Johanna was immediately placed into competition by Miller. In 1880, at the New York State Fair, Johanna was the first prize milk cow of all breeds and a member of Mr. Miller’s gold medal herd. Johanna milked 88 pounds per day while running on pasture. In 1901, Johanna Rue 4ths Lad introduced the red gene into Canada.

Sarcastic Lad 23971 Sarcastic Lad was considered to be one of the outstanding individuals of the Holstein breed. He was mated with the Johannas in the Gillette herd at Rosendale, WI. One of his sons, Johanna Rue 4ths Lad, introduced the red trait to Canada. Sarcastic Lad also was the great grandsire of King Segis 10th, the sire of many outstanding producers including Segis Pietertje Prospect, the world record Carnation cow and Segis Walker Matador and Matador Segis Walker, both famous sires at Carnation.

the maternal side. Although Sarcastic Lad produced many outstanding daughters, he is more famous for his sons. Mated to the Johannas, he sired, among other good bulls, Colantha Johanna Lad, Johanna Rue’s 3rd Lad, Johanna Aaggie’s Sarcastic Lad and Johanna Rue 4ths Lad, considered to be as fine a group of great sons that any other bull of the time had sired. In 1901, the Richardson family of Caledonia, Ontario purchased Johanna Rue 4ths Lad from the Gillettes. Johanna Rue 4ths Lad resulted from a mating of Sarcastic Lad to Johanna Rue 4th and carried the red gene. While a case can be made for the sire, who traced back to the known red carrier, Clothilde, it seems more likely that the dam, Johanna Rue 4th was the source of the red trait. She was a daughter of Aaggie Cornelia 5ths Clothilde Imperial *RC, bought by Gillettes from the Smiths and Powell herd. His sire was Clothilde 4ths Imperial, a son of Clothilde 4th, who was a daughter of Clothilde. Thus Johanna Rue 4ths Lad carried at least two crosses back to Clothilde. In Canada, Johanna Rue 4ths Lad sired a number of high record daughters including the dam of the great 30,000 pound foundation cow, Jemima Johanna of Riverside, Canada’s first 1,000 pound butterfat producer.1 1 Source: Holstein Friesian History; Vol 1 (1930), pp. 193-194; Holstein Friesian History, Volume 2 (1974) pp. 265-66

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CHAPTER VI: RED & WHITE PATHWAYS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA By Dr. Larry Specht, Professor Emeritus, Pennsylvania State University

We know that the Dutch import cow Clothilde was the primary source of the Red Factor in the U.S., but how was the red gene transmitted to Canada? Canada has been a major source of Red Holsteins for more than a century. Documentation of the arrival of the red trait in Canada came as early as 1901 with the purchase of Johanna Rue 4ths Lad by the Richardson herd of Caledonia, Ontario. Raymondale Farm of Quebec imported the sire Brookholm Inka 425125, born 12/19/1922 and purchased from the Minnesota Holstein Company in the early 1920s. He was a son of Sir Inka Superior Segis 313447 from Miss Aaggie Johanna Mercedes 511762 and contributed the red trait to the Raymondale, Abegweit, and Brown Corporation herds of eastern Canada. Sir Inka Superior Segis 313447 was also the sire of Sir Inka May 422078. The red gene could have come from either side of the pedigree as Miss Aggie Johanna Mercedes traced back to Clothilde and the sire, Sir Inka Superior Segis who also was the sire of Sir Inka May *RC. Both the female Raymondale Jewel and the bull Abegweit King Abbekerk formerly known as Eaton Hall Hengerveld Posch were progeny of Brookholm Inka and had the red factor. It is of interest that R. P. Crane of Austin, MN was the breeder of Brookholm Inka. Austin, MN was also the address of the Minnesota Holstein Company, a herd that is identified as being the foundation for key members of the early Red and White population. The female May Walker Inka Segis the twice All-American full sister to Sir Inka May, was purchased by A. C. Hardy at the Minnesota Holstein Company dispersal in 1927. Hardy

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Sir Inka May

took her to his farm at Brockville, Ontario, where she became a conduit for several branches of the family in Canada. Her Canadian-born son, Sir Inka Walker Fobes (sired by her younger brother), was the sire of Sir Inka Palmyra who was bought by Spring Farm of Streetsville, Ontario. There he sired Spring Farm Bearli Palmyra, the sire of Spring Farm Bonnie Palmyra. “Bonnie Palmyra” was a major sire at Rockwood Farms of St. Norbert, Manitoba. He carried the red gene as did several of his sons who also saw service at Rockwood. Rockwood animals carrying the red trait went to other important herds as consignments at major breed sales. May Walker Inka Segis later went to New Hampshire and appeared in the ancestry of several members of the Baker Farm herd. The Minnesota Holstein Company herd made still another major contribution to propagation of the red gene through Sir Inka May who was the great grandsire of Emperor of Mount Victoria. In 1925 during the Depression, cattle prices had fallen dramatically with average purebred cattle selling for around $145 per head. One of the bright spots took place in Philadelphia at the Brentwood Sale with its $729 average on 122 head. Topping the sale at $12,000 was a sensational young bull, Sir Inka May, a 2-year old son of May Walker Ollie Homestead, consigned by Minnesota Holstein Company and purchased by Carnation Milk Farm. At Carnation, Sir Inka May was the sire of the female Carnation Inka Empress *RC (born in 1927) whose son Carnation Emperor (born in 1932) was the sire of Emperor of Mount Victoria (born in 1938) who sired Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign (born in 1942). Canada became the major source of red and

Emperor of Mount Victoria

The easiest pathway to trace when looking at the migration of the red trait in Canada is to work back through the ancestry of ABC’s sire, Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign. Sovereign was sired by Emperor of Mount Victoria *RC, a bull bought from H. O. Norris’s Wimbledon herd of Annapolis, MD in 1938. His sire was Carnation Emperor *RC a Carnationbred bull from a mating of Governor of Carnation and Carnation Inka Empress *RC, a daughter of Sir Inka May. Carnation Emperor was born September 14, 1932 and was sold and shipped to H.O. Norris of Wimbledon Farms, Annapolis, MD on November 30, 1932. Nestle/ Carnation records show that the purchase price was $250.

white genetics through four animals imported from the United States these being the bulls Johanna Rue 4ths Lad, Brookholm Inka and Emperor of Mount Victoria and the female May Walker Inka Segis. Three of the four can be traced back to Austin, MN and the fourth came from Wisconsin.

ABC Reflection Sovereign The legendary ABC Reflection Sovereign was a son of Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign. ABC Reflection Sovereign was born December 3, 1946 and did more to infuse the Red Factor into the North American cattle population than any other sire.

Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign


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Pedigree of Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign *RC 155159 CHB

Born: 4/17/1942 Died: 12/24/1949 Breeder: T.J. Mccaulay, Mount Victoria Farm, Quebec He sold as a baby calf in the Montvic Dispersal June 29, 1942 for $4,075 to T.R. Dent & Clark E. Brown, Woodstock, Ontario. After he died in 1949, the Canadian Holstein Journal wrote an obituary that said: “He made more money for more people than any other sire ever used in Canada.” Sir Inka May *RC 422078 Born 4/8/1923

Carnation Walker Hazelwood Born 3/26/1923

Sir Inka Superior Segis Born 8/19/1919

May Walker Ollie Homestead Born 4/21/1915

Sir Inka May *RC

North Star Joe Homestead 291065 Born 11/12/1919

Carnation Inka Walker Hazelwod 1281792 Born 2/12/1928

Hazelwood Heilo Ormsby Mercedes 538447 Born 7/10/1919

Governor of Carnation 629472 Born 5/21/1930

Carnation Inka Empress *RC 1203409 Born 7/26/1927

Carnation Emperor *RC 671030 Born 9/14/1932 He was shipped from Carnation Milk Farms to H.O. Norris of Wimbledon Farms, Annapolis, MD November 30, 1932. The purchase price was $250.

Spring Farm Jean 237079 CHB Born 02/1931 Sold as a heifer for $250 at Canadian National Sale in 1933 18,779M 3.7% 700F as a 3-year-old

Emperor of Mount Victoria was sired by Carnation Emperor *RC (Governor of Carnation X Carnation Inka Empress *RC). Inka Empress was a red carrier daughter of Sir Inka May. Carnation Emperor, born in 1932, was sold to H.O. Norris of Wimbledon Farms, Annapolis, MD in 1932.

Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign *RC

Emperor of Mount Victoria *RC 124590 CHB Born 3/25/1938 His original name was Emperor Montvic. He was purchased by Mr. Macauley in 1938, from H.O. Norris’s Wimbledon herd, Annapolis, MD

Montvic Rag Apple Colantha Abbekerk 224416 CHB World Champion 3X butterfat producer (1947) @ 1263 lbs. Sold in Montvic Dispersal as a 12 year-old cow to Mallary Farm, Bradford, VT in 1942 for $2,500.

Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign *RC 155159 CHB Born 4/17/1942

ABC Inka May CAN 559938 Born 3/10/1943

ABC Reflection Sovereign *RC 198998 CHB

ABC Reflection Sovereign *RC

ABC Reflection Sovereign was the main source of the red gene in Canada. By tracing ABC’s ancestry, we can identify how the gene spread. Sovereign’s sire, Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign was sired by Emperor of Mount Victoria *RC, a son of Carnation Emperor who was a grandson of Sir Inka May. All carried the red gene.

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Sir Inka May *RC 422078 Born 4/8/1923

Roeland Reflection Sovereign *RC

Rosafe Citation R *RC


Headliner Canadian Herds By Dr. Larry Specht

Canadian headliner herds such as Montvic, Romandale, Rosafe, Springbank, Rockwood, Spring Farm, and Glenafton, with their many sales and interchange of breeding stock, were certain to have the red trait whether they wanted it or not. Heavy use of Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign and his son ABC Reflection Sovereign and their sons and grandsons, along with the Palmyra line, guaranteed it. Romandale and Rosafe were heavy merchandisers, largely along ABC Reflection Sovereign bloodlines. Other prominent Canadian herds may not have had the resources that Rosafe (Hector Astengo) and Romandale (Steven Roman) had, but they did carry on successful sales programs. Sales to other Canadian herds and exports to the United States and elsewhere made red coat color a moneymaker in the last decades of the 20th century. There was considerably less movement of breeding stock from the United States to Canada. Mention has been made earlier of the bulls, Johanna Rues 4ths Lad, Brookholm Inka, Emperor of Mount Victoria, and the female May Walker Inka Segis. Some early RWDCA sires, including those with Duallyn and Hayssen prefixes, made their way to Canada. The two U.S. bulls that had the most lasting influence on Canadian breeding of Red and Whites were Citation R Maple *RC and Hanover Hill Triple Threat-Red, both of Canadian breeding, were owned by American Breeders Service, DeForest, WI.

Montvic Farm, Hudson Heights, QC Dr. Thomas Bassett (T.B.) Macaulay (18601942), was known in the corporate world as the man who made the Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada into one of the world’s pre-eminent insurance firms. For dairy farmers, his legacy is that of breeding some

Montvic Rag Apple Bonheur

of the best Holsteins in the World. For agriculturalists, T.B. was the creator of the Macaulay Institute for Soil Research at Aberdeen, Scotland.

lifetime than any other cow in the world. She held this world record for 21 years. Countess died at age 17, shortly after her last calving, during a heat wave. She was buried on Dent farmland. The Holstein Association of Canada erected a monument in honor of Countess and T.R. Dent unveiled it on August 4, 1937 on the original Springbank Farms property.

Thomas Basset Macaulay was a businessman who got into Holstein cattle more by chance than by design. When he discovered the farm he had purchased at Hudson Heights, Quebec was more of a sand pile than crop land, he starting purchasing livestock. Macaulay had Tom Dent’s Springbank very definite ideas on the Dr. Thomas Bassett herd made the news subject of genetics. His (T.B.) Macaulay when together with studies in corn breeding Clark E. Brown, he were more advanced than any that had been made at that time. Over purchased Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign time, six of the Mount Victoria females *RC as a calf for $4,075 at the 1942 Mount became known as “The Big Six”. They Victoria dispersal. The bull’s immense where Oakhurst Colantha Abbekerk, popularity and AI service near the end of his the maternal great-grandam of Montvic career further spread the red trait. According Rag Apple Sovereign; Ingleside Pietje to a former Springbank employee, seven Posch, progenitors of the Abbekerk and to ten percent of the Montvic Rag Apple Pietje families; Dixie Colantha Hartog, Sovereign calves were born red and were foundation dam of the Hartog family; Lady eliminated. If the employees’ statement Meg Posch and Bonheur Abberkerk Posch is reasonably accurate, it would mean that 2nd, cornerstones of the Posch and Bonheur more than 40% of the herd were carrier animals. bloodlines. Combined with the purchase of Johanna Rag Apple Pabst, Macaulay went on to change the Holstein breed. Today as a result of Macauley and his influence, nearly every Holstein cow in the world has Montvic blood running through its veins!

Springbank Farm, Woodstock, ON Tom Dent and Springbank Farm at Woodstock, Ontario became famous in 1933 when Springbank Snow Countess earned the record for producing more butterfat over her

During the period from 1937 to 1941, a bull named “Captivator” sired over 20 female calves that were registered by Dent. If Captivator was a carrier of red coat color and most of his daughters were mated to Sovereign, it would help explain how it was possible to get such a high incidence of red calves in a single herd. It also indicates that the red trait was solidly embedded in the Springbank herd before Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign saw any service.

Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign

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Rosafe Farm, Brampton, ON Hector Ignacio Astengo, son of Enrique Astengo and Antonia Saint Marie, was born in Rosario, Santa Fe province, Argentina in 1895 and died in 1981. He went to primary and secondary school in Rosario and earned his Bachelor’s Degree at the Colegio Nacional Nº1, founded by Sarmiento. In 1918, he earned his law degree at Facultad Nacional de Derecho (National Faculty of Law). As a young man, he worked in rural administration and directed his family’s farms in Santa Fe province. During the 1920s and ‘30s, he became a notable cattle breeder in Argentina and won numerous awards at fairs and expositions. The 1940s were turbulent times in Argentina; there was a revolution in 1943 and Juan Perón took control of a military government in 1946. Soon after that, Astengo moved to Canada where he purchased the Hector I. Astengo outstanding A.B.C. Farms consisting of 200 hectáreas (about 500 acres) of land at Brampton near Toronto. He established Rosafe Farm and used the Rosafe prefix which was derived from combining Rosario where he was born with Santa Fe. Within a very short time, Rosafe became the premier Holstein dairy cattle herd in Canada. During its time Rosafe produced great breeding animals including Temple Farm May, A.B.C. Inka May and A.B.C. Pontiac Pathfinder. The great A.B.C. Reflection Sovereign and his son Rosafe Citation R were the biggest contributors to their success; both carried the Red Factor. Rosafe Farm won the Premier Breeder and Premier Exhibitor awards at Royal Winter Fair in Toronto in 1952 (220 head shown), 1953 (279 head shown), 1954 (282 head shown), 1955 (283 head shown), 1957 (329 head shown) and was Premier Breeder in 1960 (edging out Romandale). The success of the Rosafe herd in the show ring was the propelling force behind one of the major movements in the breed. While it was impossible to buy a Rosafe animal at private treaty, they did sell many animals through reduction sales and the breed benefited greatly. Hector Astengo, the Rosafe herd and Rosafe Citation R were vital cogs in the wheel of acceptance of Red and Whites in the 1960s. Rosafe genetics are at the base of almost all contemporary Red and White and Holstein pedigrees. Hector Astengo and his Rosafe herd achieved such fame that the Canadian Holstein Journal wrote that the history of the Holstein breed should be written in two chapters: Before Hector Astengo and After Hector Astengo. 42

ABC Reflection Sovereign All-American Gets of Sire All owned by Hector Ignacio Astengo, Brampton, Ontario

1953 All-American & All-Canadian Get of Sire

1954 All-American & All-Canadian Get of Sire

1955 All-American & All-Canadian Get of Sire

In 1967, Hector Astengo purchased Astengo family land from his brothers in Rosario, Argentina and built the Odeón Theater. Today the splendid Odeón Theater in Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina, reminicent of Italian architecture, belongs to the Hector Astengo Foundation and is a center for performing arts.


Spring Farm, Streetsville, ON J. M. “Jack” Fraser (1904-1979) established Spring Farm at Streetsville, Ontario. Fraser purchased Sir Inka Palmyra from A.C. Hardy and brought him to Spring Farm. Sir Inka Palmyra was the son of Sir Inka Walker Fobes, an inbred son of May Walker Inka Segis, the 3X All-American, purchased by A.C. Hardy at the Minnesota Holstein Company dispersal in 1927. Hardy took her to his farm at Brockville, Ontario, where she became a conduit for several branches of the family in Canada. Sir Walker Inka Fobes was sired by May Walker Inka Segis’ younger brother thus increasing the chance of carrying the red recessive. At Spring Farm, Sir Inka Palmyra sired Spring Farm Bearli Palmyra, the sire of Spring Farm Bonnie Palmyra. Bonnie Palmyra was a major *RC sire at Rockwood Farms of St. Norbert, Manitoba. Rockwood animals carrying the red trait went to other important herds as consignments at major breed sales. May Walker Inka Segis later went to New Hampshire and appeared in the ancestry of several members of the Baker Farm herd.

Rockwood Farms, St. Norbert, MB Spring Farm Bonnie Palmyra was a major *RC sire at Rockwood Farms of St. Norbert, Manitoba. Several of his *RC sons were also used at Rockwood. Rockwood had two sires home-bred that were well known in the U.S. One was Rockwood Anthony Rocket who was at the Northern Illinois Breeder’s Coop (NIBCO) and the other was Rockwood Anthony Robaron B who was used at Franlo Farm, Hopkins, MN and then went to Norcliff Ranch in Chandler, AZ. Rockwood used the Spring Farm Bonnie Palmyra *RC bull and bred a number of sons that were sold in both the U.S. and Canada. In Arizona, Rockwood Anthony Robaron B helped spread the red gene to the southwest United States.

Glenafton Farm, Listowel, ON Glenafton was owned by J.J.E. McCague and made a major contribution to Red and White genetics through Glenafton Enhancer. Enhancer was dominant in the 1980s as a sire of sons for AI units. He was a Roybrook Starlite son from Glenafton Gina Lea-Red, a Citation R Maple daughter from a

Roy Ormiston of Roybrook Farm Roy Ormiston’s unique philosophy of line breeding (or inbreeding) great individuals crafted incredible results. The family of Balsam Brae Pluto Sovereign, “The White Cow,” produced two Excellent Class Extra maternal brothers, Starlite and Telstar. The influence of Roybrook Starlite continued through his sons Roybrook Tempo and Glenafton Enhancer.

Roybrook Telstar dam. Enhancer was one of the first Canadian-bred bulls to top the USDA Holstein Sire Summary.

Roybrook Farm, Brooklin, ON Roybrook was one of the most highly regarded Holstein herds in the world. As a result of his line-breeding (inbreeding when it worked), Frederick Roy Ormiston rode the high crest of success and affluence. Often called “The Holstein Man’s Holstein Man”, an informal poll in the late 1980s by Holstein World, voted him North America’s most admired breeder. Roybrook bloodlines had worldwide impact through sales of bulls, females and semen. Dismayed with what he called the artificial insemination industry’s increasing reliance on statistics at the expense of common sense, he described some of the materials that the geneticists were placing before the Holstein public as “an insult to the human race.” Roy Ormiston used his common sense to breed three of the most influential sires in history, Telstar, Starlite and Tempo, all of which were line bred to Balsam Brae Pluto Sovereign.

Roy Ormiston did not select for the red gene in his cattle but today, most Red and White bloodlines trace back to Roybrook cattle through Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red, a Roybrook Telstar *BRC son who got the true red gene from his grandam, the great Johns Lucky Barb (EX-97), who was sired by an ABC son and through Glenafton Enhancer, a Roybrook Starlite son who got the red gene from his dam Glenafton Gina Lea-Red, a Citation R Maple daughter from a Roybrook Telstar dam. Roybrook Starlite and Roybrook Telstar were both closely linebred maternal brothers. Their dam was Roybrook Model Lass (EX-CAN 15*), a maternal granddaughter of Balsam Brae Pluto Sovereign (EX-CAN). Roybrook was a homebred herd with 20 cows in milk and produced four Class Extra Sires: Jubilee, Telstar, Starlite & Tempo.

Glenafton Gina Lea-Red

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Romandale Farm, Unionville, ON

won Premier Breeder awards at the Royal Winter Fair in 1961-67 and the Premier Exhibitor banner in 1960-63 and 1969-70. For a decade, it claimed the record for the number of All-Canadian bred and owned by exhibitor. Romandale Farms was the home of show ring winners, potent brood cows and sires of vast influence.

During the 1960s and 1970s the Romandale herd, owned by Stephen and George Roman, was a commanding force in Holstein affairs. Stephen B. Roman emigrated to Canada from Slovakia with his older brother, George, in June 1937. In 1953, he took control of a penny mining stock at Elliot Lake, Ontario and built it into one of the largest mining empires in the world. The mine operated from the mid-1950s until its closure in 1992. Stephen Roman was a daring, dynamic and tough-as-nails corporate titan who made a major contribution to the Canadian economy. The renown taskmaster sat atop a $10 billion company that owned the country’s largest uranium mine along with oil and gas interests, cement operations, a paper mill and trust firm. A religious man, he built an enormous golddomed cathedral for the Slovak Catholic

Romandale Jasper-Red

Stephen Roman community at Markham, Ontario which was blessed by Pope John Paul II in 1984. Romandale, located at Unionville just north of Toronto, included an 1100-acre farm where the Holstein herd was developed. For over a decade, Romandale exhibited North America’s leading show herd. Romandale

Romandale made a major contribution to Red and White genetics. Romandale-bred cattle that influenced the Red and White breed included C Romandale Dividend Performer *RC, C Romandale Shalimar Magnet *RC, C Romandale JasperRed, Romandale Count Crystan *RC, Romandale Royal-Red, and Romandale Reflection Marquis through his Red Factor sons: Agro-Acres Marquis Ned *RC and Life-O-Riley Marquis King *RC. The Romandale cattle were promoted enthusiastically and merchandised with consummate skill. Stephen B. Roman died at age 66 on March 27, 1988.

Romandale Dividend Performer *RC

In 1976, the first USDA proofs on Red & White bulls began to appear. Romandale Jasper-Red, a son of Romandale Shalimar Magnet, was identified as a solid improver of milk production and type conformation. Rostraver Farms Mister-Red, a son of Romandale Dividend Performer, became the first Red & White sire with a proof of over +1000 lbs. milk. Romandale Shalimar Magnet sired Misty-Maples Arlinda Magnet *RC, who became one of the top bulls for increased milk production of the entire Holstein breed. Romandale produced show ring winners but also bred bulls that made a very significant contribution to high milk production.

Romandale Shalimar Magnet *RC

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Congratulations to the RWDCA Thank you for 50 Years of Service --

漏 Ella Wright

For your Motivation, Enthusiasm & Friendship!

Sardius Holsteins

Sam & Anne Appleby & Family

Box 2273, Steinbach, MB R5G 1N7 Canada 204.326.9270 路 applebys@sardiusholsteins.com 45


Hanover-Hill Holsteins Herds that have been able to create their own genetic brand name have been few and far between. At Hanover Hill, a new bloodline was forged, through wellknown sires (often line bred) and a host of superior females. Today, Hanover Hill genetics figure prominently in Red & White pedigrees worldwide mostly through Hanover Hill Triple Threat-Red and Mil-RMor Roxette. Peter Heffering (1931-2012) and Kenneth Trevena formed the greatest cattle breeding and marketing partnership the Holstein breed has ever known. It took the unique characteristics of each to make Hanover Hill great. Peter had an eye for cattle and was a master marketer, but he would not have been as successful without Ken Trevena taking care of the cattle on the home front. Starting in the U.S. and then moving to Canada, the pair have had an immense impact the world over. They were able to develop powerful cow families that combined high type individuals who shattered production records and produced potent sons and daughters. They produced Holsteins that set the pace for many decades. When it comes to Red and Whites, HanoverHill Triple Threat-Red immediately comes to mind. Along with ABC Reflection Sovereign and Rosafe Citation R, Triple Threat stands at the top of sires that made major contributions to the Red and White breed.

The Hanover Hill Cow Families

Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red When it comes to Red and Whites, HanoverHill Triple Threat-Red immediately comes to mind. Along with ABC Reflection Sovereign and Rosafe Citation R, Triple Threat stands at the top of sires that made major contributions to the Red and White breed.

Johns Lucky Barb (EX-97-4E GMD 5*) Transmitting primarily through the female side, she became one of the breed’s primary money makers. In 1972 at the Hanover Hill Dispersal, Johns Lucky Barb and her eight-member family sold for a record of $350,000, an average of $43,812.50.

Triple Threat brought instant credibility and respect to the Red & White cause when American Breeders Service purchased him for $60,000 at the 1972 Hanover Hill Dispersal. The 1972 Hanover Hill Dispersal was one of the Holstein breed’s epic events in scope and profile. Six world records were broken. With 286 head selling for $1,143,675, a $3,998.86 average, it was the first purebred dairy cattle dispersal to gross more than $1 million.

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R. Peter Heffering and Ken Trevena shown with Hanover-Hill Inspiration *BRC Heffering and Tevena used an uncompromising breeding philosophy centered around strong cow families such as the Barbs, the Lulus and the Roxys. The Hanover Hill-bred bulls, Triple Threat and Inspiration, left a huge footprint.

Mil-R-Mor Roxette (EX-GMD 30*) As a business proposition, Roxette was a money tree. She was Roxy’s daughter by Round Oak Rag Apple Elevation and had nine family members that sold for a total of $491,500 at the 1985 Hanover Hill Dispersal. At the 1987 sale, 17 ET daughters under two years of age brought $85,700; at the 1989 Hanover Hill Dispersal, 37 members of her family, including 18 daughters, fetched $601,900; and at the 1991 Bond Haven Dispersal, nine daughters and six granddaughters sold for $113,400.

Tora Triple Threat Lulu (EX GMD 11*) In the final years of the Hanover Hill herd, the Lulus and the Roxys were its beating heart. Lulu was a daughter of Hanover-Hill Triple Threat and the dam of Hanover-Hill Inspiration *BRC.

Tara-Hills Pride Lucky Barb was the dam of Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red. Pride Lucky Barb was a daughter of Johns Lucky Barb (EX97 4E GMD 5*).


Congratulations RWDCA on 50 Years!

MASON-DIXON RWDCA

President: Jake Skinner 11403 Orchard Rd. • Mercersburg, PA 17236 Phone: 717-860-8292 Email: jakeskinner@embarqmail.com 47


CHAPTER VII: THE EARLY YEARS OF THE RED & WHITE DAIRY CATTLE ASSOCIATION By Dr. Larry Specht, Professor Emeritus, Pennsylvania State University

USDA/Univ. of Minnesota Experiments In 1962, John C. Gage, of Kansas City, MO, Dr. J.L. Johnston, of Springfield, MO, Dr. C.L. Cole, Head of the University of Minnesota’s Dairy Husbandry Department and other members of the American Milking Shorthorn Society were instrumental in creating an Appendix Registry as an adjunct to the American Milking Shorthorn Society. The goal was to record crossbred animals resulting from matings of Milking Shorthorns and Red and White Holsteins, These men saw a need to introduce greater size and production into the closely bred Milking Shorthorn population. Their interest was piqued by the results of a cross breeding experiment at the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Experiment Station at Waseca, MN during the early 1960’s using Red and White Holstein bulls on purebred Milking Shorthorn cows. The results of the original experiment encouraged Dr. Cole to expand the research to the University of Minnesota’s Rosemont Experiment Station. The Red Holstein X Shorthorn crosses were sired by bulls from Larry Moore and showed remarkable production increases. The 11 purebred Milking Shorthorn dams in the study produced a mature equivalent average of about 7,000 pounds of milk and 250 pounds of butterfat in 33 lactations. Thirteen offspring of these Milking Shorthorns sired by Red and White Holstein bulls averaged approximately 11,000 pounds of milk and 400 pounds of butterfat on a mature basis on two lactations each. All records on the dams and daughters used 305-day lactation totals. These production increases held up in second and third generations with cattle of approximately 50% Red Holstein and 50% Milking Shorthorn ancestry. The group of mainly Milking Shorthorn breeders began to cross breed their herds and some began to acquire Red and White cattle of purebred Holstein ancestry that at that time were not eligible to be registered in Canadian or U.S. Holstein Associations. These Red Holsteins were registered in the Appendix Registry . In the fall of 1963, members of the Milking 48

Shorthorn Society voted to discontinue the Appendix Registry, suggesting a separate society for Red and Whites. The formation of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Society in February 1964 was the result. The Red and White Dairy Cattle Society officially joined the other U.S. dairy breeds on April 17,1964. John Gage, a Kansas City lawyer with a herd of Milking Shorthorns, did the necessary paperwork to create the organization and served as its first Executive Secretary. John Gage organized the registry process and entered the first 18 animals in the Red and White herd book. The recording procedure was very broad in scope. The Society decided to register not only Red and White dairy cattle of Holstein ancestry called F100s, (100% Friesian) but also combinations of Red and Whites and other dairy breeds. The objective was to increase production and profitability by using Red and White Holsteins not only as purebreds but also in crossbreeding programs. The first four recorded animals were Holstein X Milking Shorthorn crosses and were designated as H50M50 animals. Registry Procedure The recording procedure involved the use of symbols to show breeding and percentage of blood, as follows: • F100 (100% Friesian) • F50MS (50% Friesian x 50% Milking Shorthorn • F50A (50% Friesian x 50% Ayrshire • F50G (50% Friesian x 50% Guernsey • F50RD (50% Friesian x 50% Red Dane Using letters for breed designation and figures for percentages of blood would identify other combinations. Second generation offspring of the above parents were designated as follows: • F75MS (75% Friesian x 25% Milking Shorthorn • F75A (75% Friesian x 25% Ayrshire) • And so forth The system was followed for all interbreed crosses and in later years one could find as many as three, four, and even five “breeds” contributing to the genetics of a single animal. An early example would be Pine View Rain whose bloodlines were

H50A25M25. This indicated the animal was the product of a Holstein sire mated with a crossbred Ayrshire/Milking Shorthorn female. A “provisional” or special recording procedure was set up to include certain cattle that did not meet color requirements such as black and white offspring of a red and white parent mated with a black & white. Since those cattle were known red carriers, the special recording procedure provided a means of maintaining identity and ancestry for use in recording subsequent generations of Red and White descendants, and as a basis for admission to the advanced registry. Cattle that were of Registered Holstein parentage were identified on the Registry Certificate as Certified 100s (CF100), when the applicant provided satisfactory proof of identity and ancestry. In 1964, another 150 animals were added to the registry. Milking Shorthorn breeders Cliff & Claudine Boatright (Bardine) of Wellington, KS, and the Alfred Buckner (Lilydale) herd of Marshfield, MO joined John Gage in his efforts. They were soon followed by a substantial number of registrations from Larry Moore of Suamico, WI. Moore later convinced the U.S. Holstein Association to accept his private registry of the Red and White herd that he had started in the late 1940s. These animals are found in Volume 214 of the Holstein-Friesian Herd Book that was published in 1971. Both Moore and Norman Williams (RidgesWood) of Odessa, MO advertised regularly in the Canadian Holstein Journal seeking to buy good quality Red and Whites from Canada. Williams paid $2500 in 1966 for an outstanding Red and White heifer that at the time was not eligible for registry in the Canadian Holstein herd book. Member interest in crossbreeding in the RWDCA was greatly reduced when the Shorthorns decided to stop crossing their cattle with other breeds. While RWDCA maintained an “open” herd-book, most of the registrations involved grade or registered Holsteins. The process did not produce major results for those interested in crossbreeding, but did much to help dairymen upgrade their


herd identification programs and become “breeders” rather than “cow-keepers.” Of the first 100 animals registered, 46 were Holstein-to-Holstein matings, 31 were Holstein–to–Milking Shorthorn, and 12 were Ayrshire–to–Milking Shorthorn. The remainder involved other breed combinations. Changes in breed participation over time were measured by dividing the first 25,000 animals registered by the RWDCA into blocks of 400 each. Examination of the first block and then the 20th, 40th and 60th blocks gave the following results for the most frequent intra-and inter breed matings. Block 1 had 60% Holstein X Holstein matings, 24% Holstein X Shorthorn, 10% Ayrshire X Shorthorn, and 6% involved other breeds. Block 20 showed 85% Holstein X Holstein and 15% for all others. Block 40 had 92% Holstein X Holstein matings and Block 60 had 96% of the matings where both parents were Holsteins. Overall, animals identified as Holsteins made up about 90% of the parents. Beginning in 1964, the RWDCA herd book provided a place to record the occasional Red and White animal that popped up in the registered black and white population but most of the first registrations were from herds that had no animal identification program and/or had only “eartag” numbers on one or both parents. The majority of the dams were simply listed as “grades” or “unknown.” A first step was to mate such animals to known “red” or “red carrier” bulls. The initial entries from some herds often revealed that only a single, unidentified sire had been used on the entire herd. Most of the service sires were registered Holsteins and early on, Larry Moore bulls were heavily used. All breeds contributed, and some matings involved well-known sires from the nonHolstein breeds. The second step was to breed the first generation “red carrier” offspring to another round of red sires. This provided additional red carriers but would also yield some Red and White animals. When a sufficient number of Red and Whites were available in the herd or could be purchased from fellow breeders, an owner could reach the third stage, maintaining a Red and White herd by continuing to breed to Red and White sires. This breeding plan resulted in many good Red and White herds developing over the

first 12 to 15 years of the breed’s existence. A number of the early herds were maintained for more than a decade. Specifically, Gage’s Duallyn prefix was still active in the late 1970s with animal birthdates from 1957 to 1978. The Larry Moore herd, based on Winterthur and Canadian bloodlines, was in business from early 1940s until 1984. The Illinois herd of John P. “Doc” Ostrander (Redline) operated from 1965 to 1981 when his herd was dispersed. The Norm Williams herd (Ridges-Wood) and the Simon Tice herd of Grantsville, MD (Maple C and Maple G) made interesting history from 1965 until the mid 1980s. Well-known U.S. Holstein herds such as Carnation, Winterthur, Maytag, and Chambric added to the genetics of the new breed. The first known Carnation bull to sire an RWDCA animal was Carnation Revealer, born in 1959 and bred to unidentified grades with the calves having birthdates from 1962 to 1965. Several Winterthur bulls sired red calves during the same time period. Posch Ormsby Fobes 14th, bred by Maytag Farm in Iowa, was the primary sire or grandsire of the Winterthur males. The Chambric Farms contribution was mainly from Chambric ABC, born in 1956, by ABC Reflection Sovereign and his son Duallyn Ivanhoe Champion-Red. Both were used during the earliest years of the breed. Sires from many of Canada’s best-known herds made a major contribution to early RWDCA pedigrees. They were mostly sons and grandsons of ABC Reflection Sovereign. Canadian sires, Romandale Jasper-Red, his sire Romandale Shalimar Magnet *RC, and Romandale Royal-Red were popular. Jasper-Red, born in 1969 and imported as a young sire, had over 700 progeny registered by the RWDCA during his lengthy career that spanned the 1970s. The philosophy, structure and growth of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Association over the first two decades allowed many dairymen who were milking grade cows the opportunity to work toward a registered herd without buying high priced foundation cattle. For anyone selling breeding stock, accuracy of animal identification is a must. Membership In October 1966, the name of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Society was officially changed to Red and White Dairy Cattle Association (RWDCA). By 1966, the

Association had members in over 20 states and several Canadian provinces. The RWDCA was instrumental in acting as the source for information regarding Red & Whites as well as procurement of cattle and frozen semen. The RWDCA began to publish a newsletter in 1965. John C. Gage was the first editor. Initially the RWDCA was also involved in auction sales management but this activity was later discontinued. Initial Board of Directors and Officers President: Dr. J.L. Johnston, Springfield, MO Vice-President: Cecil Whittaker, IL Executive Committee: John C. Gage, Dr. J.L. Johnston and Larry Moore. Board of Directors: Clifford Boatright, Harry Clampitt, Larry Moore, Elsie Murk, Cecil Whittaker, Dr. J.L Johnston and John C. Gage Founding Fathers The early leaders of the Red & White Dairy Cattle Association contributed to the world’s bovine wealth and left a great legacy to posterity that finds, and deserves to find, permanent recognition. The “founding fathers” of the RWDCA were successful, visionary men who shared a common goal. However they could not always agree on how to attain that goal. The early years of the RWDCA were not always easy. There was conflict and rivalry between some of the leaders and the breed office moved from Kansas City to Green Bay, WI to Elgin, IL and finally to Crystal Spring, PA during the first decade of its operation. Early founders included Larry Moore who had been successfully breeding Red Holsteins since the mid-1940s, and John Gage, a Kansas City attorney who had been president of the Milking Shorthorn Society, but believed that the greatest potential was with Red and White Holsteins. He was also an astute businessman and knew how to get things done. Dr. John P. Ostrander was very knowledgeable and was raised in New York, earned a DVM from Cornell and following graduation opened a practice in Illinois. Doc Ostrander had a unique ability to bring the group together through compromise when necessary. Elmer Carpenter strongly believed that the future of Red and Whites lay in a crossbreeding program. 49


As Red & White cattle became more available, interest grew. The first National Red & White Sale was held in October 1968 at Madison, WI. The top selling female was Color Crest Miss Scarlet-Red (VG-87), a 3-year-old S.R.D. Advancer Three daughter. She was consigned by Ronald Eustice and purchased by Clifford Boatright, Wellington, KS. Scarlet later appeared on the cover of at least three ABS Red & White Sire Directories as well as being on the cover of Farm Journal in 1968. She became the poster girl for the Red and White breed and gave it visibility in its infancy. When the Canadian and U.S. Holstein Associations finally accepted qualifying Red and Whites for registry in 1969 and 1970 respectively, many Red and White breeders and enthusiasts were skeptical while others saw it as an opportunity to expand the breed. Some of that skepticism remains today.

RWDCA Board of Director Meeting about 1981 From left to right: John Carpenter, unidentified, Gary Mayhew, unidentified, unidentified, unidentified, Ronald Eustice (standing in back, Stewart Wells, Ron Smith, Joan Carpenter, Doc Ostrander, Fred Bova, Elmer Carpenter (mostly hidden) is between Bova and Albrecht, Don Albrecht, Bruce Ingram)

Most of the people mentioned in this review are no longer with us. Their herds have been dispersed or moved to the next generation. Their contributions were many in terms of time and money and dedication to a new breed. The present generation of Red and White breeders has the challenge of moving the breed forward in difficult economic times and the uncertain future faced by all livestock producers. The good news is that the RWDCA is alive and well after 50 years and looking forward to a great future. Information was provided by the following individuals and organizations: RWDCA Tim Baumgartner, Past-President; RWDCA Stephanie and Nicole Stout; RWDCA John and Joan Carpenter; Larry W. Specht; Holstein USA registration file; and, Holstein Canada registration file.

Doc Ostrander with his wife Belle and RWDCA classifier Merle Campbell. The cow was named “Per Lisa� and she was one of the first Excellent cows of the breed.

Approved Breeds for Red and White Shows (2014)

Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Holstein, Jersey, Milking Shorthorn, Red Dane, Angler, Swedish Red, Norwegian Red, Illawarra, Aussie Red, Rouge Flammande, Normande, Lineback, Meuse-RhineIssel, Dutch Belted, Gelbvieh, Red Poll, Simmental, White Park, Montbeliarde, and Canadiane. 50

Wisconsin Red and White Dairy Cattle Association Members (1981)


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CHAPTER VIII: JOHN GAGE’S RED & WHITE NEWSLETTERS Thanks to Gerald “Jerry” Strandlund of Bellingham, WA we have acquired copies of four issues of the Red & White Dairy Cattle Society Newsletter published in 1966 when the Association was still in its infancy. John Gage was the editor of the newsletter from 1964 until July 1977 when the first issue of the “Red & White News Briefs” was published at Green Bay, WI. Below are a few excerpts from John Gage’s newsletters. January 1966 NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING After referring the matter to the Board of Directors for a vote, our President, Dr. J.L. Johnston, has called the annual meeting of this society for Sunday, April 17, 1966 at Duallyn Farm, Eudora, KS, commencing at 1:00 P.M. The two previous annual meetings have been held at Springfield, MO, at the same time as the American Milking Shorthorn Society meeting. This year the American Milking Shorthorn Society will hold its meeting at Des Moines, IA, April 13 through April 16. Right now this Society might be termed a “heifer” Society. The big majority of cattle that have been registered are heifers that are beginning to arrive at calving age. We should have an increase in registrations next year of progeny of cattle already registered. A very well-bred Certified F100 calf recently took a ride on a United Airlines passenger jet from California to Denver, Colorado, for our director Mrs. Elsie Murk. I am advised that this was the first calf in the history of United Airlines to have such treatment on a passenger plane. February 1966 In the last issue, reference was made to the trip your secretary made to the PDCA meeting and to the visit and program at USDA at Beltsville, MD in respect to crossbreeding. This is of particular interest to us. Our Society is the only active breed Society registering crossbreds as an integral part of our program. We have a report from Dr. Cole at the University of Minnesota that the first daughter of Larry Moore Nobile is fresh at 24 months and has gotten up to over 60 52

pounds per day with an outstanding udder. She is an F50MS50 out of a registered Milking Shorthorn cow at Rosemount sired by Rock Hill Redcoat 38th.

near Vancouver, British Columbia, a heifer by the proven sire Rosafe Perceptor out of a Rosafe Citation R daughter with 23,000 lbs. as a 3-year old.

Pictures have been received from Elmer Carpenter of two F100 2-year old heifers in milk that are as attractive a pair as we could want. One is a daughter of Chambric ABC that freshened at 1 year 10 1/2 months.

There is a sale of about 30 Red and Whites in California around noon, September 8th. They are cattle owned by Kerman Dairy, Inc; Kerman, CA near Fresno or at Turlock. L.H. McDaniel, Turlock, CA is the sale manager for the entire dispersl of Kerman Dairy which includes about 3,000 head.

Larry Moore, Suamico, WI, is well pleased with the daughters of his senior herd sire, Larry Moore Transmitter Jack. Gerry Strandlund, who is in charge of Mr. Moore’s good herd of F100s, reports that they are tall and large, with extremely wellattached udders, with two-year olds getting up to 60 pounds. Transmitter Jack is a son of Clarkdale Gloria Transmitter. He is registered in this Society as a Certified F100. To my knowledge no semen has been offered from him. Semen sales from other Larry Moore Nobile and Larry Moore Pioneer have continued through an arrangement with the University of Minnesota. August 1966 We have a new member, Mr. Simon Tice, Maple Crosses, Grantsvill, MD. Some may remember information about him in a newsletter more than a year ago. He had a herd average in the previous year of around 680 lbs. fat. He is one of the nation’s leading dairymen. He has been a firm believer in crossbreeding and the use of proven sires and some of his cows have the blood of five different breeds. Recently, he has used to a considerable extent the proven sire, Chambric ABC and has commenced getting more Red and White calves. John Flick and David Flick, Rt. 3, Hammon, OK, have acquired two Certified F100 Chambric ABC daughters in Minnesota. They have sent in applications on some very attractive F100 calves, judging by the pictures, including some AI sired by Duallyn Luke’s Dandy. Norman Williams, Route 2, Odessa, MO is also moving forward and I believe he is set to give someone some competition for Grand Champion cow at our Royal exhibition show (in Kansas City). I mentioned in an earlier newsletter that Norman acquired

September 1966 Elmer Carpenter deserves more attention in the newsletter. He is not only our most consistent advertiser, but helps out on many things either for the Association or individual breeders. He has two daughters fresh by the Rich bull (Bardine Ivanhoe Hit-It-Rich) he used and then sold to Cliff Boatright, Wellington, KS. This bull is sired by Winterthur Ivanhoe Eden Pete (by Osborndale Ivanhoe) and out of a granddaughter of Lauxmont Admiral Lucifer that had over 19,000 lbs. as a threeyear old and has since gone over 20,000 lbs. Elmer reports that these heifers have extra good udders and are pleasing him The same is true for other cows in his herd, such as a Penstate Marksman Reflection daughter that gave 93 lbs. of 4.6% milk on her last test. I have just received a report on the cow with 1022 lbs. fat (307 days) that sold in the Kerman Dairy dispersal September 8th. She was sold to Larry Moore, Suamico, WI at $1400. He is working on plans to bring her east and attempt to have her at the American Royal in Kansas City for exhibition. From all reports, she must be a very impressive cow weighing over 1800 pounds. (Note this cow was Larry Moore First). Semen of eight bulls is being offered through the Association. If you order right now, prices are $2.00 per ampule for Larry Moore Pioneer, Larry Moore King Montvic, Larry Moore Commander D; $2.50 per ampule for Lilydale Reflection Duke and Dually Luke’s Dandy; $4.00 per ampule for Larry Moore Sir Roeland R; and $15 per ampule for Larry Moore Transmitter Jack.


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one

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CHAPTER IX: FOUNDING FATHERS OF THE RED & WHITE BREED The following is a partial list of the visionary leaders that “bucked the tide” and stood up for what they believed to establish the Red and White breed. They came from a variety of backgrounds and sometimes disagreed with one another, but shared a common vision to bring the Red and White breed from obscurity and skepticism to prominence and pride. The road to success did not come easily. They deserve our respect and admiration. the dairy cattle population. Moore began to buy and breed Red and White Holsteins in the early 1940s. According to Dr. Larry Specht, Professor Emeritus at Penn State University, the earliest birth date located on a Red and White animal from Moore’s records was a purchased animal born in 1938.

Larry Moore (1907-1985) was born September 16, 1907 on a farm at Corydon, IA. At an early age, he became interested in color mutations when one of his pet rabbits was born with different coloring than its siblings. Without batting an eye, young Larry Moore wrote to Dr. William Castle, then an esteemed geneticist at Harvard University. The professor sent a lengthy hand-written letter in reply, explaining mutation factors. Larry Moore attended Iowa State University and while there in 1934 married Althea Minnie King of Ames, IA at her parent’s house. They were married 41 years until her death in 1975. Soon after his marriage, Moore established a mink farm at Suamico, near Green Bay, WI because by-products from the fishing industry were readily available. He began to experiment with mink that carried color mutations. From his experiments he developed the “Silverblu,” the first important mutation mink. Other color mutations resulted in a popular pelt known as “Autumn Haze” and using multiple recessives Moore developed what became known as the “pink mink.” Moore helped found an association of mutation mink producers which was called Mutation Mink Breeders Association (EMBA). In 1946, Moore and Dr. Castle co-authored a paper about recessive genes in mink which was published in the Journal of Heredity. During the early 1940s, Moore established a dairy herd at Suamico, WI. He believed that there was an opportunity to take lessons he learned with mink color mutations into

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Moore advertised regularly for high quality red and whites out of registered Holstein stock and purchased many of them from Canadian and U.S. herds. While on a fur marketing trip in New York during 1947, he followed up on a report that H.F. DuPont of the Wilmington, DE chemical family had a few red and white Holsteins on his Winterthur Farm. Winterthur was known as a major source of red in U.S. Holstein circles. Mr. DuPont’s herdsman, William Reed, showed Moore not only the cattle but also the records and together they identified every red carrier in the Winterthur herd records. Following the Winterthur visit, Mr. DuPont presented Moore with the gift of a red and white bull calf who was a double grandson of Posch Ormsby Fobes 14th, which he named Larry Moore King. Moore used the bull extensively in his herd and mated him with red and white females that he had acquired. Larry Moore’s herd was built on Winterthur and Canadian bloodlines. Among the Canadian purchases were several daughters of ABC Reflection Sovereign. Visitors to the Moore herd in 1951 reported that it contained a number of older cows of Winterthur breeding. Moore went on to develop an all Red and White herd and to establish a breeding stud, using many of his own bulls, which he operated until his death. He called his cattle “Colorsteins” and established his own registration system. In 1971, he convinced the U.S. Holstein Association to accept his private registry of

the Red and White herd through carefully kept records going back to the late 1940s. Larry Moore served on the RWDCA board from 1966 until 1971. He was the RWDCA’s second president serving in that capacity from 1967 until 1969. Through Larry Moore’s encouragment, the RWDCA office was located at Green Bay from 1967 until 1969 when it was moved to Elgin, IL. Larry Moore continued to breed cattle until 1984. He was a firm believer in the theory that Red and Whites became superior through a natural selection process when only the very best red carrier females were retained in the herd and average or mediocre animals were culled. Moore was quoted in the July 1951 Canadian Holstein Journal as saying that “only the best red and whites have been kept, therefore, they will be better than the black and whites.” He was an aggressive businessman and promoter who made a major contribution to the early formation of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Society.1 1 Source: The Milwaukee Journal, October 24, 1968; pp.1 and 32

Larry Moore Betsy K was one of the youngest daughters of Larry Moore King, a Winterthurbred bull who was a double grandson of Posch Ormsby Fobes 14th. She set a new butterfat record for Wisconsin in 1968 when she produced 1,233 lbs. in 305 days surpassing the previous record butterfat by about 50 lbs. Betsy K produced 1,380 pounds of butterfat at 5 percent butterfat in 365 days. The picture of Larry Moore Betsy K. shown above was painted by Eugene Hoy and was unveiled in 1969 at an event sponsored by Purina. This photo was presented by Larry Moore to Jerry Strandlund, former herd manager at Larry Moore’s farm.


Arena now stands. John Gage was actively involved in his farm and was serving as president of the American Milking Shorthorn Society when he formulated plans to establish a Red and White Dairy Cattle Society. In 1964, John Gage began publication of a monthly newsletter which included information on known red factor carriers and the location of Red and Whites. He also included comments about his cattle breeding philosophy and reports of recent purchases by early Red and White breeders. John C. Gage (1923-2000) was the founder of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Society (later the Red and White Dairy Cattle Association). He was a Kansas City attorney and together with his family owned a herd of purebred Milking Shorthorns, which were kept on a 700-acre farm at Eudora in Douglas County, KS. John C. Gage was born July 4, 1923, in Kansas City, MO. His father John B. Gage, also involved in the herd, was an attorney and served three terms as mayor of Kansas City during the 1940s. While mayor, the elder Gage did much to end corruption in Kansas City. John C. Gage was a graduate of West Point Military Academy and worked in counterintelligence during World War II. Following his discharge from active duty, he joined his father’s law firm Gage & Hillix in downtown Kansas City. Now known as Lathrop & Gage, this firm is considered the oldest continuously operating law office west of the Mississippi River. During his legal career, John C. Gage served as chairman of the Junior Section of the Kansas Bar Association, the Dairy Advisory Committee of the Future Farmers of America, the Agricultural Law Committee of the American Bar Association, Legal and Tax Committee of the National Milk Producers Federation; and, general counsel for Safety Federal Savings & Loan Association, the Financial Information Trust and Mid-America Dairyman Inc. He was a director of the Kansas Holstein Association and a recipient of the Future Farmers of America Distinguished Service Award. He also served as director and eventually president of the American Royal Association, where as president, he was instrumental in the purchase of property upon which Kemper

He served as the first secretary of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Society (later RWDCA) and was one of the original board members. In 1967, the RWDCA office was moved to Green Bay. John offered to remain as association secretary if the board agreed that he could continue to edit the newsletter, but resigned when he was denied that opportunity. In 1968, Duallyn Chieftain May-Red was Grand Champion at the first National Red & White Show at Madison. Chieftain MayRed was the first Red & White to be National Champion twice when she took the purple ribbon at the 1970 National Show at Waterloo, IA. She was an Elmcroft Pontiac Chieftain daughter and bred by W. H. Robertson in Ontario. Gage’s Duallyn prefix was still active in the late 1970s with animal birthdates from 1957 to 1978. The Duallyn herd was sold privately to Harry Weier and Elm Park Farms of Wisconsin in the late 1970s. John C. Gage also developed a registered Hereford herd known as Blue Jacket Herefords. John C. Gage was raised under privileged circumstances, yet he was approachable, practical and down-to-earth. He was a farm boy at heart. John Gage died June 6, 2000, at his farm home. His ashes were scattered on the farm he loved.

John P. “Doc” Ostrander (1924-1987) was born and raised in New York state. During World War II, he served in the Army Air Corps and was a navigator in B-29 bombers. Returning home after the war, he was accepted in veterinary school at Cornell University. Following graduation in 1950, he practiced veterinary medicine for a year in partnership with Dr. Jordan at Newport, VT. In 1951, he established his own veterinary practice at Huntley, IL, then a rural area that is now on the outskirts of Chicago. He specialized in dairy cattle sterility and served farmers in northern Illinois and southeast Wisconsin. In 1965, he purchased a farm and began to develop one of the early Red and White herds. He used the Redline prefix from 1965 until the herd was dispersed in 1978. His outstanding Cari-An family resulted in popular AI bulls including Coronet-Red and Casey-Red. Doc Ostrander was a tireless Red and White promoter and a firm believer in the RWDCA. He served as a director from 1966 until his death 21 years later. He served as RWDCA president from 1973 through 1979. These were years when the RWDCA was struggling. Doc Ostrander’s enthusiasm, confidence, and ability to bring people together breathed new life into the RWDCA. Doc Ostrander always had time to visit, talk cows or help solve a problem, no matter what time of day or night. He encouraged young breeders to add Red and Whites to their herds and as a result many good herds were developed, some of which rank at the top today.

Duallyn Chieftain May-Red

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Elmer was a kind and generous person. Through the years, he donated many of his oil paintings at Red & White events which were sold to generate funds for the RWDCA. Many of his paintings grace the walls of Red and White breeders across the country.

Elmer Carpenter (1910-2004) owned Pineview (later Pinelee) Farm at Crystal Spring, PA. During the 1960s, he developed a crossbred herd using several breeds. Some of his cattle included the genetics of as many as six breeds. Elmer used Red Dane, Illawara (Australian Shorthorn), Norwegian Red, and all five U.S. dairy breeds in his breeding program. His adventurous selection produced results. For many years Pineview Farm ranked at the top of Pennsylvania herds in butterfat production. His bull, Pinelee Rich GiftRed, a Bardine Ivanhoe Hit-It-Rich-Red son, was one of the first Red & White bulls to enter a major AI stud (Atlantic Breeders Cooperative). Pinelee Farm was one of the first and most frequent advertisers in John Gage’s newsletters during the mid 1960s. Elmer was always willing to express an opinion and maintained an adversarial attitude towards purebred Holsteins and the Holstein Association. He was a champion of the underdog, and insisted that red cattle breeders should have a choice between Red Holsteins and other breeds to develop the Red and White dairy cow. He strongly opposed the introduction of the RWDCA’s Holstein “Grade-Up” program and cast the lone negative vote when the program was adopted in the late 1960s. His early vision was vindicated 30 years later when the RWDCA board voted to eliminate the grade-up program. Elmer served on the RWDCA board from 1967-1970 and served as editor of the Red Bloodlines from 1970 until 1975. Red and White breeders enjoyed Elmer’s plain talk, his cartoons, his willingness to address controversial issues and his struggles to publish the newspaper by a deadline. Elmer was a unique and fascinating individual. Those who knew Elmer will never forget him; he was “one of a kind.” 56

Don and Leita Stevens receiving Canada’s Master Breeder award

Donald “Reb” Albrecht (1941-1989) owned a farm at Guelph, Ontario. He first appeared on the scene at World Dairy Expo in 1968, somewhat later than some of the early pioneers but he deserves a place among those who helped establish the breed. He was involved in many areas of the RWDCA. He served on the RWDCA board of directors from 1978 until 1981 and again from 1987 until his death from a fall in Australia in 1989. Don was a man of many talents. He served as a classifier for the RWDCA, helped manage sales and was an auctioneer. He also sold semen and was a herd consultant. Don developed an outstanding Red and White herd in Ontario which was dispersed in 1984 with a sale average of $5,657. He worked closely with the youth as a judging team coach and encouraged them to become involved with Red and Whites. When not working with cattle, he volunteered with Big Brothers, organized baseball games for kids and even played Santa Claus. The May 1989 issue of the Red Bloodlines was devoted to Don Albrecht, the only issue published to honor an individual. The RWDCA Distinguished Service award is named as the Albrecht Memorial Distinguished Service award. The Albrecht Dispersal held June 5, 1984 at Guelph, Ontario set a new price record for Red & White sales with a $5657 average. The Red & Whites averaged $6722, red factor black and whites $6912 and non-red factor black and whites sold for an average of $3318. Topping the Albrecht Dispersal were a Red & White Glenafton Enhancer from Rosebud, an EX Romandale Count Crystan, and an RC* SWD Valiant from the Goldie family, both selling for $70,000.

Don and Leita Stevens, Stonetown Farm, St. Mary’s, Ontario, established a Red and White herd in 1962 after they lost their original herd in a barn fire. The Stonetown herd was very active in Red and White activities from the mid-1960s until the 90s. A foundation cow was Mains Lila Citation R (EX 2E). In 10 lactations, she produced 239,272 lbs. milk 4.16% 9,960 lbs. fat. The Stevens bred or owned many great cattle including the two time National Champion Fradon Ned Glory-Red who they owned with Horizon Holsteins.

The late Don Albrecht presenting the Grand Champion award to Don Stevens with Fradon Ned Glory-Red.

Norman Williams (Ridges-Wood) of Odessa, MO came from a Milking Shorthorn background. During the 1960s, Norman traveled throughout Canada and the US in his search for Red Holstein genetics. Williams placed “Wanted to Buy” ads in dairy publications. In 1966, Williams paid $2500 for an outstanding Red and White heifer that at the time was not eligible for registry in the Canadian or U.S. Holstein herd books. One of his bulls, Ridges-Wood Citation R, was one of the first Red and White bulls in AI service.


either red or red carrier. To date, over 60 Burket Falls bred animals have classified excellent. At least 50 have been designated Gold Medal or Dam of Merit status with many exceeding 200,000 pounds lifetime production. In addition, the herd has developed numerous All-American nominations both black and white and red and white. Allen Sell, as a young Wisconsin farmer, began renting a farm in 1961 near Watertown. He started with one red animal and 49 grade black-and-white Holsteins. “That one red cow milked 100 pounds a day, far more than the rest of the herd,” Allen recalls. “I decided to buy more red calves and did. Our milk tester would tell me which farms had red calves, and I’d rush over and buy them.” Like an increasing number of dairy farmers, Allen wanted to register his Red Holsteins in the national association but couldn’t, so he joined the just emerging RWDCA. In 1969, Allen and his wife, Shirley, purchased their current farm northwest of Watertown, WI. Their herd name of Sellcrest has long been known far and wide as a pioneer in establishing the new breed and as a source of Red Holstein genetics. Sons Gary and Rodney assist Allen and Shirley in milking 100 cows with a high milk production average. Sellcrest embryos have been sold to breeders in Holland, Germany, England, Switzerland, Mexico and Brazil, among others. Their bulls have also found their way into AI companies and many farmer herds. Sellcrest showed the Grand Champion female at the National Red & White Show eight out of nine years between 1976 and 1984. One of their bulls, Sellcrest Uncle Sam-Red-ET has had a lasting impact on the breed. Sellcrest continues to be one of the finest Red and White herds in the U.S. and is a “must stop” destination on any Red & White tour. Robert Feldwisch of New Knoxville, OH was an early breeder of Red & Whites. He bred Aggravation Lawnboy-Red, a bull who has set the pace for polled Holsteins. He followed a similar plan as David Burket by using Larry Moore and Burket-bred bulls while he began to build a herd that was unique for both red color and polled.

David Burket and family of East Freedom, PA took cattle breeding to an even higher level; they wanted their Holsteins not only red and white but also naturally polled. Burket Falls Farm is located in the rolling hills of south-central Pennsylvania in Blair County. The farm is owned and operated by Dave Burket and family. Dave took over the farm from his father, Frank, after graduating from high school in 1950. After starting with a herd of most grade Guernseys in 1960, Dave traveled to Wisconsin to buy registered Holsteins. From that initial purchase of 11 registered Holsteins, the majority of the current herd originated. The introduction of the polled gene was a result of that purchase from Wisconsin. Princess Fayne Houwtje was purchased in dam and was the start of the polled family at Burket Falls. Aside from being naturally hornless, she produced seven consecutive records of over 1100 pounds of butterfat in the late 1960s and the early 1970s. Her polled daughter, Burket Falls Citation Shiny (VG) sired by Rosafe Citation R, continued the tradition by producing five 1100 pound records. Burkett used a number of redcarrier Canadian sires that were sons and grandsons of ABC Reflection Sovereign.

The breeding goals have never changed at Burket Falls where the family continues to develop eye-appealing, profitable polled dairy cattle. A Burket Falls advertisement made the following statement, “We are not sure what the color of the dairy cow of the future will be..... But we are sure that she will be POLLED!” Today, polled is popular and the person who develops a well-proven polled Red and White bull will be wealthy.

Dave Burket receiving the R&W Master Breeder Award from Elmer Carpenter in 2000

Cliff and Claudine Boatright (Bardine) of Wellington, KS, and the Alfred Buckner (Lilydale) herd of Marshfield, MO were two of the earliest Milking Shorthorn breeders to convert to Red and Whites. The Boatright herd was built on Color Crest Miss Scarlet-Red who was purchased at the 1968 National Red and White Sale in Madison. She produced six daughters all by Bardine Ivanhoe Hit-It-Rich. The Bardine herd was sold to the Allen Sell family of Watertown, WI when the Boatrights retired.

Through the progeny of these bulls, the Burket-Falls herd became known for their polled Red & Whites. Numerous bulls from the Burket herd entered AI service and people interested in breeding for red-coat color often found that when using BurketFalls bulls they sometimes got calves without horns. Today,  the herd totals 100 + milking cows, and 170 replacements. TRIPLE CROWN GENETICS SEMEN SALES Approximately 80% Scott Welch - Doorstep delivery to MN & NW WI is naturally polled 9429 1/2 160th Street E, Hastings, MN 55033 Phone: (651) 438-2138 Cell: (651) 253-6009 and 75 to 80% is

CONGRATULATIONS To the RWDCA on 50 Years!

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Unforgettable past...

O

...promising future!

ur passion for the Red & White breed began in the mid 1960s with one special red cow. A red cow in our Black and White Holstein herd produced more milk than any of her herdmates, creating the foundation for generations to come. As our family grew, so did our Red and White herd. Often times, calves were brought over from neighboring farms, simply because no one else wanted them.

Today, 99% of our herd is Red and White or Red-factored. Through the years, we’ve had numerous All-American and Jr. All-American Nominations, and our farm has been recognized as Premier Breeder and Premier Exhibitor at various shows, whether local, state or national levels. It’s hard to believe how far we’ve come in the past 50 years, and we look forward to a future of developing and advancing the breed for the next 50 years to come.

Sellcrest Farm

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Allen & Shirley, Gary & Nancy, Rod & Sue and Families W8303 Hwy Q | Watertown, WI 53098 | 920-261-1048 | sellcrestfarm@yahoo.com |

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Maple C and Maple G as his prefixes. He was involved with the RWDCA from the mid 1960s until the mid 1980s. He consigned a purebred Red Holstein bull, Maple-G Roy, to the 1969 National Sale in Waterloo, IA. The author had the privilege of “bunking down” at the Waterloo Cattle Congress beside Simon. Simon was a kind, considerate, God-loving person and made a very positive impression on everyone he met.

Simon Tice (1921-2001) was a Mennonite/ Amish farmer from Grantsville, MD. He joined the Red and White Dairy Cattle Association in 1966. With a herd average in 1965 of around 680 lbs. fat, he had one of the top herds in Maryland. He was a firm believer in crossbreeding and the use of proven sires and some of his cows had the blood of five different breeds. Simon was a strong supporter of the RWDCA during the early years. One of the sires he used successfully was Chambric ABC. He was a excellent cowman and used

Because his religion forbid military service, Simon Tice served in the Civilian Public Service during World War II. Simon Tice died at Grantsville, MD on December 3, 2001. Jerry Good was a partner together with Elton Smith in the ownership of Med-OBloom Farm, Caledonia, MI. Med-O-Bloom had its beginnings in 1936 when Elton Smith purchased six registered Guernseys from a neighbor. The herd was gradually expanded through the years and the first Red & Whites came to Med-OBloom in 1968. Med-O-Bloom Farm was at one time the largest Red & White herd

in the U.S. Jerry Good began working at MedO-Bloom at 14-years-old in 1957. He returned to Med-O-Bloom in 1966 folowing graduation from Michigan State University. Jerry’s son, Jim, returned to the farm in 1996 following graduation from Michigan State University. Jerry served as an RWDCA director for 21 years and led the Association twice as president from 1982 until 1987 and again from 2007 until 2009.

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Red and White cattle and the wonderful people he met from all over the world who shared his interest in Red and Whites. Shortly before his death, Gary and his wife had completed a tour to China. He traveled to South America, Russia, Italy and was a member of a trade mission to Germany to promote Red and White Holstein genetics. Gary Mayhew (1936-2009) of Jefferson, WI, was an early breeder and promoter of Red and White cattle. While not one of the original founders of the Red & White Dairy Cattle Association, his many contributions had a major impact on the early development of the breed. Gary had a herd of Red and Whites, was the owner of Elmhurst Genetics and the U.S. distributor for ABC Genetics (Jean-Louis Schrago) of Switzerland. He developed partnerships and relationships to sample young Red and White sires when there was a great need for genetic expansion. Gary was born on September 9, 1936, in Glenbeulah, WI. He graduated from Plymouth High School in 1954, and served in the United States Navy from 1954 to 1957. He graduated from the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Business in 1961 and was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity, serving as its treasurer. During his professional career, he was employed at Touche, Ross, Bailey and Smart, now Deloitte, from 1961 to 1969, Schweiger Industries from 1969 to 1995, and Rowe Pottery Works from 1996 to 2005. Gary’s knowledge of business and finance was a valuable asset for the RWDCA. He served on the RWDCA board and was president from 2006-2007 and at the time of his death, he was serving as RWDCA Treasurer/financial advisor. Gary also was past-president of the Jefferson Chamber of Commerce, and was a former member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, the Wisconsin Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity Alumni treasurer. He was very active in the Jefferson community. He was a member of the Immanuel United Methodist Church in Jefferson, the Jefferson Kiwanis Club where he served as president and also treasurer, the Jefferson County Agribusiness Club, and the RWDCA. Gary loved his family, breeding and genetics of 60

He passed away February 15, 2009. Gary was survived by his wife, Barbara (Edens); three sons, their wives and many grandchildren. Gary Mayhew made an important and unique contribution to the RWDCA. His knowledge of finance and money management was of great value to the RWDCA at a time when it was most needed.

Stuart Smale, Downiedale Farm, St. Marys, Ontario, was one of the early Canadians to support the Red and White Dairy Cattle Association. He started a Red and White herd in 1955 with the purchase of two cows and by 1973 had a herd of 18 registered Red and Whites. Stuart served on the RWDCA board from 1967 to 1970. In 1983, Downiedale Evelyn-Red, a

homebred daughter of Downiedale Grandeur-Red, was named Grand Champion at the National Red and White Show in Elkhorn, WI. In 1985, Stuart came back to the national show, this time in Jefferson, WI, with Evelyn’s full sister, Downiedale Elite-Red, who won the purple rosette. Downiedale Evelyn-Red and Downiedale Elite-Red-ET are the first and only pair of full sisters to win the highest honor at the National Red and White Show. Downiedale Grandeur-Red was a closely bred son of Romandale Jasper-Red from a daughter of Romandale Royal-Red. Jasper was a Romandale Shalimar Magnet *RC son of Osborn Reflection Harriet. Royal-Red was the youngest son of ABC Reflection Sovereign to be collected and used artificially. His dam was Romandale Maxime, a daughter of Romandale Reflection Marquis from Romandale Cora, a daughter of ABC Reflection Sovereign. The closest ancestors of Grandeur-Red were some of North America’s leading show animals. All were black and white and successfully competed in the show ring against the very best black and white Holsteins of the period.

Downiedale Grandeur-Red, a Romandale Jasper son, sired two International Red and White Show Grand Champions

As the current President of the Red White Dairy Cattle Association, I would like to thank all the people who helped put the History book together. I would dedicate this book to all the members, past and current employees, and everyone who helped make the RWDCA what it is today. I have enjoyed my involement with the RWDCA in the first 50 years and look forward to the next 50 years. As I always say if you have a concern let your Directors know what it is. We all work hard to do what is best for the RWDCA. Thank You and Happy 50th to the RWDCA! John (Jake) Skinner, RWDCA President


CHAPTER X: RWDCA LEADERSHIP - PAST & PRESENT Following is a complete list of officers, directors and editors who have served the Red & White Dairy Cattle Association during the first 50 years. Red and White dairy cattle breeders can be grateful for the patience and perseverance that helped make our breed a great one.

Directors

John C. Gage, Kansas 1964-1966 Harold Haldeman, Nebraska 1964-1966 Alfred Buckner, Colorado 1964-1965 Finis Mount, Colorado 1964-1965 Clifford Boatright, Kansas 1964-65, 70-73 Dr. J.L. Johnston, Missouri 1964-1969 Cecil Whittaker, Illinois 1964-1969 Harry Clampitt, Missouri 1965-1967 Elsie Murke, Colorado 1965-1969 Larry Moore, Wisconsin 1966-1971 John P. Ostrander, Illinois 1966-1987 Elmer Carpenter, Pennsylvania 1967-1970 John Flick, Oklahoma 1967-1970 Stewart Smale, Ontario 1967-1970 Jerald Baumgartner, Wisconsin 1968-1971 C.L. Wasmer, New Mexico 1969-1972 Dr. Clinton Meadows, Michigan 1969-1971 Norman Williams, Missouri 1969-1972 Simon Tice, Maryland 1970-1973 David Lawrence, New York 1970-1973 William Yurs, Wisconsin 1971-1974 Jim Knowlton, Texas 1971-1974 Tony Carpenter, Pennsylvania 1972 John Carpenter, Pennsylvania 1972-1975 John Benedictus, Ontario 1972-1978 Jerome Rockweiler, Wisconsin 1973-1976 Ronald O. Smith, Michigan 1973-82, 83-88 T.R. Follis, Texas 1973-1977 Arnold Stansell, Ontario 1973-1976 Samuel Myer, Pennsylvania 1974-1977 Dennis Yurs, Wisconsin 1974-1977 Dean Knight, Iowa 1975-1978 Bob Jacobsen, Nebraska 1975-1981 Charles Ford, North Carolina 1976-1985 Jerry Good, Michigan 1977-98, 95/01, 07-10 Wayne Susina, Wisconsin 1977-1986 Don Albrecht, Ontario 1978-81, 87-89 Frank Kitchen, New York 1978-1981 Ronald Eustice, Wisconsin/Minnesota 1979-1982 Danny Dickens, Texas 1981-1984 Bruce Ingram, Ontario 1981-1987 Edward Morris, Virginia 1981-1983 Magloire Audet, Vermont 1982-1985 Steve Nevel, Illinois 1982-1983 William Davis, Jr., Pennsylvania 1983-1992 Nancy Schellinger, Wisconsin 1984-1996 Gary Sell, Wisconsin 1985-1988 Max Beer, Indiana 1985-1994 Michael Barnhart, New York 1986-1990 Paul Whittington, Jr., XX 1987-1993 Louis Tennis, Illinois 1988-2003

Ross Frahm, Michigan Deb Lundy, Wisconsin Jake DeRaadt, California Louis Prange, Wisconsin John Burket, Pennsylvania Tim Baumgartner, Wisconsin Mark Yeazel, Ohio John (Jack) King, Jr., Pennsylvania Kathy Cook, Michigan Elmer Howe, Minnesota Jim Good, Michigan Barbara Natzke, Wisconsin Steve Rhodes, Virginia Ed Peck, Minnesota/Wisconsin Brian Crull, Illinois Rob Morrill, New Hampshire Paul Lawrence, Pennsylvania Dana Ernway, Pennsylvania Mary Etta Lenkaitis, Illinois Gary Mayhew, Wisconsin Kim Morrill, New Hampshire Scott Wilson, Ontario Rick Frozene, Wisconsin John Schmitz, Minnesota Kim Olson, Minnesota Bill Hughes, Virginia Fabian Almeida, Texas Bruce Vande Zande, Wisconsin Jake Skinner, Pennsylvania Jennifer Hill, Maryland Mike Brown, Utah Matt Lawrence, Pennsylvania Mark Olbrich, Illinois Sam Appleby, Manitoba Gary Janssen, Illinois Yvonne Preder, Wisconsin Doug Lyons, Iowa Dennis Gransee, Minnesota

1988-1991 1989-2004 1990-1993 1991-1997 1992-98, 06-09 1993-99, 09-12 1993-1999 1994-2000 1996-2005 1997-2000 1998-2001 1998-2001 1999-2005 1999-2006 1999-2008 2000-2006 2001-2007 2001-2004 2003-2012 2005-2008 2006-2012 2004-2007 2004-2007 2005-2011 2007-2013 2007-2010 2008-2011 2008-2011 2010-present 2010-2013 2011-present 2011-present 2011-present 2012-present 2012-present 2012-present 2013-present 2013-present

A SPECIAL THANK YOU to the RWDCA 50th Anniversary Committee John Schmitz, Minnesota, Chairman Mary Etta Lenkaitis, Illinois Gary Janssen, Illinois Cassandra Krull, Wisconsin Yvonne Preder, Wisconsin Nancy Sell, Wisconsin Kayla Wright, Wisconsin Pete Meyer, Wisconsin Dennis Gransee, Minnesota, History Chair 61


Officers - President

Dr. J.L. Johnston, Missouri Larry Moore, Wisconsin C.L. Wasmer, New Mexico J.P. (Doc) Ostrander, Illinois Ronald O. Smith, Michigan Jerry Good, Michigan Max Beer, Indiana Louis Tennis, Illinois John (Jack) King, Jr., Pennsylvania Ed Peck, Wisconsin Mary Etta Lenkaitis, Illinois Gary Mayhew, Wisconsin Jerry Good, Michigan Tim Baumgartner, California Kim Morrill, New Hampshire Jake Skinner, Pennsylvania

Officers - Vice-President

Cecil Whittaker John Flick, Oklahoma J.P. (Doc) Ostrander, Illinois Cliff Boatright, Kansas T.R. Follis, Texas Ronald O. Smith, Michigan Bob Jacobsen, Nebraska Jerry Good, Michigan Charles Ford, North Carolina Ronald O. Smith, Michigan William Davis Jr., Pennsylvania

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1964-1966 1967-1969 1970-1972 1973-1979 1980-1981 1982-1987 1988-1992 1993-1997 1998-2000 2000-2004 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2009 2009-2011 2011-2012 2012-2014 1964-1967 1968-1972 1970-1972 1973 1974 1975-1976 1977-1979 1980-1981 1982-1983 1984-1987 1988-1991

Louis Tennis, Illinois Mark Yeazel, Ohio Kathy Cook, Michigan Steve Rhodes, Virginia Paul Lawrence, Pennsylvania Brian Crull, Illinois John Schmitz, Minnesota Fabian Almeida, Texas Kim Morrill, New Hampshire Mike Brown, Utah

1992 1993-1998 1999-2003 2003-2005 2006 2007-2008 2009 2010 2011 2011-present

Staff Positions - Executive Secretary / Treasurer

John C. Gage, Eudora, Kansas (Volunteer staff) 1964-1967 Mike Clark, Green Bay, Wisconsin (staff) 1967-1968 Louis Bergren, Illinois (staff) 1968-1970 Susan Fortner, Illinois (staff) 1970-1975 Joan Carpenter, Pennsylvania (staff) 1975-2008 Nicole Stout Schrim, Executive Secretary (staff) 2008-2010 Stephanie Stout, Executive Secretary (staff) 2010-2013 Anna Troester, Wisconsin (Asst. Manager) 2013-present

Staff Positions - Magazine / Newsletter Editor

John C. Gage, Kansas (Red & White Newsletter) 1964-1967 Mike Clark, Wiscons (Red & White News Briefs) 1967-1968 Elgin Office (Red & White News Briefs) 1970 Elmer Carpenter, Pennsylvania 1970-1975 John Carpenter, Pennsylvania 1975-2008 Stephanie Stout, Wisconsin 2008-2013 Anna Troester, Wisconsin 2013-present


CHAPTER XI: RWDCA RESERVE FUND DONORS DIAMOND -- $5,000 and above April-Day, Ed Peck, Madison, WI

PLATINUM -- $1,000 - $4,999

Burkdale Holsteins, Leon Rhodes, Harrisonburg, VA Darren Carlstrom, Sinclairville, NY Harmony Farm, Frank Covey Family, Federalsburg, MD Lenkaitis Holsteins, Albert & Mary Etta Lenkaitis, St. Charles, IL Mason-Dixon RWDCA Maypar Farms, Mower & Treen, West Winfield, NY Minnesota Red & White Club Mole Hill Dairy, Frank Good Family, Dayton, VA Kenneth Shatek, Elma, IA Sardius Holsteins, Sam & Anne Appleby Family, Steinbach, Manitoba Southeast RWDCA Staka Holsteins, Steve Rhodes Family, Harrisonburg, VA

GOLD -- $500 - $999

Magloire & Betty Audet, Orwell, VT Briar Holsteins, Brian & Sue Crull Family, Monroe, WI Elmer Carpenter, Everett, PA John & Joan Carpenter, Crystal Spring, PA Del-Hollow, Dana Erway Family, Coudersport, PA Eden-Vale Dairy, Jake De Raadt, Lemoore, CA Elm Park Farms, Sheboygan Falls, WI Holbric Holsteins, Bill Olbrich Family, Harvard, IL Kasbergen Dairy, Mansfield, IL Manannah-Valley, John & Julie Schmitz, Eden Valley, MN Mercersburg Printing, Mercersburg, PA Meyervilla Holsteins, Pete & Deborah Meyer, Darien, WI Spotlite-J Registered Holsteins, Jan Jurbala, Orangeville, PA Sunset-Acres, Alan Conro, Hampshire, IL SunShower Acres, Bucyrus, OH West Hope Dairy, West Fint, Fort Defiance, VA Steve & Carolyn Yoder, Mifflintown, PA

SILVER -- $250 - $499

A-K-Mohr, Scott Mohr, New Enterprise, PA Bonnie Mohr Studio, Glencoe, MN Dennis Bressner, Fairbury, IL Conrad & Becky Carlsen, Rome, PA Cherry-Creek Farm, Paul Yoder, Oakland, MD Jim & Vicky Cleland, Clinton, WI Deb Cornman, Carlisle, PA Corstar, Cory Salzl, Eden Valley, MN Cybil Fisher Photography, Green Bay, WI Elmhurst Genetics, Gary & Barbara Mayhew, Jefferson, WI Bob Eustice, Byron, MN Farmshine, Brownstown, PA Goldfawn Farm, Nate Goldenberg, McGregor, TX Golden Oaks Farm, Wauconda, IL Hass-Acres Holsteins, Aaron & John Hass, Evansville, WI Steve & Deb Heuer, Litchfield, MN Jon-Lu Holsteins, Luke & John Coblentz, Flemingsburg, KY Gordon Larson, Litchfield, MN Lawrence-Haven, Paul & Penny Lawrence, New Castle, PA LJP Holsteins LLC, Ed Palmatary Family, Henderson, MD Manannah-Valley, Bernie & Aggie Schmitz, Eden Valley, MN Dr. Kimberly Olson, Atwater, MN Recipient Solutions, Dr. Tom Mercuro, Boonsboro, MD Red-Crest Red & Whites, Jake Skinner, Mercersburg, PA In memory of Scott Showalter Family, Bridgewater, VA Starlight Acres, Tracy Schaefer & Karla Smieja, Little Falls, MN Sylvester Tanner, Turtlepoint, PA Willolea Holsteins, Chuck Will, Underwood, MN Windsor Manor, Jason & Donna Myers, New Windsor, MD Wisconsin RWDCA Steve Yaun, Madison, WI

BRONZE -- $100 - $249

Bruce Bollinger, Lebanon, PA Herrvales, Karl & Barbara Herr, Oxford, PA Cloverleaf Farm, Herman Schrock Family, Goshen, IN Hickorymea Holsteins, T. Edwin Johnson, Jr. Family, Airville, PA Flatland Dairy, Steve Flatland, Milaca, MN Medovue Farm, Jack & Vicki King, Ridgely, MD Robert Feldwisch, New Knoxville, OH Mellinger AI Service, Lancaster, PA Paul & Sharon Fox, Rochester, IN Plover Vale Farms, Jerry & Lyle Fraaza, Zeeland, MI Glen-Toctin Farm, Michael Allen, Jefferson, MD Spungold Holsteins, Dale & Deanna Bendig, Gettysburg, PA Golden State Breeders, Escalon, CA Franze Steinmetz, Reedsburg, WI Greenlea Holsteins, Richard Green, Middletown, DE Trans-World Genetics, Fond du Lac, WI Wolf-Ridge, JR & Angi Kaverman, South Charleston, OH 63


CHAPTER XII: 50,000 LBS. RED & WHITE MILK PRODUCERS

Carrousel RBN Raquel-Red-ET EX-93 2E (USA) 5-09 2x 365 53,060 3.9% 2,090 3.1% 1,664 Sire: STBVQ Rubens-ET *RC

Cloverlands Skyler Cherry-Red VG-87 DOM 12* (CAN) 4-09 2x 365 51,364 3.9% 2,000 3.1% 1,585 Sire: Robe-Jan Skyler Chief *RC

Elm-Park Martini-Red EX-92 (USA) 8-04 3x 365 52,110 4.2% 2,169 3.3% 1,695 Sire: Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red

Elm-Park Moselle-Red-ET EX-93 2E (USA) 3-08 3x 365 54,720 2.7% 1,502 3.0% 1,615 Sire: Kinglea Leader *RC

Ever-Green-View Lilo-Red-ET EX-92 (USA) 3-08 3x 365 50,961 3.8% 1,925 3.3% Sire: Alpar Stadel Elayo-Red-ET

Glen-Toctin Moment Anna-Red VG-89 DOM (USA) 7-08 2x 365 50,150 4.7% 2,204 2.9% 1,477 Sire: Mr Hurl-Three Momentum-Red-ET

Glo-Crest Septs Lucy Lou-Red-ET EX-92 2E (USA) 5-00 2x 365 58,470 5.0% 2,916 3.1% 1,808 Sire: Pursuit September Storm-ET *RC

Goldfawn Sir Renita-Red EX-93 2E (USA) 6-03 2x 50,770 4.3% 2,164 3.1% 1,594 Sire: B-Brook Sir-Red

Granduc Believe Rubens-Red-ET EX-90 (CAN) 4-09 2x 365 59,798 3.5% 2,090 3.3 1973 Sire: STBVQ Rubens-ET *RC

J-Don Bailee Mabel-Red-ET VG-88 GMD (USA) 3-09 2x 365 54,190 3.2% 1,752 2.8% 1,523 Sire: Ylitalo Leader Bailee-Red

Lavender Ruby Redrose-Red EX-96-4E @ 12-00 (USA) 7-04 2x 365 52,104 4.9% 2,576 3.2% 1,653 Sire: STBVQ Rubens-ET *RC

Mar-Bil-P Ranger Lena-Red EX-91 DOM (USA) 4-07 2x 365 50,388 4.1% 2,044 3.2% 1,638 Sire: Horizon Ranger-Red-ET

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Mergold Adv Mirror-Red-ET EX-94 2E (USA) 4-06 2x 365 50,250 2.1% 1,038 3.1% 1,571 Sire: KHW Kite Advent-Red-ET

Miss Del-Brooke Roxy-Red-ET EX-90 (USA) 4-01 2x 364 53,980 3.7% 1,991 3.0% 1,596 Sire: Brooknook Milestone-Red-ET

Ms Lici-Red-ET VG-88 GMD (USA) 6-02 3x 365 57,054 3.6% 2,032 3.1% 1,761 Sire: Weav-Lina Colby-Red-ET

Pinehurst Beaujolais-Red EX-94 3E (USA) 7-06 3x 50,730 3.5% 1,779 2.8% 1,422 Sire: Pinehurst Citation *RC

Road-End-Vue Amber-Red EX-92 3E (USA) 8-04 3x 365 50,842 6.2% 3,146 3.1% 1,552 Sire: Meadolake Jubilant-ET *RC

SFL Factor Rozi-Red-ET EX-92 DOM (USA) 5-09 2x 365 57,220 4.4% 2,493 2.9% 1,670 7-00 2x 365 54,575 3.6% 1,965 3.0% 1,637 Sire: Renown Factor-ET *RC

Sikkema-Star Licric Vee-Red EX-91 (USA) 5-04 2x 365 60,694 4.3% 2,592 2.9% 1,655 3-05 2x 365 52,335 3.9% 2,052 3.2% 1,767 Sire: Hi-Val Licorice-Red-ET

Stookey Fagn Scarlet-Red-ET EX-94 3E GMD (USA) 6-05 3x 365 50,840 3.8% 1,937 3.2% 1,636 Sire: Coldsprings Elevation Fagin *RC

Sure-View Jord Acorn-Red-ET EX-90 (USA) 3-08 3x 365 51,160 4.0% 2,032 2.9% 1,468 Sire: Ja-Bob Jordan-Red-ET

The list of 50,000 pound Red and White milk producers has been compiled by RWDCA board member Deb Lundy, Jefferson, WI

Sweet-Peas Rbn Faith-Red-ET EX-91 GMD (USA) 5-09 2x 365 53,390 5.1% 2,738 3.4% 1,809 Sire: STBVQ Rubens-ET *RC

West Port Marker Marsha-Red-ET EX-91-2E (USA) 4-01 2x 365 51,940 3.7% 1,916 2.8% 1,455 Sire: Indianhead Red-Marker-ET *RC

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CHAPTER XIII: NATIONAL RED & WHITE CHAMPION MALES Year Name 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Rock I Citation R Andy-Red Citation R Texal-Red C Shore Highcroft Flame-Red Yursden Citation Ray-Red Dickway Major R-Red Redhead Big Jay Redhead Big Jay Mors Jack Highview Tim-Red Eddon Christy Topper Rusty-Red Sellcrest Idle Duce-Red Sellcrest Idle Duce-Red Clover-Mound Threat Mike-Red C Olivehope Jetstar Big-Red Clover-Mound Threat Mike-Red Condon Premium-Red Med-O-Bloom Mike Verl-Red-ET Larry Moore Colonel B-Red-Poll Elm-Park Pioneer-Red Med-O-Bloom Grand Premier-Red Model Casey Joe-Red Merit Magnus-Red Bren-Way Charmer Tom-Red Merit Mandmotion-Red-ET Pinehurst Majestic-Red-ET Pinehurst Caravan-Red Hy-Class Jacob Ned-Red Budjon Exception-Red Elginvue Regal Alec-Red Pinehurst Frontline-Red Snow-Pine Renaisanc Cal-Red Pinehurst Precept-Red OK Axl Rose-Red Mohrfield Ranger Dale-Red Millborne MG R Mark Winston-Red Showline Oriole Copenhagen-Red Broege-Acres K Barney-Red Driftline CD Patrick-Red Gibbs D Bac Lucky-Red-ET Carrousel Rolando-Red-ET

Sire

Branderlea Citation Monarch Rosafe Citation R Homestead Farm Highcroft R Citation R Maple Citation R Maple Signet Inspiration Signet Inspiration Larry Moore Transmitter Jack-Red Branderlea Citation Topper-Red Idle Dice-Red Idle Dice-Red Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red High Silo Haven Jetstar Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red Agro Acres Marquis Ned-Red Clover-Mound Threat Mike-Red Burket Falls Houdini-Red Strickler Don Duallyn-Red Downiedale Grandeur-Red Gentle-Valley Casey-Red Glenafton Enhancer-Red Nehls-Valley Charmer-Red Dubras Promotion-Red Dumbelle Royal Majesty Meadowlake Jubilant-ET Agro Acres Marquis Ned-Red C Horizon Chief-Red Romandale Regal-Red Hurtgen-Vue Superstar-Red Hanoverhill Renaissance-Red Pinehurst Citation Rosedale Lindy-Red Horizon Ranger-Red Indianhead Red Marker-ET Valleyriver Ruben Redman-Red Markwell Kite Carrousel Distrigene-Red-ET Dudoc Bacculum-Red-ET Pursuit September Storm-ET

Compiled by Timothy Baumgartner, RWDCA Past President (2009-2011)

Owner

J. George Smith Carnation Breeding Service Norman William Yursden Farms Yursden Farms Redhead Farms Redhead Farms Lawrence Grebel Ed Dahlinger Redhead Farms Redhead Farms Med-O-Bloom Farms Piper Cattle Sales Med-O-Bloom Farms Elm-Park Farms Med-O-Bloom Farms Larry Moore Elm-Park Farms Med-O-Bloom Farms Timothy Baumgartner Merit Holsteins Gregory Family Merit Holsteins Pinehurst Farms Pinehurst Farms Hy-Class Holsteins Budjon Farms Rupprecht & Muzzy Pinehurst Farms Bartel & Nelson Pinehurst Farms Dale Kramer Mohrfield Holsteins John Collins Larry Bennett Broege-Acres Driftline Holsteins Dwight Gibbs Klug and Sloan

State IL WI MO WI WI WI WI WI WI WI WI MI WI MI WI MI WI WI MI WI WI IL WI WI WI IN WI MN WI WI WI MN OH CT ON WI WI IA MN

Holly Tuman-Anderson Willow Wells Farm & Rockstar Genetics

Registered Brown Swiss, Holsteins and Red & Whites

RockStarGenetics@live.com

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HER LEGACY LIVES ON... Howard-Home RMK Jena-Red-ET VG-86 (6-05-1998 to 11-15-2012)

Jena has made history at ScenicEdge Holsteins. Year to date, direct descendants of Jena have accomplished the following: • 26 All-American nominations • 12 Jr-All-American nominations -Resulting in 6 All-Americans, 5 Reserve All-Americans, 3 Honorable Mentions and 8 Jr-All-Americans.

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Jena has 9 EXCELLENT and 23 VERY GOOD daughters to date with numerous 2nd, 3rd, and 4th generation EXCELLENT or VERY GOOD. We can only expect that this strong heritage will continue well into the future!

Congratulations to the RWDCA for a very successful 50 years!


Top L to R: Daughters: Scenic-Edge Joyful-Red-ET EX-92 • Scenic-Edge Josie-Red-ET EX-91 Great-Granddaughter: Scenic-Edge MRB Jolynn-Red EX-91 Bottom L to R: Granddaughters: Scenic-Edge Josetta-Red EX-92-2E Scenic-Edge Jellybean-Red EX-94-2E

- Pihotos taken by Cybil Fisher-

AN ALL-AMERICAN JOURNEY

David & Yvonne Preder Rodney Bohnhoff N4297 Cedar Lane Rd. Plymouth, WI 53073 Phone: 920-918-1948 69 Inquiries about this great cow family accepted at all times! Email: scenic-edge@excel.net


CHAPTER XIV: NATIONAL RED & WHITE CHAMPION FEMALES Year Show

1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2003 2004 2005 2005 2006 2006 2007 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 2010 2011 2011 2012 2012 2013 2013 70

Name

Madison Duallyn Chieftain May-Red Waterloo Larry Moore First Waterloo Duallyn Chieftain May-Red Elkhorn Leedle-Houme Red Bee Elkhorn Jewell of the North Elkhorn C Wilina Sovereign Jetstar Elkhorn C Kenmore Sassy-Red-Tw Elkhorn Clark Acres Jasper Ann Elkhorn Chestnutland ABC Cora-Red Elkhorn Ridgewood Robaron Doll-Red Elkhorn C Blue Haven Rose Ned-Red Elkhorn Debbie-Red Elkhorn Debbie-Red Elkhorn Debbie-Red Elkhorn C Blue Haven Rose Ned-Red Elkhorn Downiedale Evelyn-Red Elkhorn C Blue Haven Rose Ned-Red Jefferson Downiedale Elite-Red-ET Jefferson L-Maples Jasper Natalie-Red Jefferson Silver Rock TT Barbara-Red Jefferson Fradon Ned Glory-Red Jefferson Fradon Ned Glory-Red Jefferson Stookey Fagin Scarlet-Red-ET Elkhorn Fradon Ned Glory-Red Goshen Fradon Ned Glory-Red Jefferson Willdina Royal Fire-Red Goshen Pinehurst Beaujolais-Red Jefferson Willdina Royal Fire-Red Madison Willdina Royal Fire-Red Madison Freeland Ned Grace-Red Madison Freeland Ned Grace-Red Madison Stelbro Renita Ranger-Red Madison Ac-O-Acres Logic Sammy-Red Madison RZZ Red Marker Rizz-Red Madison Stelbro Renita Ranger-Red Madison Spungold Tahoe-Red Harrisburg Richesse Starchoice Rmk-Red Madison Mac-Acres Fannie-Red Madison Chairein Rubens Parade-Red Harrisburg Lawrence Haven Absolute-Red Madison Lavender Ruby Redrose-Red Harrisburg Derrwynn Miss Special-Red Madison Yursden Kite Caramac-Red Harrisburg Creek-Knoll Mae Distrig-Red-ET Madison Lavender Ruby Redrose-Red Harrisburg Dyks Kite Linda-Red-ET Madison Cherrie-Kreek Beulah-Red-ET Harrisburg Windsor-Manor Romanc-Red-ET Madison KY-Blue Ruben Marla-Red Harrisburg Greenlea Adv Cara-Red-ET Madison Blondin Redman Seisme-Red Harrisburg Sweet-Peas Felicity-Red-ET Madison KHW Regiment Apple-Red-ET Harrisburg MS Glad Ray More Fun-Red Madison Blondin Redman Seisme-Red Harrisburg Lookout Advent Flicka-Red Madison KHW Regiment Apple 3-Red-ETN

Sire

Elmcroft Pontiac Chieftain Unknown Elmcroft Pontiac Chieftain Tru-Haven Mr. Bee Oak Ridges Refl. Major Roybrook Telstar Ebydale Majestic Bruce C Romandale Jasper-Red King of the ABCs Duallyn Ian Robaron-Red Agro-Acres Marquis Ned C Romandale Jasper-Red C Romandale Jasper-Red C Romandale Jasper-Red Agro-Acres Marquis Ned Downiedale Grandeur-Red Agro-Acres Marquis Ned Downiedale Grandeur-Red C Romandale Jasper-Red Hanover Hill Triple Threat-Red Agro-Acres Marq. Ned Agro-Acres Marq. Ned Coldspring Elevation Fagin Agro-Acres Marq. Ned Agro-Acres Marq. Ned Dumbelle Royal Majesty Pinehurst Citation Dumbelle Royal Majesty Dumbelle Royal Majesty Agro-Acres Marquis Ned Agro-Acres Marquis Ned Horizon Ranger-Red Shady-Lawn U Logic-Red Indianhead Red Marker-ET Horizon Ranger-Red Indianhead Red Marker-ET Indianhead Red Marker-ET Markwell Romancer*RC-ET STBVQ Rubens-ET Tri-Sec SS Sovereign-Red STBVQ Rubens-ET STBVQ Rubens-ET Markwell Kite-ET Carrousel Distrigene-Red STBVQ Rubens-ET Markwell Kite-ET KHW Kite Advent-Red-ET Rosedale-L Rampage-Red-ET STBVQ Rubens-ET*RC KHW Kite Advent-Red-ET Valleyriver Ruben Redman-ET Dudoc Mr. Burns*RC Carrousel Regiment-Red-ET Patience Showline Contender-Red Valleyriver Ruben Redman-ET KHW Kite Advent-Red-ET Carrousel Regiment-Red

Owner

State

Duallyn Farm KS Larry Moore WI Duallyn Farm KS Redline Farm IL Harry Loewith ON Yursden Farm WI J&B Baumgartner WI John R. Clark PA Sellcrest Farm WI Sellcrest Farm WI Sellcrest Farm WI Sellcrest Farm WI Sellcrest Farm WI Sellcrest Farm WI Sellcrest Farm WI Downiedale Farm ON Sellcrest Farm WI Downiedale Farm ON Tom Lyons Sr. WI Utech & Lundy WI/IL Stonetown/Horizon ON Stonetown/Horizon ON G.W. & Shari Snyder IN Stonetown/Horizon ON Stonetown/Horizon ON Pinehurst Farm WI Pinehurst Farm WI Pinehurst Farm WI Pinehurst Farm WI Bobmur Farms ON Bobmur Farms ON Carousel Farms IL Wm. Shilling MI Kevin Ryan WI Carousel Farms IL Bendig & Green PA/DE Jason Thomas Healy NY Richard M. Green DE Tony & Janet DeMello CA Eric Lawrence PA Mark Rueth WI Goldenburg & Mercuro TX Richard M. Green DE Richard M. Green DE Mark Rueth WI Todd Whittier ME Richard M. Green DE Justin & Claire Burdette PA Richard M. Green DE Richard M. Green DE Morsan Farm/Chris Parry AB Lloyd & Denise Pease PA Apple Partners WI Cooper Galton NY Milk Source LLC WI Chris & Jennifer Hill MD Westcoast Holsteins BC


National Red &White Show Champions 1968 & 1970

1969

1971

Duallyn Chieftain May-Red

Larry Moore First-Red

Leedle Houme Red Bee-Red

1973

1974

Sire: Elmcroft Pontiac Chieftain *RC Exhibitor: Duallyn Farm, Kansas

Sire: Unknown Owner: Larry Moore, Wisconsin

Jewel of the North

C Wilina Sovereign Jetstar *BR

1975

1976

1972

Sire: Oak Ridges Reflection Major Exhibitor: Harry Loewith, Ontario

Clark Acres Jasper Ann-Red

Sire: Ebydale Majestic Bruce Exhibitor: Jerald Baumgartner, Wisconsin

Chestnut-Land ABC Cora-Red

Ridgewood Robaron Doll-Red

Sire: King of the ABCs Exhibitor: Sellcrest Farm, Wisconsin

1978 & 1982 & 1984

1979, 1980 & 1981

Blue Haven Rose Ned-Red

C Kenmore Sassy-Red

Sire: Roybrook Telstar *BRC Owner: Yursden Farm, Wisconsin

Sire: C Romandale Jasper-Red Exhibitor: John R. Clark, Pennsylvania

Sire: Agro Acres Marquis Ned *RC Exhibitor: Sellcrest Farms, Wisconsin

Sire: Tru-Haven Mr. Bee Owner: Redline Farm, Illinois

Debbie-Red

Sire: Romandale Jasper-Red Exhibitor: Sellcrest Farms, Wisconsin

1977

Sire: Duallyn Ian Robaron-Red

Exhibitor: Sellcrest Farm, Wisconsin

1983

Downiedale Evelyn-Red

Sire: Downiedale Grandeur-Red Exhibitor: Stuart Smale, Ontario

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1985

1986

1987

Downiedale Elite-ET-Red

L-Maples Jasper Natalie-Red

Silver Rock TT Barbara-Red (EX-91)

Sire: Downiedale Grandeur-Red Exhibitor: Stuart Smale, Ontario

Sire: Romandale Jasper-Red Exhibitor: Tom Lyons, Sr. Wisconsin

Sire: Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red Exhibitor: Deb and Mark Lundy, Wisconsin

1988 & 1989 & 1991 & 1992

1990

1993 & 1995

Fradon Ned Glory-Red (EX-2E-CAN)

Stookey Fagin Scarlet-Red-ET (EX-94) Sire: Coldsprings Elevation Fagin *RC Exhibitor: G.W. & Shari Snider, Indiana

Sire: Dumbelle Royal Majesty *RC Exhibitor: Pinehurst Farm, Wisconsin

1994

1996 & 1997

1998 & 2001

Pinehurst Beaujolais-Red (EX-94 3E)

Freeland Ned Grace-Red (EX-4E CAN)

Stelbro Renita Ranger-Red (EX-94 3E)

1999

2000

2002

Ac-O-Acres Logic Sammy-Red (EX-95)

RRK Red-Marker Rizz-Red (EX-94 2E)

Spungold Tahoe-Red-ET (EX-93)

Sire: Agro Acres Marquis Ned *RC Exhibitors: Horizon & Stonetown, Ontario

Sire: Pinehurst Citation *RC Exhibitor: David H. Bachmann, Jr., Wisconsin

Sire: Shady-Lawn-U-Logic-Red-ET Exhibitor: William H. Schilling, Michigan

Sire: Agro Acres Marquis Ned *RC Exhibitor: Bobmur Farms, Ontario

Sire: Indianhead Red-Marker-ET *RC Exhibitor: Kevin Ryan, Wisconsin

Willdina Royal Fire-Red

Sire: Horizon Ranger-Red-ET Exhibitor: Carrousel Farms, Illinois

Sire: Indianhead Red-Marker-ET *RC Exhibitor: Dale & Deanna Bendig, Pennsylvania

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2003

2004

2005 & 2007

Macs-Acres Fannie-Red-ET (EX-94 2E)

Chairein Rubens Parade-Red-ET (EX-94)

Lavender Ruby Redrose-Red (EX-96 4E)

2006

2008

2009

Yursden Kite Caramac-Red (EX-92 3E)

Cherrie-Kreek Beulah-Red-ET (EX-92)

KY-Blue Ruben Marla-Red (EX-94)

2010 & 2012

2011

2013

Blondin Redman Seisme-Red (EX-96)

KHW Regiment Apple-Red-ET (EX-96)

KHW Regiment Apple 3-Red-ETN (VG-89)

Sire: Gar-Bar-Dale Freddie-Red Exhibitor: Richard M. Green, Delaware

Sire: Markwell Kite-ET *RC Exhibitor: Richard M. Green, Delaware

Sire: Valleyriver Ruben Redman-ET 2010: Morsan and Chris Parry, Alberta 2012: Milksource Genetics, Wisconsin

Sire: STBVQ Rubens-ET *RC Exhibitor: Tony & Janet DeMello, California

Sire: KHW Kite Advent-Red-ET Exhibitor: Richard M. Green, Delaware

Sire: Carrousel Regiment-Red-ET Exhibitor: Apple Partners, Wisconsin

C restbrooke Holsteins and Jerseys

Where quality, not quantity, matters!

Tim & Barb Natzke & Family N4543 County Road K, Fond du Lac, WI 54937 Tim Cell: 920-979-0611 | Kyle Cell: 920-979-0593 Barb Cell 920-979-0612 | E-mail: cbrooke@directv.net

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Sire: STBVQ Rubens-ET *RC Exhibitor: Mark Rueth, Wisconsin

Sire: STBVQ Rubens-ET *RC Exhibitor: Richard M. Green, Delaware

Sire: Carrousel Regiment-Red-ET Exhibitor: West Coast, British Columbia


They grow up so fast . . .

SL-Acres Redlou Firefly-Red Spring Yearling, 2013 Fresh in March, will be flushed to Action!  

Nominated Jr. All-American, 2012 Nominated Jr. All-American, 2013

Hydeaway A Tashli 84-Red Winter Yearling, 2013 Fresh in March and looks great!

SA

 

Nominated Jr. All-American, 2013 Jr. Champ MN State R&W Jr. Show, ‘12 & ‘13

I’ve enjoyed watching these heifers develop in great cows; we’re very excited for the 2014 show season. Visitors always welcome! Karla Smieja, Quentin Scott & Jacob Schaefer 15241 50th Avenue Little Falls, MN 56345 (320) 339-5684 slacres@wisper-wireless.com

Writing Her Own Chapter in RWDCA History! KHW Regiment Apple-Red-ET Excellent-96 3E DOM 5*

4-01 2x 365d 35,750 4.7 1682 3.7 1314

Apple Partners Contact Information:

Photo by John Erbsen

Red & White Cow of the Year 2013 Unanimous All-American R&W 125,000 lb. Cow 2013 Res. Grand Champ. Grand Int’l R&W Show 2013 All-American Red & White Aged Cow 2011 Grand Champion Grand Int’l R&W Show 2011 Holstein Int’l World Champion R&W Cow 2010 Res. Grand Champ. Royal Winter Fair R&W 2009 Unanimous All-American Junior 2 Year Old 2006 Completes 7 Generations Excellent 9 Excellent and 17 Very Good daughters to date 9 Sons over +3.00 PTAT including: APPLES ABSOLUTE-RED-ET EX-94 ... #2 PTAT Bull!

Mark your calendars for March 20, 2015 and plan to be a part of the special sale highlighting Apple’s achievements!

TOM SCHMITT 563.552.2172 | JOHN ERBSEN 815.275.4990 | MIKE DEAVER 608.207.0344 | email: johnerbsen@aeroinc.net 75


CHAPTER XV: BROOD COWS THAT HELPED BUILD THE RED & WHITE BREED C GLENRIDGE CITATION ROXY (EX-97 4E GMD 6*)

Mil-R-Mor Farm, Orangeville, IL Mil-R-Mor Farm is a registered Holstein dairy with about 300 cows and heifers owned by Bob and Kaye Miller at Orangeville, IL. The farm was made famous as the home of C Glenridge Citation Roxy who was born in 1968 at the Glenridge Farm, Grenfell, Saskatchewan. While the Millers did not specifically select for the red trait, Roxy has had a major impact on red and white genetics and figures prominently in the pedigrees of many of modern-day Red & Whites. Nearly 10% of her direct descendants are Red & White and of course, many others carry the Red Factor. C Glenridge Citation Roxy was a daughter of Rosafe Citation R *RC and C Norton Court Model Vee *RC. While Roxy herself did not have a red and white calf, she had a full brother Mil-R-Mor Crimson-Red at ABS, that was red and white. A cow with an illustrious career, Roxy’s daughter Mil-R-Mor Roxette became Canada’s first 30 star brood cow and scored 20 stars in the UK where she had many fans after leaving 11 of 22 daughters scored Excellent. Roxette moved first to Bond Haven, where she bred a Dixiecrat daughter, Bond Haven Dixie Rox who superseded her dam as an EX-93 2E 52* after moving to the UK. But it was at Hanoverhill where Mil-R-Mor Roxette produced no less than 30 daughters, leading to many of the different lines still prominent in the breed today. Mil-R-Mor Roxette had 22 Excellent offspring including influential sire, Hanoverhill Raider.

Scientific Debutante Rae-ET*RC (EX-92) All-American 4-Year-Old 2005 Roxy is the fifth maternal grandam

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C Glenridge Citation Roxy Excellent 4E-97 GMD 6* Lifetime Production: 209,784 M 4.5% 9,471 F

We can find Roxy’s all over the world with great results in the show ring, bulls hitting the top genomic rankings and family members selling for sky-high prices at auctions. A recent calculation made by the Miller family determined that as of 2013 there were at least 630 direct Excellent female descendants. Here’s the breakdown: 16 34 62 94 135

3rd gen. 4th gen. 5th gen. 6th gen. 7th gen.

146 8th gen. 118 9th gen. 23 10th gen. 2 11th gen.

Some of the greatest cows the Holstein breed has ever seen trace their roots back to the Roxy family. Roxy’s influence can be seen in almost every Registered herd today. From breed leading type females and bulls to outstanding production leaders as well. Roxy is the Holstein breed’s only EX-97 3rd generation 200,000 lbs. lifetime cow. Many of her offspring have gone on to make national and state milk, fat and protein records. Roxy’s descendents include the bull Sir Ridgedale Rustler-Red EX-97.

Debutante Rae’s first 4 Daughters: Dede, Debut, Destiny and Delicate at Scientific Holsteins, Chippewa Falls, WI. Roxy is their sixth maternal grandam.

Editor’s Note: There are hundreds of outstanding Red and White and Red Carrier offspring of C Glenridge Citation Roxy that are not included in this history because of space limitations. Pictured on the following pages is a very small sample of Roxy’s Red & White and Red Carrier descendants. While already impressive, the “Roxy legacy” is still a story in progress.


Ro xy s

M

a

g n i k

ping the Future w a h S & ith R ry o t s ED Hi

C Glenridge Citation Roxy EX-97 4E GMD Roxy inherited a lot of things from her sire and dam: longevity, excellent components, high type, dairy strength and reproductive efficiency. She did not, however, receive the red genes she had a 75% chance of inheriting and that resulted in a red full brother, Mil-R-Mor Crimson. Far from being the end of the Red Roxy history, it was just the beginning… Roxy arrived at Mil-R-Mor in northern Illinois in 1974. Forty years later, she is still a household name and her offspring can be found in herds across the globe. She had a total of 20 daughters during her 17-year life, 16 which classified Excellent and 4 Very Good. Roxy produced 209,784 lbs. milk with 4.5% butterfat, became a Gold Medal Dam, and was named a DHIA Super Cow. Shortly after her death in 1984, she was crowned Queen of the Breed, a title she held on to in the 2004 Queen of the Breed II contest. She was chosen at the International Cow of the Century in 1999 by readers of Holstein International and was the top vote getter in HolsteinWorld’s Top Ten Cows of the Century contest. We are proud of Roxy’s many accolades received at Mil-R-Mor, but we are perhaps most proud of what other breeders have accomplished with the Roxy family. Some of the most influential Roxy family members have been bred for red and created a lasting impact on the Red & White breed. We’d like to extend our sincerest thanks and congratulations to the following breeders for helping expand the Red Roxy story:

Hanoverhill TT Roxette EX-94 Bred by Pete Heffering

Scientific Jubilant Rae EX-90 Bred by Matt Nunes

Scientific Debutante Rae EX-92 Bred by Matt Nunes

Ridgedale-T Rehema-Red EX-93 Bred by Cyrus Conrad

Golden-Oaks Perk Rae-Red EX-90 Bred by Golden Oaks Farm

These cows and other Red Roxy’s are passing on Roxy’s famous transmitting ability to their daughters and sons around the world. Exciting young Roxys continue to emerge in show rings, bull studs and sale catalogs each year. We especially love to hear about the Roxy family members making their owners happy by working hard in the barn every day and carrying on the Roxy traditions of fertility, longevity, high type and good production.

Tell us about your favorite Roxy family members! Share your stories on our Facebook page at Mil R Mor Farm! Bob & Kaye Miller & Family 765 E. Rock Grove Rd., Orangeville, IL 61060 815.819.7282 Bob & Kaye | 515.290.0453 Lorilee milrmor@aeroinc.net

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C Glenridge Citation Roxy Descendants

Golden-Oaks Advent Rae-Red *PO VG-89 (Switzerland) 4-6 2x 305 10,522 kg 4.5% 475 3.3% 349 Ruegruet Holsteins, Hohenrain, Switzerland

Golden-Oaks Dur Rae 1-ET *RC (EX-93) 4-09 2x 365 38,761l 3.9% 1517 3.1% 1206 Daughter of Golden-Oaks Perk Rae-Red-ET

Golden-Oaks Perk Rae-Red-ET *PO EX-90 EX-MS @ 5-01 1-11 3x 365 31,030 3.7% 1161 3.2% 983 A polled 8th generation Excellent Roxy

Golden-Oaks Rmn Rae 2-Red-ET *PO (EX-90 EX-MS) 4-08 2x 365 28,389 4.4% 1256 3.4% 955 A daughter of Perk Rae-Red A polled 9th generation Excellent Roxy!

Henkeseen L Lipstick-Red-ET (EX-92) 2-06 2x 324 21,564 4.2% 903 3.4% 730 An 8th generation EX Red Roxy!

Jerland Tal Giovanna-Red (EX-91 91-MS) 4-01 2x 365 28,380 4.3% 1214 3.3% 946 9th generation Excellent Roxy One of 6 EX daughters of Scientific Grace-Red

Jerland Talent Glamour-ET *RC (EX-91) 2-04 2x 354 25,290 3.8% 969 3.4% 868 10th Generation Excellent Roxy

KM&EW Goldwyn Sun Rae-ET *RC (EX-90) 2-07 2x 243 23,327 3.9% 849 3.3% 735 A 7th generation Roxy red carrier

Kulp-Dale Deb Rap-Red-ET *PO (EX-90) 2-06 2x 365 22,250 4.2% 935 3.5% 774 Dam: Golden-Oaks Rmn Rae 2-Red-ET (EX-90) A polled 10th generation Excellent Roxy!

Kulp-Dale Deb Rave-P-Red (VG-85-CAN) 1-10 2x 359 20,423 3.6% 737 3.3% 668 She combines three crosses to Roxy

MD-Valleyvue Storm Clare-Red (EX-92 2E) 4-04 2x 365 36,686 4.6% 1688 3.2% 1166 A Roxy backed by 10 generations VG & EX

Micheret Osabel Mr Burns-Red (EX-90) 3-09 2x 365 41,892 4.2% 1770 3.3% 1146 A High Canadian GLPI cow from Roxy family

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Ridgedale-T Rehema-Red-ET (EX-93) 2-06 2x 365 24,010 3.4% 819 2.8% 679 Eighth generation Excellent She is the dam of six Excellent daughters

Ridgedale Rhoda-Red-ET (EX-91) 2-02 2x 365 28,037 4.5% 1,271 3.3% 925 Daughter of Rehama-Red An 9th generation Excellent Roxy

Ruegruet Regiment Ramona-Red *PO VG-89 (Switzerland) 4-6 2x 305 10,522 kg 4.5% 475 3.3% 349 Ruegruet Holsteins, Hohenrain, Switzerland

Schultz Farm Regal-Red-ET (VG-86) 2-02 2x 365 34,370 3.9% 1333 3.4% 1156 Completes 10 gen. of VG/EX cows #1 GTPI Red Cow of the Breed in August 2012

Scientific Debonair Hint-Red (VG-87) 2-07 2x 365 29,441 4.0% 1169 3.3% 983 All-American R&W Senior 2-Year-Old 2012

Scientific Diamond-Red (EX-92) 3-07 2x 365 34,360 4.5% 1535 3.7% 1258 5-03 2x 365 41,451 4.9% 2043 3.4% 1422

Scientific Grace-Red-ET (EX-91 EX-MS) 5-00 2x 365 28,530 4.4% 1260 3.5% 1004 First 8th Generation Excellent Red Roxy Her dam is Scientific Rae’s Hope-Red

Scientific Rae’s Hope-Red-ET (EX-92) 4-03 2x 365 36,905 3.5% 1304 3.0% 1102 All-American R&W Junior 2-Year-Old 2000

Scientific SS Debut-Red-ET *TV (EX-90) 2-02 2x 365 31,880 4.6% 1462 3.5% 1120

STBVQ Milestone Rosel (EX-91 4E 10*) Her 5th dam is Roxy and she is a maternal sister to Rubens. She’s the Res. All-American R&W Aged Cow 2002 and the dam of 8 VG daughters

Stranshome Contend Gaysha-ET *RC (VG-87 2Y) Potential 11th generation EX Roxy

T-C-G-KM Hailey-Rae-Red-ET (EX-91) 31,858M with 3.4% protein and 4.1% fat Hailey is backed by 9 VG & EX Roxys

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Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Burket-Falls Elevation Sophia

Burkett-Falls Elevation Sophia (EX-93 4E GMD DOM)

Burket-Falls Sizzle-Red (EX-93 2E)

Burket-Falls 1523 P-Red-ET (EX-91 EX-MS)

Lifetime: 241,000M 4.1% 10,100F Sire: Round Oak Rag Apple Elevation

3-11 2x 365 40,391 3.5% 1413 3.0% 1195 LTD: Over 180,000 4.2% 3.2% Dam is a EX-92 2E *RC *PC 6th Dam: Burket-Falls Elevation Sophia

2-11 2x 352 27,184 3.8% 1041 3.41% 1041 3-11 2x 365 29,274 3.7% 1075 3.1% 905 7th Dam: Burket-Falls Elevation Sophia

Burket-Falls 1522 P-Red-ET (VG-88)

Burket-Falls 1606 P-Red-ET (VG-88)

Burket-Falls 1605 PP-Red-ET (VG-86)

2-04 2x 365 31,604 3.9% 1217 3.0% 929 3-07 2x 365 31,525 3.4% 1069 3.0% 923 7th Dam: Burket-Falls Elevation Sophia

2-05 2x 328 26,919 3.8% 1016 3.1% 813 7th Dam: Burket-Falls Elevation Sophia

*Homozygous Polled* 2-01 2x 365 29,453 4.3% 1258 3.3% 941 7th Dam: Burket-Falls Elevation Sophia

REGAL Rules at Minnigan Hills Schultz-Farm L REGAL-Red-ET VG-87

2-02 2x 34,370m 3.9% 1333f 3.4% 1156p * Purchased at the 2011 R&W National Convention Sale * Flushed to: Numero Uno, Snazzy, Dakker, Destined, Effect P, Paige, Hydro, Ducati, Ladd P and Save. -Due in May with a heifer calf-

John, Karyl, Jayson and Josh Diersen 8245 County Road 3 • Caledonia, MN 55921 Phone: 507-724-2330 Email: minnigan@hotmail.com

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Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Sky-Hi Mars Helen-ET*RC

Sky-Hi Mars Helen-ET *RC (EX-92 4E GMD DOM)

3-03 2x 365 25,880 4.1% 1057 3.2% 837 Mars x Paclamar Bootmaker x Pineyhill Majority *RC More than 500 maternal line descendants scored VG or EX in 10 countries with more than 100 bulls in AI Service from her maternal line!

Ja-Bob Wunder Hollie-P-Red (EX-90) 3-00 2x 365 29,125 4.9% 1436 3.7% 1073 A 7th generation Excellent polled daughter of Ja-Bob Origin Helena

Ja-Bob Holstein Farm, owned by Mark and Joy Yeazel, is located on 103 acres near Eaton, OH. Ja-Bob Holsteins has been dedicated to improving the Red Holstein breed for 35 years, and involved with polled breeding for the last 20 years. The Ja-Bob herd is based on the genetics of Sky-Hi Mars Helen-ET *RC (EX 92), who has more that 100 bulls in AI service that trace to her maternal female lines and hundreds more that trace to her through the male side. Currently there are five bulls worldwide from the Helen family that are in active AI service. Sky-Hi Mars Helen-ET is one of 19 cows on the Wisconsin Wall of Fame. She has 180 known Excellent maternal female descendants in nine countries including USA, Canada, Denmark, France, Ireland, Scotland, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. She has over 500 maternal female descendants scored Very Good or Excellent in ten countries. There are 39 Helen descendants scored EX-92 to EX-94. Ja-Bob Jordan-Red-ET and Horizon Ranger trace directly to Helen on the maternal side. Mark and Joy Yeazel are grateful to Jean-Louis Schrago of ABC Genetics in Switzerland for his faith, persistence and success in helping to prove red bulls from the Sky-Hi Mars Helen family.

Ja-Bob Ludox Hava-Red (EX-92)

3-05 2x 365 32,440 4.1% 1341 3.2% 1054 7th Generation Excellent 8th Generation bull mother

Milgene Advn Jezabel-Red-ET (EX-93 2E)

4-02 2x 365 37,020 3.9% 1437 3.0% 1099 Res. Grand Champ, Int’l R&W Jr Show 2012 Champion Bred & Owned, Int’l R&W Jr Show Unanimous Jr All-American 4-Year-Old 2012 Helen is her 7th dam

La Stella Waebera Joyboy (EX-92)

1st 4-year-old, Bulle Expo (Switzerland) 2012 4th 2-year-old All-European Show Cremona (Italy) 2010 She is a sixth generation VG/EX from Helen Owned by Michel Clément, Switzerland

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Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Bar-Lee Marker Mandy-Red In the spring of 1993, Robert Yeoman, Dover, OK purchased a black-red 2-year-old by the name of Filiale Jubilant Mali-Red. She was a Medolake Jubilant *RC daughter with great stretch and size. Mali adjusted to her Oklahoma home and bodied down as was expected. That fall, she stood second in the Sr. 2-Year-Old class at World Dairy Expo and was named Reserve All-American Holstein.

Bar-Lee Marker Mandy-Red-ET (EX-94 3E)

Life: 2148d 128,689 4.0% 5183 3.2% 4136 All-American R&W Sr. 2-Year-Old 1999 & 5-Year-Old 2002 Res. All-American R&W Sr. 3-Year-Old 2000

Mali’s daughter by Brooknook Milestone *RC, Bar-Lee Ms Marcy-Red, followed closely in her mother’s footsteps. Marcy by won the Sr. 2-YearOld class at World Dairy Expo four years after her dam, but this time in the red and white ring and earned the title of All-American R&W Sr. 2-YearOld in 1997. History repeated itself as Marcy’s Red Marker daughter Mandy became the All-American R&W Sr. 2-Year-Old in 1999. In 2004, Mandy’s Rubens daughter, Marlene, topped the World Dairy Expo R &W Sr. 2-YearOld class. Bar-Lee Marker Mandy became the first in the family to score EX-94. Soon two daughters and one granddaughter also scored Excellent with several other family members scoring Very Good. It is believed that no other U.S. red cow family has had more EX-94 red and white members. Now over 20 years since Jubilant Mali hit the tanbark trail, this family continues to transmit incredible frames, beautiful udders, longevity, and All-American honors generation after generation. Thanks to Deb Lundy, past board member, for helping gather this information

<Greenlea Mindy-Red (EX-94 2E)

Arron Doon West Port Chip-Red X Marker Mandy 5-11 2x 365 33,240 3.6% 1200 3.1% 1041 5x Nominated Jr. All-American R&W 4x Nominated All-American R&W

Lee Ms Marcy-Red-ET (EX-92)>

4-10 305 25,547 4.6% 1175 3.3% 842 Brooknook Milestone X Jubilant Mali All-American R&W Senior 2-Year-Old 1997 Res. All-American R&W 5-Year-Old 2000

JK-RG Advent Arlene-Red-ET (EX-93 2E) 4-02 2x 365 31,968 3.8% 1215 3.0% 962 Advent X Rub Marlene Topped the 2009 Kentucky Nat’l Sale $15,500

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Bar-Lee Storm Maggie *RC (EX-93) 7-03 2x 365 29,000 4.1% 1196 3.0% 874 Maughlin Storm X Bar-Lee Marker Mandy

KY-Blue Ruben Marla-Red-ET (EX-94 2E)

Greenlea Rub Marlene-Red-ET (EX-94 3E)

JK-RG Advent Earlene-Red-ET (EX-91 2E) 5-04 2x 305 34,500 3.7% 1286 3.1% 1076 Advent X Rub Marlene

Willolea-CW Adven Mandy-Red (EX-93)

5-08 2x 365 39,429 3.7% 1446 3.2% 1281 Grand Champion, Grand Int’l R&W 2009 Rubens X Storm Bar-Lee Storm Maggie

Life: 1704d 137,689 4.0% 5008 3.2% 4615 Rubens X Bar-Lee Marker Mandy All-American R&W 5-Year-Old 2007

3-11 2x 365 28,500 3.9% 1125 3.2% 910 Advent X Ruby Manda


Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Stelbro Renita Ranger-Red Stelbro Renita Ranger-Red was the only cow to win all three major championships at the National Red & White Show. She is believed to be the only cow of any breed to be named junior, intermediate, senior and grand champion in national competition. She is the dam of the proven sires Carrousel Regiment-Red at Semex and Distrigine at ABS. Renita-Red was four times Red & White AllAmerican and Grand Champion at World Dairy Expo in Madison in 1998 & 2001. She was sired by Horizon Ranger from a daughter of Glenafton Enhancer. Stelbro Renita Ranger-Red (EX-94 2E 8*)

4-02 2x 365 29,260 3.9% 1155 3.1% 917 7-04 2x 365 29,760 3.9% 1168 3.1% 924 4X Red & White All-American Grand Champion, World Dairy Expo Madison 1998 & 2001

< Jerland Rubens Nan-Red (EX-93 95-MS) 3-05 2x 365 35,420 3.7% 1318 3.1% 1115 Granddaughter of Stelbro Renita Ranger-Red Unanimous All-American Aged Cow 2009 Res. Sr. Champ, MN State Fair R&W 2009

Elm-Mound Sept Rylee-Red (VG-87) > 2-03 2x 337 24,771 4.0% 990 3.4% 836 Granddaughter of Renita Ranger-Red

Elm-Mound Advnt Rein-Red-ET (EX-90 EX-MS)

3-11 2x 365 33,761l 3.7% 1273 3.7% 1246 2-02 2x 365 24,980 3.9% 979 3.4% 857 Granddaughter of Renita Ranger-Red

Cradenhill Rainy Red (EX-90 2E) (Northern Ireland) Granddaughter of Renita Ranger-Red

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Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Gen-I-Beq Talent Spectra Gen-I-Beq Talent Spectra is the second highest Red & White star brood cow in Canada with 15*. Many members of this family have ranked near the top of the R&W and RDC Canadian GLPI list over the past years. Spectra is a daughter of a Talent from Glen Drummond Splendor *RDC (VG-86-2Y-CAN 37*) and from the great Aero Flower cow *RDC (VG-88 18*). Spectra had many sons and grandsons in A.I. with the most prominent one being Charpentier LFG Spectrum *RDC (VG-88 Extra, 2011). Spectrum remains today with is +12 GEBV Conf., one of the top RDC proven bulls in Canada for type. Gen-I-Beq Talent Spectra (VG-85-2Y-CAN 15*)

4-08 2x 365 41,204 3.9% 1612 3.5% 1448 3 Excellent & 11 Very Good daughters to date in Canada Bred by Syndicat Gen-I-Beq, Quebec Developed by Ferme Charpentier, Quebec

Gen-I-Beq Talent Splach (EX-90 2E CAN) 3-04 2x 343 36,707 5.2% 1914 3.1% 1146 Full sister to Spectra above Owned by Ardross Holsteins, Ontario

Charpentier MB Splendora (EX-90-CAN ) 3-05 2x 331 30,027 4.5% 1347 3.4% 1027 Spectraâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s daughter by Mr Burns Owned by Character Holsteins, Ontario

Charpentier Mr Burns Sibelle *RDC (VG-86-3Y-CAN )

3-04 2x 365 48,327 3.4% 1634 3.4% 1631 Dam: Charpentier FBI Sierra *RDC (VG-89 2*) Grandam: Gen-I-Beq Talent Spectra (VG-85-2Y-CAN 15*) Owned by Ferme Charpentier, Quebec

Charpentier LFG Spectrum *RDC (VG-88 Extra â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;11 ) Sire: Gillette Brilea F B I (EX-Extra) Dam: Gen-I-Beq Talent Spectra (VG-85-2Y-CAN 15*) Owned by The Semex Alliance

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CLELAND ADVENT KORIE-RED ADVENT X VG-86 REDMAN

All-American Red & White Aged Cow 2013 Unanimous Junior All-American Red & White Aged Cow 2013 Reserve Supreme Champion of the Junior Show, World Dairy Expo 2013 Senior and Grand Champion, Grand International R&W Junior Show 2013 Nominated All-American Red & White 5 Year Old 2012 Owned by Ryan Lauber & Joseph, Zach, Jerome & Darian Stransky

CLELAND SS ALEXIS-RED-ET SEPTEMBER STORM X VG-85 ALLEGRO

6th Senior 3 Year Old, Grand International R&W Show 2010 2nd International Futurity, Grand International R&W Show 2010 Nominated All-American Red & White Senior 3 Year Old 2010 Owned by The Cleland Family

CLELAND ADVNT ALEXIA-RED-ET ADVENT X SS ALEXIS EX-94

6th Senior 3 Year Old, Grand International R&W Show 2012 3rd International Futurity, Grand International R&W Show 2012 Nominated All-American Red & White Senior 3 Year Old 2012 Owned by Golden Oaks

THE CLELAND FAMILY Alexis & Alexia were HHM All American Dam & Daughter in 2012. Korie, Alexis, & Alexia Š Cybil Fisher Ad by Designs with ST-YLE

JIM & VICKY, JASON, & NOLAN CLINTON, WI 608-751-1542 JASON CELL PHONE

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Brood Cows That Helped Build the Red &White Breed: Vidia Mr Burns Miss Bred and owned by Ferme Vidia Inc, Quebec, Miss represents the 10th generation VG or EX. She is a Mr Burns daughter from a Goldwyn, from an Intensifier, from a Rudolph. She dominated the Canadian R&W LPI list for almost three years. She rapidly attracted the attention of the entire R&W world after receiving a VG-872Y first classification and capturing the first spot on the Canadian R&W LPI list following the August 2011 Genetic Evaluation Release. Four members of this family were among the best nine on the December 2013 highest Canadian R&W GLPI cows list. Five out of her six first classified daughters went VG-2Y including four sired by Arron Doon West Port Magna P *RDC. The best is still to come for Miss with so many Red and White and red carrier sons, daughters, grandsons and granddaughters with high genomics. Vidia Mr Burns Miss (VG-87-2Y-CAN 2*) 4-07 2x 365 41,305 4.6% 1903 3.5 % 1426 GLPI +2777 (4/2014)

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The Albrecht Memorial Scholarship

Raffle Calf

th

Vidia Talent Marie Josee (EX-92-CAN) 6-04 2x 365 33,175 4.6% 1539 3.5% 1175 Maternal sister to the dam of Miss Owned by Ferme Vidia Inc., Quebec

The Red & White Dairy Cattle Association received the 501-c3 non-profit organization in 2006. The Albrecht Memorial Scholarship was from 1991 to 2007 giving $300 to two Red & White youth each year. In 2007 we started giving two $1,000 scholarships which followed in 2008 & 2009. Since 2010 the association has been giving three $1,000 each year to qualified Red & White youth to continue their education. Since 1991 a total of 50 Scholarships have been given by the Albrecht Memorial and RWDCA Scholarship Fund.

-Red Briar OutDone Madness Madness-Red

The Red & Whited Calf Raffle is drawn before each sale of the National Convention and is the main fund raiser each year.

Vidia Magna Mille (VG-86-2Y-CAN) 1-11 2x 306 20,666 4.3% 880 3.4% 699 She is a Polled Miss daughter by Magna Owned by Morsan Farms Ltd, Alberta

50th Anniversary Calf donated by Brian & Sue Crull, Stephanie Stout & Nicole Schirm Stephanie & Nicole are past recipients of Albrecht Memorial Scholarships

Pictured 4th Dam: West Port Storm Moira-RC EX-90

Š K-K-Rose Design

Purchased at the National R&W Convention Sale in Bedford, PA

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35th Anniversary Convention

Vidia Magna Milliard (VG-86-2Y-CAN) 2-01 2x 303 26,312 4.1% 1049 3.1% 822 #1 GLPI R&W Cow in Canada 4/2014 Millard is a Miss daughter by Magna Owned by Ferme Androise, Quebec


Brood Cows That Helped Build the Red &White Breed: West Port Rubens Brilliant-Red West Port Rubens Brilliant-Red was bred and developed by one of the greatest Red & White international ambassadors, Scott J. Wilson, Port Perry, Ontario. Brilliant was the result of a mating of STBVQ Rubens-ET *RC with a daughter of Brooknook Milestone, which is a frequent combination in Canada, however the result was extraordinary. Brilliant is recognized as one of North America’s greatest Red & White brood cows. She has produced one Excellent and 10 Very Good daughters from a total of 13 classified daughters from seven different sires. She has 10 sons in A.I. service in North America of which the best known is West Port Bookman-Red (by Talent) who received a ST title in 2009. Brilliant’s dam, Aldonhill BrillanceRed (VG-88-7Y-CAN 9*) by Milestone was also a very highly respected Red & White brood cow. West Port Rubens Brilliant-Red (VG-88-5Y-CAN 13*) 5-05 2x 365 38,781 4.0% 1532 3.3% 1274

Six Daughters of West Port Rubens Brilliant-Red (Pictured Left to Right) 1. West Port Intens Beth-Red (VG-87-3Y-CAN 6*) 3-05 2x 326 24,780 4.5% 1118 3.6% 886

2. West Port Paradox Breanne-Red (VG-88) 2-01 2x 365 23,144 4.4% 1027 3.3% 772

3. West Port Colby Bonita-Red (VG-85-4Y-CAN) 3-11 2x 326 38,662 4.2% 1614 3.4% 1305

4. West Port Talent Brechin-Red (EX-92 2*) 6-02 2x 358 33,554 4.6% 1550 3.4% 1133

5. West Port Colby Brita-Red (VG-88-4Y-CAN) 3-09 2x 365 35,476 4.5% 1585 3.4% 1219

6. West Port Talent Burgette-Red (VG-86 5*) 5-05 2x 365 29,731 4.8% 1418 3.6% 1078

<Misty Springs Larkin Red Bliss-Red (GP-84-2Y-CAN)

2-03 2x 365 39,930 3.9% 1541 3.4% 1351 One of the highest R&W GLPI cows in Canada 4th dam: West Port Rubens Brilliant-Red Owned by: Ferme DuDoc, Quebec

Hanalee Bodacious Burns (VG-87-3Y)>

3-09 2x 365 27,813 4.0% 1105 3.9% 1080 Bodacious is a granddaughter of Brilliant-Red Owned by: Hank & Nancy-Lee Hazeleger, Ontario

Jennings Gap Dairy

Dwight, Betty Ann, Frank and Billie Jo Swope 1435 Stover Shop Rd. • Churchville, VA 24421 Betty Ann Swope Billie Jo Swope 540-421-6578 540-292-9366 Email: jenningsgapdairy@gmail.com 89


Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: D-R-A August D-R-A August (EX-96 4E DOM @ 9-10)

8-05 3x 365 27,460 4.3% 1187 3.0% 819 Sire: Life-O-Riley Marquis King *RC Dam: D-R-A Ideal Precious Leader EX-90 2E Grandam: D-R-A Princess Lad Leader EX-90 3E Nominated All-American Aged Cow 1986 7 Excellent daughters including 3 @ EX-94 4 VG daughters

Clover-Mist Augy Star (EX-94 4E DOM) 7-10 3x 365 43,140 5.0% 2136 3.3% 1421 Daughter of D-R-A August

< Sellcrest T Roseanne-Red-ET (EX-93 GMD DOM) Clover-Mist Alisha (EX-93)

6-02 2x 365 40,340 4.7% 1880 3.2% 1311 4th Dam: D-R-A August

8-07 2x 365 36,920 4.2% 1553 3.4% 1258 Daughter of Augy Star & grandam of Altitude

KHW Goldwyn Aiko *RC (EX-91 DOM) 2-06 2x 365 24,660 6.4% 1568 4.0% 983 Maternal sister to Apple, Advent & Acme 4th Dam: D-R-A August

Congratulations on your 50th National Red & White Convention from your friends at Holstein Association USA! Holstein Association USA is pleased to work closely with the Red & White Association to maintain ancestry, production and type records.

Buckhorn-Acres S Rose-Red-ET (VG-87) 90

2-01 2x 365 32,150 4.7% 1506 3.2% 1035 D-R-A August is her 5th dam

www.holsteinusa.com â&#x20AC;˘ 800.952.5200


Minnesota Red & White Dairy Cattle Club Founded August 13, 1983 Minnesota Red & White dairy cattle club was founded August 13, 1983 with roughly only 20 members. Our first officers were; Dale Wolf, Rudie Stitzer, Jim Post, Ronald Machacek and Dennis Gransee. Thirty-one years later we are slightly above 100 members.

Minnesota has had three members as National Board Members: Elmer Howe Our Minnesota club has had the privilege to host two national conventions, 2004 in Litchfield, Minn. and 2011 in Sauk Rapids, Minn. Both we had an amazing turn out of quality animals and great crowds at all the tours and events, especially the successful sales.

John Schmitz Kim Olson And, currently has a member on the National Board: Dennis Gransee

MN PDCA Representative: John Schmitz Current officers: President: Staci Sexton Vice President: Matt Timmer Secretary: Shelby Mahoney Treasurer: Jill Butterfass Director: Scott Welch

MN Livestock Breeders Association Representatives: Ted Radintz/President Heather Thyen 91


Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Kamps-Hollow Altitude *RC

Kamps-Hollow Altitude *RC (EX-95 2E DOM) 7-00 2x 365 39,690 4.7% 1849 3.5% 1385 Life: 1844d 144,460 4.4% 6295 3.7% 5288

Dam of KHW Advent-Red and KHW Regiment Apple-Red-ET. AltitudeET has become one of the most influential cows in North America and was named Red Impact Cow of the Year in 2009. Everyone of her bulls put into stud has made it into Active AI! Her third dam is D-R-A August.

Altitude’s Grand Champion Daughters

KHW Regiment Apple-Red-ET (EX-96)

4-01 2x 365 35,750 4.7% 1682 3.7% 1314 Red Impact Cow of the Year 2013 Grand Champion, International R&W Show 2011 Owned by Apple Partners, Wisconsin

Ms Candy Apple-Red-ET (EX-91)

2-06 2x 365 24,160 4.4% 1059 3.6% 858 Unanimous All-American Red & White 2013 HM Senior Champion, Int’l R&W Show 2013 Daughter of Apple

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KHW Regiment Apple 3-Red-ETN (VG-89-4Y-CAN)

Clone of KHW Regiment Apple-Red-ET Grand Champion, International R&W Show 2013 Owned by: Westcoast, British Columbia

KHW Regiment Ariel-Red (VG-89 1*) 2-00 2x 25,130 5.1% 1292 3.6 906 Daughter of Kamps-Hollow Altitude 6 generations of Excellent

KHW Kite Advent-Red-ET

5x Premier Sire, International R&W Show Dam: Kamps-Hollow Altitude


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Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Stookey Elm Park Blackrose *RC Stookey Elm Park Blackrose-ET *RC (EX-96 3E GMD DOM) 5-03 3x 365 42,230 4.6% 1939 3.4% 1432 Life: 1609d 149,880 4.4% 6621 3.3% 4940 All-Time All-American Junior 2-Year-Old & Junior 3-Year-Old Grand Champion, Royal Winter Fair 1995 Reserve All-American 5-Year-Old Cow 1995 Dam of three sons that sired four different Grand Champions at the International Red & White Show in 2000, 2002, 2003 and 2006: Red-Marker-ET *RC, Romancer-ET *RC, and Kite-ET *RC.

Rosedale Adventeaous-Red (EX-92) Daughter of Redrose

Starmark Ad Rosebud-Red-ET (EX-92) Daughter of Redrose

HERE’S TO OUR FEATURE FAMILY

Lavender Ruby Redrose-Red (EX-96 4E) 7-04 2x 365 52,104 4.9% 2576 3.4% 1752 Life: 1967d 194,910 4.2% 8100 3.3% 6497 Supreme Champion, World Dairy Expo 2005 Grand Champion, International R&W 2007 Granddaughter of Blackrose

dam Her grand

Rosedale Tenacious Rose-ET*RC (VG-87)

PALMYRA LAD MANY-RED-ET

Daughter of Redrose

GTPI +2195 • NM$ +555 • +3.22T *Due in October to McCutchen* **Olympian & Kingboy pregnancies available** Dam: Debaugh Rdman Manhattan-ET EX-91 3-03 2x 32,120 4.7 1511f 3.2 1038p

Palmyra Farm

The Shank & Creek Families Phone: 301-491-5607 18811 Wagaman Road Email: ryanshank@myactv.net Hagerstown, MD 21740 Website: www.palmyrafarm.net

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Rosedale Tea-Rose-Red (EX-94) Redliner Granddaughter of Redrose


2013 Rosedale The Rose-Red

Destry x Redrose Has won two Spring Shows this year and may be our best heifer yet!

2011 Rosedale Lucky Rose-Red VG-88 Perseus x VG-87 Sanchez x Redrose All-American Summer Yearling

2008 - Rosedale Lexington EX-95

Goldwyn x VG-89 Cousteau x Lea-Ann All-American 5 Year Old

2007 - Rosedale Tea-Rose-Red EX-94 Redliner x GP-82 Durham x Redrose Reserve All-American 4 Year Old

2000 - Redrose EX-96 4E

Peteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Photo

The only Red & White Supreme at World Dairy Expo

1999 - Markwell Kite

Sire of Advent, the Premier Red & White Sire

1999 - Indianhead Encounter 1996 - Northrose Lin Allie EX-95

Astre x EX-92 Lindy x Blackrose HHM All-American Aged Cow

1995 - Markwell Leader Rose EX-91 Sister to Lea-Ann & dam of Talent

1995 - Rosedale Lea-Ann EX-93

The year Blackrose was grand at the Royal. 80% of our herd traces back to Lea-Ann

1994 - Indianhead Redmarker

Breed leader in frames; sire of the dams of World Champions Siesme & James Jolie.

I

n 1990 my father told me I should spend some money and by a good cow to breed from. Father knew best, I purchased Blackrose and the rest is history. adette TT Speckles was born 36 years ago and this family thrives at Rosedale. Over 80% of the Rosedale herd traces back to Blackrose and most of that traces to her daughter Lea-Ann, the granddam of Lexington and Redrose. he Speckles family has impacted our herd and there is a good chance if you have reds, they have impacted yours too.

N T

1990 - Blackrose EX-96

All-Time All-American Junior 2 & Junior 3-Year-Old

1978 Nadette TT Speckles-Red EX-93 All-American R&W 2 & 4 Year Old

MARK & NICKY RUETH

3066 Cty. G, Oxford, WI 53952 (608) 584-5853 Ph/Fax Mark: 920-988-3070 Nicky: 920-988-9570 rosedale2@maqs.net www.rosedalegenetics.com

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Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Centra Selsy-Red Derrwyn Centra Selsy-Red-ET (EX-91 2E GMD DOM) 3-02 2x 365 31,710 4.3% 1509 3.2% 1137 Backed by 3 more Very Good dams 16 Very Good and Excellent daughters in the U.S.

Golden-Oaks Serenity-Red-ET (EX-91) ^ 3-10 2x 365 30,920 4.7% 1442 3.2% 1002 Daughter of Centra Selsy-Red

< L-Maples R Seven-Red-ET (EX-90) 2-02 2x 305 20,560 4.6% 942 3.4% 698 Great-Granddaughter of Centra Selsy-Red

Congratulations RWDCA on 50 years!

L-Maples Apostle Serene-Red (EX-91) 6-07 2x 305 32,040 3.2% 1026 3.0% 949 Granddaughter of Centra Selsy-Red

y! RED lad r u o ’s e Sh

Holbric Barbwire Splish-Red

The L-Boy RACHEL-Red-ET

Res. Junior All-American Summer Yearling 2013 Great-Granddaughter of Centra Selsy-Red

GP-83 @ 3-01 **POLLED** Lawnboy x VG-87 Talent x VG-86 Radius x EX-93 Ranger Rachel is fresh & looks awesome! She is due back in September to Ronelee SS Durable *RC!

- Owned by Anna-

MAARS DAIRY

Mark, Rondee, Anna, Amos Troester 22789 Iris Ave. • St. Olaf, IA 52072 Phone: 563-245-0238 • Email: rtrostr@alpinecom.net

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Leeland Advent Star-Red (EX-93)

2-03 2x 333 30,220 4.6% 1403 3.6% 1074 4th Dam is Centra Selsy-Red


L-Maples

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Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: C Continental Scarlet-Red C Continental Scarlet-Red (EX-95 3E GMD DOM USA)

6-08 3x 365 30,540 4.1% 1246 3.0% 917 Sire: Romandale County Crystan Only Red & White to win the Royal Winter Fair B&W Holstein Show All-Canadian 1981 & 1982 路 Reserve All-American 1982 & 1984 9 Very Good and Excellent daughters in the U.S.

Stookey Fagn Scarlet-Red-ET (EX-94 3E)

All-American R&W Aged Cow 1990 Dam: C Continental Scarlet-Red

< SFL Enhancer Scarlette-Red (VG-89 GMD DOM)

2-11 2x 365 38,310 4.2% 1615 3.4% 1317 Dam: Stookey Fagn Scarlet-Red

Morrill R Mark Scarlet-Red (EX-94 2E) >

2-11 2x 365 33,060 4.4% 1445 2.8% 914 All-American R&W Junior 3-Year-Old 2003 All-American R&W Spring Yearling 2001 3rd Dam: Stookey Fagn Scarlet-Red

50 Years & still striding on! Congratulations RWDCA on your past 50 years & we are looking forward to the next fifty!

Rocher Jordan Snow-Red-ET (EX-94) Nom. All-American R&W 125,000 lbs. 2011 Junior All-American R&W Aged 2010 5th Dam: C Continental Scarlet-Red

Brownking Holsteins

GLEN, MIKE & DAVE BROWN PO Box 98, Coalville, UT 84017 Ph: 801-641-3353 Email: browndair y@hotmail.com 98

Morrill SR Scarlette-Red-ET (2E-94)

5-05 2x 365 42,730 4.0% 1689 2.9% 1232 Life: 1592d 141,410 3.7% 5218 3.1% 4354 6th Dam: C Continental Scarlet-Red


Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Parile Kite Alicia-Red Canadian Red & White shows were initiated on a regular basis in 2003. The first was held during the Expo Printemps du Québec, where 86 head were shown by 57 exhibitors. More shows were established in succeeding years in Quebec, Ontario and in Alberta. By 2007, Red & White shows were taking place all across Canada and Red & Whites were also being shown with Black & Whites in other provinces, including British Columbia. It was a logical step to create a Canadian National Red & White Show at the Royal Winter Fair. In 2007, a Kite daughter, Parile Kite Alicia, became the first Grand Champion of the Canadian Red & White National Show in front of a huge crowd that was totally impressed by the quality of the Red & Whites shown. The next day Alicia was declared Reserve Supreme Champion of the Dairy Show. “That was a real turning point for Reds in Canada’’ said Larry Bennett, one of Canada’s greatest Red & White promoters. Parile Kite Alicia-Red (EX-90-CAN 3*)

3-10 2x 365 28,711 5.0% 1470 3.3% 950 Grand & Intermediate Champion, Royal Red & White 2007 All-Canadian Red & White Senior 3-Year-Old 2007 Grand Champion Quebec International Red & White 2007 H.M. All-American Red & White 2004, 2005, 2006

Show winning type seems to be inherited in this family if we consider classification scores and show winning results of the next generation. Dam of more than 45 daughters to date with 7 daugthers scored VG out of 8 total classified.

Deslacs Glacier Alika-Red (VG-88-4Y)

4-00 2x 339 28,587 4.2% 1208 3.4% 961 1st 4-Year-Old, Quebec Int’l R&W 2013 All-Canadian Red & White Spring Yrlg 2010 All-American Red & White Spring Calf 2009 Jr. Champion, Royal R&W 2010 Res. Jr. Champion, Royal R&W 2009 Her dam is Alicia

Deslacs Contender Amy-Red (VG-85-2Y-CAN)

Res. All-American Milking Yearling 2013 Res. Int. Champion, Quebec Int’l R&W 2013 1st Milking Yrlg, Royal R&W 2013 Her dam is Alicia

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Brood Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Fradon Rudolph Jodie *RC Fradon Rudolph Jodie *RC was bred by Fradon Holsteins Ltd., Branchton, Ontario, and developed in partnership with DelHollow Farm, Coudersport, PA. She is the dam of 10 Excellent and 13 Very Good daughters in Canada. This is the only cow family to have produced two EX-94-CAN Red & White cows. Successive generations of Jodies have performed exceptionally well in Canada and United States and are now making their mark in the United Kingdom, Australia, Switzerland, France and Germany. At the 2014 Red Holstein Show at Swiss Expo, G S Alliance Alando Jodie-Red was Intermediate Champion. The fourth dam of Alando Jodie is Fradon Rudolph Jodie *RC herself. Fradon Rudolph Jodie *RC (EX-2E-CAN 13*)

4-03 2x 365 33,237 4.5% 1479 3.2% 1069 Life: 5 lacs. 132,951 3.9% 5247% 3.2 4306 Dam of 10 EX & 13 VG daughters in Canada - none lower!

EX-94 Red & Whites from the Rudolph Jodie family

Fradon Encount Jodie (EX-94-CAN 9*)

5-08 2x 365 30,377 4.9 1479 3.5 1071 All-American R&W Aged Cow 2008 HM All-Canadian Aged Cow 2008 Dam of 5 EX and 18 VG daughters in Canada

Fradon R Mark Jodie Red (EX-91-3E-CAN 6*)

HM All-American R&W Jr. 3-Year-Old 2004 Dam of 4 EX and 17 VG daughters in Canada Dam is Rudolph Jodie

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Fradon-WL SS Jodie-Red (EX-94-CH)

3-06 2x 305 21,920 5.0% 1095 3.2% 690 1st Junior 3-Year-Old, Swiss Expo Lausanne 2010 2nd Aged Cow, Swiss Expo Lausanne 2013 Dam of GS Alliance Alando Jodie, below

Fradon SS Jordee-Red (EX-93-2E-CAN) 6-00 2x 365 39,416 4.3 1695 3.0 1175 Nom. All-American R&W Sr. 3-Year-Old 2009 Dam of 4 Very Good daughters in Canada Dam is Rudolph Jodie

G S Alliance Alando Jodie-Red (GP-84-2Y)

Intermediate Champion 2014 Swiss Expo 4th Dam: Fradon Rudolph Jodie *RC


Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: Cloverlands Skylar Cherry-Red Cloverlands Skylar Cherry-Red (VG-87 CAN) 4-09 2x 365 51,364 3.9% 2000 3.1% 1585

Sired by Robe-Jan Skyler Chief from a Sexation dam, CherryRed was bred by Cloverlands Farm, Willboro, NY and purchased and developed internationally by Granduc Holstein, Quebec. Her sire, Skyler Chief combines Pawnee Farm Arlinda Chief, Cal-Lil Standout Cavalier *RC and Chapel Bank Apache in his pedigree. In 1996, she became the first Red & White cow in Canada to rank #1 on the Canadian LPI cow list. She is the dam of 1 EX and 7 VG daughters in Canada. Among the most prominent male descendants are Du-Doc Mr Burns *RC (VG-CAN Extra‘09) and Granduc Tribute *RC (VG-CAN Extra ‘02). Both bulls have thousands of daughters registered in Canada and all over the world. The influence of Cherry-Red has become highly visible on the national and international scene through her Red & White and also her Black & White descendants.

Amigo September Snowred-Red (EX-92-3E-CAN)

4-08 2x 365 27,363 4.3% 1173 3.3% 893 EX-3E Full Sister 5th Dam: Cherry-Red Owned By: Amigo Holsteins, Quebec

Lesperron Redman Great (EX-92-2E-CAN 4*)

Deslacs Kite Gee-Red (VG-88-2Y-CAN)

3-02 2x 365 31,089 3.6% 1105 3.4% 1056 1st Jr 3-Year-Old, Royal R&W 2007 1st Jr 3-Year-Old, Quebec Int’l R&W 2007 3rd Dam: Cherry-Red Owned by: Deslacs Holstein, Quebec

2nd Jr. 3-Year-Old, Quebec Spring R&W 2014 2nd Jr. 2-Year-Old, Quebec Int’l R&W 2013 3rd Jr. 2-Year-Old, Royal R&W 2013 HM Int. Champion, Quebec Int’l R&W 2013 4th Dam: Cherry-Red Owned by: Deslacs Holstein, Quebec

Cherry-Red’s International Touch

Delicieuse (EX-93)

Grand Champion & 1st 5-Year-Old, Swiss Expo 2014 Intermediate Champion, Space Show (France) 2012 Sire: Braedale Pagewire 6th Dam: Cloverlands Skylar Cherry-Red Owned by Alex Gobeli, Switzerland

Decrausaz Iron O’Kalibra *RC (EX-96)

2013 H. I. World Champ, European Champion 2013 Supreme Champion Swiss Expo 2012 &2013 5th Dam: Cloverlands Skylar Cherry-Red Owned by: GS Alliance, Switzerland & Pat Conroy, USA

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Cows That Helped Build The Red & White Breed: West Port Arron Doon Mit-P-Red

West Port Arron Doon Mit P-Red (VG-85-2Y-CAN 1*)

Considered by many as the best Canadian source for polled genetics, West Port Arron Mit P-Red was bred by the two Canadian architects in Canada: Scott Wilson (West Port) and Roy MacGregor (Arron Doon), both from Ontario. A fourth generation Very Good, she is sired by Pursuit September Storm from a Richesse Steven dam hailing to the great Hickorymea herd, a pioneer in the Holstein polled world. Mit P twice calved out with bull calves. These two polled sons, Mitey P (by Goldwyn) and Magna P (by Bolton) have since started playing a prominent role in spreading the polled gene all over the world. The influence of Mit P-Red will continue through sons of Mitey P and Magna P and also through her numerous daughters. Mit P is now owned by Nemesis Holstein and Pat-D’ours Holstein, Quebec.

2-11 2x 365 34,220 4.9% 1,689 3.3% 1120

West Port Arron Doon May P-Red (VG-88-6Y-CAN 2*)

Dam of Mit P-Red 5-09 2x 365 39,767 4.0% 1592 3.3% 1305

Legend-Maker Mag Magnificent P (VG-86-2Y-CAN) 2-00 2x 324 27,456 3.9% 1074 3.2% 879

West Port Magna Ricca *RDC (VG-86-2Y-CAN) 2-04 2x 306 25,342 3.4% 853 2.9% 743

Polled Red Pebbles

Mi-Ro-Ze Potter Pebbles-ET-RC EX-90-2E

Sandman LD Pebbles P-Red-ET **2014 Promising Heifer!** Backed by 5 gen of 30,000M & 1,000F Top 100 #PolledPlacings for Red Due in January to Addiction P-Red Flushed as a heifer while owned with D&D Holsteins to Long P, Cal P & Halogen

4-07 365 34,420 3.3 1152 2.8 968

We’re excited to add the Polled gene to Pebbles! Pebbles P-Red is now owned with:

Stephanie Stout PO Box 813, Wisconsin Dells, WI 53965 briardesigns@gmail.com | (608) 732-2757

Estmer Mitey Mildred P (VG-85-2Y-CAN) 2-04 2x 365 30,260 4.5% 1354 3.5% 1056

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Ad Design Briardesigns@gmail.com Pebbles Photo  Beth Herges

Come as a visitor... ...Leave as a Friend!

Inquiries Welcome

John & Julie Schmitz 58253 360th St, Eden Valley, MN 55329 jjjjjs@meltel.net | (320) 420-2432 www.manannahvalley.com


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CHAPTER XVI: RED FACTOR HOLSTEIN FOUNDATION SIRES

Elite Sires of the Past

Many of the most prominent early Holstein sires were red carriers. Sir Inka May at Carnation (born in 1923) and Brookholm Inka (born in 1922) were both sired by Sir Inka Superior Segis. Sir Inka Prilly Segis 80914, at Winterthur, was sired by King Segis who also sired King Segis 10th, a Carnation foundation sire. In 1937, H.F Dupont of Winterthur purchased Posch Ormsby Fobes 14th at the Maytag Farm sale in Iowa. All of the fore-mentioned bulls traced back to King Segis H36168 (born in 1903), a son of Mercedes Julip Pietertjes Paul, (born in 1901) and A & G Inka McKinley (born in 1900). King Segis 10th was the sire of Carnationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s world record holder Segis Pietertje Prospect (first 37,000 pound milk producer) and his sons were Matador Segis Walker and Segis

Sir Inka Prilly Segis King Segis son and Winterthur herd sire

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Walker Matador, both used a maternal brother to at Carnation. Segis Pietertje Sir Inka May. Their Prospect was the dam of dam May Walker Ollie Carnation Segis Prospect Homestead (1218 *RC, born in 1918 who sired pounds of fat U.S. three red calves between Champion) was the dam February 1923 and January of three All-Americans, 1924. The dams of the red all which carried the calves were by Matador Segis red gene including May Walker, a bull that had a large Walker Inka Segis who impact on the Carnation herd was purchased by A. in the 1910s and early 1920s. C. Hardy Brockville, While Matador Segis Walker Ontario at the Minnesota was not a confirmed red Holstein Company carrier, when his daughters dispersal in 1927 and King Segis (Born in 1903) were crossed with Sir Inka was one of the animals May and other red carriers in the 1920s and that brought the red gene to Canada. Sires 1930s, the number of red calves born at from many of Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s best-known herds Carnation increased significantly. made a major contribution to early Red and White pedigrees. They were mostly sons Sir Bess Ormsby May at Osborndale was and grandsons of ABC Reflection Sovereign. Popular red-carrier sires of Canadian breeding that were in service shortly before or during the time the registration question was being debated were: Roeland Reflection Sovereign, Elmcroft Pontiac Chieftain, Mooreville Rocket Kemp, and Laningdale Regent Reflector. Each of these great bulls were descendants of King Segis. Sir Inka May *RC Was used extensively at Carnation G-G-Grandson of King Segis

Elmcroft Pontiac Chieftain *RC

Agro-Acres Marquis Ned *RC

Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign *RC

ABC Reflection Sovereign *RC

Sir Bess Ormsby May Osborndale herd sire. Maternal brother to Sir Inka May. Their dam, May Walker Ollie Homestead, was the dam of three AllAmericans each carrying the red gene. Sir Bess Ormsby May was a King Segis G-G-Grandson.

Roeland Reflection Sovereign *RC


Bulls That Built the Red & White Breed While some of the prominent sires of the Holstein breed carried the recessive red trait, it was not until the advent of AI that red and white calves became common. Until the early 1950s, very few Holstein dairymen had even seen a red calf born to a black and white cow. Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign *RC was born in 1942 and became immensely popular in Canada. He saw AI service near the end of his career spread the red trait into many Canadian herds. Today nearly every Red and White Holstein in the world is a descendent.

The 1950s

Gray View Burke Presto *RC, born in 1951, was one of the earliest red carrier Holsteins bulls in AI service in the U.S. In service at Minnesota Valley Breeders Cooperative, he was a maternal grandson of Montvic Rag Apple Sovereign *RC. Another prominent red carrier sire was Elmer Brook Aristocrat *RC born in March 1954 was in service at East Central Breederâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Cooperative. He was a son of Carnation Homestead Aristocrat *RC from a daughter of Sir Inka May *RC. He was heavily used and provided all around improvement and the red hair color. Rosafe Citation R *RC soon followed the early red factor sires. He was bred by Hector Astengo in Ontario, Canada and born in 1958. Citation R saw some usage in Canada and the United States but was eventually sold to Rancho Santa Monica near Mexico City, partly because of his red carrier status. He became highly respected later in life, as he was a sire that developed great brood cows with type and production. He was a son of ABC Reflection Sovereign and Glenvue Nettie Jemima. He is one of the most respected and influential red carriers.

Rosafe Citation R *RC

By David Selner

His most famous son was Citation R Maple *RC.

The 1960s

Another prominent early red carrier sire was Pineyhill Majority *RC, born in 1959. Pineyhill Majority was sired by Pineyhill Sultan, a son of ABC Reflection Sovereign. Majority was in service at Tri-State Breeders until it was discovered he carried the Red Factor and spent the rest of his AI career at Carnation Breeding Service. He sired longevity with good components. SRD Advancer Three *RC, was a Hickory Creek Advancer son born in 1956. Housed at ABS, he sired some good cattle including the Reserve Grand Champion female at the first National Red and White Show at Madison. Romandale Dividend Performer *RC, born in 1961, was an outstanding red carrier from Canada who saw AI service at Atlantic Breeders Cooperative in Pennsylvania. Following in 1962 were Milk & Honey Ivanhoe *RC and Center Field Ivanhoe Trustee *RC, both of Osborndale Ivanhoe breeding. Performer, Milk & Honey Ivanhoe and Ivanhoe Trustee spread the red gene throughout the East Coast.

Larry Moore Transmitter Jack-Red He was a son of Clarkdale Gloria Transmitter from a Larry Moore King daughter.

available from Curtiss Breeding Service and provided high production but was not strong for components. He was the sire of C Romandale Jasper-Red and Misty Meadows Arlinda Magnet *RC. Five popular red sires were born during the 1960s: Larry Moore Transmitter JackRed, born in 1960; Bardine Ivanhoe HitIt-Rich-Red, born in 1962 in Pennsylvania; Thorland Majority-Red, born in 1967; Strickler Don Duallyn-Red, born in 1969; and C Romandale Jasper-Red, also born in 1969. These sires were used more heavily because they were red sires and not just red carriers. Jack transmitted longevity; Hit-ItRich sired strength and good overall type; Thorland was an all around improvement sire; and, Don was a high production sire with acceptable type. The late 1960s

Citation R Maple *RC

The next popular red carrier sire was Citation R Maple *RC born in 1962. A Rosafe Citation R son from a daughter of Bond Haven Rag Apple Maple, he was at ABS and saw extensive usage in North America as well as Europe for his overall type, production and components. More than 50 years after his birth, Citation R Maple *RC continues to be one of the Red and White breedâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most influential sires. One of his better Red Factor sons was Green Banks Diplomat*RC. Romandale Shalimar Magnet *RC, born in 1964, was another prominent red carrier sire from Canada. Magnet was

Bardine Ivanhoe Hit-It-Rich-Red

Strickler Don Duallyn-Red

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brought strong influence from the famous Pawnee Farm Arlinda Chief. His sons Junell Ivanhoe Chief Charlie *RC, born in 1968, De-Wa-See Carljo Chieftain *RC, born in 1969, and Vincent View Molly Chief *RC, born in 1972, all added the strength, longevity and the lifetime performance of the Chief bloodlines. Another popular Pawnee Farm Arlinda Chief son was GlobeRun Joy Chief Jude *RC who sired L-W-S Centra-Red

The 1970s

Romandale Jasper-Red, born in 1969, was a dominant sire of the 1970s. He was a Romandale Shalimar Magnet son with strong type characteristics. He was very popular and added a real boost to the red population by increasing the red gene in many more herds of the black & white population. Like his sire, Jasper-Red was high in milk yield but low in components. Yursden Citation Ray-Red, born in 1970, was a Citation R Maple son who sired strong cattle with good components. Another sire that saw some popularity was Life O Riley Marquis King *RC at Tri-State Breeder’s Cooperative, was a popular red carrier sired by Romandale Reflection Marquis whose granddam, Citation Life-O-Riley Ann was a Rosafe Citation R *RC daughter. The next challenge for red and white breeders was to increase the number of high genetic sires to help build the red breed. The next 20 years were spent the developing red or red carrier sires with some of the best type and production genes of the Holstein breed. There was a growing need to find a Red and White bull that sired high milk production, high components and good type. Despite efforts by AI centers and individual breeders, no such a bull emerged during the early 1970s. This was not surprising owing to the small Red and White genetic base available at the time. A few Red and White sires were used but none were able to compete with the everincreasing standards set by black and white Holsteins. Red and White breeders had the choice of using Red and White bulls of average quality or capitalize on progress being made by black and whites by using the genes of red carriers. Because of the lack of proven Red and White sires during the 1970s, the most effective 106

strategy that provided the greatest genetic potential was to build on the genetic advances being made by the black and whites. Most breeders that wanted to develop Red and White lines bred a substantial percentage of their cows to red carriers. Some went so far as to breed their top Red and White cows to outstanding black and white bulls that did not carry the red factor. Their hope was to incorporate new genes into their herds and become breed leaders in the next generation.

black before they reached six months of age.

Three bulls emerged during the mid-1970s and their offspring dominated the influential lines of the Red & White breed during the 1980s and early 1990s: Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red, Cal-Lil Standout Cavalier *RC and Glenafton Enhancer *RC. All three were outstanding in most aspects but none were capable of providing exactly what breeders and AI centers were searching for; high milk production, components and above average type.

Meadow Lake Jubilant *RC, was a Canadian-born Triple Threat son who was a red carrier. He sired solid increases for type, butterfat and protein percent and acceptable milk production. Jubilant became one of the most popular sires in Canada, the U.S. and international markets during the early 1990s.

Meadow Lake Jubilation *RC

Jubilant was regarded as the most successful Triple Threat son. His dam was an Excellent Citation R Maple granddaughter. He sired strength and frame as well as high components. Jubilant was popular in Europe as well as in Canada and the U.S. His semen was available through Semex and CIAQ. Two of his well known sons were Ranger and Tyler.

Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red

Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red, one of the greatest sires in Holstein breed history, was born in 1972. He was the result of the skill of Master Breeder R. Peter Heffering, who bred Roybrook Telstar *BRC to John’s Lucky Barb *RC. Triple Threat-Red sold to ABS for $60,000 and burst on the scene with an outstanding pedigree and the ability to create tremendous brood cows. He created excitement and interest in Red & Whites and the red gene. He came close to being the ideal bull and was heavily used in North America and Europe. 40 years after his birth, Triple Threat is still one of the most influential and respected sires of any breed. Although he was marginal for milk production, he was one of the Holstein breed’s best bulls for type improvement and also increased butterfat. His daughters were tall, with good udders and sound feet and legs and developed into high lifetime production cows. Triple Threat saw extensive use all over the world. His only fault was that he carried the black-red gene, which caused about half of his red and white offspring to turn mostly

E-D Thor-Red

E-D Thor-Red, born in Michigan in 1976, was an outstanding son of Triple Threat. Thor combined some of the great sires of the past in his pedigree. He was a high component sire with strong type characteristics and saw extensive use in red breeds around the world. Thor was the first RWDCA-only bull to enter AI service and did much to advance the cause of Red and Whites worldwide. Cal-Lil Standout Cavalier *RC, born in 1972, was a breed changing red carrier sire of the 1970s and early 80s. Eastern AI Cooperative owned Cavalier. He was sired by Sunnyside Standout from a Whirlhill Kingpin daughter; therefore, an outcross to most Red and White genetics available in the 1970s. He was a solid milk yield improver


Apple Elevation was added through his sons such as Coldsprings Elevation Fagin *RC, born in 1975, and Burket Falls Houdini *RC, born in 1976. Houdini was also one of the first prominent polled sires to enter AI. Through his service at 21st Century Genetics, the polled gene became part of the fabric of the red and white breed. Cal-Lil Standout Cavalier *RC

with a desirable type pattern especially in the mammary category. He received substantial use with over 24,000 tested daughters. His popularity was somewhat limited by the low fat percent of his daughters (-.15%) but several of the better Red and White bulls of the 1980s were his sons including Howard Home Caveman-Red at ABS who was especially popular in Europe. You can find Cavalier bloodlines still popular today in many cow families. Among Cavalier’s red carrier sons, Kinglea Leader *RC stands out.

Other pedigree combinations of former Holstein breed leaders led to the popular sires, Robe Jan Skyler Chief *RC, born in 1979, Howard Home Caveman-Red, born in 1980, Gentle Valley Casey-Red, born in 1980, and Kinglea Leader *RC, born in 1982. These sires added to the strength of the breed by siring daughters with excellent udders and improved milk production.

Glenafton Enhancer *RC was owned by Centre d’insémination artificielle du Québec (CIAQ) at St. Hyacinthe, Quebec. He sired tremendously wide rumped and deep ribbed daughters with high production. Unfortunately, many of his daughters had a major problem with locomotion and feet and legs. Enhancer was a Roybrook Starlite son from Glenafton Gina Lea-Red, a daughter of Citation R Maple *RC. Enhancer sired high production but also some weaknesses that needed improvement in the next generation. Noteworthy Enhancer sons of the period included Burket Falls Redman-Red and Brooknook Milestone.

The 1980s

Realizing the lack of superior red sires available during the 1970s, aggressive breeders created top sires by utilizing some of the best black & white bloodlines of the era. Non-red carrier sires such as Fleetridge Monitor were added to the breed through his son Walkway Monitor Joel *RC, born in 1976. The genetics of Round Oak Rag

The 1990s

Renown Factor *RC

Howard Home Caveman-Red

Glenafton Enhancer *RC

Misty Maples Arlinda Magnet *RC was a Romandale Shalimar Magnet son from an EX-91 GMD Paclamar Astronaut daughter. He was heavily used and in 2000 had over 9,000 tested daughters. He was one of the top bulls for milk production of the entire Holstein breed. His limitations included low component content and below average mammary system ratings on his daughters. He was at Curtiss and later at Select Sires.

Howard Home Caveman-Red was a Ca-Lil Standout Cavalier son from a Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red daughter. Caveman was especially popular in Europe because he sired high components, good udders and moderate size. One of his daughters, Peasedale Caveman Florie *RC, was recognized in 2006 by the Holstein Association as the No. 1 lifetime butterfat producer of the entire breed with 17,597 pounds of fat and No. 3 lifetime protein producer with 12,031 protein. Florie was classified EX-94 3E and shares the title of the highest scored cow of the breed with over 330,000 pounds lifetime milk production. Kinglea Leader *RC, a Cal-Lil Standout Cavalier son from a daughter of Wapa Arlinda Conductor, sired outstanding udders and reached the top 100 TPI bull list after his second crop of daughters came into production. Kinglea Leader *RC was not heavily promoted during the early part of his career but became a more popular bull with each successive USDA sire summary. He rapidly became known as a bull who sired high producing, fancy-uddered daughters. Eventually he became known as one of the premier Red and White carriers of his time.

Renown Factor *RC was born in 1990. This To-Mar Blackstar son from a daughter of Glenafton Enhancer *RC was in service at ABS.

Burket Fall Polled Plus *RC

Burket Falls Polled Plus *RC emerged in 1991 from the Burket-Falls herd in Pennsylvania. Burket Falls Polled Plus *RC further cemented the polled gene in the red breed and left long lasting, high producing daughters. Polled Plus was an Aerostar from a Coldspring Elevation Fagin daughter. In 1993, the overall type of the red breed was improved by bringing in the strong type characteristics of Hanover-Hill Starbuck through his red carrier son STBVQ Rubens *RC. Rubens gained worldwide attention at World Dairy Expo in 2003 when seven of his daughters stood in the top eight places in the Senior 3-Year-Old class. The pedigree of Rubens combines HanoverHill Starbuck (twice), Hanover-Hill Triple Threat, Paclamar Astronaut, Round Oak 107


KHW Kite Advent-Red

STBVQ Rubens *RC

Rag Apple Elevation and Rosafe Citation R *RC. On the maternal side, he traces back to C Glenridge Citation Roxy. Rubens sired show winning type and style with acceptable production. His daughters have been named National Champion Red and Whites three times. Rubens was 5x Premier Sire at the Grand International Red & White Show at World Dairy Expo.

Sellcrest Uncle Sam-Red-ET

Sellcrest Uncle Sam-Red-ET, born in 1999, became a source of components and udder improvement. He was a Rubens son from Sellcrest K Melissa-Red-ET (EX-92 2E).

Ja-Bob Jordan-Red

Ja-Bob Jordan-Red was born in 1997 in the herd of a leading red & white breeder Mark Yeazel of Ohio. Ja-Bob Jordan-Red became immensely popular all over the world with his semen used in almost 50 countries. He created strong cattle with good components and excellent longevity. Jordan had a large influence on the red breed when the breed needed a new source of top genetics from a new bloodline. The highest classified Red and Whites in four countries are Jordan daughters. Starstruck-J Paradox-Red, another breed altering sire, was born in 1997. He was sired by Glen-Toctin Johnson-ET *RC (a To-Mar Blackstar son of a Glenafton Enhancer *RC daughter) from a daughter of Mr Hurl-Three Momentum-Red-ET, who in turn was from a Kinglea Leader *RC daughter. Paradox was a sire that ranked with the best black & white sires. Paradox was cloned and was the first true red sire to rank in the Top 25 TPI list of the black & white bulls.

Paradox son: Ra-Mar-Land Lion King *RC Valleyriver Ruben Redman-Red

Valleyriver Ruben Redman was a Rubens son out of a VG Walkway Chief Mark from a VG Triple Threat out of VG Citation R Maple. Almost one-third of Redman’s 3,000 classified daughters are Excellent or Very Good.

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The New Millenium 2000

As the red breed entered the new millennium, another dominant sire emerged in Wisconsin with the birth of KHW Kite Advent-Red in 2001. The offspring of this breed-changing sire dominated the show ring and heifer pens of numerous breeders. When the Advent’s calved, they did not disappoint and were stylish, excellent uddered cows. Today Advent is still the source of show winning type. Advent’s progeny will have a large role in spreading excellent type throughout the red breed.

Aggravation Lawn Boy P-Red

Aggravation Lawn Boy P-Red, a polled bull, was born at the Bob Feldwich farm in Ohio in 2002. He was by an unproven sire, Dudoc Bacculum-Red, which made his future doubtful. Fred Hendricks of SunShower Acres saw potential in the calf and worked together with Bob Feldwich and other breeders to sample the young bull. The rest is history. His proof came out and Lawn Boy became one of the Holstein breed’s most popular sires. Lawn Boy’s influence has made a very positive and widespread contribution in the development of the polled gene in Red and White and black and white populations. Finding suitable outcross sires to mate his thousands of daughters to has been a challenge for some but perhaps we can take a lesson from the master breeders of the past who concentrated superior genes by line breeding and in some cases inbreeding.

Paradox son: Fritz Pride Tycoon-Red


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Modern Red and Red Factor Bulls that are Building the Breed

Scientific Destry-ET *RC (VG-USA-ST-CAN) is a Goldwyn out of the great Scientific Debutante Rae (EX-92) from the Roxy family. Destry burst on the scene in 2011 with a TPI in the 1900s, fantastic for a “show” bull. In 2014, his TPI is still over +1900 with nearly three points on type on 4,000 tested daughters.

Arron Doon West Port Magna P *RC *POC (VG-87-USA) is a from Port Aaron Doon Mit P-Red PO (VG-85-CAN) and a maternal brother to Mitey P *RC. He is very high on Canada’s GLPI list of *RC daughterproven sires. His strong points are udders and feet & legs. He now has proofs in the USA, Canada, Germany and Netherlands.

Sandy Valley Colt-P-Red-TW, born in 2009, is a son of Aggravation Lawn Boy P-Red. His dam is a VG-86 Sandy Valley Bolton-ET daughter from a VG-87 GMD Pursuit September Storm daughter.

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DuDoc Mr Burns *RC (VG-CAN-Extra 2009) is a Markim Thunder son. His dam is a VG-86 4* Storm from a VG-85 11* Astre. 3rd dam is the well-known Clover-Lands Skylar Cherry-Red. With an actual GLPI of +2514, he remains among the top *RC bulls on the Canadian GLPI list.

West Port Arron Doon Mitey P *RC is a Goldwyn son from West Port Aaron Doon Mit P-Red PO (VG-85-CAN), a Pursuit September Storm daughter with 34,219M 4.9% 1688F 3.3% 1119P.

Hurtgen-Vue Reality-Red (VG-88), is a September Storm from HurtgenVue HHR Vanessa-Red (EX-93 3E DOM), pictured above. He has been a Top 4 Red TPI Sire for 6 consecutive years. His current TPI (4/14) is +1984, the highest Red TPI bull at 99%R. Trademarks are All-American and All-Canadian type, feet and legs, udders, incredible components and a leading outcross sire.


The Highest Ranked Red TPI Bull

! r e Ev

REALITY-RED Hurtgen-Vue Reality-Red VG-88

Reg # 134690997 aAa: 213645 • DMS: 126,246 September Storm x Hurtgen-Vue HHR Vanessa-Red 3E-93 DOM +2.38T +1.79 UDC +2.71 FLC

04/2014

Ever since Red & Whites were allowed in the Holstein Association’s herdbook, no other Red & White Holstein bull has ever ranked higher than Hurtgen-Vue Reality-Red. In January 2009, Reality-Red ranked No. 23 on the Holstein Association TPI List at +1865. Over the past six years, he has increased daughter numbers and his proof numbers. His TPI is now +1984 and the highest Red & White bull with 99% reliability. What is most impressive is that the increase is credited exclusively to his 2,220 producing daughters! Not only has his TPI increased 300 points since his first proof in 2008, his Net Merit rose 125 points and is now +474NM$. He has ranked in the top 4 TPI Red & White sires for every sire summary since 2009. Reality-Red has sired class winners at all levels, including champions at all four national shows: International Red & White Show, Midwest Spring Red & White Show, International Spring Red & White Show and the All-American Red & White Show. On a more personal note, Reality-Red calves have provided plenty of blue ribbons and wide smiles for junior exhibitors – an important component of breeding Red & Whites, encouraging the next generation. If show ring type is not your focus, Reality-Red brings more to the feedbunk than beautiful daughters. Dairy producers of all sizes and styles can appreciate long-lasting, profitable cows. Reality-Red daughters average over 25,000 pounds of milk with off-the-chart components (+.29%F +.07%P), low somatic cell, incredible feet and legs (especially foot angle), positive daughter pregnancy rate, calving ease, and longevity, as seen in his increasing Productive Life data. And in a dairy genetics world that has focused narrowly on a few bloodlines, the breed is in need of outcross genetics. Reality-Red has been the No.1 Expected Future Inbreeding sire for six consecutive years spanning 17 sire summaries! Reality-Red is a bull that provides so much in a unique outcross package. A bull whose daughters have sustained and grown his popularity for years isn’t a fantasy . . . It’s Reality!

Semen available through Accelerated Genetics.

Congratulations RWDCA on 50 years! Proud to be part of your history as the first Albrecht Scholarship

Winner, the 2012 J.P. Ostrander Young Breeder Award Winner and breeder of Hurtgen-Vue Reality-Red. -Richey Two current Reality-Red herd favorites: Markwell-KR Reality Ritz VG-87 EX-MS 1st lact Markwell-KR Real Riz-Red VG-85 VG-MS 1st lact Potential 5th generation Excellent Ravens!

Hurtgen-Vue Red & White and Black & White Holsteins

Andy & Jean Hurtgen ~ Patti ~ Richey ~ Sandi 26792 McFarland Rd., Monroe, OR 97456 Ph/Fax: (541) 424-3391 • www.reality-red.blogspot.com 111


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CHAPTER XVII: INTERNATIONAL INTEREST DRIVES DEMAND Canadians quickly capitalized on opportunities to export red and white Holsteins. Since there was limited demand for these animals in Canada, export to the U.S. and Latin America, especially Cuba, Mexico and Brazil, was a more lucrative alternative than slaughter or sales to commercial dairies. Examples include Rosafe Citation R *RC who was purchased by Rancho Santa Monica, Texcoco, Mexico and Romandale Count Crystan *RC who went to Japan. Early Canadian Red and White sales show that the majority of their consignments were exported. Brazil and Cuba became the principal export markets for Red & Whites. Hays International held the first All-Canadian Red and White sale in November 1971 with 45 head offered. All but three head were exported. A young female, Meadolake Annette-Red, was sold to Cuba for $6000. The only bull in the sale went to Brazil for $2500. A December 1973 All-Canadian Red and White sale averaged $1266 on 42 head; all but two were exported. The 1974 sale of 29 head averaged $1239 with only four head staying in Canada.

Larry Moore on his first visit to Switzerland in 1977; R-L: Jean-Louis Schrago and Larry Moore. On the halter is André Schrago and Aloys Schrago is behind the cow. The cow in front is Jack Helvetia-Red, first milking daughter of Larry Moore Transmitter Jack-Red in Switzerland.

Champion Red & White Herd Cremona, Italy (2010)

The winning Swiss R&W herd included Morandale Swatch Britney owned by Morand; Rustler Frivole owned by König; La Waebera Glacier Océnie from Clément; and, Rustler Pepita from Everdes.

Grand Champion Red & White at the Brazil National Show (2011)

The Paris Agricultural Show in 1979 was the beginning of the Red Holstein “Revolution” in Europe. Four crossbred Hanover-Hill Triple Threat daughters were on display in the US Holstein Friesian Association exhibit. Following this show, European breeders began to cross many colored breed cattle such as Simmental, MRI, Rotbunt, Abondance, Red Dane, Polish Red and Montbeliarde with Red Holstein. The four Triple Threat daughters from Switzerland seen above were 3/4 Holstein and 1/4 Montbeliarde.

Suard Jordan Irene-Red (EX-96 97-MS) Supreme European Champion Red Holstein Cow in 2013. Irene is a Jordan daughter owned by Schrago Brothers, Switzerland

Many Red and Whites have been exported to Brazil where they are usually maintained in purebred herds but also used in crossbreeding programs on Zebu-type cattle in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Schuwey Rubens Jberia, a Simmental/Red Holstein cross, owned by Beat Schuwey, Gemeinde Jaun, Fribourg, Switzerland, is grazing at 1500 meters on the Swiss Alps with seven of her 12 daughters. In 8 lactations, she produced 77,227 kg milk with 3.9% butterfat and 3.5% protein. Her highest record is 10,793 kg Milk with 3.77% Butterfat 3.31% Protein. Jberia was been flushed 5 times and produced a total of 98 Embryos.

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It’s All About Family

Lyons-DL Rubens Gem-Red EX-93

Lifetime to date: 11-8 242,733M 3.8% 9184F 3.1% 7575P • 2006 Junior All-Iowa Senior 3 Year Old • 2005 Reserve Junior All-American R&W Senior 2 Year Old • 2006 Reserve Junior All-American R&W Senior 3 Year Old • 11 daughters by Advent, Red Devil, Redliner, Inferno, and Piccolo; average score of VG-88 • Grandam of Lyons-DL Reality Yahoo-Red – 2010 Junior All-American R&W Spring Calf • 16 granddaughters by Reality, Jet, Mazda, Redliner, Destry, Barbwire, Secure, Big Apple, and Toppi; average score of VG-87 • Great Grandam of Lyons-DL SS Dusk Grape-Red – 2012 Reserve All-Iowa Summer Yearling • 12 great granddaughters by Reality, Colt P, SS Deuce, SS Dusk, Chris, Durham Red, Lancelot, Debonair, Barbwire, Survivor, and Ducati; average score of VG-85 • 1 great-great granddaughter by Redburst

Lyons-DL Reality Yahoo-Red

2010 Junior All-American R&W Spring Calf

Doug, Lynnette, Carly and Michael 131 Military Road | Castalia, IA 52133

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Lyons-DL Advent Gennifer-Red EX-91 Lifetime to date: 6-0 111,949M 3.4% 3716F 3.1% 3440P • 2nd place 5 Year Old 2012 Midwest Spring R&W Show • 2012 Reserve All-Iowa 5-Year-Old • 2013 Junior All-Iowa Aged Cow • 1st place Aged Cow 2013 Iowa State Fair • 5 daughters by Reality, Rader, Barbwire and Cole, average score of VG-87 • Dam of Lyons-DL Reality Baby Cakes VG-88 - Grand Champion of 2012 Midwest Fall R&W Junior Show, Reserve Intermediate Champion and HM Grand of Open Show; 1st Junior 3 Year Old 2013 Iowa State Fair, 1st place Junior 3 Year Old 2013 Midwest Fall R&W, 10th & 3rd Junior 2013 Grand International R&W • 2 granddaughters by Secure and Barbwire • 1 great-granddaughter by Big Apple

Lyons-DL Reality Baby Cakes VG-88

Grand Champion of 2012 Midwest Fall R&W Junior Show

Lyons Holsteins

563.419.0275 | lyonsdl@acegroup.cc BAA 108.8 ~ 7 EX 34 VG 7 GP


Red & Whites From A European Perspective By Jean-Louis Schrago

The introduction of the North American Red & White genetics in Europe during the 1970s and 80s increased competition between European breeds. Until the early 1970s, most of the European cattle were dual purpose breeds kept for milk and meat production. Compared to USA and Canada, European farmers and AI centers were slow to abandon old traditions. The independence of the European cattle breed organizations from the AI studs created an environment that was beneficial to dairy farmers as well as the population in general. The creation of INTERBULL, a permanent sub-committee of the International Committee for Animal Recording (ICAR), was a positive step in genetic improvement. INTERBULL sire summaries allowed the worldwide comparison of all available sires, even those from smaller countries.

Red & White Cattle in Switzerland

The Swiss cattle industry has been important to the country since the Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291. Switzerland is unique because it includes four distinct ethnic populations; French, German, Italian and Romanche. There is a strong sense of identity and community founded on a common historical background and shared values. The Swiss are generally conservative and change comes slowly and only after much discussion. That’s why the import of Red Holstein semen in 1968 was such a monumental event. Prior to that there were three main breeds: Brown Swiss, Simmental and Black and White Holstein, a breed that was introduced during the 1950s. In 1968, when Switzerland started crossing Simmental and Red Holstein, about 45% of Swiss cattle dairy cattle were Simmental. Today the Swiss Red and White dairy cattle population represents 44% of all cattle, the Brown Swiss population is 35% and black and white Holsteins rank third at 18%. If the Red Holstein breed did not exist, in Switzerland today nearly 60% of dairy cows would be black and white. The arrival of semen from Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red from the U.S. was the

“decision making event” for the introduction of Red Holstein genetics into Europe. In 1979, I was invited to present four Triple Threat red and white daughters from Switzerland at the biggest European agriculture show in Paris under the name of U.S. Holstein Association. This event was a great Guex Triple Tulippe-Red (EX-98 Switzerland), a daughter of success. Triple Threat from a crossbred Red Holstein X Simmental cow, exhibited at the 1979 Paris Agricultural Show. Tulippe lived to Three months be 15-years-old and had several famous daughters and many later, the American outstanding maternal descendants. Her popularity did much to Breeders Service introduce Red Holstein genetics in Europe. semen inventory from Triple Threat was sold out with most ability to sire high butterfat percent and of it going to Germany, Holland, Belgium, outstanding conformation especially udders. Sweden, France and Italy. Europeans have had strong interest in The introduction of the Red Holstein breed North American Red and White genetics in Switzerland has been very positive since the 1960s when Red and White genetically and financially for our breeders. cattle began to become routinely available. Switzerland has had the European Red Because European dairy farmers want Holstein champion cow for the past 12 to keep butterfat and protein levels high, bull studs became more selective on bulls consecutive years. they chose. With a quota system, volume American and Canadian AI studs recognized wasn’t as important as fat and protein. The the market potential for semen sales very European market is also interested in high quickly. The purchase of Hanover-Hill quality polled animals which is a growing Triple Threat-Red for $60,000 by ABS in trend worldwide. Switzerland recognized 1972 proved to the world that a major AI semen export potential early on. In 2013, center saw marketing opportunity and value Switzerland exported more than 500,000 in Red and White genetics. Triple Threat units of semen worldwide. Almost 80 semen and offspring had great appeal in percent of the semen exported was from Red European markets because of the bull’s Holstein bulls.

Influential Red Holstein Bulls in Europe:

Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red -- Branderlea Citation Topper Red (Canada) Howard Home Caveman Red (USA) -- Stadel Red (Holland) Faber Red (Germany) -- Savard Red (Switzerland) Two red factor Holstein bulls that had a positive impact: STBVQ Rubens *RC (Canada) -- Ladino Park Talent Imp *RC (Australia) During the past ten years Ja-Bob Jordan-Red has had a major impact in Europe and elsewhere. Semen from Ja-Bob Jordan-Red was exported to 49 countries. Jordan produced functional cows that had longevity, high components and good udders. Today many Jordan daughters in Europe are reaching lifetime milk production of over 100,000 kg (220,000 lbs). Jordan daughters are the highest classified Red Holstein cows in four countries: The Netherlands, France, Japan, and Switzerland.

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CHAPTER XVIII: THE POLLED GENE AND RED & WHITES A HISTORY LESSON By Dr. Larry Specht

Does the Red & White breed have a higher percentage of polled animals than is found in the Black & White population? It seems that way and although actual counts aren’t available, there were some early ties between the two traits. Some of the first known polled Holsteins had the gene for red coat color. One of the best examples of red carrier animals with the polled trait was Pietje Ormsby Segis Burke, a bull that saw heavy use in the herd of George Stevenson. Stevenson purchased the bull as a yearling in 1912 to head his newly established herd of registered polled Holsteins. Ormsby Segis Burke was sired by Pietje Ormsby Burke, and out of the polled cow, Ormsby Segis Beets. Which of his parents carried the red gene is not known. Some of the foundation females Stevenson purchased were also carriers of the red gene. Cornucopia Plum Johanna, the single most important female he bought, had a red calf late in life. Several of the original females and a bull purchased from Wisconsin were also carriers of the red trait. Stevenson’s herd was the primary source of polled animals for almost 20 years. Many males and some females were sold to breeding establishments over a wide area although primarily in the Northeast. Stevenson did not value red coat color. His

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original herd records show that red and white calves born on his farm from 1912 until 1930 were not raised. However, he could not eliminate entirely what he could not see and the red gene remained in his herd. Walter Schultz of Nicollet, MN was promoting polled Holsteins from the late 1940s until the mid-1970s in Minnesota and nearby states, but there was no mention in his herd records of red or red-carrier animals until the late 1960s. Some of his sires undoubtedly carried the trait and the first red animal to appear in Schultz’s own herd was a red and white heifer born in 1968. Her sire was the polled bull Dakota Echo Rocket that had been used in the South Dakota herd of Joe Reichling. Schultz bought the heifer from Reichling, possibly because the owner was unhappy when a red calf made its appearance. Douglas Schultz took over the Schultz herd in 1974 upon the death of his father. He began to use Burket-Falls (Dave Burket)

Children of Doug and Judy Schultz, Nicollet, MN with a polled calves in the 1980s Walter Schultz was the first person in North America to actively promote polled Holsteins. His grandchildren from left to right: Darin (12), Jean (11), Jonathan (9) & Daniel (15). The calf on the left is red and white, while the other is black and white.

Hartford Colt-P 315-Red

This elite polled Red Holstein heifer bred and owned by Bob Eustice of Byron, MN sold at the “Party at the Park” Sale on June 15, 2012 at Wrigley Field in Chicago to Westcoast Holsteins, Chillawack, BC, for $100,000. At the time of the sale, she was the #1 Red naturally polled heifer of the entire U.S. Holstein breed based on Genetic Index. In 2013, a polled Red and White heifer O’Connors Aikman Scarlet-Red, topped the World Classic sale at World Dairy Expo.

and De-Red-Polled (Eldon DeWall) sires in the late 1970s. Most of them gave him the red coat-color along with the polled trait. Douglas Schultz ran the business for 20 years after his father Walter died. The father started promoting the polled trait in the late 1940s and kept at it until his death. It was a long run of more than three decades for the combined work of father and son. The large number of breeding bulls placed in other herds by Walter and Doug Schultz certainly spread the red gene to many herds in Minnesota and nearby states. Eldon DeWall began breeding Red & Whites in the late 1960s. He purchased several red and white cows and bred them to polled sires. He also purchased several polled cows in the 1970s and bred them to Red & White bulls. These efforts produced the first registered Red & White polled sire, De-Red-Polled Comet Rich-Red in 1976. Larry Moore of Suamico, WI purchased the bull. Moore already had an entire herd of Red & Whites (mostly of Canadian breeding) when he became interested in the polled trait. He gave DeWall’s sire considerable exposure through a major advertising campaign in the HolsteinFriesian World.


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CHAPTER XIX: A BRIGHT FUTURE FOR THE BREED Those early pioneers and believers in Red and White Holsteins who fought to get the red color recognized were indeed right in their vision. They realized that cattle should be judged not on hair color but on more important characteristics such as production, longevity and efficiency. E. Y. Morwick, in his book The Chosen Breed, summed it up most succinctly when he said: “The breed badly needs a red sire that will transmit production, stature, and dairy quality. The race is on to breed the great red cow and the superior transmitting red bull. Being the breeder of that ‘one good one’ will be better than winning the lottery.” It is not difficult to describe the type of sires that will “win the lottery.” Breeding that animal will be the bigger challenge. There is an urgent need for great red cows and the superior transmitting red bulls that can compete with their black and white relatives. There is a growing need for polled genetics as special interest groups pressure retailers and restaurateurs to demand food produced under “humane production practices.” We already know that animal care auditors hired by food companies are urging cattle breeders to reduce practices that create pain. Dehorning is one of the practices high on the list. More pressure will come in the future. Polled will likely become the norm in the future. International markets will continue to be important for North American genetics. High component content is a priority in Europe and will continue to be. Europe will continue to be important market for North American genetics as well as a competitor. Red hair color and hornless are in strong demand worldwide. A high percentage of world cattle are red in color and Red and White genetics can be introduced into the local herd quite quickly and easily through artificial insemination. The hornless characteristic is even easier to introduce because the gene is dominant. Red Holsteins have been “hot sellers” as dairy producers, especially those competing in the show ring, seek Red and White genetics. The year 2013 marked the 25th

anniversary of the World Classic Sale in conjunction with World Dairy Expo. A Red and White polled heifer topped the sale at $131,000. This was the third time in three years that a Red and White topped this prestigious sale. In 2011, the top selling animal went for $82,000 and in 2012 the top selling animal brought $122,000. At public sales across the world it is common for Red and Whites to bring top dollar.

THE BRIGHT NEW BREED

Red and Whites will have to perform not only in the sales arena and show ring but especially in the milking parlor. There is a growing need for red sires that transmit high milk and component yield. Some of the early Red and White sires transmitted outstanding body conformation but were marginal in milk production categories. The red sires that transmit high milk and component production as well as acceptable type will make a great impact in the future. In the past the Red and White breed has been limited by a relatively small genetic base. Only recently have breeders had a variety of choices to improve their herds. Much of past progress has been accomplished by reaching into the black and white genetic pool for animals that offered superior milk yield, high components, acceptable type and new bloodlines. The Red and White breed seems to be leading the field in the introduction of the polled gene into the domestic and international dairy cattle population. This strategy has worked well for Red and White cattle. The 2013 U.S. Red and White and Red Carrier semen sales worldwide increased at a significant rate of 21% as compared with 2012. At nearly one million unit semen sales, 2013 established a new record for semen sales. The previous record of 793,244 unit sales was set in 2012.

Note that export sales of Red and White and Red Carrier semen exceeded domestic sales by 156,597 units. Total Red & White / Red Carrier semen sales continue in a commanding No. 3 position as a dairy breed sector, behind Holstein and Jersey. In the future, the Red and White breed will have to continue to make great progress by continuing to add top black and white genetics to their herds. Those who select only for color will get left behind. The fact that the polled gene is prevalent in Red and White bloodlines will be an even greater asset in the future. Back in the 1870s, George L. Brown of Illinois, an early importer, objected and chastised his colleagues by saying that quality and not color should be the criteria for selection. The same is true today. In 1968, a feature article about Red and Whites in Farm Journal was titled “The Bright New Breed”. The red and white star is burning brightly and the future for the breed has never been brighter. 119


U.S. Livestock Genetics Export (USLGE) The Red & White Dairy Cattle Association is fortunate to have U.S. Livestock Genetics Export (USLGE) as a sustainable international marketing partner. Through this coalition, the RWDCA has promoted U.S. Red and White genetics worldwide. Promotion efforts have included semen, embryos and referrals for live cattle sales. These efforts would not have been possible without the infusion of USLGE funds.

What is USLGE?

Representation in USLGE encompasses the embryo and semen industries, the livestock export sector plus leading State Departments of Agriculture from top livestock producing states across the United States. The USLGE began in October 2003 with the following original members: American Sheep Industry Association, National Association of Animal Breeders, American Embryo Transfer Association, American Simmental Association, National Association of Swine Records and the U.S. Dairy Genetics Council. The dairy council was comprised of seven U.S. dairy breeds along with the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture. RWDCA was one of the seven dairy breeds. Today USLGE membership includes 27 national livestock breed associations (beef, dairy, swine, horses, NAAB and AETA), 16 state departments of agriculture and 10 leading individual U.S. breeders, exporters and allied industry representatives. USLGE receives federal funding support exceeding $2 million annually to carry out international livestock market development activities in 55 countries covering beef, dairy, swine, sheep, goats, horses, semen and embryos.

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Association Activities

In 1993, Mark Yeazel of Eaton, OH became the RWDCA’s first chairman to coordinate activities when the group was called the U.S. Dairy Council. Funding at that time allowed for only one trade mission per year. A RWDCA member typically attended an overseas Red and White show or dairy trade event to promote U.S. Red and White Genetics. The attending person customarily makes farm visits in the region where the activity was held. The activities have grown in both number and scope. Booth space at these events is frequently shared other dairy breed associations, U.S. artificial insemination companies or State Departments of Agriculture. The USLGE Committee has concentrated on the mature Red and White markets of Western Europe. Through a recent industry-wide survey with the A.I. firms, the USLGE committee has been able to identify emerging markets in China, Eastern Europe along with South America for future trade missions.

Additional USLGE Support

USLGE also provides funding for promotional material used in conjunction with trade missions. The Leading Ladies publication is an example of a promotion piece supported by USLGE funds. While the Leading Ladies booklet is also an important promotion vehicle here at home, USLGE funding covers only that portion of the printing and mailing expenses for foreign distribution. In developing the Mexican market, several brochures were published in Spanish to aid representatives when trips were made to that country. The true-type cow poster was initially developed with USLGE funding. This poster has proved effective during its use over the past ten years. With USLGE funds, the RWDCA staff and USLGE committee are developing additional printed material and promotional aids to compliment USLGE is a livestock-specific, not-for-profit trade association representing the International Market Development interests of the U.S. dairy, beef, sheep, swine and horse breeding industries.

Fred Hendrick’s involvement with Red and White dairy cattle spans 40 years. He was very active in the syndication and development of promising bulls beginning with Idle Dice-Red in 1974. Through his company, SunShower Acres, Ltd., many bulls were successfully proven and returned to active A.I. service. Highlighting those achievements was Aggravation Lawn Boy P-Red, the polled bull that spurred a revolutionary course in Holstein breeding worldwide. Fred served as chairman of the RWDAC’s USLGE committee for several years. Always a promoter of Red and Whites, he also assisted dairy farmers across the country with their Red and White breeding program.

future activities.

International marketing expenses managed by the RWDCA exceeds $40,000 annually. This includes expenses incurred by the Association, USLGE funding along with members’ volunteer time and expertise.

Association Member Benefits

The benefit of an association’s promotional activity, either domestic or international is difficult to quantify for a given member. Rather, those activities are beneficial to the breed as a whole. The value of Red and White cattle, semen and embryos tend to increase through stronger demand. Increased semen sales are followed by an uptick in young sire sampling. With expanded young bull sampling, the genetic trend of the breed is enhanced. Semen sales are a concrete measurement of growth. The domestic and export sale of U.S. Red and White along with Red Carrier semen has increased dramatically since the affiliation with USLGE. According to the Foreign Agriculture Service, the export of all dairy embryos has also expanded.


s ’ B l u f i t u a e B The

It all Started with B.T.s Bianca….

• Purchased in 2007 • Bred by Claire & Bev Thomas of Huron, SD

She gave us 2 Daughters MJ Eichler Dap Bianca Blessing-EX90 2E

SS90, DQ91, RP90, MO89, US89 4-08 365d 23,289 3.7 857 3.4 783 3-03 421d 34,262 3.6 1245 3.2 1092

Blessing’s Daughters Eichlers RN Blessing Breakfast-EX90 SS90, DQ90, RP90, MO88, US90 & Son

MJ Eichler MD Bianca Beulah-EX90 SS91, DQ90, RP90, MO88, US91 3-08 305d 27,547 4.1 1116 3.1 860 rip 2-05 310d 15,313 3.7 572 3.0 455 Last three test respectively: 106#, 85#, and 95#

Eichlers Liriano BB Beatrix • Sold as a 4-H project

Eichlers RN-BB Brick House

• A summer yearling ready for the show ring “She’s A Brick House, She’s mighty mighty….”

Eichlers RN “BIG” Blessing 2-VG85

designed by i-design studios

Eichlers Liriano Blaine-Exp – 7MS359

2X Unanimous All American Winter Calf & Winter Yearling 2-02 333d 15,234 4.0 604 3.2 481 Fresh in March and gave 78# on test day! She has a Kuzmar Megadeth daughter that is cut from the same bolt of cloth.

Liriano x Blessing-EX90 He is at Select Sires and will be available later this year.

SS85, DQ84, RP85, MO85, US85 She is fresh and looking “Big & Beautiful”

EICHLERCattle

Mike & Jill Eichler 17755-75th Street NE, Oak Park, MN 56357 Home: 320-968-7880 • Mike: 320-333-6521 • Jill: 320-333-6523 121 mjeichler13@hughes.net


CHAPTER XX: CHRONOLOGY OF RED & WHITE DAIRY CATTLE 1200s Dr. J.C. Rennie, Professor of Dairy Science at the University of Guelph in Ontario and chair of the Canadian Holstein committee that studied the color question in the 1960s, said in his report to the Canadian Holstein Association: “Early records show that cattle of broken colors entered the Netherlands from Central Europe in the 13th century. Most were red and white. Black and whites were not common (in the Netherlands) until the 18th century.” 1700s Dutch paintings prior to the 18th century show cattle with hair coats of various colors, but none were black and white. Early records show that red and white calves were born from black and white parents in Holland at least as far back as the 1700s. 1800s Frank Decker who operated Thendara Farm near Syracuse, NY from 1918 until 1936 also provided some insight on the question of color. Decker wrote: “Recorded history is short on detail about the dairy population in the Netherlands before the latter part of the 19th century when nearly all of the imports from Holland came to America. At that time, most of the cattle in the Netherlands were black and white, but some were various shades of red, yellow, dun, and grey. There are reports that black did not become the dominant color until the late 1700s when cattle from Denmark were brought in as replacements for those lost due to floods and disease.” 1869-1885 Most of the foundation animals of the U.S. Holstein breed were imported between 1869 and 1885. No red cattle were imported but a number of red carriers were included in the importations. 1870s The Association of Breeders of Thoroughbred Holstein Cattle in the early 1870s and in 1872 published the first of nine volumes of the Holstein Herd Book. They decreed that animals of any color other than black and white would not be recorded in their herd book. They also decided that the animals would be known as Holsteins. One member of the group, Illinois importer George L. Brown, objected and chastised his colleagues by saying that quality and not color should be the criteria for selection. 1885/86: The Dutch import cow, Clothilde (a known red carrier) produced 26,021 pounds two ounces of milk, exceeding all previous records 1887 The National Dairy Show Association (a group largely controlled by Guernsey and Jersey breeders) organized an event at Madison Square Garden in New York City in early May 1887. The report of The Cultivator and Country Gentleman (May 19, 1887) on this competition is particularly terse and significant. “Cow of any breed producing largest quantity of butter during 24 consecutive hours of the exhibition - Smiths, Powell and Lamb, Clothilde, Holstein, 2 lbs. 7 1/2 ozs. Second to her, Clothilde 4th, also Holstein, same owners, 2 lbs. 1/4 oz. Seven Jerseys, six Holsteins and two Guernseys in competition.” 122

1901 Earliest documentation of the arrival of the red trait in Canada with the purchase of Johanna Rue 4ths Lad by the Richardson herd of Caledonia, Ontario. The young bull was bred by the Gillette herd of Rosendale, WI and was a mating of Sarcastic Lad to Johanna Rue 4th. 1938 Larry Moore, a mink breeder from Suamico, WI began to buy and breed Red and White Holsteins in the late 1930s and early 1940s. The earliest birth date located on a Red and White animal from Moore’s records was 1938. Moore advertised regularly for high quality red and whites out of registered stock and purchased many of them from Canadian and US herds. 1940s Larry Moore continues to advertise in the Canadian Holstein Journal and other publications offering to purchase red and white Holstein calves from superior bloodlines. Norm Williams of Odessa, MO (Ridgedale prefix) also began to advertise in the Canadian Holstein Journal wanting to buy top quality Red & Whites 1947 While on a fur marketing trip in New York during 1947, Larry Moore followed up on a report that H.F. DuPont of the Wilmington, DE chemical family, had a few red and white Holsteins on his Winterthur Farm. Winterthur was known as a major source of red in U.S. Holstein circles. Mr. DuPont’s herdsman, William Reed, showed Moore not only the cattle but also the records and together they identified every red carrier in the Winterthur herd records. Following the Winterthur visit, Mr. DuPont presented Moore with the gift of a red and white bull calf who was a double grandson of Posch Ormsby Fobes 14th, which he named Larry Moore King. 1951 Larry Moore was quoted in the July 1951 Canadian Holstein Journal as saying that “only the best red and whites have been kept, therefore, they will be better than the black and whites.” 1952 U.S. Holstein Association president Harold Shaw, addressed the 1952 Canadian Holstein Convention. He told of an unidentified sire in an artificial insemination (AI) unit in the U.S. that was a carrier of red coat color. Although the AI unit reported the condition and advised breeders as to its mode of inheritance, almost a third of the breeding unit’s Holstein services that year were to that red carrier bull. U. S. Holstein Secretary Norton also told the Canadian audience that American AI units had used 67 red factor bulls that had sired 8250 registered progeny. This may have been the first time the “red factor” was openly discussed at a Holstein breed convention. However, in spite of the Shaw and Norton remarks, delegates at the 1952 United States Holstein convention rejected any change to the color-marking rules. 1962 The University of Minnesota with encouragement from a group of Milking Shorthorn breeders begins to use Red Holsteins in a crossbreeding program under the direction of Dr. C.L. Cole. John


C. Gage, Kansas City, MO, Dr. J.L. Johnston, Springfield, MO, Dr. C.L. Cole, University of Minnesota and other Milking Shorthorn breeders led the effort. An appendix registry for Milking Shorthorn/ Red Holstein crosses was administered by the American Milking Shorthorn Society. The first calves were to be registered in the appendix registry were the crossbred calves at the University of Minnesota. 1963 Interest in Red Holsteins and crossbreds grows. Breeders discuss the idea of a Red and White Association. 1964 The Red and White Dairy Cattle Society was formally established on April 17, 1964. John C. Gage, a Kansas City attorney, Red and White breeder and past president of the Milking Shorthorn Society wrote the bylaws. Officers elected include Dr. J.L. Johnston, president and John C. Gage, secretary. Gage entered the first 18 animals in the Red and White herd book. The first four were Holstein X Milking Shorthorn crosses and were designated as H50M50 animals. John Gage begins to publish a newsletter. The first advertisers were Duallyn Farm, Eudora, KS (Gage) and Pineview Farm, Crystal Springs, PA (Elmer Carpenter). The newsletter highlighted ABC Reflection Sovereign, the source of most red bloodlines. The first World-Friesian Conference was held in Amsterdam in September 1964 with 17 countries participating. Canadian Holstein Secretary George M. Clemons reported on the subject of color markings as follows: “There was no support for a separate herd book. The FRS (Red and White) herd book in the Netherlands has had a separate book for 80 years. The number of registrations has been pretty stable and is a small figure in light of total registrations.” Clemons quoted one participant as saying “It has no useful part in dairy economics in Friesland. Black and Whites are THE breed, so don’t promote the competition as it will just become a nuisance.” 1964/65 Canadian Holstein Secretary Clemons reported to his Board of Directors that more than 14,000 Holsteins were exported to the United States in 1964 and again in 1965. This was at a time when both countries were debating the “red question.” While the United States was trying to eliminate the red trait, the Canadian imports simply counter-balanced the U.S. effort to reduce its incidence. 1965 The second annual meeting of the Red and Wite Dairy Cattle Society was held in Springfield, MO. All officers were retained. A suggestion was made to include Black and White known red carriers into the registry which at that time was limited to Red and Whites. John Gage was quoted in the May 1965 newsletter saying “It seems dangerous now for any breed society, new or old, to follow a rigid policy of rejecting members or cattle, grades or crossbreds, which contain some registered breeding of that breed, without any effort to find a way to keep them and their cattle within the breed society’s orbit or activities. Times are changing and some people will get hurt by changes, some will profit by them. Society should be in the latter category.” 1965 The first advertisement for the Red and White Dairy Cattle Society 123


appeared in the June 10, 1965 issue of Hoard’s Dairyman. 1966 In March, Dr. J.P. Ostrander became a member of the Society. The American Milking Shorthorn Society declined to do registry work for the Red and White Society. Mrs. Alice Anderson, Baldwin, KS began to do registrations. In July, Ralston-Purina sponsored a testimonial for Larry Moore recognizing his accomplishments in breeding mink and Red and White cattle. The third annual meeting of the Society was held at Duallyn Farm, Eudora, KS. A field day is held in conjunction with the meeting led by Dr. G.B. Marion, a professor at Kansas State University. A Red and White cattle show was held at the American Royal in Kansas City with 37 head shown. Exhibitors included Larry Moore, Suamico, WI, Dr. Ostrander, Huntley, IL, George Powell, Lilydale Farm (Alfred Buckner), Norman Williams, Odessa, MO and Duallyn Farm, KS. In October 1966, the name of the Red and White Dairy Cattle Society was officially changed to Red and White Dairy Cattle Association. 1967 An agreement is reached with the Holstein Association in January for Holstein classifiers to score RWDCA cattle on regularly scheduled trips. In May, John Gage published his final newsletter. In July, the RWDCA Board and membership meetings were held in Suamico, WI. Harry Clampitt, then Acting Secretary of the Milking Shorthorn Society resigned from the RWDCA board. Elmer Carpenter was elected to replace Harry Clampitt. At that meeting, a decision was made to move the RWDCA office from Kansas City to Green Bay, WI. Present at the meeting were Larry Moore, Dr. John P. Ostrander, Elmer Carpenter, Elsie Murke, Cecil Whittaker, John Flick, Stuart Smale, Michael Clark and Alice Anderson who took notes and later delivered them to RWDCA secretary John Gage, who had not been invited into the meeting. Larry Moore acted as chairman. Elections were held with Larry Moore elected as president; J.P. Ostrander, Vice President; John Gage, Secretary; Treasurer (left open). There was dicussion of moving semen and other RWDCA business to Green Bay. At some point, Secretary Gage was invited into the meeting. Secretary Gage stated that he did not disagree with the decision to handle semen orders at Green Bay, but he expressed strong disagreement concerning moving other business affairs to Green Bay as suggested by Michael Clark and Larry Moore, citing the best interest of the Association as the reason. The Board reached a decision to move the office although there was no record of a motion or of a vote. The business affairs including the newsletter would be transferred to Michael Clark at his Green Bay office. In July, the first issue of the “Red & White News Briefs” was published at Green Bay.

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The annual meeting and field day were held at Larry Moore’s farm with about 250 in attendance. Holstein Association classifier Jack Fairchild classified the herd. The cow Larry Moore First, purchased as a Grade Holstein by Larry Moore in California scored Excellent. In November, John Gage resigned as Secretary and was replaced by


Michael Clark of Green Bay.

editor for the September 1972 issue of the Red Bloodlines.

1968 The first official National Red & White Show and Sale was held in October 1968 at Madison, WI. Harry Weier was show chairman and Hays Farms International managed the sale. Allen Hetts of Crescent Beauty Farm, Ft. Atkinson, WI judged the show. Duallyn Chieftain May-Red, an Elmcroft Pontiac Chieftain daughter, was named Grand Champion. Color Crest Miss Scarlet-Red, a 3-yearold S.R.D. Advancer Three daughter shown by Ronald Eustice of Minnesota was named Reserve Champion. Duallyn also showed the Junior Champion female. At the Red & White Sale, Color Crest Miss Scarlet-Red was the high selling female. She was purchased by Clifford Boatwright, Wellington, KS.

1973 In September 1973, Merle Campbell, Oconomowoc, WI became the first RWDCA classifier.

1969 In January, the RWDCA board approved a “Grade-Up” program. In March, a telephone conference board meeting is held. Dr. Ostrander moves to relocate the RWDCA office to Elgin, IL and that Louis Bergren be named Executive Secretary. The motion passed. This ended the brief period that the national office was located in Green Bay. The July board meeting was held in St. Marys, Ontario. A picture of Larry Moore Betsy K painted by Eugene Hoy was unveiled and approved as the symbol of the RWDCA but without her name. Robert Heilman of the Holstein Association was a guest at the RWDCA annual meeting and discussed plans for a Red Holstein Herdbook approved at the Holstein Association Annual Convention. A year later, this herdbook was incorporated into the regular herdbook. The acceptance of Red Holsteins into the Holstein herdbook was viewed as a response to five years of registry by RWDCA. Many predicted this action by the Holstein Association would result in the demise of the RWDCA. Canadian Red and Whites became eligible for registration in the herd book on July 1, 1969. This was done through an alternate book that included black and whites that did not meet color requirements for the main registry book. Red and Whites were to be listed with the suffix –RED and Black and Whites with ineligible markings would be registered with the suffix –ALT. 1970 Delegates at the 1970 Holstein Convention vote to accept Red and White Holsteins meeting qualifications for registry. Susan Fortner, Elgin, IL is named secretary and registrar of the RWDCA. Elmer Carpenter, Crystal Spring, Pennsylvania published the first issue of the Red Bloodlines. 1971 In August, 1971, the National Red & White Show was held at the Walworth County Fairgrounds, Elkhorn, WI for the first time. The show remained in Elkhorn through 1983. 1972 In April 1972, De Forest, Wisconsin-based ABS, bid $60,000 for Hanover-Hill Triple Threat-Red, a 6-month-old calf. This bold move was a major event that helped to establish the Red and White Holstein as a legitimate part of the Red & White breed. Elmer Carpenter wrote an editorial on cloning which is published in the Red Bloodlines. Claudine Boatright, Wellington, KS is the guest

1975 In May, the Romandale Sale in Ontario featured some Red & Whites. Romandale Royal-Red, a son of ABC Reflection Sovereign topped the sale at $72,000. Royal-Red semen became available through Curtiss Breeding Service. Susan Fortner resigns as Executive Secretary/Treasurer of the RWDCA. Elmer Carpenter resigns as editor of the Red Bloodlines. Joan Carpenter offers to serve as RWDCA treasurer and John Carpenter offers to be Red Bloodlines editor. The RWDCA board voted in September to retain Joan and John on a trial basis. The board appointed Ron Smith to up-date and simplify the Association by-laws. 1976 The first proofs on Red & White bulls begin to appear with favorable results for Romandale Jasper-Red and Thorland Majority-Red. Rostraver Farms Mister-Red became the first Red & White sire with a proof of over +1000 lbs. milk. Romandale Royal-Red was exported to Brazil. The selling price was reported to be $100,000. Dr. Lee Majeskie of the University of Maryland published an article on the black-red color in the Red Bloodlines. Sellcrest Farm, Watertown, WI showed the Grand Champion female at the National Show. They continued this tradition by showing the champion female at the national show during eight out of the next nine years. 1977 The Red Bloodlines published a Canadian issue in February. The Breeder’s issue featured Med-O-Bloom, Maple-G and Sellcrest. Mil-R-Mor Crimson-Red-ET was featured by ABS in a two page ad in the Red Bloodlines. Crimson-Red-ET was a Citation R son and full brother to the EX-97 C Glenridge Citation Roxy. The first AllAmerican Red & White contest was announced. 1978 The January issue of the Red Bloodlines featured an article on the Inheritance of Red Hair and Horns by Dr. Paul Miller of ABS. A spring heifer sale was planned for 1979 at Elkhorn, WI with Gary Mayhew as sales manager and Don Albrecht as auctioneer. John P. Ostrander Family Dispersal was held at the Elkhorn Sales Pavilion, Elkhorn, WI on March 4, 1978. Redline Carijo-Red, a senior yearling daughter of De-Wa-See Carljo Chieftain from Redline Cari-An-Red (EX-90 2E) sold for $7900. 1979 The RWDCA sponsored a spring sale in conjunction with the Karl Herr milking herd dispersal at Lancaster, PA. This was the first time that the RWDCA was involved in sales management. 125


1980 In March, Rodger Hoyt, Select Sires Sire Analyst made a presentation to the RWDCA board on the recently introduced Uniform Type Traits Appraisal System that had been adopted by several cattle breeds and was being considered by the Association. The board of directors approved the program at the March meeting. An RWDCA Type Conference was held June 2-3 at Med-O-Bloom Farm, Caledonia, MI. Attendees included classifiers Don Albrecht, Ralph Cooley, W.D. Goeke and Mervin Scott. Also participating were Doug Wilson, Dr. J.P. Ostrander, and John and Joan Carpenter. In June, the board meeting included passage of a motion by Ron Eustice that the RWDCA have a booth at World Dairy Expo. The concept was approved and the RWDCA has had a booth at World Dairy Expo every year since. At the same meeting the board adopted a proposal made by Ron Eustice to allow superior-pedigreed, red factor cattle in RWDCA sponsored sales. The motion passed on a 4 to 3 vote and created some controversy since previously only Red & Whites were included in RWDCA-sponsored sales. The December issue of the Red Bloodlines was printed in full color for the first time. Clover-Mound Eden Jo-Red and her 13 ET calves were featured in the issue. The 1980 International Red & White Sale held at Elkhorn, WI set an all-time high with 115 head averaging $2507. 30 head were purchased by Piper Cattle Sales for export to Brazil. The sale was managed by Gary Mayhew. Don Albrecht served as auctioneer and Jim Plog read pedigrees. The sale featured 11 daughters of AgoAcres Marquis Ned that averaged $3818. 1981 The Virginia RWDCA was formed in March. Two Wisconsin groups merged to form the Wisconsin RWDCA. The RWDCA board approved a loan of $20,000 to purchase its first computer, an IBM System 34. The perception that there was no support for a separate herdbook in the Netherlands as stated by Canadian Holstein Secretary George M. Clemons on the subject of color markings at the World Friesian Conference in 1964, was contradicted by a 1981 report from the Netherlands Herd Book Society that at the time recorded a majority of the pedigreed cattle in Holland. They indicated a breakdown of 71% Black and White Friesian and 28% Red and Whites. 1982 The RWDCA was notified by the Purebred Dairy Cattle Association (PDCA) that its application for membership was denied. No explanation for the decision was given by PDCA. The RWDCA board voted to eliminate proxy voting by the membership. A Milking Shorthorn bull, Korncrest Pacesetter was featured on the cover of the Red Bloodlines Crossbreeding Issue. The decision created controversy and criticism. The concept of a Futurity is introduced at the annual RWDCA

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membership meeting by Don Albrecht. The membership approved the concept. Continental Scarlet-Red was named Grand Champion female at the Royal Winter Agricultural Fair in Toronto. This was the first and only time that a Red & White has been selected Grand Champion at this prestigious event. This accomplishment gave the Red & White breed a significant boost when it was needed most. 1983 In February, after having the annual convention for many years at Elkhorn, the board voted by 6 to 3 to hold the 1983 convention at Jefferson, WI. At the meeting, Gary Mayhew reported that 60 animals had been entered in the first RWDCA Futurity. The Penn/York RWDCA was formed by Red & White breeders from New York and Pennsylvania. The Minnesota RWDCA was formed as an affiliate of the Minnesota Holstein Association. Stuart Smale, Downiedale Farm, St. Marys, Ontario exhibited Downiedale Evelyn-Red at the 1983 National Show in Elkhorn. This cow was named Grand Champion which ended the seven year winning streak by Sellcrest Farm. Two years later, Stuart Smale came back to the National Show with Downiedale Elite-Red, a full sister to Evelyn-Red. This was the first time that full sisters won the purple rosette at National Red & White Shows. In November 1983, the True-Type Red & White model cow was presented to the board by Ron Smith and approved. Discussion was held on the necessity of having an office building. A committee was appointed to study the matter and report back to the full board. 1984 The Albrecht Dispersal held June 5th at Guelph, Ontario set a new price record for Red & White sales with a $5,657 average. The Red & Whites averaged $6722, red factor black and whites $6912 and non red factor black and whites sold for an average of $3318. Topping the Albrecht Dispersal were a Red & White Glenafton Enhancer from a Rosebud, an EX Romandale Count Crystan and an RC *SWD Valiant from the Goldie family, both selling for $70,000. 1985 The IRS completed a standard audit of the RWDCA for 1982/83. In April, the building fund passed the $20,000 mark. For the second time, the PDCA denied RWDCA membership. Larry Moore of Suamico, WI died at age 78. 1986 The RWDCA building fund passed the $45,000 mark. 1987 In April, the building fund reached $58,600. By October 1987, the building fund reached $65,809. Ground for the building was purchased and construction began. Dr. John P. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Docâ&#x20AC;? Ostrander died July 4 in Huntley, IL. He was 63. The board made a decision to name the new office the Ostrander Building.


CONGRATULATIONS ON 50 YEARS

R

C

RED CREST FARM

Jake Skinner 11403 Orchard Rd. Mercersburg, PA 172336 Phone: 717-860-8292 Email: jakeskinner@embarqmail.com

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1988 The RWDCA office was moved from the home of John and Joan Carpenter to the new building on March 1. An open house was held on July 23 with over 200 in attendance. International guests included Bill and Ena Thompson and friends from Australia and Jean-Louis Schrago from Switzerland. Dan Martin from Pennsylvania provided entertainment and the local chapter of the Ruitans served the meal. The USDA proposed combining the Red & White and Holstein data base for sire summaries and cow indices. Previously, two separate data bases were maintained: (W) for Red & White and (H) for Holstein. Fradon Ned Glory-Red won the Grand Championship honors for Stonetown Farms and Horizon Holsteins of Ontario. This AgroAcres Marquis Ned daughter became the first Red & White to become a four-time national champion by winning the purple ribbon in 1988, 1989, 1991 and 1992. 1989 RWDCA board member, Don Albrecht of Guelph, Ontario was fatally injured while on a visit to Australia. His alternate, Deb Lundy was appointed to complete Don’s term. An agreement is made between RWDCA and the Holstein Association to accept test results from each other regarding the newly-discovered undesirable recessive “Dumps” trait. A popular red bull, Needle-Lane Jon-Red was identified as a carrier of the trait.

1990 A Type Workshop was held in Pennsylvania with appraisers Mert Sowerby, John Burket, Tim Baumgartner and John Prange attending. Mark Yeazel introduces a proposal to the board for an international promotion initiative with possible government funding. 1991 A proposal to purchase a new computer for the office at a cost of $35,000 was presented to the board of directors by Mike Barnett. Director Lou Tennis proposed that future elections be held by mail ballot. Previously, directors were elected at the annual membership meeting by members present. The proposal was approved. Mark Yeazel reported on his participation in the International Red Cow Conference in Denmark. The board of directors decided to hold the 1992 show and sale in Elkhart, IN instead of Wisconsin where the events had been held for twenty years. 1992 Lou Tennis, a director from Illinois began work to hold the national show at World Dairy Expo in Madison, WI. The Board of Directors established a long-range plan for the national show; 1993, Wisconsin; 1994, Indiana; 1995, Wisconsin, 1996; Michigan, 1997; Wisconsin (possibly Dairy Expo), 1998; Michigan and 1999, Wisconsin. 1993 Director Nancy Schellinger reported that a committee, headed by Dave Selner, had been appointed to consider holding a Red and White show at World Dairy Expo. The RWDCA applied once more for PDCA membership. 1994 Nancy Schellinger reported that a Red and White show would be held at World Dairy Expo beginning in 1995 and called the Grand International Red & White Show. The following state and regional groups were recognized as RWDCA affiliates; California Red & White Club, MasonDixon RWDCA, Michigan RWDCA, Minnesota Red and White Club, Northwest RWDCA, Penn-York RWDCA, Southeast RWDCA and Wisconsin RWDCA. 1995 The RWDCA Board of Directors approved the development of a portrait of a True-Type Red and White Cow and commissioned Bonnie Mohr to paint the picture. The directors approved seven photographs of Red and White cows to be used by Bonnie Mohr to develop the painting. A large quantity of signed prints and posters would be made available. The Publications Committee met and decided to change the format of the Red Bloodlines to size 8 1/2 by 11. The Board of Directors voted to discontinue management of cattle sales after 25 years of RWDCA sales management. 1996 Plans were made for the first International Red Cow Conference (IRCC) to be held during October 1997 in conjunction with the RWDCA National Convention at World Dairy Expo in Madison, Wisconsin.

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1997 Jack King reported on his trip to France to judge the first Red Holstein Show at Simagene.

2006. In 2000, RZZ Red Marker Rizz-Red, a daughter of Indianhead Red Marker-ET (Browndale Stardust X Blackrose) shown by Kevin Ryan, WI, was named grand champion at Madison.

The board decided to purchase a new display to be used at promotional events. Much of the funding for the display came from state and regional affiliates.

2001 The Red Bloodlines March issue featured European red breeds (Swedish Red, Norwegian Red and Angler) on the cover and in an article by Editor John Carpenter. President Ed Peck’s message also discussed advantages of crossbreeding.

Finally after several attempts, the PDCA approved membership of the RWDCA into the organization. Tim Baumgartner was appointed to represent the RWDCA at PDCA. The International Red Cow Conference held at Madison during World Dairy Expo was very successful due to the hard work of the Committee, Marlene Schmidt and the staff of World Dairy Expo. 1998 A RWDCA website was established at www.redandwhitecattle.com. During March, Guernsey/Milking Shorthorn and Ayrshire/Select Sires presented their classification programs to the RWDCA Board. Both groups offered to classify Red & Whites. Historic decisions were made at the July Board of Directors meeting held in Michigan. 1. An agreement finalized for a new classification program using Select Sires evaluators and computer-generated final scores. 2. A new registry program was approved with two sections: a Red & White registry for all Red and White animals and an extended registry for all other animals. 3. The RWDCA Board accepted committee recommendations to install a PC/Networked computer system that was “200” compatible and authorized $25,000 to complete the project. 4. The Board of Directors thanked Jerry Good of Caledonia, MI for 21 years of service as an RWDCA board member including five years as chairman. He was recognized for what was described in the minutes as “immeasurable contributions to the breed.” 5. An announcement was made of a Red & White Three-Year Old Futurity sponsored by Bill Graham to be held at World Dairy Expo in 2001. 1999 Plans were made to hold the 2000 Annual Convention in the East for the first time. 2000 A logo contest is announced soliciting loge designs for the RWDCA. The winning entry came from Jeff Davidson of Illinois and became the official logo of the Association. John C. Gage died June 6, 2000 at his farm home near Eudora, KS. Burket Falls Farm, East Freedom, PA was featured on the cover of the August 2000 issue of the HolsteinWorld. Red and Whites and polled genetics were featured in the article. There is growing interest in the polled gene in Red & Whites as well as black and whites. In 2000, the genetics of a black and white cow, Stookey Elm Park Blackrose-ET *RC began to emerge at Red & White shows. Blackrose had three different sons who sired four different daughters that became national grand champions in 2000, 2001, 2003 and

The April issue of the Red Bloodlines “Canadian Issue” featured Red & Whites from North of the Border. A Red & White class was added to the National Intercollegiate Judging Contest at the 2001 World Dairy Expo. The RWDCA Financial Statement for fiscal year July 2000 through June 30, 2001 showed a profit of $3,333.65 compared to a loss of $10,000 during the previous year. Joan Carpenter reminded membership and the board that year-end results fluctuate on when income is received and expenses paid. Dana Erway, PA, Paul Lawrence, PA and Deb Lundy, WI were elected to the Board of Directors for three year terms ending in 2004. A total of 229 votes were cast, 31% of the total being mail ballots. 2002 The 2002 National Convention was in Belvidere, IL. The first listing of the young sire sampling program was in the January issue. At World Dairy Expo the first edition of Leading Ladies was distributed. The young sire sampling program was initiated in the January issue. At World Dairy Expo the first issue of Leading Ladies was distributed. Sikkema-Star Licric Vee-Red (EX-91) bcame the first Red & White cow to produce over 60,000 lbs. milk with her 5-04 record of 60,949m 4.3%f 2592 2.9%p 1767. The influence of Blackrose continued to emerge when Spungold Tahoe-Red, a daughter of Indianhead Red Marker-ET (Browndale Stardust X Blackrose) shown by Dale and Deanna Belding of Pennsylvania was named Grand Champion at Madison. 2003 The July/August issue of The Red Bloodlines featured an article by Ed Peck based on an interview with long-time Red & White enthusiast Gary Mayhew of Jefferson, WI. The July/August issue also included a report from Brian and Sue Crull of Illinois about their trip to Germany to visit Red & White herds and attend the German National Show at Oldenburg. The sires of animals shown at the show included Cadon, Rubens, Lentini, Laredo, Tulip, Flano, Jupiter (Jubilant son). The Top Genetics Sale at Oldenburg featured 25 lots of Black & Whites and Red & Whites. The high sellers were an April 2003 Storm daughter of TriDay Ashlyn that sold for 20,000 Euros and a 3-year-old Emerson daughter that brought 13,000 Euros. High selling Red & White was a February 2003 Achtung (Adonis X Caveman) whose dam had high components. She sold for 5,000 Euros. The U.S. Dollar at that time was worth .80 Euro. Richard M. Green of Delaware showed Mac-Acres Fannie-Red to Grand Championship honors at Madison. This Markwell Romancer129


ET (Browndale Stardust X Blackrose) daughter extended the Blackrose influence and became a five time class winner at Madison. She also took reserve championship honors at Harrisburg twice. The National Red and White Convention sponsored by the MasonDixon Club was held at Lancaster County, PA. The Canadian Red and White club was started after an initial meeting at the 2002 Royal Winter Fair. In August of 2003, USDA released its first Elite Red Cow list. 2004 The Minnesota Red and White club hosted the national convention in Litchfield, MN. This was the first year of the Junior All-American Red and White contest. Brian and Sue Crull reported on their USLGE trip to Germany and reported that there was a great interest in Red and White genetics. 2005 The South East Red and White club hosted the Red and White convention at Harrisonburg, VA. Gary Derr, Derrwyn Farms, passed away April 11 after a long illness. The Derr Memorial Breeders Trophy is presented annually at Harrisburg during the All-American show. Lavender Ruby Redrose-Red, exhibited by Mark Rueth and Nicky Reape, of Oxford, WI was crowned Supreme Champion at the 2005 World Dairy Expo at Madison, WI. 2006 The first Red and white Sire Showcase booklet was printed and sent out in January, featuring 64 Red and Red Carrier sires. The Wisconsin Red and White club hosted the National Convention at Beaver Dam, WI. KHW Regiment Apple-Red made her debut when she topped the Junior 2-Year Old Class at World Dairy Expo in the Black and White Show. Later on she was top-selling animal in the Global Glamour Sale selling for $1,000,000. Peasedale Caveman Florie *RC was recognized by Holstein USA as the No. 1 lifetime butterfat producer of the entire Holstein breed with 17,597 pounds of fat and No. 3 lifetime protein producer with 12,031 protein. Florie was classified EX-94 3E and shares the title of the highest scored cow over 330,000 pounds lifetime milk production. 2007 In 2007, the Kite daughter, Parile Kite Alicia-Red became the first Grand Champion of the Canadian Red & White National Show in front of a huge crowd that was totally impressed by the quality of the Red & Whites shown. The next day Alicia was declared Reserve Supreme Champion of the Dairy Show. “That was a real turning point for Reds in Canada’’ said Larry Bennett, one of Canada’s greatest Red & White promoters. 2008 Joan and John Carpenter, Crystal Spring, PA announced their retirement after 33 years of outstanding service to the RWDCA. Their contribution to the Red and White breed was enormous.

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Nicole and Stephanie Stout joined the RWDCA replacing Joan and John Carpenter. 2009 In 2009, the board agreed it was in best interests to move the office to the Midwest, where internet and travel options were greater, and so the location in Clinton, WI was secured. In the spring, Nicole and Stephanie and their families drove the remaining contents (which they had sorted through with Joan’s help). Interestingly, Jerry Good presided at the dedication, as he had for the Crystal Spring office in 1988, when he had previously served as president. 2010 The National Convention was again held in Harrisonburg, VA. This was the first year that RWDCA sponsored a Queen Contest. Judy Wadzinski of Wisconsin served as the first RWDCA intern. 2011 The RWDCA National Convention was held in Sauk Rapids, MN. Lavender Ruby Rose-Red was named 2011 WI Cow of the Year. 2012 The Annual Red and White Convention was held in Listowel, Ontario, Canada. The USLGE trip was to Australia. Kim Morrill represented the RWDCA. Mike Brown, RWDCA vice president represented the RWDCA on a USLGE trip to Italy. 2013 The National Red and White Convention was held in Dunkirk, NY. Planning began in earnest for the 50th Annual RWDCA Convention scheduled for July 2014 in Elkhorn, WI. KHW Regiment Apple 3-Red-ETN, owned by West Coast Holsteins, Chilliwak, British Columbia became the first cloned cow to win a major dairy cattle show. She was named Grand Champion at the Grand International Red and White Show and Reserve Supreme Champion of the World Dairy Expo in Madison, WI. She is a clone of KHW Regiment Apple-Red. RWDCA enters into an agreement with Holstein USA to provide registration services. A cooperative classification program was also part of the proposed working relationship between Holstein USA and RWDCA. A plan to update the 35th Anniversary history book was approved and turned over to the RWDCA History Committee. RWDCA hosted a social October 3rd at World Dairy Expo for the first time. More than 50 attend the event. 2014 Red and White Reflections, a History of the RWDCA, was written by Ronald F. Eustice and distributed to RWDCA members at the 50th Anniversary Convention. The 50th Anniversary Convention and activities were held at Elkhorn, WI.


Duchess Advnt EX-93 3E

Divine-Red-ET

5-09 2x 305 29,300 3.9 1132 2.9 843 Lifetime: 1931 159,190 4.1 6515 3.2 5063

All-American 125,000 lb. Cow 2012 All-American Dam & Offspring 2012 Nom. All-American R&W Senior 2 Year Old 2007 3rd Senior 2 Year Old, Grand Intl. R&W 2007 Intermediate Champion, MN State Fair R&W 2007 • Her Daughter: Frozenes-JS Devon-Red-ET EX-91 2-03 2x 336 25,850 3.8 988 2.9 737 5th Sr. 3 Year Old & Best B&O of Show, WDE 2012 • Another EX daughter & 2 VG daughters Dam: Opsal Wilstar R Duchess-ET *RC VG-88 GMD 3-10 2x 365 35,560 3.6 1290 3.1 1119 G’Dam: Miss Wilstar Lindy Dessy-ET EX-91 3E GMD DOM 6-09 2x 365 42,990 3.9 1691 3.2 1362 3rd Dam: Regancrest Melwood Dinah-ET VG-86 DOM 4th Dam: Snow-N Denises Dellia EX-95 2E GMD DOM

R-Made Advent EX-94 2E

Marnia

4-02 2x 254 20,460 4.1 849 3.4 692

• Yearling daughter by Atwood • Acme daughter • Bred to Aftershock

Cybil Fisher photos

Dam: Frozenes Dundee Marci VG-89 3-07 2x 305 18,580 3.2 598 3.1 578 G’Dam: Walk-Era Roy Renita EX-94 3E 4-11 2x 305 26,250 5.2 1365 3.0 796 Next Dams: GP-84, VG-88, VG-88 DOM, EX-91 3E GMD, EX-90, EX Can *4 Star, EX Can *13 Star, VG Can *6 Star

Divine is owned with

Brooks & Molly Buchholz N5866 County J, Westfield, WI 53964 608-369-0366 sfbcows@maqs.net

Marnia is owned with

Rick & Linda Frozene W8175 Duck Creek Ave., Westfield, WI 53964

(608) 369-0091 Rick cell • lfrozene@yahoo.com

John & Marci Walker N9178 Lewiston Station Rd, WI Dells, WI 53965 608-432-3113 walkerajm@gmail.com

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Audrey Posch

Apple Ariel

Fond Ariel

Rapture

Royal Rosa

Rae-Lynn

Cybil Fisher

Dam: Astrahoe RM Rosa Rae-Lyn EX-90 4-11 3x 365 59,210 4.1 2446 3.0 1771 2nd Dam: Pinehurst Royal Rosa EX-91 2E 3-10 3x 365 41,400 3.3 1358 3.0 1223 3rd Dam: Pinehurst Roulade EX-92 2E 4th Dam: Pinehurst Sweet Cleo EX-90 5th Dam: Pinehurst Sweet Freedom EX-90 6th Dam: Pinehurst Sweet Delight EX-91 3E GMD 7th Dam: Pinehurst Rapture EX-96 4E GMD 8th Dam: Pinehurst Fragrance EX-90 2E 9th Dam: Hayseen Fond Ariel EX-90 2E 10th Dam: Hayseen D V Audrey EX-90 2E 11th Dam: Whirlhill Q Rag Apple Ariel EX-92 12th Dam: Arlite Posch EX-92 EX-92 GMD 13th Dam: Audrey Posch EX-93 GMD

Castleholm Regina-Red-ET EX-92 EX-MS 2-06 2x 365 33,497 4.8 1588 2.8 955 3-11 2x 365 36,005 4.1 1489 3.0 1104 Nominated All-American Junior 3 Year Old 2011

Regina has milking daughters by Ardross Sterling RC and West Port Bookman-Red, and daughters by Apples AbsoluteRed-ET and Air-Osa-Mle Malone-Red-ET coming soon. Embryos available by Hylite Barbwire-Red and Apples Absolute-Red-ET. Regina will be bred back for the 2015 show season. Creating our own history with family members of these high profile cows in the Red & White breed: Scientific Debutante Rae *RC ~ Howard-Home RMK Jena-Red-ET ~ L-Maples RM Pepper-Red ~ and Red-Vision Dory-Red-ET Inquiries on these cows and other herdmates always welcomed.

February 2014 Classification: 26 EX • 48 VG • 11 GP

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Lyn-Vale Holsteins William Schultz Family

W5677 Cty. Rd. N, Waldo, WI 53093 • Cell: 920-980-0455

Herd Average: 2x 26,639 4.0 1064 3.2 852


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Reflections julie final proof small