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Awarded IDASA Amathole's Best Print: News Report 2009


Best Community/ Grassroots Newspaper 2013: MDDA / SANLAM Local Media Award




3 Ikhaba:

5 The big read:

Youth killed


9 Bathandwa Ndondo


a life remembered

Up and close with Mtiki

Ncobo’s mansion gutted by blaze Zusiphe Mtirara and Anda Nqonji

Former PSL general manager Ace Ncobo is still caught in disbelief and devastation, after his 22-bedroom mansion, situated in Nqadu in Willovale, was half destroyed by a mysterious fire on June 18. The three winged double story mansion, was completed in 2008. The main wing with 10 bedrooms, three loungers, entertainment hall and main kitchen and all the furniture inside has been completely destroyed. This has left Ace and his family devastated, as the damage is estimated at over R8m, including the household contents, taking note of the fact that the building was unfortunately uninsured, as according to the insurers, Its value exceeded the value of what was accepted by insurers for rural areas. Even though Ace was not in his home, during the tragedy, his wife kept him updated through the phone, thus, he was equally affected. “I was at my Johannesburg residence when this happened, but I was on the phone with my wife, throughout the ordeal, and was heartened by

the fact that almost everyone in the village woke up to come and help”, said Ace. He also added that the family took comfort on the fact that there were no souls lost in the fire, despite the damage that had been made. However, extended gratitude was given to King Zwelonke Sigcawu, who came out personally to coordinate the firefighting efforts and to the municipal fire fighter, who did a sterling job to contain the fire, ensuring that it did not spread to other wings and other houses in the homestead. Despite the mysteries about how the fire started, the family is letting this slide: “We have not opened any case of arson as we do not have any evidence or suspicion that this was a deliberate act by any person, although the manner in which the fire started remains a mystery,” Ncobo said. It is alleged that the fire started in a bedroom that is seldom ever used, which was locked and the lights were off. The bedroom had no electronic appliances in it so an electrical fault cannot be ruled out.


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Mbhashe Local Municipality can be one of the uncomfortable places to work in terms of political instability, but it has recently declared the best in terms of household agriculture. The Census 2011 report about Household Agriculture tabled by Stasticiangeneral Pali Lehohla at Nqadu Great Place in Willowvale on June 13 has shown that the future of the province lies on subsistence agriculture. Willowvale together with Dutywa and Elliotdale make up Mbhashe Local Municipality which received praises from Lehohla for its consistence and focus on subsistence agriculture. But it is not only Mbhashe, which Lehohla says it is highest in terms of household agriculture, but the Eastern Cape province is also the highest province whose residents engage on small scale farming. Mbhashe municipality accounts for 59% of household agriculture, the highest in the country, while the province at large accounts for 37% of households per province involved in agricultural ac-

tivity. “In the Eastern Cape there are about 576 000 households who are engaging in agricultural activities and that accounts for about 37%. But this specific municipality (Mbhashe) accounts for 59%, the highest in the country,” said Lehohla. The province has also recorded the highest number of households owning cattle, sheep and goats. For example there are about 200 538 households owning cattle in the province compared to the country’s 613 662. There are also about 123 102 households owning sheep in the province compared to the country’s 215 034. Lehohla said about 150 140 households owning goats in the province compared to the country’s 429 065. The king of AmaXhosa, Zwelonke Mpendulo Sigcawu, said he is proud that his nation has been announced as the highest in the country in terms of agriculture. “This means government has to be more involved than before developing these people. My nation has got the capability of eliminating poverty,” said Sigcawu.

JUNE 2013



Deija vu: Butterworth library closed again for more than a month due to water and electricity problems. Most users were hit hard by the closure especially learners from local schools.

Still-birth preventable during pregnancy By Sapokazi Ntika

Stillborn babies differ from miscarriages because they happen after the 20th week of pregnancy (i.e. after four months), whereas miscarriages happen before the 20th week when the baby is not yet fully developed in the womb. Mothers who go through stillbirth suffer a great deal because they have fully bonded with their babies. When they hear the news that their babies are dead they get confused whether to hold the baby or not. “I lost my little angel when she was in her seventh month. The doctor said she was choked by the cord around her neck and she could not breathe,” said Nandi Malinge who is still grieving for her baby.

Nandi says: “All this happened on the 21 January 2013 and I was due in March. After all this happened I was not myself at all. I could not believe it is happening to me. It was my first baby and I had dreams about my baby, but whatever happened I put it all in Gods’ hands because he is the one who has reasons, plans and purpose for us to live. He knows why.” It is not always possible to find out what caused the death of a baby and it’s the one question that parents want answered. Some causes may be that: a baby did not grow enough in the womb; heavy bleeding after 24 weeks of pregnancy, a genetic or physical defect in the baby or a problem with the way the baby is born. A gynaecologist, Dr Sid M Sifumba said: “There are two different kinds


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of stillborns: a fresh stillborn when a baby died in the womb within 24 hours and a macerated stillborn where a baby died in the womb and was discovered after a day or two when the baby has lost shape.” “A baby not getting enough oxygen might result in death. The umbilical cord might be wrapped around the neck of the baby which can cause strangulation or prevent food going to the baby. Even during the labour process a baby might die. Stillbirth may also be caused by: hypertension, diabetes and maternal diseases.” Research into stillborn babies shows that some mothers still want to hold their deceased baby. Similarly, some mothers may choose to take photos of their deceased baby or to keep hair from the baby's head in memory.


Ikamva Lase Gcuwa Pubished by Terra Consulting Pty Ltd Printed by Africa Web Printers Editor: Sivuyile Mbatha Mobile no: 079 926 1531 Email add: Senior Journalist: Sithandiwe Velaphi Tel no: 047 491 0531 / 3711 Fax no: 047 491 0534 16a Kilimanjaro Building King Street Ikamva lase Gcuwa subButterworth 4960 scribes the Press Code

Some research suggests that holding the deceased baby can be therapeutic (healing) to the mother in coping with the grief of loss, but other study findings show a link to clinical depression. Not choosing to hold the deceased baby can also lead to feelings of guilt later. Stillbirths can be so unexpected and parents may not know what to do. Holding the deceased baby is a choice and either way, feelings of loss and grief will follow as part of the human experience. The most important part is to seek help with grief in accepting and overcoming the loss. Nandi Malinge said: “After the loss I did attend some sessions with a psychologist. She did help me a lot and she even told me that I am not the first person who has experienced this. Many people did and I must be strong and believe in myself and feel free to talk about it so that I can cool down my stress.” “My family, friends and my boyfriend have been so supportive starting from the day it happened until now. They make me feel that I am not alone in this. They were all there when I needed them; they make me strong and now I am happy as if nothing happened.” Dr. Sifumba said that stillbirth can be prevented when a mother is closely monitored by a doctor. He also said that as an expectant mother should book early at the clinic or with a gynaecologist so that necessary tests can be done to keep the pregnancy healthy. Other obvious ways to avoid stillbirth include stopping smoking and avoiding drinking alcohol while pregnant; reporting any tummy pain or vaginal bleeding; attending all your antenatal (pre-birth) appointments; protecting yourself against infections and monitoring your baby’s movements. – WSU-SNA




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JUNE 2013

Bayavutha abahalali bakuGatyane ngumsindo By Anda Nqonji & Zusiphe Mtirara

Bayavutha ngumsindo abahlali be lali yase Bojini, kuGatyane emva kokhululwa kwabarhanelwa abaliqela, ebebebandakanyeka ekufeni kwamaxhoba amane, ngexa kukho ikhaba. Umantyi ukhulule abarhanelwa abahlanu entolongweni, kuba esithi basengaphantsi kweminyaka evumilekileyo eMzantsi Afrika ukuba bavalelwe eziseleni. Nangona nje umantyi eyalele ukuba beselugcinweni olungqongqo lwabazali namapolisa, abahlali abonelisekanga kwa phela sesi sehlo: “Ndiziva kabuhlungu kakhulu, ngoba asiyazi ukuba lento izophelelaphi xa kunje, eyona nto ibuhlungu kakhulu yinto yokuba lamaxhoba awathathi ntweni, kuzakubanzima nendlela yokuba mabangcwatywe”, utshilo uCikizwa Bambiso.


Crime victims blame police for incompetence By Zusiphe Mtirara

Omnye kwaba barhanelwa bakhululiweyo, usolwa ngokuba uyehlisele iminyaka yakhe, kuba efuna ukungavalelwa. Nje ngo Cikizwa, notata uSimbonile uva kabuhlungu yilentlekele, nanje ngoko walahlekelwa ngumntakwabo, usibali wakhe kunye nomhlobo wakhe ngolwasuku. Kodwa esisehlo asiyothusanga ingcaphephe yesiXhosa neziduko zakwantu (researcher of traditional affairs), uMpumelelo Makuliwe: “Ilizwe esiphila kulo liphethwe ngabantwana, ngoko ke isehlo esinje silindelekile, kuba kaloku ukuba lento ibiphethwe ngabantu abadala bodwa, ngekungakhange kuphalale gazi.” Aba barhanelwa balindeleke ukuba bavele phambi kweNkundla kaMantyi yakuGatyane ngomhla wama27, Julayi, malunga nezityholo zokubulala.

Criminals are getting away with crimes because crime victims are not aware of their rights. 80-year-old Xoliswa Bacela, from Sokapase location in Ngqamakhwe, was brutally beaten by unknown people in her house and she later died in hospital. The chief of the area, Nkosinkulu Qamza, arrived first at the crime scene and called the police. They only came two weeks after the incident and just three days before her funeral. The family never reported the treatment they got from the police because they claim that they did not know that they can do that or where to report such matters. Lieutenant Colonel T.H. Siwisa, station commander of Ngqamakhwe police station, raised the issue of shortage of vans as the reason why their juniors did not attend duty calls. “We have very poor garages in rural areas that keep our vehicles for too long and even if we do get them back, we notice problems that were not fixed,” she said. She said people do not understand that the police have to prioritise reports. They first attend the calls that are more urgent where they can still save lives rather than attending the crime scenes where people are already dead or criminals have already escaped. She advised people to be patient. In another case Nonyameko Ngalo, from Mchubakazi in Butterworth, was beaten by her husband in their house at night and her children called the police. They got no answer and went to the police station to report the matter. The police only came in the morning and her husband was nowhere to be found. She criticised the po-

lice. “Police are not good; they are not giving us any help. Why do we have to try so hard to get help and still not get it?” she asked angrily. According to an anonymous source from the police station the reason why it is so difficult for the police in that area to reach everybody who needs help is the shortage of police officers at the station. But she confirmed that they do have a community police forum (CPF) in that area and it is so visible, and that the reasons why people do not know about it that some people do not attend community meetings where things like these are announced. Butterworth police spokesperson Captain Jackson Manatha said that people should report cases where they did not get any help from the police, to the station commanders of the particular police station. He added that people should make use of CPF officials in their areas. Nonyameko Ngalo said she has lived in Mchubakazi for many years and she knows about police forums but she has never heard anything about it in her area. At the same time Manatha claims that as the police, they teach people about the services of the police and how they can get help if they are in trouble. Manatha also added that as the police they are doing their best to teach people about community police forums and how they could use it in ways of campaigns and handing out leaflets to those who visit their stations. Manatha concluded by saying people with complaints can also inform the Independent Complaints Directorate in East London in Terminus Street or fax their complaints to 043- 022 2889. – WSU-SNA

PCD Plumbing College Opens Doors in 2013 Owner of the Butterworth Just Plumbing School young, vibrant, goal getter, a young lady Lorraine Mooi also owner of Just Plumbing and Flooring Supplies business based at Chet Industrial, Zithulele prides her company slogan “For All your Plumbing Needs” said, the reason to open the school in Butterworth was so uplift the standard of plumbing in the Eastern Cape, to teach the proper plumbing standards. To help plumbers who have been in the industry and haven’t had an opportunity to become artisans.

A pioneer private plumbing school in Butterworth, PCD Plumbing College offers course for anybody from grade 9 to learn a much sort after skill. For anybody with pervious plumbing experience to become an artisan with a pre-trade test course. All courses offered by the school are CETA accredited by assessors and moderators with PCD College registered with CETA.

High level skills shortages, unemployment in South Africa Just Plumbing and Flooring Supplies a budding plumbing business in Butterworth is opens an Eastern Cape branch of PCD Plumbing College based in Pretoria which started in 2003. PCD Plumbing School offers courses specifically tailored for any of the people who will be joining the school to study and qualify with respected building trade skills they can apply at work, start their own business or apply for more advanced levels of plumbing which the school also offers. Experienced trainers, assessors moderators will help in preparation for a trade test. Courses range from Basic Plumbing with no requirement or previous experience being an added advantage. The two week specialised course to give basic know how on plumbing or preparing to a plumber. On successful completion of the course one will receive a Certificate with tasks performed at required level. PCD Advanced Plumbing a 6 week course with no experience required but previous plumbing experience being an advantage, takes the trainee to a much advanced plumbing. The school also offers a PRE-TRADE PLUMBING course which is a full Plumbing training which you will obtain necessary credits as pre-scribed by SAQA apply for a Trade Test with the Department of Labour.

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JUNE 2013



Crime Report suspect arrested after 15 WOMAN ARRESTED FOR Rape years of search DEALING IN DAGGA Members of the Eastern Cape SAPS Tracing Unit have finally arrested a 42year old rape suspect, after 15years of search. The suspect raped a victim, who was then 18years old, on July, 4, 1998 at Zwelitsha Township, near King Williams Town but was never arrested. He was recently traced and arrested at Macibe Village in Centane on June, 13, 2013 for rape charges. He appeared in the Zwelitsha Magistrate’s court, near King Williams Town.

Three women arrested for shoplifting

Three women ranging between the ages of 25 and 26 were arrested on June, 19, after being found with stolen clothes valued at R15000 in their Toyota venture vehicle. The vehicle was left unattended however, several shops where able to identify some of the items that originally belonged to their store and where not purchased. The suspects were charged with shoplifting and have appeared before the Butterworth Magistrate Court. The vehicle that was used in the commission of the offence has been confiscated by the Butterworth police. Picture by: Captain Jackson Manatha

A 24 year old woman was arrested on June, 20, on the roadblock that was between Butterworth and Idutywa. The suspect was a passenger in a sedan car that was from Umtata to Port Elizabeth, which also carried three other passengers, and the driver. She confessed that the parcels belonged to her, and the driver verified this

by saying, she was the only person with a parcel in the car. A dagga with a weight of 14,300 kg, valued at R15000 was found wrapped in the parcels. The suspect was immediately sent to Msobomvu police station where she was charged with drug dealing, and then appeared in court on June, 24.

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Love triangle result in attempted murder

Butterworth police have arrested a 49 year old man for shooting a 27 year old man on June 21 at Lengeni Location in Ndabakazi near Butterworth. It is alleged that the suspect shot the victim at his home but missed him. Police were informed by the parents of the victim and quickly attended the matter and were able to trace the suspect and arrested him the same night. According to the victim, the reason for the shooting was because they are dating the same woman. The suspect appeared before Butterworth Magistrate Court for attempted murder.

Centane woman found murdered

Victoria Dyonashe, (48) was found murdered on June 24 at Zondeka forest Mkhwaneni Location at Theko Springs village in Centane. Victoria was working for a certain family in Theko Springs and was last seen on June 23 on her way home to Mkhwaneni Location. When she did not come home, her family was worried and informed the villagers who looked for her and found her dead the following morning. The police suspect that she was sexually assaulted before she was strangled but the medical report will reveal what has happened to her. Centane police are investigating a case of murder and no one has been arrested so far but an appeal is made to anyone with information to contact centane police @047-498 1066, Crime Stop 08600 10111 or sms Crime.

Six suspects arrested for brutal murder of Nqadu man

Six young men have been arrested for brutal murder of Mlungiseleli Gosani, (50) of Matolweni Location in Nqadu Village Willowvale. It is alleged that Mlungiseleli was attacked at the same village by these men with battle axes on June 23. The suspects were arrested on June 24. Willowvale police found three battle axes from the suspects which are believed to have been used in the attack. The suspects appeared before Willowvale magistrate court on charges of murder.

Butterworth man stabbed to death

A 23 year old man was found dead on June 27 near the old railway houses in Butterworth. The deceased was seen by on lookers running bleeding profusely. He had a stab wound on his upper body and nobody saw who stabbed him. The deceased was identified as a man from Mzantsi Location at Mission Village Butterworth but his identity is still withheld as some of his family members have not yet been informed of his death. The police are investigating a case of murder and no one has been arrested yet. Anyone with information about this murder is requested to contact Butterworth Police @ 047-401 1100, Crime Stop 08600 10111, or sms Crime Line 32211.


JUNE 2013


big read Department’s drive for provisioning of infrastructure Sithandiwe Velaphi

FOR Unathi Nyungula of Khobonqaba Junior Secondary School in Centane closing of the schools for the second term in the Eastern Cape and elsewhere in the country on June meant reflecting for brighter future envisaged in her school. Unathi says the current construction of a bigger and more structured school in their area is one of the huge developments her community ever witnessed since the advent of democracy. However, her mixed feelings are that she will soon leave the fully fledged school because she is in the final year at Khobonqaba JSS. Khobonqaba, a mud structured school from KwaNombanjana in Centane near Butterworth was built by community members in the 1980s. It had three classrooms for the accommodation of pupils from Grade 1 to 9. Every morning in general and Monday in particular, Khobonqaba female pupils like Unathi, 16, had to rush to be earlier than others so that they can clean the dirty stuff left by goats sleeping in the schools’ classrooms. Now Unathi’s school is among mud structured and inappropriate schools that Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga announced earlier last month that they will be replaced in this 2013-14 financial year. Motshekga also announced, in her budget vote in parliament, that there are 200 inappropriate schools around the country that will be replaced in this financial year. She said 132 of these schools are here in the province. The target for the completion of the newly built Khobonqaba is March next year. “It is a pity that it is my last year at Khobonqaba this year since I will be at


high school next year but these are good news and bright future for other pupils and the community as well,” Nyungula told The New Age this week. KwaNombanjana community member Gustav Wayini, 56, said: “We appreciate the government’s intervention in our school which had been neglected for year. Though we appreciate, we would like government to also consider building a high school in our area because our children travel more than 20km everyday to get to the nearest high school in the area.” MEC for the department of education in the Eastern Cape Mandla Makupula also announced that plans are afoot to deal with the eradication of the remaining 343 disaster schools before the end of September this year. “This entails that these schools will be assessed and quotations finalised by

the relevant districts and then the necessary repairs effected before end September 2013,” said Makupula. The provincial department has also hired in Stastistics South Africa to count every pupil and teacher in the province. The process is currently underway and will be concluded after schools had been reopened next month. “This will allow us to have more upto-date and complete and accurate data on the conditions of schools, which will drastically improve the credibility of infrastructure plans and interventions in the 2014-15 year onwards. It will also prevent us from continually being reactive to infrastructure needs,” said the MEC. According to the provincial department of education the main infrastructure targets and budgets, in this financial year, will see 252 public ordinary

EC Youth breaks ground in Cape Town

By Ntlahla Baliswa

Lwandile Tshwete, a 27-yearold fashion designer from Ginsberg in King William’s Town, based in Langa Township in Cape Town is slowly but surely riding his wave to success. His style is influenced by Graffiti Arts and Hip-Hop music. A new taste and feel for urban dwellers, in technologically advanced designer pieces is the focus of his style to create a new “cool” for the fashion industry. “My style is retro,” he says. He owns the design studio Urban Munky, a close corporation that was registered in 2010 but has been operating informally since 2006. They design and sell concepts supplying collective design shops. He describes his studio as “creating and selling innovative ideas and services,” in the form of designer clothing and accessories, interior decor, gardening and landscaping. They have a team that works on gardening design ideas and they sell and showcase these ideas. He says they had

a chance to showcase this skill when they donated a garden to a children’s home based in Khayelitsha in Cape Town. Lwandile has a diploma in fashion design which he acquired in 2008 from Buffalo City Collage in East London. He also has vast experience in graphic design and film. But he believes his business and academic record is not his career and tries to learn as much as he can whenever he can. “I got into fashion not to make business but to acquire a skill,” he says. To him design has always been a hobby, and “education made me business savvy”. He took that opportunity and opened a business. “By all means and techniques I’m creating my own survival technique or model,” he says. He admits that he does not face many obstacles. “Lack of opportunities for black designers that’s all,” he says. He says that there are not enough platforms for black and struggling designers and white designers support their own initiatives. “We are not getting enough assistance from our

local government,” he says. In 2008 to 2010 he was selling his brand at the Durban Design Collective store in Euphoria House in Durban. The store hosted some of Durban’s young and upcoming designers. “The store also hosted two shows at which we would display and model our designs,” says Lwandile. Serai Seate also known as Stoan from the Group Bongo Muffin is the person Lwandile looks up to: “He styles himself, has his own line of clothing even though he is not exceptionally known,” says Lwandile. Lwandile aspires to grow his network and to create jobs. He is also involved in a couple of other projects, amongst them tutoring kids from grade 5-7 at the local library that offered him space to teach English, Xhosa and Arts. He also does films and documentaries for Big Fish Film School in Cape Town and is editing for e-tv. He advises people to hold on and never give up. “Hard workers create their own luck,” he concludes. – WSU-SNA

schools provided with water supply at a cost of R189m, 40 public ordinary schools provided with electrical supply at a cost of R2. 4m, 351 public ordinary schools provided with sanitation facilities at a cost of R157. 9m and 350 public ordinary schools to be provided with class rooms at a cost of R395m. The Legal Resource Centre (LRC) in Grahamstown has intervened on a number of occasions, mostly on behalf of children to compel the Basic Education department to provide furniture in schools. A current settlement agreement reached by the LRC and Centre for Child Law (CCL) with the national and provincial department of Basic Education at Mthatha High Court in November last year meant to ensure that all furniture problems of hundreds of thousands of pupils in the Eastern Cape is resolved. The provincial department of education has a court order and a deadline of up to the end of this month, to meet the furniture needs of all schools listed in the audit in April this year. In the event that the department cannot comply with the order due to budgetary constraints, the parties agreed that they will return to court for a ruling on exactly what the state’s responsibilities are in terms of providing learners with their constitutional right to basic education when faced with budgetary constraints. But Cameron McConnachie, LRC attorney, previously said: “We are hopeful that the on-going furniture crisis in the province will now be resolved. We certainly do not want to return to court, and will assist the department in any way we can to ensure that children are no longer sitting on the floor, or squashed four to a desk designed for two.”

Lesbians: victims of gang rape By Kholiswa Tyiki

Lesbian women who are open about their sexual status and are activists of Lesbians Gay Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) rights, are targets of men who use rape as a way of “correcting” what seems to them as a damaging act to society. "Every day I am told that they are going to kill me, that they are going to rape me and after they rape me I'll become a girl," said Athule Mhlope a lesbian activist from Mthatha. Some of the victims lose their lives in these horrific incidents. The ferocity of the attack became clear in April 2008 when Eudy Simelane, former star of South Africa's national female football squad, became one of the victims. Simelane, an equal-rights campaigner and one of the first women to live openly as a lesbian, was gang-raped and brutally beaten before being stabbed to death. She had 25 stab wounds in the face, chest and legs. Research from organisations like Masimanyane and Eastern Cape Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Intersex Organisa-

tion (ECLGBTI) shows that there are 10 reports of corrective rape every week. The lesbian community feels violated by the police system and claims to be protected by neither the police nor the justice system. They say their cases are never taken seriously by the police and there are few convictions. Noluthando Matiti from Mthatha claims her case was never given attention by police. "When you are raped you have a lot of evidence on your body. But when we try and report these crimes nothing happens, and then you see the boys who raped you walking free on the street,” cried Noluthando. The lack of official action has been greatly criticised in a report by the international NGO Action Aid backed up by the South African Human Rights Commission. The report claims that the horrific crimes against lesbians are going unrecognised by the state and unpunished by the legal system. The report called for South Africa's criminal justice system to recognise the rapes as hate crimes in an attempt to force police to take action over the rising tide of violence. – WSU-SNA

JUNE 2013




Kiviet throws weight behind Arts Festival

Glitz and glamour as expected accompanied the Grahamstown National Arts Festival during its 39th edition. The Eastern Cape government, as always, had thrown its weight to the festival. Premier Noxolo Kiviet tells why.


bring you warm greetings from the people of the Eastern Cape, the Home of Legends. We meet at a difficult time when our First President of a democratic South Africa, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, and world icon uTata uNelson Mandela is still receiving medical care in Pretoria. Today eighteen days since Madiba was admitted to hospital, we join millions in our country and across the globe in continuing to pray for the full recovery of our elder statesman. His work and dedication to the noble cause of a just society is one of the reasons we are gathered her today to celebrate our arts. Today, we are honoured to be opening the 39th edition of the National Arts Festival on the same day that the historic Freedom Charter was adopted. It is not unusual that this is happening this way. The arts in South Africa have been an integral part of contributing to our struggle for liberation prior to 1994. Many of our artists were victimized by the apartheid government and their mu-

sic banned. I am reminded of artists like Hugh Masekela and Miriam Makeba whose music was banned in South Africa but continued to inspire and mobilize the people of the world against the apartheid government. After our democratic elections in 1994, South African artists proactively engaged in the arts to build the rainbow nation that Madiba spoke about. We can be proud to say that the freedoms that we enjoy today have given our artists the right to freely use the arts as tool to critique our society without the fear of being banned and / or being harassed with the provision that such freedoms are exercised with responsibility and without violating human dignity which is enshrined in our constitution. We are a nation that still has the enormous responsibility of ensuring that every child in this country will have the opportunity to learn to play a musical instrument or have the opportunity to paint or to stand in front of an audience and to read his / her own poetry. That is a goal that we must never give up on, no matter how challenging and insurmountable it may sometimes seem. We are a nation that is united with its diversities. Since the dawn of democracy these values have found greater expression during this Festival. Working


together with the National Arts Festival Team and other stakeholders we have done tremendous work to transform the Arts Festival from an institution that entrenched preservation of the culture and heritage of 1820 settlers, into a “Festival of the People”, which reflects the diversity of our South African-ness. Today the Arts Festival is no longer dominated by one race and culture, but has embraced all indigenous cultures of South Africa. More than that it has created platforms to showcase Eastern Cape artists and performers and opened doors to international stardom for many of our artists. Through the Eastern Cape Performing Arts Council we are building an enabling environment for our young artists to reach the pinnacle of their careers and to represent our province in National and International cultural festivals. It is painful for us to watch our youth being ravaged by alcohol and drugs which leads them to do unimaginable things, including the rape and killing of women and children. We have as a matter of staying true to our agenda taken decisions to consistently increase our sponsor for this event to ensure that each year it lives a lasting impression by producing new artistic jewels, that will go on to mesmerize the world with their talents.

Editor: Please keep your letters short and to the point. Our email is:, sms to 071 137 1359 or click like in our facebook page and post your letter. Editor reserves right to publish and edit letters.

What do you think about the household agricultural activity? Philasande Sokapase, 19

I think it’s a good idea because the most educated group in South Africa is the youth, and the majority is the illiterate, especially in rural areas. So this is the best way to help them earn a living. Agricultural skills do not necessarily need education, so anyone can plough.

Yonela Matununu, 24

I do not support the idea. The government knows that most people are too busy to do that, it is just escaping its responsibilities. The government should take the initiative to deliver to the people, and not expect them to act on its behalf.

Mrs N Ntisana, 56

I do not know much about this. But I really think it’s a good idea because most people do are unemployed, so it will help them get money and take their children to school.

The National Arts Festival is one of the key interventions aimed at delivering on our priorities of building cohesive, caring and sustainable communities. It is in that context that we do not even imagine an Eastern Cape without the National Arts Festival and we call on all South Africans to take pride in this Festival which has grown from being a seed in the dust of the Eastern Cape to a globally recognized giant of an event. Kiviet is the premier of the Eastern Cape

Can’t put my finger on it 37 years since the 1976 student uprisings, the youth of South Africa is in a more dire situation not comparing the different challenges in time periods. In June youth month we have already registered more than eight initiate deaths in just the first week, more than thirty national in the past three to four weeks. Amazingly government, traditional leaders and communities had refined plans to fight this new killer but it seems all is in failure. Do we really need this, if the youths keep dying at this rate, Is the traditional way still relevant, what are we doing wrong? Have the ancestors turned their backs on this ritual? It is not all doom and gloom as the numbers are slowly going down but one death is one too many at this time and age. The youth today faces a barrage of issues, ills or challenges with unemployment, substance abuse, teenage pregnancies, HIV/AIDS, gender violence to mention a few. A 37% youth unemployment rate, 50% alcohol abuse statistic rate, 3% drug increase with under 13 year old growing, 69% teenage pregnancy and 34% HIV/AIDS though showing some decrease recorded in the past two years. Has freedom brought any change, “Yes” but how much? Would the youth of 76 be happy with what we have today or was it a fuetal fight? Can the gains made influence any change for the better? or just beautiful policies, programmes, budget that do not yield any results? Do the” kissing conferences” in any way help improve the situation or a way of masking youth anger? On a positive note we wish all grade 12 learners the best in the mid-year exams, may they continue with the energy, vigour and resilience to finish at the top come December results. doom. We invite you to join us in our new project “Traditional Matters” that deals with all traditional related issues. Write, comment, pictures and post your views on our facebook or contact details. Kwaheri, Mpaka tukutane tena. Sivuyile Mbatha EDITOR Ikamva Lase Gcuwa 16a Kilimanjaro Building King Street Butterworth 4960 Email:


JUNE 2013


DOCTOR’S COLUMN If you have any medical questions you would like us to address in the next issue please write to: Dr Natalia Novikova, 58 Deveraux Ave, Vincent, 5200 East London Or sms 0796807821 or e-mail:



Early detection of breast cancer is extremely important as it increases the chance of survival.

reast cancer is one of the major killers of women. It is the most common cancer in South African women, and one in 29 women will develop it at some stage of their life. It is the most common cancer among white and Asian women and the second commonest among black women. There are about 8000 of new cases of breast cancer diagnosed in South Africa every year. Around the death from breast cancer has declined in the last 10 years by about 20 percent due to early diagnosis and treatment. Ten years survival from breast cancer varies between 98% and 10% depending on the stage when disease was picked up and type of cancer. There are several risk factors for breast cancer. Having some of these risk factors increases your chances of developing breast cancer at some stage of your life, but it does not mean you will definitely develop the disease. Advancing age, family history of the disease, and a personal history of breast cancer are the strongest risk factors for developing breast cancer. Majority of breast cancer occurs in women older then 50 years of age, while only 5 percent of breast cancer develops in women in younger then 40. Women whose mother or sister had breast cancer have five to 10-fold increase risk of developing breast cancer. One of the main factors responsible for this elevated risk is an inherited genetic mutation in one of two genes, called BRCA1 and BRCA2 and there is genetic testing for the BRCA mutation. Women who had breast cancer in one breast are at increased risk of breast cancer in the other breast. Another moderate risk factor of breast cancer is exposure to the highdose radiation to the chest region as part of cancer treatment. Factors such as advanced age at first pregnancy (older then 30), never given birth, hormone replacement therapy taken for more then 5 years, obesity, alcohol intake, smoking, presence of other cancers By Yonela Mgwali

(uterine, ovarian), higher socio-economic status and living in urban area also lead to an increase in the risk of developing of breast cancer. Factors that may decrease your chances of developing the breast cancer are as follows: - having a first child at an earlier age - breastfeeding for at least 12 months - avoiding weight gain - limiting alcohol intake - regular physical activity Early detection of breast cancer is extremely important as it increases the chance of survival. Three steps to good breast health include selfbreast examination, examination of the breast by a doctor or nurse and a mammogram. Self- breast examination is very important. You should know how your breasts normally feel and look. You should do the self-breast examination every month at the same time of your menstrual cycle. Seventy percent of all breast cancers occur in the upper outer position of the breast or under the nippleareola area so be vigilant checking this area. Steps in the breast examination include - Looking for change: stand in front of the mirror and look at your breasts, get to know the size and the shape of your breasts, become familiar with how your breast change during the different stages of the month and as you are getting older; - Feeling for change: while standing place one hand behind your head with the other hand fingers flattened and using circular motion gently examine the breast. Do the same with the other breast. Check the nipples for any unusual discharge by squeezing them. If you find a lump or note dimpling of the skin, skin thickening, nipple retraction, nipple discharge, changes in nipple direction, puckering see your doc-

tor immediately for further testing and referral to the breast clinic. A mammogram is the most effective test in screening for breast cancer. Every woman older then 40 years should have mammogram every 1 to 2 years. A mammogram is a low-dose X-ray of the breasts, which picks up even small lumps that you cannot feel during the breast examination. Ask your GP or a nurse at the clinic where you can get a mammogram in your area. Treatment of breast cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Women survive the breast cancer if it is detected early so remember selfexamination and mammogram if you are older then 40 years. Preventive measures such as breastfeeding for at least 12 months, having your first baby before the age of 30, avoiding smoking, limiting alcohol intake and weight gain, regular physical exercise will decrease your chances of developing breast cancer. For information on breast cancer, treatment and support, where you can get a mammogram, risk factors and warning signs, support groups for breast surgery patients, breast cancer clinics call CANSA (Striving for a cancer smart South Africa) toll-free on 0800226622, and visit the website Please contact with your medical questions on 0825656212 or e-mail The question asked regarding our previous publication: “My husband is 40 years old and has signs of dementia. What should I do? The answer: “ Having dementia at such young age has several reasons. More common reasons can be related to HIV, though Alzheimers disease is a possibility. It is important to see your doctor, to get HIV test and depending of findings of the examination and tests proceed with the treatment. Different condition have different treatment and it is important to target the right cause.”

Bogus Traditional Healers A Cost

Most black South Africans believe in African traditional healers and many become victims of bogus healers. Traditional healers are practitioners of African traditional medicine; they fulfil important cultural roles in their communities including healing people of emotional and spiritual illnesses and counteracting fears of witchcraft. Some healers, however, exploit their clients, partly due to people wanting quick-fix solutions to their problems. Hlumelo Mfene of Duncan Village says she lost her cellphone when she hosted a traditional ceremony. She was advised by friends to consult a traditional doctor from Uganda who has a surgery in Oxford Street. Mfene said: “This doctor asked me who I suspected had stolen my cellphone and gave me a needle to stab the mirror and told me the suspect would die within a week.” Mfene said she was charged R2000 but the consultation did not bring back her cell phone, which she had bought for R2400.00. Mfene says she no longer has confidence in traditional healing as she doesn’t trust any healer. Nosango Booi, a traditional healer from King William’s Town says that due to the negativity associated with traditional healers, they hardly get any patients and are struggling to make a living. Misleading: Often so called traditional healers make promises they cannot fulfil costing “These fake traditional healers ruin their clients lots of money. Photographer: Yonela Mgwali our reputations, they cannot even heal people properly, but they charge people doctors. The flyers promise to help with separated lovers. marriage problems, help with court casPractitioner and leader of African large amounts of money.” When one walks down Oxford Street es, penis enlargement, bringing money Indigenous Religion Dr Nokuzola Mnin East London there are always people to your home, vaginal tightening and dende said: “Traditional healers don’t distributing flyers that advertise these firmer breasts and to bring together have to advertise themselves; it’s a call-

ing. For people to know about a certain healer, they will know by word of mouth, by the people who have been healed by that traditional healer.” “Traditional healers undergo training before they can be practitioners and therefore receive certificates to show that they are skilled to use specific medication,” said Dr Mndende. These conmen charge a minimum of R1500 for a consultation claiming to have healing powers. Nombuyiselo Mahini, also a victim to such a scam said: “I was charged an upfront fee for consultation and when I walked into the room it was dark and there was a very funny smell that almost caused me dizziness. The healer promised to help me get a better position at work instead I got fired by my boss. I truly regret going to those people.” Unfortunately there are no laws against these kinds of scams. Phephsile Maseko, national coordinator at the Association of Traditional Healers, said: “Not many laws are developed about our trades, but the Traditional Health Practitioners Act of 2007. Hence these people get away with anything.” Attempts to interview the doctors who come from all over Africa including Nigeria and Uganda failed. The public should be wary of these crooks who claim to be traditional health practitioners that have healing powers. They should ask the healer to produce a certificate that shows that they are qualified to practice traditional healing or are registered with the Traditional Health Practitioners Council of South Africa. People can register a complaint with the Council if they are not happy with the services. – WSU-SNA

JUNE 2013



UKUBHALISWA NGOKUTSHA KWAZO KUBANTU ABAKWILUNGELO U-SASSA uthanda ukwenza umbulelo ongazenzisiyo kubaxhamli bendodla abafikelela kuma-20 ezigidi ngokuthi babhalise ngokutsha izibonelelo zabo. Abaxhamli baneentsuku ezingama-90 okubhalisa ngokutsha emva kokufumana incwadi esuka kwaSASSA kungenjalo benze inkcaza benika izizathu ezibangela ukuba mazingacinywa izibobelelo zabo noxa bengabhalisanga ngokutsha. Abaxhamli bayakhunjuzwa ukuba amakhadi akwaSASSA bangakwazi ukuwasebenzisa kwiindawo zokubhatala okanye kwiiATMs (bebhatala umdliwo oqhelekileyo). Le miba ilandelayo ingasonjululwa nguSASSA okanye . uCPS: Imali engonelanga Ukunikezwa ikhadi elitsha .

Akukho mali ifumanekayo

Iminxeba yanyanga le esuka kubaxhamli becela izibonelelo zabo zingene kumakhadi abo esiqhelo hayi elakwaSASSA: Xa ulibele iPin yakho

Oku kuyakwenzeka xa ubani efuna ukukhupha imali engaphezelu kwale anayo kwibhanka yakhe. Abaxhamlayo mabaqinisekise ukuba umntu unemali eyaneleyo ukulungiselela iindleko zebhanka. Ubani uyakwazi ukunikezwa ikhadi elitsha kodwa lithatha iintsuku ezintathu phambi kokuba lisebenze. Oku kwenzeka xa ubani enekhadi lebhanki labucala ze abhalise ngokutsha. Kuthatha inyanga enye phambi kokuba imali yakho ifakwe kwikhadi lakwaSASSA. Phambi koku, imali yakho iyakube ingena kwikhadi lakho lesiqhelo. Oku kuyakwenzeka besakube bonke abo bamnkela ngamakhadi eebhanki bebhalise ngokutsha. Ngelithuba, imali yesibonelelo iyakube ibhatalwa kwikhadi lebhanki lesiqhelo

Unako ukuya kwi-ofisi yakwaSASSA ekufutshane nawe ukuze bakuncede ngePin leyo yakho

Xa unemibuzo malunga nekhadi lakwaSASSA lokwamkela isibonelelo sakho ungatsalela ezi nombolo zilandelayo: SASSA 0800 6010 11 okanye utsalele umnxeba woncedo wakwaSASSA ku012 400 2322 okanye umnxeba wasimahla wakwaCPS ku 0800 60 01 60 kungenjalo uthumele umyalezo nge-email: Web:

CPS CPS Eastern Cape 072 306 3471 / 072 316 2050 /





SASSA Eastern Cape 043 707 6335

CPS Limpopo SASSA Limpopo 072 201 3930 / 072 204 3637 015 291 7509 GrantsEnquiriesLIM@ GrantsEnquiriesEC@sassa. / 072 208 9522

EC Customer

CPS Gauteng: 078 731 5908 /

083 518 3152 / 083 857 6576

CPS Free State:


SASSA Gauteng: 011 241 8320

GrantsEnquiriesGP@sassa SASSA Free State:

CPS Northern Cape:

076 030 9929 / 076 662 1545 / 072 186 8095 / 071 416 6324

CPS North West:

SASSA Northern Cape:

053 802 4919

SASSA North West:

018 389 4006

071 771 1258 /

082 344 0493 / 071 100 6483 / 076 710 0862

072 268 4678 / 072 456 7506 /

CPS Mpumalanga: SASSA Mpumalanga 021 469 0205 or 021 469 0235 082 701. 5493 / 082 364 0614 013 754 9446 / 082 967 2264 082 967 2264

051 410 8339

072 286 7972 / 082 259 8727 za SASSA Western Cape: CPS Western Cape: 072 453 7858

KZN: 033 846 3400

CPS Kwazulu Natal: 079 780 8186 / 079 780 9040 / 079 730 2499


Inkokheli kwiinkonzo zokuhlala.

JUNE 2013



Biography of Bathandwa Ndondo Names: Ndondo, Bathandwa Died: 24 September 1985, Cala, Transkei In summary: Member of the Student Representatives Council at UNITRA, member of the Catholic Student Association, shot and killed by members of the Transkei Security police and askaris


s a young child, Ndondo’s maternal grandmother raised himwhile his mother, Lulama Sidumo (nee Ndondo),worked. Following the death of his grandmother, his mother took him to her elder sister’s family, the Ntsebeza’s, in Cala, Transkei (now Eastern Cape) to raise him. He completed his Primary education at Cala Village and obtained his Matriculation in 1980. Ndondo then registered at the University of Transkei (UNITRA) in Umtata, Transkei in January 1981. At UNITRA, he was elected to the Student Representative Council (SRC). A year later, he was suspended from UNITRA for political activities. After he was suspended, he returned to Cala, where he was employed at the Health Trust. During 1984, the security police detained Bathandwa Ndondo many times for his political activism. Transkei security police regularly raided the home of the Ntsebeza brothers and the bookshop in Cala was a target for squads of security police. On 24 September 1985, Ndondo was picked up at his home in Cala by a unit involving South African Police member Mbuso Enoch Shabalala, Transkei police Sergeant Gciniso Lamont Dandala and askaris Silulami Gladstone Mose and Xolelwa Virginia Shosha. He was shot dead. Within weeks, theTranskei President Chief Kaiser Matanzima had announced publicly that Ndondo had been killed because he had been involved in the Umtata (Transkei) fuel depot bombings. On that morning, Lungisile Ntsebeza, his cousin, had left his home to drive to the regional centre of Elliot, Transkei. Just outside Cala a kombi (a white minibus)approached him. It was almost identical to a vehicle he owned and it carried an XS registration number denoting Cala. Automatically, Lungisile waved as the vehicle passed. He thought no more of it, apart from noting the coincidence of the registration number: XS 1889. His own kombi bore the number XS 1885. As Lungisile Ntsebeza’s car wound down the pass towards Elliot, the kombi with the tinted windows pulled up outside the house in Cala that Lungisile shared with his cousin Bathandwa Ndondo and a friend, Victor Ngaleka. Ndondo was working as the local coordinator of the Cape Town-based Health Care Trust after being refused readmission earlier in the year to the University of the Transkei in Umtata. A former member of the Catholic Student Association, he had played a leading role in the UNITRA’s first democratically elected (SRC). This SRC had incurred the wrath of the authorities by organising a commemoration of the Sharpeville massacre. He was suspended, because, according to the University authorities, Ndondo incited “the students to be involved in political activities.” Once he set foot inside the police station to enquire about Ndondo’s killing, Lungisile knew that he could disappear. The sight of Ndondo’s body and the recent murder of Matthew Goniwe and his friends (the Cradock Four) made him nervous. He wentto Godfrey Silinga, a friend, to tell him where he was going, why and when. Silinga told others, and they ensured that he emerged safely from the police station. Lungisile Ntsebeza strode into the police charge office. He wanted to submit a charge of murder for the death of Bathandwa Ndondo. The policeman behind the desk askedLungisile if he witnessed the murder. If not, he could not lay a charge because only eyewitnesses were allowed. He wanted only to register the fact of a murder having been committed. He decided to speak to another police officer, but again, he was unsuccessful. He then sent a message to the station commander, but he was informed that Lieutenant Jilili was too busy to see anyone. Lungisile Ntsebeza realised that since he was be-

ing left unharmed inside the police station, the rule of law must still operated. He decided to gather what evidence he could as fast as possible before the police stepped in to cover their trail. As casually as he could, he strolled from the police station to his house, where he collected his camera and made his way to where he had been told his cousin had died. It was in a side street near the centre of town, outside the home of Nontobeko Thunzi and her elderly mother, where Ndondo was killed in Cala. Both women gave graphic accounts of what had happened and Lungisile took pictures of the scene. The women told him a young man appeared to hurl himself out of the window of a kombi driving past their house. As he scrambled to his feet, shouting for help, the vehicle slid to a halt and the doors burst open. Three men and a woman, all carrying guns, sprinted after him. The young man ran around the house and, as he headed towards the front door, shots rang out. He seemed to trip and fall on the doorstep as his pursuers caught up. There were more shots. Thunzi’s mother was horrified. When she demanded who were they shooting at, the police replied, “He is a terrorist.” Ndondo’s body was twitching, his mouth trying to form words. The old woman leaned down and in a croaking whisper, she heard the words, “I am from the Ntsebeza family.” Then the woman in the death squad snapped, “This dog must not pretend to be dead before he has given us the information we want.” After conferring among themselves, the killers dragged the still body roughly back to the vehicle. Ndondo was thrown in and the killer squad sped off. Armed with this evidence and his photographs, Lungisile returned to the police station. As he got to the front door, he paused. Standing with his back to him was Lieutenant Jilili, his voice raised, and speaking on the telephone. He seemed to be speaking to a major in Umtata. He described the shooting of Ndondo and mentioned two names involved in the murder. Later, Sergeant Silulami Gladstone Mose’s name emerged as one of the names mentioned on the telephone. He was an askari drafted in from Vlakplaas (a farm in Pretoria where former ANC guerrillas were

recruited to join the Security Police as part of a hit squad) whose work earned him promotion to captain before he died of a heart attack in 1990. That was as much as Lungisile heard. Just as Jilili finished speaking another policeman spotted the young man hovering in the doorway. He was clearly taken aback when he spun around and invited “Mr Ntsebeza” to join him in his office. Trying hard to conceal his nervousness, Lungisile followed. Jilili sat down behind his desk. In a matter-of-fact tone, Jilili admitted that he knew of the death of Bathandwa. The killers had reported to him that they had shot someone, he said. He knew who they were and he had opened a murder docket. He had not detained the killers and was not at liberty to divulge their names. Jilili was becoming increasingly agitated and Lungisile started to feel vulnerable. “Come back this afternoon,” Jilili said, “At four o’clock.” He was told more information would be available at that time. Only when out of sight of the police station did Lungisile relax, having already decided he would be as far away as possible by four o’clock that afternoon. Friends and family agreed that Lungisile should leave town to get help. He should drive to Queenstown, where his lawyer brother Dumisa Ntsebeza was based, and together they should let the world know what had happened. As Lungisile drove out on one road, he was unaware that vanloads of heavily armed police were pouring into Cala. Shortly before four o’clock, they drew up outside the Ntsebeza home. The building was searched, books and papers rifled through, and several cassette tapes of music bearing the name of Bathandwa Ndondo were removed. The local family doctor, Khaya Mfenyana, observed the scene from a distance. He had heard what had happened and was horrified. Although he was in no sense a political activist, he decided he could not stand by and see Lungisile Ntsebeza arrested or worse. As a doctor, and with an apolitical reputation, he would not be stopped if he left town. He shut up his practice, got into his car and drove to Queenstown to warn Lungisile not to return because a police trap awaited him. Hours later in Cala, with Lungisile nowhere to be found, the squads of police left town while others, local police, kept watch. While the search was going on in Cala, Lungisile was briefing his brother, Dumisa. After he was warned by Dr. Mfenyana, he stayed in Queenstown. He and Dumisa spent the rest of day ensuring that as many people as possible, including the local and international media, were made aware of what had happened. Within a week, they had established the names of the killers. It had not been very difficult - the death squad had felt so safe from official censure and prosecution that they had eaten lunch at an Umtata restaurant only hours after the murder. The four had sat around their table, still wearing blood-spattered clothes, laughing and talking. The publicity surrounding the incident probably saved the lives of the Ntsebeza brothers and their friends. However, it infuriated the authorities. Less than a week after the death of Ndondo, police again raided the Ntsebeza home in Cala. They dragged out and detained Victor Ngaleka. Dumisa and Lungisile Ntsebeza soon followed thwm in detention. As did other friends such as Godfrey Silinga, the late Monde Mvimbi, and Zingisa Mkhabile, who became the Eastern Cape Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) leader. They were held incommunicado, but were neither interrogated nor charged. Nor were they allowed out for the funeral of Bathandwa, where mourners were harassed by police. The detentions triggered more ad-

Continues on page 13

JUNE 2013



Anda Nqonji reviews 2 b black

Up and Close with Elethu Mtiki Tell us about yourself? I’m Elethu Mkiti, born and studied in Ngqamakhwe until grade three then went to king Williamstown, so I can say that I lived those two lives, as I had friends and family in both king Williams town and Ngqamakhwe and I love media that is why I chose it as a career. What do you do at KCR? I am more on the news side, I report, I read news, I’m a journalist. I’m a sports presenter; I do sports updates on the afternoon drive show. I use to host a show on Saturdays but because of other commitments such as school, I couldn’t focus on the program.

When did you realize you have passion for media? It started while I was still in high school, grade 10 specifically; I already knew I wanted to do journalism after grade 12. I was never the confused type, when it comes to the career path, so I can actually say that by the time I was in high school, I had love for radio and would listen to it and start to imitate the presenters. Which one do you prefer between presenting and news reading? I prefer news reading because I love informing people about what goes on around them. Presenting is more casual.

Where do you see yourself 5 years from now? In 5 years time, I see myself working for a bigger media organization, not necessarily radio, any organization because I have received broad, invaluable, firsthand experience at the Khanya Community radio and was well trained. How would you advise the youth sharing your dream?

2 b black is a self published book, composed and written by Bandile Magibili, originally from Sterkspruit, but relocated to East London, to pursue his career as an author, a graphic designer and poet. In this book, Bandile gives tribute to Hasting Mqhayi, an unrecognized artist from the dark days of apartheid, who played a significant role in the design of some of the most important logos in this country. This includes things such as the national flag, SATU and DINOSA logo, and house of traditional leader’s logos and also com-

piled the SA games logo, in 2004. The book shows a number of samples from his artwork, a profound and tormenting story is told through interpreting paintings of Mqhayi, whose artistic excellence forms the very essence of our identity as the Nation of South Africa. The aim of this book is to teach South African children about black artists, and provide a role model for all black aspiring artists. It is also of great importance to the author, to see the gap between black and white kid’s education, regarding art particularly, decreasing tremendously.


Dream, passion and ambition will not work alone; you need to go to school! What do you do in your spare time? During my spare time (giggles), I chill and relax with the boys, nothing much.

Sivuyile Mbata


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ABOUT US Khanya Community Radio was granted its Broadcasting License in 1997 but started Broadcasting on the 28th November 2000. It is Broadcasting at NO59 Blyth Str in Butterworth. We broadcast mainly in Xhosa 24 hrs a day to Butterworth, Centane, Nqamakwe, Dutywa, Cofimvaba, Tsomo, Stutterheim, Komga, Elliotdale, Komga, Ngcobo, Kei Brigde etc. on your cellphone


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For any Listener who has a displesure/suggestion in our programmes and news, you can call the Administrator during the office hours on 047 491 0466 or ICASA on 011566 3235 FAX: 011 677 1528 Email:




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JUNE 2013


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JUNE 2013



“Tata” a nation’s Icon: Well Travelled EC Muso to work locally By Philasande Tukute

Mwezi Zazi is a Duncan Village based sound engineer, multi-instrumentalist and producer who has worked with the best in the industry. He is a self-taught musician who plays both bass and acoustic guitar, drums, piano and keyboards. Zazi said: “I’ve worked with the likes of McCoy Mrubata, Jimmy Dludlu, Sipho ‘Hotstix’ Mabuse, Moses Ngwenya from the Soul Brothers , Tsepo Tshola, Thembi Mtshali of Sgudi Snaysi fame among many others.” The well-travelled Zazi is now an inhouse chief sound engineer and producer at the Duncan Village Studio situated in Duncan Village. It started operating at the end of 2010. He joined the studios at the beginning of 2012. “This is where I produced Butho Vuthelas latest album titled Ah! Mvelingqangi in which I produced 13 tracks out of the 15,” he said. Before joining DV Studios, Zazi worked in many places across the country as a singer and later as a producer and sound engineer. “I worked at Saules casino in Mdantsane during my high school days in the late 80’s, moved to PE where I worked with a band called the drifters,” he said. Zazi then moved to Johannesburg where he worked with Chicco Twala as a keyboarder in the late 90’s. “I produced Tsepo Tshola’s album titled Lesedi during my time in Joburg,” said Zazi. Having been in the industry for more than 30 years Zazi knows what it takes. “Being dedicated and having lots and lots of patience are what it takes to make it in

this dog-eats-dog industry,” he said. The Ziphunzane-born multi-instrumentalist attributes his longevity to dedication and persistence as he believes that there is no one who is going to do it for him and that there is only one way for him to go and that is up. Zazi describes his sound as “smooth, soulful and jazzy” while it also caters for the hip-hop, house and kwaito fanatics. He was also part of a band with McCoy Mrubata, Jimmy Dludlu, Lucas Khumalo, Nhlanhla Magagula and Chippa Mashuku. “The band was called McCoy’s Brotherhood under the leadership of Mrubata and we produced an African jazz album called Firebird,” he said. Zazi is a graduate of Siegen Institute of Audio Technology in Germany where he studied on a scholarship from the Department of Arts and Culture in 1998. “I was always interested in audio technology so I took the opportunity with both hands,” he said. “I spent four years in Germany doing my degree. Now I am in charge of all the production and engineering in the Duncan Village Studios.” Looking at the current state of the Eastern Cape music industry, Zazi believes that there is room for improvement. “Our music is sounding good and there are more 100% locally produced products that are doing well in the market but there is a lot to be done in terms of marketing and distribution,” said Zazi. “I think it’s high time that artists started to do things for themselves instead of depending on production companies to sign them. Learning the business side of things is always a plus,” he concluded. – WSUSNA

“I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”

"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world."

“It always seems impossible until it’s done.”

“Man’s goodness is a flame that can be hidden but never extinguished”

“After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.”

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Umtatha: 047 532 6229 • Dutywa: 047 489 1025 King Williams Town: 043 643 5155 Butterworth: 047 491 8200 East London: 043 722 0344


JUNE 2013


Career Corner Lusanda Mangxamba.

Entrepreneurship Part 2: how to tender


ollowing my article last month on how one can pursue a career as an entrepreneur, I have received a number of emails asking me to explain how the one can get into the business of tendering. I responded to them saying that I would write a follow up article focussing on this question. I hope this article will answer the questions that a lot of the readers have around the tendering process. Just to make sure everyone is on the same page: tendering in the South African context is the process of a business offering a service or product to government that government is in need of; how it usually works is that government will advertise in the local press that it is looking for a certain service or product. All businesses that make or offer such a product or service are then invited to tender. Unfortunately this process is very competitive; normally a large number of businesses tender for the same thing. However, government has cer-

tain criteria that it requires in order for a business to qualify for tendering: - Registered business with CIPC; you need to attach your founding statement with the tender which is proof that you business is registered. If you want to tender and are not registered with CIPC, it’s very easy. Just go to their website and see what the requirements are: - Tax clearance certificate: this is to make sure that your tax affairs are in order and you don’t have monies owing to SARS. Again, if you don’t have a tax clearance certificate, it is very easy obtaining one, provided that if you are an existing business, you have been submitting your tax returns to SARS. If you are a new business, just go to your nearest SARS office, give them your company registration number, and apply for a tax clearance - BEE certificate, showing that you are a black owned company. These certificates can be obtained from compa-

nies that are registered as BEE compliance companies. If you are looking for one, just look in your local newspaper or over the internet for one closest to you. These criteria are the basic requirements for tendering. Each tender will then have a number of forms that are required to be attached to the form, these might include: 1) Invitation to bid (document is labelled: SBD1/ WCBD1) - In this document you agree to be bound by the tender or bid terms and conditions 2) Pricing schedule (document is labelled: SBD/WCBD 3.1 or 3.2 or 3.3) - this document shows the pricing of the product or services you will provide 3) Declaration of Interest, Declaration of Bidder's Practices and the Certificate of Independent Bid Determination( document is labelled: SBD4/ WCBD4) – in this document, you as the bidder declare any relations you may have with

Continued from page 9

verse publicity and criticism. It had become impossible for the Transkei and its police to deny involvement in the killing due to the actions of the Ntsebeza brothers and their friends. Gcinisiko Lamont Dandala was a local Umtata security policeman. However, the other three killers were from Vlakplaas, former ANC fighters “turned” to become askaris. Dandala and the others made intimidatory forays into Cala to ask openly where Lungisile Ntsebeza or other witnesses to the murder of Ndondo could be found. Then suddenly the intimidation stopped. Two of the askaris, Mose and the former African National Congress (ANC) women’s unit commissar turned apartheid killer, Xolelwa Sosha, disappeared. Mose and Sosha were posted to other areas of South Africa to ply their deadly trade while Mbuso Enoch Shabalala stayed on in Umtata. Only he ceased, officially, to exist. On the instructions of Brigadier Willem Schoon, the Vlakplaas boss Eugene de Kock destroyed all reference to Shabalala; it was as if he had never been alive. In his place, there was Johannes Mavuso, complete with a new, authentic identity number. This made it possible for Mbuso Enoch Shabalala to be charged, along with Gcininkosi Lamont Dandala, with the murder of Bathandwa Ndondo and for the case to collapse when Shabalala disappeared and was found never to have existed in the first place. Delaying legal action for nearly a year meant that the media and general public interest subsided. It also helped that a good friend of the security establishment, Francois van Zyl, was attorney general of Transkei. It was Zyl who decided, contrary to eyewitness evidence, that only two people were involved in the killing of Bathandwa Ndondo and that the former student leader had been shot while trying to escape from legitimate arrest. He also decided, against vociferous protests, that Dandala and Shabalala should be released on their own recognisance after being charged. Addressing a public meeting in Idutywa, southern Transkei in early October 1985, Kaiser Matanzima lied brazenly, I want the whole world to know that here in Transkei we know the people who are causing trouble. Recently a young man called Ndondo was killed in Cala. Many people are asking why Ndondo was killed. He is the one who came from Lesotho with others and exploded a bomb in Umtata. The petrol depot that exploded and should have killed the whole of the Umtata population was destroyed by this young fellow, Ndondo. You will see the communists will be asking what has Ndondo done. Must you all be killed because of these people? Your president, your prime minister, will not allow such atrocities to take place in Transkei. It was obvious why this attempt to deflect popular anger failed. There was widespread sympathy for anyone who might have bombed anything associated with the Transkei President K.D. Matanzima and his Prime Minister brother Continues on page 14

the people who will evaluate the tender; this is to make sure no favouritism takes place 4) Preference Certificate Form 6.1, the preference claim form for 80/20 (rand value up to R1 000 000) and for 90/10 (rand value above R1 000 000) contain general information and each serves as a claim for Historically Disadvantaged Individuals (HDI) preference points as well as a summary for preference points claimed for the attainment of other specified goals. These are all the documents that one would normally find required in a tender document. Construction tenders normally require more documents, including quality control procedures etc. Please take note of the closing date, as tenders will not be accepted after this date. Make sure you go hand deliver the documents to the address specified in the tender documents. Good luck! As always, please contact me if you have any questions on Lusanda.

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Asijabuleni Jokes A mild-mannered man was tired of being bossed around by his wife so he went to a psychiatrist. The psychiatrist said he needed to build his self-esteem, and so gave him a book on assertiveness, which he read on the way home. He had finished the book by the time he reached his house. The man stormed into the house and walked up to his wife. Pointing a finger in her face, he said, “From now on, I want you to know that I am the man of this house, and my word is law! I want you to prepare me a gourmet meal tonight, and when I’m finished eating my meal, I expect a sumptuous dessert afterward. Then, after dinner, you’re going to draw me my bath so I can relax. And when I’m finished with my bath, guess who’s going to dress me and comb my hair?” “The funeral director,” said his wife. Marriage Conclusion A woman’s husband had been slipping in and out of a coma for several Continued from page 13

months, yet she stayed by his bedside every single day. When he came to, he motioned for her to come nearer. As she sat by him, he said, “You know what? You have been with me all through the bad times. When I got fired, you were there to support me. When my business failed, you were there. When I got shot, you were by my side. When we lost the house, you gave me support. When my health started failing, you were still by my side… You know what?” “What dear?” She asked gently. “I think you bring me bad luck.”

Helpful Memory Clinic Two elderly couples were enjoying friendly conversation when one of the men asked the other, "Fred, how was the memory clinic you went to last month?" "Outstanding," Fred replied. "They taught us all the latest psychological techniques - visualization, association - it's made a big difference for me." "That's great! What was the name of that clinic?" Fred went blank. He thought and thought but couldn't remember. Then a smile broke across his face and he asked, "What do you

George Matanzima,and the Ntsebeza brothers refused to take the crude bait. They announced that the issue was not what Ndondo had or had not done, but whether Matanzima was condoning state-sponsored murder without trial. Matanzima promptly authorised a second period of banishment for the brothers. Shortly before sunrise on 8 October 1985 in a quiet back street of Umtata, a squad of security police pulled up outside the home of Dumisa Ntsebeza. The lawyer was half expecting the loud knocking on the door. For weeks, he had heard rumours of his impending arrest and detention. Five days before Dumisa’s arrest, his brother Lungisile had been detained, as one of the organisers of the funeral arrangements for Bathandwa Ndondo. Both brothers had been outspoken about his death, openly blaming the Transkei Security Branch. They and Victor Ngaleka, Godfrey Silinga and two other friends, Zingisa Mkabile and Monde Mvimbi, were central to planning the funeral. All were arrested without charge, yet nothing they had done was illegal. The law firm Sangoni Partners, of which Dumisa had become a partner, was instructed to institute legal action for his and his brother’s release should they be detained. This action would be a precedent for any other detainees. With Dumisa’s arrest, the application to release Lungisile became one for the release of the Ntsebeza brothers. It was set to be heard on 1 November in the Transkei Supreme Court. The Transkei police then clamped down hard on the funeral for Bathandwa Ndondo. They harassed and terrorised anyone even vaguely associated with the arrangements. The Roman Catholic Church, which the family had counted on to provide a priest to officiate, even refused to help. Ministers of other denominations were also reluctant to involve themselves. Some churches feared their priests would face deportation and others gave no reasons. A minority said they would be prepared to officiate, but only if there was no alternative. An Anglican, the Reverend Edgar Ruddock, conducted the funeral service where the mourners were supervised by heavily armed police and armoured personnel carriers. White mourners were barred and police and troops turned back all the buses and cars that headed to the funeral from outside Cala. Mourners wearing specially printed T-shirts, which bore the slogan “Rest in Peace Bathandwa Ndondo”, were also arrested. By the end of October, fifty-one

call that flower with the long stem and thorns?" "You mean a rose?" "Yes, that's it!" He turned to his wife. "Rose, what was the name of that that clinic? My cooking has always been the target of family jokes. One evening, as I prepared dinner a bit too quickly, the kitchen filled with smoke and the smoke detector went off. Although both of my children had received fire-safety training at school, they did not respond to the alarm. Annoyed, I stormed through the house in search of them. I found them in the bathroom, washing their hands. Over the loud buzzing of the smoke alarm, I asked them to identify the sound. It's the smoke detector, they replied in unison. "Do you know what that sound means?" I demanded. Sure, my oldest replied. "Dinner's ready

people had been detained. On 30 October, two days before the application came to court. Lungisile was released from prison. Next day Dumisa and the others walked free. At once, the six friends were handed orders, signed by Kaiser Daliwonga Matanzima as the head of the Transkei “state”, banishing them to various remote rural areas. The Ntsebeza brothers were ordered to be banished to the “Mhlahlane administrative area in the Tsomo district.” Their presence “in Umtata or any other place in the district of Umtata” was not considered “in the general public interest”. However, they were given a choice of dates by which they should “withdraw from the said district of Umtata”. The latest was 26 November, which meant that they could still be in Umtata for the Supreme Court action on 1 November regarding their detention. The upshot of that hearing was that the Minister of Police agreed to pay the costs of the action. It was another minor victory for the brothers, and cause for still greater annoyance within the security establishment. The Ntsebeza brothers immediately instituted legal proceedings against their banishment. Armed with a camera, they travelled out to the rural area beyond Tsomo, some 100km south of Umtata, to see and record at first hand the conditions to which they had been banished. Although they had expected rural squalor, the reality of the living conditions they were to inhabit came as a shock. Meanwhile Dumisa learned that he was a target for assassination and would be dead in a matter of weeks. After he told his wife Nontobeko about this she confronted General Hamlet Manci, a member of the Transkei security establishment, about the assassination. A day later, the Ntsebeza’s learned that the murder plot had suddenly been shelved. The state then wanted to negotiate with the six people over their banishment. The Transkei government offered to withdraw the banishment orders if all six of the banished agreed to pay R10, 000 toward the state’s costs. The agreement was struck on 15 October 1986 and duly announced, although no money changed hands. In January 1987, Dumisa was once more warned that he and the others were about to be served again with banishment orders. Although Kaiser Matanzima had already retired as president, he was still pulling the strings. The banishment issue had come up at a


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meeting of the whole Transkei cabinet. Again, this was withdrawn after Dumisa wrote to the Transkei authorities. Again, in March 1987, Dumisa was served with banishment orders to the Mhlahlane district of Tsomo, Transkei. The Sangoni Partnership and Dumisa’s wife Nontobeko made applications to the courts to have the banishment order overturned, which eventually did happen and Dumisa was able to return to his Umtata home. The granted amnesty, in April 2000, to the former Vlakplaas head Eugene De Kock and Mabuso Shabalala for their role in the killing of Bathandwa Ndondo. The third applicant Nqcininkosi Dandala, a former Transkei security policeman, was refused amnesty for shooting and killing Ndondo. De Kock sought amnesty for his part in defeating ends of justice. De Kock changed the identity of Shabalala in order to assist him to evade criminal proceedings arising out of the death of Ndondo that were pending against Shabalala. Shabalala took part in the shooting and killing of Ndondo after he was arrested from his shop in Cala. The Committee found that De Kock and Shabalala complied with the requirements of the TRC Act in that the two applicants made full disclosure of the relevant facts and offences which they committed, were politically motivated. Dandala was refused amnesty because he did not satisfy the requirements of the TRC Act in that his testimony was full of contradictions. The Truth and Reconciliation Amnesty Committee (TRC) had previously issued a subpoena ordering Matanzima to appear before it to answer questions relating to his alleged statement. However, citing ill health, he failed to appear before the Committee. He later applied for a court order to set aside the Committee's decision to force him to testify. After considering the matter, the Committee, in consultation with the victim's family, decided to withdraw the subpoena. The TRC Amnesty Committee announced on 15 October 1998 that it had withdrawn a subpoena requiring former Transkei president Kaizer Matanzima to testify before it in connection with the 1985 death of Ndondo. In 1998, the Matanzima Secondary School on the outskirts of Cala, set up by the Methodist Church, was renamed the Bathandwa Ndondo Senior Secondary School.



JUNE 2013


We are continuing with One Odd Evening which I shared with you, the reader, for the first time in our last edition. The short story (fiction) which I recently wrote highlights the most pertinent issue faced by many females who recently graduated from institutions of higher learning that they sleep with those in authority before getting a job. Highlights on the fist part of this story on our last edition: “I slept with the principal to get that post.” Lydia told her husband. “What?” Vuyo could not believe what he heard.

One odd evening By this time the supper was getting cold as no one was interested in it. “The principal said if I would sleep with him once he would never do it again” she further told her husband who looked so disappointed. Vuyo applied his mind and decided that in order to prevent breaking up with his wife, for something that happened once, he should just let it go and forgive her. Indeed he forgave her wife on condition that she would never do something of that nature again. Hearing the news, Lydia slowly stood up and came closer to her husband. She hugged him. “I have let you down after all the sacrifice and love you have displayed to me” she said tearfully. Vuyo, who stood up as well, looked at her with rather an unconvincing face. “I am so disappointed but let’s just start our life again. You almost ruined our marriage with this, that you should know” a shaky Vuyo said. The couple then went to sleep. Next morning they started to slowly speak to each other. “Must I prepare a breakfast for you?” Lydia asked Vuyo. “Yes, please.” Replied Vuyo. A breakfast was served and they started chatting better while eating. When Lydia went to school the next morning and saw the principal, she thought of how he had almost dam-

aged her marriage. She went to the office to describe events that unfolded at her home during the weekend. “I decided to tell my husband about what happened between us in the past week” she told the principal. “What did he say? The principal, with the rather serious expression, asked. “He said I have disappointed him and I could have let the post pass if I had failed the interview. He said he could have supported me, even if I was unemployed.” Lydia told the principal. “Then how is he feeling now?” the principal asked. “We had tension but he is fine now. He forgave me on condition that I never do something of that nature again.” The principal stood up and locked his office. “But does he know how difficult it is to find a job today?” Lydia looked attentively at the principal. She could not answer him. “What we have is an agreement. I never said I would sleep with you once…” Lydia stood up. She was furious and decided to confront the principal. “I could not hear you. What do you mean you didn’t say once? You said I will sleep with you once which I did” screamed a fuming Life Sciences teacher. “It’s up to you if you want to lose this job” the unapologetic principal said and opened the door of his office. “Go and teach pupils.” After work when Lydia went

by Sithandiwe Velaphi home. Vuyo was still out in the paddock looking after some of his cows. Lydia thought it would open up fresh wounds if she told Vuyo what the principal had said. She was tired and decided to sleep for a while. The next morning, while teaching pupils at school, the principal called her to the office. “Did you give a thought to what I told you yesterday?” the principal asked. “I said it is up to you to keep this job.” Lydia asked what the principal meant by that. “I meant we should have secret love affair that no one would ever know about. A love affair known by me and you only.” Lydia did not dare say a word and left the principal to teach her pupils. In the afternoon, again, the principal called Lydia to the office. “I want to know the answer to the question that I asked you this morning and if you don’t answer me today, consequences will follow.” The principal told Lydia, ordering her to close the door. “What consequences?” Asked a confused Lydia. When we continue on our next edition: “One evening, while cooking the supper for the family, the principal phoned and said he wanted to see her that evening. Lydia quickly told her husband that the principal would come and fetch her for some hours.”

Affirmative action raises questions By Anda Nqonji


he policy of affirmative action is made a legal requirement by the Employment Equity Act of 1998 but many people question whether it is achieving its goals. The policy was introduced mainly to redress racial and gender imbalances in the workplace where black people, women and the disabled had been excluded or restricted to junior positions by apartheid laws and business practices. The human resources assistant manager from the Department of Labour in Butterworth, Welile Dumalisile, said: “The main beneficiaries of this programme are previously oppressed. This includes women, Africans, Coloureds, Indians and all who had access to very little, due to any reasons of the past.” This programme has been a positive turn-around since its day of implementation as slowly but surely, the previously disadvantaged are advancing and moving into both public and private sectors in greater numbers than before. The communication officer of the Buffalo City Metro Municipality, Samkelo Gqeba, said: “Affirmative action preserves certain jobs for black people, it is not under any circumstances a racist act, and it’s a must that these imbalances are redressed.” Welile Dumalisile said people are likely to confuse affirmative action, with Black Economic Empowerment (BEE). Affirmative action is about employing people in proportion to their numbers in the popu-

lation; BEE is about distributing the ownership of businesses and resources to people who were prevented from buying or developing them in the past. However, not everyone is happy about the success of this policy, claiming that the process of balancing the proportions of people is very slow. According to an analyst at the Public Investment Corporation, Khaya Zonke, it is going to take a very long time for affirmative action to achieve its aim as senior positions are still dominated by white man, delaying the change. The provincial spokesperson of the ANC Youth League, Nkosinathi Nomatiti said: “There is something malicious about this act, as white women also fall under the group, some companies would rather employ a majority of white women as opposed to other groups.” According to www.southafrica. com, South Africa’s economy has been in an upward phase of the business cycle since September 1999, a year after the introduction of affirmative action. During this upswing - from September 1999 to June 2005 - the annual economic growth rate averaged 3.5%. In the decade prior to 1994, economic growth averaged less than 1% a year. The act on which affirmative action is based, the Employment Equity Act No 55 of 1998 recognises: as a result of apartheid and other discriminatory laws and practices, there are disparities in employment, occupation and income within the national labour market. – WSU-SNA

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astern Cape Gambling and Betting Board (EC GDB) will be launching the Eastern Cape’s Premier Ultra Marathon, a 68 km Ultra Marathon, 21 km and 5 km road races taking place on Saturday, September 21. The Marathon will start at the Bisho stadium and end in East London where all athletes from around South Africa will be participating in the event. Secretary of ECGBD Qamisa Qezu said the Marathon is about the Bhisho Massacre and all the legends who died fighting for the freedom of this country. “Our aim is to remember all the legends who took part in struggle to fight apartheid government.” Qezu also said that the money that will be made at the event will be donated to charities chosen by the ECGBD. ECGBD will be presenting all the details about the event at the on Monday July 8 at the Kennaway Hotel in East London

Mthatha looks set to challenge for promotion to Vodacom league Mthatha looks set to challenge for promotion to Vodacom league SAFA Second Division - 2012/2013 Season Log


Eastern Cape Province Pos








Mthatha Bucks FC

28 22








Bay Stars FC

28 20








Tembu Royals

28 18








FC Buffalo

28 16








Angavu Stars FC

28 11








Champion FC

28 11









28 10 10







A1 Stars FC








Highbury FC

28 10

12 33





Kokstad Liverpool




Matta Milan





Cloud 9




O.R. Tambo D.C.



Cacadu United


Zimbane Killers FC


Mthatha Liverpool (Expelled)


10 6

12 10 31

43 -12


13 28

42 -14



17 21

68 -47




19 23

61 -38





20 27

53 -26





18 27

54 -27






SPORT news




For all your sporting results and fixtures call 079 926 1531 or fax to 047 491 0531.


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Ikamva lase gcuwa January 2013  

Community based newspaper in Butterworth, Eastern Cape, South Africa.

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