International Journal of Engineering and Techniques – Volume5 Issue6 December2019
Smart Library Automation and Monitoring Shivganga Gavhane1, Sanjay Hargunani2, Prachiti Mahamuni3 , Shruti Walunj4, Manali Mehta5 1(Computer Department, DYPIEMR, Akurdi,Pune Email:firstname.lastname@example.org) 2 (Computer Department, DYPIEMR, Akurdi,Pune Email: email@example.com) 3(Computer Department, DYPIEMR, Akurdi,Pune Email:firstname.lastname@example.org) 4(Computer Department, DYPIEMR, Akurdi,Pune Email:email@example.com) 5(Computer Department, DYPIEMR, Akurdi,Pune Email:firstname.lastname@example.org)
Abstract: The real time RFID based smart library management and monitoring system uses RFID tags and scanner. The tags having unique identification are attached onto the books as well as on the ID cards of students. The system will keep live count of students in the library. Smart library management system allows fast transaction flows and will automate activities like issue and return of books from library. The system also helps to automate and monitor student’s entry and exit activities without much manual intervention. The system also includes an user interface for students. The main objective is to prevent unauthorized users from entering the library. Keywords —RFID-scanner, RFID-tag, UHF, Raspberry pi, Sensors
A. RFID Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) devices are really important in information technology. There is a huge growth in the industry to use RFID technology in the past few years. Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) uses radio waves and electromagnetic fields to automatically read information stored on tags which are attached to objects for identification . A RFID system can be made up of three components: readers, tags and software. 1.) UHF RFID tags: UHF RFID tags contain individual serial numbers, which are the keys in the library management system database. Android mobile reader can read the serial numbers of UHF RFID tags embedded on library materials quickly. The application software installed on Android mobile reader can discriminate among several tags that might be within the range of the Android mobile reader and read them simultaneously, because UHF RFID has anticollision features and every UHF RFID tag has its unique serial number. With the serial numbers read from the UHF RFID tags that attached to objects,
searching, borrowing, returning, inventorying and finding out mis-placed items of library materials can be done efficiently. Several frequency bands have been standardized for RFID. For low-frequency (LF) the frequency is from 125 kHz to 134 kHz. Next, for high-frequency (HF) it is set to 13.56 MHz, and for ultra-highfrequency (UHF) the value is set from 860 MHz to 960 MHz There are a lot of UHF RFID systems surfacing currently as the cost to produce the UHF tags are now lower compared to produce LF or HF tags. Plus, these systems involve electromagnetic interaction between the reader’s antenna and the tag’s antenna which allows longer distance of detection. 2.) RFID Reader: An RFID reader is the most important part of the RFID system and is necessary for the system to function. Readers, also called interrogator, are devices that transmit and receive radio waves in order to communicate with RFID tags. B. BOARDS 1.) Raspberry-pi: In this paper we are using Raspberry-pi. The Raspberry pi is low cost, credit card sized computer that plugs into computer monitor or TV And uses
International Journal of Engineering and Techniques â€“ Volume5 Issue6 December2019 standard keyboard and mouse. It is capable of doing everything you expect a desktop computer to do, from browsing the internet and playing high definition video games, word processing, etc. II.
OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
The main objectives of the study can be stated as: 1. To automate entry-exit of students and book transactions like issue, renew, return by using RFID technology. 2. To provide students an application to search the available books in the library from anywhere. 3. To provide students and librarian the easiest way to issue and return the books from the library. 4. To make easier way to maintain Database and stop unauthorized users from entering the library. III.
A. Library Management Technology
Author :Sree Lakshmi Addepalli , SreeGowriAddepalli Paper explanation: Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a rapidly emerging technology which allows productivity and is very convenient. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology of Automatic Identification and Data collection which helps to automate business processes. RFID Based Library Management System that would allow fast transaction flow and will make it easy to handle the issue and return of books from the library without much intervention of manual book keeping which benefits by adding properties of traceability and security. The proposed system is based on RFID readers and passive RFID tags that are able to electronically store information that can be read with the help of the RFID reader. B. Smart Library Book Management System Author: Madhur Gupta, Sneha Sanjay Jadhav, Vydeki D Paper explanation: In recent years, RFID technology has replaced the bar code system or a magnetic strip on the back of credit cards. A smart library book management system that uses Radio frequency waves to transfer data from a tag attached to the book. The incorporation of RFID technology in a library helps reduce human intervention and has been designed to support the librarian as well as the user. Raspberry Pi and RFID reader(s) are attached to each book rack to detect the correct positioning of the books. A MySQL database has been created, that contains information of the books in the library. A web page is also designed to display the location of the misplaced books that helps the librarian. C. The University Library Management System Based on Radio Frequency Identification
Author: Jin Feng Zhang Paper explanation: Traditional library management is time consuming.. The system introduces the function and the use of each module in the system which emphatically studies the label conversion subsystem and self-help borrowing book subsystem. Through the design of the system the RFID achieves automation and intelligence to the library management. The system is based on RFID and depends on RFID middle ware as the media to achieve the organic combination of the advanced RFID and library management and offers very effective technical means to the library management.
Traditional library management is time consuming. We have designed the system to overcome the drawback of manual monitoring and management of the library system. In this paper we are using RFID based system for smart monitoring and management of the system which includes an entry-exit record system, an android application and book transaction and verification system. This system ensures searching, selfborrowing and returning library material any time. A.
The monitoring system is helpful to automate the entry-exit of students and to keep the live count of the students present in the library. The tags having unique identification are attached on the ID cards of students. The RFID reader will be at the door. Reader will scan and verify the RFID tag on the ID card. If student is not having an ID card then it will raise an alarm. If verification is successful then it will mark the entry of student on the server and it will record and store the date and time at real time. This will keep live count of students in the library. This will avoid manual intervention. Student will not be able to enter the library without an ID card and without marking the entry. When the tag is scanned twice it will delete the entry and mark the exit with date and time and update the database. This will remove the drawback of manual entry recording in the register and will store and give accurate details of the students.
International Journal of Engineering and Techniques â€“ Volume5 Issue6 December2019
Figure 1:Flow diagram for entry system. Figure 3:Flow diagram for android application.
Issue and return of book:
For issue, renew or return process, student does not need to carry the library card and librarian does not need to carry out the book transaction process. So this will automate the whole process of library management by removing the manual interference. For any transaction process, student needs to enter an unique identification number. Then student has to scan the book which he wants to issue or return or renew. Then student has to select the appropriate option for transaction i.e. issue, renew or return. The database will be updated. The main feature of our system is verification. Verification ensures that the student does not leave the library without issuing the library material. So this will avoid the misplacement and theft of the books. Figure 2:Flow diagram for exit system.
Also we are proposing an user interface probably an android application which will help students to search the books from anywhere which are currently available in the library. The student will have an unique ID which will be used by the student to register or login on the application. Then student can search any book from anywhere. The application will give recommendations based on the ratings and current searches. Also, it will take into account the past history and searches of the user, thus making it predict userâ€™s choice more accurately. Then the location of the book in the shelf will be provided.
Figure 4:Flow diagram for issue and return system.
International Journal of Engineering and Techniques – Volume5 Issue6 December2019 Three main parts in a passive RFID system are – an RFID reader or interrogator, an RFID antenna, and RFID tags. Unlike active RFID tags, passive RFID tags only have two main components – the tag’s antenna and the microchip or integrated circuit (IC). As the name implies, passive tags wait for a signal from an RFID reader. The reader sends energy to an antenna which converts that energy into an RF wave that is sent into the read zone. Once the tag is read within the read zone, the RFID tag’s internal antenna draws in energy from the RF waves. The energy moves from the tag’s antenna to the IC and powers the chip which generates a signal back to the RF system. This is called backscatter. The backscatter, or change in the electromagnetic or RF wave, is detected by the reader (via the antenna), which interprets the information.
transaction of books and will make easy to handle activities like issue and return of books from library. VII.
We are grateful to our Department of Computer Science & Technology for their support and for providing us an opportunity to review such an interesting topic. While reading and searching concerning this subject we tend to learn concerning varied vital and interesting facts
Website:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radiofrequency_ide ntification. V.
In this system we are using two algorithms:
 Shun-Dao Xie, Rong-Jun CHEN, and HongZhou TAN” Design of Internet of Things System for Library Materials Management Using UHF RFID”.
A. Collaborative Filtering: Collaborative Filtering is a technique of making automatic predictions based on the current searches been carried out in real- time. Using this technique in the library management system, we can predict what type of book user would be looking for and accordingly he would be recommended. Also, this algorithm will take into account the past history and searches of the user, thus making it predict user’s choice more accurately. B. Jaccard Indexing Coefficient of Similarity:
Jaccard Indexing is a prediction technique which is based upon the intersection of two entity sets, and the outcome set is recommended. In our system, one set can be considered as the past history or the wishlist of the user. This is user’s personal interests, what types of books he reads, what current scenario is going in the market, etc. The second set is the current real- time purchases going on. This may change according to different seasons ( include exam time, new literatures made available, etc. ).
This system tries to fully automate the library management and monitoring. Hence modifies the traditional library management system by minimizing the manual intervention. RFID based smart library management and monitoring system uses UHF (Ultra High Frequency) RFID tags and sensors. This system also helps to automate and monitor student’s entry and exit activities without much manual intervention. This system also includes an user interface for students. Smart library management system allows fast
 NorsaidahMuhamadNadzir, M.K.A.Rahim and F.Zubir “Wireless Sensor Node with UHF RFID for Monitoring System” 2017 IEEE.  Sree Lakshmi Addepalli ,SreeGowriAddepalli “Library Management System Using RFID Technology” International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, Vol. 5 (6) , 2014  .  Madhur Gupta, Sneha Sanjay Jadhav, Vydeki D “Smart Library Book Management System” International Journal of Engineering Research in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (IJEREEE) Vol3, Issue 5, May 2017.  Jin Feng Zhang and Chang Ji Wen “The University Library Management System Based on Radio Frequency Identification” 2017 IEEE.
International Journal of Engineering and Techniques â€“ Volume5 Issue6 December2019
Shivganga Gavhane, Sanjay Hargunani, Prachiti Mahamuni , Shruti Walunj,Manali Mehta