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NATIONAL REPORTS It will be helpful if the provider of the National school net is a non-commercial organization (charity or social institution) using in this way preferences either from the government or from the telecommunication company. Teachers training in ICT In view of the increased needs connected with the National strategy on ICT in Bulgaria, the number of highly qualified in ICT teachers should be increased. It is necessary the training to be spread to the following groups of specialists: • Teachers and coordinators in ICT • Teachers in the other disciplines • School administration In accordance with the aims of the integration of ICT in education, the aims of training of the different groups have to be formulated: the theoretical and practical knowledge and skills, the criteria and the quality standards, according to which these knowledge and skills are to be applied. The training levels are proposed to be: • Initial training. It is carried out in the high schools (bachelor degree) • Post-graduate training. This training is aimed to keep and improve teacher’s qualifications. It is carried out in two levels: supporting (refreshing of the professional knowledge and skills) and improving of qualification (gaining of new professional competency, allowing the scope and the character of the activity within the profession to be increased and/or changed – bachelor degree, pedagogical degrees of qualifications). The system of post-graduate training of teachers presents itself in a variety of educational forms, activities and practice in which the teachers are engaged in order to increase their professional skills and knowledge and to evaluate their professional attitude. The training is effected at the following levels: school, regional, institutional (high schools), non-institutional (conferences, seminars). Basic principles of the system should be: • Voluntary participation in the post-graduate training • Flexibility of the forms and content of the training with preference for these, which do not require absences from the job • Free elective forms of training and trainers • Credit system of education (accumulation of credits for each completed module till reaching enough credit for gaining of certain degree) • Dividing of the training from the certification; different organizations carry out the training, but a specialized authority confers the degree. • The organizations desiring to carry out specialized training are granted accreditation (concept, training plans etc.) in a competitive way by an expert council. • The results of the training are related to teacher’s status and payment Content of the training The content of the training is to be in accordance with the stated aims and to apply to a General State Standard. Besides the technologically orientated modules, the content of the training should include also modern concepts in preparing of learning plans and lessons using ICT, active learning methods with use of ICT, integrating of IT in various disciplines, etc. Training forms It is very important, the training to be arranged in flexible forms, allowing the teacher not to be absent from his work in the school. In this respect there are the following possibilities:

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/3214597  

http://iite.unesco.org/pics/publications/en/files/3214597.pdf

/3214597  

http://iite.unesco.org/pics/publications/en/files/3214597.pdf

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