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D Ythe commmanlelt of 1be Dlsdngutshed VGuesr:.5peakrf's selik.. NIgma'$ foremost

~rch lnstitutt.lh~federiJ InstItul~of

lodustJial Reseiln:h, I~K)(U (R1RO) b.u ukm oadmJng Its mandatt- to

~nother RiAnI ~ ill

.lSS1Jc In lht InduStrial don ofihe Nlg~rlan ccooomyby~ esearchlniofoOdand

agro-allled.protessif"! echnologies.lO mtUin is 10CiI1 point £of 'nd ial deYdOcmmt through ImproVingqlWtOes,\( Il!fldn'U Nigni.ln fcxxls,



FIIRO Promotes Nutrition, Lists Benefits Of Carotenoid-containing Foods IN his p;!pe1. Prof. TomUns de5uilxd lcarntenolds;lS tetnm:rpeooid IXpnic pigmc-nts (of 40 carbon atoms) whidi Is fat ·soluble.

amongotMn. IthaSOYnd.e al"$~addnsstngvalUNddtd He~thalth~areoom-600ltllown Ilffiisof'thr: tryill dtwhdptd~ucepost- GU"Oteloids, which Mt split Into twocLuses, harYe5t kisses all)' I rmI on indig~ Xilnthophylls (which conwn ~ Iller Win ) crops.ltuit oil Ia1brtJu£h IIS-reseMCh and carotenes (whkh are PUrelY hydn;GilrOOns. ,lOd 0 aCI lies. \esser1cnown CTOp$ ;lndcontaln noOJ;ygm~ h.Jve ber:ocrit I!f ~ 'wn llnd has ~lopeU He noted thatltsrolotirllarVs from paleye1low qulteilln ucuilndtedmolog1es, through bright Or;1I1~ to deep rtd, Which IY-tumanyolwhlch we ~tnnsfundlomtrtprr- railyOCcurn.i(t In theOUoropWtsmd chromonnus, Iii "ermtrur.llmmmunlDes. plaStsof pl.intsmd some other-~thalc noou t . ~ngCOllduaed ocpnlsms(~~~.5OITIe, md some ap led mea uiouslOod products from I 1geoous and ~Ics f~~ -cMotenoids sm'Ie two key roles in pI;Ints • 5O)'Un. itls ~ngthe rtttnt mild Incruse dfidency of photosynthesis by 8'lrher. toWardstbr ntolheJlthbxborliU1C' '5~ofllghtnotre.1dllymsommby tlonalroods. n panohcbJJydlttllnd ch hyll;loo protect from pbotOdamagr:



~ntedln It}' and

~rormaxImummbil- hesilli lqxk: Is cur- The scholaT explained tNl arotenokls.KU as . and drinks conuiniog antiaxic:l.lintsand needed no Ught to be pm-

rmtly ixusI ~ of tbr


d.-odd!"" "'" "" pI,,",,"~'" e:wnl*s.1_

arotme, mel beta-oyptoxanthln) ~ vitamin A

;ICtivIty(comomed to retinol~CArntenoidsGn

;1150 KI as ;lntiaDl:l.i!nlf and in the ~ ct'ft3ln othtrCou'Otenolds (Iutl'in and Zeaunlhin) act dlrecclv to ;lbsorb dam;lgtng nur-ultfr v;ole{ fight., 1(> arM to protect the I1'IXtlb luteil, as arotenotds an' COfM'I'ted to Vitamin Adurtng


-cm.enoit1s annot be Tnilde by species In the

mImaI kingdom.

AnlmiIlsobUin CMOtmOkls from thdrplantbued dteu, ;100 rI\;I)' employ them In v.uious WiI)'5 in meGIbolism,· he stated ~ smssed thai vitamin Adefkkncy black or vitamin A In hUINns, which Its Ont slgn Is nighl 1X1ndness. i\dding tNt xerophtlWJni;! mel compIrte bllndncsscan ;llsoocrur.~tdy 250,000 IOSOO,OOO INlnoortshed chiWirm fn the deYf'lo{)lng world. according to him. go blind each your I'rom ;I tkOc\f>ncy of vftamin A. half of which die within a yw- ofbKomlng blind. "'Yiwnin Addideiw;:y also dlmlnlsfies the ;lbllIty to fight Infections.. Vitamin A deficImcy Is estiINt-

presenlln Hving His of edto;lff~;I~lelyonethlrdofchlklren carntenolds Include anxene, lyriJpene, which Is Ul1du the ;tgf' of five ;lround the world ;lnd It Is mt (like In IDmOItlXS~ and lWItbophyl~ which Is estimated to IMs of 670,000 chiktren under five;lnnually. 1NhiIt: Spe;lltingon CilfOlCnOids In hWNn nutri- Solutions to vitamin A delickncy Is food fon.ifka. don, Tomllns apQfned that four arotenolds don. diel:ilrydMlslfladon and the supplemenl'il(belOKilrotme, alph;i-arotene. gamINlion olvll3minA. as;lnom form.



....1 ill dimngWs Professor Krlth InstJru~Un

Kingdom, hekt tnnru~

Cdrott'lJOidS'"; [n5tltute. Dr.



noo<omm diet..

The fact. er Iw; Mal rnctd dCJwn to noc Just the In counUies likr NigtrUi but '!':'!~~ ce. poorfiordingpr.actices, cuJrunJ lppropri;tre diet .and artlrudlnal ' rommonpopulaceof


Ol ~ In childrm

She Itnkal m

til tht~ ca

Id morb6dItymd ~IJ.



"'I ts.sentlal for the IleiI!thy

Iodine, \lit:;tmi

Ied~ orlht ~~lri~rtttn,..··:-<r;·O'·"m(NSN) In.w~


~;I cruc::aI micronutriof;l chlkfs Immune;lnd

Vitamin Awas ent forth!! viSIUI synan.. I forustllmHe: t\on.JIl foods

Im.'m. an urgent nero

, dfOCUtDCOI1SUmc-func· IDiOOrYI;lOO d1mry lJm.


I! high d





f rtngpl.inl pbnu;lOO IT\;IinVlwntn essmtUlnu gila' hUlTIoIm ,..., """"" u



m.uIlVitamin' 1m



PrOpCom Drives Private • . Sector frae tor SeIVlces



." .... .,...

Involved In provIslonofhlrtngscrvkes to f.&rmers.ue key pQ~ n.JRRENT romthe Accordingtohim,·nm-~1nJt». "-<od.m.~~'1~~~ii"~' 1ItIIJgh the ;l1'ICMI1oan product Wt IYs AgrIcuI::'i Ionkend.ll[l:venrlseloothtrbolnkslmdlngror Isgndually I g ttl !p In the the flrsttlrne 10 tr.tCtorbu}'f'fS, -Sttlon in Rrst'D"ac gavr rlse to producu lium dlm:tklo 01 t thecounuya ambte to two additlofYl ~ _ &:obank s. NIgeri.J.PIc:~AcCf'S'iB.lnkrespec. rT'IfmKa:ssby




Presl<kncymd ~Iruremel Dr. AIdnwunml olpubUc mfghlbeOYtt. Mr. Emffiilnuel Communb ............... 1'r()pCOm.;I(! gJiIImmefu lirst began to vatesector has ()zorrnen;I Ai

Is t1le~ out 1ts'~erlJnRThtcrDrR1Wncr ftrKtOrS = " ansihe ' rod with

~p uct 10 members l!lOgun;md Oyu Riltes purchastng 10 new trac-


list f I

ur.t J,~kh



en.. ·rrmoTeNI~rMmer5Qn


t\sJocIationolN rnde.modl


and Spring8eId Agro Umlted.

ilefk2ypri- mmuwould~to~~c;W. "e;lrs ttvableyndilnd~'m ~ produaivif)';I.Ild income. "J1.ti51s the Ide.., 0wemen.J says. Is behind

~'::''kh~;I ltd,



on~ bul"Sletnctor"k:u~::nIt~

A8Jiru1tuR:"Tn Mt

a Oil


~yroliingootproducuth;ltm. redudngtheunfalrcompeodontl\;l.l grtf;lrtrtmiilndtlXtOnservkr IRCtDI""hirecomp;!niesliKefrom ~Iopment. rovId He 1dSr: Ii bskIlsed l ............. WUI Jfl the ~~ Sill er ~ .n dis- su uxton. ru &' .. ~...

of.. m-ol


competition fromgomnlllmt-5ubsldlsed Ir.IClOI'J:; otfien ~Ited In the hopeolgrr.dngasubsklisedtr.JctOr that neYf'f Gmt'. Banks 0IMf S;IW enough dmwKIrofssuecomJDC!("' dililri.lns on tractors, orto.maly5e: the manzt In-depth. ~ OzoemtN SGited.

~:it::~showdYt has;mestlffiilted20,OOO~

of hese Wi on'J50pe-ant t ~ tiona! arid the PrOpCom ~tiYe points thai the country has a low tractOrpe'lftJ'iIDOOpeorhecurecomp;!red with K:eny;a. which hillSili highefuxtorpenm-ationperhKtariHe ;l(jdedthatNlgmaiW;lshortWlol 6O,OOOtRClOrSpcI"yur. . 1tKtor ie.ue flnmce I\;Id hitheno ~ ill boost from the Cen~ B.lnkofNlsrrLa(CBN)throughthe AmirulturilCsediI CUM;Inke th



mlutr.JCtOr,thrpoltntiallofoist I!'(h~tedorNtmlllionofOOI mdcaJtJiCUltur;tltran.sformatlonb lliKtorloriln,whiiethetnctoJ"buyft" huge. OYertbeyurs,condnued. ;mdbolnkshandmostolthtmTl;llngovernmmt bUyIng, subsidlsing Ing rtsk..


mltm!!nl ;lnd dedluled h~mumounforewry


",..E Intem;ltloo;ll Crops . ~;lTch Instltllte for the: semh\rid ~ICS (1CRISAl) has dm\;Inded for;ln illHndustw: ~tnr as a k.ry to wInnIng e fig I ;lgalnn. pow:~ httngf'lmd mililutnlion In the dry;lnd tropics of ~le worid. With the theme A r~ 10 ~lnthedJy tropn cs, the progr.iImlM wlth;l science symt=um attendedby;lboutlOO ml!'l11ationaJ ;l8riculture opens. pm. ners ill00 scientists. iIInd ;I loyall)' Dily pTOgfil~~,~ honorsGiffforthelr~"" SCS'VI<:elot.bclnstitute. I'll. the 40tn ann~1)' progr:;u1lJM of the 1nsd1UU: in Its huncheru ampus, Prof. SWM1\to;IWn highllghud the nel!>d for Incluslftness to empawec-tbe f;mnlng poor. By giving nn~lholder f~ ;ICCl'$S to teehnologies: md connecting them 10 mariIzU. tbf'y will hiM optIOns for;l more profItabkaOd reslUent~ tuTe towml s ach,",", kIod, nutJidonandl!'CUlOfTlicRCW1-

~~~~o~ dOHe I~

WI thb

world - lht poor In the dry Im~ct Will due, In n~ boo tropks. snWI p;!n to the Institute

He said, -among the dw- s striItexic public. privatr: If:nges he posetI to the.and socirly pmnm Insdtutun:aupbkHortf6- ~ cation to combill the 'hkl- In his ;lnnual repott. its den hunger' or malnutrition DirMor Gmeral WUUam due to micronut:rtent de6- Dilr wid th;It ICIUSo\rs 40dendes p~lllng In lhe ~rJourmywas·lNrtrd developing worrd; ;100 by the explorilltlon of ;lppropt"\;lte ~nl:udon opporrunlliesforlnclustYe 10 help resoura poorunn- ;ma sust;ll~bie deYf'1open pm:tcuIvty WIJITIm. In mmt to fuW1y surmount the KUnQffilc vb- thl!' twin chaUenges of bllllY Sffi;lll.(illnn operill- Jdob;IIhungttmdJlOY!RY lions. fnthedl)'LindrropkS. He.also r.a.Ised the Impor- During the ;lnnual <by Ginl role ol sdmce commu- prognm. ICRlSATs presunla.tIon to inform. educatr: )[tous Doreen Margaret mdmobllistthepubllcon MashlerAwmJwasaWolrdthe Impon:ance ofSuch 1i!'Ch- ed to Or. 01 Gowd;l. nolotdes as ;lJtri-biotechnoJ. Research hnnership ogyln the lIghl ;lplnst AWiJrds~alsostvmm pow'Ity;mdh~.mchhe R'IIftI krv I'WIS ~ (tedOOn ffiilUn: to come up ~ the IndWi CouncIl wlth:ro~ ~ of Agricultunl Resurch Or Poole ICRISAT (JCAR.~OtherrmlgJlltiont Baud ~hJshUihtedthe such iU the Resource Institute's sck:nce-bued MobI1~ A\WJ'lf, ICRISAT ;lnd sustaliuble InOOY;I- Scknce AWMd ;100 t}t lions whkh h;lVe greuly OUtstilndlng hnnushlp SWilmln;lth;ln;ll rec:ognlse:i ImpnMd ruralllvt1i'hoods. AWiJrd-'-l!'iIIl5oglYmdurKJUS.ltTs four decacIe:s OJ com- cont:ributing 10 the (cIAR's toe the occaston.