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The ELECTRICAL ENGINEER 4th Quarter of 2010 Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. 2010 Board of Governors and Officers National President VP-Internal Affairs VP-External Affairs VP-Technical Affairs National Secretary Treasurer Auditor Region I Region II Region IV Region V Region VI Region VII Region VIII Region IX Immediate Past President Officer-in-Charge

Gregorio Y. Guevarra Armando R. Diaz Gregorio R. Cayetano Jules S. Alcantara Alex C. Cabugao Ma. Sheila C. Cabaraban Larry C. Cruz Francis R. Calanio Alvin M. Farrales Florencio D. Berenguel Armin Jesus R. Nagera Midelo D. Ocampo Nelson M. Rosales Cesar V. Sanchez Crisanto C. Sotelo Arthur N. Escalante Ramon R. Ayaton

Niellisa Joy B, Bandong Karen T. Sacdalan Marvin H. Caseda Allen M. Pido

Publications Committee Chairman: Members:

PRESIDENT’S REPORT

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IIEE NEWS Chapter and National News

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QUARTERLY INDUSTRY NEWS DIGEST • • •

Department Heads Administration-OIC Finance -OIC Technical-OIC Marketing & Memberhip

Contents

Nicolas C. Balderrama Ernesto M. Cabral Allan C. Nerves Ronald Vincent M. Santiago Robinson S. Uy The ELECTRICAL ENGINEER

The Electrical Engineer is published quarterly by the Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. (IIEE), with editorial and business offices at #41 Monte de Piedad St., Cubao Quezon City, Philippines. Tel Nos. (632) 722-7383, 727-3552, 4125772, 414-5626, Fax Nos. (632) 727-3545 & 410-1899. Website: www.iiee.org.ph, E-mail: iiee@iiee.org.ph. The present circulation of the magazine is 28,000 copies per issue to members and industry stakeholders.

MERALCO Communication Initiatives Clinch Awards Almendras Clarifies Power Situation of the Country Contingencies in Effect Over Pipeline Shutdown

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TECHNICAL FEATURE • SMART GRID FACTS By Engr. Jules S. Alcantara • Proposed Metro Manila’s Sidewalk Urinals Powered by Urine with Introduction to UCEA By: BSEE Students of Polytechnic University of the Philippines -Manila • Lighting System Energy Efficiency Options By: Engr. Aldrin R. deGuia • Short Term Demand Forecasting Using Stochastic Hour Ahead Proportion Analysis By: Engr. John Placente and Engr. Rafael Maramba

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Editorial Board Chairman: Editorial-in-Chief: Associate Editor: Technical Consultant: Administrative Officer:

Jules S,. Alcantara Nicolas C. Balderrama Ernesto M. Cabral Dr. Allan Nerves Ramon P. Ayaton

Editorial Staff Editorial Assistant Technical Assistant Graphic Artist

Jenelyn C. Pajutining Marvin H. Caseda Elwood B. Perez

Advertising and Marketing Account Executive Joan Q. Delos Santos 727-3552 loc. 101 410-1899

Views or opinions expressed by the authors of letters, articles and research studies published in the The Electrical Engineer Magazine DO NOT necessarily reflect the views of the Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. (IIEE). The IIEE trusts the integrity of these authors. The IIEE exercises due review diligence but it is possible that the contents of the articles contributed may not be verified due to time constraints. Articles or visual materials may not be reproduced without written consent from IIEE. The IIEE reserves the right to accept or refuse submitted materials for publication. Articles, reactions and feedback from readers may be sent through e-mail at technical@iiee.org.ph


From the Office of

ENGR. JULES S. ALCANTARA, PEE, ASEAN ENGINEER

Vice President for Technical Affairs 2010 Chairman, Editorial Board

TO OUR READERS

2011 1st Quarter Activities 2011 Strategic Planning January 8, 2011

Greetings

of Peace and Prosperity!

Welcome to the 4th Issue of the ‘THE ELECTRICAL ENGINEER MAGAZINE’ for 2010 with the theme, “IIEE Leading in Green Energy Solutions to Climate Change”. 2010 brought valuable success to the Institute because of the dedication and support exhibited by the National Officers, Regional Governors and Chapter Officers under the leadership of our 2010 National President, Engr. Gregorio Y. Guevarra. The four issues of the Electrical Engineer Magazine in 2010 document the events and activities that transpired during the year. I would like to express my profound gratitude for the efforts of all the contributors and supporters of ‘The Electrical Engineer Magazine”, especially the members of our Publications Committee headed by Engr. Nick Balderama. We extend our warmest congratulations to the new set of 2011 National Officers, Regional Governors and Chapter Officers. As we all chart another year of success for the Institute, the EE Magazine continues to provide a link between the Institute and its members who are encouraged to continue to actively support the plans and programs of IIEE. May we have a fruitful year ahead!

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THE ELECTRICAL ENGINEER MAGAZINE 4TH QUARTER 2010

1st Executive Committee Meeting January 8, 2011

2011 Regional Governors Orientation January 21, 2011

1st Regular Board Meeting January 22, 2011

2nd Executive Committee Meeting February 5, 2011

2nd Regular Board Meeting February 19, 2011

3rd Executive Committee Meeting March 4, 2011

Southern Luzon Regional Conference March 17-19, 2011


FROM THE OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL PRESIDENT

Fourth Quarter 2010 PRESIDENT’S REPORT

Engr. Gregorio Y. Guevarra, PEE The Institute is now heading towards the 4th Quarter guided by its 2010 theme, “IIEE Leading in Green Energy Solutions to Climate Change”. Because of the accomplishments of its different committees and working officers and members, the 4th quarter was an eventful time in the Institute. 1. Membership Benefits The Institute aims to provide further benefits to its members. In line with this, the 2010 Board of Governors approved the IIEE Membership Card as privilege card for the new and interested IIEE members. This IIEE Membership card covers accidental and death benefits for the members of the Institute. The Institute, through the Vice President for Technical Affairs, Engr. Jules S. Alcantara already purchased technical books for the existing IIEE Library located at the 2nd floor of the IIEE National Headquarters. These books will provide additional reference materials that maybe needed by its members. Starting March 2010, the Institute brought the membership staff, together with the ID Making Machine to every regional conference to provide assistance to members from the region in their IIEE membership and PRC renewal.

2. Ratification of the Amended IIEE ByLaws The Institute approved the proposed amendments to the IIEE By-laws as drafted by the 2009 Ad Hoc Committee chaired by Hon. Francis V. Mapile. The

proposed amended sections were published in the first two issues of the 'The Electrical Engineer Magazine in 2010. The campaign for proxy voting was promoted in every regional conference and in every Chapter President's Meeting. As of November 2010, the Institute has gathered more than 3000 of proxy votes. We look forward to the final ratification by midyear of 2011, which will be held in Visayas.

3. Review of the Provisions of RA 7920 The existing provisions of RA 7920, known as 'The New Electrical Engineering Law' was reviewed by the Legislation and Legal Affairs Committee (LELAC) during several meetings conducted in the past quarters. The IIEE Council of Former President, chaired by Engr. Antonio S. Herrera, Jr., conducted a Forum on the revisions to RA 7920 last July 31, 2010 at the IIEE National Office. It was attended by the IIEE Incumbent officers, CFP members, Board of Electrical Engineering (BEE), Legal and Legislative Affairs Committee (LELAC), IIEE Legal Counsel and the members of the Academe. The final draft was presented by the members of the LELAC chaired by Engr. Emil Marabulas to the 2010 Board of Governors during the 10th Regular Board Meeting in Cebu.

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FROM THE OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL PRESIDENT

4. Continuing Program on the Accuracy of Membership Database This is a continuing thrust of the Institute since the previous year’s administration. Each regional governor was given a hard copy of membership application form of their respective members from the regions. This aims to verify and harmonize the membership database of the Chapters with the existing membership database of the IIEE National Office. The regional governors were tasked to report the updated database of their chapter. 5. Building A Strong Relationship with Government, Private Industry Partners and other Accredited Professional Organization The Institute entered into several partnerships with government agencies and private sector and other professional organizations.

 Meeting with DOLE, IIEE Standards Committee, and BFP Committee with Former President Engr. Arthur N. Escalante on the preparation of electrical safety manual.  Attended the launching of the Philippine Green Building Initiative on March 6, 2010 at the United Architects of the Philippines Headquarters.  Signing of Memorandum of Agreement between the DOE and IIEE last May 28, 2010 about the reprinting of Manual of Practice for Efficient Lighting and Roadway Lighting.  Courtesy visit with the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) last April 12, 2010.  Deliberation by PRC for the Most Outstanding EE Professional on April 20, 2010.  Courtesy Visit conducted by the Mapua Institute of Technology to the IIEE National Office  Signing of Memorandum of Agreement with

The Institute, through the National President, attended the different activities of the different industry partners and accredited professional organization:  Meeting with the Philippine Society of Ventilating, Air-conditioning and Refrigerating Engineers with Engr. Jess Santos on January 11, 2010 regarding the proposed Lighting Standard Manual.  Consultative meeting of the Philippine Federation of Professional Organizations on January 26, 2010. Courtesy Visit with NGCP the Association of City and Municipality Electrical Engineers and Electricians (ACMEEE).

6. Corporate Social Responsibility with Focus on Environmental Protection The Institute is known not only for providing quality and excellent services in the electrical industry but also for its well formulated and implemented plans and programs to serve the general public through various social civic activities. MOA signing with MERALCO

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FROM THE OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL PRESIDENT

Several activities in line with the 2010 theme were conducted by the chapters under the leadership of the 2010 Regional Governors and Chapter Officers.

The 2009 Edition of PEC 1 was published during the first quarter of the year and is already available in the IIEE National Office.

7. Training of Future Leaders Through the Council of Student Chapters

10. Program to Encourage Registered Electrical Engineers to become Professional Electrical Engineers

The Institute believes that strong student chapters will pave the way for a stronger future foundation of the Institute. The Council of Student Chapters Batch 24 conducted the following activities concerning with student development. a. 11th Annual National Student Convention on February 17- 19, 2010 at the Technological Institute of the Philippines, Manila. b. CSC Batch 24 Workshop last May 14-16, 2010 at Engr. Tomas Mulingbayan's Place in Nasugbo Batangas. c. Regional Student Conference, 24th Regional Quiz Show and 10th Regional Math Wizard on September 24-26, 2010.

8. Implementation of the Initial Phase for the Construction of the IIEE Training and Testing Center The Institute Ad Hoc Committee on New Building chaired by the Immediate Former President, Engr. Arthur N. Escalante held several meetings with regards to the initial phase for the construction of the IIEE Training and Testing Center. The final draft of the architectural and engineering drawings were presented and approved during the 11th ExCom meeting. The comments and suggestions of the members of the ExCom were subsequently included by Arch. Fernando L. Santos on the final draft.

9. Information Campaign for the Implementation of the revised provisions of PEC 1 2009 Edition In the past regional conferences, the revised provisions of PEC 1 2009 Edition became an integral part of technical sessions and seminars for the information of the general membership.

The Board of Electrical Engineering (BEE) encouraged the Registered Electrical Engineers (REE) to become Professional Electrical Engineers. The topic on 'How to Become A Professional Electrical Engineers' was included in the Institute's technical sessions during the regional conferences and conventions for further information of the general membership. As of September 2010, the Institute has a total of 1744 Professional Electrical Engineers.

OTHER ACTIVITIES Regional Conferences Eight (8) conferences were held in the regions hosted by the different chapters:

Conference

Date

14th Southern Mindanao Regional Conference

February 25-27, 2010

11th Southern Luzon Regional Conference

March 18-20, 2010

12th Central Luzon Regional Conference

April 25-27, 2010

2010 National Mid-Year Convention and General Membership Meeting

May 27-29, 2010

15th Northern Mindanao Regional Conference

June 24-26, 2010

Bicol Regional Conference

July 22-24, 2010

Western Visayas Regional Conference

August 26-28, 2010

Eastern-Central Visayas Regional Conference

October 7-9, 2010

Programs in Coordination with the Board of Electrical Engineering The Board of Electrical Engineering (BEE), with the assistance of the Institute, published its Board Resolution No. 02 Series of 2010 which pertains to the guidelines on the implementation of Sec.14

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IIEE NEWS

The 2010 National Mid-Year Convention and General Membership Meeting

(a) (iii), Art. III of RA 7920. The section stipulates the issuance of special permits to foreign electrical engineers and for other purposes. The Board Resolution No. 3 Series of 2010 pertains to the adoption of the new PRC BEE logo. Both resolutions were published in the Philippine Star on March 10, 2010. The first 2010 Registered Electrical Engineer and Registered Master Electrician Licensure Examination were held last May 25-27, 2010 in Manila, Baguio, Cagayan De Oro, Cebu, Davao, Iloilo and Legazpi. The second licensure examination for Electrical Engineering was held last September 11-12, 2010. This year’s PRC Deputation program was again revived. Visitations to various establishments were conducted during the Regional Conferences held in Roxas City and Cebu.

2010 PRC Awards Night for the Most Oustanding Accredited Professional Organization (MOAPO) at Manila Hotel

Technical Seminars The Continuing Education Committee conducted technical seminars to widen and strengthen the professional and technical skills of the members: a. PLC Programming Methods b. Electrical Installation, Wiring and Lighting System c. Electrical Grounding d. Substation Design and Maintenance e. SCADA f. Renewable Energy: Solar Power System g. Process Automation h. Distribution Design in High Rise Building I. Electrical Design in High Rise Building j. Protective Relay k. Grounding Calculation l. Short Circuit Calculation

PRC Activities

IIEE Scholarship Program

The Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) and Philippine Association of Professional Regulatory Boards (PAPRB) conducted the Awarding Ceremonies for the 2010 outstanding professionals and outstanding accredited professional organization last June 18, 2010 at the Fiesta Pavillion, Manila Hotel.

The IIEE Scholarship Committee chaired by Engr. Larry C. Cruz recommended nine (9) scholars for approval of the 2010 Board of Governors.

Engr. Rodolfo R. Peñalosa, Former Board of Electrical Engineering Chairman, was chosen as the 2010 Most Outstanding Professional in the field of Electrical Engineering. The Institute was again one of the seven (7) nominees for the title of Most Outstanding Accredited Professional Organization (MOAPO) 2010.

For the second semester of school year 20102011, the IIEE has eight (8) poor yet deserving students taking up Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering under the IIEE Scholarship Program.

Lead and inspire people. Don’t try to manage and manipulate people. Inventories can be managed but people must be led. ~Ross Perot

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IIEE NEWS

BAGUIO-BENGUET CHAPTER HOLDS INDUCTION OF OFFICERS AND FAMILY DAY By: Engr. Francis R. Calanio, Northern Luzon Regional Governor

IIEE Baguio Benguet Chapter, host of the 2010 National Mid-Year Convention and General Membership Meeting held its Induction of 2011 Chapter Incoming Officers and Family Day last December 19, 2010 at Camp John Hay at Loakan Road, Baguio City. The event was graced by the officers and members of the chapter, which was also enthusiastically participated in by their families and relatives. Engr. Gregorio Y. Guevarra, 2010 IIEE National President and Engr. Armando R. Diaz, 2010 IIEE Vice President for Internal Affairs graced the occasion. The Induction of Chapter Officers was administered by Engr. Guevarra. Engr. Diaz commended the chapter and further encouraged the chapter officers to continue to serve the Institute and its members.

The Baguio-Benguet Chapter Officers

The 2011 Baguio Benguet Chapter Officers are: President : Amor M. Paredes VP-Internal Affairs : Manolito O. Acosta VP-External Affairs : Ramilo A. Rodriguez VP-Technical Affairs : Tony C. Castro Secretary : Orlando A. Tinipac Treasurer : Gerardo P. Ibanez Auditor : Gabriel D. Basilio Board of Directors : Edison c. Casilio Ceasar C. Degay Joseph Taguibos III Ernesto E. Vergara Chapter Officers of the Baguio-Benguet chapter together with their families enthusiastically sharing their meals

AN INVITATION THE ELECTRICAL ENGINEER MAGAZINE invites all the Regional Governors, Chapter Officers, Students and Members to submit their contributions for publication. We will highlight significant programs in pursuit of the interest of the Institute and its community. You may send your contributed materials, comments and suggestions through e-mail: technical@iiee.org.ph at least 30 days before the end of the every quarter and coordinate with Engr. Ramon Ayaton or Publications Committee members.

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IIEE NEWS

CENTRAL LAGUNA CHAPTER HOSTS 13TH J2U.2 By: Engr. Florencio D. Berenguel, Southern Luzon Regional Governor

The Central Laguna Chapter headed by its President Engr. Eduardo B. Emata, Jr. hosted the 13th and last leg of J2U.2 on December 4, 2010 at Picnic Grove Tagaytay City. It was attended by eight Chapter Presidents and officers of Region IV coming from its different chapters; Batangas, Quezon, East Laguna, Northern Laguna, Southern Laguna, Southern Cavite, Northern Cavite and Central Laguna with a total of 68 attendees, 63 members, 2 non-members and 3 students. The occasion was grace by our National Officers headed by 2010 IIEE National President Engr. Gregorio Y. Guevarra.

Jhongie D. Juance for their continuous support to the Region IV Governor’s programs and activities. The event was capped with the formal signing by Engr. EB Emata, Jr. the signature banner as proof of his commitment to the J2U.2 Program Caravan. The National Officers who witnessed the event also affixed their signatures to the J2U.2 banner as proof of their support for the activities.

The National Officers delivered their short messages and congratulated Region IV officers and members for a successful year 2010. Hon. Jaime V. Mendoza, member of the Board of Electrical Engineering, served as Technical Speaker on the topic RA 7920 (Deputation) during the J2U.2. He also served as a panelist during the open forum; particularly on the implementation of RA 7920 and for other chapter concerns such as the manpower requirements of CBK and foreign practice. The official turn-over of leadership was held as part of the year-end program. Engr. Florencio D. Berenguel, 2010 and outgoing Region IV Governor delivered his valedictory address and presented his accomplishment report. He is very proud to say that the region “MADE A DIFFERENCE IN 2010”. Proof of this are the 3 out of 4 major awards (Hall of Fame for Big Chapter Category, awarded to Northern Laguna, 2010 Most Outstanding Chapter for Big Category, awarded to Southern Cavite, and one of the Most Outstanding Governor for 2010 awarded to Engr. Florencio D. Berenguel) given to the region during the 35th ANC Annual Awards. He further extended his gratitude to the officers and members for a year of very good performance. Incoming 2011 Region IV Governor, Engr. Roselyn Rocio, received the Region IV Banner from Outgoing Governor Engr. Berenguel as a symbol of leadership in the region, during the turn over ceremonies. A Plaque of Leadership Award was also given to all outgoing Chapter Presidents of the Region for their unselfish leadership and dedication to the Institute. Also, Plaques of Recognition were given to 2010 Region IV Deputy Governor Engr. Jozane F. Jalbuena and Engr. Edgardo L. Antonio, and to 2010 Region IV Executive Secretary Engr.

Engr. Florencio D. Berenguel, Outgoing Region IV Governor handed the regional banner to Engr. Roselyn Rocio, Incoming Regional Governor, as the symbol of authority.

Mass induction of Region IV Chapter Officers, administered by Engr. Mandy Diaz, Vice President for Internal Affairs and Incoming 2011 National President

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IIEE NEWS

CAMARINES NORTE CHAPTER HOLDS OATHTAKING OF 2011 OFFICERS By: Engr. Armin Jesus A. Nagera, Bicol Regional Governor

After hosting the recently concluded Bicol Regional Conference, the IIEE Camarines Norte Chapter once again showed its strength and solidarity as a chapter as it held the oath taking for the new set of 2011 Chapter Officers last November 19, 2010 at 3B Food Garden and Restaurant, Daet Camarines Norte. Engr. Armin Jesus Nagera, Region V Governor administered the Oath of Office of the Incoming Officers during the Oath Taking Ceremonies. The new set of Camarines Norte Chapter Officer are as follows: President VP-Internal VP-External VP-Technical Secretary Treasurer Auditor

: : : : : : :

Fernando N. Cruz Socrates M. Balane Romel Z. Realosa Arlan V. Gutierrez Rafael C. Garcia Ryan Roel Z. Bucuno Manuelito M. Bartolome

Board of Directors Zandro Gestiada Eric L. Adem Redentor A. Molina Edwin DL. Alejandro Alex O. Olila Noel A. Norte Herman Abilgos Alan A. Borja

Engr. Armin Jesus Nagera gives his inspiration message to the newly elected chaptet officers

Induction of the new chapter officers administered by Engr. Armin Jesus Nagera, 2010 Region V Governor

List of New Books for 2010 in the IIEE Library Electrical Design Guide for Commercial Buildings Industrial Electricity and Motor Controls Electricity and Electronics for HVAC Handbook of Switchgears Lineman and Cableman Field Manual Electric Motor Maintenance and Troubleshooting J & P Transformer Book, 13th Ed Power System Protection Electrical Power Equipment Maintenance & Testing Grounds for Grounding Electrical Equipment Maintenance Stored Electrical Energy NFPA 111 and Emergency & Standby Power Standard NFPA 111

Electrical Inspection Manual Electrical Safety in the Workplace Electrical Inspection Code for Existing Dwellings (NFPA 73) Lightning Protection Standard 11 Fire Alarm Signaling Systems Electrical System Standard for Health Care Facilities National Electrical Code 2008 Commercial Energy Auditing Reference Book Handbook of Energy Engineering, 6th Ed Energy Management Handbook, 7th ed Efficient Electrical Systems Design Handbook Handbook of Energy Audits, 8th Edition

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IIEE NEWS

CEBU CHAPTER HOSTS 11th IIEE CENTRAL-EASTERN VISAYAS REGIONAL CONFERENCE By: Engr. Nelson M. Rosales, Central-East Visayas Regional Governor

The 11th IIEE Visayas Regional Conference was successfully conducted on October 6-9, 2010 at the Waterfront Hotel, Mandaue Cebu hosted by the Cebu Chapter. The event featured different activities such as product presentations, technical sessions and exhibits. It was participated in by more than 200 delegates from the different IIEE local chapters of the region including students. The Opening Ceremonies of the convention was held on October 7, 2010. Cebu City Mayor Hon.Thadeo Z. Ouano graced the occassion as the Guest Speaker. The event became more meaningful because of the joint song number of the IIEE Hymn by the Former Presidents of the chapter. The conference featured various technical sessions where notable speakers shared their expertise in different topics such as AMPACITY Transmission Technology, Fundamental Concepts on Biogas Production, Electrical System Application in “Green Building�, Electrical Safety in Industrial Application, Philippine Distribution Code, Principles and Construction of Brushless A.C. Generator Exemplified by a Fabricated/Assembled working Model Unit out of Surplus Accessories, Solar Energy House, Energy Conservation and Electrical Audit, The Choice of Utilization Voltage for a Commercial Complex or Industrial Plant, Basic Preventive Maintenance Testing of Electrical Equipment, Electrical Design Concepts of Medium Voltage Substation, General Concept in the Application of Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC), Commercial Aspect of Power Industry, Guidelines Governing

The Ribbon- Cutting Cremonies

Occupational Safety and Health in the Construction Industry, BEE Deputation and How to Become a PEE. Various technical sessions for BS Electrical Engineering students were held of the conference. Among the companies that participated in the product presentations were 3M Electrical Market, Schneider Electric Philippines, Inc., Westrade International, Monark, Leah Construction, RPV Electro, Cebu Energy Development Corp., Namjun Company Limited, LJ Industrial Fabrication, Inc., and American Wire & Cable. The closing ceremony capped the three-day event. Engr. Nelson M. Rosales, Region VII Governor extended his warmest appreciation to all the exhibitors, sponsors, visitors and people who made the Regional Conference a success.

The closing ceremonies also witnessed the Launching of Electric Motors and Drives Technical Manual

The Official Opening of the Visayas Regional Conference

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IIEE NEWS

24TH NATIONAL QUIZ SHOW AND 10TH NATIONAL MATH WIZARD By: Emerson Gaw, CSC President The 24th National Quiz Show and the 10th National Math Wizard of the Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines Inc.- Council of Student Chapter held last November 24, 2010 is a prestigious event. The qualifiers of that event underwent an elimination round held last September 23-25, 2010. The qualifiers of the 24th National Quiz Show were Region 1 University of Saint Louis – Tuguegarao, Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University; Region 2 Bataan Peninsula State University, Bulacan State University, Pangasinan State University; Region 3 Technological Institute of the Philippines –Manila, Technological University of the Philippines – Manila, Mapua Institute of Technology, Rizal Technological University; Region 4 University of Batangas, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Laguna State Polytechnic University, Marinduque State College; Region 5 Bicol University, Sorsogon State College, Camarines Norte State College; Region 6 Central Philippine University; Region 7 Cebu Institute of Technology; Region 8 Mindanao University of Science and Technology, Mindanao State University – Iligan Institute of Technology, Central Mindanao University; Region 9 Mindanao State University – General Santos City, University of Southeastern Philippines – Obrero. The 10th National Math Wizard qualifiers were Region 1 Saint Louis University – Baguio, Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University; Region 2 Bulacan State University, Holy Angel University, Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology; Region 3 Adamson University, Technological Institute of the Philippines – Manila, Technological Institute of the Philippines – Quezon City; Region 4 University of Batangas, De La Salle University – Dasmariñas, Polytechnic University of the Philippines – Lopez, University of Perpetual Help System – Laguna; Region 5 Sorsogon State College, Bicol University; Region 6 Western Visayas College of Science and Technology; Region 7 Cebu Institute of Technology University; Region 8 Mindanao State University – Iligan Institute of Technology, Mindanao University of Science and Technology; Region 9 University of Mindanao, Mindanao State University – General Santos City .

The members of board of judges for the event were Engr. Ariel P. Duran, Engr. Ruth Karen C. Ramayla, Engr. Richard Peñamente, Engr. Nelio B. Amurao, Engr. Angelito Gole Cruz. We congratulate the Champion for the 24th National Quiz Show- Mapua Institute of Technology. The other winners are: 1st Runner Up Bataan Peninsula State University, 2nd Runner Up Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University. The Champion for the 10th National Math Wizard was Technological Institute of the Philippines – Manila. The 1st Runner Up was Bulacan State University, and the 2nd Runner Up was University of Batangas.

Winners and participants of the 24th NQS and 10th NMW THE ELECTRICAL ENGINEER MAGAZINE 4TH QUARTER 2010 13


IIEE NEWS

IIEE HOLDS 2011 PRE-PLANNING AND TURN-OVER CEREMONIES

The Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. (IIEE) held its 2011 PrePlanning and Turn- over Ceremonies last December 12, 2010 at Quezon City Sports Club, E. Rodriguez Sr., Quezon City. The pre-planning conference was held prior to the 12th Joint Board Meeting of the Incumbent and Incoming IIEE Board of Governors. Engr. Armando R. Diaz, Vice President for Internal Affairs and Incoming 2011 National President presented his four-point plans and objectives under his administration. The IIEE National Officers and Board of Governors discussed the possible theme for the 2011 that will emphasize and focus on the mission of the electrical practitioners in the modern day. After the discussions and brainstorming, the Board came up with a theme, “Economic Development through Clean and Affordable Electricity”. The chosen theme implies the action of the Institute in sustaining further development of the economy through an environmental-friendly and affordable electricity. The Turn-Over Ceremony was held on the night of December 12 at Pugad Lawin (Main Dining) of QCSC. It was started with a thanksgiving mass celebrated by Father Glenn Gomez.

Engr. Guevarra formally turned-over the symbols of the IIEE authority to Engr. Diaz

The turn-over ceremonies was attended by the IIEE Former Presidents, Ladies Auxiliary, Board of Governors and Committee Officers. Engr. Gregorio Y. Guevarra, 2010 IIEE National President gave his valedictory speech before the IIEE Officers and Staff. He extended his warmest appreciation to all the 2010 Board of Governors, IIEE Committee Officers and staff who exerted all their efforts towards the success of his plans and programs in 2010. After his valuable speech, Engr. Guevarra formally turned-over his position as the National President by handing over the symbols of the IIEE authority such as the gong, gavel and the IIEE Banner to Engr. Armando R. Diaz. Engr. Diaz delivered his acceptance speech before the IIEE Officers, sharing his 2011 goals for the Institute. He further gave an overview of the primary thrust of the Institute for 2011. Engr. Jules S. Alcantara, Incoming VP for Internal Affairs led the officers in singing the ‘Auld Lang Syne’ as the unusual closing remarks for the TurnOver Ceremonies. Part of the turn-over ceremonies was the 2010 IIEE Officer’s Christmas Party. The atmosphere was livened up by the invited band and special numbers from the IIEE Staff.

The thanksgiving mass celebrated by Father Glenn Gomez

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IIEE NEWS

The Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. on its 35th year as the organization of the electrical practitioners in the country successfully held its 35th Annual National Convention and 3E XPO 2010: A Specialized in Electrical, Electronics and Energy Exposition last November 24-27, 2010 at the SMX Convention Center, SM Central Business Park, Pasay City, with its 2010 Theme, “Leading in Green Energy Solutions to Climate Change”. 16 THE ELECTRICAL ENGINEER MAGAZINE 4TH QUARTER 2010


IIEE NEWS

The four-day event became more meaningful because of the special participation of the Asean Federation of Electrical Engineering Contractors – Federation of Asian and Pacific Electrical Contractors Association Conference (AFEEC-FAPECA) 2010. Almost 2,500 electrical practitioners coming from the different chapters of the Institute gathered in one venue to upgrade their knowledge through the activities in this year’s Annual Convention. The four-day event became more meaningful because of the special participation of the Asean Federation of Electrical Engineering Contractors – Federation of Asian and Pacific Electrical Contractors Association Conference (AFEEC-FAPECA) 2010. Almost 2,500 electrical practitioners coming from the different chapters of the Institute gathered in one venue to upgrade their knowledge through the activities prepared by this year’s Convention Bureau. BOWLING FUN GAME AND GOLF TOURNAMENT This year’s ANC aimed for a stronger camaraderie among the members and industry partners through a healthy and fun competition. The Convention Bureau established a bowling committee chaired by Engr. Virgilio S. Luzares. The Bowling Fun Game was held on November 23, 2010 at the SM Mall of Asia Bowling Center. Fourteen teams participated in the bowling tournament. The team of American Wire and Cable Company won as the Champion and the team from Southern Laguna took the second place. The Golf Tournament, which is in tradition to be a part of the convention, was held on the same day at Ayala Alabang Country Club in Muntinlupa City. More than 50 persons participated in the tournament. 3E XPO 2010

BOWLING FUN GAME AND GOLF TOURNAMENT This year’s ANC aimed for a stronger camaraderie among the members and industry partners through a healthy and fun competition. The Convention Bureau established a bowling committee chaired by Engr. Virgilio S. Luzares. The Bowling Fun Game was held on November 23, 2010 at the SM Mall of Asia Bowling Center. Fourteen teams participated in the bowling tournament. The team of American Wire and Cable Company won as the Champion and the team from Southern Laguna took the second place. The Golf Tournament, which is by tradition becoming a part of the convention, was held on the same day at Ayala Alabang Country Club in Muntinlupa City. More than 50 persons participated in the tournament. 3E XPO 2010 One of the highlights of the event was the 3E XPO 2010: A Specialized in Electrical, Electronics and Energy Exposition. A total of 110 companies participated in this year’s exhibit, showcasing the latest trend of products and services in the present market. More than 5000 trade visitors flocked during the four-day exhibition. The Opening of the 3E XPO was held on the morning of November 24, 2010 at SMX Convention Center Lobby.

One of the highlights of the event is the 3E XPO 2010: A Specialized in Electrical, Electronics and Energy Exposition. A total of 110 companies participated in this year’s exhibit, showcasing the latest trend of products

Team players of bowling tournament

The Ribbon Cutting Ceremonies that formally opened the 2010 3E XPO with the IIEE National President, Engr. Gregorio Y. Guevarra, DTI Usec. Cristino Panlilio and AFEEC-FAPECA President, Mr. Sopon Laosuwan

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IIEE NEWS

The IIEE National Officers, Board of Governors and Committee Officers witnessed the formal opening. It was also participated in by the foreign delegation of AFEECFAPECA, headed by its President, Mr. Sopon Laosuwan of Thailand. Hon. Cristino Panlilio, Department of Trade and Industry Undersecretary for Investment and Industry Group and the Managing Head of the Board of Investments graced the occasion as the Keynote Speaker. Mr. Sopon Laosuwan also gave his short message as the Guest Speaker of the ceremonies. PLANT TOUR This year’s plant tour was held in Wartsila Subic on November 24, 2010. It was participated in by thirtyfour (34) delegates from the convention. Aside from the plant tour, the committee also arranged an eco tour to Anawangin Cove in Zambales. OPENING OF THE CONVENTION The 35th Annual National Convention was formally opened on November 26. It was graced by the delegations from AFEEC-FAPECA represented by its National President Mr. Sopon Laosuwan, the Council of Former Presidents, IIEE Committee Officers and the members of the Institute. Hon. Peregrino P. Fernandez, Jr. President of Baca Valley Energy and Montalban Methane served as the Keynote Speaker. The Opening ceremonies also witnessed the Launching of IIEE Electrical Inspection Guide by the City and Municipal Electrical Engineers and Electricians (CMEEE), and the Manual on LEED Compliant Lighting System Design by Engr. Jesus Santos. Engr. Arthur N. Escalante, 2009 IIEE National President launched the IIEE Training Center and Testing Laboratory to be constructed on the vacant lot beside the existing IIEE Building. The Selection and Awards Committee conferred the 2010 Senior Grade Membership.

Participants of Skills Olympics The new Senior Grade of Members are: Engr. Pastor D. Abregana, Engr. Domiciano S. Dela Rosa, Jr., Engr. Rolan J. Dio, Engr. Joel M. Maallo, Engr. Antonio P. Naval, Engr. Silvestre M. Noval, Jr., Engr. Julio A. Palomar, Jr., Engr. Marlon F. Parot, Engr. Claro S. Sanchez, Jr., Engr. Crisanto C. Sotelo, Engr. Leonardo L. Suringa, Jr., and Engr. Edwin C. Zaldivar. AFEEC-FAPECA CONFERENCES The Society of Philippine Electrotechnical Constructors and Suppliers, Inc. (SPECS) hosted the Asean Federation of Electrical Engineering Contractors – Federation of Asian and Pacific Electrical Contractors Association (AFEEC-FAPECA) Conferences 2010 in conjunction with the IIEE’s 35th Annual National Convention and 3E Xpo 2010 last November 24-25, 201- at Microtel Inn and Suites, Pasay City. The AFEEC-FAPECA Conferences included the country reports of AFEEC-FAPECA Members, Awarding of AFEEC Outstanding Contractors, Awarding of FAPECA Life Members and Advisers, the 48th AFEEC Council Meeting and 24th FAPECA Annual Executive Board Meeting. SKILLS OLYMPICS The Skills Olympics Committee, chaired by Engr. Dennis A. Saavedra, held the Skills Olympics on November 26, 2010 at the SMX. Five teams competed, exhibiting their skills in Building Wiring Connection and Motor Control Connection. NATIONAL QUIZ SHOW AND NATIONAL MATH WIZARD

Engr. Gregorio Guevarra, Mr. Peregrino Fernandez, Jr., Guest of Honor and Keynote Speaker and Engr. Armando R. Diaz, Vice President for Internal Affairs/Director of 2010 Convention Bureau during the Opening Ceremonies

The Council of Student Chapters (CSC) , the student arm of the IIEE held its 24th Quiz Show and 10th National Math Wizard as part of the 35th ANC of the Institute. It is an annual event of the CSC and its qualifiers were the winners of the 24th Regional Quiz Show and 10th Regional Math Wizard held during the 6th Regional

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IIEE NEWS

Student Conference last September 23-25, 2010 among the nine regions of the Institute. Winners of the 24th National Quiz Show are as follows, to wit: Champion – Mapua Institute of Technology 1st Runner-up – Bataan Peninsula State University 2nd Runner-up – Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University For the 10th National Math Wizard: Champion: Technological Institute of the PhilippinesManila 1st Runner-up – Bulacan State University 2nd Runner-up – University of Batangas EE RESEARCH CONTEST, ACADEME FORUM AND EE EDUCATORS FORUM

Winners of the EE Researxch Contrest was awarded during the Fellowship Night

The Academic Affairs Committee, chaired by Engr. Ronald Vincent M. Santiago, hosted three events in this year’s convention:

schools and universities that offer Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering.

The Academe Forum is a venue where electrical practitioners coming from the Academe and the Industry sectors discussed issues concerning Electrical Engineering Education. One hundred sixteen (116) electrical practitioners joined the forum. The EE Educator’s Forum promotes the objectives and highlights the advancements in the Electrical Engineering discipline. The forum aims to share new developments in the area of the academe among the schools and universities that offers Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering nationwide. One hundred twenty five (125) electrical practitioners participated in the forum.

Three schools participated in this year’s EE Research Contest: Technological Institute of the PhilippinesManila, Technological Institute of the Philippines- Quezon City, and Polytechnic University of the Philippines. Winners of the EE Research Contest were: 1st- Polytechnic University of the Philippines 2nd- Technological Institute of the Philippines- Quezon City 3rd – Technological Institute of the Philippines - Manila TECHNICAL SEMINARS

The EE Research Contest aims to promote the advancement in the field of Electrical Engineering by sharing new technologies, ideas, and concepts among

Simultaneous technical sessions and product presentations were conducted. These technical sessions discussed different matters in response to the advocacies of the Institute in green energy solutions, and in other issues concerning the electrical industry.

The Academe Forum was participated by the electrical practitoners from the Academe and the Industry

More than 2000 electrical practitioners participated in this year’s convention

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IIEE NEWS

Notable companies also participated in the technical product presentations showcasing the latest trends of product and services available in the country. IIEE ADVOCACY GROUP FORUM AND PLENARY TECHNICAL SESSIONS The IIEE Advocacy Group, chaired by Engr. Emil J. Neri, hosted the IAG Forum on November 25, 2010 at Function Room 4. Three significant topics were discussed during the forum: Renewable Energy by Engr. Mel Fonollera,1988 IIEE National President and the 2006 Most Outstanding Professional in the Field of Electrical Engineering; BioGas Energy by Engr. Emil Neri, Chairman of the IIEE Advocacy Group and Proprietor of Neri Farm, Palauig, Zambales; and Nuclear Power by Dr. Jurgen Unfried, Consultant for Energy and Electricity Market Deregulation to several governments such as Brazil, Russia, Taiwan, Korea and Philippines. Engr. Rodolfo N. Ferrer, 2004 IIEE National President served as the Moderator of the forum. The Plenary Session was held on November 27 before the official closing on the convention. Valuable topics were discussed such as Energy Efficiency by Engr. Noel Verdote, Director for Energy Business of Ayala Property Management Corporation (APMC); Energy Efficiency Best Practices for Industrial by Engr. Raymond A. Marquez, 2007 IIEE National President and a Chairman of Asia Pacific Power Quality Initiative (APQI); Philippine Chillers Energy Efficiency Project by Engr. Vizminda A. Osorio, Supervising Environmental Management Specialist, Environmental Management Bureau Central Office; Land Bank of the Philippines: Credit Line for Energy Efficiency & Climate Protection by Ms. Noemi Dela Paz, Vice President of Program Lending Group; Bank of the Philippine Islands: Sustainable Energy Finance Program by Engr. Nanette Biason; IEC for ICA/IIEE Manuals of Transformers, Motors and Cables by Engr. Alex C. Cabugao, Chairman of Manual on Transformers and the Assistant Vice President and Head- South Sales, Manila Electric Company, Engr. Armando R. Diaz, Chairman of Manual on Motors 2010 and the General Manager of ZAID Engineering Services; and Engr. Arthur A. Lopez, Chairman of Manual of Power Cables and Wires and Formerly SCADA Manager of the National Power Corporation. ` FELLOWSHIP NIGHT

Regional Presentation, followed by the Council of Student Chapters (CSC) and the Southern Mindanao Region, for the 1st and 2nd runner-up, respectively.

The most awaited IIEE Fellowship Night held on November 25 showcased the talents of the IIEE members coming from the different regions of the Institute.

Hon. Angelo Palmones, Vice Chairman of Committee on Science and Technology graced the occasion as the Guest of Honor and Guest Speaker.

The Regional Presentation was participated by the IIEE Southern Mindanao Region (Region IX), Southern Tagalog Region (Region IV) and the Council of Student Chapters (CSC). The Southern Mindanao Region capped as the Best

The closing ceremonies witnessed the announcement of Most Outstanding Chapter, Outstanding Electrical Engineers in Various Professions and the IIEE Grade of Fellow by the Selection and Awards Committee, chaired by Engr. Arthur A. Lopez.

Part of the Fellowship Night was the Regional Presentation: Region IV (above photo) and Region IX (below photo) actively participate the competitionms

Mr. John Nite hosted the fellowship night together with Shalala. Invited talents gamely entertained the crowd; Ms. Vina Morales, Bugoy Drilon, The Angelos and Daises rendered their song and dance numbers. Follis De Mwah’s opening production and dance number brought the entire crowd to Vegas. CLOSING CEREMONIES The four-day meaningful event was capped by the closing ceremonies on November 27, 2010.

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IIEE NEWS

The 2010 Grade of Fellow Award is given to a Senior Member in recognition for his or her valuable support and distinguished contributions to the Institute and to the electrical engineering industry. The 2010 Grade of Fellow were: Engr. Rudy P. Brioso, PEE; Engr. Anastacio D. Cubos, Jr. PEE; Engr. Arthur T. Evangelista, PEE; Engr. Hipolito A. Leoncio, PEE; and Engr. Jaime V. Mendoza, PEE.

(Region IV); Leadership Award- Engr. Arthur N. Escalante, 2010 Immediate Former President; 2010 Best Regional Conference – 14th Southern Mindanao Regional Conference hosted by the SOCSARGEN Chapter; Special Award – Engr. Jesus C. Santos, Chairman of Manual for Leadership In Energy and Environmental Design (LEED); and Loyalty Award -Mr. Ramon P. Ayaton, for his 33 years of dedicated service to the Institute.

The 2010 Most Outstanding Electrical Engineers in Various Fields were Engr. Renato G. Arancon for Education, Engr. Manuel S. Ibabao for Government Owned and Controlled Corporation, Engr. Justo Ma. Lopez, Jr. for Contracting and Project Management, Engr. Antonio P. Naval for Consultancy and Engr. Jesusito H. Sulit for Corporate Management.

Before the official closing of the 35th Annual National Convention and 3E XPO 2010: A Specialized in Electrical, Electronics and Energy Exposition, Engr. Guevarra expressed his sincerest gratitude to all the delegates, exhibitors, sponsors, guests, IIEE Officers, the Convention and Exhibit Bureau for all the support towards the success of this annual event. He also invited everyone to attend the 36th Annual National Convention and 3E XPO 2011 on November 23-26, 2011 at the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC).

The 2010 Most Oustanding Chapter- Overseas Category was awarded to the Central Region Chapter, Saudi Arabia (IIEE CRCSA) and the 2010 Most Outstanding ChapterBig Chapter Category went to Southern Cavite Chapter. For this year, the Selection and Awards Committee came up with the Hall of Fame for the Chapter that was awarded on three consecutive years as the Most Outstanding Chapter in all categories.The Western Region Chapter Saudi Arabia made it to the Hall of Fame-Overseas Category, for being the Most Outstanding Chapter in Overseas Category from 2007 to 2009. Furthermore, the Northern Laguna Chapter was the first Hall of Fame- Big Chapter Category after awarded as the Most Oustanding Chapter Big Category for four (4) consecutive years, from 2006 to 2009. The Closing ceremonies also witnessed the Induction of the new Chapter Officers and the Announcement and Proclamation of the 2011 Board of Governors. The oath taking was subsequently administered by Hon. Palmones. The 2011 Board of Governors are composed of: Engr. Armando R, Diaz, National President; Engr. Jules S. Alcantara, Vice President for Internal Affairs; Engr. Gregogrio R. Cayetano, Vice President for External Affairs; Engr. Alex C. Cabugao, Vice President for Technical Affairs; Engr. Ma, Sheila S. Cabaraban, National Secretary; Engr. Larry C. Cruz, National Treasurer; Engr. Florigo C. Varona, National Auditor; Engr. Greogorio Y. Guevarra, Immediate Former President; Engr. Francis R. Calanio, Region I Governor, Engr. Virgilio S. Luzares, Region II Governor; Engr. Roselyn C. Rocio, Region IV Governor; Engr. Ronaldo D. Ebrada, Region V Governor; Engr. Marlon T. Marcuelo, Region VI Governor; Engr. Lelanie T. Mirambel, Region VII Governor; Engr. Rey C. Paduganan, Region VIII Governor and Engr. Victorianito E. Teofilo, Region IX Governor. Engr. Gregorio Y. Guevarra, 2010 IIEE National President further awarded the 2010 Presidential Citations: Oustanding Regional Governors – Engr. Francis R. Calanio (Region I) and Engr. Florencio D. Berenguel

The 2011 Board of Governors during their induction chaired by Hon. Palmones

Engr. Gregorio Guevarra awarding the Plaque of Appreciation to Hon. Angelo Palmones as the Keynote Speaker and Guest of Honor during the Closing Ceremonies.

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QUARTERLY INDUSTRY NEWS DIGEST

Meralco communication initiatives clinch awards December 9, 2010

www.meralco.com.ph

The Manila Electric Company (Meralco) continues on with its streak of excellence as the company received four awards for its communication initiatives and programs in the 2010 Philippine Quill Awards of the International Association of Business Communicators (IABC) Philippines. This year, Meralco’s Corporate Marketing and Communications garnered four Awards of Merit for the Communications Management and Communications Creatives Divisions. External Communications received three Awards of Merit in the Communications Management Division for its communication campaigns for Performance Based Regulation (PBR), the first automated elections and Meralco’s social media efforts. Meralco bagged these awards in the Media Relations, Multi-Audience Communication and Social Media categories. With its entry, “Educating the information gatekeepers on the Performance Based Regulation (PBR),” External Communications recounted its communication initiatives in explaining the intricacies and benefits of PBR to its stakeholders.

election process which heavily relied on electricity. With its social media entry “The Meralco Twitter Engaging customers on a personal level online,” Meralco related how its Twitter account made an impact to the company’s interaction with its customers. To date, the Meralco Twitter is considered to be one of the country’s most active public service Twitter accounts. Meralco also received an Award of Merit for Marketing Communications’ 2010 Executive Diary and Planner in the Communications Creatives Division, in the Publication Category. Organized by the International Association of Business Communicators (IABC), the Philippine Quill Awards is considered to be one of the most prestigious and relevant awards in the public relations industry and business communications. It is a program that aims to further excellence in the field of communications.

“Ensuring power reliability during the first automated elections of 2010” entry meanwhile, detailed how Meralco was able to communicate the various efforts concerning the company’s preparations for the country’s first automated elections, as power supply adequacy was of utmost importance for the Meralco continues winning streak. The Manila Electric Company (Meralco) clinched four awards for its communications initiatives and programs at the 2010 Philippine Quill Awards of the International Association of Business Communicators (IABC) – Philippines. Meralco received three Awards of Merit in the Communications Management Category for its communication campaigns: Educating the information gatekeepers on the Performance Based Regulation (PBR), Ensuring power reliability during the first automated elections of 2010 and The Meralco Twitter - Engaging customers on a personal level online. Meralco also received an Award of Merit for its 2010 Executive Diary and Planner in the Communications Creatives Category. Receiving the awards on behalf of Meralco are (second from left) Senior Vice President and head of Customer Retail Services and Corporate Marketing and Communications Alfredo S. Panlilio, Senior Assistant Vice President and head of Marketing Programs Melinda P. Derpo and Senior Manager and head of External Communications Joe R. Zaldarriaga. They are accompanied by IABC Philippines Directors Rosanna Kristin Cruz and Kane Errol Choa.

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QUARTERLY INDUSTRY NEWS DIGEST

Almendras Clarifies Power Situation of the Country October 29, 2010 (Taguig City) Energy Secretary Jose Rene Almendras reacts to statements regarding the installed capacity of power plants, “I have already emphasized in various fora that it is not appropriate to use in the assessment of the power supply and demand situation the installed capacity of the plants but rather the actual available capacity which are lower than the dependable capacity. I have never said in any discussion that there is ample power supply since the first day of my assumption of office in the Energy Department.” In doing the yearly projection of the demand and supply situation for the country, he said that the DOE does not consider “rated/ maximum” capacity of a power plant. The Secretary has also stated that the previous administration’s declared dependable capacity may not be reliable, he clarifies that the dependable capacity being used in the generation expansion simulation for the Indicative Power Development Plan (PDP) being prepared by the DOE under the EPIRA environment considers other factors such as forced outage rate, planned maintenance services, and other things that will impact the availability of the power plant to produce electricity. Taking into consideration these factors, the DOE has determined that the Luzon will need at least 300 MW by 2011. Likewise, the critical power supply situations in Visayas and Mindanao in 2008 and 2009, respectively, have already been forecasted by the DOE’s PDP 2004 Update. However, the Government is constrained by the policy framework provided under the EPIRA, and that the expected timely entry of private sector in putting up new generating facilities did not materialize. Given this situation, the DOE is looking for sources which can be done quickly. Since his assumption of office, Sec. Almendras has been conducting regular meetings with relevant agencies and corporations like the NPC, PSALM, NGCP, TransCo and NEA to discuss the country’s power supply situation in the coming years as well as devise ways and means to meet the power requirements of the country. Please note that the Electric Power Industry Reform Act of 2001 (EPIRA) has made it very clear that the NPC cannot anymore incur new obligations and

www.doe.gov.ph can only generate electricity from its undisposed generating facilities. Thus, to ensure there will be adequate new generation capacities to meet the country’s projected electricity demand, there is a need to make the investment climate very attractive to prospective investors. It is worth mentioning also that there are several factors that will facilitate private sector investments in power generation such as power supply contracting, timely completion of power projects both in the transmission and power generation projects. For the years 2010-2015, there are projects that have been lined up. For 2010, we have private sector initiated power projects such as the Panay Energy Development Corporation (PEDC) at 164 MW and Cebu Energy Development Corporation (CEDC) at 164 MW for the Visayas Grid, and HEDCOR Sibulan Inc. at 42.5 MW for the Mindanao grid. This means that we will have an additional 470.5 MW of generation capacity in the country. For 2011, the last unit of CEDC’s plant with a rated capacity of 82 MW will go online, while Green Power Iloilo’s first unit with a rated capacity of 17.5 MW will be operational. Korean Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) and Salcon Power Corporation’s (SPC) with a rated capacity of 200 MW in the Visayas grid will go online, while in the Mindanao grid, Cagayan Electric Power & Light Company, Inc.’s 8 MW Cabulig hydro electric plant will start operations. In 2013, GN Power’s 600 MW coal-fired power project will start operations. Green Power Iloilo’s second unit (17.5 MW) will become operational. For 2013, the Visayas grid will have an additional 20 MW through EDC’s Nasulo Geothermal plant. For 2014 and 2015, there will have two projects, namely: the EDC’s Mindanao Geothermal 3 (50 MW) and Green Power Samar (18 MW) in the Visayas grid. The EPIRA has mandated the DOE to ensure that sufficient and continuous power is available --- to this end, the agency is currently in talks to interested parties but this will take three to four years to build. The ‘dark ages’ that have been mentioned should, for all intents and purposes, remain in the past.

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QUARTERLY INDUSTRY NEWS DIGEST

Contingencies In Effect Over Pipeline Shutdown www.doe.gov.ph

October 29, 2010 (Taguig City) Persistent oil leaks in the basement of the West Tower Condominium, located in Barangay Bangkal, Makati City, have led to the shutdown of First Philippine Industrial Corporation’s (FPIC) pipeline operations traversing the area. It is remembered that in July 12, when it was first detected, oil leaks were found in the basement of the abovementioned condominium. The Makati City government also created an inter-agency committee to investigate the source of the oil leak. FPIC is the operator of the country’s largest commercial oil pipeline that transports petroleum products from refineries in Batangas province to the Pandacan oil depot in Manila.

Junjun Binay, emphasized that the immediate solution that everyone is looking into is determining the source of a leak and stop it with finality. She also stated that Mayor Binay foresees the pipeline shutdown to last for at least seven (7) days. She added that while the shutdown may affect the price of petroleum product, market forces will determine the price. The agency has vowed that it will closely monitor the situation to ensure that supplies of petroleum products will still be available in Metro Manila and areas directly affected by the closure.

Directly affected by the shutdown are operations by Pilipinas Shell and Chevron Philippines, Inc. The pipeline shutdown will affect 50 to 60% of Chevron’s supply. Likewise, Pilipinas Shell’s supply will be affected by 60%. Chevron has presented alternatives to shipping its petroleum products. It has proposed that trucks to Batangas and Poro will serve North and South Luzon; this method will be able to serve 25 to 30% of the Pandacan volume. Chevron has also proposed the use of barges in the shipping of gasoline, kerosene, and diesel; this will serve 25 to 30% of its requirement. The oil company will face a different concern in the transport of jet fuel as this will need a dedicated barge. FPIC’s shutdown, on the other hand, will directly affect Shell’s 715 stations from regions I-IV, including Metro Manila. Shell has determined that it will use the same methodology as Chevron with the use of trucks and barges in the shipping of its petroleum products. The Department of Energy (DOE), on its part, has already requested from the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) and the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) assistance in lifting the truck ban in Batangas City and Metro Manila while the pipeline is nonoperational. DOE Undersecretary Loreta G. Ayson, who also attended the press conference of Mayor

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IIEE SNAPSHOTS

tHE yEAR THAT

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SMART GRID FACTS By Engr. Jules S. Alcantara IIEE VP Internal (2011), PEE 1615, MS Energy Management, Master of Engineering (EE), ASEAN Engr., Consultant

Here are some of the buzzwords used in the electric industry which few people really understand. We would like to discuss here Smart Grid and FACTS. SMART GRID Smart Grid has no standard definition, though generally the term refers to an improved power system through the use of information via digital technology to optimize the flow and use of electricity from points of generation by power plants all the way to points of utilization by consumers. The US Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007) describes “smart grid” as a modernization of the electricity infrastructure to maintain a reliable and secure system that can meet future growth. The grid consists of the source, the consumers’ loads and the transmission / distribution systems in between. The source of electricity are the power plants that generate electricity using wind energy, biogas, nuclear fuel, coal, hydro, natural gas, diesel fuel and other sources of energy. The flow of electricity is basically done through the transmission and distribution systems. Electricity is delivered to and utilized by consumers at various lower voltage levels. The smart grid involves integrated operation of the power system from the home to the power plant. It provides the communication of information about grid conditions to system users, operators and automated devices, making it possible for generators, transmission and distribution operators and consumers to dynamically

respond to changes in grid condition and for all parties to make informed decisions for economic efficiency and system reliability. With an increasing complexity of the power system and a need for the system to be reliable, resilient and friendly to intermittent renewable energy, a Smart Grid approach that complements the traditional expansion and upgrading works of electric infrastructures significantly improves efficiency, power quality and reliability, reduces restoration times from outages and minimizes emissions adverse to the environment. Features of the smart grid include the following: (1) The technology uses sensing, measurement and control devices with two-way communications in electricity production, transmission, distribution and consumption (consumer) parts of the power grid. A smart grid has an intelligent real time monitoring and feedback system that keeps track of all electricity flowing in the system. The technology includes Net Metering System (and Smart Meters) , Variable Electricity rates (peak and off peak), Load Control Switches to control large electricity consuming devices, distribution automation and many others. (2) Smart meters, which are one small element of smart grid, provides power outage information that is timelier and more accurate than otherwise possible.

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Advanced metering infrastructure enables dynamic pricing and consumer participation mechanisms. (3) Smart grid has outage detection, improved automated diagnosis of power system disturbances and self-healing capabilities that improve electricity grid system response to energy emergencies. Other smart grid components have the ability to prevent certain types of outages from occurring and is capable of isolating disturbed zones and limiting cascading outages that can spread over wide areas. (4) It has “Plug and play” ability to connect new generating plants to the grid, reducing the need for time consuming interconnection studies and physical upgrades to the grid. (5) Smart grid integrates demand response and local energy resources such as intermittent renewable energy so that it reduces electricity system vulnerabilities and risks in the longer term. It has an enhanced ability to manage large amounts of wind and solar power. (6) The smart grid would make it easier to install distributed generation, such as rooftop solar panels, and to implement “net metering,” a ratemaking approach that allows operators of distributed generators to sell surplus power to utilities. (7) A higher level of implementation would allow the utility to automatically reduce the customer’s electricity consumption when power is expensive or scarce. This would be managed through links between the smart meter and the customer’s equipment or appliances. Many countries are studying smart grids to address energy efficiency, environmental issues such as global warming and resilience of the power system and are currently using the smart grid technology for testing purposes. Constraints in the implementation of smart grid are the lack of incentives in the regulatory framework and lack of consistent standards, although the US National Institute of Standards and Technology has released a roadmap for establishing such standards. Other names for a smart grid include smart electric grid, smart power grid, intelligent grid, future grid, and the more modern intergrid and intragrid.

FACTS FACTS is the acronym of Flexible AC Transmission Systems. It is composed of static equipment used for AC transmission of electricity. Its purpose is to enhance controllability, security and flexibility of a power transmission system. It results in an increase of existing network’s power transfer capacity while maintaining its stability. The technology includes the following: 1. Series compensation - modifies the line impedance resulting in controllable line flows and voltages. In long transmission lines, a significant series inductance occurs which can cause large voltage drop when high current flows. To compensate, series capacitors are connected; 2. Shunt Compensation – a well established and widely used technology that is primarily used to reduce transfer reactances. There are two types of shunt compensation: a. Shunt capacitive compensation – shunt capacitors are connected in parallel with the inductive load (lagging load current) which will result in a net improvement of power factor (approaching unity); b. Shunt inductive compensation – this compensation employs shunt inductors connected across transmission lines when charging the line ( to correct the line’s capacitive effects) or when there is very low load at the receiving end (to reduce high voltages at the receiving end since the shunt capacitance in the transmission line causes voltage amplification called Ferranti Effect). Examples of series compensation include: a) Static synchronous series compensators (SSSC); b) Thyristor-controlled series capacitor (TCSC) where a series capacitor bank is shunted by a thyristor-controlled reactor; c) Thyristor-controlled series reactor (TCSR) where a reactor bank is shunted by a thyristor-controlled reactor; d) Thyristor-switched series capacitor (TSSC) where a series capacitor bank is shunted by a thyristorswitched reactor; e) Thyristor-switched series reactor (TSSR) where a series reactor bank is shunted by a thyristor-switched reactor. Examples of shunt compensation technologies that use power semiconductors to control the reactive power balance even during transient conditions include:

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TECHNICAL PAPER

a) Static synchronous compensator (STATCOM); b) Static VAR compensator (SVC) With FACTS, there is continuous control and management of reactive power resulting in better voltage control, improved stability limits, increased transfer capacity, minimized congestion and a power system whose behavior becomes more robust, flexible and predictable. Other application of FACTS is its use in wind generation. Most of the wind power generation uses asynchronous generators which may absorb substantial amounts of reactive power thus adversely affecting the system voltage. Another situation is the use of off-shore wind farms which utilize AC sea cables that have substantial capacitive power. FACTS technology manages the reactive power balance in these conditions of the power system. References: Smart Grid System Report, US Department of Energy, July 2009 Smart Grid and Cyber Security, USNASEO, Dec 2010 Electric Power Transmission: Background and Policy Issues by Stan Mark Kaplan, US Congressional Research Service, 2009

THE AUTHOR Engr. Jules Alcantara is presently the IIEE 2011 Vice-President for Internal Affairs. He graduated Cum Laude in BS Electrical Engineering and ranked 2nd place in the Professional Electrical Engineering Board Examination. He is an ASEAN Engineer and was a Fulbright-Hayes scholar, graduating with a Master of Science in Energy Management from the University of Pennsylvania. Before that, he also finished the Master of Engineering Program from the University of the Philippines. Engr. Alcantara was previously connected with the National Power Corporation as manager of Technical Services and National Transmission Corporation as one of its Managers and later as Vice-President serving diverse functions related to O & M, SO, Finance and Administration. He is currently a consultant.

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TECHNICAL PAPER

PROPOSED METRO MANILA’S SIDEWALK URINALS POWERED BY URINE WITH INTRODUCTION TO UECA (Urine Energy Converting Attachment)”

Note: This research paper was presented during the EE Research Contest by the IIEE Academic Affairs Committee during the Institute’s 35th Annual National Conventiomn

Prepared by: Junar Joy G. Aguilar, Lester B. Bio, Lian Marie O. Caradilla, Mary Joyce G. Dorado , and Ferdinand E. Embate BSEE Students of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines- Sta. Mesa Manila Adviser Engr. Faustino Rural

ABSTRACT

This research design is a proposal for the improvement of the existing male urinal system of MMDA (Metro Manila Development Authority). The research focuses on the installation of lighting independently from the power line. It introduces the new source of electricity from urine using the UECA (Urine Energy Converting Attachment). Urine is made up of chemicals that serve as electrolytes that can acquire the capacity to conduct electricity. This research project doesn’t only answer the scarcity in terms of energy but it also deals with the environmental issues and promoting safer urinals at night. Urine and its composition Urine is a liquid by-product of the body that is secreted by the kidneys through a process called urination and excreted through the urethra. Cellular metabolism generates numerous by-products, many rich in nitrogen, which require elimination from the bloodstream. These by-products are eventually expelled from the body in a process known as micturition, the primary method for excreting water-soluble chemicals from the body. These chemicals can be detected and analyzed by urinalysis. Amniotic fluid is closely related to urine, and can be analyzed by amniocentesis.

Basic Components of an Electrochemical Cell An anode is an electrode through which electric current flows into a polarized electrical device. A cathode is an electrode through which electric current flows out of a polarized electrical device.

Urine is an aqueous solution of greater than 95% water, with the remaining constituents, in order of decreasing concentration urea 9.3 g/l, chloride 1.87 g/l, sodium 1.17 g/l, potassium 0.750 g/l, creatinine 0.670 g/l and other dissolved ions, inorganic and organic compounds. Galvanic corrosion (electrolysis) requires the presence of two different metals, a conductive (metallic) metallic path between them, and an ionic path (water or moisture connecting the two metals). If this drain line and stainless steel surface offer this combination, then electrolysis can occur. Galvanic corrosion is an electrochemical process in which one metal corrodes preferentially to another when both metals are in electrical contact and immersed in an electrolyte.

Figure 2.1 Electrochemical cell schematic

In a primary cell, the anode is also the negative electrode and the cathode is the positive electrode. In a secondary cell, when on charge the negative electrode becomes the cathode and the positive electrode become the anode. The electrolyte serves as the path for completing the electrical circuit inside the cell via the transport of ions from one electrode to another.

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TECHNICAL PAPER

UECA (Urine Energy Converting Attachment) The UECA presents and introduce Energy utilization in the urinal system. With the use of this Urine Energy Converting Attachment, we can light up these urinals at night without the expense of having a separate electric line for the lights. The attachment will be a separate compartment that is to be build underground. The urine goes in the attachment, where it is utilized as a source of energy.

Urine Energy Converting Attachment Components Figure 3.1 UECA Design Table 3.1 Materials, description and quantity

Figure 3.2 Proposed urinal systems with UECA on the piping system

Construction of UECA The size of sandwiched-type (copper plate, tissue and aluminium foil) set up depends upon the size of the container to be used. In our case, we used a (4 x 2.5 x 1) cm cell on which the sizes of other materials were based. The tissue is placed in between the copper plates and aluminum foils to hold the urine. To secure the set up, it is again placed inside a plastic container of the same dimension of the cell. This also serves as a protection from leakage of the urine in the container. Arrange this set up in the cells of the container and using cardboards to compress the set ups. The connection of the set up depends on the needs of the power supply; it can be series, parallel or series – parallel connection.

FIGURE 3.3 Top view and 3D diagram of the proposed urinal system

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TECHNICAL PAPER

From the urinals, urine will flow in to the attachment through pipes. The compartment underground serves as the protection of the attachment. This compartment should be at least two feet underground to avoid spillage and leaks. A well sealed cover will be used that can be detached for easy checking of the attachment. Another compartment should be provided for the septic tank for excess urine from the attachment. UECA should be installed properly to perform well. Any leakage of water and other substances from the ground will cause damage to the attachment.

Recommendation We recommend the constant monitoring of the attachment to ensure its proper maintenance. Once a week, the attachment should be checked and its components be replaced to ensure its continuous use. We also advise to put a roof and cover to the funnel that collects urine in each urinal to prevent foreign substances from entering the attachment ( e.g. rain, cigarette butts, bubble gum, etc.). Bibliography

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS The UECA rated capacity can be obtained for several hours. For LED to light, it needs a high amount of current. Simple manipulation of the circuit is needed to achieve the expected rating output. For the test that the researcher conducted over a period of time, the current output gradually decreased while the voltage remains the same. Continuous use of the urinals over a shorter time interval makes the attachment work better.

http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urine http://www.finishing.com/296/63.shtml http://search.datasheetcatalog.net/key/2N2222 http://www.mmda.gov.ph/

Conclusion The researchers therefore conclude that using UECA (Urine Energy Converting Attachment), we can provide the electricity needed by the lighting system of the sidewalk urinals. UECA converts urine into electricity. Copper plates and aluminum foils present in the attachment allow the occurence of the process called electrolysis. It is where the two electrodes attract the ions in the electrolyte which is present in urine. At the electrodes, electrons are absorbed or released by the atoms and ions. UECA will answer the problem of lack of energy. By using, waste as a raw material, it cleverly provides an efficient lighting system for the urinals – which will make the facility safer to use at night and more efficient in answering the needs of the people.

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TECHNICAL PAPER

Lighting Systems Energy Efficiency Options by Eng’r. Aldrin R. de Guia Looking at what is happening at our world nowadays is a cause to alarm someone. There are many unexpected natural calamities that have taken place just recently. In Cebu City and Central Visayas, abnormally heavy rains triggered massive flash floods. Some coastal villages in Cebu were devastated by big waves and heavy floodings. In Mindanao, prolonged rains brought about the tail end of the cold front stormed in, overflowing several municipalities. In Australia, towns in the southern state of Victoria experienced the biggest floods in 200 years. All these things just happened within the month of January this year. What we have thought of as a very rare heavy rainfall that happened on September 26, 2009, tropical storm “ Ondoy “ seems to be repeating somewhere more frequently. Some advocates blame these events as causes of human activities, which result to “climate change”. Efforts to fight climate change has been done for years but based on what is happening to mother earth, it seems that they were not enough. Some group of nations call for a very strong commitment to solve climate change, one of the ways of energy reduction is efficiency in utilization of energy. Energy efficiency is vital for conserving energy resources, reducing green house gas emissions and carbon dioxide emissions that can contribute to climate change Technologies that are more energy efficient deliver the desired output using optimal amount of energy. The following are the energy efficiency options you can apply to your household, commercial establishment and industrial facilities. Compact Fluorescent lamp is an energy efficient replacement for incandescent bulbs. Compact fluorescent lamps only use about 25% of the energy consumed by incandescent bulbs with even better brightness level (lumens) and lasts 8 times longer. The 40 watts fluorescent lamp can be replaced with either 36 watts FL, 32 watts FL or 24 watts FL (with adapter). The electromagnetic ballast which consumes around 10 watts used in the operation of the 40 watts FL can be replaced with electronic ballast

which only consumes 2 -3 watts. This will give you around 75% energy savings. In warehouse areas or outdoor applications mercury vapor lamps may be replaced with energy efficient metal halide lamps. A 250 watts mercury vapor can be replaced with a 70 watts metal halide lamp. This would yield 74% energy savings. Another energy efficient lighting replacement you can do is the replacement of halogen lamps with high pressure sodium. A 300 watts halogen lamps can be replaced with 70 watts high pressure sodium lamps. Despite of the significant wattage reduction, the high pressure sodium lamps can deliver the same or better brightness. Presently, the most energy efficient lamp is the Light Emitting Diode. This lamp has a wide variety of application. It can be used as an indoor and outdoor lighting. It can also be used as decorative lighting, advertising and road sign lighting. By replacing a 40 watts fluorescent lamps system with an LED, a 52% energy savings is achieved. Although LED comes with a higher cost, it has promising benefits such as being environmental friendly because it has no mercury content, very low operating temperature as compared with other types of lamps and has long life. These new lighting technologies are initially more expensive compared to the conventional units most of us use. However, considering the energy savings and environmental benefits, a careful attention to their use must be considered.

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Short Term Demand Forecasting Using Stochastic Hour Ahead Proportion Analysis John C. Placente and Rafael G. Maramba Abstract Short term demand forecasting is very important in power systems planning, operations, risk and contingency analysis. Traditional models such as simple moving average, weighted moving average, exponential smoothing and linear regression have been usually used to carry out short term load prediction. Past studies involved time, temperature, humidity and other weather conditions as factors in determining future load. The thesis proposes a novel mathematical demand forecast model and a new prediction factor based on Stochastic Hour Ahead Proportion (SHAP). Using the 2008 Philippine Electricity Market Corporation (PEMC) historical demand as forecast simulation data, SHAP forecast model undergo several evaluations such as accuracy characterization thru calculation of Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) and Standard Deviation of Error (SDE). SHAP’s accuracy was also compared with other traditional models using statistical T-test. On a 24 hour ahead forecasting interval, SHAP offers statistically better MAPE and SDE of 2.457% and 1.634%, respectively, as compared with the traditional models’ MAPE and SDE of 4.556% and 1.976%. Satisfactory results have been obtained to prove that SHAP is adequate to provide accurate demand forecasts. The study finally suggests the acceptance of SHAP analysis as a new power system short term demand forecast method.

Deviation of Error (SDE). The study is also to compare the results obtained from the new method with simple moving average, weighted moving average, exponential smoothing and linear regression methods. II. PROPOSED FORECAST MODEL Hour Ahead Proportion (HAP) is the ratio between the electric demand value at time T+1 hour and at time T. For example, in a certain hour 1AM, the demand is 5000 MW. At the next hour, which is 2AM, the demand is 4500 MW. Therefore, the HAP of 1AM and 2AM will be 4500 MW / 5000 MW which is equal to 0.90. Taking a wider period of one day, 24 values of HAP can be generated. For example, Table I shows an example of HAP computation in 24 hours. Taking a wider period of 30 days, there will be 30 HAP values each for 1AM, 2AM up to 24AM. There will be a lot of HAP values that can be clustered hourly and daily. Collecting all of the HAP values and consider these as past observations, it can be later used for statistical treatment. Forecasting for the next period HAP at time T hour, with the use quantitative analysis and statistical measurements, the Stochastic Hour Ahead Proportion (SHAP) can be obtained.

I. INTRODUCTION

A. SHAP Determination Algorithm

SHORT term demand forecasting is very important in power systems operations and planning. Time-ahead demand information is needed in power plant generation scheduling, equipment maintenance, purchases of fuel, load dispatch, coordination, security and contingency analyses.

In order to determine the value of the SHAP for a certain hour of a specific day, follow the following algorithm:

One of the factors that needs to be further studied in load forecasting is the Stochastic Hour Ahead Proportion (SHAP) analysis. Hour Ahead Proportion (HAP) can be quantified by the ratio of demand at time T + 1 hour and the demand at time T. Using the historical data, statistical measurements, risk analysis and decision making process, the Hour Ahead Proportion can be stochastically obtained, thereby creating SHAP. By multiplying SHAP with the previous hour demand value, the next hour demand can be forecasted. SHAP analysis is a newly developed mathematical forecast model and thesis made by the author. The purpose of this study is to fully evaluate the accuracy of SHAP forecast model using the Philippine Electricity Market Corporation (PEMC) historical actual demand as experimental data. The study aims to test the model on hour-ahead, two-hour ahead, up to 24-hour ahead forecasting durations. The test indicators for the model efficiency shall be the Absolute Percentage Error (APE), Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) and Standard

1. Obtain N HAP values coming from the previoussame days of previous N weeks. The HAP value to obtain should be of the same day as the day being forecasted. The number of weeks, N, shall be the analysts’ decision based on simulating the obtained errors from N=2, 3, 4, 5 and so on. Objective is to use the N where it yields the most accurate forecast among simulation samples. For the thesis, N=6 shall be used. 2. Name the N HAPs as HAPW1, HAPW2, HAPW3, HAPW4 … HAPWN. HAPWN means the HAP coming from a certain similar day, N weeks away from the focus of forecast. 3. Determine if the HAP obtained is coming from a special day such as non-working holiday, boxing event, major power failure day, and etc. 4. If the HAP values obtained from the last N weeks are special events, eliminate this HAP and secure another HAP coming N+1 week (if the N+1 week is a special event, eliminate the N+1 week HAP and then secure the N+2 week HAP). 5. Calculate the mean of the obtained N HAP values. The mean of the HAP values taken from the six weeks will be called as the SHAP value. 6. The SHAP value will then be used for next forecast.

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B. SHAP Forecast Mathematical Model The next period demand forecast heavily relies on the SHAP values obtained from the analysis. In order to obtain the next period demand forecast, there are two requirements, namely, (1) the actual demand data prior the hour of the next period and (2) follow the mathematical model for the demand forecast. For example, if the analyst will forecast the demand of Tuesday 1AM up to 24PM, the actual demand measurement for Monday 24PM must be obtained. Meanwhile, the mathematical model can be expressed,

SHAP’s MAPE and SDE diminish as hour ahead interval increases with time as can be seen in Figure 1. Fig. 1. SHAP Forecast Model MAPE characterization per hour ahead interval based on 2008 Philippine Electricity Market Corporation data.

(1) LT+n = L1(S1)(S2)(S3)...(Sn) where LT+n is the load forecast at Time T+n, Li is the actual demand data prior the hour of the next period, Sn is the SHAP value for time n.

Fig. 2. SHAP Forecast Model SDE characterization per hour ahead interval based on 2008 Philippine Electricity Market Corporation data.

For example, a forecast for August 19, 2008 (PEMC) needs to be obtained. First, the value of actual demand on August 18, 2008 at 24PM is 4381.84 MW. Second, using the SHAP determination algorithm and the forecast mathematical model, the 24-hour ahead forecast can be obtained and results are shown on Table II and Table III.

Fig. 3. MAPE comparison of SHAP against SMA, WMA, ES and LR in 24 hour ahead forecasting scheme.

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Fig. 4. SDE comparison of SHAP against SMA, WMA, ES and LR in 24 hour ahead forecasting scheme TABLE IV MODELSMAPE COMPARISON T-TEST RESULTS IN 24 HOUR AHEAD FORECASTING

Fig. 5. MAPE comparison of SHAP against SMA, WMA, ES and LR in 1 Week ahead forecasting scheme.

TABLE V MODELS SDE COMPARISON T-TEST RESULTS IN 24 HOUR AHEAD FORECASTING

Fig. 6. SDE comparison of SHAP against SMA, WMA, ES and LR in 1 Week ahead forecasting scheme

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TABLE VI MODELSMAPE COMPARISON T-TEST RESULTS IN 1WEEK AHEAD FORECASTING

IV. ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors extend gratitude to Mapua Institute of Technology, School of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering (EECE) and the School of Graduate Studies, specifically the valuable contributions of Prof. Melinda Merza, Prof. Frederick Brian Renion, Prof. Redi Remoroza, Prof. Rolly Santos, Engr. Frank Garganera, Dr. Felicito Caluyo, Prof. Ronald Vincent Santiago, Prof. Michael Pacis and Dr. Jonathan W.L. Salvacion. V. BIBLIOGRAPHIES

TABLE VII MODELS SDE COMPARISON T-TEST RESULTS IN 1WEEK AHEAD FORECASTING

III. CONCLUSION Based on study evaluations performed, the short-term demand forecasting method using Stochastic Hour Ahead Proportion (SHAP) analysis has been proven to adequately predict future load data. The SHAP mathematical model offers a MAPE of 1.2381% at one hour ahead to 2.4569% at 24 hour ahead stretching to 5.9416% at one week ahead forecasts. Furthermore, SHAP additionally suffice an SDE of 1.0791% at one hour ahead to 1.6337% at 24 hour ahead, and reaching 4.3728% at one week ahead prediction. While SMA, WMA, ES and LR exist to be the most traditional and widely written methods in demand forecasting, the new SHAP model has produced statistically better accuracy evaluation indicators in 24 hour ahead forecast: SHAP MAPE of 2.4569% versus other traditional models

JOHN PLACENTE received his Master of Science in Electrical Engineering degree, major in Power Systems (Cum Laude), from Mapua Institute of Technology in 2009 and obtained his BS Electrical Engineering (Cum Laude) degree from Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (University of City of Manila) in 2004. From 2005 to 2009, he worked in Intel Technology Philippines as Process and Equipment Engineer and as Facility Electrical Engineer focusing in high voltage (HV), low voltage (LV), power line conditioning (LC), facility data automation and simulation systems. Then in 2010, he joined PacificTech Solutions as Electrical Design Engineer and Grid Management Committee as Senior Engineer for Reliability and Protection. Currently, he is an Electrical and Instrumentation Design Engineer in Lycopodium Philippines and Assistant Professor II in Mapua Institute of Technology. He is a Philippine Registered Electrical Engineer (15th Placer, September 2004) and is a lifetime member of IIEE. RAFAEL MARAMBA received his Master of Engineering in Computer Engineering from Mapua Institute of Technology in 2002, and obtained his BS Electrical Engineering degree from the institute in 1978. From 1978 to 1981, he worked as an Outside Plant (OSP) Telephone Engineer at PLDT in Makati City. Between 1981 and 1996, he worked in various parts of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as OSP Design Engineer and Consultant for a range of ARAMCO telecommunications projects. He specializes in the design of outside plant telephone facilities which include aerial and buried installations, construction of manholes and conduits, and other related projects. Currently, he is an electrical and computer engineering professor (Professor IV) at the School of EECE and School of Graduate Studies of the Mapua Institute of Technology in Intramuros, Manila, Philippines. He is a Philippine Registered Electrical Engineer and a member of IIEE.

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IIEE Magazine 2010 4th Quarter