IIAS Newsletter 23

Page 50





P a rtic ip a to ry Technology D evelopm ent and lo c a l Know ledge f o r Sustainable la n d Use in Southeast Asia any international cenJL V JL tres for agri­ cultural research and development organiza­ tions increasingly em­ phasize that technical innovations in the agricultural sector o f developing countries have to take into account the needs and priorities o f the end users. Research and development pro­ jects in Southeast Asia show a m u lti­ tude o f approaches as to how the in­ teraction between farmers and scien­ tists can be enhanced. However, the discussion about the practical impact and scientific value o f participatory approaches is still going .on. In the agricultural science community, an increasing polarization between the promoters o f participatory approach­ es and the proponents o f convention­ al research can be observed. Despite the strong emphasis on participatory approaches, national and internation­ al research organizations are still re­ luctant to leave the research station and to involve farmers in the plan­ ning, design, implementation, and

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evaluation o f on-farm and other re| search activities. One o f the reasons for the scientists’ hesitation is the [ widely spread view that research be­ yond the borders o f the research sta[ tion is ‘non-scientific because agroj ecological and other ‘disturbing’ pa| rameters cannot be controlled. Be| sides, there is growing concern that the long-term effectiveness o f participatory approaches is lim ited by social, cultural, and institutional factors and | the lack o f an adequate methodology. State agencies fear people’s participa{ tion because the process would be less controllable and would slow down the land use planning process. So far, there has been a lack o f pro[ found analysis o f the advantages, problems, and costs o f participatory | research. It has not yet been shown conclusively that participatory re[ search approaches produce better, more adapted results than conven| tional research. Some o f the success stories found in the literature are | s till ‘islands’ o f success and the d iffi­ culties and shortcomings o f partici­ patory research are rarely discussed.




Im p e ria lis m , M edicine and South Asia: A so c io -p o litica l perspective, 1800-1^50 r I t he discipline o f I South Asian medJL ical history has continued to be limited by two widely prevalent problems. The first has been the tendency to concentrate on the study o f scientific developments in the laboratory at the expense o f the introduction o f these medical tech­ nologies amongst South Asian social groups. The second, not unrelated to the first, is the widespread u n w ill­ ingness to combine the insights pro­ vided by the medical journals and doctors’ diaries w ith the information provided by the official correspon­ dence between all grades o f public health/medical administrators at­ tached to the colonial state. This workshop hopes to underline the aca­ demic benefits o f tackling both these historiographical shortcomings. Contact Information:

DR SANJOY BHATTACHARYA 12 Kirkby Close, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 IXP, England, UK Tel/Fax: + 4 4-122-347 4407 E-mail: joygeeta@hotmail.com Or

DR BISWAMOY PATI 47 Deshbandhu Apartments, 15 Patparganj, Delhi-92, I 10092, India Tel:+91-1 1-272 2060/ 6540 E-mail: biswamoy@del2.vsnl.net.in



The significance o f studying the developments in British and Indian laboratories is not denied. Indeed, the aim o f this meeting is to under­ line the challenges faced by colonial scientists and administrators in transferring new medical techniques/practices to the field and how these problems engendered fresh rounds o f scientific research. It w ill be useful, in this context, to move away from the currently fashionable mono-dimensional concept o f resis­ tance. Although the study o f opposi­ tion to state medicine has its rele­ vance, the often complex bases for compliance to - or the acceptance o f - official health provisions, biomed­ ical or otherwise, has been systemat­ ically ignored by historians. In the opinion o f the workshop organizers both compliance and resistance need to be taken into account whenever an effort is made to examine the bases for the distribution o f preven­ tative and curative treatments in the colonial South Asian context, and a number o f participants w ill consider this issue. But, the main workshop goal is to encourage the presentation o f papers based on a range o f ap­ proaches, and thereby advertise the different archival and oral sources on which these works have been based. This should underscore the great academic benefits o f following a more integrationist approach, where the usefulness o f comparing the insights available from different sources can profitably be highlight-

• I 1AS N E W S L E T T E R N S 2 3 • O c t o b e r 2 o o o


A further development in participa­ tory approaches and a critical and re­ alistic assessment o f the options and lim itations o f participatory research are urgently needed. The intention o f the proposed workshop is, there­ fore, to bring together the m ultidis­ ciplinary experiences o f various Asian and European research and de­ velopment institutions involved in agricultural research and natural re­ source management projects w ith a participatory component. ■

Organizing Institutions: - University o f Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany - Hanoi Agricultural University, Hanoi, Vietnam - Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam - Vietnam Agricultural Science Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam - Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

Contact Information:

DR ANDREAS NEEF AND PROFESSOR FRANZ HEIDHUES Institute of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in the Tropics and Subtropics University o f Hohenheim (490 A) 70593 Stuttgart, Germany Tel:+49-71 1-459 2581 Fax: +49-711-459 3934 E-mail: neef@uni-hohenheim.de


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Asian W elfare Policy Responses to the Crash o f 1£97 "■ p a rticip a n ts are iny * vited from across I I I J- the social scientific disciplines to present analyses and interpreta­ tions o f policy responses by East and Southeast Asian countries to the financial crash o f the summer o f 1997. The aim is to achieve a greater understanding o f the relationships between economic development, ‘modernization’, demographic change, and social policy responses in different cultural and political con­ texts. It is o f particular interest to study in what way a sudden economic backlash - in a region which for ten to th irty years had experienced a rapid, ‘miracle’ economic growth - affected the politics o f social protection and the ‘thinking’ on social policy and welfare issues. Countries to be cov­ ered by one or several types o f analyses according to the topics below are Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, In­ donesia, the Philippines, China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan. The Workshop w ill take place at University o f Bergen. A total o f some 25 scholars from about fifteen countries w ill be invited to present papers in one o f the following sec­ tions:

ed. The workshop w ill take place at Wolfson College, the University o f Cambridge. ■

The Organizers:

The Organizers: - Dr Sanjoy Bhattacharya (Sheffield Hallam University, UK, and University o f Oxford, UK] - Dr Gordon Johnson (University of Cambridge, UK) and Dr Biswamoy Pati (University o f Delhi, India)

O rg a n iz in g Institutions: - United Kingdom: The Wellcome Unit for the History o f Medicine, University of Oxford; Cultural Research Institute, Sheffield Hallam University; and the Centre o f South Asian Studies, University of Cambridge - India: Department of History, Sri Venkateswara College, University o f Delhi

1. Welfare and Social Policy Develop­ ments after 1997: Focus w ill be on what happened both to thinking about and actual actions taken on issues o f social pro­ tection, security, and welfare after the crash, both in countries severely affected by the crash and in other countries in the region. 2. Where do Models o f Social Protec­ tion and Welfare Policy come from? @07:Which countries, insti­ tutions, or organizations set the agenda? To what extent do Asian countries look to European or American historical experiences to meet the demographic and finan­ cial welfare challenges o f the 1980s and 1990s? Do Asian countries de­ velop their own model(s), or look to each other for policy learning? 3. Response to the Long-Term Chal­ lenges from Changes in Demogra­ phy. To what extent are welfare policy developments and reforms responses to domestic challenges posed by changes in demographic composi­ tion and family structure? To what extent are traditional systems o f fam ily care challenged by economic modernization, social and geograph­ ic m obility, and changing (declin­ ing] fe rtility rates? ■

ESF Asia Committee

work­ shops

- Professor Stein Kuhnle, chair (Department of Comparative Politics and Centrefor Social Research, University of Bergen) - Professor Sven Hort (Södertorn University College, Stockholm) - Professor Rei Shiratori (Tokai University and Institute for Political Studies,Japan) - Dr Decha Sungkawan (Thammasat University, Bangkok) Contact information:

PROFESSOR STEIN KUHNLE E-mail: stein.kuhnle@isp.uib.no o r the administrative secretary fo r the workshop,

KARI FUGLSETH Centre fo r Social Research, University o f Bergen E-mail: kari.fuglseth@sefos.uib.no.



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