Page 1

IHSUAN LIN P

ortfolio

Academic & Professional 2001-2010


2010 Spring

Moksha Tower

2009 Fall

Urban Renewal

2009 Spring

Grid: Mapping

2007 Summer

Municipal Nanzih Primary School

2004-2005

Living on the Verge: Treasure Hill Commune

2005-2008

Professional Practice in Taiwan Other Works

MOKSHA TOWER

IH.LIN 林依萱


MOKSHA TOWER

Vertical cemetery in Mumbai, India 2010 Spring studio, Illinois Institute of Technology Prof. Anthony Wood, collaboration with YaLin Fu Application: Illustrator, Autocad, Photoshop, Rhino, 3d Max, Sketchup,Vray

Agenda This project was supported by Council of Tall Buildings and Urban Habitant (CTBUH) in Chicago and the Remaking of Mumbai Federation (RoMF) in Mumbai. We visited Mumbai in February 2010 and attempted to determine which new kind of alternative Tall building types could contribute to improve urban quality in the world’s most dense city. After field research, we noticed that there are multiple religions and a compact population gathered together, but without enough open recreation space. In India, religious doctrines dominate, from daily routine to the matters of life and death. Death is considered one of the most important phases of the whole human process. Many people discussed how to improve the living quality. However, issues relating to the handling of the dead are seldom addressed. We would like to create a high-rise cemetery in order to free up previous ground floor for green space. This would create a vertical resource for the handling and disposal of dead bodies, which would provide storage for the dead in a limited period of time, in order to ensure adequate capacity to continually accommodate new dead. We studied four religious communities, Hindi, Muslim, Parsi, and Christian, in order to understand their beliefs and funeral processes. Some of the process is not efficient; therefore, we attempted to re-envision the funeral process in for different innovative layouts. We also integrated vegetation into our building facade to reduce the heat-island effect.

The Site The site is loaced at C-Ward, where the local business is flourishing, but where the density of both residential and commercial activity has increased without an adequate increase or improvement to the infrastructure. Additionally, to commute to this area,

most citizens must first take crowded trains, and then spread out from the Marine Lines Station. Different streets specialized in different type of trades, with an informal land-use/zoning-pattern clearly observed, such as clothes or home equipment. Residential use fills up the floors above the commercial space. Religious facilities located in these blocks act as a community core.

The building content The ground floor is open to the public; commuters from the train can walk directly through the site as a shortcut, and neighborhood children can play in the green space. Visitors can access different religious cemeteries via separate elevator cores. We emulate the traditional process for Hindus, who carry the body, perform a sacred ritual service (cremation) along the Ganges river bank and then dump the ashes into the water. According to Islamic doctrine, the dead should be buried under the ground as soon as possible. So we suggest sky gardens in the middle of our building to create a “virtual ground� as a burial yard. The visitors can take small lifting platforms to console their beloved under the garden level. For Christians, we created a series climbing ramps toward the top, to imply a rising towards the heavens. Finally, on the top is the Parsi community, which requires solar panels and vultures, to aid in the decomposition of the bodies.

Hanging structure system The four cores in the corners are the main structure and in each zone and the 5 meter wide trusses are standard girders to connect these 12 core columns. Suspended members hang on the truss to support secondary beam. As a result, different space contextual spaces are created in each zone.


MOKSHA TOWER

IH.LIN 林依萱


WHO occupied the most?

CHINA 19.5%

U.S.A 4.5%

INDIA 17%

WORLD POPULATION

6,800,000,000

10000 B.C

4

2000

27

A.D

200

160

500

190

800

220

1100

320

1400

350

1700

610

2000

6000

2010

6800

GROWING WORLD POPULATION

(in millions)

6.75 billion

living people

Ville Contemporaine/ Le Corbusier

skyscrapers

? 115 billion

dead since the world began

EVERYTHING about death/birth

USA 6.2/1000

INDIA 34.6/1000

1: 3

WORLD BIRTH/DEATH RATIO

1: 20

INDIAN INFANTS/ALL INFANTS

1: 6

INFANT MORTALITY RATE

For every dead man, three babies are born

for every twenty babies born in the world, one of them is born in India

the surive rate of indian babies is only one sixth of American babies


HOW MANY places can be used?

Chicago 17 sq m/1000people

4,883 people/sq km 17 sq m/1000people 606.1 sq km

USA 3rd LOWEST

GREEN OPEN RECREATION SPACE Cememteries

Green open space

Mumbai

21,880 people/sq km 0.12 sq m/1000people 603.4 sq km

0.12 sq m/1000people

WORLD LOWEST

GREEN OPEN RECREATION SPACE

Death statistics in 2009

8,833,503

DEATHS IN 2009 7.5 death @1000 people

90,033

1.02% INDIA 6.4 death @1000 people

1,602

1.78% MUMBAI 7.8 death@1000 people

site MALE 59.6%

FEMALE 40.1%

India

Mumbai

MOKSHA TOWER

C-Ward

IH.LIN 林依萱


Influence of different funeral methods Burying area

Muslim Death in 2009

Popution

Death Ratio

15,820

734,484

2.15%

1 year

10 years

totel need area 39,550 sq m

2.5 sq m/ person

2% area of C-Ward

8% area of C-Ward

Parsi Tower of Silence 0.527 sq km Death in 2009

130

Popution

23,000

Death Ratio

0.6%

Malabar Hill rises to 180 feet (55 metres) above sea level, which is highest point in the city centerand. It’s also located in Mumbai’s finest residential areas. Residents: business tycoons, bollywood stars, politicans Ward D: 6.63 sq km

$ 1200+

per square ft

Hindu CO2 Emission Death in 2009

Popution

Death Ratio

68,098

2,119,750

3.21%

Burn

1 cadaver

50kg CO

2

1490 cars/ year

Burn 68098 cadavers

1 Car/ year =

2,285kg CO

2

What happened in 100 acres

Graveyard

Mid-rise Building

High-rise Building

Ground area

100 acre

25 acre

12.5 acre

Plot Ratio

1

5

7.5

Occupations

4000 bodies

400 Family

600 Family

75 acre

87.5 acre

Open Space

0 acre


C-WARD DATA

RELIGION

MUSLIMS 80%

HINDUS 90%

INCOME GROUP CHRISTIAN 50% PARSI 40%

SEX RATIO MALES

60%

FEMALES 40%

CHAWLS

FAMILY HOUSEHOLD 60% SINGLE(MALE) 40%

5% 30%

15%

50%

Density 114,001/km

RELIGION

INCOME GROUP

CHAWLS

HINDUS

40%

Rs 50,000~100,000/MONTH

120 ROOMS/PER BUILDING

PARSI

40%

Rs25,000~50,000/MONTH

EACH ROOM: 10 ft* 10ft= 100 sq ft

CHRISTIAN 14%

Rs10,000~15,000/MONTH

TOTAL TENAMENTS: 672

BUDDISTS

Rs 5,000~10,000/MONTH

RENT: RS.24/MONTH

7%

MIXED

MOKSHA TOWER

IH.LIN 林依萱


Traditional Funeral Process

Hindu public crematorium

Islamic funera l praying at the graveside

Christian ceremony in the church

Parsi tower of slience


Hindu

Puja(Pray)

Cremation

collecting ash

Dumping ash to the river

Earth Islam

Bathing the body

Enshround death in the white cotton

Ritual in the Mosque

Buying the death into a grave. Position the head toward Mecca

Planting vegetation

Fire

Christian

Priest lead the ritual

Mourners condole the death

Bury to the ground

Put headstone on the top

Pray the departure of the soul

Move bosy to the Tower of Slience

Solar energy decays the body

collect part of ash

Dump ash to the sea

Water

Parsi

Pray

Sun

MOKSHA TOWER

IH.LIN 林依萱


Site Strategy

1

Existing Site Condition 2

Proposed Site Condition

Indian Ocean

3

Marine

4

5

Ground floor structure and circulation

Drive


Parsi :solar pannel

Christian: sloped container

Islam: virtual garden

Hindu: hanging crematorium

main automotive route pedestrian circulation public housing Historical Facade

Islamic sport club Parsi’s sport club

ines ine L

on

Stati

Mar

Islamic burial ground

1

Hindu Crematorium

2 3 4

5

Parsi Fire Temple

MOKSHA TOWER

IH.LIN 林依萱


Hindu crematorium

incineration room 1/600

Hindu crematorium(large) plan 1/600

Hindu crematorium(medium) plan 1/600


Islamic graveyard

Islamic container level plan 1/800

Islamic garden level plan 1/800

MOKSHA TOWER

IH.LIN 林依萱


Christian cemetery

Christian entrance level plan 1/800

Christian container level plan 1/800


Parsi towerof slience

Parsi Tower of Slience plan 1/800

Parsi entrance hall plan 1/800

MOKSHA TOWER

IH.LIN 林依萱


Parsi Tower of Slience

etery

Christian Cem

rd

ve Ya

c Gra

i Islam

du

Hin

m

riu

ato

m Cre


Section 1/1500

MOKSHA TOWER

IH.LIN 林依萱


Structural System

main columns

elevator Core

trusses as girders

secondary members suspended

elevators

elevators in Core

structure with cores

Islamic sky garden

Islamic zone main girder

structural model in Islamic zone

Islamic zonre sub-beam

structural model in Christian zone

standerd girder


Facade System

+

main frame

glazing

vegetation

weaving material

water supply

light structure

floor

Elevation opening study

MOKSHA TOWER

IH.LIN 林依萱


Urban Renewal:

New Infrastructure in Chicago Chinatown 2009 Fall studio, Illinois Institute of Technology Prof. Martin Felsen Application: Illustrator, Photoshop, Autocad, Sketchup, 3D Max,Vray

This project is an in Chinatown, located in South Loop. of Chicago. It was booming becasue of several urban renewal on site to intergrate the multi-culture and hyper-use in a high density area. Recently, the southern boundary of Chicago downtown has been gradually been extended to the African coomunity. In the future, Chinatown will be located in the part of commercial corridor which is connecting McCormick Place and high rise residential areas. For Asian immigrants, Chinatown revokes their nostalgia and the memories from home. Additionally, it is also a tourist spot for Chicagoans; large numbers of people like to visit here to enjoy exotic Asian food. However, this place is lack of infrastructure and results in a poor, dangeours, and un-developed area. Dilapidated CTA subway station is the obvious case. In order to improve the quality of this space, the urban renewal is needed. The station will be the new hub connecting the Asian and African American communities, offering more open space, tourist information and culture exhibitions. It will also be a new landmark in Chicago’s Southside. Additionally, the site is visually separated the by public transportation: CTA subway Red Line and Metra train. I would like to demolish the wall under the metra line and design the civic space under the two “bridges” .This site will be the first image for people when they visit Chinatown.

U.S Holidays

Chinese Holiday

New Year's Day

JAN

Birthday of Martin Luther King Chinese New Year Eve

FEB

Washington's Birthday

Lantern Festival MAR APR

Tomb Sweeping Day MAY Armed Forces Day Memorial Day

JUN Dragon Boat Festival JUL The Night of Sevens

Independence Day

AUG SEP

Mid-Autumn Festival Chinese National Day Taiwanese national Day

Labor Day Columbus Day

OCT NOV

Veterans Day Thanksgiving Day

DEC

Christmas Day People’s particpation Events held

Daily Market Night Market Flea Market Parade Chinatown Commerce

Festival Street Vendors

Restaurant street car Kioak

5

City Gov. Service Center Information Exhibition Office+ storage

CTA

elavtor

Adminstration

esclator ticket office bus stop bicycle rack Private Vehicles Bicycle Walking


1.

Market

2.

Tourist Center

3.

CTA Station

4.

Metra Line

5.

Bust Stop

6.

Vehicle/Bike Parking

6 3 1

2

4

Urban Renewal

IH.LIN 林依萱


Chinatown Site analysis

original parade route Bus stop

new suggested parade route

Old town

suggested pedestrian route

New town

Bus route

Tourism area

CTA red line

Parking

Metra RI line

Chicago River


Design strategy

Street food

Morning Market

Conveying Belt Service

Solution of Metra wall

Existing Merta Condition

Proposed Solution

Urban Renewal

Metra

Metra

IH.LIN 林依萱


B

6

5

3

1

2

A

A

3

5 4

5

B

Ground Floor 1/600

9

10

11 4 15

14


1. EXHIBITION HALL 2. SHOP 3. MARKET 4. SIDE ENTRANCE 7

5. DROP OFF 6. PARKING ENTRANCE 7. CTA ENTRANCE 8. OFFICE 9. TOURIST CENTER/KIOSK 8

12

10.RESTURANT

10

11. KITCHEN 12.OPEN SPACE

8

13. MECHINCAL ROOM

7

11

14. RESTROOM 15. PARKING

2F Plan 1/600

10

8

14

Section A-A 1/600

15

13

Section B-B 1/600

Urban Renewal

IH.LIN 林依萱


Perspective from from nouth-east north-east Perspective

North elevation 1/600

South elevation 1/600


Perspective from south-west

East elevation 1/600

West elevation 1/600

Urban Renewal

IH.LIN 林依萱


GRID: Mapping Civic space in Midway, Chicago 2009 Spring Studio, Illinois Institute of Technology Prof. Timothy Brown Application: Autocad, sketchup,Vray, Photoshop

The program purposed a radically demolation on the current Midway Airport site. It was required to be used as a massive covered public space for civic events, such as parade, music fesitival, or inauguration. It would be a huge pavilion which would be able to accommodate large amount of users at the same time with a single roof. The circulation regard to access to the site or exit out for the crowd would be the major issue; it meant the variation of ground level was limited for rapid evacuation. CTA subway Orange Line would be extended around the site parameters to increase flow capacity. Moreover, the site was divided into 9 zones, which offer administration offices, security stations, and tourist facilities. The site plan and pavilion were derived from the airport’s diagonal runways. Two type of Roof systems were adopted here and there are different openings to allow sunlight and air circulation. In order to imply different spaces for various possible civic usage, I chosed many kinds of ground geometry and varies ground material , water runoff and vegetation to give people direction. Site Area: 1 sq mile 3 million users 60 roof pieces 4735 columns

WHAT

WHO

Civil assembly Protesting rally

Citizen

Parade Religious activites Political meetings Sport Musical events

Volunteer Security

followers

Staffs Administration Journalist

Fans

Military

Soliders

Accidental refuge

Refugee


Midway airport today

Midway airport 1936, with jefferson grid

runways with extend grid

GRID: MAPPING

IH.LIN 林依萱


Conceptual approach

extraction

repeating/mergence

Conceptual model

Mapping grid


Ground floor 1/5000 Entrance of extend CTA

GRID: MAPPING

IH.LIN 林依萱


Groud floor material plan 1/5000

Section A-A 1/2500


B

B

A

A

Roof plan 1/5000

Section B-B 1/2500

GRID: MAPPING

IH.LIN 林依萱


Roofing frame Type A

Irregular

Diagonal

Hexagon

Natural light

Natural ventilation


Type B

Hexagon

Grid

Irregular

Natural ventilation

Natural light

GRID: MAPPING

IH.LIN 林依萱


Roof material: metal plate plastic plate glass hollow-structure only acoustics plaster


GRID: MAPPING

IH.LIN 林依萱


Living On The Verge Treasure Hill Commune

2004- 2005 Studio Thesis, National Cheng Kung University Prof.Yuan Lian Tsai Application: FormZ, Photoshop, Autocad, CorelDraw

Concept Treasure Hill, once an infamous squatting land, was built from discarded material by local untrained lowincome residents. It was a notorious slum in 90s, but has been renovated to a historical art district which was reported by NY Times as one of the must-see spots in Taipei because of unique layout. This renovation was controversial and doubted by scholars, socialists, and residents. When the city government forced many people to move out, it caused sever demonstrations. The project hypothesized that a non-governmental organization would involve in the renovation process and assist thr residents to build their own houses by a simple self-constructed dwelling module, so that it could preserve the original spirit of the commune: sharing open space, interact with neighbors and helping each other, rather than just treating disadvantaged dwellers as part of abstruse modern art for rich urbanities.

Context In this difficult environment, an unique and unmanned vernacular architectural style was created in this secret garden by the squatters. These buildings were mainly built by bricks, discarded wood, steels, or plastic tubes. The layouts and structures were irregular and organic. Some earlier residents occupied bigger areas and had more power in the commune. The latter residents had to negotiate and pay money to the earlier residents to use the land. They still helped each other and raised children by the whole commune. The small winding alleys and natural landscape were kids’ play ground. Due to the limited spaces, the residents had to share their living room, kitchen, bathroom, laundry room and yards. Sometimes they fought but it was usually resolved by the whole commune.

Goal Background The earliest residents settled in Treasure Hill in Chin Dynasty. During Japanese occupation period it was an important Army District for water preservation. In early 20 century this commune was home for war veterans who retreated from mainland China but without official right to utilized the land. They left their hometown for the promised democratic country but still hoped one day they were be able to go home with triumph. However, the dream would never be fulfilled. Those poor, old, single veterans built simple houses by themselves and helped each other. In the 1970s and 1980s, some other disadvantaged people coming from countryside joined the commune and expanded the whole settlement to more than 200 households. Compared to the wealthy Taipei citizens in the other side of the hill, the residents in this settlement lived in the undeveloped conditions but had very close and intimate social networks to support each other.

According to the original concept of this commune, setting up a non-governmental organization to handle administration could assist the commune to develop as a housing cooperative. It would offer better housing choices for other minority in the city to join this commune with lower rent. By saving rent and the support from the commune these low-income residents will have chances to get rid of poverty.


7 4

8

6

3

5

9

2

2

1

10

Site plan 1.Parking 2.Farm 3.Guardroom

4.Temple 5.Park 6.Adminstration

7.Ashes plots 8.Exemplary dwelling unit 9.Open-air theater

Treasure Hill Commune

10.Sindian River 11.To downtown

IH.LIN 林依萱


Environment Context Aalley

Stair

Slope

Platform

Orientation

Cluster

Se p a ra te b u i l d i n g s i n half public

public space

C e n te rl i za ti o n

In te g ra l c o n ti n u o u s h o u se s i n h a b i ta te ro o ms

L i n e a ri ty

Sca tte ri n g

Ga th e ri n g living

living kitchen public

kitchen public Se p a ra te

relation of public house

public

childcare

half public space

studying bathroom

living

kitchen

section

kitchen& lundary

living room

open space


Unit Frame Explosion

Plastic floor is above sub-beams

using screw to joint auxiliary contructures Fabricated slabs as interior bays or secondary out wall connection of two units

small frame and tubular member joint ground grider and sub-beam

outwall

o u s h o u se s -

Attaching member system

In n e r l a ye r

Ou te r l a ye r

Treasure Hill Commune

IH.LIN 林依萱


C l u ste r B

C l u ste r A

Public space C l u ste r C

C l u ste r D C l u ste r E

1F plan

Cluster A

Cluster B

Cluster C


2F plan

Cluster D

Cluster E

Treasure Hill Commune

IH.LIN 林依萱


Kaohsiung Municipal Nanzih Primary School YH Architectural Design - $13,000,000/ 12,016 sq ft - Project Architect, schematic design, - Construction document: plan, section, Elevation, and detail - Application: Autocad, MS office, Sketchup, Photoshop, Coreldraw In this project I tried to develop a different type of teaching space. In the conventional school design, classrooms were just a simple rectangular shape with two corridors on the sides. Recently, various new teaching approaches have been applied to explore every student’s potential so that the old classroom layout is not enough for this school. As a project architect, I attended several meeting to discussed with teachers in order to design user-friendly space for them. Here I decided to keep one side corridor but utilized the other corridor which is facing south east as additional space for each classroom. This extra space was designed as a teacher’s corner, balcony, planters, water faucets and storage. It also provide good shading for the classroom. On the other side, we angled the wall to provide a study corner for students. The frosted window glass and white board on the bottom of the wall could be used for student to draw and create. Sustainability Kaohsiung is located in tropical zone and the school and it is very hot and humid in summer. Most of public school can not afford an AC system. The steel shading 1. corridor 7. vegetation grills, arch roof on the teacher’s corner are double skins 2. study corner 8. teacher’s corner to avoid of direct sunlight. 3. classroom

9. half open space

4.balcony

10. sliding door

Play Ground Amenity 11. frosted window glass 5. sink Mathematics lessons could12. berainwater to interesting 6. storage cabinet collectoras games. This light structure is assembled from equilateral triangle, circle, square, rectangle, and trapezoid. In addition, mathematics formula, symbol engraved on it so students are familiar with them when they play, hide and climb on this amenity.

1. corridor

7. vegetation

2. study corner

8. teacher’s corner

3. classroom

9. half open space

4.balcony

10. sliding door

5. sink

11. frosted window glass

6. storage cabinet

12. rainwater collector


Professional Practice

IH.LIN 林依萱


13 14

11 10

9

8 1 1 7

1.Classroom

5 6

2.Toilets

1

3.The handicapped ramp 4.Connecting corridor

1

5.Semi-open space 6.Ecological Pool

1

7.Hill

1 4

8.Square

2

5

9.Games facilities 10.Games facilities

3

11.Former project building

12

12.parking 13.Educational garden

Master Plan

14.Viewing spot


1/600 standard plan

Professional Practice

IH.LIN 林依萱


Facade & Shading

Western Elevation 1/300


Rain water collector detail

Professional Practice

IH.LIN 林依萱


Semi-Open Space in front of classroom

Corridor to restroom and stair

Mirror and faucet at restroom

ADA Ramp

rain water collector


Sun Shading Design

Bell Tower Kid’s Farm

Sun Shading Design

rain water collector at corridor

Professional Practice

IH.LIN 林依萱


YH Architectural Design Feng Xiang Elementary School - Kaohsiung County, Taiwan, 2005 - Competition: stadium design, physical model - application: Autocad, Coreldraw

The Memorial Park Of Female Labor - Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2005 - competition, coordinator, Design, site analysis - application: Photoshop, Autocad, MS oďŹƒce, Coreldraw, Sketchup, 3D Max


Malone Chang Architect No.2 Canal Bridges & Riverside Landscape - Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2006 - $26,000,000/1,936,512,000 sq ft - competition: 1st prize , 3d modeling - application: sketch up/photoshop - construction completed

WEI-WU YING Urban Park - Kaohsiung County, Taiwan, 2008 - competition : 2nd prize - application: sketch up/photoshop/acad

Professional Practice

IH.LIN 林依萱


Malone Chang Architect CI-JIN Admin. & Hospital Complex - Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2006 - collaborate with TCT Architectural Resource, Taichung - competition:1st Prize, coordinator, photoshoping - application: MS office, CorelDraw, Photoshop - $160,770,000/129,100 sq ft - under construction

DA-DONG Art Center - Kaohsiung County, Taiwan, 2008 - Collaborate with de Architekten Cie, Netherland - Competition, 1st Prize, coordinator - Schematic design, environment design - Construction document, interior detailing - Application: CorelDraw, Photoshop, Autocad - $400,000,000/ 327,055 sq ft - Construction completed


Malone Chang Architect Sihwei Primary School - Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2006 - Design Development/Construction Document - Application: sketch up/acad - $40,000,000/ 26,600 sq ft - construction completed

Houjin River Pedestrian Bridge - Kaohsiung, Taiwan , 2007 - Design Development/3D Modeling - Application: sketch up/acad - $40,000,000/ 387,300 sq ft (including the riverside landscape) - construction completed

Professional Practice

IH.LIN 林依萱


Design exhibition series of Graduation Thesis in NCKU

Team Leader Of Design Exhibition -coordinate with department office/municipal office/students -coordinate with labor resource from student -budget control

Preparatory Committee Of Lectures -promotion -coordinate with all the speakers -event hosting

Editor Of Graduation Thesis Journal


Lecture poster of NCKU Art Festival

Lecture poster of potential NCKU architect

Art work

Journal NCKU Art Festival

Professional Practice

IH.LIN 林依萱

2001-2010 Portfolio  

2001-2010 Portfolio includes academic works in NCKU and IIT, professional practice in Taiwan.

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