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Panafrican Youth

54 Countries - Five Sub-regions - ONE Continent


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YOUR AFRICA facebook/IGC.Cameroon follow@IGC_Cameroon Citizens Governance Initiatives

SOTU State of the Union


Practical Training Open to 30 African young citizens of all sectors of activity, in 2 stages: Stage 1 (11-28 March 2013): 3-week training on African integration mechanisms and Panafrican values - Theoretical teachings & practical seminars - Moot competition in teams - Personal development (research methodology – advocacy – argumentation, debating and speaking in public) Stage 2 (April - December 2013): Field practical work, assistance to job search and professional insertion.

Citizens Governance Initiatives (CGI) in partnership with SOTU has developed an innovating 10-month Programme (including a 3-week training and practical field experience) which seeks to transform African youths into ambassadors of Panafricanism, regional integration and African unity. The Panafrican Youth Challenge examines norms and standards of regional and sub-regional integration in Africa, and provides young Africans with the tools necessary to enable them effectively become social entrepreneurs at the service of the Continent and Panafrican citizens.

Costs & Financing All applicants admitted in the Programme will receive a participation bursary. Participants retained for the final phase of the placement in the field will receive an allocation for transportation, accommodation and subsistence. Participants who complete the 10-month Programme in full will in addition receive a bonus for encouragement and to support them return to or continue their previous activity.

Requirements & Applications To take part in the First Edition of the Panafrican Youth Challenge, you must : - Be a national of an African Union Member-State - Be 18-40 years old and reside in Cameroon - Be free of all academic or professional commitment for the duration of the Challenge - Be available for 10 months and be ready to live in a rural area for 6 months - Fill the application form online to demonstrate that you possess the personal qualities, attitude and motivation to become an Ambassador for regional integration and African Unity. All sectors of activity and backgrounds are welcome. Applicants retained to the Programme will be notified between 25-28 February 2013. Information & Contacts - The Programme and application form are available online on CGI’s Website : - For additional information, please check the FAQs on the website or contact us via email at:

Booklet - Panafrican Youth Challenge






In this highly interactive presentation-discussion, the moderator sets the tone of the training. He takes participants through the contours of regional integration in Africa, from the perspective of the Cameroonian citizen. Specifically, the citizen is seen as a traveler (Borders); political actor (Dis)organisations; and beneficiary of economic development in his country and in the community space (Peoples) Define the contours of regional and sub-regional integration, through theoretical teachings and discussions, as well as practical workshops and seminars hosted by professionals and practitioners

THEORETICAL DISCUSSIONS & TEACHINGS Introductive class: integrations theories

- Distinguish between integration and cooperation organisations - Identify the different theories of integration - Determine the eventual existence of a typology of integration organisations in Africa

The State: member of a Community Unit

- Identify and analyze the implications of a State membership to a community Unit

Integration organisations in Africa: Geneses - Origins Founding Texts

- - Examine the backgrounds and contexts leading to the construction of RECs in Africa - Analyze the contents of the founding instruments of these integration organisations

Effectiveness of community integration in Africa

- Examine the founding principles of community integration - Assess the advantages and opportunities of community integration from the citizen’s perspective - Assess the added-value of community integration for MemberStates


Testimonies & Experiences

Examination of constitutive and founding instruments of community integration in Africa


Under the moderation of a professional expert, participants during this session share their personal and professional integration experiences, notably with respect to exercising their citizenship rights, belonging to a community, traveling within the community spaces…etc.

Interactive Discussion

Under the moderation of a specialist practitioner, participants are grouped in 5 teams of 6 people, symbolizing the 5 Regional Economic Communities (RECs) officially recognized by the African Union, and take part in practical challenges: - The constitutive instruments of regional and sub-regional integration (AU; CEMAC & CEEAC; EAC, SADC…) - RECs: Birth & Origins; Functioning; Organs & Institutions; Effectiveness and limitations - The practical implications of State Membership to a Community Unit

- Case Studies - Simulations - Presentation/ role plays

Booklet - Panafrican Youth Challenge






Examine the principles, origins, contexts and founding instruments of regional and sub-regional integration in Africa with respect to politics and the protection of fundamental rights. Specifically, participants are made to analyze and assess the practical effectiveness of political integration and the protection of fundamental rights, by examining national contexts notably. Mechanisms for the resolution of political crises and remedies for violations of fundamental rights are identified, and their effectiveness evaluated.


Foundations & Justifications of political integration

- Examine the contexts and origins of political integration and the protection of fundamental rights at the community level.

Effectiveness & limitations of political integration and the protection of fundamental rights at community level

- Evaluate the effectiveness of political integration and the protection of fundamental rights at the Community level - Identify obstacles to political integration and to Community protection of fundamental freedoms - Compare the theoretical commitments of States at Community level with their practice at national levels – emphasis on the case of Cameroon

Mechanisms for the resolution of political crises and remedies for violation of fundamental rights

- Identify mechanisms for the resolution of crises stemming from violations of Community regulations with respect to political integration


Political Integration

The protection of fundamental rights & Freedoms

- Unconstitutional changes in government: the case of the Central African Republic - Cameroon’s electoral laws and the Charter on elections, democracy and governance in Africa

- Interactive - Discussions - Case studies

- Simulation - The protection of fundamental rights & freedoms in Cameroon exercises - The right to health and the Abuja Declaration in practice - Presentations - The protection of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs - Press articles Convention) - Mock trials Quasi-judicial and judicial mechanisms & remedies

Booklet - Panafrican Youth Challenge





Examine the advantages, opportunities and practical limitations of regional and/or sub-regional integration at the economic level. Specifically, participants and speakers debate on questions pertaining to free movement within the community spaces (continental and sub-regional); this session will also seek to demonstrate the interconnectedness between peace and security on the one hand, and community economic development on the other hand; a particular attention will be paid to questions of border conflicts and cooperation in the management of natural resources. Issues of common monetary and banking policies will also be considered.


Free Movement within community spaces

Peace - Security Borders - Economic Development

Economic Cooperation: Contexts - Opportunities Limitations

- Identify the founding principles and instruments of free movement within the regional and sub-regional space - Analyze the different forms of free movement (free movement of persons, goods, and capital; free establishment) - Identify the obstacles and limitations to free movement within different Community spaces - Demonstrate the interconnectedness between peace and security on the one hand, and economic development on the other hand, with case studies of RECs - Analyze the multiplicity of border conflicts related to natural resources in Africa - Examine the contexts of economic cooperation through monetary and business environment perspectives (business laws notably) - Discuss opportunities offered by economic cooperation in the African Continent, and potentially promising sectors



Free movement in economic spaces

- Free movement within the continental community space - Free movement within RECs (Ecowas; CEMAC-ECCAS; EAC; SADC…)

Cooperation & Economic Integration

- Agriculture & Agribusiness: untapped vectors for cooperation and integration? - Cooperation in exploitation and management of natural resources • Africa Mining Vision • Gulf of Guinea Commission

Booklet - Panafrican Youth Challenge




Research Methodology

Training for Advocacy

Training & Preparation for the Moot Competition and Presentation before a Jury


Target Audiences




Under the guidance of professionals and academics, participants attend preparatory classes aimed at equipping them with the skills to successfully complete challenges and field exercises. - How to carry out research and prepare briefs, write articles, case studies, etc… - Which institutions and individuals to reach out to in order to complete the general Team Challenge (identifying mentors and research areas) - Identifying a cause and a thematic - Identifying target audiences for advocacy - Storytelling: how to effectively tell a story - Negotiations techniques in diplomacy - Eloquent oral expression - Captivating your audience - Convincing public speaking - Defending and Arguing in Public In preparation of the 24-hour research presentation and moot competition before the Jury, participants will be requested to produce, as a team, an advocacy booklet on a thematic for which they will call for positive change at the national, sub-regional and continental levels, specifically directed at the identified target audiences. - Media - Policymakers - Entrepreneurs (business leaders) - Parliamentarians - Ordinary Citizens - (Re)branding Africa - Effectiveness of free movement and free establishment - Integration for economic development of Africa - Advocacy for a Conflict-free Africa (role of the Republic of Cameroon) - Protection of fundamental rights – adoption of the Protocol on creation of an African Court of Human and Peoples’ Rights

Each participant will take common written test to evaluate individual skills at the end of the training. Participants will also individually undergo an oral interview to assess their personal motivation and their ability to undertake the 10-month Challenge, including field placement. Written Test - All participants undertake a common written test Individual oral interview


- Participants are interviewed individually on their motivation and ability to complete the full Challenge. - - Participants are invited to take part in team sports events - Time is allocated on Fridays afternoon and Sundays morning for individual religious practice, as necessary


Frequently Asked Questions

I am a student – can I apply? NO: we regret we are unable to accept applications from students currently enrolled in a full-time academic programme. The programme is open to all other persons. I run a call-box and I don’t have a higher education degree: do I qualify for the programme? YES – provided you are able to fully and actively participate in the programme and follow the theoretical teachings, we strongly encourage you to apply. All participants attaining the second phase of the programme will be assigned a mentor to help with their personal and professional development. Regional integration and community laws are the concern of all citizens, regardless of their social, cultural, intellectual or other background. Any informal business entrepreneur is welcome to take part in the programme. Do I have to be a law graduate to attend? NO – This is a general challenge to enable young citizens to understand the laws, standards and mechanisms of the African Union and regional economic communities, and provide them with the necessary tools and skills to take an active part in the building of an integrated and prosperous Africa. In this respect, all sectors of activity are welcome to take part in the challenge. It is expected that the training will include a mix of lawyers, media representatives, entrepreneurs from the formal and informal sectors, and any African citizen who wants to take part in the advancement of regional and sub-regional integration. Is 18 years of age not too young for this programme – are you encouraging youths to drop out of school? To some people, 18 might be a very young age. But we have in the past come across 18 or 19 year-olds who were exceptionally inspirational or had accomplished many wonderful things. We consider such persons to be the future leaders of the African continent and we want to encourage them even at an early stage. The pogramme is not about what you know, it is about your ability to learn something new and to show your intelligence, creativity, confidence, drive and courage. We do not encourage youths to drop out of school, but we encourage those who did not or could not enroll into university or elsewhere to apply. Gap Year students are particularly welcome to apply. We also believe that persons of all ages are African citizens who have a say in the running of the African Union. Why do you consider 40 year-olds as “youth”? Under different circumstances, we would normally limit this programme to persons aged 30-35 or below. However, we know that in the Cameroonian context of unemployment, many people still struggle to find decent employment by the time they are 40. We also realize that someone who is 36 might be excluded from the programme if we limited it to say 35, even though they could be in similar situations. There are also many people who at 40 have experience as informal entrepreneurs but would benefit from theoretical teachings, and vice versa. Finally, we see this programme as one that encourages vocations, and someone at 40 may after attending this programme, decide to embrace a completely different career, or see their existing career from a different perspective. Can I submit my application in print? NO – We appreciate the difficulties that you may encounter in finding internet access in certain localities. However, we believe all participants will have sufficient time to locate an internet access, wherever they live. Should you find it difficult to find internet access to submit your application, call our office on +237 22 01 15 68, and we will see how we can help. This is for persons residing outside of urban areas only.


Booklet - Panafrican Youth Challenge

Frequently Asked Questions

Programme Contents Why are farmers allowed in the programme and what does agriculture got to do with regional integration and panafricanism? As part of their commitments at the continental level, African governments, including the Republic of Cameroon, adopted the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Plan (CAADP) in 2003. This instrument targets poverty reduction through agriculture. Agriculture represents a priority sector for the majority of African countries to achieve development and growth, including Cameroon. Is the Programme an Academic training, and do I receive a diploma at the end? NO – The Panafrican Youth Challenge is NOT an academic training. The Challenge will include academic teachings by renowned and highly qualified experts from academia and field practitioners. These will however mainly serve as an introduction to regional and sub-regional integration and panafricanism. The Challenge will also include practical exercises and simulations of real-life situations. If you are not an academic person, you should not really worry about this. Faculty members are fully aware of the diversity of participants’ profiles, and will adapt their teachings accordingly. The Programme will not award any degree at the end of the Challenge, but will provide participants with certificates of completion. Participants in the final challenge will be given an internship to monitor the effectiveness of regional and sub-regional integration in different parts of Cameroon. Successful Challenge participants will receive a modest financial allocation to pursue their activity or research. Programme Duration How long do I have to commit to the programme? 10 months – the Challenge includes 2 phases: the first phase is a training that will take place on 11-28 March 2013 (see description). Up to 15 participants will then be admitted to the second phase of the programme, which will include a 6 months placement in a community paralegal centre in various parts of Cameroon, and 3 months residency at CGI’s office in Yaoundé. Programme Requirements & Participants’ Obligations I am interested in the programme, but I don’t want to live outside Yaoundé for the placement If you are not able to take the placement and travel outside of Yaoundé, then you should NOT apply for the programme. I want to attend the teachings and I will pay for myself, but I do not wish to take part in the Challenges and field placements Unfortunately, we do not have space for self-funded participants, as we expect full commitment from all training participants. I am already in full-time employment and I do not intend to resign – Can I still take part in the programme? We believe that for you to fully take advantage of the programme and make significant input you need to be available all the time. We understand that this could pose a dilemma for people with families to cater for, and we encourage you to assess what is best for you and your personal situation before committing to the programme. Only the Top 10 participants will be retained for the final phase of the programme. We therefore recommend that you to seek permission of leave for the 3-week training only before resigning from your job eventually. In the best case however, we want you to retain your job and advocate for the inclusion of a panafrican perspective into your work, whatever your field of activity.

Booklet - Panafrican Youth Challenge


Frequently Asked Questions

Rewards & Follow-up activities Is the Programme affiliated to any university? NO – the Challenge is an independent activity of the Citizens Governance Initiatives and the SOTU (State of the Union) Coalition. Can I choose where I take my internship/placement? YES & NO: the top 3 Challenge winners will be able to choose the place of their placement from a list of 10 localities. All others will be oriented to localities that best suit their profiles and skills, and the Programme needs. What happens at the end of the 10-month placement? If you are able to successfully complete the 10-month programme, including the 6-month field placement, you will receive a financial allocation of 500,000 CFA and you will be invited to join the Panafrican Youth Alumni Group. The Challenge is expected to receive wide publicity and media coverage, and we are confident that all those who will successfully complete the programme will immensely enhance their career, educational or entrepreneurship prospects. Costs, Finances & Facilities How much does it cost to attend the programme? All participants in the programme will receive bursaries to cover transportation to and within Yaoundé, accommodation and subsistence for the duration of the programme. Where will I be accommodated if I am not a Yaoundé resident? During the 3-week training course, participants from outside of Yaoundé who do not have relatives to accommodate them will be provided with support for accommodation. Participants retained for the placement will be provided with a modest allocation to cover their accommodation and transportation. Programme Partners & Supporters How is the Programme funded/Where does the money come from? The Panafrican Youth Challenge is a project of Citizens Governance Initiatives (CGI), in partnership with the SOTU Coalition. The project is funded by SIDA and DfID What is SOTU? SOTU is the acronym for State of the Union. It is a coalition of pan-African organizations currently working in 10 Countries in Africa to track implementation of AU decisions at the national level, and to inform, empower, and mobilize citizens to hold their governments accountable on AU issues.


Booklet - Panafrican Youth Challenge

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Presentation of the Challenge