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Basic Ruth Gairns and Stuart Redman

Learn and practise English vocabulary


I

Basic Ruth Gairns and Stuart Redman

Oxford Word Skills

OXFORD


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15BN:

978019�O

ACXNOWLBDGlI"MBKTS

AIruny Images pp 55 (airplaneJMint Pbotngrapby). 65 (leg of lambOeffMorgan. tuna steak/Maximj1Jian WeinzIerl). 6 7 (raw peas/foodfulio. cooked peasfPaul Bradforth). n (grl11ecI fisb{lmage.s ofBirmingbam). 140 nvrrony Cardoza, radio{Mark Bolton Photography. MiniJNatonal Motor Museum) Cephas Picture Library P 65 (squid{llm Hill)

Corbis pp 16 (blooming treesfBloomimage. beach in summer! Randy Faris. winterflmagel(0), 36 (couple(l'imPaonell). 72 (fried eggsO. Riou). 72 (roast chJc:kell/David Thomas{PictoreArts) . 140 (ocar red carpet/Chris Pizze11o/Reuters. Olympic flagJDuomo). 164 (broken pendl[Jose Luis Pelaez/Blend Images) Bpson p 55 (printer) Getty Images pp 37 (two womenJBlisabeth Knox/photographer's Olo.ice). 39 (two womenfE1isabeth KnoxfPhotographet's Choice), 50 (tightsJDave KingfDorlIDg KinOOs1ey), 96 (bazaar/ikott R. Barbourl Image Ban1c). 133 (orchestra/Oliver BennfStone. Vanessa Mae! George ChinlWlr<lmage). 159 (two girls in hbraryOohn CUmming, ! Iconica) Lebrecht MWlic & Arts Photo Ubraxy p 133 (Sir Simon RattleJ Wladimir Polak. Cecilia BartolifLaurie Lewis. Yo Yo ďż˝. Martinot) Mark Mason studios pp 10. 12 (coverca.rd)

Music Pictures p 132 (Arctic MOnkeysfRob Verbost/Redfenu)

QUP pp 11 (penciI/Pbotodisc). SO (Homera). 52 (dothes shopping). 65 (ham s1l=fBemera), 66 (tiD/Hemera). 69 (wine bottle. =1 Hemera). 82 (youngmanfImage Source). 86 (bell/IIemera). 103 (soap, toothbrush, electric razor, b.airbrush. comb. tissues. perl\nne/Hemera). 111 (young manf!mage Source). 112 (young manf Image Source). 127 (young manfImage So"",e). 140 (newspapers. Joomal). 153 (baruIshake/Hemera)

Photolibrary.com p 16 (autumn/Mark Barrett/lndes Stock lmageryJ

Pierre d'Alancaisez pp 55 (wine bottle). 65 (bacon. sausages. salmon steak. tuna. steak, prawns, fillet steak. pork chop. salmon fillet. bacon), ()1 (frozen peas). 69 tiuice carton. biscuits and rice. jars. tin. chocolates arutmatches), 103 (toothpaste, shampoo. razor, make-up) Punchstock pp 72 (boiled ricefDigital Vision). 131 (woman shooting/Pbotodisc)

Press Association p 140 (Iraq demonstraJionjDima Gavryshf Associated Press)

Ronald Grant Archive p135 (Rumor Has It poste:rfWarner Bros.

Pictures)

Stodd'ood pp65 (erah/Peter Roes. musse1s/Eisling. chickenl FoodcolJection); 72 (rare stealcJEising. well done steak! Foodcollection) illustrations by Stephane GamainJNB illustration. Willie Ryan/ mustration, Oxford Designers and lliustrators Cover illustration by Carol Verbyst


Contents

Ahashare.com

Acknowledgements

7

Introduction

8

Starter unit How to use a unit

10

How to do the exercises

12

How to learn new words Abbreviations and symbols

11

13

Basic English 1 r can understand and say numbers 2

r can tell the time

3 I can say days and dates

4 1 can say countries and nationalities

14

15 16

18

5 r can use classroom vocabulary

20

7 r can ask and answer questions about language

22

6 r can use English language words

Review

21

23

People 8

1 can give personal information

9 I can fill in a form

10 I can talk about my family

11 r can describe physical actions 12

[ can name parts of the body

13 1 can describe people

14 I can talk about character

15 r can describe relationships 16 r can say how I feci Review

26

27 28

30

32 33

36 38

40

42

CONTENTS

3


Everyday life 17 I can describe my routine

46

18 I can talk about clothes

49

19 I can buy clothes

51

20 I can talk about money

54

21

56

I can

talk about the weather

22 1 can talk about illness

58

23 I can get help at the chemist's

60

Review

6]

Food and drink 24 I can name meat and fish

65

25 I can name fruit and vegetables

66

26

I can

buy food in a shop

27 I can order in a cafe

28 I can order in a restaurant Review

68 71 72 75

Getting around 29 I can get around on buses

30 I can get around 011 trains

31 1 can ask for and give directions 32 I can talk about roads and traffic

33 I can understand signs and notices

78 80 82 84

86 87

Review

Places 34 I can talk about my country 3S I can talk about my town

91

36 I can describe the countryside

94

37 I can talk about shops

96

38

I can talk about

39

I can describe

my home

a kitchen

40 I can describe a bedroom and bathroom 41 I can describe a living room Review

4

CONTENTS

90

98 100 102 104 105


Study and work 42

I can talk about my school

109

43

1 can talk about university

1 12

44

1 can name jobs

114

45

1 can describe a job

116

46

1 can talk about using a computer

1 18

47

1 can use email and the internet

120

Review

122

Hobbies and interests 48

1 can say what I like

126

49

r call talk about sport

128

50

1 can talk about my free time

130

51

I call talk abollt music

132

52

1 can talk about films

134

53

1 call talk about the media

136

Review

138

Holidays 54

r can arrange a holiday

141

55

1 can book a hotel room

142

56

1 can communicate in an airport

144

57

1 can describe a beach holiday

146

58

1 can describe a sightseeing holiday

147

59

r call use the bank and post office

148

Review

150

Social English 60

1 can meet and greet people

153

61

1 can use special greetings

155

62

1 can ask for information

156

63

I can ask for things

158

64

1 can invite people

160

65

J can make suggestions

161

66

J can offer, accept, and refuse

162

67

I can say sorry and respond

164

CONTENTS

5


68 I can express my opinion 69 1 can use the phone Review

165 166 168

Language 70

I can use common adjectives

172

71

I can use common adverbs

174

72

1 can use irregular verbs

176

73 1 can use phrasal verbs

178

74 I can use prepositions of time

180

75

I can use time words and phrases

77

I can use link words (1)

186

78

1 can use link words (2)

188

76 1 can use prepositions of place and movement

79 I can use 'liave' and 'have got' 80

181 183

190

I can use 'get'

192

Review

193

Vocabulary building tables

199

Common irregular verbs

202

Answer key

203

Answer key to review units

225

Ust of spotlight boxes

235

Word list/Index

237

6

CON TENTS


Acknowledgements The authors and publishers would like to thaok teachers

and students from the following schools who helped with the development of this book: International House. Business English Centre. Madrid. Spain Shamrock School of English. Getxo. Bizkaia. Spain English Language lnstitute, Macarena. Seville, Spain English Centre. Valencia. Spain

Ttl School of English. London. UK Bell International. London. UK

Mark Appleton. Mark lloyd and the students at International House. Bath. UK

Malgorzata SalolI1l!dry. Dorota Brach. Anna Wnuk and Iza Algermissen in Poland They would also like to thank Scott Thornbury and Rachel Dudley,

ABOUT YOU answers were kindly supplied by the following people: Andreas Schmidt (Germany) Ayumi Whitehouse Gapan) Funda Bolat (Turkey) Esteban Cichello Hubner (Argentina) Anna Anagnostopoulou (Greece) L3Bzl6 Rezmiives (Hungary) Ruth Gairns and Stuart Redman (UK) Marcelo Ritter (Brazil) Jung Hyang Oh (South Korea)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

7


I ntrod uction

What is Oxford Word Skills? Oxford Word Skills is a series of three books for students to learn. practise and revise new vocabulary.

.

I

d

d

(

I

I

d

2)

A There are over 2.000 new words or phrases in each level. and all of the material can be used in the classroom or for self-study.

How are the books organized? Each book contains 80 units of vocabulary presentation and practice. Units are between one and three pages long. depending on the topic. New vocabulary is presented in manageable quantities for learners. with practice exercises foUowing immediately. usually on the same page. The units arc grouped together thematically in modules of five to ten units. At the end of each module there arc further practice exercises in the review units. so that learners can revise and test themselves on the vocabulary learned. At the back of each book you will find: •

vocabulary building tables

an answer key for all the exercises a list of aLi the vocabnlary taught with a phonemic pronunciation guide and a

unit relerence to where the item appears There is a CD-ROM at each level with oral pronunciation models for aU the vocabnlary taught, and further practice exercises. including listening activities.

What vocabulary is included? At Basic level. the vocabulary includes: •

a wide range of common topics. e.g. clothes. free time. at the airport

words and phrases needed in social interaction, e.g. inviting people. using

the pbone areas of lexical granunar. e.g. prepositions of place. phrasal verbs

There is a particular emphasis on high-frequency vocabulary in everyday spoken English. This is continued atlntermediate level with the addition of more vocabulary from different styles of written English. At Advanced level. learners encounter more figurative meanings of vocabulary items as well as more idiomatic language. The series includes almost all of the words in the Oxford 30()()TM which lisl. the 3,000 words teachers and students should priorifue in their teaching and learning. The list is based on

frequency and usefuiness to learners. and WdS developed by Oxford University Press using

corpus evidence and information .upplied by a panel of over 7() experts in the Helds of tcaching and language study. [n addition. we have included a wide mngc of

high frequency

phrases. c.g. at tlte moment. never mind, as well as items which arc extremely useful in a

particular context. e.g. maul course in a restaurant. or !mlld luggage at an airport.

8

INTRODUCTION


We have taken great care to ensure that learners will be able to understand the meaning of all the new words and phrases by supplying a clear illustration. a simple glossary definition. or an example of each word or phrase. Learners should be aware that many English words have more than one meaning. They should refer to an

appropriate learner's dictionary for information on other meanings. (Sec How to learu

lIew words in the Starter unit for advice.)

How can teachers use the material in the classroom?

New vocabulary is presented through v isuals. tables or different types of

text. including dialogues. The meaning of new vocabulary is explained in an accompanying mini-glossary unless it is illustrated in visuals or diagrams. Particularly important items are highlighted by means of 'spotlight' boxes. Here is a procedure you could follow: •

Students study the presentation for 5-10 minutes (longer if necessary).

You answer any queries the students may have about the items. and provide a pronunciation model of the items for your students to repeat.

Students do the first exercise. which they can check for themselves using the answer key, or you can go over the answers with the whole class.

When you are satisfied, you can ask students to go on to further exercises, while you monitor them as they work individually or in pairs, and assist where necessary.

When they have completed the written exercises, students can often test themselves on the new vocabulary using the cover card enclosed with the book. The material has been designed so that students can cover the new items while they look at the visuals and test themselves. They can do the same with some of the tables and glossaries: cover the new vocabulary and look at the meaning, or vice-versa. This is a simple, quick and easy way for learners to test themselves over and over again, so there is no pressure on you to keep searching for different exercises.

After a period of time has elapsed, perhaps a couple of days or a week, you can use the review exercises for further consolidation and testing.

You will often notice the headings 'About you' or 'About your country'. These indicate personal ized exercises which give learners an opportunity to use the new vocabulary within the context of their own lives. Students can write answers to these, but they make ideal pair work activities for learners to practise their spoken English while using the new vocabulary. If you use these as speaking activities, students could then write their answers (or their partner's answers) as follow-up. In the answer key, possible answers for these activities are provided by proficient non-native speakers from different parts of the world.

How can students use the material on their own? The material has been designed so that it can be used effectively both in the classroom

or by learners working alone. If working alone. learners should look at the Starter unit

!irst. For self-study. we recommend that learners usc the book alongside the CD-ROM.

as it gives them a pronunciation model for every item of vocabulary. as well as further practice exercises. They can check their own answers and usc the cover card to test themselves. One advantage of self-study learning is that students can select the topics that interest them. or the topics where they most need to expand their knowledge.

INTRODUCTION

9


Starter A How to use a unit Study the new words. They are usually in bold type.

can

27 I

order

You can listen to the words on the CD-ROM and practise the pronunciation. Or you can look at the wordlist (page 235) to find out how to say the words.

in a cafe

Do Unit 26 first

Sometimes a glossary explains the new words.

IJ ",II A 1I'"1I'�r IW)I, UII�i!lg to u cusl(}m�r (el ilIa cafe,

W C IV (' W

(' IV

o

two coffee. (wo cup.ofcoIT�c(also I"'" Ie"'. dC.)

A 'spotlight' tells you about important words.

cc rn),u,les

a couple of minul'" til''' Qr Ih r have a ."'"

OK.Anylilingd'iC; Y'o<, 1",,, ""nee•. pbosc. und" cnpl'""d"n OK. The r"od wil t>ca "o"pt.; "flninulc� II�,',,� s�"t.

l

sit doW'1

Yu. plea..,?" 'What wouldyou Ilk�;' Yu, plcase I<a polile ,,'ay 10suy 'y,,,;'

Find the end of each word. 1

You can haV£'

�gLJeI1e5i1ndwl(ht0<l5(edsarldwiCh,

You can � a (appucclrlOleaordng"l ui<:ee5pre5sobla�kcoffee

Complete the phrdses.

� aham se>.tJ...;,h

"�,

1

brown

eat

a to<lSI!'d

• ___

3

I1Ql

brown or

2

o

I'd like" I wuuld like. (il poIl!e way \OS3)' 'I wan!"1

t�ke aWi>Y en! in anoth er pl ace I,nol in !hec"rcl

'I'uc,,1 here.

2

o

Glossary

y"•. please! I'd Ilk.. " h",n ';Hldwlcil un I\rown N-cad pl�"se, and t wo chick<:I1I>"!:UCllCS I, Ihalt" eal h",c or 'ake;,w;.y"

here

black

01

coUe!!?

Q(

a seat. ple�se,

of minute5

Do the exercises. Check your answers in the answer key (page 203).

bread?

Add one word in each line of the conversation.

'105, p!eQ,;o.('

W Pl ease?

ke two coffee<; please

C I li

1

2

W Todnn�hereordWilY7

C To onnk hefe And d loa,wd ham. W OK. It will be a couple mlnut� seat pie"""

"Ii'

''0"'"'' Cover the

words and name the things in the pictures. FOOD AND DRINK

.... _, ,..... ._

Unit 27 Write the words a

�u'lomer (C).

......... _

t

in h e correct order in the ,i,'09""""."

W plea>eiye>11 'i�s,p'.a$f.7 (

....

_

..

_ _.... ...., ---

"""--'

-

-

.... --_..... -

....--_

...

-..... __.-.

s.3r1dW1Ch Iham I please I I03SI<'d Ilikel a Il'd

W that I eat I is I hl'1� I tol ;WlilY I l a ke I or11 3

(

4 W 5

Use the cover card to test yourself.

(

6 W

;]Way I please I and I ooguene I a I cheese Ildke

...... I fine I"nythl"'ll 7

(ofl",,'black/yes/two/a/wl1hllemo�l"nd/te� be

, I

I

There's more practice 10

STARTER

in the review units and on the CD-ROM.


B How to learn new words [,,:;as

Repeat the words two or three times to help you remember them.

mlishroOi

courgette

tomato

lettuce

./

aubergine

Use a coloured pen to help you remember difficult words.

tome

carn

raw

o

� sape -P-"� 2

--

Write down new words in a notebook. Write the meaning in English or your own language. or draw a picture. Write the words in sentences. Say them to yourself. You can do the exercises in the review units. or the CD-ROM exercises. after each unit. Or do them a month later to test yourself. perhaps after you've studied all the units in that module (e.g. Basic English).

cooked

Asa

Make the names of vegetables from the letters. 1

frozen

ractor nonio

3

--

fa��ol. ./

Oh���"_

prepep _�eppe�

4 gacabeb 5

naseb

./

calob_oje L

6eo.h?_.1

_

__

___

3

4 5

'-'" naseb __ �""�

Use a pencil. Check your answers. then rub them out and do them again a week later.

Buy a good dictionary for your level. The Oxford Essential

Dictionary (Oxford

University Press) is very

good for elementary •

Look at the vocabulary building tables at the back of the book (pages 199 to 201).

and pre-intermediate learners.

Go to the website (ww w.oup.com/elt/ wordskills) for links to more practice and other useful websites.

STARTER

11


C How to do the exercises Learn these words. You need to understand them to do the exercises. Word

Meaning

tick underline eross out circle

wor

complete

wQ

r:

right

'2 + 2 = 4' is right.

wrong

'2 + 2 = S' is wrong.

mistake

If something is a mistake. it's wrong. e.g. In lish (The 'I' is a mistake.)

4 ORllikc chocolo:!.e

iCe Cream.

correct e.g. true

e.g. London is in England. That's true.

false

e.g. Paris is in Italy. That's false. It's in France.

the same

e.g. Small and little are the same. (small = little)

different

e.g. Big and small are different. (They're not the same.)

match

Find something that you can put with another thing. e.g. 1I'm from

_�_

a music

2Ican speak __

b Japan

3 Ilike

c English

__

missing

If something is missing, it is not there. e.g. He comes New York. The word /rom is missing. (He comes from New York.)

cover

Put one thing over another thing.

table

This is a table:

I column

Word

eaning

The table has two columns: a column for 'words' and a column for 'meanings'.

• Test yourself. Look at the words and cover the meaning. Can you remember the meaning? 12 STARTER

I


o Abbreviations and symbols opp

SYK INP

etc. e.g. II

n ""

opposite, Old is the opposite of YOUllg, synonym: a word that means the same as another word, e,g, small = little informal. If a word or phrase is informal, you usc it when you are speaking to friends or people you know very well, The opposite is formal. If a word or phrase is formal. you use it at important and serious times with people you don't know very well, or in written English, You use etc, at the end of a list to show there arc other things, but you aren't going to say them all. for example: Fruit, e,g, apples allJI bananas. uncountable noun. These nouns have no plural form and can't be used with a or an. past tense (past simple form of an irregular verb) past participle

Consonants

Vowels I:

see

Isi:1

p

pen

Ipenl

happy

I'ha:pil

b

bad

Iba:dl

I

sit

ISIti

t

tea

Iti:1

e

ten

Iten!

d

did

Idldl

a:

hat

Iha:tI

k

cat

Ika:tI

father

l'fo:6*)1

9

got

Ig otl

got

Ig otl

tJ

cheap

ItJi:pl

saw

Iso:1

d3

jam

Id3a!mI

u

put

Ipo tl

f

fall

Ifo:1I

casual

l'ka!3u�V

v

verb

IV3:bl

u:

too

ltu:1

0

thin

lOI n!

cup

lupl

6

this

161s!

3:

bird

/b3:dl

s

Is�ol

about

I�'baotl

z

so zero

IZI�r�ol

el

say

Iseu

J

shoe

IJu:!

�o

go

Ig�oI

3

television

I'telTVI3n, telI' vI3nl

al

five

Ifarvl

h

hal

Iha:tI

ao

now

Inaol

m

map

Ima:pI

boy

Ibou

n

no

Inool

I�

ncar

Inro(r)1

ij

sing

ISlijl

e�

hair

Ihe�(r)1

I

leg

Ilegl

sure

IJo�(r)1

r

red

Iredl

J

yes

Ijes!

w

wet

Iwetl

0: n

0: 0

A

01

00

STARTER

13


1 I can 1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9 10

one

two three

four five six

seven eight nine ten

u nderstand and say numbers 6)

11 12 13 14 IS 16 17 18 19 20

eleven

21 22 30 40

twenty-one twenty-two

101 140 200 thirty forty 1, 000 SO fifty 1,050 60 sixty 1,250 70 seventy 2,000 80 eighty 100,000 90 ninety 1,000,000 100 alone hundred 2,000,000

twelve thirteen

fourteen

fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty

alone hundred and one alone hundred and forty two hundredNOT twehDR<keds alone thousand alone thousand and fifty alone thousand two hundred and fifty two thousand alone hundred thousand alone million two million Nor W.tgmilli9BB

In large numbers (over 999), write a comma (,) between thousands and hundreds, e.g. 11,000, and

between millions and thousands, e.g, 3,000,000,

o

Correct the mistakes. .. thirty one th,rt�). -""'Otl.. C!e.:. !' ...

__

1 2 3 4

two hundreds

three hundred forty twenty two

42500

_

--

______ _

-

_ __ _ __

_ ___ _

5 6 two thousand three hundred fifty one thousand and two hundred

0

_ _____ _

_

__ _

_ _

Write the middle number In words. ..

24 t.we.nt.�-£iv"

1

7

2 19 3 66 4 49

0

About means 'a bit more or a little less thaD'. How many stt/dents are there? About 20. (= 18, 19, 20, 21 or 22) How muell is it? /t's about LIDO.

_ _ ____ _

26 9 21 68 51

5

118

6 243 7 999 8 5,055 9 11,300

Write the number in words using about. •

sixty-eight people abo"t. se.ve.nt.� pe.Qf.Ie.

1 ninety-seven euros 2 nine students 3 thirty-one years 4 four hundred and ninety 5 6 7 8

o

one thousand nine hundred and ninety seventy-eight people two hundred and forty-nine thousand nine hundred and eighty thousand

• Test yourself. Cover the words in the table and say the numbers.

14 BASIC ENGLISH

120 245 1,001 5,057 1 1 ,302


2 I can

tell the time

Do Unit 1 first

A Tel l i ng the time 0-.

(

What's the time?

(9 G

..£..

What time is it?

,

)

(DIt'S five past six.

It's four o'clock.

It's quarter past four. :'\ It's twenty past six. r It's four fifteen. WIt's six twenty.

r:'\ It's half past four. W It's four thirty.

Q

):"

B Giving more information 0-.

r:'\ It's twenty to seven. I(::;l) It's six forty. � It's three minutes

It's quarter to five. It's four forty-five.

VJto seven. It's six fifty-seven.

Use minutes with to and past when the number of nllnutes is not five, ten, fifteen, twenty or twenty-five, e.g. three minutes past six NOT #mle­ pilE!six.

o

Write the times in words. �

3.10 .J.hce.e 9.15

8

____

______________ __ __

2

10.25

3

3.35

4

11.45

5

3.45

6

no

7

2.30

8

4.40

_

. ______________

__ __

_________________

__

_________

______________.

_ _____ _____

12.30 7.15

2

nine o'clock in the morning

12.00 p.m.

midday::

Sp.m.

five o'clock in the afternoon

7 p.m.

seven o'clock in the evening

7.57

nearly/ahnost eight o'clock

8.02

just after eight

11.30 p.m.

eleven thirty at night

1 2.00 a.m.

midnight

,If

O:

J ! ,

t!

Same or different? Write 5 or D. �

8.45

p.m.

8.45

3.00

p.m.

nearly 3.00

1

12.00

2

4.00

3

6.32

4

11.45

5

8.43

nearly quarter to nine

6

2.17

quarter past two

7

12.03

8

3.00

at night

a.m.

in the evening

S D

midnight 4.00

in the afternoon

nearly 6.30 p.m.

p.m.

a.m.

11.45

at night

just after midday three o'clock

.________ _____ _

Write the times in words. Use past and to. �

8

ten�

o

9 a.m.

J��p-ast twelve

____._. _________ .

9.30.

3

11.35

4

3.50

5

8. 25

6

1.03

7

2.45

8

4.17.

_

ABOUT YOUR COUNTRY Write

your answers or ask another student. When do banks open in your country?

_____ _

_ _.

. __ .. ___ .

_ . ___________. _ _ _ _ _

2

Do they close at midday?

3

What time do shops close?

4

What time do bars open?

5

What time do they close?

6

When do post offices open and close?

__________________

____________________

.

_________

____________ _

____

_________

___ .___ . _________ __

_______________

• Test yourself. Look at the clocks.

Cover the words and say the times.

BASIC ENGLISH

15


3 I ca n

say days and dates

A Days, months, a nd seasons

Do Unit 1 first

0)

days of t he week

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday

months of the year

January February March April May June July August September October November December

seasons (in Britain)

spring (March - May) summer (June - August) autumn (September - November) winter (December - February)

special days

Christmas Day (25 December) New Year's Day (1 January) your birthday (the day you were born)

Autumn

Capital letters

Days and months have a capital letter. Monday NOT momlay January NOT janl:1ary

o

Winter Put the words in the correct order. Write the number in the box.

Wednesday 0 Saturday 0 Monday OJ Friday 0 Tuesday 0 Sunday 0 Thursday 0 2

autumn 0 spring 0 winter 0 summer 0

3

December 0 March 0 June 0 February 0 November 0 January 0 October 0

April 0 July 0 September 0 May 0 August 0

o

Write the next day, month or season.

� May June. 1 2 3

Monday August spring

5

___ .

� Sunday Monda� ...__ .

.. _

6

_ . _

.

..____

autumn Wednesday_ 10 July 8

__ _ ._ .

9

__

4 November .... .

e

Friday March

. .

_____

ABOUT YOU AND YOUR COUNTRY Write your answers or ask another student.

Which month is your birthday? 2 Which season do you like best? Why? 3 Which day of the week do you like best? Why? 4 What do you do on New Year's Day? 5 What are two other special days in the year, and when are they? _______

. __ __

_

o

16

BASIC ENGLISH

Test yourself. Cover the days, months and seasons, and say or write them.


B Ord i nal n u mbers and dates 6) 1"

3'" third 4th fourth 5th fifth

0

8"

9th h 10 t

16'"

eleventh twelfth h thirteenth 1 3t 14th fourteenth 1 5th fifteenth

eighth ninth tenth

]9th

20th

5

th... rd

6

ei9- .th sUeenth

2 twenL eth

7

fo-11: eenth

3 fU h

8

thJteenth

4 L rst

9

s-cond

March

T

W

T

4

5

6

7

8

11

12

13

14

15

25

26

27

28

29

19

18

20

21

10

8

23

24

22

17

31

30

When's ...

� the first Saturday in March? --'�'-a.r:<j1

1 the second Tuesday in April?

_

T

W

9

10

11

12

23

24

25

26

2

15

16

29

30

3

17

F

5

13

14

T

6

5

4

19

18

20 27

7

21

28

t.he "'hid. O R The "'hid of Mo.r'ch.

_ . _ _ ______ _ _

2 the second Wednesday in April?

______

______

_

_

______ . ____ .

____

4 the first F riday in April? 5 the third Tuesday in April?

M

9

16

3 the first S unday in March?

5

1

3

2

22

April

5

F

1

31"

twenty-first twenty-second twenty-third thirtieth thirty-first

We can write the date like this: 10 March OR 10th March OR 3.10.08 OR 3110/08 We say the date like this: What's the date today? -It's Marcil the tenth. - It's ti,e tenth ofMarch. Say the year like this: 1980 nineteen eighty 1995 nineteen ninety-live 2006 two thousand and six 2020 twenty twenty

Look at the calendar. Answer the questions. Write the dates as we say them.

M

22"" 23 '" 30 th

Saying and writing dates

� ni!lth

5

21"

sixteenth seventeenth eighteenth nineteenth twentieth

' 1 7'' h t 8 1

Complete the words. 1

0

h 11t h 2t 1

h 6t sixth 7'h seventh

first

2nd second

-----_._------

_

____________ _

6 the fifth Saturday in March?

________

7 the third Wednesday in March? 8 the fourth Monday in April?

___

_ ___ __ _ _____ _

_ ____

o

Write the dates or years as we say them. � 6.9 ihe siA.h of S'1'teW16e.-o_ 9!'_�cl"W\6e.- the sixth. 1

3.2

2

4.7

3

10.12

4

12.8

5

15.1

7 21.5 ___ _ ________

____ ______ _

___ ______ __ _

___ __ _ _

__

_ ______

8 30.11

_

_ _ _ _ _ _ __

6 1989

__ _ _ _ _ _

____

9 22.4

___

10 2015 11 Today's date

____

1 2 The date next Tuesday BASIC ENGLISH

17


4 I can

say countries and nationalities 6)

Where arc you rrom? Where do you come from?

(I come from ...):,

(I'm ... (I speak ...>::ďż˝'"

Area in the world

Country

Nationality (Language)

Europe

The Czech Republic France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Poland Portugal Russia Spain Switzerland Turkey India China Japan South Korea Thailand Canada The Un ited States Mexico Argentina

Czech French German Greek Hungarian Italian Polish Portuguese Russian Spanish Swiss (German. French. Italian) Turkish Indian (Hindi) Chinese (Mandarin. Cantonese) Japanese Korean Thai Canadian (English. French) American (English) Mexican (Spanish) Argentinian (Spanish) Brazilian (Portuguese) Saudi (Arabic) Egyptian (Arabic) Australian (English)

Asia Asia/The Far East

North America Central America South America

Brazil

The Middle East Africa Australasia

Saudi Arabia Egypt Australia

The word for the language and the word for the nationality arc usually the same. e.g. Czech is the nationality and the language. Sometimes they are different. e.g. people from Mexico are Mexican. but they speak Spanish. Countries. nationalities. and languages begin with capital letters: Japan NOT japaR. People from a country To talk about people from a country. we often add 's' to the nationality. e.g. I talians . Brazilians. Thais. Greeks. Some plural forms are irregular: the British. the French. the English. the Spanish. the Chinese. the Japanese. the Swiss.

(Great) Britain = England. Wales. and Scotland The United Kingdom/The UK = England. Wales. Scotland. and Northern Ireland Only people from England are Engllsh. People from Scotland. Wales. and Northern Ireland are not English, but they are British.

1 8 BASIC ENGLISH


0

True or false? Write T or F. ..

Argentinians speak Spanish. � Saudis speak Arabic.

__

Mexicans speak Spanish. 3 Thais speak Japanese. 4 Hungarians speak Hungarian. 2

__

The Chinese speak Chinese. Brazilians speak Portuguese. Americans speak English. Czechs speak Polish.

__

__

__

__

__

Complete the sentences.

..

China is in The Far tast 1 Scotland is in Great 2 Hungary is in 3 Mexico is in

5 6 7 America. East.

Argentina is in Egypt is in

______

8

Saudi Arabia is in India is in

9

Australia is in

America.

Write the names of the countries and languages.

..

n�land

E

, §Iish

6

F

7

2 G 3 S

______

8

,

9

10 11

4 P 5 I

fa

6

7 9

__

4 Thailand is in The

0

Australians speak Australian.

8

__

e

5

The C P H L

-

G T

Complete the boxes with nationalities ending i n these letters. -ian

-ish

-an

[t.alian

" • Test yourself. Cover the nationalities and languages in the table on page at the countries and say the nationalities and languages.

18.

Look

BASIC ENGLISH

19


5 I ca n

use classroom vocabulary 6)

1 board

2 board pen

3 noticeboard

4 bag

5 desk

6 CD player and CD

D

7 pen

.. ., 10! ij

8 pencil sharpener

'�W._·I";&I

(..;....-.:1

9 ruler

,

t..f

.�t- . ,,�

10 pencil

.

,,\\,. � .

l��", I�;

1 1 rolder

12 piece or paper 1 3 rubber

14 notebook

1 5 dictionary 1 6 table

17 chair 18 cassette player

o

Tick (,f) the things you can put in a bag. Put a cross (.�) by the things you can't. � �

pen 121

board [KJ

7 dictionary 0

5 board pen 0

9 noticeboard 0

Add another word to make a longer word or phrase. �

note\,goL_ . _ _

._

1 board . . 2 cassette . . ..

.. .

_

___

e o

12 pencil sharpener 0

10 pencil 0

6 CD 0

2 piece of paper 0

1 1 table 0

8 ruler 0

4 rubber 0

1 desk 0

e

3 chair 0

_ _.. . .. .____

ABOUT YOU Write

4

notice. pencil

5

piece of

3

____

6

CD

__ .

__

four things you've got at home, and four things you haven't got. � I haven't got --" cassd te p\��e,..'-

• Test yourself. Cover the words and name the things in the picture.

20 BASIC ENGLISH

. __.


6 I can

use English language words 6)

noun

a sentence

adverb definite article

{ An � lm�nllwalkedllsIO�IYl ld0l"nl � hill. l adjective

verb

preposition

plural noun (more than one)

indefinite article

11elspoke tO�littlel9fUand twolbOysj tGood morning:1 he said. l

pronoun o o o

singular noun (one)

phrase

There are eight words in the first sentence. and thirteen in the second. Walk is a regular verb; the past simple is walked. Speak is an irregular verb. The past simple Is spoke. and the past participle is spoken. (The past participle is used to form the present perfect.)

o

Circle the correct answer. rtidey � A a nd the are adjectives.(j

5

2 Woman is a noun/sentence.

7 Go and do are verbs/past simple

preposition/pronoun. Speak is a regular/an irregular verb.

forms.

8 Slowly and quickly are adverbs/phrases.

3 Up is a

e

is the past simple/past partici ple of speak.

6 Books is singular/plural.

1 A and an are definite/indefinite articles.

4

Spoken

Find the answers for each sentence.

I have three English lessons every week.

� a verb _have

__

1

2

a plural noun

____

a pronoun _

There's a young man from Rome in the class.

3 an adjective 4 a preposition

Today, he asked a question, and he spoke quickly.

7 8

5

6

an adverb an irregular past simple

I think he's in the wrong class. 10 a singular noun

_ . __ _

9

11

an indefinite article a definite arti cle

____

_ _ _ _

a

reg ular past simple

a sentence

___ _

_ _ _ _

BASIC ENGLISH

21


7 I can

ask and answer questions about language Answer

Question

I don't know. = It's a new word for me. OR It means 'terrible'.

What does 'dreadful' mean? (NOT Whatme..... 'e.ea<ifal" ) What's this called in English?

I can't remember. = I knew tbe word yesterday, but I don't know it today.

I]

OR It's

a stamp.

How do yon say 'pasaporte' in English?

Passport.

Could y ou explain 'No vacancies'? (NOT �olllllYOII""l'laiome'..')

Yes, you see it in a hotel window. It means tbe hotel is full. There are no free rooms.

What's the difference between 'hello' and 'hi'?

The meaning is tbe same, but 'hi' is informal.

What's the opposite of 'large'?

SmaIl.

How do you pronounce 'May'?

fmei/, like 'day'.

No, that's wrong. OR That's not right. It's pronounced fertl.

'Right' Is pronounced forti. Is that right? OR Is that correct?

I'm not sure. Is it one 'p' or two? (double P = two Ps)

How do you spell 'apple'?

0

Match

1-6

OR A-donble P-L-E.

with a-g.

� How do you spell your name?

c

a

__ .

How do you say 'cup' in German? 2 What's the opposite of 'closed'? 3 What does 'tiny' mean? 4 How do you pronounce 'tiny'? 5 Could you explain 'How are you? ' 6 'Question' and 'answer' mean the same. 1

__

__

__

__

__

Is that right?

f)

6)

b c d e f g

It means 'very small'. It's what you say when you meet a friend. D-E-double N-I-S . ./

/tamiJ

No, it's wrong. I don't know. Open.

____

Complete the questions.

� What does 'awful' meo'n 1 What's this 2 3

How do you

4

What's the difference

? - 'Terrible' or 'dreadful'. __

in English? - It's a frying pan. 'tomato'? - /tam'o:tau/.

_______

you spell 'eye'? - I'm not sure. I think it's E-Y-E. 'bye' and 'goodbye'? - 'Bye' is more informal. ? - No, that's wrong.

'Pen' is the same as 'pencil'. Is that of 'interesting'? - Boring. What's the 'enormous' mean? - It means 'very big'. 7 What ._ 'EXIT'? - You see it on a door. It means that you can go out there. 8 Could you 5

_

6

_

_

22 BASIC ENGLISH


Review: Basic Engl ish U ni t 1 Do the maths. Write the answer in words.

ten plus (+) seven � seventeen tv"'e'-� eight minus H three ..Jfi.:.: 1 three plus nine � 2 four plus eleven � 3 nineteen minus six � 4 five plus twenty-nine 5 sixteen minus five �

_ _ _ _

7

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

-

eighty-seven minus eight � ninety-five plus seventeen � 8 thirty-five minus eight � 9 a hundred and five plus seventy � 10 three hundred minus fourteen � 1 1 twenty-eight plus thirteen � 12 one thousand minus forty-seven � 6

__

_

__ _ _

_ _ _ _

_

___

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

U nit 2 Write the times in the box under the clocks. Then add 1 5 minutes to each time. Write the new times wi th part or to. five past eleven half past six �

ten to eight ./ twenty to two

101 501

+15

4

113 '10 I

+15

5

ie.!.dg_e i�b:L

--

2

twenty-five past five twenty past two

--

I 12:001

f�e. P_tlst �3.h1 _._--

midnight five to nine

102201

+15

120 : 551

+1 5

------

+1 5

+1 5

-.---�.----,.,.,-.-.

3

123 051

7

+15

--_..._.'----'.--

•. . -

1 1-: :25

+15

- -'"-'-.-"_."'.

U nit 3 1

Complete the sentences. 1

A

2

A

B B A 3

A

4

A

B B 5

A

B

What's the today? The fifth October. I don't like January. Why? Because it's the coldest of the Which do you like best? Summer. today. It's my Really? How old are you? I'm going to California on New Fantastic!

REVIEW: BASIC ENGLISH

23


2

Write the answers. �

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

�_ What's the 1st day of the week? Monda':l What's the 3rd month of the year? What's the 3rd season of the year in Britain? What's the 4th day of the week? What's the 5th month of the year? What's the 6th day of the week? What's the 7th month of the year? What's the 9th month of the year? What's the 11th month of the year?

_ _

_ _ _ _

______

___

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

U nit 4

Write the first letter of each word. Remember, countries and nationalities begin with capital letters. Then write C for 'country' or N for 'nationality'.

1

� udi B· · _ntaln

1 2 3 4

_taly _ungary _exico _.wiss

2

_

tL C

5 6 7 8 9 10

. ___ __ __

__

__

....hina .zech _gypt -pan ish ...razil _urkey

__

_

__ __ __

__ __

11 12 13 14 15 16

...reek _rench _ermany _ussia _rgentinian -Ortugal

____

__ __

__

_ _

__

Complete the text.

My name's Magda, and I'm studying � En�li5h in London at the moment. I'm from Po (1), and I live with two students: Silvia, who's Br (2), and Irina who's from the CL.Z Re (3). Irina speaks Cz (4) and Po (5). We go to a language school in the centre. Our class has many nationalities: there are two Ja (6) students, a Ko (7), (10) boy and four students three Til (8) women, a young It (9) girl, a Ch (12). (11). Our teacher is Dennis, and he's Au from Sp .

____

_ _ _

_

Unit 5

Write your answers. �

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

You put your things in this. a ba� The teacher writes on this in the classroom. _ You use this if you make a mistake. You put notices on this. You find the meaning of words in this. You sharpen pencils with this. You write new vocabulary in this. You listen to CDs on this. You sit on this. _ or You sit at one of these. You can put pieces of paper in this.

_ _ __ _ _ _

____

__ _ __ _ _

_ _ __ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

_ _ _

_ _ _ __ __ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _

24 REVIEW: BASIC ENGLISH

___

_

_____ _ _ _

_ _ _ _


U n it 6 Find

12

more English language words in the square. Write them in the correct spaces below.

(p

I 5 A 5 5 T V A R D E U P 5 I N G R E R T M 0 U R E I N T E N L 0 A G C L U K U E D N U L Y A D V A R 0 F 0 R U W 0 R �

1

2 3 4 5 6

T T I G D R D E W E P D

5 I M I C L N G U U L A Y L U 0 5 E G T P R U L E M U R B R H R A C 0 L

P E L R R K D E I M 5 R

L W A D J E C T I V E P

Walked, went, saw �.�l�pj� I come from France. Quickly, slowly In, from, on Good afternoon, at school Walk(ed), look(ed), listen(ed) A, an, the _. . .

__ _ n

_ _ _ ..

E P R E P 0 5 I T I 0 N 7

_ __

8 9

__ _ _ _

O

10

. __ _ _

_ __ _ _

__nO

_ _

_ _ _ _

11 12

He, I, they Table, go, very . Different, old, big Boy (not boys) D o (did), go (went) Girls (not girl) _._

_

'_"

. . . _ ._ _ _ _

_ _ _ ______

_ _ ___ _

_

_ _ _ _

_____ _ _ .. _

____ _ _ _ .

__

. .. _

U n it 7 Answer the questions. Use a dictionary if necessary. � What does terrible mean? . l1. ",e(lnS v"r�,,!tordreadful. 1 2 3

5 6

What's the opposite of correct? What's the difference between spelling and pronunciation? How do you say hello in your language? How do you pronounce explain? What does wrong mean? Tiny means the same as enormous. Is that right?

7

What's this called in English?

8

How do you spell

4

..

_ ___ _ .

.

_

____ .

_

_

----- - - - - _ • • • • _ n o ·

_ ___ _ _ _ _ _

__

__

____

. . • ___ ._ _ _ _ __

. _ . ._.

---

__ _ _ _ _

_ _ __ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

------ - -

?

_

_ _ _ _ _ __ _

_ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _

__

_ _ . . .. _

. . . ._

. _ ---

-----_ . _ .

_ - - ----

REVIEW: BASIC ENGLISH 25


8 I can

give personal information 0)

Sandra is studying English in Cambridge. The receptionist needs some Information.

RECEPTIONIST

SANDRa

information

What's your family name?

-

And your first name?

- Sandro. - 4S Alfred Road. CB2 4TX

Could I have your address?

And the postcode?

Bertoli.

-

.

Now the receptionist is asking Sandro about himselfand his family. So, Sandra, where are you froml

- Italy.

Whereabouts in Italy? (OR Where in Italy exactly?)

- Pisa.

What do you do in Pisa? (OR What's your job?)

- I'm a doctor.

(OR Where do you come from?)

And are you married or single? Have you got any children?

rledY6t

,-"re ::...;J �", o\.( "-" Wl ", o.,,, rr ,,-,,, ie.& = ? Are mar ? _A 1 What do do you in your country?

__ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 Where do come from you? 3 Could I your address have? 4 What's your name family? 5 What's postcode your? 6 How are old your children? 7 Have you any children got? 8 What's your name first?

___

______ _ __ _ .

_______ _ _ _ _ ._ _ _

_ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _

._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _

Complete the questions. (You will answer these questions in Exercise 3.) �

I need some -'nforWled.iOn

What's your

ABOUT YOU

____ _ __

2 And your

____

4

_

5 And

6 And the 8

Are you

9 How

- 2suzsa. - Hungary.

1 have your address? - Tarcali utca 27. ?

_ _ _ _ _ _

____ _ . _

- 1 1 13. you do?

?

are you?

- I'm an engineer. - No, I'm still single. - I'm 27.

---- - ---

te your answers to the questions above, or ask another student.

ABOUT YOU Wr i

26 PEOPLE

- Kovacs.

- The capital, Budapest.

____

___

?

?

_ _ _ _ _ _ ____

7 And what

name?

name?

3 Where are you

e

inl armatioll or in/erJllatieRs.

a ll

In each question, one word is in the wrong place. Correct it. �

e

people or things. e.g. name, address, etc. Information is uncountable; don't say

- I'm married. - Yes. A boy and a girl. - The boy's six and the girl's two.

How old are they?

o

Inlormation Illeans facts about


9 I can

fill in a form

6) ABOUT YOU

Meaning

Word

single or married man married woman single woman single or married woman

Mr Mrs Miss Ms

family name

surname

Rodriguez

lirst name(s)

forename(s)

Maria Helena

day, month, and year you were born

date of birth

1 2 June 198 5

nationality

Argentinian

mother tongue

Spanish

home address

California 2000, I'iso 1 2 Buenos Aires C I 289AAN

phone number during the day

daytime tel

1 541 1 1 4302 8000

no means 'number'

mobile no

0341 241248

NOT ema ilR"mber

email address

malcna@latinoa.eom.ar

married or single?

marital status

single

job

occupation

sports teacher

elementary? intermediate? etc. tick = ./

level of English (please tick)

elementary ./ intermediate advanced

your written name

signature

lirst language

0

Miss

elementary intermediate advanced

Mt:!rit:! 'Kodriq/Je.z

True or false? Write T or F. ďż˝ Miss

=

married or single woman _ L

occupation = married or single 2

Mrs = married woman

3

Mr = single or married man

4 surname 5 tick = .t'

=

first name

_

._ _ _

..

___..

_

__

6 forename = family name

e

Exa mple

__

7

level

8

marital status = married or single

9

mother tongue

=

write your name =

mother's name

__

.

10

email address = where you live

11

date of birth = today's date

12

daytime tel = phone number during the day

ABOUT YOU Write your information in the table above.

e â&#x20AC;˘ Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the meanings. Can you remember the words?

PEOPLE 27


10 I

can talk about my family

A Fam i ly tree 6) Elsie

AII'

Damon's grandillothcr

bis grandfather

A Dave

=

his father

Luke his brother

Jane

Maggie

Paul

bis mother

bis uncle

bis aunt

Karen

James

JeSSica

his sister

his cousin

his cousin

Damon

All the people here are Damon's relatives.

=

Dave is Paul's brother-in-law. Jane is Maggie's sister-in-law. James is Maggie's nephew. Karen is Paul's niece. Luke is Elsie's grandson. Jessica is Elsie's granddaughter.

Luke is Dave and Maggie's son. Karen is Dave and Maggie's daughter. Maggie is Dave's wife. Dave is Maggie's hUJiband. Elsie and Alf are Maggie's parents (= mother and father).

o Complete the sentences about Damon's family. ďż˝

1 2

3 4 5

", n.:.. . 50 Paul is Elsie and Alf's -,", Maggie is Elsie's Luke is Paul's -:--:-Jessica is Maggie's Maggie is Jane's Karen is Jessica's

_

_ _

_

_

_ _ _ _ _ __

_

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

6

7 8 9 10

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

Paul is Jane's Elsie is Jessica's Paul is Luke's Maggie is Jessica's James, Maggie, and Alf are Damon's _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_______

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

e Complete the table. MALE ďż˝

1 2 3 4 5

e.

father brother husband nephew relative son

MALE

FEMALE

Wlot.her

6

7 8 9 10 11

FEMALE

brother-in-law grandfather grandson cousin parent uncle

Test yourself. Cover the male words in Exercise 2. Look at the female words. Say the male words.

o ABOUT YOU 28 PEOPLE

Draw your family tree. Write the names and brother, sister, uncle, etc.


B Fam i ly history 6) Gl ossary

Myparents got married 25 years ago. Two years later, my brother, Luke, was born. Then ! was born a year after that. I've also got a sister, Karen, who is two years younger than me, so there are five of us in my family. Luke's got a girlfriend, Sue, and they live in a small flat. Karen and I still live with our mum and dad. We a lot of time together.

get married become husband and wife (get divorced stop being husband and wife)

be born start your life have got have there are five of us NOT wearefive girlfriend/boyfriend see picture below mum INP mother dad INP father spend time with someone be with someone and do things with them

together with each other How old are you?

DOl1lon is 22 (years old). NOT H.h".22(!f€Il"&1. His brother is older thnn hilll. He's 23. His sister is younger than him. She's 20. A If's Ihe oldest in thefami/y. Karen's the youngest iI' the family. lAse. -the. prac-tice. e.<e.rcise.s

O�

-the.

CD-120M.

" True or false? Write T or F. �

1 2 3 4

o

F

_ _

__

__ _

__

__

5 6 7 8 9

Luke's mum has two sons. Damon is Sue's boyfriend. There are four in Damon's family. Karen is the youngest in the family. Damon and Karen are often together. __

__

_ __

__

__

Write the words in correct sentences. �

1 2 3 4 5 6

o

Damon is Luke's older brother. Damon's parents are divorced. Damon was born after Luke. Luke is younger than Karen. Luke and Sue live together.

his / divorced / are / parents \-ItS pannts an dlvorce.d. born / 1 / 1989 / in t was spend / of / together / we / Iot / time / a older / my / than / girlfriend / me / is in / six / my / of / are / family / there / us the / family / 1 / youngest / in / my / am brother / younger / 've got / sister / an / older / and / a / 1

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

ABOUT YOU

1

___ _________ _ _ _ _

Write your answers or ask another student.

2 3

How many people are there in your family? When were you born? Have you got any brothers and sisters? If yes, are they older or younger than you?

4 5

In your family, who do you spend a lot of time with? Do you all live together?

.

_______ ______ _ _ _

_ _ _ . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

____ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

PEOPLE

29


11

I can

describe physical actions

A Using your body 61

jump sit down

ride PT rode

stand up

PT stood up

PT sat down

climb

lie down PT lay

fall over ]'1' rell over

run

PT

ran

get on

walk

I'T

got on

get off

Irregular verbs The verbs sit. stand. run, fall, ride, lie and get are irregular. The past simple or these verbs is not rormed by adding ed. There is a list or the past simple and past participle rorms of a II tbe irregular verbs in tbe book on page 202.

0

8

Write the present form of the verbs, � walked "'G\\� 1 lay down 2 fell over

3 rode 4 climbed 5 sat down

6

got on

7

ran 8 stood up

Complete the sentences. You need the past simple in sentences 6 9. -

I

sat.

The children have to 2

down at my desk and worked for two hours. up when the teacher comes into the classroom. to work in the summer - it's only twenty minutes on foot. Mount Kilimanjaro next year. when you go to nightclubs7 down on the bed. into the swimming pool.

_______

3

I often I want to

4 5 6 7 8 9

Do you often The doctor asked me to The boys She her bike to school this morning. I was late, so I to the bus stop, but I She off the bus, went into the station and

_______

e • Test yourself. Cover the words and say the verb for each picture. 30 PEOPLE

over.

_______

a train.


B Using your hands 6)

hold PT held

pusb

put somelh ing down PT put touch

turn on

pull picl{ something up

give PT gave

break 1"1' broke close/shut PT shut opp open

drop

o

Make words from the letters. � ivge �ive 1 rrcay __ __ 2 nurt fof . 3 tpu wond 4 seloe . .. . _

.

__

5 thuco 6 pord

"

.

.

.

10

.

_

.

uphs

___

.

.

__

. . ________ .

_ .

._. ______

.

.

.

11

thsu . 12 pnoe

_ _ _______ •

_.

_

__ .

_ _ _____

____

kipc pu

8 kabre . 9 dloh

_ _ _ _ ____ _

______

_ _

7

_

_______

__ _

_____

_.

_____ _ .

Can you do these things with one hand or do you need two? Write 1 or 2. � shut a dictionary _1.. _ 4 pull your hair . touch your hair __

� give someone five dictionaries . 2. 1 touch a bicycle push a bicycle 2 pick up a TV turn on a TV 3 break a bottle open a bottle

__

_ __

_.

____

.. _

o

.

___ .

_ ..

,

5 turn off a radio 6 drop a ruler 7 carry a door 8 pick up a baby

__

. .

_.

______

hold a radio break a ruler close a door hold a baby ___

___ . . .

___

__

.

____ .

• Test yourself. Cover the words and say the verb for each picture.

PEOPLE

31


1 2 I can

name parts of the body 6)

1 head 2 face

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

halr eye ear

14

nose cheek chin neck shoulder

5

15 19

16

20 21

17

]-

22

11 mouth 12 lip

13 tooth (plural teeth)

e

0

11

� ::

chest stomach waist

wrist hand back arm bottom thumb fingers knee leg foot (plural feet) 27 ankle 28 toes

24 25

Which one is different? Circle it. � finger thumb G;a@ hand 1 foot wrist toe ankle 2 arm hand wrist stomach 3 neck ears nose lips

4

cheeks finger chin hair mouth teeth lips shoulder 6 eyes legs knees ankle 7 shoulder chest neck bottom 5

Complete the words. � h Jl. J... r 1 c n _ _

2 s 3

o

-{

23

18

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

c

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ _

t

h

4

t

5

b

6 f 7 n

_ _ _

_ _

_ _

_ _

k e e

h

8 9

b wa

_ _ _ _

_ _

m

t

• Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the pictures. Name the parts of the body.

32 PEOPLE


1 3 I can

describe people

A General descript i on 6) How much does she weigh? She weighs about 60 kgs.

tall

H e's

o

{

average height

(very) good-looking, (very) attractive.

short

average weight

slim

Sbe's

{

He 's She's

beautiful. (very) attractive.

� :;' C, ,;, =?

'"'

f,

not very attractive.

True or false? Write T or F.

thin. fat.

� If you are overweight, you aren't slim. � 1 Average height means not tall and not short. 2 Attractive and good-looking mean the same. 3 You can say a man is good-Ioaking or beautiful. 4 If someone is fat, they are overweight. 5 The answer to 'How much does he weigh?' is '200 cms'. 6 'How tall are you?' is correct. 7 It is polite to call someone fat and ugly. 8 Thin and slim mean the same, but thin is more positive .

___ _

__

__

__

__

__

__ .

e

}

overweight

Complete the dialogues. Don't use the words in � Is he attractive? - Yes, he's .!Jood-\ooki� She's not tail or short, really. - No, she's average . 2 Are the two brothers attractive? - Yes, they're both 3 Is she quite thin? - Yes, she's very 4 He's about average weight. - Yes, he 5 Is he overweight? - Yes, he's a bit 6 Is she very attractive? - Yes, she's

ugly

Thin means slim, but slim is more positive. It isn't polite to tell someooe they are fat. It is lllore polite to say they are overweight. The opposite of beautirul! good-looking is ugly. but it isn't polite to tell someone they're ugly.

__

italics

in your answer,

__ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ _

_____ __ __

__ _ _ ______ _ _ _ _

_ _ __

_____ __

75 kgs,

_ _ _ __ __ __ ___ _ _

___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

o

• Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the pictures. Say the words. PEOPLE

33


B Hair and eyes 6) How long?

� .

short

She's got

.

What colour?

� .., .., D ..

blonde

medinm-Iength

n _.

=

A

long

.

.

=

light brown dark brown grey black

brown eyes green eyes He's got

blne eyes

o

"

straight

curly

wavy

�, �, �, �, �, �,

I

a beard

What kind?

Ie � (f!

hair

I

a moustache

iiII��

Cross out the adjective you don't need. � She's got long, dark brown, -bIaek- hair. (OR She's got long, dafk..brown; black hair.) 1 I've got medium-length, short, curly hair. 2 Her hair is short, blonde, light brown, and wavy. 3 My sister's hair is short, long, and curly. 4 My brother's got short, grey, black hair and a moustache. 5 My father's got a beard and long, wavy, straight hair. Complete the questions. (You will write your answers in Exercise 6.) ABOUT YOU �

1

2 3 4 5

o

Is your hair brown? Is it d a..-l. _ brown or 1i5hL.. brown? Is your hair long, m -I ? , or s What colour is it: bl , bl , br� or g ? ? Is your hair st--, W , or c Have you got a b or a rTl- ? Have you got br eyes? __

__

No, it. '5

6IOn4�",.

_ _ _ _

_ _

_ _

_ _

ABOUT YOU Write your answers to the questions in Exercise 5. Then, if possible. tell another person about yourself. I 've 'Lot lon�, dar-k hair- GIna...

34 PEOPLE


C How old are they? 6) Word / p h rase

Age 7 18 months; before they can walk

a baby a child plural children a teenager OR a young person plural young people an adnlt a middle-aged person an elderly man or woman (more polite than old)

2 7 1O or 1 1 1 3 7 about

l7

18 7 about 45 7 60 65 7

0

� me (45) d _ 1 my wife (38) 2 my son (6 months) 3 my daughter (7) 4 my brother (47) 5 my nephew (14) 6 my aunt (63) 7 my father (79) 8 my niece (21)

}

}

teens ( J 3 7 about 1 7) early twenties (20 7 2 3 ) mid-thirties (34 7 36) late fifties (57 7 59)

elderly b in her late thirties c a teenager d in my mid-forties ./ e a baby f in her early sixties g an adult h middle-aged a child

__

__

. __

__

__

__

__

ABOUT YOU Write the names of people in your family, or tell another student.

a baby

1

a

Marcus (W\� sister '5 son)

young person 2 a middle-aged person 3 someone in his/her twenties

G>

in

his her my his her

a

__

o

in

Match 1 - 8 with a - i. _

e

Other phrases for age

4 an elderly woman 5 a n elderly man

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

6 a baby 7 someone in his/her fifties _ ___ _

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

• Test yourself. Cover column two of the table. Look at the 'age' column and say the words and phrases.

Read the police description. Which man are the police looking for, X or Y? The man we are looking for is in his mid-thirties. He is slim. with dark brown curly hair and a moustache.

If you see

him. please ring the police on

.,

0088 997 4422 .

x

j

Write a description of the other man. Use the text above to help you. The

other"

",ah is

PEOPLE

35


14 I can

talk about character

A What's he/she l i ke? 6) Word

Example

Meaning

friendly

The students in my class are all really it's great.

OPP

kind

He visited me a Jot in hospital, which was really kind.

warm, friendly and always wanting to help other people

nice

I met Colin on holhlay and he's a really nJu guy.

kind and friendly (a very important word in spoken English) SYN pleasant OPP horrible

fun

I love Karen; she's greatfun.

something or someone that makes you happy

funny

funny man.

John makes me laugh - he's just a really

="'" "'" lou",

rellllted

My parents are ",,/IUd: they don't get angry ifr;' late.

calm

Thm is very cIevu - the best student in

able to learn and understand very quickly SYN Intelligent opp stupid

clever

our c/ass.

qniet

She's quiet, but she can be funny.

serious

I like our teacher but she's very

0

1 L _. _ y 2 q ___t

3

r _ l _x _ d

What's . . . like?

6

L_____y

7

la _ _ h

Answer the questions. What's. . . .. a synonym for nice? ...f-Ieasant the opposite of friendly? 2 a synonym for clever? 3 the opposite of nice? 4 the opposite of clever?

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

__ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

o

someone who is serious thinks a lot and doesn't laugh 'v<aY Llluch

Complete the words. 4 n __e 5 cI _ _ _ r

..1(

someone who is qniet doesn't .OJ v=1 much

senous.

.. f '!!' n

e

happy to meet and talk to other people

We use this question to find out more about someone or something. WI,a!', Jack like? - He's very Ilice. ke'.'erHHies. NOT He'sli WI,at was thefilm like? - Great!

What do you call someone who . . . .. likes meeting and talking to people? fr"ien.lďż˝ 5 makes you laugh? 6 thinks a lot and doesn't laugh a lot? 7 is usually calm ? 8 always wants to help others? _ _ _ _ _

_ __ __

_ _ _ _ _

Complete the conversations.

What's Alex Ilk,.. ? - He's nice, but he's very 2 What Ana's parents like? - Well, her mother's great much. But her father doesn't like people very much - he's really 3 was your grandmother like? - She was very too. She went to university. everyone. And she was 1

. He doesn't laugh much. ; I like her very

____

_ _ ___

____

_ _ _ _

______

36 PEOPLE

- she always helped


B We l i ke each other 6) G lossary

WHY WE LIKE

on my own alone OR witbout otber people be complete opposites be very dlfferent shy If you're shy you can't talk easily to people you don't know. sociable friendly and liking to talk to people sporty liking sport and good at it share a flat live in tbe same fiat as another person organized An organized person plans tbings well. tidy A tidy person likes everything to be in the right place. opp untidy lazy A lazy person doesn't like working. opp hardworking

e.ach. . other . . . . . . . . .

,

u n ive rs i ty. I was my own, and she came up and talked to

Gemma: "I met Sophie at

on

me; she's like that. What's interesting is that

'

really

we re complete opposites. She's very happy to

meet new people, but I'm really shy; she's very

Really is important i n spoken English. It means 'very' and you can use it before most adjectives. I'm in a really /lice class. She was really horrible to me.

sociable, I'm quiet; she's sporty, and I'm not.

But it wasn't i m portant. We became friends and

shared a flat for two years. I'm very organized and did most of the housework. Sophie's not

very tidy, and she can be

lazy around the house.

But she's a great cook and a really nice person."

o

Find and write four more examples of really + adjective from page 36. �

"

Read the text again. Are these statements true or false? Write T or F. � 1

2 3 4 S

6

7 8

o

really _ ls.i� Sophie likes sport. ___! Gemma was alone when she met Sophie. -Gemma and Sophie are very different. Sophie likes meeting new people. They lived together at university. Gemma's sociable. Sophie's very unfriendly. Sophie's untidy. Gemma doesn't plan things. . __

.__

Lis·holt +0 +ke.

CV-'KOM ,,<ltd

do +ke. e.xe.rcise.s.

__

__

__

__

_____ _.

______

ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student. What are you like? Are you . . . sporty o r not sporty? 2 a very relaxed person? 3 usually tidy or untidy?

. _

_____

_ __ _ _ _

4 lazy or hardworking?

._

_ _ _ _ _ __

5 quiet or very sociable?

6 a very organized person?

______

PEOPLE

37


1 5 I can describe relationsh i ps A Romantic relati onships 6) Max Is my partner, and we have a very good relationship. We've been together for about two years. I started to go out with him after I came to London. We met at my ex-boyfriend's house, and because Max lived near me, It was easy for us to get to know each other. Now Max wants WI to get married and have a baby, but rm not sure. I have friends who are happily married, but I also know married couples who have split up and are now divorced. I don't want that to happen to WI.

Glossary partner someone you have a romantic relationship with

You have a relationship with someone. It can be good or bad. r /rave a !Jood relations'rip \vith my flatmate. He has a difficult rolaiio"s"i" with his!ather. We oflen talk about romantic relationships with wives. boyfriends, etc.

(your boyfriend, girlfriend, wife or husband)

be together be in a romantic relationship go out with someone have a romantic relationship with someone ex-boyfriend a person who was your boyfriend in the past (also ex-girlfriend, ex-wife, ex-husband)

get to know someone learn about and become friends with someone get married become husband and wife have a baby become a new mother/father couple two people, often in a romantic relationship split up stop having a romantic relationship divorced married in the past but not now

o

Write the words in correct sentences. d. � get / to I they I married / want _Th =e:: �l-' : ", w", an,-" i.,-", i. o,-", q:e", ,-" i. ",,, a,,rr ,= ie,,-,baby I last I had / a / year / they Z split up I January / they / in 3 have / good / a / very / relationship / we 4 you I how / her / get to know / did / ? 5 three I together / for / they / years I were 6 with / six / went / him I months I I / for / out

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

e

Complete the sentences.

� They have a very good relationship. 1 When did they a baby? Z My boyfriend and I have been for two months. 3 I know Phil and Sue very well. They're a lovely in January. 4 She went with him last year, but they split 5 Sonia is his girlfriend, but they still talk to each other. My father has a new 6 My parents were married for twenty years, but now they're married. but I don't think they're going to _ _ _

____

___ ,

38 PEOPLE

.


B Friends 6) G lossary get on (well) with someone have a good relationship with someone

meet PT met

see and speak to someone

for the first time

become flatmates start to be Hatmates (also become friends)

flatmate person you live with, but not in a romantic relationship

advice an opinion or information that you give to help someone with a

WHY WE L I K E

problem (You give advice or you give

ea.ch . oth.e.r. . . . . . . . .

Sophie: " I get on very well with Gemma

- she's great.

someone advice.)

see someone talk to or visit someone know someone be friends with someone or have met them

closest friend most important friend

I don't know why, because we're

(also best friend)

completely different. We first met at un iversity, a n d then we became flatmates. If I have a

problem, G e m m a is the first person I ask for

each other

advice - a n d she always gives me good advice.

We don't see each other very often now, because we live i n d i fferent parts of the country, but I've

known her for a long time, and she will always be my closest fri end .

o

Are the sentences the same or different? Write S or D. ďż˝ 1

2 3 4 S

6

o

"

Pam al1d Mike really loved each oOler. (Pam loved Mike, and Mike loved Pam.) The two girls l1ever listen to eifel. other. (A doesn't listen to B. and B doesn't listen to A.)

I have known her for a year. We are flatmates. We have a very good relationship. I meet her every Saturday. She's my closest friend. We stopped being friends. She helps me with my problems.

We met last year. We live near each other. We don't get on very well. I see her every Saturday. She's my best friend. We became friends. She gives me advice.

S

ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student. 1

2

3 4 S

6

Who is your closest friend? How long have you known himlher? Where did you meet? How did you get to know him/her? How often do you see each other? Why do you get on well with him/her? _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

______ _ . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

____.__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _

___________ ____________

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ __

PEOPLE 39


1 6 I can

say how I feel

A Physical feelings 6) Word/phrase

Meani

What's the matter?

What's t1u! matter? Nothtng.

What's the problem?

be/feel tired

[feel tfnld. I'm going to bed.

want to rest or sleep

-

I'm

Is there

eat? very. very hot

be/feel freezing

very.

be/feel nervous

DId youfeel n6r'VOllS before the exam? - Yes, [ did. but it was OK.

be/feel ill

HefeIt ill after the meaL [ think he had too much

not be/feel well

He doetm'tfeeJ well. so [ told him to go to bed.

o

to eat.

How do you feel? Write your answers. ",i:':; "�J�' ez. e", L.:. r-" .. You're outside. It's -10 degrees. I '", f It's the end of a working day. 2 It's minutes before an important exam. 3 You've had nothing to drink for hours.

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

___ _ _ _ ___ _

4 You've had nothing to eat for hours. 5 You're working. It's 35 degrees. 6 Your body temperature is 39.5 degrees.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

e

_ __ _ _ __ _ _

Complete the dialogues.

.. When's lunch? - I don't know. Are you hun�Ql 7 -I What's the ? - Yes, I'm going to bed. 2 Are you ? I'm 3 What's the -

? ill.

_______

4 It's very hot in here. - Yes, I know. I'm 5 Is it your driving test tomorrow? - Yes, and I'm feeling a bit

. I need a coat.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

6

8

the matter? - I don't feel

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

__ _ _ _ _ _

• Test yourself. Cover the words and examples, and look at the meaning. Can you say the words?

40 PEOPLE


B Emotions

0)

1 I-Ie's hapl)Y.

3 He's excited.

2 She's sad.

4 She's worried.

,

5 He's angry.

6 She's fright.ened. SYN

7 He 's embarrassed.

8 She's sU,!"ised.

scared

get + adjective Get call mean 'become' or 'start to be'. My wiJe gets worried iJ l'm late. The cilild,.el1 got ve,.y excited at tile pa,.ty.

9 He's in love.

0

10

Complete the words. � ha ¥ -j2-!l

1 ang

wor 3 up

2

__

____

_ _ _

"

4 5

sca sur _ .:.. 6 fr L 7 unh

__ _

_ _ _ _

8 emb 9 ex

_ _ _____ _

_ ____

_____ _

___ _

Complete the sentences. � I was sad

1

2

3

4 5

6 7

8 9

o

She's upset.

when I heard that her mother was very ill. The teacher got because the children were running round the classroom. got 100% in my English exam. I was very happy but also very I yesterday because I couldn't find my credit card. I found it this morning. I got very My brothers get very when they're watching football on TV. I made a stupid mistake and everyone laughed. I felt very My sister and Joe are getting married. My parents are because they like him. I was very when my boyfriend found a new girlfriend, of flying. My aunt never travels by plane. She's They met on holiday. I think they're in _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

• Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the pictures. Say the words. PEOPLE 41


Review: People U n it 8 Complete the dialogue using information in the notes to help you. A Oh, where in Brazil (4) ? B Sao Paulo. A Right, and could (5) . your address? B it's Rua da Marquesa de Santos 63, Sao Paulo. A And the (6) ? B it's 05065-002. A And what do you (7) . _ . . ? _". __ .

Helena Costa Rua da Marquesa de Santos 63 Sao Paulo

05065 - 002

____

Brazil Art teacher Married; one son, Marco, 7

___ ______

.

A Hello there. Now, what's your ? � .Jo.",iI::J- !'fI"'�__

B 1. A Oh, really? And (9) _ __ _ . _ ....

__

B Costa.

.

._

_.

.

_ .... ___

(8) an art teacher.

_ _ _ _

married? B Yes, I am. And I've got a son. A Oh, (10) is he? B He's seven. _ _ _ _ _ .. ..

A Right, and your first (1) B Helena. A OK, Helena, and where do (2) .

______

B l 'm (3)

----

.

..

..

_ ___

?

___ .... . . .

____..

.

._

from?

_ _ _

____ _ Brazil.

..

.

_

.........

. .. ._ _ . ____

U n it 9

U nit 1 0

Find 1 1 more words, phrases, or short words from the unit. You can go up t, down t, or across -+ .

1 Find 1 3 more family words in the word­

L

S

T

A

T

U

C C U P A T

I

0

N

E

X U

C K

G

G

D

L

M R

R

N

A

M

E

I

M A R 0

I

T D U T H A E

F

T A

I 0

E

S

N

E T M A

I

L W

0

M

R

0

S A

R E A P

L A D

D

R

E

S

S M

T

0

Y F

N G U

E D

A Y

T

I

M

E

B

T H

S

N

G

L

E

I

R

42 REVI EW: PEOPLE

I

square. A G K O A

G S I S T

O J D Y B

R O A M X

E L A G Y W U G H E F O H U S

T E T T B

I S E N A

V E S G T I R D O A U M N D I

L O P R

N L A W

O W R U

I S T I F I S N E N T S N I E C

C E J E

A P O E

T M U H E W E T I R F A

�� :�� � � � � ! ��


2 Correct one mistake in each sentence. � He's eighteen years.

ee.,,,-n,,-. .J-Ie -" >5-,e",i�J!.h"t,,,

_ _ _ _

1 My brother has eighteen years old. 2 I born in 1990. 3 My sister is younger that me.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 His parents are divorce.

___.

5 There are five of we in my family. 6 She is more old than her brother. 7 We spend together a lot of time.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

8 Who is the youngest of the family7

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

___________

U n it 1 1 1

Complete the table with the verbs in the box. push .I walk pick something up stand up hold pull drop turn something off run put something down ride Using your hands

carry

jump climb

Using your feet or legs

2 Circle the correct word.

� You get o

� house.

6 You can hold a bag/a classroom.

1

You can open a door/a light.

2

7 You can break some juice/a pencil.

You can touch a park/a wall.

8 You can climb a tree/a bus. 9 You can close a TV/a book. 10 You can sit down on a bed/the sea.

3 You can turn on a radio/a watch. 4 You can pick up a carla bicycle. S You can ride a carla bicycle.

Un it 1 2 1 Above or below the waist? Write A (above) or B (below).

� foot :P A � head _ _ 1 ears __

_ _ _.

__

ankle 3 foot 4 chest 2

___

__

5 shoulder 6 chin

__

__

__

7

leg

8 knee 9 toes 10 nose

___

___ .

__

__

11 12

13

bottom neck mouth

__

__

___

2 Write another part of the body which is between the other two. Look at the example. � nose I?:!outh chin mouth 3 wrist fingers 6 eyes 4 ankle 1 hand _____ shoulder toes _

2 chest

____ _

_____

head

5 back

___ _ __ __

leg

REVIEW: PEOPLE 43


U nit 1 3 1

Write about the people.

Sne 's tall, sli." o,hd

at.lcr-o,cUve. Sne 's �ot.

."ediLl",-leh�n, da..-k bCOWh hai..-.

She 's

C\

1.eeha'l.ec,-

1 2 3 4 2 Put the words in order from young (1) to old (9). in your early thirties

D middle-aged D

D

OJ

a baby

a teenager

in your mid-twenties

D

elderly

a child

D

D in your late thirties D

D

in your early sixties

U n it 1 4 1

Complete the table with words from the box. Positive

Negative

f"-ie.hdl�

unf..-iendl�

Positive or negative

2 Complete the dialogues. � She's nice. - Yes, very

p"'I"'ea"'s"'C\""n1.=-

_ _ _

1 She doesn't do any work. - No, she's very 2 Does she meet new people easily? - No, she's very 3 Did you live in the same place? - Yes, we

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

__ _ _ _ _ _

______ ___

_ ____

4 I really like being with her. - Yes, she's great 5 She's clever, isn't she? - Yes, very 6 Were you with other people? - No, I was

_

_ _ _ _

_ _ _

7 She makes me laugh. - I know, she's very 8 She plans everything. - Yes, she's very

44 REVIEW: PEOPLE

a flat.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

funny stupid quiet clever friendly '/ horrible kind untidy sociable organized serious unfriendly '/


U n it 1 5 1

Circle the correct word. Lucy

�new John at a disco when she was just twenty. She (1) gotIwent out with

him for a year. Then suddenly, one weekend, he took her to Paris where they got (2) marry/married. They have a very good (3) relation/relationship, and they (4) get/go on well with each other's family, too. Last year, they (5) gotIhad a baby girl called Paula. They've been (6) together/each other for eight years now. I don't think they will ever split (7) off/up, or (8) get/go divorced, because they are a very happy (9) coupleltwo.

2 Complete the questions with a verb from the box. become (x2)

is (x2)

give

get (x2)

� ..f..!lthey married? 1 How did you to know Jack? 2 When did you friends with Jana? 3 Elena your closest friend? 4 Do you your ex-boyfriend often? __

___ __

are,!

see

5 Does your mother you good advice? 6 How did you flatmates? on well with your sister? 7 Do you 8 your cousin divorced? ____

_ _ _ _

Un it 1 6 1

Correct the spelling mistakes.

� He's frightend . ...£r"i�htehe.d 1 Why are they exited? 2 I'm hangry.

6 I feel tierd.

__

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ __ _ _

7 She's scard of dogs. 8 Is he nervos? 9 What's the mater? 10 She's thursty.

_ __ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _

3 She was very suprised. 4 I think he was embarassed. 5 I'm very worrid.

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ __ _

_ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 Are these feelings positive or negative? Write P or N. � She's very sad. N 1 My daughter's excited about the dog. 2 She's really unhappy at the moment.

6 My brother's in love.

_ _

__

__

3 He was embarrassed about it. 4 I don't feel well. 5 It's freezing in this room.

__

7 He's scared of her. 8 I was very upset about it. 9 I felt nervous before I met him. __

___

10 They're all happy.

__

__

__ .

__

__

REVIEW: PEOPLE 45


17 I

1

can describe my routine

usually get up at 7.00.

1 usu a l ly leave home

1 have a shower.

r

[ get to work al 8. 30.

1 finish work al S.OO.

at 8.00.

1 have brealifast.

get dressed.

usually and normally 1 usually/normally go

to work by btls means thaI I go 10 work by bus most days.

1 go to bed at 1 1 . 30.

o

f)

l sleep seven hours a night.

Match the verbs in column 1 with words in columns 2 and 3. Write the sentences. 1

2

3

1 get up ,/

work

before breakfast

1

1 get

at ,/

at 1 1 o'clock

2

1 have

seven hours

7.30 a.m. '/

3

1 leave

dressed

at 6 p.m.

4

1 finish

home

with my family

5

1 have

dinner

a night

6

I go

breakfast

at 8.00 a.m

7

1 sleep

to bed

at 8.30 a.m.

I �e:l LIp at 730

a .",.

Complete the questions with the correct verb. (You will write your answers in Exercise 3.) ABOUT YOU � What time do you usually �h� in the morning? Do you dressed before or after breakfast? 2 Do you a shower in the morning?

I �e1.

u�

at 7.30.

_ . ___

__ . __

3 What time do you . 4 What time do you 5 Who do you

____

__

dinner with?

6 What time do you normally 46 EVERYDAY LIFE

home in the morning? to school/university/work?

__

-_

to bed?

. _ - ---


o o

ABOUT YOU Write your answers to Exercise 2, or ask another student.

• Test yourself. Look at the pictures and cover the sentences. Say the phrases.

B Weekends (Saturday and Sunday) 6)

you do at tbe weekend

G l ossary at the weekend on Saturday and Sunday during the week from Monday to Friday stay in stay at home once a week one time in every week twice a week two times every week come round come to my home go out leave home to go to a bar. cinema. restaurant. etc. go shopping go to the shops to buy clothes. CDs. etc.

During the week I usually stay in after school. I often study in the

in

evenings. watch TV. listen to music. or just talk to my famlly. Once or twIce a week. my boyfriend comes ronnd and we have dinner together or go and see a film. At the weekend, I go ont a lot more. On Saturday morning I usually go shopping with a friend. or I go to the gym. and sometimes I study in the afternoon. I go out with my boyfriend in the evening. On Sundays. I get up late. We often go for a walk. and in the summer we play tennis.

"

late after the usual time OPP early go for a walk have a short walk to enjoy yourself Play ten

n�

Find nine more phrases. You can go up t, down L or across -. the

shopping

go

for

a

do

week '" the I

or

once

walk

twice

a

week

tennis play

go

in

go

shopping gym

at the

come

round

to

the

weekend

during

-f>-

stay

o

(When you do the shopping you buy food.)

go to the gym

Complete the sentences. � I go to a restaurant -'O"' """ Ce"'Do you want to

_ _ _ _

shopping? to my flat after work. tennis this weekend. on Saturday?

2 Come 3 I can't 4 Do you want to go __

5 6

7 8 9

10

or twice a week.

the week I usually stay Iast night. I'm really tired today because I went to bed the weekend? What are you doing I go to the twice a week because I like to exercise. I often at 8.00 in the morning. the shopping very We often go and a film on Sunday.

.

_ _ _

________

_____

___

____

.

EVERYDAY LIFE 47


C

Frequency words 6) 0%

100%

always

often

sometimes

never

He goes out evcry day means 'he goes out on Monday. Tuesday, Wednesday. Thursday, Friday. Saturday and Sunday'. Be careful! He works every day means 'be works from Monday to Sunday'. ' He works all day means 'he works from 9.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m.

Is the meaning of the sentences the same or different? Write 5 or D. �

I always go shopping on Saturdays.

I go shopping every Saturday.

I sometimes work at home.

I often work at home.

2

She's hardly ever late for work.

She's rarely late for work.

3

We often finish classes early.

We finish classes early every day.

4

I never eat meat.

I occasionally eat meat.

5

She always has a shower in the morning.

She has a shower every morning.

6

In August we play tennis every day.

In August we play tennis all day.

1

e

hardly ever

OR rarely

every and all

These adverbs go before the main verb (e.g. get up). but after an auxiliary verb (e.g. do, does, have, can or be). I always get up late on Sundays. Do you often go out in the evening? We occasionally go for a walk. I'm hardly ever ill.

o

occasionally

S

Write the sentences using a word from the box. every day

always

hardly ever

often .!

all day

occasionally

never

� Hiro goes to restaurants two or three times a week.

1

Haruko always gets up early. Hiro goes to the gym once a year. . 3 Haruko stays in seven nights a week. 4 Hiro studies from 9.00 to 5.00.

-----_

__ _ _

.

_ --

2

_.

_ _ _ _

_ _ _

5 Haruko doesn't have a shower in the morning. 6

o

Hiro goes to the cinema about six times a year.

___

.

__ _ _ _ _

ABOUT YOU True or false? If a sentence is false, change the word in bold to make it true.

� I hardly ever play tennis.

F='alse. LQfleh pla� 1.,eh!1",lS",.

_ _ _

I always have a shower before breakfast. 2 I often go out on Friday evening. 3 I never listen to music in the evening. 4 I rarely study on Sunday.

_ _ _ _

_ _ _

_ _ _ _

___ _ _ _

5 I sometimes watch TV at the weekend. 6 I never work in the evening. 7 I usually go shopping on Monday. 8 I occasionally go to the gym after dinner.

_ _ _ _ _ _. _

__.

_ __ _ _ _

_ _ _. _

48 EVERYDAY LIFE

___

.


1 8 I ca n

talk about clothes

A Clothes 6) 1

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

shirt top jumper SYN sweater trousers jeans skirt dress T-shirt jacket 7 suit coat raincoat

o

Complete the words.

2 3

� s � 1t 1 j t 2 t 3 j r 4 c t

5

5

6 T-

____

______

7

s

8

____

0

white

brown

0

crea.m

0

yellow

orange

red

_ _ _

___

t

I often wear jeans. She isn't wearing a skirt today. 1 wore a bltle sliirL yesterday.

s

s

_ _ _ _ _

r

green

blue

0

grey

black

purple

0

0

darl. blue

pink

pale blue OR light blue

Look at the clothes above. True or false? Write T or F. � a green sweater � � red trousers F 1 a pale blue shirt 2 dark blue jeans 3 a light blue coat _ _

__

__

__

0

____

wear

• Test yourself. Cover the words and name the things in the pictures.

B Colours 6)

o

d j

9 s

_ _

e

r ______ t

4 grey trousers 5 a black suit 6 a brown jacket

__

__

__

7 a pale yellow top __ 8 a pink raincoat

9 a blue skirt

__

10 an orange and white T-shirt· 1 1 a purple dress 12 a cream jumper

__

___

__

__

• Test yourself. Cover the words and name the colours. EVERYDAY LIFE 49


C Accessories 6)

scarf

umbrella

trainers

.,

1 trainers 2 scarf 3 jeans 4 sandals 5 glove 6 scarf

Trousers, jeans. tights. clothes and (suo)gIasses are always plural. They take a plural verb form. These trousers are very nice. NOT '['hisiHJUseris 1' 6 '1/u ice. My jeans were cheap.

Make the sentences singular if possible. � Are these your boots? .

h this �ou(" b.oo-!..f. 4 l e'-'. . ib", Not P.<2.es.", 5 .

_ _

. . _ _ _ _

_

. . . .

Do you like my new trousers? She's wearing my scarves

_ _ _

. ._ _ .

6 Where are my gloves? 7 The jeans cost €20. 8 I don't like these sunglasses.

_ _ _ _

__ .

. _ ._ _ _

3 I've got two pairs of sandals

__ _ _

.

_ __ _

___

ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student. 1 What are you wearing today? 2 What clothes do you wear at the weekend?

- -- - _ . . - -----

_ ___ ___ _ _ _

____.

3 Do you wear trainers a lot? If you don't, what do you wear?

4 Do you wear glasses or sunglasses? Why?

__ . .

_ _ _

5 How often do you wear: a hat? a scarf? a watch?

o

sunglasses

Plural nouns

jeans gloves tie shoes hat hat jeans

boots umbrella socks glasses watch belt

� Her glasses are nice. 1 Give me the socks 2 Where are my tights?

o

glasses

One word in each group is wrong. Cross it out. � trousers

o

tights

watch

__ _ _ _ _ _

• Test yourself. Cover the words and name the things in the pictures.

50 EVERYDAY LIFE


1 9 I ca n

buy clothes

Do U n it 1 8 first

A Describing clothes 6) 1

2

3 4 5 6 7

8 9 10 11

12

2

long short cheap expensive smart casual smanllittle largelbig uncomfortable comfortable tight loose

4

g JJ �

12

[ don't like it - it's horrible/awful.

Look at the pictures and describe the clothes. .. a cheC\� 1 as 2 c 3 a

4

e

11

10

[ like it - it's really nice/lovely.

0

6

5

c

5 a

tie skirt shoes

5...-

handbag clothes

I

T-shirt

6 an e tie 7 5..-_ - _____ clothes 8 a I skirt

Circle the correct word.

�mall, so I put lots in it.

.. My handbag is ver

I like these trainers, but they're very comfortable/uncomfortable 2

.

I 've got some really nice/horrible boots. I wear them a lot.

3 At the weekend, I usually wear casual/smart clothes. 4 I haven't got much money, so I don't wear cheap/expensive clothes.

5 He's only seven years old, so just buy him a smallllarge T-shirt. 6 You need your long/short coat today; it's really cold. 7 If you are going to the gym, it's better to wear tighUloose clothes. 8 That suit is awful/lovely - you must buy it.

o

Write the opposite of the underlined word. .. You need a lil.rQl: belt. smal_1

_ _ _

1 She's wearing a ]Qng coat. 2 Are those boots comfortable? 3 We can wear .illll!l:1 clothes.

4 Was the belt very .dIeilQ? 5 She doesn't want 1igb1 trousers.

_ _ _

__ _ _ _

6 Does this look !!kg?

_____

o

• Test yourself. Cover the words and say the adjectives and clothes in the pictures. EVERYDAY LIFE 5 1


B Talking about size Questions What size are you? What size do you take?

0)

Answers

Problems with size

I'm a (size) l2. I take size 40. smaWmedium/large

It's } the wrong size. They're It doesn't lit. They don't

}

It's too long.

They're too big.

0

Complete the sentences.

2 3

4 5 6

0

What ďż˝ 5<'" are you? - I'm 14. Is she small, , or large? I'm sorry, this shirt is the size. ? Does this jumper tight for me. - No, it's ? - Small. What size do you I like the trousers but they don't they're long.

Look at the pictures. What's the problem?

2

1

.ďż˝

52 EVERYDAY LIFE

3

too and very There is a difference in meaning between too and very. Her coat is very [alia. (It's OK.) Her coat is too [ollg. (It's nol OK.) 1'11Cse trousers are very tifJlIt, but I'm gOillg to buy them. These boots are too tight; I call't wear them.


C In a shop 6) A shop assistant (SA) and a customer (C) are talklng.

G lossary Do you need any help1 also Can I help

SA Do you need any help? C Yes, I'm looking for a smart, black skirt. SA What size do you take? C I'm a 12. C SA

you?

I'm looking for = r want try something on put somethiog on to see if the size is right changing room a place where you try something on That looks (really nice) = r think it's (really nice) on you pay give money for something cash desk the place where you pay credit card e.g. Visa, American Express

Dh, this is lovely. Can I try it on? Yes, sure. The changing room is over there.

C Dh, no, it's too tight. SA Here's a size 14. SA That looks really nice. C Thanks. Yes, it's fine. I think I'll take it. Where do I pay? SA The cash desk is at the front.

I'll take it/I'll leave it When you decide to buy something iu a shop. you say 'I'll take it/them¡. NOT ItakeiliIImyit If YOll decide not to buy something, you say '(No). I'll leave it/them. thanks'.

SA How would you like to pay? C By credit card. SA That's fine. Thank you.

o

Write the words in correct sentences.

..

1

help I can I I I you I ? Co.h I hel\?..:J0C<? I I where I pay I do I ?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 thanks I no 1 1'11 1 it ! leave

_ _ _ _ _ _ __

3 changing I where's I excuse me I the I room 1 7 4 dress I can I on I this I try I I I ? 5 pair I l'm I of I looking I trousers I for I a 6 help I you I need I do I any I ?

____ . ______

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _

_ __ _ _ _._ ._____

(l)

Write the final word in each sentence. ..

1

What size do you tG\�_ ? 7 Can I try these _

6

_____

2 Pay at the cash 3 I like these. I'll take _ 4 I'd like to pay by credit .

o

5

Excuse me. Where's the changing 7 Do you need any

7 Oh, that looks 8 _ _ _ _ _ _ __

__

. _ _ _ _ . ____

?

____

How would you like to

. You must buy it. 7

____ . ___ _

.

ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student.

1

Do you like shopping for c1othes7 2 How often do you buy clothes?

_____

.. _ _ _ .._ . ._ _ _ _ _ _ _

____._____.____

3 What was the last thing you bought?

____ __ __ __ _.. ___ .._ _ . . . __ _ _.

______________ ________

4 Do you always know what you're looking for7 5 Do you always try clothes on7 6 How do you usually pay?

___ _________________

____. ___

EVERYDAY LIFE

53


20 I ca n

talk about money

A Money in shops

Do Unit 1 first

0)

G lossary

cost PT cost How much does it costl = How much is itl €9 each = €9 for one €27 altogether = €27 for everything change the money you get back if you give the assistant more than something cost debit card If you use a debit card, the money comes out of your bank account (where you put money in and take it out). PIN = Personal Identification Number (also PiN number)

MUSIC CO

9.00

MUSIC CO

9 . 00

MUSIC [0

9 00 H_OO

lO(OlfOO

You are in a shop and decide to buy three CDs. They cost €9 each, which is €2 7 altogether. You can pay in cash I (notes' and coins'); for example, you give the shop assistant €30, and he gives you €3 change. You can also pay by credit card'. The assistant puts your card in a machine and asks you to enter' (or put In) your PIN. You can also pay by debit card or cheque'. At the end, he gives you your CDs and a receipt'.

o

Money €S.30 jive ellros thirty oRjive thirty

NOT fiveew =g sl wdthirty £10.99 tell pOllnds ninetY'lIine OR ten nirleiY-lline a ten poundlellro note NOT Rte,.,p el/mist e e u m sn e i

Correct the mistakes.

� Can I pay for cheque? J:.,." I pa� b� che9ue? The dictionary cost me eight euros and fifty.

..

____

2

3 4 5

Could you put your PIN, please? She paid for the dress of cash. _ . I've only got a 50 pounds note. They're €6 for each.

__ _ _

__

---- -_ ..._-

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

___ ____

.

_ _ _ _

_ __ _

Have you got a bank count? __ _ __ .. 7 Three books. That's €42 together. 8 The pen cost £3.20. I gave the shop assistant £5 and she gave me £1.80 money. 6

_

_

_ _-

___ _ _ _ _

8

Complete the dialogues. A B A B

I'd like this watch, please. Fine. How would you like to pay? By debit (�) ...£C!c", d Thanks. Could you (1) ___ your (2) , please? . . . Thank you. Here's your watch and your _ _

_

(3)

_ _ _

A Thank you.

54 EVERYDAY LIFE

C Hi. How much do these peaches ? (4) _. __ D C D C

They're 50 cents (5) . I'll have six, please, and a melon. Thank you. That's €4.30 (6) I'm sorry, I've only got a €50 (7) --. --____

.__

__

D That's OK. I've got lots of (8)

..

.

_ _ _ _

_ __ _


B Money in adverts 6) Sell your car on esellers.com! Photo printer half price.

G lossary

sell PT sold give something to someone who pays you money for it OPP buy PT bought price the money you have to pay for something (If something is half price. you pay 50%.) spend money on something PT spent pay money for something free If something is free. you don't pay for it. bill a piece of paper which shows how much you need to pay online on the internet save Jfyou save 5% on a bill, you pay 95% of the bill. fare the money you pay to go by plane, train, etc. earn get money for the work you do lottery game where you buy tickets and can win money win PT won get money etc. in a game

Spend €50 on

Italian wine .and get a free pizza.

Fly to Dublin, fare. from

Pa y your gas

£16.

bill online

and save 5%.

Earn £30 an hour in your own home.

Play the Lottery and win €l,OOO,OOO!

Ring 0990 55773 1 .

o

Circle the correct a nswer. � I bought this tabl

t(§"nlin9free.

5

What's the price/bill of these shoes?

2 I don't spend/pay a lot on food. 3 I bought ten bottles and earned/saved €3. 4 I won/earned £100 in the lottery.

o

6 Doctors win/earn a lot of money. 7 I bought/sold my oid car and got a new one. 8

She paid the restaurant bill/receipt.

• Test yourself. Cover the glossary and write the past simple forms. � pay -p-o.id

3 sell 4 earn

1 buy 2 spend

"

How much was the train bill/fare?

5 win

6

save

__ _ _ _

_ _ __ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

Complete the questions with a word from the box. (You will answer the questions in Exercise 6.)

price free

online fares spend .l bill

earn

ABOUT YOU A N D YOUR COUNTRY � How muc h do you spend 1 Do you ever shop Is your phone 3 Is water 4 What's the 5 Are train 6 Do women 2

expensive? in restaurants? of a litre of milk? cheap? more than men?

I spend about £.2..0 .

-----

____

_____

o

on food every week? ?

___

-- _ . _-- ---

--- -----------

ABOUT YOU A N D YOUR COUNTRY Write your answers to the questions in Exercise 5 or

ask another student. EVERYDAY LIFE 55


21

I can

talk about the weather

A What's the weather l i ke? 0) Adj �ctlves

Verbs

Nouns

.

It's sunny,

The sun's shining,

sun/sunshine

�.� .. ===-.�

Il's cloudy.

....'

, ,' , '

"""

...

cloud

Jt's wet.

[t's raining.

rain u

It's windy.

The wind's blowing. P1' blew

wind

[t's icy.

ice u

It's foggy.

fog u

� 0

Match 1

-

9 with a - j.

� It's . �_ .

1

IL_.

a b c d e

--

2 The wind ___.

3 It isn't

._

4 The sun

5 Is

... .

__

_ _

. .-

__

6 There's a bit _

7 There's a lot 01

8 It doesn't

_

9 What's .

f)

snow u

II's snowing.

...

--

___

_

I

9 h

a lot (of)/a bit (of)

01 cloud today.

a lot ofla bit of + noun We hall a loi of raill. Them's a bit ofJog.

it loggy outside?

isn't raining. cold this morning. ,/ snow on the roads.

verb + a lotla bit It SilOwed a loi. It's milling a bit.

rain a lot here. the weather like? very windy. blew my hat off. is shining.

a bit + adjective It's a biLJoggy today. It was a bit windy.

Rewrite the sentences using the correct word. � There was a lot of ice. 1 It isn't raining. 2 Is the sun shining?

3 We olten have snow. 4 She doesn't like log.

5 It was very windy on Friday.

6 There are no clouds.

It was very ie_':l. There's no __

_

_

_ ___

Is it ___ It often She doesn't like _ _

_

..___

.

_ __

?

___ _

__ .

There was a lot 01 It isn'L

___

__ __

weather. .. __ on Friday.

__.

__

e • Test yourself. Cover the words in the table and look at the pictures. What's the weather like?

56 EVERYDAY LIFE


B Wet and d ry weather 6) G l ossary

A

changeable changing a lot pleasant nice dry opp wet shower a short period of rain hot opp cold humid warm. wet and uncomfortable storm see picture breeze a light. pleasant wind cool not hot or warm. but pleasant heavy rain a lot of rain thunder the loud noise of a storm lightning see picture freezing very. very cold damp cold and a bit wet

storm

In my country, the weather i n spring is very changeable. U can be pleasant and dry. but we often have showers. It can get hot i n the summer for two or three months. and in the cities it is often humid, especially before a storm. It's cooler on the coast. where there is usuaUy a sea breeze. In autumn. we get some heavy rain, perhaps with thunder and lightning. In winter. it can be dry. sunny and freezing, or grey and damp.

o

Circle the correct word. �

Humid weather is very pleasant

€comforta§IV

There was a bit of sunshine between the showers/lightning. 2

Do you like watching the lightning/thunder when it's stormy'

3 The air in the Sahara Desert is dry/humid, and it's very hot/cool at midday. 4 5

Showers usually last a few hours/minutes. I n cold, wet weather, your clothes feel damp/humid.

6 By the sea you get a nice breeze/wind.

"

Rewrite the sentences using the words in brackets.

.

...

. ) It's f"ainino � It's wet outs'd I e. ( rain .� outside 1 It rained a lot last night (heavy) There was __

___

_ _

_ .'. _ _ __

2 It was warm and damp yesterday. (humid)

.

_ _ _ _ __

It

_____

3 There was a bit of rain in the afternoon. (shower) There

4 The weather changes a lot (changeable) The weather 5

It isn't wet today. (dry)

It

_

__ _

_ _ _ . _ _ _ . _ _ __ ._.

____.

_ ______ _ __

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

6 We had heavy rain and thunder. (storm) We had

o

.

_________

_ _

ABOUT YOUR COUNTRY Make the sentences true for your country.

� We often have storms in J uly. \Je. ",,"vee" have. 510,-,,,$ in 1

We have a lot of showers in the spring.

2

In winter it's always freezing at night.

3

The weather is always the same in the summer.

_. _.

_ _ _ _

---- - - - _ . _

____

___

Jt4J"".

.. .. _

- _ . _ ... _ - ----

_

4 We sometimes have heavy rain for 24 hours. 5

It often snows in the winter.

6

Our winters are usually dry

..

__ _ _ _

___ .

.

_ - -- -

_ .. _ --

. _ . _ _. _

._----_._

--

_ _ _ __

7 We often have thunder and lightning. 8 It is usually hot and dry in summer.

------

.

_____

_

____

. .. _ _

_ . _ _ _ _ _ ___

--- - _ . _ _ . _

.. . . . _

_ -----

_

EVERYDAY LIFE

57


22 I ca n talk a bout ill ness A Com m on problems

i

!)

a headache

0

I don't leel well.

toothache

flu

0)

(

What's the matter

Do U n it 1 2 first

? (

stomach-ache

a cold

a .)ain i n my leg also my leg hurts

a temperature

a sore throat

a cough

backache

I feel sick

Circle the correct answer.

� I'

�a temperature.

7

He's got flu/a flu?

1

My back pain/hurts.

8

Is/Has she got a temperature?

2

I feel/'ve got a cold.

9

I h urtl've got a pain in my eye.

3

He doesn't feel/be well.

10

Is/Has she got a temperature)

4

I feel/'ve got toothache.

11

She is/'s got a sore throat.

5

Do you feel/be sick?

12

I don't feel/haven't got a cough.

6 My knee feels/hurts.

e

.�

I'Ve got . .

be ill/sick 1lI means 'not well'. Raja's /lot ilere today: he's in. Be sick usually means to bring up food from your stomach (also vomit). If you feel sick. you think you are going to be sick.

Complete t h e sentences.

� I had to stand up for ten hours; now I've got bac_�_ch,, _ 1 She has always smoked a lot, and now she's got a bad __

2

3

..

-

He's got a look, it's 39 degrees. I walked 20 kilometres today, and my feet __

_

__ __

_ _

_

4

What's the

6

I ate too much at lunch and now I've got . My little boy had four ice creams and now he feels I've got a temperature and a terrible headache. I think I've got _

5

7

___�_ _ _ _. _

? You look terrible. - I don't feel __

8 I can't eat anything; I've got a sore _ .

e • Test yourself. Cover the words a n d look a t t h e pictures. Say the words. 58 EVERYDAY LIFE


B What should I do? 61 You should go and see

r---\ your GP.

I don't feel very well. I've got a temperature.

You should go to the chemist's. You should stay In bed

for a day or two.

You should go and lie

down for a while.

Glossary

go and see go to, visit GP (General Practitioner) family doctor chemist's shop where you get medicine (also pharmacy) lie down

should + ve rb You use should when you tell people what you tbink is the best tbing for tbem to do. Should is used for giving advice. I feel terrible. - You ./IQuld go to bed. You shouldn't go to work today.

The....e. are. "ADre. pre<C1-;ce. e.xe....c;se.s 01\ +ke.

CO-"\<OM .

for a while for a short time stay in bed go to bed and not get up for a day or two for a short time (not more than three days)

o

Cross out one word you don't need in each sentence. � I don't feel �very well. 1 You should to go to the chemist's.

2 Go and lie you down for a while. 3 Go and see your GP doctor. 4 Stay in the bed and don't do anything.

"

5 Go to bed for a day or two days. 6 You should go and to see your doctor. 7 You shouldn't don't go to work today. 8 Lie down for the a while.

Write some advice to people using should and the word in brackets. � I've got a cold. (chemist's) 'Iou should �o -to the che",is-t 'so

.

I've got backache. (lie) 2 My ear hurts. (pharmacy) 3 I've got a sore throat, a cough and a temperature. (stay) 4 I feel sick. (while) 1

_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ _

_ _ __ _ _ _

5

_ _ _ _ _

____

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _

I've got flu. (GP)

EVERYDAY LIFE

59


23 I can get help at the chemist's 6) In a chemist's shop, a chemist (Ch) is talking to a

,�

customer (C).

Can I help you? Yes, I cut' my linger yesterday, and it really hurts. You need some antiseptic cream' for it. Right. Could I have some plastersl and some cotton wool., please? Ch Yes, of course. That's €S.60, please.

Ch C Ch C

Ch C Ch C Ch C

Yes?

Hr, I need something for a cold.

Right, well. try these tablets' they're very good. OK, and how often do I take them? Take two tablets every four hours with water. Thanks. And I'd like a box of tissues·, please, and some cough medicine'. -

6

As king for thing s in a

G lossary need If you need something. it's necessary or important for you to have it. antiseptic You put antiseptic cream on a cut to cl ean it. try usc something (e.g. a tablet, medicine) to see ifit helps take a tablet eat a tablet (also take medicine)

o

You can ask for something for a problem or an illness in a chemist's. Could J 'lave sornet,.ing for a "eadaelle. (please)? means 'please give me some medicine because I've got a headache.' I IIeed sometl';IIg for a cold.

Correct the spelling. Be careful : one is correct. � chimist sbe"'is-\:

coton wool 2 tissus

.

.

_ __

____

____

f)

Do U n it 22 fi rst

.

something anteseptic piastres

3

4

_ _

5

_____

6 farmadst

7 creme

._ .

- - - --

___

_

_ __

8 medidn

__

.

Complete the sentences using phrases from the box. for toothache, please a sore throat help you some plasters, please take these tablets wool cream this medicine - it's very good for your finger tablet three times a day a box of ,( Customer

Chemist

� I'd like �Q� of

tissues, please. 1 Have you got something for 2 How often do 1 7 3 I need something _

_____ .

_ _ _ _ ___

_ _ _ _ ___ .

4

I need some cotton

5 Could I have

o

__ _ _

_ _ __

7

.

6 You need some plasters .

?

7 Try

_

_ .

. _ _ ___

_ _ _ _ _ _

8 Take one

. _ . ______

9 Do you need antiseptic 10 Can I 7

.

___

_

.. ___

7

_

___

• Test yourself. Cover the conversations. Look at the pictures and say the words.

60 EVERYDAY LIFE

.


Review: Everyday l ife U nit 1 7 1

Put the preposition in brackets in the correct place in the sentence.

We often go on Saturday night. (out) W e of-leh �o ou-\.

1 We sometimes go a walk after lunch. (for) 2 3

Oh

Saturda� hl�nL

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Do you usually play tennis the weekend? (at)

_ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

I usually go the gym, and then I go home. (to) 4 She listens music on her MP3 player when she goes shopping. (to) 5 6

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

On Sundays I often stay and watch TV. (in)

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

I talk my parents every evening. (to) 7 My sister occasionally comes and we have dinner together. (round) 8 What time do you get work in the moming? (to)

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 Complete Jana's daily routine below using phrases a a b c d e f

the shopping breakfast together up at 6.30 a.m ,/ to work at about 9.30 a shave work at 6.00 p.m. and go home

-

k.

g to bed at midnight h home before breakfast j a shower k dinner together

My husband, Marco, and I have the same routine every day. I usually get . . I get dressed (2)

(1)

__

(4)

__ ,

__

, and Marco always has a shower and (3)

then Marco and I leave (5)

my way to work. I get (J)

__ .

__

I finish (8)

C

_ _

__

. I go to the town centre and do (6)

__

. We have (9)

__

and have . We have

__

, and I go (10)

on

__ .

U n it 1 8 1

Complete the sentences with words from the box. tie

watch

hat

socks

T-shirt

belt

jumper

You wear them on your feet in summer. sG\J'\do.ls

1

You wear them inside your shoes.

2 You wear it on your head. 3 You wear them on your hands. 4 You wear them on your feet. S

You wear it on your wrist.

tights

sandals ,/

gloves

boots

6 You wear it round your neck. 7 You wear it over a shirt.

8 You wear them over your legs and feet. 9 You can wear it under a shirt. 1 0 You wear it round your waist.

REVI EW: EVERYDAY LIFE 61


2

Label the colours. 6 2

7

3

8

4

9

5

10

_ _ _ _ _ _

3 Write a, some or a pair of. 0.

SOWle.

� ..i!...P"' O''', ......;''' o£

_ _ _

1

U nit 1

hat

2

jumpers gloves scarf

3 4 5

_________

jeans ties

6 7

trousers shirts

8

jacket trainers sandals

19

Complete the puzzle. Answer 1 - 16. Follow the arrows. �U N

C

10 M

'L

0 M 'C

F 0

'T

R

E

T

L

A

"N

1 2W

"L

'C 'S

"H 'T

13

-

0K, 1'11

"C 8H

-

-

� Opposite of comfortable. 1

14 A

7P

'C

__

9 The place where you pay in a shop is the

__

it.

2 Opposite of tight. 3 Opposite of expensive. 4 What are you? - I'm a 14. 5 Can l it on? 6 The room is over there. 7 I'd like to in cash. 8 Synonym for awful. __

__

__

__

62 REVI EW: EVERYDAY LIFE

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Sma l l or large? Can l you? It's the size. It's too small. Opposite of smart. A person who works in a shop is a shop No, thanks, 1'11 it. It's too expensive. Do you any help? , __ __

__

.

__

__

__


2 Complete the conversation between the shop assistant (SA) and the customer (C). SA

Hello, do you need any ..

(

Yes,

help

for some brown trousers.

I'm (1) Right. What size do you (2) Oh, size 10, I think. OK, well, how about these? Oh, yes. they're very (3) The changing (5)

SA ( SA ( SA

7 7

7

. Where can I try them (4) is over there.

Later .. . SA e

Hmm, they (6) Yes, but they're (7)

( SA

They're (9) At the (12)

______

really nice. small. (an I try on a (8)

Later . . . ! I'll take (10) ______

______

______

. Where do I (1 1)

12, please?

_____

7

desk.

U nit 20 1

True or false? Write T or F. .. You pay a receipt.

F

_ _

You can pay for things by cheque or bill. 2 You can use a credit card to pay for things you buy online. 3 If you pay in cash, you use notes and coins. 4 If you buy three things for €60 altogether, they cost €180 each. __

__

__

__

5 If you use a credit card in a shop, they usually ask you to enter a PIN. 6 If you win a car, you don't have to pay for it. It's free.

_ _.

__

2 Complete the text.

€10,OOO on the L (1) . I was so exatedl The first day, I went out and Last year, I .. wOn s (2) my oid car and b (3) a new one. It only c (4) €3000 because it was half p (6) another 5% because I p- -- (7) (5), and I also s (8) cash. The next day, I gave my brother some money. He doesn't � (10) (9) very much, so I p (12) to Usbon his electricity and phone b (11) for him, and then I gave him the plane f so that he could go and see his girlfriend. And I've still got some money in the bank. __

Un it 2 1 1

Write a lot, a lot of, a bit, or a bit of. Cl = l ot.'-.. It rained -=-

yesterday - I couldn't go out. 1 It's ______ wet today. fog this morning. I couldn't see where I was driving. 2 There was in the mountains - sometimes over twenty centimetres a day. 3 It snows rain, but it's not much. You don't need your umbrella. 4 There's last night - only two centimetres. 5 It snowed sun yesterday - from morning to evening. It was lovely. 6 We had _ _ _ _

_______

_______

_______

_______

REVIEW: EVERYDAY UFE 63


2 Complete the crossword.

• ••••• • • II • ••• • • • • • ••••• • • • fl... • III • • • II••••••• • • • ••••• • • • II••

Across

2 The wind

5 8 9 11

more in autumn. Noun from icy. Warm and damp weather feels You need good for skiing. Very cold. ____

_ _ _

____

12 It rained a lot - we had ._ 13 Opposite of wet.

rain.

Down We had a of rain. 3 Heavy rain with black clouds and wind. 4 Adjective from wind. 6 Rain for a short time. 7 The noise you hear in storms. 1 0 The sun more in summer. 1 1 Adjective from fog.

U nit 22 Find the illness words in the square. Write them in 1 - 9. T B Q R U I T A F R

M A 5 I C K 0 5 H 5

X C 0 F J W 0 V U K

A A D U H 5 H E C R T E V

E K I L A E T

"ill

H 0 E J 0 Y A M L Y D Z D E A K B I C R A C H E E G E L 5 D E M W E L L R Z

� I've got a cold. 1 I've got a 2 I've got a

5 0 R E T H R 0 A T

I've got 4 I've got 5 I've got 6 I feel 3

__

7 I don't feel 8 My arm 9 I've got a pain in my _

_

---

U nit 23 Complete the conversation between the Chemist (Ch) and customer (C). Ch C Ch C Ch

Good morning, can I � kIf. you? I need (1) for a sore throat. Right. (2) these (3) OK, how (4) do I (5) __

_ .

(6)

__

__

C

OK, and (7)

Ch

(9) Yes, of course.

_ _

_ _

64

REVIEW: EVERYDAY LIFE

_ _ ___ -

___

one now, and then every two hours. I have a (8) please? _ __

,

they're excellent. them? of tissues, and some cough


24 I ca n

name meat and fish 0)

anhnal From a pig we also get:

meat

A �

(

Do you cat pork or bacon?

Yes, [ do.

)(

chicken

duck

chicken

duck

No, I don'!

'/

..

sausages fish

seafood

salmon

o

Which one is different? Why? � cow sheep

salmon

Sai",,,oh,,,-

pig

1 cow pig pork sheep 2 ham lamb sausages bacon 3 lamb pork beef tuna 4 salmon prawns mussels squid 5 duck cow lamb chicken

e o

crab

prawns

tUlia

_ _

,

___ _ _ _ _

,

___

___ , ___ ,

__ _ ___

,

____

,

because it 's because because because because because .

a

mussels

fi?0"

_ _ ___

__ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

____

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

Complete the names of meat, fish or seafood. � lam.�

1

_ee_

2 _or

5

3 _un_

__

..fa....

Write the word for the meat or fish. � _�ef

1 2 3 4 5 6

o

ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student_ Do you like: 1 bacon? 2 beef? 3 squid?

_ _

___

4:)

_____

4 mussels? 5 crab? 6 tuna?

_ _ _.

prawns? 8 duck?

7

._ _ _ _

__ . _ _ _ _ _ _

9

lamb?

_ _ _ _

• Test yourself. Look at the pictu res and cover the words. Say the words. FOOD AND DRINK

65


2 5 I ca n

name fruit and vegetables

A Fruit 6)

00 banana

orange

strawberry

Word

peach

cherry

apple

melon

pear

grapes

lemon

pineapple

mango

avocado

taste

Example

Meaning

Thill Juice tastBs oforange and lemorL

sweet

Strawberries are very S1ftd.

= it's like orange and lemon when you drink It

bitter

Lemons are very bitter.

opp sweet

fresh

I eat a lot offreshfrwt.

not old and not from a tin

e

� Are strawberries red or green? ....e.d 1 Are peaches sweet or bitter?

5 6 7 8

Are grapes big or small? Is fresh fruit good or bad? Do mangoes taste sweet or bitter? Are melons big or small?

• Test yourself. Cover the words and name the things in the pictures. lAse. +ke. cove.r card +0 +e.s+ tjourse.I+.

66

t;:; 1 't;" �

Answer the questions.

2 Are lemons sweet or bitter? 3 Are cherries red or green? 4 Are avocados red or green?

o

tasting of sugar

FOOD AND DRINK

Wri+e. dow� �e.w words i�

0.

�o+e.booL


B Vegetables 0)

potato

peas

=

beans

carrot

aubergine

lettuce

conrgette

tomato

cauli flower

mushroom

cucumber

garlic (clove)

e

[rozeD

Make the names of vegetables from the letters, � sape _p-e<15

3 prepep

6 roucteget

4 gacabeb 5 naseb

7 motaot 8 ragcil

True or false? Write Tor F. � Carrots are small and round, _IC_

People often eat raw potatoes, 2 Chillies make your mouth hot 3 Lettuce is often frozen,

__

__

4 Cauliflower is white, 5 Peas are often frozen,

__

6 You often have tomatoes in a salad,

Salad is often cooked,

7

__

o

ad

A salad can have different raw vegetables in it. It usually has lettuce, and often has tomatoes and cucumber. Red pepper, carrots or onion are also possible. A salad is often part of a meaL

cooked

1 ractor 2 nonio

"

chilli

red and green pepper

spotlight

ra\v

cabbage

__

__

ABOUT Y O U R COUNTRY Write your answers or ask another student, Do you eat these things in your country? Answer

'Yes, a lot ' 'Yes, ' 'Yes, but not much,'

or

'No, we don't'

raw cabbage 2 garlic 3 cherries 4 frozen carrots

o

mushrooms 6 aubergine 7 cucumber 8 avocado 5

9 mangoes

1 0 fresh pineapple 1 1 lettuce 1 2 courgette

• Test yourself. Cover the words and name the things in the pictures, FOOD AND DRINK

67


26 I ca n

buy food in a shop

A Food 6)

milk u

butter II

bread "

a cake

jam

U

a

piece of cheese u

olive oil

biscuits

sugar u

eggs

u

rice u

pasta u

Uncountable nouns

The nouns with a U are usually uncountable: butter or some butter NOT R-In1./46d·lm.f:t8.1::.5 This bread is nice. NOT +h��.

olives

0

noodles

a

We can make uncountable nouns countable:

bar of chocolilte u

a piece of eileese a bar of ciloeolate

Tick <.r) the answers that are right, and correct the answers that are wrong . � some oil .r

6

some sugar

7 8 9

eggs

10

rices a jam olives

� a milk X W\'\�L50W\e Wli\�

1 2 3 4

biscuits a piece of cheese

a butter cakes 5 a cheese

f)

Complete the words. br .e. � l

mi

_ _

2 some ch _ _ _ _ 3 sug _ _

o

11 12

a bread pasta

4 bis

_ _ _ _ _

5 some olive 6

six e

7 but

_ _ _

_ _ _

8 ri 9 a large bar of

ch

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

1 0 noo

_ _ _ _

• Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the pictures. Say the words.

68 FOOD AND DRINK

_ _ _


B Containers and quantities 6)

a carton of juice

a Jlacket of rice and a packet of biscuits

a jar of jam and a jar or olives

,

'qIed Tomatoes -

-

a tin of tomatoes

a box or chocolates and a box or matches

a bottle of wine

a can or soda

tin and can We usually

200 grams

half a kilo

a kilo 1 kg

o

� There's a jar of jam.

_

. _ _

---

2 There's a bottle of water. 3 There's a packet of sugar. 4 There's a can of cola. S There's a jar of coffee.

11

___ .

__ ._

6

There's a box of matches.

7

There's a carton of milk. There's a jar of olives. There's a tin of peas. . .. There's a packet of rice.

8 9 10

_____

. __

__ _

__.

__

_.

Complete the phrases with a suitable word.

-l'�.f�-- . of rice at the shops, please? I bought my sister a lovely of chocolates. Can I have a .. of strawberry jam, please? We need a . of olive oil. There's a . . .. of orange juice in the fridge. For four people, we'll need a of chicken. Can I open this of chocolate biscuits? I'd like 200 . of ham, please.

� Can you buy a

.

_____

2 3

4 S

6 7

____

.

_ _

. _ __

_

__ _ ___

___

_

_

___

_ _ _ __ _

__

8 I think there's a 9 He drinks half a

.

_

_

_ _ ___

. ____ _ _

____

___

10 I went out and bought a

o

a litre

500 m l

Study the pictures for 30 seconds. Cover the pictures. True or false? Write T or F. There's a box of chocolates.

o

haifa litre

say tin when there is food inside. and we say can when there is something to drink inside. A till of tWln. A call of IJeer.

_

__

____

of noodles in the cupboard. of milk for breakfast. ..

.

. ____

of wine.

• Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the pictures. Say the words. FOOD AND DRINK

69


C Buying food 6)

Shop assistant (SA)

I'd like some cheese, please. SA Sure. What would you like? C Dh, that Brie looks nice. SA Yes, it is. How much would you like? C About 200 grams. SA Right. This piece is just over. C That's line. SA DK. Anytldng else? C No, that's it, thanks. C

Customer (C)

C Could I have a kilo of onions, please? SA Right. C And have you got any peaches? SA Yes. How many would you like? C I'd Ilke four, please. Are they ripe? SA Yes, they're lovely. Anything else? C No, that's all, thanks.

0

Complete the dialogues.

G lossary

� A Yes? B I'd li�e

A B 2 A B A

Could I have ... ? This is another polite way to say '1 want'.

six pears, please.

Have you got any . . 7 = Do you have any. . . ? ripe If something is ripe, you can eat it now. that's it OR that's all = 1 don't want any .

Have you any apples? Yes. How would you like? I'd like some ham, please. more things. ? How I'd like = 1 would like (This is a polite way to Oh, about 200 grams. say '1 want'.) just over a little more than opp just under B Of course. Anything 7 Anything else? = Do you want any more A No, . it, thanks. things? 3 A I have half a kilo of onions7 B Sure. That's under half. how much and how many A Yeah, that's fine. We use how much with uncountable 4 A I'd a melon, but . __

._ _

_.

. . . _---

_._

._

_

____

___ . . __

_

__

nouns and how many with countable Douns: How much butter do YOli want? How ma n y apples do we need?

these don't look B No, they need two or three more days. A OK. _ _ _

o

Make sentences from the words. � it I that's I thanks

That '5 it, th"�", k:,,s_,�

_ _ _ _

1 twelve I have I could I please I eggs I I I 7 2 please I some I like I I'd I sugar 3 got I ham I you I any I have I 7

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

_ __ _ _ _ _ _

4 much / would I cheese I how I like I you 1 7 5 that's I kilo I just I half I a l over

_ _ _ _ _ ______ . __

____

6 oranges I many I like I would I how I you 1 7

70 FOOD AND DRI NK

___


27 I ca n

order in a cafe 6)

Do Unit 26 first

1 (white) coffee 2 black coffee 3 cappuccino

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

espresso tea (with milk) hot chocolate orange juice baguette sandwich (white bread) sandwich (brown bread) toasted sandwich roll G lossary

A waiter (W) is talking to a customer (e) in a cafe. W Yes, please? e I'd like a ham sandwich on brown bread. please. and two chicken baguettes. W Is that to eat here or take away? e To eat here. W OK. Anything else? e Yes. two coffees. please. and a cappuccino. W OK. The food will be a couple ofmiuutes. Have a seat.

o

I'd like = r would like. (a polite way to say 'r want') take away eat in another place (not in the cafe) two coffees two cups of coffee (aiso two teas. etc.) a couple of minutes two or three mtnutes have a seat sit down

Yes, please? and Yes, please. Yes, please? = ;What would you like?' Yes, please is a polite way to say 'yes'.

Find the end of each word.

((§ijb

You can have a aguettesandwichtoastedsandwich. 2 You can have a cappuccinoteaorangejuiceespressoblackcoffee.

e

Complete the phrases.

a ham sandwich

1

brown

_

_

.

______

2 a toasted 3 hot

8

4 black

6 a

____

_______

coffee?

a seat. please.

of minutes

7 brown or

bread?

Add one word to each line of the conversation. W Please? C I like two coffees please. W To drink here or away? C To drink here. And a toasted ham. W OK. It will be a couple minutes. Have seat. please.

o

.. -----

5 eat here or

8 black or 9

� �IeG\se? 1

2 3

_______________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 5

• Test yourself. Cover the words and name the things in the pictures. FOOD AND DRINK

71


28 I ca n

order in a restaurant

Do Units 25, 26, and 27 first

A The table 6)

1 glass of red wine

2 salt and (black)

pepper 3 bottle of mineral water

o

4

oil

5 vinegar 6 glass of white wine

7 napkin

11 knife

8 bowl

12

9 plate 10

fork

Look at the picture and complete the text. On the table, each person has a k..". .Lfe, (1) f k, and (2) s n, and a (3) n n for their hands and face. They each have a white (4) p e and a (5) b I. To drink, there's a (6) b e of (7) m Iw r , and two (8) 9 s of (9) w e: one (10) r d and the other (1 1) w e. There is also some (12) 5 t and (13) b kp r, and little (14) b s of (15) 0 I and (16) v r. _

_

_ _ _

_ _ _ .

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ __ _

_

_ . _ _ _

- . _

_

_ _ _ _

_ _

_ _ __

_ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

e

spoon

_ _ _

_

_ _

_ _

_

. _ _ _

_

_ _

ABOUT YOUR COUNTRY Think about 1 - 12 in the picture and complete the sentences. On restaurant tables in my country we usually or sometimes have

_ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ ____ _

- - --- ------

We don't usually have

o

______ . _____ ___ __ _ _ _ _ __ __ . _____ . _

â&#x20AC;˘ Test yourself. Cover the words and name the things in the picture.

B What sha l l we have? 6)

boiled rice

fried eggs

grilled fish

roast chicken

â&#x20AC;˘

Steak can be: 72 FOOD AND DRINK

rare

medium

\\Iell done


MENU

Starters Tomato soup' Grilled prawns in soy sauce 2 Mussels In white wine a nd garlic

2

Main courses Pan fried tuna with green beans Fillet steak' with chips' and mushrooms Roast duck with cabbage and peas Grilled chicken with boiled potatoes Cheese tart' with mixed salad·

5

Desserts Apple tart

Ice cream' with chocolate sauc.·

7

8

True or false? Write T or F. � You eat the starter after the main course.

You eat ice cream with a knife and fork. 2 You eat the main course before dessert.

F

_ _

__

Prac·hse. /jour pro"u"cia·ho" uSi"q the.

cD-120M.

_ _

3 Mixed salad can have lettuce and tomato in. 4 You eat soup and chips in the same bowl. 5 The list of food to eat is called a menu.

__

__

__ _

6 Dessert is the first thing you eat.

__

7 You can roast a chicken or a duck. 8 You can boil rice or potatoes. 9 Fillet steak comes from a pig.

__

__

__

1 0 You can have cheese tart or apple tart.

0

Complete the sentences. � I'd like roast chleke"

5 What's your main

6 Pass me the soy s

1

I love ice c Could I have fillet 5. 3 I'd like a mixed 5 4 My starter was tomato s

7

2

"

__

c

?

7 Do you like your steak well d 8 I had chicken with b

7 rice.

ABOUT YOU Look at the menu. Write your answers or ask another student. Which starter would you like?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Which main course would you like? Which dessert would you like?

_ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __ __ _

_ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _____ _

o

• Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the pictures. Say the words. FOOD AND DRINK 73


C Customer and waiter 0)

A waiter (W) is talkiog to a customer (C),

Are you ready to order? Yes, I'll have the flllet steak, And how would you like your steak? Rare, please, And I'd like a glass ofred wine, and some miDeral water, W Still or sparkling? C Sparkliog, W FiDe,

W C W C

Later in the metil '"

C W C W

Could I have another glass of wine? Yes, of course, Oh, and some more water, please, Certainly,

W Would you like to see the dessert meou? C No thanks, but I'll have a coffee, And could I have the bill, please? W Yes, sure,

9

G lossary

Circle the correct word, � I

like

(fd li�a coffee.

1

Could

have some more/another potatoes?

2 3

Are you ready order/to order?

I

Do you want another/some more bottle?

4

We had a delicious meal/food last night.

5

Yes, course/of course.

6

Could

7

1/1'11 have the prawns, please.

8

Yes, certainly/certain.

have a/the bill, please?

I

another or some more

::::

Say another ( ooe more) with countable nouns, e.g. another gLass/biscuit/apple. Say some more with uncountable nouns, e.g. some more water/wine/bread.

Complete the conversations. Conversation 1 W Are you � ,...eM�l-

_____

C Yes,

I'll

(1)

W And (2)

Are you ready to order? = Do you know what you wantto eat? I'll have steak = I'd like steak. OR I want steak. How would you like your steak? = Would you like your steak rare, medium or well done? still water water without gas sparkling water water with gas meal Breakfast, lunch and dinner are meals. of course/sure/certainly These phrases all mean 'Yes, no problem: the bill a piece of paper which shows the money you must pay for the meal

to order? the steak.

_____ _

. would

you like it?

C Rare, please. And a bottle of mineral water. . Still or (4)

W Yes, of (3)

___ ___

?

C Still, please. Conversation 2 C Could I have (5)

. ______

more water, please?

? W Certainly. And would you like a (6) C Yes, I (7) have the ice cream. Then could I have the (8) W Yes, (9)

_ _ _ __ _ _

74 FOOD AND DRINK

_______

?


Review: Food and drink U n i t 24 Put the words in the correct column. Some words go in two columns. beef chicken ./ squid crab duck cow sheep salmon lamb prawns Ani ma l

Meat

chick..eh

chick..eh

pig

tuna

mussels

pork

ham

Seafood

Fish

U nit 2 5 1

Write three examples of a fruit or vegetable for each colour.

red ďż˝

yellow

orange

red peppe.-

------

------

white/cream

green

--_._--

2 Find four more adjectives, five fruits, and five vegetables in the word square. T M A N G 0 T o P

E L 5 H P R I A P W U R L N I 0 E A R

A U B E R G

(F

R 0 P E N E N 5

R 0 T E S A M A W

E 0 A M E L 0 N E

S M T B E A N 5 E

)

H C 0 0 K E D E

T

REVIEW: FOOD AND DRINK 75


U n it 26 1

Put these foods and drinks into the correct column below. Some words can go into more than one column. sugar ,/ tomatoes Packet

orange juice rice wine Carton

butter matches water milk chocolates olives Box

olive oil biscuits

pasta eggs

Jar

Bottle

jam tuna

Tin

su�o.r""

2 Complete six more phrases or sentences you say ar hear in a shop. Use words from the circle. You can use the same word more than once. � Yes, we.. have.

1 2 3 4 5

Could I'd Have

like

__

Anything That's

6 How

any

have it

got

som e

please mu c h

you

sugar thanks

else

we

would

U nit 27 Write the words in the correct order in the dialogue between a waiter (W) and a customer (C). � W please I yes I ? �Iease.?

C sandwich I ham I please I toasted I like I a I l'd W that I eat I is I here I to I away I take I or 1 7 C away I please I and I bag u ette I a I cheese I take --- ---- -----W else I fine I anything I 7 C coffee I black I yes I two I a I with I lemon I and I teas 6 W be I OK I will I a I minutes I of I it ! couple 7 W seat ! a I have . --- --- --- ----

2 3 4 5

-

-

---- --_._--- - - ---

76 REVIEW: FOOD AND DRINK


U nit 28 1 Complete the sentences. � Three meals in the day: breakfast, lunch and _.dj��

_________

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Three things you eat with: knife, Three parts in a meal: starter, Three ways to cook food: grilled, Three ways to cook steak: rare,

, and ___

. _ .

_ _ _ _. . __

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

, and and _

____ . __ _ _ _ . _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_____

_______

Two things you find on a restaurant table: salt and Two things you put on salad: oil and Two things people drink: red wine and 8 Two types of mineral water: still and

.

.

,

, and

_ _ ___ __ _

___________ •

_ ______

_______

wine.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 A waiter (W) and a customer (C) are having a conversation. A word is missing in each line. Where from? Write it at the end of the sentence. � C Could I see the/please? _���lt

W ( W (

Are you ready to? Yes, I have the tomato soup. Right. And for your course? Fillet with chips.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

_ __ _ __

2 W Do you want red wine or wine? ( Red, please. W OK. Is that a or just a glass? 3 At the end of the. C (ould I have the, please? W Yes, of.

_______

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

___ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _

Look tl-l- -I-ke- voc.tlbultlrlj buildi�'J -I-tlble-s o� ptl'Je-s 1'1'1 -1-0 201 .

Te-s-l- ljouf"Se-I+, usi�'J -I-ke­ c.ove-r c.tlrd.

REVIEW: FOOD AND DRINK 77


29 I ca n Bus

get around on buses 0)

routes 24 and 1 6

Railway Station

Museum

/

you are here Cinema

Timetable Monday to Saturday Bus 24 every 1 0 minutes Bus 1 6 every 1 2 minutes 2 minutes from stop to stop

Post Office

Questions

Answers

Excuse me, which bus do I get to the park?

The 16.

Does the 24 go to the railway station?

No, it doesn't.

Does the 24 stop near the bank?

Yes, it does.

Does the 1 6 stop outside the park?

Yes, it does.

How often does the 16 run?

Every 12 minutes.

How many stops is it to the park?

Three.

Which is the last stop for the 24?

The bus station.

Where do I get off for the cinema? How long does it take to the bus station?

At the next stop.

It takes about ten minutes.

G lossary excuse me We say excuse me when we start talking to someone we don't know. get a bus, train, etc. travel on a bus, train, etc. (also take) go travel near ........-- "' ďż˝. ďż˝""'" outside

run travel on a route (bus, train) every (12 minutes) e.g. at LOa, 1.12, 1.24, etc. (bus) stop the place where you get on or off a bus last stop the bus stop at the end of the route get off leave the bus orr get on next stop the first stop after now

78 GETIING AROUND

Bank

How long does it take? How long? How much time? How 10ny does it take (to get) to tile station? - It takes about 10 millutes. - It doesn't take lOllY . = It takes a short time. =


o

Write the words in the correct order to make questions. �

1

2 3 4

5

6 7

near / bank / stop / does / the 24 / the / 7 \?Cl.":� .

lh,,

L4

stops / many / to / how / it / railway station / is / the / 7 _ school / me / bus / which / excuse / get / I / to / do / the / 7 take / long / how / does / to / railway station / it / the / 7 post office / the 24 / does / outside / stop / the / 7 _ off / do / get / I / where / cinema / for / the / 7 park / the 24 / does / to / go / the / 7 often / run / does / the 24 / how / 7

.siop �ea lbe bank? . ..

. _________

_

_..

.

.. . _ _ .

.___._ _ _ _ _ _ _._._....._. .

.. _..__

__ ._ .

..._

...

__

__

_ .. _... __

. .

_. . . _

.

__. . . .

8 which / stop / last ! is / for / the 1 6 / the I ?

e

..

..._ .___

_ _

.

.

.

...

_..

_ ......_...

.......

._....._ ._. . .___.____.._.__

.._

._.

.

Answer the questions in Exercise 1 , using the bus information on page 78. Remember, you are at the museum. �

1 2 3

'{es..,. li.JQ,,§

..__._.

_ __

_ ..._ . .

.___. _

.

_.

..

.

__

_ . _ ____ ___ _._._._ _ _

____ _

..

.______

5 6

.

.. _ __.. . . .._

7

.

minutes.

.__.

...._.

. . ..

.. . _ .

stop.

.

.._.. _ . _ _ _ _ _. _.

.

___.

__

minutes.

8

4

o

Complete the text, using the bus map information on page 78.

There are two bus � ...c()l!.1.E_": the 24 and the 16. For the 24, the first (1) is the museum, and the (2) stop is the cinema; the ___

.

_

_. _. . . . . _ _ _

stop is the bus station, where everybody has to (4) the bus. The 1 6 starts at the museum too, but it (5) tells you how often the buses (7) railway station. The (6) bus (8) (9) ten minutes. It (10) from the school to the park. (3)

....

. .... ..._._....__

..._ .. .

______ ._.._

.

o

..

..._ .._ ..

_. __.

__..

.

.. ._.._ .

.._

_

_..

_... . ..

.

_

to the . The 24 two minutes to get

.._ . ._ ... ._

.

ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student. Is there a bus stop near your house7 If yes, where is it exactly7 2 Which buses stop there7 . 3 How often do they run7 4 Do you often get the bus7 If yes, where t07 . ____ . _._.

How many stops is it7 6 How long does it take7 5

o

.._

.._._

..

.. ._. ..

__

__

._._.___ _

. _.. _._ . ..

__

..._. ...

. .

. .

.

.

.__

_

.

_ _

... .._. ..

. .. . .

_ _ ._ _ ......__..

._.

.

._..

. .. _

.

.

.

.._.

... __.___.._______ ..._._. _ ... __

._

• Test yourself. Cover the answers on page 78 and look at the questions and the bus route. Can you answer the questions? F" t<c+ise. +ke. que.s+io>ts uSi>tq +ke. CD-'KOM.

GETIING AROUND

79


30 I can

get around on trains

Do U nit 29 fi rst

A Tra in vocabulary 6)

Glossary get/take a train travel by train the 1 2 o'clock train the train thaL leaves al 12.00 jonrney when you travel from A to B fare money you pay to travel a fast train opp a slow train (railway) station a place where trains stop and people get on and off

o

Answer the questions. � What's another verb for get a train?

1 2 3 4 5

t "k,e " ·I.r"";h

What's the opposite of a fast train? What's the opposite of get on the train?

____

.

___ .... __ _

.. ___ . . . . __

What's the opposite of miss a train? What's another way of saying the train that leaves at 7? . What do you sit on in a train? .... .. ___

.. __

. __

6 Where do you catch a train?

8

Last has different meanings: 1 final The last tmin leaves at 1 1 .30 p.m. = There are no trains after 1 l .30 p.m. 2 most recent Mil last train jot/riley WllS two weeks ago.

_ __ _ ._

....

.

___

___

_

. ____

_ ________ _

___ ..

___

_

Complete the sentences. � We can get the 7.45 . h''';h

1

How much was the train

.

5

?

6

_ _ _ __ _ _

___

.

___

7 Our seats are in the second the train to Zug. 3 Sorry I'm late. 1 .. 8 a train. 4 We can 2

__ . __

_

_ .. _ __

80 GETIING AROUND

.

. train is at 12.00p.m. The We for the train in the cafe. Have a look at the . _

_ _

_ _ _ __ _

.

. __ _ _ _ _

.

I think there's a train to London at 6.15. It's a long from Lisbon to Paris. __ _ _ __


B Buying a ticket 0)

G l ossary

It's now 9.30. A passenger (P) is talking to someone at the ticket of1ice (0) at Bristol Station.

passenger a person travelllng or golng to travel In a train, bus, car, etc. ticket office the piace where you buy tickets In a

o

A single to Cardiff, please. That's £10, please. Right, and when's the next train? There's one at 10.07. Flne. Do I have to change? No, it's direct.

o

get to Cardiff? 10.56.

P

o

P

o

P

P

P

o

P

station

single OR single ticket a ticket for a journey from A to B (A return is a ticket for a journey from A to B, and fromB back to A.) next The next train is the first one after now. change trains get off one train and get on another direct A journey is direct if you don't need to change

That's good. And when does it

trains.

get to arrive at or In OFF leave platform the part ofthe station where you get on and

OK. And which platform is it? Platform 6. Right, thanks.

off the train

Iryou book a seat (io advance). you buy a ticket days or weeks before you travel. with a seat number on the ticket. In a hotel. you cao book a room (in advance), and in a restaurant you can book a table. You can also say reserve a seat or room or table.

o

Complete the questions using words from the box. direct ..

London

Which platform [5 It

1 Can I book in 2 Do you want a single or 3 Is the train

train

office

is it ,f

return

advance

seat

4 When do we get to

7

______

5 Where's the ticket 6 When's the next 7 Can I reserve a

7 _. 7

_____

______

7

_ _ _ _ _

7

7

7

7

Look at the timetable and complete the text.

I'm going from Cheltenham to London tomorrow. There isn't a .. direct. train, so I have to (1) at Kemble. The train (2) Cheltenham at 8.35 from (3) 2, and it (4) to Kemble at 9.08. Then I have to catch the London Paddington at lOAD. A (6) 9.18, which gets (5) _

ticket costs £22, but I can get a return for £40 if I book in (7)

"

.

___

___

.

____

_ _ _ _

A80UT YOU Write your answers or ask another student. When was your last train journey? 2 Where did you go, and why? 3 What was the fare? 4 Did you book in advance?

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 Was it direct, or did you have to change trains?

_ _ _ _

GETII N G AROUND

81


I can ask for and g ive directions 6)

31

Excuse me. How do I get to the river from here?

Excuse me. Do you know the way to the railway station?

(

Excuse me. Is there a hotel near here?

>-

Excuse me... I t i s polite t o say excuse me t o someone you doo't know when you ask them a question.

l

I .�

'--,---

r---

r---

1

Go straight on. OR Just keep going. It's about ten minntes.

Go along here and take the second turning on the left.

f-

I � ""

f-

II Go along here and turn lell. The books hop is opposite the Hotel Plaza.

It's the third turning on the right. There's a cinema on the corner.

I ! •

BANK

J�

Turn right at the cafe. then left into Abbey Road, and the bank is on your right.

82 GETII N G AROUND

(

Thanks very much


o

Make sentences from the words.

� turn I and I go I right I here I along Go alon� he....e and h�n dqht. 1 excuse I I I get I do I bank I the I me I howl to I ?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2

3

here I left I along I and I turn I go

_ __ __ _ __ __ __ _

bank I me I near I there I is I a I excuse I here 1 7

4 the I turning I it's I right I on I the I third

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 way I the I excuse I to I know I me I do I bank I the I you I ? 6 left I Road I into I Foster I turn

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ � -

8

Complete the phrases. � Tum le£-l 0.... d�k-l

5 Keep 6 Go straight

1 Take the second 2 Thanks very 3 On the

7 Go along 8 Do you know the

?

4 Excuse

o

Complete the dialogues. Use the maps to help you . 1

A Excuse � me the cinema from here?

. How do l (1)

B OK. Go (2) third (3) A Thanks very (5) B You're welcome.

on, and it's the second . . . no, the on the (4)

2 A (1) (2)

to

me. Is there a post office

here? here and (4) B Yes. Go (3) on the (6) the second (5) The post office is (7) the bank. A (8) very much. B That's OK. No problem. ______

3 A Excuse me. Do you know the (1) to the Bonham Hotel? B No, I'm sorry, I don't. A OK. Thanks . . . Excuse me. Do you know the Bonham Hotel?

C Yes. (2)

left (3)

and the hotel is on the next (4) (5) A Thanks very much. B Not at all.

______

Frith Street on your

! ; If"' " "

r..

r! � -

_ _ _ _ _

o

><

• Test yourself. Cover the words on page 82, and look at the maps. Can you remember the directions?

GETTI NG AROUND 83


32 I can

talk about roads and traffic

A In town Ot

1 junction

4

3 roundabont

6 speed camera

2 traffic u

0

traffic jam

Circle the correct answer. � traffic par 1

6 car road/park 7 traffic jam/crossing

3 speed light/camera 4 road camera/sign

petrol station/jam

5

2 main sign/road

f)

10 traffic IIght(s) 11 pedestrian crossing 12 pavement

7 main road 8 road sign 9 petrol station

5 car park

pedestrian crossing/park

Complete the sentences. � You can go - the traffic Jcl!t

is green. ,_ 7 road,

__ _ _

Where's the nearest petrol 2 We live on a noisy 3 Can you read that road

___

.

_

____ _ _ _ _ _

4 The car

___

_____

. _

7 At the 8 The 9 Walk on the ,

,

_ _.. ____ . _ _

_ ,

___

,

cameras on the main road. do we go left, right or straight on7 is always bad between 8 a,m. and 10 a,m. , not in the road !

_____

____ ___ _

7

was full, so we parked on the street.

5 Drivers have to stop at a pedestrian 6 Be careful ! There are

_ _.

.

_,

'_ ,

_________ ' "

1 0 Drive slowly and turn left at the next

___

_ __ _

__

_

e • Test yourself. Cover the words and name the things in the pictures. 84 GETII N G AROUND


B Out of town 6) Beth (B) and Marco (M) are talking. M B M B

M B M B M B

Glossary

How far is it from London to Bath? It's about 115 miles. That's 185 kilometres.

How far is it? = How many kilometres or miles is it? take the M4 go on to and travel on the M4 motorway a large, fast road between towns speed limit the fastest speed you are permitted to go busy A busy road has a lot of cars on it. OPP quiet rush hour the time when a lot of people are travelling to and from work accident

And what's the best way to get there? Right. Take the M4 motorway from London. At junction 18, take the A46. It's ten miles from there. Thanks. And what's the speed limit on motorways here? 70 miles an hour. That's about 110

kilometres an hour. OK. And are they very busy? Yes, and you get traffic jams in the rush hour - especially when there's an accident. But you still use the motorway? Yes, because there are three lanes on most motorways in Britain, so it's easy to overtake. Oh, and Marco - remember to drive on the leftl

=·[�I·�

lane

overtake pass another car by going faster drive go somewhere in your car

o

• Cover the glossary. Write the words for the meanings.

Glh '"'e.'� The part of the road where cars travel. with white lines. ....;i"

_ __ _

A large, fast road between two towns. 2 The busy time when people go to work. 3 Pass another car by driving faster.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

__ _ _ _ _ _

4 The fastest speed you are permitted to go.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 When something bad happens, e.g. cars crash. 6 The opposite of a busy road.

.

"

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _

Complete the sentences. t ",-= rw a"' �I-� You can take a country road. but the """,o",o

_ _

is quicker.

It's a very

road in the rush hour. other car.; on the motorway. when you 2 Go into the fast 3 How is it from Paris to Marseille? - It's 740 kms. the M25. Oh, remember to 4 The best way to get to the airport is to on the left! 1

___

o

ABOUT YOUR COUNTRY Write your answers or ask another student. How many lanes do motorways have? What's the speed limit on motorways? Do you have speed cameras on roads? Do you drive on the left in your country? When's the rush hour?

_______

2 3

4 5

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

__________________.

_ _ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ _

GETIING AROUND

85


33 I ca n

understand signs and notices 6)

Sign o r notice ladies

Where?

gents

M e a nin g

in a bar, restaurant, train, plane, etc.

toilet

Go in here.

in a car park, museum, cinema, etc.

entrance or�ayin

[l]

[j]

exit or �ay ant

Go out or leave here.

no entry

You can't go in here.

no exit

You can't go out here.

@

no smoking

in a cinema, restaurant, etc.

You can't smoke here.

no parking

in the street, or in front of a garage or

You can't leave your car here.

please do not disturb

hotel room door

I'm sleeping, so don't come in.

queue here

at a cash desk in a shop, or in a bank or post office

Wait in a line here.

nothing to declare

at an airport

you have no tax to pay

sale

in a shop window

period when a shop sells things at a lower price than normal

out of order

on a public telephone, drinks machine. etc.

This isn't working. OR It's broken.

please ring for attention

at reception in a hotel, office. etc.

DO vacancies

in the window of a small hotel

entrance

0

Match 1

..

-

d No smoking No parking __ 2 Toilet 3 Queue here

a in a hotel reception b on a hotel room door c on a drinks machine d in a cafe ,/ e in a shop window f in front of a garage

_ _

__

__

4 Out of order 5 Please do not disturb 6 Sale __

__

g

__

7 Entrance 8 No vacancies . 9 Please ring for attention

h

__

in a hotel window at the back of a restaurant at the front door of a museum inside a post office

___

___

Complete the signs in different ways. .. No s",o� 1 No 2 Way

__

_ _ _ _ _

o

The hotel is full .

9 with a - j. .

f)

Ring the bell and somebody will come.

3 4 5

Please No Way

_ _ _ _ _

__ _ _ _

6 7

Please Nothing to

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

• Test yourself. Cover the signs and look at the meanings. Say the signs.

86 GETIING AROUND


Revi ew: Getting a ro u n d Un it 2 9 Correct the mistakes. Where do I get out the bus for the park? \,J�e....e. do 1 'j€=t off t�e bLlS fo... tk 1 This bus go to The National Museum? 2 How many stopping is it to the railway station? 3 Excuse, does this bus go to Alfred Road?

park,?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ ___ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ ________ _ _ _ _

__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____ _ _ _ _ _

4 How long does it make to get to the centre? 5 6 7 8

Does the 31 stop next the post office?

_ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _

Does the 9 stop outside from the school? The which bus do I get to Queen Street? Do the buses run all ten minutes?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _

9 How long time does it take to the centre? 1 0 What often do the buses run?

__ _ _ ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

U nit 30 1

Complete the crossword. The letters in the grey squares make a different word. What is it? 1 2

I I I

3 4 5

I

6

17 1

8 9

1 2 3 4

The part of the station where you get on or get off a train. The opposite of slow. If you get to the station late, you could your train. Book (a seat). 5 This tells you when the trains arrive and leave. 6 When you travel from one place to another. 7 Part of the train where people sit. 8 A single or return 9 Money you pay to travel. The letters in the grey squares make the word _ _ _ _ _ _ _

__ _ _ _

REVIEW: GEITING AROUND

87


2 Complete the dialogue between the passenger (P) and the assistant (A) about the train journey from Bristol to Manchester. It's 9.30. The passenger is in Bristol. p

� S in � _

_

_ .._ _ __

Is it (2)

___

... .

�+ "Bin1Ai"qk�"") 'ISS (pl�++on1A 'I)

to Manchester, please.

A That's £40, please. P When's the (1 ) --- ' - --' A 9.58. P

"Bris+ol - M�"c�e.s+e.r (c��"qe.

__

"Bin1Ai"q��"" 1I .2h +rai" Ie.�ve.s "Bin1Ai"qk�"" II.'IS

. _-_ . _ --_ ?

-

at Birmingham. A No, you have to (3) . . P OK. And when does the Manchester train (4) A At 1 1 .48. P And when does it (5) . . .. A 1 .23 p.m. P Right, and which (6) . . . . . is that? A Four. .

___

____

___

__

___

_

�rrive.s M�"cke.s+e.r 1 .2:3

si"qle. £'10, re.+"r>t £76

.? .

_

.

_ ___

_ _ __ ___

__

.

?

Manchester?

__

U nit 3 1 1

A word is missing. Where from? Write it at the end of the sentence. � Take the second turning,(the left.

1 2 3

4 5 6

_On

. . _

_

The bank is on right. How do I get the river? . Go along and turn left. .. Go straight and turn right. . Excuse. Do you know the way to the bank? Yes, it's the corner of this street. .. .. _

_

._

_ _ . _

__ _ _

___

_____

_____

__

____

_____

____ _

___ _ __ _ _

____

_ _ _

2 Cross out one word in each sentence to make the sentences correct. � 1 2 3 4 5 6

Turn right into tile-Duke Street. The bank is opposite of the hotel. Go straight on and keep to going. Is there a post office near from here? It's on the your left. Turn to left and go straight on. It's the third turning on the right side.

88 REVIEW: GETTING AROUND

qe.+s +0


U n it 32 1

Tick (.f)true or false. � You put money in a traffic light.

TRUE

FALSE

-- - -

.f

1 A motorway is bigger than a main road. 2 You walk on a pedestrian crossing. 3 You drive your car on the pavement. 4 Road signs tell you what to do. 5 Roads are quiet in the rush hour. 6 You can get a train at a petrol station. 7 If there's a traffic jam, the roads are busy. 8 Motorways have more than one lane. 9 It's a good idea to overtake at a junction. 1 0 Cars drive round a circle at a roundabout.

-----

2 Complete the radio traffic information. We are getting reports of an .. accident on the M40 m (1) near Oxford. We understand a blue Mercedes travelling over the s I (3) a bus, and hit (2) lost control when it was trying to 0 a two other cars. The police are now at the scene of the (4), and say the fast L (5) of the motorway will be closed for at least an hour. This will mean long t j (6) during the r (7), h and the police are telling drivers to keep away from the motorway if possible and to (8) a different route into Oxford. t ---

_ _ _ _.

__

U n it 33 Complete the dialogues. � Do we pay for things here? - I think so. It says

�ueue hen '

Can I leave my car here? - No, the sign says 2 Can we go in here? - Yes, that sign says 3 Let's stay in this hotel. - We can't. Look, it says 4 Can we clean this bedroom now? - No, it's says 5 Is everything cheaper here this week? - Yes, look, it says 6 Can I use that telephone? - No, it says it's 1

_ _ ____ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ __ _

._ _ _ _ _ _

_______

in the window.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

7 Can we go out here? - No, that sign says 8 Can I have a cigarette? - No. It says

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

REVI EW: GETTI NG AROUND

89


34 I can

talk about my country 6) Atlantic acea 1

*,

:

G lossary enonnous very big 3,000 kilometres long

,

3,000 metres high high NOT tall.)

Brasilia 0

capital

a city where a country has

its government

inland not near the sea major large and important famous If something is famous,

.:

many people know about It. (Rio is famous for Carnival.)

Atlantic Ocean

beach area ofsand next to the sea, e.g. Copacabana

popular If something is popular,

Brazil is enormous. The Atlantic coast' is more than 3,000

many people like it.

kilometres long, and in the north, south, and west, there are borders' with ten different countries. The longest river' is the

the highest mountain4 in Brazil. The capital, Brasilia, is inland,

west

but many of the major cities are on the coast. The most famous is Rio de Janeiro, which has Sugar Loaf mountain, Corcovado,

Study the map of Brazil for one minute, then complete the sentences. � The town in the north is Recife.

6 7 8 9

_

1

The town in the south is 2 The capital is 3 The longest river is the 4 The highest mountain is 5 In the south, it has a border with __

In the north, it has a border with A popular city with tourists is It's famous for Sugar Loaf Brasilia isn't near the sea; it's

_

10 Rio is on the __ ___

• Test yourself. Don't look at Exercise 1 . What can you say about these places? � Recife

o

east

south

and some great beaches. It is very popular with tourists.

o

+ north

Amazon, and Pica da Neblina is about 3,000 metres high: it's

o

3,000 m from

top to bottom (A mountain is

Brazil

.

3,000 kms

from one end to the other

It '5 0. town in the nod h Of 13.-o.ti I .

1 The Amazon 2

Pico da Neblina

3 4

Brasilia Porto Alegre

5 Argentina

6

Rio de Janeiro

ABOUT YOUR COUNTRY Write your answers or ask another student. What's the capital, and where is it?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 What are some of the other major cities?

3 Does it have borders with any other countries? If so, what are they? 4 Which places are popular in summer?

_ _ _ __ __ _ _ __

__ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _

5 What are the famous places in your capital city?

90 PLACES

_ _ _ _ _ _


3S I ca n

tal k about my town

Do Unit 34 fi rst

A Buildi ngs and places i n a town 6)

• • •

• • •

• • • • • •

• • •

• • •

••• ... ... ... ... ...

= • • • • • •

. .

• • • • • •

.. ... .. ...

palace

castle

statue

cathedral

church

(for Christians)

(for Christians)

market

temple (e.g. lor

square

H indus and Buddhists)

park

bridge

mosque ( for Muslims)

museum

building e.g. shop, church, castle NOT square. park. etc.

o

Correct the spelling mistakes. � museom . !'0.l!�_.

4 catedral 5 parque 6 musque 7 bilding

brige 2 scuare 3 castel

f)

place _ _

__

We can use place as a general word for a town, part ora town, a hotel. etc. Prague is a nice place. T"e Ritz is a great place to stay.

Complete the sentences. � My sister got married in our little --'C"'h-"' U'-C rc "'he-

1

I think Buddhists use that

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 The is the best place to see the river. is the cheapest place to buy food. 3 The 4 You can learn about the history of the town in the local 5 You can see children playing in the from my hotel window. 6 There is a . of Nelson Mandela in the main 7 The and are both open to visitors from 1 0 until 5. to sit and watch people. 8 The square is a nice _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ .

_

_______

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______

______________ .

.

_________

o

• Test yourself. Cover the words and name the things in the pictures. PLACES 9 1


B Facts 0) city

bigllarge medium-sized small

It's a

size

town

village

In the north-east of Poland

location

50km west of Moscow

on the coast

on a river North North-west

It's

North-east

West

East

South-west

South-east South

population

interest ing facts

o

It's

}

over about just under

G l ossary fact a piece of true information size how big or small something Is dty a very large town. e.g. 2 million people town smaller than a city, e.g. 30,000 people village smaller than a town, e.g. 1,000 people, and in the countryside. location the place where something Is, e.g. 50 kms from Rome population the number of people who live in a place over 1 mile more than 1 mile

10.000

It's

famous for its cathedral modern Industrial

It has

lots ofhistorlc buildings

opp under

just under a little under (also Just over) modem of the present OPP old industrial having a lot of industry, e.g. making cars or steel historic important in history

Write the phrases in the correct columns. famous for historic buildings over two million i n the north-east .! on the coast an industrial town just under 50.000 on the River Duero a small village a large city a medium-sized town south-west of the capital about 3.000 Location

Size

Populati on

I nteresting

facts

in the no.-th-east

4:)

Complete the text about Turin.

, 140 km south-west (1) Turin is a large ďż˝ Cltďż˝ (2) Ita ly. It is (4) the north-west (3) and three other rivers. The (5) is j ust (6) 908, 000). It is an (7)

also has many (8)

_____ _

o

Milan,

the River Po one million (in fact, it is city: the car makers, Fiat, are based here, for example, but it buildings, inciuding palaces and castles.

ABOUT YOUR TOWN Write a similar text about your city/town/village.

92 PLACES


C Opinions 6) Word

Example

Meaning

opinion

What's your oplniDn of the new cathedral? I think it's wonderful. -

Your opinion is what you think about something; it Is not a fact.

It's busy In the swnmer when the tourists arrive.

If a place is busy, it is full of people, cars, and

crowded

The bars get very � In the evenings.

full of people or too full of people

polluted

It's very polluted because ofall the Industry. The buildings are very dlrty.

a polluted place has

cosrnopo1lt.tm cUIes.

living there

there's lots to do

Tholl's lots to do in the evening - discos, cinemJlS, and so on.

= there are many actlvltles and places to visit opp there's nothing to do

nightlife

The nlghtIqe In my town is very good.

places to go In the evening: bars, clubs, etc.

busy

d irty

cosmopolltan

safe

0

London and New York are very

It's Bll/e during the day but can be dangerous at night.

d

opp cleau

irty air, water, etc.

having people from many different countries

free from danger. If a town Is safe, you don't need lots of pollce. OPP dangerous

Do the speakers like the places they're talking about? Tick (.I) yes or no. YES NO �

'The streets are very dirty: ' I think it's very polluted, don't you?'

e

activity. opp qn1et

2

'There's lots to do during the day:

3

'I think the nightlife is great:

0 [2) DO DO DO

YES NO 4 'There's nothing to do at night:

5 'It's so clean on the coast: 6 'I always feel safe at night:

7 'It's a really dangerous city:

00 DO DO DO

Complete the dialogue. A B A B

of Walton? What's your � opinion Well, there are people from all over the world, so it's very (1) Yes, but is it safe? __

___

-

I love that.

Well, every city is a bit (2) at night, but there's a lot to (3) here, and the (4) is very good - lots of bars and clubs. A And is it very busy in the centre? at the weekends, with all the tourists. B It's OK on weekdays, but it gets very (5) The centre is also quite dirty; the river is (6) because of the industry. __

__ _ _ _ _ _

o

A B O UT YOUR TOWN Write your opinions, or ask another student. 1 Is your city/townlvillage a safe place to live, or is it dangerous? 2 What is there to do during the day? 3 Is it usually busy or quiet? 4 What about the nightlife? 5 Is it a very cosmopolitan place? 6 Is it a nice place to live?

.

_ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

____

____

_ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _

____ ____

___. ._ _ _ _

PLACES

93


36 I can

describe the countryside

A O n the farm n

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9

10 11

12 13 14

sky wood hill

farmer valley tree field farm (the house and fields) lake horse boat grass dog path

G l ossary

Jack Robson is a fa rmer. He owns Eatwell Farm. He grows fruit and a few other crops.

o

Look at the picture and the text. True or false? Write T or F. �

T _ There's a lake near the trees. _ There is nothing in the field. __

2 The farmer's in the boat. 3 The path goes to the lake. 4 The wood is on the hill. .

___

__

__

e

own If you own something, it is yours. grow Farmers grow potatoes, rice, etc. to sell. a few some; not a lot crop a plant a farmer grows and sells, e.g. rice, apples

The dog lives on the farm. 6 The horse is eating the grass. 7 The sky's grey. 8 There are a lot of chickens. 5

_ _

___

__

__

9 The farmer grows fruit.

__

Complete the words. (You will answer the questions in Exercise 3.) ABOUT YOU

Do you live near a w Q Q d? Do you live in a v _ 11 _ y or on a h _ II?

Yes, I do. It. 's 2..00 me-l ....s from � home.

1 2 Can you see any gra _ _ where you are now? 3 Can you see a f w tr _ _ s where you are now? 4 Are there any f _ _ _ ds near your home? 5 Do you _ wn a d _ g or a h _ rs _ ? _

6 What cr ps do people gr _ w where you live? 7 Do you know any f _ r _ e _ s? _

ABOUT YOU AND YOUR COUNTRY Answer the questions in Exercise 2, or ask another e student.

o

• Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the picture. Can you remember the words?

94 PLACES


B In the countryside 6)

Glossary area a part of a town, country or the world the countryside a place with fields, woods,

[ live aJone in a beautiful area in the

countryside. In the mornings. it is so quiet, I sit and listen to the birds - it's wonderful. I've got a garden with lots of flowers and I grow aU my fruit and vegetables, so I only eat fresh food, which is very healthy. The big problem is that public transport is terrible, but I've got a bike iflneed to go to town. And it's a bit lonely too,

but I can always talk to Jack at EatweU Farm, and sometimes I look after his chickens for him.

""

farms, etc. that is outside towns or cities

bird

wonderful very good opr terrible flower fresh food food taken from the tree or plant; not old or from a tin

healthy If something is healtby, it helps to keep

you well. If a person is healthy, they are wel l.

public transport system of buses and trains bike (also bicycle) you ride a bike or go somewhere by bike look after Uyou look after an animal, you give it food and see that it is healthy.

Is the meaning of the underlined words/phrases the same or different? Write 5 or D. �

We always use public transport/the buses and trains here.

1

These carrots are fresh/clean.

2

o

I think city life is wonderful/terrible.

4

Have you got a bike/bicycle?

5

Are you alone/lonely at the moment?

6

She's healthy/very well.

7

He lives in the countryside/on a farm.

8

He rides his bike to work/goes to work by bike.

alone and Alone and lonely mean 'oot with other people'. If you are lonely. you aren't happy about it. ffyou are alone, you can be happy or unhappy. She likes livillg alone. NOT &IIa­ likesli'Jj"fIJ/JHely. She's lonely. = She would like to have more rriends.

She's looking at/looking after the dog.

3

S

Correct the spelling mistakes. Be careful: some sentences have two mistakes. ABOUT YOU � I sometimes have to look afer children . . !l� 1 2

I often buy floweres. I love the contryside. ..

[ look,.,q[ter- W\�5�i\�r-eh ever:� d� .

_ _ _

__

. ..

-- -

_ _ _ _

3 I'm very helthy 4 I see lots of brids in my aerea. .

_.

--- -- ----

.

----_.

--- -- -

-

--.

_ _ _

_

• _ __ _ _ .

5 Our public transporte is wonderfulL 6 I'm often alan in the evening. . 7 I eat fraish fruit every day. 8 I never feel Ionley. .

--- --

.

--- _ . _ -

_ __ _

__

__

o

__ _

--- - -

-

-

- - _ . ---

___ _

ABOUT YOU Are the sentences in Exercise 6 true about you? If not, change them to

make them true.

PLACES

95


37 I can

talk about shops

A Places to shop 6) Places

What they sell

market ( a number of stalls, outdoors or indoors)

food. sometimes furniture. CDs, books. flowers

shopping centre

everythin g

(a number of shops. usually indoors)

department store (a large shop)

supermarket

almost everything, but not usually food: beds, books. televisions, clothes, perfume food, drinks, cleaning products for the house. shampoo, things for the kitchen

(a large shop)

hypermarket

the same as a supermarket. but also clothes, TVs, furniture. Hypermarkets are outside towns.

butcher's

meat

baker's

bread and cakes

chemist's

medicine. e.g. aspirin, also soap. shampoo

deli(catessen)

sandwiches. bread, cheese. ham, coffee

paper shop or newsagent's

newspapers. chocolates. cigarettes

o

� I got the vegetables from the. . . I got the bread from the. . .

supermarket

hypermarket

2 I got the meat from the. . .

supermarket

3 I got these jeans from a. . .

market

4 I got this shampoo from the. . . 5

I got the cheese from a . . .

+ shop

For many shops, we often use noun

+ shop: sboe shop, clothes shop, booksbop, music shop (for CDs and DVDs). fruit and vegetable shop. etc.

deli

baker's baker's

paper shop chemist's

supermarket

6 I got these CDs from the...

deli

fruit and vegetable shop

butcher'S

market

butcher'S

department store supermarket

market stall

shopping centre

market

clothes shop

department store chemist's

deli

department store

newsagent's

music shop

Write two things you can buy in each of these places. � 1 2 3

o

Noun

Three answers are correct. Circle the wrong answer. 1

e

An indoor market

department store deli . . chemist's market

bed

televislqry ..

5 baker's

__

... _.__

_ _ . . __ __

6 music shop

.__

___ . . .__

4 newsagent's

_ _ _ ..

_ _ _

_ __ . ._ _ _

• Test yourself. Cover 'Places' and look at 'What they sell'. Can you remember the names of the shops and shopping places?

96 PLACES


B Shopping habits 0) Glossary convenient easy and quick to use get buy do (the) shopping buy food and things you need often, e.g. soap queue walt in a line of people checkout the place In a supermarket where you pay choose decide which thing you want prefer like something or someone more than another fill make something full (The trolley In the picture is full.) trolley

Hypermarkets are so convenient you can get everything in one place. -

I do the supermarket shopping on Thursdays when it's quiet.

Supermarkets are so busy at the weekend. I don't like queueing at the checkout! You can choose from a lot of different things in a supermarket, but I prefer markets. They're friendlier. There are six of us in my family, so I fill two trolleys every week!

basket

I get a lot of things on the internet. They always deliver to your home. deliver take things to a person or a place

o

True or false? Write T or F. ďż˝ If you have a car, supermarkets are very convenient. ďż˝

1

You can't get CDs in a hypermarket.

2 You can fill a trolley or a basket.

__

__

3 You go to clothes shops to do the shopping.

__

4 You sometimes have to queue when you want to pay.

__

5 You can choose from a lot of different things in small shops. 6 You pay at the checkout in a supermarket.

__

__

7 At a supermarket. you put the things you want to buy in a trolley or basket. 8 All shops will deliver the things you buy to your home.

4:)

__ _

___ _

Complete the words in the questions. (You will answer the questions in Exercise 6.) ABOUT YOU 1 When do you or your family usually do the s 2 Do you pr supermarkets or small shops? 3 Do you often have to q at the checkout? 4 Do you think supermarkets are co ?

?

__ __

5

things Do supermarkets in your town d to your home7 6 Where do you g your fruit and vegetables?

o

ABOUT YOU Write your answers to Exercise 5 or ask another student. PLACES

97


38 I can

talk about my home

A Flats 0) I live in a block of Oats near the town centre, in an area

called MontpeUier. I really like the flat, and my neighbour, Simon, is very friendly.

1 (on) the top Ooor 2 (on) the second Ooor 3 (on) the first Ooor 4 (on) the ground floor 5 garden 6 steps 7 (in) the basement 8 rubbish u 9 front door 10 stairs 11 lift 1 2 Oat 13 balcony

o

True or false? Write T or F. �

Helen lives on the second floor. _ � John and Lucy live on the ground floor.

1 2 Miki lives on the top floor. 3 Anna lives on the first floor. 4 They put their rubbish in the lift.

Simon lives in the basement. 6 Ferdy's flat has got a balcony. 7 Rob's flat has got a garden. 8 The steps are at the front door. 9 Ferdy needs to use the stairs or lift. 5

__

__

__

__

_ __

e

__

_ _. . .

___ _ __

Complete the words_ �

I _Ll t

1 b 2 b 3 g 4 f 5 s

_ _ _

6

t k of f . d f _ _

_ _ _

_ _ _ _

_ _ __

t d s

_

_

_

_ _

_

r

_

r

s

g

7 s 8 n 9 b 10 t

_ _ _ _

_

_ _

n

s

_ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

_ _

n c

_

r

y

_ _ _

e

_ _ _ _

e • Test yourself. Cover the words and name the things in the picture. 98 PLACES

_ _ _ _

__


B Houses 0)

G lossary modern of the present time opp old view what you see from the house utility room a room where you do the washing, ironing, etc.

upstairs

opp downstairs outside not in a house or other building opp inside garage a building where you park

your car

parking u a place where you can park

BATHFORD Modern family house in this quiet village with lovely views

(leave) your car

of the countryside. Large living room', dining room', studf,

modem kitchen' and utility room. Upstairs there are four

flat, house and home

Find the end of each word. �iewmodernlivingroomtoiletkitchenhomeparking diningroomupstairsbedroomutilityroombathroom

A flat is a number of rooms on ODe floor of a bUilding. A house is a building witb rooms on two or more noors. Home is where you live (in a Hat or a bouse).

good-sized bedrooms' and a family bathroom'. Outside there is a large gardeo, a garage, and further parking for two cars.

o "

Complete the text.

I live in a ďż˝ modern room, dining house - it's only four years old. It's got a (1) . It's in the town centre, and from the living room, kitchen, two bedrooms and a (2) of the railway station, which isn't very nice. I leave my car on room I've only got a (3) , so I can eat the street because I don't have a (4) , but it's got a small (5) when it's warm. (6) __

_____

My brother's got a house in a village near me, and from the house he's got fantastic of the countryside. Downstairs there's a living room, dining room, large (7) and a (9) there are four where my brother works . (10) (B) (11) and two (12) , so there's lots of space when I visit with friends. for There's also (13) two cars, and a large garden. In the summer they eat all the time. (14) _

_____

o

ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student.

1 Do you live in a house or a flat? 2 If it's a flat, which floor are you on?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______ _ _ _ _ _

3 Have you got a garden? If so, how big is it? 4 What's the view? Is it nice? 5 Have you got parking? 6 What rooms have you got in your home?

.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _

___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

PLACES

99


39 I ca n

describe a kitchen

A In the kitchen 0) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12

13 14

15 16 17

0

shelf plural shelves tap (turn the tap onloll) cup(s) microwave frying pan freezer sink saucer(s) hob saucepan (rubbish) bin The bin is full opp empty oven fridge washing machine cupboard dishwasher cooker

Complete the sentences using vocabulary from the picture. � Put the milk in the fr-i4�e 1 Put those dirty clothes in the w

_

2 Put the dirty plates in the d 3 Put the cups and s 4 Put the books on the 5.....-

__

ffi-___

or the s---

in the c--

5 Put the empty packets in the b

___

6 Put the meat in the CL 7 Cook the eggs in the f 8 Put the ice cream in the f 9 Is the rubbish bin f 1 0 Heat the soup in the m...... 1 1 Could you turn the t. 12 Boil the potatoes in that 5--

p

-

-

--

--

_

.

__

e

or on the h_. off? _

ABOUT YOU Write down anything in the picture you haven't got.

� I haven't got I haven't got

o

?

0. "" C,-Owo.ve,

and

"'� wosh,n5 ",o.chine ,sn 't in the kitchen .

_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _

• Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the picture. Say the words.

1 00 PLACES


B Using the kitchen 6) Housework 1 do the shopping 2 put the shopping away

( = in the cupboards, fridge, etc) 3 put the dirty clothes in the washing machine; tum It on

4 clean the cooker

5 take the washing ( = the clothes) 1 out of the washing machine

2

3

4

5

6

8

9

10

6 make a sandwich

7 empty the bin 8 do the irouing 9 cook lunch for the family 10 do the washing-up

7 do

+ noun

These phrases are very common i n spoken English: do the shopping, do the \Vashing�up, do the housework, do the ironing Be careful! housework cleaning the bouse homework = work teachers give students La do after class =

o

Complete the text. Saturday is my day for doing the �

housework, . First, I go to town and do the (1)

in the cupboards. and (4) everything (3) Then I come back. (2) a cup of tea. My sister it. and then I (6) the bin. If the kitchen's dirty. I (5)

_ _ _ _

usually helps me. She (7)

all the dirty clothes in the washing machine and (8) lunch, but afterwards, we do the the washing out when it's finished. I (9) together. When the clothes are dry, I do the (1 1 ) (10)

___ _

_ _ _ _

"

ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student.

In your home . . . 1

Who does the shopping? 2 Who cooks the dinner? 3 Who does the washing-up?

o

4 Who cleans the kitchen? 5 Who empties the bin? 6 Who does the ironing?

_ _ _ _ _ _

__ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

• Test yourself. Look at the pictures and cover the words. Say the words. PLACES 1 0 1


40 I can

describe a bedroom and bathroom

A Bedroom a nd bathroom 6)

o

One word is different. Which one?

� bedside table toilet wardrobe

TOtl"t.

is different. The other two are in a bedroom.

1 bath shower mirror

____

is different. You can wash in the other two.

2 wardrobe desk chest of drawers

____

is different. You put clothes in the other two.

3 blanket desk chest of drawers 4 bed chest of drawers bidet 5 wardrobe toilet washbasin 6 towel

e

blanket sheet

____

is different. The other two are in a bedroom.

____

is different. The other two are in a bathroom.

____

is different. The other two are on a bed.

e",sk >-. � dek -,d",

5

wasbasin

10

seet

1

beside table

6

tolet

11

twel

2

miror

7 8 9

wadrobe

12

shoer

3 ath

____

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

4 chest of drawes

___

bide blanke

ABOUT YOU Complete the sentences about your bedroom and bathroom. In my bedroom. there's

._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

In my bathroom, there's

o

is different. The other two are pieces of furniture.

Write in the missing letter. _ _

8

____

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

• Test yourself. Cover the text and look at the pictures. Say the words for

1 02 PLACES

1-14.


B I n the bathroom 6) have a wash, you use

soap. u

clean your teeth, you use

toothpaste u and

wash your hair, you usc

shampoo. 1l

have a shave, you use

a razor or

Whenyou ...

do your hair, you usc

',':' " :' "

.. ....

::=:.���. a brush or

•••

;,< make-up u

put on or take off make-up. you use You can also put on or wear

and

tissues.

perfume. u

Circle the correct word. � I was

a comb.

tSmy teeth wit€thpa� comb.

Notice tbese phrases witb have:

J "ave a sllOwer every day, batl. very oftel1. Do YOIl Illll1C (I sllt'''c everlJ 11lorlring? [ 'lave a was'. after work.

I do/put on my hair with a razor/a brush.

i don't "ave a

2

Do you have/do a bath every day?

3

She puts on/has make-up when she goes out.

4 Do you often have a shave/wash with an electric razor? 5

He washes/cleans his hair with expensive perfume/shampoo.

6 When you take off make-up you use tissues/a comb.

o

Write a, an or nothing (-) . � I don't use 1

I need .

2

Do you want

3

I never use

__

4 I must buy

0

-=-

__

make-up.

new comb .

__

___

._

__

tissue?

perfume.

5 I buy

__

shampoo every week.

6 Have you got 7 I just use 8 I need

___

__

._

__

electric razor?

soap.

new toothbrush and

__

toothpaste.

brush.

ABOUT YOU Tick (,I) a or b. Then if possible tell another student your answers. 1

a I usually have a bath. b I usually have a shower.

2 a I clean my teeth before breakfast. b I clean my teeth after breakfast.

3 a I wash my hair twice a week or less. b I wash my hair more than twice a week. 4 a I usually use a brush on my hair. b I usually use a comb on my hair.

D 0 0 0 D D D D

5 For women: a I often wear perfume. b I don't wear perfume very much.

6

a I usually wear make-up. b I don't wear make-up very much.

0 0 0 D

For men: a I use an electric razor. b I don't use an electric razor.

0 0 PLACES 1 03


41

I can

describe a living room

0)

1 window

10 cushion

2 light

11 DVD player

3 ceiling 4 waIl 5 curtains 6 TVltelevislon 7 picture 8 bookshelves 9 radiator

12 lamp

13 14 15 16

armchair coffee table fireplace Ooor 17 sofa 18 rug 19 carpet

An armchair. a SOI�l and a cortee table are furniture U, or pieces of furniture.

0

Look at the picture. True or false? Write T or F. In the living room, there is only one. . . � TV T_ 3 cushion . � plcture __ T 4 carpet _

_

f)

o

1

light

2

lamp

7 rug 8 radiator 9 armchair 1 0 sofa

__

__

___

__

__

5 curtain

__

__

6 fireplace

__

__

__

11

picture

___

12

wall

13

DVD player

14

piece of furniture

__

_ _

__

Complete the words. � � .l. .!2 dow

4

___

1

_ _ _

or

5

_ _ _

2

_ _ _

pet

6

_ _ _

3

_ _ _

hion

7

8

iator fee

Ie

___

ling

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

ves

9 10 11

12

_ _ _

ht

_ _ _

tains

_ _ _ _

- -

_ _ _ _

place

hair

g

ABOUT YOUR H O M E Write your answers or ask another student. 1

How many windows have you got in your living room?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 Have you got radiators, a fireplace or both? 3 What have you got on the floor?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 What's on the walls?

5 Are the lights on the ceiling or the walls? 6 What furniture have you got?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _

o

• Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the picture. Say the words.

1 04 PLACES


Review: Places U nit 34 Complete the sentences. � Moscow is in the ...:w"" e:.::. st"--

_ _

2 Bangkok is in the

7 The Nile is the longest

of Thailand.

3 San Francisco is on the west New York is on the east

of France.

6 Paris is the

of Russia.

of Italy.

1 Milan is in the

world.

and

____

in the

8 Fujiyama is the highest

ofthe USA. 9 Bondi is a long

____

1 0 B razil is

(very big) country. 4 China is an 5 Geneva is near the between Switzerland and France.

____

in Japan.

in Australia.

for Samba, football,

and Carnival.

____

U nit 3 5 1

Write the opposite. � north SOLl'th

3

south-west

1

an old city

4

safe

2

under a million

5 there's lots to do

2 Complete the texts. A Granada is quite a �

l"I"'�e

and a famous (4)

7 polluted 8

town about 350 km south (1)

,

which is (7)

____

for a number of things: the (9) . It is a (12)

and Central (1 1 )

____

Madrid. It has a buildings, with tourists.

the Atlantic coast. It's of Liberty, Times (10)

Complete the crossword. � Part of a town, country or the world. ,...,"""1"'.=:;80."--

__

You see this between two hills.

__ _ _

, 2

4 A person who grows crops to sell. 5 Horses eat this. 6 A place where you walk between fields. 7 A large area of water with land around it. 8 Not with other people.

s

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

____

_ _ _ _

R

E

A

A A

4

_ _ _ _

�A A

3

food is good for you.

3 You go on this on a river.

_ _ _

city, with people of many nationalities.

U n it 36

2

opinion

called The Alhambra. It's a very popular (5)

New Yorl< is a big (6) (8)

1

a busy street

of about 300,000 people. It's an old town with lots of (3)

(2)

B

6

6 7

A A A A sA REVIEW: PLACES 1 05


2 Complete the crossword.

\J

_ _ _

An animal you can ride.

1

potatoes, rice, etc. 2 Farmers . . 3 Plants that farmers look after and then . sell for food. . 4 Unhappy because you are not with _ _

_ _

__

other people.

____.

_

0

3

._ _ ____

0

4

_______

b

6

something, it

_ _ _ _________

I I

0

___ _ _ __ ____

5 If you is yours.

I

0

2

_ _ _ _ _ ____

\)

0

0

,

d o� � A place with a lot of trees. _.",w�o�

-, I I I I I I

0

6 A place with fields, farms, woods, etc. outside towns and cities.

____ ,,_.

.

_ _ __ _

U n it 37 1

Complete the words. � A shop where you get sandwiches, coffee, bread, etc. is a d�Ji " .._

1 A place with shops which is indoors is a s .

. _

. ,, _ ______

2 A shop where you buy newspapers, chocolates, etc. is a

c..

_

_ _

_ _____

n_ ...._... _______ .

3 A shop where you get medicine, shampoo, etc. is a c--__

' " __ _.

4 A large shop which sells food, things for cleaning, etc. is a h..

_____ ....

5 A shop where you get bread and cakes is a b.

__ . • .

..

.

.

__ _ _ _

___ _______

_____ __' ..

__ "

__.__

__

,, __ •

_ __ _ _

___

__ .

2

___________ ... _ __

_ . . _____

6 A place where you buy books is a b. . 7 A shop where you buy meat is a b 8 A large shop where you can buy almost anything: clothes, beds, etc. is a d s.. ... ... 9 A place wh ere you can buy CDs, DVDs, etc. is a m 5..... .

or a 5....

_

__ ____

Complete the crossword. The letters in the grey squares make a different word. What is it?

I�

bookshof'-

� where you buy books

_ _ _ ".

1 wait in a line of people

__________

----2 buy the things you need: do the 3 easy and qUick to use 4 like something more than another thing _

0 1

13

."....

6 7 8 9

10

.. _,,

__

6

_

17 I

_ - _.. _____

__

"' _ ____.___

_.

The word in the grey squares is 1 06 REVIEW: PLACES

8 9

__________..

_ ,, ________ _

s

_ _ ___ _____

_" ._ _ "'

1 10 I I 1

____._____.

_ .

0 'P

I

4

5 a shopping place outdoors where different people sell you food, books, etc. . you find these in a market the opposite of 'outdoors' in a supermarket, you put things in a trolley or a . buy where you pay for things in a big shop

K.. s \-\

2

_______

______ ._____

0


U n it 38 1

Here are some definitions. What are the words? � The room where you talk and watch TV. l ivin� ,-00", The room where you wash and have a shower. _____

_

2 The room where you cook food.

___ _

_

_

3 The room where you sleep. _____

_

4 The room where you do worklhomework.

____ _ _

5 The place where you put the car. __ _ _

_ _

6 The thing that takes you from one floor to another floor. _ __ _

7 The place outside your house where there are trees and flowers.

_ _

_ ___ _ _

8 The place where you live (a flat or a house). _ __

_ _

_

-

2 Match 1

8 with a - i.

O � qUiet __ Iront

__

2 lovely 3

__

ground

__

4 modern 5 dining

__

__

6 parking 7 block 8 town

__

__

a

floor

b

views

c

of flats

d

village ,/

e

centre

f

door

g

house

h

for two cars room

__

U nit 39 1

Write your answers. � You boil vegetables in this. sauCepo.n or

You wash plates and cups in this. 2 You wash dothes in this. _____

_

_

__

_

_

_

3 You put rubbish in this.

_ _ _ _ _

4 You cook food very quickly in this. ____

_

5 You put dean plates, cups, and saucers here. _____ 6 You keep milk and cold drinks in this. _____ 7 You put ice cream in this. _____ 8 You cook meat slowly in this. _____

_

_

_

_

2 Complete the sentences. � 1

___ "' \)'"0 _

_

Come home and

2

the shopping on the way home. ______

5 Finally,

_

the washing-up and _____

it on.

the machine off and take the washing ____ _

3 Forty minutes later, 4

the shopping in the cupboards or the fridge.

the dirty washing in the machine, and

_

the bin.

Iunch. REVIEW: PLACES 107


Un it 40 1

Put these words in two groups, and give a name to each group. wardrobe shower

blanket sheet chest of drawers towel toilet desk bath washbasin single bed bidet 2

2 Complete the questions, then answer them.

� What do you use when you ..!WG. = s"n

your hair?

1 2 3 4

make-up?

_ _ ___•

What do you use when you What do you use when you

What do you use when you W hat do you use when you 5 What do use when you

__

_

_

___ _ _ _ _ __

_____ _

.

__ . _ _ ____

_.

a shave?

your teeth? your hair?

a wash?

U nit 41 Look at the two pictures. Write down ten more differences_

_

?dure 1 has 5..o:t '\. .�Qfa, bu1. pidur�. �.�E-sn L _ _

__ . _ _ _

2

6

__ _ _. _ _

____ __0

.

__

7

3

8

4

9

5

_ _ _ _ __

108 REVI EW: PLACES

10

___

._

.

_

_

_ _ _ _______ _ _ _ 0 _ .

_ _ _ __ _ _

_ __


42 I can

talk about my school

A School subjects 6) 280 chemistry

physics

biology

geography

history

literature

art

PE

design and technology

modern languages

be good at something [fyou are good at somctbing, you do it well. [fyou are terrible at it. you do il very badly. I'm (quite) fJood at lallguages. I'm terrible tit matlls.

Complete the words.

.f\. rt

1 h _ st _ ry 2 9 - - 9r _ ph _

3

b -- 1 - 9 -

6

m _ th _

4

d - S - 9n ph _ s _ cs

7

m _ s _c

8

I _t_r_t_r_

S

Write the name of a school subject. •

Beethoven, jazz, WiUSlC

1

football, gym

2 computers

4

_____ .

3 Shakespeare

o

ICT

music

leT = information communication technology PE = pbysical education RE = religious education

e

14

maths

Chemistry, physics, biology. etc. are school subjects.

0

+x=

__ ___

Spanish, German ____ _

_

S

church, mosque, etc.

6

CO" H,O

7

Picasso, Monet

_ _ _

_ __ _

_

__ _ _

ABOUT YOU Circle the correct verb form. Complete the sentences about yourself.

At school, I'm/l was good at 2 I'm/l was quite good at 3 I'm/l was terrible at 1

. __ . .

____.

_.. __..... _ . . .._.. _ _ _

____

______._.

__

4

We don't/didn't study 5 The subject I likelliked most islwas

o

_ ._ _

_

__

_ _

____ ._ _

__

• Test yourself. Cover the words and look at the pictures. Say the subjects. STUDY AND WORK 1 09


B The education system 0) Education in E ng l a nd a n d Wales You can . . .

start nursery school at 3

go to university

go to secondilry school al l l (state school or private school)

go to primary scbool at 5

ďż˝----.., stay at school until 18

G lossary

start school go to a new school for the lirst time

Some pupils (= schoolchildren up to t he age of 1 6) wear a unifornl.

4:)

o o IT.] o o o o o o o

b He stayed there until he was sixteen, c When Tom was three, d and then he went to college. e After that, he went to secondary school. f

He left college when he was 1B

g At the age of five, h

he started nursery school. he went to primary school, and got a job in a bank.

stay at school go to school ror a period or time (also continue at school) until up to that time ('l was there until 3.00: means 'artcr 3.0n, r went away: )

college place where you can study arter you leave school

leave school stop going to school get a job find a job uniform special clothes that children wear in a school

Children go to scbool at 5 (OR at the age of 5). = Chi l dren go to primary school when they are five (years old).

Complete the questions, but don't write answers. ABOUT YOUR COUNTRY ďż˝ At what age do children go to .___ 1 When do they s . 2 Do they usually wear a u_ _

3 When do p_.

__ .

_

4 When can they 1 ___

g. a job? 5 Do they go to sL schools, or both? _ _.

__

.

_

..

nLAr:se..-..:J. .

school? primary school? . at primary school? .

_

._ .

._

start 5._ . school and

_

.

__

._

schon I?

__

_.

. _

o

free opr private school

Put the story in order. a where he learnt to read and write.

o

state school a school where education is

_

schools, pr.

ABOUT YOUR COUNTRY Write your answers to the questions in Exercise 6 or ask another student.

1 1 0 STUDY AND WORK


C Exams 6) G lossary

When I was at secondary school. I went to all the lessons and did my homework, but I didn't work very hard, So, when I took exams at 16, my results weren't fantastic, I passed six, which was good, but I failed maths. My worst result was physics - I got a grade E, which was terrible. After that, I went to a sixth form college where I worked hard and did well. I passed all my exams at 18 and went to university. That's where I am now.

lesson a period of time (about an hour) in school when you are learning something

do homework u do work the teacher has given you to do at home (NOT &affie'IJar)ks

work hard work a lot result what you get in an exam, e.g. SO%, A, or S/10 (the) worst superlative ofbad opp (the) best superlative of good grade you get a grade (e.g. A or B) or a mark (e.g. 15/20) in an exam

do well be good at something and get better at it OPP do badly

exam (examination) An exam i s an important test at the end of a period of study. take an exam sit down and write your answers in the exam pass an exam = lake an exam and do well. e.g. grade A or 85% fai l an exam = take an exam and do badly. e.g. grade D or 35% =

o

look at Rafael's exam results on the right and answer the questions. � How many exams did he take? 7. 1

Did he take an exam in chemistry?

2

How many did he pass?

3

How many did he fail?

__

____

4 What was his best grade?

o

Exam

Grade

French

B

IT

C

Geography

D

Biology

A

English

C

5

What was his worst grade?

History

B

6

What did he get in English?

Maths

A, B, ( - pass D, E - fail

E

Complete the questions. � Six out of ten isn't a very good Wla,..k�

_ _ _

1

I have to

2

Did you

3

Paula did very

4

I got my exam

5

Andre is very unhappy at the moment. He's doing he

6

G!)

_

an English exam tomorrow.

__ __

_____

_ _ __

_

_ _ _____

Maths is my

your homework last night? ._

in her German exam; she got a .

.

_.

A.

yesterday. I passed all of them. at school, and last week

an important maths exam.

subject. I'm terrible at it.

__

ABOUT YOU Write answers to the questions or ask another student. 1

How long are/were your lessons at school?

2

Do/Did you work hard at school most of the time?

_ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

----_ . _ - - --

3 At what age will/did you take important exams? 4 How many will/did you take? 5

_ _ __ __ _ _ _ _

Will/Did you pass all of them?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

STUDY AND WORK 1 1 1


43 I can

talk about university

Do Unit 42 first

A A u niversity degree 0) G lossary

I started university two years ago, when I was nineteen, and I'm doing a degree in Spanish and French. The course lasts three years, and there are three terms a year. I work in the library a lot because - like many undergraduates - I have to write lots of essays. I also have to take exams, and last term I failed one and had to take it again. I got the result two weeks ago; fortunately I passed this time. When I've got my degree - a BA - I want to do research for a PhD.

do a degree study at university for three or four years course a number of classes on a subject, e.g. an English course

term a period of study, usually about ten weeks library a place where you can read and borrow books undergraduate a student doing a first degree (A graduate has a degree.)

write an essay do a piece of writing on a subject again one more time fortunately We say fortunately when we give good news. opp unfortunately

BAlBSe Bachelor of Arts/Science MAlMSc Master of Arts/Science do research study a subject for a long time to learn new information

PhD Doctor of Philosophy

How long does it last?

o

To last is to continue for a period oftirne. How long does thejilm last? - Two hOllrs. Tile Masters cOllrse lllsts two years.

Circle the correct word. � She did an English@ur�term.

4

I study a lot in the l ibrary/bookshop.

I want to do/make a degree i n maths.

S

A graduate/An u ndergraduate has a degree.

2 A term/degree lasts about ten weeks. 3 I've got a SA/SSe in physics.

6

Fortunately/U nfortunately, I failed the exam.

7

You can do research before/after a degree.

1

f)

Complete the dialogues. � How long does the term ..!l"O's:e!t.'--

____

? - About twelve weeks.

Have you got a ? Yes, a SSe. 2 Did she have to an essay? - Yes, three, in fact. 3 Can you research next year? - Yes, I want to do a , he passed. 4 Did he get his exam results? - Yes. 5 Can he take the exam ? - Yes, next summer. -

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_______

6

? - It's only one term.

How long does the course

e ABOUT YOUR COUNTRY Write your answers or ask another student. How long do you need to study for a degree in chemistry?

2 3

How long do you need to study for a Masters degree?

4

How long does a school term last?

How long does a university term last?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 If you fail exams, can you always take them again? 1 1 2 STUDY AND WORK

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _______

_ _ __ _ __ __ _ _ ___ _ _


B U niversity subjects and people 61

08

Degree subject

Person

1

medicine

a doctor

2

psychology

a p�'Ychologist

3

economics

an economist

4

law

a lawyer

5

politics

a politician

6

engineering

an engineer

7

architecture

an architect

8

compnter science

an IT manager a software engineer

9

journalism

a journalist a reporter

business studies

a businessman/woman a manager

2

10

o

$

He always wanted to be a

1

She wants to be a

J�w��c..

--_.

re t-8

7

8

10

____ _

...

_ __ _

..

•_

.___

.

.

MEDICINE __

?

ENGINEERING ARCHITECTURE

_ __ . .. .

?

_ . .

__ _ _

.

LAW

.

.

3 She's studying to become an 4 Why does he want to be a 5 She works as an 6 I don't know anyone who wants to be a 7 Is it difficult to become a .... . . 8 I knew he'd become a

PSYCHOLOGY ECONOMICS

.

. _

.

._____

• . ___ . . .

_

• _ __ _

POLITICS

?

JOURNALISM BUSINESS STUDIES

.

Complete the words. 'Degree subject' or 'person'? Write DS or P. � jo � mal

1. � m

1

I _ wy _ r

2

ar _ _ it _ d

.

J)S

_ _ _

3 c _ mp _ t _ _ sci _ _ c _ 4 s _ _ tw_ r _ e _ g ne _ r 5 ps _ ch _ l _ g _ 6 b _ s _ n _ ss st _ d _ _ s _

o

6

5

Complete the sentences. Use the degree subject on the right to help you.

2 When did he become an

"

s�

7

P _ I _t _ c_

8

eng _ n

9

m_d_c_n_

10

ec _ n _ m _ c _

11

IT m _ n _ g _ r

12

r _ p _ rt _ _

_ _

r

• Test yourself. Cover the subjects and people and look at the pictures. Can you remember the subjects and people?

STUDY AND WORK 1 1 3


44 I can

name jobs 6) alan with jobs

What do you do?

We use alan wben we say what people's jobs are. He's II bllilder. NOT He'sbuilder. Slw's a teacller arid I/C's an engineer.

a police orlicer

a shop assistant

a builder

a businessman! businesswoma 11

a nurse

a teacher

a secretary

a hairdresser

a chef

a dentist

a soldier

a cleaner

a pilot

a lorry driver also i.l train/bus/taxi driver

Word

Exampl e

Meaning

self-employed

Are you seJ,f-employed?

working for yourself, not for a company

uuemployed

I'm wremployed, but I'm lookingfor a job.

with no job, but wanting to work

retired

My gran/ ather is retired now. if

housewife OR househusband

= My grandfather has stopped work because he is over 65.

She's a housewife now, but she was a lawyer.

a woman or a man who looks after the house and family and doesn't go out to work

boss

Who's the Ims. in this company?

a person who tells people what to do in their Jobs

1 14 STUDY AND WORK


o

Circle the correct answer. � The most important person in the company is the @lhairdresser. 1 A police officer/vet works with dogs and cats. 2 A shop assistant/dentist sells things. 3 A housewife/nurse works i n a hospital. 4

S 6 7

8 9 lO

e

Retired people are usually young/old. An unemployed person has/hasn't got a job. A businesswoman/soldier can be self-employed. A businessman usually has a secretary/househusband. A pilot/dentist looks after people's teeth. A lorry driver/chef works in a kitchen. A builder/cleaner works outdoors a lot.

Correct the spelling mistakes.

� teecher teach�

_ _

S

polis officer

1

____ _ _

6

retaired

bisnessman

2 shop asistant 3

airdresser

__ _

.

__

4 secretairy

f)

..

___

_

_ _

10

houswife

11

self-emploied

__ __ _ _

_ _ _ _ __

1 2 solder

7

bilder

8

lory driver

9

cleener

_ __

Complete the sentences. � Does she stay at home with the children? - Yes, she's a hOlAsewlf.e ..

_ _ _ _ _

Could she cut my hair? - Yes, she's

_ _ ___ _ _ _ ____ _

2

Does he work for Alitalia7 - Yes, he's

3

Has she got a job? - No, she's

___ ____ _ _ _ __

___

_ _ _ _ _

4 Does he tell people what to do? - Yes, he's S

_ _ _ _

She's seventy - has she got a job? - No, she's

_ _ ___ _

_ _ _ _ _

6 Does he work for other people? - No, he's 7 Does she work with students? - Yes, she's 8 Does he work in that restaurant? - Yes, he's

___ __ _____

.

____

_ _ _ _

o

ABOUT YOU Think about your family and people you know. Write their names if they do the jobs below. riend Chr-ista . . � a nurse ..!!!';)J , , don t k.now a��one who s a veL � a vet [ � a sol d ier .l1,. Rosak.is

6 a teacher

1

7 a pilot

_

_

.

_

a secretary

2 a chef

__ . ...

5 someone who is retired -- - --

- - -__ __

8 a dentist

___

9 a businessman or woman

3 a hairdresser . 4 someone who is unemployed --- --

o

- - ----

1 0 a boss .

• Test yourself. look at the pictures and cover the words. What are the jobs?

Then cover the words and examples in the table and look at the meanings. Can you say the words? STUDY AND WORK 1 1 5


45 I can

describe a job

A Basic i nformation 6)

Q a factory � a hospital +

� Ue works in ... an office :t:.

Where docs he \\Iork?

\

{

Who docs she worl, lor? She works for

What hOllrs does he work? He's gol lie works

------

Do Unit 44 first

...

a car company. e.g. Toyota an airline. e.g. Cathay Pacific

Glossary

{ {

eam

receive money for the worl< that you do salary money you receive every month for the work that you do wages money you receive every week for the worl< thai you do low Jfyou earn low wages. you cam less than is normal. OPP high

a full-time job. e.g. 40 hours a week a part-time job. e.g. IS hours a week

long hours. e.g. 1 2 hours a day from nine to five

She earns a lot. l ler salary is $80.000 a year. He doesn't earn very much. He gets low wages.

o

Complete the sentences with words and phrases in the box. office an American airline long hours ,f earn much

� He works )Qt}�Jlq� .

1

She works ten

2

i work in

3

__ _ .

4 Who do you 5

8

How much

.

.

.

.

. __ .

. ..

____ _

..____ . ___ . .

_. __ _

___

___ _ _ _____

_ __ _ _ __

8 She doesn't

_ ____ _ _

?

__ . ____

_

.

__ _ _

___

. __

works very long (5) about $90,000 a (7)

_ _

_

.

_ _

_ __

_.

.

_

___

_

.

..

__ _

__ _

__

.

.___ .

.___ .

_ _

_ _ __ _ _ _ __

- sometimes 14 hours a (6)

__

.

_ _ _ ____

_

__

. . . much .

which is a very high (8)

___

__

... __ .

_ ___

_ .

. _ __

He earns

i n our country.

someone who has a job. What's your job?

____ .

2 Who do you work for? 3 Where do you work? _ . 4

_ _ __

__

. ___

____

.

.

.

.

.

___ .. _ _

___ _ _ _ _

____

How many hours do you work? .

1 1 6 STUDY AND WORK

___

. _____

___

.

money.

ABOUT YOU If you have a job, write answers to the questions. If you don't, ask 1

.

_-time

wages. Her husband is a doctor, and he

___

. ___

__

.

?

My sister's a nurse i n our local � hQ�p-,t.aL . . She only works (1) - about 15 hours (2) week - and she doesn't (3) _.

___

_ _ ____ _ _____ _ ___ .

Complete the text.

Nurses in our country generally get (4)

. _______

__ _______

9 it's a full-time 1 0 I work from

?

. _ _ _ . ____ ?

__ _____

7 She works for

.

___

__

o

6 Where does

. _____• _ .

_ _ __ _

__ __

_ _

___

_....___

He works in an .

she work hours a day work for job ten to six a factory does he earn

.

____ .

_ ___

__ __

__ _ ___

___

_ _ __ .___

-

___.

. _ _

_ __

_ _ __ .

__

.

__

.

..

_

. __ _

_ _ _ __

___

_ __ _

..__

_


B What do you have to do? 0)

Daniel AlessI, architect

Ehane Sotano, secretary

I

I only work part-time now.

design buildings', but I also have to: meet' clients and discuss problems

with them

send letters, faxes and emails

go to meetings' with colleagues

organize meetings for my boss

write reports

I

I spend a lot of time talking to people.

make phone calls'

type' reports

G lossary have to do something must do

Spend time means to do something ror a period or time: I spend a lot of time working ol1d travelling. I spent a week writing the report.

... . . . ..

He does a lot of phone calls. I have a meet this afternoon. . She spends a lot of time type. She designs offices. . Could you organizate a meeting? I wrote the report last night. . We discussed about our problems. I answered to the phone. ... ___

.

__

_

_

something

client a person who pays an architect. lawyer, etc. for his or her work and help

discuss something talk about something

There are mistakes in six sentences. Find the mistakes and correct them. � I spent a day to meet clients. ",eel.tn� 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

.. .

I'oiOT di SBWiSab81!ltsemethiBg

colleague a person who works with you report a piece of writing giving

__ _

information about work you have done You write a letter. then you send it to the person. organize If you organize a meeting, you find a time and a place when everybody can go to it. answer the phone pick up the phone when it rings and speak

____ _

send

___ _ _

_ _ .

.

_

a l ot 01 time answering the phone!

spend

Spend time doing something

"

I have to:

.. _ __

_____ _ _ .

. _ _ __

____ __

..

_.

Complete the text. I have a really interesting new job in the office of a language school. It's a � full- ii'!!!' .

_ ____ _ _

. . . new students when they arrive at the job and I work from nine to five. I (1 ) . .. the phone and (3) . .. . . .. . letters and school, and of course, I (2) emails. I (4) . . ... . a lot of time (5) . ... . . .. phone calls to help students ... in the office - they're who don't speak much English. I really like my other (6) . _ __

.

_. _

__

___

_ _ _ _ __ _

very friendly, and if I have any problems we can (7) _

___

___

_

(8)

_ .

.

_ _

__

..

_ _ _ __

meetings for my boss with important (9)

countries. Sometimes, 1 (10)

___

.

_ .

..

____

_

__

them. I also from other

to go to meetings with her. It's a nice place to work.

STUDY AND WORK 1 1 7


46 I ca n

talk about using a computer

A The computer 0)

webcam printer laptop hard drive 5 screen

6 monitor 7 disk 8 mouse 9 hard copy/printout 10 memory stick

1 2 3 4

0

speaker keyboard mouse mat

Correct the spelling mistakes, � hard copie hard CO��

5

moniter

1

screan

6

keybord

2

maus

7

disque

3

personal commuter

__ _ _ _ _

4 memory stik

t)

11 12 13

- - - ---

place so that you know where it is', Where do YOll keep YOllr passport? r keep it ill a box wIder tire bed,

. ___

.

8 webcame

___ _ _ _

Keep means 'to put something in a

--

- - --

___

_

Complete the sentences, � You type information using the ��� 1

You listen to music using the

_ , ______

.

_ _ _ _ _ _

using the printer.

2 You get 3 The information in your computer is on the 4 A small computer you can carry is called a

. . __ _

----

_____

. __ ,

,_ ,

__

5 You can keep a copy of information from your computer on a ____ . ___ _____

6 You move the

_ _

or a

_____ __ ,_

, ______

.

------,

. _ - ,

,

._

_ _

_ _ _. ,

with your hand.

7 You put the mouse on the 8 You read your emails on the

____

_ __

_ __ _ _ _ _ _

.

e ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student, Have you got a PC? If so, what kind is it?

___ _ , _

---------- - - - - "

2 Have you got a printer? If so, how often do you use it? 3

____ _ _ _ _ _

o

_ _

_ _

-,

.

Have you got a laptop? If so, where do you keep it?

4 Do you keep photos on your computer? If so, what kind of photos? 5

_

,

Have you got a webcam? If so, what do you use it for?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . .,_

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

, ,"

"

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _, _ _ _

• Test yourself, Look at the picture and cover the words, Say the words,

1 1 8 STUDY AND WORK


B Word processing 6)

I

icons

I

,----...

cut

l)(lste

folder

copy

document

print

save

1 I opened a new document and typed a letter. 2 I cnt a sentence from the beginnIng of the letter.

3 I moved it to the end. (I clicked on the 'paste' lcon.)

G l ossary

4 I saved the document in my 'letters' folder,

beginning the first part of something OPP end (The middle Is between the beginning and the end.) move something take something and put it in another place click on something

S I printed it out. OR I did a printout. 6 I made a backup copy on a disk.

0

Match

1 -7

with a - h.

d � You type __

a

a paper copy of your letter.

1

b

a backup copy.

You open

__

2 You print out

3 You cut

4 You click on S

__

c

the letter you typed in a folder.

d

your letter or report. .I

e

a word or sentence from your document.

You make

__

f

a sentence to a different place.

6 You move

__

g

a new document.

h

an icon.

7 You save

o

__

__

__

a backup copy a copy of a document or folder that you can use If you Jose the first one (You make a backup copy.)

Complete the sentences. � Which folder did you saVe She

the document in?

on the copy icon. of an email, and 'best wishes' at the

2 You can write 'Hello' at the

3 I always

a backup copy of my work.

4 I typed a letter to my boss and then I S

My letter wasn't very interesting, so I

6

Did you

a printout. a few sentences.

your work in the correct folder?

a new document, you can start writing. 7 When you 8 The beginning and the end of the letter were good, but the

_______

f)

part was terrible.

• Test yourself. Cover the words. can you remember what the icons mean? STUDY AND WORK 1 1 9


47 I can

use email and the internet

A Email 0) Delete

�I Junk I!!I I �

I

Reply All

Forward

I"box

From

Subject

tID --Karl Muller meeting --I!!I

New

Get Mail

From

Karl Muller

Date received

Subject

meeting

Today

Date

16 April 2008

To

Lucy Atkins

10.12

1 1 .19

Allee Rees

my new carl

Today

Walkers

free holidays

Yesterday

---

+1

Hi Lucy

13.15

Here's the Information about the meeting in London on Friday. Could you send it on to Mark, please? I haven't got his email address. Thanks Karl

tID B JAN

Have you checked your emails this morning? Yes, Karl sent me an email with an attachment, and I have to forward it to Mark. And I got an email from Alice about her new car. I'll reply to it later.

LIley

o

True or false? Write T or F. � There are two messages in Lucy's inbox.

Lucy received two junk mail messages.

F

5

you have any email messages

send PT sent If you send someone an email, you write it, and then

__

__

send it to the person.

__

Lucy hasn't deleted Alice's message.

6 Lucy will reply to Walkers' email. 7 Lucy got an email from Karl. 8

check your emails look and see if

__

3 There's an attachment with Alice's email. 4 Lucy sent Karl an email.

G l ossary

_ _

2 Lucy has to send an attachment to Mark.

f)

London meeting 19.4.08

get an email If someone sends you an email, you get it. (also receive) reply to an email write an answer

__

__

__

Karl has got Mark's email address.

to a message and send it

__

One word is missing. Where from? Write it at the end of the sentence.

,z

� I have to the junk mail.

�\el.e

4

Have you checked your?

1

I must reply Jean's email.

5

Forward the attachment John.

2

Did you my message?

6

She na an email yesterday.

3 I received an from Li today.

_ _ _ _ _

_ _ __ _

_ _ _ _ _

e ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student. 1

How often do you send emails?

2

Who do you send them to?

____ _ __ _

_ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _

3 What kind of junk mail do you receive? 4 Do people send you attachments? What's in them?

.

_ _ _ _ ______ _

5

Do you always reply to emails quickly?

1 20 STUDY AND WORK

__


B The i nternet 6) Questions

Answers

What's your email address?

It's IQWllla@YlIbQQ,�Q,!lk

1

Do you buy things on the internet?

Yes, I buy books.

2

It's :Ill:llln\bll�,�Q,llk/n�:Ill�

3

Which websites do you visit most?

eBay and MySpace.

4

Have you got broadband?

Yes. it's very fast.

S

/low often do you go online?

I use the internet every evening.

6

Do you visit chatrooms?

Yes, I often chat online.

7

Do you dowuload music onto your computer?

Yes, or [ download it onto my MP3 player.

8

Which search engines do you use?

I use Google and Yahoo.

9

What's a web address for news in your country?

ABOUT YOU

Glossary

o

Is the meaning the same or different? Wr i te S or D. online

on the internet

1

web address

email address

2

visit a website

go to a website

3

a search engine

a website

4

fast

qUick

S

MP3 player

CD player

6

download songs

copy songs from the internet

7

go online

use the internet

8

visit a chatroom

chat online

9

broadband

download

data

computer information

10

o

Complete the sentences. • Have you got an MP3

We use different 2

"' ..f'.L��,,-

_ _ _ _

.____ _ . . .

It's not very expensive to

S

My favourite

6 You can

engines.

_ _ ___

__

__

7

..

music from the internet.

__

the internet?

because my internet connection is very slow.

. is e8ay.

__ .

_ _ _ . . ___

__

______ .

3 Do you spend a lot of time 4 I'd like to get. ..

o

S

on the internet (NCYr 811illieFllet) web address = internet address broadband With a broadband connection, you can get information from the iDternet very fast. fast (also quick) oPP slow ( 1 50 kpb for cars is fast; 20 kph is slow.) online on tbe internet chatroom a place au the internet where people read and reply to messages. usually about a subject. e.g. cars. music (Tbe verb is cbat.) download lfyou download information from tbe internet. you copy it to your computer. (Tbe information is called data.) MP3 player a small machine you can listen to music on. e.g. an iPod

..

. _

websites or chatrooms.

ABOUT YOU Complete the 'about you' colurnn in the table, or ask another student the

questions.

STUDY AND WORK 1 2 1


Revi ew: Stu dy a nd work U n it 42 1

Complete the names of the school subjects.

� mtlths 1

b

6 ad

_ __ __ __ __ __

7 g_____ 8 '(

2 h 3 4 p5 m

__ __ __ __ __ __

9 d

_________

10

2 Match 1 � start 1

-

m

and t�

__ __ __ __ __ __

L

__ _ _ _ _

9 with a - j. C

__ __

take ___

2 be good ___ 3 leave 4 go 5 work 6 wear ____ 7 get 8 do 9 stay ____

___

____

____

a

at PE

b

a uniform

c

secondary school ,(

d

at school until 1 8

e

to school

f

a job

g

university

h

homework hard

__

an exam

___

3 Complete the dialogues with one word.

� Did he stay on at school? - No, he left 1

Did you do well in your exam? - No, I did

at 16. __________ _

2

She passed the exam, didn't she? - No, she

3

Nico didn't go to a private school. - That's right, he went to a

it.

4 Are you good at chemistry? - No, I'm

school.

at it!

5 Is Riete's daughter at primary school? - No, she's only 4 - she's at

school.

I He's very good at it.

6 Is Jao the worst at maths? - No! He's the

U nit 43 1

Complete the text with a word in the correct form. Last month my sister started university. She's � -,", do", ln:J. � . The course (2) (1)

__ _ __ __

(3)

in every year. She has to (4)

If she fails them, she has to take them (5) passes her final exams, she'll get her (6) (7)

to get a (8)

1 22 REVI EW: STUDY AND WORK

_ _ _ _ _ _

a degree in computer

three years, and there are three ten-week ,

a lot of essays and pass exams. and then wait for the results. If she

. If she does well, after that she can do


2 Complete the words in the table. People

Subjects

Phrases

journalist

medic

do resea

undergradu

econom

do a deg

e n g in

architect

write an es

law

bus

politic

polit

studies

U nit 44 Complete the sentences with words from the box. You can use each word more than once. pilot dentist retired nurse vet police ollicer unemployed

businessman/businesswoman builder soldier hairdresser shop assistant

� You have to stand up or walk a lot il you are

. ",..l:��iJ4e...c,

Or C\ shop Clssis-lC\nt.__ . .

C\

nttrse.,

C\ police ofi!f"'rJ _'L�",!r.:4ce.ss�.J.. C\ soldi� __ __

_ _

1 You probably have to go to university to be _______ . . . . .. _ 2 You need to be good with your hands to be

4 You probably have a lot of free time if you are ____ 5 You usually have to wear a uniform if you are

..

u

.

m

_

.. _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_______

3 You need to be good at maths or with numbers to be

m. u

_ . _ . _ _ . _ __ ___ ______ _ __ _ _

_

______

_ __ _ _ _ _ __ . . . . .

.

. .

______

_ ._

....

. . .

.. u u

_ _ ______

___

6 You work in an office most of the time if you are .

U n it 45 1

Match 1

-

9 with a

b_ � wn'te . _ u

send 2

__

make .

__

3 answer

__

4 organize ___ . . . 5

discuss

__

6 work for _.

__

7 design _______

-

j. a

the phone

b

reports ./

c

problems

d

clients

e

buildi ngs

I

long hours

g

meetings

h

phone calls

8 meet __

a computer company

9 work _____

emails

F'r"c.f-ise. tjo"r pro"""ci".f-io" "si"q .f-he. CD-'\COM.

REVIEW: STUDY AND WORK 1 23


2 Complete the conversation. What's your • ..; j"" Db "-

_ _ _ _ _

?

-

I work (1)

Do you work long hours? - No, it's part-

_______

___ ____

How many hours is that? - Three hours (3) And what do you have to do?

(2). day.

a lot of time sending emails.

I (4)

-

an office.

Do you get a good salary? - No, I don't (5)

very much.

What about the people you work with? - Oh, my (6)

are very nice.

U n it 46 1

Complete the words and phrases. • Do you need hard -EQ�

__

?

Did you bring your lap

1

___

?

It's a nice key

2

_ ___ .

I need a new mouse

3

____ .

4 What·s a memory

_____

5

?

Did you make a back.

_

6 The information is on the hard Can you do a print-

7

8 Have you got a

copy? _ .

. , please? cam?

____

2 Complete the crossword. What is the word in the grey squares? . f:"

0

I

L

\)

E

4

R

2

I I

3 4

5

i

I I

5

6 7

6

The word in the grey squares is

3

1 24 REVI EW: STUDY AND WORK

7


U nit 47 1

chat broad

Find eight more words or phrases in the circle.

M1'3

.p\oo; F' a�l"' l" e,--

player ./

on

band

engine

in

search

box

junk

load

room

line

web

_ _

si te 2

I"ep\�

1 Send it as an 2 Did you get my 3 Do you often go 4 I always 5 My computer is very

to her email.

Look ,,+ +k.: vowoul"rlj ouildi�q +"01':5 o� P"q':5 l'l'l +0 201 .

7 7

junk mail. ?

6 How many emails do you 7 Have you got

mail

MP3 ./

Complete the crossword.

� I must

down

?

8 I spend hours on the 9 Did you 10 He doesn't 1 1 D o you often

my email? email very much. chatrooms?

REVIEW: STUDY AND WORK 1 25


48 I can

say what I like

A Love it or hate it? 6) I

o

o

love lootball.

r don't

[ quite like it.

I really like it.

o

o

o

" I think it's OK.

I 1ike it.

[ don't like it.

I hate rootba I I .

like it very much.

o

e

like/love/hate + -ing

{

{

After like. love, and hate. use a noun. a pronoun. or-ing form. I eIIaveIhate l l'k

o

joot/",II. . l II'ke11oveIIlate It.

Jootboll. PlaYing . . lear/ung English,

Who likes it more? A or B?

._L likes coffee more.

� A quite likes coffee. B really likes coffee.

(A likes coffee less.)

A doesn't like studying. B thinks studying is OK.

___

likes studying less.

2 A likes chocolate. B loves chocolate.

__

likes chocolate more.

3 A really likes sport. B thinks it's OK.

__

likes sport more.

4 A doesn't like shopping very much. B doesn't like shopping.

___

likes shopping less.

5 A hates pop music. B doesn't like pop music very much. 6 A really likes tea. B quite likes tea.

o

__

__

Correct the mistakes. � Do you like watch tennis?

.

I:>O �()l< \ ike

likes pop music less. likes tea more.

watchihj J

hhis?

e

..

I hate it chocolate.

2 They don't like to doing homework very much. 3

He doesn't like very much speaking English.

4 I like quite shopping. 5 She doesn't like drive. 6

I think tennis OK.

7

I like really going out with friends.

8 She loves watch sport.

o

ABOUT YOU Write your answers, or tell another student your answers. 1 2

I

_

I

3 4 I

____

watching TV.

5

I I

_

cleaning the house.

studying English.

6

driving.

7

writing emails. talking on the phone.

shopping for clothes.

8

going to the cinema.

1 2 6 HOBBIES AND INTERESTS


B It's my favou rite thi ng 6)

G lossary wonderful/fantastic very good fun If something is fun it makes you happy. favourite Your favourite !bing or person is the one you like most.

Work

enjoy doing something If you enjoy doing

I work for a TV company.

something. you like it a lot and it makes you happy. (The adjective is enjoyable. ) boring opp interesting prefer ... to . like someone or something more than another person or thing be keen on something like or be interested in something

It's a wonderful job - I love it. Study

I'm learning to play the guitar.

..

It's good fun and my teacher's fantastic. My favourite sport is tennis, but I also

Sports

enjoy playing football.

TV/cinema I don't watch TV

-

it's very boring, but I'm Interested in old films from the , 960s. 1 prefer old films to modern

interesting/interested

ones, in fact.

1 think 1110dern (Irt;s interesting means 'I'm i nterested i n modern ;.irt.' NOT 1' 11i 1 lliGIMtillgillmode/It!'flt.

I'm very keen on jazz; I go to a club

Music

every Friday.

o

"

Write eight more sentences using words from columns 1, 2, and 3. 1

2

3

It's ,/

not interested

boss.

1

I

the party

city. ,/

2

I'm

favourite

watching TV.

3

My

enjoy

film is 'Tootsie'.

4

She

fantastic

on tennis?

5

He's a

a wonderful ,/

in politics.

6

Was

you keen

programme.

7

It's

prefers reading

good fun?

8

Are

a boring

to writing.

(l

wonde..-f"\

cit.�.

Complete the questions, using the words in the box. interesting

interested

fun

� Do you think flying is -,,-�(l6Ie 1

Is learning English good

2

Do you

___

3 What's your 5 Are you 6

_ _ ___

___

7 Do you think history is

___

enjoy

favourite

prefer

enjoyable ,r

ABOUT YOU

.?

?

-_

....

----. . . ._ .

meat to fish?

._ _ _ ____ . _

Do you

keen

_ _ _____

. __

4 Are you .

o

It. '5

_

city?

in sport? on classical music?

walking in the countryside? ____ _ ____

?

ABOUT YOU Answer the questions in Exercise 5, or ask another student. HOBBIES AND INTERESTS 1 27


49 I can

tal k about sport

A Games Ot game football

�l!m��11

pitch

.. . III. .'jfl1" �\

rugby

pitch

rugby ball

ice hockey

rink

Q 0

volleyball

court

net

tennis

court

net raelm!

I

leo 11 is ba

o

court

the

rootball

3-2 three two OR three goals to two

puck

15 10 fifteen points to ten 6 3 six three OR six games to three 6 2 is one set in tennis

60 - 44 sixty points to forty-four

i

basket

,goals you have

10 - 6 ten six OR ten points to six

stick

� II

-,

1 o one nil 2 - 1 two one OR two goals to one

goal

goal

basketball

score

equipment = .nP:";�1 things you need for the game

pielce

Combine words to find games, places, equipment and scores. � -yo lle:1\:,_aJI � volley ,( pitch tennis ice __

e

football

ball ,(

basket

nil

racket

three

hockey

ball

__

_

_

True or false? Write T or F. Change the false sentences and make them true. F '{gu. score Rg,-nts in ba��tball . � You score goals in basketball. 1

Sticks and rackets are equipment

2 You have a net in tennis and volleyball. 3 You score points in ice hockey.

--,-,-----

4 You play football on a court 5

You play ice hockey with rackets.

6 You play volleyball on a court. 7 You score points in rugby. 8 You play rugby with a puck.

o

Complete the sentences. ck >eeo!o t r"» Cl.. "' � I need to get a new tennis ...!.

_

1

I watched a fantastic

2

People who play

3

It was six

____ ____

4 What was the football 5 The football 1 28 HOBBIES AND INTERESTS

_

_ _

of ice hockey on TV last night. are usually very tall. to four to Federer in the second ?

-

It was three

is next to the tennis

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

______

_ _ _ _ _

(3-0).


B Footba II 6) ITALY

League table

Cagliari 1

Torino 1

lazlo 3

Livorno 1

Palermo 3

AS Roma 3

Sampdoria 1

Parma 2

Treviso 1

Fiorentina 3

Played Friday:

AC Milan 1

ACMiian Inter Milan AS Roma On

Friday,

played won

drawn

34 34 34

4

AC

9

24 24 1 22 Milan

6 7

5

won

their

important match against Inter Milan.

Khaladze scored the only goal in the

70th minute.Thismeans theyarestill top

Inter Milan 0

of the table but now lead Inter by five

,

points. On Saturday

lost

Cagliari could

goals for

goals against

63 7S 61

22 27 26

points

81 76 71

only draw their match with Torino.

.

At Palermo Roma were leading 3

-0

at half-time, but Palermo came back in

the second haH to make the finaJ score 3 - 3. Lazio beat Livorno 3 - I , while

Treviso lost 3 - 1 to Fiorentina.

G lossa ry

0

Correct the bold words.

match a game between two teams. e.g. Parma and Lazio against One player or team plays

ďż˝ Shevchenko did two goals. sco,.-ed

score get a goal or points in a

against another player or team.

1 Lazio have a play next Saturday.

2

game

Inter are playing witR Parma.

top of the table/league number

3 AC Milan are RllmberORe of the table. 4 Treviso lost 3 - 1 witR Rorentina.

one in the table/league

lead be in front of others in a game or sport

5 Parma oeatee Sampdoria. 6 7

the first and second half

Milan will their game last week.

Palermo IIfaw with AS Roma.

8 Lazio WIllI Livorno 3

"

half-time a period of rest between first half/second half The game

- 1.

is in two halves. (Bach half is 45 minutes long.) final score the number of goals at the end of a game. e.g. 3 - 2

Complete the sentences.

..

They scored in the second half It's an important

next week.

2 We are playing 3

Seville

4 Bilbao

1

- 2 to Barcelona.

2-2

5 It was 0 - 0 at half6 On Sunday Espanyol 7

Ronaldinho

8 We g

They were

1 0 What was the final

o

Irregular verbs

Valencia.

Real Betis 2 the goal. our last match 4 - 1 .

1

- 0 at half-time. 7

Villareal.

- 1.

win p'l' won We won 2 1 against Smnpdoria. beat someone PT beat We beat Sampdo,.ia 2 1. draw with someone IT drew pr drawn We drew 3 3 wjt" ROllla. lose to someone PT lost We lost 1 0 to Milal1.

-

-

-

ABOUT YOU A N D Y O U R COU NTRY Look at the football scores in a newspaper this weekend. Write down the final scores in English. and the people who scored the goals. ďż˝ I),,!:l"rl'l ",,"nich be"t. 1)0,...1.Issi" \)ort",,,nd 1-0. l3allack sCOr"ed in t.he 34th ",in"t.e. HOBBIES AND INTERESTS 1 29


50 I can

talk about my free time

(

A Common activities 6) I

I play ...

go ...

[ do (quite) a lot of ...

9

• • • • • • • •

� 8

cards

travelling

I collect things (e.g. stamps).

table tennis

flower arranging

I watch TV and DVDs.

to the cinema

comiluter games

cooking

I spend time with friends.

to the gym

the guitar

dralving and painting

fishing

) make my own clothes.

Can you do these things inside your home? Or do you have to do them in another place? � watch TV ,ns,de � go to the gym another- �\ace 2

4

do some drawing

5

go camping

go fishing

6

play cards

do a lot of cooking

7

do a lot of travelling

8

play computer games

3 do flower arranging

f)

I do some ...

i �

o

What do you do in your free time?

_ _ ____ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _

Complete the sentences with go, play, do, collect, or spend.

� ) never � 1

Do you often

2 3

My brother

cards. to the ci nema? old clocks.

I'd like to

4 She

5

Do you

6

Do you

7 They

table tennis? time with your family? skiing every February.

the guitar.

8

She

quite a lot of travelling in spring.

a lot of cooking.

9

She

all her own dresses.

e ones ABOUT YOU Look at the table again. Write 'yes' by the ones you do now. Tick (.I) the you would like to do. Put a cross (X) by the ones you aren't interested in. o

• Test yourself. Cover the words and say the names of the activities.

1 30 HOBBIES AND INTERESTS


B Hobbies 61 Glossary

Favou rite hobbies i n Russia ussian people have many hobbies. Older people enjoy gardening, fishing, and repairing cars. For younger people, there are various clubs in school where children can learn many activities. Popular hobbies include sport, playing musical instruments, computers, listening to music, cooking, and collecting different things.

R

Alexandra:

"I like listening to rock and classical music. I also like playing football with my friends. But my favourite hobby is shooting (you can see me in the photo), and I'm quite good at it. N

Veronica:

Dima:

"I have many hobbies: cooking, reading, drawing, and singing in the shower. My favourite is drawing. It's wonderful to see pictures appearing on paper."

hobby PUJRAL hobbies an activity that you like doing in your free time

gardening working in your

garden

repair cars make cars worle when they have a problem various (places) a number of dilTerent (places) club a group ofpeople who do something together popular Ifsomething ls popular, many people like it. musical instrument a thing used for playing music, e.g. a guitar listen to something

0

classical music e.g. music by Bach andMozart (NOT GlassiGlIlU6iG)

read

"I play the guitar, and I can sing Russian and English and skiing. I also like travelling very much."

songs. I'm good at swimming, snowboarding

"

True or false? Correct the false sentences. ďż˝ Alexandra doesn't like rock music. FOolse . She likes r'ocls, ",usic . Older people enjoy gardening.

_ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _

2

Playing a musical instrument isn't popular in Russia.

3

Dima plays the piano.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 Veronica's favourite hobby is reading. 5

Dima has various hobbies.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

6 Veronica's quite good at shooting. 7 Veronica dances in the shower.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _

_____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

8 Younger people like repairing cars.

o

________ __ _____

___ ____. ___

ABOUT YOU A N D YOUR COUNTRY Write your answers or ask another student.

1 What's your favourite hobby?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 What hobbies are popular with older people?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

3 What hobbies are popular with younger people?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _

4 What classical music do you listen to? 5

Can you play a musical instrument? If so, what?

6 Are you a good singer?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

HOBBIES AND INTERESTS 1 3 1


I can

51

talk about music

D o U n i t 5 0 first

A Pop and rock 6) Arctic Monkeys are a four-piece band from

Sheffield, England. They first became well known in 2004 when people were able to download their music from the internet. Their first two singles went to number 1 in the UK singles chart in 2005, and their first album, 'Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not', sold over 350,000 copies in its first week. The group are: Alex Turner, who is the lead singer and plays the guitar, Jamie Cook and Nick O'Malley, who both play the guitar, and Matthew Helder, who is the drummer and also sings.

o

Glossary

What can you remember? Circle the correct answer. � There ar�ive people in the band. 1

band e.g. Coldplay, Franz

Ferclinand, U2 (also group)

They first became well known i n 2004/2005.

well known SYN famous be able to If you are able to do

2 People were able/unable to download music in 2004. 3 Their first two/three singles went to number 1 .

something, you can do it. opp unable download music copy music from the internet onto a computer, MP3 player, etc. single one song on a CD number 1 the single that sells the most in one week the singles chart the list of pop music singles that sell the most in one week album a number of songs, usually about 10, on a CD lead singer the most important singer

4 Their first single/album sold over 350,000 copies in the first week.

o

S

Alex Turner/Jamie Cook is the lead singer.

6

Matthew Helder plays the guitar/drums.

Complete the sentences.

� Paul McCartney plays the -'l",larAnother word for a hand is a

______

2 The most important singer is the . 3

_ _ _ ______

Someone who plays the drums is the

4 A CD with one song on it is a __

o

.

.

________ .

is the l ist of singles that sell most in a week.

7 The Beatles first became well 8 You can

singer.

___ _ _ __

_____.___

5 A CD with about ten songs on it is an 6 The

.

_.________ _ _

in the 1 960s.

music from the internet.

ABOUT YOU Write your answers, or ask another student. 1

Who's your favourite group?

2 3 4 5 6

Who's in the band, and what instruments do they play?

_ __ _ _ _ _ _ .. _ _ _

..

_ _ _ _ -._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

When did they first become well known? What's the name of one of their singles? What's the name of one of their albums? What's your favourite song by this band?

1 32 HOBBIES AND INTERESTS

___ ____

_.____

.

_ _ _ _ _ ..

______


B Classical music 6)

Sir Simon Rattle, Vanessa Mae, violinist, conductor ofthe Berlin playing a violin concerto Philharmonic Orchestra. by Mozart.

A concert of ciassical music.

by We say a book by (Tolstoy) . a song by (Robbie Williams), a symphony by (Mozart) . a painting by (Picasso). aJilin by (Martin Scorsese) . etc. Pianist Sviatoslav Richter, Opera singer Cecilia playing one of Beethoven's Bartoli, performing piano sonatas. in Cosi Fan Tutte.

Cellist Yo Yo Ma, playing the cello concerto by the English composer, Edward Elgar.

Correct the spelling mistakes.

� violinista _ violinist conducter 2 orchestre

"

3

clasical

4

conciert

5

celo

__ _ _ _

__ __ _ _

_ ___ _

___ __

6

composor

7

performe

8

pianiste

_____

_____

_ _ __ _

Complete the sentences. � Music by Bach, Brahms or Mozart is classical

music.

A large group of people who play classical music together is called an 2 The person who stands in front of them is the

_ _ _ _ _ __

_ _ _ __ __

3 A person who plays the piano is a 4 A person who plays the violin is a 5 A person who plays the cello is a 6 A person who sings opera is an

_ _ _ ___ _

7 A person who writes music is a

_______

8 'Carmen' is an opera 9

___ ____

Last night we went to a classical music ___

.

____

Bizet. . Placido Domingo was

with the London Symphony Orchestra. It was fantastic.

" • Cover the texts and look at the pictures. What can you see in each one? HOBBI ES AND INTERESTS 1 33


52 I ca n talk about films A Describing films 0)

A thriller is often

A comedy is fUDny.

exciting.

A war film is

A love story is

oflen

romantic.

violent.

What kind of.. ? .

WIJat kind offilm is it? Jr 's a tllI·iller. WIJat kind of /l'llIsic do YOII like? -

A action film

A horror film is

A Cil rtoon is

is exciting.

frightening.

often

0

f)

� rwa milf

..war'

fil�_

4

onacrot

rillerht

5

vole rosty

2

moyecd

6

rohror limf . .

3

tanico ifml

Rock nll/sic.

_

_

Match 1-5 with a-f. a romantic 2

L.

4 a funny 5

_ .

a frightening

3 a violent ..

__ .

._.

. . ._"

an exciting

._ . .

a

war film

b

comedy

Write. dow" "e.w words i"

tl

c love story d

"ote.book.

action film ,/

e thriller f horror film

Write one adjective to describe each picture.

2

o

-

Make kinds of film from the letters.

� an exciting

8

fu nny.

._.__

...

3.

__ .

4

.. .

" .__ ..

• Test yourself. Cover the words and name the different kinds of film in the pictures at the top of the page.

1 34 HOBBIES AND INTERESTS


B What's on? 6) jmnif"

ANISTON

Krllin

COSTI\:ER

Shidry

\IACLAINE

Mercedes (M) and Enrique (E) are talking. M What's on at the dnemal E There's a film OIl called Rumor Has It. M Mmm. What kind ofmovie is itl It's a romantic comedy. It's about a woman and her E relationship with her boyfrieud aud family. It's had good reviews. M OK. Who's in ItI E Er, it stars Kevin Costner and Jennifer Aniston. M Oh, I \ike Kevin Costner he's a good actor. Who's the director? E Rob Reiner. He made When Harry Met Sally. M Right. And where's It on? E The Odeon. M OK. I.et's go and see it.

M"rIt

RUFFALO

-

G lossary What's on7 = 'What film can wesee?' cinema a place where you see films movie a film It's about = The subject is review an opinion of a film in a newspaper or on the radio, TV or internet star be one ofthe main actors in a film (The person is a star.) actor e.g. Kevin Costner or Jennifer Aniston (Afema\e actor can also be called an actress.) director person who makes a film, e.g. Steven Spielberg Where's it on7 = 'Wberecan we see it?' see a film at the cinema (Nar VlatshaIlImatthosiB.ma)

Based on a true rumor.

"

.

.

•.•

Complete the conversation.

at the cinema? A � W hat '5 On B A film called The Constant Gardener. B It's a thriller. B

A They're both good (6) Who's the (7)

A What's it (2)

Ralph Fiennes

B It (5) and Rachel Weiss.

of film is it?

A Oh, what (1)

?

_ _ _ _ _

__ _ _

?

B A Brazilian called Fernando Meirelles. ?

A OK. And where's it (B)

I'm not sure, but it's had good (3)

B At the ABC cinema.

A Oh, and who's (4)

o

.

it?

A Let's go and (9) B Fine.

____ _ _ __

it.

ABOUT YOU Write your answers or ask another student. 1

What kind of films do you like?

_ _ _ _ . __ ___ _ _ ___ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _

2 What was the last film you saw? 3 Where was it on?

_ _ _ _ . _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4 Who are the stars of the film? 5 Who's the director?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

6 What's it about? HOBBIES AND INTERESTS 135


53 I can

talk about the media

A What is the media? 0) Word

Exa m p l e

Meaning

media

The media often write aboutfamoU3 people.

TV, radio, newspapers, magazines and the internet

magazine

Do you read women's maga%ines?

Something you can buy every week or month, often with stories and coloured photos e.g. Time, Hola.

opinion

What's your opinion of the events?

what you think about something

report

Journalists report the news from all over the world.

give information on the news; the person is a reporter (= journalist)

event

The Olympic Games is a very big evmt,

something important that happens. It can be good or bad.

die

war

Fortunately, nobody died in the accident.

The two countries were at war for ten years.

stop living

disaster

The tsunami was a terrible disaster,

something very bad that happens, often when a lot of people die

celebrity (plural celebrities)

There were a lot ofcelebrities at tlzefirst /light of thefilm.

famous person, usually from TV, film or sport

advertisement (also advert)

There are too many adllerts on TV and ill the papers,

text, picture or short film which tries to sell you something

o

e

If a country is at war, it is fighting with another country; when a war ends, there is peace.

Is the meaning of the sentences the same or different? Write 5 or D. �

What do the media say about him?

What does the advert say about him?

1

There is peace between the two countries.

There is war between the two countries.

2

What's your opinion of the news?

What do you think of the news?

3

It was a great event.

It was a great advertisement.

4

He is reporting from Seoul.

He is giving the news from Seoul.

5

I read it in an article.

I read it in an advertisement.

6

She's a TV celebrity.

She's on TV a lot.

7

Where did he live?

Where did he die?

\)

Complete the text with words from the table in the correct form. The � _,:!,edi a .

__ .

is TV, radio, newspapers, (1)

on important (3) like the Asian tsunami, or (5) reporting the news, the media give their (6)

(2)

(4)

_ __ _ _ _

_

_

.

_____

__

.

_ __ __ _ _

, and the internet. The media

from around the world; for example, between different countries. As well as of events round the world. And reporters

___

___

_ __ __ __

also like to write about (7)

__ _ _ _

such as Tom Cruise and Angelina Jolie.

e • Cover the words and examples and look at the meanings. Say the words, 1 36 HOBBIES AND INTERESTS


B Your media 0) Glossary

Media q uestionnaire

1

newspaper e.g. The Times, TheHerald Tribune, Le Monde (also paper) find out get information or faets happen take place, e.g. 'We don't know what will

Why do you read a newspaper?

a D to find out what has happened b D because it has interesting articles c D for the sports results d D for the business news

2

happen tomorrow.'

article a piece of writing In a paper or magazine

on TVlon the radio NOTIBTWlBtbeFPdig, but

What do you watch on TV?

Intbepaper

D t h e news b D soaps c D films d D nothing much a

3

the news a TV or radio programme about important things happening In the world soap a story on TV two or three times a week about the lives and problems of a group ofpeople nothing much nothing important programme a TV or radio show, e.g. the news weather forecast a description ofthe weather for the next few days believe think that something is true all = 100%, most = 80-95%, some = 30 -50%, none = 0%

What do you listen to on the radio?

a b c d

4

D D D D

t h e news

music programmes the weather forecast nothing much

Do you believe what you read or hear in the news?

a

D

watch, see, listen, hear

yes, all of it b D yes, most of it c D yes, some of it d D n o , none of it

0

()

We watch TV, but we see or watch a programme. We listen to the radio, but we hear or listen to a programme.

Cirde the correct answer.

ďż˝ See eo the lilm.

S

See the programme/article on TV.

1

Read an article on/in the paper.

6

Did you hear -Ito the sports results?

2

Let's listen to the/a news.

7

I heard all -/01 it on/in the radio.

3 Watch a programme in/on TV.

8

Don't believe/listen what you see.

4 Find -lout what has happened.

9

I watched most -/01 it.

Complete the dialogues. a paper at the weekend. - But do you read 0.1\ of it? TV last night? - Yes, I a programme about dogs. of it is true. It's all false. it's true. - No, 2 I read the story but I don't 3 Have you heard the 7 7 - No, what's

ďż˝ I always .-eM 1 Did you

to the radio this morning? - Yes, 1 the 8 o clock news. Did you 5 What's in the this morning? - I don't know; I never buy one. ? - Yes, it's going to rain. 6 Have you seen the weather 7 What did you on TV? - Oh, nothing

4

____

____

'

_____

___ _

o

ABOUT YOU Read the questionnaire again. Tick (oil your answers. or write a different

answer. Ask another student the questions.

HOBBIES AND INTERESTS 1 37


Review: Hobbies a n d i nterests U n it 48 1

Write the phrases in the correct column. 1

©

[ r-eoll� lik.e it.

I really like it. .I I think it's quite boring . .I I love it. I think it's OK. I really hate it. 2

3

Q

2

4

Q

Q

5

[ think.. it '5 qUite 60r-in�.

It's my favourite thing. I quite enjoy it. I'm not very keen on it. I don't like it very much. It's wonderful.

Q

I think it's fantastic. I'm not very interested in it. It's quite enjoyable.

Circle the correct word.

@

4 We prefer swimming to/that running. S I think that film's very bored/boring. 6 Sue quite likes/likes quite studying English.

� Wh oes your favourite actor? 1 My mother isn't interested/interesting in tennis. 2 Our teacher is very keen in/on classical music. 3 Do you enjoy drive/driving?

U n it 49 1

Look at the games in the box. Write the answers below. football 1 2 3 4

2

rugby

ice hockey

volleyball

tennis

t

!�;

These games use a round ball: � £ool.601l, Players use their hands more than their feet in these games:

basketball

_ ._ __ _ _ _ _ _ _

These games have more than four players when they are playing: This game uses: a) rackets b) sticks

.____ ____ .

______ ..

Read Chelsea's results for last year, and complete the sentences below. goals for 72

Chelsea

Chelsea � -f'lQ..� --- 38 (1) . and they (3) five. They (4)

______

_____

the season (6)

_ _ _ __

.

goals against 22

They won 29, they (2)

72 (5) of the league with 91 points.

1 38 REVIEW: HOBBIES AND INTERESTS

__

..

points

91

four, , and finished

_______


U n it 50 1 Complete the dialogues.

? - Yes, he's always in the garden. � Does he like �o.,.d�nin� hobby? I love camping. 1 1 What's your 2 Does she like cooking? - Yes, she a lot of cooking. 3 Does he have a hobby? - Yes, he old cars and bikes. 4 Do you play a musical ? - No, I don't. 5 Do you listen to music? - Yes, I do. I really like Mozart. 6 Do you . a lot of travelling? - No. I prefer to ___

-

______ .

every year.

______

___

______

2

time with friends.

Complete answer 'd' in each question. Then choose the answers that are true for you or your country. I enjoy . . . a playing cards

b singing

c collecting things d

______ _

time with friends

2 My favourite activity of these is . . . a travelling b camping 3 I'm quite good at . ..

c reading

a swimming b cooking 4 I would like to ...

c drawing d computer

d

a paint well

_ _ _____

b play the guitar c sing well d 5 ... is popular in my country. a Table tennis b Skiing c Fishing d Flower

to the gym

___

_ _ _

_ _ _

_ _ _

the piano

U n it 5 1 1

Put the words from the circle into two groups. Give each group a title. band .I violin drummer orchestra cello lead singer composer a single conductor guitar

band ------

2

Write a different name to complete each sentence. 1

is a famous opera singer in my country.

2 3 4 The

is lead singer with is a famous conductor. orchestra comes from my country. _ _ __ _ _

____

5

8

is a great pianist. by is number 1 in the charts at the moment. ______

6 .]

_______

____

..

_ __ _ __

_______

is the drummer with

is one of my favourite albums.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

REVIEW, HOBBIES AND INTERESTS 139


U n it 52 1

Complete the sentences. .. It's an adi<?'1 It's a w.

__

_ _ _._ __

2 3 4 5 2

It's a L...._. It's a 11It's a t.. It's a L_ .

_ _ _.

.

_ _

____

__

____ .

_____

_ and it's very f

_ __ _

__

film and it's very �d�. film and it's very v . __ __

film and it's quite f_ and it's very e...- ._ story and it's very r

.

.

.

__

.

_

. ___ . ...__

_

.

.

.

_ ___

_____

.

.

__

.

. _ . _. .

Complete the conversation_ A B A B A B A

There's a good film .. ..Q� at the Odeon cinema. It's called Brokeback Mountain. I've never heard of it. What's it (1 ) ? A relationship, a love relationship, between two cowboys. Oh. Who's (2) it? It (3) Jake Gyllenhaal and Heath Ledger. Oh, I like Jake Gyllenhaal. He's a very good (4) Yeah, and it's had great (5) . in all the papers. The (6) is Ang Lee. He made Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon. Would you like to go and (7) it? _

____

_ _ _ _ __ _

.

__ . . ___ . _

__

.

_ ___

. ___.

.

.

____ . .

_. _ __ _ _ _ _

.

____ .

. __

__ _ _ __ _ _

U n it 53 1

One word is missing in each line of the text. What is it, and where does it go? I usually buy/newspaper every day to find what has happened, but yesterday I listened the news in the car and then

.. � _

most it was bad news: more than twenty people in a terrible road accident. After

2 3 4 5

the news, I watched an interesting about

6

a television news who was in Thailand during the Tsunami in 2004.

7

had dinner and watched it TV. As usual

2 Match 1

-

6 with a - f.

1

an opinion

2

a news report an event an advertisement _ the media celebrities

3 4 5 6

140 REVIEW:

._

_

_

..

_ _ _

___

HOBBIES AND INTERESTS

_. .

.

____ .

. __

_ .

____ _

_ _ _ _ _

___

_

.

.

,,

_

__

. __

___

__

. __

.

__

• ___ _

. . __ _ .

__


54 I can

arrange a holiday 6)

Things you might do or arrange before you go abroad o n holiday: • book the flight • book the accommodation • find your passport • get a visa • get travel insurance • get foreign currency • pack your suitcase • h i re a car

Glossary arrange something plan and organize something go abroad go to another country on holiday Ifyou are on holiday, you are not at work and you are away from home.

book arrange the plane ticket, e.g. buy It before you travel

flight a journey by plane accommodation a place to stay, e,g. a hotel find look and see where something Is passport

might + verb Might means 'it is possible that' or 'perhaps', Might is tbe same in all forms, You mjg/lt be ill all holiday, He mig/It forget his passport. It "ug/lt be cold ill March,

0

visa a document or note in your passport

which means you can travel to certain countries

travel Insurance You pay a company for travel insurance so they will help you if you lose something or are ill on holiday

Circle the correct word.

c@find a visa,

� I have t 1

We went abroad/holiday last summer,

2

I had to hire/arrange accommodation,

3 We might/have go to Japan in June,

foreign of another country currency the money ofa country, e.g. $ (dollars) or € (euros) pack put clothes In a suitcase suitcase

4 I need to hire/get travel insurance,

e

S

Can we pack/hire a car here?

6

I must hire/find my passport.

7

Have you made/packed your suitcase?

8

Did you book/have the flight to Paris?

hire pay to use something for a short time, e.g, a car, a bike

Complete the text. this for two weeks this Saturday. I wanted to go ( 1 ) I'm going on ... holid(\� year, perhaps to the Far East, and I finally decided to go to China, I booked the (2) with China Airlines , I needed (3) too, so I looked on the internet for hotels in to stay there for the first week, I also had to (5) Beijing, I found a nice one and (4) a visa, and I got some foreign (6) Chinese Yuan. I paid €30 for travel (7) be ill or lose my things. Tomorrow, ; you never