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Knots to trust! 1 Knot to attach the Backing to the reel

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Knots to tie the Tippet to the Leader

2 Knots to join the Backing to the Flyline

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Knots to tie the Fly to the Tippet

3 Knots to connect the Leader to the Flyline

6

Other useful knots

- Duncan Knot

- Albright Knot - Nail Knot

- Perfection Loop - Surgeon´s Loop

1

- Surgeon´s Knot - Double Uni-Knot

- Double Turle Knot - Grinner Knot - Trilene Knot - Non-Slip Mono Knot

- Riffling Hitch Knot - Palomar Knot

BACKING

FLYLINE

2

6 3

LEADER

4

TIPPET

Volume: Salmon flyfishing

5

FLY


>> Be thoroughly familiar with all the knots you tie and continually practice the tying of those knots <<

>> Always lubricate knots before tightening them, either with saliva, water or another similar lubricant. Knots tied in nylon monofilament, copolymer and cofilament lines are highly susceptible to heat friction <<

>> When tightening the knot, do so gently but firmly. Do not draw the knot quickly as this can generate heat damaging the line. Give a few test pulls on the newly tied knot <<

>> If you are not happy with a knot, always re-tie it until you are satisfied. Remember that a knot is effectively the weakest link between you and the fish and the stronger and better tied it is, the more chance you have of catching fish <<


Knots to trust!

1 Knot to attach the Backing to the reel

Duncan Knot

Step 1: Pass tag end of backing around spool hub two times and bring Use to attach backing to fly reel. This is basically a single Uni-knot. This knot tightens by drag from the standing line, it out again between the same set of reel pillars. Hold together the two lines and form a loop with the short end. a good quality in a backing-to-reel knot. Step 2: Make 6 turns around the two lines. End the knot by passing through the loop. Step 3: Lubricate and tighten the knot by pulling very tightly on tag end. Step 4: Pull on standing line until the knots tighten against reel hub. Spool backing on tightly.

6x


Knots to trust! Albright Knot

This knot is commonly used for tying backing line to fly line. Can also be used for securing a leader to the flyline, without using loop-to-loop connection.

Step 1: Form a loop of the flyline´s tag end. Insert the leaders butt end into the loop and wrap around both lines 6 times

6x

Step 2: End this part of the knot by ending the wrap by putting the butt-end in the loop. Lubricate and tighten by pulling both the butt-end and the flyline.

Step 3: For extra security make a uni-knot by forming a loop infront of the first knot. Then wrap around 4 times ending through the loop.

Step 4: Lubricate and tighten the knot. Cut and trim the knot. Always test-drag the knot before fishing.

21 Knots to join the Backing to the Flyline

Nail Knot

The Nail knot is one of the most important knots that every fly fisherman should learn. There are a few variations in the way this knot is tied. The angler can use a tube or a needle in replacement of the nail. With a little practice, this knot can be tied very quickly. Two common areas for use is attaching the leader to the fly line and to attach the fly line to the backing.

Step 1 Cut the butt-part of the leader on angle. Thread it on a needle. Push the needle through the flylines core, take a couple of centimeters.

4x

Step 3 Thread the tag end of the leader in the needle-eye and push the needle and tag end forward and through the knot, . Tightend the knot by pulling the leader-line and the tag end

5-6x Step 2 Wrap the nylon around the flyline and the needle 5-6 times in tight wraps.

Step 4 Trim and cut the tag end. For extra security use some knot-cement or aqua-seal, make it a secure and neat knot.


Knots to trust! Perfection Loop

The perfection loop knot is used for attaching two looped pieces of monofilament together. Sometimes used for a quick change of leaders. Makes a neat, small loop, ideal for putting a loop in the end of a leader. This is a dependable and strong loop when formed properly.

3 Knots to connect the Leader to the Flyline

Surgeonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Loop

Use to tie loop in end of leader. Stronger and easier to tie then perfection loop, but not quite as small or neat. Step 1: Form a loop in the end of leader. Step 2: Make a simple overhand knot in the double line. Step 3:Then bring the loop end through the overhand knot again. Lubricate and tighten by pulling on the loop end with one hand and the standing leader and tag end in the other. Step 4: Trim. Step 1: Double the line intended. Make a loop roughly six inches (15 cm) long. Tie a loose â&#x20AC;&#x153;granny knotâ&#x20AC;? with the loop, but wind the end tag twice thorugh the circle.

Step 1 With the lines pinched in your left hand make a loop in front of the first loop with the tag end. Again, make sure the tag end exits behind both loops.

Step 3 Pass the loop closest to you over the tag end and through the rear loop.

Step 2 Pass the tag end between the 2 loops, continuing to pinch all lines with the left hand.

Step 4 As with all knots, lubricate before tightening. Pull the loop (the one passed through the rear loop) and the standing end in opposite directions and tighten down firmly.

Step 2: Lubricate the knot and pull gently from both ends, until the knot is nice and tight. Clip the tag end. This knot has the advantage of a tag end that lies close to the main line.

Step 3: With the finished loop, you can use it to attache it with other loops. To the right you see how the two loops i connected.

2x


Knots to trust! Surgeon´s Knot

The Surgeon’s Knot is a knot also used for attaching two pieces of monofilament together. It is a very fast and easy knot to tie and is usually preferred more than the blood knot. This is a great knot for joining two pieces of monofilament that are greatly different in diameter. When you are building a tapered leader, tied correctly, this knot is generally stronger than the blood knot. Very quick and easy knot for attaching 4X-5X-6X-7X tippet to each other. You can do this one in the dark. Step 1: The main line should come in from the left and the line to be attached should come from the right. Overlap the two pieces approximately 6 or so inches. Step 2: Create a loop with the two lines as if you are working with one line. Make a “granny knot” first once.

Knots to tie the Tippet to the Leader

Double Uni-Knot

Basically this is a knot for joining two lines. This is a stronger and finer knot than the blood-knot, and therefore a better alternativ for salmon-fishing. A good thing is that the end butts in the knot is pointing sideways, (compared with the blood-knot) and not up & down.

Step 1: Overlap the lines to be joined and encircle one line with the tag of the other. Continue to wind the tag around both lines inside the loop. Make five wraps in all, then close up the knot but not to tight.

Step 2: Repeat the process with the other line.

1x

Step 3: Pass it though once more.

1x Step 4: Lubricate and tighten the knot. Cut and trim the knot. It´s nog recommended to use this knot for lines over 30 lbs becuse it will be hard to tighten and the strenght will suffer.

4

6x Step 3: You should end up with one line tied around the other like so.

Step 4: Lubricate and tighten the knot, by slide them together , tighten once more and trim the tags

6x


Knots to trust! Double Turle Knot

A stearing knot and a improved and more secure version of the simple Turle Knot. One of the classic knots in fishing.

Step 1: Double the line intended. Make a loop roughly six inches (15 cm) long. Tie a loose “granny knot” with the loop, but wind the end tag twice thorugh the circle.

Step 2: Lubricate the knot and pull gently from both ends, until the knot is nice and tight. Clip the tag end. This knot has the advantage of a tag end that lies close to the main line.

5

Knots to tie the Fly to the Tippet

Grinner Knot

This is actually a single Uni-Knot, tied on a up-eye hook. Easy and fast to applied on the leader. This allows for the knot to “Stear” the fly. Making it possible to fish the fly the right way. After you have moisten the knot, always tight in a slow fascion to avoid coiling on the nylon.

Step 1 Thread the tippet through the eye of the fly, under the shank, then through the eye again. make a Uni-Knot with 6 wraps.

6x

Step 2 Lubricate the knot and pull gently in the tag end and tighten the knot.

Step 3: With the finished loop, you can use it to attache it with other loops. To the right you see how the two loops i connected.

Step 3 Tighten the knot by pulling and draging the tippet downwards and pulling the knot uppwards with your fingers.

Step 4 Trim and clip the end tag. Test pull the knot before fishing.


Knots to trust!

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Trilene Knot

This knot and the Palomar are the two strongest knots for their purposes. It´s a good knot for tying the fly-, tubeflytrebles & streamers with straight eye, to a tippet.

Step 1: Form a loop of the flyline´s tag end. Insert the leaders butt end into the loop and wrap around both lines 6 times

Step 2: End this part of the knot by ending the wrap by putting the butt-end in the loop. Lubricate and tighten by pulling both the butt-end and the flyline.

Step 3: For extra security make a uni-knot by forming a loop infront of the first knot. Then wrap around 4 times ending through the loop.

Knots to tie the Fly to the Tippet

Non-Slip Mono Knot

The Non-Slip Mono Knot is extremely strong and as the name says, does not slip like some of the other loop knots. This knot has been tested to close to 100% of the line strength. It is very important that you follow the wrap counts for maximizing its strength. 8X to 6lb test: 7 wraps. 8 to 12lbs: 5 wraps. 15lb to 40lb test: 4 wraps. 50-60lb test: 3 wraps, and up to 120lb test: 2 wraps. Step 1 Take your line and form an overhand knot, leaving approximately 8 inches. Pass the tag end through the eye of the hook. Bring the line back through the overhand knot the same side it came out. Make your wraps based upon the numbers above.

5-6x

Step 2 After all the wraps are completed pass the line back through the over hand knot the same way it came from. Lubricate the knot and tighten the knot slowly.

Step 3 Trim and cut the tag end.

6x


Knots to trust! Riffling Hitch Knot

This knot is used to make a fly wake while on the water. Steelheaders use this knot in tail outs with large dry flies. The fly is tied with an Clinch Knot but kan also be tied with an improved Turle Knot. Then two half hitches are tied and pulled tight around the fly´s head.

3x

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Other useful knots

Palomar Knot

Ranks alongside the Trilene knot as the stongest knot for attaching a fly to a tippet. Very easy to handle with som practice and good for straight eye hooks. The Palomar Knot is a very good knot for braided lines also.

Step 1 Double the line and form a loop three to four inches long. Pass the end of the loop through the hook’s eye.

Step 1 Start by tying a Clinch Knot to the fly. If you have a need for a stearing knot, use a improved Turle Knot instead.

Step 3 Make another Half Hitch so they lay beside one another behind the first knot at the head of the fly.

Step 3 Pass hook through loop and draw line while guiding loop over top of eyelet.

Step 2 First make one Half Hitch and pull tight.

Step 4 Observe how the leader almost stand out at a 90° angle. This steep angle makes the fly when it hits the current, to “Riffle”.

Step 2 Holding standing line between thumb and finger, grasp loop with free hand and form a simple overhand knot.

Step 4 Pull tag end of line to tighten knot snugly and trim tag end to about 1/8 inch.


Perfection pursuit of perfection


The X-Designation Chart

X is a factor that designates leader tippet diameter. It was used during the era when all leader was made from silk worm gut. X equals eleven. If you subtract the X factor from eleven you will arrive at the diameter of the leader in one-thousandths of an inch. Ex, Tippet Size 8X = 0,003 inch (11 - 8 = 3). Tippet Size (mm)

Tippet Diameter (inch)

Breaking Strength in Super Strong Nylon in pounds

Balances with fly sizes

8 X (0, 08 mm)

0,003

1, 75 (0,8 kg)

22, 24, 26, 28

7 X (0, 10 mm)

0,004

2, 5 (1,13 kg)

18, 20, 22, 24

6 X (0, 13 mm)

0,005

3, 5 (1,6 kg)

16, 18, 20, 22

5 X (0, 15 mm)

0,006

4, 75 (2,15 kg)

14, 16, 18

4 X (0, 18 mm)

0,007

6, 0 (2,7 kg)

12, 14, 16

3 X (0, 20 mm)

0,008

8, 5 (3,85 kg)

6, 8, 10

2 X (0, 23 mm)

0,009

11, 5 (5,2 kg)

4, 6, 8

1 X (0, 26 mm)

0,010

13, 5 (6,12 kg)

2, 4, 6

0 X (0, 28 mm)

0,011

15, 5 (7,0 kg)

1/0, 2, 4

0, 30 mm

0,012

17, 6 (8,0 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

0, 35 mm

0,014

23, 1 (10,5 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

0,40 mm

0,016

30, 8 (14,0 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

0,45 mm

0,018

38, 6 (17,5 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

0,50 mm

0,020

46,3 (21,0 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

0,60 mm

0,024

57,3 (26,0 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0


Volume: Salmon flyfishing Produced by Flugfiske-Media in cooperation with Loop Tackle Design AB Š 2009.


Knots to trust - Volume: Salmon flyfishing