Page 1

Knots to trust! 1 Knot to attach the Backing to the reel


Knots to tie the Tippet to the Leader

2 Knots to join the Backing to the Flyline


Knots to tie the Fly to the Tippet

3 Knots to connect the Leader to the Flyline


Other useful knots

- Duncan Knot

- Albright Knot - Nail Knot

- Perfection Loop - Surgeon´s Loop


- Leader to Wire Leader Knot - Double Uni-Knot

- Palomar Knot - Improved Double Clinch - Non-Slip Mono Knot - Figure Eight Knot

- Cable Crimping - Haywire Twist




6 3




Volume: Pike flyfishing



>> Be thoroughly familiar with all the knots you tie and continually practice the tying of those knots <<

>> Always lubricate knots before tightening them, either with saliva, water or another similar lubricant. Knots tied in nylon monofilament, copolymer and cofilament lines are highly susceptible to heat friction <<

>> When tightening the knot, do so gently but firmly. Do not draw the knot quickly as this can generate heat damaging the line. Give a few test pulls on the newly tied knot <<

>> If you are not happy with a knot, always re-tie it until you are satisfied. Remember that a knot is effectively the weakest link between you and the fish and the stronger and better tied it is, the more chance you have of catching fish <<

Knots to trust!

1 Knot to attach the Backing to the reel

Duncan Knot

Step 1: Pass tag end of backing around spool hub two times and bring it out again between the same set of reel pillars. Hold together the two lines and form a loop with the short end.

Use to attach backing to fly reel This is basically a single Uni-knot. This knot tightens by drag from the standing line, a good quality in a backing to reel knot.

Step 2: Make 6 turns around the two lines. End the knot by passing through the loop. Step 3: Lubricate and tighten the knot by pulling very tightly on tag end. Step 4: Pull on standing line until the knots tighten against reel hub. Spool backing on tightly.


Knots to trust! Albright Knot

This knot is commonly used for tying backing line to fly line. Can also be used for securing a leader to the flyline, without using loop-to-loop connection.

Step 1: Form a loop of the flyline´s tag end. Insert the leaders butt end into the loop and wrap around both lines 6 times


Step 2: End this part of the knot by ending the wrap by putting the butt-end in the loop. Lubricate and tighten by pulling both the butt-end and the flyline.

Step 3: For extra security make a uni-knot by forming a loop infront of the first knot. Then wrap around 4 times ending through the loop.

Step 4: Lubricate and tighten the knot. Cut and trim the knot. Always test-drag the knot before fishing.

21 Knots to join the Backing to the Flyline

Nail Knot

The Nail knot is one of the most important knots that every fly fisherman should learn. There are a few variations in the way this knot is tied. The angler can use a tube or a needle in replacement of the nail. With a little practice, this knot can be tied very quickly. Two common areas for use is attaching the leader to the fly line and to attach the fly line to the backing.

Step 1 Cut the butt-part of the leader on angle. Thread it on a needle. Push the needle through the flylines core, take a couple of centimeters.


Step 3 Thread the tag end of the leader in the needle-eye and push the needle and tag end forward and through the knot, . Tightend the knot by pulling the leader-line and the tag end

5-6x Step 2 Wrap the nylon around the flyline and the needle 5-6 times in tight wraps.

Step 4 Trim and cut the tag end. For extra security use some knot-cement or aqua-seal, make it a secure and neat knot.

Knots to trust! Perfection Loop

The perfection loop knot is used for attaching two looped pieces of monofilament together. Sometimes used for a quick change of leaders. Makes a neat, small loop, ideal for putting a loop in the end of a leader. This is a dependable and strong loop when formed properly.

3 Knots to connect the Leader to the Flyline

Surgeonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Loop

Use to tie loop in end of leader. Stronger and easier to tie then perfection loop, but not quite as small or neat. Step 1: Form a loop in the end of leader. Step 2: Make a simple overhand knot in the double line. Step 3:Then bring the loop end through the overhand knot again. Lubricate and tighten by pulling on the loop end with one hand and the standing leader and tag end in the other. Step 4: Trim. Step 1: Double the line intended. Make a loop roughly six inches (15 cm) long. Tie a loose â&#x20AC;&#x153;granny knotâ&#x20AC;? with the loop, but wind the end tag twice thorugh the circle.

Step 1 With the lines pinched in your left hand make a loop in front of the first loop with the tag end. Again, make sure the tag end exits behind both loops.

Step 3 Pass the loop closest to you over the tag end and through the rear loop.

Step 2 Pass the tag end between the 2 loops, continuing to pinch all lines with the left hand.

Step 4 As with all knots, lubricate before tightening. Pull the loop (the one passed through the rear loop) and the standing end in opposite directions and tighten down firmly.

Step 2: Lubricate the knot and pull gently from both ends, until the knot is nice and tight. Clip the tag end. This knot has the advantage of a tag end that lies close to the main line.

Step 3: With the finished loop, you can use it to attache it with other loops. To the right you see how the two loops i connected.


Knots to trust!


Leader To Wire Leader Knot

Excellent when a short length wire leader is needed to prevent sharp toothed fish from biting through the line, like Muskie or Pike. Step 1 Form a U or a half loop of the tag end of the wire. Take the leader (nylon) line and make 7 turns around the wire. Both end of the leader should end up from the same side of the wire and ending in the U-shaped wire. Tightend the knot by pulling steadily in the leaders both line tags.


Wire leader

Nylon leader

Knots to tie the Tippet to the Leader

Double Uni-Knot

Basically this is a knot for joining two lines. This is a stronger and finer knot than the blood-knot, and therefore a better alternativ for salmon-fishing. A good thing is that the end butts in the knot is pointing sideways, (compared with the blood-knot) and not up & down.

Step 1: Overlap the lines to be joined and encircle one line with the tag of the other. Continue to wind the tag around both lines inside the loop. Make five wraps in all, then close up the knot but not to tight.

Step 2: Repeat the process with the other line.

6x Step 3: You should end up with one line tied around the other like so.

Step 2 Trim and shape the knot by cutting of the wire by using a cutting tool, close to the knot. Trim the leader end by cutting the tag end of the leader thats not in use.

Step 4: Lubricate and tighten the knot, by slide them together , tighten once more and trim the tags


Knots to trust!


Palomar Knot

One of the strongest all around knots to use. Simple to tie for attaching lure, hooks or flies to a line or a leader. This knot has virtually 100% knot strength. With the super braids do a Double Palomar, wrap around the standing line twice, before looping over the lure or swivel.

Knots to tie the Fly to the Tippet

Improved Clinch

One of the most used and popular knots for tying lures, hooks or flies to any line or leader. You can easily reinforce the knot by double the leader making it an Improved Double Clinch, or instead of one loop in the eye of the hook, you make two loops - making it an Improved Double Loop Clinch.

Step 1 Double the line and form a loop three to four inches long. Pass the end of the loop through the hookâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s eye.

Step 3 Pass hook through loop and draw line while guiding loop over top of eyelet.

3-5x Step 1 Pass the line through the hook eye. Take several turns around the main line and pass the end back between the hook eye and the first turn. Pass the tag end back through the large loop. Some anglers loop the main line through the eye of the hook or swivel twice for added strength. Use 5 turns if your line is under 15kg (30lb), 3-4 turns would be sufficient if the line is over 15kg (30lb).

Step 2 Holding standing line between thumb and finger, grasp loop with free hand and form a simple overhand knot.

Step 4 Pull tag end of line to tighten knot snugly and trim tag end to about 1/8 inch.

Step 1 Lubricate with saliva and pull firmly with steady pressure.

Knots to trust!


Non-Slip Mono Knot

The Non-Slip Mono Knot is extremely strong and as the name says, does not slip like some of the other loop knots. This knot has been tested to close to 100% of the line strength. It is very important that you follow the wrap counts for maximizing its strength. 8X to 6lb test: 7 wraps. 8 to 12lbs: 5 wraps. 15lb to 40lb test: 4 wraps. 50-60lb test: 3 wraps, and up to 120lb test: 2 wraps.

Step 1 Take your line and form an over-hand knot, leaving approximately 8 inches. Pass the tag end through the eye of the hook. Bring the line back through the overhand knot the same side it came out. Make your wraps based upon the numbers above. Step 2 After all the wraps are completed pass the line back through the over hand knot the same way it came from. Lubricate the knot and tighten the knot slowly.

Knots to tie the Fly to the Tippet

Figure-Eight Knot

This knot can be tied in any material but is by far the best with wire and gives close to 100% knot strengt

Step 1 Thread the wire through the eye of the fly.

6x Step 2 With the tag end of the wire thread over and under, end by going up through the loop close to the eye. Pull both in the standing line and the tag end.

Step 3 Trim and cut the tag end. Step 1 Trim & Cut the wire tag end close to the knot by using a cutting tool.

Knots to trust! Haywire Twist

hook or lure to the leader.


Good to use when wire is used to connect a

Step 1 Thread the wire through the eye of the fly. Twist the wire 9 times, using just the hands.Make sure the fly´s eye is left free for movement.

Step 2 Take a plier and twist the wire in an 90° angle some 6-8 times more. Twist the wire tight.

Step 3 Use a cutting tool to cut the wire close to the knot.


Other useful knots

Cable Crimping

Used to crimp wire with crimping sleeves. Make sure to use a proper crimping tool, also make sure the sleeves and wire are perfectly matched in size. Always refer to manufacturers size recommendations and follow to the letter. Done correctly it will not reduce the cable strength by more than 5%.

Step 1 Start by threading up two crimping sleeves up on the wire. Then thread the wire through the eye of the fly, then back through the sleeves.

Step 2 Don´t crimp to close to the end of the sleeve. Always crimp two times on every sleeve.

Step 3 Trim the wire with a cutting tool close to the second sleeve.

Perfection pursuit of perfection

The X-Designation Chart

X is a factor that designates leader tippet diameter. It was used during the era when all leader was made from silk worm gut. X equals eleven. If you subtract the X factor from eleven you will arrive at the diameter of the leader in one-thousandths of an inch. Ex, Tippet Size 8X = 0,003 inch (11 - 8 = 3). Tippet Size (mm)

Tippet Diameter (inch)

Breaking Strength in Super Strong Nylon in pounds

Balances with fly sizes

8 X (0, 08 mm)


1, 75 (0,8 kg)

22, 24, 26, 28

7 X (0, 10 mm)


2, 5 (1,13 kg)

18, 20, 22, 24

6 X (0, 13 mm)


3, 5 (1,6 kg)

16, 18, 20, 22

5 X (0, 15 mm)


4, 75 (2,15 kg)

14, 16, 18

4 X (0, 18 mm)


6, 0 (2,7 kg)

12, 14, 16

3 X (0, 20 mm)


8, 5 (3,85 kg)

6, 8, 10

2 X (0, 23 mm)


11, 5 (5,2 kg)

4, 6, 8

1 X (0, 26 mm)


13, 5 (6,12 kg)

2, 4, 6

0 X (0, 28 mm)


15, 5 (7,0 kg)

1/0, 2, 4

0, 30 mm


17, 6 (8,0 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

0, 35 mm


23, 1 (10,5 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

0,40 mm


30, 8 (14,0 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

0,45 mm


38, 6 (17,5 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

0,50 mm


46,3 (21,0 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

0,60 mm


57,3 (26,0 kg)

5/0, 4/0, 3/0, 2/0

Volume: Pike flyfishing Produced by Flugfiske-Media in cooperation with Loop Tackle Design AB Š 2009.

Knots to trust - Volume: Pike flyfishing  

Flyfishing knots