AVIATION AND ATC IN MYANMAR Substantial growth after ending international isolation
Lui Li, Hong Kong TWR controller and Mike O'Neill, ^ by IFATCA EVP Asia/Pacific region
Since 2010 Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar but also known as Burma, has been gradually opening up after decades of isolation and military rule. Yangon (also known as Rangoon) remains the countryâ€™s economic hub and historic capital, even after the capital officially moved to Nay Pyi Taw in 2005. Yangon Airport The Yangon airport was built on the former World War II airfield RAF Mingaladon in 1947 by the Calcutta Metropolitan Airports Authority. Once the primary airport serving Southeast Asia, the airport fell into disrepair and remained that way for decades, as new super-hubs like Singapore Changi Airport, Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport and Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta were built and superseded Yangon's facilities. In June 2011, the government of Myanmar announced plans to expand the airport. By 2014, some 4 million passengers made use of the airport, well above the targeted capacity of 3.7 million.
To accommodate the increased demand, new international and domestic terminals were constructed by a consortium led by an affiliate of Asia World. The new international terminal (T1) opened in March 2016, with the previously existing international terminal being designated as T2. The new domestic terminal (T3) opened on December 5, 2016. Tower The Yangon control tower is situated next to the main terminal building. It oversees the single runway (03/21, 3414m long). They have one ground control position,
one tower control and a non-radar approach control which uses a radar as a reference tool. The runway has a couple of perpendicular exits which enables aircraft to vacate without backtracking. Landing
4 Aircraft on the Yangon apron Photo: Z3144228 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, via wikimedia