this context I would like to quote from a lers did not enter the profession in or- scheme and employer-sposored second position paper of the International Air der to be civil servants: they are civil career programme. Tran sport Association (IATA) to the The tra ining aspect is a very imporservants because it is the only avenue Science and Technology Committee of to be an air traffic controller. tant one and I am happy to say t hat. the Council of Europe w hich stated: We have heard that General Mao ba sed on information from ROCATCA. has devoted himself to upgrading the this requ irement is being fu lly sa t isfied . · .. . it is essential that we should controllers· salaries and benefits. His The ongoing programme of familia risarecognize the critical part played by the people involved in air safety ... the air efforts must be supported to the great- tion flights and visits to Honolulu ATC traffic controllers. No system. with or est extent. To train a controller properly facili ties 1s most valuable and. we hope. is an expensive undertaking and to en- will be continued. without automation in the present state Since under several legal systems of the art. can operate satisfactorily sure that this investment is not lost. proper remuneration will contribute t o the ATCO 's civil liability may be invoked without a competent interface with t he the con trol ler continuing in the profes- separately and independently from the related human facto rs. It is clearly a vicarious civil liability of his employer. sion rather than use his or her training fundamenta l pre-requisite to any ATC to find a better paying career outside of t he ATCO may be sued on both crim inal system that there m ust be a sufficient and c1vtl grounds independently from air traffic control. The conclusion of the number of well trained and experienced ILO on the subject was that 'to ensure his employer. Air traffic controllers have controllers at all the necessary centres gone to 1a1I for making a w rong decithat the ATCO 's remuneration is comand that their working environment mensurate with their responsibil ities. it sion and we agree with the ILO conclushould be such as t o enable them to should be noted that one of the profes- sion th at: ' Governm ents should pass function efficiently.· sions in which the responsibilities as- leg1slat1on to abolish such independent And agai n from IATA in an address civil liabilities of ATCOs and provide sumed closely resemble that of the to t he M idd le East Civil Aviation Con ference: ATCO is that of the professional pilot. In them with adequate legal protection fact. in at least one country. the conand counsel in those areas where this ·... Air t raffic controllers need to troller's remuneration has been com- does not exist at present .' have high professional skills and bear a pared and linked to tha t of the airline Our direct counterpart. the Internaheavy burden of responsibility for hucaptain '. tional Federation of A ir Line Pilots Assoman life. All traffi c controllers are paid ciations. with whom we closely co-ordiProper working conditions such as on a clerical salary scale which in some nate our technical efforts. said the folcases borders on the poverty line. In my hours of work. which the federation lowing in an editorial 1n their monthly feel s should be no more than 30 hours view. governments need to recognize News Bulletin : this central problem and create new per week. ensure that the controller is ·Airline pilots· contra ct s vary considat his best at all times. Further. both categories of salaries and other conIFATCA and the ILO Mee ting agree t hat erably from one airline to another. but ditions for the civil aviation arm of their provisions must be made for control1s probable that there are even greater public service. We not only need to lers. 1n a profession which has c onsistvariations 1n terms and cond1t1ons availtrain more people but we must keep ently been ca lled a young man's world. able to air traffic controllers. In some them in our industry through attractive to retire at an earlier age in recognition career prospects.· countries. control lers work in good conof its peculiarity and in the interest of d1t1ons. use modern equipment and are The se quotes from IATA. an organair sa fety. There is further agreement able to negotiate their contracts like 1sat1on which IFATCA does not always on the requ irement of an employerother groups of workers. In other counsee eye-to-eye with. indicate very consponsored loss-of-licence insurance trie s the controllers are employed by cisely some of the problems which ca used us to seek to hold. at the International Labour Office (ILO) at Geneva . Switzerland. a meeting of experts on problems concern ing air traffic controllers 1n May 1979 . At this meeting experts from both the governments and working controller levels Jointly agreed on fifty-two conclusions wtth regard to working cond1ttons These conclusions range from the right to establish representational organisations. industrial relations. social and labour aspects. hours of work. remuneration. retirement. occupational sa fety and health. legal liab1l1t1es. manpower and career planning. training and re-tra1n1ng. to employment security. The report of this meeting and the conclusions are highly recommended reading to all agencies. priva te or governm ent. who employ ai r traffic controllers. and here I must say that private agency employers seem to better be able to appreciate. and compensate. the operational respons1b11ity of the air tra ffic controller; they do not have to worry about the c1vtl servi ce st ra1ght- · Tommy' Tomkins of South Afnca A TCA presents a gift to ROCA TCA s President 1acket of comparability. Most control- H Liu. To the ten J. Wang.