INSTITUT PERE BARNILS

EUROPE: HISTORY OF THE PAST, THE FUTURE CHALLENGES. PROJECTE DE RECERCA 4t ESO

PROJECTE DE RECERCA 4T ESO

BLOCK 3. SHEET 3: ECONOMY

COMMON WORK

TREBALL COMÚ

POLAND/SPAIN

Joan Hellin Marc Roig Victor Capdevila Gerard Solà

1a) Chart with the percentage of active population, by sector.

Table Active Population of Spain in 2007

Table Active Population of Poland in 2004

20

20

20

20

20

20

19

19

19

19

19

10

08

06

04

02

00

98

96

94

92

90

19 9 19 6T 96 I T 19 IV 97 T 19 III 98 T 19 II 99 19 T 99 I T 20 IV 00 T 20 III 01 T 20 II 02 20 T 02 I T 20 IV 03 T 20 III 04 T 20 II 05 20 T 05 I T 20 IV 06 T 20 III 07 T 20 II 0 20 8T 08 I T 20 IV 09 T 20 III 10 T 20 II 11 TI

Unemployment rate

1a) Graph of the evolution of unemployment in the last 20 years. Spain:

Unemployment rate

25

20

15

10

5

0

Quarters

Poland:

Unemployment rate

25

20

15

10

5

0

2b) Table of distribution of unemployment by sex and age groups . Spain: Unemployment rate by age 50 45

Unemployment rate

40 35 30

<25

25

25-54

20

>55

15 10 5

19 96 T 19 I 97 T 19 I 98 T 19 I 99 T 20 I 00 T 20 I 01 T 20 I 02 T 20 I 03 T 20 I 04 T 20 I 05 T 20 I 06 T 20 I 07 T 20 I 08 T 20 I 09 T 20 I 10 T 20 I 11 TI

0

Quarters

We can see that the people who is less than 25 years old is the one ho has more unemployment rate, in the other hand, people who are more than 55 years old is the one ho has less unemployment rate. Finally the people who have between 25 and 54 years old have a little bit more unemployment rate than the ones who have more than 55 years old. Unemployemt rate by sex 35

Unemployment rate

30 25 20

Men

15

Women

10 5

19 96 T 19 I 97 T 19 I 98 T 19 I 99 T 20 I 00 T 20 I 01 T 20 I 02 T 20 I 03 T 20 I 04 T 20 I 05 T 20 I 06 T 20 I 07 T 20 I 08 T 20 I 09 T 20 I 10 T 20 I 11 TI

0

Quarters

As we can see, women have had more unemployment rate for a lots of years, but now, since, more or less, 2009, the unemployment rate of the men has gone up. I think this is a symbol of equality between men and women.

Poland: Unemployment rate in 2009 by age and sex:

As we can see, the unemployment rate is similar betwen men and women, but it is much more in people who are less than 24 and specialy in men betwen 15 and 19 years old. In the other side, it is very equilibrate in the ages betwen 25 and more than 55 years old. Unemployment by sex:

We can see that the unemployment is very similar betwen men and women, and, like I have said before, this is a symbol of equality. We can also see that at 2003 there was more unemployment but it decended since 2008, and in 2009 it ascends other time.

1c) Grant awarded by the European Union to alleviate unemployment. The European Union disbursed over 12 million in aid to the unemployed in Spain, Portugal and Denmark. The measure provides allocate 2.7 million euros in aid for workers who lost employment in the automotive sector in Catalonia, northeastern Spain. The government announces that on Friday approved an extension of the subsidy of 420 â&#x201A;Ź (426 â&#x201A;Ź in 2010) for the unemployed who have exhausted unemployment and do not perceive any benefit to the entry into force of the measure. Congress approves the extension of PRODI, the subsidy of 426 â&#x201A;Ź for the unemployed.

2a) What kind of industries stands out? In Poland before the Second World War had sectors of coal, textiles, chemicals, machinery, iron and steel. Today there are industrial activities for the production of manure, petrochemical, and power tools, automatic, electronic goods, cars and buildings and ships. Industry in Spain, like most countries is concentrated in the north and the south zone where industries are concentrated in tourism from abroad, as well as agriculture. North (Basque Country) are concentrated most heavy industries (derived from iron and steel), occupying the north-east (Catalonia) focuses on the chemical and its derivatives (plastic etc.)... The central area (Madrid) and east (Valencia) develop Catalonia with a wide range of processing industries. Its long coastline perimeter of our country are distributed the various factories that carry heavy shipbuilding industry based in Bilbao (north), El Ferrol (northwest), Cadiz (south-Andalusia) and the resulting oil industry located Tarragona (Catalonia), Cadiz and Huelva (south of Andalusia). To conclude this brief presentation to mention the automobile industry where several factories have been established with multinational companies like GM, Ford, VW, Renault, PSA, and the Japanese Nissan and Suzuki, the latter being located in Andalusia, our community. Around own automobile factories have installed many industry suppliers wizard, some American origin which have factories in the province of Cadiz, in southern Andalusia, near in the Strait of Gibraltar that separates Spain from Africa

2b) Map of the country's industrial Zone.

3. Commercial balance: 3a) Products imported and exported and origin of imports and destination of exports. Spain:

Poland:

3b) Deficit zero. When we move from a phase with lower deficits in a period of equilibrium, when the government admitted that the same money that you pay, this is called zero deficit. This phase of public administration is prior to the completion of the surplus when revenues exceed expenses.

4. Renda per capita. The â&#x20AC;&#x153;Renda per capitaâ&#x20AC;? income is the relationship between gross domestic product (GDP) of a country and its many inhabitants. To achieve this, we divide the GDP of a country among this population.

Map of countries by GDP per capita 2008 (nominal), according to IMF estimates (April 2008).

ECONOMY OF SPAIN AND ENGLAND

Lorena GarcĂ­a Aina Carrasco Marina Colominas Txell Rovira

1.a. Graph of the evolution of unemployment in the last 20 years.

England:

b. Table of distribution of unemployment by sex and age groups . Spain

England

As in Spain and in England in 2009 and 2010 unemployment is well matched. Unemployment total rises more in Spain than in England, men and women, too.

2.a. What kind of industries are.

-ENGLAND: In the twenty-first century Britain is the largest economy in the four countries of the UK for its high industrialization. It is a major producer of textiles and chemicals. Although automobiles, locomotives, aircraft are among other important industrial products, most of the country's income comes from the city. -SPAIN: The main industries are Spain, metals and manufactured metal, textile and clothing (including footwear), food and beverages, chemicals, electronics, shipbuilding, automobiles and machinery. b. Make a map of the industrial zones of the country, indicating the cities. SPAIN:

ECONOMY OF SPAIN AND POLAND

Laia Cañadell Carla López Martina Solà Tina Vilamajó

Graph of the evolution of unemployment in the last 20 years. SPAIN

POLAND

Table of distribution of unemployment by sex and age groups SPAIN 80 70 60 50 40

Homes

30

Dones

20 10 0 16 - 19 20- 24 25-29 30- 34 35 -39 40-44 45-49 50- 54 55 -59 60 -64 65 -69

70 a mĂŠs

Comment: Women in Spain currently employs more than men. Apart from the 60 years that men work longer than women. Some ages are fairly even. POLAND

Comment: Of the 15 to 23 years women work less than men, whereas from 24 to 52 years is the opposite of women work more than men. From the 53 there are more women in unemployment.

Industrial areas for Spain and Poland POLAND

SPAIN

Web Comenius Economia. Estudi Comparatiu Espanya Italia 1.a Espanya a)Grafic de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;evolucio dels index dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;atur els ultims 25 anys.

Italia

1.b Espanya

Variació interanual

Activitat Per sexe: Homes Dones Per grups d'edat: De 16 a 24 anys De 25 a 54 anys De 55 anys i més Ocupació Per sexe: Homes Dones Per grups d'edat: De 16 a 24 anys De 25 a 54 anys De 55 anys i més Atur Per sexe: Homes Dones Per grups d'edat: De 16 a 24 anys De 25 a 54 anys De 55 anys i més

Italia

Taxa (%)

Valor

absoluta

% trimestre

% acumulat

59,88

23.061,8

54,9

0,2

0,2

67,43 52,67

12.694,0 10.367,9

-99,6 154,6

-0,8 1,5

-0,8 1,5

44,45 85,87 21,61 47,13

1.910,7 18.384,9 2.766,2 18.151,7

-130,8 89,7 96,0 -242,5

-6,4 0,5 3,6 -1,3

-6,4 0,5 3,6 -1,3

53,43 41,11

10.059,0 8.092,7

-180,9 -61,5

-1,8 -0,8

-1,8 -0,8

24,28 68,76 18,63 21,29

1.043,5 14.722,6 2.385,6 4.910,2

-162,4 -145,3 65,3 297,5

-13,5 -1,0 2,8 6,4

-13,5 -1,0 2,8 6,4

20,76 21,94

2.635,0 2.275,2

81,3 216,2

3,2 10,5

3,2 10,5

45,39 19,92 13,76

867,2 3.662,3 380,6

31,6 235,0 30,7

3,8 6,9 8,8

3,8 6,9 8,8

2.a Type of Industry Food Industry Entertainment and cultural industry Pharmaceutical industry Textiles Aeronautical industry Metallurgical industry Chemical Industry Sex industry (They ajuntades with italy) Italia Type of Industry Food Industry Entertainment and cultural industry Pharmaceutical industry Textiles Aeronautical industry Metallurgical industry Chemical Industry Sex industry (They ajuntades with spain) 2.b Spain

Economia

Economia, Comenius