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ELSEVIER SCIENCEDIRECT MANUAL DE USO


ScienceDirect Help


Table Of Contents Getting Started................................................................................................................................. 1 Related Topics ............................................................................................................................. 2 Home Page Overview...................................................................................................................... 3 Navigation Bar.............................................................................................................................. 3 Opening and Closing Home Page Sections ................................................................................ 4 Related Topics ............................................................................................................................. 5 Browser Requirements and Preferences ........................................................................................ 7 Related Topics ............................................................................................................................. 8 About the Online Help ................................................................................................................... 11 Using the Help............................................................................................................................ 11 Help Features............................................................................................................................. 11 Related Topics ........................................................................................................................... 12 About the Tutorials ........................................................................................................................ 13 Related Topics ........................................................................................................................... 14 Home Page Overview.................................................................................................................... 17 Navigation Bar............................................................................................................................ 17 Opening and Closing Home Page Sections .............................................................................. 18 Related Topics ........................................................................................................................... 19 Registering and Logging In............................................................................................................ 21 Registering and Logging In to ScienceDirect............................................................................. 21 Logging In Using Your Athens or Institutional Account ............................................................. 24 Logging In Using Your Athens Account ................................................................................. 24 Logging In Using Your Institutional Account .......................................................................... 25 Logging in to ScienceDirect ....................................................................................................... 26 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 28 Activating Your Athens Login..................................................................................................... 30 Activating Personalization Features for Your Institutional Login ............................................... 32 Quick Search ................................................................................................................................. 35 Quick Search.............................................................................................................................. 35 Searching for Articles ............................................................................................................. 35 Searching for Journal and Book Titles ................................................................................... 36 Searching for Articles in Specific Journal or Book Titles........................................................ 36 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 37 Quick Search.............................................................................................................................. 38 Searching for Articles ............................................................................................................. 38

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ScienceDirect Help Searching for Journal and Book Titles ................................................................................... 39 Searching for Articles in Specific Journal or Book Titles........................................................ 39 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 40 Quick Search Tips...................................................................................................................... 41 Searching Multiple Fields ....................................................................................................... 41 Searching All Fields................................................................................................................ 42 Author Field ............................................................................................................................ 42 Volume ................................................................................................................................... 42 Issue ....................................................................................................................................... 43 Page ....................................................................................................................................... 43 Journal/Book Title Field.......................................................................................................... 43 Choosing Quick Search Terms .............................................................................................. 44 Constructing a Journal/Book Title Search.............................................................................. 44 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 45 Browsing ........................................................................................................................................ 47 Browsing Publications Alphabetically ........................................................................................ 47 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 50 Browsing Publications Alphabetically ........................................................................................ 51 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 54 Browsing Publications by Subject.............................................................................................. 55 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 57 Browsing Favorite Publications.................................................................................................. 59 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 62 Browsing Full-Text Documents .................................................................................................. 63 Browsing Full-Text Articles or Chapters................................................................................. 64 Navigating the Article or Chapter ........................................................................................... 64 Viewing Figures/Tables .......................................................................................................... 66 Accessing Video, Audio and other Supplementary Content .................................................. 66 Viewing References ............................................................................................................... 67 Opening PDFs ........................................................................................................................ 68 Contacting Authors................................................................................................................. 68 Viewing the Document Outside of ScienceDirect................................................................... 68 Viewing Documents that Cite the Current Document ............................................................ 69 Creating Citation Alerts .......................................................................................................... 69 Viewing More Information About the Document..................................................................... 69 Adding RSS Feeds................................................................................................................. 70 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 70

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Table Of Contents Browsing Journals and Books.................................................................................................... 72 Browsing a Journal, Book Series, or Handbook Home Page ................................................ 73 Viewing More Information About this Title.............................................................................. 74 Viewing Articles in Press ........................................................................................................ 75 Browsing a Book Home Page ................................................................................................ 76 Adding RSS Feeds................................................................................................................. 77 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 77 Selecting Subject Areas............................................................................................................. 78 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 79 Searching....................................................................................................................................... 81 Searching ScienceDirect............................................................................................................ 81 Advanced Search ................................................................................................................... 82 Expert Search......................................................................................................................... 84 Quick Search .......................................................................................................................... 85 Spelling Suggestions.............................................................................................................. 85 Saving and Recalling Searches ............................................................................................. 85 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 87 Reviewing Journal and Book Search Results............................................................................ 88 Related Topics ....................................................................................................................... 88 Searching All Sources................................................................................................................ 90 Performing an Advanced All Sources Search ........................................................................ 90 Performing an Advanced All Sources Search ........................................................................ 92 All Sources Advanced Search Tips........................................................................................ 94 Performing an Expert All Sources Search.............................................................................. 95 All Sources Expert Search Tips.............................................................................................. 97 Searching Journals .................................................................................................................... 98 Performing an Advanced Journals Search............................................................................. 98 Performing an Advanced Journals Search........................................................................... 100 Journals Advanced Search Tips........................................................................................... 102 Performing an Expert Journals Search ................................................................................ 103 Journals Expert Search Tips ................................................................................................ 105 Searching Books...................................................................................................................... 106 Performing an Advanced Books Search .............................................................................. 106 Performing an Advanced Books Search .............................................................................. 109 Books Advanced Search Tips .............................................................................................. 112 Performing an Expert Books Search.................................................................................... 113 Books Expert Search Tips.................................................................................................... 115

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ScienceDirect Help Searching Reference Works .................................................................................................... 116 Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search ............................................................ 116 Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search ............................................................ 119 Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search ............................................................ 134 Searching Reference Works by Subject .............................................................................. 147 Search History.......................................................................................................................... 149 Search History Overview...................................................................................................... 149 Combining Searches ............................................................................................................ 152 Recalling a Search ............................................................................................................... 155 Recalling Search History ...................................................................................................... 158 Modifying Your Settings and Preferences............................................................................ 160 Saving Search History.......................................................................................................... 164 Search Tips .............................................................................................................................. 165 All Sources Advanced Search Tips...................................................................................... 165 Search Tips for Choosing Search Terms ............................................................................. 166 Search Tips for Boolean Connectors (Expert Search)......................................................... 167 Search Tips for Connectors (Advanced Search).................................................................. 170 Search Tips for Wildcard Characters ................................................................................... 172 Supported Character Set...................................................................................................... 174 Search Tips for Singular/Plural Words ................................................................................. 175 Search Tips for Names......................................................................................................... 176 Search Tips for Prioritizing Search Terms (Expert Search) ................................................. 178 Search Tips for Handling Stop Words.................................................................................. 180 Supported Character List ..................................................................................................... 182 Refining Searches.................................................................................................................... 183 Saving and Editing Searches ............................................................................................... 183 Searching for Favorite or Subscribed Publications .............................................................. 184 Restricting Your Search by Date .......................................................................................... 186 Searching by Document Type .............................................................................................. 188 Searching by Volume, Issue, and Page Number ................................................................. 190 Searching by Publication Type............................................................................................. 192 Searching for Documents by Subject................................................................................... 194 Saving and Editing Searches................................................................................................... 196 Recalling a Search................................................................................................................... 197 Running a Saved Search Request....................................................................................... 197 Modifying a Saved Search Request..................................................................................... 198 Deleting a Saved Search Request ....................................................................................... 198

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Table Of Contents Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 198 Reviewing Search Results ....................................................................................................... 200 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 201 Searching FAQs....................................................................................................................... 202 Publications ................................................................................................................................. 205 Browsing Journals and Books.................................................................................................. 205 Browsing a Journal, Book Series, or Handbook Home Page .............................................. 206 Viewing More Information About this Title............................................................................ 207 Viewing Articles in Press ...................................................................................................... 208 Browsing a Book Home Page .............................................................................................. 209 Adding RSS Feeds............................................................................................................... 210 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 210 Journal FAQs ........................................................................................................................... 211 Article FAQs ............................................................................................................................. 214 Performing an Advanced Journals Search .............................................................................. 219 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 220 Performing an Advanced Books Search.................................................................................. 221 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 222 Navigating Article Lists............................................................................................................. 224 Navigating Search Results Lists........................................................................................... 224 Navigating a Volume and Issue List..................................................................................... 224 Adjusting the Font Size ........................................................................................................ 224 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 225 Reference Works ..................................................................................................................... 226 Browsing Reference Works.................................................................................................. 226 Browsing Reference Work Article Titles............................................................................... 230 Browsing Reference Work Authors ...................................................................................... 232 Browsing Reference Work General Information................................................................... 234 Browsing or Searching a Subject Index ............................................................................... 236 Browsing or Searching Reference Work Glossaries ............................................................ 238 Browsing Reference Work Classifications ........................................................................... 241 Browsing Reference Work Table of Contents ...................................................................... 244 Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search ............................................................ 246 Documents................................................................................................................................... 249 Opening Documents ................................................................................................................ 249 Opening Documents............................................................................................................. 250 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 251

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ScienceDirect Help Opening Documents ................................................................................................................ 252 Opening Documents............................................................................................................. 253 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 254 Browsing Full-Text Documents ................................................................................................ 255 Browsing Full-Text Articles or Chapters............................................................................... 256 Navigating the Article or Chapter ......................................................................................... 256 Viewing Figures/Tables ........................................................................................................ 258 Accessing Video, Audio and other Supplementary Content ................................................ 258 Viewing References ............................................................................................................. 259 Opening PDFs ...................................................................................................................... 260 Contacting Authors............................................................................................................... 260 Viewing the Document Outside of ScienceDirect................................................................. 260 Viewing Documents that Cite the Current Document .......................................................... 261 Creating Citation Alerts ........................................................................................................ 261 Viewing More Information About the Document................................................................... 261 Adding RSS Feeds............................................................................................................... 262 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 262 Refining Search Results .......................................................................................................... 264 Refining Results ................................................................................................................... 264 Searching Within Results ..................................................................................................... 266 Sorting Documents by Date or Relevance ........................................................................... 266 Creating a Digital Object Identifier Link ................................................................................... 268 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 268 Obtaining Adobe Acrobat Reader............................................................................................ 270 Article FAQs ............................................................................................................................. 271 Purchasing Documents............................................................................................................ 276 Opening Documents............................................................................................................. 276 Opening Documents............................................................................................................. 279 Using the Shopping Cart ...................................................................................................... 282 Purchasing Documents Using a Credit Card ....................................................................... 285 Viewing Purchased Documents ........................................................................................... 287 Accessing Current Purchases .............................................................................................. 289 Ordering Documents ............................................................................................................ 291 Secure Sockets Layer Transactions .................................................................................... 293 E-Mailing .................................................................................................................................. 295 E-mailing an Open Document .............................................................................................. 295 E-mailing Documents from a Document List........................................................................ 297

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Table Of Contents Exporting .................................................................................................................................. 299 Exporting Document Citations.............................................................................................. 299 About RefWorks ................................................................................................................... 301 My Settings .................................................................................................................................. 303 Managing Your Settings........................................................................................................... 303 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 303 Viewing Purchased Documents ............................................................................................... 305 Viewing Documents Available for Download........................................................................ 305 Viewing Previously Purchased Documents.......................................................................... 306 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 306 Accessing Alerts ...................................................................................................................... 307 Types of Alerts ..................................................................................................................... 307 Adding Alerts ........................................................................................................................ 308 Viewing Latest Results/Archive ............................................................................................ 308 Modifying Alerts .................................................................................................................... 309 Deleting Alerts ...................................................................................................................... 309 Viewing Alert Frequency ...................................................................................................... 309 Adding RSS Feeds............................................................................................................... 309 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 310 Managing Favorites ................................................................................................................. 311 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 313 Modifying Your Settings and Preferences ............................................................................... 314 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 317 Changing Your Password ........................................................................................................ 318 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 319 Viewing Subscription Information and Content Coverage ....................................................... 320 Viewing Subscription Information for an Individual Title ...................................................... 320 Viewing Subscription Information for Your Institution .......................................................... 321 Alerts............................................................................................................................................ 323 Accessing Alerts ...................................................................................................................... 323 Types of Alerts ..................................................................................................................... 323 Adding Alerts ........................................................................................................................ 324 Viewing Latest Results/Archive ............................................................................................ 324 Modifying Alerts .................................................................................................................... 325 Deleting Alerts ...................................................................................................................... 325 Viewing Alert Frequency ...................................................................................................... 325 Adding RSS Feeds............................................................................................................... 325

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ScienceDirect Help Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 326 Alerts FAQs.............................................................................................................................. 327 Search Alerts............................................................................................................................ 330 Saving a Search Alert........................................................................................................... 330 Modifying Search Alert Properties........................................................................................ 332 Viewing Search Alert Archives ............................................................................................. 334 Volume/Issue Alerts ................................................................................................................. 336 Managing Volume/Issue Alerts............................................................................................. 336 Citation Alerts........................................................................................................................... 339 Adding a Citation Alert.......................................................................................................... 339 Saving a Citation Alert.......................................................................................................... 340 Modifying Citation Alerts....................................................................................................... 342 Viewing Citation Alert Archives ............................................................................................ 344 Browsing Citation Alert and Cited By Results ...................................................................... 346 Topic Alerts .............................................................................................................................. 348 Adding Topic Alerts .............................................................................................................. 348 Viewing Topic Alert Details and Archives............................................................................. 350 Shopping Cart.............................................................................................................................. 353 Using the Shopping Cart.......................................................................................................... 353 Purchasing Documents ........................................................................................................ 353 Removing Documents from Your Shopping Cart ................................................................. 354 Accessing the Shopping Cart ............................................................................................... 354 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 354 Using the Shopping Cart.......................................................................................................... 356 Purchasing Documents ........................................................................................................ 356 Removing Documents from Your Shopping Cart ................................................................. 357 Accessing the Shopping Cart ............................................................................................... 357 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 357 Adding Documents to Your Shopping Cart.............................................................................. 359 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 360 Opening Documents in Your Shopping Cart............................................................................ 361 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 361 Viewing Purchased Documents ............................................................................................... 363 Viewing Documents Available for Download........................................................................ 363 Viewing Previously Purchased Documents.......................................................................... 364 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 364 Viewing Purchase History ........................................................................................................ 365

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Table Of Contents Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 365 Secure Sockets Layer Transactions ........................................................................................ 367 Customizing ScienceDirect.......................................................................................................... 369 Favorites .................................................................................................................................. 369 Managing Favorites.............................................................................................................. 369 Searching for Favorite or Subscribed Publications .............................................................. 372 Quick Links............................................................................................................................... 374 Adding Web Quick Links ...................................................................................................... 375 Editing Quick Links............................................................................................................... 376 Accessing Alerts ...................................................................................................................... 378 Types of Alerts ..................................................................................................................... 378 Adding Alerts ........................................................................................................................ 379 Viewing Latest Results/Archive ............................................................................................ 379 Modifying Alerts .................................................................................................................... 380 Deleting Alerts ...................................................................................................................... 380 Viewing Alert Frequency ...................................................................................................... 380 Adding RSS Feeds............................................................................................................... 380 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 381 Recent Actions ......................................................................................................................... 382 Viewing Recent Actions........................................................................................................ 382 Disabling Recent Actions ..................................................................................................... 383 Clearing Actions ................................................................................................................... 384 Recent Action Categories..................................................................................................... 384 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 385 Bookmarking Pages................................................................................................................. 386 Bookmarking a Journal or Book ........................................................................................... 386 Bookmarking a Document .................................................................................................... 386 Related Topics ..................................................................................................................... 386 Frequently Asked Questions ....................................................................................................... 389 Frequently Asked Questions.................................................................................................... 389 Administrator and Librarian FAQs............................................................................................ 390 Alerts FAQs.............................................................................................................................. 391 Article FAQs ............................................................................................................................. 394 Author FAQs ............................................................................................................................ 399 Error Messages FAQs ............................................................................................................. 400 Exporting and E-Mailing Citations FAQs ................................................................................. 403 Journal FAQs ........................................................................................................................... 405

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ScienceDirect Help Registering and Logging In FAQs............................................................................................ 408 Registering ........................................................................................................................... 408 Logging In............................................................................................................................. 409 Electronic Holdings Report FAQs ............................................................................................ 413 ScienceDirect Content, Linking, and Software FAQs .............................................................. 415 Searching FAQs....................................................................................................................... 417 Contacting Us .............................................................................................................................. 421 Glossary....................................................................................................................................... 423 Index ............................................................................................................................................ 429

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Getting Started Online tutorials are available to guide you through ScienceDirect® functionality. English Interactive Tutorials Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Online tutorials are available to guide you through ScienceDirect® functionality. English Interactive Tutorials Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • ScienceDirect is the world's largest electronic collection of science, technology, and medicine fulltext and bibliographic information. It offers a wide variety of features and content. Note

Some features may not be available to all products or all users.

Searching for Documents or Journal and Book Titles

Browsing Journals and Books

Opening Documents

Adding Quick Links

Viewing Recent Actions

Personalizing ScienceDirect

Creating Alerts

Browser Requirements and Preferences

How to Obtain the Adobe® Acrobat Reader®

Overview of Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Encryption

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ScienceDirect Help

Getting Help The following features are available to help you use ScienceDirect: •

Tutorials

Online Help

Live Chat

Frequently Asked Questions

Contacting Us

ScienceDirect Overview

Related Topics Information for New Subscribers Performing an All Sources Search, Advanced and Expert Browsing a Publication Home Page Browsing Reference Works Managing Your Profile Accessing Alerts Using the Shopping Cart

Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Home Page Overview ScienceDirect® is the world's largest electronic collection of science, technology and medicine full text and bibliographic information. It offers a wide variety of features and content. For more information about ScienceDirect, see the ScienceDirect InfoSite. For help using ScienceDirect®, contact E-Helpdesk. Contact information for E-Helpdesk is available on the ScienceDirect INFO site. The ScienceDirect home page is your gateway to ScienceDirect functionality and information. When you are logged in to ScienceDirect, the following features are available from the home page: •

Browse Documents by Title or Subject

Link to favorite journals and books

Use the Navigation Bar to Access Features

Add Quick Links

View Recent Actions

Open and Close Home Page Sections

Perform a Quick Search

Access the Shopping Cart and Online Help

Browser Requirements and Preferences

How to Obtain the Adobe® Acrobat Reader®

Overview of Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Encryption

Navigation Bar The navigation bar, available at the top of most pages in ScienceDirect, provides quick access to the following features:

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ScienceDirect Help

Click Home or Home + Recent Actions to return to the ScienceDirect home page from anywhere in the program. Note

If you are not logged in to ScienceDirect, you'll see Home instead of Home + Recent Actions.

Click Browse to browse all available journal and book titles. Click Search to search our collection. Click My Settings to view or modify your account information and personalize ScienceDirect. Click Alerts to add and view a list of your search, citation, topic, and volume/issue alerts. Click Shopping Cart to view your cart. The Shopping Cart allows you to purchase multiple documents with a single credit card transaction. Note You must be logged in to ScienceDirect to access your Shopping Cart, and your institution's subscription must permit Shopping Cart purchases. Click Help for instructions and information specific to the ScienceDirect page you are viewing. Tutorials are available to demonstrate ScienceDirect tasks.

Click Live Chat to be connected with a ScienceDirect ECustomer Service representative or the live assistance service of your library or institution. Live Chat opens in a new browser window.

Return to top

Opening and Closing Home Page Sections You can customize your home page by closing the About ScienceDirect, Recent Actions, Browse, and Quick Links sections. Any changes you make are kept for all future research sessions, until you change them again.

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Home Page Overview

Note

You must be logged in to ScienceDirect to open and close home page sections.

To close a section Click the

sign next to that section.

To open a section Click the

sign next to that section.

Return to top

Related Topics Getting Started

Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Browser Requirements and Preferences ScienceDirect® is fully compatible with the following browsers running on Microsoft® Windows operating systems: • • •

Note

Mozilla® Firefox® 1.0.7 or newer Microsoft Internet Explorer version 5.0 or newer Netscape® Navigator version 7.0 or newer

We do not support beta or test versions of the browsers.

ScienceDirect is only fully tested on these browsers running on Microsoft Windows operating systems. Therefore, we can only guarantee full functionality to customers running these browsers on a Microsoft Windows operating system. Other browsers and operating systems may also be able to access full ScienceDirect functionality; however, ScienceDirect E-Helpdesk cannot provide expert advice or technical support to solve problems you may encounter when using these systems.

For the best results, we recommend setting the following browser preferences: •

JavaScript™ To access many new features, JavaScript must be an enabled preference on your browser.

Cookies To login, cookies must be an enabled preference on your browser. Using cookies lets us provide a more secure method of authenticating your login. The cookies are cleared from your browser when you close the browser session. 7


ScienceDirect Help To access the cookies setting on your browser o

In Netscape Navigator 6.x and 7.x, select Preferences from the Edit menu. From the Privacy and Security category, select Cookies and then select Enable all cookies.

o

In Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.x, select Security and then select Custom Level from the Tools menu. From the Privacy tab, select Accept All Cookies.

o

In Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.x, select Internet Options from the Tools menu, and then select Privacy. From the Privacy tab, select Accept All Cookies.

o

In Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.x, select Internet Options from the Tools menu, and then select Privacy. Privacy settings up to “Medium-High” are compatible with ScienceDirect

o

In Mozilla Firefox 1.x, select Options from the Tools menu, and then select Privacy. From the Privacy tab, select Cookies.

o

In Mozilla Firefox 2.x, select Options from the Tools menu, and then select Privacy. On the Privacy tab, select Accept Cookies. Note

To take advantage of ScienceDirect’s Remember me on this computer feature, please ensure that the setting under Private Data labelled “Always clear my private data when I close Firefox” is not selected.

PDF Files You can view or print a copy of the document by downloading the PDF file. (In this format, the images, tables, and figures appear within the body of the document.) This format requires you to have the Adobe® Acrobat Reader®, which you may download free of charge from Adobe's website. Click the Get Adobe Reader logo for downloading instructions.

Note Adobe Acrobat Reader version 5.0 or higher is required. •

Related Topics Getting Started ScienceDirect Overview

JavaScript is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Mozilla Firefox is a registered trademark of the Mozilla Foundation.

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Browser Requirements and Preferences Netscape is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "overview:online Help" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview" \* MERGEFORMAT }

About the Online Help Online Help is available for the various tasks you may perform. On the navigation bar, click viewing in ScienceDirect速.

for instructions or information related to the page you are

Using the Help Icon

Definition

Click the Table of Contents icon to open the Help Table of Contents and browse a list of hierarchical Help topics. Click a topic in the Table of Contents to view it in the Help window. Click the Index icon to open the Help Index and browse Help topics based on keywords. Click the Search icon to open the Help search screen. You can use search to locate topics in the Help. Click the Glossary icon to open the Glossary which lists definitions of terms used in the Help. Click

to browse ScienceDirect frequently asked questions.

Help Features Feature

Definition

Help Links

Links to additional Help pages or external sites appear throughout the Help.

Italic text

Italic text indicates that the actual text or label in ScienceDirect may vary depending on its context.

For example

The PDF link on the search results page lists the file size in the link text. Since the file size varies for every PDF, the Help uses

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ScienceDirect Help

the variable (file_size) as the name for the PDF link. Courier text Tutorial Links

Courier text indicates text that is typed into the application. This type of text is used frequently in examples. Links to tutorials display in certain Help topics. Click a tutorial link to open the tutorial in a new browser window. Tutorials are also available in different languages. Click the language links to view a list of tutorials in different languages.

The green arrow indicates expanding text is available. Click the expanding text link to view additional text. Show Me

The Show Me link indicates that an image is available. Click Show Me to view the image. The

image indicates warning or caution text.

The

image indicates reference information about a topic.

Related Topics Getting Started About the Tutorials

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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About the Tutorials A number of tutorials are available from the online Help. In order to view the tutorials, you must have JavaScript™ enabled for your browser, and you must have the latest version of the Macromedia Flash® Player, which you may download free of charge from the Macromedia® web site. Click the Flash Player icon for downloading instructions.

If you are using an assistance device, such as a screen reader, your device automatically reads a text version of the tutorials. Note If you try to access the tutorials, but you do not have JavaScript enabled or you do not have the correct version of the Macromedia Flash Player, the application prompts you to view a text version of the tutorial. The ScienceDirect tutorials are available in other languages. Click here for more information.

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ScienceDirect Help The ScienceDirect Tutorial Menu allows you to access the following tutorials: The ScienceDirect Tutorial Menu allows you to access the following tutorials: Note •

Tutorials and user guides are updated with every ScienceDirect® release. The last update was in April 2007, the next one will be in October 2007. What's New in ScienceDirect What's New in ScienceDirect Shows some of the new features and enhancements now available in ScienceDirect.

Registering and Logging In Registering and Logging In Shows how to complete registration information and log in to ScienceDirect.

Performing an Advanced Search Performing an Advanced Search Shows how to perform an advanced search and describes the search history table.

Reviewing Search Results Reviewing Search Results Shows the options available from the search results list, including sorting the list of documents, searching within the search results, editing the search, saving the search, creating a search alert, e-mailing documents, and exporting citations.

Reviewing Documents Reviewing Documents Shows the types of document links available and how to browse each type of link. In addition, this tutorial describes the options available from an open document.

Browsing Publications Browsing Publications Shows how to browse journals, book series, handbooks, and reference works.

Using Alerts Using Alerts Shows how to add and maintain search alerts, volume/issue alerts, citation alerts, and topic alerts.

Personalizing Your Settings Personalizing Your Settings Shows how to personalize your account by creating a list of favorite journal and book titles, creating alerts, modifying your personal details and preferences, and changing your password. In addition, it shows you how to access information about your subscription.

Related Topics

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About the Tutorials Getting Started Information for New Subscribers About the Online Help

JavaScript is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Macromedia and Macromedia Flash are trademarks or registered trademarks of Macromedia Inc., in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Home Page Overview ScienceDirect® is the world's largest electronic collection of science, technology and medicine full text and bibliographic information. It offers a wide variety of features and content. For more information about ScienceDirect, see the ScienceDirect InfoSite. For help using ScienceDirect®, contact E-Helpdesk. Contact information for E-Helpdesk is available on the ScienceDirect INFO site. The ScienceDirect home page is your gateway to ScienceDirect functionality and information. When you are logged in to ScienceDirect, the following features are available from the home page: •

Browse Documents by Title or Subject

Link to favorite journals and books

Use the Navigation Bar to Access Features

Add Quick Links

View Recent Actions

Open and Close Home Page Sections

Perform a Quick Search

Access the Shopping Cart and Online Help

Browser Requirements and Preferences

How to Obtain the Adobe® Acrobat Reader®

Overview of Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Encryption

Navigation Bar The navigation bar, available at the top of most pages in ScienceDirect, provides quick access to the following features:

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ScienceDirect Help

Click Home or Home + Recent Actions to return to the ScienceDirect home page from anywhere in the program. Note

If you are not logged in to ScienceDirect, you'll see Home instead of Home + Recent Actions.

Click Browse to browse all available journal and book titles. Click Search to search our collection. Click My Settings to view or modify your account information and personalize ScienceDirect. Click Alerts to add and view a list of your search, citation, topic, and volume/issue alerts. Click Shopping Cart to view your cart. The Shopping Cart allows you to purchase multiple documents with a single credit card transaction. Note You must be logged in to ScienceDirect to access your Shopping Cart, and your institution's subscription must permit Shopping Cart purchases. Click Help for instructions and information specific to the ScienceDirect page you are viewing. Tutorials are available to demonstrate ScienceDirect tasks.

Click Live Chat to be connected with a ScienceDirect ECustomer Service representative or the live assistance service of your library or institution. Live Chat opens in a new browser window.

Return to top

Opening and Closing Home Page Sections You can customize your home page by closing the About ScienceDirect, Recent Actions, Browse, and Quick Links sections. Any changes you make are kept for all future research sessions, until you change them again.

18


Home Page Overview

Note

You must be logged in to ScienceDirect to open and close home page sections.

To close a section Click the

sign next to that section.

To open a section Click the

sign next to that section.

Return to top

Related Topics Getting Started

Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Registering and Logging In to ScienceDirect Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Some ScienceDirect® features, such as personalization and alert services, are available only after you log in. Depending on your institution's subscription, these additional features may include saving searches, setting e-mail alerts, purchasing documents, and creating a favorite journal or book series list. Note Some features may not be available in all products or to all users. To register or log in, use the Register/Login box at the top of most ScienceDirect pages. Registering Logging In Logging Out

Registering To register and request a personal User Name and password for ScienceDirect, click Register or Not Registered? in the Register/Login box. Return to top

Logging In To log in to ScienceDirect, do one of the following at the Register/Login box:

21


ScienceDirect Help

Login

If you have a ScienceDirect user name and password, enter them in the appropriate fields in the Login box.

Note If necessary, click the Login link or the (+) symbol to expand the Login box. To be automatically logged in to ScienceDirect on this computer, select Remember me on this computer. If you are using a public computer, choosing Remember me on this computer could allow other people to access ScienceDirect using your login. To prevent this, click Logout to end your ScienceDirect session or do not use the Remember Me feature.

Note Automatic log-in remains in effect for 90 days or until you do one of the following:

Athens Login

Delete the cookies on this machine.

Click the Logout link.

Change your password.

Click this link to log in using your Athens® account. The Athens Login link appears only if you have used your Athens account on this computer before.

Athens/Institution Login

Click this link to select Athens or your institution, and then log in using your Athens or institutional login.

Institution Login

Click this link to log in using your institutional login. •

The Institution Login link only appears if you have logged in through your institution on this computer before.

The name of the Institution link varies depending on the institution you last used to log in. For example, if you logged in to ScienceDirect on this computer through "ABC University", the link will be called "ABC University".

Note

Athens/Other Institution Login

22

Click this link to select Athens or your institution, and then log in using your Athens or institutional login.


Registering and Logging In

Note The Athens/Other Institution Login link only appears if you have logged in through an institution on this computer before. Activate Personalization

Click this link to personalize your ScienceDirect account. The Activate Personalization link appears if you are logged in to ScienceDirect, personalization is available to you, and you have not already personalized your account.

Return to top

Logging Out When you are logged in, a Logout link appears in the top right corner of the page. Click Logout to end your ScienceDirect session. Note

If you selected Remember me on this computer when you logged in, clicking Logout clears that option. You will need to enter a User Name and Password to login at your next session.

Return to top

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

23


ScienceDirect Help

{ XE "login" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "Athens®" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Logging In Using Your Athens or Institutional Account Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • •

Logging In Using Your Athens® Account

Logging In Using Your Institutional Account

Logging In Using Your Athens Account If you are already on the Login via Athens or Your Institution page, skip to step #2. 1. Click the Login link or the plus symbol (+) to expand the Login box. 2. Click one of the following links located in the Login box: •

Athens/Institute Login

Athens Login

Athens/Other Institute Login

3. If the Login via Athens or Your Institution page displays, click Athens Login. The Athens Login page will display. 4. Complete the following fields to log in using your Athens login. •

User Name: Enter your Athens user name.

Password: Enter your Athens password.

If you have forgotten your Athens user name or password, please contact your librarian or Athens administrator for assistance. Return to top

24


Registering and Logging In Logging In Using Your Institutional Account If you have already selected an institution on this computer, skip to step 4. 1. Click the Login link or the plus symbol (+) to expand the Login box. 2. Click one of the following links located in the Login bar. •

Athens/Institute Login

Institute Login Note

The name of the Institute link varies depending on the institution you last used to log in. For example, if you logged in to ScienceDirect on this computer through "ABC University", the link will be called "ABC University".

Athens/Other Institute Login

The Login via Athens or Your Institution page will display. 3. Select the region or group that includes your institution. Note

To view a list of all available institutions, click View All Institutions.

4. Click Go. (If you have JavaScript™ enabled, you do not have to click Go.) A list of available institutions will display. 5. Click the link for your institution. You will be directed to your institution's login page. Note

If your institution does not appear in the list, it is not set up to access ScienceDirect. If you believe your institution should be in the list, contact your librarian or information specialist.

If you have forgotten your institutional login, contact your librarian or information specialist for assistance.

Return to top

Athens is a registered trademark of EduServ. JavaScript is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

25


ScienceDirect Help

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Logging in to ScienceDirect Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Some ScienceDirect® features, such as personalization and alert services, are available only after you log in. Depending on your institution's subscription, these additional features may include: •

Saving searches

Setting e-mail alerts

Purchasing documents

Creating a favorite journal or book series list

Depending on what you are trying to access in ScienceDirect, you may be prompted to do one or more of the following: •

Log in to ScienceDirect: You can log in to ScienceDirect by entering your User Name and Password in the Login box at the top of the page. Show Me

Note

Click the Login link or the (+) symbol to expand the Login box.

If you have been prompted to log in, complete the following steps: 1. In User Name, enter your user name. Your user name is case-sensitive. 2. In Password, enter your password. Your password is case-sensitive. 3. To be automatically logged in to ScienceDirect on this computer, select Remember me on this computer. You will be remembered for 90 days.

26


Registering and Logging In

If you are using a public computer, choosing Remember me on this computer could allow other people to access ScienceDirect using your login. To prevent this, click the Logout link to end your ScienceDirect session or do not use the Remember Me feature.

Note

You will no longer be remembered on this machine, if you: •

Delete the cookies on this machine.

Click the Logout link.

Change your password.

4. Click Submit or

to log in.

Once you are logged in, the page you were trying to access appears. •

Retrieve Your Forgotten User Name or Password: 1. Click Forgotten User Name Or Password. OR Click Forgotten password? in the Login box. 2. Enter your e-mail address exactly as it appears in your personal profile. After you submit your e-mail address information, an e-mail containing your user name and password will be sent to you. Note If you have forgotten your Athens or institutional user name and/or password, contact your librarian, information specialist, or your Athens administrator for assistance.

Log in using your Athens® or institutional account information: Clicking one of the following links located in the Login box. These links will take you to either the Athens Login page or the Login via Athens or Your Institution page. • •

Athens/Institute Login

Athens Login

Institution Login

Athens/Other Institute Login

For more information, see Logging In Using Your Athens or Institutional Account. •

Log in using your Athens ID: Clicking the Athens Login link located in the Login box. This link will open the Athens Login page.

27


ScienceDirect Help

Note If you have forgotten your Athens or institutional user name and/or password, contact your librarian, information specialist, or your Athens administrator for assistance. •

Register for ScienceDirect: Click Register Now or Register to Purchase to complete a personal profile page and to access additional features of ScienceDirect, including purchase options. For more information, see Registering and Activating Your User Account. Note If you were trying to open a document and were prompted to log in, the price of the document appears above Register to Purchase.

Register Now: Click Register Now to create a profile and access additional features of ScienceDirect, including purchase options. Depending on your institution's subscription, these additional features may include saving searches or creating e-mail alerts. Cookies In order to log in, cookies must be an enabled preference on your browser. See Browser Requirements and Preferences for more information.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) For more information about how ScienceDirect ensures a secure login and secure transactions, see Secure Sockets Layer Transactions.

Logging Out To log out of ScienceDirect®, click the Logout link available at the top of every page. Note

If you selected Remember me on this computer when you logged in, clicking Logout will clear that option. Your login will no longer be remembered.

Related Topics Customer Support Information Getting Started Information for New Subscribers

Athens is a registered trademark of EduServ.

28


Registering and Logging In Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

29


ScienceDirect Help

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Activating Your Athens Login Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • To log in to ScienceDirect® using your Athens® account information, you must first activate your Athens account in ScienceDirect.

Activating your Athens login is only required the first time you log in to ScienceDirect using your Athens ID. Once your account has been activated, you can log in to ScienceDirect by clicking one of the Athens links located next to the Register/Login bar. To activate your Athens login (user name/password) in ScienceDirect 1. Complete the fields on the Activate Athens User Name page as follows: a. Optional: From the Title list, select the appropriate title. b. Required: Enter your name in the appropriate fields as follows:

c.

o

In First Name, enter your first name (given name) in this field, using upper and lower case characters as appropriate.

o

In Family Name, enter your family name (surname) in this field, using upper and lower case characters as appropriate.

Required: In E-mail Address, enter your e-mail address.

d. Required: From the Country list, select a country. e. Required: From the User Role list, select your role. f.

Required: From the Subject list, select at least one of the subject areas. Note

You can choose more than one subject area of interest by holding down the CTRL or Command ( ) key while selecting subject areas.

g. Optional: To receive e-mails about future updates, releases, or related products, select the Yes, Please Send Me Information box.

30


Registering and Logging In h. Required: Select the box indicating that you have read, understood, and agree to the terms and conditions described in the user agreement. Note

To view the user agreement, click Registered User Agreement.

2. Do one of the following: 1. •

Click Done to activate your Athens account.

Click Optional Information to enter additional registration information before activating your registration.

Click Cancel to go to the ScienceDirect home page without activating your Athens account.

Note To review the privacy policy, click the Privacy Policy link located above the information fields.

Athens is a registered trademark of EduServ. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

Activating Personalization Features for Your Institutional Login Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Many features and functions available in ScienceDirect® are based on your personal preferences and require a one-time registration and a per-session login. The Register/Login box appears at the top of almost every page within ScienceDirect until you log in.

Activating your institutional login is only required the first time you log in to ScienceDirect using your institutional ID. Once your account has been activated, you can log in to ScienceDirect by clicking the Institute link located next to the Register/Login bar. To activate personalization features when logging in through your institution 1. Complete the fields on the Activate Personalization page as follows: Field

Description/Action

Title

Select the appropriate title from the drop-down list.

First Name

Your given name

Family Name

Your surname

E-mail Address

The e-mail address where you can be contacted.

Country

From the list, select your country.

Organization Type

From the drop-down list, select the category that best describes your organization.

(if present) User Role

32

From the list, select the category that best describes your role in your organization.


Registering and Logging In

Password

Enter your password. Your password is case sensitive and must be at least 5 characters long, but no more than 20 characters long.

Confirm Password

Enter your password again exactly as it appears in the Password field.

Subject

From the list, select one or more areas of interest. You can choose more than one subject area of interest by holding down the CTRL or Command ( ) key while selecting subject areas.

2. To receive e-mails about future updates, releases, or related products, select the Yes, Please Send Me Information box. 3. Select the box indicating that you have read, understood, and agree to the terms and conditions described in the user agreement. To view the user agreement, click Registered User Agreement. 4. Do one of the following: •

Click Done to register.

Click Optional Information to enter additional registration information before activating your registration.

Click Cancel to go to the ScienceDirect home page without activating your institutional login.

Note To review the privacy policy, click the Privacy Policy link located above the information fields.

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Quick Search { XE "tips:quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview:quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Quick Search You can use Quick Search to search for articles or journal and book titles. Quick Search is available at the top of every page that has a navigation bar.

Tip: Click the Advanced Search link on the Quick Search form to go to the Advanced search form and search other fields.. You can search all fields in a document or limit your search to author names, journal and book titles, volume, issue, or page number fields. Searchable content includes all available journals , book series , handbooks , books, and reference works. •

Searching for Articles

Searching for Journal and Book Titles

Searching for Articles in Specific Journal or Book Titles

Searching for Articles 1. In Quick Search, enter your search term(s) in one or more of the following fields. For more information about each field, see quick search tips. •

All fields

Author

Journal/book title

Volume

Issue

Page

35


ScienceDirect Help

2. Click

or press Enter to begin your search and display your article search results.

Return to top

Searching for Journal and Book Titles 1. In Quick Search, enter your search term(s) in the Journal/book title field only. As you type your journal or book title, the first ten titles that match your entry will display. The beginning of each word in the title will be searched for a match, so info would return Information and Computation and Journal of Biomedical Informatics. To choose one of the titles, select the title from the list. You must have JavaScript™ enabled in your browser for a list of matching titles to display. Notes

2. Click results.

If you enter search terms in any of the other Quick Search fields, your search will return articles instead of journal and book titles.

You can search a specific journal or book using Quick Search. When the text, --This Journal/Book--, displays in the Journal/book title field and you are viewing a journal or book home page, entering terms in the other Quick Search fields will search only content in that journal or book.

You do not have to enter the entire title. For example, entering neuro bio will return all titles that include those letters.

or press Enter to begin your search and display your journal and book title

Return to top

Searching for Articles in Specific Journal or Book Titles

Note

If you are already on a journal or book home page, skip to step #2.

1. Browse for the appropriate journal or book title. The Quick Search bar will display the text, --This Journal/Book--, in the Journal/book title search field to indicate that the current journal or book will be searched. 2. In Quick Search, enter your search term(s) in one or more of the following fields. For more information about each field, see quick search tips.

36

All fields

Author

Volume

Issue


Quick Search • Note

Page If you enter text in the Journal/book title field or delete the phrase --This Journal/Book--, all journals, books series, handbooks, and reference works are searched.

3. Click

or press Enter to begin your search and display your article search results.

Return to top

Related Topics Quick Search Tips Performing an All Sources Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Journals Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Books Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Reference Works Search, Advanced and Expert Saving and Editing a Search

JavaScript is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

{ XE "tips:quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview:quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Quick Search You can use Quick Search to search for articles or journal and book titles. Quick Search is available at the top of every page that has a navigation bar.

Tip: Click the Advanced Search link on the Quick Search form to go to the Advanced search form and search other fields.. You can search all fields in a document or limit your search to author names, journal and book titles, volume, issue, or page number fields. Searchable content includes all available journals , book series , handbooks , books, and reference works. •

Searching for Articles

Searching for Journal and Book Titles

Searching for Articles in Specific Journal or Book Titles

Searching for Articles 1. In Quick Search, enter your search term(s) in one or more of the following fields. For more information about each field, see quick search tips. •

All fields

Author

Journal/book title

Volume

Issue

Page

2. Click

38

or press Enter to begin your search and display your article search results.


Quick Search Return to top

Searching for Journal and Book Titles 1. In Quick Search, enter your search term(s) in the Journal/book title field only. As you type your journal or book title, the first ten titles that match your entry will display. The beginning of each word in the title will be searched for a match, so info would return Information and Computation and Journal of Biomedical Informatics. To choose one of the titles, select the title from the list. You must have JavaScript™ enabled in your browser for a list of matching titles to display. Notes

2. Click results.

If you enter search terms in any of the other Quick Search fields, your search will return articles instead of journal and book titles.

You can search a specific journal or book using Quick Search. When the text, --This Journal/Book--, displays in the Journal/book title field and you are viewing a journal or book home page, entering terms in the other Quick Search fields will search only content in that journal or book.

You do not have to enter the entire title. For example, entering neuro bio will return all titles that include those letters.

or press Enter to begin your search and display your journal and book title

Return to top

Searching for Articles in Specific Journal or Book Titles

Note

If you are already on a journal or book home page, skip to step #2.

1. Browse for the appropriate journal or book title. The Quick Search bar will display the text, --This Journal/Book--, in the Journal/book title search field to indicate that the current journal or book will be searched. 2. In Quick Search, enter your search term(s) in one or more of the following fields. For more information about each field, see quick search tips. •

All fields

Author

Volume

Issue

Page

39


ScienceDirect Help

Note

If you enter text in the Journal/book title field or delete the phrase --This Journal/Book--, all journals, books series, handbooks, and reference works are searched.

3. Click

or press Enter to begin your search and display your article search results.

Return to top

Related Topics Quick Search Tips Performing an All Sources Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Journals Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Books Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Reference Works Search, Advanced and Expert Saving and Editing a Search

JavaScript is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Quick Search

{ XE "tips" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "quick search:quick search tips" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Quick Search Tips You can search an entire document, or limit your search to author names, journal and book titles, volume, issue, or page number fields using Quick Search. Searchable content includes all available journals , book series , handbooks , books, and reference works . To run a more precise search or search other fields, use the Advanced or Expert search forms. Tip: Click the Advanced Search link on the Quick Search form to go to the

Advanced search form. •

Searching Multiple Fields

Searching All Fields

Author Field

Volume Field

Issue Field

Page Field

Journal/Book Title Field

Choosing Quick Search Terms

Constructing a Journal/Book Title Search

Searching Multiple Fields When you enter search terms in multiple fields an 'AND' connector is automatically included in your search query. For example

If you enter Author: smith and Volume: 4, your search will be for articles that have "Smith" in their author field and that have "4" in their volume field.

Return to top

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ScienceDirect Help Searching All Fields To find documents that contain your terms in any field, use the All fields field.

Multiple Terms If you enter multiple terms in the All fields field, Quick Search will include an 'AND' connector in your search query. Example If you enter heart attack oxygen, your search will be for articles having occurrences of "heart AND attack AND oxygen".

Exact Phrases To search for a matching or exact phrase, enclose the term in brackets ({}). See Searching for Phrases for more information. Example To locate occurrences of the phrase "heart attack", enter {heart attack}. Return to top

Author Field Searches for documents written by an author. Quick Search will find results where both search terms are present in the document even if they are in separate author fields. Tip: An author search format example appears in a tooltip when your pointer is on

the Author field. Example Searching for J Smith using Quick Search would find results such as: T. Smith, J. Rolf. To find authors where all your search terms are in the same field, use the Specific Author field on the Advanced search form or the Specific-Author field on the Expert search form. See Searching for Names for more information. Return to top

Volume Searches for documents in a specific volume of a journal or book. Example Entering Volume: 34 will return documents with a volume number of "34". Return to top

42


Quick Search

Issue Searches for documents in a specific issue of a journal or book. Example Entering Issue: 4 will return documents with an issue identifier of "4". Return to top

Page Searches for documents with specific page numbers. Example Entering Page: 9 will return documents with page numbers, such as: • 1-9 •

9

9-16

Entering Page: v will return documents with page numbers, such as: •

v

v-xii

v-vi

Return to top

Journal/Book Title Field Searches for a specific journal or book title. This field returns either articles or journal and book titles depending on which Quick Search fields are populated. As you type your journal or book title, a list of titles that match your entry will display. The beginning of each word in the title will be searched for a match, so ‘info’ would return Information and Computation and Journal of Biomedical Informatics. To choose one of the titles, select the title from the list. Note: You must have JavaScript™ enabled in your browser for a list of matching titles to display. o

Articles: If search terms are entered in the other Quick Search fields (including the Journal/book title field), the search will return articles. Example Entering All fields: dopamine and Journal/book title: neuro will return articles with occurrences of "dopamine" and also with "neuro" in the journal

43


ScienceDirect Help or book title. o

Journal and book titles: If search terms are available only in the Journal/book title field, the search will return journal/book titles. Example Entering only neuro in the Journal/book title field will return journals and books with "neuro" in the journal or book title, including: •

Neurobiology of Aging

Neurocomputing

Paediatric Neurology

You do not have to enter the entire title. For example, entering neuro bio will return all titles that include all those letters. o

Searching a specific journal or book: When the text --This Journal/Book-appears in the Journal/book title search field and you are on a journal or book home page, entering search terms in the other Quick Search fields will search only articles in that journal or book. Note: If you enter only spaces in the other fields, the spaces will be ignored.

Return to top

Choosing Quick Search Terms You can use many of the Boolean syntax rules when building a Quick Search. •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the singular form of the word.

Omit stop words from your search string.

Use connectors.

Prioritize your search terms.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms. Note: Do not use wildcard characters in a Journal/book title search.

Observe the rules for searching special characters and formulas.

Note: Numeric data are searchable only as text. Return to top

Constructing a Journal/Book Title Search

44


Quick Search •

Titles returned in the search results match all terms in a multiple-term search string. Example If you enter chemical engineering in the search box, the search results may include the following titles:

Biochemical Engineering Journal

Chemical Engineering and Processing

Chemical Engineering Journal

The Chemical Engineering Journal and the Biochemical Engineering Journal

Chemical Engineering Science

Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects

Computers & Chemical Engineering

Advances in Chemical Engineering

Terms in a multiple-term search string must be entered in the order in which they appear in titles. Example In the chemical engineering search example, a journal titled, "The Engineering and Chemical Processing Journal," would not be retrieved because the terms in the title do not appear in the same order as the terms in the search string.

Do not use Boolean syntax or Boolean connectors such as "AND," "OR," or "AND NOT" in your search string. If included, these terms must be part of the title to avoid making the search invalid.

Do not use wildcard characters.

Partial terms (without wildcards) may be entered, but these partial terms must be entered in the same order as they appear in the title.

The search is not case-sensitive.

Return to top

Related Topics Quick Search

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45


Browsing { XE "home page" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "browsing" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Browsing Publications Alphabetically Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • In ScienceDirect, you can browse all available journal and book titles alphabetically: •

From the Browse box on the home page. Show Me

From the Browse tab. Show Me

47


ScienceDirect Help

To browse journals and books alphabetically 1. Do one of the following: •

Click

From Browse box on the home page, click a letter on the alphabetical browse bar to view titles that begin with that letter.

on the Navigation bar.

2. In the Browse box, click Journals/Books Alphabetically. A list of all journals and books appears. Note

The type of publication appears in the Content Type column: •

Journal

Book

Book Series

Handbook

Reference Work

3. If necessary, filter the list of publications by subscription status and publication type. Note

If you are logged in, your filter selections are stored for the next time you browse publications alphabetically or by subject. However, when browsing favorites, all subscription options and publication

48


Browsing

types are included in your list by default.

2. a. Select which titles to include in the browse list based on full-text availability. •

Select Full-text available to include the journals and books that are part of your subscription or freely available. You can view the full-text for at least one of the documents in these journals and books.

Select Abstract Only to include journals and books that are not part of your subscription. Full-text access to documents may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

b. Select the type of publications to include in the browse list. •

Select Journals and Book Series to include journals and book series.

Select All Books to include books, book series, handbooks, and reference works.

Select Reference Works only to include only reference works. Note

3. Click

If JavaScript™ is enabled in your browser, selecting Reference Works only automatically clears the All Books selection option.

to save your settings.

The browse list displays the selected journals and books. 4. Click a letter or 0-9 on the alphabetical browse bar to view titles that begin with that letter or with a number. Show Me

Note:

The current letter is highlighted.

Or, click All to display all available titles in alphabetical order. 5. Do one of the following: 5. •

To open a journal or book home page, click the title of the journal or book that you want to view.

To view Articles in Press for a publication, click the Articles in Press link for the journal or book that you want to view.

49


ScienceDirect Help •

Article Feed. The RSS feed To create an RSS Feed for a publication, click provides links to articles that have been added to the publication. Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator.

To add a publication to your Favorites list, select the Favorites checkbox next to that title, and then click

.

To receive an alert when new volumes or issues are available, select the Volume/Issue Alerts checkbox next to that title, and then click

.

Additional Options •

Adding and removing favorites

Adding and removing volume/issue alerts

Viewing subscription information

Related Topics Browsing Journals and Books by Subject Browsing Favorite Journals and Books Quick Search for a Journal or Book Title Performing a Journals Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Book Search, Advanced and Expert

JavaScript is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

50


Browsing

{ XE "home page" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "browsing" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Browsing Publications Alphabetically Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • In ScienceDirect, you can browse all available journal and book titles alphabetically: •

From the Browse box on the home page. Show Me

From the Browse tab. Show Me

51


ScienceDirect Help

To browse journals and books alphabetically 1. Do one of the following: •

Click

From Browse box on the home page, click a letter on the alphabetical browse bar to view titles that begin with that letter.

on the Navigation bar.

2. In the Browse box, click Journals/Books Alphabetically. A list of all journals and books appears. Note

The type of publication appears in the Content Type column: •

Journal

Book

Book Series

Handbook

Reference Work

3. If necessary, filter the list of publications by subscription status and publication type. Note

If you are logged in, your filter selections are stored for the next time you browse publications alphabetically or by subject. However, when browsing favorites, all subscription options and publication

52


Browsing

types are included in your list by default.

2. a. Select which titles to include in the browse list based on full-text availability. •

Select Full-text available to include the journals and books that are part of your subscription or freely available. You can view the full-text for at least one of the documents in these journals and books.

Select Abstract Only to include journals and books that are not part of your subscription. Full-text access to documents may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

b. Select the type of publications to include in the browse list. •

Select Journals and Book Series to include journals and book series.

Select All Books to include books, book series, handbooks, and reference works.

Select Reference Works only to include only reference works. Note

3. Click

If JavaScript™ is enabled in your browser, selecting Reference Works only automatically clears the All Books selection option.

to save your settings.

The browse list displays the selected journals and books. 4. Click a letter or 0-9 on the alphabetical browse bar to view titles that begin with that letter or with a number. Show Me

Note:

The current letter is highlighted.

Or, click All to display all available titles in alphabetical order. 5. Do one of the following: 5. •

To open a journal or book home page, click the title of the journal or book that you want to view.

To view Articles in Press for a publication, click the Articles in Press link for the journal or book that you want to view.

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ScienceDirect Help •

Article Feed. The RSS feed To create an RSS Feed for a publication, click provides links to articles that have been added to the publication. Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator.

To add a publication to your Favorites list, select the Favorites checkbox next to that title, and then click

.

To receive an alert when new volumes or issues are available, select the Volume/Issue Alerts checkbox next to that title, and then click

.

Additional Options •

Adding and removing favorites

Adding and removing volume/issue alerts

Viewing subscription information

Related Topics Browsing Journals and Books by Subject Browsing Favorite Journals and Books Quick Search for a Journal or Book Title Performing a Journals Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Book Search, Advanced and Expert

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Browsing

{ XE "subject" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "home page" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "browsing" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Browsing Publications by Subject Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • On the Browse page, you can display journals and books about a specific subject. When you click Journals/Books by Subject, you will be prompted to select the subject areas that you want to browse. To browse journals and books by subject 1. Do one of the following: •

Click

From the Browse box on the ScienceDirect® home page, select a subject. Show Me

on the Navigation bar.

2. In the Browse box, click Journals/Books by Subject. A list of subjects appears. See Selecting Subject Areas for information about selecting subjects.

55


ScienceDirect Help

Note

The type of publication appears in the Content Type column: •

Journal

Book

Book Series

Handbook

Reference Work

3. If necessary, filter the list of publications by subscription status and publication type. Note

If you are logged in, your filter selections are stored for the next time you browse publications alphabetically or by subject. However, when browsing favorites, all subscription options and publication types are included in your list by default.

2. a. Select which titles to include in the browse list based on full-text availability. •

Select Full-text available to include the journals and books that are part of your subscription or freely available. You can view the full-text for at least one of the documents in these journals and books.

Select Abstract Only to include journals and books that are not part of your subscription. Full-text access to documents may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

b. Select the type of publications to include in the browse list. •

Select Journals and Book Series to include journals and book series.

Select All Books to include books, book series, handbooks, and reference works.

Select Reference Works only to include only reference works. Note

3. Click

If JavaScript™ is enabled in your browser, selecting Reference Works only will automatically clear the All Books selection option.

to save your settings.

The browse list displays the selected journals and books. 4. Click a letter or 0-9 on the alphabetical browse bar to view titles that begin with that letter or with a number. Show Me

56


Browsing

Note:

The current selection is highlighted.

Or, click All to display all available titles in alphabetical order. 5. Do one of the following: 5. •

To open a journal or book home page, click the title of the journal or book that you want to view.

To narrow your list to one of the subject areas listed above the alphabetical browse bar, click that subject area link. Show Me

To view Articles in Press for a publication, click the Articles in Press link of the journal or book that you want to view.

To create an RSS Feed for a publication, click Article Feed. The RSS feed provides links to articles that have been added to the publication. Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator.

To add a publication to your Favorites list, select the Favorites checkbox next to that title, and then click

.

To receive an alert when new volumes or issues are available, select the Volume/Issue Alerts checkbox next to that title, and then click

.

Additional Options •

Adding and removing favorites

Adding and removing volume/issue alerts

Viewing subscription information

Related Topics 57


ScienceDirect Help Browsing Journals and Books by Subject Browsing Favorite Journals and Books Quick Search for a Journal or Book Title Performing a Journals Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Book Search, Advanced and Expert

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Browsing

{ XE "favorites" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "browsing" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Browsing Favorite Publications Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • From the Browse page, you can view a list of favorite journal and book titles. Note: Favorites are available only if you are logged in to ScienceDirect®. To browse favorite journals and books 1. Click Note

on the Navigation bar. You can also view favorite journals and books in the Quick Links section of the home page. Show Me

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ScienceDirect Help

2. In the Browse box, click Favorite Journals/Books. A list of favorite journals and books appear. Note

The type of publication displays in the Content Type column. Possible publication types include: •

Journal

Book

Book Series

Handbook

Reference Work

3. If necessary, filter the list of publications by subscription status and publication type. Note

If you are logged in, your filter selections will appear the next time you browse publications alphabetically or by subject. However, when browsing favorites, all subscription options and publication types are included in your list by default.

2. a. Select which titles to include in the browse list based on full-text availability. •

60

Select Full-text available to include the journals and books that are part of your subscription or freely available. You can view the full-text for at least one of the documents in these journals and books.


Browsing •

Select Abstract Only to include journals and books that are not part of your subscription. Full-text access to documents may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

b. Select the type of publications to include in the browse list. •

Select Journals and Book Series to include journals and book series.

Select All Books to include books, book series, handbooks, and reference works.

Select Reference Works only to include only reference works. Note

3. Click

If JavaScript™ is an enabled preference in your browser, selecting Reference Works only will automatically clear the All Books selection option.

to save your settings.

The browse list displays your favorite journals and books. 4. Click a letter or 0-9 on the alphabetical browse bar to view titles that begin with that letter or with a number. Show Me

Note:

The current selection is highlighted.

Or, click All to display all available titles in alphabetical order. 5. Do one of the following: 5. •

To open a journal or book home page, click the title of the journal or book that you want to view.

To remove a publication from your Favorites list, click the Favorites checkbox next to that title to remove the checkmark, and then click

. Show Me

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ScienceDirect Help

To view Articles in Press for a publication, click the Articles in Press link of the journal or book that you want to view.

Article Feed. The RSS feed To create an RSS Feed for a publication, click provides links to articles that have been added to the publication. Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator.

To receive an alert when new volumes or issues are available, select the Volume/Issue Alerts checkbox next to that title, and then click

.

Additional Options •

Adding and removing favorites

Adding and removing volume/issue alerts

Viewing subscription information

Related Topics Browsing Publications by Subject Browsing Publications Alphabetically Quick Search for a Journal or Book Title Performing a Journals Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Book Search, Advanced and Expert

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Browsing

{ XE "View Structure Links" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "thumbnails" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "Scopus®:cited by" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "Scopus®" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "mml" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "MathML" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "math formulas" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "images" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "Full Text" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "font size" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "documents:opening" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "Cited By" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "citation alert" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "bookmarking pages" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "2collab" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Browsing Full-Text Documents Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • When you open a document, you can browse the Article or Chapter, Figures/Tables, References, Abstract, or PDF tabs to view different sections or formats of the document. The following links may also be available for a document. Click a link for more information:

E-mail Article

Add to My Quick Links

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ScienceDirect Help

Cited by

Add to 2collab

Save as Citation Alert

Permissions & Reprints

Citation Feed

Cited by in Scopus

Export Citation

Download PDF

Browsing Full-Text Articles or Chapters When you click the title of a document, the HTML view of the document will display. The HTML view of a document contains the full-text of a document (if available), including the abstract, article outline, tables, figures, images, references, and document text. Note: The availability of full-text depends on your institutional account settings and document availability. If the full-text is not available, you may be able to purchase the document, access it through your institutional account or order the document. Abstracts and thumbnail versions of tables and figures are available free of charge. From the full-text article or chapter view, you can: •

Navigate the article or chapter • • •

Article Outline Search Terms In-Text Citations

View figures, tables, and images

Access video, audio and other supplementary content with an article or chapter

Open a PDF of the article or chapter

Navigate article lists and adjust font size

Contact authors

Create a DOI link

View more information about the document

View the document outside of ScienceDirect

Navigating the Article or Chapter You can navigate through a document by scrolling through the document, or jump to specific sections by using the article outline, viewing search terms, or clicking in-text citations.

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Browsing

Publication Information Publication information about the article, including links to the publication homepage and the volume/issue are available at the top of the document on the Article, Chapter, Figures/Tables, and References tabs. If a volume or issue is a special issue, information about the topic appears below the volume or issue information. Note: A Sponsored Article label indicates that the document has been accepted for publication, and the authors have paid a sponsorship fee to make it freely available on ScienceDirect. •

Search Terms: If you retrieved this document through a search, your search term is highlighted in the text of the document. 1. Scroll to the first occurrence of your search term. 2. Click the forward or back arrow next to the highlighted search term to skip to the next or previous occurrence of the term. Show Me

Article Outline: Click an item in the outline to go to that section of the document. Show Me

In-Text Citations: Click an in-text citation to go to the bibliographic reference for that citation. Tip: You can view the reference citation from the article by placing your mouse over the citation number. Show Me

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ScienceDirect Help Return to top

Viewing Figures/Tables You can view the images, figures, and tables for a document on the Article or Chapter tab or the Figures/Tables tab. On the Article tab, the figures, images, and tables are presented with the document text. On the Figures/Tables tab, only the article citation, figures, tables, and images are displayed. •

The Figures/Tables tab only appears for documents that have figures, tables, or images. If you do not have full-text access to the document, only thumbnail versions of the figures, tables, and images are available.

You must have JavaScript™ enabled in your browser to view the Figures/Tables tab.

Notes

Thumbnail Images Images appear as thumbnails by default. To view full-text images •

In the full-text document format, click the Full-Size Images link. Note: Your preference is stored for the next time you log in to ScienceDirect.

If a figure or table is displayed in the document as a thumbnail, click the thumbnail to view a magnified version of the figure or table in a separate window.

If available, you can also view a high-quality image of the picture. Click the High-quality image(file size) link to open the high-quality version of the image in a new browser window.

Return to top

Accessing Video, Audio and other Supplementary Content A document may have video, audio and other supplementary content associated with it. To access this content, use the Supplementary Content box on the Article or Chapter tab. •

Each tab on the Supplementary Content box (Video, Audio, Other) appears only if the corresponding content is available for the article or chapter. Tabs do not appear if only one type of content is available.

The Other tab provides access to content such as Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, PDF documents, and so on.

Notes

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Browsing

To access content •

On the appropriate Supplementary Content tab, click the icon to open the content in a separate window.

To view the section of the document that references the supplementary content, click View Within Article/Chapter.

Use the arrows and numbers at the top of the tabs to access additional content, if available.

Return to top

Viewing References You can view the references for a document on the Article or Chapter tab or the References tab. On the Article tab, the references are presented with the document text. On the References tab, only the article citation and references are displayed. •

If you do not have full-text access to a document, the References tab may not appear.

You must have JavaScript™ enabled in your browser to view the References tab.

Notes

To open references Click a full-text link below the citation to open the reference. Show Me

Note: Access to the citation or document is determined by your institution's subscription.

To view reference citations in an article Click a reference citation number or author name to go to that citation in the article. Show Me

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ScienceDirect Help

Return to top

Opening PDFs

Note: To open documents in PDF format, you need Adobe® Acrobat Reader® version 5.0 or higher. You can download the reader free of charge by clicking this button:

To open a PDF You can view a document exactly as it appears in the publication by clicking the PDF tab. The PDF version of the document,displays the images, tables, and figures appear within the body of the document. Using the PDF Download Manager Click Download PDF to download multiple PDF files with the ScienceDirect PDF Download Manager. You can also use the Download Manager to create and use your own file naming convention to download individual or multiple PDF files. For example, you can have the PDF files named by author and date of publication. Note: The Download PDF link is only available if you have Windows XP installed and JavaScript™ enabled as a preference in your browser. Return to top

Contacting Authors Click

to e-mail an author of the document.

Click

to view an author's contact information.

Return to top

Viewing the Document Outside of ScienceDirect 68


Browsing Links to full-text, references, and cited by counts for documents may be available outside of ScienceDirect® through Scopus® and/or the journal publisher's web site. Note: Accessing a journal publisher's web site, Scopus, or the full-text document

may require a separate subscription. • Links to abstracts, references, and the cited by counts for a document may be available through Scopus. Scopus is a multidisciplinary navigational tool that contains records going back to the mid 1960s, offering newly-linked citations across the widest body of scientific abstracts available in one place.

o

To access abstracts and references for a document in Scopus, click View Record in Scopus. The document will open in a new browser window.

o

To view the number of times a document has been cited in Scopus, click Cited By in Scopus(number of citations). A Scopus Cited By search results page will appear in a new browser window.

Journal Publisher To access full-text documents at the publisher's web site, click the appropriate link or button.

Return to top

Viewing Documents that Cite the Current Document

Click Cited By to view a list of documents that cite the document. Return to top

Creating Citation Alerts Click Save as Citation Alert to receive an e-mail when the document is cited by new documents added to ScienceDirect®. When you click this option, the Save As Citation Alert page appears. Return to top

Viewing More Information About the Document Depending on the format of the document, the following links may be available: •

Math Formulas: Click a math formula that appears within the document text to view or download the formula in MathML format.

69


ScienceDirect Help If you have a MathML-aware program installed, the formula automatically displays in the application. Otherwise, you are prompted to save the file in .mml format. •

Refers to/Refered to by: A document may contain links to another document, such as subsequent correspondence and publisher or author corrections, and so on. If so, the other article's citation and document links display above the open document's text. These documents contain links to the original document above the document text. If these links are temporarily unavailable, use the browser's Back button to return to the original document.

Preprint Articles: Click the preprint article identifier, if available, to view a preprint version of the document. Example astro-ph/0208354 or cond-mat/0209145

Glossary Links: Click a glossary link to view a definition for the linked word or phrase. Glossary links open in a new window.

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Adding RSS Feeds Citation Feed to create an RSS feed for the current document. The RSS feed provides Click links to new documents that cite this document. NotesÂ

RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator.

RSS Citation Feeds are not available for all articles.

Return to top

Related Topics Saving a Citation Alert E-mailing an Open Document Exporting Document Citations Navigating Documents

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Browsing Scopus速 is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

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Browsing Journals and Books Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • From a publication home page, you can view a book table of contents and all available volumes and issues of a journal, book series, or handbook.

Browsing a Journal, Book Series, or Handbook Browsing a Book Viewing More Information About this Title

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Browsing

Viewing Articles in Press Adding this Title to Favorites or Volume/Issue Alerts Navigating article lists Searching this Title Viewing Subscription Information Viewing Related Articles Emailing Articles Opening All Previews Adding an Article Feed Exporting Citations Adding a Quick Link Adding an Article to 2collab Changing the Font Size Downloading PDFs

Browsing a Journal, Book Series, or Handbook Home Page You can browse all available volumes and issues of a journal, book series, or handbook on a publication home page. To browse a journal, book series, or handbook home page 1. Browse or Search for a publication. 2. Click the plus symbol (+) or volume name to view the issue numbers, page ranges, and dates within that volume. Browse the table of contents of an issue by clicking one of the issues in the volume list. Show Me

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ScienceDirect Help

The table of contents for the most recent volume/issue appears at the top of the list.

Not all volumes/issues are displayed in this condensed format. Page range information may not be available for all issues.

If a volume or issue is dedicated to a specific topic, the special issue title appears below the volume or issue information.

Notes

3. Do one of the following: •

Click the document title or PDF link to open it. Notes

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

to add a link to the volume/issue to the Quick Links Click section of your home page.

To preview a document abstract, click images, tables, and references for a document.

to view the abstract, figures,

Return to top

Viewing More Information About this Title The following links to additional information may be available from this page for journals, book series, and handbooks: Note Each of these links opens a separate browser window.

Cover Image

74

Links to the publisher's Web site.


Browsing

Sample Issue Online

Links to a free issue of the publication.

About this Journal/Book Series/Handbook

Links to more information about the publication such as ordering information, dispatch dates, a description of the journal, and information about the Editorial Board.

Submit your Article

Links to information about submitting and tracking procedures for authors.

Related Learned Society

Links to a subject-related learned society's Web site.

More Journal Features

Links to features available for specific journals such as cumulative indexes, thesauri, or electronic annexes.

Associations with Other Publications

If this publication is associated with another title because of a name change, merger, or split, the associated publication's name(s) and reason for the change appear at the top of page. This note generally states "Formerly part of publication name" or "Incorporated into publication name". Issues are listed with the name under which they were originally published. Example If a publication's name changes, both the old and new name appear in the list, and the relevant issues are listed under the appropriate title. Links are available to access associated publications.

Issue Not Yet Available

Issues are available online as soon as possible. Missing issues may appear in the volume/issue list with the notation, "Issue not yet available," which links to an explanation of why the issue is not available. This notation appears until the missing issue becomes available.

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Viewing Articles in Press A link to Articles in Press for a journal, book series, or handbook may appear in the volume list. Click the link to view a list of articles that have been accepted for publication but have not been assigned to a publication volume or issue. When the final article is available and published in an issue of the journal, the corresponding Article in Press link is removed. The following three types of Articles in Press may appear in ScienceDirect速: 75


ScienceDirect Help

Accepted manuscripts

Accepted manuscripts are articles that have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board. These articles have not yet been copy edited and/or formatted in the journal house style.

Uncorrected proofs

Uncorrected proofs have been copy edited and formatted, but have not been finalized and may still be corrected by the authors, so the text could change before final publication.<

Corrected proofs

Corrected proofs contain authors' corrections and may or may not have specific issue and page numbers assigned.

Return to top

Browsing a Book Home Page You can browse the table of contents for a book on a book home page. Note Â

Each book edition has a separate home page.

To browse a book home page 1. Browse or Search for a publication. 2. For book home pages, click a table of contents section or the plus symbol (+) to expand a section. 3. If necessary, click the plus symbol (+) for a sub-section to view documents for the subsection. 4. Do one of the following: •

Click a chapter link to open it. Notes

Return to top

76

Click home page.

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the chapter. Click the chapter title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the chapter. Full-text access to the chapter may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

Click the Index link to view the full-text of the book index. to add the link to the Quick Links section of your


Browsing Adding RSS Feeds New Article Feed. The RSS feed provides links To create an RSS feed for a publication, click to articles that have been added to the publication. Notes Â

RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator.

RSS Article Feeds are not available for all publications.

Return to top

Related Topics Browsing Reference Works Bookmarking Pages Managing Favorites Managing Volume/Issue Alerts

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ScienceDirect Help

{ XE "browsing" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Selecting Subject Areas On the Browse page, you can display journals and books about a specific subject. To select subject areas 1. Click

on the Navigation bar.

2. In the Browse box, click Journals/Books by Subject. A list of subject areas will display. 3. Do one of the following: •

Select one or more subject areas. Note

You must have JavaScript™ enabled on your computer to select more than one subject or expand sub-headings. If JavaScript is not enabled, click the subject area name to view documents in that subject.

a. Click the plus symbol (+) next to a subject area to expand it. Subject areas will expand to display a list of sub-headings, which can also be expanded. For example

The subject "Life Sciences" contains the following additional subject areas: •

Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

Environmental Science

The sub-categories can also be expanded. "Environmental Science" includes the following additional subject areas: •

Ecological Modelling

Ecology

Environmental Chemistry

b. If needed, click the plus symbol (+) next to the sub-heading to view further headings. •

78

Clicking a subject selects all of its sub-categories.


Browsing

For example

Selecting "Life Sciences" would also select its subcategories, including: Agricultural and Biological Sciences; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; and Environmental Science.

Some documents are assigned to more than one subject.

OR •

Click a subject area name to view titles included in that subject.

4. Click

to view titles associated with the selected subject areas.

The browse list will display journals and books classified in the selected subject areas. Note

You can also view titles by subject from the Browse box on the ScienceDirect home page. Select a new subject area from the Browse by Subject list. A list of titles classified in that subject area will display. Show Me

Related Topics Browsing Journals and Books by Titles Browsing Favorite Journals and Books Quick Search for a Journal or Book Title Performing a Journals Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Book Search, Advanced and Expert

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Searching { XE "tips:quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:saving search results" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:recalling saved searches" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "search history" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "recalling:search history" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "recalling:saved searches" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview:search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview:quick search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journals:searching titles" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "history table" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:searching titles" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:book series" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "book series:searching titles" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "book series" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Searching ScienceDirect ScienceDirect速 provides a variety of search options to help you find documents.

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ScienceDirect Help

Note For Web Editions and guest users, the full search features of ScienceDirect are not available; however, you can search using Quick Search. •

Advanced Search

Expert Search

Quick Search

Spelling Suggestions

Saving and Recalling Searches

Advanced Search

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Advanced search forms are available from the Search tab on the Navigation bar. Show Me

Advanced Search provides pre-defined fields that you can use to search all available documents, journals, or books. The Advanced search form is designed to guide you through creating a search. Use Advanced Search to: •

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Search pre-defined Advanced Search field, including: •

Abstract, Title, Keywords

Authors


Searching •

Specific Author

Source Title

Title

Keywords

Abstract

References

ISSN

ISBN

Affiliation

Full Text

All Fields

Note The available Advanced Search fields vary depending on the type of content you are searching. •

Search one or two fields in a single query. Example Use the Advanced search form to search authors and keywords.

Search a specific publication type. Example Use the Advanced Journals search form to search only journals or only books.

Limit your search in the following ways: •

document type

date

subject

Advanced Search Forms and Searchable Content

Search Form/Content Type

Journals

Books

Book Series

Handbooks

Reference Works

All Sources Search

X

X

X

X

X

Journals Search

X X

X

X

Books Search Reference Works Search

X

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ScienceDirect Help Return to top

Expert Search The Expert search form is available from the Search tab on the Navigation bar. Show Me

From the Expert search form, you can use Boolean syntax to search all documents, journals, or books. The Expert search form is designed for expert users who would like to create more complicated searches. Use Expert Search to: •

Build complex searches using Boolean syntax, proximity operators, and wildcards

Search multiple fields in one query

Prioritize your search terms

Limit your search in the following ways: •

document type

date

subject

Expert Search Forms and Searchable Content

Search Form/Content Type

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Journals

Books

Book Series

Handbooks

Reference Works


Searching

All Sources Search

X

Journals Search

X

Books Search

X

X

X

X

X

X

Reference Works Search

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Quick Search You can use Quick Search to search for articles or journal and book titles. Quick Search is available at the top of every ScienceDirect page that has a navigation bar, except for the Advanced or Expert Search pages. Show Me

You can search article titles, abstracts, keywords, author names, journal and book titles, volume, issue, or page number fields. Searchable content includes all available journals, books series, handbooks, and all subscribed reference works. Use Quick Search to â&#x20AC;˘

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Search the content of a specific journal or book title.

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Spelling Suggestions If your search returns 20 or fewer results and ScienceDirect detects a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions appear at the top of the search results list, search form, or search history. Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. Return to top

Saving and Recalling Searches You can save and recall searches from the Search History table and the Recall Search button.

Saving Searches You can save a search from the Save Search link on your search results pages. Show Me 85


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You cannot save a search from a Quick Search results page.

Search History From the Search History table, you can view a list of searches you have run. The table lists your search string (in Boolean format) and the number of documents returned. Search History is turned on by default. It must be turned on before you run a search in order for that search to appear in the Search History table. Show Me

Recalling Saved Searches From any Advanced or Expert search form, you can recall searches that you have saved. Show Me

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Related Topics Performing an Advanced All Sources Search Performing an Expert All Sources Search Performing a Quick Search

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{ XE "journals:searching titles" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journal or book title search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Reviewing Journal and Book Search Results The Journal and Book search results page lists journal and book titles that match your Quick Search criteria. The top of the results page displays the following: •

The journal and book titles found by your search request and links to those titles. Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the fulltext of documents within the journal or book.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstracts of documents within the journal or book. Full-text access to documents may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

The total number of titles found.

The following options are available: •

To open a journal or book home page, click the title of the journal or book that you want to view.

To view Articles in Press for a publication, click the Articles in Press link of the journal or book that you want to view.

Additional Options •

Viewing Subscription Information

Related Topics Performing a Quick Search

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Searching All Sources { XE "searching:all sources" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Advanced All Sources Search

Show me the interactive Tutorial

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Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search all subscribed journals and books from the All Sources Advanced Search page. To search all sources using Advanced Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the All Sources tab. 3. Click the Advanced Search link. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced All Sources search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 4. In Term(s), enter your search term. 5. From the Within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. If you are performing a field-restricted search, search the common fields listed in the Advanced field search tips. Otherwise, you may unintentionally eliminate one of the sources you included in your search. 6. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu.

7. You can restrict your search by content type, subject, or date or search for subscribed and favorite books. 90


Searching 8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. (See search tips for more information). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options •

Restricting Your Search by Source, Subject, or Date

Recalling a Saved Search

Rerunning Searches

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics All Sources Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced All Sources Search Overview of the Search History Table

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Performing an Advanced All Sources Search

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search all subscribed journals and books from the All Sources Advanced Search page. To search all sources using Advanced Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the All Sources tab. 3. Click the Advanced Search link. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced All Sources search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 4. In Term(s), enter your search term. 5. From the Within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. If you are performing a field-restricted search, search the common fields listed in the Advanced field search tips. Otherwise, you may unintentionally eliminate one of the sources you included in your search. 6. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu.

7. You can restrict your search by content type, subject, or date or search for subscribed and favorite books.

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Searching 8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. (See search tips for more information). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options •

Restricting Your Search by Source, Subject, or Date

Recalling a Saved Search

Rerunning Searches

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics All Sources Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced All Sources Search Overview of the Search History Table

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All Sources Advanced Search Tips

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics All Sources Expert Search Tips

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Performing an Expert All Sources Search From the All Sources Expert search form, you can search all subscribed journals and books using Boolean syntax. To search all available content using Expert Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the All Sources tab. 3. Click the Expert Search link. Note If the last successful search you performed was an Expert All Sources search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 4. In the Term(s) box, enter your search terms using Boolean search syntax. If you are performing a field-restricted search, search the common fields listed in the Expert field search tips. Otherwise, you may unintentionally eliminate one of the sources you included in your search. 5. If necessary, restrict your search by content type, subject, or date or search for subscribed and favorite books. 6. Do one of the following: a. Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page will display if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. (See search tips for more information). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set. b. Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

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ScienceDirect Help Additional Options •

Restricting your Search by Source, Subject, or Date

Recalling a Saved Search

Rerunning Searches

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Searching ScienceDirect All Sources Expert Search Tips Performing an Advanced All Sources Search Overview of the Search History Table

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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All Sources Expert Search Tips Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Prioritize your search terms.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics All Sources Advanced Search Tips Searching for Phrases

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

Searching Journals { XE "searching:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journals:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journals" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Advanced Journals Search

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • To search journals using the Advanced search form 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Journals tab. 3. Click the Advanced link. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Journals search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 4. In Term(s), enter your search term. 5. From the Within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. If you are performing a field-restricted search, search the common fields listed in the Advanced field search tips. Otherwise, you may unintentionally eliminate one of the sources you included in your search. 6. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

7. Restrict your search by subject, document type, date, or volume, issue, and page number or search for subscribed and favorite books.

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Searching 8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options •

Searching for subscribed journals, favorite journals, or Articles in Press

Restricting your search by subject, document type, or date

Recalling a saved search

Rerunning searches

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Journals Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced Journals Search Overview of the Search History Table

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{ XE "searching:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journals:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journals" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Advanced Journals Search

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • To search journals using the Advanced search form 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Journals tab. 3. Click the Advanced link. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Journals search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 4. In Term(s), enter your search term. 5. From the Within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. If you are performing a field-restricted search, search the common fields listed in the Advanced field search tips. Otherwise, you may unintentionally eliminate one of the sources you included in your search. 6. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

7. Restrict your search by subject, document type, date, or volume, issue, and page number or search for subscribed and favorite books.

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Searching 8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options •

Searching for subscribed journals, favorite journals, or Articles in Press

Restricting your search by subject, document type, or date

Recalling a saved search

Rerunning searches

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Journals Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced Journals Search Overview of the Search History Table

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "advanced search:advanced search tips" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Journals Advanced Search Tips

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics Journals Expert Search Tips

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Searching

{ XE "searching:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journals:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journals" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Expert Journals Search From the Journals Expert search form, you can use Boolean syntax to search all available journals and book series. You can also limit your search by subject area, document type, or date. To search journals using the Expert search form 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Journals tab. 3. Click the Expert tab. Note If the last successful search you performed was an Expert Journals search, your last search request appears on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 4. In the Term(s) box, enter your search terms using Boolean search syntax. See field search tips for more information. 5. If necessary, restrict your search by subject, document type, or date, or search for subscribed journals, favorite journals, or Articles in Press. 6. Do one of the following: a. Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page will display if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. (See search tips for more information). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set. b. Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided. Additional Options â&#x20AC;˘

Searching for subscribed journals, favorite journals, or Articles in Press

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ScienceDirect Help •

Restricting your search by subject, document type, or date.

Recalling a saved search

Rerunning searches

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Journals Expert Search Tips Performing an Advanced Journals Search Overview of the Search History Table

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Journals Expert Search Tips Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Prioritize your search terms.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics Journals Advanced Search Tips Searching for Phrases

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

Searching Books { XE "searching:books" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "handbooks:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "handbooks" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:handbooks" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:book series" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "book series:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "book series" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Advanced Books Search

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search books, book series, handbooks, and reference works from the Books Advanced Search page. To search books using the Advanced search form 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Books tab. 3. Click the Advanced Search link. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Books search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 4. In Term(s), enter your search term.

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Searching 5. From the Within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear.

Tip We recommend searching the common fields listed in the Advanced field search tips. Otherwise, you may unintentionally eliminate one of the sources you included in your search. 6. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

7. Restrict your search by subject, date, volume, issue, and page number, or search for subscribed and favorite books. 8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options •

Searching for Subscribed and Favorite Books

Restrict your search by Subject, Date, or Volume, Issue, and Page Number

Recalling a Saved Search

Rerunning Searches

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Books Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced Books Search Overview of the Search History Table Browsing a Publication Home Page

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ScienceDirect Help Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "searching:books" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "handbooks:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "handbooks" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:handbooks" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:book series" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "book series:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "book series" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Advanced Books Search

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search books, book series, handbooks, and reference works from the Books Advanced Search page. To search books using the Advanced search form 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Books tab. 3. Click the Advanced Search link. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Books search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form.

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ScienceDirect Help 4. In Term(s), enter your search term. 5. From the Within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear.

Tip We recommend searching the common fields listed in the Advanced field search tips. Otherwise, you may unintentionally eliminate one of the sources you included in your search. 6. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

7. Restrict your search by subject, date, volume, issue, and page number, or search for subscribed and favorite books. 8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options •

Searching for Subscribed and Favorite Books

Restrict your search by Subject, Date, or Volume, Issue, and Page Number

Recalling a Saved Search

Rerunning Searches

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Books Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced Books Search Overview of the Search History Table Browsing a Publication Home Page

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Searching

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{ XE "advanced search:advanced search tips" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Books Advanced Search Tips

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics Books Expert Search Tips

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Searching

{ XE "searching:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:books" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "handbooks:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "handbooks" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:handbooks" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:book series" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "book series:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "book series" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Expert Books Search From the Books Expert search form, you can use Boolean syntax to search books, book series, handbooks, and reference works. You can also limit your search by book source, subject area, document type, or date. To search books using the Expert search form 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Books tab. 3. Click the Expert Search link. Note If your last successful search was an Expert Books Search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 4. In the Term(s) box, enter your search terms using Boolean search syntax. See field search tips for more information. 5. If necessary, restrict your search by subject, or date, or search for subscribed and favorite books. 6. Do one of the following: a. Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page will display if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. 113


ScienceDirect Help

Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. (See search tips for more information). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set. b. Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided. Additional Options •

Searching for Subscribed and Favorite Books

Restricting your search by Subject or Date

Recalling a Saved Search

Rerunning Searches

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Books Expert Search Tips Performing an Advanced Books Search Overview of the Search History Table Browsing Publications Alphabetically

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Searching

Books Expert Search Tips Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Prioritize your search terms.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics Books Advanced Search Tips Searching for Phrases

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

Searching Reference Works { XE "searching:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search all subscribed reference works from the Reference Works Advanced search form. Note To search book series or handbooks, you can use the All Sources or Books Advanced or Expert search forms. Show Me

To search multiple reference works using Advanced Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Reference Works tab. 3. Click the Advanced link. 4. To search multiple reference works, click All Subscribed Reference Works. Tip To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work or select a specific reference work from the Reference Works list. 5. If necessary, you can restrict your search by subject or to specific reference works. To restrict by reference work a. Click Show Reference Works. Show Me

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b. Select All Subscribed Reference Works OR Select one or more reference works from the Reference Works list. To select more than one reference work, hold the Control (Ctrl), Shift, or Command ( ) key, and then click the reference work you want to search. 6. In Term(s), enter your search term. See the field search tips for help narrowing your search. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Reference Works search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 7. From the within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. 8. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: 7. •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to run the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to make it more specific. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options •

Searching a Specific Comprehensive or Encyclopedia Reference Work

Searching Reference Works by Subject

Browsing Reference Works 117


ScienceDirect Help •

Recalling a Saved Search

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search Overview of the Search History Table

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Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search

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Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search all subscribed reference works from the Reference Works Advanced search form. Note To search book series or handbooks, you can use the All Sources or Books Advanced or Expert search forms. Show Me

To search multiple reference works using Advanced Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Reference Works tab. 3. Click the Advanced link. 4. To search multiple reference works, click All Subscribed Reference Works. Tip To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work or select a specific reference work from the Reference Works list. 5. If necessary, you can restrict your search by subject or to specific reference works. To restrict by reference work a. Click Show Reference Works. Show Me

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b. Select All Subscribed Reference Works OR Select one or more reference works from the Reference Works list. To select more than one reference work, hold the Control (Ctrl), Shift, or Command ( ) key, and then click the reference work you want to search. 6. In Term(s), enter your search term. See the field search tips for help narrowing your search. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Reference Works search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 7. From the within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. 8. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: 7. •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to run the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to make it more specific. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options

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Searching a Specific Comprehensive or Encyclopedia Reference Work

Searching Reference Works by Subject

Browsing Reference Works


Searching •

Recalling a Saved Search

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search Overview of the Search History Table

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{ XE "searching:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search all subscribed reference works from the Reference Works Advanced search form. Note To search book series or handbooks, you can use the All Sources or Books Advanced or Expert search forms. Show Me

To search multiple reference works using Advanced Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Reference Works tab. 3. Click the Advanced link. 4. To search multiple reference works, click All Subscribed Reference Works. Tip To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work or select a specific reference work from the Reference Works list. 5. If necessary, you can restrict your search by subject or to specific reference works. To restrict by reference work a. Click Show Reference Works. Show Me

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Searching

b. Select All Subscribed Reference Works OR Select one or more reference works from the Reference Works list. To select more than one reference work, hold the Control (Ctrl), Shift, or Command ( ) key, and then click the reference work you want to search. 6. In Term(s), enter your search term. See the field search tips for help narrowing your search. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Reference Works search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 7. From the within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. 8. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: 7. •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to run the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to make it more specific. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options

Searching a Specific Comprehensive or Encyclopedia Reference Work

Searching Reference Works by Subject

Browsing Reference Works

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ScienceDirect Help •

Recalling a Saved Search

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search Overview of the Search History Table

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Searching

{ XE "advanced search:advanced search tips" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics Reference Works Expert Search Tips

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ScienceDirect Help

{ XE "searching:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Advanced Comprehensive Reference Works Search Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search a subscribed comprehensive reference works from the Reference Works Advanced Search page. Note To search book series or handbooks, you can use the All Sources or Books Expert or Advanced search forms. Show Me

To search a comprehensive reference work using Advanced Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Reference Works tab. 3. Click the Advanced link. 4. To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work. Tip You can also search reference works by clicking All Subscribed Reference Works.

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Searching 5. From the Reference Work menu, select a comprehensive reference work, and then click Go. (If you have JavaScript™ enabled, you do not have to click Go.) Note If you subscribe to only one reference work that title displays as a link instead of as a drop-down menu. 6. From the Volume menu, select the specific volume you want to search, or select All Volumes. 7. In Term(s), enter your search term. See field search tips for help narrowing your search. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Reference Works search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 8. From the within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. 9. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: a. From the AND menu, select a connector. b. In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term. c.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

10. Do one of the following: 9. •

Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page will display if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options

Searching reference works

Browsing Reference Works

Recalling a saved search

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics

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ScienceDirect Help Comprehensive Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced Comprehensive Reference Works Search Overview of the Search History Table

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Searching

{ XE "advanced search:advanced search tips" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Comprehensive Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics Comprehensive Reference Works Expert Search Tips

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ScienceDirect Help

{ XE "searching:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works:advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Advanced Encyclopedia Reference Works Search Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search subscribed encyclopedia reference works from the Reference Works Advanced Search page. Note To search book series or handbooks, you can use the All Sources or Books Expert or Advanced search forms. Show Me

To search an encyclopedia using Advanced Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Reference Works tab at the top of the search form. 3. Click the Advanced link on the right side of the search form. 4. To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work. Tip You can also search reference works by clicking All Subscribed Reference Works.

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Searching 5. From the Reference Work menu, select an encyclopedia, and then click Go. (If you have JavaScript™ enabled, you do not have to click Go.) If you subscribe to only one reference work only, that title displays as a link instead of as a drop-down menu. Note

From the Levels menu, select one of the following options (if available): •

All Levels and Appendices: To search the entire encyclopedia, select this option.

Level Name: To search a particular level within the encyclopedia, select this option.

6. In Term(s), enter your search term. See the field search tips for help narrowing your search. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Reference Works search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 7. From the within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. 8. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

9. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options

Searching Reference Works

Recalling a Saved Search

Browsing Reference Works

Adding Quick Links

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ScienceDirect Help Related Topics Encyclopedia Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced Encyclopedia Reference Works Search Overview of the Search History Table

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Searching

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Encyclopedia Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics Encyclopedia Reference Works Expert Search Tips

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ScienceDirect Help

Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search

{ XE "searching:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Expert Reference Works Search From the Reference Works Expert search form, you can search subscribed reference works using Boolean syntax. Tip To search book series or handbooks, use the All Sources or Books Expert or Advanced search forms. Show Me

To search multiple reference works using the Expert search form 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Reference Works tab. 3. Click the Expert tab. 4. To search multiple reference works, click All Subscribed Reference Works. Tip To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work or select a reference work from the Reference Works list. 5. If necessary, restrict your search by subject or to specific reference works. To restrict by reference work a. Click Show Reference Works. Show Me

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Searching

b. Select All Subscribed Reference Works. OR Select one or more reference works from the Reference Works list. To select more than one reference work, hold the Control (Ctrl), Shift, or Command ( ) key, and then click the reference work you want to search. 6. In the Term(s) box, enter your search terms using Boolean search syntax.

Note If your last successful search was an expert reference works search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 7. See field search tips for more information. 8. Do one of the following: a. Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page will display if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. (See search tips for more information). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set. b. Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided. Additional Options

Searching for a Specific Comprehensive or Encyclopedia Reference Work

Searching Reference Works by Subject

Browsing Reference Works

Recalling a Saved Search

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Reference Works Expert Search Tips 135


ScienceDirect Help Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search Overview of the Search History Table

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Searching

{ XE "searching:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Expert Reference Works Search From the Reference Works Expert search form, you can search subscribed reference works using Boolean syntax. Tip To search book series or handbooks, use the All Sources or Books Expert or Advanced search forms. Show Me

To search multiple reference works using the Expert search form 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Reference Works tab. 3. Click the Expert tab. 4. To search multiple reference works, click All Subscribed Reference Works. Tip To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work or select a reference work from the Reference Works list. 5. If necessary, restrict your search by subject or to specific reference works. To restrict by reference work a. Click Show Reference Works. Show Me

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b. Select All Subscribed Reference Works. OR Select one or more reference works from the Reference Works list. To select more than one reference work, hold the Control (Ctrl), Shift, or Command ( ) key, and then click the reference work you want to search. 6. In the Term(s) box, enter your search terms using Boolean search syntax.

Note If your last successful search was an expert reference works search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 7. See field search tips for more information. 8. Do one of the following: a. Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page will display if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. (See search tips for more information). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set. b. Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided. Additional Options

Searching for a Specific Comprehensive or Encyclopedia Reference Work

Searching Reference Works by Subject

Browsing Reference Works

Recalling a Saved Search

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Reference Works Expert Search Tips 138


Searching Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search Overview of the Search History Table

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ScienceDirect Help

Reference Works Expert Search Tips Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Prioritize your search terms.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Searching for Phrases

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Searching

{ XE "searching:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Expert Comprehensive Reference Works Search From the Reference Works Expert Search page, you can search subscribed reference works using Boolean syntax. Note To search book series or handbooks, you can use the All Sources or Books Expert or Advanced search forms. Show Me

To search a comprehensive reference work using Expert Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Reference Works tab. 3. Click the Expert tab. 4. To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work. Tip To search reference works, click All Subscribed Reference Works. 5. From the Reference Work menu, select a comprehensive reference work, and then click Go. (If you have JavaScriptâ&#x201E;˘ enabled, you do not have to click Go.) Note If you subscribe to only one reference work that title will display as a link instead of as a drop-down menu. 6. From the Volume menu, select the specific volume you want to search, or select All Volumes. 7. In the Term(s) box, enter your search terms using Boolean search syntax.

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ScienceDirect Help

Note If your last successful search was an Expert Reference Works search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 8. See field search tips for more information. 9. Do one of the following: a. Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page will display if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. (See search tips for more information). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set. b. Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided. Additional Options

Searching Reference Works

Browsing Reference Works

Recalling a Saved Search

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Comprehensive Reference Works Expert Search Tips Performing an Advanced Comprehensive Reference Works Search Overview of the Search History Table

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Searching

Comprehensive Reference Works Expert Search Tips Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Prioritize your search terms.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics Comprehensive Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Searching for Phrases

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

{ XE "searching:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works:expert search" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Performing an Expert Encyclopedia Reference Works Search From the Reference Works Encyclopedia Expert search form, you can search an encyclopedia. Note To search book series or handbooks, you can use the All Sources or Books Expert or Advanced search forms. Show Me

To search an encyclopedia using Expert Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Reference Works tab. 3. Click the Expert tab. 4. To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work. Tip To search reference works, click All Subscribed Reference Works. 5. From the Reference Work menu, select an encyclopedia, and then click Go. (If you have JavaScript™ enabled, you do not have to click Go.) If you subscribe to only one reference work only, that title will display as a link instead of a drop-down menu. Note If available, select one of the following options from the Levels menu: • All Levels and Appendices: To search the entire encyclopedia, select this option. •

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Level Name: To search a particular level within the encyclopedia, select


Searching this option. 6. In the Term(s) box, enter your search terms using Boolean search syntax. Note If your last successful search was an Expert Reference Works search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 7. See field search tips for more information. 8. Do one of the following: 6. a. Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page will display if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. (See search tips for more information). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set. b. Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided. Additional Options

Searching Reference Works

Browsing Reference Works

Recalling a Saved Search

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Encyclopedia Reference Works Expert Search Tips Performing an Advanced Encyclopedia Reference Works Search Overview of the Search History Table

JavaScript is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

Encyclopedia Reference Works Expert Search Tips Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Prioritize your search terms.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics Encyclopedia Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Searching for Phrases

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Searching

{ XE "subject" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:restricting" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books:reference works" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Searching Reference Works by Subject Reference works are classified by one or more subjects. You can use these subject classifications to locate reference works of interest. For example, If you are researching psychology, you can restrict your reference work search to the Psychology subject. Tip You can browse reference works by subject on the Reference Works Browse page. To search reference works by subject 1. 2. 3. 4.

Click Search on the navigation bar. Click the Reference Works tab. Click the Expert or Advanced tab. Do one of the following: •

To search reference works, click All Subscribed Reference Works.

To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work, and then select the reference work from the list.

5. Click Show Subjects. Show Me

6. Do one of the following: •

From the Subject menu, select a subject from the Subject menu.

To search all available subjects, click All Sciences.

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ScienceDirect Help •

To select more than one subject, hold the Control (Ctrl), Shift, or Command ( ) key and click each subject you want to select.

A specific reference work may be categorized under more than one subject.

Notes

7. In Term(s), enter your search terms using Boolean search syntax. See field search tips for more information.

Note If your last successful search was an Expert Reference Works search, your last search request appears on this search form. Click Clear to delete the previous search information. 8. Click Search to execute the search with the options you selected.

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Searching

Search History { XE "searching:search history table" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "search history:turning on and off" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "search history:overview" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "search history" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview:search history table" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "history table" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Search History Overview

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • From the Search History table, you can view a list of searches you have run. The table lists your search string (in Boolean format) and the number of documents returned. Show Me

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ScienceDirect Help By default, Search History is turned on. However, if it has been turned off, you must turn it on before you run a search for that search to appear in the Search History table. To turn on Search History •

Click Turn On which appears below the search form to the right of the Search History label. Show Me

Once Search History is on, a Turn Off link appears instead.

Viewing Search History •

You can choose to view Search History after searches instead of the search results list. o

Your Search History can contain up to 20 search requests. After 20 search requests have been run, each subsequent search request removes the earliest search request.

If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided. Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling.

Once a Search History has more than ten search requests, you can: o

Collapse to See Latest 10: Click this tab to display the ten most recent search requests.

o

Expand to See All: Click this tab to display the entire Search History.

Rerunning, editing, and deleting search requests •

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To control whether search results or the Search History table display after a search, modify the When Search History Is Turned On... option in your personal details and preferences. Show Me

In the Action column, click Re-run to run the associated search request again.


Searching •

In the Action column, click Edit to re-display the search on the search form so that you can modify it.

In the Action column, click Delete to delete the corresponding search request. To delete all the displayed search requests, click Clear History. Note

Clearing your Search History deletes any search requests listed since the last time you saved a Search History, but does not delete saved search histories.

Displaying the documents retrieved by a search request In the Results column, click the number of documents found link to view the document list. Note

The number of documents returned may be different if the search results are outdated. Clicking the number of documents found causes a new search is be run and current results to be displayed.

Printing Search History Click Printable History to display a printable version of the Search History table in a secondary window.

Additional Options •

Combining search requests

Saving your current Search History

Displaying a previously saved Search History

Related Topics Recalling a Search

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{ XE "searching:combining searches" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "searching:combining" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "search history:combining" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "search history" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "history table" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "combining searches" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Combining Searches When Search History is turned on, your searches and their results are recorded Search History, which appears below the search form. You can combine up to five search requests from your Search History at one time using the Boolean operators AND and OR. Combining searches creates a new search which is then added to Search History. There can be a maximum of 3,000 characters in a combined search. To combine search requests from your Search History 1. In Search History, click the check boxes associated with the searches you want to combine. 2. Click the appropriate Combine with link to run the combined search: Combine with AND

Select this link to retrieve only the documents that meet the criteria of all the selected searches.

Combine with OR

Select this link to retrieve documents which meet the criteria of at least one of the selected searches.

Example

If you have selected the following searches in Search History: (Chromosome clon!) [All Sources(Agricultural and Biological Sciences)] (Gene splic!)[All Sources(Medicine and Dentistry)] â&#x20AC;˘

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Selecting Combine with AND will retrieve documents that include


Searching both "gene" with a form of the word "splice" and "chromosome" with a form of the word "clone" that were subject-classified as either Agricultural and Biological Sciences or Medicine and Dentistry, eliminating any documents that contain only one of the phrases. •

• Tips

Selecting Combine with OR will retrieve documents that include either "gene" with a form of the word "splice" or "chromosome" with a form of the word "clone" that were subject-classified as either Agricultural and Biological Sciences or Medicine and Dentistry.

You can only combine searches made from the same content area, and only when you are on the search form where you created the search.

Example You can combine searches from the Journals search form only when you are currently on the Journals search form. •

You can see which search requests can be combined in Search History, because those requests appear with a check box. Show Me

Searches from a different content area and search form appear without check boxes.

Note •

To combine these searches, display the appropriate search form and select the appropriate content area.

Show Me

You can combine searches you created with the Advanced Search form with 153


ScienceDirect Help searches you created with the Expert Search form, if they cover the same content area.

Related Topics Overview of the Search History Table Saving Search History Recalling Search History

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Searching

{ XE "searching:recalling saved searches" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "recalling:saved searches" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "recalling" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Recalling a Search You can recall searches that you have saved. See Saving and Editing Searches for information about saving a search. Note

See Recalling a Search History for information about recalling a saved Search History table.

Running a Saved Search Request

Modifying a Saved Search Request

Deleting a Saved Search Request

Running a Saved Search Request To run a saved search request. 1. From any search form, click Recall Search. 2. Select a saved search request. Note Search results will display according to your search preferences set in My Settings. 3. Click Retrieve New Articles Only to retrieve only those documents which have been added since you created the saved search request. Selecting this option automatically starts a search. If the search returns any new documents, the search results page appears. OR Click Retrieve All Articles to retrieve all available documents using the original search request. Selecting this option automatically starts a search. Return to top

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Modifying a Saved Search Request To modify a saved search request 1. From any search form, click Recall Search. 2. Select a saved search request. 3. Click Modify Search to change the saved search request. Example You could change the search terms, the fields searched, or the sources searched. 4. A search form with the saved search request will display. 5. Modify the search form. 6. Click Search to run the new search. 7. To save your changes, you must save this search request separately. Click Save Search on the search results page. Note The original saved search request is still available. You can keep the original search request or delete it. Return to top

Deleting a Saved Search Request To delete a saved search 1. From any search form, click Recall Search. 2. Select a saved search request. 3. Click Delete to remove the saved search from your saved searches. Note

To return to the search form, click Search on the navigation bar.

Return to top

Related Topics Reviewing Search Results Adding Quick Links

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Searching Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "search history:recalling" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "search history" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "recalling:search history" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "recalling" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "history table" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Recalling Search History You can recall a saved Search History table. See Saving Search History for information about saving a Search History table. Note

See Recalling a Search for information about recalling a specific search request.

To recall a Search History 1. If necessary, click Turn On located below the search form to turn Search History on. Show Me

2. Click Recall History on the Search History table.

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Searching 3. If the Optionally save the current search history as option is available, do one of the following: •

If you do not want to save the current Search History table, leave this field blank. The Search History that you recall will replace the existing Search History table.

If you want to save the current Search History table, enter a name for the table in Optionally save the current Search History as. Names are case-sensitive and must be less than 20 characters long.

If you enter or select the name of an existing Search History, the search results currently listed in the Search History table replace the previously saved Search History. 4. In Select a search history, click the name of the Search History you want to recall. 5. Do one of the following: •

Click Recall History to display the selected Search History.

Click Delete to delete the selected Search History.

Click Cancel to return to the previous search form without saving the search results that are currently listed in the Search History table or recalling a saved Search History.

Related Topics Overview of the Search History Table Saving Search History Combining Searches Adding Quick Links

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{ XE "preferences, modifying" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "personalization options:details and preferences" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "personalization options" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "My Profile:preferences" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "My Profile" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "modifying personal details and preferences" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "images" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "customizing" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Modifying Your Settings and Preferences

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • From the Modify Your Personal Details and Preferences page, you can change your contact information, search results and image display, RefWorks settings, e-mail format, and search history settings. Depending on your subscription, you may not see some of these Preferences.

To display the Modify Your Personal Details and Preferences page 1. Click the My Settings tab then click Modify Personal Details and Preferences. 2. When you have made all your changes, click Submit to update the information in your personal profile To change your contact information

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Searching Modify the personal details fields as needed. Most are self-explanatory; to display field descriptions click here. Depending on your subscription, you may not see some of these fields. Field

Description/Action

Title

Select the appropriate title from the drop-down list.

First Name

Your given name

Family Name

Your surname

E-mail Address

The e-mail address where you can be contacted.

Organization Type

User Role

From the drop-down list, select the category that best describes your organization.

From the list, select the category that best describes your role in your organization.

Subject

From the list, select one or more areas of interest.

Job Title

Your job title.

Phone Number

Your telephone number including the country code and the city or area code as well as an extension number, if applicable.

Fax Number

Your FAX number including the country code and the city or area code as well as an extension number, if applicable.

Mailing Address

Your street number and name or your post office (P.O.) box number.

City

Your city.

State/Province

North American customers only: From the list, select your state or province.

Postal (Zip) Code

Your postal code (zip code).

Country

From the list, select your country.

To change how search results and images appear Field

Description/Action

Display Search Results

Select the number of documents you want displayed on each page of your search results.

Display Images In HTML Full Text + Links Articles As

Select one of the following options to determine how

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images are displayed within full-text documents. •

Select Thumbnails to display images as thumbnails within the text of the document.

Select Full Size to display full-size images within the text of the document.

To change Search History preferences In When Search History Is Turned On, select one of the following to determine what happens after you run a search: •

Select Search results page to go directly to the search results page You can then view the search history table by returning to the search page.

Select Search history table to display the Search History table instead of the search results page You can then view the search results page from the search history table.

To change your e-mail format For...

Do this...

Multiple volume/issue e-mail alerts

Select one of the following: •

Select Separate E-mail Messages For Each Volume/Issue to receive a separate e-mail message for each volume/issue alert. For example, if you set up volume/issue alerts for three titles, you will receive three e-mail messages.

Select A Single E-mail Message Containing All Volume/Issues to receive one e-mail message for all of your volume/issue alerts. For example, if you set up volume/issue alerts for three titles, you will receive one e-mail message that contains links to all three titles named in the alerts.

Alert E-mail Messages

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Select one of the following: •

Select Include Separate Links To Each Article to receive a link to each individual document.

Select Include One Link To the Results Page to receive one link that leads to a list of documents, such as a search results list.


Searching

Send E-Mail To Me In

Select either Formatted (HTML) or Plain Text (ASCII) for the format for these e-mail messages.

RefWorks Settings To automatically log in to RefWorks when you export citations from ScienceDirect, enter your RefWorks account information: For... RefWorks Group Code

Do this...

Enter a RefWorks Group Code. Your RefWorks Group Code cannot contain any spaces or periods. Your institution may have specified a Group Code for you. You can override your institution-defined Group Code by entering another Group Code. Please check with your librarian or information specialist for more information. To restore your original institution-defined Group Code, click Restore to Original Group Code.

RefWorks Username

Enter your RefWorks login name.

RefWorks Password

Enter your RefWorks password. Note Modifying your RefWorks user information in ScienceDirect does not change your RefWorks username or password in RefWorks. To change your RefWorks username or password, you must log in to RefWorks. However, if you are also a Scopus速 customer, changing your RefWorks information in ScienceDirect will also change your RefWorks information in Scopus.

Related Topics Managing Your Profile

Copyright 息 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Scopus速 is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect速 is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "search history:saving" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "search history" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "history table" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Saving Search History You can save the search requests listed in the Search History table and recall them to run at any time. Saving Search History can be useful if you have multiple searches about a specific topic. Note You can save up to 10 search histories. 1. From the Search History table, click Save History As. 2. Do one of the following: •

Type a name for the Search History in the Save Search History As field. Names are case-sensitive and must be less than 20 characters long.

Select an existing saved Search History.

If you enter or select an existing Search History, the current Search History will replace the saved history. 3. Click Save History.

Related Topics Overview of the Search History Table Recalling a Search Combining Searches

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Searching

Search Tips { XE "advanced search:advanced search tips" \* MERGEFORMAT }

All Sources Advanced Search Tips

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Click the links within the following search tips for more information and examples of the search syntax: •

Choose search terms which are specific or closely related to the topic of interest.

Use the Specific Author field when searching names.

Use the singular form of the word.

Enclose stop words in brackets.

Use connectors.

Use wildcard characters to combine or eliminate search terms.

Observe the guidelines for searching special characters and formulas.

Search document fields to limit your search results.

Related Topics All Sources Expert Search Tips

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "tips" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "search terms" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Search Tips for Choosing Search Terms Choose search terms that are specific or are closely related to the topic of interest: •

Terms you might use when discussing the topic with a colleague including current jargon or buzzwords For example "kidney disease" OR "renal failure"

Terms that reflect ideas essential to your research topic such as treatments, cures, or side-effects

Alternative words and abbreviations For example mri OR magnetic resonance imaging

Tip Avoid words that are too general, such as "cell" or "behaviour."

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Search Tips for Boolean Connectors (Expert Search)

You can use connectors to specify the words you want to include or exclude from your search results and to search for more than one word in a single query. To search for a specific phrase, enclose the terms in double (" ") or, for an exact match, brackets ({}). See Searching for Phrases for more information. Use the following connectors to construct a search string: Connector

Description

AND

When AND is used, all of the terms in your search query must appear in the returned documents even if the terms are far apart from each other.

Example lesion AND pancreatic would only return documents that contained both the terms lesion and pancreatic. AND is the default connector. When you enter 2 or more search terms, AND is automatically inserted between any spaces or hyphens in the terms. Example If you searched for heart attack or heart-attack both would be searched as heart AND attack. OR

Use OR when at least one of your search terms must appear in returned documents. You can use OR to search for synonyms, alternate spellings, or abbreviations. Example kidney OR renal would return documents that contained either of the terms kidney or renal.

AND NOT

Use AND NOT to exclude specific terms from returned documents. Example ganglia OR tumor AND NOT malignant would find documents that contained the terms ganglia or tumor, but not the term malignant.

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W/nn

Use W/nn to specify how far apart terms may appear in documents. W represents "within", and nn represents the maximum number of words between the terms. Note

W/nn does not specify the word order. Either word may appear first.

Example pain W/15 morphine would find documents that had the terms "pain" and "morphine" within 15 words of each other. To determine the value of the nn, consider the following guidelines: • • •

PRE/nn

To find terms in the same phrase, use W/3, W/4, or W/5. To find terms in the same sentence, use W/15. To find terms in the same paragraph, use W/50.

Use PRE/nn to find documents in which the first term precedes the second term within a specified number of words. PRE represents "precedes" and nn represents the maximum number of words between the terms. Example behavioural PRE/3 disturbances would find documents in which behavioural precedes disturbances by three or less words.

Connector Tips •

Do not mix the W and PRE connectors in the same search query, unless you use parentheses. Example bay W/6 ship PRE/0 channel would be an invalid search because it uses both the W and PRE connectors.

Do not use the OR connector in the same search query as a W or PRE connector, unless you use parentheses. Example bay W/6 ship OR channel is an invalid search.

Connectors and OR can only be included in the same search query if parentheses are used. title-abs-key((b?y W/6 ship*) AND (ship* PRE/0 channel)) Example title-abs-key((bay W/6 ship) OR channel)

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If you use different numbers for n in the same search query, the final number will be used for all values of n.


Searching

Example Entering coronary W/2 circadian W/5 rhythm would actually search for coronary W/5 circadian W/5 rhythm because 5 is the last value for n.

Note

The search query text on the search results page will still display your original search query.

Related Topics Prioritize Search Terms (Expert Search)

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{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Search Tips for Connectors (Advanced Search) Select a connector from the drop-down menu when you include more than one term in your search. You can use connectors to search for more than one word in a single query. If you don't include a connector, AND will be automatically inserted between your search terms. To search for a specific phrase, enclose the terms in double (" ") or, for an exact match, brackets ({}). See Searching for Phrases for more information. Use the following connectors to construct a search string: Connector

Description

AND

AND is the default connector. When you enter 2 or more search terms, AND is automatically inserted between any spaces or hyphens in the terms.

Example heart attack or heart-attack would both be searched as heart AND attack Use AND when you want all of the terms in your search query to appear in returned documents and when terms may be far apart from each other. Example lesion AND pancreatic OR

Use OR when at least one of your search terms must appear in returned documents. You can use OR to search for synonyms, alternate spellings, or abbreviations. Example kidney OR renal

AND NOT

Use AND NOT to exclude specific terms from returned documents. Note

170

This connector be used at the beginning of a search.


Searching

Example ganglia OR tumor AND NOT malignant would find documents that contained the terms "ganglia" or "tumor", but not the term "malignant".

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "wildcards" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "tips" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Search Tips for Wildcard Characters You can use wildcard characters and truncation to easily combine or eliminate search words, making your search simpler. Use the following tips when you search with wildcard characters: Wildcard *

Description •

Use an asterisk (*) to replace zero or more characters in a search word. For example, you could use * to find a root word plus all the words made by adding letters to the end of it. For example h*r*t will find heart, harvest, homograft, or hypervalent, and others.

?

Use a question mark (?) to replace exactly one character in a search word. Use one question mark for each character you want to replace. For example gro?t would find grout, or groat, but it would not find groundnut or grommet.

If you use question marks to replace letters, make sure the number of question marks in the search term corresponds to the number of letters that you want to replace exactly. For example transplant?? would find "transplanted" and "transplanter".

• Note transplant?? would not find "transplantation", "transplanting", or "transplant". Two wildcard characters were used, so only words with two extra characters would be found. To find all variations of "transplant", use the asterisk (*) wildcard character. • •

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Use a question mark to hold a space for certain variations in spelling at


Searching

any point in a word. For example bernst??n would find both the "ei" and the "ie" spelling of the name. Note

For some words, it is better to use the asterisk to account for spelling variations. For example, searching for behavio?r would not return results that included "behavior"; however, searching for behavio*r would return results that included both "behavior" and "behaviour".

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{ XE "special characters" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Supported Character Set ScienceDirect will now support the UTF-8 character set, which means that you can enter all UTF8 characters directly in the search form, including non-Roman and accented characters. See the Unicode web site for more information about UTF-8. Special Character

Example

Greek alphabet

To search the Greek letter Ω, enter Ω or omega.

Subscript and superscript

Enter subscripted and superscripted characters on the same line as the other characters. To search for the chemical notation "H2O," enter: H2O.

Accented characters

To search for the name Fürst, enter: Fürst or Furst.

Nonalphanumeric characters

Certain non-alphanumeric characters such as hyphens, brackets, asterisks, bullets, arrows, daggers, plus signs, and minus signs are treated as delimiters and are not searchable unless they are enclosed in brackets. For example

To search for the term high-risk, enter: {highrisk}.

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Searching

{ XE "singular" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "plural" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Search Tips for Singular/Plural Words Use the following tips to search for singular or plural words: •

Using the singular form of a word will find the singular, plural, and possessive forms of most words. For example city would find city, cities, and city's criterion will locate criteria and criterion

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "searching:names" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Search Tips for Names To find an author, use the Specific Author field on the Advanced search form or the SpecificAuthor field on the Expert search form. The Specific Author field finds authors that are in the same field. Note

The Author field on the Quick Search form searches the Author field and not the Specific Author field.

For Example Searching for J Smith using the Specific Author field would only find results where both search terms were in the same author field, such as the following: •

J. Smith

David J. Smith

J.R. Smith

Stephen J Craig-Smith

It would not find results such as: T. Smith, J. Rolf because the two search terms are in different author fields; however, the Author field would find these documents. •

The order of the surname and first name does not matter when you use a Specific Author search. For example Searching for J S Smith would find both J S Smith and S J Smith.

To specify which term is the first name and which is the last name, you can use the Expert Search form. For example

To only receive results for authors whose last name was Lee and first name included T, you could enter the following: specificauthor(authlastname(lee) AND authfirst(t)), which would find T.S. Lee, but not Lee T. Murphy.

Enter initials with spaces and no periods. For example r j smith would find R J Smith, R.J. Smith, and Raymond J Smith.

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Searching

Related Topics Search Tips for Connectors, Advanced Search or Expert Search Search Tips for Wildcard Characters

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Search Tips for Prioritizing Search Terms (Expert Search) When you use more than one connector or proximity operator in a search request, the operators are processed in the following order: Order of Precedence 1. 2. 3. 4.

OR W/n | PRE/n AND AND NOT

Example The search query pain W/15 morphine AND ganglia OR tumor OR lesion would be processed in the following order: 1. OR: First, the program processes the OR connector by looking for documents containing "ganglia," "tumor," or "lesion." 2. W/15: Next, the program looks for documents where "pain" is within 15 words of "morphine". 3. AND: Finally, AND operates last.

Connector Guidelines The following guidelines also apply to connectors: â&#x20AC;˘

If you use two or more of the same connector, they are processed from left to right.

â&#x20AC;˘

If you use different numbers for n in the same search query, the final number will be used for all values of n. (If the numbers are the same, they operate left to right.) Example Entering coronary W/2 circadian W/5 rhythm, would actually search for coronary W/5 circadian W/5 rhythm because 5 is the last number used with a connector. Note

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The search query text on the search results page will display your original search query.


Searching •

Use parentheses to change the connector priority. Connectors inside parentheses have priority over, or operate before, connectors used outside parentheses. Terms in parentheses are processed in the same order that they are input. Example For example, the search (morphine AND ganglia) OR tumor would be processed in the following order: 1. Articles that contained the words morphine and ganglia would be found. 2. Then, articles that contained the word tumor would be found.

Do not mix the W and PRE connectors in the same expression. Example bay W/6 ship PRE/0 channel would be an invalid search because it uses both the W and PRE connectors.

Do not use the OR connector in the same expression as a W or PRE connector. Example bay W/6 ship OR channel is an invalid search.

You can use parentheses to include different operators or use OR in the same search. title-abs-key((b?y W/6 ship*) AND (ship* PRE/0 channel)) Example title-abs-key((bay W/6 ship) OR channel)

Related Topics Search Tips for Connectors (Expert Search)

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{ XE "W/nn" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "stop words" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Search Tips for Handling Stop Words Stop words are not searchable unless they are enclosed in brackets ({}) or double (" ") quotation marks. The following common, frequently used words are stop words: about again all almost also although always am among an and another are as at be because been before being between both but â&#x20AC;˘

by can could did do does done due during each either enough especially etc ever for found from further had hardly has have having

hence her here him his how however if in into is it its itself just made mainly make might most mostly must nearly neither

obtained of often on onto or our overall perhaps quite rather really regarding said seem seen several she should show showed shown shows significantly

since so some such than that the their theirs them then there thereby therefore these they this those through thus to too upon use

used using various very viz. was we were what when where whereby wherein whether which while whom whose why with within without would you

The word "not" is not a stop word, but it is a reserved word. It can be searched by enclosing the word in brackets as {not}. For example To search for the phrase, not contested, enter your search string as {not contested}.

â&#x20AC;˘

The word "a" is a common word, but not a stop word. To search for a phrase containing these words, enter the entire phrase as your search request. For example To search for the phrase one in a million, enter your search string

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Searching as {one in a million}. •

If you are not sure whether a word is a stop word, omit the word from your search string and use the W/nn proximity connector to account for the word's presence in the search request.

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "special characters" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Supported Character List Below is a listing of characters that are supported in the web site. Use characters within the list when you complete an entry field. • • • •

Numbers: Numerical characters: 0 to 9. Capital Letters: Capital letters of the English alphabet: A to Z. Lower-Case Letters: Lower-case letter of the English alphabet: a to z. Special Characters: These special characters only: ! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) - _ + = { [ } ] \ | : ;"',<.?/~`>

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Searching

Refining Searches { XE "saving searches" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "editing searches" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Saving and Editing Searches You can save and edit a search from search results pages. After saving a search, you can recall it and run it again at any time to retrieve documents added since the last time you ran it.

Note The Save Search and Edit Search links are not available from Quick Search results pages. 1. Create and run a search from the Quick, Advanced, or Expert search forms. 2. From the search results page, do one of the following: •

Click Edit Search to return to the search form where you created the search and edit your search request. (Advanced and Expert searches only).

Click Save Search to save the search.

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "favorites" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Searching for Favorite or Subscribed Publications From the Advanced and Expert All Sources, Books, and Journals search forms, you can search for subscribed or favorite publications. To search for subscribed or favorite publications 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the All Sources , Journals, or Books tab at the top of the search form. 3. Click the Advanced Search or Expert Search link on the right side of the search form. 4. Enter your search terms in the Terms box using Boolean search syntax. 5. Select the source you want to search from the Source menu: • • •

All Sources, All Books, or All Journals: Select one of these options to search all subscribed sources, all books, or all journals. Subscribed Sources, Subscribed Books, or Subscribed Journals: Select one of these options to search all sources, books, or journals for which you have a subscription. My Favorite Sources, My Favorite Books or My Favorite Journals: Select one of these options to search all sources, books, or journals included on your My Favorite Journals and Books list. Include Articles in Press: If searching journals, select Include Articles in Press to search articles that are in the process of being published.

6. Click Search to search only for subscribed or favorite sources. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. If your search produces an extremely large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow the results list (see the search tips for suggestions). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Related Topics Managing Favorites

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Searching

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{ XE "searching:restricting" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "restricting" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "advanced search" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Restricting Your Search by Date From the Advanced and Expert search forms, you can specify the publication year range for the documents you want to search. You can specify a search date range from the All Sources, Journals, and Books search forms. To restrict your search by date 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Select the appropriate search tab: All Sources, Journals, or Books. 3. Click the Advanced or Expert tab on the right side of the search form. 4. Enter your search terms in the Terms box using Boolean search syntax. 5. Select a date range for your search from the Dates box. By default, the Dates option is set to search all years.

All Years: Select this option to search all available years of the publication.

Date to Date: Select the beginning and ending publication years for the documents you want to search. Example To conduct a search of documents published from 1998 to 2001, select 1998 from the drop-down menu, and then select 2001 from the drop-down menu.

Show Me

• 6. Click Search to execute the search with the options you selected.

Related Topics

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Searching Performing a Advanced or Expert Journals Search Performing a Advanced or Expert All Sources Search Performing a Advanced or Expert Books Search Performing a Advanced or Expert Reference Works Search

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{ XE "searching:restricting" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "Publisher's Note" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "Preliminary Notes" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journals" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "document type" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "Corrigendum" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "Correspondence, Letter" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "books" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "Book Review" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Searching by Document Type From the Journals search form, you can restrict your search by document type. For example, you could search only articles or review articles. To search for specific types of documents 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Select the Journals search tab. 3. Click the Advanced or Expert tab. 4. Enter your search terms in the Terms box using Boolean search syntax. 5. Select one or more of the following document types from the Limit By Document Type list to narrow your search.

Note If you do not select a document type, your search will include all document types. 6. Show Me

7.

• • •

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Article: A complete report on original research. Review Article: A substantial overview of original research that usually contains a comprehensive bibliography. Short Survey: A brief review of original research.


Searching •

• • • • • • •

Short Communication: A short report or announcement of research which usually has a shorter publication time than other papers within the same publication. It may appear in the publication under other names, such as Letter Papers, Preliminary Notes. Correspondence, Letter: A letter to the editor or a reply to the letter. Discussion: An argumentative communication, such as a perspective or commentary. Book Review: A critical discussion of a book's contents. Product Review: A review of software, hardware, or some other type of product. Editorial: An article from the editor or guest editor of a publication. A Foreword or Preface may also be assigned this document type. Publisher's Note: A message from the publisher to the readers. Erratum: An article in which errors are reported that were made in an earlier publication in the same book. An erratum may also appear in the publication as a Corrigendum.

8. Click Search to execute the search with the options you selected.

Related Topics Performing a Advanced or Expert Books Search Performing a Advanced or Expert Journals Search Performing a Advanced or Expert Reference Works Search Performing a Advanced or Expert All Sources Search

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Searching by Volume, Issue, and Page Number From the Advanced Books and Journals search forms, you can search by volume, issue, and page number. For example, you could search for a specific volume of a book series. To search by page or volume number 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Select the appropriate search tab: Journals or Books. 3. Click the Advanced tab on the right side of the search form. 4. Enter your search terms in the Terms box. 5. Enter the volume number, issue number, and page number (or range) in the appropriate field(s), using the following guidelines:

• •

You can use one or all of these fields in your search request. Enter arabic (standard) numbers for documents that use arabic numbering and use roman numerals for documents that use roman numbering.

Note

Arabic numbers and roman numerals as not treated as equivalents.

Example If you search for "5" on the search form, your search will not retrieve volumes numbered with "V". •

You can enter page numbers as a range, but your search will retrieve only documents whose page information matches your entry in the Page field exactly. Example Entering 1-5 in the Page field will find documents with a page count of "1-5", but will not find documents with the following page count: 5 1 1-6

• •

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A number string is searchable in the same manner as an alpha-character string. Wildcard characters can be used as long as the wildcard character is not used to represent the first character.


Searching

Example If the document page count appears as 14-27, you can enter any one of the following in the Page field: 14-27 1*-2* 1414

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ScienceDirect Help

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Searching by Publication Type From the Advanced and Expert All Sources search forms, you can search specific ScienceDirect content types, such as journals.

Search Form/Content Type

Journals

Books

Book Series

Handbooks

Reference Works

All Sources Search

X

X

X

X

X

Journals Search

X X

X

X

X

Books Search Reference Works Search

X

To search specific ScienceDirect sources 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Select the All Sources tab. Note

You can also search by source from individual search forms.

3. Click the Advanced Search or Expert Search link on the right side of the search form. 4. Enter your search terms in the Terms box using Boolean search syntax. 5. Select one or more of the following source types from the Sources list to restrict your search: Show Me

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Journals: Select the Journals check box to search journals. This option is selected by default.


Searching •

All Books : Select the All Books check box to search all books. All books includes book series, handbooks, reference works, and books. This option is selected by default.

6. Click Search to execute the search with the options you selected.

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ScienceDirect Help

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Searching for Documents by Subject From the Advanced and Expert search forms, you can choose to search for documents about a particular subject or subjects. To search for documents on a particular subject 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Select the appropriate search tab: All Sources, Journals, Books, or Reference Works. 3. Click the Advanced or Expert tab on the right side of the search form. 4. Enter your search terms in the Terms box using Boolean search syntax. 5. Do one of the following: •

If you are searching Reference Works, click show subjects. Show Me

Select a subject from the Subject menu

Click All Sciences to search all available subjects. Show Me

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Searching

Note

To select more than one subject, hold the Control (Ctrl), Shift, or Command ( ) key and click each subject you want to select.

A specific journal, book series, handbook, or reference work may be categorized under more than one subject.

6. Click Search to execute the search with the options you selected. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

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Saving and Editing Searches You can save and edit a search from search results pages. After saving a search, you can recall it and run it again at any time to retrieve documents added since the last time you ran it.

Note The Save Search and Edit Search links are not available from Quick Search results pages. 1. Create and run a search from the Quick, Advanced, or Expert search forms. 2. From the search results page, do one of the following: •

Click Edit Search to return to the search form where you created the search and edit your search request. (Advanced and Expert searches only).

Click Save Search to save the search.

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Searching

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Recalling a Search You can recall searches that you have saved. See Saving and Editing Searches for information about saving a search. Note

See Recalling a Search History for information about recalling a saved Search History table.

Running a Saved Search Request

Modifying a Saved Search Request

Deleting a Saved Search Request

Running a Saved Search Request To run a saved search request. 1. From any search form, click Recall Search. 2. Select a saved search request. Note Search results will display according to your search preferences set in My Settings. 3. Click Retrieve New Articles Only to retrieve only those documents which have been added since you created the saved search request. Selecting this option automatically starts a search. If the search returns any new documents, the search results page appears. OR Click Retrieve All Articles to retrieve all available documents using the original search request. Selecting this option automatically starts a search.

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ScienceDirect Help Return to top

Modifying a Saved Search Request To modify a saved search request 1. From any search form, click Recall Search. 2. Select a saved search request. 3. Click Modify Search to change the saved search request. Example You could change the search terms, the fields searched, or the sources searched. 4. A search form with the saved search request will display. 5. Modify the search form. 6. Click Search to run the new search. 7. To save your changes, you must save this search request separately. Click Save Search on the search results page. Note The original saved search request is still available. You can keep the original search request or delete it. Return to top

Deleting a Saved Search Request To delete a saved search 1. From any search form, click Recall Search. 2. Select a saved search request. 3. Click Delete to remove the saved search from your saved searches. Note

To return to the search form, click Search on the navigation bar.

Return to top

Related Topics Reviewing Search Results Adding Quick Links

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Searching

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Reviewing Search Results Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • The Search Results page lists documents that meet specific search criteria, in order by relevance. The results page displays the following: •

The documents found by your search, links to those documents, and document abstracts. Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text. The Abstract only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

Your search term(s). If your search returns 20 or fewer results and ScienceDirect detects a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions appear at the top of your search results list. Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. Tip

To save your search, copy the search string, and then paste it into an Expert Search form. You can then save it or create a search alert.

The total number of documents found.

A link to create an RSS feed for the search results. Click feed for the current search.

RSS Feed to create an RSS

The RSS feed provides links to new articles that match your search criteria. Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator. From the Search Results page, you can:

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Searching •

Open Documents

Download Documents

Access Video, Audio, and Other Supplementary Content

Refine Results or Search within Results

View Related Articles

Preview Abstracts

Navigate Article Lists and Adjust Font Size

E-mail Documents or Export Document Citations

Save or Edit Your Search

Create a Search Alert

Related Topics Performing an All Sources Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Journals Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Books Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Reference Works Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Quick Search About RSS

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

Searching FAQs

How do I search ScienceDirect?

ScienceDirect 1. Click the Search button on the navigation bar. The search page will open. 2. The search page offers several different search forms, including:

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All Sources: Use the All Sources search form to search all journals, books, and reference works in ScienceDirect®.

Journals: Use the Journals search form to search only journals by volume, issue, and page number. You can also search by document type, e.g. articles, review articles, letters, etc.


Searching

Note Web Editions customers and Guests do not have access to full search functionality, but can use Quick Search. For more information on searching ScienceDirect, please see the following interactive tutorial: • •

Performing an Advanced Search Performing an Advanced Search

Web Editions, Guest Users and Society Members: The full search feature is not available, but you can use Quick Search.

How do I search just my subscribed journals and books?

• 1. Click the Search button on the navigation bar. The search page will open. 2. Select the type of publication you want to search. •

Click Journals to search journals. OR

Click Books to search books.

3. Select Subscribed journals/books or My favorite journals/books from the Source list.

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ScienceDirect Help

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Browsing Journals and Books Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • From a publication home page, you can view a book table of contents and all available volumes and issues of a journal, book series, or handbook.

Browsing a Journal, Book Series, or Handbook Browsing a Book Viewing More Information About this Title 205


ScienceDirect Help

Viewing Articles in Press Adding this Title to Favorites or Volume/Issue Alerts Navigating article lists Searching this Title Viewing Subscription Information Viewing Related Articles Emailing Articles Opening All Previews Adding an Article Feed Exporting Citations Adding a Quick Link Adding an Article to 2collab Changing the Font Size Downloading PDFs

Browsing a Journal, Book Series, or Handbook Home Page You can browse all available volumes and issues of a journal, book series, or handbook on a publication home page. To browse a journal, book series, or handbook home page 1. Browse or Search for a publication. 2. Click the plus symbol (+) or volume name to view the issue numbers, page ranges, and dates within that volume. Browse the table of contents of an issue by clicking one of the issues in the volume list. Show Me

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Publications

The table of contents for the most recent volume/issue appears at the top of the list.

Not all volumes/issues are displayed in this condensed format. Page range information may not be available for all issues.

If a volume or issue is dedicated to a specific topic, the special issue title appears below the volume or issue information.

Notes

3. Do one of the following: •

Click the document title or PDF link to open it. Notes

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

to add a link to the volume/issue to the Quick Links Click section of your home page.

To preview a document abstract, click images, tables, and references for a document.

to view the abstract, figures,

Return to top

Viewing More Information About this Title The following links to additional information may be available from this page for journals, book series, and handbooks: Note Each of these links opens a separate browser window.

Cover Image

Links to the publisher's Web site.

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ScienceDirect Help

Sample Issue Online

Links to a free issue of the publication.

About this Journal/Book Series/Handbook

Links to more information about the publication such as ordering information, dispatch dates, a description of the journal, and information about the Editorial Board.

Submit your Article

Links to information about submitting and tracking procedures for authors.

Related Learned Society

Links to a subject-related learned society's Web site.

More Journal Features

Links to features available for specific journals such as cumulative indexes, thesauri, or electronic annexes.

Associations with Other Publications

If this publication is associated with another title because of a name change, merger, or split, the associated publication's name(s) and reason for the change appear at the top of page. This note generally states "Formerly part of publication name" or "Incorporated into publication name". Issues are listed with the name under which they were originally published. Example If a publication's name changes, both the old and new name appear in the list, and the relevant issues are listed under the appropriate title. Links are available to access associated publications.

Issue Not Yet Available

Issues are available online as soon as possible. Missing issues may appear in the volume/issue list with the notation, "Issue not yet available," which links to an explanation of why the issue is not available. This notation appears until the missing issue becomes available.

Return to top

Viewing Articles in Press A link to Articles in Press for a journal, book series, or handbook may appear in the volume list. Click the link to view a list of articles that have been accepted for publication but have not been assigned to a publication volume or issue. When the final article is available and published in an issue of the journal, the corresponding Article in Press link is removed. The following three types of Articles in Press may appear in ScienceDirect速: 208


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Accepted manuscripts

Accepted manuscripts are articles that have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board. These articles have not yet been copy edited and/or formatted in the journal house style.

Uncorrected proofs

Uncorrected proofs have been copy edited and formatted, but have not been finalized and may still be corrected by the authors, so the text could change before final publication.<

Corrected proofs

Corrected proofs contain authors' corrections and may or may not have specific issue and page numbers assigned.

Return to top

Browsing a Book Home Page You can browse the table of contents for a book on a book home page. Note Â

Each book edition has a separate home page.

To browse a book home page 1. Browse or Search for a publication. 2. For book home pages, click a table of contents section or the plus symbol (+) to expand a section. 3. If necessary, click the plus symbol (+) for a sub-section to view documents for the subsection. 4. Do one of the following: •

Click a chapter link to open it. Notes

Click home page.

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the chapter. Click the chapter title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the chapter. Full-text access to the chapter may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

Click the Index link to view the full-text of the book index. to add the link to the Quick Links section of your

Return to top

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ScienceDirect Help Adding RSS Feeds New Article Feed. The RSS feed provides links To create an RSS feed for a publication, click to articles that have been added to the publication. Notes Â

RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator.

RSS Article Feeds are not available for all publications.

Return to top

Related Topics Browsing Reference Works Bookmarking Pages Managing Favorites Managing Volume/Issue Alerts

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Journal FAQs •

Why are some issues not available online? An issue may not be online for one of the following reasons:

ScienceDirect® did not receive the issue, and it has not been identified in our tracking database. These are truly "missing" issues, so if you identify one, please notify us using the Contact Us link at the bottom of any page.

The missing issue has been identified, but is currently not available online. This may be due to technical reasons, or possible delivery and production problems. We regularly follow-up with our suppliers until we have these issues online.

ScienceDirect is working to make available all issues of journals, where possible. Some issues may be difficult to trace or require special handling in production, which can delay their availability online. Rather than delay the entire journal title and its issues, we make them available on an issue-by-issue basis. Unfortunately, ScienceDirect cannot provide precise dates for when these journal issues will become available.

What is the Freedom Collection? The Freedom Collection is an annual sales offering and consists of nearly all Elsevier journals covered by ScienceDirect (for which we have permission to make available to customers). Access to all these titles goes back to the start date of the customer's contracted content. Pricing for the non-subscribed titles in the collection is heavily discounted. It does not include what we call "Third-party Journals"- Cell Press, Anderson Publishing, American Psychology Association and a few individual titles owned by societies. Likewise, any title that has been transferred to another publisher is not generally included, as we do not always have the necessary legal rights. Journal content prior to 1995 is also not included. As new titles are added to ScienceDirect throughout the year, they are automatically added to the (Complete) Freedom Collection. Updates of titles to ScienceDirect occur on a quarterly schedule, after which availability of the titles is communicated to customers on our mailing list, as well as through the ScienceDirect newsletter SD Connect and the ScienceDirect Info Site.

Are online journals available for personal subscribers? No, ScienceDirect can only be subscribed to at an institutional level. Unfortunately, we are unable to offer personal subscriptions to ScienceDirect. However, Elsevier has numerous journals available online through other platforms, designed for individuals with a print subscription. For more information about these journals please visit the journal home page on the Elsevier Web site.

How does ScienceDirect handle mixed volume journals like BBA?

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ScienceDirect Help ScienceDirect has historically made an effort to have online journal collections appear as they do in print; however, some journals have shared volume/issue numbering which causes technical difficulties when displaying them on the web. The journal sections of Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) are an example of shared volume numbering. Since ScienceDirect stores all titles using the journal ISSN as the primary key, BBA is categorized on the Web according to its ISSNs, so all BBA sections are listed separately. We are aware that this can be confusing; however, unless we rearrange the technical infrastructure of ScienceDirect, we cannot group or cluster complete collections of journals with multiple sections and ISSNs. The ScienceDirect Info site lists the volume numbering for the following journals: •

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta

Analytica Chimica Acta/Vibrational Spectroscopy

Journal of Chromatography

European Journal of Pharmacology

Journal of Molecular Structure/Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM

A list of volume numbers for the following journals that have the same display functionality is expected in 2006:

Mutation Research and Sections

Journal of Biotechnology/Reviews in Molecular Biotechnology

Psychiatry Research/Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging

Brain Research and Sections

Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology and Sections

Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems/Laboratory Information Management

Chemical Geology and its Isotope Geoscience Section

How do I find the Impact Factor of a journal? To identify the Impact Factor for a journal:

• 1. Navigate to the table of contents page for the journal on ScienceDirect (The page with the list of volumes and issues). 2. Click on the picture of the journal cover on the right-hand side of the page. The Elsevier.com web site will open in another browser window. 3. Scroll to the bottom of the Elsevier journal page to find the Impact Factor for that journal. •

Why are some journals or volumes free on ScienceDirect? Some of ScienceDirect’s content is freely accessible to all users. For a clarification on the content types and characteristics please review the table below. The free content is displayed with the green icon indicating Full-Text availability, If you are a subscribing institution and would like to have an overview of your subscribed journals and the free journals please run the ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report. In

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Publications this report the permanently free content is illustrated with a yellow icon. To run the Electronic Holdings Report please go to www.sciencedirect.com/science/account. Model

Explanation

Sponsored Articles or Issues

A number of journals offer this option. After an article has been accepted for publication, authors, funding bodies, or companies can sponsor individual articles or issues and to be made available to all subscribers and non-subscribers via ScienceDirect.

Delayed Open Access

ScienceDirect's open access model makes certain content available to all ScienceDirect users after a specific period of time. For example content can be made available 12 or 24 months, or any specified time prior to current date. The amount of backfiles made available may also be specified but commonly as far back as 1995 is accessible to all

Promotional

Journal that were added outside of the renewal period and can no longer be subscribed are made free for all ScienceDirect users. Content is freely accessible for up to a

Free Journals

A few journals are not peer-reviewed and the revenue is earned through advertising or sponsorship. Such journals are permanently made accessible to all Sci

Sample Issue

Most journals will have the first issue of the latest year as a sample issue, this is designed to give the reader an idea of the journals content.

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Article FAQs

Why can't I view a document as a PDF? (Adobe® Acrobat Reader® problem) Some clients have reported problems using Adobe Acrobat Reader version 6.0 to open certain documents. We recommend that you upgrade your Acrobat Reader software to the latest version. Click on the Get Adobe Reader logo for downloading instructions.

If a document is missing or corrupt what should I do? 1. If you identify a missing or corrupt document, click the Contact Us link at the bottom of any page in ScienceDirect® to notify us. 2. On the Contact Us page, select Content.

Include as much detail as possible in the comments box, e.g. journal name, volume, issue, page number, HTML or PDF. 3. Click Send to submit the information to us. •

How do I see what content I have full text access to? (How do I use the Electronic Holdings Report?) There are two ways of viewing content you have full text access to: • •

On browse pages, you can click on a subscription icon to view the ScienceDirect coverage content range and how much of the content your institution has full access to. The icons indicate the following: The book is part of your current subscription. The book is not part of your current subscription.

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The book is part of a package to which you have a complimentary subscription. •

You can view details of your institution's complete journal, book series, and handbook subscriptions using the ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report. To access the report: 1. Go to www.ScienceDirect.com. 2. Click the My Settings button. 3. Click ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Reports.

4. If you have already generated a report, the report will appear. OR To generate a report, click Generate New Reports. For more information on generating new reports, see Viewing or Generating a ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report. •

The date of the last generated report is displayed at the top of the screen.

To view the holdings report, select the appropriate combination of subscribed, non-subscribed, and not available titles, and then specify the report format. Available options include browser-friendly or printer-friendly views. In addition, you can download the report into a spreadsheet or to an OPAC system.

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ScienceDirect Help

For more information on generating new reports, see Viewing or Generating a ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report.

How do I generate a new holdings report?

• 1. Click Generate Holdings Report. Note If you do not see this link, then the holdings report for your account was generated by someone else less than 24 hours ago and is current. To generate a new report you must wait 24 hours. 2. The Generate New Reports dialog will display. 3. If you want to be notified by email when the reports are ready enter your e-mail address. 4. Click Generate New Reports. Note You will receive an e-mail notification when the report has been generated. You can carry on working or even log off—the report generation will continue. 5. When you receive the notification e-mail, click ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report, which will take you to the ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings page. •

How can I get free access to full text? ScienceDirect can only be subscribed to at an institute level. Unfortunately, we are unable to offer individual subscriptions to ScienceDirect. ScienceDirect is accessible for guests through the public domain, but with less functionality than that available to licensed users. Functionality for guest users includes the following: •

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Performing a Quick Search

Setting up Issue and Topic alerts

Saving a favorite journals list

Browsing through journals including back files, books, and reference works


Publications •

Viewing table of contents and abstracts

Buying full text articles using a credit card

Functionality for guest users does not include the following functionality:

Performing Advanced and Expert searches

Exporting citations to a reference management software program, such as Reference Manager, Procite, and EndNote

Viewing and tracking articles that have cited a selected article

Reference linking to other articles

Setting up Search alerts

Turning on Search History

E-mailing article citations

Where can I find the supplementary information for an article? Certain electronic articles can contain supplementary electronic information, e.g. video, audio, background data, additional reading, etc. that is not possible in the printed version of the article. In the printed version of such an article, only an indicator appears that supplementary information is available in the electronic version, typically with a Digital Object Identifier with which you can link to the electronic article. In the electronic version, supplementary information may appear anywhere within the article where this information is referred, or it may appear at the end of the article in a separate section.

Why can't I access pre-1995 articles? The files you are trying to access are called "backfiles". These are archive files and belong to a backfiles subject package that your institution does not subscribe to. For more information on getting access to these journals please contact your librarian or information specialist. To view pre-1995 articles when you don't have institutional access: Elsevier offers a "pay-per-view" option that allows you to purchase single articles using a credit card. To use the pay-per-view option, you will need to register as a Guest User on ScienceDirect, and you will need a credit card. Most articles cost US $31.50 per article. The final price (including any taxes) will be indicated on the purchase page before you confirm your payment. Once you receive confirmation of payment, you can view, download, and print the article for 24 hours only. More information on registering and purchasing can be found on the ScienceDirect home page by clicking the Guest User Info link.

How long is my article accessible after I purchase it? Your article is available to view, download, and print for 24 hours after your purchase is confirmed. During those 24 hours, you can right click on the PDF link and select Save Target As (or Save Link As) to save the file on your computer desktop for easy retrieval. You should then be able to access the file directly from your desktop.

How can I link to an article/volume? You can link directly to resources on ScienceDirect in a number of ways. See Setting up shortcut links for more information.

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ScienceDirect Help A full list of shortcut links to ScienceDirect pages is also available. •

What is the Request Permission link? You can request permission to reuse Elsevier content by clicking the link on ScienceDirect®. The link will open a new browser window and connect you with the Rightslink® service.

When Do I Need to Request Permission? RightsLink guides a customer through the different copyrighted options, indicates which use is free of charge and which is not, and provides the option for purchasing copyright permissions that are not free of charge. If you want to reuse a portion of an article on ScienceDirect, clicking Request Permission can help you determine if you need to request permission first.

Use at Academic / Educational Institutions For academic customers that have an institutional license (such as universities and colleges), the following use of articles and parts thereof are free of charge, provided that the audience is limited to students and staff of that institution: •

use in a coursepack/classroom materials

use in a thesis/dissertation

use in a presentation/slide kit

use in training materials

For these situations, use of the RightsLink service is not required. When in doubt about whether this applies to your institution, consult your librarian.

About Rightslink Elsevier has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer a variety of options for reusing Elsevier content. Rightslink provides end-to-end digital rights licensing and reprint services that enable publishers and other content providers to offer their copyrighted material online. This digital solution enables customers to access digital, copyrighted content directly from a publisher's online publication and secure instant copyright permissions - and the content itself - quickly, easily, and legally.

Copyright Clearance Center and the Copyright Clearance Center logo are registered trademarks of Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Performing an Advanced Journals Search Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • To search journals using the Advanced search form 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Journals tab. 3. Click the Advanced link. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Journals search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 4. In Term(s), enter your search term. 5. From the Within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. If you are performing a field-restricted search, search the common fields listed in the Advanced field search tips. Otherwise, you may unintentionally eliminate one of the sources you included in your search. 6. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

7. Restrict your search by subject, document type, date, or volume, issue, and page number or search for subscribed and favorite books. 8. Do one of the following: 219


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Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

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Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search books, book series, handbooks, and reference works from the Books Advanced Search page. To search books using the Advanced search form 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Books tab. 3. Click the Advanced Search link. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Books search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 4. In Term(s), enter your search term.

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Tip We recommend searching the common fields listed in the Advanced field search tips. Otherwise, you may unintentionally eliminate one of the sources you included in your search. 6. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

7. Restrict your search by subject, date, volume, issue, and page number, or search for subscribed and favorite books. 8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to execute the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow results. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

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Navigating Article Lists ScienceDirect® provides a variety of buttons and links to help you navigate through search results and publication home pages. •

Navigating Search Results Lists

Navigating a Volume and Issue List

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Navigating Search Results Lists You can navigate through a list of article citations using the previous and next buttons. •

Click previous page or Prev to return to the previous set of documents.

Click next page or Next to view the next set of documents.

Return to top

Navigating a Volume and Issue List You can navigate though volumes and issues for a publication using the previous and next volume/issue buttons. •

Click Previous vol/iss to view the contents of the previous volume or issue of the selected publication. The Previous vol/iss button is only available when an earlier volume or issue of the selected journal is available on ScienceDirect®.

Click Next vol/iss to view the contents of the next volume or issue of the selected publication. The Next vol/iss button is only available when a later volume or issue of the selected journal is available on ScienceDirect.

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Publications You can make the text on your screen larger or smaller using the Font Size buttons. If you are logged in to ScienceDirect, we will remember your font size selection the next time you log in. •

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Click the minus sign (

) to increase the size of text on the page. ) to decrease the size of the text on the page.

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Related Topics Browsing a Publication Home Page Reviewing Search Results

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Browsing Reference Works

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Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • From the Browse page, you can view a list of all available reference works in alphabetical order or by subject. Reference works can be categorized as one of the following types: •

Comprehensive Reference Works Comprehensive reference works are a collection of volumes covering an entire field of study, such as clinical psychology or coordination chemistry. All volumes are divided into chapters (each chapter being a single document), though some volumes may be divided into sections that span one or more chapters. Comprehensive reference works are organized in volume/chapter number order.

Encyclopedia Reference Works Encyclopedia reference works are a collection of documents that cover a broad range of subjects and numerous aspects of a given field of study. Encyclopedia reference works are organized in alphabetical order by document title and are often classified into subject categories. Note

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Occasionally a reference work can have features of both an encyclopedia and a comprehensive. For example, the "Encyclopedia of Separation Science".


Publications To view a list of reference works on the Navigation bar.

1. Click

2. In the Browse box, click Journals/Books Alphabetically. A list of all journals and books will display. Note

The type of publication displays in the Content Type column. Possible publication types include: •

Journal

Book

Book Series

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3. Clear the Journals and Book Series check box. 4. Select Reference Works only to include only reference works in the browse list. Note

Selecting Reference Works only will automatically clear the All Books selection option.

5. If necessary, filter the list of publications by subscription status and publication type. Note

If you are logged in, ScienceDirect keeps your filter selections for the next time you browse publications alphabetically or by subject. However, when browsing favorites, all subscription options and publication types are included in your list by default.

6. Select which titles to include in the browse list based on full-text availability. •

Select Full-text available to include the journals and books that are part of your subscription or freely available. You can view the full-text of documents in these journals and books.

Select Abstract Only to include journals and books that are not part of your subscription. Full-text access to documents may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

7. Click

to save your settings.

The browse list displays all reference works. 8. Click a letter or 0-9 on the alphabetical browse bar to view titles that begin with that letter or with a number. Show Me

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Note

The current letter is highlighted.

OR Click All to display all available reference works in alphabetical order. 9. To open a reference work home page, click the title of the reference work that you want to view. 10. From the Browse box, click the appropriate reference work section: •

Click Article Titles to browse an alphabetical list of documents included in the reference work. (Encyclopedia reference works only.)

Click Authors to view a list of authors who contributed documents or chapters to the reference work.

Click General Information to browse information about the reference work, such as an introduction or the names of the Editors-in-Chief and Section Editors.

Click Subject Index to browse a hierarchical index of concepts and terms covered in the reference work.

Click Table of Contents to browse a list of volumes and chapters (or their equivalent) for the reference work. (Comprehensive reference works only.)

Click Glossary to browse and search definitions of concepts and terms covered in the reference work.

Click Classification to browse the hierarchical classification scheme devised by the Editors-in-Chief to encompass the whole content of the encyclopedia. (Encyclopedia reference works only.) Note The name of the Classification and Glossary tabs varies between reference works. For example

In the Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, the classification tab is named "Thematic Index," but in the International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, the classification tab is named "Subject Classification."

Additional Options

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Adding this Title to Your Favorites List

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Adding Quick Links


Publications •

Opening documents

Downloading documents

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Previewing abstracts

Bookmarking a reference work in 2collab

Related Topics Performing a Reference Works Search, Advanced and Expert Performing a Comprehensive Reference Works Search, Advanced and Expert Performing an Encyclopedia Reference Works Search, Advanced and Expert Quick Search

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Browsing Reference Work Article Titles The Article Titles page lists citations for all the documents in an Encyclopedia reference work and contributing author names. It also provides links to the full-text of a document. To browse documents from the Article Titles list If you are already on a Reference Works home page, skip to step 2. 1. Browse or Search for a reference work. 2. In the Browse section, click Article Titles. A list of document citations for the reference work appears. Show Me

3. Click a letter or 0-9 on the alphabetical browse bar to view titles that begin with that letter or with a number. Show Me

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OR If available, click APPENDICES to view the appendices. 4. Click a document link to open it. Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the fulltext of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

Additional Options •

Opening Documents

Searching this Reference Work

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Related Topics Browsing the Reference Works Page Browsing Open Documents Quick Search

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Browsing Reference Work Authors The Authors page lists those authors whose articles or chapters appear in a reference work. Author names are listed in alphabetical order by surname. To browse documents from the Authors list If you are already on a Reference Works home page, skip to step 2. 1. Browse or Search for a reference work. 2. In the Browse section, click Authors. A list of authors that contributed to the reference work appears. Show Me

3. Click the first letter of the author's last name on the alphabetical browse bar. A list of names that begin with the selected letter will display. 4. Click the plus symbol (+) next to the author's name to view all material contributed by that author. 5. Click a document link to open it.

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Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the fulltext of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

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Related Topics Browsing the Reference Works Page Browsing Open Documents Quick Search

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Browsing Reference Work General Information The General Information page typically contains links to information that is included in the Prelims section of the print version of a reference work and may also contain links to color plates, if available. For example

The printed version of a reference work typically includes a preface, an introduction to the work, biographical information for the Editors-in-Chief and other principle editors, and a list of members of the advisory board.

To browse documents from the General Information list If you are already on a Reference Works home page, skip to step 2. 1. Browse or Search for a reference work. 2. In the Browse section, click General Information. 3. Click a document link to open it. Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the fulltext of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

Additional Options

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Opening Documents

Searching this Reference Work

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Publications

Related Topics Browsing the Reference Works Page Browsing Open Documents Quick Search

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Browsing or Searching a Subject Index From the Reference Works Subject Index page, you can browse or search a hierarchical index of concepts and terms included in an individual reference work. •

Browsing a Subject Index

Searching a Subject Index

Searching this Reference Work

Bookmarking Pages

Adding this Title to Your Favorites List

Viewing More Information About this Title

Browsing a Subject Index If you are already on a Reference Works home page, skip to step 2. 1. Browse or Search for a reference work. 2. In the Browse section, click Subject Index. 3. Click the first letter of the word or phrase from the Browse Subject Index alphabet at the top of the page. Show Me

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Publications 4. Scroll to find the index entry you want. See Navigating Subject Index Entries for more information. Return to top

Searching a Subject Index If you are already on a Reference Works home page, skip to step 2. 1. Browse or Search for a reference work. 2. In the Browse section, click Subject Index. 3. Enter a term or phrase in Search. 4. Click

.

Search results appear below the Search box. See Navigating Subject Index Search Results for more information. Return to top

Related Topics Browsing the Reference Works Page Browsing Open Documents Quick Search

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Browsing or Searching Reference Work Glossaries From the Reference Works Glossary page, you can browse or search definitions of concepts and terms covered in a reference work. •

Browsing a Reference Works Glossary

Searching a Reference Works Glossary

Viewing Glossary Cross-References

Searching this Reference Work

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Browsing a Reference Works Glossary If you are already on a Reference Works home page, skip to step #2. 1. Browse or Search for a reference work. 2. In the Browse section, click Glossary. The reference work's glossary will display. Show Me

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Publications 3. Select the first letter of the word or phrase you want to view from the Browse alphabet. Glossary terms will display in alphabetical order for the specific letter selected. Note Letters without links do not have glossary entries. 4. Scroll to locate a glossary entry. 5. Click the glossary entry. The glossary definition will display. Return to top

Searching a Reference Works Glossary If you are already on the Reference Work home page, skip to step #2. 1. Browse or Search for the reference work. 2. In the Browse section, click Glossary. The reference work's glossary will display. Show Me

3. Enter a word or phrase in the Search box. 4. Click

.

The results of the search will display below the Search box. Click the appropriate glossary entry. 5. The glossary definition will appear. See Navigating Search Results for more information. Return to top

Glossary Cross-References Some glossary entries use a see cross-reference to direct you to a preferred glossary term. For

The glossary entry "operating deflection shape see mode shape" directs you to the

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"mode shape" term. Show Me

To view a cross-reference •

Click the cross-referenced term.

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Browsing Reference Work Classifications The Editors-in-Chief of each encyclopedia have devised classification schemes to help you locate content. These subject and thematic categories are specific to the discipline covered in the reference work. Scroll to view the top-level classification headings. Classifications are listed in alphabetical order and may contain sub-classifications. To browse documents from the Classification list If you are already on the Reference Work home page, skip to step 2. 1. Browse or Search for a reference work. 2. In the Browse section, click the Classification link. The reference work's subject classifications appear. Show Me

3. Click a classification title or the plus symbol (+) to expand a classification. The classification expands to display a list of documents or subclassifications for that classification:

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ScienceDirect Help 4. If necessary, click the plus symbol (+) next to the sub-classification name to view documents for the sub-classification. Notes

Classifications appear one at a time. If you open another classification, the first one closes.

Some documents are assigned to more than one classification.

5. Click a document link to open it. Notes

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the fulltext of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

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Searching this Reference Work

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Some encyclopedias use classification schemes to describe the content of the whole work. These single-level or multi-level subject (or themed) hierarchies are named differently between reference works. As a result, the list name in ScienceDirect will also differ from one reference work to another. For example

It may be called "Subject Classification" in one work and "Subject Areas" or "Thematic Index" in another. Other naming conventions are also possible.

In the Help, these lists or pages are referred to as the Classification list or Classification page.

Related Topics Browsing the Reference Works Page Browsing Open Documents Quick Search

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Browsing Reference Work Table of Contents The Reference Works Table of Contents page lists all available volumes of a selected reference work. The table of contents (TOC) page is primarily organized by volumes and chapters. However, some volumes also have section titles that organize the chapter titles within it. TOCs may include entries for the preface, contributors, section titles, chapter titles, and appendices. To browse documents from the Table of Contents If you are already on a Reference Works home page, skip to step 2. 1. Browse or Search for a reference work. 2. In the Browse section, click Table of Contents. The Table of Contents for that reference work will display. Show Me

3. Click a volume title or the plus symbol (+) to expand a section. If additional sections appear, click the name of the header to expand the contents for that part of the publication.

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Tip The volumes expand one at a time. If you open another volume, the first one closes. 4. Click a document link to open it. Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the fulltext of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

Additional Options •

Searching this Reference Work

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Viewing More Information About this Title

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Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search

Show me the interactive Tutorial

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Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can search all subscribed reference works from the Reference Works Advanced search form. Note To search book series or handbooks, you can use the All Sources or Books Advanced or Expert search forms. Show Me

To search multiple reference works using Advanced Search 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Reference Works tab. 3. Click the Advanced link. 4. To search multiple reference works, click All Subscribed Reference Works. Tip To search a specific reference work, click A Specific Reference Work or select a specific reference work from the Reference Works list. 5. If necessary, you can restrict your search by subject or to specific reference works. To restrict by reference work a. Click Show Reference Works. Show Me

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b. Select All Subscribed Reference Works OR Select one or more reference works from the Reference Works list. To select more than one reference work, hold the Control (Ctrl), Shift, or Command ( ) key, and then click the reference work you want to search. 6. In Term(s), enter your search term. See the field search tips for help narrowing your search. Note If your last successful search was an Advanced Reference Works search, your last search request displays on this search form. Click Clear to erase the form. 7. From the within menu, select the field of the document in which the search term must appear. 8. If you want to search additional fields and additional terms, complete the following fields: 7. •

From the AND menu, select a connector.

In the second Term(s) field, enter the second search term.

Select the field(s) in which the search terms must appear from the second within menu, or select All Fields.

8. Do one of the following: •

Click Search to run the search. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. Tip If your search produces a large number of results, consider editing your search to make it more specific. You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Click a suggested spelling link to rerun your search using an alternative spelling. If your search returns 20 or fewer results and we detect a potentially misspelled word, alternative spelling suggestions will be provided.

Additional Options •

Searching a Specific Comprehensive or Encyclopedia Reference Work

Searching Reference Works by Subject

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ScienceDirect Help •

Recalling a Saved Search

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Related Topics Reference Works Advanced Search Tips Performing an Advanced Reference Works Search Overview of the Search History Table

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Documents { XE "portable document format" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "PDF" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "documents:purchasing" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "documents:opening" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "documents" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "articles" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Opening Documents Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can view the full-text of an article or chapter on ScienceDirect by clicking on the document title or PDF link. Show Me

Note: The availability of full-text depends on your institutional account settings

and document availability. If the full-text is not available through your account, you may be able to purchase the document, access it through your institutional account, or order the document. Abstracts and thumbnail versions of tables and figures are available free of charge. Tip: You can view the document abstract in a results list by clicking •

Opening Documents

Opening Purchased Documents

.

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ScienceDirect Help •

Previewing Abstracts

Opening Documents 1. Browse or search for the document you want to open. 2. Do one of the following: •

Click the document title to view the full-text of the article or chapter on ScienceDirect. This view includes the abstract, article outline, tables, figures, images, references, and document text. Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

Click the PDF (file_size) link to view the document exactly as it appears in the publication. The PDF will open in a new window. Tip:You can download a PDF version of a document or download multiple PDF files using the ScienceDirect PDF Download Manager. You can view or print a copy of the document by downloading the PDF file. (In this format, the images, tables, and figures appear within the body of the document.) This format requires you to have the Adobe® Acrobat Reader®, which you may download free of charge from Adobe's website. Click the Get Adobe Reader logo for downloading instructions. Note Adobe Acrobat Reader version 5.0 or higher is required.

Click the Order Document link to order a document that is not available as part of your subscription. Order document will take you to the Document Order Form page where you can verify your document delivery options and submit the order to your institution's chosen document delivery supplier.

3. Depending on your account settings, one of the following actions will occur:

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The document will open and the full-text will be available.

The document will open, but you will not have access to the full-text. Click the Article, Chapter, or PDF tab, or the Purchase PDF link. You will be prompted to add the document to your Shopping Cart, purchase only that document, or access it through your institution's account.


Documents •

You will be prompted to login or register with ScienceDirect before you can access the document.

2. • a. After registering, click one of the document full-text links. b. If you still don't have full-text access to the document, click the Article, Chapter, or PDF tab. You will be prompted to add the document to your Shopping Cart, purchase only that document, or access it through your institution's account. •

See Secure Sockets Layer Transactions for more information about accessing non-subscribed documents through this website.

Order Document and online purchasing features are not available to all customers. If you do not have access to these features, please contact your librarian or information specialist.

Related Topics Using the Shopping Cart

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Opening Documents Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can view the full-text of an article or chapter on ScienceDirect by clicking on the document title or PDF link. Show Me

Note: The availability of full-text depends on your institutional account settings

and document availability. If the full-text is not available through your account, you may be able to purchase the document, access it through your institutional account, or order the document. Abstracts and thumbnail versions of tables and figures are available free of charge. Tip: You can view the document abstract in a results list by clicking

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Opening Documents

Opening Purchased Documents

Previewing Abstracts

.


Documents

Opening Documents 1. Browse or search for the document you want to open. 2. Do one of the following: •

Click the document title to view the full-text of the article or chapter on ScienceDirect. This view includes the abstract, article outline, tables, figures, images, references, and document text. Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

Click the PDF (file_size) link to view the document exactly as it appears in the publication. The PDF will open in a new window. Tip:You can download a PDF version of a document or download multiple PDF files using the ScienceDirect PDF Download Manager. You can view or print a copy of the document by downloading the PDF file. (In this format, the images, tables, and figures appear within the body of the document.) This format requires you to have the Adobe® Acrobat Reader®, which you may download free of charge from Adobe's website. Click the Get Adobe Reader logo for downloading instructions. Note Adobe Acrobat Reader version 5.0 or higher is required.

Click the Order Document link to order a document that is not available as part of your subscription. Order document will take you to the Document Order Form page where you can verify your document delivery options and submit the order to your institution's chosen document delivery supplier.

3. Depending on your account settings, one of the following actions will occur: •

The document will open and the full-text will be available.

The document will open, but you will not have access to the full-text. Click the Article, Chapter, or PDF tab, or the Purchase PDF link. You will be prompted to add the document to your Shopping Cart, purchase only that document, or access it through your institution's account.

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ScienceDirect Help 2. • a. After registering, click one of the document full-text links. b. If you still don't have full-text access to the document, click the Article, Chapter, or PDF tab. You will be prompted to add the document to your Shopping Cart, purchase only that document, or access it through your institution's account. •

See Secure Sockets Layer Transactions for more information about accessing non-subscribed documents through this website.

Order Document and online purchasing features are not available to all customers. If you do not have access to these features, please contact your librarian or information specialist.

Related Topics Using the Shopping Cart

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Browsing Full-Text Documents Show me the interactive Tutorial

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Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • When you open a document, you can browse the Article or Chapter, Figures/Tables, References, Abstract, or PDF tabs to view different sections or formats of the document. The following links may also be available for a document. Click a link for more information:

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Browsing Full-Text Articles or Chapters When you click the title of a document, the HTML view of the document will display. The HTML view of a document contains the full-text of a document (if available), including the abstract, article outline, tables, figures, images, references, and document text. Note: The availability of full-text depends on your institutional account settings and document availability. If the full-text is not available, you may be able to purchase the document, access it through your institutional account or order the document. Abstracts and thumbnail versions of tables and figures are available free of charge. From the full-text article or chapter view, you can: •

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Article Outline Search Terms In-Text Citations

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Navigating the Article or Chapter You can navigate through a document by scrolling through the document, or jump to specific sections by using the article outline, viewing search terms, or clicking in-text citations.

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Documents Publication information about the article, including links to the publication homepage and the volume/issue are available at the top of the document on the Article, Chapter, Figures/Tables, and References tabs. If a volume or issue is a special issue, information about the topic appears below the volume or issue information. Note: A Sponsored Article label indicates that the document has been accepted for publication, and the authors have paid a sponsorship fee to make it freely available on ScienceDirect. •

Search Terms: If you retrieved this document through a search, your search term is highlighted in the text of the document. 1. Scroll to the first occurrence of your search term. 2. Click the forward or back arrow next to the highlighted search term to skip to the next or previous occurrence of the term. Show Me

Article Outline: Click an item in the outline to go to that section of the document. Show Me

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You must have JavaScript™ enabled in your browser to view the Figures/Tables tab.

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Thumbnail Images Images appear as thumbnails by default. To view full-text images •

In the full-text document format, click the Full-Size Images link. Note: Your preference is stored for the next time you log in to ScienceDirect.

If a figure or table is displayed in the document as a thumbnail, click the thumbnail to view a magnified version of the figure or table in a separate window.

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Accessing Video, Audio and other Supplementary Content A document may have video, audio and other supplementary content associated with it. To access this content, use the Supplementary Content box on the Article or Chapter tab. •

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The Other tab provides access to content such as Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, PDF documents, and so on.

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To access content •

On the appropriate Supplementary Content tab, click the icon to open the content in a separate window.

To view the section of the document that references the supplementary content, click View Within Article/Chapter.

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Viewing References You can view the references for a document on the Article or Chapter tab or the References tab. On the Article tab, the references are presented with the document text. On the References tab, only the article citation and references are displayed. •

If you do not have full-text access to a document, the References tab may not appear.

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To open references Click a full-text link below the citation to open the reference. Show Me

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To view reference citations in an article Click a reference citation number or author name to go to that citation in the article. Show Me

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Opening PDFs

Note: To open documents in PDF format, you need Adobe® Acrobat Reader® version 5.0 or higher. You can download the reader free of charge by clicking this button:

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Documents Links to full-text, references, and cited by counts for documents may be available outside of ScienceDirect® through Scopus® and/or the journal publisher's web site. Note: Accessing a journal publisher's web site, Scopus, or the full-text document

may require a separate subscription. • Links to abstracts, references, and the cited by counts for a document may be available through Scopus. Scopus is a multidisciplinary navigational tool that contains records going back to the mid 1960s, offering newly-linked citations across the widest body of scientific abstracts available in one place.

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To access abstracts and references for a document in Scopus, click View Record in Scopus. The document will open in a new browser window.

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To view the number of times a document has been cited in Scopus, click Cited By in Scopus(number of citations). A Scopus Cited By search results page will appear in a new browser window.

Journal Publisher To access full-text documents at the publisher's web site, click the appropriate link or button.

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Viewing Documents that Cite the Current Document

Click Cited By to view a list of documents that cite the document. Return to top

Creating Citation Alerts Click Save as Citation Alert to receive an e-mail when the document is cited by new documents added to ScienceDirect®. When you click this option, the Save As Citation Alert page appears. Return to top

Viewing More Information About the Document Depending on the format of the document, the following links may be available: •

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Refers to/Refered to by: A document may contain links to another document, such as subsequent correspondence and publisher or author corrections, and so on. If so, the other article's citation and document links display above the open document's text. These documents contain links to the original document above the document text. If these links are temporarily unavailable, use the browser's Back button to return to the original document.

Preprint Articles: Click the preprint article identifier, if available, to view a preprint version of the document. Example astro-ph/0208354 or cond-mat/0209145

Glossary Links: Click a glossary link to view a definition for the linked word or phrase. Glossary links open in a new window.

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Adding RSS Feeds Citation Feed to create an RSS feed for the current document. The RSS feed provides Click links to new documents that cite this document. NotesÂ

RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator.

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Related Topics Saving a Citation Alert E-mailing an Open Document Exporting Document Citations Navigating Documents

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Refining Search Results You can refine your search results in the following ways: •

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Search Within Results: To search the documents found by your search, use Search Within Results.

Sort: To sort the records by date or relevance, use Sort.

Refining Results Refine Results displays to the left of your search results. It provides a categorized overview of your results. From Refine Results, you can limit your search to include only relevant results. Note: Refine Results is not available on all search results pages.

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that the ones you use most are at the top of the Refine Results box. Just click on a category and, while holding down the mouse button, drag it to the new location in the box. (The cursor changes when you move it over the category to indicate that you can drag it.) To refine your search results 1. Select the items you want to limit your results to or want to exclude from your results by clicking the corresponding check box.

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Limit To restricts the results list to the items you have selected.

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Searching Within Results You can use Search Within Results to narrow your list of documents.

Note: Search Within Results is not available for Cited By or Citation Alert results. Search Within Results looks at all available fields of the original document set. Tip You can perform a field-restricted search in Search Within Results by using the following syntax in your search string: field_name(search_term) where search_term is the term you want to find in the documents, and field_name is the name of the field. Fields common to all source types are listed in the All Sources Expert field search tips. To search within a results list 1. Enter a search string in Search Within Results. The search string must be related to your current search results list. See All Sources Advanced and Expert search tips for more information about creating an effective search string. 2. Click

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Documents Click one of the following options under Sort: •

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Creating a Digital Object Identifier Link A digital object identifier (DOI) can be used to cite and link to electronic documents. A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it to link permanently to electronic documents. To find a document using a DOI 1. Copy the DOI of the document you want to open. The correct format for citing a DOI is as follows: doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2003.10.071 2. Open the following DOI site in your browser: http://dx.doi.org 3. Enter the entire DOI citation in the text box provided, and then click Go. The document that matches the DOI citation will display in your browser window.

The DOI scheme is administered by the International DOI Foundation. Many of the world's leading publishers have come together to build a DOI-based document linking scheme known as CrossRef.

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The date of the last generated report is displayed at the top of the screen.

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Opening Documents Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

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and document availability. If the full-text is not available through your account, you may be able to purchase the document, access it through your institutional account, or order the document. Abstracts and thumbnail versions of tables and figures are available free of charge. Tip: You can view the document abstract in a results list by clicking

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Opening Documents

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Documents •

Previewing Abstracts

Opening Documents 1. Browse or search for the document you want to open. 2. Do one of the following: •

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Click the PDF (file_size) link to view the document exactly as it appears in the publication. The PDF will open in a new window. Tip:You can download a PDF version of a document or download multiple PDF files using the ScienceDirect PDF Download Manager. You can view or print a copy of the document by downloading the PDF file. (In this format, the images, tables, and figures appear within the body of the document.) This format requires you to have the Adobe® Acrobat Reader®, which you may download free of charge from Adobe's website. Click the Get Adobe Reader logo for downloading instructions. Note Adobe Acrobat Reader version 5.0 or higher is required.

Click the Order Document link to order a document that is not available as part of your subscription. Order document will take you to the Document Order Form page where you can verify your document delivery options and submit the order to your institution's chosen document delivery supplier.

3. Depending on your account settings, one of the following actions will occur: •

The document will open and the full-text will be available.

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You will be prompted to login or register with ScienceDirect before you can access the document.

2. • a. After registering, click one of the document full-text links. b. If you still don't have full-text access to the document, click the Article, Chapter, or PDF tab. You will be prompted to add the document to your Shopping Cart, purchase only that document, or access it through your institution's account. •

See Secure Sockets Layer Transactions for more information about accessing non-subscribed documents through this website.

Order Document and online purchasing features are not available to all customers. If you do not have access to these features, please contact your librarian or information specialist.

Related Topics Using the Shopping Cart

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Opening Documents Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can view the full-text of an article or chapter on ScienceDirect by clicking on the document title or PDF link. Show Me

Note: The availability of full-text depends on your institutional account settings

and document availability. If the full-text is not available through your account, you may be able to purchase the document, access it through your institutional account, or order the document. Abstracts and thumbnail versions of tables and figures are available free of charge. Tip: You can view the document abstract in a results list by clicking •

Opening Documents

Opening Purchased Documents

Previewing Abstracts

.

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Opening Documents 1. Browse or search for the document you want to open. 2. Do one of the following: •

Click the document title to view the full-text of the article or chapter on ScienceDirect. This view includes the abstract, article outline, tables, figures, images, references, and document text. Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

Click the PDF (file_size) link to view the document exactly as it appears in the publication. The PDF will open in a new window. Tip:You can download a PDF version of a document or download multiple PDF files using the ScienceDirect PDF Download Manager. You can view or print a copy of the document by downloading the PDF file. (In this format, the images, tables, and figures appear within the body of the document.) This format requires you to have the Adobe® Acrobat Reader®, which you may download free of charge from Adobe's website. Click the Get Adobe Reader logo for downloading instructions. Note Adobe Acrobat Reader version 5.0 or higher is required.

Click the Order Document link to order a document that is not available as part of your subscription. Order document will take you to the Document Order Form page where you can verify your document delivery options and submit the order to your institution's chosen document delivery supplier.

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The document will open and the full-text will be available.

The document will open, but you will not have access to the full-text. Click the Article, Chapter, or PDF tab, or the Purchase PDF link. You will be prompted to add the document to your Shopping Cart, purchase only that document, or access it through your institution's account.

You will be prompted to login or register with ScienceDirect before you can access the document.


Documents 2. • a. After registering, click one of the document full-text links. b. If you still don't have full-text access to the document, click the Article, Chapter, or PDF tab. You will be prompted to add the document to your Shopping Cart, purchase only that document, or access it through your institution's account. •

See Secure Sockets Layer Transactions for more information about accessing non-subscribed documents through this website.

Order Document and online purchasing features are not available to all customers. If you do not have access to these features, please contact your librarian or information specialist.

Related Topics Using the Shopping Cart

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{ XE "shopping cart" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "purchased articles" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "documents:purchasing" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "cart, shopping" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Using the Shopping Cart From your Shopping Cart, you can purchase full-text access to multiple documents with a single credit card transaction. Note

Purchased documents are available for download for 24 hours after your purchase.

Purchasing Documents

Removing Documents from Your Shopping Cart

Accessing the Shopping Cart

Adding Documents to Your Shopping Cart

Viewing Purchased Documents

Shopping Cart Overview

Purchasing Documents To purchase the documents in your cart 1. Review the Purchase Agreement Terms and Conditions. Note Purchased documents are available for download for 24 hours after your purchase. 2. Select the check box next to the Purchase Agreement Terms and Conditions link to indicate that you agree to follow the conditions of purchase. 3. Click Purchase These Articles. The Billing Address page appears. If you can now open any of the documents in your cart because of changes in your institution's account, these documents will appear with links to their full text. •

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To open these documents, click on the document title or PDF (file_size) link.


Documents â&#x20AC;˘

To purchase any remaining documents in your cart, click Purchase These Articles. Tip We recommend that you open the documents you have full-text access to before continuing with your purchase. If you continue with your purchase, by clicking Purchase These Articles, these documents will no longer appear in your cart or in your list of Purchased Articles.

â&#x20AC;˘ Note If all the documents in your cart are available to you without a purchase, the Purchase These Articles button will not appear. Return to top

Removing Documents from Your Shopping Cart Click Remove next to the document you want to delete from your cart. If you would like to return a deleted document to your cart, you must search for the document, and then add it to your Shopping Cart again. Return to top

Accessing the Shopping Cart You can view the contents of your Shopping Cart at any time by clicking navigation bar.

on the

Note You must be logged in to ScienceDirect to access your Shopping Cart, and your institution's subscription must permit Shopping Cart purchases.

Your purchases are secured using Secure Sockets Layer Transactions. Return to top

Related Topics Viewing Purchased Articles Performing an All Sources Search, Advanced and Expert Browsing a Publication Home Page Browsing Reference Works

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ScienceDirect Help Secure Sockets Layer Transactions

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "documents:purchasing" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Purchasing Documents Using a Credit Card To purchase a document using a credit card Note

You can click Cancel at any time during this process to exit without submitting your credit card information.

1. Enter your credit card information in the appropriate fields. All information is required for credit card approval. a. From the Credit Card Type list, select your credit card type. b. In Credit Card Number, enter your credit card number. Omit any dashes (-) or blank spaces that appear in your credit card number. c.

From the Expiration Date lists, select the expiration month and year for your credit card.

d. In Name on Credit Card, enter your name exactly as it appears on your credit card. e. In Credit Card Billing Address, enter your address information as it appears on your credit card billing statement. f.

From the Country list, select the country that corresponds to your credit card billing address.

g. In EU VAT Registration Number, enter your EU VAT Registration Number. h. In E-mail Address, enter your e-mail address. Note i.

A receipt for this transaction will be sent to this e-mail address.

In Phone Number, enter your telephone number, including the country code.

2. Click Continue With Purchase to submit your credit card information. The Confirm Your Credit Card Order page will display. OR Click Cancel to exit this page without submitting your credit card information. â&#x20AC;˘

Your purchases are secured using Secure Sockets Layer Transactions.

â&#x20AC;˘

Changing the pre-populated billing address, e-mail address, and telephone

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number on this page will not update the information in your personal profile. •

If you are using Adobe® Acrobat Reader® and have configured it as a viewer or helper application, you may experience problems viewing a PDF document. We suggest using the Adobe Acrobat Reader as a plug-in. Plug-In is the default setting.

Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Documents

{ XE "purchased articles" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "downloading:purchased articles" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "available articles" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Viewing Purchased Documents You can access purchased documents from the Purchased Articles link in My Settings. Viewing Documents Available for Download Viewing Previously Purchased Documents Note

The Purchased Articles page displays only those documents you purchased using the Shopping Cart.

Viewing Documents Available for Download You can access documents that are currently available for viewing and downloading from the Available Articles link on the Purchased Articles page. When you are done, click Return to Purchased Articles to return to the Purchased Articles page. 1. Click My Settings on the navigation bar. 2. Click My Purchased Articles. 3. Click Available Articles to access documents available for download. Note

The Available Articles link only appears if you have documents available for download.

Documents are available for download for 24 hours from the time of purchase.

4. At the Current Purchases page, do one of the following: •

Click the document title to view the full-text of the article or chapter on ScienceDirect. This view includes the abstract, document outline, tables, figures, images, references, and document text.

Click the PDF (file_size) link to view the document exactly as it appears in the publication. In this format, the images, tables, and figures appear within the body of the document. The PDF opens in a new window. 287


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Note To open a PDF, you need Adobe速 Acrobat Reader速 version 5.0 or higher. You can download the reader free of charge by clicking this button:

Return to top

Viewing Previously Purchased Documents The Purchase History page lists documents that you have purchased using the Shopping Cart during a particular month. 1. Click My Settings on the navigation bar. 2. Click Purchased Articles. 3. Click the appropriate month, year link to display a list of documents purchased during that month. 4. Click Return to Purchased Articles to return to the Purchased Articles page. Return to top

Related Topics Adding Quick Links

Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright 息 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect速 is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Documents

{ XE "available articles" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Accessing Current Purchases You can access documents available for viewing and downloading from the Current Purchases page. Only documents purchased using the Shopping Cart display on the Current Purchases page. Note

Documents that are no longer available for download are available in your Purchase History.

Click Return to Purchased Articles to return to the Purchased Articles page. Tips

You can see how much time you have left to access a document in the Time left to access column. The column is updated each time you open or refresh the Current Purchases page.

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

Opening documents

Downloading documents

Viewing related articles

Navigating article lists and Adjusting font size

Previewing abstracts

E-mailing documents or exporting document citations

The Current Purchases page displays the following information: •

Documents: A list of documents available for download.

Confirmation ID: A unique identifier for a document that is automatically generated during your purchase. Credits for documents that you have purchased will appear with the Confirmation ID.

Time left to access: The time left for you to access a document. To see the

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exact time left, refresh or reload your browser.

Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Documents

{ XE "documents:ordering" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Ordering Documents To request delivery of a document 1. Verify the document details (citation) for the requested document. 2. Enter information in the form fields, making corrections or changes as needed. If you are logged in to ScienceDirect, the required fields on the form are already filled in with information from your personal profile. 3. Field

Description

Required Fields First Name

Your first name (given name).

Family Name

Your family name (surname).

Cost Code

The cost code for your institution's account. As you type the cost code, you'll see a list of codes that match what you've entered. Click a code in the list to select it. Note: You must have JavaScriptâ&#x201E;˘ enabled in your browser to see the cost code list.

E-mail Address

Your e-mail address.

Mailing Address

Your street number and street name or your post office (P.O.) box number.

City

Your city.

Postal (ZIP) Code

Your postal code.

Country

Select your country from the list.

Optional Fields State/Province

Select your state or province from the list.

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Phone Number

Fax Number

Special Instructions

Enter your telephone number including the country code and the city or area code as well as an extension number, if applicable.

Enter your fax number including the country code and the city or area code as well as an extension number, if applicable. Enter any special delivery instructions.

4. If the Send Your Order To field is available, enter the e-mail address of your preferred document delivery service. Note

If this field is not available, your document order will be sent to the document delivery service arranged by your institute.

5. Click Send to submit your document order. OR Click Cancel return to the previous page without ordering the document.

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Documents

{ XE "transactions, security" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "SSL" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "security, transactions" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "secure sockets layer (SSL) transactions" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Secure Sockets Layer Transactions To protect your private data, some transactions are accepted only through Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protected channels. Transactions protected by SSL include online registration and accessing documents from non-subscribed titles. SSL is an industry accepted security protocol, providing encryption over the Internet. This encryption allows reasonable assurance your private data will not be intercepted between the browser and the server. SSL also performs a security identification to ensure that your browser is indeed communicating with the service. SSL functionality is built into most commercially available browsers, including Netscape® Navigator (version 4.0 or later) and Microsoft® Internet Explorer (version 3.0 or later). •

If SSL is not enabled on your browser, you will receive an error message when you try to access the secured sections of the service.

If SSL is not enabled over your network (e.g., due to firewall or proxy configurations), you will find that access to some parts of the service is blocked.

If you receive error messages and are unable to continue through the program, contact your information specialist or Internet Service Provider (ISP) for assistance.

On some browsers, you may also receive a message from your browser when viewing documents from non-subscribed titles stating: "You have requested a non-secure document that was originally designated a secure document." This is normal. Your access to the non-subscribed document has been authenticated via a "behind the scenes" secured transaction, and you are now being returned to the normal environment to view the document.

Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Netscape is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation in the U.S. and other countries.

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ScienceDirect Help Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Documents

E-Mailing { XE "e-mail articles" \* MERGEFORMAT }

E-mailing an Open Document

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can e-mail citations for a document that you have open. The resulting e-mail message can be customized and includes the document's citation and a link to the document. See E-mailing Documents from a Document List to e-mail one or more documents. To e-mail a citation for a document that you are currently viewing 1. From an open document, click E-mail Article. The E-mail Article page displays the citation for the document you have open at the top of the page. 2. In Sender's Name, enter the name you would like to have display in the e-mail as the sender. 3. In Sender's E-mail, enter your e-mail address. The e-mail address listed in your profile appears in this field by default. 4. In Recipient's E-mail, enter the recipient's e-mail address here. Note

To send a document citation to multiple e-mail addresses, enter a comma (,) between each e-mail address.

5. In Subject, enter a subject line for the e-mail. A default subject line displays in this field until you enter your own. 6. In Add This Note, you can enter your own message to the recipient of the e-mail. A default message appears in this field until you enter your own. 7. From Send E-mail In, select either HTML or Plain Text format. 8. Click Send to e-mail the citations. When the e-mail has been sent, a confirmation message will display. Click Continue to return to the document list.

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Related Topics E-mailing Articles from a Document List Browsing Open Documents

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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E-mailing Documents from a Document List

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can e-mail citations for one or more documents from a document list such as the search results list. The resulting e-mail message can be customized and includes a list of the selected document citations and URLs (links) to the documents. See E-mailing an Open Document to e-mail the document you are currently viewing. Note You can e-mail up to 1,000 documents. To e-mail citations for one or more documents 1. From a list of documents, select the check box next to each document you want to email. Leave all of the check boxes empty if you want to send citations for every document in the list. 2. Click E-mail articles. 3. In Sender's Name, enter the name you would like to have display in the e-mail as the sender. 4. In Sender's E-mail, enter your e-mail address. The e-mail address listed in your profile appears in this field by default. 5. In Recipient's E-mail, enter the recipient's e-mail address here. Note

To send the documents to multiple e-mail addresses, enter a comma (,) between each e-mail address.

6. In Subject, enter a subject line for the e-mail. A default subject line displays in this field until you enter your own. 7. In Add This Note, enter your own message to the recipient of the e-mail. A default message appears in this field until you enter your own. 8. From Send E-mail In, select either HTML or Plain Text format:

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ScienceDirect Help 9. Click Send to e-mail the citations. When the e-mail has been sent, you'll see a confirmation message. Click Continue to return to the document list.

Related Topics E-mailing an Open Document Browsing Open Documents Browsing a Publication Home Page Reviewing Search Results Reviewing the Cited By/Citation Alert Results

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Exporting { XE "exporting citations" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Exporting Document Citations

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can export individual document citations or article lists to citation management programs such as Reference Manager, ProCite, EndNote, or RefWorks. The following fields are exported: •

DOI (Digital Object Identifier)

ISSN (International Standard Serial Number)

ISBN (International Standard Book Number)

The following export formats are available: ASCII, RIS, BibTeX or RefWorks Direct Export (RefWorks only) format. To export citations 1. Open the Export Citations page by doing one of the following: •

From an open document: Click Export Citation.

From a document list: Select the check box next to each document that you want to export, and then click Export citations.

2. From the Content Format list, select whether you want to export Citations or Citations + Abstracts. 3. From the Export Format list, select one of the following export formats: •

Select RIS format to export to reference management programs including Reference Manager, ProCite, and EndNote. RIS format is the default export format.

Select ASCII Format to export a plain text document.

Select BibTeX Format to export to a LaTeX environment or for use with Bibshare in Microsoft® Word.

Select RefWorks Direct Export to export directly online to RefWorks. Due to a RefWorks server limitation, you may not be able to export more than 50 documents to RefWorks. Your ability to export depends

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on your RefWorks server location. To check if you can export more than 50 documents, continue with your export. If RefWorks is unable to handle your export, you will receive an error. If you receive an error, return to your results list, and select fewer than 50 documents to export.

4. Click Export to begin your export. •

For RefWorks exports: Note If JavaScript™ is not enabled on your computer, a confirmation screen will appear. Click Export to continue with your RefWorks export.

If your RefWorks information has been entered in My Profile, we will login to RefWorks for you, and the import will be run. The status of your RefWorks import will display in a new browser window.

If your RefWorks information has not been entered in My Settings or you do not have access to My Settings, the RefWorks login screen appears in a new browser window and you will need to login to proceed with the export.

For RIS Format exports, a file download dialog box will display from which you can save or open your exported file.

For ASCII Format exports, your citations will display in ASCII format. Note

Use your browser's Back button to return to the open document or the document list.

Related Topics Browsing Open Documents Browsing a Publication Home Page Reviewing Search Results Reviewing the Cited By/Citation Alert Results

JavaScript is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "RefWorks" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "exporting" \* MERGEFORMAT }

About RefWorks RefWorks is a web-based bibliography and database management tool that lets you store your own collection of document references and then create bibliographies using those references in a wide variety of styles. More information about RefWorks can be found on the RefWorks website. From ScienceDirect, you can export document citations into your RefWorks database. Tip To export from ScienceDirect to RefWorks, you can enter your RefWorks account information in My Settings. If you enter your account information in ScienceDirect, you will be automatically logged in to RefWorks when you export citations.

Related Topics Exporting Article Citations Modifying Your Personal Details and Preferences RefWorks Website

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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My Settings { XE "My Profile" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Managing Your Settings Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • From the My Settings page, you can review or change your profile information. Click this link...

To do this...

Purchased Articles

View documents you have purchased using the Shopping Cart

Note The Purchased Articles link only appears if you have purchased articles using the Shopping Cart. Add/Remove Alerts

Add, change, and delete alerts. See Accessing Alerts for more information.

Modify Personal Details and Preferences

View and change your contact information, e-mail preferences, search history settings, and search results. See Modifying Your Settings and Preferences for more information.

Change Password

Change the password for your account. See Changing Your Password for more information.

ScienceDirect® Electronic Holdings Reports

View a list of currently available journal and book series titles. See the ScienceDirect Coverage Report Help for more information.

Related Topics Adding Quick Links

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Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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My Settings

{ XE "purchased articles" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "downloading:purchased articles" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "available articles" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Viewing Purchased Documents You can access purchased documents from the Purchased Articles link in My Settings. Viewing Documents Available for Download Viewing Previously Purchased Documents Note

The Purchased Articles page displays only those documents you purchased using the Shopping Cart.

Viewing Documents Available for Download You can access documents that are currently available for viewing and downloading from the Available Articles link on the Purchased Articles page. When you are done, click Return to Purchased Articles to return to the Purchased Articles page. 1. Click My Settings on the navigation bar. 2. Click My Purchased Articles. 3. Click Available Articles to access documents available for download. Note

The Available Articles link only appears if you have documents available for download.

Documents are available for download for 24 hours from the time of purchase.

4. At the Current Purchases page, do one of the following: •

Click the document title to view the full-text of the article or chapter on ScienceDirect. This view includes the abstract, document outline, tables, figures, images, references, and document text.

Click the PDF (file_size) link to view the document exactly as it appears in the publication. In this format, the images, tables, and figures appear within the body of the document. The PDF opens in a new window.

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Note To open a PDF, you need Adobe速 Acrobat Reader速 version 5.0 or higher. You can download the reader free of charge by clicking this button:

Return to top

Viewing Previously Purchased Documents The Purchase History page lists documents that you have purchased using the Shopping Cart during a particular month. 1. Click My Settings on the navigation bar. 2. Click Purchased Articles. 3. Click the appropriate month, year link to display a list of documents purchased during that month. 4. Click Return to Purchased Articles to return to the Purchased Articles page. Return to top

Related Topics Adding Quick Links

Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright 息 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect速 is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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My Settings

{ XE "overview:alerts" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "My Profile:alerts" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "My Profile" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "customizing" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "alerts:topic alert" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Accessing Alerts Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • To access alerts, click Alerts on the navigation bar. •

Types of Alerts

Adding Alerts

Viewing Latest Results/Archive

Modifying Alerts

Deleting Alerts

Viewing Alert Frequency

Adding RSS Feeds

Types of Alerts The following types of alerts are available:

Search

Search alerts notify you by e-mail when new documents matching your

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search criteria become available online. See Saving a Search Alert to create a search alert. Topic alerts are predefined searches on a specific topic, such as inorganic chemistry. Topic alerts notify you by e-mail when new documents on a particular topic are available.

Topic

See Adding Topic Alerts to add topic alerts. Volume/Issue

Volume/Issue alerts notify you by e-mail when a new issue of a particular journal or a new book volume becomes available. See Managing Volume/Issue Alerts to create a volume/issue alert.

Citation

Citation Alerts notify you by e-mail when a selected document is cited by new documents that have become available on ScienceDirect®. See Saving a Citation Alert to create a citation alert.

Return to top

Adding Alerts •

Click the add alert link at the top of each alert table. Show Me

Each link will open the appropriate add Search, Topic, Citation alert, or Volume/Issue page.

Return to top

Viewing Latest Results/Archive •

Click the Latest Results link next to the appropriate alert to view the most recent results, or for a volume/issue alert, the most recent issue of a book or journal. Note

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For search and citation alerts, the results are accessible for 30 days from the time the search was originally run.


My Settings •

Click the Archive or Archive/Details link next to the appropriate alert to view past results for that alert. Note

Archive results are not available for Volume/Issue alerts.

You can access results for 30 days from the time the alert search was last performed.

Return to top

Modifying Alerts Click the Modify link next to the appropriate alert to change the properties of an alert. Note

You can only modify search and citation alerts.

Return to top

Deleting Alerts Click the Delete link next to the alert you want to remove. Return to top

Viewing Alert Frequency In the Frequency column, you can view how often an alert runs. Note

Topic alerts with "Inactive" as the frequency do not run.

Return to top

Adding RSS Feeds button next to an alert. The RSS You can create an RSS feed for your alerts by clicking the feed provides links to new articles that match your alert criteria. Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator. Return to top

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Related Topics Saving a Search Alert Modifying Search Alert Properties Viewing Search Alert Archives Managing Volume/Issue Alerts Saving a Citation Alert Modifying Citation Alert Properties Viewing Citation Alert Archives Adding Topic Alerts

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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My Settings

{ XE "My Profile:favorites" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "My Profile" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journals:favorites" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "journals" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "handbooks:favorites" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "favorites" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "customizing" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "creating:list of favorite journals" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "creating:list of favorite books" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "creating" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "book series:favorites" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Managing Favorites Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can add and remove journals and books that are on your favorites list from the Browse, Home, and journal and book home pages. Notes

Favorites are available only if you are logged in to ScienceDirect®.

Searches restricted to your favorites list do not include reference works.

To add or remove favorite titles •

From Browse pages: 1. Do one of the following:

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ScienceDirect Help •

To add a title, select the Favorites check box associated with that title.

To remove a title, clear the Favorites check box associated with that title. . Show Me

2. Click

From journal and book home pages: 1. Do one of the following: •

To add a journal or book, select the Add to Favorites check box associated with the title.

To remove a journal or book, clear the Add to Favorites check box associated with the title. . Show Me

2. Click

From the home page: 1. Click Note

on the navigation bar.

If you see instead of , log in to ScienceDirect to view links to your Favorite Journals/Books.

2. In the Quick Links section, click Manage Favorites. Show Me

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My Settings

A list of favorite journal and book titles appears. 3. Do one of the following: •

To add a journal or book, select the Favorites check box associated with that title.

To add a journal or book, clear the Favorites check box associated with that title.

4. Click

.

Related Topics Browsing Publications by Subject Browsing Publications Alphabetically Quick Search for a Journal or Book Title Home Page Overview Quick Links Overview

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "preferences, modifying" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "personalization options:details and preferences" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "personalization options" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "My Profile:preferences" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "My Profile" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "modifying personal details and preferences" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "images" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "customizing" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Modifying Your Settings and Preferences Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • From the Modify Your Personal Details and Preferences page, you can change your contact information, search results and image display, RefWorks settings, e-mail format, and search history settings. Depending on your subscription, you may not see some of these Preferences.

To display the Modify Your Personal Details and Preferences page 1. Click the My Settings tab then click Modify Personal Details and Preferences. 2. When you have made all your changes, click Submit to update the information in your personal profile To change your contact information

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My Settings Modify the personal details fields as needed. Most are self-explanatory; to display field descriptions click here. Depending on your subscription, you may not see some of these fields. Field

Description/Action

Title

Select the appropriate title from the drop-down list.

First Name

Your given name

Family Name

Your surname

E-mail Address

The e-mail address where you can be contacted.

Organization Type

User Role

From the drop-down list, select the category that best describes your organization.

From the list, select the category that best describes your role in your organization.

Subject

From the list, select one or more areas of interest.

Job Title

Your job title.

Phone Number

Your telephone number including the country code and the city or area code as well as an extension number, if applicable.

Fax Number

Your FAX number including the country code and the city or area code as well as an extension number, if applicable.

Mailing Address

Your street number and name or your post office (P.O.) box number.

City

Your city.

State/Province

North American customers only: From the list, select your state or province.

Postal (Zip) Code

Your postal code (zip code).

Country

From the list, select your country.

To change how search results and images appear Field

Description/Action

Display Search Results

Select the number of documents you want displayed on each page of your search results.

Display Images In HTML Full Text + Links Articles As

Select one of the following options to determine how

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images are displayed within full-text documents. •

Select Thumbnails to display images as thumbnails within the text of the document.

Select Full Size to display full-size images within the text of the document.

To change Search History preferences In When Search History Is Turned On, select one of the following to determine what happens after you run a search: •

Select Search results page to go directly to the search results page You can then view the search history table by returning to the search page.

Select Search history table to display the Search History table instead of the search results page You can then view the search results page from the search history table.

To change your e-mail format For...

Do this...

Multiple volume/issue e-mail alerts

Select one of the following: •

Select Separate E-mail Messages For Each Volume/Issue to receive a separate e-mail message for each volume/issue alert. For example, if you set up volume/issue alerts for three titles, you will receive three e-mail messages.

Select A Single E-mail Message Containing All Volume/Issues to receive one e-mail message for all of your volume/issue alerts. For example, if you set up volume/issue alerts for three titles, you will receive one e-mail message that contains links to all three titles named in the alerts.

Alert E-mail Messages

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Select one of the following: •

Select Include Separate Links To Each Article to receive a link to each individual document.

Select Include One Link To the Results Page to receive one link that leads to a list of documents, such as a search results list.


My Settings

Send E-Mail To Me In

Select either Formatted (HTML) or Plain Text (ASCII) for the format for these e-mail messages.

RefWorks Settings To automatically log in to RefWorks when you export citations from ScienceDirect, enter your RefWorks account information: For... RefWorks Group Code

Do this...

Enter a RefWorks Group Code. Your RefWorks Group Code cannot contain any spaces or periods. Your institution may have specified a Group Code for you. You can override your institution-defined Group Code by entering another Group Code. Please check with your librarian or information specialist for more information. To restore your original institution-defined Group Code, click Restore to Original Group Code.

RefWorks Username

Enter your RefWorks login name.

RefWorks Password

Enter your RefWorks password. Note Modifying your RefWorks user information in ScienceDirect does not change your RefWorks username or password in RefWorks. To change your RefWorks username or password, you must log in to RefWorks. However, if you are also a Scopus速 customer, changing your RefWorks information in ScienceDirect will also change your RefWorks information in Scopus.

Related Topics Managing Your Profile

Copyright 息 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Scopus速 is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect速 is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Changing Your Password Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • If the change password option is available to you, you can change your password at any time. Note

After you change your password, you will need to enter your ID and password the next time you log in, even if you previously had selected Remember me on this computer.

To change your password 1. Click My Settings on the navigation bar. 2. Click Change Password. 3. In Current Password, enter your current password. 4. In New Password, enter your new password. Your new password is case sensitive and must be at least 5 characters long, but no more than 20 characters long. 5. In Confirm Password, enter your new password again. 6. Click Submit to save your new password.

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My Settings Related Topics Managing Your Profile

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Viewing Subscription Information and Content Coverage Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can view subscription information for an individual title and for your institution through the ScienceDirect® Electronic Holdings report. •

Viewing Subscription Information for an Individual Title

Viewing Subscription Information for Your Institution

Viewing Subscription Information for an Individual Title On the Browse or Journal and Book home pages, click a subscription icon (

or

).

A new window lists your entitlements for that title and the range of content covered in ScienceDirect. The icons indicate the following: You can view the full-text of documents within the journal or book. You can view abstracts for the documents within the journal or book. Full-text access to these documents may be available for purchase or through your institutional account. The bibliographic information for the document is available, but access to the full-text of a document is available via a link to the publication website.

Note To be admitted into the journal publisher's Web site or to access the full-text document, you may need a separate subscription with the publisher.

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My Settings Return to top

Viewing Subscription Information for Your Institution You can view details of your institution's complete journal, book series, and handbook subscriptions using the ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report. To access the report: 1. Log in to ScienceDirect. 2. Click My Settings on the navigation bar. 3. Click ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Reports. If you have already generated a report, the report appears. 4. To generate a report, click Generate New Reports. For more information on generating new reports, see Viewing or Generating a ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report. Return to top

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Alerts { XE "overview:alerts" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "overview" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "My Profile:alerts" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "My Profile" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "customizing" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "alerts:topic alert" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Accessing Alerts Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • To access alerts, click Alerts on the navigation bar. •

Types of Alerts

Adding Alerts

Viewing Latest Results/Archive

Modifying Alerts

Deleting Alerts

Viewing Alert Frequency

Adding RSS Feeds

Types of Alerts The following types of alerts are available:

Search

Search alerts notify you by e-mail when new documents matching your search criteria become available online.

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ScienceDirect Help

See Saving a Search Alert to create a search alert. Topic alerts are predefined searches on a specific topic, such as inorganic chemistry. Topic alerts notify you by e-mail when new documents on a particular topic are available.

Topic

See Adding Topic Alerts to add topic alerts. Volume/Issue

Volume/Issue alerts notify you by e-mail when a new issue of a particular journal or a new book volume becomes available. See Managing Volume/Issue Alerts to create a volume/issue alert.

Citation

Citation Alerts notify you by e-mail when a selected document is cited by new documents that have become available on ScienceDirect®. See Saving a Citation Alert to create a citation alert.

Return to top

Adding Alerts •

Click the add alert link at the top of each alert table. Show Me

Each link will open the appropriate add Search, Topic, Citation alert, or Volume/Issue page.

Return to top

Viewing Latest Results/Archive •

Click the Latest Results link next to the appropriate alert to view the most recent results, or for a volume/issue alert, the most recent issue of a book or journal. Note

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For search and citation alerts, the results are accessible for 30 days from the time the search was originally run.

Click the Archive or Archive/Details link next to the appropriate alert to view past results for that alert.


Alerts

Note

â&#x20AC;˘

Archive results are not available for Volume/Issue alerts.

â&#x20AC;˘

You can access results for 30 days from the time the alert search was last performed.

Return to top

Modifying Alerts Click the Modify link next to the appropriate alert to change the properties of an alert. Note

You can only modify search and citation alerts.

Return to top

Deleting Alerts Click the Delete link next to the alert you want to remove. Return to top

Viewing Alert Frequency In the Frequency column, you can view how often an alert runs. Note

Topic alerts with "Inactive" as the frequency do not run.

Return to top

Adding RSS Feeds button next to an alert. The RSS You can create an RSS feed for your alerts by clicking the feed provides links to new articles that match your alert criteria. Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator. Return to top

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ScienceDirect Help Related Topics Saving a Search Alert Modifying Search Alert Properties Viewing Search Alert Archives Managing Volume/Issue Alerts Saving a Citation Alert Modifying Citation Alert Properties Viewing Citation Alert Archives Adding Topic Alerts

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Alerts

Alerts FAQs

How do I use alerts? Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

This interactive tutorial takes approximately eight minutes to review and covers the following areas: •

How do I change the format that I receive my alerts in?

What type of alerts can I create?

How do I review saved searches?

How do I modify or delete my alerts?

For more information, see Accessing Alerts. •

Why can't I open the full text of a document from an e-mail alert? You can only open the full text of a document if your institution is subscribed to that journal, book, or volume/issue. You can verify if you have access by logging on to ScienceDirect®, and then clicking the link in the e-mail. If you do not have access, you will be prompted to purchase the document. To avoid these messages, you can limit your saved search alerts to journals or books that are "subscribed". Click the Modify option on the Alerts page to alter your preferences and ensure that you only receive alerts for documents that you will be able to open. Please ask your librarian or information specialist for more information.

How do Citation alerts work? Citation alerts notify you by e-mail when a selected document is cited by new documents that have become available on ScienceDirect. See below for a description of ScienceDirect Cited By functionality and an explanation of problems that can occur. How does Cited By functionality work? Cited By functionality uses the First surname, year, and first page number of the selected document to create a search query. This search query is used for your citation alert. For example

If you wanted to receive an alert whenever the example document below was cited, the following information would be used to create the alert: Hirata 327


ScienceDirect Help (First surname) + 2002 (year) + 25 (first page number).

Why do I sometimes get results that are not related to the document I want? Additional elements such as the first initial and last page number are not included in the citation alert search query because of inconsistencies across publishers, which often results in information in a variety of different formats on ScienceDirect. Last name, year and first page always appear within ScienceDirect, making the feature reliable for searching. For example

In the Hirata document above, there could be more than one author named Hirata who wrote a document in 2002 that began on page 25 of a journal. You will also receive citation alerts for these documents. This problem is more evident with common names such as Lee or Jones.

Why can't I access my alerts? You may not be able to access alerts for one of the following reasons: •

You have more than one user profile, i.e., you have more than one user name and password. If you receive alerts under one user name, but you have logged in to ScienceDirect using a different user name, you will not see the alerts you created under your other user name(s). To resolve this issue, choose one user profile for all of your alerts, and then recreate your other alerts in this profile. You can then delete any alerts in your other user profile(s).

Your user profile and access are linked to the IP address of your institution. If your access is linked to the IP address of your institution, you will not be able to access the Alerts section of ScienceDirect when you are outside your institution's IP range. To check if you are outside your institution's IP range, go to ScienceDirect. If you see the "Welcome Guest User" banner at the top of the page, you are outside your institution's IP range and your alerts will not be available.

How do I delete alerts?

• 1. Login to ScienceDirect using your user name and password. Note To create a Guest User account you must be outside the IP ranges for your institution. 2. Click the Alerts button on the navigation bar.

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Alerts The Alerts page displays a list of your alerts. 3. Click Delete in the Actions column of the alert you want to stop. 4. Repeat as necessary for each affected alert. •

Why are my alerts being sent to my old e-mail address? Depending on the type of alert, your alerts are either sent to the e-mail address specified in the alert or the alert specified in your ScienceDirect profile. To determine which e-mail address is being used for your alerts: 1. Login to ScienceDirect using your user name and password. Note To create a Guest User account you must be outside the IP ranges for your institution. 2. Click the Alerts button on the navigation bar. The Alerts page displays a list of your alerts. 3. For Citation and Search alerts, do the following: a. Click Modify in the Actions column of the alert you want to check. b. If needed, replace your old e-mail address with your new one. OR For Topic or Volume/Issue alerts, do the following: c.

Review the e-mail address displayed in the alert header.

d. If necessary, click the profile link to modify the e-mail address in your ScienceDirect user profile. Note Changing the e-mail address in your profile will change the email address associated with your user name and password. 4. Repeat as necessary for each affected alert. Note You might receive alerts at your old e-mail address until the system is updated.

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

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Saving a Search Alert

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Search Alerts notify you by e-mail when a stored search retrieves new results. To save a Search Alert If you are already on the Save As Search Alert page, skip to step 4. 1. Click Alerts on the navigation bar. 2. Click Add Search Alert. The All Sources Advanced search form will display. If you want to conduct a search from a different form, navigate to the appropriate form. 3. Perform a search. The Search Results page will display. 4. Click Save As Search Alert. The Save As Search Alert page will display. Your search query appears at the top of the Save As Search Alert page. 5. Complete the fields on the Save as Search Alert page as follows: •

In Name of Alert, enter a name for the search alert.

In E-mail Address, enter the e-mail address where notifications of the search alert results can be sent. Note Access to search alert results is limited to the person who created the

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Alerts alert. •

In Frequency, select how often you want the citation alert to run, as follows: o

Monthly

o

Weekly

o

Daily

o

Inactive

6. Click Save Alert to save the search alert. OR Click Cancel to return to the previous page without saving the search query as a search alert. The program will return you to the search results page. To change your search alert settings, click the Modify link that corresponds to your alert on the Alerts page.

Related Topics Modifying Search Alert Properties Viewing Search Alert Archives Accessing Alerts

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

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Modifying Search Alert Properties From the Modify Search Alert page, you can change the properties of an existing search alert. Note: You cannot modify the original search query for alerts created from Quick

Search. To modify an existing search alert Note: If you are already on the Modify Search Alert page, skip to step 3. 1. Click Alerts on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Modify link that corresponds to the search alert you want to modify. Your search alert query displays at the top of the Modify Search Alert page and the search alert properties appear in the remaining fields on the page. 3. Optional: Complete the following steps to edit your original search query: a. Click Modify Search. Your original search query will display. b. Follow the directions on the page to modify and test your search query. 4. Edit the following fields as applicable: 3. •

In Name of Alert, enter a name for the search alert.

In E-mail Address, enter the e-mail address where notifications of the search alert results can be sent. Note: Access to search alert results is limited to the person who created the alert.

In Frequency, select how often you want the citation alert to run, as follows: o

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Monthly


Alerts o

Weekly

o

Daily

o

Inactive

4. Click Save Alert to save the modified search alert. OR Click Cancel to return to the Alerts page without modifying the properties of the search alert.

Related Topics Saving a Search Alert Viewing Search Alert Archives Accessing Alerts

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

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Viewing Search Alert Archives When a search alert returns new results, the previous search alert results are stored in a search alert archive. Tip To view the most recent results, click the Latest Results link on the Alerts page. To view search alert archives •

Click Alerts on the navigation bar.

Click the Archive link that corresponds to the search alert you want to see.

Note Search alert results remain in your alert archive for 30 days. Alerts older than 30 days are deleted from your archive. To view archived search results •

Click the appropriate date. •

In your archive, a list of search results displays below the search alert title and e-mail address.

The number of documents found for your search result displays in parenthesis after each archive link.

Use your browser's Back button to return to the previous page.

Related Topics Modifying Search Alert Properties Accessing Alerts Saving a Search Alert

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Alerts

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Managing Volume/Issue Alerts

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Volume/Issue alerts notify you by e-mail when a new issue of a journal or new book volume becomes available. From the Browse, Alert, and journal and book home pages, you can add and remove volume/issue alerts. Note Volume/issue alerts are available only if you are logged in to ScienceDirect®. To add or remove volume/issue alerts •

From Browse pages 1. Do one of the following: •

To add an alert, select the Vol/Issue Alerts check box next to that title. OR

To remove an alert, clear the Vol/Issue Alerts check box next to that title.

2. Click •

.

From journal and book home pages 1. Do one of the following: •

To add an alert, select the Alert me about new Journal Issues or Alert me about new Book Volumes check box next to that title. OR

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To remove an alert, clear the Alert me about new Journal Issues or Alert me about new Book Volumes check box next to that title.


Alerts

Note

Volume/issue alerts are not available for Reference Works.

2. Click

. Show Me

From the Alerts page 1. On the navigation bar, click

, and then click Add/Remove Alerts.

OR On the navigation bar, click

.

2. In Volume/Issue Alerts section do one of the following: •

Click the Delete link next to a title to remove it from your alerts. OR

Click Add/Remove Volume/Issue Alerts. A list of journals and books will display. a. Do one of the following: •

To add an alert, select the Vol/Issue Alerts check box next to that title. OR

To remove an alert, clear the Vol/Issue Alerts check box next to that title.

b. Click

.

Additional Options •

Viewing Subscription Information

Adding Quick Links

Related Topics Accessing Alerts

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ScienceDirect Help

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Alerts

Citation Alerts { XE "citation alert" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Adding a Citation Alert Citation alerts notify you by e-mail when a selected document is cited by new documents that have become available on ScienceDirect®. To add a new citation alert 1. Click Alerts on the navigation bar. 2. In the Citation Alert table, click Add Citation Alert. 3. Search or Browse to locate the document of interest. 4. From the document page, click Save as Citation Alert which is located in the Actions section. To change your citation alert settings, click the Modify link that corresponds to your alert on the Alerts page.

Related Topics Accessing Alerts Modifying Citation Alert Properties Viewing Citation Alert Archives

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Saving a Citation Alert

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Citation alerts notify you by e-mail when a selected document is cited by new documents that became available online. To change your citation alert settings, click the Modify link that corresponds to your alert on the Alerts page. To save a citation alert 1. Create and run a search to find the document you want. 2. Open the document. 3. Click Cited By in the Article Toolbox. If the document is cited by at least one other document, a Cited By results list appears. If the document is not cited, you cannot create a citation alert for it. 4. Click Save as Citation Alert. 5. Complete the Save As Citation Alert page, as follows: •

In Name of Alert, enter a name for the citation alert.

In E-mail Address, enter the e-mail address where notifications of the citation alert results can be sent.

Note Access to citation alert results is limited to the person who created the alert. • In Frequency, select how often you want the citation alert to run. 6. Click Save Alert to save the citation alert.

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Alerts

Related Topics Modifying Citation Alert Properties Reviewing Citation Alert Archives Accessing Alerts

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

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Modifying Citation Alerts To modify an existing citation alert 1. Click Alerts on the navigation bar. 2. Click the Modify link that corresponds to the citation alert you want to modify. The citation for your alert and the alert properties display at the top of the Modify Citation Alert page.

Note

3. Edit the following fields as applicable: •

In Name of Alert, enter a name for the citation alert.

In E-mail Address, enter the e-mail address where notifications of the citation alert results can be sent. Note Access to the citation alert results is limited to the person who created the alert.

In Frequency, select how often you want the citation alert to run.

4. Click Save Alert to save the modified citation alert. Tip You cannot delete a citation alert from the Modify Citation Alert page. To delete the citation alert, go to the Alerts page, and click the corresponding Delete link.

Related Topics Saving a Citation Alert Viewing Citation Alert Archives Accessing Alerts 342


Alerts

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

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Viewing Citation Alert Archives When a citation alert returns new results, the previous citation alert results are stored in a citation alert archive. Tip To view the most recent results, click the Latest Results link on the Alerts page. To view citation alert archives •

Click Alerts on the navigation bar.

Click the Archive link that corresponds to the citation alert you want to see.

Note Citation alert results remain in your citation alert archive for 30 days. Alerts older than 30 days are deleted from your archive. To view archived citation results Click on the appropriate date. •

In your archive, a list of citation results displays below the citation alert title, email address, and citation.

The number of documents found for your citation result displays in parenthesis after each archive link.

Use your browser's Back button to return to the previous page.

Related Topics Modifying Citation Alert Properties Accessing Alerts

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Alerts Saving a Citation Alert

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

{ XE "citation alert" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Browsing Citation Alert and Cited By Results Cited By and Citation Alert results list documents found in ScienceDirect® which cite a specific document. Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

For cited by results, you can create a citation alert, which sends an e-mail when a document that cites this document is added to the online collection. To create a citation alert, click Save as Citation Alert.

Citation Feed to create an RSS feed for the current citation results. The RSS Click feed provides links to new documents that cite a specific document. Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator.

For citation alert results, you can view the complete list of documents that cite this document by clicking the Show All Articles That Cited This Article link.

Opening documents

Downloading documents

Navigating article lists and Adjusting font size

Refining results

Previewing abstracts

E-mailing and Exporting document citations

Related Topics Browsing Open Documents Saving a Citation Alert 346


Alerts Accessing Alerts

Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Adding Topic Alerts

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • Topic Alerts notify you by e-mail when a search on a particular topic retrieves new results. To add a topic alert 1. Click Alerts on the navigation bar. 2. In the Topic Alerts section, click Add/Delete Topic Alert. 3. Select your category of interest from the category list. 4. Click Go to display topic alerts for that category. 5. Click the check box next to each topic alert you want to receive. Note

The topic alerts that you are currently receiving are already be selected.

You can remove topic alerts by clearing the check boxes next to topic alerts you no longer want to receive.

6. Click Save Settings to save your changes and return to the main Alerts page. The alerts you added appear in the Topic Alerts section. •

Viewing Latest Results and Archive Details You can view the current results of a topic alert by clicking on the Latest Results link, or you can view the past results by clicking on the Archive/Details link.

Topic Alert Frequencies You can view topic alert frequency (how often the alert runs) from the Frequency column. Topic alerts can run on the following schedule: daily,

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Alerts

weekly, or monthly. Topic alerts with "Inactive" as the frequency do not run. •

Modifying Topic Alerts Topic alerts are predefined searches and cannot be modified.

Adding RSS Feeds Click to create an RSS feed for a topic alert. The RSS feed provides links to new articles that match your alert criteria. Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator.

Related Topics Accessing Alerts Viewing Topic Alert Details and Archives

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

{ XE "topic alert:archive" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "topic alert" \* MERGEFORMAT }{ XE "alerts:topic alert" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Viewing Topic Alert Details and Archives When a topic alert returns new results, the previous topic alert results are stored in a topic alert archive. Tip To view the most recent results, click the Latest Results link on the Alerts page. •

Viewing topic alert archives Click Alerts on the navigation bar, then click the Archive link that corresponds to the search alert you want to see.

Viewing archived topic results Click the appropriate date.

Adding and deleting alerts •

To add a topic alert, click Alert Me.

To delete a topic alert, click Delete Alert.

Bookmarking topic alerts Right-click the bookmark link, and then click Add to Favorites (Microsoft® Internet Explorer users) or File Bookmark for Link (Netscape® Navigator users). See Bookmarking Pages for more information about bookmarking. •

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You can view the alert's name, category, query, and frequency on the Archive Details page o

Alert Name: The name of the topic alert.

o

Category: The category to which the topic alert belongs.

o

Frequency: How often an alert runs.

o

Query: The search run by the topic alert.

Click Topic Feed to create an RSS feed for the topic alert. The RSS feed provides links to new articles that match your alert criteria.


Alerts

Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator. •

The number of documents found for your search result displays in parenthesis after each archive link.

Use your browser's Back button to return to the previous page.

Related Topics Adding Topic Alerts Accessing Alerts

Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Netscape is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Using the Shopping Cart From your Shopping Cart, you can purchase full-text access to multiple documents with a single credit card transaction. Note

Purchased documents are available for download for 24 hours after your purchase.

Purchasing Documents

Removing Documents from Your Shopping Cart

Accessing the Shopping Cart

Adding Documents to Your Shopping Cart

Viewing Purchased Documents

Shopping Cart Overview

Purchasing Documents To purchase the documents in your cart 1. Review the Purchase Agreement Terms and Conditions. Note Purchased documents are available for download for 24 hours after your purchase. 2. Select the check box next to the Purchase Agreement Terms and Conditions link to indicate that you agree to follow the conditions of purchase. 3. Click Purchase These Articles. The Billing Address page appears. If you can now open any of the documents in your cart because of changes in your institution's account, these documents will appear with links to their full text. •

To open these documents, click on the document title or PDF (file_size) link.

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ScienceDirect Help â&#x20AC;˘

To purchase any remaining documents in your cart, click Purchase These Articles. Tip We recommend that you open the documents you have full-text access to before continuing with your purchase. If you continue with your purchase, by clicking Purchase These Articles, these documents will no longer appear in your cart or in your list of Purchased Articles.

â&#x20AC;˘ Note If all the documents in your cart are available to you without a purchase, the Purchase These Articles button will not appear. Return to top

Removing Documents from Your Shopping Cart Click Remove next to the document you want to delete from your cart. If you would like to return a deleted document to your cart, you must search for the document, and then add it to your Shopping Cart again. Return to top

Accessing the Shopping Cart You can view the contents of your Shopping Cart at any time by clicking navigation bar. Note You must be logged in to ScienceDirect to access your Shopping Cart, and your institution's subscription must permit Shopping Cart purchases.

Your purchases are secured using Secure Sockets Layer Transactions. Return to top

Related Topics Viewing Purchased Articles Performing an All Sources Search, Advanced and Expert Browsing a Publication Home Page Browsing Reference Works Secure Sockets Layer Transactions

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on the


Shopping Cart

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Using the Shopping Cart From your Shopping Cart, you can purchase full-text access to multiple documents with a single credit card transaction. Note

Purchased documents are available for download for 24 hours after your purchase.

Purchasing Documents

Removing Documents from Your Shopping Cart

Accessing the Shopping Cart

Adding Documents to Your Shopping Cart

Viewing Purchased Documents

Shopping Cart Overview

Purchasing Documents To purchase the documents in your cart 1. Review the Purchase Agreement Terms and Conditions. Note Purchased documents are available for download for 24 hours after your purchase. 2. Select the check box next to the Purchase Agreement Terms and Conditions link to indicate that you agree to follow the conditions of purchase. 3. Click Purchase These Articles. The Billing Address page appears. If you can now open any of the documents in your cart because of changes in your institution's account, these documents will appear with links to their full text.

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Shopping Cart •

To open these documents, click on the document title or PDF (file_size) link.

To purchase any remaining documents in your cart, click Purchase These Articles. Tip We recommend that you open the documents you have full-text access to before continuing with your purchase. If you continue with your purchase, by clicking Purchase These Articles, these documents will no longer appear in your cart or in your list of Purchased Articles.

• Note If all the documents in your cart are available to you without a purchase, the Purchase These Articles button will not appear. Return to top

Removing Documents from Your Shopping Cart Click Remove next to the document you want to delete from your cart. If you would like to return a deleted document to your cart, you must search for the document, and then add it to your Shopping Cart again. Return to top

Accessing the Shopping Cart You can view the contents of your Shopping Cart at any time by clicking navigation bar.

on the

Note You must be logged in to ScienceDirect to access your Shopping Cart, and your institution's subscription must permit Shopping Cart purchases.

Your purchases are secured using Secure Sockets Layer Transactions. Return to top

Related Topics Viewing Purchased Articles Performing an All Sources Search, Advanced and Expert Browsing a Publication Home Page Browsing Reference Works

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ScienceDirect Help Secure Sockets Layer Transactions

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Adding Documents to Your Shopping Cart You can add documents to your Shopping Cart by searching and browsing through ScienceDirect® journals and books. You can only add a document to your Shopping Cart if you do not have full-text access to the document. Tip If you have full-text access to a document, you do not need to use the Shopping Cart to open it. To open a document you have access to, click the document title or PDF (file_size) link.

To add documents to your Shopping Cart

1. Browse or search for the document you want to access. 2. From the document list, click the document title or PDF (file_size) link that appears below the document citation. Note If you click the Preview button, the abstract will open, but the document will not be added to your Shopping Cart. To add a document to your cart, you must click one of the full-text links listed above. 3. Depending on your account settings, one of the following actions will occur: •

The document will open and the full-text will be available.

The document will open, but you will not have access to the full-text. Click the Article, Chapter, or PDF tab, or the Purchase PDF link. You will be prompted to add the document to your Shopping Cart, purchase only that document, or access it through your institution's account.

You will be prompted to login or register with ScienceDirect before you can access the document. a. After registering, click one of the document full-text links. b. If you still don't have full-text access to the document, click the Article, Chapter, or PDF tab. You will be prompted to add the document to your Shopping Cart, purchase only that document, or access it through your institution's account. 359


ScienceDirect Help

Related Topics Using the Shopping Cart Performing an All Sources Search, Advanced and Expert Browsing a Publication Home Page Browsing Reference Works

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Shopping Cart

Opening Documents in Your Shopping Cart You may be able to view the full-text of documents in your cart without a purchase if your institutional entitlements have changed since you added the documents to your cart. Note

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

To open documents 1. Click the appropriate link to open the document: •

Click the document title to view the full-text of the article or chapter on ScienceDirect. This view includes the abstract, document outline, tables, figures, images, references, and document text.

Click the PDF (file_size) link to view the document exactly as it appears in the publication. The PDF will open in a new window. You can view or print a copy of the document by downloading the PDF file. (In this format, the images, tables, and figures appear within the body of the document.) This format requires you to have the Adobe® Acrobat Reader®, which you may download free of charge from Adobe's website. Click the Get Adobe Reader logo for downloading instructions. Note Adobe Acrobat Reader version 5.0 or higher is required.

2. If the full-text of the document can be accessed using your institution's entitlements, the document will open. If your institution's entitlements have changed, click the Article, Chapter, or PDF tab. You will be prompted to add the document to your Shopping Cart.

Related Topics Using the Shopping Cart Viewing Purchased Documents Secure Sockets Layer Transactions

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ScienceDirect Help

Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Viewing Purchased Documents You can access purchased documents from the Purchased Articles link in My Settings. Viewing Documents Available for Download Viewing Previously Purchased Documents Note

The Purchased Articles page displays only those documents you purchased using the Shopping Cart.

Viewing Documents Available for Download You can access documents that are currently available for viewing and downloading from the Available Articles link on the Purchased Articles page. When you are done, click Return to Purchased Articles to return to the Purchased Articles page. 1. Click My Settings on the navigation bar. 2. Click My Purchased Articles. 3. Click Available Articles to access documents available for download. Note

The Available Articles link only appears if you have documents available for download.

Documents are available for download for 24 hours from the time of purchase.

4. At the Current Purchases page, do one of the following: •

Click the document title to view the full-text of the article or chapter on ScienceDirect. This view includes the abstract, document outline, tables, figures, images, references, and document text.

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ScienceDirect Help •

Click the PDF (file_size) link to view the document exactly as it appears in the publication. In this format, the images, tables, and figures appear within the body of the document. The PDF opens in a new window. Note To open a PDF, you need Adobe® Acrobat Reader® version 5.0 or higher. You can download the reader free of charge by clicking this button:

Return to top

Viewing Previously Purchased Documents The Purchase History page lists documents that you have purchased using the Shopping Cart during a particular month. 1. Click My Settings on the navigation bar. 2. Click Purchased Articles. 3. Click the appropriate month, year link to display a list of documents purchased during that month. 4. Click Return to Purchased Articles to return to the Purchased Articles page. Return to top

Related Topics Adding Quick Links

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Viewing Purchase History The Purchase History page lists documents that you have purchased using the Shopping Cart during a particular month. Tips

Documents purchased in the last 24 hours do not appear in your Purchase History, but you can view them by clicking the Available Articles link.

The Full-text available ( ) icon indicates that you can view the full-text of the document. Click the document title or the PDF link to view the full-text.

The Abstract Only icon ( ) indicates that you can view the abstract for the document. Full-text access to the document may be available for purchase or through your institutional account.

To view purchased documents 1. Click My Settings on the navigation bar, and then click Purchased Articles. 2. Under Purchase History, click the appropriate month, year link to display a list of documents purchased during that month. 3. Click Return to Purchased Articles to return to the Purchased Articles page. The Purchase History page displays the following information: •

Documents: A list of documents that you have purchased using the Shopping Cart. Document citations reflect current information and may differ from the citation at the time of purchase. For documents removed from ScienceDirect®, citations will not display, but the document's Confirmation ID will still display.

Confirmation ID: A unique identifier for a document that is automatically generated during your purchase. Credits for documents that you have purchased will appear with the Confirmation ID.

Date: The date of purchase.

Return to top

Related Topics Opening documents

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ScienceDirect Help Downloading documents Viewing related articles Refining results Navigating article lists and Adjusting font size Previewing abstracts E-mailing and Exporting document citations

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Secure Sockets Layer Transactions To protect your private data, some transactions are accepted only through Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protected channels. Transactions protected by SSL include online registration and accessing documents from non-subscribed titles. SSL is an industry accepted security protocol, providing encryption over the Internet. This encryption allows reasonable assurance your private data will not be intercepted between the browser and the server. SSL also performs a security identification to ensure that your browser is indeed communicating with the service. SSL functionality is built into most commercially available browsers, including Netscape® Navigator (version 4.0 or later) and Microsoft® Internet Explorer (version 3.0 or later). •

If SSL is not enabled on your browser, you will receive an error message when you try to access the secured sections of the service.

If SSL is not enabled over your network (e.g., due to firewall or proxy configurations), you will find that access to some parts of the service is blocked.

If you receive error messages and are unable to continue through the program, contact your information specialist or Internet Service Provider (ISP) for assistance.

On some browsers, you may also receive a message from your browser when viewing documents from non-subscribed titles stating: "You have requested a non-secure document that was originally designated a secure document." This is normal. Your access to the non-subscribed document has been authenticated via a "behind the scenes" secured transaction, and you are now being returned to the normal environment to view the document.

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Managing Favorites

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • You can add and remove journals and books that are on your favorites list from the Browse, Home, and journal and book home pages. Notes

Favorites are available only if you are logged in to ScienceDirect®.

Searches restricted to your favorites list do not include reference works.

To add or remove favorite titles •

From Browse pages:

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ScienceDirect Help 1. Do one of the following: •

To add a title, select the Favorites check box associated with that title.

To remove a title, clear the Favorites check box associated with that title. . Show Me

2. Click

From journal and book home pages: 1. Do one of the following: •

To add a journal or book, select the Add to Favorites check box associated with the title.

To remove a journal or book, clear the Add to Favorites check box associated with the title.

2. Click

. Show Me

From the home page: 1. Click Note

on the navigation bar.

If you see instead of , log in to ScienceDirect to view links to your Favorite Journals/Books.

2. In the Quick Links section, click Manage Favorites. Show Me

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Customizing ScienceDirect

A list of favorite journal and book titles appears. 3. Do one of the following: •

To add a journal or book, select the Favorites check box associated with that title.

To add a journal or book, clear the Favorites check box associated with that title.

4. Click

.

Related Topics Browsing Publications by Subject Browsing Publications Alphabetically Quick Search for a Journal or Book Title Home Page Overview Quick Links Overview

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Searching for Favorite or Subscribed Publications From the Advanced and Expert All Sources, Books, and Journals search forms, you can search for subscribed or favorite publications. To search for subscribed or favorite publications 1. Click Search on the navigation bar. 2. Click the All Sources , Journals, or Books tab at the top of the search form. 3. Click the Advanced Search or Expert Search link on the right side of the search form. 4. Enter your search terms in the Terms box using Boolean search syntax. 5. Select the source you want to search from the Source menu: • • •

All Sources, All Books, or All Journals: Select one of these options to search all subscribed sources, all books, or all journals. Subscribed Sources, Subscribed Books, or Subscribed Journals: Select one of these options to search all sources, books, or journals for which you have a subscription. My Favorite Sources, My Favorite Books or My Favorite Journals: Select one of these options to search all sources, books, or journals included on your My Favorite Journals and Books list. Include Articles in Press: If searching journals, select Include Articles in Press to search articles that are in the process of being published.

6. Click Search to search only for subscribed or favorite sources. The Search Results page appears if any results matching your search criteria were found and your search history preferences are set to show search results. If your search produces an extremely large number of results, consider editing your search to narrow the results list (see the search tips for suggestions). You can continue your search, but the search may take additional time and yield an extremely large result set.

Related Topics Managing Favorites

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Customizing ScienceDirect

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ScienceDirect Help

Quick Links

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Customizing ScienceDirect

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Adding Web Quick Links When you are logged in to ScienceDirect®, you can add links to other Web sites from the ScienceDirect home page. To add a Web Quick Link tab.

1. Click the instead of If you see your Quick Links.

, log in to ScienceDirect to view

2. In the Quick Links on the Web section, click

.

3. At the Add a Quick Link page, enter a name (up to 150 characters) and address (URL) for the Web site. Note

Link names cannot include these characters: < > { }.

4. Click

to add the Web site to your Web Quick Links.

Related Topics Quick Links Overview Editing Quick Links

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Editing Quick Links You can change or delete Quick Links that you have added to your home page. Note

Quick Links provided by ScienceDirect® cannot be changed or deleted.

To edit or delete a Quick Link 1. Click the

tab.

instead of If you see your Quick Links. 2. In the Quick Links section, click the

, log in to ScienceDirect to view button for the link you want to edit.

3. If you are editing the link, change the name and/or Web site address (URL) as necessary. Note

Link names cannot include these characters: < > { }.

4. Do one of the following: •

Click

to save your changes and return to the home page.

Click

to remove the Quick Link from the home page.

Click

to return to the home page without saving your changes.

Related Topics Quick Links Adding Web Quick Links

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Customizing ScienceDirect Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

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Accessing Alerts Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

Tutorials in Different Languages Français • Deutsch • Portugues • Español • Ð ÑƒÑ Ñ ÐºÐ¸Ð¹ • To access alerts, click Alerts on the navigation bar. •

Types of Alerts

Adding Alerts

Viewing Latest Results/Archive

Modifying Alerts

Deleting Alerts

Viewing Alert Frequency

Adding RSS Feeds

Types of Alerts The following types of alerts are available:

Search

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Search alerts notify you by e-mail when new documents matching your


Customizing ScienceDirect

search criteria become available online. See Saving a Search Alert to create a search alert. Topic alerts are predefined searches on a specific topic, such as inorganic chemistry. Topic alerts notify you by e-mail when new documents on a particular topic are available.

Topic

See Adding Topic Alerts to add topic alerts. Volume/Issue

Volume/Issue alerts notify you by e-mail when a new issue of a particular journal or a new book volume becomes available. See Managing Volume/Issue Alerts to create a volume/issue alert.

Citation

Citation Alerts notify you by e-mail when a selected document is cited by new documents that have become available on ScienceDirect®. See Saving a Citation Alert to create a citation alert.

Return to top

Adding Alerts •

Click the add alert link at the top of each alert table. Show Me

Each link will open the appropriate add Search, Topic, Citation alert, or Volume/Issue page.

Return to top

Viewing Latest Results/Archive •

Click the Latest Results link next to the appropriate alert to view the most recent results, or for a volume/issue alert, the most recent issue of a book or journal. Note

For search and citation alerts, the results are accessible for 30 days from the time the search was originally run.

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ScienceDirect Help •

Click the Archive or Archive/Details link next to the appropriate alert to view past results for that alert. Note

Archive results are not available for Volume/Issue alerts.

You can access results for 30 days from the time the alert search was last performed.

Return to top

Modifying Alerts Click the Modify link next to the appropriate alert to change the properties of an alert. Note

You can only modify search and citation alerts.

Return to top

Deleting Alerts Click the Delete link next to the alert you want to remove. Return to top

Viewing Alert Frequency In the Frequency column, you can view how often an alert runs. Note

Topic alerts with "Inactive" as the frequency do not run.

Return to top

Adding RSS Feeds button next to an alert. The RSS You can create an RSS feed for your alerts by clicking the feed provides links to new articles that match your alert criteria. Note RSS availability is dependent on settings determined by your librarian or system administrator. Return to top

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Customizing ScienceDirect

Related Topics Saving a Search Alert Modifying Search Alert Properties Viewing Search Alert Archives Managing Volume/Issue Alerts Saving a Citation Alert Modifying Citation Alert Properties Viewing Citation Alert Archives Adding Topic Alerts

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ScienceDirect Help

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Recent Actions The Recent Actions section of the home page provides links to the last 100 searches, publications, and articles that you have viewed on ScienceDirect®. Actions are listed starting with the most recent and include the date the task was performed. Notes

Recent Actions are only available when you are logged in.

If you have not performed any actions in ScienceDirect for 35 days, your Recent Actions will be cleared.

A maximum of 100 actions are saved.

Duplicate entries do not appear in the list. Example If you opened the same article twice, a link to the article will appear only once in the list. •

Viewing Recent Actions

Disabling Recent Actions

Clearing Actions

Recent Action Categories

Viewing Recent Actions To view recent actions 1. Click

382

on the navigation bar.


Customizing ScienceDirect

If you see instead of your Recent Actions.

, log in to ScienceDirect® to view

2. Select the type of Recent Action to display: Note

By default, the 6 most recently completed actions will display. Click View more to view all actions.

All: Click All to view links to all Recent Actions.

Searches: Click Searches to view links to results of your recent Expert, Advanced, Quick, Search History, Saved Searches, and Search with Results searches. Note

Scirus searches and searches that return no results are not included in your Recent Actions list.

• Tip To view the type of search from the Recent Actions list, place your mouse pointer over the specific search ( Show Me

Full text: Click Full text to view links to recently opened and purchased documents. Note

) icon. The type of search will display.

Recent Actions only includes links to documents for which you viewed the full text. If you only viewed an Abstract for a document, that document will not display.

Journals/Books: Click Journals/Books to view links to recently accessed journal and book volumes, issues, and Articles in Press.

3. Click the link for the search results, publication, or article that you want to view. The search results, publication page, or article will display. Return to top

Disabling Recent Actions

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ScienceDirect Help You can disable the Recent Actions functionality, so your actions are no longer logged by the system. Note

When Recent Actions has been disabled, the Turn on link displays. Click Turn on to enable Recent Actions.

To disable Recent Actions Click Turn off which appears next to the Recent Actions header. Show Me

Return to top

Clearing Actions You can clear a specific category of Recent Actions or clear all recent actions. To clear actions 1. Select the type of actions you want to remove. •

All: Click All to clear all recent actions.

Searches: Click Searches to clear links to recent searches.

Full text: Click Full text to clear links to recently accessed documents.

Journals/Books: Click Journals/Books to clear links to recently accessed publications.

2. Click Clear All Category. Actions in the selected category will be removed. Note

Clicking Clear All, when All is selected, will remove recent actions in all categories.

Return to top

Recent Action Categories You can display Recent Actions by type of action. The following categories are available:

384

All: Click All to view links to all Recent Actions.

Searches: Click Searches to view links to results for your recent Expert, Advanced, and Quick searches, Search History, Saved searches, and Search with Results searches.


Customizing ScienceDirect

Scirus searches and searches that return no results are not included in your Recent Actions list.

Note •

Tip To view the type of search from the Recent Actions list, place your mouse pointer over the specific search (

• •

) icon. The type of search will display. Show Me

Full text: Click Full text to view links to recently opened and purchased documents. Journals/Books: Click Journals/Books to view links to recently accessed journal and book volumes, issues, and Articles in Press.

Return to top

Related Topics Performing a Advanced and Expert Search Quick Search Search History Recall Search History Recall Search Browsing Open Documents Purchased Articles Browsing Titles Browsing a Publication Home Page Browsing Reference Works

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Bookmarking Pages You can bookmark nearly any page in ScienceDirect®, so you can quickly return to it. •

Bookmarking a Journal or Book

Bookmarking a Document

Tip You can also bookmark search results pages, but because results pages are only stored temporarily by our system, you may receive an error when you try to return to your results. Bookmarking search results pages can be useful if you want to refer to several search results pages during a single research session; however, to store searches over a longer period of time, you can save your search history or save your search as an alert.

Bookmarking a Journal or Book 1. Right-click the Shortcut URL to this page link beneath the title. 2. In Microsoft® Internet Explorer, select Add to Favorites. In Netscape® Navigator, select File Bookmark for Link. Return to top

Bookmarking a Document If available, we recommend creating a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) link to the document instead of bookmarking the document. See Creating a Digital Object Identifier Link for more information. If a DOI link is not available, bookmark the HTML view of the document. Return to top

Related Topics

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Customizing ScienceDirect Creating a Digital Object Identifier Link Browsing Open Documents Bookmarking a Document in 2collab

Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Netscape is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions Click a link below to see the frequently asked questions for that subject: •

Administrators and Librarians

Alerts

ArticlesArticles

Authors

Electronic Holding Reports

Error Messages

Exporting and E-mailing Document Citations

Journals

Logging In and Registering

ScienceDirect Content, Linking, and Software Information

Searching

Still have a question? Click the Contact Us link at the bottom of any page to submit your question to us. For more information about contacting us, see Contact Us.

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

Administrator and Librarian FAQs •

How can I arrange for SFX linking or its equivalent to be set up on my institution's account? 1. Ensure that your user profile has been assigned administrator privileges. Note If you are already an administrator for your account, skip to step 2. 2. Please use this link for more information on how to become an administrator. 3. Once you are an administrator, you will be able to access the ScienceDirect Admin Tool. 4. In the Admin Tool, log in using your ScienceDirect administrator profile. 5. Select the ScienceDirect tab. 6. Click External Linking Settings and select your institution’s link resolver. If the link resolver of your choice is not listed in the Admin Tool please Contact Us.

How can I get usage statistics for my institution's account? The usage statistics can be accessed from the Elsevier Admin Tool. More information on the Admin Tool can be found on the Admin Tool Info site.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Alerts FAQs

How do I use alerts? Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

This interactive tutorial takes approximately eight minutes to review and covers the following areas: •

How do I change the format that I receive my alerts in?

What type of alerts can I create?

How do I review saved searches?

How do I modify or delete my alerts?

For more information, see Accessing Alerts. •

Why can't I open the full text of a document from an e-mail alert? You can only open the full text of a document if your institution is subscribed to that journal, book, or volume/issue. You can verify if you have access by logging on to ScienceDirect®, and then clicking the link in the e-mail. If you do not have access, you will be prompted to purchase the document. To avoid these messages, you can limit your saved search alerts to journals or books that are "subscribed". Click the Modify option on the Alerts page to alter your preferences and ensure that you only receive alerts for documents that you will be able to open. Please ask your librarian or information specialist for more information.

How do Citation alerts work? Citation alerts notify you by e-mail when a selected document is cited by new documents that have become available on ScienceDirect. See below for a description of ScienceDirect Cited By functionality and an explanation of problems that can occur. How does Cited By functionality work? Cited By functionality uses the First surname, year, and first page number of the selected document to create a search query. This search query is used for your citation alert. For example

If you wanted to receive an alert whenever the example document below was cited, the following information would be used to create the alert: Hirata 391


ScienceDirect Help (First surname) + 2002 (year) + 25 (first page number).

Why do I sometimes get results that are not related to the document I want? Additional elements such as the first initial and last page number are not included in the citation alert search query because of inconsistencies across publishers, which often results in information in a variety of different formats on ScienceDirect. Last name, year and first page always appear within ScienceDirect, making the feature reliable for searching. For example

In the Hirata document above, there could be more than one author named Hirata who wrote a document in 2002 that began on page 25 of a journal. You will also receive citation alerts for these documents. This problem is more evident with common names such as Lee or Jones.

Why can't I access my alerts? You may not be able to access alerts for one of the following reasons: •

You have more than one user profile, i.e., you have more than one user name and password. If you receive alerts under one user name, but you have logged in to ScienceDirect using a different user name, you will not see the alerts you created under your other user name(s). To resolve this issue, choose one user profile for all of your alerts, and then recreate your other alerts in this profile. You can then delete any alerts in your other user profile(s).

Your user profile and access are linked to the IP address of your institution. If your access is linked to the IP address of your institution, you will not be able to access the Alerts section of ScienceDirect when you are outside your institution's IP range. To check if you are outside your institution's IP range, go to ScienceDirect. If you see the "Welcome Guest User" banner at the top of the page, you are outside your institution's IP range and your alerts will not be available.

How do I delete alerts?

• 1. Login to ScienceDirect using your user name and password. Note To create a Guest User account you must be outside the IP ranges for your institution. 2. Click the Alerts button on the navigation bar.

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Frequently Asked Questions The Alerts page displays a list of your alerts. 3. Click Delete in the Actions column of the alert you want to stop. 4. Repeat as necessary for each affected alert. •

Why are my alerts being sent to my old e-mail address? Depending on the type of alert, your alerts are either sent to the e-mail address specified in the alert or the alert specified in your ScienceDirect profile. To determine which e-mail address is being used for your alerts: 1. Login to ScienceDirect using your user name and password. Note To create a Guest User account you must be outside the IP ranges for your institution. 2. Click the Alerts button on the navigation bar. The Alerts page displays a list of your alerts. 3. For Citation and Search alerts, do the following: a. Click Modify in the Actions column of the alert you want to check. b. If needed, replace your old e-mail address with your new one. OR For Topic or Volume/Issue alerts, do the following: c.

Review the e-mail address displayed in the alert header.

d. If necessary, click the profile link to modify the e-mail address in your ScienceDirect user profile. Note Changing the e-mail address in your profile will change the email address associated with your user name and password. 4. Repeat as necessary for each affected alert. Note You might receive alerts at your old e-mail address until the system is updated.

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

Article FAQs

Why can't I view a document as a PDF? (Adobe® Acrobat Reader® problem) Some clients have reported problems using Adobe Acrobat Reader version 6.0 to open certain documents. We recommend that you upgrade your Acrobat Reader software to the latest version. Click on the Get Adobe Reader logo for downloading instructions.

If a document is missing or corrupt what should I do? 1. If you identify a missing or corrupt document, click the Contact Us link at the bottom of any page in ScienceDirect® to notify us. 2. On the Contact Us page, select Content.

Include as much detail as possible in the comments box, e.g. journal name, volume, issue, page number, HTML or PDF. 3. Click Send to submit the information to us. •

How do I see what content I have full text access to? (How do I use the Electronic Holdings Report?) There are two ways of viewing content you have full text access to: • •

On browse pages, you can click on a subscription icon to view the ScienceDirect coverage content range and how much of the content your institution has full access to. The icons indicate the following: The book is part of your current subscription. The book is not part of your current subscription.

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Frequently Asked Questions

The book is part of a package to which you have a complimentary subscription. •

You can view details of your institution's complete journal, book series, and handbook subscriptions using the ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report. To access the report: 1. Go to www.ScienceDirect.com. 2. Click the My Settings button. 3. Click ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Reports.

4. If you have already generated a report, the report will appear. OR To generate a report, click Generate New Reports. For more information on generating new reports, see Viewing or Generating a ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report. •

The date of the last generated report is displayed at the top of the screen.

To view the holdings report, select the appropriate combination of subscribed, non-subscribed, and not available titles, and then specify the report format. Available options include browser-friendly or printer-friendly views. In addition, you can download the report into a spreadsheet or to an OPAC system.

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ScienceDirect Help

For more information on generating new reports, see Viewing or Generating a ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report.

How do I generate a new holdings report?

• 1. Click Generate Holdings Report. Note If you do not see this link, then the holdings report for your account was generated by someone else less than 24 hours ago and is current. To generate a new report you must wait 24 hours. 2. The Generate New Reports dialog will display. 3. If you want to be notified by email when the reports are ready enter your e-mail address. 4. Click Generate New Reports. Note You will receive an e-mail notification when the report has been generated. You can carry on working or even log off—the report generation will continue. 5. When you receive the notification e-mail, click ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report, which will take you to the ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings page. •

How can I get free access to full text? ScienceDirect can only be subscribed to at an institute level. Unfortunately, we are unable to offer individual subscriptions to ScienceDirect. ScienceDirect is accessible for guests through the public domain, but with less functionality than that available to licensed users. Functionality for guest users includes the following: •

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Performing a Quick Search

Setting up Issue and Topic alerts

Saving a favorite journals list

Browsing through journals including back files, books, and reference works


Frequently Asked Questions •

Viewing table of contents and abstracts

Buying full text articles using a credit card

Functionality for guest users does not include the following functionality:

Performing Advanced and Expert searches

Exporting citations to a reference management software program, such as Reference Manager, Procite, and EndNote

Viewing and tracking articles that have cited a selected article

Reference linking to other articles

Setting up Search alerts

Turning on Search History

E-mailing article citations

Where can I find the supplementary information for an article? Certain electronic articles can contain supplementary electronic information, e.g. video, audio, background data, additional reading, etc. that is not possible in the printed version of the article. In the printed version of such an article, only an indicator appears that supplementary information is available in the electronic version, typically with a Digital Object Identifier with which you can link to the electronic article. In the electronic version, supplementary information may appear anywhere within the article where this information is referred, or it may appear at the end of the article in a separate section.

Why can't I access pre-1995 articles? The files you are trying to access are called "backfiles". These are archive files and belong to a backfiles subject package that your institution does not subscribe to. For more information on getting access to these journals please contact your librarian or information specialist. To view pre-1995 articles when you don't have institutional access: Elsevier offers a "pay-per-view" option that allows you to purchase single articles using a credit card. To use the pay-per-view option, you will need to register as a Guest User on ScienceDirect, and you will need a credit card. Most articles cost US $31.50 per article. The final price (including any taxes) will be indicated on the purchase page before you confirm your payment. Once you receive confirmation of payment, you can view, download, and print the article for 24 hours only. More information on registering and purchasing can be found on the ScienceDirect home page by clicking the Guest User Info link.

How long is my article accessible after I purchase it? Your article is available to view, download, and print for 24 hours after your purchase is confirmed. During those 24 hours, you can right click on the PDF link and select Save Target As (or Save Link As) to save the file on your computer desktop for easy retrieval. You should then be able to access the file directly from your desktop.

How can I link to an article/volume? You can link directly to resources on ScienceDirect in a number of ways. See Setting up shortcut links for more information.

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ScienceDirect Help A full list of shortcut links to ScienceDirect pages is also available. •

What is the Request Permission link? You can request permission to reuse Elsevier content by clicking the link on ScienceDirect®. The link will open a new browser window and connect you with the Rightslink® service.

When Do I Need to Request Permission? RightsLink guides a customer through the different copyrighted options, indicates which use is free of charge and which is not, and provides the option for purchasing copyright permissions that are not free of charge. If you want to reuse a portion of an article on ScienceDirect, clicking Request Permission can help you determine if you need to request permission first.

Use at Academic / Educational Institutions For academic customers that have an institutional license (such as universities and colleges), the following use of articles and parts thereof are free of charge, provided that the audience is limited to students and staff of that institution: •

use in a coursepack/classroom materials

use in a thesis/dissertation

use in a presentation/slide kit

use in training materials

For these situations, use of the RightsLink service is not required. When in doubt about whether this applies to your institution, consult your librarian.

About Rightslink Elsevier has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer a variety of options for reusing Elsevier content. Rightslink provides end-to-end digital rights licensing and reprint services that enable publishers and other content providers to offer their copyrighted material online. This digital solution enables customers to access digital, copyrighted content directly from a publisher's online publication and secure instant copyright permissions - and the content itself - quickly, easily, and legally.

Copyright Clearance Center and the Copyright Clearance Center logo are registered trademarks of Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Author FAQs •

How do I submit an article? Please visit the following web site: http://authors.elsevier.com/. Or e-mail authorsupport@elsevier.com for more information.

As an author, how do I access my article on ScienceDirect? As an author you are provided print versions of your article when it is published. To order more reprints please contact nlinfo-f@elsevier.com. If you are part of an institution that has a current subscription to ScienceDirect® including the same journal to which you have submitted an article, you will be able to access the article, providing you are working from a computer that is within the institution's IP range. Alternatively, single articles can be purchased by credit card. In order to use the Pay-PerView option, you will first need to register as a guest user on ScienceDirect. Most articles cost US $31.50 per article, but costs may vary depending on the publisher.

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

Error Messages FAQs •

Why did I receive the following error message and what does it mean? "Sorry your request cannot be processed due to a system problem." This is a generic message that is displayed in a variety of situations, including database problems, software errors, and article search or retrieval problems. ScienceDirect has many procedures and processes in place to provide very quick recovery from these situations. To resolve this issue: Try the failed operation again in 15-30 minutes. If you still encounter a problem, contact E-Helpdesk by clicking the Contact Us link at the bottom of any page. Please include as much information as possible about what you were trying to do before you received this message.

Why did I receive the following error message and what does it mean? "Sorry your search results are no longer stored. Return to search and re-enter the search request." You are attempting to view search results that are no longer stored. You have probably bookmarked an article or list of articles and tried to access the bookmarked list after the results had been deleted. Search results are deleted after one day. To resolve this issue: Run the search again if you still want to view the results.

Why are there black circles on my document when I print a PDF file? We are aware of an incompatibility problem between some versions of the Adobe® Acrobat Reader® (versions 3.0 and 4.0) and the rendering drivers for some inkjet and laser printers. This incompatibility shows up as large black circles on some or all of the document pages. This problem was fixed in Acrobat 3.01, but re-surfaced in Acrobat 4.0. Note We always recommend that you upgrade your Adobe Acrobat Reader software to the latest version. Unfortunately, there are many reasons why a PDF file will fail to print, the following suggestions, Adobe statements, and links to additional resources may help resolve the problem: •

Try printing the entire file or problem pages as an image. To print as an image: 1. Open the PDF file with Acrobat Reader. 2. Select File, Print... to print the document.

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Frequently Asked Questions 3. On the top right side of the Print Window, click Print as image. This should eliminate the error and result in a readable page. •

Check to see if you are using a PCL printer. There are known problems when printing PDFs on a PCL printer (HewlettPackard Printer Control Language). Adobe's response to this issue is as follows:

• •

"If your PDF file prints incorrectly to a PCL printer, try modifying the driver settings. In general, try raster graphics instead of vector graphics and bitmap fonts instead of outline fonts. (Each driver has different settings, so we cannot tell you exactly which settings to use - see your printer manual for details.) If your file still prints incorrectly, print to a Postscript Printer."

There is an updated document about PCL printing with Acrobat 3.0 on the Adobe Web site. This is the Acrobat 3.01 Update for PCL printing (also known as Acrobat 3.01RA). Note This patch cannot be applied to Acrobat 4.0. •

Use a Postscript driver, not a PCL driver (which is typically the default driver for Windows/HP)

Print to a certified Postscript printer using the latest drivers that support Postscript Level 3.

Please let us know which document you are having trouble printing, so we can take corrective actions if necessary. You can contact us by clicking the Contact Us link at the bottom of any page. •

Why do I get the following error message and what does it mean? "Sorry the requested document is unavailable." This error can be generated for three reasons: •

You are trying to use a bookmark that is obsolete.

There is a problem retrieving that particular article.

There is a problem with the article search and retrieval system.

To resolve this issue: •

If you used a bookmark to access the article: Usually accessing an article through a bookmark works, however, if the article has been reloaded into the data store, the bookmark will become obsolete. Please browse or search for the article.

If you did not use a bookmark to access the article: Try accessing other articles using search or by browsing for journals. o

If you cannot access other articles, there is a problem with the article search and retrieval system. Try accessing the article again in 15-30 minutes. If you are still unsuccessful, please contact E-Helpdesk and tell us that you are able to open other articles.

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ScienceDirect Help o •

If you can access other articles, there may be a data problem with one or more articles. Please contact E-Helpdesk.

What does transactional/drawdown balance depleted mean? This means that your institution has used all its pre-paid credits and ScienceDirect can no longer allow articles to be downloaded until the pre-paid amount has been refilled. Please contact your librarian or information specialist in case they are not aware that their account needs to be refilled.

Why do I receive an error when I try to register more than one user profile on the same computer? You will receive an error if you register while logged in to ScienceDirect. Our server recognizes that you are already logged in with a registered user name and password (via your temporary internet cache and cookies). To resolve this issue:

• 1. When registration is complete, please note the user name and password for the user profile you have just created. 2. Before registering again, log out using the Logout link.

You can now create the next profile.

Adobe and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Exporting and E-Mailing Citations FAQs •

What export software can be used with ScienceDirect? ScienceDirect® offers downloading (exporting) citations and abstracts in RIS and ASCII format functionality. It is possible to use third-party software such as RefWorks, EndNote, Procite and Reference Manager to open (import) these files, however, we cannot offer technical advice or assistance on these pieces of software, as they are not licensed by us. Because of the variety of different operating systems used by our users globally it would be impossible to give the perfect advice each time. Therefore, we recommend that you consult your institution's Information Technology (IT) department about installing this software correctly. To our knowledge there are no specific set-up requirements for using these programs with ScienceDirect; however, there might be special requirements for your computer and for programs like Microsoft® Internet Explorer or Netscape® Navigator. For more information on exporting citations in ScienceDirect, see Exporting Article Citations.

Why can't I open an e-mailed article? Access to articles in ScienceDirect is determined by one of two factors: •

Does your institution subscribe to ScienceDirect? You cannot access the full text of journals, book titles, or volume/issues that your institution hasn't subscribed to even if they appear in an e-mail. You can verify if you have access to a particular article by logging in to ScienceDirect, and then clicking the article link in the e-mail. If you do have transactional access to the article, a page will appear explaining that you can purchase the article.

Are you a ScienceDirect Guest User? ScienceDirect can only be subscribed to at an institute level. Unfortunately, we are unable to offer individual subscriptions to ScienceDirect; however, as a ScienceDirect Guest User, you are able to buy full text access to articles using a credit card. For more information about the functionality available to Guest Users, see What functionality is available for Guest Users?

Can BibTeX be used with ScienceDirect? ScienceDirect does not currently support or provide users with a direct export function in the BibTeX format. We do however offer support for other formats such as RIS, ASCII and we are fully compatible with Refworks. For BibTeX users there are a number of third-party freeware applications that, by means of a small workaround, can convert downloaded RIS files into a BibTeX file. For example, BibUtils and BibConverter offer this as an option without the user having first to export their records into a different bibliographic reference manager.

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ScienceDirect Help Please note that we cannot offer any technical advice or support on the third-party tools mentioned, and users should contact the respective vendors for further information and troubleshooting.

Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Netscape is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Journal FAQs •

Why are some issues not available online? An issue may not be online for one of the following reasons:

ScienceDirect® did not receive the issue, and it has not been identified in our tracking database. These are truly "missing" issues, so if you identify one, please notify us using the Contact Us link at the bottom of any page.

The missing issue has been identified, but is currently not available online. This may be due to technical reasons, or possible delivery and production problems. We regularly follow-up with our suppliers until we have these issues online.

ScienceDirect is working to make available all issues of journals, where possible. Some issues may be difficult to trace or require special handling in production, which can delay their availability online. Rather than delay the entire journal title and its issues, we make them available on an issue-by-issue basis. Unfortunately, ScienceDirect cannot provide precise dates for when these journal issues will become available.

What is the Freedom Collection? The Freedom Collection is an annual sales offering and consists of nearly all Elsevier journals covered by ScienceDirect (for which we have permission to make available to customers). Access to all these titles goes back to the start date of the customer's contracted content. Pricing for the non-subscribed titles in the collection is heavily discounted. It does not include what we call "Third-party Journals"- Cell Press, Anderson Publishing, American Psychology Association and a few individual titles owned by societies. Likewise, any title that has been transferred to another publisher is not generally included, as we do not always have the necessary legal rights. Journal content prior to 1995 is also not included. As new titles are added to ScienceDirect throughout the year, they are automatically added to the (Complete) Freedom Collection. Updates of titles to ScienceDirect occur on a quarterly schedule, after which availability of the titles is communicated to customers on our mailing list, as well as through the ScienceDirect newsletter SD Connect and the ScienceDirect Info Site.

Are online journals available for personal subscribers? No, ScienceDirect can only be subscribed to at an institutional level. Unfortunately, we are unable to offer personal subscriptions to ScienceDirect. However, Elsevier has numerous journals available online through other platforms, designed for individuals with a print subscription. For more information about these journals please visit the journal home page on the Elsevier Web site.

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ScienceDirect Help •

How does ScienceDirect handle mixed volume journals like BBA? ScienceDirect has historically made an effort to have online journal collections appear as they do in print; however, some journals have shared volume/issue numbering which causes technical difficulties when displaying them on the web. The journal sections of Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) are an example of shared volume numbering. Since ScienceDirect stores all titles using the journal ISSN as the primary key, BBA is categorized on the Web according to its ISSNs, so all BBA sections are listed separately. We are aware that this can be confusing; however, unless we rearrange the technical infrastructure of ScienceDirect, we cannot group or cluster complete collections of journals with multiple sections and ISSNs. The ScienceDirect Info site lists the volume numbering for the following journals: •

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta

Analytica Chimica Acta/Vibrational Spectroscopy

Journal of Chromatography

European Journal of Pharmacology

Journal of Molecular Structure/Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM

A list of volume numbers for the following journals that have the same display functionality is expected in 2006:

Mutation Research and Sections

Journal of Biotechnology/Reviews in Molecular Biotechnology

Psychiatry Research/Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging

Brain Research and Sections

Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology and Sections

Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems/Laboratory Information Management

Chemical Geology and its Isotope Geoscience Section

How do I find the Impact Factor of a journal? To identify the Impact Factor for a journal:

• 1. Navigate to the table of contents page for the journal on ScienceDirect (The page with the list of volumes and issues). 2. Click on the picture of the journal cover on the right-hand side of the page. The Elsevier.com web site will open in another browser window. 3. Scroll to the bottom of the Elsevier journal page to find the Impact Factor for that journal. •

Why are some journals or volumes free on ScienceDirect? Some of ScienceDirect’s content is freely accessible to all users. For a clarification on the content types and characteristics please review the table below.

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Frequently Asked Questions The free content is displayed with the green icon indicating Full-Text availability, If you are a subscribing institution and would like to have an overview of your subscribed journals and the free journals please run the ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report. In this report the permanently free content is illustrated with a yellow icon. To run the Electronic Holdings Report please go to www.sciencedirect.com/science/account. Model

Explanation

Sponsored Articles or Issues

A number of journals offer this option. After an article has been accepted for publication, authors, funding bodies, or companies can sponsor individual articles or issues and to be made available to all subscribers and non-subscribers via ScienceDirect.

Delayed Open Access

ScienceDirect's open access model makes certain content available to all ScienceDirect users after a specific period of time. For example content can be made available 12 or 24 months, or any specified time prior to current date. The amount of backfiles made available may also be specified but commonly as far back as 1995 is accessible to all

Promotional

Journal that were added outside of the renewal period and can no longer be subscribed are made free for all ScienceDirect users. Content is freely accessible for up to a

Free Journals

A few journals are not peer-reviewed and the revenue is earned through advertising or sponsorship. Such journals are permanently made accessible to all Sci

Sample Issue

Most journals will have the first issue of the latest year as a sample issue, this is designed to give the reader an idea of the journals content.

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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ScienceDirect Help

Registering and Logging In FAQs

Registering •

How do I register for ScienceDirect? Show me the interactive Tutorial

Show me the interactive Tutorial

1. Click the Not Registered link in the ScienceDirect® Register or Login box.

The Registration form will appear. 2. Enter your contact information, password, and subject area(s) of interest. 3. Review and select the Registered User Agreement. 4. Click Done. OR Click Optional Information to enter address information and customize your email settings, and then click Done. 5. Your ScienceDirect User Name and profile will be created. 6. Click Login Now to log in to ScienceDirect. For more information see Registering for ScienceDirect. •

What functionality is available for Guest Users? ScienceDirect is accessible for guests through the public domain, but with less functionality than that available to licensed users. Functionality for Guest Users includes the following: •

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Performing a Quick Search

Setting up Issue and Topic alerts

Saving a favorite journals list

Browsing through journals including back files, books, and reference works


Frequently Asked Questions •

Viewing table of contents and abstracts

Buying full text articles using a credit card

Functionality for Guest Users does not include the following functionality: •

Performing Advanced and Expert searches

Exporting citations to a reference management software program, such as Reference Manager, Procite, and EndNote

Viewing and tracking articles that have cited a selected article

Reference linking to other articles

Setting up Search alerts

Turning on Search History

E-mailing article citations

For more information about ScienceDirect and registering for ScienceDirect, see the ScienceDirect Info site. Logging In •

How do I change my password? 1. Login to ScienceDirect 2. Click the My Profile button, and then click the Change Password link.

3. Enter your new password.

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ScienceDirect Help

â&#x20AC;˘

For more information, see Changing Your Password.

â&#x20AC;˘

I've forgotten my password or user name, what do I do? 1. Do one of the following: a. In the Login box, click Forgotten password.

OR b. From the Login failure page, click Forgotten your User Name or Password.

2. Enter your e-mail address.

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Frequently Asked Questions 3. Your user name and password will be sent to the e-mail address you entered. Note This must be the same e-mail address that you used when originally registering for ScienceDirect. â&#x20AC;˘

How do I change my e-mail address? 1. Login to ScienceDirect 2. Click the My Profile button, and then click the Modify Personal Details and Preferences link.

3. Enter your e-mail address in the E-mail Address field.

Note Any Search Alerts, Topic Alerts, Volume/Issue Alerts, or Citation Alerts created with your old e-mail address will not be changed. To change those e-mail addresses, click on the Alerts button on the navigation bar. For more information, see Accessing Alerts. â&#x20AC;˘

How can I access ScienceDirect from outside my institution? (Remote Access)

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ScienceDirect Help Contact your librarian or information specialist to organize remote access. Your librarian will request a valid user profile for remote access. Once the profile has been created, your librarian will give you a user profile with instructions for using it. Note We will not supply remote access user names directly to users. •

Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Netscape is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Electronic Holdings Report FAQs •

Why are the dates in the ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report from yesterday? The date the ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings report was generated displays in the Available Reports box:

The date indicates when an account administrator last requested a report. How do I view reports? •

To view the latest report, select the appropriate combination of subscribed, nonsubscribed, and not available titles, and then specify the report format. Available options include browser-friendly or printer-friendly views. In addition, you can download the report into a spreadsheet or to an OPAC system.

For more information about the electronic holdings report, see Viewing or Generating a ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report. How do I generate a new holdings report? • 1. Click Generate Holdings Report. Note If you do not see this link, then the holdings report for your account was generated by someone else less than 24 hours ago and is current. To generate a new report you must wait 24 hours. 2. The Generate New Reports dialog will display.

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ScienceDirect Help 3. Enter the appropriate e-mail address. 4. Click Generate New Reports. Note You will receive an e-mail notification when the report has been generated. You can carry on working or even log off—the report generation will continue. 5. When you receive the notification e-mail, click ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings Report, which will take you to the ScienceDirect Electronic Holdings page.

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Frequently Asked Questions

ScienceDirect Content, Linking, and Software FAQs •

Why do OpenURL links from ScienceDirect not contain author names? We acknowledge that OpenURL links from ScienceDirect® do not contain the author name and title of the article. We recognize the usefulness of these variables in OpenURL links to customers using local linking resolvers. We have identified this for future development on the ScienceDirect platform as we extend our linking functionality.

Why is there content missing on ScienceDirect? Missing issues are usually the result of the unavailability of source content which makes it difficult to make a fully tagged PDF document that fits into all of the searching and linking features of ScienceDirect. Unfortunately, we do not have a definite time period for when missing content will be available, but in some cases it can take up to two months. Note For pre-1995 content, we have an ongoing project to find missing source content.

Does Konqueror work with ScienceDirect? We have tested ScienceDirect using a similar configuration to Konqueror without any problems, and several customers are successfully using Konqueror with ScienceDirect. Note We suggest installing the latest version of Konqueror. Contact E-Helpdesk by clicking the Contact Us link on the bottom of any ScienceDirect page if you have problems accessing ScienceDirect. Please provide us with the exact time, date, and user profile information so we can trace your login transactions.

Can I use PCounter with ScienceDirect? You can use PCounter software with ScienceDirect; however, we cannot offer technical advice or assistance on using this software, which is not licensed by us. You can find technical support, an installation guide, frequently asked questions, and contact details for PCounter software on the Altman Technologies web site.

Why doesn't ScienceDirect support z39.50 linking? ScienceDirect does not support the z39.50 standard for federated (or meta-) search, since it is an aging standard that is not able to leverage ScienceDirect's search functionality to its fullest extent. Instead, ScienceDirect has deployed an XML gateway that fully unlocks its native search capability, and which is already being used by various federated search portals. Please visit the section on library integration / implementation on the ScienceDirect Info Site for additional information about this.

Which languages are covered on ScienceDirect? All known languages are covered in ScienceDirect, but please note that: •

Most articles (more than 98%) are in English.

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ScienceDirect Help •

Articles published in languages other than English, French, or German, should have English-language abstracts included.

Articles written in non-Roman script (e.g. Russian, Greek) must provide Englishlanguage titles for correct indexing to occur. So a Russian title may be displayed in English while a French title will be displayed in French.

If an article is not published in English, then it will display in the language it was published in.

As long as your search contains the correct words, articles on ScienceDirect will be retrieved in any language. •

Does ScienceDirect support byte-serving for PDF files? Yes, the ScienceDirect server does support this type of download. In order for byteserving to work, cookies must be enabled in your browser. Please note that normal PDF download does not require cookies.

Does ScienceDirect apply any security restrictions to PDF files? ScienceDirect does not apply any restrictions to any of its PDF files. This is to allow screen readers--used by visually impaired users--to work. However, the free Adobe® Acrobat Reader® software is delivered with limited functionality and does not permit actions such as highlighting, comments, or assembling. To make use of these functions the full version of Adobe Acrobat® is required.

ENCompass® is a registered trademark of Endeavor Information Systems Inc. Adobe, Acrobat, and Acrobat Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Searching FAQs

How do I search ScienceDirect?

ScienceDirect 1. Click the Search button on the navigation bar. The search page will open. 2. The search page offers several different search forms, including: •

All Sources: Use the All Sources search form to search all journals, books, and reference works in ScienceDirect®.

Journals: Use the Journals search form to search only journals by volume, issue, and page number. You can also search by document type, e.g. articles, review articles, letters, etc.

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ScienceDirect Help

Note Web Editions customers and Guests do not have access to full search functionality, but can use Quick Search. For more information on searching ScienceDirect, please see the following interactive tutorial: • •

Performing an Advanced Search Performing an Advanced Search

Web Editions, Guest Users and Society Members: The full search feature is not available, but you can use Quick Search.

How do I search just my subscribed journals and books?

• 1. Click the Search button on the navigation bar. The search page will open. 2. Select the type of publication you want to search. •

Click Journals to search journals. OR

Click Books to search books.

3. Select Subscribed journals/books or My favorite journals/books from the Source list.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Copyright Š 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirectŽ is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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{ XE "contacting us" \* MERGEFORMAT }

Contacting Us To submit your comments, suggestions, or questions to us, click the Contact Us link at the bottom of any application page. To contact us Note

Depending on your login status, your contact information may be pre-populated. Review the pre-populated fields and make any necessary changes.

1. Required: In Name, enter your name. 2. Required (if present): From Organizational Type, select your organization's type. 3. Required: In E-mail Address, enter your e-mail address. 4. Optional: In Telephone Number, enter your telephone number, including the country code and the city or area code as well as an extension number, if applicable. 5. Required: From Country, select the country you are currently in. 6. Required: From the location list, select your current location. 7. Required: From Subjects, select one or more subjects for your comment or question. 8. Required: In the comments box, enter your feedback. 9. Click Send to submit your comments to the E-Helpdesk department near you. Or Click Cancel to return to the previous page without submitting any feedback. Note

Your IP Address, Account Number, and Account Name may appear on the Contact Us form. This information is automatically sent to E-Helpdesk to help us troubleshoot your ScienceDirect® problem.

Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

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Glossary A Abstract: An overview (summary) of an article. Abstract + References: A document that contains a brief overview or summary of an article, plus the bibliographic references of the article. Abstract Database: A specific collection of information. In ScienceDirect, the Abstract Databases are collections of specialized information relating to one or more fields of science or subject areas. Account ("My Profile"): A specific group's (institution, university, etc.) subscriptions, feature/function entitlements, and allowances for use of the ScienceDirect product. This information is accessed via the My Profile button on the navigation bar. Acrobat Reader: The Adobe Acrobat Reader is the software used in ScienceDirect to enable the user to review PDF-format documents (Portable Document Format) as they appear in the hard-copy journals. (Note: The minimum technical requirement is the Adobe Acrobat Reader 4.0 and above.) Adobe: Adobe Systems, Incorporated, builds the software solutions for the Web and printed publishing. The Adobe Acrobat Reader is the software used in ScienceDirect to enable the user to review PDF-format documents (Portable Document Format) as they appear in the hard-copy journals. (Note: The minimum technical requirement is the Adobe Acrobat Reader 4.0 and above.) Advanced search: Power search capability using Boolean syntax for the experienced users. Affiliations: The institutions with which the author of a document is associated. Alerts: Features of ScienceDirect in which the user may request an email notification. Citation Alert - a request for notification when a specific document is cited within another document. Journal Issue Alerts - a request for notification when new issues of pre-select journal issues are added to the online system. Search Alert - a prescheduled search request which returns search results. Topic Alert - a predefined search on a specific topic (e.g. inorganic chemistry). Article: A document-type in ScienceDirect that contains the entire record, including abstract, outline, full text with hypertext links, images, tables, and bibliographic references. Article list: A list containing the citations (document title, author, date, page range) of the documents that appear within an issue of a journal or the results of a search. Author: Person or persons responsible for the writing of a document. Author Keyword: Terms assigned by the author to help characterize the topic of the article.

B Basic search: A search type for the novice user that is menu and drop-down list driven. Bibliographic reference: List of works to which are referred or consulted by the author(s) in the creation of the document. Book Series: An open-ended, usually hardcover, set of books with a series title and volume number. Book Series always have an ISSN and volumes and usually (but not always) also has an ISBN. Book Series contain a collection of articles in a broad subject context. Book Series are published regularly--usually at least once per year and are often very similar to journals in their content and structure. 423


ScienceDirect Help Bookmark: The method of the browser for marking and saving a specific location or page in the Internet for easy return-access in the future. Boolean: A method of formatting a search by using a combination of logical relational elements (e.g., wildcard characters, connectors, proximity operators, etc.) within the search request. Browse: To scan or glance through a list of journals, a list of journal issues, a list of articles, or a document in ScienceDirect.

C Citation: The information identifying a document (e.g., title, author, date, page range) displayed in an article list or a search results list. Cited by: A link on a page that generates a results list with records that contain a reference to the original record. CODEN: Unique five- or six-character codes that identify serial and non-serial publications assigned by the International CODEN Service. Connector: A word used in Boolean syntax to define the association between two or more search terms. For example, "and", "or", and "not". Cookies: A mechanism which the ScienceDirect server can use to both store and retrieve information from your browser. The use of cookies allows us to provide a more secure method of authenticating your login and to remember your preference for use of the service. Copyright: Copyright is a form of protection provided to author/publishers of "original works of authorship," including literary, artistic, and dramatic works, musical compositions, and other creations. CrossRef: A collaborative reference linking service through which a researcher can click on a reference citation and immediately access the cited article. CrossRef functions as a sort of digital switchboard. It hold linkages to articles through digital object identifiers, DOI, which are tagged to article metadata. The non-profit, independent organization, Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. operates CrossRef.

D Database: A specific collection of information. In ScienceDirect, the Abstract Databases are collections of specialized information relating to one or more fields of science or subject areas. Digital Object Identifier (DOI): A persistent identifier, consisting of a unique alphanumeric character string, which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. A DOI may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. DocumentPlus: An enhanced format of a journal issue in which the full text of the articles is available in HTML, thus enabling them to contain hypertext links, tables, and graphic images, and active reference links. The abstract-like document-type for a DocumentPlus journal is called SummaryPlus (containing the abstract, plus the outline of the article, images and references). Download: The action of copying information or software to your PC or to a disk for personal reference or use.

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Glossary EMTREE thesaurus: EMTREE is the thesaurus containing the hierarchically structured, controlled vocabulary used for subject indexing in the EMBASE database. EMTREE is organized in a cascading "tree"-like structure that ranges from very broad to very specific terms. Export: The process of copying or downloading specific online information for re-use in another application or software, such as a spreadsheet. (In ScienceDirect, you can export document citations.)

F Field: A specific portion (or segment) of a document identified as containing a unique piece of information, e.g., Title, Authors, Journal-Name, Keywords, etc. (Field names and definitions are available in the search tips.) Full-text: The article in ScienceDirect which contains the entire record, including abstract, outline, full text with hypertext links, images, tables, and bibliographic references.

H Handbooks: Handbooks are authoritative reference or review works. Individual articles in handbooks are self-contained surveys and provide extensive reference lists. Help: Explanation of application page, as well as step-by-step instructions related to the page of the application the user is viewing at the time they click the Help button. Help Desk: Technical support available 24-7 at your nearest Customer Support Department. For contact information, see the Information for New Subscribers topic. Help Index: The table of contents, accessible from any Help page, which lists all available Help information, organized according to its related feature/function. HTML: HyperText Markup Language. Based on SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language), HTML is a text-only markup language used to define the content structure (not the appearance) of a document on the World Wide Web. Hypertext links: The highlighted or underlined text found in an online document that points to another document or a specific point in the same document.

I Index Keyword: A controlled term either from a thesaurus or from a list of controlled terms that help characterize the article. Institutional Banner: Information in the header that may contain text or logo information. Institutional Logo: Information in the footer that may contain a logo. Internet: A complex of networks which enable users to share information and/or files. Internet Explorer: Browser product produced by Microsoft used to access the World Wide Web. IP Address: Internet Protocol (IP) Address. The unique number associated with each computer in your network. IP authentication: Access authentication based on an organization's location on the Internet as defined by their IP (Internet Protocol) addresses. ISBN: International Standard Book Number. ISBN is a unique machine-readable identification number which marks any book unmistakably.

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ScienceDirect Help ISSN: International Standard Serial Number. A unique identifier assigned to all journals. Issue: A collection of articles published together in a single bound copy of a journal.

J JavaScript: Programming language which allows a richer, more dynamic interface to be presented in your Web browser. Not Java. Journal Cover Image: The image that represents the picture of the printed journal. Journal format-PDF: A document-type in ScienceDirect in which the user can view and print a document exactly as the document appears in the hard-copy journal issue. Retrieves a document in Adobe's PDF format which can be read in their Acrobat Reader. Journal Title Image: The image that represents the name of the Journal. Journals List: A list of all journals (subscribed and unsubscribed) which are available to you in ScienceDirect. Jumping: The action of moving (via hypertext link) from one location to another on the Internet (e.g., from one URL to another, etc.).

K Keyword Index: A controlled term either from a thesaurus or from a list of controlled terms that help characterize the article. Keywords: Searchable subject matter terms designated by the author and/or publisher's index terms.

L Link: Highlighted or underlined text found in an online document which points to another document or a specific point in the same document. Loading pages: The internal process of displaying a requested page of the application. Login: The user name and password entered for authentication of entitlements in the application.

N Navigate: The action of moving within the application by clicking the buttons or links present. Navigation bar: String of buttons which appears at the top of all ScienceDirect pages. Click a button on the navigation bar to directly access a specific feature/function area of the application. Netscape: Maker of the Navigator brand Internet browser. Non-subscribed journals: Journals to which a particular account does not hold a subscription for unlimited use. Limited access or transactional purchases may be required for nonsubscribed journals.

P PDF: An acronym for Portable Document Format. PDF is a file format created by Adobe that lets you view or print a file exactly as the author designed it without needing to have the same application or fonts used in creating the file originally.

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Glossary Personal Details and Preferences: A record of the personal details related to an individual user, containing information such as name, address, e-mail, and display preferences (if available), etc. Personal login: A user name and password for entitlement authentication (i.e., login) for one specific user. Personalization: The ScienceDirect feature which enables the individual user to establish and maintain feature/function and display preferences (e.g., Favorite Journal and Book Series Lists) or customized requests (e.g., Alerts) to be utilized by that user only. Proximity operators: Boolean connectors used in a search request to establish the location of one search term in relation to another search term.

Q Query: A question. In ScienceDirect this term is used to refer to the syntax of a specific search request. Quick Search: A form of search that allows the user to enter a set of search terms for a limited field within the data. It's meant to be quick and easy to user and appears at the top of every page.

R Reference: A bibliographic item within a record that represents a reference to another publication. Reference Works: A type of publication, comprehensive publication, or an encyclopedia made available on ScienceDirect for browsing or searching. Relevancy ranking: The process of displaying a search results list in an order based on the number of occurrences of the search term(s) in the documents, with the documents containing the most occurrences appearing first.

S Scirus: Web search. An Internet search tool available via ScienceDirect developed specifically for finding scientific information. Search: To request the electronic retrieval of documents based on the presence of specific terms and within any other restrictions established (e.g., subject, date, journal, page range, etc.). Search results list: A citation list of documents retrieved as a result of a search request submitted. Session: The period of usage from the point when the user logs on to ScienceDirect to the point when the user closes (or turns off) their browser. SSL: Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is the security protocol which provides data encryption, server authentication, message integrity, and optional client authentication for a TCP/IP connection. SSL is used in ScienceDirect to protect transactions including accessing articles from non-subscribed journals and online registration. STM: The Scientific, Technical, and Medical collection of research reference information. Stop Words: Stop words are common, frequently used words. While they may add clarity within the text, they do not add significant distinction to a search request. These words are not searchable and can be omitted from a search request. (See the search tips for more

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ScienceDirect Help explanation and examples.) Stop words include: 路 Most articles (the, an, etc.) - 路 Personal pronouns (he, she, we, they, etc.) - 路 Most forms of the verb, "to be" (be, is, was, etc.) - 路 Some conjunctions (as, because, if, when, etc.) Subject categories: Hierarchical subject areas established to organize journal titles according to the subject coverage of each journal. This enables the sorting of the journals list by subject as well as subject restricting a search. Subject View: A feature/function available to enable the user to designate a specific subject view to display as their ScienceDirect home page, giving them information and quick links into parts of ScienceDirect that are relevant to the selected subject area. Display of the Home, Publications, and Search pages (and any default selections of those pages) are based on the preferences associated with the selected subject view. Subscribed journals: Journals within the users' account in which they are entitled to browse and search at no additional cost. Subscription: The account entitlement to a journal for browsing and searching. SummaryPlus: A document-type which is present in DocumentPlus journal issues. The SummaryPlus document includes the abstract, the outline, and bibliographic references of the article.

T Thumbnail graphic/image: Small image box which holds the place of a graphic or image within the document; when clicked on, the graphic or image displays full size.

U User name: The login ID portion of a personal login.

V VAT: Value added tax. Volume: A generic reference to a collection of material. i.e. journals, books. Volume/Issue list: The list of the issues available for a specific journal.

W Wildcard characters: Symbolic characters used in Boolean searching to allow a broader retrieval of terms (e.g., multiple verb tenses, including prefixes or suffixes, variations in spelling, etc.) World Wide Web: Set of protocols which allows the retrieval; and navigation of hypertext document collections from computers connected to the Internet.

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Index browser settings.......................................... 7

2

browser version ....................................... 7

2collab ................................ 63, 72, 207, 259

browsing...... 47, 51, 55, 59, 72, 78, 207, 229

A

reference works................................... 229

Acrobat Reader........................................274 Adobe Acrobat Reader ............................274

C

advanced search ... 81, 90, 92, 98, 100, 106, 109, 116, 119, 122, 126, 130, 171, 187, 222, 224, 249

cart, shopping ......................... 287, 357, 360

advanced search tips ... 94, 102, 112, 125, 129, 133, 166

changing your password......................... 322 citation alert...... 63, 259, 343, 344, 346, 348, 350 archiving .............................................. 348

alerts334, 336, 338, 340, 344, 346, 348, 352

creating................................................ 344

citation alert..........................344, 346, 348 search alert ..........................334, 336, 338 topic alert............. 311, 327, 352, 354, 382 volume/issue alert ................................340 articles ............................ 253, 256, 281, 284 Athens速 .........................................21, 24, 30 available articles ............. 292, 294, 309, 367 B Book Review............................................189

modifying ............................................. 346 Cited By ............................................ 63, 259 citing documents ..................................... 272 combining searches ................................ 153 contacting us................................. 3, 17, 425 Correspondence, Letter .......................... 189 Corrigendum ........................................... 189 creating ........................................... 315, 373 list of favorite books .................... 315, 373

book series . 72, 81, 106, 109, 113, 207, 224 advanced search..................106, 109, 224

list of favorite journals ................. 315, 373

browsing.........................................72, 207

customizing .... 161, 311, 315, 318, 327, 373, 382, 386, 390

expert search .......................................113

D

favorites........................................315, 373

demonstrations ......................................... 13

searching titles .......................................81

digital object identifier (DOI) ................... 272

bookmarking pages .... 63, 72, 207, 259, 390

document type ........................................ 189

books ............................ 72, 81, 88, 189, 207

documents ...................... 253, 256, 281, 284

advanced search..................106, 109, 224

opening.. 63, 253, 256, 259, 274, 281, 284

book series..... 72, 81, 106, 109, 113, 207, 224

ordering ............................................... 296

expert search .......................................113

purchasing.. 253, 256, 281, 284, 287, 290, 357, 360

handbooks..... 72, 106, 109, 113, 207, 224

DOI linking .............................................. 272

reference works . 126, 130, 134, 137, 141, 144, 147, 229, 233, 235, 237, 239, 244, 247

downloading...................................... 13, 274

searching titles .......................................81

Macromedia Flash Player ..................... 13

Adobe Acrobat Reader.................. 13, 274

purchased articles ............... 292, 309, 367 429


ScienceDirect Help E

math formulas ................................... 63, 259

editing searches...............................184, 197

MathML ............................................. 63, 259

e-mail articles...................................300, 302

Microsoft Internet Explorer.......................... 7

exporting ..................................................306

mml ................................................... 63, 259

exporting citations....................................304

modifying personal details and preferences .................................................... 161, 318

F favorites .................... 59, 185, 315, 373, 376 Flash Player...............................................13

multimedia tutorials ................................... 13 My Profile161, 307, 311, 315, 318, 322, 327, 373, 382

font size ...................... 63, 72, 207, 227, 259

alerts.................................... 311, 327, 382

Full Text .............................................63, 259

favorites....................................... 315, 373

G

password ............................................. 322

glossary ...................................................241 H

preferences ................................. 161, 318 N

handbooks ........ 72, 106, 109, 113, 207, 224 advanced search..................106, 109, 224 browsing.........................................72, 207 expert search .......................................113

navigating............................................ 1, 227 Netscape Navigator .................................... 7 O

favorites........................................315, 373

overview..... 1, 3, 11, 13, 17, 35, 38, 72, 149, 207, 229, 311, 327, 382

history table .............. 81, 149, 153, 159, 165

alerts.................................... 311, 327, 382

home page.................. 3, 17, 47, 51, 55, 386

home page ........................................ 3, 17

I

navigation .......................................... 3, 17

images .............................. 63, 161, 259, 318

online Help ............................................ 11

Internet Explorer ..........................................7

quick search .............................. 35, 38, 81

J

reference works................................... 229

journal or book title search ........................88

search.................................................... 81

journals ...... 72, 98, 100, 103, 189, 207, 222, 315, 373

search history table ............................. 149

advanced search....................98, 100, 222 browsing.........................................72, 207 expert search .......................................103 favorites........................................315, 373 searching titles .................................81, 88 L linking documents ....................................272 login ...............................................21, 24, 26

tutorials.................................................. 13 P password, changing ................................ 322 PDF......................... 253, 256, 274, 281, 284 personalization options ... 161, 318, 322, 386 changing password ............................. 322 details and preferences............... 161, 318 plural ....................................................... 176

M

portable document format...... 253, 256, 274, 281, 284

Macromedia Flash Player..........................13

preferences, modifying ................... 161, 318

430


Index Preliminary Notes ....................................189

creating................................................ 334

Publisher's Note.......................................189

modifying ............................................. 336

purchase history ......................................369

saving .................................................. 334

purchased articles.. 287, 292, 309, 357, 360, 367

search history............ 81, 149, 153, 159, 165

Q

combining ............................................ 153 overview .............................................. 149

quick links ........................................379, 380 quick search...................................35, 38, 81 quick search tips ....................................41 R

recalling ............................................... 159 saving .................................................. 165 turning on and off ................................ 149 search terms ........................................... 167

recalling ...................................156, 159, 198 saved searches ......................81, 156, 198 search history.................................81, 159 recent actions ..........................................386 reference works ..... 126, 130, 134, 137, 141, 144, 147, 229, 233, 235, 237, 239, 244, 247 advanced search 116, 119, 122, 126, 130, 249 article titles ...........................................233 authors .................................................235 classification page................................244 expert search .............. 134, 137, 141, 144 general information ..............................237 glossary................................................241

Search Within Results ............................ 268 searching .................................................. 81 advanced search 81, 90, 92, 98, 100, 106, 109, 116, 119, 122, 126, 130, 222, 224, 249 all sources ................................. 90, 92, 95 books........................... 106, 109, 113, 224 combining ............................................ 153 combining searches ............................ 153 expert search.. 81, 95, 103, 113, 134, 137, 141, 144 names.................................................. 177 quick search .................................... 35, 38 recalling saved searches....... 81, 156, 198

overview ...............................................229

reference works.. 116, 119, 122, 126, 130, 134, 137, 141, 144, 147, 249

subject index ........................................239

refining................................................. 268

table of contents...................................247

restricting............. 147, 187, 189, 193, 195

refining results .........................................268

saving search results .................... 81, 201

RefWorks .................................................306

search history table ............................. 149

registering ..................................................21

secure sockets layer (SSL) transactions 298, 371

restricting .................................................187

security, transactions ...................... 298, 371

S saving searches...............................184, 197 Scopus速 ............................................63, 259 cited by...........................................63, 259 search alert ..............................334, 336, 338 archive..................................................338

shopping cart .......................... 287, 357, 360 adding articles to ................................. 363 singular ................................................... 176 special characters ........................... 175, 183 SSL ................................................. 298, 371 stop words............................................... 181 431


ScienceDirect Help subject .......................................55, 147, 195

Macromedia Flash Player ..................... 13

subscription information...........................324

overview ................................................ 13

T

V

thumbnails .........................................63, 259

version, browser.......................................... 7

tips .............................................41, 167, 173

View Structure Links ......................... 63, 259

quick search ...............................35, 38, 81

viewing .................................................... 324

topic alert .........................................352, 354

subscription information ...................... 324

adding ..................................................352

volume/issue alert, maintaining .............. 340

archive..................................................354

W

transactions, security.......................298, 371

W/nn........................................................ 181

tutorials ......................................................13

wildcards ................................................. 173

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Elsevier Science Direct: Tutorial