Page 1

www.FluidPowerJournal.com

2017 DIRECTORY

Q&A

WITH THREE INDUSTRY EXPERTS

SENSOR

TECHNOLOGIES TO TRANSFORM AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

COMPREHENSIVE COMPANY LISTING ON P.32

Innovative Designs & Publishing • 3245 Freemansburg Avenue • Palmer, PA 18045-7118

THE IFPS LAUNCHES

NEW LOGO

Nonprofit Organization US Postage PAID Bolingbrook, IL Permit #323


Yates YatesIndustries, Industries,Inc. Inc.

YatesCylinders CylindersGeorgia Georgia Yates YatesCylinders CylindersAlabama Alabama Yates

23050 23050 Industrial Industrial Dr.Dr. E. E. St.St. Clair Clair Shores, Shores, MIMI 48080 48080 Phone: Phone: 586.778.7680 586.778.7680 Fax: Fax: 586.778.6565 586.778.6565 sales@yatesind.com sales@yatesind.com

5555 Refreshment Refreshment Place Place Decatur, Decatur, ALAL 35601 35601 Phone: Phone: 256.351.8081 256.351.8081 Fax: Fax: 256.351.8571 256.351.8571 decatur@yatesind.com decatur@yatesind.com

7750 7750 The The Bluffs Bluffs Austell, Austell, GA GA 30168 30168 Phone: Phone: 678.355.2240 678.355.2240 Fax: Fax: 678.355.2241 678.355.2241 salesga@yatesind.com salesga@yatesind.com


Yates Yates Yates Industries Industries Industries has has has long long long had had had aa reputation reputation a reputation for for excellence for excellence excellence inin the in the the manufacturing manufacturing manufacturing ofof tie of tie rod tie rod rod cylinders. cylinders. cylinders. They They They uphold uphold uphold that that that reputation reputation reputation when when when it it comes it comes comes toto their to their their state-of-the-art state-of-the-art state-of-the-art cylinder cylinder cylinder configurator. configurator. configurator. Cylinder Cylinder Cylinder configuration configuration configuration isn’t isn’t isn’t just just just for for for engineers engineers engineers any any any more. more. more. That’s That’s That’s why why why Yates Yates Yates refers refers refers totoitto itasit asthe as the the “people’s “people’s “people’s configurator.” configurator.” configurator.” And And And it’s it’s it’s more more more than than than just just just templates templates templates and and and plugging plugging plugging inindimensions. in dimensions. dimensions. There’s There’s There’s even even even a anew new a new feature feature feature that that that allows allows allows for for for attaching attaching attaching accessories accessories accessories totothe to the the drawing. drawing. drawing. InInthe In the the end, end, end, you you you get get get the the the specific specific specific tietierod tie rod rod cylinder cylinder cylinder you you you need. need. need. And And And it itallit allstarts all starts starts with with with submitting submitting submitting your your your specifications specifications specifications with with with just just just six six simple six simple simple clicks. clicks. clicks. Just Just Just what what what you’d you’d you’d expect expect expect from from from Yates Yates Yates Industries; Industries; Industries; a athird third a third generation generation generation manufacturer manufacturer manufacturer ofofhigh of high high performance performance performance cylinders cylinders cylinders with with with quick quick quick turn turn turn around around around times, times, times, quality quality quality support support support and and and the the the convenience convenience convenience ofofthree of three three locations. locations. locations.

CIRCLE 149


In This Issue

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

M A N U F A C T U R E R S D I R E C T O R Y 2 0 17 • V O L U M E 2 4 • I S S U E 7

16

24

8

32

15

58

HOW DID YOU CELEBRATE? 2017 Fluid Power Professionals' Day

Novel SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES to Transform the Driving Techniques of Automobile Users

16

VALIDATING AIRCRAFT HYDRAULICS with a Full-Scale Test Cell

24

MANUFACTURING Q&A

30

IFPS LAUNCHES NEW LOGO

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017 Company Listing

HISTORY OF THE ISO 3601 Series of Standards for O-Rings

67

DEPARTMENTS

4 NOTABLE WORDS

10 IFPS UPDATES

19 NFPA UPDATES

28 ECONOMIC REPORT

61 AIR TEASER

62 INDUSTRY NEWS

Hydraulic Basics: RECOGNIZING HYDRAULIC SYMBOLS

66 PEOPLE IN THE NEWS

69 FPDA UPDATES

72 FIRST NEWS

76

75 CERTIFICATION SPOTLIGHT

VACUUM PICK-UP CYLINDERS

70

2017 CFPA ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING

77 CALENDAR OF EVENTS

78 CLASSIFIEDS

PUBLISHER’S NOTE: The information provided in this publication is for informational purposes only. While all efforts have been taken to ensure the technical accuracy of the material enclosed, Fluid Power Journal is not responsible for the availability, accuracy, currency, or reliability of any information, statement, opinion, or advice contained in a third party’s material. Fluid Power Journal will not be liable for any loss or damage caused by reliance on information obtained in this publication.


Š 2016 SCHUNK INTEC, Inc

www.us.schunk.com/vero-s

NSR Robot coupling

Roboter-guided Machine loading 100% flexibility with the VERO-S quick-change pallet system and the largest modular system with more than 500 variations of workpiece clamping. For automated machine loading and unloading, and set-up in parallel to the processing time.

Jens Lehmann, German goalkeeper legend, SCHUNK brand ambassador since 2012 for precise gripping and safe holding. www.us.schunk.com/Lehmann

High tech from a family-owned company

90% set-up time reduction due to set-up during processing time, and automated loading with quick-change pallet system

VERO-S Base plate with pneumatic chuck

VERO-S NSA plus Clamping station

Clamping pallet with clamping force blocks CIRCLE 150

Clamping pallet with magnetic clamping technology

Clamping pallet with chuck

Clamping pallet with double angle tombstone


N O TA B L E

WORDS

IFPS Meets Emerging Trends and Technology with Significant Updates BY DONNA POLLANDER, ACA, IFPS EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

There are some really exciting things going on at IFPS… updates to our flagship certifications, development of a NEW certification, a new logo, and a brand-new website! Several years ago, the Board of Directors made the decision to review and update each certification program every five years. Historically this has been a “clean-up” process, reviewing the current Study Manual and certification tests to make sure all outcomes are clear and concise, and that the test questions are objectively written and properly representative of the material covered. During the most recent revisions of the Hydraulic Specialist (HS) and Pneumatic Specialist (PS) certifications, we decided to perform what we called a “mini-DACUM” (DACUM is an acronym for Developing A Curriculum). Developing a curriculum for industry certifications is a process that incorporates the use of a focus group, in a facilitated story-boarding process, to capture the major duties and related tasks included in an occupation, as well as the necessary knowledge, skills, and traits. We felt we had the crux of information for each certification but wanted to–not start from scratch, per se, but–review all material covered for relevance and to look at new, emerging technologies and trends to ensure our certifications are as well-rounded as possible. It was important that we reviewed the order of outcomes in the Study Manuals, as we wanted the test-taker to review the Study Manual in a logical order. We’ve completely revised the formulas for both certifications, making complicated equations simpler to solve. All equations are now listed in both metric and imperial units. In fact, all units in both certifications are listed in metric and imperial, and each certification test reflects a mix of questions in metric and imperial. Along with the features listed, we added a Safety and Energy Tips section throughout the manuals. Another exciting project we’re developing is interactive Study Manuals, or online certification review training modules. This “at your own pace” training takes each Study Manual outcome and uses animation and video to aid the test-taker in preparation for the certification test. The Hydraulic Specialist interactive manual will be released in September and the Pneumatic Specialist version shortly thereafter. Work has begun on the development of the Electronic Controls Technician certification. IFPS defines an Electronic Controls Technician as an individual responsible to work either under supervision or independently on industrial or mobile fluid power and automation systems. Technicians are not responsible for designing control systems; however, they are required to be capable of properly installing, troubleshooting, testing, repairing, and modifying electronic control systems and have the knowledge necessary to support and maintain these systems. A three-hour written exam, as well as a three-hour Job Performance Test or practical exam are slated to be released in 2018. And be on the look-out for a brand-new, updated logo for the IFPS. We’re proud of our new look, and I’m sure you will be as impressed with it as we are. You will see the new logo and read more about the development process on page 30. We are also working on a brand-new website with hopes to roll it out in the first quarter of 2018. The new website will not only have an exciting new look, but will have more enhancements and robust capabilities. None of these exciting changes would be possible without the tireless efforts of our many volunteers and our dedicated staff. It’s truly a humbling experience to work with each of them!

4

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X PUBLISHER XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX &XPUBLISHING, X X X X X X X X X X X X X INNOVATIVE X X X X X X X X X XDESIGNS XXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X INC. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Freemansburg Palmer, X X X X X X X X X X X X X 3245 XXXXX X X X X X X X X X X XAvenue, XXXXXXX X X X X X PA X X X18045-7118 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Tel: X X X800-730-5904 XXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX or 610-923-0380 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fax: 610-923-0390 • Email: AskUs@ifps.org XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X www.FluidPowerJournal.com XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X XF Xounders X X X X X:X X X X X and X X X XLisa XXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Paul Prass XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ssociate : XBob X X X X X X X X X X X X XA XX X X X X XPXublisher XXXXX X X X McKinney XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Kristine X X X X X X X X X X X X XE Xditor X X X:X X X X X X X XCoblitz XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X TXechnical X X X X X XEXditor X X X: XDan XXXX X X X X X X X XCFPAI/AJPP XXXXXXXXX X X X X XCFPECS, X X X X X X CFPSD, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Helgerson, , CFPS, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X CFPMT, X X X X X XCFPCC X X X X X X- XCFPSOS X X X X X XLLC XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ccount xecutive : XNorma X X X X X X X X X X X X XA XX X X X X XEX XXXXX X X X X X XAbrunzo XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X XA XX Xirector X X X X X: XQuynh XXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX rtXD Vo XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX irector reative Erica X X X X X X X X X X X X XD XX X X X X of X XC XX X X X XSXervices X X X X:X X X X X XMontes XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ccounting Donna X X X X X X X X X X X X XA XX X X X X X X:X X X X X X XBachman, X X X X X X X X XDebbie X X X X X XClune XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X XP Xublishing X X X X X XA Xssistant X X X X X: XKristy X X X X XO'Brien XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Andrea X X X X X X X X X X X X XC X Xirculation X X X X X XM X Xanager X X X X:X X X X X X X XKarges XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX FLUID X X X X X X X X X X X X X INTERNATIONAL XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X XPOWER X X X X X X X XSOCIETY XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X 1930 XXXXX X X XMarlton X X X X X X Pike, X X X XSuite X X X XA-2, X X XCherry X X X X X XHill, X X XNJ XXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX East 08003-2141 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Tel: X X X856-489-8983 X X X X X X X X X X X•X XFax: X X X856-424-9248 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Email: X X X X XAskUs@ifps.org X X X X X X X X X X X X• X XWeb: X X X Xwww.ifps.org XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X 2017 X X X X XBOARD X X X X X XOF XXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX DIRECTORS XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX &XC X X X X X X X X X X X X XP Xresident XXXXXX X hairperson XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Richard X X X X X X XBullers, X X X X X XCFPPS X X X X X- XSMC X X X XCorporation X X X X X X X X Xof X XAmerica XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X IXmmediate X X X X X XPX X XPXresident XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ast XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Rance X X X X X XHerren, X X X X X XCFPSD, X X X X XCFPECS, X X X X X X XCFPMT X X X X X -XCFPAI X X X X XNational X X X X X X XOilwell X X X X XVarco XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX VXice X X X X X X X X X X X X XF Xirst XXX X XPXresident XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Dean X X X X XHoudeshell, X X X X X X X X XPE, X X CFPAI/AJPP XXXXXXXXX XXXXX X X X XCFPIHT, X X X X XCFPMHT, XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX , CFPE, CFPS, CFPMHM XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Cemen X X X X X X Tech X X X X Inc. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ice resident X X X X X X X X X X X X XV XX X XPX X X X X XEXducation XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Kenneth X X X X X X XDulinski, XXXXXXX X X X X X X X X, X X X X X X XCFPHS X X X X XCFPMIH, X X X X X X XCFPMMH XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CFPAI/AJPP CFPECS, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Macomb X X X X X X X XCommunity X X X X X X X X XCollege XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X TXreasurer XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Jeff XXXX X X X X X XCFPIHM, X X X X X X CFPMHM, X X X X X X X XCFPMHT XXXXXXX X X X X X X XHydraulics, X X X X X X X XInc. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Kenney, - Coastal XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X XV XX X XPX X X X X XM Xembership XXXXXX& X XC Xhapter X X X X XSX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ice resident upport XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX - Altec Industries, X X X X X X X X X X X X X Bill X X XJordan, X X X X X XCFPAI/AJPP X X X X X X X X X, CFPMHM, X X X X X X X XCFPMHT XXXXXXX XXXXX X X X X X X X Inc. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X XV XX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ice President Certification XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Timothy X X X X X X XWhite, X X X X XCFPAI/AJPP X X X X X X X X,XCFPS, X X X X CFPECS, X X X X X X XCFPMIH, X X X X X X CFPMMH, X X X X X X X XCFPMIP X X X X X,X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X CFPMT, X X X X X XCFPMM X X X X X X-XThe X X XBoeing X X X X X XCompany XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X XV XX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ice President Marketing & Public Relations XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Scott X X X X XNagro, X X X X X CFPS XXXXX X X X X X X X X XInc. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX -X HydraForce, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ice resident X X X X X X X X X X X X XV XX X XPX X X X X XEXducational X X X X X X XFXoundation XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Thomas X X X X X X XBlansett, X X X X X X XCFPAI, X X X X XCFPS, X X X X CFPIHT, X X X X X XCFPCC XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X DIRECTORS-AT-LARGE XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Bibaeff, CFPE, X X X X X X X X X X X X X John X X X X XA. XX X X X X X XJr., X XPE, XXX X X X XCFPS X X X X-XLamb X X X X XServices, X X X X X X XInc. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Randy X X X X X XBobbitt, X X X X X XCFPHS XXXXXX X X X X X X XPower X X X X XSolutions XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX - Danfoss XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Jeffrey X X X X X XHodges, X X X X X X XCFPAI/AJPP X X X X X X X X,XCFPMHM X X X X X X X-XAltec X X X X Industries, X X X X X X X X Inc. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Kraft X X X X X X X X X X X X X John X X X X XJuhasz, X X X X X XCFPECS, X X X X X X CFPS X X X X X- X X X X Fluid X X X X Systems, X X X X X X XInc. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Sam Kaye, CFPS, CFPMT, CFPMM, CFPMIH CFPMMH, CFPMIP XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Ensign X X X X X XEnergy XXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Services XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Equipment X X X X X X X X X X X X X Lynn X X X X Nordquist, X X X X X X X X XCFPS X X X X- XSkarda XXXXXX X X X X X X X X Company XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Phoenix, CFPMHT, Open X X X X X X X X X X X X X Rocky XXXXXX XXXXXXX X X X X X XCFPMHM X X X X X X X X- X X X X X Loop X X X X XEnergy XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Denis X X X X XPoirier, X X X X X XJr., X XCFPAI/AJPP XXXXXXXXX X X X X X XCFPCC, X X X X X XCFPIHM XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX , CFPHS, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Eaton X X X X XCorporation X X X X X X X X X X-XHydraulics X X X X X X X XGroup XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Robert X X X X X XPost, X X X XCFPHS X X X X X-XBailey X X X X XHydraulics XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Bishwajit X X X X X X X XRanjan, X X X X X XPE, XXX X X X XCFPS X X X X-XEllwood X X X X X XTexas X X X X XForge XXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CFPE, Houston XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CFPAI X X X X X X X X X X X X X Scott X X X X XSardina, X X X X X X XPE, X XCFPS, XXXXX X X X X-XWaterclock X X X X X X X X XEngineering XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X HONORARY X X X X X X X X X XDIRECTORS XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X John X X X X XGroot XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX , CFPE, CFPMIP X X X X X X X X X X X X X Robert X X X X X XSheaf, X X X X XCFPAI/AJPP XXXXXXXXX X X X X XCFPS, X X X XCFPECS, X X X X X X XCFPMT, XXXXXX X X X X X, X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CFPMM X X X X X X X X X X X X X CFPMMH, X X X X X X X XCFPMIH, XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X IFPS X X X XSTAFF XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Donna X X X X X X X X X X X X XE Xxecutive X X X X X XDXirector X X X X:X X X X X X XPollander, X X X X X X X XACA XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX MXanager : XAdele X X X X X X X X X X X X XC X Xommunications XXXXXXXXXX XXXXX X X X X XKayser XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X XC X Xlient X X XDXata X XM X Xanager X X X X:X X X X X X X X X X X X X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Sue Dyson XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X XB Xusiness X X X X XDXevelopment X X X X X X XM X Xanager X X X X :X XPat X X XMaluso, X X X X X XCFPAI XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX ssistant Director: Jeana Hoffman X X X X X X X X X X X X XA XX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X XC X Xertification X X X X X X XLXogistics X X X X XM XX X X X X:X Susan XXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX anager Apostle XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX : XDiane X X X X X X X X X X X X XB Xookkeeper XXXXXXX X X X X XMcMahon XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX dministrative Beth Borodziuk X X X X X X X X X X X X XA XX X X X X X X X XAXssistant X X X X :X X XXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Fluid XXXXX X X X X XJournal X X X X X X(ISSN# X X X X X X1073-7898) X X X X X X X X XisX X X X Xofficial X X X X X publication X X X X X X X X X Xof XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Power the XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X the X X X International X X X X X X X X X X XFluid X X X XPower X X X X XSociety X X X X X Xpublished X X X X X X X Xbi-monthly X X X X X X X X Xwith X X X four XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X supplemental X X X X X X X X X X X Xissues, X X X X Xincluding X X X X X X X Xa X XSystems X X X X X X XIntegrator X X X X X X X XDirectory, X X X X X X X XOffXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Directory, X X X X X X X X X X X X X Highway X X X X X X XSuppliers X X X X X X XDirectory, X X X X X X XTech XXXX X X X X X X and X X X XManufacturers X X X X X X X X X X XDirectory, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X by X X Innovative X X X X X X X XDesigns XXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXX X X XFreemansburg XXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X Palmer, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX &XPublishing, Inc., 3245 Avenue, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX 18045-7118. whole part any X X X X X X X X X X X X X PA XXX X X X X X X X XAll X XRights X X X X XReserved. X X X X X X XReproduction X X X X X X X X X Xin XX X X X Xor X Xin XX X X Xof XX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X material X X X X X X XinX X X X publication X X X X X X X X Xis X Xacceptable X X X X X X X X Xwith X X Xcredit. X X X X XPublishers XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX this assume XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX no liability for any information published. We reserve the right to accept X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Xor XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X reject X X X X Xall X Xadvertising X X X X X X X X material X X X X X X Xand X X Xwill X X Xnot XXX X X X X X X X Xthe XXX X X X Xor X Xsafety XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX guarantee return XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX art, X X X X X X X X X X X X X of X Xunsolicited XXXXXXXXX X Xphotographs X X X X X X X X X Xor X Xmanuscripts. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XWWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X•X XWWW.IFPS.ORG XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX


ASSEMBLY

BARLAP®

INSTALLATION

DISTRIBUTION

BARDKO®

The BARLAP® Flared Joint – standard ANSI and DIN flanges are available. Sizes 2" to 16" (60mm to 406mm). Pressures to 231 BAR (3400 PSI). Available in carbon steel and stainless steel.

BARCONN®

The BARDKO®Flared Joint – the system utilizes 24º DKO adapters. Standard sizes are available from ¾" 8 to 1½" (8mm to 38mm) tube. Pressures to 612 BAR (9000 PSI). Available in carbon steel and stainless steel.

The BARCONN® Flared Joint – available in SAE, ISO, ANSI and DIN, in sizes ½" to 10" (20mm to 273mm) pipe. Pressures to 420 BAR (6000 PSI). Available in carbon steel and stainless steel.

FROM CONCEPT TO COMMISSIONING –

We Supply, Install, Pressure Test and Flush Hydraulic Piping Systems Contact Us For A Distributor Near You

(716) 824-1788  (905) 385-2257  info@barhydraulics.com

www.barhydraulics.com CIRCLE 151


CIRCLE 152


HOW DID YOU CELEBRATE?

RG GROUP

In honor of Fluid Power Professionals’ Day, the IFPS selected three, randomly selected members to receive an IFPS appreciation package that included a one-year free membership and a free online hydraulic safety awareness course! APPRECIATION PACKAGE WINNERS Chris Florez, Southern California Edison Arnold Carswell, retired, Calgary, Canada David Spitzenberger, Fluid System Components, Inc. CELEBRATION PHOTO WINNER RG Group, York, PA

WORTH RETWEETING!

DAMAN PRODUCTS COMPANY

Scott Industrial @ScottFluidPower Happy #FluidPower Professionals' Day! We are fortunate to have such a talented and dedicated team here at Scott! @The_IFPS @TheNFPA

Daman Products Co. @DamanProductsCo It's #FluidPowerProfessionalsDay Thanks to all our dedicated employees in fluid power. @The_IFPS

AIRLINE HYDRAULICS

Airline Hydraulics @AirlineHyd What better way to celebrate #fluidpower professionals' day than with @PPFpretzels! Thank you for all you do for the industry! @The_IFPS 8

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


Engineering & Manufacturing Solutions

Construction

Ag ri

Ma ter ial Ha nd l

re ltu cu

g in

Marine •

a Waste M

Brand Hydraulics Co. will conduct business with integrity and strive to exceed customer expectations while providing value and innovation in our products and services.

na g

Our Mission:

In d

us

e nt

tr i

al

em •

Tr an

• sp o rtat

s Fore

i on

tr y

• 402.344.4434 www.brand-hyd.com • sales@brand-hyd.com

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

CIRCLE 153

ISO 9001:2008 WITH DESIGN Certificate #02.002.1 MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

9


SCHEDULE OF EVENTS

See You in September Join the IFPS on September 25-28, 2017 for the 2017 Annual Meeting at The Alexander in Indianapolis, Ind. This is a great way to network with professionals in the fluid power and motion control industry, and there is bound to be a committee you can get involved in. In addition to committee and board meetings, optional activities are planned throughout the week. A technical workshop and Job Performance Test will be held on Monday, September 25, 2017. Participation in this workshop contributes towards re-accreditation requirements. Register for the meeting, technical workshop, and Job Performance Test by visiting www.ifps.org or calling 800-308-6005.

Mobile - Portable

EXPERTS IN HIGH PRESSURE TESTING MOBILE

PORTABLE

• Hydrostatic Pressure Testing • Bolt Tensioning & Nut Torqueing • Chemical Injection • Charging of N2 Accumulators • Leak Testing

• Clamping • Valve Actuation • Calibration • Gas Transfer • Coolant Injection

1:00pm - 4:00pm Job Performance Testing. Separate fees apply. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26 8:00am - 9:00am Strategic Planning Committee Meeting 9:00am - 11:30am Education Committee Meeting 11:30am - 12:30pm Hosted Lunch 12:30pm - 2:30pm Membership Committee Meeting 3:00pm - 5:00pm Industry Tour 6:00pm - 7:30pm Welcome Reception 7:30pm - 9:30pm Escape Room Indianapolis - Optional WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 27 8:00am - 12:00pm Certification Committee Meeting 1:00pm - 5:00pm Indianapolis Speedway Grounds Tour - Optional 6:30pm - 9:00pm Annual Dinner THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 28 8:00am - 10:00am Marketing Committee Meeting

Hy

HY drauli c DR AU s Inter LIC n S o ationa l, I r PN EU nc. MA TIC S

HII

TECHNICAL WORKSHOP Monday, September 25, 2017 “International Standard IEC 61131 for Programmable Logic Controllers” 8:00am – 4:00pm (lunch included) Registration: $150.00 Presented by Ken Dulinski, CFPAI/ CFPECS Macomb Community College This workshop will present complete coverage of the syntax, operands, and operators of the six available programming languages of the IEC61131-3 programming standard – Ladder Logic, Instruction List, Structured Text, Function Block Diagram, Sequential Function Chart, and Continuous Function Chart. The IFPS Electronic Controls Specialist certification test requires knowledge of this standard as one of the primary outcomes. Applications will be covered along with visualizations using each of the languages.

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 25 8:00am - 4:00pm Technical Workshop – $150 includes lunch

10:00am - 11:30pm Finance Committee Meeting 11:30am - 12:30pm Hosted Lunch 12:30pm - 2:30pm Board of Directors Meeting

HYD-4404

9201 Independence Ave., Chatsworth, CA 91311 USA (Phone) 818.407.3400 | (Fax) 818.407.3428 www.hiigroup.com CIRCLE 154

10

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

Made in the USA

2:30pm - 3:30pm Strategic Planning Follow-Up 6:00pm - 10:00pm Dinner Theater - Optional

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


IFPS Newly Certified Professionals JUNE 1 – JUNE 30, 2017

CONNECTOR AND CONDUCTOR (CC)

Roy Beach, The Boeing Company Perry Brokaw, The Boeing Company Maxwell Mann, The Boeing Company Shaun McConnell, The Boeing Company Darrell Schultz, The Boeing Company Jacob Williams, The Boeing Company ELECTRONIC CONTROLS SPECIALIST (ECS)

Jonathan Mellnitz, Fluid Power Sales, Inc. Adrian Ramirez-Reyes HYDRAULIC SPECIALIST (HS)

Teshale Bekele Rodolfo Benitez, Bosch Rexroth Corporation - Canada Jim Berryman, Airline Hydraulics Corp. Joshua Cook Martin DeLucia, Applied Motion Technologies, Inc. Joel Geisinger, Spencer Fluid Power Nicholas Gregory, HYDAC Corporation Thomas Kramer, Jr., Airline Hydraulics Corp. Mark Main, Oceaneering International David Nettles Timothy Phillips, Airline Hydraulics Corp. Daniel Smay, FEMCO Holding, Inc.

Zlatko Dumpor, Altec Industries, Inc. Dustin Ehrmantraut, Altec Industries, Inc. Matt Feldmann, City of Hillsboro Thomas Frost, Altec Industries, Inc. Theodore Johnson, Eugene Water & Electric Board Steve Jordan, Grant County PUD #2 Patrick Knox, Jefferson County Thomas Martinez, Tualatin Hills Park & Recreation Nathan McWilliams, Altec Industries, Inc. Andrew Moe, Bonneville Power Administration Andy Normand, Eugene Water & Electric Board Daniel Prevatte, Altec Industries, Inc. James Proctor, Bonneville Power Administration John Ringer, Altec Industries, Inc. Daniel Schnelle, Altec Industries, Inc. Erik Schoolfield, City of Vancouver

Joe Sitzmann, Altec Industries, Inc. Duane Troike, Bonneville Power Administration Ernest Vigil, Bonneville Power Administration Lucas Wallace, Altec Industries, Inc. Douglas Windsor, Altec Industries, Inc. James Wolfe, Altec Industries, Inc. Michael Yenerich, Altec Industries, Inc. MASTER MECHANIC (MM) Holds IHM, MHM, PM

Troy Cox, Bonneville Power Administration Randall Hyatt, Bonneville Power Administration Don Neely, Bonneville Power Administration PNEUMATIC MECHANIC (PM)

Troy Cox, Bonneville Power Administration Randall Hyatt, Bonneville Power Administration Don Neely, Bonneville Power Administration

INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULIC MECHANIC (IHM)

Michael Amormino, Attica Hydraulic Exchange Corp. Lester Aubrey, Coastal Hydraulics, Inc. Mark Bedson, The Boeing Company Joe Demist, Attica Hydraulic Exchange Corp. Steven Downey, Attica Hydraulic Exchange Corp. Justin Hogg, Attica Hydraulic Exchange Corp. Adam Janosik, The Boeing Company INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULIC TECHNICIAN (IHT)

Daniel Kadel, North Star BlueScope Steel Jason Rowe, Hyflodraulic Ltd. MOBILE HYDRAULIC MECHANIC (MHM)

Joseph Bennett, Altec Industries, Inc. Nick Brodaczynski, City of Vancouver Pete Combs, Bonneville Power Administration Micah Denson, Altec Industries, Inc. Frank DeRoberts, Jr., Bonneville Power Administration WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

CIRCLE 155

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

11


XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Accredited X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X XInstructor XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Authorized Job X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XPerformance X X X X X X X X X X X XProctor XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Authorized Job XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XPerformance X X X X X X X X X X X XProctor X X X X X X XConnector X X X X X X X X X X& X XConductor XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Engineer XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Specialist X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CFPHS, X X X X X X X X X X X X X X(Must X X X X X XObtain XXXXXXX X X X X X X X XCFPPS) XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Hydraulic X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX X X X X X X X X Specialist XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X Specialist XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Pneumatic XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XElectronic X X X X X X X X X XControls X X X X X X X XSpecialist XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Master X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX X X X X X XTechnician XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CFPIHT, X X X X X X X X X X X X X X(Must X X X X X XObtain XXXXXXX X X X X X X X XCFPMHT, X X X X X X X X X& X XCFPPT) XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XIndustrial X X X X X X X X XHydraulic X X X X X X X X XTechnician XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified X X X X X X X XFluid X X X X XPower X X X X X XMobile X X X X X XHydraulic X X X X X X X X Technician XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X Technician XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Pneumatic XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Master X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX X X X X X XMechanic XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CFPIHM, CFPMHM, X X X X X X X X X X X X X X(Must X X X X X XObtain XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X& X XCFPPM) XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified X X X X X X X XFluid X X X X Power X X X X X XIndustrial X X X X X X X XHydraulic X X X X X X X X Mechanic XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Certified Fluid Power Mobile Hydraulic Mechanic XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X Mechanic XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Pneumatic XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XMaster X X X X X X Xof X XIndustrial X X X X X X X X XHydraulics XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CFPIHM, CFPIHT, X X X X X X X X X X X X X X(Must X X X X X XObtain XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X&X XCFPCC) XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified X X X X X X X XFluid X X X X XPower X X X X X XMaster X X X X X Xof X XMobile X X X X X X Hydraulics XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X(Must X X X X X XObtain XXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X XCFPMHT, X X X X X X X X X& X XCFPCC) XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CFPMHM, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XMaster X X X X X X Xof X XIndustrial X X X X X X X X XPneumatics XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X(Must X X X X X XObtain XXXXXXX X X X X X X X XCFPPT, X X X X X X X& X XCFPCC) XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CFPPM, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCertified XXXXXXXXX X X X XPower XXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Fluid Connector &XConductor XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X XFluid X X X X XPower X X X X X X System XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Designer XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X(In X X XDevelopment) X X X X X X X X X X X X XMobile XXXXXXX X X X X X X X X XControls XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Electronic XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X(In X X XDevelopment X X X X X X X X X X X)XIndustrial X X X X X X X X Electronic X X X X X X X X X Controls XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X XWWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X•X XWWW.IFPS.ORG XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

AVAILABLE IFPS CERTIFICATIONS

CFPAI

CFPAJPP

SAVE THE

DATE LOCATION

REVIEW DATES

2017 CERTIFICATION REVIEW TRAINING TEST

FACILITY

CONTACT

ELECTRONIC CONTROLS SPECIALIST (ECS) CERTIFICATION REVIEW Fairfield, OH

October 23-26

October 26

CFC Industrial Training

register@cfc-solar.com

September 6-8

Virginia Beach, VA

September 8

CFC Industrial Training

register@cfc-solar.com

September 19-22 September 22

NTT Training

ascheer@nttinc.com

Charlotte, NC

September 20-22

September 22

CFC Industrial Training

register@cfc-solar.com

Maumee, OH

October 10-12

October 13

Eaton

hydraulicstraining@eaton.com

Maumee, OH

October 31-Nov 2 November 3

Eaton

hydraulicstraining@eaton.com

Bethlehem, PA

December18-20

Applied Motion Technologies

smbogush@amthydraulics.com

December 20

Centennial (Denver) CO

August 22-24

August 24

NTT Training

ascheer@nttinc.com

Maumee, OH

October 11-12

October 12-13

Eaton

hydraulicstraining@eaton.com

INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULIC MECHANIC (IHM) REVIEW W/JOB PERFORMANCE TEST Bethlehem, PA

September 19-21

September 22

Applied Motion Technologies

smbogush@amthydraulics.com

Virginia Beach, VA

October 3-6

October 6

NTT Training

ascheer@nttinc.com

MOBILE HYDRAULIC MECHANIC (MHM) REVIEW W/JOB PERFORMANCE TEST September 12-15

September 15

NTT Training

ascheer@nttinc.com

INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULIC TECHNICIAN (IHT) REVIEW TRAINING W/JOB PERFORMANCE TEST Fairfield, OH

Call for dates

Virginia Beach, VA

October 17-20

October 20

CFC Industrial Training

Phone: 513-874-3225

NTT Training

ascheer@nttinc.com

MOBILE HYDRAULIC TECHNICIAN (MHT) REVIEW TRAINING W/JOB PERFORMANCE TEST Fairfield, OH

Call for dates

Virginia Beach, VA

September 12-15

September 15

CFC Industrial Training

Phone: 513-874-3225

NTT Training

ascheer@nttinc.com

PNEUMATIC MECHANIC (PM) REVIEW TRAINING W/JOB PERFORMANCE TEST Fairfield, Ohio

Call for dates

CFC Industrial Training

Phone: 513-874-3225

12

Call for dates

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

CFC Industrial Training

CFPHS

CFPECS

CFPMT

CFPIHT

CFPMHT

CFPMM

CFPIHM

CFPMHM CFPPM

CFPMIH

CFPMMH

CFPMIP

CFPCC

CFPSD

CFPMEC CFPIEC

PNEUMATIC TECHNICIAN (PT) REVIEW TRAINING W/JOB PERFORMANCE TEST Fairfield, Ohio  

CFPS

CFPPT

CONNECTOR & CONDUCTOR (CC) REVIEW W/ JOB PERFORMANCE TEST

Virginia Beach, VA

CFPE

CFPPS

HYDRAULIC SPECIALIST (HS) CERTIFICATION REVIEW Fairfield, OH

CFPAJPPCC

Phone: 513-874-3225


ATTENTION ENGINEER AND SYSTEM DESIGNER APPLICANTS FLUID POWER ENGINEER CERTIFICATION Certified professional engineers (PE) or degree equivalent (BS from ABET recognized university) may apply for this certification. Additional requirements must be met.

FLUID POWER SYSTEM DESIGNER CERTIFICATION If an individual meets the requirement below, they may apply for this expanded credential focusing on advanced, system-level hydraulic, pneumatic and electronic controls expertise along with verifiable industry experience.

REQUIREMENTS

1. IFPS Specialist Certification* a. Hydraulic Specialist Certification, AND/OR b. Pneumatic Specialist Certification, AND/OR c. Electronic Controls Certification Effective January 1, 2018, all three Specialist certifications will be required. 2. Connector & Conductor written test 3. Five (5) signed professional references 4. Certified Professional Engineer (PE) or degree equivalent (BS from ABET recognized university) 5. Agree to abide by the IFPS Code of Ethics. 6. Eight (8) years work experience in the fluid power and motion control industry 7. Complete the Engineer application ($280 Member / $435 Non-Member)

Q: If I already hold an IFPS Engineer/ System Designer certification, will I have to take an additional certification test when it is time to recertify?

A: No, you will not need to take an additional certification test. Your certification will be grandfathered in.

REQUIREMENTS

1. IFPS Specialist Certification* a. Hydraulic Specialist (CFPHS) Certification, AND/OR b. Pneumatic Specialist (CFPPS) Certification, AND/OR c. Electronic Controls Certification (CFPECS) Effective January 1, 2018, all three Specialist certifications will be required. 2. Connector & Conductor written test 3. Five (5) signed professional references 4. Verifiable fluid power design experience. 5. Agree to abide by the IFPS Code of Ethics 6. Six (6) years minimum system design OR any of the following: a. Hold an Associate Fluid Power degree + four (4) years system design experience b. Hold a BS degree (Engineering or Engineering Technology) + four (4) years system design experience c. Hold a CFPAI (Certified Fluid Power Accredited Instructor) certification + four (4) years system design training experience 7. Complete the System Designer application ($280 Member / $435 Non-Member)

IF YOU APPLY BEFORE DECEMBER 31, 2017 - *You must hold two (2) of the three (3) Specialist certifications. If your Specialist certification was obtained before HS and PS became separate entities (1998), the current Specialist certification fulfills the HS requirement only; the PS or the ECS test must be taken and passed as well before applying for Engineer certification. IF YOU APPLY AFTER DECEMBER 31, 2017 - All three Specialist (HS, PS and ECS)

certifications will be required.

To apply visit ifps.org or call 800-308-6005.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

13

CIRCLE 156


XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Denison, X X X X X X X XTX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Spokane, XXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X Surrey, X X X X X X BC XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX WA XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X El X X Paso, X X X X X TX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Vancouver, X X X X X X X X X XBC XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Houston, X X X X X X X XTX X X X X X X X X X X X X X WISCONSIN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Victoria, X X X X X X X BC XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Lac, X X X Huntsville, X X X X X X X X XTX X X X X X X X X X X X X Fond X X X X Xdu XXX X X XWI X X X X X X X X X X Prince X X X X X XGeorge, X X X X X X XBS XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Laredo, X X X X X X XTX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X La X X XCrosse, XXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X Brandon, X X X X X X X XMB XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX WI XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Lubbock, X X X X X X X X TX X X X X X X X X X X X X X Milwaukee, X X X X X X X X X XWI X X X X X X X X X X X Winnipeg, X X X X X X X X XMB XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Lufkin, X X X X X XTX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Moncton, X X X X X X X X NB XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X WYOMING XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Mesquite, TX St. John’s, NL XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Weatherford, XXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X Casper, X X X X X X XWY X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Halifax, X X X X X X XNS XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Wichita X X X X X X XFalls, X X X X XTX X X X X X X X X X Laramie, X X X X X X X XWY X X X X X X X X X X X X X Brockville, X X X X X X X X XON XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Torrington, X X X X X X X X X WY X X X X X X X X X X X X Hamilton, X X X X X X X X ON XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X UTAH X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Mississauga, X X X X X X X X X X XON XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Cedar X X X X X XCity, X X X XUT X X X X X X X X X X X ASIA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Niagara-on-the-Lake, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Kaysville, X X X X X X X XUT X X X X X X X X X X X X X Kingdom X X X X X X X Xof X XBahrain X X X X X X X X X X X ON XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Logan, X X X X X X UT X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X North X X X X X Bay, X X X XON XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Ogden, X X X X X X XUT X X X X X X X X X X X X X X AUSTRALIA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X North X X X X X York, X X X X XON XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Orem, X X X X X XUT X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Rockingham, X X X X X X X X X X X WA X X X X X X X X X X Ottawa, X X X X X X XON XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Salt X X X XLake X X X XCity, X X X X UT X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Toronto, X X X X X X XON XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X CANADA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Welland, X X X X X X X XON XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X VIRGINIA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Calgary, XXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX AB Windsor,XON XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Daleville, X X X X X X X XVA X X X X X X X X X X X X X Edmonton, XXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X QB XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX AB Côte Saint-Luc, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Lynchburg, X X X X X X X X X XVA X X X X X X X X X X X Fort X X X XMcMurray, X X X X X X X X XAB X X X X X X X X Moose X X X X X X Jaw, X X X XSK XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Norfolk, X X X X X X XVA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Lethbridge, X X X X X X X X X XAB X X X X X X X X X X X Prince X X X X X XAlbert, X X X X X XSK XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Roanoke, X X X X X X X X VA X X X X X X X X X X X X X Lloydminster, X X X X X X X X X X X AB X X X X X X X X X X Saskatchewan, X X X X X X X X X X X X XSK XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Virginia X X X X X X XBeach, X X X X X XVA X X X X X X X X Olds, X X X X XAB X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Whitehorse, X X X X X X X X X X XYT XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Red X X X XDeer, X X X X XAB XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X WASHINGTON X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Abbotsford, X X X X X X X X X X BC X X X X X X X X X X X ENGLAND XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Bellingham, X X X X X X X X X XWA X X X X X X X X X X X Burnaby, X X X X X X X XBC X X X X X X X X X X X X X London XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Bremerton, X X X X X X X X X XWA X X X X X X X X X X X Castlegar, X X X X X X X X XBC XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX BC X X X Ellensburg, X X X X X X X X X XWA X X X X X X X X X X X Delta, XXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X NEW X X X X XZEALAND XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Taradale Olympia, WA Kamloops, BC XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X Seattle, X X X X X X XWA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Nanaimo, X X X X X X X X BC XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX BC X X X Shoreline, X X X X X X X X XWA X X X X X X X X X X X X Richmond, XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

ABOUT WRITTEN CERTIFICATION TESTS

CERTIFICATION TESTING LOCATIONS ALABAMA

Auburn, AL Birmingham, AL Jacksonville, AL Mobile, AL Montgomery, AL Normal, AL Tuscaloosa, AL ALASKA

Anchorage, AK Fairbanks, AK ARIZONA

Flagstaff, AZ Glendale, AZ Mesa, AZ Phoenix, AZ Prescott, AZ Safford, AZ Scottsdale, AZ Sierra Vista, AZ Tempe, AZ Thatcher, AZ Tucson, AZ Yuma, AZ

Davie, FL Daytona Beach, FL Fort Pierce, FL Ft. Myers, FL Gainesville, FL Miami Gardens, FL New Port Richey, FL Orlando, FL Panama City, FL Pembroke Pines, FL Pensacola, FL Plant City, FL Sanford, FL St. Petersburg, FL Tampa, FL Winter Haven, FL GEORGIA

Bentonville, AR Hot Springs, AR Little Rock, AR

Albany, GA Athens, GA Atlanta, GA Carrollton, GA Dahlonega, GA Dublin, GA Dunwoody, GA Lawrenceville, GA Morrow, GA Oakwood, GA Statesboro, GA Tifton, GA Valdosta, GA

CALIFORNIA

HAWAII

Arcata, CA Aptos, CA Bakersfield, CA Encinitas, CA Fresno, CA Irvine, CA Marysville, CA Riverside, CA Sacramento, CA Salinas, CA San Diego, CA San Jose, CA San Luis Obispo, CA Santa Ana, CA Santa Maria, CA Santa Rosa, CA Yucaipa, CA

Laie, HI

ARKANSAS

COLORADO

Aurora, CO Boulder, CO Centennial, CO Colorado Springs, CO Denver, CO Durango, CO Ft. Collins, CO Greeley, CO Lakewood, CO Littleton, CO Pueblo, CO DELAWARE

Dover, DE Georgetown, DE FLORIDA

Avon Park, FL Boca Raton, FL Cocoa, FL

14

IOWA

MISSOURI

Ames, IA Cedar Rapids, IA Iowa City, IA Ottumwa, IA Sioux City, IA Waterloo, IA

Cape Girardeau, MO Cottleville, MO Joplin, MO Kansas City, MO Kirksville, MO Park Hills, MO Poplar Bluff, MO Rolla, MO Sedalia, MO St. Joseph, MO St. Louis, MO Warrensburg, MO

KANSAS

Lawrence, KS Manhattan, KS Wichita, KS KENTUCKY

Bowling Green, KY Covington, KY Highland Heights, KY Louisville, KY Morehead, KY

ILLINOIS

Carbondale, IL Carterville, IL Champaign, IL Decatur, IL DeKalb, IL Edwardsville, IL Glen Ellyn, IL Joliet, IL Malta, IL Peoria, IL Springfield, IL INDIANA

Bloomington, IN Evansville, IN Fort Wayne, IN Gary, IN Indianapolis, IN Kokomo, IN Lafayette, IN Lawrenceburg, IN Madison, IN Muncie, IN New Albany, IN Sellersburg, IN South Bend, IN Terre Haute, IN

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

Bozeman, MT Missoula, MT NEBRASKA

LOUISIANA

Bossier City, LA Monroe, LA Natchitoches, LA New Orleans, LA Thibodaux, LA MARYLAND

Arnold, MD Bel Air, MD Frederick, MD Hagerstown, MD La Plata, MD Westminster, MD Wye Mills, MD

IDAHO

Boise, ID Coeur d ‘Alene, ID Idaho Falls, ID Lewiston, ID Moscow, ID Nampa, ID Rexburg, ID Twin Falls, ID

MONTANA

Bellevue, NE Lincoln, NE North Platte, NE Omaha, NE NEVADA

Henderson, NV North Las Vegas, NV Winnemucca, NV NEW JERSEY

Branchburg, NJ Lincroft, NJ Sewell, NJ Toms River, NJ West Windsor, NJ

OKLAHOMA

Altus, OK Bethany, OK Edmond, OK Norman, OK Oklahoma City, OK Stillwater, OK Tonkawa, OK Tulsa, OK OREGON

Bend, OR Coos Bay, OR Eugene, OR Gresham, OR Medford, OR Oregon City, OR Portland, OR White City, OR PENNSYLVANIA

Albuquerque, NM Clovis, NM Farmington, NM Portales, NM Santa Fe, NM

Bethlehem, PA Bloomsburg, PA Blue Bell, PA Gettysburg, PA Harrisburg, PA Lancaster, PA Newtown, PA Philadelphia, PA Pittsburgh, PA York, PA

NEW YORK

SOUTH CAROLINA

MASSACHUSETTS

Boston, MA Bridgewater, MA Danvers, MA Haverhill, MA Holyoke, MA

Columbus, OH Fairfield, OH Findlay, OH Kirtland, OH Lima, OH Maumee, OH Newark, OH Orrville, OH Rio Grande, OH Toledo, OH Youngstown, OH

NEW MEXICO

MICHIGAN

Ann Arbor, MI Big Rapids, MI Dearborn, MI Dowagiac, MI East Lansing, MI Flint, MI Grand Rapids, MI Kalamazoo, MI Lansing, MI Livonia, MI Mason, MI Mount Pleasant, MI Sault Ste. Marie, MI Troy, MI University Center, MI Warren, MI MINNESOTA

Brooklyn Park, MN Eden Prairie, MN Granit Falls, MN Mankato, MN Morris, MN

Brooklyn, NY Buffalo, NY Garden City, NY Middletown, NY New York, NY Syracuse, NY NORTH CAROLINA

Apex, NC Asheville, NC Boone, NC Charlotte, NC Durham, NC Fayetteville, NC Greensboro, NC Greenville, NC Jamestown, NC Misenheimer, NC Pembroke, NC Raleigh, NC Wilmington, NC NORTH DAKOTA

MISSISSIPPI

Goodman, MS Mississippi State, MS Raymond, MS University, MS

Bismarck, ND Fargo, ND OHIO

Akron, OH Cincinnati, OH

Beaufort, SC Charleston, SC Columbia, SC Conway, SC Greenwood, SC Orangeburg, SC Rock Hill, SC Spartanburg, SC TENNESSE

Blountville, TN Clarksville, TN Collegedale, TN Gallatin, TN Johnson City, TN Memphis, TN Morristown, TN Murfreesboro, TN Nashville, TN TEXAS

Abilene, TX Arlington, TX Austin, TX Beaumont, TX Brownsville, TX Commerce, TX Corpus Christi, TX Dallas, TX

Individuals wishing to take any IFPS written certification tests are able to select from convenient locations across the United States and Canada. The IFPS is able to offer these locations through its affiliation with The Consortium of College Testing Centers (CCTC) provided by National College Testing Association (NCTA).   To register for a written certification test: 1. Fill out an IFPS certification test application including your desired location by visiting www.ifps.org. 2. Submit your application with payment to IFPS headquarters. 3. Upon receipt of your application, you will be e-mailed instructions. Testing dates for all locations:

AUGUST 2017 TUESDAY, 8/1 • THURSDAY, 8/24

SEPTEMBER 2017 TUESDAY, 9/5 • THURSDAY, 9/21

OCTOBER 2017 TUESDAY, 10/3 • THURSDAY, 10/19 NOVEMBER 2017 TUESDAY, 11/7 • THURSDAY, 11/16

DECEMBER 2017 TUESDAY, 12/5 • THURSDAY, 12/21

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


CUSTOM FITTINGS

For 20+ years we have been making custom fittings for our customer both suction and high pressure.

TO TRANSFORM THE DRIVING TECHNIQUES OF AUTOMOBILE USERS

RISING INTEREST IN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES CREATES VAST GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES FOR SENSOR DEVELOPERS

The growing popularity of autonomous vehicles is enhancing the need for improved vehicle and occupant safety, opening up the market to advanced automotive sensor technologies. The integration of sensors and actuators into automotive control systems optimizes driver and passenger comfort, as well as the performance of the vehicle by increasing its durability and reliability. Promising sensor technology applications include collision warning, night vision, traffic signal recognition, adaptive cruise control, blind-spot detection, lane departure warning, emergency braking, parking assistance, and pedestrian detection. Innovations in Automotive Sensors is part of Frost & Sullivan’s Sensors and Instrumentation Growth Partnership Subscription. The study analyzes some of the path-breaking emerging sensor technologies that can energize the automotive sector. The key sensing technologies covered in this research include light detection and ranging (LiDAR), image, touch, gesture recognition, inertial, pressure, micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) accelerometer, anisotropic magneto-resistive (AMR), giant magneto-resistance (GMR), and biometric sensors and gyros. While sensor technology powers numerous products and applications, it is beset by several inherent reliability and accuracy issues. Once these issues are ironed out through further advancements, automotive participants will replace all bulky testing and diagnostic devices with sleeker products that employ miniaturized sensors. Additionally, automotive manufacturers will be keen on comprehensive solutions that use different sensing technologies and sensor fusion. Manufacturers of autonomous vehicles will also be eager to partner with sensor manufacturers that enable functionalities such as wireless communication and 3D vision depth. Visit www.frost.com for complimentary access to more information on this analysis and to register for a Growth Strategy Dialogue, a free interactive briefing with Frost & Sullivan’s thought leaders. WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

15

O-RING WELD FITTINGS

We stock a full line of high quality o-ring weld fittings from 6 to 32. Don’t see what you need? Not a problem. We can make those special parts for you! MADE IN OREGON SINCE 1969

P.O. BOX 776 ST. HELENS, OR 97051 PHONE: 503-366-2660 FAX: 503-366-2745 CIRCLE 157


VALIDATING

AIRCRAFT HYDRAULICS

I In many competitive application areas, engineers and designers are faced with steadily increasing pressures to keep pace with innovation and new technology, get to market faster, and optimize resources, both in cost and in man-hours. This is especially true for today’s commercial and military aircraft industry, where there is little room for error, and components must not only work individually, but must also integrate seamlessly with a complex system with numerous variables and external influences.

16

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WITH A FULL-SCALE TEST CELL Hydraulic systems in today’s aircraft present substantial challenges for designers. For example, designs must be lightweight, high performance, reliable, and cost effective. After designing the system with specific component types and sizes—such as valves, pumps, motors, and tubing—and detailing their locations and inter-component routing paths, designers must then verify the performance of each component, as well as performance for the overall system. They must ensure proper function under a long list of normal, adverse, and even extreme conditions, including temperature swings, thermal cycling, and g-force. Each component must function per the design intent, and the entire system must work together as anticipated. Given the complexity of aerospace systems and their mission-critical nature, designers must verify the system dynamics, transient response, and load capacity on the ground prior to deploying it into

an aircraft. Similarly, component vendors want to ensure—with a high level of confidence—that the final set of selected components and arrangements are compliant with system-level specifications before shipping the components to the end user. This testing process is complicated by the number of factors that can affect overall system performance in addition to the performance of individual components. Component arrangement, configuration of interconnect tubing, and even the system routing can all add variables that must be considered, tested, and addressed. Obvious problems, such as improperly sized and selected components (valves, pumps, or reservoirs), for example, will negatively impact performance. But less-obvious problems, such as tube size and even bend radius of tubing, can cause significant and sometimes unexpected performance issues. All these variables must be considered individually and as part of the whole system.

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


Since component suppliers must find and resolve system-level problems to optimize performance and accuracy, it is imperative to conduct a credible, in-depth assessment of the complete configuration’s performance in the most efficient and reliable way possible. CASE STUDY An aerospace hydraulics component vendor contracted Wineman Technology Inc. to build a test stand using actual components, tubing, and configuration to create an exhaustive test suite for performing data analysis. To begin the project, the customer provided 3D CAD geometry files of the aircraft hydraulics design, along with a detailed bill of material (BOM) for the hydraulic components to be used, many of which were specifically designed for this aircraft and required component-level testing prior to system-level testing (Fig. 1). The geometry files were converted into a form that could be used by a numerically controlled bending machine to produce tubing to match the exact aircraft geometry and volume. The accuracy of the tubing bends was critical for proper system-level testing because it allowed designers to validate the design and routing of the tubing while simulating actual flight maneuvers using the hydraulic components in the aircraft. Steel tubing was used for this testing since the actual magnesium tubing is expensive,

FIG. 1 CAD drawing showing a system similar to the one designed for the customer hard to obtain, and difficult to modify for sensors and fittings. This carefully constructed system matched volumetric conditions to better than 1%, including tubing bends, lengths, and diameters. As a result, it was a very close replication of the actual aircraft’s set-up, and could be used to test and assess operation with high credibility and low risk. INSTRUMENTATION AND SOFTWARE To instrument the test stand, National Instruments CompactDAQ hardware was used, a rugged data acquisition platform that integrates connectivity and signal conditioning into modular I/O to directly interface with sensors and signals.

NI CompactDAQ includes • Sensor-based I/O modules with signal-conditioning functions (amplification, filtering, excitation, and isolation) for accurate sensor measurements • General-purpose I/O modules supporting a broad range of analog and digital input and output • Chassis and controllers to control the timing, synchronization, and data transfer between I/O modules In addition, by using NI LabVIEW software, Wineman created a custom user interface, allowing the customer to build test profiles, run durability cycles (such as ramping a pump

» WEH® QUICK CONNECTORS

Pressure-tight connections in SECONDS

» Just PUSH to connect -

No hand tightening, no tapes, no thread sealants » Direct connection to threads, beads, tubes etc. » Pressure range of up to 14,500 psi WEH Technologies Inc. Katy, TX Call us: 832-331-0021 sales@weh.us

» www.weh.us

CIRCLE 158

Anzeige_ADT_US_7.625x4.875_Systems Integrator Directory_FINAL.indd 1 WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

12.01.2016 07:04:01 MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

17


through speed cycles), and operate control valves to simulate user flaps with the actuators (prime movers) under load. Thanks to its 50 kSPS data acquisition rate, the system could provide accurate measurement of transient impulse respond—a critical concern where “shock waves” (similar to water hammer) and their detrimental effects are a major concern. RESULTS The final turnkey solution delivered allowed flexibility and customization, with options for

adding additional test requirements later as desired. Using LabVIEW, the customer could schedule repeated “hands-off” tests with loops or specify a number of simulations, such as 20 bank turns or 45 take-off/landing cycles, adding varying operating conditions if desired. A hardware-based test stand such as this one addresses the multiple challenges that today’s product suppliers, designers, and OEMs face including • More complex designs • Increased performance demands

• Additional constraints of size, cost, and power • Shorter project completion times and tighter deadlines • More comprehensive testing required before delivery • Less time for redesign • Increased reliance by end-users on component suppliers to provide configurations and detailed BOMS to meet specs with a high level of confidence and low risk • Necessary adherence to detailed regulatory standards for performance verification WHY MODELING AND SIMULATION ALONE WILL NOT WORK There’s no doubt that today’s modeling and simulation tools are advanced and powerful, and have improved by several orders of magnitude in just a few decades. Today’s finite element analysis (FEA), computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and hydraulic applications can deliver impressive results in many situations and within reasonable time. As a result, a software-based model and simulation approach may seem a technically attractive approach for an aircraft hydraulics-related test and verification project in terms of cost and time, but it doesn’t capture the reality of the design and implementation. A real-world hydraulics system has many hard-to-model aspects, including variables that are seemingly mundane yet are quite important, such as the effect of bends in tubing (gently curved, sharp 90° turn, or with a radius somewhere in-between) on fluid flow and pressure. Even if the model is approximately accurate—it could be, if enough time and effort is put into it—the problem is that a real system has hundreds of these tubing bends. All modest individual approximations and their associated errors in the model add up to a large aggregate error in the subsequent simulation. This makes the model’s result nearly useless except as a very rough “first-pass” approximation and performance check to see if the design is anywhere close to being adequate. That coarse level of accuracy is, of course, not acceptable given the critical nature of the application and the need to have a high level of confidence in the result. So, while there may be non-hardware-based simulation alternatives for some situations, designers find that for sophisticated hydraulic systems with complex configurations and critical applications, a hardware-based test rig and appropriate data acquisition/control instrumentation—combined with a flexible user interface—is a very time- and cost-effective solution. It offers minimum risk while yielding a high level of confidence in the result.

F

For more information on Wineman Technology’s aerospace solutions, or for a free system evaluation, visit www.winemantech.com.

CIRCLE 159

18

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


Second FPIC Seminar on Additive Manufacturing Continues Successful Series

CRS SERVICE, INC

BY ERIC LANKE, NFPA PRESIDENT/CEO

On June 2, 2017, I had the privilege of attending the second seminar of MSOE’s new Fluid Power Industrial Consortium (FPIC). Through a quarterly series of half-day seminars on the latest fluid power technology advances with immediate implementation, FPIC provides a platform for fluid power OEMs, manufacturers, SMEs, and distributors to network, problem solve, and access cutting-edge technology. NFPA is a supporting partner of FPIC. As a result, NFPA member companies are exempt from the annual FPIC membership fee and are able to participate freely in the quarterly seminars. Members of NFPA’s Roadmap Committee, who assist us in maintaining the NFPA Technology Roadmap, are especially encouraged to participate. It is expected that FPIC seminar topics will provide Roadmap Committee members with an ideal way to stay abreast of the technological advancements that will influence the direction of our roadmap. The seminar on June 2 was a great example of this process in action. Twenty-five people, including sixteen NFPA members, were in attendance, and they heard presentations on cutting-edge additive manufacturing applications for today’s and tomorrow’s fluid power industry. Additive manufacturing is one of the enabling technologies recently highlighted on the Fluid Power Manufacturing Roadmap, so it was great to see both how fluid power companies are and could use this technology to improve their products and their bottom lines.

PRESENTATIONS INCLUDE How to Use Advanced Software and 3D Printing to Create High Quality Castings for the Fluid Power Industry Terry Senish, Director of Technology Applications, ExOne Americas This was a presentation with a lot of practical application for fluid power manufacturers, some of whom are beginning to find value in the 3D printing of fixtures and castings for the traditional production of their parts. Terry told us that ExOne’s additive processes create cores and castings that can cast all the metals that are used to construct standard fluid power components. Additive Manufacturing: Transitioning from Prototyping to Production Ankit Saharan, Senior Applications Developer, EOS North America This presentation was more forward-looking for the fluid power industry, assessing the state-of-the-art of current additive technologies and their possible application to the direct printing of fluid power components. Ankit’s firm works with many different industries to create 3D-printed parts, but the firm hasn’t yet worked with a fluid power manufacturer. In the discussion that followed, it was agreed that a real opportunity existed to start printing some fluid power prototypes, and then use the testing labs and facilities at MSOE to validate the material strengths and properties of the resulting parts. Following these presentations, our seminar host, Michael Reader, president of Precision Plus, spoke to the group about some of the outreach and workforce development programs he has led at his company, a manufacturer of precision turned parts for fluid power and several other industries. I thought his partnership with his local technical college and the many internship positions he offers to high school students was a model for other NFPA members to follow.

CRS Service has been manufacturing and distributing high quality hydraulic products for nearly 50 years Call us today to experience the CRS difference

Specializing in the production of hydraulic parts, including rotating group and cart kit components, shafts, covers, housings, plates, and many others Proudly manufacturing high quality components that are machined, assembled and tested in Rochester Hills, MI from castings and raw materials that are produced and poured in the USA

Contact us today! 800-521-2628 sales@crsservice.com CRS Service, Inc Locations in Michigan, Ohio and Texas www.crsservice.com

The next two FPIC seminars are already scheduled for September 8 and December 1. The September 8 seminar will focus on advanced fluid formulations for hydraulic systems. Watch for announcements and more information as those dates draw closer.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

19

CIRCLE 160


IFPE Announces 2020 Show Chair David Price, the global marketing manager at HydraForce, Inc., has recently been announced as the IFPE 2020 show chair. In this position, he will lead the show’s Management Committee, which is made up of industry executives who volunteer to plan the show. Price has served on previous IFPE management committees and has chaired its Marketing Committee. “David has been an active and enthusiastic participant in IFPE planning, and contributed greatly to the show’s success,” said John Rozum, IFPE show director. “We are very pleased to welcome him as 2020 chair.” The next show will be co-located with CONEXPO-CON/AGG from March 10-14, 2020 at

the Las Vegas Convention Center. The show takes place every three years, and serves the fluid power, power transmission, and motion control industries by highlighting the latest technology innovations, product advances, and expert insights. “Technology and innovation will continue to drive the integration of fluid power with

other technologies for power transmission and motion control applications,” said Eric Lanke, President & CEO of the National Fluid Power Association, IFPE co-owner. “IFPE provides a dynamic global resource for industry professionals to keep up with the latest advances and interact with the fluid power community.” Visit IFPE.com for the latest show updates.

Sunfab.com CIRCLE 161

20

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

CIRCLE 162

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


Six Reasons to Attend the 2017 IEOC Invitational Golf Tournament 2017 INDUSTRY & ECONOMIC OUTLOOK CONFERENCE (IEOC) AUGUST 15 - 16, 2017 GOLF & WELCOME RECEPTION: AUGUST 14 WESTIN CHICAGO NORTH SHORE WHEELING, IL

The 2017 IEOC Invitational Golf Tournament is just around the corner. You won’t want to miss all the great networking opportunities and fun activities this event has to offer. Here are six reasons to attend: 1. Meet with leaders of the entire fluid power supply chain in one casual setting. 2. Have conversations with your colleagues, customers, and friends without a PowerPoint or conference table. 3. Build morale and motivate your key employees by adding them to your foursome. 4. Strengthen relationships by creating another foursome of your key customers.

5. Support the NFPA Education and Technology Foundation. 6. Get your company extra visibility with one of the new golf sponsorships. No matter what your motivation, you don’t want to miss this event. Plus, every golf registration includes the Monday evening IEOC Welcome Reception, also held at Chevy Chase. End your round with drinks and food on the beautiful Chevy Chase patio. Register for the event at NFPAhub.com/events.

CIRCLE 163

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

21


NFPA Hosts 2017 Spring ISO/TC 131 Meetings NFPA recently hosted a week-long group of 40+ delegates representing the U.S. and other International Standards Organization (ISO) member bodies from around the world in San Antonio, Tex. There were 15 U.S. experts from various U.S. Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs) attending on behalf of the U.S. fluid power industry. The remaining delegates came from China, Japan, South Korea, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom. Along with the TC 131 plenary meeting, subcommittees and working groups met individually

to discuss ongoing projects, systematic reviews of older standards, and proposals on new areas of work on topics such as energy efficiency, water hydraulics, and fluid power terminology.

MEETING HIGHLIGHTS In the working group on positive-displacement pumps, motors, and integral transmissions – method of testing, Jack Johnson from the U.S. addressed many concerns resulting

from a recent new work item proposal ballot mathematical models for positive displacement pumps. This standard is being proposed by the U.S. to become a starting point for efficiency standards in hydraulics, much like there are in the electric industry. The experts agreed that there was merit in using a model to reduce the number of testing points and decrease manufacturing costs. However, they felt that additional research needed to be done in this area before an actual standard could be developed. They

STOCK & CUSTOM SPRINGS HIGHEST QUALITY

THE COMPLETE SOURCE

ON TIME DELIVERY

YOUR SPRING NEEDS

- FOR ALL -

COMPETITIVE PRICING Whether you are ordering from our extensive stock spring selection and inventory or in need of a custom design, you can rely on Diamond Wire Spring.

1.800.816.5613 | diamondwire.com

Made In America © 2017 Diamond Wire Spring

CIRCLE 164

22

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


have asked the U.S. experts to provide further information to the mirror technical advisory groups in other countries so that individual countries could have a national discussion prior to the next international meeting. The working group on fluid power vocabulary continues to add to and revise the “living” standard (ISO 5598) on fluid power terms, symbols, and definitions. This standard, currently at 190 pages, continues to grow along with the industry. Group discussion included how to manage changes, number the clauses, and the possibility of eventually having an electronic version of the standard. In the pneumatic-control products committee, the work continues on the measurement of minimum shifting operating pressure of pneumatic valves and the measurement of shifting time of pneumatic poppet valves. In the TC 131 plenary meeting, the delegates listened to two new proposals regarding EPPR valves for excavators from South Korea and the need for ADS (water hydraulics) standards from Japan. Upon a lengthy discussion and many questions from the experts, neither proposal garnered approval to move forward.

1321 FluidPower Ad 4.8767"x7.5" 12 Mchl.pdf

1

7/6/17

11:26 AM

CONTINUED PROGRESS The next ISO/TC 131 meetings are scheduled for October 9-13, 2017 in Winterthur, Switzerland. The following subcommittees and working groups will have meetings: • TC 131/WG 1 – Accumulators • SC 1/WG 1 – Graphic symbols and circuit diagrams • SC 3/WG 1 - Hydraulic cylinders mounting dimensions • SC 3/WG 2 - Pneumatic cylinder mounting dimensions • SC 3/WG 4 – Cylinder identification code • SC 4 - Connectors and similar products/components • SC 4/WG 1 - Port and fitting end • SC 4/WG 2 - Flange port connectors • SC 4/WG 4 - Hydraulic quick-action couplings • SC 4/WG 6 - Hose couplings and tube connection methods • SC 4/WG 9 - Pneumatic Connectors • SC 5/WG 5 – Treatment of air • SC 6 - Contamination control • SC 6/WG 1 - Sampling, contamination analysis, and reporting • SC 6/WG 2 - Filter and separator evaluation • SC 6/WG 3 - Component and system cleanliness

NFPA is the secretariat to ISO technical committee (TC 131) on fluid power systems and administrator for 11 fluid power ANSI U.S. Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs). NFPA member companies are encouraged to participate in standards development for the fluid power industry. Visit NFPA.com to learn how you can get involved. CIRCLE 165

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

23


MANUFACTURING Q&A

JEFF COX

THOMAS REEK

PETER THORNE

Jeff is executive vice president of Coxreels. He manages the manufacturing operation, overseeing everything related to the plant, shop floor, and production side of the business. Under his leadership, the manufacturing processes continue to evolve, with extensive use of cutting-edge technology, such as CNC machinery and robotic operations. Visit www.coxreels.com.

Thomas is the director of sales – automation – for SCHUNK, which offers worldwide technology in gripping systems and clamping technology. Mr. Reek leads a team of professional territory sales managers to achieve growth of the company’s automation products with industrial distribution partners and through direct selling. Visit www.schunk.com.

Peter is the director of Cambashi, a research analysis and consulting company. He focuses on addressing the business needs of engineering and manufacturing organizations through information and communications technology. Mr. Thorne has 30 years of experience holding development, marketing, and management positions for both user and vendor organizations. Visit www.cambashi.com.

24

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


ARE MANUFACTURERS POISED FOR GROWTH IN THE NEXT 6-12 MONTHS? WHY OR WHY NOT?

COX: I do believe that most manufacturers are poised for growth in the next 6-12 months. Although I believe the U.S. economy will improve, it will be at a slower rate than previously. Ultimately, consumer confidence and strong entrepreneurship will increase the demand for manufactured parts and products. REEK: Absolutely! I would like to comment more on what I see in the U.S. This is the most exciting time for manufacturing. Competitiveness is the name of the game, and there is more advancement available today than ever before for U.S. manufacturers to be competitive in supply for the local markets and export. The U.S. economy is strong, and investment funds are available. THORNE: There is variation by region and industry. The chart in Fig. 1 shows 2017 growth of value-added in the 11 sectors that Cambashi uses for its summary market numbers. GDP in a country is the sum of all value-added in that country, so VA (value-added) and VA growth figures are the first we look at to get an idea of the overall health and of industry sectors. Points we’d pick out from the chart are a. The Process/Pharma industries are growing much faster than the average, mainly boosted by the inclusion of refineries and oil & gas extraction.

Fig.1: Manufacturing Value-Added Growth in 2017 (source: Cambashi, based on data from Oxford Economics)

b. Automotive and manufacture of other transportation equipment (“Transportation” in the chart) grew much less than average. The big automotive countries (U.S., Germany, and Japan) are all expected to have a very tough year.

c. Manufacture of other transportation equipment (“Transportation” in the chart) also grew much less than average. A decline in Korean shipbuilding is expected, bringing the world total down.

HOW HAS THE INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT) IMPACTED THE STATE OF MANUFACTURING? IS THIS A POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE DEVELOPMENT?

COX: The growth in connectivity of smart devices can essentially drive the need for more intelligent product development. We do not feel a direct influence on our company, per se, but I am sure there are positives for much of the manufacturing world in enabling this type of networking to exchange and gather valuable data. REEK: The IoT does not seem to have had a great effect yet, however time is still early. Many manufacturers plan for new equipment months and years in advance, and are making plans for utilizing the IoT in new processes and machinery. The IoT is poised to make a huge impact on the efficiency of data, as well as the connectivity of machines and devices. Just think how connectivity has changed our

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

personal lives through the smart phone; we do more personally now than ever before. There are gaps as the IoT develops, and it will take some time to close those gaps. Some gaps will be related to technology development, and many will be our ability to implement and employ the technology. It is exciting, and the gaps will close in ways that we cannot imagine. THORNE: We’d say positive. One of the early IoT applications that has gotten a lot of attention is predictive maintenance. This ticks both cost saving (reduced downtime) and revenue (also through reduced downtime) boxes on a manufacturer’s business justification. So there are plenty of pilot projects and case studies of successes in this area.

Perhaps the most important aspect is that IoT provides a new focus for ways to find that next few percent of gains in operations—with predictive maintenance, or other examples, such as energy optimization. Also, of course, many manufacturers’ engineering and marketing teams can see potential IoT-based transformations of their businesses, ranging from new product capabilities and competitive advantage, to new business models. The last 50 years make it hard to suggest that digitization is doing anything other than continuing to accelerate, and IoT projects are probably the most direct way for manufacturers to stay part of this trend.

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

25


HOW IS THE CURRENT GLOBAL ECONOMY AFFECTING MANUFACTURING IN TERMS OF TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION?

COX: The current global economy is forcing manufacturers to embrace technological advances to improve their plant productivity. Machines are becoming smarter and easier to use, and robotics are becoming less expensive and more attainable. In order to succeed, manufacturers must be data-driven and have continuously improving minds. REEK: The global economy is pulling manufacturers in so many ways. It could be availability of low-wage workers, availability of skilled workers, or even the availability of any workers at all. Successful manufacturers are operating globally more and more. The effects on technological innovation is the deployment and availability of the innovations in real-time,

no matter where things are being made. If technology is nearly flat, the decision of where to produce will come down to other factors, many of which are positive ones like proximity to the customer. This can bring about many advantages, such as simplified supply chain, flexibility to adapt and change the product, and less environmental impact. THORNE: The biggest factor is uncertainty. Whether it’s economic factors, like exchange rates and growth forecasts, or market factors, like demand, competition, and customer expectation, most top-table manufacturing management teams will say they believe that forecasts are subject to more uncertainty than they remember from the

past. The immediate impact of this is everyone prefers variable costs over fixed costs—so, if the cancellation conditions are OK, businesses will choose the monthly subscription or similar over outright purchases, even if that increases the long-term total cost. At the leading edge, that’s driving new types of contract, closer to pay-per-use or pay-by-results. Now the interesting innovation effect of this is the fact that it shifts some risk related to reliability, also maintenance costs, from the user of equipment back to the provider of the equipment. The innovation impact of this is the new pressure it puts on providers to build machines that never break down—which is good, so long as it’s not too expensive.

CIRCLE 166

26

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


Air Compressors

WHAT LEADERSHIP STRATEGIES WILL HELP MANUFACTURERS REMAIN COMPETITIVE IN THE FUTURE?

Clean Dry Air Improves Performance... Clean, Dry Compressed Air Starts with The Extractor/Dryer® Manufactured by LA-MAn Corporation • Point of Use Compressed Air Filter to Improve and Extend Equipment Life • Removes Moisture and Contaminates to a 5-Micron Rating: Lower Micron Ratings are Available

COX: There is a shortage of talent for manufacturers, and good help is difficult to find and even harder to keep. Employees are looking for more than a paycheck; they are looking for great culture and a fun, interactive work environment. Training is a critical element, along with providing opportunity for advancement. REEK: We all must look forward and understand that gaps are forming that can rob our competitiveness. Many gaps will be related to technology, and many more will be related to skills and training. Leaders will need to have very clear employee development plans to ensure that our workforce keeps pace with technology. Looking forward will require investment in technology and people. Every day, there are growing estimates of manufacturing jobs unfilled. We have to find ways to get those jobs filled with skilled people. This will be the only way to keep pace with technology and technology adoption. THORNE: Know your customer is still top or near the top of the list. But for some manufacturers, the growth of the value of software, both as an engineering cost and as a source of value in their products, creates quite substantial people and process issues. For these manufacturers, it’s important to find ways to make use of the opportunities that software offers to be flexible and agile, but this needs willingness to rethink planning and decision-making processes, which may have very deep roots in the organization.

• Models with Flow Ranges of 15 SCFM to 500 SCFM Rated Up To 250psi are Standard • Differential Pressure Gauge Built in • Mounting Hardware Included for Easy Installation

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

27

• Weep Drain is Standard; Float Drain or Electronic Drain Valves Optional

CIRCLE 168

complete reliable economic Plugs, vent valves and oil sight glasses – ONE sealing system for all screw-in and design related holes in the gearbox housing. Fully assembled and ready to use.

HN | TURNED PARTS

It’s our turn.

heinrichs-usa.com

Our package for drive technology

CIRCLE 167

heinrichs_Antriebstechnik__USA_4,875x4,875_4C_AS.indd 1

02.02.17 09:00


ECONOMIC

REPORT

Global Manufacturing Update BY CHAD MOUTRAY, PH.D., CBE, CHIEF ECONOMIST, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MANUFACTURERS

June 8, 2017 – According to a new report from the World Bank, the global economy is strengthening, rebounding from recent challenges and assisted by better manufacturing and export data. It sees world GDP growing 2.7% and 2.9% in 2017 and 2018, respectively, up from 2.4% in 2016. In the United States, the World Bank predicts 2.1% and 2.2% growth in 2017 and 2018, respectively, up from 1.6% in 2016. In emerging and developing economies, it predicts growth increasing from 3.5% to 4.1% to 4.5% from 2016 to 2018. As such, the outlook in June changed little from its January release. The underlying message is that the international economy appears to have turned a corner—especially when compared to the headwinds over the past few years—and is headed in the right direction. At the same time, the World Bank notes that political uncertainty, particularly regarding trade, could pose downward risks to these projections. Much of the recent data released in the past few weeks tend to support the notion that the global economy has improved, even as several indicators showed some slippage in sentiment in May. For instance,

the J.P. Morgan Global Manufacturing PMI continued to expand at a decent pace, even as the headline number has pulled back slightly from March’s nearly six-year high. The sector essentially stagnated one year ago, illustrating the progress since then. In May, all but two of the top15 markets for U.S.-manufactured goods exports experienced growth in their manufacturing sectors. As recently as August, seven of those markets contracted, providing further evidence of current progress. With that said, China returned to contraction territory for the first time in 11 months in May, and South Korea—a country that has grappled with major political challenges of late—also saw its manufacturing sector decline once more. Meanwhile, even before the results of the United Kingdom election are known, Europe has continued to dominate the list of the top export markets with strong manufacturing growth, including Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. Indeed, the IHS Markit Eurozone Manufacturing PMI rose to its best reading since April 2011 with stronger growth across the board. Real GDP in the Eurozone accelerated to 0.6%

COFFEE or TEA? You also have a choice for hydraulic cylinder positioning Miniature Mounting

Non-Contact Operation

Signal Electronics Built Inside

Inside the cylinder? Compact, robust design Maintains ASAE pin dimensions Excellent vibration capability

Absolute Signal

Short Length Maintains Pin to Pin Dimensions

On Site Replaceable

Magnet Works Through Carbon Steel

Sine Vibration 75g inc. 2 hours at resonant frequencies! Random 25Grms 10-2000 Hz 18 hours (6 hr per axis)!

* Or outside the cylinder? Easily field replaceable for maximum machine uptime No expensive St. Steel cylinder tube needed Ideal for steering cylinders

No Deep Drilling Costs

*Patent: US 9,062,694 B2 AU 2009272461 ZL200980127536.3 Other Patents Pending

Ideal for long cylinders

....OUR HALL EFFECT TRANSDUCERS GIVE YOU A FURTHER CHOICE....

©

UK Tel: +44 (0) 161 764 0424 Rota US Tel: 972 359 1041 Engineering info@rota-eng.com www.rota-eng.com Ltd Wellington Street, Bury, Manchester, BL8 2BD, UK CIRCLE 169

28

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

©

CIRCLE 170

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


Trade-Weighted U.S. Dollar Index Against Major Currencies, 2014–2017 (Currency Units per U.S. Dollar, 1973=100) 98 96 94 92 90 88 86 84 82 80 78 76 74

2014

2015

2016

2017

year-over-year. For its part, retail sales rose for the fourth consecutive month, edging up 0.1% in April. Over the past 12 months, spending has risen 2.5%, continuing an accelerating trend. Those positive economic signs could help explain how the unemployment rate in April fell to 9.3%, its lowest level since March 2009. Similar to what we see in Europe, Canada—our largest trading partner—has also seen notable improvements in its economy. The IHS Markit Canada Manufacturing PMI remained strong in May despite pulling back from a six-year high in April. Real GDP grew 0.9% in the first quarter, picking up from the 0.7% gain in the fourth quarter. That translated into 3.7% growth at an annual rate in the first quarter, with consumer spending, as well as business spending, boosting the Canadian economy. In addition, manufacturing sales in Canada increased 1.0% in March, rebounding from the decline of 0.6% in February. Most impressively, sales in the sector have jumped 8.2% year-over-year. Similarly, retail spending also bounced back, improving from a decrease of 0.4% in February to an increase of 0.7% in march, with year-over-year growth of 6.9%. With the global economy trending in the right direction, U.S.-manufactured goods exports have improved so far in 2017—a welcome development after weaker data in each of the past two years. Using non-seasonally adjusted data, U.S.-manufactured goods exports totaled $353.09 billion year to date in April, up 3.44% from $341.33 billion one year ago. Yet, even with encouraging news, there continue to be lingering headwinds. The U.S. trade deficit rose to a three-month high, and the dollar remains strong, up 21.4% since June 2014 against major currencies. (To be fair, the U.S. dollar has depreciated 4.0% year to date.) This makes it more difficult for manufacturers in the U.S. to increase international demand. In addition, as noted above, there are also ongoing uncertainties in the political environment. Along those lines, the administration formally notifies Congress of intention to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which could start as early as August 16. Manufacturers travel to Cube to review opportunities and challenges. The U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) is readying its report on a new Miscellaneous Tariff Bill (MTB), while Congress considers new sanctions legislation. The administration issued results from its 100-day plan with Congress, and the new NAM-led coalition on global institutions expands and issues letters and a new poll on the importance of U.S. leadership.

Excerpt reprinted with permission. For the full report, which includes links to the press releases used to compile this information, visit www.nam.org. The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) represents small and large manufacturers in every industrial sector in all 50 states. For more information, visit www.nam.org.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

29

CIRCLE 171


IFPS Launches New Logo The International Fluid Power Society has launched a dynamic new logo signifying its ongoing and successful transition to an organization well beyond its modest beginnings. The new logo evokes the clarity, value, and heritage of the traditional IFPS triangle shape within a circle. This triangle-shaped fluid power symbol points upwards towards a gold, radiant horizon representing a bright future; the traditional circle is truncated and represented by a white arc; and the rich red ribbon captures the value of certification, the high level of achievement for those that succeed, and the pride of membership in a prestigious organization. The updated typeface provides a transition to a modern, clean look.

50Years

m THEN

AND

NOW m

1993

The En Certifi 2002 first ts d i cte was d FPS ele nt ide es pr ale fem and ha of rd oa e B th of transf Directors, Lisa today’ au Reeve, Hydr lic C. LL y, Technolog certific

1987-1989 19 93

“Our new logo is a visual demonstration of the growth and forward motion of the IFPS. The new branding communicates Ray Hanley, with the ineerPublic IFPS’ view of the future,” said Scott Nagro, CFPS, IFPS Vice President Marketing Relations. “With a team of dedicated The Engand on committee members steering the process, our logo redesign is the first step in a brand refresh with a newly redesigned Website ati financial support of Certific to launch in 2018, creating an easier process for visitors to get certified,wa gets d recertified eveloped and find valuable training tools.” Char-Lynn Company, Founded in 1960 as a niche society for fluid power professionals, the first Fluid Power e Certification was developed in 1980. e sinc th as ith d h , w an Ray Hanleyits certifications in line with technology changes,began an FPS Expanding the IFPS has since developed unique certifications that now cover to15 in ed of rm rt fo po ns up tra l s financiajob diverse descriptions within the fluid power industry including mechanic, technician, specialist, system designer, and engineer. Certification revival. E today’s CFP nn Company, ar-Ly Ch The IFPS has nearly 10,000 active certifications throughout the United States and in many countries around the world. The . fication certiinformation n FPS include membership, education, and certification. For more began aservices Society’s visit www.ifps.org or call 800-308-6005.

19 87-198 9

s

Certification revival.

professionalism ernational ety.

61

membership ched 1,000 in Chapters.

IFPS THROUGH THE YEARS

19 96

1961 19 91 1961 FPS membership FPS membership p of individuals First grou

reached 1,000 in reached 1,000 in redited became A 17ccChapters. . e FPS 17 Chapters. Instructors with th

course educators chool as taught ers e Fluid Power nager. 1, Detroit

er Vickers, Inc.

30

recognized by the U.S. Department of Labor in its Dictionary of Occupational Titles (D.O.T.).

19 91

Three fl The Fluid Power tions 1980 occupa Specialist Certification ly ficial of re we The Fluid Power Specialist program was developed y the d b ize gn co re certification was developed tm and released. U.S. Depar ent and released.

The Mechanic Certification MAY 20, 1960 test was released The IHTA became the Fluid Power divided in two Society (FPS) Chapter 1, Detroit with The IHTA became the Fluid Power s: George Altland, Vickers, Inc. as its stage Society (FPS) Chapter 1, Detroit nic I and ha ec M first president. Mechanic II, with George Altland, Vickers, Inc. featuring separate as its first president. tests for hydraulics MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017 . cs ati um and pne

May 20,1960

1991

1980 19 92 uid power

19 80

The Fluid Power tion Specialist Certifica loped ve program was de and released.

e The first FPS websit d an was designed ohn 1992 launched by J1993 IFPS S, PP Three fluid power Gr The Engineer CF oot, First group of individuals d an nt occupations certification ide es Pr st Pa became Accredited were officially e Member.was developed Lif Instructors with the FPS.

of Labor in its Dictionary of Occupational Titles (D.O.T.).

and has since transformed into today’s CFPE certification.

19 94

The Fluid Power Journal was launched.

1992

&19 99 98 19Three fluid power The Fluid Power 1994

The Specialist

Journal occupations was Certification split launched. were officially

1991

The Mechanic Certification test was released divided in two stages: WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM Mechanic I and Mechanic II,

into separate rtification tests for cerecognized by the draulic Specialist Hy U.S. Department d Pneumatic an of Labor in its Specialist; the Dictionary of t Hydraulic Specialis Occupational Titles t and Job tes (D.O.T.). Performance test were revamped and WWW.IFPS.ORGsed. re-relea


Gold burst: We chose a gold radiant horizon to represent a bright future with certification

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE NEW LOGO

White arc: To show the transition from our heritage logo, the circle is truncated and symbolized by the white arc.

Triangle: The triangle shape was retained from the heritage logo representing a fluid power symbol. It is positioned to point up towards the gold radiant horizon.

Font: We chose a clean, modern font emphasizing the words “Fluid Power.” Red ribbons: The rich red ribbons were chosen to capture the value of certification, the high level of achievement, and the pride of membership.

2009

1996

The first FPS website was designed and launched by John Groot, CFPPS, IFPS Past President and Lifetime Member.

1998 & 1999

The Specialist certification split into separate certification tests for Hydraulic Specialist and Pneumatic Specialist; the Hydraulic Specialist test and Job Performance test were revamped and re-released.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

The IFPS had over 4,000 members and 10,000 active certifications. The Electronic Controls Specialist certification was released.

MARCH 2005

The FPS officially adopted “International” as part of its name and logo.

2017

IFPS launches new logo.

2010

The IFPS celebrates a great milestone.

IFPS redesigned its website and online certification testing began.

2014

The Fluid Power Journal celebrated its 20th Anniversary.

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

2018

IFPS new website coming soon!

31


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

32

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

33


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

BARCONN® Non-Welded Hydraulic Field Piping System The BARCONN® Flared Joint – available in SAE, ISO, ANSI and DIN, in sizes ½” to 10” (20mm to 273mm) pipe. Pressures to 420 BAR (6000 PSI). Available in carbon steel and stainless steel.

We Supply, Install, Pressure Test and Flush Hydraulic Piping Systems Call For A Distributor Near You. (716) 824-1788 • (905) 385-2257 • info@barhydraulics.com • www.barhydraulics.com

THE NEXT GENERATION DELIVERY SOLUTIONS Get fast, reliable delivery for top pneumatics products. Learn more at www.aventics.us/QuickShip AVENTICS Corporation Lexington, KY info.us@aventics.com

34 MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017 avent3696-8QS-50P-D13.indd 1

7/8/16 2:21 PM

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

Engineering & Manufacturing Solutions V Series

Series 21

sales@brand-hyd.com • 402.344.4434 • www.brand-hyd.com

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

Marine • Waste Management • Forestr y • Transportation

Agriculture • Construction • Material Handling • Industrial

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

35


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

36

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

Handy-Grips® Ergo-Grips® Joystick Bases

Control Grips ThumbWheels

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

37


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

STOCK & CUSTOM SPRINGS

THE COMPLETE SOURCE - FOR ALL -

Made In

YOUR SPRING NEEDS HIGHEST QUALITY

COMPETITIVE PRICING

America

ON TIME DELIVERY

1.800.816.5613 | diamondwire.com

38

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

1,000,000,000 REASONS WHY: At Essentra, we can protect everything on a hydraulic hose assembly. Our range includes 65,000 products and one billion parts in stock—all available for same day shipping.

FIND YOUR SOLUTION TODAY! WHY BUY FROM ESSENTRA COMPONENTS?

800.847.0486

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

FREE SAMPLES

SAME DAY SHIPPING

FREE CAD DRAWINGS

GLOBAL SERVICE AND SUPPORT

www.essentracomponents.com

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

39


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

40

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

41


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

®

42

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

Fluid Technology, Hydraulics and Electronics. Worldwide.

HYD1706-1912

HYD1706-1912 FPJ_DirAd_3in.indd 1

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

7/6/17 1:33 PM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

43


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

44

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

®

Made in Germany

www.krachtcorp.com

Gear Pumps Flow Measurement Hydraulics Valves

KRACHT CORP. 6552 Weatherfield Court · Maumee, OH 43537

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

Phone +1 419 874 1000 · Fax +1 419 874 1006 Email info@krachtcorp.com

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

45


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

46

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

47


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

48

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

49


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

50

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

51


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

RHAM-MKT RYCO Fluid Power Journal Advert 2017-02-14 v1-0 PQwCrops.pdf

1

16/02/2017

10:04 am

C

M

Y

CM

MY

CY

CMY

K

52

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

53


MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

54

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

55


1321 FluidPower Ad 4.55 X 3 Mchl.pdf

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

1

7/6/17

3:38 PM

NEED TO FIND A MANUFACTURER? SEARCH OUR NEW ONLINE PRODUCT MATRIX AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM.

LIVING WITH HYDRAULICS

• Directional and Modular Valves (D03, D05, D10-up to 291gpm, high flow D03 up to 25gpm, indicator lights-standard, mounting bolts-standard) • Proportional Valves-On/Off board electronics • High speed Servo Valves & Logic Valves • Piston Pumps-0.61 to 11.03 cu in, up to 5,080 psi • Vane Pumps-0.36 to 14.45 cu in, up to 3,050 psi • Hydraulic Power Units/Power Packages • Pressure & Flow Controls • Cylinders

Master Distributor: ALA Industries Limited, Valparaiso, IN 877-419-8536  219-465-4197  www.yuken-usa.com  info@yuken-usa.com

56

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


THE MANUFACTURERS

PRODUCT MATRIX IS NOW ONLINE!

We've moved the product matrix to our website in an effort to make it more user friendly for our readers. Now you can search for a manufacturer based on the products you need. Get instant search results at your fingertips for free. No more downloading files or waiting for our issue to mail! Visit www.fluidpowerjournal.com to find a manufacturer.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

57

CIRCLE 172


XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XBY X X X RONALD X X X X X X X X X X E. X X XZIELINSKI, X X X X X X X X X X X X XPRESIDENT, X X X X X X X X X X X X X POLYMOD XXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XINC., XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TECHNOLOGIES, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XCHAIRMAN X X X X X X X X X X X XOF X X X XTHE X X X X XU.S. X X X X TAG X X X X XFOR X X X X XTC XXXX XXXXX X X X XEXPERT XXXXXXXXXX X X X X XPROJECT X X X X X X X X X XLEADER X X X X X X X X XTO XXXX X X X131 X X X X SC7, XXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX 131, U.S. AND TC AND XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX CHRISTA M.A. CHILSON, SPECIALTY PRODUCTS MANAGER, POLYMOD TECHNOLOGIES, INC., XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X U.S. X X X X XEXPERT X X X X X X X X XAND X X X X X XPROJECT X X X X X X X X X XLEADER X X X X X X X X XTO XXXX X X X131 X X X XSC7 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X©ISO X X X X X XThis X X X Xmaterial XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Xis X Xreproduced X X X X X X X X X X Xfrom XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XISO XXXXX X X X X X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX 3601-1:2012 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Xwith X X X Xpermission X X X X X X X X X Xof X X the XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X American X X X X X X X X X National XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XStandards X X X X X X X X X XInstitute XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX behalf X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X(ANSI) X X X X X X Xon XXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Xof XXX X X XInternational XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX the XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Organization X X X X X X X X X X X Xfor XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Standardization. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX reserved. X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XAll X X Xrights XXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X X X X X X XDIRECTORY X X X X X X X X X X 2017 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XWWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X•X XWWW.IFPS.ORG XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX MANUFACTURERS XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

ISO STANDARDS AWARENESS FOR FLUID POWER PROFESSIONALS

HISTORY OF THE

ISO 3601 SERIES OF STANDARDS FOR O-RINGS

I

n 1939, Niels A. Christensen was granted a U.S. Patent for “new and useful improvements in packings and the like for power cylinders,” which were improved packing rings made of “solid rubber or rubber composition very dense and yet possessive of great liveliness and compressibility” suitable for use as packings for fluid medium pistons (liquid or air). The improved packing ring is the modern O-ring. The principle behind the successful sealing of fluid with an O-ring is that it deforms when compressed in its groove and “it has slight freedom of movement to be worked or kneaded during the piston reciprocation in order to maintain the rubber in a live state” and acts as a barrier, resisting leakage. Christensen did not provide equations to determine the size needed for the circular cross section or the ID of the “improved packing” or for the groove. He found that the compression should not be too high as to prohibit the packing from moving, that it needed to have “slight freedom of movement to be worked to satisfy the needs of their national industries. In the 1970s, or kneaded during the piston reciprocation in order to maintain FIG.1 as companies became more international, it became obvious the rubber in a live state and to prolong its serviceable life” but that an international O-ring standard was required. not so little compression or too wide of a groove that would In 1978, ISO 3601-1 was first released. This original release allow it too much freedom of movement and “permit complete Typical O-ring of ISO 3601-1 included sizes of O-rings for General Purpose turning of the ring out upon its axis as would be caused by a configuration. applications. It was essentially DIN 3771 converted to an ISO wider groove permitting the ring to twist through 360 degrees.” Standard. This did give sizes for O-rings, but no hardware In his patent application, Christensen mentions finding dimensions to use with these seal sizes. Also by this time, that a cross section diameter of 3/16 inches worked well when AS568 O-ring sizes were being used all over the world. Of all compressed about 1/16 inch when installed in a “groove the O-ring size specifications, AS568 was (and is) the most having a flat bottom portion spaced from the cylinder wall a widely used one internationally—not DIN 3771. distance less than the normal radial dimension of the ring.” Ten years later, in 1988, the first revision of ISO 3601-1 was Proper compression (squeeze) was key in the O-ring's released. This included some new sizes for aerospace metric performance and life per Christensen; however, with no O-rings. This was followed by another revision in 2002 with clear or exact guidelines on seal fit given by Christensen, only a few changes, most of which were corrections on sizes. different philosophies of seal fit and hence O-ring and gland The major issue with these standards was that they still did not design emerged. This created the problem that there were no address those sizes listed in AS568 that were internationally used. universal standards for O-ring sizes or housings (glands). If It was not until the revision released in 2008 that the AS568 sizes, one purchased an O-ring from Sweden, it might not work in converted to metric, finally made it into this specification, replacing the equipment designed in France or even in similar equipment designed former, general-purpose-use, metric sizes from the old DIN standard. in Sweden. Because of this, it became obvious that O-ring and hardware ISO 3601-1 currently has two classes of O-rings: Class A and Class B. size standards were needed. This need was satisfied nationally by creating Class A O-rings have the same tolerances as those used in AS568, which standards for O-rings used in equipment manufactured in that specific are tighter than the tolerances for Class B O-rings, and are suitable for country. Standards such as AS568, BS 1806, DIN 3771, JIS B2401, NF T47industrial or aerospace applications when the application or the housing 501, and SMS 1586 were developed by national standards organizations 58


FIG.2 Features of housings for dynamic rod and piston applications. ©ISO This material is reproduced from ISO 3601-2:2016 with permission of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) on behalf of the International Organization for Standardization. All rights reserved.

require tighter tolerances. Class B O-rings have slightly wider tolerances and are suitable for general-purpose applications. Finally, greater than 90% of the O-ring sizes used in the world are now specified in one standard. 2008 was a significant year for the ISO 3601 series. This was not only the year that the most internationally used O-ring sizes made it in to Part 1 (ISO 3601-1), but it also was the first time hardware dimensions and O-ring fit guidelines for general purpose fluid power applications were standardized and published in an international specification: ISO 3601-2. ISO 3601-2 specifies the hardware dimensions for the O-rings identified in ISO 3601-1, with the exception of the special sizes used only in aerospace. It also includes O-ring fit guidelines for squeeze (compression) and stretch, along with equations to determine O-ring fit and help with determining the best size O-ring—even a custom size—for a given application and/

or set of hardware. The hardware and gland dimensions are based upon requirements that are universally accepted for optimum sealing conditions. These requirements differ for piston and rod applications, as well as for face seal applications. The differences have to do with seal squeeze, seal stretch, and occupancy of the gland. There are charts included in the document that provide the acceptable squeeze range for different cross-section O-rings in different applications. Seal stretch was overlooked by Christensen and earlier users of O-rings, but has been found to be a significant factor in seal life and performance for dynamic applications. Hardware dimensions in ISO 3601-2 were developed in consideration of optimal stretch, squeeze, and gland occupancy to provide good seal performance and longevity. In 1987, ISO 3601-3, the specification covering quality requirements (surface defects) of O-rings, was first released. This has been revised several

Now Featuring

PULLPLUG™ patent pending

ALL METAL EXPANSION SEALING PLUGS • For use in fluid power, automotive, industrial, aerospace and machine tool applications • Blowout pressure exceeds 40,000 psi • Easy installation • No tapping or reaming of holes required – as drilled holes • All metal, single piece assembly • Special sizes upon request • Full technical support

MADE IN THE USA

www.eisinserts.com tel: (203) 301-3334 Certified ISO/TS16949:2009

WATCH US ON

SEARCH FOR EIS INSERTS CIRCLE 173

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

CIRCLE 174

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

59


1 times, mainly to reflect the range of sizes in ISO Angle is normally 30° ± 5º but may be increased to 45º ± 5º where d16 is less than 10,0 mm. 3601-1 and clarify requirements. ISO 3601-3 2 defines and classifies surface imperfections This area shall be free of burrs on O-rings and specifies maximum acceptable limits for these imperfections. Originally, this standard was developed for general-purpose O-rings, but has been revised and refined over the years to include three classes (N, S, CS) of defects depending upon application. Class N is the standard of acceptance for general-purpose O-rings. Class S addresses the quality requirements for optimum performance industrial applications and aerospace applications. Class CS is for special and critical sealing applications, such as very special aerospace applications and critical oxygen service applications. Because the standard is so comprehensive, it has readily been accepted by all industries, NOTE: Direction of the angle cut is optional including aerospace where it has been written into specialty O-ring standards. Since O-rings are being used at higher pressures than originally intended, anti-extrusion There are 22 ISO standards that address industrial-sealing rings are used to prevent the O-ring from flowing out of the FIG.3 applications. The ISO 3601 series addresses O-rings. The series gland and being “nibbled” and cut. ISO 3601-4 specifies the includes the O-ring dimensions (Part 1), the optimum gland dimensions and tolerances for five types of anti-extrusion dimensions for the O-ring depending upon scientific application rings, which are also known as back-up rings: spiral type (T1), Angle-cut concave type (T4) anti(Part 2), the quality requirements of the O-ring (Part 3), the mateangle cut type (T2), solid type (T3), angle cut concave type extrusion ring. rials used for O-rings for general-purpose applications (Part 5); (T4), and solid concave type (T5). These anti-extrusion rings and the back-up rings used to protect the O-ring in high-pressure are for use with selected O-ring sizes as specified in ISO 3601-1 ©ISO This material service (Part 4). With all this information available in international and the relevant housing dimensions specified in ISO 3601-2. is reproduced from ISO 3601-4:2008 standards, designers worldwide can now incorporate the most Standardizing on the dimensions and geometries of these with permission of the effective and optimum sealing solution for their hardware and anti-extrusion devices has made it easier for original designs, American National be assured the sizes, dimensions, and the quality requirements as well as maintenance and repair operations, because the Standards Institute of the O-ring (Part 3), the back-up rings used to protect the shapes and dimensions are now standard and designed to be (ANSI) on behalf of the International O-ring in high-pressure service (Part 4), and the materials used used in the glands specified in ISO 3601-2. Organization for for O-rings in general-purpose applications (Part 5). Finally, what would an O-ring standard be without addressStandardization. The other ISO standards include an additional 10 standards ing the composition of the O-ring? Each application, each All rights reserved. addressing rotary seals with both elastomeric and thermoplastic fluid, and each environmental exposure requires unique lips. Six more standards address the gland or housing dimenpolymer materials compounded into formulations to prosions for bearings and other seals. One standard addresses multiple lip vide optimum performance and resistance to chemical attack. Enter packing sets, and one standard addresses standard test methods to assess ISO 3601-5, which was initially released in 2002 and has been revised the performance of hydraulic seals. since then to provide the material requirements for O-rings used in general-purpose applications. It lists the basic material properties The NFPA Standard Locator: www.nfpa.com/standardization/findstandard.aspx “Why Standardize?” www.nfpa.com/standardization/whystandardize.aspx required for O-ring materials for many general-purpose applications. Interested in Joining a TAG Committee? www.nfpa.com/standardization/ It is limited to general purpose, however, because specialized applistandardscommittee.aspx cations require specialty materials and/or different requirements for Learn more about NFPA and ISO standards: www.nfpa.com/standards or compatibility and performance.

contact Denise Rockhill at drockhill@nfpa.com.

CIRCLE 175

60

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


AIR

TEASER

NEW PROBLEM:

Custom Industrial Control Handles, Pendants, Joysticks and Switches

Car Tires

How many car tires of the following approximate size can be filled with one tank of nitrogen with the following given specs? • Tire Pressure: 35 psi • Tank Size: 200 scf (Standard Cubic Feet) • Rim Diameter: 18" • Starting Pressure: 2000 psi • Tire Diameter: 30 (Assume the inside of the tire is round like an O-ring.)

Manufactured To Your Specific Requirements

EXAMPLE

WHEN TRYING TO FIND AN AVERAGE DIAMETER OF A ROLL OF PAPER, METAL, OR O-RING, ETC., TAKE THE OD – ID AND MULTIPLY THAT ANSWER BY 0.70711 (SIN OF 45°) AND ADD THE ID.

a roll of paper has a 6" OD and 1.5"ID. 6 – 1.5 = 4.5 4.5 x 0.70711 = 3.18" 3.18 + 1.5 = 4.68" average diameter Multiply this x Pi, and you will have the average circumference of 14.7". If you knew the thickness or number of raps, you could figure out the total length of that roll.

SOLUTION TO PREVIOUS PROBLEM: HOW MANY SCFM?

First, let us calculate the compression ratio at 100 psi and 20 psi. We will need this information later. 100/14.7 + 1 = 7.8 : 1 (C. R.) at 100 psi 20/14.7 + 1 = 2.36 : 1 ( C.R.) at 20 psi Next, calculate the effective rod in area: cap end area – rod area = 3.14 - 0.7854 = 2.356 in² (EREA) Now the rod end volume: 2.356 in² x 10 in = 23.56 in³ / cycle Find CIM: 23.56 in³ x 15 cycle / minute = 353.4 CIM Find CFM: 353.4 / 1728 (cu. in. per cu. ft.) = .20 CFM To convert CFM to SCFM, we must multiply CFM x C.R.: 0.20 x 7.8 = 1.56 scfm @ 100 psi 0.20 x 2.36 = .47 scfm @ 20 psi Subtract the difference to see the savings in air consumption: 1.56 - 0.47 = 1.09 scfm saved Find saving per year: 1.09 x 60 minute = 65.4 SCF per hour x 24 = 1569.9 SCF per day x 365 per year = 572,904 SCF / year Given: $0.40 / 1000 SCF: 572,904 / 1000 x 0.40 = $229.16 savings per year

8901-D Flex-Core

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●

13 Grip Styles 10 Pendant Styles 4 Joystick Styles Large Switch Variety Control Boxes Wireless Controls CANbus Options USB Interfaces Manufactured To Your Specific Requirements

● ● ● ● ●

Fast Deliveries One-Off Prototypes OEM Discounts US Craftsmanship Demos and Show Display Available

VISIT FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM TO SEE PREVIOUS TEASERS. Hall Effect Controls JS-H100

Pro-H50-TW

Joystick w/Ball Knob

The teaser is posted on the IFPS website (www.ifps.org) and also printed in the Fluid Power Journal. Submit your information via the website, or fax it to 856-424-9248 attn: Donna Pollander. Those who submit the correct answer before the deadline will have their names printed in the Society Page newsletter and in Fluid Power Journal. The winners will also be entered into a drawing for a special gift.

ThumbWheels

By Ernie Parker, AI, AJPP, AJPPCC, S, MT, MM, MIH, MIP, MMH, Fluid Power Instructor Hennepin Technical College EParker@Hennepintech.edu

Standard Output 0.50v- 2.5v- 4.5v

1.800.621.8754 WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

61

WWW.CYBER-TECH.NET

HELPFUL HINT

CIRCLE 176

MADE IN THE USA SINCE

1982


I N D U S T RY

NEWS PHD, INC. CELEBRATES 60 YEARS IN BUSINESS PHD, Inc., Fort Wayne and Huntington, Ind., was founded in 1957, and its first product, the Tom Thumb® pneumatic cylinder is still popular today. The company now manufactures a broad offering of products used for industry automation— actuators that provide the motion to push, pull, lift, rotate, turn, grip, and orient parts or materials in a variety of manufacturing processes. PHD, Inc. employs over 300 people. The Fort Wayne campus includes offices, technology and training center, and an 85,000-ft2 manufacturing and assembly center, as well as YRG Robotics, its master distributorship of Yamaha robots for North America. The Huntingdon facility is a 76,000 ft2 machining and manufacturing facility.

www.phdinc.com

Des-Case Repeats as a Top Workplace Des-Case Corp., Goodlettsville, Tenn., has been named a Tennessean Top Workplace for the third year in a row. The annual nationwide selection program, implemented by a group of regional daily newspapers across the country and WorkplaceDynamics, an employee survey firm, named the most desirable places to work in the U.S. To be nominated, a company has to have at least 35 employees in the Middle Tennessee region and could be either public, private, nonprofit, or government. During the assessment, employees are asked questions about their job (training, work/life balance), their manager, their pay, the direction in which the company is heading, if the employee felt appreciated and their work meaningful, and engagement factors. Des-Case has 74 employees based in Middle Tennessee, work more in other parts of the U.S. and internationally.

www.descase.com

Introducing!

5

9S SERIES INVESTMENT CAST SWIVELS The “9S” Series swivels represent one of the most complete range of sizes and configurations available to the industry. This series has been redesigned to incorporate a one piece barrel arrangement thus eliminating the need for braze joints. These swivels are pressure balanced with operating pressures up to 5,000 psi. All configurations are designed with a 4:1 Safety Factor and include RoHS compliant zinc plating. P.O. Box 6479, Fort Worth, TX 76115 V. 817/923-1965 www.hydraulicsinc.com CIRCLE 177

62

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

CIRCLE 178

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


REED SWITCH DEVELOPMENTS CORP. ANNOUNCES DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT WITH AMAZON Reed Switch Developments Corp., Racine, Wis., has established a North American sales and distribution agreement with Amazon.com for its magnetic reed switch sensor and actuator kits. The kits, developed for and available to customers exclusively on Amazon, include popular selections of individual standard model combinations. The kits are designed as a means of offering North American customers immediate availability of combinations to support evaluations of magnetic reed switch-based technologies within finished product designs.

Alliance Sensors Group and AIM Electronics Announce Partnership H.G. Schaevitz LLC (dba Alliance Sensors Group), Moorestown, N.J., has partnered with AIM Electronics in Levittown, Pa., to distribute its line of LVDT and LVIT linear positon sensors designed for automation, power generation, fluid/mobile hydraulics, and heavy industrial applications with sensors and instrumentation made specifically for the power generation marketplace. AIM Electronics was founded in 1985 as a single-source for industrial automation, sensors, soft starters, motor control, and VFD drives and will include ASG’s line of sensors to its product offering. www.alliancesensors.com

www.reedswitchdevelopments.com

HYDROLINE OY RECEIVES INVESTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL GROWTH Hydroline Oy, a family based company in Siilinjärvi, Finland, received an investment from Juuri Partners Ltd., enabling it to grow internationally. The investment is a significant part of a financial arrangement worth a total of approximately EUR 20 million and will allow Hydroline Oy to channel financing into its existing production plants and play a part in market consolidation. The third-generation company currently has approximately 250 employees and manufactures hydraulic solutions for global industries including Agco, Bronto Skylift, Cargotec, John Deere, Normet, and Sandvik.

www.hydroline.fi

HAWE NORTH AMERICA CELEBRATES 20TH BIRTHDAY HAWE Hydraulik celebrated 20 years of business in North America in Charlotte, Houston, and Clackamas. The company provides hydraulic solutions for five key markets: energy, infrastructure, efficient manufacturing, nutrition and nature, and resources. HAWE Hydraulik, North America serves as an ISO 9001:2008-certified international supplier to the mobile, industrial, and oilfield marketplace. Headquartered in Charlotte, N.C., with offices in Houston, Tex., and Portland, Ore., the company offers sales and engineering services that reach throughout the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.

www.hawe.com CIRCLE 179

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

63


I N D U S T RY

NEWS

BELDEN UNIVERSAL ANNOUNCES RELOCATION, EXPANSION OF PRODUCTION FACILITY Belden Universal, Broadview, Ill., plans to relocate into a 40,000 ft2 factory, which is currently under construction, in Hillside, Ill. Relocation will proceed in staged phases this fall and is expected to conclude by late 2017. The newly constructed facility will accommodate leading-edge manufacturing technologies, lean equipment layout and automated workflow, resulting in increased efficiency, healthier margins, and better customer experience. Ergonomic design throughout the building will further enhance employee productivity and job satisfaction.

www.beldenuniversal.com

Motion Industries Opens Dallas Distribution Center Motion Industries successfully moved into its newly built distribution center in Grand Prairie, Tex.—in the center of the DFW Metroplex. New hanging and roller conveyor lines, as well as a bevy of forklifts efficiently move product orders throughout the warehouse portion of the 156,000 ft2 facility, which nets the company almost 50,000 ft2 over the previous location. The increased number of shelves and docks allows for greater inventory, as well as faster picking and delivery to customers. It houses approximately 50,000 SKUs. The two-story office includes distribution center offices, Southwest division offices, and a full-scale branch with retail space. The build shop offers fluid power conversion, gearbox assembly, cut rails and shafting, and valve assembly. The team plans to expand shop capabilities by adding a bore-tosize lathe and increase shafting and rail stock. www.motionindustries.com

Flow Ezy Filters

PROTECT Everything FLUID POWER BOX, MINI-PACK & MICRO-PACK QUANTITIES CAN BE ORDERED ONLINE FOR FAST TURNAROUND

Nature keeps this system running smoothly

Let Flow Ezy show you how we can help keep your hydraulic system running smoothly.

Flow Ezy Filters, Inc. MADE IN USA SINCE 1945

64

Tel 800-237-1165 › Fax 800-252-1730 flowezy@flowezyfilters.com

Many Sizes and Styles in Stock for Metric, SAE, BSP, JIC, NPT Threads & Fittings 30 YEARS of Manufacturing Experience

®

Caps • Plugs • Grips • Protection • Finishing • Masking

www.flowezyfilters.com

www.mocap.com | 800.633.6775 | sales@mocap.com

CIRCLE 180

CIRCLE 181

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


GEHRING 2017 HONING CONFERENCE AND WORKSHOPS A BIG SUCCESS Gehring held its 2017 honing conference and workshops event on May 10-11 at the Inn of St. John’s in Plymouth, Mich. The conference and workshops brought together experts from the global industry to discuss and propose solutions to advanced manufacturing challenges in surface finish technology applications. A total of 80 attendees, most from the automotive primes and Tier-One suppliers, were treated to two days of learning, networking, and fun. Eighty process and manufacturing engineering personnel responsible for surface finishing in automotive, hydraulics, aerospace & defense part applications, including plant managers, production managers, and R&D specialists attended the conference. The technical program was supplemented by networking events such as the pre-conference “Infinity” chartered dinner cruise with entertainment on the Detroit River and post-conference golf, all of which were enjoyed by the conference attendees. www.gehring.de/en

PIRTEK Opens New Location in Palm Beach PIRTEK has expanded its South Florida presence with a new location in Palm Beach. Owner Sam Belin opened the location earlier in April, staffing it with three technicians and two Mobile Service Vehicles. He plans to add a third vehicle in a few months. Palm Beach marks the eleventh location for PIRTEK in Florida. Belin opened the location under the Tier 2 model, which allows a franchise to keep inventory in a small warehouse or storage facility and to lease two vehicles at a lower point of entry. Belin plans to pursue heavy equipment rental, recycling, auto savage, scrap metals, injection molding, construction and demolition industries, as well as municipalities, railroads, and the surrounding agricultural sector. www.pirtekusa.com

HERCULES ANNOUNCES STAFF ADDITIONS Hercules Sealing Products in Clearwater, Fla., announced the following staff appointments. Jason Looker has been appointed a regional sales manager. He has over 20 years of experience in sales operations and will oversee the Central Gulf Coast United States region. Erick Harris has also been appointed a regional sales manager. He has over 24 years of experience in sales operations and will oversee the Great Lakes United States region. www.herculesus.com

Engineering tools make it easy to assemble.

ES05 PNEUMATIC VALVES THE ESSENTIAL VALVE SYSTEM The AVENTICS ES05 valve system is the essential solution for standard pneumatic applications. By combining modular design, low number of parts and online tools, you can quickly configure and buy the ES05 valve you need. Choose to have your ES05 configuration assembled by the factory or by your local distributor (as fast as same-day), or build your own system using simple assembly steps and the components you select.

For complete technical details, go to www.aventics.us/ESO5

AVENTICS Corporation Lexington, KY www.aventics.us info.us@aventics.com

CIRCLE 182

ave6015-3-062P-FPJ-A12.indd 1 WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

3/28/17 11:27 AM MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

65


PEOPLE IN

THE NEWS

Bob Smith

Sheila Gailloreto

Rahul Rani

Paulo Almaria

DURA-BAR

DURA-BAR

SAMCO MACHINERY

SAMCO MACHINERY

Bob Smith has joined the sales team to further manage its national accounts. Mr. Smith’s primary responsibility is overseeing the company’s national distributor, EMJ, as well as developing new business and growing existing businesses.

Sheila Gailloreto has been named marketing manager. She is responsible for managing the company’s marketing group, focusing on executing multiple marketing strategies within discovering and understanding new applications to support new business growth and profit optimization. She has over 25 years of experience.

Rahul Rani has been named project manager for Samco Machinery. He has an extensive work history in managing complex automotive, manufacturing, power generation, and construction projects. Mr. Rani has his MBA and a degree in Mechanical Engineering.

Paulo Almaria has been promoted to project manager. Originally an office administrator at Samco, Mr. Almaria’s work ethic, education, and past work experience enabled him to move into the project management office, where he will help customers with metal roll-forming project needs.

Serge Vorobiev

John Romano

SAMCO MACHINERY

ASAHI/AMERICA

Serge Vorobiev joins Samco Machinery as a project manager with more than 15 years of international progressive management experience in various industries, such as plastic injection molding, energy, and automotive. He has managed projects in Canada, the U.S., Poland, Mexico, and India.

John Romano has been named vice president of sales and marketing. He joined the company on June 12, 2017. Mr. Romano has 29 years of industrial plastics distribution experience, including sales management, strategic planning, new product launches, marketing campaigns, e-commerce, and business-tobusiness sales in commercial and industrial markets.

THE MANUFACTURERS

PRODUCT MATRIX IS NOW ONLINE!

We've moved the product matrix to our website in an effort to make it more user friendly for our readers. Now you can search for a manufacturer based on the products you need. Get instant search results at your fingertips for free. No more downloading files or waiting for our issue to mail! Visit www.fluidpowerjournal.com to find a manufacturer.

66

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

To submit promotions, announcements, and changes with professionals, e-mail us at people@fluidpowerjournal.com.

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


VACUUM

1

PICK-UP CYLINDERS

I

BY DANIEL PASCOE, DAVASOL, INC.

n a vacuum pick-and-place application, the most familiar method of moving products from point A to point B in today’s world is via a multi-axis robot, such as the one shown in Fig. 1. This enables the system builder to manipulate the motion path of the pickand-place cycle with virtually infinite adjustment. This method of automated motion is commonplace and, in fact, is the only option when the pick-and-place operation has many variables as to the pick-up point and the placement of the product being handled. Palletizing boxes on an “end-of-line” production area would be an obvious application for this robotic technology, where boxes might well be picked from the same place each time but their placement in a pallet-build operation could vary considerably. However, many applications for vacuum pick-and-place do not warrant, or justify, the cost of such advanced technology. The 3-axis apparatus shown in Fig. 2 offers a simple, yet effective 3-way motion for positioning over a product in XY and then “reaching” down with a suction cup with axis Z—less costly and potentially more compact than the aforementioned alternative and also fitting within the machine working area footprint. This is a very popular method of vacuum pick-and-place. The potentially difficult part is knowing where the product is in the Z axis. If the product is always the same and therefore always in the same vertical position, then using a simple bellows suction cup will offer some Z-axis compliance or tolerance. But you still activate the Z axis to move “down” and then retract back “up” with the product. An alternative to this would be to use a 2-axis robotic solution to position accurately in the X and Y axis but to also utilize a vacuum cylinder, such as the one shown in Fig. 3. By using a vacuum cylinder, you can eliminate the Z-axis actuator altogether. This saves a lot of money in the automation equipment. The vacuum cylinder utilizes a vacuum force from a vacuum pump or vacuum venturi (compressed air-powered vacuum “pump”). The cylinder’s rest position is shown in position (1) of Fig. 4. When vacuum is applied, the cylinder rod extends (2) until the vacuum cup seals on the load to be lifted. As soon as a vacuum seal is made, the cylinder automatically retracts and holds the product (3). When the vacuum is turned off, by means of a vacuum control valve for example, the product is released. The cycle is now complete. The single biggest advantage of the vacuum cylinder is that it doesn’t need any other motive power, such as a pneumatic, electric, or mechanical actuator, to extend and retract. It’s completely autonomous from the XY axis operators. A secondary advantage of the vacuum cylinder is that it incorporates automatic Z height adjustment. Wherever the product is positioned within the cylinder stroke is where the cylinder will stop and immediately retract. These cylinders are also available with a sensor (as shown in Fig. 5) to determine the internal piston position. This allows the machine controller to confirm where the cylinder is at any given point, which is important in automation equipment. Three schematics are shown in Fig. 6: one using a vacuum pump, and the others both using a venturi–one with a vacuum control valve and the other with a close-coupled vacuum venturi utilizing a pneumatic control valve to turn vacuum on and off to the venturi.

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

2

3

4

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

67


The choice of an electrical pump or air-powered venturi does not offer any advantages in respect to the cylinder operation, but having a vacuum control valve as close to the cylinder as possible allows a vacuum reserve between the pump/venturi and valve to accumulate between cycles, which offers instant vacuum force to the cylinder when the valve is actuated, which will result in a faster cylinder extend rate. The vacuum cylinder offers the machine builder an effective, fast, and simple solution for Z-axis automation in vacuum pick-and-place. The advantage of simple control, automatic height compensation, and fewer working components make this Z-axis solution an option for all machine builders in the automation industry. Demonstration and test videos can be found at the Vacuforce website: http://www.vacuforce.com/cylinders.

5

This article is intended as a general guide and as with any industrial application involving machinery choice, independent professional advice should be sought to ensure correct selection and installation.

Vacuforce LLC, is manufacturer and distributor of vacuum components and systems for industry in North America. Vacuforce can be reached via their website at www.vacuforce.com, or directly at sales@vacuforce. com. (Illustrations supplied by Daniel Pascoe of Davasol Inc, an industrial distribution branding company, who can be reached at dpascoe@ davasol.com.)

6

Vacuum Pump + Vacuum Control Valve

Vacuum Venturi + Vacuum Control Valve

Vacuum Venturi + Pneumatic Control Valve

TRY OUR CYLINDER CONFIGURATOR TODAY! YOUR ONE STOP SHOP TO ORDERING YOUR CYLINDER

HELPS TO ELIMINATE ORDERING MISTAKES 2D + 3D MODELING PRODUCT PREVIEWS DOWNLOADS AVAILABLE QUICK WAY TO GENERATE PART #

(586) 775-7211

info@peninsularcylinders.com

www.peninsularcylinders.com

CIRCLE 183

68

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


The FPDA Motion and Control Network (FPDA) and the International Sealing Distribution Association (ISD) Joint Industry Summit provides expanded networking opportunities for the leaders of the industries served by these two associations. With a theme of “Amplify Your Future,” the 2017 Joint Industry Summit brings together fluid power and sealing distributors, manufacturers, and other vendors for education, professional networking, and to experience the latest industry products and services at the Showcase. KEYNOTE SESSIONS

This four-day program offers many opportunities for association members to build their professional networks with new connections and learn alongside channel partners. This year’s Summit promises to be one of the most exciting and robust programming in some time. The Opening Keynote Speaker, economist Dr. Chris Kuehl (PhD), is a managing director for Armada Corporate Intelligence and co-founded the company in 1999. He is Armada’s economic analyst and works extensively with trade associations. He is the chief economist for the NACM and the economic analyst for the Fabricators Manufacturers Association, and he writes its bi-weekly publication, Fabrinomics. In the still-volatile market for 2017, Dr. Kuehl will be presenting an economic outlook specific to our sector. New this year is a joint FPDA/ISD Business Meeting, featuring a panel of industry leaders based on NAW and IBM's recent trend report,  Facing the Forces of Change®: Navigating the Seas of Disruption. Following separate business meetings on Tuesday morning, September 26th, IBM’s distributor expert will facilitate a panel of fluid power and sealing distribution

FPDA, ISD TO HOST 2017 JOINT INDUSTRY SUMMIT SEPTEMBER 24-27, NASHVILLE, TN PROGRAM FEATURES KEYNOTES, WORKSHOP SESSIONS, SUPPLIER SHOWCASE, AND NETWORKING

leaders while answering questions around disruption. Today is a time of great change and even greater opportunity for wholesaler-distributors, so this is a do-not-miss session.  Mike Rayburn serves as the closing keynote presenter. His musical summary of the Summit’s programming will offer a true “whatif?” experience for members seeking to maximize opportunity and performance. WORKSHOP SESSIONS

UID in-a-Day: FPDA and ISD are always proud to provide the best of the University of Innovative Distribution (UID) with 90-minute sales sessions featuring Don Buttrey and Mike Marks, tackling the topics of sales and business strategy, respectively. UID sessions are held in the morning and afternoon on Monday, September 25th.   SPECIAL EVENTS AND NETWORKING OPPORTUNITIES

Kicking off the Nashville experience, the Opening Networking Reception will be held at the

renowned Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, which will include a tour of the museum. FPDA and ISD go back to tradition with the Gala Reception, Dinner and Closing Party with energetic music from local talent. Following a sit-down dinner, members will enjoy photo opportunities, impersonators, and dancing the evening away to one of Nashville’s hottest bands. The Tuesday, September 25 Supplier Showcase offers the latest in fluid power and sealant products and services. The FPDA/ISD Supplier Showcase is designed as an informal program, utilizing only table-top displays. This Showcase always offers a broad spectrum of the latest technical developments, products, and services to meet member needs, all in one congenial place.  REGISTRATION, HOTEL RESERVATIONS

FPDA members may register for the co-located event by visiting http://bit.ly/2rW2t5C to register online, or may request a registration form by calling FPDA Headquarters at (410) 263-1014. Reservations for group discounted rates at the Renaissance Nashville hotel may be made online at http://bit.ly/2rSDhg4 or by calling (615) 215-8400.   ABOUT FPDA

The Fluid Power Distribution Association is a distribution-centric trade association dedicated to delivering networking, education, best practices, and business intelligence designed to enhance members' business performance. Founded in 1974, the FPDA represents motion solution providers who offer fluid power, automation, and electro-mechanical technologies (the “tri-technologies”) and shares the best in networking opportunities, knowledge, information, and training.

Contact Barbara Dunlavey at bdunlavey@fpda.org or call 1-410-940-6362. Additional information available athttp://fpda.org/aws/FPDA/pt/sp/memservices_summit.

Visit Us at booth S-82440

CIRCLE 184

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

69


HYDRAULIC BASICS:

Recognizing Hydraulic Symbols This new series of articles, compiled by Fluid Power Journal Technical Editor Dan Helgerson, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPS, CFPECS, CFPSD, CFPMT, CFPCC, will include selected excerpts from the IFPS Study Manuals. Study Manuals may be downloaded by visiting www.ifps.org. (IFPS members may download for free; nonmembers may purchase.)

The easiest method to learn hydraulic symbols is to keep a reference handy and refer to it from time to time. The only globally accepted reference to hydraulic symbols is ISO 1219-1, but companies worldwide use a number of other standards, though they share fundamental similarities.

Editor's Note

Learning to recognize and interpret fluid power symbols is much like learning a new language. Every written language has a finite number of letters that are used. These letters make up words; the words make up sentences; the sentences make paragraphs; the paragraphs tell a story. Fluid power symbols can be thought of as the letters in the language of fluid power. As such, they are universal; they are not dependent on a knowledge of the designer’s spoken language, but are understood by anyone familiar with the symbols. The chart below shows many of the symbols (letters) in the language of fluid power. By learning these symbols, it will be possible to construct or identify most fluid power components.

SYMBOLS Flow Line Pilot Line or Drain Line

Linear Device Conditioning

Direction of Flow Adjustable (Variable)

Rotary Device

Hydraulic Power Source and Direction of Energy Pneumatic Power Source and Direction of Energy

Solenoid Check Valve Spring

Indicator Pressure, Flow, General

Proportional

Reservoir Semi-Rotary Device Pressure Control

Pressure Intensifier

Restriction Directional (two or more)

70

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

Sharp Edged Orifice

Quick Disconnect Uncoupled (left symbol) Coupled (right symbol)

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


For example, the seven symbols below can be rearranged in several ways to describe very different components.

Adjustable (Variable)

Stainless Steel Check Valves, Thread-In Type

Pilot or Drain

Flow Line

Spring

Intended Direction of Flow

INSERTA® PRODUCTS Blue Bell, PA • www.inserta.com Vented Reservoir © 2017 Inserta® Products, Inc. CIRCLE 185

Pressure Control

Pressure Reducing Valve

Sequence Valve

Direct Control Pressure Relief Valve

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

71

CIRCLE 186


THE 2017 FIRST CHAMPIONSHIP BRINGS DOUBLE THE FUN

72

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

More than 60,000 people attended the 2017 FIRST Championship presented by Qualcomm Inc., held for the first time across two cities. Combined, FIRST Championship Houston (April 19-22) and FIRST Championship St. Louis (April 26-29) brought together 30,000 students on 1,400 teams from 62 countries, plus 6,000 mentors/coaches/adult supporters and 2,400 volunteers, among other special guests—and not to mention more than 1,300 robots. FIRST teams in competition participated in heart-pounding robotics matches and intense judging sessions. In both cities, the championship events featured action-packed closing ceremonies that included final robotics matches, live entertainment, inspiring speeches, and special awards. In between matches, speakers such as global music artist, entrepreneur, and philanthropist will.i.am and Major General Garrett Harencak of the United States Air Force addressed crowds of tens of thousands of young innovators and their supporters at Minute Maid Park in Houston and The Dome at the America’s Center in St. Louis. The game action was covered live on the #FIRSTChampLIVE streaming show hosted by RoboSports Network, with previews, post-match analysis, and interviews. News media were onsite to spotlight the world’s largest celebration of STEM for students. The thunderous atmosphere in venues where major sporting events occur helped realize FIRST Founder Dean Kamen’s vision: “Athletes don’t get quizzes and tests on the field. They get letters and trophies and recognition,” Kamen said. “If that can inspire kids to work extra hard, why can’t we create an atmosphere where FIRST teams get recognition in a competitive elimination tournament that is in every way as exciting as any other sport, but the skillsets they learn here are so important to their future. Every kid on every team here can turn pro.”

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


Switch Your Swivel!

MORE THAN ROBOTS In addition to attending matches, innovators of all ages could engage in several special events focused on STEM and career building. New to the 2017 FIRST Championship was the alumni mixer. Held at both events, the mixer brought together approximately 500 FIRST alumni to meet, network, and hear from speakers from presenting sponsors BAE Systems, Boeing, and NVIDIA. “I really enjoyed the alumni mixer,” said one alum. “It was awesome to get to meet other FIRST alumni and hear about how FIRST affected their lives just as it affected mine.” Returning to the 2017 FIRST Championship was the Maker Faire-inspired FIRST Innovation Faire, which featured a combined 48 exhibitors. Attendees lined up for hands-on demonstrations, including a chance to try the Power Rangers VR demo from presenting sponsor Qualcomm. In addition, 50 exhibitors were on-hand at Scholarship Row to talk to FIRST students about college and scholarship opportunities. FIRST teams, mentors, sponsors, alliances, and others gave a total of 102 conference sessions at the 2017 FIRST Championship Conferences presented by Southwest, ViaSat, and Walt Disney Imagineering. Topics included career advice sessions on “Putting FIRST to Work” and the annual “Women in STEM” panel. (Videos of these sessions will be available on the FIRST website.)

THOUSANDS OF SWIVEL OPTIONS

Inline & 90° Hydraulic Live Swivels • Rated To 10,000 P.S.I. • Heat Treated • Available in BSPP • Superior Quality Alloy Steel • Rebuildable Ball Bearing Design • Withstands Heavy Side Loads • 304 & 440 Stainless Steel • Full Flow — Low Pressure Drop Custom Design & Sizes Available Quality U.S.A. Made Products, Patent No. 5547233 Email: sales@superswivels.com • Fax: 763-784-7423

www.SuperSwivels.com 763-784-5531 CIRCLE 187

SPONSORS FIRST sends a heartfelt thanks to all the mentors, volunteers, sponsors, and other supporters of FIRST participants, who gave their time and resources not only at the Championship but also for the whole season. Qualcomm Inc. was the Presenting Sponsor. Program sponsors included The Abbott Fund; Bechtel Corp.; Belden, Inc.; FedEx Corp.; Google; Monsanto; Nokia Bell Labs; NRG Energy; NVIDIA Corp.; Twitch; and U.S. Air Force. Other sponsors included BAE Systems; The Boeing Co.; Booz Allen Hamilton; Bosch; The Coca-Cola Co.; The Dow Chemical Co.; Edward Jones; Hilton; Hilton St. Louis at the Ballpark; IBM Corp.; Mouser Electronics; Nidec Motor Corp.; Phillips 66; Picatinny STEM; PwC US; Southwest Airlines; St. Louis Regional Chamber; St. Louis Union Station Hotel; TE Connectivity; Texas Instruments; Uber; ViaSat; Vulcan Spring & Mfg. Co.; and Walt Disney Imagineering.

The 2018 FIRST Championship will be held in Houston from April 18-21, 2018 and in Detroit from April 25-28, 2018.

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

73

®

CIRCLE 188


FIRST Student Innovator Presents TED Talk on Success and Failure When Ashton Cofer, 14, stood on the TED stage at TED-Ed Weekend in December 2016 and delivered a TED Talk to a live audience, with cameras rolling, the accomplished innovator shared a lesson he learned from nearly a decade of watching and performing in FIRST LEGO League: “You can’t have success without failure.” Ashton’s inspiring TED video was released in late March and featured on the TED.com homepage. It has received more than 700,000 views. Ashton began following FIRST LEGO League at age 5, when his older sister joined a team. He saw how much fun she was having and couldn’t wait until he was old enough to join. Four years later, Ashton joined FIRST LEGO League Team 23—“The Incredibots”—a neighborhood-based team in Gahanna, Ohio. Ashton and his team went on to develop a string of innovative solutions, including the patent-pending Styro-Filter, which converts Styrofoam waste in activated carbon that can be used to purify water. When Ashton was nominated to give a TED Talk about the inventing the Styro-Filter, his time in FIRST had prepared him. “In FIRST LEGO

League, you do a lot of public speaking – speaking to judges, memorizing presentations,” Ashton said. “I’ve had a lot of preparation over the years, which helped me present my TED Talk.” Ashton completed TED-Ed’s presentation literacy program and practiced over video calls with a TED coach. In December, Ashton gave his speech at TED Headquarters in New York City. “I talked about overcoming failure. I was really happy to be able to share my story,” he said.

FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) was founded in 1989 to inspire young people’s interest and participation in science and technology. Based in Manchester, N.H., the 501(c)(3) not-for-profit public charity designs accessible, innovative programs that motivate young people to pursue education and career opportunities in science, technology, engineering, and math while building self-confidence, knowledge, and life skills. Visit www.firstinspires.org.

CIRCLE 189

74

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


CE RTIFICATION

SPOTLIGHT NOW AVAILABLE

Upgraded Pneumatic Specialist Certification Study Manual The Pneumatic Specialist (PS) certification is for individuals designing pneumatic systems and writing specifications, sizing, and selecting components for mobile and industrial industries. Members may download the upgraded Study Manual free as a membership benefit. Non-members may purchase. Candidates may register now for the PS certification test; testing begins in September 2017. The three (3)-hour written PS test contains 50 multiple-choice questions. The upgraded PS Study Manual contains four sections of tasks with outcomes, as well as review questions and pre-test practice questions for the following domains: • Understanding the function of pneumatic components in circuits • Analyzing loads and motion • Selecting components for pneumatic systems • Electro-pneumatic control systems

Test Your Skills 1

A load of 500 lb. is pushed horizontally. The coefficient of friction between the surface and the load is 0.4. Pressurized air is available at 100 psig. The minimum bore required is: a. 1 in. c. 2.5 in. e. 4 in.

100 psig 0.4

F

b. 2 in. d. 3.25 in.

500 lb.

Assuming sea level and a safety factor of 2, a set of 3 vacuum cups each having a diameter of 1½ inches is used to lift sheet metal. The vacuum source is capable of 2.5 in-Hg vacuum. The capacity of the lift system is:

2

a. 1.77 lb.

b. 3.3 lb.

c. 5.3 lb.

d. 10.2 lb.

e. 18.8 lb.

3

A double-acting pneumatic cylinder with a stroke length of 300 mm has the rod partially extended to a distance of 250 mm. If a side load of 40 N is applied at the end of the rod, what is the reaction force on the rod bearing? a. 6.67 N.

b. 8.00 N.

c. 48.0 N.

d. 200 N.

e. 240 N.

4

A twin rod cylinder has 1¼ inch bores and a 2 inch stroke. Determine the force capability of the cylinder at point A with 80 psig air supplied to the cylinder. a. 98 lb. d. 392 lb.

b. 196 lb. e. 465 lb.

c. 232 lb.

Visit www.ifps.org for more information and to download the study manual. Answers: 1=b, 2=b, 3=e, 4=b

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

75

CIRCLE 190


1

3

2017 CFPA ANNUAL GENERAL

MEETING BLENDING INFLUENTIAL KEYNOTE SPEAKERS, FABULOUS DINING, AND EXCITING TEAM-BUILDING EXERCISES

The Canadian Fluid Power Association (CFPA) is a membership of Canadian companies committed to the development of fluid power technology in the North. The CFPA is a non-profit association of manufacturers and distributors that focuses on relevant industry insight, communication, and resources to its members to support their continued growth and development. The CFPA strives to further the fluid power industry as a whole with a focus on education, market insight, fluid power careers, and industry cooperation. The CFPA Annual General Meeting (AGM) was held from May 31-June 2 at the Deerhurst Resort in Huntsville, Ontario. Although most of the business conducted at the meeting is related to the functions required to run the Association, there were some changes to the Board worthy of mention: • John Lamb, the previous, long-time chairman of the Board, had recently resigned, leaving his position open. Frank Pirri, Flodraulic sales and product manager, as well as current director of education, was filling in as interim chairperson. With a unanimous vote, Pirri was elected as permanent CFPA chair, which now leaves his seat in education open. • The Association has been without a vice-chair for some time, but running for the position was Caryes Allan, vice president of Higginson

76

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

2

Equipment, herself with seats on multiple CFPA committees. Just as with Pirri, Allan was unanimously voted in, and she now sits as the vice-chair of the CFPA. • Also voted to the Board of Directors was Kevin O’Doherty, business development manager at Sunsource. The CPFA strives to promote education, leadership, and the industry’s economic outlook, demonstrated in its lineup of keynote speakers to inspire, educate, and enlighten. Presentation topics included leadership, risk management as a way to reduce accidents and economic risk, the most current fluid power economic data, the impact of Industry 4.0 in the fluid power industry, and how social media can influence profitability. The AGM blended business, networking, and social events, including golf, a BBQ lunch, the annual dinner, and a mixology competition where attendees teamed up to put together a series of cocktails. The next CFPA Annual General Meeting will be held at the Thousand Islands region of Ontario, splitting the difference between Toronto and Montreal. Fluid power industry professionals, both inside and outside of Canada, are encouraged to attend. For more information, contact CFPA Manager Trish Torrance at 905-844-6822 or info@cfpa.ca. Visit www.cfpa.ca.

The Deerhurst Resort in Huntsville, Ontario, offers a breathtaking view of rock formations, lakes, islands, and wind-swept pines made famous by the Group of Seven Canadian artists and their paintings. It is a picturesque cottage country home to many vacation-goers from all over North America. Goran Tesanovic discusses the 2 challenges he faced when leading the push for Industry 4.0 in Canada, which brings together traditional automation with digital platforms. Seneca College is now a Canadian leader in adapting new technologies, which has resulted in new governmental funding and recent groundbreaking on the Mechatronics Simulation and Demonstration Centre, pioneered by Tesanovic. IFPS Executive Director Donna 3 Pollander presented the latest news in the IFPS, including updates to the Hydraulic Specialist and Pneumatic Specialist certifications, making them more current with today’s technology. She encouraged attendees to join the IFPS in celebrating Fluid Power Professionals’ Day, which took place on June 19. 1

WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


CALENDAR OF

EVENTS

September 6-8

12-15

18-29

11-14

12-15

19-21

Hydraulic Specialist (HS) Review and Test Fairfield, OH CFC Industrial Training Tel: 513-874-3225 info@ cfcindustrialtraining.com Mobile Hydraulic Mechanic (MHM) Review Fairfield, OH CFC Industrial Training Tel: 513-874-3225 info@ cfcindustrialtraining.com

11-15

Overview of Industrial Hydraulics Burlington, ON, Canada Bosch Rexroth Canada Tel: 905-735-0510 training@boschrexroth.ca

11-15

Hydraulic System Planning Bethlehem, PA Bosch Rexroth Tel: 610-997-6745 training@boschrexroth. com

11-15

Introduction to Hydraulics for Industry Professionals Milwaukee, WI GS Global Resources/ MSOE Applied Technology Center Tel: 262-378-5225 www.msoe.edu/ seminars

12-14

Pneumatic Technology for Industry Milton, Ontario, Canada Parker Hannifin Tel: 216-896-2495 mctrain@parker.com

Mobile Hydraulics Mechanic (MHM) Review and Test Virginia Beach, VA NTT Training Tel: 800-308-6005 ascheer@nttinc.com Mobile Hydraulic Technician (MHT) Review and Test Virginia Beach, VA NTT Training Tel: 800-308-6005 ascheer@nttinc.com

12-15

Industrial Hydraulic Technology Elyria, OH Parker Hannifin Tel: 216-896-2495 mctrain@parker.com

18-20

Level 1 Mobile Electric (3 days) Fairfield, OH CFC Industrial Training Tel: 513-874-3225 info@ cfcindustrialtraining.com

18-22

Level 1 Mobile Electric (5 days) Fairfield, OH CFC Industrial Training Tel: 513-874-3225 info@ cfcindustrialtraining.com

18-22

Advanced Mobile Hydraulics Eden Prairie, MN Eaton Hydraulics Training Services Tel: 800-413-8809 hydraulicstraining@ eaton.com

18-22

Hydraulic Systems Engineering—3 week class—(3 consecutive months) Elyria, OH Parker Hannifin Tel: 216-896-2495 mctrain@parker.com

WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

Industrial Hydraulics Maumee, OH Eaton Hydraulics Training Services Tel: 800-413-8809 hydraulicstraining@ eaton.com Fundamentals of Electro-Hydraulics Moon Township, PA Eaton Hydraulics Training Services Tel: 800-413-8809 hydraulicstraining@ eaton.com

19-22

25-29

Overview of Mobile Hydraulics Edmonton, AB, Canada Bosch Rexroth Canada Tel: 905-735-0510 training@boschrexroth.ca

25-29

Industrial Hydraulic Principles Bethlehem, PA Applied Motion Technologies, Inc. Tel: 610-333-5689 Lisa.walker@ amthydraulics.com

25-29

Hydraulic Specialist (HS) Certification Review and Test Virginia Beach, VA NTT Training Tel: 800-308-6005 ascheer@nttinc.com

Programmable Logic Controllers Bethlehem, PA Applied Motion Technologies, Inc. Tel: 610-333-5689 Lisa.walker@ amthydraulics.com

19-22

26-29

20-22

27

Mobile Hydraulic Technology Calgary, AB, Canada Parker Hannifin Tel: 216-896-2495 mctrain@parker.com Hydraulic Specialist (HS) Certification Review and Test Charlotte, NC CFC Industrial Training Tel: 513-874-3225 info@ cfcindustrialtraining.com

25-27

Electro-Hydraulics— Proportional and Servo Valves Fairfield, OH CFC Industrial Training Tel: 513-874-3225 info@ cfcindustrialtraining.com

Mobile Troubleshooting using Schematics Elk Grove Village, IL Parker Hannifin Tel: 216-896-2495 mctrain@parker.com CCEFP Webinar: “Controlled Stirling Power Unit” 1:00 p.m. Eastern/12:00 p.m. Central www.ccefp.org

28-29

Principles of Machining Fairfield, OH CFC Industrial Training Tel: 513-874-3225 info@ cfcindustrialtraining. com

25-29

IFPS Annual Meeting Indianapolis, IN Contact IFPS: 800-308-6005 askus@ifps.org

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017

77

CIRCLE 191


CLASSIFIEDS

FOR SALE

Tier

2

Fluid Power Distributor – Hydraulics/ Pneumatics/Control Products/ Hose and Accessories Excellent product lines – Solid customer base Well established (27+ years) with growth potential Serious inquiries reply to:

570-454-9759

IN STOCK FROM 25MM TO 80MM MANY COVERS IN STOCK • Pressure, Flow, Directional • Large Flow 90° Values

email: neilc@keystonefluidpower.com Mailing to: PO Box 426 • Hazleton, PA 18201

Do you lack the resources to start a complete PIRTEK Service & Supply Center? If so, our new Tier 2 option was made for you. A lower point of entry A mobile-only option 3 years to work into a Tier 1 franchise 1-888-774-7835 | www.ownapirtek.com

almomanifold.com

• Single DIN blocks • Active Values • Safety Poppets

Phone: 989.984.0800 Toll Free: 1.877.ALMO. NOW Fax: 989.984.0830

HYDRAULIC FLANGES and COMPONENTS THE “SPECIAL” YOU WANT IS PROBABLY ON OUR SHELVES

FIND US ON SOCIAL MEDIA!

MAIN Mfg. Products, Inc.

facebook.com/FluidPowerJournal

800.521.7918 fax 810.953.1385 www.MAINMFG.com/fpj

twitter.com/FPJTeam

linkedin.com/groups/4257209

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX •X XWWW.IFPS.ORG X X X X X X X X X XMANUFACTURERS X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XDIRECTORY X X X X X X X X X X2017 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XWWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

ADVERTISER INDEX

Company.......................................Page....Circle ALA Industries Ltd..........................CIII....... 192 Alloys and Components.................62....... 177 Aventics.............................................65....... 182 Bar Hydraulics Inc.............................. 5....... 151 Brand Hydraulics............................... 9....... 153 CFC Industrial Training....................57....... 172 Compact Automation...................... 74....... 189 CRS Services Inc.............................. 19....... 160 Cyber-Tech Inc..................................61....... 176 Delta ^Q Ltd......................................71....... 186 DELTA Computer Systems Inc.......75....... 190 Diamond Wire Spring Company...22....... 164 Engineered Inserts and Systems. Inc............... ...........................................................59....... 173 Essentra Components....................6-7....... 152 Flange Lock.......................................28....... 170

78

Company.......................................Page....Circle Flow Ezy Filters Inc..........................64....... 180 Fluid Energy Controls......................20....... 162 Gefran Inc.........................................69....... 184 Heavy Motions Inc...........................26....... 166 Heinrichs...........................................27....... 167 Hercules Sealing Products..............60....... 175 Hydac International Inc................. CIV....... 193 Hydraulics International Inc........... 10....... 154 Hydraulics Inc...................................62....... 178 Inserta Products...............................71....... 185 Kinnear Specialties Inc.................... 15....... 157 KTR Corporation..............................73....... 188 La-Man Corp.....................................27....... 168 Main Manufacturing Products Inc..... ........................................................... 11....... 155 MOCAP INC......................................64....... 181

Company.......................................Page....Circle MP Filtri USA Inc.............................. 13....... 156 MP Filtri USA Inc..............................29....... 171 MP Filtri USA Inc..............................77....... 191 Peninsular Cylinder Co. Inc............68....... 183 Rota Engineering Ltd.......................28....... 169 Roth North America.........................59........174 Rotor Clip Company........................63....... 179 Ryco Hydraulics...............................21....... 163 Schunk Inc........................................... 3....... 150 Spectronics Corp............................. 18....... 159 Sunfab North America....................20....... 161 Super Swivels..................................73....... 187 WEH Technologies Inc..................... 17....... 158 Whitmore..........................................23....... 165 Yates Industries Inc...................... CII-1....... 149


Please circle numbers for additional information from our advertisers. c/o iPacesetters P.O. Box 413050 Naples, FL 34101-6795 Fax: 888-847-6035

100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128

Reader Service Form Fax or mail completed form for complimentary information. TYPE OR PRINT ONLY: Name Title Company Company Address City

State

Phone

Fax

Zip Code

Web Address E-Mail Address

129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157

158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186

187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215

216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244

245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273

274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302

303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331

332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360

361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389

390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418

419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447

448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476

477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505

1. Do you specify, select, or influence the purchase of components & systems on new or existing machinery? 03  Yes 04  No If yes, in which technologies? (check all that apply) 05  Hydraulic 06  Pneumatic 07  Vacuum 08  Electronic Controls 09  None of these 11  Plant Operations 14  Mechanical

3. Which of the following best describes your market focus? I  Forestry A  Aerospace J  Furnaces B  Agricultural Machinery K  Gas & Oilfield Machinery C  Automotive L  Heavy Construction D  Civil Engineering & Equipment E  Cranes M  Military Vehicles F  Drills & Drilling Equipment N  Construction & Utility Equipment G  Flame Cutting/Welding O  Machine Tools Equipment P  Government Related H  Food Machinery 4. Number of employees at this location?

A  1-19

B  20-49

12  Engineering 15  Purchasing

A  Marine & Offshore Equipment B  Material Handling Equipment C  Mining Machinery D  Packaging Machinery E  Plastic Machinery F  Presses & Foundry G  Railroad Machinery H  Road Construction/ Maintenance Equipment

C  50-99

D  100-249

E  250-499

5. What is the primary business activity at this location? In the Fluid Power Industry: 56  Manufacturer 57  Distributor 58  Education Outside the Fluid Power Industry: 59  Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) 60  End User of Fluid Power Products 6. In which region does your company do business? (check all that apply) 61  East 62  Midwest 63  Southeast 64  Southwest 65  West

66  National

67  International

7. My Company should be advertising in or submit an article to the Fluid Power Journal. Please contact this person: Name: ___________________________________ Title: _________________________________ Phone: _________________________________ 8. I wish to receive a free subscription to Fluid Power Journal:

01  Yes

02  No

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Signature Date 9. I would like more information on the following products: (Please check all that apply) 808  Hose & Tubing 805  Filters 800  Accumulators 809  Hydraulic Fluids 806  Gauges & Sensors 801  Accessories 810  Motors 807  Heat Exchangers, 802  Electronic Controls 811  Pumps Heaters, Aftercoolers, 803  Couplings & Fittings 812  Seals & Packing Dryers 804  Cylinders 10. I plan on purchasing the above products in the next: 68  0-3 months 69  3-6 months 70  6-9 months

71  12+ months

Please send information about the International Fluid Power Society (please check all that apply) 897  Membership 898  Certification 899  Training/Education

813  Vacuum 814  Valves 815  Software

16  Other

I  Simulators & Test Equipment J  Snow Vehicles, Ski Lifts K  Steel Plants & Rolling Mills L  Truck & Bus Industry M  Textile Machinery N  Woodworking Machines O  Other (specify) P  Fluid Power Industry

F

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  X X1000+ X X X500-999 X X X X X X X X X X X X X XG XXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X X X XExpires: X X X X X X XNovember X X X X X X X X X30, X X X2017 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

www.fluidpowerjournal.com

10  Administration 13  Technical

Request FREE product information online at

2. What is your primary job title? (check all that apply)

MANUFACTURERS DIRECTORY 2017


Subscription Form To start your complimentary subscription, return this card!

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX SCAN XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X XHERE XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

YOU CAN ALSO SUBSCRIBE ONLINE AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

Fill out this card completely, detach, and mail or fax it to start your subscription!

PO Box 2548 • Orlando, FL 32802-9830 Fax: 1-866-207-1450

01  YES! Please start/continue my complimentary subscription to the Fluid Power Journal Signature (REQUIRED)

Title (REQUIRED)

Date (REQUIRED)

Telephone

Fax

E-mail

02  NO. Not interested. /

/

Please Type or Print Clearly:

First Name

Middle Initial

Last Name

Company

Division

Web Address

Address

Mail Stop

City

State

Zip Code

 Check here if you would like to keep your name, address, phone and fax numbers confidential, and not released to third parties The address above is my:  Home Address  Business Address Which edition would you like to receive?

 Print

 Digital

 Both

1. Do you specify, select or influence the purchase of components & systems, on new or existing machinery? 03  Yes 04  No. If yes, which technologies? (check all that apply) 05  Hydraulic 06  Pneumatic 09  None of These 07  Vacuum 08  Electronic Controls

2. What is your primary job title? (check only one) 10  Administration: Chairman, Pres., V.P., Sec., Tres., G.M., Owner, Bus. Mgr., Dir., etc. 11  Plant Operations: VP of Mfg/ Oper/ Prod., Plant Mgr./ Dir. Mgr., Supv./ Supt./ Foreman/ Safety Dir., etc. 12  Engineering: V.P. Eng., Eng., Des. Eng., Dir. of Eng., Staff Spec., Chief Eng., Senior Eng., Maint/Prod. Eng., etc. 13  Technical: Chief Tech., Fluid Power Tech., etc. 14  Mechanical: Chief Master Mech., Master Mech., Fluid Power Mech., etc. 15  Purchasing: VP/Dir. of Purch., Procurement Mgr., Buyer, Purch., etc. 16  Other: (please specify)_____________________________________

3. Number of employees at this location? A  1-19 B  20-49 C  50-99 D  100-249 E  250-499 F  500-999 G  1000+

(View a sample of our PAPERLESS digital edition at www.fluidpowerjournal.com)

4. What is the primary business activity at this location? In the Fluid Power Industry Outside the Fluid Power Industry 56  Manufacturer 57  Distributor 58  Education 59  Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) 60  End User of Fluid Power Products 61  Other: (please specify)__________________________________________

5. Which of the following best describes your market focus? A  Aerospace A  Marine & Offshore Equipment B  Agricultural Machinery B  Material Handling Equipment C  Automotive C  Mining Machinery D  Civil Engineering D  Packaging Machinery E  Cranes E  Plastic Machinery F  Drills & Drilling Equip. F  Presses & Foundry G  Flame Cutting/Welding Equip. G  Railroad Machinery H  Food Machinery H  Road Construct/Maint. Equip. I  Forestry I  Simulators & Test Equipment J  Furnaces J  Snow Vehicles, Ski Lifts K  Gas & Oilfield Machinery K  Steel Plants & Rolling Mills L  Heavy Construction & Equip. L  Truck & Bus Industry M  Military Vehicles M  Textile Machinery N  Construction & Utility Equip. N  Woodworking Machines O  Machine Tools O  Other (specify)_____________ P  Government Related P  Fluid Power Industry

My company should be advertising in or submit an article to the Fluid Power Journal. Please contact this person:

Name:____________________________________ Title:_______________________________ Phone:______________________________


LOOKING FOR HIGH FLOW VALVES? LOOK NO FURTHER.

LSVHG-10 (1000 GPM @ 1000 PSI) HIGH SPEED LINEAR SERVO

ELDFHG-10EH (1000 GPM @ 1000 PSI) DIRECTIONAL AND FLOW CONTROL

Applications: Die Casting, Injection Molding, Test Equipment, Steel Mills and more. 9 HIGH FLOW 9 HIGH ACCURACY 9 HIGH RESPONSE

9 EXCELLENT CONTAMINATION RESISTANCE

Also available in 06 and 04 sizes

ASR/ASE AC SERVO DRIVEN PUMPS Applications: Tube Bending, Injection Molding, Machine Tool, Test Equipment and more. 9 9 9 9 9

HIGH PERFORMANCE HIGH FLOW COMPACT SIZE HIGH RESPONSE ENERGY SAVING

ASE SERIES 80.8—302 L/min (21.2—79.5 GPM) 0.1—17.5 MPa (15—2538 psi)

9 9 9 9 9

EASY MAINTENANCE LESS WIRING/HIGHER RELIABILITY REDUCED ELECTRICAL NOISE SINGLE DISPLACEMENT (ASE & ASR) DUAL DISPLACEMENT (ASR)

ASR SERIES 39.5—200 L/min (10.4—52.6 GPM) 0.1—21 MPa (15—3046 psi)

Master Distributor: ALA Industries Limited  Valparaiso, IN 877-419-8536  www.yuken-usa.com CIRCLE 192


CIRCLE 193

FPJ Manufacfacturers Directory 2017