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January/February 2015



Fluid Power Professionals' Day Photo Contest is Back! Simple guide to identify cylinders

Special Section: Winter Literature Review


Fluid Power Initiatives with the Boy Scouts of America






When you build and repair cylinders to the highest manufacturing standards, they tend to become the standard for a wide variety of applications. In fact, you’ll find Yates standard and custom spec hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders everywhere, from massive steel operations to the US agricultural industry. We’ve now added a welded cylinder line near Atlanta, Georgia. Adding the Georgia plant to our custom engineering plant in Michigan and our repair and manufacturing plant in Alabama facilities gives us greater capacity for our welded cylinder lines and increases our service area throughout the Southern US, nationally and internationally. And it’s all backed by an industry leading warranty and 24/7 emergency service — how sweet is that!

Yates is Everywhere From Assembly to Agriculture; Aerospace to Automation—Yates’ cylinders deliver the strength and performance needed to power some of the world’s toughest machinery.

Yates IndustrIes, Inc.

Yates cYlInders, al.

Yates cYlInders, Ga.

23050 Industrial Dr. E. St. Clair Shores, MI 48080 Phone: 586.778.7680 Fax: 586.778.6565

55 Refreshment Place Decatur, AL 35601 Phone: 256.351.8081 Fax: 256.351.8571

7750 The Bluffs Austell, GA 30168 Phone: 678.355.2240 Fax: 678.355.2241 CIRCLE 228

In This Issue JA N UA RY / F E B R UA RY 2 0 1 5 • VO L U M E 2 2 • I S S U E 1

14 8



SPECIFYING Pneumatic Cylinders: Part One




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CLEAN FLEET® REDUCES EMISSIONS BY 99% at Hydraulic Fracturing Sites






Fluid Power Student Club “GIVES BACK”


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Figure It Out department! CHECK IT OUT ON P. 6

PUBLISHER’S NOTE: The information provided in this publication is for

informational purposes only. While all efforts have been taken to ensure the technical accuracy of the material enclosed, Fluid Power Journal is not responsible for the availability, accuracy, currency, or reliability of any information, statement, opinion, or advice contained in a third party’s material. Fluid Power Journal will not be liable for any loss or damage caused by reliance on information obtained in this publication. • January/February 2015 •



CCEFP Fluid Power Innovation and Research Conference (FPIRC14) RECAP














Notable Words PUBLISHER

Wake-Up Call If you are reading this article, you probably already know what fluid power is, how most of us ended up in this field, and how hard it is to find your replacement. For those of you not familiar with fluid power, it is many times referred to as the “hidden giant”—unmatched power density working behind the scenes to reliably perform complex tasks without fail. This could also describe those employed in fluid power—those who reliably work behind the scenes with hidden talents, ensuring complex hydraulic or pneumatic systems do not fail. Interestingly, most of us did not choose this field. Very few of us planned to be fluid power professionals when we left home for college or the military or our new job. Somewhere along the way, we were introduced to the confusing “black box” that moved the cylinders. But with time, we stuck it out, and the logic of fluid power filtered in and became a new language. And yes, in many ways, you are “irreplaceable.” Now, don’t let it go to your head, but it’s true that you probably can’t hire your own replacement. The industry is losing professionals faster than we can bring new ones in and train them. And yes, I said, “train them.” Unfortunately, we will most likely have to train our new recruits. In time, I would like to believe academia will catch up and fill this need better, but until then we must teach the necessary skills and best practices to those interested. The difficulty now lies in proving that these newly trained employees are capable of building, testing, and installing equipment properly. Or that the engineers are designing systems that are safe and efficient. Or providing the verification that the maintenance foremen, who never let the hydraulic systems fail, are applying the principles of fluid power without error. We all know people in our industry who have excellent mechanical ability and who understand fluid power systems – the people who are the “hidden giants” working in your company. Unfortunately, most of those people have never bothered to become fluid power certified. I will make another assumption that, if you are reading this article in the Fluid Power Journal, you probably hold a certification through the IFPS. Maybe at some point, you realized a certification would help your career by separating you from your colleagues. Or maybe your boss required you to get certified because the company rightly believes that the proof of knowledge will lift your company above the competition. If you have reaped any benefit from your certification, then I ask you, I challenge you, to bring one new person into fluid power. I challenge you to find one candidate, not currently active in IFPS or holding a certification, to apply for and pass any fluid power certification offered by the International Fluid Power Society. For each successful candidate, I, Marti Wendel, will buy you one cup of Starbucks coffee. I believe that fluid power is currently the best career field a young engineer or technician can choose, and certification is the proof of knowledge that is necessary for his or her career advancement. I hope you take me up on my challenge and share the prospect of success with a new fluid power professional.


DISCLAIMER: Maximum 100 cups of coffee total, test must be taken in 2015, candidate must pass test. “May the odds be ever in your favor.”



Marti Wendel, CFPE, CFPS, CFPCC, is global sales manager for Curtiss-Wright Sprague Products in Brecksville, Ohio. She can be reached at • January/February 2015 •

INNOVATIVE DESIGNS & PUBLISHING, INC. 3245 Freemansburg Avenue, Palmer, PA 18045-7118 Tel: 800-730-5904 or 610-923-0380 Fax: 610-923-0390 • Email: Founders: Paul and Lisa Prass Associate Publisher: Marc Mitchell Editor: Kristine Coblitz Technical Editor: Dan Helgerson, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPS, CFPECS, CFPSD, CFPMT, CFPCC - CFPSOS LLC Account Executive: Bob McKinney Art Director: Quynh Vo Director of Creative Services: Erica Montes Accounting: Donna Bachman, Debbie Clune Digital Strategy Manager: Jeff Maile Publishing Assistant: Sharron Sandmaier Circulation Manager: Andrea Karges

INTERNATIONAL FLUID POWER SOCIETY 1930 East Marlton Pike, Suite A-2, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003-2141 Tel: 856-489-8983 • Fax: 856-424-9248 Email: • Web: 2015 BOARD OF DIRECTORS President & Chairperson Marti Wendel, CFPE, CFPS, CFPCC - Curtiss-Wright Sprague Products Immediate Past President Tom Blansett, CFPAI, CFPS, CFPIHT, CFPCC - Behco-MRM, Inc. First Vice President Rance Herren, CFPSD, CFPECS, CFPMT, CFPAI - National Oilwell Varco Vice President Education D. Dean Houdeshell, PE, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPE, CFPS, CFPIHT, CFPMHT, CFPMHM - Danfoss Treasurer Dan Helgerson, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPS, CFPECS, CFPSD, CFPMT, CFPCC - CFPSOS LLC Vice President Membership & Chapter Support Richard Bullers, CFPPS - SMC Corp. of America Vice President Certification Timothy White, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPS, CFPECS, CFPMIH, CFPMMH, CFPMIP, CFPMT, CFPMM - The Boeing Company Vice President Marketing & Public Relations Justin Sergeant, CFPS, CFPMHM - Seven Stars Industries Vice President Educational Foundation Patrick Maluso, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPS, CFPMHM - Western Hydrostatics, Inc. DIRECTORS-AT-LARGE Kenneth Dulinski, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPECS, CFPHS, CFPMIH, CFPMMH Macomb Community College Frank Fetty, CFPMHM - JH Fletcher & Company Jose Garcia, CFPHS - Purdue University Scott Gower, CFPS - Gulf Controls Co., Inc. Jeffrey Hodges, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPMHM - Altec Industries, Inc. Bill Jordan, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPMHM, CFPMHT - Altec Industries, Inc. John Juhasz, CFPECS, CFPS - Kraft Fluid Systems, Inc. Jeff Kenney, CFPIHM, CFPMHM, CFPMHT - Coastal Hydraulics, Inc. Scott Nagro, CFPS - HydraForce, Inc. Alan Niesen, CFPS, CFPIHM, CFPMHM - HFI Fluid Power Products Rocky Phoenix, CFPMHT, CFPMHM - Open Loop Energy, Inc. HONORARY DIRECTORS Robert Firth John Groot Raymond Hanley, CFPE/AI-Emeritus Robert Sheaf, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPE, CFPS, CFPECS, CFPMT, CFPMIP, CFPMMH, CFPMIH, CFPMM IFPS STAFF Executive Director: Donna Pollander, ACA Communications Manager: Adele Kayser Assistant Director: Jeana Hoffman Membership Coordinator: Sue Dyson Certification Coordinator: Susan Apostle Bookkeeper: Diane McMahon Administrative Assistant: Beth Borodziuk Fluid Power Journal (ISSN# 1073-7898) is the official publication of the International Fluid Power Society published bi-monthly with four supplemental issues, including a Systems Integrator Directory, Off-Highway Suppliers Directory,Tech Directory, and Manufacturers Directory, by Innovative Designs & Publishing, Inc., 3245 Freemansburg Avenue, Palmer, PA 180457118. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part of any material in this publication is acceptable with credit. Publishers assume no liability for any information published. We reserve the right to accept or reject all advertising material and will not guarantee the return or safety of unsolicited art, photographs or manuscripts.

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Attention Fluid Power Specialists: Be a Fluid Power Star

Offer your customers hydraulic cylinder solutions that outperform any other cylinder in any fluid power industry application. It’s easy with Aggressive Hydraulics. Our purpose-built philosophy is your secret weapon to bigger sales and superior customer satisfaction. Our design, engineering and manufacturing expertise addresses an application’s specific rigors, environmental challenges and exacting requirements to meet existing customer demands or better solve the hydraulic cylinder needs of an untapped customer base. From one unit to full production runs, we can supply you with proprietary products that deliver a better total value, day in and day out, making you a star with your customers and your company.

Engineered to move your business.

(866) 406-4100 | | © 2014 Aggressive Hydraulics, Inc. All rights reserved. CIRCLE 230

Figure It Out


Out Riggers Locked-up on Digger Derrick Truck A power and light company’s Digger Derrick crew was assigned to drill several holes for power poles in an industrial complex. They arrived around 9 a.m. on a cloudy, misty, and rainy 40°F day. They set up and drilled their first two holes without having to move the truck. They then decided to break for lunch before moving on to drill the third hole since the cloud cover and misty rain gave way to a warm sun. They folded the unit up to move to the next hole location and could not get any of the outriggers to retract. All the other functions worked well, but all four outriggers seemed to be locked up. The crew called back to the maintenance department and explained the problem. The mechanic on duty told them to move the digger boom so it would extend perpendicular to a side releaving the load on the opposite side outriggers. Then he told them to see if the two outriggers opposite the boom would retract. This technique would work about 70% of the time. Operator crews should run outriggers out far enough to stabilize the rig but avoid bottoming them out. When the outriggers are bottomed out, many times they see a pressure spike caused by the pressure-compensated pump’s slow response time, and the pilot-to-open load-holding check valves can have up to twice the system pressure trapped between the cylinder and PO check. The pilot-to-open ratio is too low to open the check with normal system pressure. The crew was not successful at retracting the outriggers, and when the mechanic arrived, he thanked the crew for getting him out of the garage on what turned out to be a sunny 90°F day. Without breaking a cylinder line or jacking the truck up, he performed his magic and had the truck outriggers fully retracted in less than 30 minutes.


Any idea what he did to solve the problem?

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His dad is one of our everyday heroes, keeping our roads safer

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he International Fluid Power Society (IFPS) has dedicated June 19 as “Fluid Power Professionals' Day” - a day of recognition for all of us who work in the fluid power field! It has been said that fluid power is a “hidden giant” because it is so common in every aspect of our day-to-day existence that we have simply overlooked the obvious. There is not a vehicle, ship, plane, or train that can operate without fluid power. There is no consumer item, no electronic gadget, and no morsel of food we grow that can exist in enough quantity at a cost we can afford without the use of fluid power and our efforts. From the ancient waterwheels of an emerging agrarian economy through the renaissance of industrial revolution to the automation and information technology age of today, we have worked to utilize, maintain, improve, and advance this all-encompassing technology. These efforts have improved productivity, ensured safety, and provided critical services that improve the quality of all of our lives. THANK YOU!

WHY JUNE 19TH? A little bit of history behind the date is interesting. Blaise Pascal—a French mathematician, inventor, writer, and physicist—was born on this day clear back in 1623. His work in hydrodynamics and hydrostatics, including the invention of the hydraulic press, paved the way for all future innovations. He was also instrumental in experiments in pneumatics that examined the behavior of air in a vacuum and validated the work of the man who invented the barometer, Evangelista Torricelli. Because of Blaise Pascal and his work, the scientific foundation of thermodynamics and fluid power was set to build upon for those who followed.

8 • January/February 2015 •

PHOTO CONTEST The first contest was such a success that we’re running it again. Keep your eyes open and your camera handy for the following categories: ƒƒ Fun with Fluid Power (geared towards youth) ƒƒ Fluid Power Professionals in Action ƒƒ Power Density ƒƒ Fluid Power in Motion ƒƒ People’s Choice Award (tell your friends to vote!) Prizes for each category ƒƒ 1st place $250 ƒƒ 2nd place $100 ƒƒ 3rd place $50 ƒƒ People’s Choice $100 Contest runs from January 1st to March 31st of 2015. Visit www. to enter.




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Air cylinders are offered in a variety of industry standards. Within these standards, air cylinders come in an assortment of shapes, sizes, and types, as well as with numerous optional features. At first glance, the number of permutations can be a bit overwhelming. The good news is that each pneumatic actuator type and configuration has a place in today’s motion-centric automation environment.


ven though the air cylinder market includes a multitude of standard options, pneumatic actuators are still selected by their ability to perform specific functions. Some examples of common air cylinder applications include the following: ƒƒ Opening and closing the gate on a knife-gate valve ƒƒ Allowing life-like motion in the animatronics industry ƒƒ Diverting goods on a conveyor system ƒƒ Raising and lowering rides at an amusement park ƒƒ Operating gates to rapidly unload a railcar commodity ƒƒ Press operation in the dry-cleaning industry ƒƒ Brush movement in the auto-wash industry Sometimes the job at hand simply falls outside the standard product offering, and only a tailored or custom air cylinder will suffice. The development of custom air cylinders can often be both expensive and time consuming. The two parts of this article outline a step-by-step process to ensure your time and investment are well spent.


Two Questions

Properly specifying an air cylinder for any application requires that two questions be answered before moving into the heart of the design. The first question is: What do I need the cylinder to do (what type of work will it be performing)? The second question is: What types of cylinders do I have to select from? As previously mentioned, there are several standard cylinder types available to fit most applications, but often times there are design issues that keep a standard unit from meeting specific requirements. Before charging into the specifics of an application, get a handle on the basics of what you need.

10 • January/February 2015 •




effective area

effective area Fig. 1: Effective piston area

Fig. 2: Magnetically coupled (rodless) cylinder has strokes to 1,000 mm.

Fig. 3: Cable cylinders can have strokes over 25 feet and can be located remotely from the workload.


Push and Pull Forces


The Cylinder Stroke

First, determine the force required to properly size the cylinder. When the force is known, you can determine the bore size of the cylinder needed by using the equation: Force = Pressure Available x Effective Piston Area (F=PA) or re-stated Effective Piston Area = Force ÷ Available Pressure (A = F ÷ P). But this calculation doesn’t consider any inefficiencies. So, as a starting point, let’s add 50% as an efficiency factor. Therefore, multiply the Effective Piston Area (A) above by 1.5 and choose the closest standard cylinder bore size, found by using the equation: Bore = √ (1.5 x A x 4 ÷ π). Or we can find the appropriate bore using piston area tables in the manufacturers’ catalog as shown in Table 1. Here, “SIZING GUIDE A” shows the actual piston area and the extend forces obtainable from various air pressures. Pulling force, calculated when the cylinder retracts, brings the rod diameter into account. As shown in Fig. 1, air pressure can act only on part of the piston in retract mode because the rod blocks the center portion of the piston. Thus, the effective area for retraction is calculated as an annular ring: piston area minus rod area. Again, helpful tables from cylinder catalogs provide rod areas to speed calculations of “pulling” force (shown in the sample “SIZING GUIDE B” in Table 2). If you do not have enough pressure to produce the desired force using the preferred bore size cylinder, then you must go to a larger unit. This will affect the package size and may create some space requirement issues, so there is generally a balance that must be achieved.

Stroke is usually a given in most applications. Decide on it early so you can determine how much of a package size you’ll have when it comes time to address the mounting style. Okay, so what stroke do you need? Pulling a load might require a 15-ft stroke if you’re closing the door to a large oven. Lifting a stop gate on a conveyor could require only a 2" motion, whereas pushing a load off the conveyor might require 30" or more. Staking a rivet wouldn’t require much stroke at all—most likely only a fraction of an inch. Whatever your task, knowing the stroke starts to define the type of cylinder you’ll need and the envelope size required for mounting it. For purposes of discussion here, we will classify and show examples of four cylinder types by stroke as follows: (a) short stroke, (b) intermediate stroke, (c) long stroke, and (d) specialty stroke cylinders. Note that some cylinders may overlap all of the categories. Short stroke, compact cylinders: These come in a variety of body styles and have strokes as short as 1/16" with bores down to 1/2". Intermediate stroke: We define these as cylinders having strokes to 36". After World War II, fast-acting, light-duFig. 4 ty automation applications gave rise to compressed air as an alternative to hydraulics. The then-popular tie-rod cylinSIZING GUIDE A - EXTEND FORCE (LBS) der construction was copied using alumiBORE PISTON PRESSURE num wherever possible to reduce weight AREA and cut manufacturing costs. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 125 Long stroke: We are showing NFPA in1½" 1.77 71 88 106 124 141 159 177 221 terchangeable cylinders in this category 2" 3.14 126 157 188 220 251 283 314 393 because their upper stroke limit is 99". But they are well adapted to applications 2½" 4.91 196 245 295 343 393 442 491 614 calling for strokes from 4" and up (Fig. 2). 3¼" 8.30 332 415 498 581 664 747 830 1037 Specialty Stroke (strokes to over 99"): 4" 12.57 503 628 754 880 1005 1131 1257 1571 Cable cylinders, made by several manufacturers, are one example of specialty cylin5" 19.63 785 982 1178 1374 1571 1767 1963 2454 ders. As can be seen from the basic draw6" 28.27 1131 1414 1696 1979 2262 2545 2827 3534 ing in Fig. 3, a clamp can be pulled left or right by a cable attached to the cylinder’s Table 1
























5655 • January/February 2015 •


THRU-HOLE MOUNTING ON DOUBLE ROD METRIC CYLINDER piston. A 15-ft stroke cable cylinder could be used to control the 15-ft oven door mentioned earlier. Because the cable can be any length, the cylinder can be mounted anywhere convenient for the design—directly on the oven or across the room from it, if needed.


thru holes (4) counter bored each end


Mounting can be a challenging issue. At this point, it’s time to determine the way you would like to mount the unit and then decide if you have the proper structure and space to do so. This seems like a very basic concept, but failure to plan here can quickly demolish plans. For example, if you would like to flange mount a unit, but there is a fitting in the way of your mounting surface, it may force a redesign to a bottom mount where an additional plate may need to be added. Okay then, here’s a question: Will the cylinder push a load linearly or turn a crank arm? (The answer determines the type of mount needed for the cylinder.) Rigid mounting: For pushing, pulling, or lifting along a straight line, we want the cylinder to be rigidly mounted. We could bolt the cylinder to the equipment, either by bottom-tapped holes or by standing it on end and running bolts into sleeve nut mounts in the end cap. Or we could choose any of the other standard rigid mounts from the Quick Reference to the Interchangeable NFPA Mounts (Fig. 4). Rigid thru-hole mounting: Thru-hole mounting is available on many short-stroke cylinder models. It provides counter-bored holes drilled through the cylinder body for easy mounting with socket-head cap screws (Fig. 5). Flexible mounting: If turning a crank arm, the cylinder would need to pivot. As shown in Fig. 6, a real clevis mount attached to the cylinder would allow it to pivot but restrain lateral motion. Lastly, by attaching the crank to the pis-

Fig. 5


Fig. 6

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ton rod with a flexible coupling, the SIZING GUIDE B desired motion can be secured. Flexible mounting – short stroke ROD ROD cylinders: Short-stroke cylinders AREA 40 50 60 have many of the same mounts as 0.625 0.307 12 15 18 the big boys. Eye mounts, for example, are shown in Fig. 7 on a round1.000 0.785 31 39 47 body, short-stroke unit. These 1.375 1.485 59 74 89 mounts also provide a pivot point 1.750 2.404 96 120 144 attachment to allow pivotal motion of the cylinder. To further assist with these types of flexible mounts, rod clevises, rod eyes, and mounting brackets are widely available. Flexible mounting – non-tie rod cylinders: Most cylinder styles have mounts similar to the NFPA mounts. As an example, trunnion mounts are available on stainless steel body cylinders. Dimensions differ from the NFPA mounts, but they function the same. Whatever cylinder style you choose, be sure to dig deep into the product catalogs to find the mount best suited to your application.

Reinforce your industry expertise with a Pneumatic Mechanic, Technician, or Specialist certification. Apply online at

For more information: Contact Fabco-Air, Inc. at 352-363-8341 or visit









































Table 2

Fig. 7

rod clevis

pivot point

Read Part 2 of this article in the Systems Integrator Directory issue.

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Industry News

ASCO Numatics Announces Industrial Automation Scholarship Winners ASCO Numatics announced the recipients of the 2014 Industrial Automation Engineering Scholarship. The first recipient, Nicholas Aerni, is from Taylor Mill, Ky., and a senior at the University of Kentucky in Lexington, Ky. The second recipient, Kaitlyn A. Martin, is from Baytown, Tex., and is a senior at the Colorado School of Mines in Golden, Co. They were each awarded a $5,000 scholarship towards their Bachelor’s program degrees in electrical/computer engineering and mechanical engineering. The company will further support the winners’ studies with an additional $1,000 grant to the engineering departments of each of their universities. The scholarship winners were announced at Packaging Machinery Manufacturers Institute (PMMI)’s annual Amazing Packaging Race at PACK EXPO 2014 in Chicago. The Amazing Packaging Race, sponsored by ASCO Numatics, is a fun and educational event that pits teams of packaging students, from programs around the country, against each other in a race to gather points by completing tasks at specific PACK EXPO booths. The race helps support the PMMI Education and Training Foundation, which provides scholarships to packaging students from PMMI partner schools. The scholarship program, now in its seventh year, has awarded a total of $70,000 in merit-based scholarships to 14 students based on their potential for leadership and for making a significant contribution to the industrial automation engineering profession, particularly as it relates to the application of fluid control and fluid power technologies. The company has provided an additional $14,000 in grants to 12 schools of engineering.


Nicholas Aerni

Kaitlyn A. Martin

HAWE Offers Hydraulics Apprenticeship Program In the process of expanding its assembly, light manufacturing, and distribution process in Charlotte, N.C., HAWE Hydraulics North America found it increasingly difficult to find local workers with hands-on experience in the hydraulics skill set. Therefore, in June 2012, the company sought out an opportunity to develop an apprenticeship program that would benefit both the company and the apprentices. The company has partnered with Central Piedmont Community College and developed an educational program allowing apprentices to gain both hands-on experience in the fluid power industry and, at the same time, obtain a degree in the mechatronics engineering program. This is a means for HAWE Hydraulics to build a talent pipeline of technicians who are willing to grow with the company while gaining the technical experience necessary to support the value-added services extended to its customers. HAWE Hydraulics is now two years into the program with four talented students who play an integral part in the company’s processes. In more recent months, they have taken on additional responsibilities, such as the restructuring of its safety manual, conducting safety training, learning in-depth quality assurance processes, and assisting the customer service department.


Interns at Hawe Hydraulics – Left to right: Santiago Villablanca, Joanna Gentry, Michael Whittaker, Daniel Gonzalez


For more information, contact HAWE Hydraulics North America at • January/February 2015 •

JARP Industries Expands Cylinder Remanufacturing Program JARP Industries, a manufacturer of custom hydraulic cylinders, opened a stand-alone manufacturing facility for its growing cylinder remanufacturing business. The 25,000-ft2 facility is solely dedicated to the company’s remanufacturing program. The facility enables remanufacturing of up to 20,000 cylinders a year, significantly expanding its existing capacity of 7,000. It also allows the ability to offer customized inventory programs. JARP Industries

Altec Wood Chipper Recognized Altec Industries Inc.’s newest controlled-feed wood chipper, the DSC6, was awarded Arbor Age’s 2014 “A+ New Product Award.” The award recognizes products introduced to the professional arborist market during the past year. Products are judged by innovation, marketability, and application within the market. The DSC6 is easy to use for the operator who needs a smaller machine capable of processing a large amount of debris. An eight-blade feed roller design allows for smooth operation for all types of materials.

Festo Becomes Distribution Partner of ZAYTRAN Products Festo has entered into an agreement to become the exclusive distributor of ZAYTRAN products in the North American marketplace. This partnership will expand the customer base of both companies and increase the range of pneumatic grippers offered by Festo. ZAYTRAN’s customer base is comprised of automation integrators who work in every major industry from hard disk fabrication to aircraft manufacturing.

National Fluid Power Society Australia Established The official name of what was The International Fluid Power Society of Australia (IFPSA) Inc. is now National Fluid Power Society Australia (WA) Inc. (NFPSAWA). The affiliate membership that the IFPSA had with the IFPS in the U.S. will be handed over to the newly named organization so that the members of all fluid power societies in Australia that support NFPSAWA will benefit from the affiliation, even though the “international” part of the American society’s name will not be used in Australia. The NFPSAWA executive committee will initially consist of three FPS Inc. members and three NFPSAWA members.


No other supplier is better equipped to handle your immediate hydraulic needs than Hydraulex Global. We stock an extensive inventory of new aftermarket and remanufactured hydraulic components. This includes pumps, motors, valves, servo & proportional valves, cylinders, PTOs, orbital motors and parts - for mobile and industrial applications, spanning most all major manufacturers. Only Hydraulex Global offers you the best selection and the best value. Experience the one-stop shop at








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Eaton introduces its CSM 02 multi-analysis system that helps users count particles and solid contamination in hydraulic and lubrication fluids to deliver reliable and efficient operations. The CSM 02 system also analyzes other important oil parameters, such as water saturation, temperature, viscosity and relative dielectric constant in stationary or mobile applications. Additionally it is ideal for analyzing foamed oils in large gearboxes and flushing test stands.



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TORQTITE ADJUSTABLE TORQUE WRENCHES Flaretite’s new adjustable open-end torque wrenches allow all tube and hose ends to be precisely tightened to their correct torque requirements. These new wrenches can be used on all fittings requiring a torque specification. Developed to compliment Flaretite’s patented flared seals for 30, 37 and 45 degree flare fittings, these wrenches are used by quality conscious mechanics in all industries. Torque Wrench Benefits: • Five Sizes with ranges from 7 to 500 ft-lbs (10 - 700 Nm). • Fixed wrench ends with hex sizes (jaw opening) from 7/16” thru 3”. Box ends available as specials. • Ratchet end and adjustable ends also available. • Low profile, reversible, spanner design • Precision quality design with +/- 5% accuracy • Shipped with torque rating tables for all common fittings

FLARETITE, INC. Fenton, MI, USA • Tel: 810-750-4140 •

16 • January/February 2015 •


CAN-IO14: UNPRECEDENTED FLEXIBILITY CAN-IO14 introduces unprecedented flexibility. The tiny device is only 60×60×30 mm and is IP67 rated. Its durable design allows temperatures ranging from -40°F to 185°F. Its functionality is ideal for mobile, equipment used in harsh environments. The device converts analog and digital signals to CAN messages for use in conjunction with other devices on the CAN network.






H6 HEAVY DUTY CYLINDER The Yates Industries H6 Heavy Duty Cylinder is rated for 3000 PSI and features 1½ to 20” bores standard, 22 different mounting options, is JIC-NFPA interchangeable, and can be customized with nearly limitless combinations of rod ends, cushions, couplers, seals, and ports – all backed by our legendary warranty and repair capabilities.

Direct Acting Electric available: Youli directional control valves, rated to 4600psi, monoblock or sectional styles, are now available from stock in Houston, with electric direct acting solenoids on the MB-4 series, rated to 10GPM. Pneumatic operators are also available on all Youli valves, and also kept in stock. Youli quality is based on 25 years of industrial hydraulic valve manufacturing for the machine tool business in Taiwan. A quality product line with a major commitment to inventory in Houston, Texas, and offered at competitive prices, is growing our reputation.

YATES INDUSTRIES 23050 Industrial Dr. E. St. Clair Shores, MI 48080 586-778-7680


YOULI HYDRAULIC INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD. Proudly sold through distribution. Please call to be referred. Contact the company at 1-888-330-8041 or email to View basic specifications at


CORROSION RESISTANT WINDOW SIGHTS Stainless steel is resistant to corrosion, rust, and staining. It maintains its appearance over long periods and minimizes unwanted bonding between parts. Sight glasses enable viewing inside a reservoir, hydraulic line, or machine compartment. Oil-Rite offers 303 stainless steel window sights with straight or NPT threads. Made in the USA.

OIL-RITE CORPORATION (920) 682-6173 •


D03, D05, D07, D08, D10 VALVES & CIRCUIT STACK MODULARS Power Valve U.S.A. represents, as factory warehouse and sales office, a Taiwan manufacturer of D03, D05, D07, D08, and D10 valves, and modular circuit stack valves. With inventory in the Houston warehouse, all products are competitively priced, and machine tool quality. In fact the parent company, Tai Huei Oil Industry Co., Ltd. has been selling valves for over 25 years to the machine tool industry in Taiwan. All standard AC and DC voltages are available, and all standard spool configurations are in stock. Special spools are available. Pressures to 5000psi and flows from 16GPM (D03) to 211GPM (D10) are standard. With inventory on the shelf and very competitive pricing, we invite your inquiry.

CUSTOM FLANGE ADAPTERS Adaconn® flange adapters may be provided with a variety of male ends and sizes for custom OEM applications. Male SAE 37° (JIC), SAE O-Ring Boss, ORS, and NPTF ends are available in size-onsize or multiple size reductions. Modifications may be provided for Load Sense applications. The internal socket head drive allows for a minimum overall adapter length.

ADACONN® Blue Bell, PA • • 215.643.1900


POWER VALVE U.S.A. Proudly sold through distribution. Please call to be referred. Contact the company at 1-888-862-1064 or e-mail to View basic specifications at


265 • January/February 2015 •



STAINLESS STEEL WINDOW FLOW SIGHTS Window flow sights are primarily used in low pressure oil lines to allow visual observation of liquid flow, clarity, and condition. Stainless steel is known for its non-corrosive and non-magnetic properties. Oil-Rite 303 stainless steel flow sights can be installed in any direction. An optional ball enhances flow visibility.




SPECIALIZED WELD FITTINGS Fluid Design is the pioneer in the manufacture of specialized weld fittings for the fluid power and OEM industries. Our FastFit™ Weld Adaptor product line allows for the installation of welded piping systems or reservoir construction without the use of NPT threads! Available in weld caps, inserts, saddles, bulkheads, tank flanges, and male adaptors in a wide array of jump sizes, port and material types. SAE, BSPP, and BSPT ports are available in all styles. 268

FastFit™ Weld Adaptors Are Made With Pride In The USA.


MOCAP manufactures a full line of protective closures including recently added sizes and styles of plastic Caps and Plugs for Metric, NPT, BSP, JIC and SAE Threaded Connections, Ports and Fittings. Also, recent additions are a line of Paper Caps and Plugs, as well as Pipe and Flange Protective Products. These are in addition to MOCAP’s already extensive lines of low-cost Caps, Plugs, Grips, Netting, Tubing and Tapes for Product Protection, Finishing and Masking. Nearly all of our items are stocked for immediate shipment and now available in Mini-Pack and Micro-Pack quantities.


Email : 800-774-7554 or 509-533-0479 • 800.633.6775 • 314.543.4000




Muncie Power Products, an innovative leader in the Fluid Power market, has announced a new family of mobile hydraulic directional control valves. The first two series, the V080 and V130 series, are high pressure sectional valves that can be configured with a full array of spool, control, and positioner options. Designed for flow capabilities of up to 55 GPM, these valves offer superior performance in a compact package, and can be configured with custom options. Take control of your hydraulic systems with Muncie’s V080 and V130 directional control valves.


18 • January/February 2015 •


FLUIDYNE'S REMAN PRODUCTS & PARTS FluiDyne buys original cores and discards out of spec parts. Our remanufactured units are carefully rebuilt and tested to the highest quality standards. Rebuilds are offered on pumps, motors, valves, and components. FluiDyne repairs Bosch-Rexroth, Continental, Oilgear, Racine and Vickers/Eaton.

FLUIDYNE Call (586-296-7200) or visit our website at: for more information.






MAIN Manufacturing Products, Inc. now stocks SAE, JIS, DIN, and ISO flanges and couplings with metric ports. METRIC TUBE & PIPE sizes in socket weld and butt weld are also available. Many can ship directly from stock. If not part of our 7000+ in-stock products, MAIN can manufacture and ship quickly- (4-5 days) is common from our US facility.







Phone: (800) 521.7918 E-mail:


DP Range : 0 to 0.75 upto 2 bar 0 to 10 upto 30 psi


sures are r assembly diaphragm e difference assembly to the change g. A rotary parate body ed from the rotated by er the linear r assembly. the rotary ifferential


80 psi

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Specifications Accuracy ±5% of FSD (Ascending) Migration No migration ; Zero leakage from high to low port Range 0-0.75 upto 2 bar/psi dual scale First marking on the scale 15% of the FSD Differential Pressure Plus, Inc. has introduced a Sensing element Diaphragm Wetted parts new gauge to monitor Body material, SS 302 spof ring,natural diaphragmgas. & ceramic magnet filtration The Case material Stainless steel (SS 304) GX-100 has a diaphragm sensor to claim zero bypass Dial size in inch (mm) 2.5”(63) Mounting Direct of particulates, and comes standard with bottom Maximum working pressure 100 bar. 0 Maximum proce 80 C ¼ssintemperature NPT connections, and a follower pointer for Body material Aluminium display of differential peak Seals Buna-N, Vpressure iton diaphragmat &”O” rings flowrates. Window Acrylic2.5 inch diameter case is also The stainless steel Connection 1/4” NPT(F) Std. optional 1/4” BSP(F) standard, allowing for the lowest cost entry into this Porting Bottom Protection for field. gauge While designed IP 65 for the gas industry, the GX-100 Over range protection Up to the max. working pressure from high side only. well suited forbeyo many other applications where filter Caution: Neveris pressurize only LP side nd 25 ba r.

condition must be maintained.

Gauge will be supplied along with red follower pointer. Options: Customer logo Colour band ( Available in single scale only)


How to orderContact

Matt Schell at 203-481-2545 for moreXXinformation. Series GX-100 Window X A Acrylic

1 2 3 4 5

Dial Size Case Rang


6 7

Porting Connection





2.5 SS bar Psi 3 4N 4B ZZ B V

2.5" (63mm) SS304 with a rubber ring(standared) 0.75 1.0 10 15

1.6 24


STOPS LEAKING HYDRAULIC LINES Save Time • Save Money • Save Labor • Save Oil • No tools required, one hand installation • No expensive hardware needed • No more rags stuffed into hoses • No more messy plastic caps • The ultimate contamination control tool • Eliminate hydraulic oil spills & clean up • Quick installation & ease of usage • Safe for personnel & environment • Industry acclaimed • 100% Made in USA


FLANGELOCK™ Contact Mike Pearl at 914.980.8890 or email: •

2.0 30

Bottom (Std.) 1/4" NPT(F) Std. 1/4" BSP (F) on request Special connection through adaptors Buna-N (Std.) Viton on request

RAF SERIES TANK TOP RETURN FILTER RTF SERIES TANK TOP RETURN FILTER Clean Filtration U.S.A. is proud to offer their RAF and RTF tank top return filter assemblies. With inventory in Houston these filter assemblies are very competitively priced to meet U.S. market demands. From 3/4" NPT to 3-1/2" SAE code 61 flange porting, these filters offer flow range from 14 GPM to 264 GPM. Synthetic glass fiber filter elements come in 5, 10, and 20 micron ratings for best pressure drop flow conditions. With inventory on the shelf in Houston, and very competitive pricing, we invite your inquiry.





When the pressure’s on, count on the performance and durability 34 of Peninsular Cylinder Company’s Transducer Cylinders. With proven performance in steel mills, foundries & 1/4" the lumber industry, Peninsular NPT 54* 51 transducer cylinders prove77 time and time again to be the best for all of 85 57 your cylinder applications. * 55.0 If required by customer FEATURES of Peninsular Transducer Cylinders • Provides full-stroke precision position feedback anywhere along the cylinder stroke cycle • Electronics are completely enclosed and protected from harsh and shock prone environments • Embedded transducer technology is available • Serviceable without disturbing tie-rod torque • Optional protective transducer covers permit the use of all rear cylinder mounts

PENINSULAR CYLINDER COMPANY Phone: 800-526-7968 • 586-775-7211 Web:





CLEAN FILTRATION U.S.A. 1-888-861-8058 or 713-861-8058. • January/February 2015 •



“AA” FLANGE, 1DG SERIES DOUBLE PUMPS “A” FLANGE, 2DG SERIES DOUBLE PUMPS “B” FLANGE, 3DG SERIES DOUBLE PUMPS PIRANHAFLEX™ SERIES PFAN388NC NON-CONDUCTIVE 100R7 HYDRAULIC HOSE Piranhaflex™ Series PFAN388NC is ideal for medium pressure hydraulic lines commonly used on vehicle mounted aerial devices such as Boom Trucks and Cherry Pickers. Hose is lightweight and flexible and complies with the ANSI 92.2 standard for Vehicle Mounted Aerial Devices. Product features less than 50 microamperes leakage when subjected to 75,000 volts/ft. for 5 minutes. Ideal hose for non-conductive medium pressure hydraulic hose applications. This hose has a temperature range of -40ºF (-40ºC) to +200ºF (+93ºC) for petroleum based hydraulic fluids. Visit for more quality hoses and accessories.

Would you like some fries with that filter? 277

360 E. State Parkway • Schaumburg, IL 60173 (847) 755-0360 • Fax: (847) 885-0996 •

2DG and 1DG double pumps available from Houston stock. 3DG series based on factory lead time. Honor Gear Pumps Corp. of Taiwan, with U.S. warehouse in Houston, is pleased to announce local availability of double pumps in “AA” flange and “A” flange. The “B” flange doubles are available subject to factory lead times. OEM inquiries through distribution are welcome. In addition to doubles, all single pumps are kept in stock in Houston, in the 4F17, “AA”, “A”, and “B” flange models. Aluminum body with cast iron flanges and rear covers are standard. Standard stock displacements in the 3GB series pump are 2.31, 2.68, 3.17, and 3.66 All other displacements are available subject to factory lead times.

HONOR GEAR PUMPS CORP. Proudly sold through distribution. Please call to be referred. Honor Pumps U.S.A. 1601 W. 25th St. Houston, TX 77008 278 Toll free: 800-984-9727 Local: 713-984-8144 Fax: 713-461-9631 Email: Web:


Would you like some fries with that filter?



When you sell a filter, the next question is, “How much is it?” When you sell a filtration system, the question becomes, “What does do?” is, When you sell a filter, the nextitquestion “How much is it?” Adding a differential pressure gauge will: When you sell a filtration system, the question Create“What value added becomes, does it do?” • Increase product differentiation Adding a differential pressure gauge will: • Increase element sales • Create value added • Increase product differentiation Starting • Increase elementfrom sales $7.50 •

dp + 20

Starting from $7.50 203-481-2545 you to a human 203-481-2545 getsgets you to a human being being with2020years yearsexperience! experience! with CIRCLE 241 • January/February 2015 •

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y family is really involved in the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). My son Austin recently received the rank of Eagle Scout, and he and I received the Triple Crown Award (Philmont, Northern Tier, Sea Base, and Summit attendees). If you’re involved with the Boy Scouts of America with your son or daughter, I’m sure you share my appreciation for the special moments and the support of other leaders who help guide our sons and daughters in their maturation process to always do their best and do the right thing. Personally, I can’t say enough about the program and the leadership skills, morals, and ultimately, the character traits it has instilled in our son. The International Fluid Power Society’s Education Committee has spent several years on our dream with the Hydraulics and Pneumatics Subcommittee developing a fluid power merit badge. We’ve been developing the idea, completing many drafts of the merit badge booklet, researching kits, developing patches, selecting images, running experimental programs, refining things, preparing our submission, etc. All of this work led to meetings with the national office of the Boy Scouts of America in Irving, Tex., over the last few years to discuss the potential of this merit badge. These HOW CAN YOU HELP? trips to the national office have been awe-inspiring, especially seeing the national museum 1. If you would like to provide adorned with original Norman Rockwell and comments or feedback, e-mail Joseph Csatari artwork, touring the national Your fice with over 400 employees, and meeting with comments will be delivered to several key staff on the innovations team. the subcommittee. We were warmly met and informed of other 2. We urge every parent ways we could get the hydraulics and pneumatinvolved in our industry to ics basic STEM principles of Science, Technolencourage every Boy Scout they know to register for the ogy, Engineering, and Mathematics into other Scouting Research Panel facets of the Cub Scout, Boy Scout, and Venturby visiting www.scouting. ing programs. org/about/research/ We were given the green light to run with our ResearchPanel.aspx. When experimental program around the country to see the interest survey is sent out if there was a high interest for the merit badge. in Spring 2015, vote Yes! Thank you so much to those who ran experimental programs, the scouts who participated, and the feedback they provided. This gave us the opportunity to tweak and improve what we had put together to make sure that it is a fun, challenging, and relevant experience for the scouts. The purpose of merit badges is to provide opportunities for learning, personal growth, physical development, career awareness, citizenship, and life skills. One of the requirements for the hydraulics and pneumatics merit badge involves a hands-on portion. The scout has to build, operate, and answer questions about a kit from balsa wood that creates a platform lift, scissor lift, cherry picker, or excavator along with a robotic arm to demonstrate the use of hydraulics and pneumatics with syringes as the mechanical linear actuators. The formal application for the Hydraulics and Pneumatics Merit Badge was presented to the Boy Scouts of America National Office last September. BSA will be sending out a youth interest survey in the first quarter of 2015 to assess whether or not to move forward with the merit badge. This survey will be sent to all scouts who have signed up for the Scouting Research Panel. The committee is currently working on a short video for promoting the merit badge and is considering changing the name from “Hydraulics and Pneumatics Merit Badge” to “Fluid Power Merit Badge” based on feedback from BSA. I hope you’re as excited as I am about this opportunity. I have to say this is one of the most exciting things for our industry that I have ever seen. Please consider helping us in this important endeavor for the present and future of our industry, and stay tuned for updates!

COMMITTEE CHAIRS: Paul Prass, Fluid Power Journal; Randall Smith, CFPHS, Northrop Grumman Corp. COMMITTEE MEMBERS: Tom Blansett, CFPAI, Behco-MRM, Inc; Ken Dulinski, CFPAI, Macomb Community College; Scott Gower, CFPS, Gulf Controls Co., Inc.; Dean Houdeshell, PE, CFPAI/AJPP, Danfoss; Mark Perry, CFPHS, Fitzsimmons Hydraulics, Inc.; Justin Sergeant, CFPS, Seven Star Industries; Jimmy Simpson, CFPAI, AJPP, Nusim Associates; Kent Sowatzke, Bimba Manufacturing; Marti Wendel, CFPS, CFPE; Curtiss-Wright Sprague Products; Steve Rogers, Mechanical Kits Ltd.; Lynn Beyer, NFPA

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: After graduating from Purdue University in the Mechanical Engineering field, Paul Prass worked at Rexroth for 13 years; was heavily involved on the board of directors and various committees for NFPA, FPEF, and the IFPS; became a Certified Fluid Power Specialist upon its release; served as the executive director of IFPS and FPDA; became a Certified Association Executive; and founded the Fluid Power Journal for the IFPS with his wife, Lisa, in 1994. Paul and Lisa continue to publish Fluid Power Journal, which just celebrated 20 years of serving the fluid power industry. • January/February 2015 •





U.S. Well Services unveiled historic results from its newly patented Clean Fleet® technology (U.S. Patent No. 8,789,601). The hydraulic fracturing technology, recently implemented by Antero Resources, has demonstrated environmental gains, as well as significant cost savings for oil and gas exploration companies. The technology is proven to successfully decrease emissions by 99%, decrease sound pollution, and show operational cost savings to upwards of $40,000/day. The technology has been in use in the Marcellus Shale Play in West Virginia at sites operated by Antero Resources. Clean Fleet® incorporates existing industry equipment configured to provide fracturing services with enhanced safety features, smaller physical and environmental footprints, and reduced noise levels at a lower cost relative to traditional fracturing equipment. It is a fully mobile, fully electric hydraulic fracturing system powered entirely by natural gas, whereby conventional diesel engines are totally replaced by electric motors. The technology ƒƒ uses electricity produced by on-site turbine generators fueled by field gas, reducing fuel-operating costs by 80%; ƒƒ mitigates environmental exposure by reducing NOx and CO emissions by 99%; ƒƒ eliminates 25 diesel truck deliveries to the well site for an average horizontal well completion, reducing traffic within communities while also mitigating associated fire hazards; ƒƒ reduces noise pollution emanating from the well site, making the workplace safer and communities undisturbed; and ƒƒ incorporates advanced technology that reduces equipment and discharge ion vibrations by 80%, resulting in fewer failures and safer operations. The Clean Fleet® offered by U.S. Well Services consists of 14,500-psi technologically advanced hydraulic fracturing fleets manufactured by Stewart & Stevenson Manufacturing Technologies. The fracturing fleets are equipped to perform all aspects of pressure pumping operations. For more information, visit


HYDRAULIC FILTERS •QUALITY •PRICE •NOW Spin On Heads & Elements Tank Top Filters Sump Strainers High Pressure Filters


22 • January/February 2015 •

Houston, Texas 888-861-8058 toll free 713-861-8058 local 713-461-9631 fax CIRCLE 244

FPEF Updates

FPEF Welcomes a New Chairman

Switch Your Swivel!



Inline & 90° Hydraulic Live Swivels • Rated To 10,000 P.S.I. • Heat Treated • Available in BSPP • Superior Quality Alloy Steel • Rebuildable Ball Bearing Design • Withstands Heavy Side Loads • 304 & 440 Stainless Steel • Full Flow — Low Pressure Drop Custom Design & Sizes Available

The Fluid Power Educational Foundation (FPEF) is pleased to announce that Mr. Pat Maluso, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPMHM, CFPS was elected chair of the FPEF Board of Trustees during its recent trustees’ meeting in Charleston, S.C. Mr. Maluso will take office in January 2015. Mr. Maluso brings more than 35 years of fluid power experience to his newly elected position and has been intimately involved with the International Fluid Power Society for nearly 20 years. Pat has served on the IFPS Board of Directors as a director at large, treasurer and most recently as the 2012 IFPS president. His business, professional, and technical expertise has served IFPS well, and the Society looks forward to him bringing that same experience and energy to the Fluid Power Educational Foundation.


“Being a part of the Fluid Power Society and the Fluid Power Educational Foundation has brought me a great deal of joy and satisfaction. I am humbled and honored by the unanimous vote of confidence from the FPEF Board of Trustees and I will continue to do my best to move the Foundation forward. It has been fulfilling and gratifying to be able to use my gifts and abilities to the benefit of these organizations and the fluid power industry overall.” Mr. Maluso is currently the general manager at Western Hydrostatics, Inc. based in Riverside, Calif.

To learn more about the Fluid Power Educational Foundation, visit or call 856-424-8998.

Quality U.S.A. Made Products, Patent No. 5547233 Email: • Fax: 763-784-7423 763-784-5531 CIRCLE 245

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CIRCLE 246 • January/February 2015 •


Economic Report

Global Manufacturing Update


By Chad Moutray, Chief Economist, National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) November 12, 2014 – The global economy has seen its share of challenges this year. These include deflationary worries in Europe, decelerating growth in China, and declining activity in South America, among others. Along those lines, the Bank of Japan announced on October 31 that it would increase the amount of its monthly asset purchases, stepping up its quantitative easing program in an effort to spur faster growth. The United States fares pretty well in comparison. The International Monetary Fund slightly downgraded its global outlook, with world output



24 • January/February 2015 •


now estimated to expand by 3.3% and 3.8% in 2014 and 2015, respectively. Yet, it raised its estimates for real GDP growth in the United States in 2014 from 1.7% to 2.2%. Indeed, the U.S. economy grew 3.5% in the third quarter, and manufacturers are largely upbeat about demand and production for the coming months. Still, international sales have continued to be rather sluggish so far this year. U.S-manufactured goods exports inched up just 2.2% through the first three quarters of 2014 relative to the same time frame in 2013, according to Trade Stats Express. This represents a slight deceleration from last year’s 2.6% pace. Fortunately, we have seen positive growth in our export sales year to date to our five largest trading partners: Canada (up 0.6%), Mexico (up 6.1%), China (up 8.2%), Japan (up 0.8%), and Germany (up 6.9%). Moreover, while net exports served as a drag on real GDP in the first half of the year, they added 1.32 percentage points to the headline figure in the third quarter. Hopefully, this bodes well moving forward. For those who look at the world with an optimistic eye, October saw signs of progress for manufacturers worldwide. Seven of the top ten markets for U.S.-manufactured goods experienced expanding levels of activity in October, up from six in September. In addition, activity in each of those countries picked up for the month, which was encouraging. Most notably, Germany shifted from an ever-soslight contraction to modest growth. On the other hand, there were three nations that continued to see declining sales and output. Indeed, Brazil, Hong Kong, and South Korea weakened further in October. Moreover, the J.P. Morgan Global Manufacturing PMI was 52.2 in October, unchanged from September. Yet, the pace of new orders, export and output eased for the month, with each showing modest growth overall. The good news was that our two largest trading partners appear to be moving in the right direction. The RBC Canadian Manufacturing PMI rose from 53.5 to 55.3, its highest level since October, and the pace of sales expanded at their fastest levels in 11 months. While the manufacturing production data show some softness in August, the latest jobs numbers illustrate a rebound more recently, with the sector adding 33,200 net new workers in October. Meanwhile, the HSBC Mexico Manufacturing PMI also increased, up from 52.6 to 53.3. This marks the best reading for manufacturing activity since January, particularly for sales and output. As a whole, however, the Mexican economy has been subpar as of late, with industrial production growing just 1.4% year-over-year in August. Breakthroughs on the long-delayed Information Technology Agreement and the implementation of the Trade Facilitations Agreement in early November augur well for moving

both agreements forward and strengthening the role of the World Trade Organization. U.S. trade talks with Asia-Pacific and Europe continue, as do U.S.-China bilateral investment treaty negotiations and global environmental goods talks. Legislative action on outstanding trade priorities is still sought, as manufacturers also urge action to prevent a West Coast port shutdown. Excerpt reprinted with permission. For the full report, visit

The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) represents small and large manufacturers in every industrial sector in all 50 states. For more information, visit

A TEAM OF HYDRAULICS CRAFTSMEN SINCE 1976 In the summer of ‘76 young Wade Reed discovered a niche repairing and crafting hydraulic cylinders and parts. That little garage business, Hannon Hydraulics, grew and today, the company has earned a reputation for producing the finest reworked hydraulics equipment and manufactured parts in the world.


Our belief is that every machinist, fabricator and welder is a craftsman first.

CRAFTSMANSHIP MATTERS. Sales 800.333.4266 Service 800.580.0210

CIRCLE 249 • January/February 2015 •



Innovation and Research


By Mike Gust, CCEFP Contact Mike at or 612-624-4991.

26 • January/February 2015 •

The 2014 CCEFP Fluid Power Innovation and Research Conference (FPIRC14) was held October 13-16, 2014 at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tenn. By all accounts, it was a huge success! Attendance was nearly double from previous annual meetings with almost 200 participants…half of which were from industry. This annual three-day event has established itself as the must-attend conference for fluid power research in America. Twenty-eight (28) formal research project updates were presented during the day program and then shown again at an informal poster show in the evening. The poster show is viewed by industry as a conference highlight, as it gives attendees an excellent opportunity to meet one-on-one with the graduate students conducting the research. There’s always a high degree of excitement in the room and buzz from these conversations. Many of these students will eventually end up working at a company from one of these industry attendees. Besides the research updates, this year’s program included a tour of Vanderbilt’s impressive Laboratory for Systems Integrity and Reliability (LASIR). While there, a distinguished panel from academics, government agencies, and industry was held. Discussion topics included the importance of public-private partnerships in innovation, ways to accelerate research into the marketplace, and the nation’s need for an educated domestic workforce. Panel participants included ƒƒ Nicholas Zeppos, chancellor, Vanderbilt University ƒƒ Mark Johnson, director of Advanced Manufacturing Office, U.S. Department of Energy ƒƒ Thom Mason, director, Oak Ridge National Laboratory ƒƒ Ken Gray, global product manager, Large Hydraulic Excavators, Caterpillar, Inc. ƒƒ Philippe Fauchet, dean of engineering, Vanderbilt University (moderator) Another highlight of the conference was an optional trip to nearby Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Tours of the Manufacturing Demonstration Facility (MDF), National Transportation Research Center (NTRC), and Spallation Neutron Source (SN) were also arranged. The 3D printing technology demonstrations, provided by the MDF facility, were a huge hit with industry. This technology has taken tremendous strides in the past few years and appears now to be on the verge of being commercially viable. For more information, visit • January/February 2015 •


IFPS Updates

Meet the IFPS 2015 President The International Fluid Power Society (IFPS) is pleased to announce that Ms. Marti Wendel, CFPE, CFPS, CFPCC, was elected as the 55th president of IFPS during its annual meeting in Charleston, S.C. Ms. Wendel will take office in January 2015. Ms. Wendel has served as IFPS vice president of education, as the Fluid Power Educational Foundation (FPEF)’s chair of trustees, and as chair of many IFPS subcommittees. During Ms. Wendel’s time serving as the 2011 FPEF chair of trustees, the FPEF and IFPS finalized a strategic alliance that has been a measurable benefit to both organizations. The mission of both the IFPS and FPEF is to promote fluid power education, which is paramount to the sustenance and growth of the fluid power industry. “I am truly humbled by the vote of confidence given to me by my peers on the Society’s board,” stated Ms. Wendel. “The thought of following in the footsteps of so many exceptional and talented past presidents, whom I have revered, is at times overwhelming.” Ms. Wendel is currently the global sales manager for Curtiss-Wright, Sprague, a manufacturer of high-pressure hydrostatic test systems headquartered in Brecksville, Ohio. She has worked for 25 years in engineering, sales, and marketing in the fluid power industry and earned her Bachelor of Science at Kent State University. Ms. Wendel strongly believes that holding an IFPS certification for the past 20 years has accelerated her success in the fluid power industry by allowing others to quickly identify her as a proven professional.



Fluid Power Essential Practices by Raymond Hanley, CFPE/AI-Emeritus, is written to help individuals responsible for fluid power systems determine the difference between an efficient and an inefficient fluid power system. Fluid Power Essential Practices presents an in-depth look at Fluid Power fluid power applications, as well as the reasons that make these EssEntial essential practices so vital. With as much everyday language Practices as possible and with technical jargon minimized, Fluid Power Essential Practices should reach purchasing agents, process engineers, and technicians alike through the use of drawings, charts, and pictures. “Energy conservation has been much in the news of late. A topic often overlooked is the cost of transmitting energy via hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Fluid Power Essential Practices clearly defines the how-to’s of building and maintaining efficient fluid power systems, and indirectly touches upon another timely topic, that of sustainability,” said Jon Jensen, energy conservation manager at SMC Corp. of America. “If Mr. Hanley’s essential practices are followed, not only will hydraulic and pneumatic machines start out cool, quiet, efficient, and leak-free, but they’ll also stay that way! Fluid Power Essential Practices is a must-read for all designers, buyers, and users of fluid power equipment.” Raymond F. Hanley, CFPE/AI-Emeritus, is a U.S. Navy veteran, has over 60 years’ experience in the fluid power industry, and has served on several fluid power industry boards of directors. His previous book, Fluid Power Math for Certification, has been reprinted several times. For more information about Fluid Power Essential Practices, visit the online store at or call 800-308-6005.

PHOTO CONTEST The first contest was such a success that we’re running it again. Keep your eyes open and your camera handy for the following categories: ƒƒ Fun with Fluid Power (geared towards youth) ƒƒ Fluid Power Professionals in Action ƒƒ Power Density ƒƒ Fluid Power in Motion ƒƒ People’s Choice Award (tell your friends to vote!) Prizes for each category ƒƒ 1st place $250 ƒƒ 2nd place $100 ƒƒ 3rd place $50 ƒƒ People’s Choice $100 Contest runs from January 1st to March 31st of 2015.


by raymond Hanley, cFPe/ai-emeritus

28 • January/February 2015 •

To enter the contest, visit

IFPS 2015 Spring Meeting February 25-28, 2015 • Magnolia Hotel • Houston, TX Register by visiting

Please join the IFPS for the 2015 Spring Meeting from February 25-28, 2015 at the Magnolia Hotel, Houston Tex. In addition to committee and board meetings, optional tours are planned for Wednesday, February 25 and Friday, February 27. A technical workshop will be presented by Dan Helgerson, CFPAI, on Saturday, February 28.



Hotel reservations can be made by visiting or by calling the Magnolia Hotel directly at 713-221-0011. A discount hotel rate of $165 + tax /night has been secured. Be sure to mention you are with the International Fluid Power Society to get the group rate. Reservations must be made by January 25, 2015. TECHNICAL WORKSHOP

Let’s Get Serious About Safety and Efficiency Saturday, February 28, 2015 • 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. • Presented by Dan Helgerson, CFPAI Fee: $150, lunch included This workshop will explore two topics: Safety and Efficiency The Safety portion of the workshop will cover the causes and dangers of fluid injection injuries, the horrible results of those injuries, and the timely and necessary protocol for the injured person, his or her manager, EMT personnel, the emergency room, and post-emergency room care. The Efficiency portion of the workshop will explore how an individual can establish a baseline for determining how efficient a system is. An “energy challenge” will be presented for a hydraulic project and for a pneumatic project. Discussions and evaluations will be explored on workshop participants’ solutions for energy efficiency for each challenge. SCHEDULE OF EVENTS



8:00 AM 9:00 AM 12:00 PM 1:30 PM 2:30 PM 6:00 PM 7:45 PM

9:00 AM ................Strategic Planning Meeting 12:00 PM ................Certification Committee Meeting 1:30 PM ................Lunch (on own) 2:30 PM ................Certification Committee Meeting (cont) 5:00 PM ................Education Committee Meeting 7:30 PM ................Welcome Reception 12:30 AM ................Optional Tour: Lucky Strikes Billiards and Bowling

THURSDAY 8:00 AM 9:30 AM 12:30 PM 1:30 PM 3:30 PM 6:30 PM


- - - - - - -

2/26/15 - - - - - -

9:30 AM 12:30 PM 1:30 PM 3:30 PM 5:00 PM 9:00 PM

................Membership Committee Meeting ................Educational Foundation (FPEF) Meeting ................Hosted Lunch ................Marketing Committee Meeting ................Finance Committee Meeting ................Annual Dinner


8:00 AM - 11:00 AM ................Board of Directors Meeting 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM ................Strategic Planning Follow Up 1:00 PM - 5:00 PM ................Optional Tour: National Oilwell Varco Technical College



8:00 AM - 4:00 PM ................Technical Workshop “Let’s Get Serious About Safety and Efficiency” • January/February 2015 •



IFPS Updates

AVAILABLE IFPS CERTIFICATIONS CFPAI Certified Fluid Power Accredited Instructor

IFPS Establishes Raymond Hanley Scholarship The IFPS established a “Raymond Hanley Scholarship” at its recent annual meeting. The scholarship will be awarded to a high-caliber student pursuing his/her post-secondary education in fluid power and will be administered by the Fluid Power Educational Foundation (FPEF). “I couldn’t be more pleased to honor Mr. Hanley’s legacy with this scholarship; he is a pioneer for fluid power certification,” said Donna Pollander, ACA, IFPS executive director. “Mr. Hanley’s passion and dedication to the fluid power industry is legendary.” Raymond F. Hanley, CFPE/AI Emeritus, served as IFPS president from 1986–1987. Mr. Hanley also served as certification vice president and has been an IFPS honorary director since 2006. Mr. Hanley’s continuing contributions to the IFPS certification program led to his being named the first and (so far) only IFPS emeritus certificate holder. Mr. Hanley authored two books, Math for Certification and Fluid Power Essential Best Practices. He is the father of eight children and lives in Florida.


Visit to make a donation to the Fluid Power Educational Foundation.

CFPAJPP Certified Fluid Power Authorized Job Performance Proctor CFPAJPPCC Certified Fluid Power Authorized Job Performance Proctor Connector & Conductor CFPE Certified Fluid Power Engineer CFPS Certified Fluid Power Specialist (Must Obtain CFPHS, CFPPS) CFPHS Certified Fluid Power Hydraulic Specialist CFPPS Certified Fluid Power Pneumatic Specialist CFPMT Certified Fluid Power Master Technician (Must Obtain CFPIHT, CFPMHT, & CFPPT) CFPIHT Certified Fluid Power Industrial Hydraulic Technician CFPMHT Certified Fluid Power Mobile Hydraulic Technician CFPPT Certified Fluid Power Pneumatic Technician

INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULIC TECHNICIANS! BRING YOUR “A-GAME”! If you are preparing for the IHT certification test or just want to test your knowledge, Dan Helgerson, CFPAI, IFPS treasurer, and Fluid Power Journal technical editor, designed a fun and interactive Q&A game. Visit and click on “Certifications.” It’s a great lunchtime group activity!


INTERESTED IN BECOMING AN IFPS ACCREDITED INSTRUCTOR OR JOB PERFORMANCE PROCTOR? IFPS Accredited Instructors (CFPAIs) are certified professionals who educate and prepare candidates for IFPS certification programs. Accredited Instructors have extensive backgrounds and instructional experience in the fluid power industry. In addition to their instructor accreditation, they are committed IFPS members and hold various IFPS certifications. Job Performance Proctors are individuals who hold various IFPS certifications and proctor the Job Performance portion of Mechanic, Technician, and Connector and Conductor (CC) handson tests. Visit to learn more and register.



March 30-31, 2015 (Registration deadline March 1, 2014) Hennepin Technical College - Eden Prairie, MN JOB PERFORMANCE PROCTOR WORKSHOP

April 1, 2015 (Registration deadline March 1, 2014) Hennepin Technical College - Eden Prairie, MN CONNECTOR AND CONDUCTOR JOB PERFORMANCE PROCTOR WORKSHOP

April 2, 1015 (Registration deadline March 1, 2014) Hennepin Technical College - Eden Prairie, MN • January/February 2015 •

CFPMM Certified Fluid Power Master Mechanic (Must Obtain CFPIHM, CFPMHM, & CFPPM) CFPIHM Certified Fluid Power Industrial Hydraulic Mechanic CFPMHM Certified Fluid Power Mobile Hydraulic Mechanic CFPPM Certified Fluid Power Pneumatic Mechanic CFPMIH Certified Fluid Power Master of Industrial Hydraulics (Must Obtain CFPIHM, CFPIHT, & CFPCC) CFPMMH Certified Fluid Power Master of Mobile Hydraulics (Must Obtain CFPMHM, CFPMHT, & CFPCC) CFPMIP Certified Fluid Power Master of Industrial Pneumatics (Must Obtain CFPPM, CFPPT, & CFPCC) CFPCC Certified Fluid Power Connector & Conductor CFPSD Fluid Power System Designer CFPMEC (In Development) Mobile Electronic Controls CFPIEC (In Development) Industrial Electronic Controls

IFPS Newly Certified Professionals Philip Abila, HS Hydraulic Controls, Inc.

Marcus De Souza, S, PS Walt Disney Company

Adam Adame, IHM Western Hydrostatics, Inc.

Frank DeRoberts, Jr., IHM Bonneville Power Administration

Jake Akin, PS Kevin Andrews, IHT Price Engineering Co., Inc. Larry Anger, IHM Bonneville Power Administration Andrew Ankenbrandt, HS Triad Technologies, LLC Alireza Ansarian, E Ensign Energy Services Orlando Arvelo, HS Triad Technologies, LLC Wesley Bacarisse, HS Hydraquip Custom System, Inc. Jeffrey Baraglia, IHM Western Hydrostatics, Inc. Timothy Barr, HS Hydac Technology Corp. Michael Barry, HS Eaton Hydraulics Joseph Bauer, CC Pirtek USA Bhavin Brahmbhatt, HS QCC, LLC

Antonin Dighera, MHM Western Hydrostatics, Inc. Jerrico Dispo, CC Pirtek Sky Harbor David Driggers, HS Western Hydrostatics, Inc. John Ducsay, MHM The Illuminating Co. Zachary DuPerier, S, PS Sun Hydraulics Steven Dupree, HS Powerdyne Hydraulics, Inc. Mark Edwards, MHM Alabama Power Company Josh Ellison, MHM Applachian Power Company Jason Falciano, MHM Altec Industries, Inc. Jeffrey Farison, HS Triad Technologies, LLC Kevin Fike, MHM Appalachian Power Company

Ryan Hennessy, IHM Perfection Servo Hydraulics Lucas Henry, HS DTS Fluid Power, LLC Jose Hernandez, IHT Perfection Servo Hydraulics

Robert Love III, HS Livingston & Haven, Inc.

Kevin Peyton, HS Vermeer Mfg. Co.

Drew Lozano, HS Hydraulic Controls, Inc.

Jyotsna Phadke, AI Eaton Corporation

Wesly MacLeod, IHM Norcan Fluid Power

Rocky Phoenix, MHT Open Loop Energy, Inc.

Jon Majors, MMH, HS, CC

Denis Poirier, Jr., AJPP Eaton - Hydraulics Group

Scott Hoehn, MHM J.H. Fletcher & Co.

Jason Malone, HS Nucor Steel

Ross Howard, CC Pirtek - Sky Harbor

Earl Marsh, MHM Appalachian Power Company

Scot Powell, HS Livingston & Haven, Inc.

Richard Martin, Jr., CC Pirtek

Michael Prestas, Jr., MHM Altec Industries, Inc.

Chris Masaki, HS Hydraulic Controls, Inc.

Yong Quan, HS Benteler Auto

Kimberly Masi, PS The Walt Disney Co.

John Raitt, MHM Altec Industries, Inc.

Matthew Jacobs, HS Eaton Corporation

Lindy Mattox, IHM Price Engineering Co., Inc.

Ronald Rampey, MHM Alabama Power Company

Matthew Jamison, HS Triad Technologies, LLC

Mohammad Mazloumpour, HS HyPower Systems, Inc.

Paul Richardson, HS

Dean McCullough, IHM Perfection Servo Hydraulics

Brian Robie, IHM Perfection Servo Hydraulics

David Merchant, MHT TACOM

Russell Rochambeau, HS Valin Corporation

Dustin Meyer, HS Triad Technologies, LLC

Brian Rolfe, MHM Altec Industries, Inc. Darrell Ross, MHM The Illuminating Co.

Adam Hower, MHM Altec Industries, Inc. Kevin Hufnagel, HS UE Manufacturing Randall Hyatt, IHM Bonneville Power Administration

Jason Johnson, MHM Altec Industries, Inc. Nick Jovanovich, IHM Price Engineering Co., Inc. Robert June, MHT Western Hydrostatics, Inc.

Craig Fong, MHM Comcast

Nicholas Keenum, MHM Altec Industries, Inc.

John Forbes, MHT TACOM

Aaron Keilers, HS Hydraquip Distribution, Inc.

Jason Miller, MHM Appalachain Power Company

Ryan Francisco, MHT Western Hydrostatics, Inc.

Danny Keller, MHM Baldwin E.M.C.

Todd Miller, MHM J.H. Fletcher Company

Sarah Garcia, HS Trackmobile LLC

Josh Kelsoe, MHM Altec Industries, Inc.

Bradley Gates, HS Power Drives Inc.

Bill Kent, CC Pirtek Burnsville

Andrew Moe, IHM Bonneville Power Administration

Preston Gealy, HS Schroeder Industries

Josh Klinkey, CC Controlled Fluids, Inc.

David Geisler, HS Livingston & Haven

Phillip Kluss, MHM J.H. Fletcher Company

Eric Corbett, MHM Alabama Power Company

Alberto Gonzalez, HS Hydraquip - Custom Systems Inc

Raymond Kohnen, HS S. G. Morris

Gregory Crago, HS Triad Technologies, LLC

Kevin Gough, PS Cross Company

Garcia Cuevas, CC Pirtek Commerce South

Andrew Guajardo, IHM Perfection Servo Hydraulics

Keith Brooks, IHM Perfection Servo Hydraulics Keith Brooks, IHM Jay Carroll, II, HS Norfolk Southern Corp. Martin Castillo, CC Pirtek - Inland Valley Rodney Clark, HS Livingston & Haven Christopher Clary, HS Norfolk Southern Railway Justin Clouser, MHM J.H. Fletcher Company

Logan Czaja, HS Eaton Corporation Sydney Dale, HS Hydraquip Corporation Robert Dawe, MHM The Illuminating Co.

Richard Haas, HS Triad Technologies Christopher Hansen, HS Triad Technologies, LLC

Jeremy Koontz, MHM Altec Industries, Inc. Cody LaBelle, HS Valin Corporation Nicholas LeBoutillier, S, PS Sun Hydraulics John Lee, IHM Bonneville Power Administration Michael Lena, MHM Altec Industries, Inc.

Bill Navarre, CC Controlled Fluids, Inc. Justin Nervis, IHM Perfection Servo Hydraulics

Ehren Polheber, S, HS, PS Scot Forge Company

Chris Roberts, HS

Michael Rutan, CC Pirtek Plano South Robert Satterwhite, MHM Altec Industries, Inc. Dan Sawdy, MHM Altec Industries, Inc. Greg Scholl, HS Hydraulic Controls, Inc. John Schuld, HS MSOE Fluid Power Institute

Kyle Smith, HS Hydraquip - Custom Systems Inc Jamey Sorgee, MHM Alabama Power Company Samuel Sparkman, MHM Appalachian Power Company Aaron Spaugy, MHM Ohio Edison Co. Michael Sporcich, MHM The Illuminating Co. Mike St. Clair, IHM Perfection Servo Hydraulics Joseph Stiltner, HS John Story, HS Joshua Sutton, MHM Altec Industries, Inc. Richard Tatum, HS The Cross Company Nicholas Teague, HS Hydraquip, Inc. Mark Thompson, CC Ensign Drilling John Thurlow, MHM Altec Industries, Inc. Brandon Trahan, MHM Western Hydrostatics, Inc. Max Van Ordstrand, PS Norgren USA Alex Vince, HS Triad Technologies Erik Wagner, IHT Price Engineering Co., Inc. Spencer Wagner, IHT Price Engineering Co., Inc. Geoff Walden, MHT TACOM Joseph Webb, MHM Altec Industries, Inc. Ben Wells, HS Brand Hydraulics

John Newman, MHT US Army - TACOM

Scott Scrozzari, HS Triad Technologies, LLC

Timothy Noyes, HS Triad Technologies, LLC

Steve Settle, HS Triad Technologies, LLC

John Wells, HS Hydraquip Custom Systems, Inc.

Ibrahim Okenla, S, PS Loram Inc.

Daniel Shelbo, HS Livingston & Haven

Tyler White, MHM Altec Industries, Inc.

Kevin Olson, S, PS Applied Industrial Technologies

John Sherman, HS Triad Technologies

Michael Whitworth, MHM Altec Industries, Inc.

John Shiver Jr., MHM Baldwin E.M.C.

Steve Williams, III, HS Livingston & Haven

James Simon, HS Hydraquip Custom System, Inc.

Bingyi Yao, HS

Seung Park, PS Sun Hydraulics Nicholas Peterson, HS Kraft Fluid Systems, Inc. • January/February 2015 •


IFPS Updates

IFPS Certification Testing Locations ALASKA




Anchorage, AK Fairbanks, AK

Aurora, CO Boulder, CO Centennial, CO Colorado Springs, CO Denver, CO Durango, CO Ft. Collins, CO Greeley, CO Lakewood, CO Littleton, CO Pueblo, CO

Ames, IA Cedar Rapids, IA Iowa City, IA Ottumwa, IA Sioux City, IA Waterloo, IA

Bowling Green, KY Covington, KY Highland Heights, KY Louisville, KY Morehead, KY

ALABAMA Auburn University, AL Birmingham, AL Decatur, AL Huntsville, AL Jacksonville, AL Mobile, AL Montgomery, AL Normal, AL Tuscaloossa, AL

ARKANSAS Bentonville, AR Hot Springs, AR Little Rock, AR

ARIZONA Flagstaff, AZ Glendale, AZ Mesa, AZ Phoenix, AZ Prescott, AZ Scottsdale, AZ Sierra Vista, AZ Tempe, AZ Thatcher, AZ Tucson, AZ Yuma, AZ

CALIFORNIA Aptos, CA Arcata, CA Bakersfield, CA Commerce, CA Encinitas, CA Fountain Valley, CA Fresno, CA Fullerton, CA Irvine, CA Los Angeles, CA Marysville, CA Riverside, CA Sacramento, CA Salinas, CA San Diego, CA San Jose, CA San Luis Obispo, CA Santa Ana, CA Santa Maria, CA Santa Rosa, CA South San Francisco, CA Yucaipa, CA


Dover, DE Georgetown, DE Newark, DE

Boise, ID Coeur d ‘Alene, ID Idaho Falls, ID Lewiston, ID Moscow, ID Nampa, ID Rexburg, ID Twin Falls, ID



Avon Park, FL Boca Raton, FL Cocoa, FL Davie, FL Daytona Beach, FL Fort Pierce, FL Ft. Myers, FL Gainesville, FL Jacksonville, FL Miami Gardens, FL New Port Richey, FL Orlando, FL Panama City, FL Pembroke Pines, FL Pensacola, FL Plant City, FL Rockledge, FL Sanford, FL St. Petersburg, FL Tampa, FL Winter Haven, FL

Carbondale, IL Carterville, IL Champaign, IL Crystal Lake, IL Decatur, IL DeKalb, IL Edwardsville, IL Glen Ellyn, IL Joliet, IL Malta, IL Normal, IL Peoria, IL Springfield, IL Sugar Grove, IL


GEORGIA Albany, GA Athens, GA Atlanta, GA Carrollton, GA Columbus, GA Dahlonega, GA Dublin, GA Dunwoody, GA Lawrenceville, GA Morrow, GA Oakwood, GA Statesboro, GA Tifton, GA Valdosta, GA



Bossier City, LA Lafayette, LA Monroe, LA Natchitoches, LA New Orleans, LA Thibodaux, LA

MASSACHUSETTS Boston, MA Bridgewater, MA Danvers, MA Haverhill, MA Holyoke, MA

MARYLAND Arnold, MD Baltimore, MD Bel Air, MD Columbia, MD Frederick, MD Hagerstown, MD La Plata, MD Westminster, MD Wye Mills, MD


Bloomington, IN Columbus, IN Evansville, IN Fort Wayne, IN Gary, IN Indianapolis, IN Kokomo, IN Lafayette, IN Lawrenceburg, IN Madison, IN Muncie, IN New Albany, IN Richmond, IN Sellersburg, IN South Bend, IN Terre Haute, IN

Ann Arbor, MI Big Rapids, MI Dearborn, MI Dowagiac, MI East Lansing, MI Flint, MI Grand Rapids, MI Kalamazoo, MI Lansing, MI Livonia, MI Mount Pleasant, MI Sault Ste. Marie, MI Troy, MI University Center, MI Warren, MI



Lawrence, KS Manhattan, KS Overland Park, KS Wichita, KS

Eden Prairie, MN Mankato, MN Morris, MN


32 • January/February 2015 •

Individuals wishing to take any IFPS written certification tests are able to select from convenient locations across the United States and Canada. The IFPS is able to offer these locations through its affiliation with The Consortium of College Testing Centers (CCTC) provided by National College Testing Association (NCTA).  



1. Fill out an IFPS certification test application including your desired location by visiting 2. Submit your application with payment to IFPS headquarters. 3. Upon receipt of your application, you will be e-mailed instructions. Questions? Please call IFPS at 800-308-6005.


Tuesday, 1/6 • Thursday, 1/15 FEBRUARY 2015

Tuesday, 2/3 • Thursday, 2/19 MARCH 2015

Tuesday, 3/3 • Thursday, 3/19 APRIL 2015

Tuesday, 4/7 • Thursday, 4/16 MAY 2015

Tuesday, 5/5 • Thursday, 5/21 JUNE 2015

Tuesday, 6/2 • Thursday, 6/18 JULY 2015

Tuesday, 7/7 • Thursday, 7/16 AUGUST 2015

Tuesday, 8/4 • Thursday, 8/20 SEPTEMBER 2015

Tuesday, 9/1 • Thursday, 9/17

Mississippi State, MS Raymond, MS University, MS

MISSOURI Cape Girardeau, MO Columbia, MO Cottleville, MO Joplin, MO Kansas City, MO Kirksville, MO Park Hills, MO Poplar Bluff, MO Rolla, MO Sedalia, MO Springfield, MO St. Joseph, MO St. Louis, MO Warrensburg, MO

MONTANA Bozeman, MT Missoula, MT

NORTH CAROLINA Apex, NC Asheville, NC Boone, NC Durham, NC

Fayetteville, NC Greensboro, NC Greenville, NC Jamestown, NC Misenheimer, NC Pembroke, NC Raleigh, NC Wilmington, NC

Portales, NM Santa Fe, NM

Henderson, NV North Las Vegas, NV

Bethany, OK Edmond, OK Norman, OK Oklahoma City, OK Stillwater, OK Tonkawa, OK Tulsa, OK





NEBRASKA Bellevue, NE Lincoln, NE North Platte, NE Omaha, NE

NEW JERSEY Branchburg, NJ Lincroft, NJ Sewell, NJ Toms River, NJ West Windsor, NJ

NEW MEXICO Albuquerque, NM Clovis, NM Farmington, NM

Huntsville, TX Laredo, TX Lubbock, TX Mesquite, TX Victoria, TX Weatherford, TX Wichita Falls, TX



Casper, WY Laramie, WY Torrington, WY

TENNESSEE Brooklyn, NY Garden City, NY Middletown, NY New York, NY Syracuse, NY

Bismark, ND Fargo, ND

Charleston, SC Columbia, SC Conway, SC Greenville, SC Greenwood, SC Orangeburg, SC Rock Hill, SC Spartanburg, SC

OHIO Akron, OH Cincinnati, OH Columbus, OH Fairfield, OH Findlay, OH Kirtland, OH Lima, OH Newark, OH Orrville, OH Rio Grande, OH Toledo, OH Youngstown, OH

Bend, OR Coos Bay, OR Eugene, OR Gresham, OR Medford, OR Oregon City, OR Portland, OR White City, OR

PENNSYLVANIA Bloomsburg, PA Blue Bell, PA Gettysburg, PA Harrisburg, PA Lancaster, PA Newtown, PA Philadelphia, PA Pittsburgh, PA York, PA



Altus, OK

Beaufort, SC

Blountville, TN Clarksville, TN Collegedale, TN Gallatin, TN Johnson City, TN Knoxville, TN Memphis, TN Morristown, TN Murfreesboro, TN Nashville, TN

TEXAS Abilene, TX Arlington, TX Austin, TX Beaumont, TX Brownsville, TX Commerce, TX Dallas, TX Denison, TX El Paso, TX Houston, TX

Cedar City, UT Kaysville, UT Logan, UT Ogden, UT Orem, UT Salt Lake City, UT

VIRGINIA Lynchburg, VA Norfolk, VA Roanoke, VA Virginia Beach, VA

WASHINGTON Bellingham, WA Bremerton, WA Ellensburg, WA Olympia, WA Seattle, WA Shoreline, WA

Fond du Lac, WI La Crosse, WI Milwaukee, WI


CANADA Castlegar, BC Edmonton, AB Kamloops, BC Lethbridge, AB London, ON Mississauga, ON Moose Jaw, SK Nanaimo, BC Prince Albert, SK Saskatchewan, SK Saskatoon, SK Toronto, ON Windsor, ON

AUSTRALIA Rockingham, WA


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(757) 220-1795 • CIRCLE 251



ad fpj jan 2015.indd 1 • January/February 2015 • 2014-12-05 10:15:21 AM

IFPS Updates

Save the Dates Certification Review Training offered through third-party Accredited Instructors vary in hours. You’ll learn how to ƒƒ Use the math required for testing ƒƒ Analyze and design systems ƒƒ Select components ƒƒ Prepare and properly take certification tests All review training options are taught by IFPS Accredited Instructors. The written certification test can be taken at any of our testing locations, additional test fees will apply. CONNECTOR & CONDUCTOR (CC) REVIEW W/ JOB PERFORMANCE TEST

Review and testing offered through NTT Training E-mail: Seattle, WA Review: January 6-7, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: January 8, 2015 Virginia Beach, VA Review: March 3-4, 2015 December 15-16, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: March 5, 2015 December 17, 2015 Sacramento, CA Review: April 28-29, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: April 30, 2015 Centennial, CO Review: August 25-26, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: August 27, 2015 Review and testing offered through CFC Industrial Training, Inc. E-mail: Fairfield, OH Review: February 9-10, 2015 August 26-27, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: February 11, 2015 August 28, 2015 Review and testing offered through Eaton Hydraulics Training Services E-mail: hydraulicstraining@eaton. com Maumee, OH Review: June 2-3, 2015 Job Performance Test: June 3, 2015 Written Test: June 4, 2015 INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULIC MECHANIC (IHM) REVIEW W/JOB PERFORMANCE TEST

Review and testing offered through CFC Industrial Training, Inc. E-mail:


at Lightning Bay Pneu-Draulics, Tampa, Florida Review: December 5-6, 2014 Written & Job Performance Test: December 7, 2014 Fairfield, OH Review: January 26-28, 2015 May 4-6, 2015 Job Performance Test: January 28, 2015-1:00 p.m. May 6, 2015-1:00 p.m. Written Test: January 29, 2015-8:00 a.m. May 7, 2015-8:00 a.m.

Review and testing offered through CFC Industrial Training, Inc. E-mail: at Lightning Bay Pneu-Draulics, Tampa, FL Review: December 4, 2014 Written & Job Performance Test: December 7, 2014

October 19-21, 2015 Written Test: April 8, 2015 October 21, 2015 Review and testing offered through NTT Training E-mail:

Review and testing offered through NTT Training E-mail:

Sacramento, CA Review: May 12-14, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: May 15, 2015

Seattle, WA Review: March 10-12, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: March 13, 2015

Centennial, CO Review: July 7-9, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: July 10, 2015

Seattle, WA Review: March 10-12, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: March 13, 2015

Virginia Beach, VA Review: April 14-16, 2015 October 6-8, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: April 17, 2015 October 9, 2015

Virginia Beach, VA Review: September 22-24, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: September 25, 2015

Virginia Beach, VA Review: April 14-16, 2015 October 6-8, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: April 17, 2015 October 9, 2015

Sacramento, CA Review: June 2-4, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: June 5, 2015

Review and testing offered through NTT Training E-mail:

Sacramento, CA Review: June 2-4, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: June 5, 2015 Centennial, CO Review: July 21-23, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: July 24, 2015 MOBILE HYDRAULIC MECHANIC (MHM) REVIEW W/JOB PERFORMANCE TEST

Online Mobile Hydraulic Certification Review (for written test) offered through CFC Industrial Training, Inc. This course takes you through all chapters of the MHM Study Manual (6.5 hours) and every outcome to prepare you for the written MHM test. Members receive 20% off. Review and testing offered through CFC Industrial Training, Inc. E-mail: Fairfield, OH Review: March 16-18, 2015 August 3-5, 2015 Job Performance Test: March 18-1:00 p.m. August 5, 2015-1:00 p.m. Written Test: March 19, 2015-8:00 a.m. August 6, 2015-8:00 a.m. INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULIC TECHNICIAN (IHT) REVIEW TRAINING W/JOB PERFORMANCE TEST • January/February 2015 •

Centennial, CO Review: July 21-23, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: July 24, 2015 HYDRAULIC SPECIALIST (HS) CERTIFICATION REVIEW

Online Self-Paced Hydraulic Specialist Certification Review Training offered through CFC Industrial Training, Inc. This course takes you through all seven chapters (8.5 hours) and every outcome to prepare you for the Hydraulic Specialist test. Members receive 20% off (get coupon code). Online Live - Distance Learning February 2015 and October 2015 dates available. Visit Review and testing offered through NTT Training E-mail: Seattle, WA Review: February 10-12, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: February 13, 2015 Virginia Beach, VA Review: March 24-26, 2015 Job Performance and Written Tests: March 27, 2015 Review and testing offered through CFC Industrial Training, Inc. E-mail: Fairfield, OH Review: April 6-8, 2015

Review and testing offered through Eaton Hydraulics Training Services E-mail: hydraulicstraining@eaton. com Eden Prairie, MN Review: April 14-16, 2015 November 10-12, 2015 Written Test: April 17, 2015 November 13, 2015 PNEUMATIC SPECIALIST (PS) CERTIFICATION REVIEW

Online Pneumatic Specialist Certification Review Training offered through CFC Industrial Training, Inc. This course takes you through all six chapters (8.5 hours) and every outcome to prepare you for the Pneumatic Specialist test. Members receive 20% off (get coupon code). Fairfield, OH Review: July 27-29, 2015 Written Test: July 29, 2015 JOB PERFORMANCE ONLINE REVIEW

CFC Industrial Training offers online JP reviews, which include stations 1-6 of the IFPS Mechanic and Technician Job Performance Tests. Members may e-mail info@ for a 20% coupon code off the list price or get the code in our Members’ Only area for the entire IFPS Job Performance Review; test not included. Live Distance Learning Job Performance Station Reviews. E-mail for information.

People in the News



Chadwick Tuttle has been named general manager and CEO. Mr. Tuttle has extensive experience in international fluid handling, including positions at ITT Gould Pumps and Clyde Union Pumps.

Jessica Kelton has been hired as market research specialist. She will work with the marketing team to develop models and analyze data for marketing strategies. Ms. Kelton has a background in economic research and specializes in collecting and modeling quantitative and qualitative data.



HAWE Hydraulics North America



SCOTT SCHILLER Galland Henning Nopak, Inc.

Scott Schiller has been named sales engineer. He has 16 years of experience in the fluid power industry, most of which was spent installing and maintaining systems. Mr. Schiller will utilize his knowledge and experience to train current and new customers, as well as be instrumental in the growth of the high-density baler line.


Michael Murphy has been hired as web/graphic designer. He will work with the marketing team to develop unique designs to achieve marketing and branding goals across multiple channels. He is starting an MBA program from Liberty University.

Dan Ryan has been named vice president of operations and business management. He has over 30 years of experience in operations and business management with various metal-working and finishing environments. Mr. Ryan specializes in larger OEMs in the automotive and powergeneration markets.


Alerton International

Galland Henning Nopak, Inc.

Timothy R. Ley has been named director of global sales. He is responsible for sale of the company’s FluidSafe™ products around the world, starting with the mining industry and growing into other industries over time. Mr. Ley has experience in both the mining and oil industries.

Tom Getsy has been named vice president of finance and human resources. He has over 30 years of experience with large multinational companies, and 25 of those years were spent in financial leadership roles. Mr. Getsy also participated in various continuing education programs throughout his career.

Galland Henning Nopak, Inc. Serena Sretenovich has been added to the marketing team. She has a theatrical marketing background, and most recently worked as marketing coordinator for Tobul Accumulator. In her new position, Ms. Sretenovich will combine her knowledge of the industrial world with her expertise in creative marketing.


Galland Henning Nopak, Inc. • January/February 2015 •


Product Catalog ADACONN® + INSERTA® • CIRCLE 279






An updated product catalog is available as an interactive pdf version on the Adaconn® + Inserta® website, and is the most up to date resource for new product offerings. Contact the company if the latest printed catalog is desired. Adaconn® Inserta® Blue Bell, Pennsylvania 215.643.1900 215.643.0192

Trend Setting Products for Integrated Hydraulic Systems


Miniature Pneumatic Products Catalog



AHI’s binder is arranged in a 5 tab system to help you succeed: 1. Double and single acting welded rod cylinders 2. Custom welded rod cylinders for new applications 3. Double and single acting telescopic cylinder manufacturing • Reverse engineering for replacement of existing applications (aftermarket) • One piece through production quantity capability 4. Replacement seals & parts for commercial telescopics 5. Repair and refurbishing Request yours today at or

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A10V Piston Pumps

2015 New Products Catalog



FluiDyne Fluid Power provides replacement A10V Piston pumps to distributors and OEMs all around the world. These high quality pumps come with a full range of options including seals, mountings, shafts, compensators, thru-drives, etc. Our customer service team provides what you want, when you need it. Most pumps ship same day or next. Give our Customer Service Team a call to assist you with your hydraulic needs! FluiDyne Fluid Power 586.296.7200


Clippard, a manufacturer of the most complete line of miniature pneumatic products, offers a 356-page full product line catalog with technical information, product applications, and more. It includes features, specifications, photographs, and technical drawings for over 5,000 standard products. It's your complete source for miniature fluid power products. Request your free copy today! • January/February 2015 •

Hercules is pleased to announce the release of the 2015 New Products Catalog. This new catalog features new and expanded product lines to meet your repair needs. New inch product lines include the BHT high strength Rod, Piston, Symmetrical and Buffer Seals. New metric offerings include MYR-HT Buffer Seals, MPSQ5 Piston Seal Assemblies, MSWSHN Wiper Rings, and MHS8 O-Rings. Kits have been expanded to include new seal kits for Case, Caterpillar®, Hitachi, JCB, Kubota, Volvo and many more. To order your free copy of the Hercules 2015 New Products Catalog, visit the Company Literature section of the Hercules website at or call 866-625-0542.


Hyco® Telescopic Cylinders

New SDV Catalog



Hyflow-Controls Inc. is a leading manufacturer of sectional direction control valve, cylinders and cartridge valves. Our new SDV catalog provides technical information, coding table and cross references. We provide two designs, SDV40 and SDV70, with parallel/open center circuits and capacity ranging from 40 to 70 GPM with maximum operating pressure at 2500-3500PSI. We also offer an extensive selection of accessories ranging from main relief valves, plugs, handles, stud kits and many more.

Hydraulex Global is the top distributor for Hyco® Telescopic Cylinders in the United States. With over 150 cylinders in stock and over 50 different models available, we are your telescopic cylinder headquarters. We also carry cross overs for most telescopic cylinders such as Parker®, Commercial Intertech®, Custom Hoist® and Heil®. To view our catalog visit hyco-telescopic-cylinders.php or www. Hydraulex Global Tel: 1-800-323-8416 Email: 13660 Redwood Ct. • Chino CA, 91710 P: (909)628-9866 • F: (909)614-7233

KuriKrimp™ Crimpers & Accessories Catalog

Compressed Air Filtration



• New improved Die Kages for protection and storage of dies for the KD100 series crimpers. • New KD4-650 and KD4-1000 series crimpers for crimping larger ID industrial hoses. • New line-up of KuriSaws™ cutting equipment. • A new 10 ton fitting pusher is now offered.

360 E. State Parkway Schaumburg, IL 60173 (847) 755-0360 • Fax: (847) 885-0996 •

Brochure offers a comprehensive overview of the company’s complete line of compressed air filtration products. Highlighted is the patented family of Extractor/Dryers. These two-stage, point of use filters remove contaminates to a 5-micron rating with flow ranges of 15 to 2,000 scfm. Additional products available include the SuperStar Membrane Dryer, .01 Micron Filter, Refrigerated Extractor/ Dryer, and much more. La-Man Corporation (800) 348-2463

Hydraulic Flanges and Components

V080 & V130 Directional Control Valves



Catalog includes the popular styles of MAIN Manufacturing’s extensive offering of Hydraulic Flanges and Components – ready for immediate shipment. Dimensional drawings, part numbers, metric and weld specifications included. The “Quick Reference Guide” helps specify less popular items often stocked or quickly manufactured at our US plant.

Take control of your hydraulic system with Muncie’s V080 and V130 series hydraulic control valves. These high pressure sectional valves offer superior performance in a compact package, and can be configured with a full array of spool, control, and positioner options. Learn more about Muncie’s V080 and V130 directional control valves at

MAIN Manufacturing Products, Inc. Grand Blanc, MI (800) 521-7918; FAX: (810) 953-1385 E-mail: Web: www.



304 & 316 Stainless Steel Liquid Level Gages OIL-RITE CORPORATION • CIRCLE 290

Corrosive resistant properties make stainless steel gages suitable to a variety of applications. Oil-Rite offers 304 and 316 stainless steel liquid level gages in sizes from 3” to 60”. A red line on a white background enhances liquid level visibility. Available with adapters and thermometer. Visit Oil-Rite’s online product catalog for new cut sheets and detailed information.


Oil-Rite Corporation PO Box 1207 Manitwoc WI 54221-1207 Phone: (920) 682-6173 Email:


Hydraulic Live Swivels Catalog



Jim Lager, Owner PIRTEK Love Field & PIRTEK Meacham Dallas, TX

Dallas, TX PIRTEK Love Field & PIRTEK Meacham Jim Lager, Owner

The Franchise Opportunity Opportunity The Franchise

Inline and 90° hydraulic live swivels. Available in sizes from 1/8" to 2-1/2", rated to 10,000 PSI, heat treated, superior quality alloy steel, chrome or stainless steel ball bearings, withstands heavy side loads, burnished (micro smooth) barrel bores, Viton®, Aflas®, or Teflon® encapsulated seals, zinc or nickel plated, available in 304 and 440 stainless steel, full flow - low pressure drop, rebuilding kits available.

PIRTEK, the world's leading service provider for on-site hydraulic hose replacement. This franchise opportunity is a must read for individuals in the fluid power industry who are thinking about starting their own business. Franchising is a proven business model and PIRTEK is the "McDonalds" in the hose and fittings industry with nearly 400 locations in 23 countries. Pirtek USA For more information visit us at or call 888-774-7835

Super Swivels Phone: (763) 784-5531, Fax: (763) 784-7423, Website:


EX Series Planetary Gearbox



All Designs, All Sizes, One Result. Yates Cylinders – an ISO-9001:2008 company with facilities in Michigan, Alabama and Georgia – is your top-quality supplier for all cylinder applications. Hydraulic, pneumatic, NFPA, millgrade, or custom engineering – you name it, Yates can handle it. Complete catalog available. We also maintain an unmatched repair program used by the biggest names in the American Industry. Yates Industries, Inc. 23050 Industrial Dr. E. St. Clair Shores, MI 48080 Ph: 586.778.7680 Fax: 586.778.6565


Yates Georgia 7750 The Bluffs Austell, GA 30168 Ph: 678.355.2240 Fax: 678.355.2241

Yates Alabama 55 Refreshment Place Decatur, AL 35601 Ph: 256.351.8081 Fax: 256.351.8571 • January/February 2015 •


As the new Exclusive Partner of STM for North America, we are able to introduce the Efficient, Durable and Energy Efficient EX Series Planetary Gearbox. With torques ranging from 1000nm to 85,000. The STM EX Planetary Gearbox is ideal for many applications including Marine, Mobile and Fixed. Features Include: • Ratios from 1:3.5 up to 1:2500 • Torques range from 1000nm to 85,000nm • Suitable for continuous, reversing and intermittent operation • high torque in relation to size • can be installed in any mounting position • compact design • ATEX Certified • High Radial Load • Low noise levels



embers of the Fluid Power Student Club at the Brooklyn Park campus of Hennepin Technical College decided to give back for all they are thankful for by volunteering to package meals for Feed My Starving Children. The meals feed malnourished and starving children around the world. On this special evening, the students were among the 92 other volunteers from the Twin Cities (Minneapolis/St. Paul) area who packaged 21,816 meals. Feed My Starving Children is a nationwide organization. MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT WWW.FMSC.ORG.


CIRCLE 254 • January/February 2015 •


By Daniel Pascoe, Davasol






Selection Part 1


he most common selection process is vacuum cup size. The larger the cup, the higher the holding capacity. Choosing the cup based on the size is not the first selection criteria that should be considered, however. That being said, because this is the most common first selection made by the user, let’s begin by explaining how a vacuum cup’s size determines its holding force. The shape and height of a vacuum cup is completely irrelevant as to how much holding force it will produce. It’s all about the surface area. That is, how large the surface area is at the point where the cup meets the load to be handled. Fig. 1 shows two vacuum cups—one “bellows” design on the left and one that is a “flat” design on the right. Both cups measure 75 mm or 2.95" diameter at the pickup face or sealing lip. Therefore, the following would apply. Atmospheric pressure on the planet at sea level is assumed to be 14.7 psi (pound per square inch). The action of vacuum is the removal of atmospheric pressure in a known volume,

40 • January/February 2015 •



There are many types of vacuum cups available from a large range of manufacturers. The primary application of vacuum cups is on automated machinery, such as packaging lines, robotic palletizing, automotive steel stamping, and so on. Selecting the correct vacuum cup for each application is key to enabling the machinery to operate in an efficient, safe, and reliable fashion. This article offers basic insight on how to make the correct selection to ensure that the aforementioned criteria are met.



5 1









in this case a vacuum cup against a piece of plastic sheet, which is the object being handled. The area of the sealing lip is 6.84 in² using (A = πr2) 3.142 x (1.475" x 1.475"). If this cup is being used at sea level, let’s say in New York City, with a vacuum pump that can generate a vacuum of 24"Hg (80%), then this cup has a theoretical holding force of 80 lbs (14.7 psi x 6.84 in² x 0.8). BOTH the flat cup and bellows cups have the same holding force. Something that is very important to note: The vacuum “inside” the cup is not gripping the load. The inside of the vacuum cup has a lower atmospheric pressure. Therefore, it’s the HIGHER atmospheric pressure on the OUTSIDE of the cup clamping it against the work piece as shown in Fig. 2. The differential in atmospheric pressure is pushing DOWN on the vacuum cup and pushing UP on the underside of the work piece. Remember: a vacuum cleaner doesn’t suck; the higher atmospheric pressure on the outside pushes dirt into the vacuum hose. So, as you can see, a vacuum cup of only 3" diameter lifts 80 lbs quite comfortably, at least in a theoretical calculation, which although accurate, isn’t very wise in the “real world.” Safety factors should be employed, and when I am asked what factors, I always state the same answer as much as possible, at least within reason: a safety factor of THREE in a horizontal plane and SIX in a vertical plane to overcome shear force as shown in Fig. 3. Certain manufacturers recommend TWO and FOUR respectively, but I ask you, which is safer? Exactly. Put simply, it’s rare that vacuum cups are not lifting because they are too small in size. It’s normally because of poor cup selection, which means they are unable to seal against the load or that during high-speed transfer the cups “let go.”

Consequently, the type of vacuum cup is very important, particularly if the application has a history of unreliability or critical failure. Flat vacuum cups are certainly the least expensive, as there is simply less material and the mold tool is not as complicated. Flat cups are normally used in pick-and-place applications where the load being handled is of a constant height or Z position. Therefore, if the machine were de-stacking material, such as steel plate, the cup would have to incrementally move each time in the Z axis to allow for the decreasing height of the stack. Flat cups are often used in partnership with a level compensator (Fig. 4), which as the name suggests, compensates for height variance in the load being picked. Level compensators are useful when picking sheets that are not square or perpendicular to the machine movement. Fig. 5 illustrates a situation where the sheets being handled have a weld in the center, and therefore, the stack is convex towards the vacuum cups. The single biggest advantage of a flat vacuum cup is its low deformation during high-speed transfer applications, which means it maintains grip and security on the load, such as steel sheet handling or rapid pick-and-place applications. However, a flat vacuum cup has to be positioned accurately in a pick-up and put-down application if a level compensator is not being used, whereas a BELLOWS cup offers its own level compensation in its design. In de-stacking or stacking applications where the datum point is continuously changing, the bellows cup is particularly beneficial. Fig. 6 shows how the bellows cup also offers work piece movement independent of the machinery. This is particularly useful for sheet separation where the top sheet could stick to the sheet underneath in a de-stacking application. When vacuum is applied once the cup is sealed against the surface (Condition One, Fig. 6), the bellows cup will contract and “peel” the sheet away from the stack underneath (Condition Two, Fig. 6). Therefore, if you are using a number of vacuum cups, applying vacuum to one array of vacuum cups just before another array will provide this peeling effect, independent of machine movement. Read Part Two of this article in the February Systems Integrator Directory issue.

Daniel Pascoe is an independent industrial consultant with clients across North America and Europe, one of which is Vacuforce LLC (www., a manufacturer and distributor of vacuum components for whom this article was cowritten. Daniel can be reached via www.davasol. com or directly at Find Vacuforce on Facebook keep updated on twitter. com/vacuforce. • January/February 2015 •


NFPA Updates

CCEFP IAB Meetings Allow Industry to Recruit Capable Students By Eric Lanke, CEO, NFPA, Earlier this year, I attended a meeting of the Industry Advisory Board (IAB) of the Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power (CCEFP). It wasn’t a hard decision for me to attend this event. First, it was held in Milwaukee, where NFPA is headquartered and where I live, at the great Grohmann Museum on the campus of the Milwaukee School of Engineering (MSOE). And second, I’m actually chairing the IAB this year, so my attendance there was more or less required. The IAB holds two or three of these events each year, typically hosted by one of the seven universities that comprise the CCEFP. They are great events both for getting updates on the fluid power research projects being done at CCEFP schools and for getting a closer look at the fluid power laboratories and other resources available to industry at these schools. By way of example, if you’ve not yet seen or figured out a way for your company to benefit from MSOE’s Rapid Prototyping Lab, you’re really missing out. But what I really want to talk about here are the research presentations—because they are offered not by gray-haired professors, but by the masters and PhD students that are actually working on the research. Putting these young people in front of industry and getting them to engage with each other—the students by presenting the results of their work, and industry by asking questions and helping to guide their efforts—has resulted in more than one job offer and acquisition for the fluid power industry. At the MSOE meeting, there was an extra treat. Each year, the CCEFP hosts a Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program over the summer. This is where interested undergraduate engineering students tackle a fluid power research project, utilizing the fluid power laboratories and mentorship bench that has been built in the CCEFP schools. Those REU students that were working at MSOE this past summer also presented their research results at the IAB meeting, including a young woman named Sophia Dolan. Here’s what Sophia had to say about her project, which I’ve taken directly from the blog all the REU students maintained during their summer experience: “My project this summer was about the triboelectric effect in return-line and tank-mounted filters. The triboelectric effect is the phenomenon responsible for most everyday static electricity, and occurs in filtration systems between the filter media and the oil because of the large amount of contact between the two. Previous research at MSOE has discovered that replacing filter component materials with electrostatic dissipative (ESD) materials can greatly decrease the electrostatic charge generation in tank-mounted filters, but is less effective in return-line filters. My goal this summer was to determine why the ESD material worked so well in tank-mounted filters and not so well in return-line filters.” “One of my first theories was about the velocity of the oil through the filter media—each filter element has a different shape and size, so the velocity profiles through them would also be different. Although the data from running these tests revealed some interesting facts about charge relaxation, it didn’t suggest that the different amounts of generated charge were from different velocity profiles. “My next idea focused on the electrical circuits created by the ESD materials. ESD materials have a higher resistivity than conductors, but still do allow the movement of electrons and will create a bond between their boundaries. The use of ESD materials in the tank-mounted filter created a bond between the bulk oil in the tank and the filter media, while this connection did not exist in the return-line filter. To test this theory, I inserted conductors as necessary into the return-line filter system to create this bond. So far, my data suggest that this was the cause of increased charge generation in the return-line filter system! “As I mentioned before, there still is a lot of possible future work to do on this project. First, the way I set up the return-line filter with the added conductors changed several other variables—such as the pressure at the filter and oil flow rate. Although I have reasons to believe these wouldn’t significantly influence the charge generation, it would be best to create


42 • January/February 2015 •

PARTNERING FOR A STRONG WORKFORCE Did you know that NFPA has developed a Roadmap to Building a Strong Workforce? It outlines a number of ways NFPA members can help: ƒƒ Be a guest speaker at a local middle/high school ƒƒ Adopt and help maintain a fluid power lab at a local school ƒƒ Coach a FIRST Robotics team ƒƒ Host an NFPA Student Career Connection program and offer tours of your company ƒƒ Host a Fluid Power Challenge student competition ƒƒ Sponsor a Senior Design Capstone Project at a local university ƒƒ Offer internships at your company For more information contact Sue Chase at

NFPA’S OCTOBER 2014 ECONOMIC UPDATE WEBINAR SUMMARY: POSITIVE ROAD AHEAD NFPA recently conducted its traditional October Economic Update Webinar with ITR Economics’ Jim Chappelow. The webinars feature the latest insights into our economy and help members gain critical information on the economic risks and opportunities facing their organization. Mr. Chappelow’s message came through loud and clear throughout the presentation: “growth in the fluid power industry through at least 2016.” ITR Economics’ annual details concerning the outlook for the fluid power industry highlighted a growth peak at year-end for 2014 and a very mild slowdown (but continued growth) in 2015, followed by a mild first quarter with continued growth throughout 2016. When looking beyond 2016, conditions became a little harder to predict, but ITR Economics forecasts more growth through 2017 leading to slower growth and an impending recession in 2018. by Eric Armstrong,

a setup that was identical in every way to the previous setup. Second, the data acquired from the first set of tests (that varied the velocity of the oil through the filter) has several interesting trends; what I’m working on now is trying to fit an equation to all of the data.” She had everyone’s attention while she presented this information. Well spoken, inquisitive, and confident. Pretty much what everyone is looking for in a future engineer. I chatted with her a little after her presentation to find out what she thought about fluid power as a possible career path, knowing that not every REU student is necessarily looking for that. Here’s what she said to me, which she also posted on her blog: “I think one of the biggest things I will take away from this summer is an appreciation for how big the fluid power industry is. For my REU program, I was lucky enough to be able to work in MSOE’s Fluid Power Institute (FPI). Not only did I get to see the other projects at the FPI, I also got to go to several events hosted by the FPI, such as a tour of a Caterpillar hydraulics factory, and talk to many different professionals working in fluid power. Before applying to CCEFP’s REU program, I hadn’t really heard about fluid power, but now I realize how exciting and diverse of a field it is!” Is this perhaps one more successful acquisition for our industry?


of the industry, and the 12/12 Ratio index of 105.7, an indicator of change in the rate of growth in the industry, maintain levels about 100 and continue to grow. The direction and speed in which these two index indicators move, as well as their position above or below 100, can help you understand the short-term outlook for our industry. After examining the information above, “Steady as she goes” should be the quote of the month (and probably the next several months) as we get to look forward to wrapping up 2014 on a positive note.

This report presents data on monthly shipments and orders collected from NFPA membership, and it helps users understand and anticipate change within the industry. Member companies can benchmark their own performance against overall industry performance using the results. Data is collected from participating U.S. fluid power manufacturers, compiled by a third-party to maintain confidentiality, and results are sent to CSS participants.

Online Training for Troubleshooting Bucket Trucks! TROUBLESHOOTING BUCKET TRUCK HYDRAULICS

CSS MONTHLY SHIPMENTS: SLOW AND STEADY GROWTH NFPA’s September 2014 Confidential Shipment Statistics (CSS), a monthly source of fluid power shipment and order data trends often used to benchmark company performance, continues to validate the opinions that were shared in the latest State of the Fluid Power Industry Survey and supports the thoughts shared in NFPA’s Economic Update Webinar presented by Jim Chappelow from ITR Economics. Slow and steady growth lies ahead for the fluid power industry, including both hydraulics and pneumatics. Preliminary September 2014 shipments of fluid power products increased 9.4% compared to September 2013 and increased 1.6% when compared to last month. Mobile hydraulic, industrial hydraulic, and pneumatic shipments increased when compared to September 2013. Mobile hydraulic shipments increased, while industrial hydraulics and pneumatic shipments decreased when compared to last month. Final August 2014 shipments of fluid power products decreased very slightly to 6.1% for the 2014 calendar year when compared to the same time period in 2013. While both the 12-Month Moving Average (MMA) index of 104.1, an indicator of change in the size

List Price: $40 Beginner and advanced students alike will learn how to determine the cause and repair of: • Drifting Booms & Outriggers • Low Tool Circuit Pressure • Locked-up Outriggers • Low Pump Pressure • And More!



IFPS Member Special


for both courses!

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List Price: $300 Featuring 8 hours of in-depth topics: Basic Schematics, Building a Complete Operating Demo, Cylinders, Directional Valves, Filters, Flow Controls, Pumps, Rotary Actuators, and Pressure Controls

Discover CFC’s award winning training and education! CIRCLE 255 • January/February 2015 •


Product Review



2 4


La-Man® Corp.

The SuperStar 0.01 is a four-stage micron filter designed to operate most effectively within 25 feet of the point of use. By incorporating a charcoal absorption element, the filter offers a 0.01-micron rating with flow ranges of 50, 75, or 100 scfm and pressure ratings of 250 psi. Additional standard features include built-in differential pressure gauges providing a visual indication of required maintenance and an automatic float drain that allows for the discharge of moisture with no electrical requirements.



The Pow’R-LOCK™ portable lift system has a rated capacity of 200 tons. With full-time, automatic load-holding protection through all stages of lifting and lowering, the system requires no operator intervention to activate its locking system. Designed with a patent-pending control system that maintains the position of a rotating locking collar near the cylinder base, the system provides a mechanical lock regardless of cylinder movement. This control system ensures safe and secure lifting for off-highway machinery, including trucks, tractors, and other heavy machinery.





The Koenig Check Valves® feature a ball-style, one-piece, self-contained design for quick and precise flow control, and can be used to maintain system pressure and prevent backflow. They are available in both forward-flow and reverse-flow models in a range of standard size diameters, cracking pressures, and flow rates. The product line features suitability for high-volume production applications that require fast assembly. They don’t require thread machining, do not generate debris, and prevent contamination during installation. The metal-to-metal design requires no additional sealants or threads.

The speed, resolution, and optical features of the MLG-2 automation light grid enable it to detect and measure transparent, small, and fast-moving objects even under harsh conditions. A small beam spacing of just 5 mm ensures the thinnest objects are detected, while a new “Transparent Mode” function provides measurement, location tracking, and hole tracking on transparent materials. Two variants are available: Prime (two analog outputs, up to three switching outputs, and optical synchronization) and Pro (transparent, high-speed, and high-resolution modes; wired synchronization; IO-Link 1.1; and troubleshooting via SOPAS software).

SFC Koenig®

3 • January/February 2015 •

SICK, Inc.


IFPS Certification Spotlight

Connector and Conductor Certification (CC) The International Fluid Power Society is the only organization that provides comprehensive technical certification offerings for all professionals in the fluid power and motion control industry. IFPS defines a Connector and Conductor professional as one who fabricates, assembles, and tests hose and assemblies. The success or failure of any fluid power system depends on four factors: design, installation, start-up (commissioning), and maintenance. Hose and tube assemblies are a vital consideration in each of these factors, as well as system and operating personnel safety. All Connector & Conductor certifications require a three (3)-hour Job Performance (hands-on) Test. The recommendations in the IFPS Connector & Conductor study manual are not applicable to automotive hydraulic/ pneumatic brake and power-steering assemblies or aerospace equipment.


ƒƒ ƒƒ ƒƒ ƒƒ ƒƒ

Use caliper to measure crimp dimensions Flare tubing to make assembly Inspect flareless tube assembly Inspect twin ferrule tube assembly Use silver brazing to assemble fittings to tube ƒƒ Use hydraulic test stand for proof, burst, and impulse testing ƒƒ Identify and use proper standards to ensure conformance and appropriate quality and safety

ƒƒ Provide safety covers for line of sight and abrasive locations ƒƒ Provide documentation ƒƒ Properly dispose of used assemblies



1. Which of the following are critical when identifying a used hose assembly for replacement? A. I.D. B. Working pressure C. Thread ends, size and type D. Fluid being conducted and temperature E. All of the above

2. What is considered the allowable angle variation from a perfect square hose cut that is acceptable to use? A. 2° B. 3° C. 4° D. 5° E. 7° 3. Typical “cut length” tolerance is A. Dependant upon the fittings to be used B. Dependant upon the assembly length C. Approximately +/- 1% D. Approximately +/- 5% E. Not important

Answer: 1 = E, 2 = D, 3 = B

ƒƒ Understand basic components of hose construction ƒƒ Identify hose types and pressure ratings ƒƒ Identify port and fitting threads using measuring tools and charts ƒƒ Identify the various two- and four-bolt flanges ƒƒ Use appropriate charts to determine ratings for stainless and carbon steel tubing for application ƒƒ Use the “Stamped” acronym to determine the correct hose and/or tube for correct assembly procedure ƒƒ Understand metric and English values to ensure correct assembly of components ƒƒ Square-cut hose to measured length ƒƒ Know when and how to skive hose ƒƒ Perform crimp machine inspection and calibration to ensure proper final hose assembly • January/February 2015 •



Peninsular Cylinder Company Roseville, Michigan Phone: (586) 775-7211 Fax: (586) 775-4545

Advertiser Index Company.........................................Page.....Circle Aggressive Hydraulics.............................. 5.........230 Ç Adaconn........................................... 17.........265 Ç Adaconn........................................... 36.........279 Ç Aggressive Hydraulics....................... 36.........280 Alloys and Components........................ 12.........236 CFC Industrial Training........................... 43.........255 Clean Filtration U.S.A.............................. 22.........244 Ç Clean Filtration U.S.A......................... 19.........276 Clippard Instrument Lab Inc................ CIV.........257 Ç Clippard Instrument Lab Inc............. 36.........281 Differential Pressure Plus Inc................... 20.........241 Ç Differential Pressure Plus Inc............. 19.........272 Ç Eaton Filtration.................................. 16.........259 EUFMC..................................................... 33.........251 Flange Lock............................................ 39.........254 Ç Flange Lock....................................... 19.........274 Flaretite, Inc............................................. 13.........239 Ç Flaretite, Inc........................................ 16.........260 Fluid Design Products, Inc...................... 13.........238 Ç Fluid Design Products, Inc................. 18.........268 FluiDyne Fluid Power................................. 3.........229 Ç FluiDyne Fluid Power......................... 18.........271 Ç FluiDyne Fluid Power......................... 36.........282 Hannon Hydraulics................................. 25.........249 Ç HAWE Hydraulics............................... 16.........261 Hercules Sealing Products..................... 24.........247 Ç Hercules Sealing Products................ 36.........283 Honor Pumps U.S.A................................. 24.........248 Ç Honor Pumps U.S.A............................ 20.........278 Hydraulex Global.................................... 15.........240 Ç Hydraulex Global.............................. 37.........284 Ç HyFlow Controls................................. 37.........285 Inserta..................................................... 12.........237 Kuriyama of America............................. 29.........250 Ç Kuriyama of America........................ 20.........277 Ç Kuriyama of America........................ 37.........286 Ç La-Man Corp..................................... 37.........287 Main Manufacturing Products.............. 23.........246 Ç Main Manufacturing Products......... 19.........273 Ç Main Manufacturing Products......... 37.........288 MOCAP Inc............................................... 6.........231 Ç MOCAP Inc........................................ 18.........269 Muncie Power Products Inc...................... 7.........234 Ç Muncie Power Products Inc.............. 18.........270 Ç Muncie Power Products Inc.............. 37.........289 Ç Oil-Rite Corp....................................... 17.........264 Ç Oil-Rite Corp....................................... 18.........267 Ç Oil-Rite Corp....................................... 38.........290 Peninsular Cylinder Co. Inc...................... 9.........235 Ç Peninsular Cylinder Co. Inc............... 19.........275 Ç Pirtek USA........................................... 38.........291 Power Valve U.S.A.................................... 39.........253 Ç Power Valve U.S.A............................... 17.........266 SC Hydraulic Engineering Corp............... 6.........233 Ç SC Hydraulic Engineering Corp........ 16.........258 Sunfab North America........................... 22.........243 Super Swivels.......................................... 23.........245 Ç Super Swivels..................................... 38.........292 Vacuforce, LLC........................................ 33.........252 VEST Inc.................................................CIII.........256 Yates Industries Inc..............................CII-1.........228 Ç Yates Industries Inc............................ 17.........263 Ç Yates Industries Inc............................ 38.........293 Youli America.......................................... 20.........242 Ç Youli America..................................... 17.........262 Ç Young Powertech, Inc........................ 38.........294

Fluid Power Distributors Wanted For Select Territories

“It’s awesome to see customers become ‘addicted’ to our onsite service when they realize how much we minimize their equipment downtime and its associated costs.” Jim Lager, Owner PIRTEK Love Field & PIRTEK Meacham, Dallas, TX


1 in the USA Exclusive Territories Available #


For well established manufacturer of Hydraulic and Pneumatic cylinders and other cylinder related motion control components. ISO 9001 Registered, NFPA and METRIC cylinders 1-1/2” to 24” bore. World class performing cylinders with proven reliability. 9 See Our Ad on Page 3


Pumps · Motors · Valves · Servo/Proportional

Email, call or fax with a list of your Surplus... We’ll provide you with a price offer! 1-800-422-4279 | 586-949-4240 Fax: 586-949-5302 |

THE “SPECIAL” YOU WANT IS PROBABLY ON OUR SHELVES MAIN Mfg. Products, Inc. 800.521.7918 fax 810.953.1385

Cylinders Same-Day Shipping! Stainless Steel

• Thousands of Items • Huge Inventory • Bore Sizes to 3” • Strokes to 12”

513-521-4261 46 • January/February 2015 •

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Custom Blocks C ustom QQuatro uatro BloCks IncorporatingISO ISO7368 7368(DIN (DIN 24342) Slip-in Valves Incorporating 24342) Slip-in Valves

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Longer life over conventional spool valves Incredible control options Built-in regen function Soft capabilities

PO Box 112 Ph: 989.984.0800 777 Aulerich Road Toll Free: 1.877.ALMO.NOW East Tawas, MI 48730 Fax: 989.984.0830

PO Box 112 Ph: 989.984.0800 PO Box 112 Ph: 989.984.0800 777 Aulerich Road Toll Free: 1.877.ALMO.NOW 777 Aulerich Road East Tawas,Toll Free: 1.877.ALMO. NOW MI 48730 Fax: 989.984.0830 East Tawas, MI 48730 Fax: 989.984.0830

c/o iPacesetters P.O. Box 413050 Naples, FL 34101-6795 Fax: 888-847-6035

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1. Do you specify, select, or influence the purchase of components & systems on new or existing machinery? 03  Yes 04  No If yes, in which technologies? (check all that apply) 05  Hydraulic 06  Pneumatic 07  Vacuum 08  Electronic Controls 09  None of these 2. What is your primary job title? (check all that apply)

10  Administration 13  Technical

11  Plant Operations 14  Mechanical

3. Which of the following best describes your market focus? I  Forestry A  Aerospace J  Furnaces B  Agricultural Machinery K  Gas & Oilfield Machinery C  Automotive L  Heavy Construction D  Civil Engineering & Equipment E  Cranes M  Military Vehicles F  Drills & Drilling Equipment N  Construction & Utility Equipment G  Flame Cutting/Welding O  Machine Tools Equipment P  Government Related H  Food Machinery 4. Number of employees at this location?

A  1-19

B  20-49

12  Engineering 15  Purchasing

A  Marine & Offshore Equipment B  Material Handling Equipment C  Mining Machinery D  Packaging Machinery E  Plastic Machinery F  Presses & Foundry G  Railroad Machinery H  Road Construction/ Maintenance Equipment

C  50-99

D  100-249

E  250-499

16  Other

I  Simulators & Test Equipment J  Snow Vehicles, Ski Lifts K  Steel Plants & Rolling Mills L  Truck & Bus Industry M  Textile Machinery N  Woodworking Machines O  Other (specify) P  Fluid Power Industry

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_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Signature Date 9. I would like more information on the following products: (Please check all that apply) 808  Hose & Tubing 805  Filters 800  Accumulators 809  Hydraulic Fluids 806  Gauges & Sensors 801  Accessories 810  Motors 807  Heat Exchangers, 802  Electronic Controls 811  Pumps Heaters, Aftercoolers, 803  Couplings & Fittings 812  Seals & Packing Dryers 804  Cylinders 10. I plan on purchasing the above products in the next: 68  0-3 months 69  3-6 months 70  6-9 months

813  Vacuum 814  Valves 815  Software

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5. What is the primary business activity at this location? In the Fluid Power Industry: 56  Manufacturer 57  Distributor 58  Education Outside the Fluid Power Industry: 59  Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) 60  End User of Fluid Power Products

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1. Do you specify, select or influence the purchase of components & systems, on new or existing machinery? 03  Yes 04  No. If yes, which technologies? (check all that apply) 05  Hydraulic 06  Pneumatic 09  None of These 07  Vacuum 08  Electronic Controls 2. What is your primary job title? (check only one) 10  Administration: Chairman, Pres., V.P., Sec., Tres., G.M., Owner, Bus. Mgr., Dir., etc. 11  Plant Operations: VP of Mfg/ Oper/ Prod., Plant Mgr./ Dir. Mgr., Supv./ Supt./ Foreman/ Safety Dir., etc. 12  Engineering: V.P. Eng., Eng., Des. Eng., Dir. of Eng., Staff Spec., Chief Eng., Senior Eng., Maint/Prod. Eng., etc. 13  Technical: Chief Tech., Fluid Power Tech., etc. 14  Mechanical: Chief Master Mech., Master Mech., Fluid Power Mech., etc. 15  Purchasing: VP/Dir. of Purch., Procurement Mgr., Buyer, Purch., etc. 16  Other: (please specify)_____________________________________ 3. Number of employees at this location? A  1-19 B  20-49 C  50-99 D  100-249 E  250-499 F  500-999 G  1000+

(View a sample of our PAPERLESS digital edition at 4. What is the primary business activity at this location? In the Fluid Power Industry Outside the Fluid Power Industry 56  Manufacturer 57  Distributor 58  Education 59  Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) 60  End User of Fluid Power Products 61  Other: (please specify)__________________________________________ 5. Which of the following best describes your market focus? A  Aerospace A  Marine & Offshore Equipment B  Agricultural Machinery B  Material Handling Equipment C  Automotive C  Mining Machinery D  Civil Engineering D  Packaging Machinery E  Cranes E  Plastic Machinery F  Drills & Drilling Equip. F  Presses & Foundry G  Flame Cutting/Welding Equip. G  Railroad Machinery H  Food Machinery H  Road Construct/Maint. Equip. I  Forestry I  Simulators & Test Equipment J  Furnaces J  Snow Vehicles, Ski Lifts K  Gas & Oilfield Machinery K  Steel Plants & Rolling Mills L  Heavy Construction & Equip. L  Truck & Bus Industry M  Military Vehicles M  Textile Machinery N  Construction & Utility Equip. N  Woodworking Machines O  Machine Tools O  Other (specify)_____________ P  Government Related P  Fluid Power Industry

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