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TOPIC 1 1. The main technique of Behaviourism is: a. Repetition b. Memorization c. The previous two are correct 2. Chomsky belongs to: a. Behavorism b. Generativism c. Cognotivism 3. Which theory is the foundation of the activity “head, shoulders, knees and toes….”? (the students do what the songs says) a. Generativism b. Behaviorism c. Total Physical Response 4. The Stages of Cognitive Development belong to a theory developed by: a. Chomsky b. Piaget c. Bruner 5. The Multiple Intelligences is a: a. Method b. Theory c. Approach 6. What is the best definition for “theory”? a. Explanation of a fact, reality b. It comes from an abstract level c. The previous two answers are correct 7. Which one is not a method? a. Total Physical Response b. Silent Way c. Sensor motor 8. Which one is a method? a. Silent way b. Piaget c. Cognotivism


9. The main theorist of CLT is a. Piaget b. Widdowson c. Bruner

10.The Multiple Intelligences were described by a. Gardner b. Piaget c. Paulov 11.Which one is not a stage of cognitive development: a. Sensor-motor b. Language learning c. Preoperational 12.The method to which music is central is called: a. Suggestopedia b. TPR c. The Silent Method 13.Total Physical Response was developed by: a. Gattegno b. Lozanov c. Asher 14. The study of the way human beings acquire languages and the scientific study of the processes involved is undoubtedly the most important contribution________________ has made to the study of Language Learning and Language Teaching. a. Psychology b. Science c. Religion 15.Language is an_______________ ability. a. nate b. innate c. process 16.For Vygotsky, language is deeply influenced by______________ a. Individual process b. Social interaction c. learning 17. Chomsky considered the language learnt like: a. Process of imitate, repetition and habit creation


b. Natural process because the human is born with the set of rules “Universal Grammar” c. Both answers are correct 18. Which of these characters don´t belong to the Grammar – Translation Method a. Vocabulary is learnt by memorizing a long list. b. Classroom interaction is conducted exclusively in the target language speaking. c. Reading and writing is the center of the class: No place for listening and speaking 19. Definition the audio-lingual method: a. People ‘construct’ their own learning. b. Method that constructs its own knowledge. c. People learn best by memorization and manipulation of patterns which are similar. 20. Noam Chomsky perceived language as: a. an innate ability b. previous knowledge c. grammatical structure. 21. Jean Piaget said: A child constructs understanding through a variety of channels: a. cooperation, stimulation, comunication b. cooperation, investigation ,reading or listening. c. exploration,experimentation ,reading or listening. 22. Which of the following implies an innate ability for the language? a. Surface structure b. Deep structure c. Half structure


TOPIC 2 1- Between what ages is concrete operational stage included? a. 6-12 years b. 4-6 years c. 10-12 years 2-

How else can be called the stage of Primary Education? a. childhood education stage b. concrete operational stage c. secundary education stage

3- What strategies children use to memorize? a. planning and time b. organization and rehearsal c. comprehension and discrimination 4- What is good for the development of memory skills? a. rhymes an d chants b. playing c. tales and fictitious episodes 5- Where is included lateralization and loss of brain flexibility? a. the sensitive period b. neurobiological phenomena c. the critical period 6- Which period considers language learning would be not impossible? a. the critical period b. the sensitive period c. both 7- Which are the areas affected by madurational constraints? a. age and rate b. gender c. both 8- Respect to areas affected by madurational constraints, whose are faster? a. older b. adults c. younger children


9- In the context, the children who arrive early to have a better chance of achieving a.. a. native accent b. bilingual accent c. both 10- The internal factors in the areas affected by mutational constraints are.. a. language aptitude b. gender c. a and b are correct 11- Who are the best learners? a. adults b. children c. both 12- The principal reason for age related difference is.. a. conclusion and pedagogical implication b. the children are wrong learns c. the adult are better learns 13- Which one is a cognitive approach? a. Reflectivity-impulsivity b. Field-dependence or independence c. A and b are correct 14- Action approach is the style used in different‌ a. People b. Environments c. Primary education stages 15- Which one is a personality approach? a. Introversion b. Kinaesthetic c. aural-verbal 16- Which one is a perceptual approach? a. independence b. Visual c. extroversion 17- Circle the correct answer. They need to move in order to learn. They are very good at sports and dancing: very well coordinated a. Kinaesthetic intelligence b. Environmental intelligence c. Existencial intelligence


18- Indirect Strategies include: a. Social strategies, metacognitive strategies, affective strategies b. Memory, Cognitive strategies, Compensation strategies c. Social strategies, Cognitive strategies, Affective strategies 19- ………………………… is concerned with student´s practical reasons for learning the foreign language. a. Intrisic motivation b. Instrumental motivation c. Extrinsic motivation 20- It indicates the extent to which an individual believes himself to be capable, significant, successful and worthy: a. Self-efficacy b. Low esteem c. Self-esteem


TOPIC 3 1. Which one of these main characteristics audiotapes and video recording are false? a) A single speaker with unclear voice is recommended in early listening tasks b) When there are two or more speakers, their voices should be clearly distinguished. c) Children must begin by getting involved in the listening task. 2. How can we create an encouraging atmosphere in the classroom? a) With a Visual context b) With Visual context, and gestures c) With Visual context, gestures, drawings and body language 3. What type of recommendation can be used to capture children´s attention? a) Background disturbing noise mustn’t be avoided.´ b) Sounds or acoustic references may encourage comprehension c) Visual support isn´t necessary in early listening exercises in order to create a context and assist the listening effort. 4. Reading is: a) A written receptive skill which activates a chain of cognitive processes in making sense of the text. b) The group of words that a person or group of people knows how to use. c) One of the four basic skills needed to gain competence in mastering a language. 5. For text selection, the Primary teacher should bear in mind: a) Texts must be taught always for teachers. b) Texts should introduce some of the most important cultural references of the target language. c) Texts should always carry images for better understanding. 6. What characteristics between the spoken and written language? a) Socialization b) Complexity c) Responsibility 7. Songs are a pleasurable, enjoyable experience which: a) Aids relaxation and group dynamics. b) Increases attentiveness and receptiveness in the language classroom. c) Both answers are correct. 8. Effects of explicit instruction: a) Reading and whole language approaches are effective to learn spelling. b) Systematic and explicit English spelling instruction hasn´t durable effects.


c) None of theme. 9. Rules spelling: a) Shouldn´t have a appropriate level of difficulty for the pupils. b) Should be very easy for the pupils. c) None of theme. 10. It is recommendable to teach the rules spelling by: a) Working together with the students to discover the rule under study. b) Providing plenty of examples. c) Both answer are correct. 11. In order to obtain more advantages from the symbol dictation a sequence must be followed: a) Symbols must be complicated to draw and familiar to the listener. b) The FL is permitted when the activity is finished. c) A second repetition to check complete comprehension is recommended. 12. Who was the main author of Multiple Intelligence Theory? a) Gardner. b) Medina. c) Chowsky. 13. Who found that the combination of music and illustrations has a beneficial effect on vocabulary acquisition? a) Lozano. b) Vigotsky. c) Medina. 14. The students are providing with: a) A gapped version of the song which they must complete. b) Scrambled words or lines of the song, which they must then reorder. c) Both. 15. Which one is a principle about the use of L1? a) L1 can be used as a helping hand to maintain motivation. b) L1 can also provide context c) A and b are correct 16. Name, family name, address, age, likes, possessions, phone number and nationality are‌ a) one of the topics closest to the children’s interests b) one of the topics that the children hates c) one of the boring topics for the children


17. Early descriptions and oral sentence structure may arise from the use of some commands as a simple answer to the questions a) why b) what c) a and b are correct 18. Why is listening important? a) It is needed in real life. b) It is something the whole class can do. c) Both. 19. Which are listening strategies? a) To anticipate what is coming and remember what has been said before. b) To cutup complete messages to decipher and interpreted some meaning. c) Both. 20. Which are listening topics and scenarios? a) Sports. b) Every life. c) Both.


TOPIC 4 1) An example to top –down process is: a) Writing from context b) Relating written text to general world kwoleledge c) A and Bare Correct 2) Reading Alovel at early and intermediate levels can be used to check a) Pronunciation b) Write text c) Reading 3) Silence Reading is…. a) The most common and natural type of reading b) The most common and natural type of listening c) The most common and natural type of rading. 4) Which of these senteces are tasks after reading? a) Complete a graphic organizer b) Relate the content to other reading c) Both answers are correct 5) Tasks during reading? a) Focus that the main ideas have been perfectly grasped and undertood b) Guide the reader through the text c) Aren´t related to bottom-up processes 6) Which of these sentences are tasks during reading? a) Propose information transfer tasks b) Summarise the content c) Extracte salient points to summarise 7) Select appropriate text material and supporting resources according to levels of difficulty is a goal for?: a) An extensive reading programme b) A complete writing c) Speaking correctly 8) How are “pedagogic” texts? a) Written for learning b) Adapted for language learning from authentic material c) Hot written for language learning


9) Which are books of graded readers? a) Hansel and Gretel b) The happy dragon c) Both 10) What should be important by the primary teacher for select the text? a) Text should be adapted to the learner´s cognitive development b) Text should be have pictures c) Text shouldn’t enhance motivation and promote self-esteem 11) Reasons for reading are…. a) To get information or search for information b) For pleasure and enjoyment c) Both are correct 12) How many types of knowledge required to make sense of the text? a) Syntactic knowledge b) Morphological knowledge c) Both are correct 13. Texts used for intensive reading… a) Are short and they are studied in depth. b) Are long c) Aren't studied in depth. 14. Texts used for extensive reading are usually long texts such as a) books b) articles c) both 15. Goals of pre-reading instruction: a) it enables the reader to access background knowledge b) it stimulates student interest c) both

16. Which are some principles for the teaching of extensive reading? a) A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available b) Students select what they want to read c) both 17. Which one of these main characteristics audiotapes and video recording are false? a) A single speaker with unclear voice is recommended in early listening tasks b) When there are two or more speakers, their voices should be clearly distinguished. c) Children must begin by getting involved in the listening task. 18. How can we create an encouraging atmosphere in the classroom?


a) With a Visual context b) With Visual context, and gestures c) With Visual context, gestures, drawings and body language 19. What type of recommendation can be used to capture children´s attention? a) Background disturbing noise mustn’t be avoided.´ b) Sounds or acoustic references may encourage comprehension c) Visual support isn´t necessary in early listening exercises in order to create a context and assist the listening effort. 20. Reading is: a) A written receptive skill which activates a chain of cognitive processes in making sense of the text. b) The group of words that a person or group of people knows how to use. c) One of the four basic skills needed to gain competence in mastering a language.


TOPIC 5 1. Writing is important in the teaching/learning process of languages because a) It is a useful learning tool. b) It helps to consolidate and reinforce the learning of other knowledge (grammar, vocabulary, etc.). c) Option a and b are true 2. Methodology for the teaching of writing are a) Familiarization and controlled writing, b) Free writing. c) Familiarization, controlled writing, guided writing and free writing 3. Possible activities to controlled writing a) Punctuating a text, b) jumbled sentences to form coherent paragraphs, writing answers to questions, c) option a and b are correct 4. Controlled writing consists a) The teacher offers the pupil linguistic material to be used following precise guidelines, thus controlling the pupil’s production and reducing the possibility of mistakes b) It usually consists of repetitive, mechanical exercises whose function is to let pupils handle the language before they launch into writing a full text. c) Option a and b are correct 5. Peer correction may have several advantages: a) This type of correction can be done when the teacher provides the correct answers. b) Students do not learn from mistakes with Peer Correction c) The teacher’s marking load is lightened 6. Marking written work can be... a) funny and easy b) stressful, difficult and time-consuming, especially at the Free Writing stage. c) interesting and simple 7. What advantages have Peer Correction? a) Pupils become more involved in the teaching-learning process. b) Pupils often learn from each other’s mistakes. c) A and b are correct


8. Self correction: a) This type of correction can be done when the teacher provides the correct answers b) Pupils often learn from each other’s mistakes c) The teachers marking load is lightened. 9. Writing includes: a) The particular writing system b) The choice and mastery of a particular medium of expression c) Both are correct 10. Writing is a) The ability to communicate with each other and express our own ideas in written form. b) The type of communicate without express our own ideas c) Any of four skills 11. What method established affixed order with the skill? a) T.P.R. b) Suggestopedia c) Audiolingual 12. Reading and writing are… a) Closely related b) Openly related c) Both are correct 13. In the teacher’s perspective, he is a) Always the only audience for the pupils’ work b) Usually the only audience for the pupils’ work c) Never the only audience for the pupils’ work 14. What do people write? a) There are a great variety of text types which they should be familiar with b) There aren’t a great variety of text types which they should be familiar with c) There are a poor variety of text types which they should be familiar with 15. In the pupils’ perspective, they are… a) The final product is “fixed” and recorded for posterity b) There is immediate feedback c) No need for a real audience. 16. In the entertainment, you can use… a) Lists, personal, notes b) Pastimes, puzzles, crosswords, games.


c) Both are correct

17. Public writing… a) Intended for organisations or institutions. b) To establish and maintain social relations with those around us. c) Specialized text related to professional tasks 18. In the audience, classmates… a) Exchanging written work with classmates for them to make suggestions or corrections, using the principle of Peer Teaching b) Reading work out loud for the rest of the class to hear. c) Both 19. What we include in a real outside audience? a) Internet chats b) SMS messages c) Both 20. The free-writing approach… a) Getting ideas down on paper is considered to be the priority b) With time, errors in grammar and syntax will gradually c) Both


TOPIC 6 1.

Listening comprehension depends in three areas: a) Discrimination of sounds and other phonetic elements. b) Concentration in the sound. c) Both are correct.

2. The criteria for judge the student´s oral performance are: a) Pronunciation. b) Socialization. c) Attention. 3. Which would be a feature of speaker average? a) Produces only isolated words and chunks and is unable to produce connected messages. b) Able to express only the essential parts of message in an intelligible way. c) Able to express himself/herself. 4. When evaluating the student´s written production, we can apply: a) Pronunciation. b) Punctuation. c) Vocabulary. 5. Evaluation of attitudes refers a) The bases of student´s attitudinal or existant competence b) The ability to learn c) a and b are true 6. Oller´s says a) Unitary holistic is very difficult to apply in initial stages of language learning b) Unitary holistic isn´t very difficult to apply in initial stages of language learning c) Option a is false 7. Evaluating materials are a) Test b) Test book and workbook c) Test book and workbook, cassette and other materials 8. What of these option is potential advantages of self-evaluation a) In the Primary stage, students have difficulties in applying the criteria given for self-evaluation. They often need guidance in the correct interpretation of some criteria


b)

The learners are given opportunities to reflect on their learning process: attitudes, interest, participation, effort and other aspects of their behaviour in the EFL classroom. c) The self-evaluation process may not satisfy the low-ability students, who often have to admit their lack of interest and dedication. 9. On what are focused communicative items? a) Learning context and situations b) Pragmatic and discursive aspects c) Both 10. Which are important implications for communicative test construction? a) The unpredictable nature of information exchange b) Purposeful FL / L2 use. c) Both 11. Which are implications for test constructions? a) Contextualization b) Authenticity c) Both 12. Which are interactive procedures? a) Listening, reading b) Speaking, writing c) Listening-speaking, reading-writing 13. Evaluation is‌ a) Implies gathering data on the teaching and learning of the English Language b) Implies gathering data on the teaching English Language only. c) Implies gathering data on the learning English Language only. 14. Stages of product – oriented approaches are a) Identification of what is to be evaluated b) Definition of the variables to be evaluated c) Both are correct 15. The types of evaluation are a) Formative, summative and final evaluation b) Formative, summative, initial and final evaluation c) Informative, summative, initial and final evaluation 16. Profiling is a) An example of qualitative evaluation b) An example of quantitative evaluation c) An example of quantitative and qualitative evaluation


17. What are limitations of test? a) Nor should we have a blind faith in rating scales or in their sophisticated arithmetic. b) We cannot expect more from tests than they can offer us. c) Both 18. Which is the aim of aptitude test? a) To measure the subjects’ aptitude for language learning. b) Writing c) Reading 19. Which are factors of interactive characteristics? a) Knowledge of the real world b) Individual differences c) Both 20. The application of a test is conditioned by: a) The environment b) Individual characteristics c) A set of circumstances which make it possible, viable and practical

Preguntas Idioma II  

Temas 1 - 6

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