National Strategies Case Study
US$45.6 million in 1997 to implement an Agricultural Health Development Program14. One of the main components of this program was the institutional strengthening of SENASA. The actions implemented under this program permitted to overcome part of the restrictions on agricultural production and on agro-exports. With the creation of the new Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism (2002) and the new challenges taken up by international trade negotiations, the support of the IDB—with a loan for US$5 million—was required to finance the Foreign Trade Policy Development Program15. The Program (See Chart Nr. 8) started to operate in 2003 and its purpose was to improve Peru’s national trade policy management as a means of increasing and diversifying the country’s exports and its markets. This aim will be attained by boosting Peru’s institutional capacity to formulate an extensive, comprehensive and consistent external trade policy. AFT and Trade Facilitation Since the implementation of the economic opening model in Peru, the country became conscious of the need to enhance the competitive environment. Both the private and public sectors have permanently reviewed the administrative processes related to the movement of goods (trade facilitation and transport) in connection with exports and imports. The different collaborations received by the country have acknowledged the importance of this issue and have allocated resources to identify the main constraints and to implement proposals to overcome them. This is the case of the resources from USAID, through CRECER Project; the WB, through the PAMC; IDB, EU, CAF and the bilateral cooperation that have contributed with their economic resources, technical assistance and training. There are other projects that contribute to trade facilitation such as the case of the Single Window, the reduction of the time needed to release goods from customs, goods prior dispatch, an the Single Customs Declaration, among others. AFT and Physical Infrastructure In the case of Peru, the country’s situation in the late 1980’s required the support of the international community to rebuild the road infrastructure, which had not been properly maintained for several years. Thus in the early 1990’s international institutions such as the WB, IDB and CAF contributed to finance those requirements. As an example, it is worth mentioning the Road Rehabilitation Program (1994) which funded the improvement of the main road infrastructure and bridges along 1,500 kilometers, by means of a facility for US$420 million granted by the IDB16. After the road reconstruction process, the country undertook the stage of improvement of the physical infrastructure, including, roads, bridges, ports and airports, which required the investment of significant resources funded both by the Peruvian State and by international financing institutions, as well as through the privatization and concession processes. 14
IDB Operation Nº 1025/OC-PE. IDB Operation Nº 1442/OC-PE 16 IDB Operation Nº 651/OC-PE. 15
Published on Sep 14, 2007
Published on Sep 14, 2007
this report was prepared by the integration and trade sector (int) as a contribution to the regional meeting on mobilizing aid for trade: la...