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National Strategic Exports Plan

Chart Nr. 5: National Agreement and Foreign Trade Policy The National Agreement Forum was established in October 2002 as an instance to promote the fulfillment of and the follow up on the National Agreement, under the scope of the Presidency of the Cabinet of Ministers. That forum consists of representatives of the political parties, civil society organizations (religious, labor, business, regional, academic and professional organizations) and the government. The National Agreement seeks to build consensus on future development through 31 State Policies. A set of those policies are grouped under the topic of “Country Competitiveness”, and particularly State Policy 22 deals with “Foreign Trade Policy to Expand Markets with Reciprocity” and seeks to achieve the competitive integration of the country into international markets. For this purpose, the State commits to: (a) ensure legal and macroeconomic stability; (b) preserve a flexible exchange rate policy; (c) establish a tariff policy that encourages a reduction of tariff levels and tariff dispersion, in conformity with our integration agreements and multilateral undertakings; (d) promote an equitable, neutral tax policy that ensures that taxes are recovered by the exporter; (e) strengthen the logistics chain for foreign trade and consolidate customs and trade facilitation systems; (f) improve—with the active participation of the private sector—the infrastructure related to foreign trade activities; (g) establish a dynamic and comprehensive trade promotion policy; (h) combat undervaluation, dumping, smuggling and other forms of unfair competition; (i) have a permanent incidence on the elimination of para-tariff barriers on our exports; (j) seek new and better trade agreements aimed at increasing and diversifying value-added national products and services; (k) promote the building of competitive export supply with the participation of small and medium enterprises; (l) harmonize the different public policies related to foreign trade; (m) articulate the foreign trade efforts of the public and private sectors and establish a coordinating body; (n) promote the organization of small producers in export consortiums; (o) design a comprehensive trade information system; and (p) support the management capacity of trade diplomatic missions. In addition, 46 indicators and 44 specific goals were established. This National Agreement is funded with State resources and involves international cooperation, particularly, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and the collaboration of Canada, Spain and Switzerland. This effort has required the active and permanent participation of all the actors involved. It has required over 70 Plenary Sessions and about 270 sub-policies, 817 indicators and 747 goals have been established. The Technical Secretariat of the National Agreement is in charge of the annual follow up on the progress of commitments and surrenders detailed reports on such progress to the members of the Forum.

expanding and diversifying exports. It was promoted by the MINCETUR in November 2002, through a Commission consisting of representatives of public and private institutions related to foreign trade. The institutions that form part of the said commission include the MINCETUR, the National Competitiveness Council, the Presidency of the Cabinet of Ministers, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Economy and Finances, the Ministry of Production, the Ministry of Transport and Communications, the Export Promotion Agency (PROMPEX), the Exporters Association (ADEX), the Foreign Trade Association (COMEX), the Lima Chamber of Commerce (CCL) and the National Industry Society (SNI). The ENFCC is a tool with guidelines that will help create the conditions required to make the best possible use of trade-opening. It was created in 2005 and built on the above-described initiatives from previous years. However, it should be noted that it received a major boost in late 2002, when the Hemispheric Cooperation Program implemented in the context of the FTAA revealed the need for this support tool to strengthen the capacities of the countries involved. Later on, the subject was put back into the spotlight by Trade Capacity Building Committee for the FTA with the U.S. 3.2. PENX and ENFCC Goals The PENX defined its goals in clear terms, as illustrated in the following chart. As already explained, its most important feature is that this was a dialogue process that incorporated the private sector

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mobilizing aid for trade: focus on latin america and the caribbean: proceedings of the regional r...  

this report was prepared by the integration and trade sector (int) as a contribution to the regional meeting on mobilizing aid for trade: la...

mobilizing aid for trade: focus on latin america and the caribbean: proceedings of the regional r...  

this report was prepared by the integration and trade sector (int) as a contribution to the regional meeting on mobilizing aid for trade: la...

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