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Table of Contents

Introduction..............................................................................................................................................61 1. Evolution of Peru’s Economy........................................................................................................63 1.1 Open Economy Model: 1950–1961...................................................................................63 1.2 Import Substitution Model: 1962–1990............................................................................64 1.3 Market Development and Trade Liberalization Model: 1990–2006............................65 2. Trade as the Cornerstone of the Development Agenda.........................................................69 2.1 Trade Opening and International Trade Negotiations: 1991–1994.............................70 2.2 Inclusion of Trade Negotiations Issues in the Private Agenda: 1995–2000................71 2.3 Promotion of the Trade Development Agenda and.........................................................74 Trade Negotiations: 2001–2007 3. National Strategic Exports Plan (PENX) and National Trade Capacity...........................79 Building Strategy (ENFCC) for the FTA with the United States 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5

ENFCC and PENX Formulation.........................................................................................79 PENX and ENFCC Goals.....................................................................................................81 PENX Implementation..........................................................................................................82 PENX: Progress, Follow-up and Monitoring....................................................................83 Lessons and Challenges.........................................................................................................84

4. The Role Played by Aid for Trade (AFT) in Trade Policy and ENFCC.............................85 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4

Aid for Trade in the Context of a Closed Economy.........................................................85 AFT Support to Trade Policy...............................................................................................85 AFT Monitoring and Evaluation.........................................................................................94 Lessons and Challenges.........................................................................................................94

5. Trade Policy and AFT Challenges...............................................................................................99 5.1 Strengthening Public Institutions Related to Trade Policy and PENX........................99 5.2 Foster the Participation in Trade Benefits of Marginal Economic Sectors............... 103

mobilizing aid for trade: focus on latin america and the caribbean: proceedings of the regional r...  

this report was prepared by the integration and trade sector (int) as a contribution to the regional meeting on mobilizing aid for trade: la...

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