Trade Policy and AFT Challenges
It is worth mentioning that particular attention must be paid to sanitary and phytosanitary measures, what implies strengthening the activities of the Agricultural /Livestock Health National Service (SENASA) to implement strategies that allow the country to keep an adequate phytosanitary and zoosanitary situation consistent with the increasing agricultural and livestock production in the country and to support the agro-exporter process. Likewise, it would also be necessary to have better understanding of how technical regulations and standards affect Peruvian exports. This information could be obtained from the implementation of a TBT register. In addition, other lines of action must be addressed to: prepare exporters to comply with technical requirements; foster a private-public national accreditation board; promote the accreditation of more national bodies; encourage more efforts toward mutual recognition with our major trade partners and increase the number of conformity assessment bodies. 5.1.8. Trade and Transport Facilitation
Although the progress in trade facilitation is considerable, there are still some pending challenges to improve the efficiency of administrative proceedings, transport, electronic trade, mail and fast delivery, port operations, insurance, business and work visas, and the use of information and communication technology (ICT). More specifically, in the Trade Promotion Agreement signed with the United States, the country committed to reduce the time to release goods to only 48 hours, what implies that the customs authority has to enhance the systems to supervise and control goods and to apply new and more efficient proceedings for risk management, access to data base and physical supervision. In keeping with the above, other public institutions must also improve their efficiency and reduce costs to contribute to foreign trade. Said institutions include the Agricultural /Livestock Health National Service (SENASA), the Bureau of Environmental Health (DIGESA), Empresa Nacional of Puertos (National Ports Corporation) (ENAPU), and the Ministry of Transport and Communications, among others. 5.2. Foster the Participation in Trade Benefits of Marginal Economic Sectors There has been much expectation in the country’s inland areas in connection with their participation in trade activities and the benefit such participation may bring about. However, at the present time, the presence of non-traditional export activities is limited in most of the national territory. For the most part, such limitations derive from the possibility to generate actually exportable supply in terms of the quality and volume demanded by international markets. Such limitations are also rooted in the producer’s capacity to have adequate productivity and competitiveness and their limited access to a physical infrastructure network that allows them to competitively insert their production into world markets. The principal marginal sectors are found both in agricultural / livestock activities—particularly in high Andean and jungle areas, and in non-agricultural activities—mainly in micro and small enterprises. A set of actions aimed at these sectors must be implemented.
Published on Sep 14, 2007
this report was prepared by the integration and trade sector (int) as a contribution to the regional meeting on mobilizing aid for trade: la...