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The Role Played by Aid for Trade in Trade Policy and ENFCC

cians, public officers, ruling class and representatives of civil society acknowledge the importance of trade in the development agenda. However, there are large economic and geographical sectors that still have to be incorporated into the dynamics of globalization, what represents a great challenge for the country and for AFT providers. 4.4.1. The incorporation of trade in the development agenda, acknowledging its key role is a

process of which not everyone was convinced from start. The interest of the economic groups that have grown under State protection would rather maintain this comfortable situation notwithstanding the prejudice this may inflict on other sectors of the society. Trade opening is not sufficient in itself. It is the first step, but it has to be complemented with other trade policies that favor the conditions for the competitive insertion of productive sectors into the international markets. All of this situation must be taken into account by AFT suppliers. Stages cannot be “skipped”, it is necessary to undergo them to consolidate State institutions and public opinion. The contribution made by AFT through sharing the successful experiences in other economies with similar levels of development and other support instruments, as well as through the commitment to accompany the countries that decide to move toward their insertion into globalized markets is recognized as a support of the international community that enhances the country’s internal climate to undertake this challenge. 4.4.2. AFT has different types of participation and it must complement the country’s own efforts. The leadership has to be undertaken by the State and cannot be imposed by the international community. It is the State who must learn to lead and guide the AFT, indicating the spaces where the contribution of AFT is needed, whether in terms of technical or financial resources. AFT can play a leading role in facilitating that the State and the society as a whole count on the elements of judgment to foster the necessary changes. 4.4.3. AFT has been fundamental for the design and implementation of the trade strategy in Peru; not only for its contribution of economic resources, without which it would have been very difficult to get the results the country can boast at present. The support offered by AFT has been broad and varied. It has been gradual and comprehensive and it has complemented the country’s material and human resources, allowing the country to move forward in the way of economic opening and insertion into the global economy. 4.4.4. AFT also needs coordination among its members. Even though APCI and MINCETUR try to establish broad and transparent communication, it is necessary that the exchange of information and experiences favor a joint work to derive the largest possible benefit from invested resources. As discussed above in this paper, the country’s trade strategy entails a set of strategic guidelines, identifies a large number of actions, involves several public and private institutions and encompasses different economic sectors and geographical areas. This


mobilizing aid for trade: focus on latin america and the caribbean: proceedings of the regional r...  

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