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• Agricultural Negotiations in the WTO and their links to the FTAA • Presentation by: Carlos Pérez del Castillo


1. Background • -Marginalization of agriculture during the first seven rounds of the GATT • The Uruguay Round


2. The Doha Mandate

• Substantial improvements in market access • Reduction of all forms of export subsidies with a view toward their progressive elimination • Substantial reductions in domestic support • Special and differential treatment as an integral part of all elements of the negotiations


2. The Doha Mandate (cont.) • Non-trade concerns will be borne in mind • Reform modalities established up to March 31, 2003 • Negociations will conclude on January 1, 2005


3. Process • The Work programme consists of: • 3 formal negotiation meetings complemented by informal meetings and consultations on the three pillars: • -June 2002 - export competition • -September 2002 - market access • -September 2002 – domestic support


3. Process (cont.) • December 2002 – Chairperson’s summary of the discussions • February 2003 – Chairperson’s draft proposal of possible modalities • -March 2003 - Final negotiation of modalities


4. Main topics and positions in regard to the negotiations • • • • • •

A. EXPORT COMPETITION 1- Export subsidies 2- Export credits 3- Food aid 4- State trading enterprises 5- Export restrictions and taxes


4. Main topics and positions... (cont.) • B. MARKET ACCESS • • • •

1. Tariffs 2. Tariff quotas 3. Tariff quota administration 4. Special safeguard


4. Main topics and positions... (cont.) • C. DOMESTIC SUPPORT • 1. Yellow box • 2. Blue box • 3. Green box • Main positions


• Reflections on the links between WTO and FTAA negotiations


agricultural negotiations in the world trade organization (wto) and their links to the free trade...