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ANNUAL REPORT ICTJA 2015 INSTITUTE OF EARTH SCIENCES JAUME ALMERA


2015 Institut de Ciències de la Terra Jaume Almera, CSIC, ICTJA-CSIC c/ Lluís Solé i Sabaris, s/n Barcelona info@ictja.csic.es www.ictja.csic.es Realization Jordi Cortés Picas Coordination José Luis Fernández Turiel Texts ICTJA-CSIC staff Graphic design and layout Marta Planas i Mia Masgrau MIA COMUNICACIÓ www.miacomunicacio.cat

Cover photography: Flysch of Zumaia (Paleocene). Playa de Itzuru, Gipuzkoa. (Author: María José Jurado). Winner of the ICTJA-CSIC Photo Contest 2015.


FOREWORD

José Luis Fernández Turiel Director

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he Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera of the Spanish Scientific Research Council (ICTJA-CSIC) in Barcelona was established in the year 1965 focusing on Earth Sciences. On November 25, 2015, the ICTJA-CSIC celebrated its 50th anniversary. Its name recalls the early days of research in Geology in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, paying tribute to Jaume Almera, an expert in the geology of Catalonia with international renown. From its earliest days in 1965 as a new Geology institute in Barcelona, it has evolved to become an innovative and dynamic centre, with international relevance in the field of Earth Sciences. Our history is of all those who helped to establish the Institute with enthusiasm and perseverance, contributing to the research work of CSIC as a whole. ICTJA history over the last fifty years is worthy of celebration, not only by the Institute itself, but also by the society it serves. The ICTJA will continue to keep alive our passion for advancing knowledge of Earth Sciences with rigor and dedication. The Institute belongs to the Spanish Scientific Research Council (CSIC), a state agency dedicated to the promotion, coordination, development and dissemination of scientific and technological research, as well as staff training and advice to public and private entities. Earth Sciences study the Earth’s system, but they are about much more than that. They engage intellectual inquiry through interrogating the world in which we live to contribute to a future in which we want to live. Earth Sciences are particularly relevant today in many aspects of our everyday life. From the Antarctica to the Caribe, from the Mediterranean to the dessert of Atacama and the Puna in the Andes, from the Pacific coast of Asia to central Asia, ICTJA-CSIC scientists work examining the Earth’s Systems through their particular specialties covering many time and space scales. Cutting across the traditional disciplinary boundaries of geology, physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics, and using advanced instruments, ICTJA-CSIC seeks to advance the understanding the geologic processes and materials to meet industrial and social needs with knowledge transfer applied to geohazards and exploration and exploitation of geological resources. We take great pride of the integration of graduate students and technicians in our research efforts. The aim is to promote the creative thinking and the ability to develop independent and original research. Our research activities are strongly supported by the specialized technical and administrative staff available in our scientific and administrative services. This Annual Report 2015 describes the scientific activity of our four research groups: Structure and dynamics of the Earth, Environmental changes in the geological record, Geophysical and geochemical modelling of geological hazards and resources, and Crystallography and optical properties. The service units and laboratories section outlines the major capacities of these infrastructures. The ICTJA-CSIC 10 highlighted papers section allows obtaining a fast snapshot of our research. The following sections rounds off this Report with a look to training, outreach activities and media presence, international collaboration, editorial activities, and finally a summary of the ICTJA-CSIC big numbers for 2015. Annual report ICTJA 2015

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Annual report ICTJA 2015


Contents ICTJA at a glance ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Our Mission ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Our Aims ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Our expertise ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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ICTJA organization chart ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6 50th Anniversary ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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ICTJA Research Groups …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15 Structure and dynamics of the Earth ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 Crystallography and optical properties …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 25 Environmental changes in the geological record ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 28 Geophysical and geochemical modelling ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 34 Service units and labs ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37 Library ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 40 Scientific services and laboratories ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 42 X-Ray Diffraction Service ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 42 Paleomagnetism Service (CSIC-CCiTUB) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 45 LabGEOTOP Service- Geochemistry Laboratory……………………………………………………………………………………………… 46 Seismic Laboratory………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 48 Raman Spectroscopy and Photoluminescence Laboratory……………………………………………………………………………… 50 LARX-Laboratory of X-ray Analytical Applications………………………………………………………………………………………… 51 Th-230/U-234 Geochronology Laboratory…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 52 SIMGEO (UB-CSIC)………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 53 Borehole Geophysical Logging Lab-Scientific Boreholes Almera 1-2 ……………………………………………………………… 54 ICTJA 10 highlighted publications 2015 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 55 Other Activities ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 67 PhD Theses ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 69 Master Theses …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 71 Organization of congresses ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 72 Editorial activities ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 73 International and national commitees ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 73 Invited scientists ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 74 Invited talks ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 74 Guest scientists ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 75 Courses …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 77 Seminars …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 79 ICTJA Spa Awards 2015 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 81 Outreach ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 83 ICTJA in numbers …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 87

Annual report ICTJA 2015

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ICTJA AT A GLANCE

Campo de Piedra Pómez Ignimbrite, Catamarca, Argentina. (Author: José Luís Fernández-Turiel)

Our Mission ICTJA-CSIC is an international geosciences research institute of excellence whose mission is to advance the understanding of Earth System Science. We will achieve this by applying advanced (forefront) experimental and analytical methodologies to well-defined, knowledge-driven research objectives. A key part of our mission is to meet industrial and societal needs through knowledge transfer applied to geohazards and exploration and exploitation of geological resources. Central to our mission is quality training of the next generation of Earth Science researchers and technicians.

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ICTJA Annual at a report glance ICTJA 2015


Our Aims • Identify new and emerging, high-priority research opportunities. • Enhance our training capabilities of the next generation of Earth scientists. • Increase our support of early career researchers. • Raise our level of international collaboration. • Create and translate breakthroughs in knowledge-driven research into practical applications that provide the knowledge transfer that industry and society seeks. • Advance knowledge and understanding within and across the different fields of Earth Sciences.

Our expertise • Geological and geophysical studies of the lithosphere and shallow subsurface. • Characterization, quantification, monitoring, and forecasting of resources. • Experimental and numerical modeling of geological, environmental and climate processes and hazards. • Multidisciplinary analytical and experimental characterization of geological materials and processes. • Technological development (instrumentation and software) applied to geophysical, geochemical and environmental monitoring, quality control, and quantitative assessment.

Drone deployment. (Author: Agustí Lobo)

Annual report ICTJAICTJA at a glance 2015

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ICTJA ORGANIZATION CHART Scienctific Board

Director

Institute Board

Departments

Vicedirector

General Manager

Structure and Dyamics of the Earth and Crystallography

Environmental Geology and Geohazards

Administration

Workshop and Maintenance

Library

Structure and Dynamics of the Earth Group Crystallography and Optical Properties Group

Computing and Telecommunications

Environmental Changes in the Geological Record Group

Communication Unit

Geophysical and Geochemical Modelling Group

X-Ray Diffraction

Research Facilities

Research Facilities

Seismic Laboratory Raman and Photoluminiscence Laboratory

LARX Laboratory SIMGEO Laboratory U-Th Laboratory Almera 1&2 Scientific Boreholes Logging Laboratory

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ICTJA Annual organization report ICTJA chart2015

Scientific Services

labGEOTOP

Paleomagnetism


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50th Anniversary

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he Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera of the Spanish Scientific Research Council (ICTJA-CSIC) in Barcelona established in November 25th, 1965, focusing on Earth Sciences. In 2015, the ICTJA-CSIC celebrated its 50th anniversary. Since its founding in 1965 as an Institute of Geology of the CSIC in Barcelona, the ICTJA has evolved to become an innovative and dynamic center, with international relevance in the field of Earth Sciences. In these 50 years, the ICTJA was an incubator for several research groups that have subsequently established independently forming part of other institutes. ICTJA’s flagships are: the enhancement of frontier research on Earth Sciences, knowledge transfer to industrial and societal needs and training of early career researchers and technicians. This 50th Anniversary was celebrated with an institutional act, two conference cycles, the edition of the book ‘50 Years of Research at the Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera’, and the audiovisual entitled “From the surface to the depths of the Earth”. One hundred fifty persons of guests and staff attended the institutional act, presided by the President of CSIC, Prof. Dr. Emilio Lora-Tamayo, to mark this 50th Anniversary. The event was opened by the President of CSIC, José Luis Fernández Turiel, Director of ICTJA-CSIC, Antoni Roca, Deputy Director of Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya (ICGC), and Lluís Cabrera, Dean of the Facultat de Geologia of the Universitat de Barcelona. The historical and contemporary 8

50th Anniversary

perspective of the institute was in charge of Enric Banda, ex-Director of ICTJA-CSIC, Javier López Facal, ex-Vice-president of CSIC, Pere Anadón, Scientific Researcher of ICTJA-CSIC, Ángel López Soler, ex-Director of ICTJA-CSIC, and José Luis Fernández Turiel, Director of ICTJA-CSIC. Finally, María José Jurado presented the audiovisual of the 50th Anniversary of ICTJA-CSIC. ICTJA-CSIC organized two cycles of conferences on the 50th anniversary to disseminate the Earth Sciences research, in general, and the institute research, in particular. A cycle of conferences was ’Lunes de ciencia: las Ciencias de la Tierra en la vida cotidiana‘ and was co-organized with the Residència d’Investigadors-CSIC. It consisted of four talks with a general dissemination profile addressed to the widest possible audience. The talks dealed with some Earth Sciences studies carried out in the institute, and were given by ICTJA-CSIC researchers. - Charles Darwin, Lord Kelvin, els radioisòtops i el concepte de Temps, Santiago Giralt, 02/11/2015 - Tambora, 200 anys de l’erupció que canvià el Món, Adelina Geyer, 09/11/2015


- Megainundacions, plaques tectòniques i la formació del relleu terrestre, Daniel García Castellanos, 16/11/2015 - Interacció entre la radiació i la matèria per a estudiar-ho gairebé tot: nanomaterials, minerals exòtics, obres d’art, cadàvers..., Jordi Ibáñez, 23/11/2015

- El hombre del hidrocarburo, el Antropoceno, la gran aceleración y los límites del planeta, Dr. Mariano Marzo, Facultat de Geologia of Universitat de Barcelona, 17/11/2015

The other cycle was ’Conferencias del 50° Aniversario de la creación del Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra Jaume Almera’. Three of these conferences were related to energy resources and the last one offered a panoramic vision about the research which is carried out at ICTJA-CSIC nowadays.

- Golf de València: 50 años de geología petrolera, Dr. Mateu Esteban, Consultant, 26/11/2015

- Managing the hazard of induced earthquakes in a changing world, Dr. William Ellsworth, Stanford University, 19/11/2015

- Una volta per la Terra Sòlida en 15 projectes, Dr. Jaume Vergés, ICTJA-CSIC, 4/12/2015

Dr.Jaume Vergés (ICTJA-CSIC) during his conference at Faculty of Geology (UB). (Author: Jordi Cortés)

50th Anniversary

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Dr. Mariano Marzo during his ICTJA-CSIC 50th anniversary lecture. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

In the book about the 50th ICTJA-CSIC anniversary, Pere Anadón and their enthusiastic co-workers have brought to life the personalities, the events, the achievements and the challenges that have so richly populated these half-century since Lluís Solé i Sabarís and their colleagues started their work. Many notable names followed them, moving the Institute forward to adapt to the changing conditions of politics, economy, technology and scientific knowledge, to mention but a few examples of the transformations experienced during this period. The audiovisual “From the surface to the depths of the Earth”, produced by Antoni Mestres, TN Produccions, showed some of the main Earth Sciences topics covered by the research projects of the institute, presented by the researchers themselves. In the surface and relief section, the interaction between tectonics and relief was illustrated by episodes 10

50th Anniversary

such as the Miocene desiccation of the Mediterranean and the evolution of the Ebro basin. The environmental changes in the geological record section showed how the reconstruction of the paleoclimate and the paleoenvironment is made from the information contained in, for example, the lacustrine sediments and the volcanic deposits. The Earth subsurface section was addressed to the methods applied to the research for geological resources exploration and geological hazards prevention (e.g., active faults). Other section is addressed to the research of the crust and mantle of the Earth, using geophysical tomography, simulations and models to explain since the mineral structure to the plate tectonics engines. Finally, the volcanic section analyses the changes undergone by the magma until its eruption on the Earth’s surface.


DIRECTOR’S SPEECH IN THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY

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s un honor darles la bienvenida la celebración del 50 Aniversario del Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra Jaume Almera del CSIC.

Cincuenta años es un hito muy importante de celebración y también una oportunidad para echar una mirada atrás, reflexionar sobre el momento presente y plantear la estrategia futura. En 1965 se creó el instituto para potenciar la investigación en Geología. En esa etapa el instituto estuvo estrechamente vinculado a la Universitat de Barcelona. A partir de 1978 tomó su propio camino y desde 1982 dispuso de sede propia en este Campus de la Universitat de Barcelona.

experimentales más avanzadas. También es una parte clave de nuestra misión satisfacer las necesidades sociales e industriales a través de la transferencia de conocimientos aplicados a la mitigación de los riesgos geológicos y a la exploración y explotación de los recursos geológicos. Otro tema clave en nuestra misión es la formación de calidad de las próximas generaciones de profesionales de Ciencias de la Tierra. Y como corolario, el conocimiento adquirido debemos difundirlo a la sociedad. Podemos considerar algunos ejemplos de los cambios experimentados a lo largo de estos 50 años en diferentes aspectos relacionados con nuestra investigación.

El nombre del instituto ha experimentado varios cambios a lo largo de su historia, reflejando en todo momento su especialización inicial en Geología y su posterior ampliación temática a las Ciencias de la Tierra. Durante este medio siglo, se ha mantenido la dedicación a Jaume Almera, naturalista pionero en temas geológicos de finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX. Sus estudios sobre malacofauna plio-cuaternaria y sus rigurosas cartografías geológicas siguen siendo hoy en día referentes en estas especialidades.

En cuanto al conocimiento científico en Ciencias de la Tierra, el instituto se creó justo en la época de la máxima revolución conceptual moderna en este campo tras la aceptación del evolucionismo de Darwin. La tectónica de placas vino a ser como la teoría del todo o la gran teoría unificada de las Ciencias de la Tierra. Nos permite explicar la estructura y dinámica de la Tierra, la ubicación de terremotos y volcanes, desarrollar modelos para la exploración de recursos geológicos e, incluso, cambios climáticos globales, entre otros muchos procesos.

¿Por qué son importantes las Ciencias de la Tierra? La respuesta más simple es que el planeta Tierra es nuestro hogar y, por tanto, las Ciencias de la Tierra forman parte de nuestra vida cotidiana. Nos permiten entender cómo funciona nuestro planeta, a partir del conocimiento de su estructura y dinámica, inferir la evolución del ambiente superficial a partir de los cambios encapsulados en el registro geológico a lo largo del tiempo, explorar y utilizar recursos hídricos, minerales y energéticos y, también, mitigar los riesgos geológicos a través de un uso racional del territorio, tanto en la superficie como en el subsuelo.

El gran avance científico que supuso el cambio de paradigma con la tectónica de placas se ha visto acentuado por el crecimiento sin precedentes del progreso tecnológico, incluida la aplicación de las Ciencias de la Tierra más allá de nuestro planeta. Recordemos que en 1969 se muestreó de forma directa por primera vez la Luna y en Marte se realizan in situ análisis de rocas desde 2004.

La misión del instituto es avanzar en la comprensión del Sistema Tierra. Lo logramos mediante la aplicación, a objetivos de investigación fundamental bien definidos, de las metodologías analíticas y

Desde el punto de vista tecnológico, uno de los cambios más significativos está en la informática. Los primeros ordenadores personales llegaron al mercado en la primera mitad de los 1980; Windows apareció en 1985, hace 30 años. Su uso masivo ha cambiado aspectos tan críticos como las comunicaciones y el acceso a la información, acelerando la investigación y magnificando el alcance de los resultados obtenidos.

50th Anniversary

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Recordemos que significa hoy en día el correo electrónico, que en 1992 se empezó a utilizar en el instituto. Con las bibliotecas virtuales nos cuesta imaginar que no hace tanto tiempo las revistas científicas sólo estaban disponibles impresas en papel. El modelado numérico 3D y 4D son habituales en nuestros proyectos. En resumen, los ordenadores se han convertido en herramientas clave que van mucho más allá de las aplicaciones ofimáticas La cartografía geológica y, en general, la cartografía temática, son un elemento crítico de nuestra investigación, habiendo evolucionado de forma inimaginable en 1965. Los sistemas de información geográfica son herramientas hoy en día rutinarias. En estos años hemos pasado de los lápices de colores, el mapa en papel y la brújula a sofisticadas aplicaciones informáticas y geolocalizadores satelitales de alta precisión. La aplicación de los satélites ha supuesto un avance científico muy relevante; cabe recordar el gran salto que supuso disponer de aquellas primeras imágenes del Landsat 1 en 1972 y señalar cómo es de fácil hoy en día el acceso a imágenes de alta resolución de cualquier lugar del mundo, lo que ha facilitado la ejecución de proyectos en áreas remotas (Angola, Andes, Tibet, etc.)

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equipos informáticos de almacenado, procesado e interpretación de datos sísmicos adquiridos en modo continuo en centenares de estaciones sísmicas distribuidas por extensos territorios. Una cuestión fundamental en los proyectos de investigación en Ciencias de la Tierra es el hecho de que nuestro laboratorio principal está fuera del instituto: montañas, llanuras, subsuelo,… Esta singularidad hace que para nosotros los viajes, además de facilitarnos la comunicación y debate científicos, sean una necesidad intrínseca de nuestra investigación. Aspecto no siempre bien comprendido por el sistema general de gestión administrativa. El instituto ha crecido muchísimo en estos 50 años tanto en el abanico de sus competencias como en el impacto de los resultados de los proyectos de investigación. Estos logros han sido posibles gracias en gran manera a un equipo de personas con una capacitación excelente, muy motivado y comprometido con la investigación científica. Nuestro equipo está formado actualmente por unas 100 personas, de las que unas 25 son personal técnico, 15 son personal investigador en formación y unas 60 son investigadores.

Por su parte, la instrumentación analítica nos proporciona en la actualidad una huella geoquímica completísima tanto en elementos mayores y trazas como en relaciones isotópicas de un sinnúmero de procesos geológicos. En este medio siglo en el instituto se ha procurado estar en el frente instrumental más avanzado, por ejemplo, con técnicas como la espectrometría de fluorescencia de rayos X y la espectrometría de masas, siendo pioneros en la implementación de algunas de ellas en España. De idéntica manera ha ocurrido con aquellas técnicas relacionadas con la estructura cristalina de los materiales. Una tarea muy importante relacionada con estos aspectos, ha sido la formación de varias generaciones de profesionales expertos en estas infraestructuras, hoy en día trabajando tanto en centros de investigación como en la industria.

Si bien el balance de estos 50 años para el instituto es muy positivo, esta celebración llega en un momento crítico para el futuro de la investigación en España. La drástica reducción en fondos destinados a investigación, particularmente en la financiación de personal, dificulta en gran manera nuestro futuro a medio y largo plazo, y la poca flexibilidad administrativa tampoco ayuda. En este contexto, el CSIC ha realizado un gran esfuerzo para seguir adelante y se está consiguiendo progresar con los mínimos daños posibles. En esta labor, quiero agradecer particularmente al Prof. Lora-Tamayo su esfuerzo y dedicación en la presidencia del CSIC, no siempre bien comprendidos. En estos últimos años hemos pasado de “capear a la bretona”, en palabras de nuestro presidente, en los momentos más tempestuosos de la crisis a mirar con esperanza el futuro. La nave y nuestra motivación siguen a flote.

Otro ejemplo de evolución tecnológica lo encontramos en la instrumentación sismológica; desde aquellos sismómetros de periodo corto de finales de los años 1980 cuya utilización requería un importante esfuerzo logístico, dado que cada dos horas era necesario visitar la estación para cambiar el soporte de almacenamiento, hasta los actuales

¿Qué nos depararán los próximos 50 años? Viendo los cambios acontecidos en estos 50 años de Ciencias de la Tierra, es difícil imaginar cómo será la investigación en el 2065 en este campo. Sin duda muy diferente a la que realizamos hoy en día, tanto en conceptos, como en tecnología como en los propios procedimientos. Retos actuales como

50th Anniversary


las publicaciones con acceso abierto o la gestión compartida a nivel internacional de las infraestructuras científicas probablemente ya serán ideas viejas y superadas. En todo caso y a la luz de la experiencia de este medio siglo de existencia, me atrevo a pronosticar que nuestro instituto seguirá teniendo un papel relevante en las Ciencias de la Tierra en los próximos años. Quiero aprovechar esta oportunidad para agradecer a todos aquellos voluntarios que han hecho posible la celebración del 50 Aniversario del ICTJA. Y también agradecer a la Facultat de Geologia de la UB la habitual y estrecha colaboración con nuestro instituto.

Hago extensivo este agradecimiento al Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya, institución con la que hemos desarrollado de forma conjunta, y seguimos haciéndolo, proyectos de investigación y de cultura científica en diferentes ámbitos de las Ciencias de la Tierra. Para concluir, 50 años después de nuestra creación, nuestra misión es más relevante que nunca, nuestra motivación alta y en este camino seguiremos fieles al esfuerzo y dedicación de las generaciones que nos han precedido. José Luis Fernández Turiel Director

ICTJA-CSIC 50th anniversary institutional act. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

50th Anniversary

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Alluvial sediments forming progressive disconformities at Parc Natural dels Ports, Tarragona. (Author: David Cruset)

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Annual report ICTJA 2015


ICTJA Research Groups


ICTJA RESEARCH GROUPS The research groups of ICTJA-CSIC are organized in two departments:

The Department of Structure and dynamics of the Earth and crystallography consists of two research groups:

The Department of Environmental geology and geohazards is composed of two research groups:

• Structure and dynamics of the Earth • Crystallography and optical properties

• Environmental changes in the geological record • Geophysical and geochemical modelling of geohazards processes and subsurface resources

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Josep Gallart

Antonio Villaseñor

Santiago Giralt

María José Jurado

Department’s Head until March 2015

Department’s Head since March 2015

Department’s Head until October 2015

Department’s Head since October 2015

ICTJA Annual Research reportGroups ICTJA 2015


Drilling at PeĂąalara during PALEONAO project. (Author: Santiago Giralt)

Annual ICTJAreport Research ICTJA Groups 2015

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STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS OF THE EARTH Group members

Josep Gallart Group Leader-Research Professor

Ramón Carbonell, Research Professor Manuel Fernàndez, Research Professor Joaquina Alvarez-Marrón, Senior Research Scientist Dennis Brown, Senior Research Scientist Jordi Díaz, Senior Research Scientist Montserrat Torné, Senior Research Scientist Jaume Vergés, Senior Research Scientist Daniel García-Castellanos, Research Scientist Ivone Jiménez-Munt, Research Scientist Martin Schimmel, Research Scientist Antonio Villaseñor, Research Scientist Concepción Ayala, IGME Visiting Research Scientist Grant Buffett, CSIC Contract Emilio Casciello, CSIC Contract Edouard Le Garzic, Contract Post-doc David Martí, Contract Post-doc Ignacio Marzán, Contract Post-doc Massimiliano Melchiorre, Contract Post-doc Eduard Saura, CSIC-JAE Post-doc

Arantzazu Ugalde, Contract Post-doc Jan Globig, Marie Curie Pre-doc Lavinia Tunini, FPI Pre-doc Vinyet Baqués, CSIC contract Israel Cruz, CSIC contract Beatriz Gaite, CSIC contract Clara Gómez, CSC contract Mar Moragas, CSIC contract Mireia Peral, CSIC contract David Cruset, CSIC contract Jorge Balsa, CSIC contract Ylenia Almar, CSIC contract Cristina Biete, FPI Pre-doc Chiara Macchiavelli, Contract Post-doc Yohann Poprawski, CSIC contract Sergi Ventosa, Contract researcher (Beatriu de Pinós Post-Doc) Maria del Pilar Sánchez, FPI Pre-doc Stephanie Barde-Cabusson, CSIC contract

Research outline The multidisciplinary research investigates the structure and dynamic processes of the Earth’s interior. The main objective is to understand how the Earth works at different scales through the integration of a wide range of different datasets and methodologies, including Geophysics and Geology, Numerical Modelling, Geodesy, and Geochemistry. 18

ICTJA AnnualResearch report ICTJA Groups 2015

The acquisition of high-resolution seismic, potential field data and surface geology is combined with numerical models to achieve an integrate approach to basic and applied research in Earth Sciences. Related projects to industry include applications for hydrocarbon exploration, waste disposal and geological storage of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2).


Publications 2015 W Ayala, C., M. Torne, and E. Roca (2015), A review of the current knowledge of the crustal and lithospheric structure of the Valencia Trough Basin, Boletin Geologico y Minero, 126(2-3), 533-552.

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Carballo, A., M. Fernandez, M. Torne, I. Jiménez-Munt, and A. Villaseñor (2015), Thermal and petrophysical characterization of the lithospheric mantle along the northeastern Iberia geo-transect, Gondwana Research, 27(4), 1430-1445, doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2013.12.012.

W Barreiro-Lostres, F., E. Brown, A. Moreno, M. Morellón, M. Abbott, A. Hillman, S. Giralt, and B. Valero-Garcés (2015), Sediment delivery and lake dynamics in a Mediterranean mountain watershed: Humanclimate interactions during the last millennium (El Tobar Lake record, Iberian Range, Spain), Science of the Total Environment, 533, 506519, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.06.123.

W Carballo, A., et al. (2015), From the North-Iberian Margin to the Alboran Basin: A lithosphere geo-transect across the Iberian Plate, Tectonophysics, 663, 399-418, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. tecto.2015.07.009.

W Casciello, E., M. Fernàndez, J. Vergés, M. Cesarano, and M. Torne W

Bastida, F., P. Busquets, R. Carbonell, and N. Heredia (2015), In memoriam of Andrés Pérez-Estaún, Geologica Acta, 13(1), 83-84.

(2015), The Alboran domain in the western Mediterranean evolution: the birth of a concept, Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 186(4-5), 371-384, doi: 10.2113/gssgfbull.186.4-5.371.

W Beucler, E., A. Mocquet, M. Schimmel, S. Chevrot, O. Quillard, J. Vergne, and M. Sylvander (2015), Observation of deep water microseisms in the North Atlantic Ocean using tide modulations, Geophysical Research Letters, 42(2), 316-322, doi: 10.1002/2014GL062347.

W Castelltort, S., A. Whittaker, and J. Vergés (2015), Tectonics, sedimentation and surface processes: From the erosional engine to basin deposition, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 40(13), 1839-1846, doi: 10.1002/esp.3769.

W Bondár, I., E. R. Engdahl, A. Villaseñor, J. Harris, and D. Storchak (2015), ISC-GEM: Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (19002009), II. Location and seismicity patterns, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 239, 2-13, doi: 10.1016/j.pepi.2014.06.002.

W

Bonatto, L., M. Schimmel, J. Gallart, and J. Morales (2015), The upper-mantle transition zone beneath the Ibero-Maghrebian region as seen by teleseismic Pds phases, Tectonophysics, 663, 212-224, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2015.02.002.

W Corbau, C., U. Simeoni, M. Melchiorre, I. Rodella, and K. Utizi (2015), Regional variability of coastal dunes observed along the Emilia-Romagna littoral, Italy, Aeolian Research, 18, 169-183, doi: 10.1016/j.aeolia.2015.07.001.

W Chevrot, S., M. Sylvander, J. Diaz, M. Ruiz, A. Paul, G. Cougoulat, C.

Imaging high-pressure rock exhumation in eastern Taiwan, Geology, 43(7), 651-654, doi: 10.1130/G36810.1.

Péquegnat, D. Wolyniec, P. Delmas, F. Grimaud, S. Benahmed, H. Pauchet, M. de Saint Blanquat, Y. Lagabrielle, and G. Manatschal (2015), The Pyrenean architecture as revealed by teleseismic P-to-S converted waves recorded along two dense transects, Geophysical Journal International, 200(1), 1096-1107, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggu400.

W Camanni, G., J. Alvarez-Marron, D. Brown, C. Ayala, Y. M. Wu, and

W Davy, C., E. Stutzmann, G. Barruol, F. R. Fontaine, and M. Schimmel

W Brown, D., Y. M. Wu, K. F. Feng, W. A. Chao, and H. H. Huang (2015),

H. H. Hsieh (2015), The deep structure of south-central Taiwan illuminated by seismic tomography and earthquake hypocenter data, Tectonophysics, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.09.016.

(2015), Sources of secondary microseisms in the Indian Ocean, Geophysical Journal International, 202(2), 1180-1189, doi: 10.1093/ gji/ggv221.

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W D’Hour, V., M. Schimmel, A. F. Nascimento, J. M. Ferreira, and H. C. Lima Neto (2015), Detection of Subtle Hydromechanical Medium Changes Caused By a Small-Magnitude Earthquake Swarm in NE Brazil, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 1-17, doi: 10.1007/s00024-015-1156-0.

W Doo,

W. B., C. L. Lo, H. Kuo-Chen, D. Brown, and S. K. Hsu (2015), Exhumation of serpentinized peridotite in the northern Manila subduction zone inferred from forward gravity modeling, Geophysical Research Letters, 42(19), 7977-7982, doi: 10.1002/2015GL065705.

W Di Giacomo, D., J. Harris, A. Villaseñor, D. A. Storchak, E. R. Engdahl, W. H. K. Lee, R. Verney, N. Safronova, R. Wylie, A. Baranauskaite, J. Wilson, and H. Simpson (2015), ISC-GEM: Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900-2009), I. Data collection from early instrumental seismological bulletins, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 239, 14-24, doi: 10.1016/j.pepi.2014.06.003.

W Ehsan, S. A., R. Carbonell, P. Ayarza, D. Martí, D. Martínez Poyatos, J. F. Simancas, A. Azor, C. Ayala, M. Torné, and A. Pérez-Estaún (2015), Lithospheric velocity model across the Southern Central Iberian Zone (Variscan Iberian Massif): The ALCUDIA wideangle seismic reflection transect, Tectonics, 34(3), 535-554, doi: 10.1002/2014TC003661.

W Di Giuseppe, D., M. Melchiorre, U. Tessari, and B. Faccini (2015), Relationship between particle density and soil bulk chemical composition, Journal of Soils and Sediments, doi: 10.1007/s11368-015-1275-3.

W Dias, R. C., J. Julià, and M. Schimmel (2015), Rayleigh-Wave, GroupVelocity Tomography of the Borborema Province, NE Brazil, from Ambient Seismic Noise, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 172(6), 14291449, doi: 10.1007/s00024-014-0982-9.

W Díaz, J., J. Gallart, I. Morais, G. Silveira, D. Pedreira, J. A. Pulgar, N. A. Dias, M. Ruiz, and J. M. González-Cortina (2015a), From the Bay of Biscay to the High Atlas: Completing the anisotropic characterization of the upper mantle beneath the westernmost Mediterranean region, Tectonophysics, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.03.007.

W Díaz, J., J. Gallart, and M. Ruiz (2015b), On the ability of the Bedford’s law to detect earthquakes and discriminate seismic signals, Seismological Research Letters, 86(1), 192-201, doi: 10.1785/0220140131.

W Díaz, J., A. Gil, R. Carbonell, J. Gallart, and M. Harnafi (2015c),

W El Moudnib, L., A. Villaseñor, M. Harnafi, J. Gallart, A. Pazos, I. Serrano, D. Córdoba, J. A. Pulgar, P. Ibarra, M. M. Himmi, and M. Chourak (2015), Crustal structure of the Betic-Rif system, western Mediterranean, from local earthquake tomography, Tectonophysics, 643, 94-105, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.12.015.

W Fichtner, A., and A. Villaseñor (2015), Crust and upper mantle of the western Mediterranean - Constraints from full-waveform inversion, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 428, 52-62, doi: 10.1016/j. epsl.2015.07.038.

W Fullea, J., J. Rodríguez-González, M. Charco, Z. Martinec, A. Negredo, and A. Villaseñor (2015), Perturbing effects of sub-lithospheric mass anomalies in GOCE gravity gradient and other gravity data modelling: Application to the Atlantic-Mediterranean transition zone, International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 35(PA), 54-69, doi: 10.1016/j.jag.2014.02.003.

W Gaite, B., A. Villaseñor, A. Iglesias, M. Herraiz, and I. Jiménez-Munt

Constraining the crustal root geometry beneath Northern Morocco, Tectonophysics, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.12.009.

(2015), A 3-D shear velocity model of the southern North American and Caribbean plates from ambient noise and earthquake tomography, Solid Earth, 6(1), 271-284, doi: 10.5194/se-6-271-2015.

W Díez-Montes, A., J. García-Crespo, C. Ayala, J. L. García-Lobón, T.

W Gallart, J., A. Azor, M. Fernández, and J. A. Pulgar (2015), Iberia

Sánchez-García, C. Rey-Moral, F. Bellido, F. Rubio, J. F. Mediato and F. Tornos (2015). Modelling of the Río Tinto Area, In: Pär Weihed Editor, 3D, 4D and Predictive Modelling of Major Mineral Belts in Europe, pp. 209-230, Mineral Resources Reviews series, Springer, doi 10.1007/978-3-319-17428-0_10.

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geodynamics: An integrative approach from the Topo-Iberia framework, Tectonophysics, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.09.010.

W Garate, J., J. Martin-Davila, G. Khazaradze, A. Echeverria, E. Asensio, A. J. Gil, M. C. de Lacy, J. A. Armenteros, A. M. Ruiz, J. Gallastegui, F.


Alvarez-Lobato, C. Ayala, G. Rodríguez-Caderot, J. Galindo-Zaldívar, A. Rimi, and M. Harnafi (2015), Topo-Iberia project: CGPS crustal velocity field in the Iberian Peninsula and Morocco, GPS Solutions, 19(2), 287-295, doi: 10.1007/s10291-014-0387-3.

W Medeiros, W. E., M. Schimmel, and A. F. do Nascimento (2015),

W Garcia-Castellanos, D., and I. Jiménez-Munt (2015), Topographic

W Melchiorre, M., M. Coltorti, M. Gregoire, and M. Benoit (2015),

evolution and climate aridification during continental collision: Insights from computer simulations, PLoS ONE, 10(8), doi: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0132252.

W Garcia-Castellanos, D., and J. C. Larrasoaña (2015), Quantifying the post-tectonic topographic evolution of closed basins: The Ebro basin (northeast Iberia), Geology, 43(8), 663-666, doi: 10.1130/G36673.1.

W Gil, A., J. Gallart, J. Diaz, R. Carbonell, M. Torne, A. Levander, and M. Harnafi (2015), Crustal structure beneath the Rif Cordillera, North Morocco, from the RIFSIS wide-angle reflection seismic experiment, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(12), 4712-4733, doi: 10.1002/2014GC005485.

W Grevemeyer, I., E. Gràcia, A. Villaseñor, W. Leuchters, and A. B. Watts (2015), Seismicity and active tectonics in the Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean: Constraints from an offshore-onshore seismological network and swath bathymetry data, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012073.

How much averaging is necessary to cancel out cross-terms in noise correlation studies?, Geophysical Journal International, 203(2), 1096-1100, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggv336.

Refertilization process in the Patagonian subcontinental lithospheric mantle of Estancia Sol de Mayo (Argentina), Tectonophysics, 650, 124-143, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.02.015.

W Noriega, R., A. Ugalde, A. Villaseñor, and M. J. Jurado (2015), Spatial Variation of Lg-Z Wave Attenuation in the Iberian Peninsula, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, doi: 10.1785/0120140045.

W

Noriega, R., A. Ugalde, A. Villaseñor, and M. Harnafi (2015), Frequency-dependent Lg-wave attenuation in northern Morocco, Tectonophysics, 663, 250-260, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. tecto.2015.08.010.

W Ouraini, F., R. Carbonell, D. M. Linares, P. Ayarza, K. Gueraoui, and M. Harnafi (2015a), Forward modeling of SIMA seismic line, Contemporary Engineering Sciences, 8(13-16), 729-736, doi: 10.12988/ces2015.53196.

W Ouraini, F., K. Gueraoui, P. Ayarza, D. Marti, R. Carbonell, M. Harnafi,

map beneath Iberia and Northern Morocco from receiver function analysis, Tectonophysics, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.06.017.

A. Mridekh, and A. Ammar (2015b), New numerical and theoretical model to characterize the upper crustal structure of the moroccan atlas from wide-angle seismic reflection data, Contemporary Engineering Sciences, 8(5-8), 279-301, doi: 10.12988/ces.2015.5116.

W Mancilla, F. D. L., D. Stich, J. Morales, R. Martín, J. Diaz, A. Pazos,

W Palomeras, I., R. Carbonell, P. Ayarza, D. Martí, D. Brown, and J. F.

W Mancilla, F. D. L., and J. Diaz (2015), High resolution Moho topography

D. Córdoba, J. A. Pulgar, P. Ibarra, M. Harnafi, and F. GonzalezLodeiro (2015), Crustal thickness and images of the lithospheric discontinuities in the Gibraltar arc and surrounding areas, Geophysical Journal International, 203(3), 1804-1820, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggv390.

W Martín-Martín, J. D., A. Travé, E. Gomez-Rivas, R. Salas, J. P. Sizun, J. Vergés, M. Corbella, S. L. Stafford, and P. Alfonso (2015), Faultcontrolled and stratabound dolostones in the Late Aptian-earliest Albian Benassal Formation (Maestrat Basin, E Spain): Petrology and geochemistry constrains, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 65, 83-102, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2015.03.019.

Simancas (2015), Shear wave modeling and Poisson’s ratio in the Variscan Belt of SW Iberia, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 12(7), doi: 10.1029/2011GC003577.

W Pedreira, D., J. C. Afonso, J. A. Pulgar, J. Gallastegui, A. Carballo, M. Fernàndez, D. Garcia-Castellanos, I. Jiménez-Munt, J. Semprich, and O. García-Moreno (2015), Geophysical-petrological modeling of the lithosphere beneath the Cantabrian Mountains and the NorthIberian margin: Geodynamic implications, Lithos, 230, 46-68, doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2015.04.018.

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W Pueyo, E. L., E. Izquierdo-Llavall, A. Rodríguez-Pintó, C. Rey-Moral,

W Saura, E., L. Ardèvol i Oró, A. Teixell, and J. Vergés (2015), Rising

B. Oliva-Urcia, A. M. Casas, P. Calvín, C. Ayala, J. Ramajo, P. del Rio, F. M. Rubio, and J. L. García-Lobón (2015), Petrophysical properties in the Iberian Range and surrounding areas (NE Spain): 1-density, Journal of Maps, doi: 10.1080/17445647.2015.1084545.

and falling diapirs, shifting depocenters and flap overturning in the Cretaceous Sopeira and Sant Gervàs subbasins (Ribagorça basin, Southern Pyrenees), Tectonics, n/a-n/a, doi: 10.1002/2015TC004001.

W Seillé, H., R. Salas, J. Pous, J. Guimerà, J. Gallart, M. Torne, I. RomeroW Rabineau, M., S. Cloetingh, J. Kuroda, D. Aslanian, A. Droxler, C. Gorini, D. Garcia-Castellanos, A. Moscariello, E. Burov, F. Sierro, F. Lirer, F. Roure, P. A. Pezard, L. Matenco, Y. Hello, Y. Mart, A. Camerlenghi, and A. Tripati (2015), Probing connections between deep earth and surface processes in a land-locked ocean basin transformed into a giant saline basin: The Mediterranean GOLD project#, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 66, 6-17, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2015.03.018.

W Robert A., M. Fernàndez, I. Jiménez-Munt, and J. Vergés, 2015, Lithospheric structure in Central Eurasia derived from elevation, geoid anomaly and thermal analysis, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 427, doi: http://doi.org/10.1144/SP427.10.

W Rodríguez, C., A. Geyer, A. Castro, and A. Villaseñor (2015), Natural equivalents of thermal gradient experiments, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 298, 47-58, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. jvolgeores.2015.03.021.

Ruiz, J. Diaz, M. Ruiz, R. Carbonell, and R. Mas (2015), Crustal structure of an intraplate thrust belt: The Iberian Chain revealed by wide-angle seismic, magnetotelluric soundings and gravity data, Tectonophysics, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.08.027.

W Storchak, D. A., D. Di Giacomo, E. R. Engdahl, J. Harris, I. Bondár, W. H. K. Lee, P. Bormann, and A. Villaseñor (2015), The ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900-2009): Introduction, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 239, 48-63, doi: 10.1016/j. pepi.2014.06.009.

W Torne, M., M. Fernàndez, J. Vergés, C. Ayala, M. C. Salas, I. JimenezMunt, G. G. Buffett, and J. Díaz (2015), Crust and mantle lithospheric structure of the Iberian Peninsula deduced from potential field modeling and thermal analysis, Tectonophysics, 663, 419-433, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2015.06.003.

W Tunini, L., I. Jiménez-Munt, M. Fernandez, J. Vergés, and A. Villaseñor W Rodríguez Fernández, L. R., A. Pedrera, J. Pous, C. Ayala, L. González Menéndez, P. Ibarra, F. Martín-González, P. González Cuadra, and H. Seillé (2015), Crustal structure of the south-western termination of the Alpine Pyrenean-Cantabrian Orogen (NW Iberian Peninsula), Tectonophysics, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.06.010.

(2015), Lithospheric mantle heterogeneities beneath the Zagros Mountains and the Iranian Plateau: A petrological-geophysical study, Geophysical Journal International, 200(1), 596-614, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggu418.

W V. Bosch, G., J. Van Den Driessche, J. Babault, A. Robert, A. Carballo, W Sánchez-García, T., F. Bellido, J. Mediato, J. L. García-Lobón, J. García-Crespo, C. Ayala, C. Rey-Moral, F. Rubio, A. Díez-Montes, S. Martín-Alfageme, F. Tornos and C. Martínez (2015), Modelling of the Cala area (Ossa-Morena Zone), In: Pär Weihed Editor, 3D, 4D and Predictive Modelling of Major Mineral Belts in Europe, pp. 263-296, Mineral Resources Reviews series, Springer, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-17428-0_10

W Saura, E., D. Garcia-Castellanos, E. Casciello, V. Parravano, A. Urruela, and J. Vergés (2015b), Modeling the flexural evolution of the Amiran and Mesopotamian foreland basins of NW Zagros (Iran-Iraq), Tectonics, doi: 10.1002/2014TC003660. 22

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C. Le Carlier, N. Loget, C. Prognon, R. Wyns, and T. Baudin (2015), Peneplanation and lithosphere dynamics in the Pyrenees, Comptes Rendus - Geoscience, doi: 10.1016/j.crte.2015.08.005.

W Villaseñor, A., S. Chevrot, M. Harnafi, J. Gallart, A. Pazos, I. Serrano, D. Córdoba, J. A. Pulgar, and P. Ibarra (2015), Subduction and volcanism in the Iberia–North Africa collision zone from tomographic images of the upper mantle, Tectonophysics, 663, 238-249, doi: http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.tecto.2015.08.042.


RESEARCH PROJECTS 2015 National Funding Agencies W Project Title:

MISTERIOS - Monitorización integrada del sistema tierra en España: red de investigación y observación sísmica. Financed by: PNIDI-CGL - CGL2013-48601-C2-1-R Years: 2014-2017 PI: Josep Gallart

PROTAI/2 - Efectos de la arquitectura heredada del margen continental sobre la deformación y cinemática de cuñas orogénicas de colisión.arcocontinente. Financed by: PNIDI-CGL - CGL2013-43877-P Years: 2014-2016 PI: Joaquina Álvarez-Marrón/Dennis Brown

Financed by: Years: PI:

W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

MITE-Modelling the Iberian Topographic Evolution Financed by: PNIDI-CGL2014-59516-P Years: 2015-2017 PI: Daniel García-Castellanos/Ivone Jiménez-Munt

W Project Title:

W Project Title:

W Project Title:

W Project Title:

TECLA – Interacción entre la tectónica y el clima árido de sistemas orogeno-Cuenca PNIDI-CGL CGL2011-26670 2012-2015 Daniel García-Castellanos Red TOPOIBERIA – Red TOPO IBERIA-IberArray: estudios integrados de geodinámica y estructura de la placa ibérica. PNIDI-CGL2014-54582-REDC 2014-2016 Josep Gallart

Financed by: Years: PI:

W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

CIMDEF-El Sistema Central y los mecanismos de deformación de la Península Ibérica PNIDI-CGL2014-56548-P 2015-2017 Ramon Carbonell Cable free /radio free autonomous data acquisition antenna for seismic reflection data MINECO CSIC13-4E-2451 2015 Ramon Carbonell Grup de recerca consolidat: Estructura i Dinàmica de la Litosfera Generalitat de Catalunya, 2099-SGR 2015 Ramon Carbonell

International Funding Agencies W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

EPOS – European Plate Observing System Implementation Phase European Unión - 676564 2015-2016 Josep Gallart

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Industry W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

Integrated structural and geodynamics geological research studies STATOIL-HYDRO PETROLEUM ASA 2008-2015 Jaume Vergés Seguimiento geofísico del confinamiento geológico de CO2 REPSOL 2010-2015 Antonio Villaseñor

W Project Title:

Identificación y validación de métodos geofísicos para la detección y caracterización de discontinuidades en medios sedimentarios recientes. Financed by: ENRESA Years: 2013-2015 PI: Ramon Carbonell

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W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

W Project Title:

Geomargen III: adquisición, análisis e interpretación de datos sismológicos de la Cuenca de Tarfaya REPSOL 2014-2016 Antonio Villaseñor

Regional structural sections across the IraqI Kurdistan. Study agreement FR00006948 Financed by: TOTAL Years: 2014-2016 PI: Jaume Vergés


CRYSTALLOGRAPHY AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES Group members

Lluís Artús Group Leader-Senior Research Scientist

Ramon Cuscó, Research Scientist Jordi Ibáñez, Research Scientist Núria Domènech, FPU Pre-doc Robert Oliva, FPI Pre-doc

Research outline This line of research is focused on the study of the optical properties of semiconductor materials. Over the past few years we have carried out Raman scattering studies on a variety of III-V compound systems such as GaN, InN, InGaN, InAs/GaAs, InGaAs,

InP, AlGaSb, InAsSb, GaSb, GaAsN, as well as on ZnO, a II-VI wide band gap material which is intensively being investigated because of its potential applications in transparent electronics and in blue and UV light emitters.

Raman Spectroscopy and Photoluminiscence Laboratory. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

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Publications 2015 W Cuscó, R., N. Domènech-Amador, T. Hatakeyama, T. Yamaguchi, T.

W Cuscó, R., N. Domènech-Amador, S. Novikov, C. T. Foxon, and L.

Honda, and L. Artús (2015a), Lattice dynamics of a mist-chemical vapor deposition-grown corundum-like Ga2O3 single crystal, Journal of Applied Physics, 117(18), doi: 10.1063/1.4921060.

Artús (2015c), Anharmonic phonon decay in cubic GaN, Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 92(7), doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.075206.

W Cuscó, R., N. Domènech-Amador, P. Y. Hung, W. Y. Loh, R. Droopad,

W Ibáñez, J., S. Hernández, J. López-Vidrier, D. Hiller, S. Gutsch, M.

and L. Artús (2015b), Raman scattering study of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in p-type InGaAs, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 634, 87-93, doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.01.225.

Zacharias, A. Segura, J. Valenta, and B. Garrido (2015), Optical emission from SiO 2 -embedded silicon nanocrystals: A highpressure Raman and photoluminescence study, Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 92(3), doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevB.92.035432.

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Montanha do Pico, Pico Island, Aรงores. (Author: Santiago Giralt)

Annual ICTJAreport Research ICTJA Groups 2015 27


ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES IN THE GEOLOGICAL RECORD Group members

Jose-Luis Fernandez Turiel Group Leader-Senior Research Scientist

Pere Anadón, Senior Research Scientist Santiago Giralt, Research Scientist Juan Cruz Larrasoaña, IGME Visiting Research Scientist Agustín Lobo, Contract Researcher Valentí Rull, Research Scientist Rosa Utrilla, Research Scientist Antonio Vázquez, Research Scientist

Miriam Gómez-Paccard, Ramón y Cajal Post-doc Encarnación Montoya, Beatriu de Pinós Post-doc María Jesús Rubio, FPI Pre-doc Guiomar Sánchez, JAE Pre-doc Elisabet Safont, Visiting APIF Pre-doc Mari Carmen Trapote, Visiting FPI Pre-doc

Research outline Our multidisciplinary group promotes the reconstruction of environmental, climate and ecological changes, their causes, and dynamic interactions through the multiproxy characterization of the geologic record. Throughout the history of our planet, the geological processes in general and climate and ecological changes in particular have fingerprinted the sedimentary record. Furthermore, the increasing anthropogenic influence in the recent past is also readily identifiable in this geological record. This research is carried out using a multiproxy approach and focuses on lake (and other sedimentary archives) sedimentology and global change, impact of geological, climatic and anthropogenic processes on the natural geochemical balances and biological responses, sedimentary processes and biomineralization, geochronological dating and physical and magnetic properties of the sediments as indicators of environmental and climatic processes, and biological remains (mi28

ICTJA Annual Research reportGroups ICTJA 2015

crofossils) preserved in the sediment as indicators of the ecological dynamics through time. The objective of the research group is the robust and accurate reconstruction of past climate oscillations, environmental fluctuations and ecological dynamics as well as identify short, medium and long term trends of these changes through the multiproxy characterization of the geological sedimentary record. These reconstructions provide valuable data to put into a broad temporal perspective the current climate and environmental trends, as well as they provide useful insights about which has been the historical and current anthropogenic role in the recent evolution of the Earth and in shaping the current landscapes and ecosystems. These climatic, environmental and ecological reconstructions also provide data that allows the establishment of possible future climatic and environmental scenarios.


To achieve this goal the group is developing the following research lines:

• reconstruction of climatic, environmental and ecological changes using a high temporal resolution multiproxy approach of lacustrine sedimentary records;

• determining the geochemical impact of large-scale geological processes as explosive volcanic eruptions;

• studying the long-term trends of terrestrial plant communities’

dynamics, the ecological and evolutionary origin and biogeography of present species, biomes and communities;

• assessment of relationships between processes and sedimentary environments and biomineralization, and-characterization of physical and magnetic properties of the sedimentary record as proxies of climatic and environmental events.

Publications 2015 W Anadón, P., O. Oms, V. Riera, and R. Julià (2015), The geochemistry

W Bao, R., A. Hernández, A. Sáez, S. Giralt, R. Prego, J. J. Pueyo, A.

of biogenic carbonates as a paleoenvironmental tool for the Lower Pleistocene Barranco León sequence (BL-5D, Baza Basin, Spain), Quaternary International, 389, 70-83, doi: 10.1016/j. quaint.2014.09.062.

Moreno, and B. L. Valero-Garcés (2015), Climatic and lacustrine morphometric controls of diatom paleoproductivity in a tropical Andean lake, Quaternary Science Reviews, 129, 96-110, doi: 10.1016/j. quascirev.2015.09.019.

W Aranburu, A., M. Arriolabengoa, E. Iriarte, S. Giralt, I. Yusta, V.

W Borruel-Abadía, V., M. Gómez-Paccard, J. C. Larrasoaña, M. Rico,

Martínez-Pillado, M. del Val, J. Moreno, and M. Jiménez-Sánchez (2015), Karst landscape evolution in the littoral area of the Bay of Biscay (north Iberian Peninsula), Quaternary International, 364, 217-230, doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.09.025.

W Aulinas, M., M. Garcia-Valles, J. L. Fernandez-Turiel, D. Gimeno, J. Saavedra, and G. Gisbert (2015), Insights into the formation of rock varnish in prevailing dusty regions, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 40(4), 447-458, doi: 10.1002/esp.3644.

W Ballesteros, D., M. Jiménez-Sánchez, S. Giralt, J. García-Sansegundo, and M. Meléndez-Asensio (2015), A multi-method approach for speleogenetic research on alpine karst caves. Torca La Texa shaft, Picos de Europa (Spain), Geomorphology, 247, 35-54, doi: 10.1016/j. geomorph.2015.02.026.

B. Valero-Garcés, A. Moreno, M. Jambrina-Enríquez, and R. Soto (2015), Late Pleistocene to Holocene palaeoenvironmental variability in the north-west Spanish mountains: Insights from a source-to-sink environmental magnetic study of Lake Sanabria, Journal of Quaternary Science, 30(3), 222-234, doi: 10.1002/jqs.2773.

W Burjachs, F., S. E. Jones, S. Giralt, and J. Fernández-López de Pablo (2015), Lateglacial to Early Holocene recursive aridity events in the SE Mediterranean Iberian Peninsula: The Salines playa lake case study, Quaternary International, doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.10.117.

W Daura, J., M. Sanz, R. Julià, D. García-Fernández, J. J. Fornós, M. Vaquero, E. Allué, J. M. López-García, H. A. Blain, J. E. Ortiz, T. Torres, R. M. Albert, T. Rodríguez-Cintas, A. Sánchez-Marco, E. Cerdeño, A. R. Skinner, Y. Asmeron, V. J. Polyak, M. Garcés, L. J.

Annual ICTJAreport Research ICTJA Groups 2015 29


Arnold, M. Demuro, A. W. G. Pike, I. Euba, R. F. Rodríguez, A. S. Yagüe, L. Villaescusa, S. Gómez, A. Rubio, M. Pedro, J. M. Fullola, and J. Zilhão (2015), Cova del Rinoceront (Castelldefels, Barcelona): A terrestrial record for the Last Interglacial period (MIS 5) in the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula, Quaternary Science Reviews, 114, 203-227, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.02.014.

W Flantua, S. G. A., H. Hooghiemstra, E. C. Grimm, H. Behling, M. B. Bush, C. González-Arango, W. D. Gosling, M. P. Ledru, S. LozanoGarcía, A. Maldonado, A. R. Prieto, V. Rull, and J. H. Van Boxel (2015), Updated site compilation of the Latin American Pollen Database, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 223, 104-115, doi: 10.1016/j. revpalbo.2015.09.008.

W Gimeno, D., M. Garcia-Valles, J. L. Fernandez-Turiel, F. Bazzocchi, M. Aulinas, M. Pugès, C. Tarozzi, M. P. Riccardi, E. Basso, C. Fortina, M. Mendera, and B. Messiga (2015), From Siena to Barcelona: Deciphering colour recipes of Na-rich Mediterranean stained glass windows at the XIII-XIV century transition, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(SUPPL.), e10-e15, doi: 10.1016/j. culher.2008.08.001.

W Gaudant, J., Barrón, E., Anadón, P., Reichenbacher, B., Peñalver E. (2015), Palaeoenvironmental analysis of the Arcas del Villar Miocene sequence (Spain), based on palynomorphs and cyprinodontiform fishes, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, 277: 105-124.

W Grossi, F., E. Gliozzi, P. Anadón, F. Castorina, and M. Voltaggio (2015), Is Cyprideis agrigentina Decima a good paleosalinometer for the Messinian salinity crisis? Morphometrical and geochemical analyses from the Eraclea Minoa section (Sicily), Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 419(1), 75-89, doi: 10.1016/j. palaeo.2014.09.024.

W Hernández, A., R. M. Trigo, S. Pla-Rabes, B. L. Valero-Garcés, S. Jerez, M. Rico-Herrero, J. C. Vega, M. Jambrina-Enríquez, and S. Giralt (2015), Sensitivity of two Iberian lakes to North Atlantic atmospheric circulation modes, Climate Dynamics, 45(11-12), 3403-3417, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2547-8.

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W Kissel, C., C. Laj, A. Rodriguez-Gonzalez, F. Perez-Torrado, J. C. Carracedo, and C. Wandres (2015a), Holocene geomagnetic field intensity variations: Contribution from the low latitude Canary Islands site, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 178-190, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.08.005.

W Kissel, C., A. Rodriguez-Gonzalez, C. Laj, F. Perez-Torrado, J. C. Carracedo, C. Wandres, and H. Guillou (2015b), Paleosecular variation of the earth magnetic field at the Canary Islands over the last 15 ka, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 412, 52-60, doi: 10.1016/j. epsl.2014.12.031.

W Larrasoaña, J. C., A. P. Roberts, Q. Liu, R. Lyons, F. Oldfield, E. J. Rohling, and D. Heslop (2015), Mediterranean marine sediments: Review and paleoenvironmental implications, in Frontiers in Earth Sciences, edited, pp. 1-15.

W Liu, E. J., M. Oliva, D. Antoniades, S. Giralt, I. Granados, S. Pla-Rabes, M. Toro, and A. Geyer (2015), Expanding the tephrostratigraphical framework for the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, by combining compositional and textural tephra characterisation, Sedimentary Geology, doi: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2015.08.002.

W Mujal, E., J. Fortuny, O. Oms, A. Bolet, À. Galobart, and P. Anadón (2015), Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction and early Permian ichnoassemblage from the NE Iberian Peninsula (Pyrenean Basin), Geological Magazine, doi: 10.1017/S0016756815000576.

W Nieto-Moreno, V., F. Martínez-Ruiz, D. Gallego-Torres, D. GallegoTorres, S. Giralt, J. García-Orellana, P. Masqué, P. Masqué, P. Masqué, J. S. Sinninghe Damsté, and M. Ortega-Huertas (2015), Palaeoclimate and palaeoceanographic conditions in the westernmost mediterranean over the last millennium: An integrated organic and inorganic approach, Journal of the Geological Society, 172(2), 264271, doi: 10.1144/jgs2013-105.

W Oms, O., V. Fondevilla, V. Riera, J. Marmi, E. Vicens, R. Estrada, P. Anadón, B. Vila, and À. Galobart (2015b), Transitional environments of the lower Maastrichtian South-Pyrenean Basin (Catalonia, Spain):


The Fumanya Member tidal flat, Cretaceous Research, doi: 10.1016/j. cretres.2015.09.004.

in Rano Aroi: Implications for Easter Island’s ecological and cultural history, Quaternary Science Reviews, 126, 219-226, doi: 10.1016/j. quascirev.2015.09.008.

W Perez-Torrado, F. J., D. Gimeno, M. Aulinas, M. C. Cabrera, H. Guillou, A. Rodriguez-Gonzalez, G. Gisbert, and J. L. Fernandez-Turiel (2015), Polygonal feeder tubes filled with hydroclasts: A new volcanic lithofacies marking shoreline subaerial–submarine transition, Journal of the Geological Society, 172(1), 29-43, doi: 10.1144/jgs2014-040.

W Rull,

V., E. Montoya, T. Vegas-Vilarrúbia, and T. Ballesteros (2015b), New insights on palaeofires and savannisation in northern SouthAmerica, Quaternary Science Reviews, 122, 158-165, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.05.032.

W Rejas, M., C. Taberner, J. J. Pueyo, S. Giralt, M. P. Mata, J. María de

W Rull, V., and T. Vegas-Vilarrúbia (2015), Crops and weeds from

Gibert, and V. Díaz del Río (2015), Origin of carbonate concretions from mud mounds in the Gulf of Cadiz (SW Iberian Peninsula), Boletin Geologico y Minero, 126(2-3), 553-574.

the Estany de Montcortès catchment, central Pyrenees, during the last millennium: a comparison of palynological and historical records, Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 24(6), 699-710, doi: 10.1007/s00334-015-0525-z.

W Rendu, C., O. Passarrius, C. Calastrenc, R. Julia, M. Llubes, P. Illes, P. Campmajo, C. Jodry, D. Crabol, E. Bille, M. Conesa, D. Bousquet, and V. Lallemand (2015), Reconstructing past terrace fields in the Pyrenees: Insights into land management and settlement from the Bronze Age to the Early Modern era at Vilalta (1650 masl, Cerdagne, France), Journal of Field Archaeology, 40(4), 461-480, doi: 10.1179/2042458215Y.0000000002.

W Rey-Caramés, C., M. P. Diago, M. Pilar Martín, A. Lobo, and J. Tardaguila (2015), Using RPAS multi-spectral imagery to characterise vigour, leaf development, yield components and berry composition variability within a vineyard, Remote Sensing, 7(11), 14458-14481, doi: 10.3390/rs71114458.

W Rull, V. (2015). Pleistocene speciation is not refuge speciation. Journal of Biogeography, 42: 602-604.

W Rull, V., T. Vegas-Vilarrúbia, and E. Montoya (2015c), Neotropical vegetation responses to Younger Dryas climates as analogs for future climate change scenarios and lessons for conservation, Quaternary Science Reviews, 115, 28-38, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.03.003.

W Sáez, A., S. Giralt, A. Hernández, R. Bao, J. J. Pueyo, A. Moreno, and B. L. Valero-Garcés (2015), Comment on “Climate in the Western Cordillera of the Central Andes over the last 4300 years”, by Engel etal. (2014), Quaternary Science Reviews, 109, 126-130, doi: 10.1016/j. quascirev.2014.12.005.

W Sánchez-López, G., A. Hernández, S. Pla-Rabes, M. Toro, I. Granados, J. Sigró, R. M. Trigo, M. J. Rubio-Inglés, L. Camarero, B. Valero-Garcés, and S. Giralt (2015), The effects of the NAO on the ice phenology of Spanish alpine lakes, Climatic Change, 130(2), 101-113, doi: 10.1007/ s10584-015-1353-y.

W Rull, V. (2015). Long-term vegetation stability and the concept of potential natural vegetation in the Neotropics. Journal of Vegetation Science, 26: 603-607.

W Valero, L., P. Huerta, M. Garcés, I. Armenteros, E. Beamud, and M.

W Rull, V. & Rull, E. (2015). Green revolution, future prospects. In:

Gómez-Paccard (2015), Linking sedimentation rates and large-scale architecture for facies prediction in nonmarine basins (Paleogene, Almazán Basin, Spain), Basin Research, doi: 10.1111/bre.12145.

Albala, K. (ed.), The encyclopedia of food issues. SAGE Publ., London, pp. 735-738.

W Vegas-Vilarrúbia, T., Hernández, E., Rull, V. & Rull-Vegas, E. (2015).

W Rull, V., N. Cañellas-Boltà, O. Margalef, A. Sáez, S. Pla-Rabes, and S. Giralt (2015a), Late Holocene vegetation dynamics and deforestation

The Orinoco megadelta as a conservation target in the face of the ongoing and future sea level rise. Science of the Total Environment, 515-516: 129-142.

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RESEARCH PROJECTS 2015 National Funding Agencies W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

LACATALAS – Environmental characterization of Miocene lacustrine systems with marine-like faunas from the Duero and Ebro basins: geochemistry of biogenic carbonates and palynology PNIDI CGL - CGL2011-23438 2012-2015 Pere Anadón QUECA – Impactos medioambientales de erupciones cuaternarias en los Andes Centrales: Modelado para la prevención de los efectos de futuras erupciones PNIDI CGL - CGL2011-23307 2012-2015 Jose-Luis Fernandez-Turiel

W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

BARCELONA ROCKS, una app para los que quieren aprender geología en su ciudad FECYT 2014 (FCT-14-8574) 2014-2016 Lluís Cabrera Pérez, Universitat de Barcelona Paleoecología de alta resolución de los sedimentos varvados del Lago Montcortès durante los últimos 500 años: De la Pequeña Edad de Hielo al calentamiento Global. PNIDI CGL - CGL2012-33665 2013-2016 Teresa Vegas-Vilarrúbia, Universitat de Barcelona

International Funding Agencies W Project Title:

EPOS Implementation Phase — EPOS IP Financed by: European Commission, Directorate-General for Research & Innovation, Innovation Union and European Research Area, Research infrastructure (No. 676564, H2020-INFRA DEV-2014-2015/H2020-INFRADEV-1-2015-1) Years: 2015-2019 PI: Massimo Cocco (INGV, Italy)

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ICTJA Annual Research reportGroups ICTJA 2015

W Project Title:

Late Quaternary palaeoecology of Mauritia flexuosa L.f. (Arecaceae) wetland communi- ties related to past climatic and human prac- tices variability: evaluation for future climate projections and potential use for ecosystem services Financed by: Agency for Management of University and Research Grants (AGAUR) - Marie Curie Cofund programme (2014 BP-B00094) Years: 2015-2017 PI: Valentí Rull (tutor) & Encarni Montoya (fellow)


Volcanic cauldron at Ilha do Faial, Aรงores. (Author: Laura Becerril)

Annual ICTJAreport Research ICTJA Groups 2015 33


GEOPHYSICAL AND GEOCHEMICAL MODELLING Group members

Joan Martí Group Leader-Research Professor

Ignasi Queralt, Senior Research Scientist Carles Soriano, Research Scientist María José Jurado, Research Scientist José Luís Macías, UNAM Visiting Professor Adelina Geyer, Ramón y Cajal Post-doc Helena Gallardo, FPI Pre-doc Raquel Noriega, FPI Pre-doc Stefania Bartolini, CSIC contract Laura Becerril, CSIC contract José Crespo, CSIC contract

Research outline Geological, geochemical and geophysical studies are applied to model natural processes that can become geological hazards. These studies include research topics related to volcanism, seismology, landslides or geochemical transfer in subsurface and surface land. From a multidisciplinary point of view, the research is focused on the physics of hazardous geological processes, development of analytical methods for geochemistry, borehole geophysics and remote sensing.

Among the most important used techniques we highlight: • Simulation of geological processes using a combination of numerical and experimental methods • Application of X-ray radiation for the study of materials and residual waters • Borehole geophysics and subsurface imaging

Publications 2015 W Albert, H., D. Perugini, and J. Martí (2015), Fractal Analysis of

W Álvarez-Valero, A. M., F. Pla, L. M. Kriegsman, A. Geyer, and H.

Enclaves as a New Tool for Estimating Rheological Properties of Magmas During Mixing: The Case of Montaña Reventada (Tenerife, Canary Islands), Pure and Applied Geophysics, 172(7), 1803-1814, doi: 10.1007/s00024-014-0917-5.

Herrero (2015), Observing silicic magma transport in dykes at depths of 8-19km: Evidences from crustal xenoliths and numerical modelling, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 296, 69-79, doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.02.013.

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W Bartolini, S., X. Bolós, J. Martí, E. R. Pedra, and L. Planagumà (2015),

W Oms O. Bolós, X., Barde-Cabusson, S., Martí, J., Casas, A., Lovera, S.,

Hazard assessment at the Quaternary La Garrotxa Volcanic Field (NE Iberia), Natural Hazards, 78(2), 1349-1367, doi: 10.1007/ s11069-015-1774-y.

Himi, M., Gómez de Soler, B., Campeny Vall-llosera, G., Pedrazzi, D., Agustí, J. Structure of the Pliocene Camp dels Ninots maar-diatreme (Catalan Volcanic Zone, NE Spain). Bulletin of Volcanology (2015) 77:98 DOI 10.1007/s00445-015- 0982-3.

W Becerril, L., I. Galindo, J. Martí, and A. Gudmundsson (2015), Threearmed rifts or masked radial pattern of eruptive fissures? The intriguing case of El Hierro volcano (Canary Islands), Tectonophysics, 647, 33-47, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.02.006.

W Bolós, X., J. Martí, L. Becerril, L. Planagumà, P. Grosse, and S. Barde-Cabusson (2015), Volcano-structural analysis of La Garrotxa Volcanic Field (NE Iberia): Implications for the plumbing system, Tectonophysics, 642(1), 58-70, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.12.013.

W Brothelande, E., J. F. Lénat, M. Chaput, L. Gailler, A. Finizola, S. Dumont, A. Peltier, P. Bachèlery, S. Barde-Cabusson, S. Byrdina, P. Menny, J. Colonge, G. A. Douillet, J. Letort, L. Letourneur, O. Merle, F. Di Gangi, D. Nakedau, and E. Garaebiti (2015), Structure and evolution of an active resurgent dome evidenced by geophysical investigations: The Yenkahe dome-Yasur volcano system (Siwi caldera, Vanuatu), Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, doi: 10.1016/j. jvolgeores.2015.08.021.

W Dingwell, D. B., Lavallée, Y., Hess, K.U., Flaws, A., Martí, J., Nichols, A., Gilg, H. A., Schillinger, B. Eruptive shearing of tube pumice: pure and simple. Solid Earth Discuss., 6, 1–33, 2015 ww.solid-earth- discuss. net/6/1/2015/ doi:10.5194/sed-6- 1-2015.

W Oms, O., Bolós X., Barde-Cabusson S., Martí J., Casas A., Lovera R., Himi M., Gómez de Soler B., Campeny Vall-Llosera G., Pedrazzi D., and Agustí J. (2015), Structure of the Pliocene Camp dels Ninots maar-diatreme (Catalan Volcanic Zone, NE Spain), Bulletin of Volcanology, 77(11), doi: 10.1007/s00445-015-0982-3.

W Pedrazzi, D., A. Cappello, V. Zanon, and C. Del Negro (2015), Impact of effusive eruptions from the Eguas-Carvão fissure system, São Miguel Island, Azores Archipelago (Portugal), Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 291, 1-13, doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.12.012.

W Porreca, M., F. Cifelli, C. Soriano, G. Giordano, and M. Mattei (2015), Magma flow within dykes in submarine hyaloclastite environments: An AMS study of the Miocene Cabo de Gata volcanic units, in Geological Society Special Publication, edited, pp. 133-157.

W Prudencio, J., Ibañez, J. M., del Pezzo, E., Martí, J., García-Yeguas, A., de Siena, L. 3D attenuation tomography of the volcanic Island of Tenerife (Canary Islands), Surveys in Geophysics (2015) DOI: 10.1007/s10712-015- 9333-3.

W Resano, M., M. D. R. Flórez, I. Queralt, and E. Marguí (2015),

uncertainty in Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence, Spectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy, 111, 30-37, doi: 10.1016/j. sab.2015.06.015.

Determination of palladium, platinum and rhodium in used automobile catalysts and active pharmaceutical ingredients using high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry and direct solid sample analysis, Spectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy, 105, 38-46, doi: 10.1016/j.sab.2014.09.013.

W Geyer, A., D. García-Sellés, D. Pedrazzi, S. Barde-Cabusson, J. Marti,

W Ricci, T., A. Finizola, S. Barde-Cabusson, E. Delcher, S. Alparone, S.

and J. A. Muñoz (2015), Studying monogenetic volcanoes with a terrestrial laser scanner: case study at Croscat volcano (Garrotxa Volcanic Field, Spain), Bulletin of Volcanology, 77(3), 1-14, doi: 10.1007/s00445-015-0909-z.

Gambino, and V. Milluzzo (2015), Hydrothermal fluid flow disruptions evidenced by subsurface changes in heat transfer modality: The la fossa cone of vulcano (Italy) case study, Geology, 43(11), 959-962, doi: 10.1130/G37015.1.

W Floor, G. H., I. Queralt, M. Hidalgo, and E. Marguí (2015), Measurement

W Manso, M., N. Schiavon, I. Queralt, A. M. Arruda, J. M. Sampaio, and A. Brunetti (2015), Alloy characterization of a 7th Century BC archeological bronze vase - Overcoming patina constraints using Monte Carlo simulations, Spectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy, 107, 93-96, doi: 10.1016/j.sab.2015.03.001.

W Rodríguez,

C., A. Geyer, A. Castro, and A. Villaseñor (2015), Natural equivalents of thermal gradient experiments, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 298, 47-58, doi: 10.1016/j. jvolgeores.2015.03.021.

Annual ICTJAreport Research ICTJA Groups 2015 35


W Ronchin, E., A. Geyer, and J. Martí (2015), Evaluating Topographic Effects on Ground Deformation: Insights from Finite Element Modeling, Surveys in Geophysics, 36(4), 513-548, doi: 10.1007/ s10712-015-9325-3.

W Sitko, R., P. Janik, B. Zawisza, E. Talik, E. Margui, and I. Queralt (2015), Green Approach for Ultratrace Determination of Divalent Metal Ions and Arsenic Species Using Total-Reflection X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry and Mercapto-Modified Graphene Oxide Nanosheets as a Novel Adsorbent, Analytical Chemistry, 87(6), 3535-3542, doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b00283.

W Sobradelo, R., and J. Martí (2015), Short-term volcanic hazard assessment through Bayesian inference: Retrospective application to the Pinatubo 1991 volcanic crisis, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 290, 1-11, doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.11.011.

W Sobradelo, R., J. Martí, C. Kilburn, and C. López (2015), Probabilistic approach to decision-making under uncertainty during volcanic crises:

retrospective application to the El Hierro (Spain) 2011 volcanic crisis, Natural Hazards, 76(2), 979-998, doi: 10.1007/s11069-014-1530-8.

W Syavulisembo, A. M., H. B. Havenith, B. Smets, N. D’Oreye, and J. Marti (2015), Preliminary assessment for the use of VORIS as a tool for rapid lava flow simulation at Goma Volcano Observatory, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 15(10), 2391-2400, doi: 10.5194/nhess-15-2391-2015.

W Tao, W., T. Masterlark, Z. K. Shen, and E. Ronchin (2015), Impoundment of the Zipingpu reservoir and triggering of the 2008 Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake, China, Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, 120(10), 7033-7047, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011766.

W Telesca, L., M. Lovallo, J. Martí Molist, C. López Moreno, and R. Abella Meléndez (2015), Multifractal investigation of continuous seismic signal recorded at El Hierro volcano (Canary Islands) during the 2011-2012 pre- and eruptive phases, Tectonophysics, 642(1), 71-77, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.12.019.

RESEARCH PROJECTS 2015 National Funding Agencies

International Funding Agencies

W Project Title:

W Project Title:

EXCAVA-Explora, caracteriza y visualiza Financed by: PNIDI-IPT – 2012-0979-380000 Years: 2013-2016 PI: María José Jurado

W Project Title:

SHARPER: Afinando la exploración Financed by: PNIDI-IPT – 2012-0979-380000 Years: 2013-2015 PI: María José Jurado

W Project Title:

Definición de guías de exploración y explotación de recursos energéticos y minerales en calderas volcánicas de colapso (CALECOM) Financed by: CSIC Programa Ilink (ref: i-link0774) Years: 2014-2015 PI: Adelina Geyer

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ICTJA Annual Research reportGroups ICTJA 2015

Financed by: Years: PI:

W Project Title: Financed by: Years: PI:

VeTools Development and implementation of e-Tools for Volcanic Hazard Assesment and risk management DG ECHO H2020 Ref. SI2.695524 (European Comission) 2015-2016 Joan Martí Volcanic Unrest in Europe and Latin America: Phenomenology, Eruption precursos, hazards forecast and risk mitigation (VUELCO) European Union project # 2011-2015 Joan Martí


SERVICE UNITS AND LABS Service Units Management and General Services The Management and General Services depend directly on the Institute’s Manager and include the administration of:

• Purchasing and procurement of supplies, service and maintenance:

• Human resources. Management of permanent staff, contract personnel

• Management of travel and subsistence expenses.

• Project management. This includes applying for monitoring and

The General Services are also responsible for maintenance of electrical and mechanical installations and devices, porter, mailing, and cleaning.

and trainees, taking up their posts, contracts, grants, end of contract, reporting joiners and leavers to the Social Security system, etc.

buildings, special infrastructures, technical services, vehicles.

financial management of national and international projects (public and industrial).

Administration office. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

Annual ICTJAreport Research ICTJA Groups 2015 37


Manager

Administrative support

Computing and Communications Service Marc Español, Technical contract

José Luís López Burguillo

Maintenance

Óscar Ávila, Technical staff

Leonor Fernández, Purchasing and procurement

Núria Gasull, Accounting officer

Francisco Mosquera, Accounting officer

Elisa Zamorano, Travel and subsistence

The main objective of this service is to facilitate the communication and computing tools and basic and advanced services to allow researchers of ICTJA-CSIC to achieve their scientific objectives. The unit manages a network infrastructure compose of about 150 medium size computers, a wifi spread throughout the building, some server-oriented computing, storage and connectivity with the Scientifc Ring/RedIris/ Geant2. ICTJA-CSIC facilitates the access to 5 CSIC research institutes (CID, IBB, CEAB, IBMB and IIBB) to this Scientific Ring.

Communication Unit Jordi Cortés, CSIC contract Miquel Ángel González, Technical staff Jordi Mora, Technical staff Jesús M. Foncubierta, Technical contract

María Consuelo Palacio, Human Resources

Esmeralda Rodríguez, Project management

Front desk Xavier Pascual, Receptionist

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ICTJA Annual Research reportGroups ICTJA 2015

Alejandro Tatevosian, Receptionist

As a reference research center on Earth Sciences, ICTJA-CSIC has decided to take an active role in the social dissemination of Earth Sciences knowledge. Therefore, the institute has created the Communication Unit, which was established in November 2015 as a result of the kickoff of the COMUNICA project. This project is aimed to increase the social visibility of the ICTJA-CSIC research. The main goals of Communication Unit are: • Increase external visibility of ICTJA-CSIC • Disseminate information about research activities • Dessign and implement appropriate communication strategies • Strengthen staff links and engagement • Promote social knowledge of Earth Sciences


Here we present some examples of Communication Unit activity: • Identify potential targets • Create a media database and establish contact with journalists • Create and update content for digital channels: website and facebook, twitter and youtube accounts • Produce press releases to achieve the widest dissemination of ICTJA-CSIC research activity

• Develop effective internal communication strategies to engage the

staff, and promote internal activities links • Assist staff members in their outreach activities • Make audiovisual documents of the ICTJA-CSIC research and institutional activities • Evaluate impact of the messages

Computing and communication facilities. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

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LIBRARY

Library of Geology (UB-CSIC). (Author: Jordi CortĂŠs)

T

he Library of Geology (UB-CSIC), housed in the Faculty of Geology, is jointly managed by the Faculty of Geology of the University of Barcelona (UB) and the Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA-CSIC). This library is one of the most important geology libraries in Spain in terms of repository of journals and books 40

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and quality of service. In addition, major bibliographic databases are also offered (WOS, SCOPUS, GEOREF, PASCAL, CINDOC, and BIGPI). The library is currently compiling a database on Bibliography of Earth Sciences of the Iberian Peninsula (BIGPI) including more than 40,000 records of articles, lectures, books, theses, etc.


THE LIBRARY IN NUMBERS

18.000

1.054

10.000

books and subscription to thousands of e-books

printed journals and subscription to thousands of e-journals

maps geological, topographic, etc.

14.000

8.000

350

aerial photographs

article reprints of the geology of the Iberian Peninsula

PhD Thesis

GEOLOGICA ACTA The publication of the journal Geologica Acta is also managed through this service. It is an international journal of Earth Sciences providing an innovative and high quality media of scientific dissemination. Geologica Acta aims to stimulate rapid diffusion of results and efficient exchange of ideas among the widespread communities of Earth Sciences researchers (with special emphasis on Latin-American, the Caribbean, Europe, and the Mediterranean regions). The Journal is edited in collaboration with the University of Barcelona and the IDAEA-CSIC institute. Since 2007, Geologica Acta is included in the Journal Citation Report of ISI Thomson with an Impact Factor (IF) of 1.367 in 2014 and a 5 year IF of 1.821.

Library Dolors Fernández, Librarian Jordi Casadellà Saladas, Chief Librarian Marta Boullosa Guerrero, Librarian Daniel Casanueva González, Librarian Emma Dalmau Ollé, Librarian María José Martínez López, Librarian Concepción Porcar Ferrer, Librarian Laura Rincón, Geologica Acta, Journal Manager

Annual ICTJAreport Research ICTJA Groups 2015 41


SCIENTIFIC SERVICES AND LABORATORIES X-Ray Diffraction Service The X-ray Diffraction Service of ICTJA-CSIC is an analytical facility focused on the qualitative and quantitative characterization of the crystalline phases of materials. The XRD Service, with more than 30 years of experience in the field, offers support to ICTJA-CSIC researchers and to external users from public and private universities and companies. One of the main objectives of the XRD Service at ICTJA-CSIC is to support the ongoing investigations carried out by ICTJA-CSIC researchers on Earth Sciences topics, including studies of volcanology, petrology and sedimentology. The XRD Service offers also support to external researchers working in geology, materials science, environment, chemistry, pharmacy, archaeology, etc. A large number of companies and organizations from the public or private sectors make use of the XRD Service at ICTJA-CSIC for their industrial applications, quality control, environmental studies, forensics, etc. Range of services offered

• Identification of crystalline phases • Crystal-quality assessment, composition determination and

microstructural analyses • Semi-quantitative and quantitative analysis of crystalline phases and amorphous content • Application of the Rietveld method for profile adjustment, structure refinement and quantitative phase analyses • Investigation of small or inhomogeneous samples with micro-diffraction • Determination of crystalline structures • Non- destructive X-ray fluorescence analyses with a portable spectrometer for field work and cultural heritage studies

Application of portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF) analysis to cultural heritage studies. (Author: Jordi Ibáñez)

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Some examples of applications provided by the laboratory to research groups and companies • Phase identification and quantification of geological samples. Identification and analysis of clay minerals • Analysis of mineral phases in building materials: cement, concrete, aggregates, etc. Study of degraded calcium aluminate cements, identification of fibre cements, etc. • Determination of the amorphous content in ashes and synthetic mixtures • Study of corrosion products • Determination of crystalline silica in respirable airborne dusts by direct-on-filter methods

The XRD Service is part of the European initiative EPOS-IP infrastructure and multidisciplinary global research in Earth Sciences (https://www.epos-ip.org/). It integrates several hundred national infrastructures distributed in 25 countries in Europe, including Spain, for observation and measurement of the internal structure and dynamics of the planet. The XRD participates collecting and harmonizing available and emerging laboratory data, coordinating the development, integration and transnational use of the main Solid Earth Science lab centres and networks, and providing products and services supporting research into geo-resources and geo-storage, geo-hazards and Earth System Evolution.

Staff

Jordi Ibáñez, Scientific Director (CSIC)

Josep Elvira, Technical Director (CSIC)

María Soledad Álvarez, Technical Staff (CSIC)

X-Ray Diffraction Service members. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

Annual ICTJAreport Research ICTJA Groups 2015 43


Samples to be studied at the Paleomagnetism Laboratory. (Author: Jordi CortĂŠs)

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Paleomagnetism Service (CSIC-CCiTUB) The Paleomagnetic Laboratory was founded in 1987 as result of an agreement between the CSIC and the Catalonian Geological Service of the Generalitat de Catalunya. Since 1999, the laboratory depends on the CCiTUB and the CSIC. The laboratory provides technical support to research groups working on several research topics within the Earth Sciences, among them:

• Magnetostratigraphic dating of sedimentary sequences and correlation with their fossil and paleoenvironmental record.

• Archaeomagnetic dating of archaeological remains. • Paleomagnetism applied to the study of fold and thrust belts and basin analysis.

• Environmental magnetic studies aimed to unravelling paleoenvironmental and climatic variations in the sedimentary record. The laboratory facilities include superconducting and spinner magnetometers, thermal and AF demagnetizers, a susceptibility bridge and a pulse magnetizer.

The Paleomagnetism Service is part of the European initiative EPOS-IP infrastructure and multidisciplinary global research in Earth Sciences (https://www.epos-ip.org/). It integrates several hundred national infrastructures distributed in 25 countries in Europe, including Spain, for observation and measurement of the internal structure and dynamics of the planet. The Paleomagnetism Service participates collecting and harmonizing available and emerging laboratory data, coordinating the development, integration and transnational use of the main Solid Earth Science lab centres and networks, and providing products and services supporting research into geo-resources and geo-storage, geo-hazards and Earth System Evolution.

Staff

Elisabet Beamud, Technical Director (CCiTUB)

Ylènia Almar Villanueva, CSIC contract (up to 31/03/2015) Francisco Coruña Llopis, CSIC contract (04/05/2015-30/11/2015)

Paleomagnetism Laboratory. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

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labGEOTOP Service - Geochemistry Laboratory The labGEOTOP Service, Laboratory of Elemental and Isotopic Geochemistry for Petrological Applications, carry out multidisciplinary research in Solid Earth Sciences using an established core of world class equipment and laboratories, and expertise in the technical and applied aspects of their use. The service plays a key role in catalysing leading edge cross-disciplinary research within the CSIC and into Spain. The labGEOTOP service provides a central mass of equipment that enables significant scientific collaboration on a regional, national and international scale. We undertake a wide variety of analytical work for scientific institutions and industry. The labGEOTOP of-

Working with the laser ablation equipment of the labGEOTOP. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

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fers elemental and isotopic analysis of solids and liquids covering the range of elements determined by high resolution-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The service focuses on the analytical needs of R&D projects on:

• Compositional structure and evolution of Earth’s mantle through

the open window of the volcanic rocks. • Compositional structure and evolution of the lithosphere: geochemical processes at the margins of tectonic plates. Geochemical evolution of magmatic and metamorphic processes. • Environmental geology and paleoclimate reconstruction. •


Sample preparation at the labGEOTOP. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

• Volcanism: temporal evolution of pre- and syn-eruptive magmatic processes: geochemical flows related to volcanic activity. • Experimental petrology and mineralogy.

The labGEOTOP is a Project cofunded by ERDF through the Scientific and Technological Infrastructure National Program in the National Plan for Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation (R&D) of the Ministry of Science and Innovation, Reference CSIC08-4E-001. The labGEOTOP Service is part of the European initiative EPOS-IP infrastructure and multidisciplinary global research in Earth Sciences (https://www.epos-ip.org/). It integrates several hundred national infrastructures distributed in 25 countries in Europe, including Spain, for observation and measurement of the internal structure and dynamics of the planet. The labGEOTOP participates collecting and harmonizing available and emerging laboratory data, coordinating the development, integration and transnational use of the main Solid Earth Science lab centres and networks, and providing products and services supporting research into geo-resources and geo-storage, geo-hazards and Earth System Evolution.

Staff

José Luís Fernández Turiel, Scientific Director

Marta Rejas, Technical Director

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Seismic Laboratory

A deployed geophone of the Seismic Laboratory. (Author: Jordi CortĂŠs)

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ICTJA Seismic Laboratory is composed by two main sections, the Data Acquisition Instrumentation Pool and the Seismic Processing Centre. The Data Acquisition Instrumentation Pool includes seismic equipment intended to be used in temporary deployments. Up to 90 broad-band and 36 short period seismic acquisition systems are available to allow managing both short-term controlled source seismic profiling and long-term passive seismic deployments. The Seismic Processing Centre includes three main servers, around 100 Tbytes of disk space and Linux workstations with dedicated processing software. The Centre is now able to receive and store

in near-real time seismic data from temporary seismic stations and selected permanent sites. The facility features connectivity with the Barcelona Supercomputing Centre and has research relationships with other computation, processing, interpretation and modelling facilities such as GEO-MODELS (University of Barcelona) and the Barcelona Centre for Subsurface Imaging. The Seismic Laboratory is part of the European initiative EPOS-IP infrastructure and multidisciplinary global research in Earth Sciences (https:// www.epos-ip.org/). It integrates several hundred national infrastructures distributed in 25 countries in Europe, including Spain, for observation and measurement of the internal structure and dynamics of the planet.

Staff

Jordi Díaz Cusí, Scientific Director

Mario Ruíz, Technical Director

Paula Romero, CSIC contract

Seismic Laboratory staff member on a field trip. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

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Raman Spectroscopy and Photoluminescence Laboratory The Laboratory of Raman Spectrocopy and Photoluminescence is focused on the study of the optical properties of semiconductor materials. Among others, the lab carries out Raman scattering studies on a variety of III-V compound systems such as GaN, InN, InGaN, InAs/GaAs, InGaAs, InP, AlGaSb, InAsSb, GaSb, GaAsN, as well as on ZnO, a II-VI wide band gap material which is intensively being investigated because of its potential applications in transparent electronics and in blue and UV light emitters.

Raman Spectroscopy and Photoluminiscence Laboratory. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

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Staff

Lluís Artús, Scientific Director

Ramon Cuscó, Research Scientist

Jordi Ibáñez, Research Scientist


LARX – Laboratory of X-ray Analytical Applications The LARX research laboratory, created in 1994, is an excellence’s research facility of ICTJA. The activities of LARX are focused on the development of methodologies for the study of solid matter using X-ray spectroscopies such as X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF, EDXRF, TRXRF and micro-EDXRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and other solid-state non-invasive analytical tools. Likewise, LARX staff is leading collaborative research projects related to Environmental Geosciences and Geochemistry. Since its creation, the laboratory has also undertaken many teaching and training activities at national and international level, in collaboration with the European X-ray Spectrometry Association (EXSA), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and X-ray instrumentation manufacturing companies. During last decade, and within this initiative have taken several doctoral and master theses in the fields of environmental pollution and cultural heritage materials.

The instrumentation of this infrastructure allows the determination of major, trace and ultratrace elements in solids (minerals, rocks, particulate matter, filters, industrial wastes, etc.), including chemical mapping and microprobe analysis, layer thickness determination at nanometre scale and chemical speciation. Through research collaborative agreements the laboratory provides technical support for research groups working on:

• Cultural Heritage materials and artworks, especially studies of paint pigments, old coinage and metallic artefacts, manuscripts and wall paint materials. • Environmental geochemistry of soil, water and vegetation, including biogeochemical modelling. • Forensic research related to the use of inorganic chemistry data.

Staff

At now, LARX is a joint associated laboratory with the Analytical Chemistry Department of the University of Girona (Spain) and the Hydrogeochemistry Group of the Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC).

Ignasi Queralt, Scientific Director

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Th-230/U-234 Geochronology Laboratory The Laboratory of Geochronology was founded in 1989 and fully updated in 2010 with the acquisition of two 8-channel ORTEC alpha spectrometers. The laboratory is specially designed for dating marine and continental carbonates such as travertines, speleothems, endogenic lacustrine carbonates, corals and marine crusts, although it is possible to date primary sulphates (gypsum) and chlorides (halite) using the uranium series disequilibrium method (230Th/234U). The laboratory provides technical support for research groups working on: • Absolute dating of upper Pleistocene and Holocene continental and marine carbonate samples for a large variety of purposes such as climate, anthropic, geologic and/or environmental reconstructions.

• Absolute dating of human and other archaeological carbonate prehistorical remains.

Th-230/U-234 Geochronology Laboratory. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

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Staff

Santiago Giralt, Scientific Director

Graciela Monzón, Technical Director


SIMGEO (UB-CSIC)

SIMGEO facilities. (Author: Joan MartĂ­)

The Laboratory of Geological Processes Simulation (SIMGEO) was created in 1995 as a joint venture between the Faculty of Geology of the University of Barcelona (UB) and the Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA-CSIC) in the field of experimental and theoretical modelling of geological processes. SIMGEO seeks to promote application of experimental and theoretical models to the study of geological processes and, in particular, processes that involve a risk to people and the environment, through funding raised by public and private research projects and contracts and agreements. SIMGEO offers researchers a large space and equipment to design and develop experimental models. The SIMGEO has a laboratory of

experimental petrology and mineral synthesis, a hydraulic channel 16 m length and a computer lab equipped with the necessary software to develop mathematical models and simulations using geographic information systems.

Staff Joan MartĂ­, Scientific co-Director (CSIC)

Ferran Colombo, Scientific co-Director (UB)

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Borehole Geophysical Logging Lab - Scientific Boreholes Almera 1-2 Two scientific boreholes were drilled in 2012 in the UB campus of Barcelona as part of the subsurface research studies of the Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera ICTJA-CSIC in cooperation with the Faculty of Geology of the University of Barcelona (UB). The Almera-1 is a 214.20 m deep borehole used as an experimental facility for the development of geophysical data logging methods. The borehole Almera-2 is 1 m away from Almera-1, reaching a depth of 46 m, and is meant to carry out routine piezometric measurements and cross hole experiments. A subsurface connection for cables and tools with the boreholes and monitoring research lab inside ICTJA-CSIC building facilitates long

Access to a scientific borehole. (Author: Maria Jose Jurado)

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term and continuous monitoring and control from the lab. This facility is equipped with a complete system of geophysical logging tools and borehole monitoring data loggers used for testing of new devices and experiments in the frame of ongoing research projects.

Staff

M. JosĂŠ Jurado, Scientific Director

JosĂŠ Cespo, CSIC contract


ICTJA 10 highlighted publications 2015


(Author: Jordi CortĂŠs)

ICTJA 10 HIGHLIGHTED PUBLICATIONS 2015 Iberia geodynamics: An integrative approach from the Topo-Iberia framework During the last decade, a major target for several international research teams has been to improve the knowledge on the Geodynamics of the Iberian plate and surrounding domains. The complexity of this area and the scarcity of appropriate constraints had been evidenced by the very different evolutionary models proposed in past decades. Hence, the recent efforts to tackle the key questions and derive new conclusive 56

ICTJA Annual 10 highlighted report ICTJA publications 2015 2015

constraints have been afforded through large-scale research approaches that combine expertise on geology, geophysics and geodesy. A pioneering example of joining forces for that aim was the Topo-Iberia initiative, launched by the Spanish Funding Agency in 2006 to gather along 8 years more than 100 scientists from different Spanish universities and research institutions. Topo-Iberia has placed new knowledge


and constraints to unravel the interaction between deep and surficial processes, following the approach of the coeval Topo-Europe program. This volume of Tectonophysics gathers up 30 research papers, most of them developed within the Topo-Iberia framework, that shows new achievements on Iberian plate topics. Twelve papers present geological results performed by different teams in areas of Iberia, especially the Betics–Rif–Atlas system, and devoted to tectonics, surface processes and geochronology. Eight papers present images and models dealing with seismic methods, based on the datasets provided by the seismic component of IberArray (a network of ∼80 broad-band (BB) stations that covered the whole Iberian Peninsula and Northern Morocco in three successive deployments, with an average grid of 60 km x 60 km). The two other components of the IberArray platform, namely the

continuous GPS (CGPS) network (26 stations covering the study area) and the Magneto-Telluric (MT) profiling array (5 broad-band and 10 long-period stations) provided datasets presented in 6 contributions. Another paper models Mesozoic paleomagnetic data from SW Iberia. Finally, three contributions present large-scale studies, including two N–S transects and a 3-D model of Iberia, which compile the updated geophysical and geological results and provide relevant constraints on Iberia geodynamics. Reference Gallart, J., A. Azor, M. Fernàndez, and J. A. Pulgar (Editors) (2015), Special Issue - Iberia geodynamics: An integrative approach from the Topo-Iberia framework, Tectonophysics, 663, 1-4, doi: 10.1016/j. tecto.2015.09.010.

ICTJA 10 highlighted Annual report publications ICTJA 2015 57


Thermal and petrophysical characterization of the lithospheric mantle along the northeastern Iberia geo-transect We present a new model on the present-day lithospheric structure along a 1100 km transect crossing the NE-Iberian Peninsula, the Western Mediterranean basin and the Algeria margin and ends at the Tell–Atlas Mountains. The modeling is based on an integrated geophysical-petrological methodology combining elevation, gravity, geoid, surface heat flow, seismic and geochemical data. Unlike previous models proposed for the region where the density of the lithospheric mantle is only temperature-dependent, the applied methodology allows inferring seismic velocities and density in the mantle down to 410 km depth from its chemical composition through self-consistent thermodynamic calculations. We have considered five lithospheric mantle compositions including predominantly average Phanerozoic

and lherzolitic Proterozoic in the continental mainland, and more fertile PUM (primitive upper mantle) compositions in the Western Mediterranean basin. Mantle petrology affects the resulting density distribution and LAB (lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary) geometry and allows a direct comparison with tomography models and seismic data. Measured low Pn velocities in the Western Mediterranean basin can be explained by either serpentinization and/or seismic anisotropy and only partly by transient thermal effects. The obtained lithospheric structure is compatible with P- and S-wave tomography models. Reference Carballo, A., M. Fernàndez, M. Torné, I. Jiménez-Munt, and A. Villaseñor (2015), Thermal and petrophysical characterization of the lithospheric mantle along the northeastern Iberia geo-transect, Gondwana Research, 27(4), 1430-1445, doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2013.12.012.

(Author: Manuel Fernàndez) 58

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Imaging high-pressure rock exhumation in eastern Taiwan Increasingly detailed studies of out crops of high-pressure rock terranes in combination with rapidly evolving numerical modeling studies have given rise to a number of possible explanations for the processes by which these rocks are exhumed. Imaging actively exhuming high-pressure terranes remains one of the fundamental, but elusive, tasks that could advance the understanding of how these important rocks reach Earth’s surface. Seismic tomography along the active arc-continent collision in eastern Taiwan images a high P- and S-wave velocity zone that extends from the shallow subsurface beneath a high-pressure metamorphic terrane to âˆź50 km depth. We present a petrophysical analysis of this high-velocity zone that indicates the presence of rock types common to high-pressure terranes. The high-velocity zone is seismically active throughout. We determine focal mechanisms for 57 earthquakes, and carry out full waveform modeling on 10; these have double-couple focal mechanisms with a compensated linear vector dipole component up to 20.6%. We suggest that the high-velocity zone comprises an exhuming high-pressure terrane. Focal mechanisms for earthquakes within it indicate that shear faulting dominates in the deformation, but high fluid pressure may also play a role.

(Author: Dennis Brown)

Reference Brown, D., Y. M. Wu, K. F. Feng, W. A. Chao, and H. H. Huang (2015), Imaging high-pressure rock exhumation in eastern Taiwan, Geology, 43(7), 651-654, doi: 10.1130/g36810.1. ICTJA 10 highlighted Annual report publications ICTJA 2015 59


Topographic evolution and climate aridification during continental collision: insights from computer simulations How do the feedbacks between tectonics, sediment transport and climate work to shape the topographic evolution of the Earth? This question has been widely addressed via numerical models constrained with thermochronological and geomorphological data at scales ranging from local to orogenic. Here we present a novel numerical model that aims at reproducing the interaction between these processes at the continental scale. For this purpose, we combine in a single computer program: 1) a thin-sheet viscous model of continental deformation; 2) a stream-power surface-transport approach; 3) flexural isostasy allowing for the formation of large sedimentary foreland basins; and 4) an orographic precipitation model that reproduces basic climatic effects such as continentality and rain shadow. We quantify the feedbacks between these processes in a synthetic scenario inspired by the India-Asia collision and the growth of the Tibetan Plateau. We identify a feedback between erosion and crustal thickening leading locally to a <50% increase in deformation rates in places where orographic precipitation is concentrated. This climatically-enhanced deformation

takes place preferentially at the upwind flank of the growing plateau, specially at the corners of the indenter (syntaxes). We hypothesize that this may provide clues for better understanding the mechanisms underlying the intriguing tectonic aneurisms documented in the Himalayas. At the continental scale, however, the overall distribution of topographic basins and ranges seems insensitive to climatic factors, despite these do have important, sometimes counterintuitive effects on the amount of sediments trapped within the continent. The dry climatic conditions that naturally develop in the interior of the continent, for example, trigger large intra-continental sediment trapping at basins similar to the Tarim Basin because they determine its endorheic/exorheic drainage. These complex climatic-drainage-tectonic interactions make the development of steady-state topography at the continental scale unlikely. Reference GarcĂ­a-Castellanos, D., and I. JimĂŠnez-Munt (2015), Topographic Evolution and Climate Aridification during Continental Collision: Insights from Computer Simulations, Plos One, 10(8), doi: 10.1371/ journal.pone.0132252.

(Author: Daniel GarcĂ­a-Castellanos)

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(Author: Ramon Cuscó)

Lattice dynamics of a mist-chemical vapor deposition-grown corundum-like Ga2O3 single crystal The lattice dynamical properties of the corundum-like α-phase of Ga2O3 are investigated by means of Raman scattering experiments and ab-initio calculations. A high-quality, single-crystal thick epilayer was grown on sapphire by the mist-chemical vapor deposition method. The phonon frequencies at the Brillouin zone center of all the Raman-active modes are determined by polarized Raman scattering measurements on an α-Ga2O3 single crystal. By performing backscattering measurements from (0001) and (101−0)(101−0) faces, all Raman active modes are unambiguously identified. Density functional perturbation theory calculations were carried out to determine the symmetry and

the frequency of the α-Ga2O3 lattice modes. We find a good agreement between the theoretical predictions and the Raman spectra. The relative intensity of the different modes and their polarizability are discussed. The Raman spectrum is dominated by a narrow A 1 g peak which indicates the high crystalline quality of the layers grown by the mist chemical vapor deposition method. Reference Cuscó, R., N. Domènech-Amador, T. Hatakeyama, T. Yamaguchi, T. Honda, and L. Artús (2015), Lattice dynamics of a mist-chemical vapor deposition-grown corundum-like Ga2O3 single crystal, Journal of Applied Physics, 117(18), doi: 10.1063/1.4921060. ICTJA 10 highlighted Annual report publications ICTJA 2015

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Optical emission from SiO 2 -embedded silicon nanocrystals: A high-pressure Raman and photoluminescence study We investigate the optical properties of high-quality Si nanocrystals (NCs)/SiO2 multilayers under high hydrostatic pressure with Raman scattering and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. The aim of our study is to shed light on the origin of the optical emission of the Si NCs/SiO2. The Si NCs were produced by chemical-vapor deposition of Si-rich oxynitride (SRON)/SiO2 multilayers with 5- and 4-nm SRON layer thicknesses on fused silica substrates and subsequent annealing at 1150 °C, which resulted in the precipitation of Si NCs with an average size of 4.1 and 3.3 nm, respectively. From the pressure dependence of the Raman spectra we extract a phonon pressure coefficient of 8.5±0.3cm−1/GPa in both samples, notably higher than that of bulk Si(5.1cm−1/GPa). This result is ascribed to a strong pressure amplification effect due to the larger compressibility of the SiO2 matrix. In turn, the PL spectra exhibit two markedly different contributions: a higher-energy band that redshifts with pressure, and a lower-energy band which barely depends on pressure and which can be attributed to defect-related emission. The pressure coefficients of the higher-energy contribution are (−27±6) and (−35±8)meV/GPa for the Si NCs with a size of 4.1 and 3.3 nm, respectively. These values are sizably higher than those of bulk Si(−14meV/GPa). When the pressure amplification effect observed by Raman scattering is incorporated into the analysis of the PL spectra, it can be concluded that the pressure behavior of the high-energy PL band is consistent with that of the indirect transition of Si and, therefore, with the quantum-confined model for the emission of the Si NCs. Reference Ibáñez, J., S. Hernández, J. López-Vidrier, D. Hiller, S. Gutsch, M. Zacharias, A. Segura, J. Valenta, and B. Garrido (2015), Optical emission from SiO2-embedded silicon nanocrystals: A high-pressure Raman and photoluminescence study, Physical Review B, 92(3), doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevB.92.035432.

(Author: Jordi Ibáñez) 62

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Late Holocene vegetation dynamics and deforestation in Rano Aroi: Implications for Easter Island’s ecological and cultural history Easter Island (Rapa Nui) has been considered an example of how societies can cause their own destruction through the overexploitation of natural resources. The flagship of this ecocidal paradigm is the supposed abrupt, island-wide deforestation that occurred about one millennium ago, a few centuries after the arrival of Polynesian settlers to the island. Other hypotheses attribute the forest demise to different causes such as fruit consumption by rats or aridity but the occurrence of an abrupt, island-wide deforestation during the last millennium has become paradigmatic in Rapa Nui. We argue that such a view can be questioned, as it is based on the palynological study of incomplete records, owing to the existence of major sedimentary gaps. Here, we present a multiproxy (pollen, charcoal and geochemistry) study of the Aroi core, the first gap-free sedimentary sequence of the last millennia obtained to date in the island. Our results show changing vegetation patterns under the action of either climatic or anthropogenic drivers, or both, depending on the time interval considered. Palm forests were present in Aroi until the 16th century, when deforestation started, coinciding with fire exacerbation –likely of human origin– and a dry climate. This is the latest deforestation event recorded so far in the island and

took place roughly a century before European contact. In comparison to other Easter Island records, this record shows that deforestation was neither simultaneous nor proceeded at the same pace over the whole island. These findings suggest that Easter Island’s deforestation was a heterogeneous process in space and time, and highlights the relevance of local catchment traits in the island’s environmental and land management history. Reference Rull V, Canellas-Bolta N, Margalef O, Saez A, Pla-Rabes S, Giralt S (2015) Late Holocene vegetation dynamics and deforestation in Rano Aroi: Implications for Easter Island’s ecological and cultural history, Quaternary Science Reviews, 126, 219-226, doi:10.1016/j. quascirev.2015.09.008.

(Author: Valentí Rull)

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The geochemistry of biogenic carbonates as a paleoenvironmental tool for the Lower Pleistocene Barranco Leon sequence (BL-5D, Baza Basin, Spain) The Barranco (creek) León section is located in the NE marginal area of the lacustrine Plio-Pleistocene Baza Basin (Southern Spain). The Barranco León BL-5D mammal and archeological site has delivered abundant lithic tools and a hominin tooth; the age ascribed to this site is comprised between the Olduvai and Jaramillo subchrons, close to 1.4 Ma, based on magnetostratigraphy, biostratigraphy and ERS dating. The studied BL-5 section consists from base to top, of dark sandy mudstones and lutites with interbedded sandy marls. The lower part of the dark sandy mudstones contains a brackish fauna of foraminifera, ostracods, and mollusks. Sandy carbonate mudstones and sandy lutites with freshwater-oligosaline ostracods and mollusks form the upper part of the archeological excavation sequence. Stable isotope (δ13C, δ18O) and trace element analyses on ostracod and mollusk shells allow depicting the paleoenvironmental conditions recorded in the lacustrine sequence. Moreover, indications on provenance for waters have been obtained from 87Sr/86Sr ratios from shells and opercula from mollusks. The isotopic composition of the biogenic carbonates shows a strong correlation between δ13C and δ18O, which is noticeable for some gastropod shells. This correlation is a characteristic feature of closed lake settings. In our case, the more negative isotopic values reflect the input of meteoric waters and the more positive ones the skeletal carbonates formed in more isotopically concentrated waters. Some of the more negative isotopic values correspond to biogenic carbo-

(Author: Pere Anadón) 64

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nates from the BL-5D level. They correspond to isotopically diluted waters, although the trace element data and the invertebrate fauna indicate oligosaline to mesosaline waters. Moreover, the presence in BL-5D of shells from Melanopsis tuberculata, a thermophilous gastropod, together with their isotopic signatures suggest the input of oligosaline waters with a thermal influence. The available geochemical data indicate a first stage of varying influence of several water types under changing water level in a closed lake recorded in the base of the studied sequence (brackish fauna level). The overlying beds record a through flowing open lacustrine environment mainly fed by meteoric surface and ground waters with significant inputs of stream waters. Reference Anadón, P., O. Oms, V. Riera, and R. Julià (2015), The geochemistry of biogenic carbonates as a paleoenvironmental tool for the Lower Pleistocene Barranco Leon sequence (BL-5D, Baza Basin, Spain), Quaternary International, 389, 70-83, doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.09.062.


Three-armed rifts or masked radial pattern of eruptive fissures? The intriguing case of El Hierro volcano (Canary Islands) Using new surface structural data as well as subsurface structural data obtained from seventeen water galleries, we provide a comprehensive model of the volcano-tectonic evolution of El Hierro (Canary Islands). We have identified, measured and analysed more than 1700 volcano-structural elements including vents, eruptive fissures, dykes and faults. The new data provide important information on the main structural patterns of the island and on its stress and strain fields, all of which are crucial for reliable hazard assessments. We conducted temporal and spatial analyses of the main structural elements, focusing on their relative age and association with the three main cycles in the construction of the island: the Tiñor Edifice, the El Golfo–Las Playas Edifice, and the Rift Volcanism. A radial strike distribution, which can be related to constructive episodes, is observed in the onland structures. A similar strike distribution is seen in the submarine eruptive fissures, which are radial with respect to the centre of the island. However, the volcano-structural elements identified onshore and reflecting the entire volcano-tectonic evolution of the island also show a predominant NE–SW strike, which coincides with the main regional trend of the Canary archipelago as a whole. Two other dominant directions of structural elements, N–S and WNW–ESE, are evident from the establishment of the El Golfo–Las Playas edifice, during the second constructive cycle. We suggest that the radial-striking structures reflect comparatively uniform stress fields during the constructive episodes, mainly conditioned by the combination of overburden pressure,

gravitational spreading, and magma-induced stresses in each of the volcanic edifices. By contrast, in the shallower parts of the edifice the NE–SW, N–S and WNW–ESE-striking structures reflect local stress fields related to the formation of mega-landslides and masking the general and regional radial patterns. Reference Becerril, L., I. Galindo, J. Martí, and A. Gudmundsson (2015), Three-armed rifts or masked radial pattern of eruptive fissures? The intriguing case of El Hierro volcano (Canary Islands), Tectonophysics, 647, 33-47, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.02.006.

Volcano-structural map of El Hierro volcano edifice. (Author: Laura Becerril)

ICTJA 10 highlighted Annual report publications ICTJA 2015 65


Studying monogenetic volcanoes with a terrestrial laser scanner: case study at Croscat volcano (Garrotxa Volcanic Field, Spain) Erosional processes (natural or anthropogenic) may partly destroy the relatively small-sized volcanic edifices characteristic of monogenetic volcanic zones, leaving their internal structure well exposed. Nevertheless, the study of these outcrops may be extremely challenging due to restricted accessibility or safety issues. Digital representations of the outcrop surface have been lately used to overcome such difficulties. Data acquired with terrestrial laser scanning instruments using Light Detection and Ranging technology enables the construction of such digital outcrops. The obtained high-precision 3-D terrain models are of greater coverage and accuracy than conventional methods and, when taken at different times, allow description of geological processes in time and space. Despite its intrinsic advantages and the proven satisfactory results, this technique has been little applied in volcanology-related studies. Here, we want to introduce it to the volcanological community together with a new and user-friendly digital outcrop analysis methodology for inexperienced users. This tool may be useful, not only for volcano monitoring purposes, but also to describe the internal structure of exposed volcanic edifices or to estimate outcrop erosion rates that may be helpful in terms of hazard assessment or preservation of volcanic landscapes. We apply it to the Croscat volcano, a monogenetic cone in the La Garrotxa Volcanic Field (Catalan Volcanic Zone, NE Spain), quarrying of which leads to a perfect view of its interior but restricts access to its uppermost parts. Croscat is additionally one of the most emblematic symbols of the La Garrotxa Volcanic Field Natural Park, and its preservation is a main target of the park administration. 66

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(Author: Adelina Geyer)

Reference Geyer, A., D. Garcia-Selles, D. Pedrazzi, S. Barde-Cabusson, J. MartĂ­, and J. A. MuĂąoz (2015), Studying monogenetic volcanoes with a terrestrial laser scanner: case study at Croscat volcano (Garrotxa Volcanic Field, Spain), Bulletin of Volcanology, 77(3), doi: 10.1007/s00445-015-0909-z.


Other Activities


PhD Student at ICTJA-CSIC. (Photo: Jordi CortĂŠs)

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PhD THESES W Title: Finite Element Models Of Volcano Deformational Systems Having Structural Complexity PhD Student: Erika Ronchin PhD Advisor: J. Martí Place and date: Universitat de Barcelona (UB) - 09/01/2015

W Title: Processes, Time Scales And Unrest Of Monogenetic Volcanism PhD Student: Helena Albert Mínguez PhD Advisor: J. Martí Place and date: Universitat de Barcelona (UB) - 12/11/2015

W Title: Seismic Structure Of The Crust Beneath W Title: Geophysical And Petrological Characteriza-

tion Of The Lithospheric Mantle In Iberia And North Africa PhD Student: Alberto Carballo González PhD Advisor: M. Fernàndez, I. Jiménez-Munt Place and date: Universitat de Barcelona (UB) - 12/06/2015

W Title: Medium Change Monitoring Using Ambient

The Rif Cordillera PhD Student: Alba Gil De La Iglesia PhD Advisor: J. Díaz, J. Gallart Place and date: Universitat de Barcelona (UB) - 16/01/2015

W Title: The Central Asia Collision Zone: Numerical

Seismic Noise And Coda Wave Interferome try: Examples From Intraplate Ne Brazil And The Mid-Atlantic Ridge PhD Student: Virginie D’Hour PhD Advisor: A. F. do Nascimento, M. Schimmel Place and date: Universitate Federal Do Rio Grande Do Norte (UFRM) - 01/09/2015

Modelling Of The Lithospheric Structure And The Present-Day Kinematics PhD Student: Lavinia Tunini PhD Advisor: I. Jiménez-Munt, M. Fernàndez Place and date: Universitat de Barcelona (UB) - 15/05/2015

W Title: Phonons in III-Nitride Thin Films, Bulk and Nanowires: a Closer Look into InN Vibrational Properties PhD Student: Núria Doménech Amador PhD Advisor: R.Cuscó, L. Artús Place and date: Universitat de Barcelona (UB) - 30/10/2015

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Library of Geology (UB-ICTJA-CSIC). (Author: Jordi CortĂŠs)

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MASTER THESES W Title:

Shallow Subsurface Shear Wave Velocity Structure Of The Zancara River Basin Master Student: Alberto Lopez Rosell Master Advisor: B. Gaite Place and date: Universitat de Barcelona - 03/07/2015

W Title:

Surface Wave Characterization Of The Hontomin Co2 Geological Storage Site Master Student: David Carrasco Master Advisor: B. Gaite Place and date: Universitat de Barcelona - 03/07/2015

W Title:

Synthetic Forward Modelling Of Diapiric Salt Structures In The Central High Atlas: Evaluating The Impact Of Lithology On Seismic Image Resolution Master Student: Guillermo Prados Andrés Master Advisor: D. Martí, E. Saura, J. Vergés Place and date: Universitat de Barcelona - 02/07/2015

W Title:

Reconstrucción petrológica de la historia eruptiva y evolución magmática de Isla decepción, Antártida Master Student: Daniel Hernández Barreña Master Advisor: A. Geyer Place and date: Universidad de Salamanca (Usal) - 23/07/2015

W Title:

Seismic Imaging Of The Crustal Structure Of The Transition From Cantabria To The Iberian Atlantic Margin Master Student: Jorge Franco Balaguer Master Advisor: R. Carbonell, M. Torné Place and date: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona - 03/07/2015

W Title:

Integrated 3D Geophysical Study Of The Shallow Subsurface Of The Zancara River Basin (Cuenca, Spain) Master Student: Sonia Sendin Manchado Master Advisor: I. Marzán, J. Álvarez Marrón Place and date: Universitat de Barcelona - 03/07/2015

W Title:

Characterization Of Unconventional Reservoir (Valle Medio del Magdalena, Colombia) Master Student: John Hernandez Mendoza Master Advisor: R. Carbonell, M.Torné Place and date: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona - 02/07/2015

W Title:

Tectonic Structure Of The Rivera Plate Using Multichannel Seismic Data Acquired In The Western Mexican Margin (Tsujal Survey, 2014) Master Student: Estefania Gorriz Ibañez Master Advisor: D. Martí, R. Bartolomé de la Peña Place and date: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona - 03/07/2015

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ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESSES

EGU General Assembly. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

W Tectonic evolution and mechanics of basement-involved fold and thrust belts, EGU General Assembly 2015, Vienna, Austria, April 17-22, O. Lacombe, D. Brown, J. Ruh, F. Nilfouroushan

W 2nd International VOLCANDPARK conference, November 16-21, Lanzarote, Canary Islands, J. Martí, Coordinator

W Georisk 2014 Conference Improving geophysical assessment foW 1st VeTOOLS Meeting, Tenerife, Canary Islands, April 20-24, J. Martí; S. Bartolini; L. Becerril

W Working Group Meeting Effect of Topography on Short Period Surface Waves,TIDES (ESF-COST), Barcelona, September 15-16, M. Schimmel 72

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recasting and management IUGG Comission on Geophysical Risk an Sustainability, Madrid, November 18-21, J. Martí


EDITORIAL ACTIVITIES W Collectanea Botanica: V. Rull, Editorial Board

W Journal of Asian Earth Sciences: D. Brown, Editorial Board

W Frontiers in Earth Science: J. C. Larrasoaña, Associate Editor

W Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research:

W Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution: V. Rull, Associate Editor W Frontiers in Volcanology: A. Geyer, Associate Editor W Geologica Acta: J. Álvarez-Marrón, Associate Editor,

S. Giralt, Associate Editor

W Geological Society of America Bulletin: D. Brown, Editorial Board W Geology: D. Brown, Editorial Board W Geophysical Journal International: M. Schimmel, Editorial Board

J. Martí, Editor-in-Chief

W Solid Earth: R. Carbonell, Editorial Board W Special Publications of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics: J. Martí, Editorial Board

W Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica: M. Fernàndez, Editorial Board W Tectonophysics: R. Carbonell, Editor-in-Chief W X-ray Spectrometry: I. Queralt, Editorial Board

INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL COMMITEES W Evaluation Panel ANR, Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Program Earth Science and Climate, D. Brown, Board Member

W Advisory Committee of Natural Hazards (EU H2020), J. Martí, Member

W Evaluation of the performance and development prospects at the

W Scientific Advisory Committee of “Service National d’Observation

GFZ German Research Centre for Geoscience, R. Carbonell, Board Member

en Volcanologie”, CNRS-INSU, France, since 10 june 2010, J. Martí, President

W Evaluation Panel of ANR

Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Program Earth Science and Climate, R. Carbonell, Board Member

W Evaluation Panel of Priority Program SPP1375 Deutsche Forschungs-gemeinschaft DFG, R. Carbonell, Board Member

W Earth system science, (P10) Panel Member

W Executive Board of International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), J. Martí, Member

W IUGG Commission of Geophysical Risk, J. Martí, President W ESSEM COST Action ES1401, EU, European Cooperation in Science and Technology, M. Schimmel, Management Committee Member Annual report Other ICTJA Activities 2015 73


W ESSEM COST Action ES1401, EU, European Cooperation in Science and Technology, M. Schimmel, Working Group 2 Leader

W ESSEM COST Action ES1401, EU, European Cooperation in Science and Technology, M. Schimmel, Core Member

W ESSEM COST Action ES1401, EU, European Cooperation in Science and Technology, M. Schimmel, STSM (Short-Term Scientific Member) Board

W Member of the European Geoscience Union, Tectonics Division Programme Committee. 2013-2015, D. García-Castellanos

W Member of the Earth Sciences PhD supervising committee, University of Barcelona, D. García-Castellanos

W Subdirección de Proyectos de Investigación del MINECO para el área de Ciencias de la Tierra (BTE), S. Giralt, Miembro del panel de expertos

W Member of the Earth Sciences PhD Academic Committee, University of Barcelona, J. Álvarez-Marron

W Member of the Earth Sciences PhD supervising committee of the University of Barcelona, J. L. Fernandez-Turiel

W Comisión de evaluación XIV Certamen Universitario Arquímedes, Ministerio de Educacion Cultura y Deporte, J. Álvarez-Marron

W Sociedad Geológica de España,Governing Board Member, J. Álvarez-Marron

W Comissió Dona i Ciència del Consell Interuniversitari de Catalunya, J. Álvarez-Marrón, Dessigned Member

W Comisión Asesora a la Presidencia del CSIC, Mujer y Ciencia, J. Álvarez-Marrón, representante del personal científico permanente por el Área de Recursos Naturales

INVITED SCIENTISTS W D. Brown, University, Department of Geosciences, Taiwan Visiting Research Scientist, November 2014 - April 2015.

INVITED TALKS W Vulcanología vs. Ingeniería Civil, Universidad de Granada, Escuela

W Imaging high-pressure rock exhumation in eastern Taiwan, Depart-

Técnica Superior de Ingeniería de Caminos, Canales y Puertos. Granada, March 3, L. Becerril

ment of Geosciences, National Central University, Jongli, Taiwan, March 13, D. Brown

W Imaging high-pressure rock exhumation in eastern Taiwan, Depart-

W Imaging high-pressure rock exhumation in eastern Taiwan, De-

ment of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, March 6, D. Brown

partment of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan, March 23, D. Brown

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W Palinologia i Paleoecologia, ICTJA-CSIC, Barcelona, May 13, V. Rull

W Megainundaciones, placas tectónicas y la formación del relieve

W Tectonics, erosion, and climate leading to the Messinian, salinity

terrestre, Conferències Dilluns de Ciència Novembre 2015 - 50 Anys ICTJA-CSIC, Barcelona, November 16 , D. García Castellanos

crisis: Mechanistic understanding emerging from models, European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers (EAGE) Conference in Madrid, June 1-4, D. Garcia-Castellanos

W

El hombre del hidrocarburo, el Antropoceno, la gran aceleración y los límites del planeta, 50 Aniversario de la Creación del Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra Jaume Almera, November 17, M. Marzo

W

Managing the hazard of induced earthquakes in a changing world, 50 Aniversario de la Creación del Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra Jaume Almera, Barcelona, November 19, W. Ellsworth

W Role of fundamental volcanic geology in hazard assessment, 2nd International Workshop on Volcano Geology, 26th IUGG General Assembly 2015, Prague, June 22-July 1, J. Martí

W Collapse Calderas and their geothermal potential, Symposium on collapse claderas, 26th IUGG General Assembly 2015, Prague, June 22-July 1, 2015, J. Martí

W Interacció radiació-matèria per a estudiar-ho gairebé tot: nanomaterials, minerals exòtics, obres d’art, cadàvers,… Conferències Dilluns de Ciència Novembre 2015 - 50 Anys ICTJA-CSIC, Barcelona, November 23, J. Ibáñez

W Tempestes, marees, cotxes, rius, campanes, futbol i… terratrèmols: un repàs al que, poden amagar els sismogrames, Jornada ICTJA Estiu 2015, ICTJA-CSIC, Barcelona, June 23, J. Díaz

W Golf de València: 50 años de geología petrolera, 50 Aniversario

W “Phase Weighted Stack” y “Phase Cross Correlation” para la ex-

de la Creación del Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra Jaume Almera, November 26, M. Esteban

tracción de señal en ruido sísmico, IRIS-EPO (Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology, Education and Public Outreach), «B. Webinars and other Long Earth Science Lectures», Washington, October 14, M. Schimmel

W

Charles Darwin, Lord Kelvin, els radioisòtops i el concepte de Temps, Conferències Dilluns de Ciència Novembre 2015 - 50 Anys ICTJA-CSIC, Barcelona, November 2, S. Giralt

W Una volta per la Terra Sòlida en 15 projectes, 50 Aniversario de la Creación del Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra Jaume Almera, Barcelona, December 4, J. Vergés

W

VolcanBox: herramientas para la evaluación de la peligrosidad y la gestión del riesgo volcánico, Observatorio Vulcanológico de Colima, México. December 8, L. Becerril

W Tambora, 200 años de la erupción que cambió el Mundo, Conferències Dilluns de Ciència Novembre 2015 - 50 Anys ICTJA-CSIC, Barcelona, November 9, A. Geyer

GUEST SCIENTISTS W C. Amadori, Università di Pavia, Italy. Responsable D. García-Castellanos

W W. E. Medeiros, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil. Responsable M. Schimmel

W E. Stutzmann, Institute Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP), France. Responsable M. Schimmel

W J. L. Macías Vázquez, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), México. Responsable J. Martí Annual report Other ICTJA Activities 2015 75


Students at VolcĂ Croscat. Curso Internacional de VulcanologĂ­a. (Author: Marta Fontaniol)

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COURSES W

Curso Internacional de Vulcanología 2015, Fundació d’Estudis Superiors d’Olot (FES) and ICTJA-CSIC, Olot, 12-25 October 2015, J. Martí, Stefania Bartolini, A. Geyer, X. de Bolós

W Curso Teórico-Práctico de ICP-MS 2015, ICTJA-CSIC, May, 18-20 2015 J. L. Fernández Turiel, M. Rejas Alejos

W 2015-2016 Lithospheric Dynamics course of the Master Reservoir Geology and Geophysics, Universitat de Barcelona & Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. 2.5 credits (~63 hours/year). Coordinator: D. García-Castellanos

W THEOPRAX – 2015. Theoretical and Practical X-ray fluorescence spectrometry workshop: Instrumentation and Applications, 30 June – 2 July 2015. Organized by Department of Chemistry, University of Girona – UdG, Laboratory of X-ray Analytical Applications, ICTJA-CSIC, and Associated Unit Conmet, CSIC-UdG

W Noise Spectra & Polarization course, 1st TIDES (COST) Advance Training School, Bertinoro, Italia, 1-5 June, 2015, M. Schimmel

Participants of ICP-MS Course 2015. (Author: Marta Rejas)

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Participants of Curso Internacional de VulcanologĂ­a 2015. (Author: Marta Fontaniol)

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SEMINARS W Secretos que “guardan” los fósiles de ballenas

W Lighting up the lithosphere: Information on the continental upper

Lecturer: Dr. Fernando Muñiz Guinea, Grupo de Investigación RNM 293 “Geomorfología Ambiental y Recursos Hídricos”, Universidad de Huelva y Universidad Andrés Bello, Facultad de Ingienería, Geología, Concepción, Chile Date: Jan, 12, 2015

mantle from deep-probing electromagnetic studies combined with other geophysical and geochemical data Lecturer: Dr. Alan G. Jones, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Dublin, Irlanda Date: Jun, 18, 2015

W The ongoing rifting event in Bardarbunga Iceland. Largest effusive

W L’oceà: un ecosistema microbià

eruptive event since 1783, couse and consequences Lecturer: Dr. Dr. Armann Hoskuldsson Date: Jan, 28, 2015

Lecturer: Dr. Carlos Pedrós-Alió, Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Barcelona Date: Sept, 23, 2015

W Interplay between central Atlanticand western Mediterranean

W Urban borehole seismology in the age of induced earthquakes

kinematicsduring the Oligocene and early Miocene:a geodynamic point of view Lecturer: Dr. Antonio Schettino, School of Science and Technology – Geology Division, Università di Camerino, Itàlia Date: Feb, 5, 2015

Lecturer: Dr. Peter Eric Malin, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Alemanya & ASIR, Dallas, Texas, EUA Date: Oct, 1, 2015

W Styles of extension and oceanization: Examples from the South American margins Lecturer: Dra. Marta Pérez-Gussinyé, Department of Earth Sciences, Royal Holloway, University of London, Regne Unit Date: March, 26, 2015

W Advancement in the application of CSIA in chlorinated solvent contamination studies Lecturer: Dr. Orfan Shouakar-Stash, Director and Research and Development ManagerIsotope Tracer Technologies Inc., Waterloo, Canada; School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Canada;Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences,University of Waterloo, Canada Date: May, 26, 2015

W The use of geochemical survey data for predictive geologic mappingat regional and continental scales Lecturer: Prof. Eric Grunsky, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences,University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada Date: Jun, 10, 2015

W Large-scale horizontal deformation in orogens deduced from deformed river basins: application to New-Zealand and Lebanon Lecturer: Dr. Sébastien Castelltort, Section of Earth and Environmental Sciences,Université de Genève, Suïssa Date: Oct, 2, 2015

W Introduction on peatlands and their archive value for palaeo-ecological research Lecturer: D. Alexandra Barthelmes, Greifswald University and Greifswald Mire Centre Date: Oct, 8, 2015

W Mio-Pliocene orogenic plateau building in the Arabia-Eurasia collision zone, Iran: outward expansion to incision and excavation Lecturer: Dr. Paolo Ballato, Institute of Earth and Environmental Science,Universitat de Potsdam, Alemanya Date: Oct, 14, 2015

W New model of structure, and Phanerozoic tectono-sedimentary evolution of the East European Craton in Poland(organized within the AAPG Visiting Geoscientist program) Lecturer: Dr. Piotr Krzywiec, Institute of Geological Sciences,Polish Academy of Sciences, Polònia Date: Oct, 19, 2015 Annual report Other ICTJA Activities 2015 79


Participants of Curso Internacional de Vulcanología 2015. (Author: Marta Fontaniol)

W The Diffuse Plate boundary of Nubia and Iberia in the Western

W Marte: avances en el conocimientode las rocas y los procesos

Mediterranean: Crustal deformation evidence for viscous coupling and fragmented lithosphere Lecturer: Dr. José Fernández Torres, Instituto de Geociencias (IGEO), CSIC-UCM, Madrid Date: Oct, 22, 2015

sedimentariosde nuestro inquietante vecino Lecturer: Dr. Luis A. Spalletti, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina Date: Nov, 23, 2015

W Gaia: cartografiant la galàxia en 3D Lecturer: Drs. Xavier Luri i Carme Jordi (Dept. d’Astronomia i Meteorologia, UB) Date: Oct, 28, 2015

diversification and rise to dominance of modern marine tropical teleost fishes Lecturer: Dr. Giorgio Carnevale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Torino, Itàlia Date: Dec, 9, 2015

W Keeping an eye on Etna volcano activity from geophysical imprints Lecturer: Dra. Gilda Currenti, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio Etneo, Itàlia Date: Nov, 23, 2015 80

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W The Eocene Monte Bolca Fossil Lagerstätte: A window into the


ICTJA SPA AWARDS 2015 ICTJA-Student Presentation Awards 2015 Mireia Peral Winner of oral communication Dynamics of double-polarity subduction: application to the Western Mediterranean The evolution of the Western Mediterranean is a highly debated question by geologists and geophysicists. Even though most scientists agree in considering slab roll-back to be the driving mechanism of the tectonic evolution of this area, there is still no consensus about the initial setup and its time evolution. A recent model proposed by Vergés

and Fernàndez (2012) suggests a lateral change in subduction polarity of the Ligurian-Thetys oceanic domain to explain the formation and evolution of the BeticRif orogenic system and the associated Alboran back-arc basin. Such geodynamic scenario is also proposed for different converging regions. The aim of this study is to analyze the dynamic evolution of a double-polarity subduction process and its consequences in order to test the physical feasibility of this interaction and provide

Mar Moragas, David Cruset and Mireia Peral at ICTJA-SPA awards ceremony. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

Annual report Other ICTJA Activities 2015 81


geometries and evolutions comparable to those proposed for the Western Mediterranean. The 3D numerical model of double-polarity subduction is carried out via the Underworld framework. Tectonic plate behavior is described by equations of fluid dynamics in the presence of several different phases. Underworld solves a non-linear Stokes flow problem using Finite Elements combined with particle-in-cell approach, thus the discretization combines a standard Eulerian Finite Element mesh with Lagrangian particles to track the location of the phases. The final model consists of two oceanic plates with viscoplastic rheology subducting into the upper mantle and the problem is driven by Rayleigh-Taylor instability. The main factors to be studied are the interaction between the two plates, the poloidal and toroidal mantle fluxes, the velocity variations of slabs, the stress distribution and the variations in the trench morphology. Mireia Peral, Sergio Zlotnik, Manuel Fernàndez, Jaume Vergés, Ivone Jiménez-Munt, Montserrat Torné

Analogue and numerical model of the double-polarity subduction process. (Author: Mireia Peral)

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María Jesús Rubio de Inglés Winner of poster communication The evolution of the North Atlantic Oscillation for the last 700 years inferred from D/H isotopes in the sedimentary record of Lake Azul (Azores archipelago, Portugal). The δD plant leaf wax variations provide insights on precipitation and evaporation evolution through time. This proxy has been used to reconstruct the temporal evolution of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) climate mode since this mode rules most of the climate variability in the central North Atlantic area. A total lipid extraction preparation and the correspondent analyses in the IRMS have been done for 100 samples from the uppermost 1.5 m of the sedimentary infill of Lake Azul (Azores archipelago, Portugal). According to the chronological model, established by 210Pb profile and 4 AMS 14C dates, this record contains the environmental history of the last 730 years. The reconstructed precipitation variations obtained from D/H isotope values, suggest that this area has sufferedsignificantchangesinitsdistributionandintensityrainfallpatternsthroughtime.TheendoftheMedieval Climate Anomaly (MCA, 1100- 1300 AD) is characterized by a progressive enrichmentof D/H isotope values which meant decreasing arid conditions. These rainfalls’ increase might be interpreted by a shift from positive to negative dominance of the NAO. The Little Ice Age (LIA, 1300 - 1850 AD) was characterized by two humid periods(13001550ADand1650-1850AD)separatedbyarelativelydryperiod.Theseprecipitationoscillations are clearly visible by marked changes in the D/H isotope values. The LIA was followed by the persistence of the positive NAO mode, exhibited by the depletion of the D/H isotope signal, which indicated an overall decrease of the precipitation in the central North Atlantic area. Surprisingly, the D/H of the last 100 years, characterized by the present global warming and a persistent positive NAO mode, display large fluctuations most possibly linked to an enhancement of the storminess which is in concordance with the data fluctuations observed in the instrumental record for the last 80 years in the archipelago. This climatic evolution is in accordance with other NAO records of the North Atlantic region (Trouet et al.,2012) María Jesús Rubio de Inglés, Timothy M. Shanahan, Alberto Sáez, Juan José Pueyo, Pedro M. Raposeiro, Vitor M. Gonçalves, Armand Hernández, Ricardo Trigo, Guiomar Sánchez López, Pierre Francus, Santiago Giralt


OUTREACH

T

he scientific and technical staff of the institute continued in 2015 with the task of bringing science to society through a series of activities to disseminate the scientific knowledge on Earth Sciences, mainly resulting from the research projects carried out at ICTJA-CSIC. One of the main objectives is to bring science to young people to promote scientific vocations. In this sense, trying to reach the public as possible, outreach activities focused on showing the relevant role that Earth ciences in society, from the aspects related to geological hazards to the importance of raw materials in the technological development.

As example, GEOflaix! is a look at our lives from the perspective of minerals and rocks that are part of our environment. From minerals we obtain materials that are the key to a more comfortable life. The exhibition aims to show visitors how the majority of objects that surround us have a geological basis. It is also a taste for exploring the rocks ... what we obtain and what they tell us! These activities are usually co-organized with the Facultat de Geologia of the Universitat de Barcelona, and the Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya.

Setmana de la Ciència 2015. (Author: Jordi Cortés)

Annual report Other ICTJA Activities 2015 83


Moreover, some of the ICTJA-CSIC researchers visit elementary and secondary schools during the year to offer some workshops closely related with Earth Sciences knowledge. Recerca a les ciències de la Terra, EspaiCiència, Saló de l’Ensenyament, Fira de Barcelona Co-organized by ICTJA-CSIC and Facultat de Geologia-UB (18-23 March 2015) Què investiguem a les Ciències de la Terra? Setmana de la Ciència 2015 Organized by ICTJA-CSIC (16-20 november 2015) Training El CSIC a l’Aula “Recerca en Riscos Naturals” by Adelina Geyer, Joan Martí and Antonio Villaseñor (12 - 16 january 2015) Formació del professorat en Ciències, Tecnologia i Matemàtiques (CTM), Departament d’Ensenyament, Generalitat de Catalunya

“Què podem aprendre d’un sismograma?” by Jordi Díaz Cusí (4 December 2015) Formació del professorat en Ciències, Tecnologia i Matemàtiques (CTM), Departament d’Ensenyament, Generalitat de Catalunya Taller “Busquem Terratrèmols” by Jordi Díaz Cusí Col.legi Sant Gabriel, Viladecans 15/1/15 – 12/2/15 Acadèmia Igualada , Igualada, 27/4 – 18/5/2015 IES Marina, La Llagosta, 20/5 - 5/6/2015 Escola Grèvol, Barcelona, 19/10/15 – 2/11/2015 Xerrades: “Parlem de Terratrèmols” by Jordi Díaz Cusí SES Germans Vila Riera , Camprodon, 14/9/2015 Escola Anoia , Igualada, 14/12/2015 GEOflaix! Travelling Exhibition co-organized by ICTJA-CSIC, Facultat de Geologia-UB, Institut Geològic de Catalunya Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya, Tremp (1 April- 30 June 2015) IES Narcis Monturiol, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat (15 September-15 November 2015)

In the media ICTJA-CSIC scientists contributed in the media to disseminate issues with ongoing research projects and to assist in the explanation news events related to the Earth Sciences. TV, radio and newspapers publish some of these interviews.

W En el Camp Nou hubo un terremoto, 08/05/2015, TN Vespre W La tragedia vuelve a Nepal, 13/05/2015, La Razón W Ángel Fernández y Pepa Cucarella: “Ya poco se puede hacer por los de

Topics covered by national media ranged from the genesis of the Nepal Earthquake in April, the past and evolution of the Ebro Basin and the 50th anniversary of the Institute.

W El Ebro era un lago que se desbordó hace doce millones de años,

Here we present some of the aparitions of ICTJA-CSIC’s researchers in the media in the year 2015.

W Médicas de base, médicos al mando,19/01/2015, La Vanguardia W El recuerdo a un geólogo que dejó huella en Asturias, 14/03/2015, La Nueva España

W La ciencia y la investigación, al alcance de los estudiantes, 20/03/2015, El Mundo

W Una zona sísmica, 26/04/2015, La Razón W La tierra tembló con los dos goles de Messi, 09/05/2015, Segre W El coche no es el único malo de la “peli¨, 08/05/2015, Coche Actual 84

Other Annual Activities report ICTJA 2015

Avilés”, 14/05/2015, La Nueva España 12/09/2015, ABC W La cuenca del Ebro se elevó a 750 m sobre el nivel del mar, 12/09/2015, Diario de Noticias W La cuenca del Ebro estaba a 750 metros del mar hace 7,5 millones de años, 12/09/2015, Diario de Teruel W El valle que fue una bañera, 23/09/2015, Diario de Navarra W ¿Cóntamina más el diésel?, 04/10/2015, La Razón a Tu Salud W 350.000 años bajo tierra en la cueva Torca La Texa, 27/10/2015, La Voz de Avilés-el Comercio W 350.000 años bajo tierra en la cueva Torca La Texa, 27/10/2015,El Comercio W De los volcanes a los materiales del futuro, 11/11/2015, El Periódico de Catalunya


W 50 años auscultando la Tierra, 07/12/2015, El Periódico de Catalunya W El terratrèmol i les rèpliques instal · len el neguit entre la gent i obliguen els polítics a reaccionar, 03/11/2015, Setmanari de l’Alt Emporda

W Una zona volcànica de la Garrotxa de laboratori, 30/11/2015, El Punt Avui Girona

Examples of ICTJA-CSIC research activity in the media

The presence in the general media is reinforced by the three main channels of information launched by the Institute: the institutional web page (http://www.ictja.csic.es) and the Twitter and Facebook accounts. These new digital channels offer a wide range of possibilities to disseminate content related with research and institutional activity of ICTJA-CSIC.

Adelina Geyer during an interview at the TV show “Espai Terra” (TV3).

Annual report Other ICTJA Activities 2015 85


Bryceâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Canyon National Park, Utah, USA. (Author: Adelina Geyer)

86

Other Annual Activities report ICTJA 2015


ICTJA in numbers


PERSONNEL Researchers 76% Technicians-Others 24%

FUNDING PERSONNEL TOTAL = 87

TOTAL FUNDING

2.554 k€

Date 31/12/2015

Technician Contracts 4

Permanent Administration 8 Permanent Researchers 25

Permanent Technicians 9

Industry Collaboration 642 k¤

Guest PhD Students 9

PhD Students 3

afic per edats 59 50 55 54 65 68 85 118 126 104 105 108 104 95 95 110

Public Funding 1.912 k¤

RyC Researchers 2

Graduate Researcher Contracts 12

Guest Researchers 3

Postdoc Researcher Contracts 12

Permanent Administration 8 RyC Researchers 2 Postdoc Rsearcher Contracts 12 PhD Students 3 140 140 Permanent Technicians 9

PUBLICATIONS

Permanent Researchers 25 Guest Researchers 3 Graduate Researcher Contracts 12 Guest PhD Students 9 Technician Contracts 4

120 120 100 100 80 80 60 60

85 59

50

55 54

Public Funding 1.912 k€

Source conCIENCIA

118

126 104 105 108 104

110 95 95

65 68

40 40 20 20 0 0

88

ICTJA Annual in numbers report ICTJA 2015

2000 20012002 2002 20032004 2004 20052006 2006 20072008 2010 2011 2012 2012 20132014 2014 2015 2000 200820092010

Industry Collaboration 642 k€


The Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA-CSIC) is located at the Pedralbes Campus of the University of Barcelona

Lluís Solé i Sabaris s/n 08028 Barcelona (Spain) Phone: +34 93 409 54 10 Fax: +34 93 411 00 12 www.ictja.csic.es


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