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August 2013 Edition

PASSTIMES


Words from Co-Editors PASSTIMES August 2013

Words from Co-Editors Justin NG, Enoch HO Dear Readers,

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ongratulations freshers! Welcome to Imperial College. Getting into Imperial College is not easy at all but guess what! The upcoming 3 or 4 years will be even more challenging. I still remembered how nervous I was when I first stepped into Imperial College finding my way to the lecture room. I can’t imagine it has almost been a year since the first day of my university life. I know you might have been researching for Imperial College, clubs and societies, your subject or your accommodation. If you haven’t done so, don’t worry because there are some guides for you in this edition of PASSTIMES! Talking about PASSTIMES, you might be thinking what it is and how it works! PASSTIMES is the official publication for ICPASS, which provides a platform for all Imperial students to share and think. It is a quarterly magazine, which is entirely a production of Imperial students.

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his has been a hectic year, for the whole world, for Hong Kong, for ICPASS, and for each and every one of us. I still remembered this time, one year ago, when I was busy editing the 2012 Fresher’s Edition for PASSTIMES. Now, thanks to the hard work of the Publications Team in the past months, the new Fresher’s Edition is up and will definitely achieve far greater success! It has been a fruitful and enjoyable year working with the editors’ team, and I am proud to have passed our knowledge and legacy to our juniors and future generations. I would like to take this opportunity to thank the ICPASS Committee, the Publications Team, friends, and most importantly, everyone who have loved and enjoyed PASSTIMES. Now, internal stuff cleared, back to my dear readers! Whether you’re a fresher or not, welcome to this issue of PASSTIMES, where we’ve included some nice articles, as well as some tips about studying at Imperial, specially tailored for our freshers. Meanwhile, make sure you revisit last year’s PASSTIMES - just search around the ISSUU platform!

Hope to see you all around and don’t forget to join ICPASS!

Studying at Imperial is a challenging but rewarding experience. Enjoy studying, and love being an engineer. Of course, don’t forget about playing sports, participating in clubs & societies, and most importantly, join ICPASS! And while you enjoy the wonderful forthcoming events from our committee, I will be stepping back from the stage, and hoping all the best for everything.

Best Regards, Enoch Ho Co-Editor in Chief

Best wishes, Justin Ng Co-editor in Chief, out-going (2012/13)

Thanks for the editorial team, especially those who spent lots of time writing articles for this edition. I am sure this edition cannot be published without you guys. I hope all of you will enjoy this edition of PASSTIMES.

Article Contributors & Proofreading

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Alex Chan, Cannis Chan, Steven Fan, Enoch Ho,

Ken Ho, Bowen Kwan, Margret Kwok, Adrian Lam,

Brian Lee, Justin Ng, Irene Ngai, Derek So,

Justin Tsui, Christopher Yim, Ronald Yip, Desmond Yuen.


Content

CONTENT

PASSTIMES August 2013

4 What is ICPASS?

Hall Guide

Timeline 2012-2013

5 Subject Guide

10 13

唐山大地震

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6 PASS Event Review

17 假設你是探 險隊的一員

Oxford MLC 22

Disclaimer: The contents published on PASSTIMES are created by individual authors, and do not represent the views of ICPASS or its committee members. Neither ICPASS nor its committee members are liable to any opinion expressed by contributors. Copyright © 2012 Imperial College Public Awareness and Social Service Society. All rights reserved.

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What is ICPASS? PASSTIMES August 2013

What is ICPASS? I

CPASS was established by a group of enthusiastic Hong Kong students and aims to promote public awareness (PA) and organise social service (SS) activities.

Mission

We aim to provide opportunities for members to learn more about the culture, current issues and scope of social service in Hong Kong and China.

Committee Members

President - Desmond YUEN Vice President (PA) - Cannis CHAN Vice President (SS) - Brian LEE Secretary - Adrian LAM Treasurer - Hayley LEUNG Publications Officer - Enoch HO I.T. Officer - Bryan LIU

ICPASS Committee 2013-2014: (From left or right) Bryan Liu, Hayley Leung, Brian Lee, Desmond Yuen, Cannis Chan, Adrian Lam, Enoch Ho

Description

Our core activities on the PA side include regular discussions on global issues, presentations on current affairs as well as formal parliament-style debates with similar societies of other universities all across the UK. We also organise cultural trips. Last year, we brought our members to the Parliament and introduced them the history and system. Regarding SS, we organise elderly home visit and promote other volunteering opportunities to students. We raise money for various charities, such as the Age Concern and ORBIS by hosting food sales and other events. The biggest annual event is the Charity Concert, which gives opportunities to students from Imperial and other universities to perform and learn about charities. In addition, we publish a quarterly magazine called PASSTIMES, which is entirely a production of Imperial students. It covers the reviews of our activities, current affairs, economic and useful information about travelling, culture and careers. ICPASS is approachable for any members and prospective students at Imperial College London.

Support ICPASS Please join our events throughout the year and take notes of the upcoming events: PASS 4U Reception Day - 26 August, 2013 Fresher’s Fair - 1 October, 2013

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Also, Please apply to become a project committee member!

If you are interested in writing or editing, please contact any of the ICPASS committee members to take parts in PASSTIMES. For more information, please join our Facebook group ‘Imperial College PASS Hong Kong Freshers 2013-2014’.


Timeline 2012-2013 Exeter City Forum 03-11-2012

PASSTIMES August 2013 Charity Hotpot 07-11-2012 ICPASS held a charity hotpot event in November at Southside Selkirk Hall. With the support from our PASS members, we have successfully raised around £100 for the charity. Please look out for the similar events in this year!

Cambridge Quiz 17-11-2012 ICPASS members demonstrated a sense of cohesion. We got into the final and came fourth. Please join us this year!

Dessert Night 23-11-2012 Parliament Trip 01-12-2012 The trip was a joint university event of ICPASS and UCLUPASS. There was a detailed guided tour for all the students inside the Parliament.

Discussion Forum 10-12-2012

Charity Concert 2013 General Meeting 07-12-2012

ICPASS organized its first discussion forum. The topic of the forum was “The Modern Concept of Love”, presented by 3 project committees Leila, Jeff and Desmond.

Christmas Dinner 27-12-2012 The 2012 ICPASS Charity Christmas Dinner: Time PASSes, cohosted by four other universities (UCL, KCL, LSE and Warwick) was successfully held in December. The dinner is one of our annual events that unite PASS societies from different universities across the UK. Stay tune for the charity christmas dinner this year.

AO Reception 16-01-2013 Miss Noel Pun, Deputy Director-General of the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in London, gave us an inspirational talk on the roles of Adminstrative Officers in HK and possible career prospects.

Second Discussion Forum 31-01-2013

ICPASS Chinese New Year Dinner 01-02-2013 Oxford Model Legislation Council 09-02-2013

ICPASS second discuss forum discussing four different pop music (Cantonese, Taiwanese, Korean and English) presented by Angus, Brian, Cannis and Hayley

Chinese Radio Project

Oxford Model Legislative Council gave the participants a taste of being a part of the legco by trying to imitate the process of passing a bill. Two topics were given to the participants before the day, and during the day in Oxford, we had to present our stance and opinion of our assigned role to gain the largest benefit for the sector we represent.

Third Discussion Forum 27-02-2013 ICPASS third discuss forum discussing two social issues in Hong Kong: ‘Population Aging Problem: the impact and solution?’ and ‘The Power of the Internet’presented by Adrian and Justin.

ICPASS Fun Night 28-02-2013 Annual General Meeting 06-03-2013 & 12-03-2013 The committee of ICPASS 2013-2014 was elected.

Fourth Discussion Forum 18-03-2013 ICPASS fourth discuss forum discussing Heroism and Utilitarianism presented by Angus and Cannis

ICPASS Charity Concert 2013 18-08-2013

The chariy concert was succesfully held in Ngau Chi Wan Civic Center Theater in Hong Kong.

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Event Review PASSTIMES August 2013

LSE Debate Forum Adrian LAM, Justin TSUI

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n a lovely Saturday, 2nd March 2013, LSE presented their landmark event– the LSE Debate Forum. Together with Desmond YUEN and Cannis CHAN, We feel proud and honoured to be given the opportunity to represent ICPASS in this event and to compete with top students among UK. The debate competition is conducted in the traditional Chinese debating style, with three preliminary rounds and a final round for the two top scoring teams. In our first round Team Imperial was given the winner team of the event , University of Birmingham, to debate on “whether District Council (Second) Election is beneficial to the future democratic development of Hong Kong or not”. Team Birmingham has 2 experienced debaters and truly deserved their win. Like what Zig Ziglar said, “If you learn from defeat, you haven’t really lost”. Despite our defeat, this fired up all of us. We evaluated our performances and produce better and better performances in the coming rounds. Proceeding onto the second round of debate we met the host of the Forum – The LSE team. We were the opposition side of the motion “Palestine should be accepted and included as a member of the United Nations. There was a rapid exchange of ideas between both teams as both teams wanted to obtain the crucial point and enter the final round. We attempted to retain our hope for the final but unfortunately it

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was team LSE who was victorious. In the final rounds we were drawn against another finalist of the competition, the debate team from the University of Warwick. We were supporting the motion “Should the Hong Kong Government cancel the relaxation of visa restrictions of Mainland Visitors”. Both teams were given 30 minutes for research on this topic only. Despite the tight restriction in time we managed to give our best action of the day and came up with strong speeches. All of us put on five-star performances and produced an extremely close-fought battle for our adjudicators and audiences. The feedback from the main judge was really encouraging as there were a lot of positives for our team. We surely gave our judges a headache on deciding which team came over the other, but its Team Warwick who got their well-earned victory. “There is no better than adversity. Every defeat, every heartbreak, every loss, contains its own seed, its own lesson on how to improve your performance the next time.” - Malcolm X. Debate is not about polishing the phrases when developing a motion. Debate is not about creating rebuttals which can harass the opponents. In my opinion, it is always the most inspiring and fruitful time when doing preparation for a debate.


Event Review PASSTIMES August 2013

We spent several nights in the library, doing research on the motions given by LSE one week before the debate. Doubting and questioning ourselves after writing first draft of the speeches has given us something we have not experienced before in a university which focuses on science studies. Unlike science, politics is not an equation which can give us true or false answers. Political debate is an art that develops skill in the process of influencing others to accept or reject belief. But first, you need to do it to yourself during the preparation. In the motion “District Council (Second) Election is beneficial to the future democratic development of Hong Kong�, I am a firm believer of the opposing side before the debate. However, my team is the affirmative side of this motion. Breaking down the old beliefs I held

during research is not a nightmare, on the other hand, it trained me to think quickly and accurately, developed the qualities of assurance and self-reliance in me. Therefore, we should not assume debate is only studied by lawyers and politicians in LSE and UCL, as debate helps us advance in our careers because it enables us to become leaders among our peers in every aspect of life. We should not underestimate the importance of politics to the society even when we are studying in a science based university. After the LSE debate, my awareness in current affairs has been raised and I have also realised every one of us are closely related to politics. Our freedom to vote for the legislative council has already proven that we can improve our lives by making the right decision. To broaden our horizons on current affairs, doing political debate is obviously the easiest way.

Amazing Race Brian LEE

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o you know about the values of the Gini coefficient and unemployment rate in London? Do you know about different types of discriminations? I totally had no idea before joining Amazing Raise! Amazing Raise, hosted by UCLUPASS, allowed participants to understand three major problems that London is facing, namely: Unemployment, Discrimination and Income Inequality, through travelling around London and completing

different tasks. It was definitely the most remarkable of PASS events as it successfully put public affairs (PA) and social service (SS) elements together. We were required to form a group of four people and had to raise a minimum of 50 pounds in order to join the event. The winning team could choose which charitable organization they would like to donate the money to. There were two parts of the race which I particularly appreciated. The first one

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Event Review PASSTIMES August 2013

was comparing the price levels between wealthier and poorer areas. In other words, we were investigating income inequality in London. The tasks was to record the prices of eight items at both Harrods and grocery stores in Camden Town. We found that average prices at Harrods were at least three times of those in Camden Town. Another task was to estimate the costs of purchasing a flat in Camden Town and One Hyde Park (the most expensive apartment building in London). The second part, which was also considered as a highlight of the whole event, was experiencing discrimination. The task was to ask people in Leicester Square where the nearest gay/lesbian bars were and successfully get an answer. It was a great opportunity to experience discrimination and determine whether we discriminate against sex orientation (yes, if we felt embarrassed to do the task, we were discriminating already). Throughout the event, when we were travelling on the tube or bus, questions based on Income inequality, Discrimination, History of London and Unemployment were asked to make us understand more about London and raise our awareness on these problems.

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What I got out of this experience was understanding that when we organize a PASS event, especially one promoting public awareness, apart from presenting the facts and the statistics, we also need to directly involve participants to ensure a thorough understanding of the problems and the circumstances. It was a wonderful event that was worth spending a day to join and I learnt much more about London’s problems. Therefore, I would not hesitate to take part in and recommend our members to participate in this meaningful event again next year!


Event Review PASSTIMES August 2013

ICAAHK x ICPASS Mentoring Programme Ken Ho

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ollowing the launching of the 2013-14 Mentoring Programme in May 2013, an Orientation Session was organized in the morning of Saturday, 27 July 2013, in Craigengower Cricket Club. The total attendance was about 60 comprising mentors, mentees and observers. The session was chaired by the Mentoring Programme Champion, Dr Paulina Chan. Speeches on the mentoring programme were given by Ir Ken Ho, Chairman of ICAAHK, and the two Honorary Advisors to the Mentoring Programme, namely Dr SM Shen and Ir Peter Pun. Ir Ho highlighted that in addition to career-related advices, men-

tors would be providing advices on personal development as well. Ir Pun shared his personal experiences in the setting up of his own consulting engineer practice. Dr Shen emphasized that mentors should be 亦師亦友 under the mentoring programme, and that the master-apprentice relation is all encompassing to include friendship and value system, as well as career guidance and development. A Q&A session followed the presentations, during which time views were expressed, suggestions made and clarifications sought. The audience then broke into small groups for further discussion and sharing.

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Hall Guide PASSTIMES August 2013

Hall Guide Beit Hall Steven Fan Beit Hall, otherwise known as the Beit Quadrangle, is one of the Imperial College London’s oldest and most historic building. It is located on Prince Consort Road, next to Royal Albert Hall and just across the road from the South Kensington campus! Beit Quad is also home to the Imperial College Union offices and facilities. Despite its age, Beit has been recently refurbished and all floors are accessible by lifts. There is a fully equipped laundry room at the basement, which costs £2 for normal washing and £1 for drying. There are also large kitchens on each floor with fridges, freezers and ovens where individual storage is provided. There are two common rooms in Beit Hall, the West Common Room and the East Common Room. Most hall events are held in either of the common rooms. As one of the most exciting halls, Beit Hall never fails to keep you entertained! Listed below are examples of hall events held by Beit last year: • Movie Night (Thursdays) • Free Breakfast (Sundays) • Inner-Hall football • Europe trip to Bruges • Theatre and Cultural Trips • Paintballing • Iceskating • Assassins game • Regular food events including: • Corridor Cook Off, Pizza Night, Indian Night, Chinese New Year Party, International Food Night, Summer BBQs • Seasonal Parties including: • Christmas, Halloween, Valentine’s Day, Pan cake day, Easter egg hunt There are several things you will need to be aware of once you arrive at Beit Hall. First thing first, you will have to register in the common rooms upon arrival. Swipe cards, which provide you access around the college and your hall, will be given to you along with

your 4 room keys (as shown below). The keys cost quite a fortune so do your best not to lose them! You will then be asked to complete a room inventory (pay attention to the conditions of the listed items!).

For international students, health registration and police registration are both required. You can register yourself with the medical centre located in the Southside Hall (facing Ethos). As for the police registration, the police will go to the Sherfield Building for a few days when the academic year starts to make it easier for you. All in all, I must admit that during my stay, Beit Hall has been a great place to live. Getting to lectures has never been easier since it is literally next to/within the South Kensington campus (Do not be tempted to stay in bed till 5 minutes before lectures start). Sainsbury is only about 15 minutes away and there are also Tesco Express near both South Kensington Station and Gloucester Road Station. Numerous shops and restaurants can be found in South Kensington. Personally, Beit Hall is one of the best halls at Imperial College. The best piece of advice I can give is, do not be shy! Get to know people and get ready for an incredible year!!! :) Feel free to contact me if you have any questions: sf1812@imperial.ac.uk

Eastside/ (Southside) Alex Chan

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astside Halls consist of three separate halls that are next to each other: Linstead Hall, Gabour Hall and Wilkinson Hall. Eastside Halls are arguably at the best location among other halls of residence. They are 5

minutes away from the Imperial College main campus/library and 10 minutes away from the South Kensington tube station. The Imperial College sports centre, Ethos (which includes a multifunctional sports hall,


Hall Guide

PASSTIMES August 2013 climbing wall, gym and a swimming pool), is also only 2 minutes away. The Eastside Bar which is right outside of Linstead Hall provides a convenient place to have a meal when feeling lazy. There is also a small convenience store, Essentials, which is outside of Wilkinson Hall that you can buy groceries in. All the rooms in Eastside Halls are en suite (bathroom and shower) and the sizes of the rooms are quite big (big enough for 2-3 of your friends to stay over if they don’t mind sleeping on the floor). Each floor has a kitchen and you will share it with your fellow floormates. For those of you who are adventurous or fancy cooking, the kitchen is very spacious with 16 stoves in total. Therefore, you do not need to worry about the vacancies of the stoves but you should worry more about the food that you will eat afterwards. Kitchenware and cutlery are not provided at the halls. So, it is important for you to buy your own and take good care of them because they can easily be stolen or used by others if left unattended in the kitchen. Everyone will have a locker at the kitchen but the locker is not big enough to store all your kitchenware and food. You will most probably be storing all your food in the shared refrigerators and freezers at the kitchen, so just a heads-up that it is inevitable for some stealing of food to occur.

Detergent and softener will not be provided, but the iron will be, for free. Also, cleaners will come clean your room every 2 weeks, doing all the dirty work. All three halls have an elevator to allow quick access to different floors (highest being 5th floor with a lower ground and basement floor). All the facilities in Eastside Halls are very new. The halls resemble more of a hotel than accommodation for university students. It will be a very enjoyable experience to live in Eastside Halls for your first year because there are many other first year students in close proximity (living in Weeks, Southside or Beit hall). Living in Eastside Halls provides a great opportunity for you to meet many others on top of the people you will get to know from your course.

As for the laundry room, there are 4 of both washing machines and dryers. The machines are coin operated and it costs 2 pounds to wash and 1 pound to dry.

Evelyn Garden Adrian Lam

Feeling Prince’s garden is too expensive? Evelyn Gardens will be a good choice for you. Prefer a silent place to live? Evelyn Gardens will be a good choice for you. Evelyn Gardens has 5 residential halls specific for undergraduates, namely Bernard Sunley, Southwell, Holbein House, Willis Jackson and Fisher, all located at an appropriate distance away from main campus facilities which will take you around 15 minutes to arrive on foot. Located in the heart of London, Evelyn Gardens are well connected to other parts of London. You are only a few minutes away from

the nearest bus stop and Gloucester Road Station. Gloucester Road station is a stop on the Piccadilly Line allows you to go to many places without interchanging such as China town (Leicester Square). Like the halls in Prince’s Garden, the halls offer a high standard of accommodation communal facilities. Every hall will have a spacious common area with facilities such as pool tables and table football. I spent my first year in Bernard Sunley and it gave me a wonderful memory of living in hall. Unlike those halls in Southside and Eastside Evelyn Gardens offer only a very limited amount of En-suites. This should not be considered as a disadvantage to other halls as there are more than substantial amount of bathrooms and toilets in the halls. Just like 7-11s, there will be always one around you, and this means you do not have to compete for toilets when you are in huge need. Apart from toilets and showers there are large kitchens on each floor with shared fridges and freezers. You will also have your own food storage cupboard so please remember to bring your own padlock/key lock to keep your stuffs safe and CLEAN. There were cases of thefts happening last year and more commonly, unauthorized usage of other’s kitchen uten-

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Hall Guide PASSTIMES August 2013 sils. If you want to keep them intact and clean then please follow my advice. In Evelyn Gardens the wireless connection is extremely low and will be only available at certain spaces only. If you wish to use the internet inside your room then you will need a LAN cable. Using a LAN cable will gives you extra internet bandwidths for rapid browsing but please be aware of a limit of 5GB PER DAY. You will face punishment if the limit is exceeded.

You are also advised to bring yourself a mini router so you can use the internet everywhere in your room and enable your phone to use the internet as well (Some rooms have really poor connection to phone carrier services). The halls do also host a lot of hall events such as games night, pub crawl. There will be a boat trip at the beginning of the academic year and you shall not miss it! Last but not least I wish you have a splendid year in Evelyn Gardens!

Weeks/ (Garden) Irene Ngai Living in Weeks Hall was definitely a pleasant experience in my first year. It is close to different department buildings, which will save you lots of time every morning. Also, during lunch break, you can go back to hall and cook, for saving money. Weeks Hall is relatively old, especially when compared to other Prince’s Garden Halls. It looks a bit ‘worn-out’ with its grey-red wall. Also, interiorly it is mainly decorated with woods, which makes it looks more historical. However, all of these make Weeks more feel like home, rather than just a student hall. You have a big common room equipped with TV, play station, pool table, and vending machines, where you can hang out with your hall-mates. In the common room, there is also a small student-run shop called Bunkies, which sells drinks and snacks.

Weeks hall is well-equipped and convenient. Every odd number floor has a big kitchen, which shared by 15 students. Every even floor have small kitchens with fridge and microwave for you to do some basic catering. Also, there is a convenient store called Essential. It has all the essential foods, drinks and toiletries. Although it is quite pricy buying from there everyday, you will visit it frequently during exam period. Moreover, the college gym is just next to Weeks, you can go there easily, enjoy its swimming pool and all facilities. If you are allocated to Weeks Hall, I am sure you will enjoy it like I did.

Weeks is a friendly hall. The hall seniors organized various events throughout the year, especially during fresher week. Last year we have events like China Town dinner, ice-rink, and different theme parties. Also, every Sundays you can enjoy Sunday Brunch in the hall private garden for free. All of the events provide you excellent opportunity to meet and know more about your hall-mates.

Xenia Cannis Chan When Imperial students know I am living in Xenia, they go like “Wow that’s far!”. But for a person who enjoys staying away from school and live close to the dazzling city of London, Xenia is just right. Interestingly, it is nearer to LSE, KCL and UCL than to Imperial! Situated in Waterloo, it is just 2 minutes walk from one of the largest railway and tube stations in London. There are also a range of bus lines available at the Waterloo station (Some of them are night buses!). 25 minutes from Imperial, 10 minutes to Leicester Square (China Town) and 15 minutes tube to Oxford Circus - it is just right next to everything. 12

Xenia is definitely a better place to live in if you like having nights out and shopping comparing with other halls near campus. When I first received my hall offer, I was really sad, but after few months I realised that I was actually very lucky. So if you are allocated to Xenia, don’t feel upset, you will gradually find its advantages over the year. Range of activities are available within the hall, as the enthusiastic wardens and seniors would try to make you feel at home right from the first day you move into the hall. Facilities are quite new, and the internet speed is fine (of course incomparable to the almighty internet at Imperial campus).


Subject Guide PASSTIMES August 2013

Subject Guide Aeronautics Justin Tsui Does Triumph in the Skies II make you want to join the aeronautics industry? This Summer I have got an opportunity to work in China Aircraft Services Limited which is located in Chek Lap Kwok Aircraft Maintenance Area. I was working as a planner in the Production, Planning and Control Department which is responsible for arranging, preparing and monitoring the maintenance process. Working next to Boeing 747 and Airbus A320 is truly inspiring as I can have a close look at their engines and landing gears with my working peers explaining their structure alongside me. I have also got a chance to step inside the cockpit when I was doing an inspection of a fractured front window and have taken an unexpected introduction lecture on how to do a take-off from an experienced Mechanics. Apart from working in the hangar which the company uses to store the aircrafts under maintenance works, I have also spent one week working at the terminal doing Line Maintenance Work (LM). Working in LM is doing the exact same thing you can see in Triumph in the Skies II, mechanics “welcome� aircrafts which has just landed by doing inspection, minor maintenance works and all these must be completed within two hours. Doing LM aircraft maintenance work is just like working in the airport traffic control tower - time is the key to success. Although the working atmosphere there is relatively more stressful, I find it more interesting due to its challenging nature. In overall, people working in my company are very willing to provide information on aircraft maintenance industry even though I have told them I have always wanted to be a pilot, this working experience is no doubt fruitful and unforgettable.

Aeronautics first year course is relatively less demanding in terms of coursework work load and the number of tutorials comparing to other engineering courses. A good understanding in A Level Mathematics and Physics is essential for Aeronautics undergraduate since most of the modules require strong numerical analysis skills. The four main subjects studied in year one are Materials, Mathematics, Thermodynamics and Aircraft Performances. As a person who wants to pursue a career in being a pilot, the module which I find the most interesting is Aircraft Performances since it can be led to the study of aircraft mission profile such as take-off, cruising and landing. We have also got a chance to design a simple truss structure and have had a competition among groups in the year to see which one can stand the greatest load while the cost is minimised. The best part of the year must be taking the flight simulator workshop, every one of us have got a chance to fly a plane designed by year 3 students. People who are interested in aviation and aircraft, this course will not disappoint you.

Biochemistry Adrian Lam Congrats on meeting your offer from Imperial for Biochemistry! Imperial is widely considered as a broth for successful Scientists and I am convinced that you will feel more than a pleasure to be studying in the same University as Sir Alexander Fleming and Sir Ernst Chain, which both of them received Noble prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1945 for their discovery of the first antibiotics ever, Penicillin, and as Biochemists you will

be pleased to know Sir Ernst Chain graduated from the same department as you are entering. Reflected by the consistently high standings, the department is able to deliver top-quality teachings and support to its students which is highly valued by a lot of employees in the field. Throughout the 3 years you will get to know about

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PASSTIMES August 2013 some crucial in-depth knowledge of Human Biochemistry, from calculations on Enzyme and proteins to various metabolic pathways in our body. Your first year of Biochemistry at Imperial will consist of 4 large modules, namely Biological Chemistry (BC), Cell Biology (CB), Proteins and Enzymes (PE) and Molecular Biology (MB). The first two modules BC and CB will be taught in the Autumn term, followed by an exam in January. The Biochemistry January Exam does matters and contributes a lot to your first year degree. After the January Exam you will get started on the rest two modules PE and MB which will be taught in Spring and Summer term. You will be assessed again in late June on these two modules so please make good use of your Easter holiday to prepare for the exam. Everyone will follow the same timetable no matter which Biochemistry course they chose – sandwich courses (e.g. Languages, Management) will only be taught from year 2. Despite having fewer lectures

compared to other subjects (10 hours per week), we have a lot of tutorials and practical to be done with care. For example, lab reports (coursework) have to be handed in 2 weeks after the practical and they will be also counted towards your degree. You will also be assessed in the form of Multiple-choice test which will be also counted towards your degree. Last but not least, you are expected to do work apart from going to lectures and doing courseworks. My last advice is to use your time wisely for revision as a lot of materials require further reading. You are also strongly recommended to use reference books for better understanding of the course. The workload will gradually increase so please enjoy the high amount of free time during your first year. I hope you will find this subject guide useful and wish you best of luck for your first year in Imperial!

Chemical Engineering Cannis Chan Everytime I tell someone I am studying ChemEng at Imperial, they go blank. What exactly is chemical engineering - the question always pops up without fail. Before you step into this (horrifying) school, have you actually thought about what you will be studying in the future 4 years? I would describe my course as “the engineering of chemicals”, but not quite as what people usually percept as largely intertwined with chemistry itself. In fact, if you are not specialising in the fine chemical stream, you will only have chemistry module in the first year. You would be expecting a very large portion of the course to deal with knowledge developed from your A-level physics and maths. Hence, do not put away what you have learnt in the past years. ChemEng is one of the most intensive courses at Imperial, and time management is essential. Especially when you are just settling down at school, freshers’ flu kicks in (finger crossed), and the syllabus just “escalates quickly”. Fortunately, you will realise most of the ChemEng students are very friendly and open about their studies. Just go and ask a senior or your peers if you have any questions, and I am sure they will offer you a hand. All students will be allocated to a personal tutor group and an academic tutorial group. You would go to see your tutor once in two weeks, and the tutor would

be responsible for your learning progress, as well as your well-being at school. Academic tutorials will be available for all modules and attendance is taken. They are meant to assist you on understanding the lecture materials, as well as helping you on finishing the problem sheets for each module. They are more helpful than you think, so try not to miss your classes! ChemEng has quite an interesting system called Mastery. It takes out the most essential materials from the main modules, and Mastery sheets have to be completed regularly during the term. Also, students have to complete a mastery exam in May. The grade would not be counted towards the end of the year, but you have the pass it. The passing mark is 80%. Please do not panic yet - the materials are meant to be the basic part of the course, and if you have worked consistently in the year, it would not be a problem at all achieve a pass. Last but not least, ChemEng students do have a life (just so you know). I personally did not spend my whole year inside the library, and I still have time for clubs and societies, and some night life occasionally. I hope you would enjoy your university life at Imperial like I do! If you have further questions, I would be more than happy to help. (Facebook: Cannis Chan)

Civil Engineering Enoch Ho Welcome to the department of Civil Engineering. Imperial College provides one of the best programme 14 of civil engineering in the world. Although there are

lots of challenges waiting for you throughout the fouryear course, I am sure you will enjoy it and find it rewarding.


PASSTIMES August 2013

The course of Civil Engineering is comprehensive. The course not only covers the theories behind but also full of practical skills. There are opportunities for you to visit several construction sites. You also get to be creative and work as a team in two design weeks and learn to master a total station, which worth £10, 000, in a surveying week right after Easter.

to be handed in in second term.

In terms of coursework, you are not expected to hand in hundreds of lab reports or essays. However, in the first term, you need to hand in a technical report on a given topic. You will also get to learn and technical drawings on paper or using AutoCAD, which needs

As an Imperial students, you can get busy at times but if you listen and follow what the department asks you to do, there is nothing you need to worry about. Good luck and see you at Skempton Building soon!

In terms of exams, you do not have any in Christmas, but you have nine at the end of the year. If you attend most of the lectures and understand the theories behind, I am sure you have no problems to pass all of them.

Earth Science and Engineering Margret Kwok

‘Only one mark away from passing - that’s not too bad! Keep working on it and I’m sure you’ll do fine!’ Huh? This doesn’t sound like anything you would expect to hear from professors at Imperial. Well then, I now tell you that the Earth Science and Engineering Department is a bit --- different. Welcome to the department with the best student satisfaction. Here, you will find yourself taught by the most helpful and friendly staff, working with the craziest people and going onto the most exciting fieldtrips. Don’t worry if you haven’t studied geology before as the first year modules are set to provide everyone with a fair starting point. No matter which course you are in, all freshers learn the basics of geology, which includes minerals, rocks, the earth system, fossils, internal and surface processes, as well as some maths, chemistry, physics and programming. Our timetable is very regular, with lectures running 9-12 and 2-5 on most days. This schedule might look tough, but all lectures include practical sessions that

allow you to apply what you have learnt. Here’s a tip: the key to doing well is to simply attend all lectures and practicals, and don’t forget to bombard the teaching assistants and professors with questions. Fieldwork is a very important element of the course. All ESE year one students go on 3 fieldtrips: a taster trip to Leicestershire on the very first week of term, a 3-day short trip to Dorset in the spring term, and finally the real deal - a 2-week fieldtrip to Urra, Spain after exams in May. Be prepared to be challenged and worked to your limits in Spain. It is not uncommon to have to work till midnight in order to finish the assessed exercises or interpreting your own map after a solid 8 hours out in the field. However, you’ll definitely find the trip very useful and worthwhile when you look back. You’ll also be surprised at how much more you can learn in the field than in lecture halls. What’s more is that this fieldtrip is the perfect opportunity to get along with your coursemates, lecturers and teaching assistants. Welcome again to the best department ever! I guarantee you will have a very enjoyable year ahead!

Mathematics Ronald Yip Welcome to Imperial Maths! Be prepared for a yearlong journey of adversity as you grind your way through problem sets and study for those dreaded weekly tests. A word of warning: your ability will be stretched to the limit, and you will have to work hard to rewire your brain. You will need to think about maths in the same way as your brilliant, eccentric, affable lecturers. The first year consists of 8 modules, a computational mathematics course, and an individual poster project after your exams in mid-May. You will possess the freest schedule at Imperial, with only 13 timetabled hours of lectures per week. There are also problems classes and support sessions where you can seek help

with difficult questions you encounter. You can also choose to contact the individual lecturers during their office hour. In May, you will have all 8 exams in quick succession. As they are worth 90% of your grade, increase your survival chances by studying early and making the most of the available resources. It’s not all that gloomy: if you keep up with the lecture material, ask questions, and complete the problem sheets, you can look forward to a rewarding year. Good luck!

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PASSTIMES August 2013

Mechanical Engineering Christopher Yim Congratulations for getting into one of the best universities for studying Mechanical Engineering. No doubt you will be provided with finest education but with that comes a price. “Relax, take it easy, go party and enjoy the university life! First year of MechEng doesn’t count” That will be one of the many things that you will hear from.

more about the course. You will get seven subjects in total. There is a lecture for every subject and tutorial once a week. You will have a group project with the people in your tutor group to create a hovercraft. Additionally, you get labs where you try to apple what you learn in lecture likw theory in to real life applications.

Although it doesn’t count, I am sure you wan to know

Once again, Congratulations!

Physics Desmond Yuen It doesn’t feel long ago when I first stepped into the aged but comfy Blackett Laboratory where the Department of Physics of Imperial College is located. Being in one of the largest and most prestigious Physics Departments in the UK with an outstanding reputation for excellence in research and education, I am most proud of myself for managing to finish my first year here. It was busy and tiring, yet fruitful. All physics courses develop a broad competence and sets of skills in various aspects, including theoretical and practical physics, mathematics, programming and even chemistry. This lays a good foundation, and more importantly, variations for employment and career aspiration in the future. Regardless of the course title and years of study, all first-year freshers share the same syllabus and core modules. The only difference in between some of your courses is that if you are doing the “Physics with Theoretical Physics” course, you will have to take the “Mathematical Analysis” examination in late June while those doing “Physics” course are to complete an “Electronics” coursework by Easter. In a usual week for physicists, you are expected to attend approximately 12 hours of lectures, 6 hours of laboratory sessions and 3 hours of tutorial. If you are

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taking a course with a Year in Europe, some additional 4 hours of language lessons per week are to be taken up as well. As for workload, I personally don’t think it is ridiculously heavy and is completely bearable throughout the whole year. So no worries! Completing the weekly problem sheet (one per module per week) is also essential in order for you to keep up with the progress. Last but not least, first year in general is obviously the most enjoyable year as one wouldn’t have as much free time in later years. Therefore, I hope you all can strike a work-life balance (and the costly tuition fees do pay off). “It’s all about quality of life and finding a happy balance between work and friends and family.” – Philip Green


假設你是探險隊的一員 PASSTIMES August 2013

假設你是探險隊的一員 蘇建中 艾詩穎

佛大學的一場關於正義的演講 如一石激起千層浪,引起了社 會對道德和正義的激烈討論。只是, 道德和正義都只是一個虛無縹緲的概 念,每個人都有不同的詮釋。這些不 同的詮釋又會影響日程生活中所做的 抉擇。 以以下故事作為例子:十名探險隊的 隊員需要進入山洞進行勘察。當九名 隊員進入了以後,最後一名隊員被卡 在了山洞口,所有的隊員都無法離開 山洞。禍不單行,正值潮漲之時,外 面的潮水會慢慢把山洞淹沒。探險隊 擁有可以炸開山洞的炸藥,以犧牲卡 在洞口的隊員的生命來拯救餘下的隊 員。作為洞外的人,你會選擇炸死 他,然後讓其餘九名隊員逃生嗎?如 果你是九名隊員的一員呢?如果卡在 洞口的是你,你會犧牲自己成全其他 人嗎?如果在洞口的人是和你有關聯 的人,比如說你的摯愛、雙親,你的 選擇又會是什麼? 第一種情景和 ICPASS Discussion Forum 所提出的「火車問題」類 似,你只是一名局外人。事不關己的 情況下,相信大家都可以理性地分析 炸與不炸的後果。單以效益主義的角 度出發,不需要多餘的考慮。為了滿

足多數人的「快樂」,答案當然是 炸。若是將效益量化,以一換九也是 十分划算。這時,我相信很多人會大 義凜然地說,從大局出發,為了整個 團隊,還是要迫不得已地犧牲一個 人。可是,偏偏只要涉及到生死,我 們需要考慮的絕不能如此簡單。每一 個生命都是無價的,情感上,部分人 會認為剝奪一個人的生命是不允許 的,即使是為了拯救更多的人。但 是,不炸的代價卻是十個人同時喪命 於無情的潮水中。這種不涉及己身的 「倫理生死問題」的答案完全取決於 個人的價值觀和所在的立場,並不會 有絕對的對與錯。 現在考慮你不作為局外人的情景:你 或你的親友是洞內九名成員之一。此 時,你的價值觀或許會敗給你的私 心,因為你的選擇會直接影響到你或 是你親友的生死存亡,想到要保存自 己或親友的性命亦是無可厚非的。於 是,你或許會以效益論出發,犧牲一 人以拯救「大眾」。但是,若被卡在 洞口的是你,你還會堅持效益主義 嗎?抑或是,偉大的你會選擇犧牲小 我完成大我,以你一人之命換取九個 隊員的性命嗎?那麼,你失去生命得 到的獎勵便是英雄的名號。若洞口的 是你生命中最重要的人,情況會變

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假設你是探險隊的一員 PASSTIMES August 2013

得更為複雜。人是擁有多重人格:當 事情只牽涉自己時,內心深處的英雄 主義作祟,還是有可能選擇炸開洞口 的。但是,當牽涉的不是自己,而是 和自己有密切關聯的親朋好友時,感 性往往會佔上風。況且,選擇炸死親 友而落得「不孝、不忠、不義」的罪 名亦不是每個人都願意去擔當的。

測」,人類的行為學又豈能單以一、 兩個學說來作總結?不同的情景、涉 事人,甚至是當時的心情都有可能影 響選擇。可是,無論如何,所有的選 擇歸根究底還是基於個人的道德觀和 正義感。法律為道德和正義提供了基 石,而人在法律的限制中再建立自己 的一套道德正義論。

不少的學派也就這類問題提出了各種 分析來闡釋不同選擇背後的原因。在 這裏,我們將會討論功利主義。功利 主義(效益主義)是倫理學中的一個 理論,提倡人們追求「最大幸福」。 最大幸福值的計算是依靠行為所牽涉 每個個體的快樂和痛苦的總和。功利 主義的特別之處是在於她僅考慮一個 行為的結果對最大快樂值的影響,而 個人行為的動機與手段並不會被計算 在內。在現代社會,很多人聲稱自己 信奉功利主義,作為自己為錢為名而 不擇手段的藉口。有人為了牟取暴 利,而欺騙了無數的民眾。面對千夫 所指,還要理直氣壯:從功利主義 的角度出���,賺取的財富帶來了「快 樂」,何罪之有?可是,功利主義根 本不能應用於獨立個體上。選擇的依 據並不是按一個人的「快樂與痛苦」 ,而必須是一個整體,比如說一個國 家、一個團隊。

我們在人生中會面臨多不勝數的選 擇。成長的道路上所塑造的價值觀很 多時候會成為我們選擇的依據。不同 的背景、教育和生活經歷使我們每個 人都有一套獨特的價值觀。在現今社 會「人不為己,天誅地滅」的思想主 導下,「利」字當頭、罔顧了道德倫 理是那樣等閒。作為涉世未深的大學 生,我們雖然稚嫩,但那脫俗的價值 觀卻成了得天獨厚的優勢。我們慶幸 心裏還殘存着如童話般的英雄主義, 拒絕利益主義的主宰。那麼,當我們 學會了妥協、變得勢利、開始為了利 益而玩弄手段時,請不要忘記我們曾 經熱血地討論過正義和道德。

理論和學說總是假定了人的思想是簡 單、直接的。不過,常言道「人心難

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唐山大地震

唐山大地震 PASSTIMES August 2013

關博而 問世間情為何物

九七六年七月二十八 日,北京時間凌晨三時 四十二分五十三點八秒。 東經一百一十八點六度,北緯 三十九點六度。 一次威力堪比四百枚原子彈的 八級地震,一場人類史上難以 磨滅的天災。 廿四萬人蒙難;十六萬人重 傷。 唐山 ── 一個平平無奇的名字,一 個耳熟能詳的地方。為唐山帶來名 氣的並不是鬼斧神工的旅遊名勝, 更不是獨一無二的文化特產。一場 空前絕後的大地震令一個寂寂無名 的小鎮一夜之間成為全中國的焦 點。 事隔三十七年,唐山大地震至今仍 未淡出世人的視線。被所記住的, 不單是慘不忍睹的頹垣敗瓦。中國 人在地震中展現出的愛,更是震撼 人心。就讓我們在此細訴當年情。

骨肉情切 血濃於水 親情,是與生俱來的情感。「隨風 潛入夜,潤物細無聲」,由出生的 一刻開始,家人的愛川流不息,無

孔不入,正如杜甫筆下的春雨,悄 悄地滋潤我們的心田。一次災難、 一道難關並不足以撼動這種源自於 血脈的情感。 無情的地震,帶走了張家五姐弟的 雙親。尚未來得及為父母離世感到 驚恐,這最少八歲,最大亦不過十 六歲的一家人便要相依為命,互相 扶持,為日後的生活籌謀。 大姐鳳敏第一次生爐子,熏得淚 流滿面、嗆得咳嗽不止;小弟穿 上了花尼龍襪和那件他最喜愛的黃 格子上衣,就再也不肯脫掉,沾滿 了泥巴,蹭上了煤灰,也決不讓姐 姐去洗。鳳敏無可奈何,只得趁弟 弟熟睡的時候,把他的衣服一件件 洗淨,又一件件烤乾。;老二鳳霞 為給姐弟們領一份幼兒食品(雞蛋 卷)而去和有的大人爭吵;幾個姑 娘為縫一床褥子而發愁,一連折斷 了四根大針還把手指紮破。小妹鳳 琪有了病,怕姐姐為難,整整瞞了 一天,只是守在水缸邊不停地在那 兒喝涼水。病剛好,又去幫姐姐們 幹活。她揉麵,兩隻小手像細麻杆 似地插進麵團,好像一使勁就會折 斷。她刷碗,傷口還未癒合的十指 浸在涼水裏,疼得直抽涼氣。可是 當姐姐走來時,她反要做出若無其 事的樣子,細聲弱氣地安慰姐姐。 小皇帝學軍亦長大了,負責把配給

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唐山大地震 PASSTIMES August 2013

的蘿蔔領回來。 促使五姐弟成長的正正是五人之間觸 摸不到,又確實存在的連繫──親 情。大姐鳳敏出於對弟妺的疼愛,不 辭勞苦,把照顧家人的責任扛在那瘦 弱的肩頭,支撐一個家庭的艱辛。大 姐鳳敏無微不致的照料感動了弟妹, 一個個弱小的姑娘堅強地站起來,盡 自己所能,為姐弟,為家人出一分 力。連一向養尊處優的弟弟亦因而受 感染,為家庭撐起半邊天。儘管他們 偶有爭執,但他們心底的情感並未被 困境或憤怒遮蓋,更藉心中的愛,以 包容、體諒、尊重的態度解決問題。 這不正正符合《五論》中兄友弟恭的 融洽相處之道嗎? 無情的地震中的有情人還有老軍人劉 祜。他在地震前還與小女兒通電話, 答應把銀灰色的涼鞋送給愛美的她, 可是地震卻帶走了她的生命。而十年 來,老軍人也珍藏着這雙小涼鞋,每 天睹物思人。地域不是界限,時間不 是距離,只要心中有情,縱使陰陽永 訣,天人相隔,這份源自於血脈的情 感就不會變淡。  

夫妻情深 相濡以沫 現今重利的社會講求效率、成果,以 致「人不為己,天誅地滅」的觀念大 行其道。「一夜夫妻百夜恩」、「千 世修來共枕眠」等傳統觀念亦已日漸 式微。但在唐山的地震中,陳俊華夫 婦卻向世人展示何為夫妻的情義。

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在發生地震一刻,突如其來的震動令 屋子上的天花板傾塌了,紗門壓在他 們身上。為救家人,陳俊華不惜徒手 扯開紗窗鐵絲,滿手血如泉湧。在 黑暗中,帶着饑餓, 實在令人迷失方 向。妻子郝赤雲的身體每況愈下,更 令形勢雪上加霜。帶着堪稱為負累的 伴侶,陳俊華不僅沒有不辭而別,更 以身體保護弱不禁風的妻子。天無絕 人之路,他們在摸黑的環境下發現一 把菜刀。陳俊華拼命的四周砍劈,希 望闢出一條生路。雖然他們找不到出 路, 但一下又一下的砍擊聲, 帶領解放 軍找到他們的位置,終於在第三天把 他們成功救出。 相濡以沫,相信是陳俊華夫婦地下三 天的最佳寫照。面對逆境,他們沒有 獨善其身。對伴侶不離不棄,於危難 彼此扶持,正正是他們能堅持三日非 人生活的最大原因。愛,不需要花言 巧語,不需要巧言令色,更不需要諂 媚吹捧。陳俊華夫婦以行動,以生命 向世人訴說着彼此間濃得化不開的愛 意。

側隱之心 人皆有之 孟子所提倡的仁,其重點在於惻隱之 心,《論四端》更有「無惻隱之心, 非人也」的說法。無可否認,在物資 豐盛的社會,仗義疏財、樂善好施實 在平凡不過,人們亦已習以為常。錦 上添花易,雪中送炭難。唐山在遭逢 浩劫後,陷入缺衣少食的困境中。而 當地人民的義行實為人之楷模。


唐山大地震 PASSTIMES August 2013

一名囚犯為膀胱被壓傷、需要導尿 的看守所的副所長,一口一口地吸 吮血尿。整整一天,刺刀下的救險 隊伍沒有一刻停歇,只是默默的 幹。直到黑夜,唐山事公安局決定 把犯人押解到外地去時,竟然沒有 犯人逃走。部分罪犯更主動提出參 與救援工作,不是圖謀減刑,只為 救助傷者。可見雖然犯人曾經誤入 歧途,但良心未泯。囚犯和任何人 的人都應得到公平的對待及尊重, 或許他們曾被罪惡所蒙蔽,但經過 這地震後,藏在囚犯們心底的善念 亦充分表露出來。另外,盲人們到 救災部隊中吃飯,救濟部隊遇到 缺糧困難,盲人不願意吃了。軍官 說:「嗨!我們就是不吃,也不能 讓你們餓着!」連一位小伙子得悉 盲人、精神病人被分配較少的食物 時,都仗義出頭,將那不公平的飯 票撕爛,把好的飯菜都拿出來給病 者食用。如此情操,可昭日月。 路見不平、拔刀相助一直是中國人 的優良傳統。在大是大非前,中國 人都懂得團結一致,安內攘外。唐 山大地震正好體現人皆有之的惻隱 之心。

「本」性暴露 事急從權   

《唐山大地震》中以「罪惡能釋 放」形容地震後的一連串社會問 題,更有人指中國人本性難移。的 確,中國人的本性確實難移,但本 性所指的,並不是一般人口中的「 劣根性」,而是重情的天性。

搶劫固然不是文明或合法的表現, 但搶劫的動機則能大大地人們改變 事情的評價。災民搶劫糧食不是為 滿足個人的口腹之欲,而是為行動 不便的傷者討來半頓溫飽。人民搶 奪推車不是為囤積居奇,而是為了 送傷者接受治療。可循環再用的物 資更會在「借用」後歸還。「非常 事用非常法」,危難當前,為親 情、友情、愛情,甚至惻隱之情, 眾人「以身試法」實為權宜之計。 事急從權,實屬無可厚非。

情為何物 問世間情為何物? 多少人窮其一生追逐一個情字,但 又有多少人能參透「情」這一個 字? 作為中國人的文化基礎、精神支 柱,情是一種「說不清,道不明」 的概念,不講究精密的演算,不需 要嚴謹的論證。它是由心出發,發 自靈魂的一種感覺。個人際遇的差 別或許會造成各人對「情」的理解 上的分岐。基於個人認知的差異, 各人對「情」的體現也許會是各適 其適,不盡相同。 問世間情為何物? 情,不需要一個標準答案,因為每 個人都會盡心地守護自己心中那一 份屬於自己寶貴的情。

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Oxford MLC PASSTIMES August 2013

Oxford MLC 陳穎彤

年二月,ICPASS有多位成員出席了 Oxford PASS的模擬立法會 (Mock Legislative Council),對此我感受甚深。 當天的需要“決議”的議案為全民退保和 保監會的成立。雖然自己以往有類似經 驗,但今次發言時的確稍感力不從心。在 場的人大部分都是文科生,對我們當日議 論的題目游刃有餘。幸好,當時我剛好在 讀Justice by Michael Sandel, 還能因 循看過的少許資料在政治倫理學上說上幾 句。但是,這個環節,已經完全顯露了我 們工程學生的弱點 - 對通識沒有足夠的認 識。 氣氛在“二讀”時轉趨激烈。各方在較微 細的字眼上執著,令討論更艱深,更容易 脫節。所謂“魔鬼在細節”,以前從來沒 有注意到一兩個字眼的轉換,已經可以令 整個政策的性質有所改變。所以,議員和 決策者若要為人民謀福利,其實應該在議 事堂上為市民發聲,在細節上執著,才能 為市民帶來更好的方案。 所以,最近泛民為了跟激進民主派“拉 布”劃清界限,竟然取消所有對財政預算 案的修訂辯論,實在令人費解,亦是不負 責任之舉。我們在後來的辯論轉入了死胡 同,多番要主席提醒我們的討論重點,證 明了議事的困難和冗長。這個活動的確大 大加深了我對立法會事務的認識。 在活動尾聲,我們有幸能夠聽到黎恩灝先 生(前民陣召集人)對香港政制發展的一 些看法。他提出了多個論點,無論大家政 見如何,都是很有意思的分享:

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1) 香港人缺乏政治願景 黎先生指出,香港人對於未來的願景只 是經濟好和適度的自由,其他都一概沒 有什麼追求。例如,當時03年轟動的七 一遊行,當時最大的訴求是反對23條及 董建華下台,而對於要求實踐民主,都只 是限於知識份子的論述。我都算是頗關心 社會,但當自問對香港將來的政制有什麼 希望,我卻答不上來。如果現在一下子就 有民主,我會希望是何俊仁當特首嗎?其 實我真的不知道誰能夠有力的代表我的聲 音。有時候很多人知道大家最終的目標是 民主,但究竟如何達致西方理想中的”民 主”,卻感到很迷茫。最近,香港大學法 律學院教授戴耀廷提出”佔領中環“的公 民抗命,以爭取普選。究竟最後成效如 何,還看未來局勢發展。 2) 泛民宗旨 黎先生亦提到,泛民多年來爭取民主的口 號都是“抗共”,“民主 = 民生”。我覺 得共產黨的確有其問題,但觀其第二點, 其實已經有明顯漏洞。香港黃金年代為八 十年代,當時我們仍是英屬殖民地,沒有 民主,但民生明顯比現在要好。泰國也有 民主,但民生如何?新加坡不算真正的民 主,但民生如何?如果我們爭取民主只是 為了短視利益,根本不能喚醒大部份的香 港人。很多面提到香港人都覺得只要生活 好,就可以忽略了這些根本的普世價值, 也是香港民主發展的絆腳石。 3)社運沒有連貫性 黎先生多次提到台灣的民主路是由多方帶


Oxford MLC PASSTIMES August 2013

起,包括學生,學界和知識分子。我也有 跟友人去反國教集會,但我們當時都很驚 訝運動一下子就銷聲匿跡,然後就沒有後 繼的運動再能夠帶起香港人。現在我們的 社會運動都是針對性的,議題主導的;但 對於持續爭取民主,我們卻只能夠在每年 64 71集會出現標語,難以帶起人民的決 心。 4) 政治哲學 黎先生也帶出政治哲學的重要性,但這樣 冷門的科目在香港實在缺乏討論。我個人 覺得政治哲學能夠給自己一個機會,去思 索一些在日常生活習以為常的事。例如, 我們在社會應該負上幾多責任,社會和政 府有多少責任幫助弱勢社群,為什麼富 人要比窮人多交稅?這些都是很難量化界 定,但我們在生活中必須面對的問題。 5)政府方向過於功利 黎先生提到2010反高鐵運動。當時我沒有 很認真的對待那些新聞,只是覺得高鐵為 香港帶來很多商機,而且運動予人感覺只 是斟酌於造價,其實稍稍感到不以為然。 但黎先生在開首就帶出菜園村抗爭的癥 結,其實不是在於錢/賠償,而是政府的 施政方針出了重大的問題。首先,為什麼 我們的施政會以經濟利益為首?我們是否 每一次都要用經濟效益的理由,而扼殺少 數人的利益?大家都知道,世界上有很多 東西並非錢能夠彌補,例如是對自己家的 感情(菜園村)。 很多人覺得現今香港人短視功利,但社會 的大環境如此,大家又能做多少去改變這 個根深蒂固的制度?

識所以我不會投票”之類的宣言,的確令 人咋舌。OxfordPASS President在當天亦 有提過,我們作為知識份子,對社會應該 更有承擔。政治並不會因為你討厭,你不 喜歡,或是你不理會而離開你;相反,政 治根本是處處可見,小至幾個人的權力鬥 爭,到全球的各國關係制衡,無處不在。 於一間理工大學就讀,已經無形間減少了 對時事的接觸,若果我們自己也不主動的 看多一些,讀多一點,很容易與社會脫 節。 有些人可能說,留學生沒有足夠渠道接觸 香港時事。其實,facebook上有很多有 遠見的網民,作家在上面寫評論。嘗試把 自己的眼光放開一點,或許你會發現自己 的世界比想像之中大得多。 最後,我很感謝OxfordPASS 舉辦這個活 動,為我們對公共事務Public affairs有少 許看法的人提供一個平台抒發己見。 由今天開始,給予自己一個重新認識政治 社會的機會,或許你會發現新天地。

我在IC遇上很多聰明絕頂的學生,但偏偏 我聽過“我政治冷感”,”我對政治毫無認

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Passtimes August 2013