Page 1









table of contents

introduction 4 RDA Europe: Community-led collaboration activities in the new RDA


Promote data sharing to advance global research say policy leaders


RDA Europe Scientific Meeting in January 2014 11 RDA Second Plenary 13 RDA on Tour 15 rda EUROPE forum members 16 RDA Third Plenary Meeting 17 RDA - Are you a member? 18 rda europe partners: the european plug-in into rda


RDA magazine • 4


The Research Data Alliance is building the social and technical bridges that enable open sharing of data

Cross-border & cross-disciplinary challenges The current global research data landscape is highly fragmented, by disciplines or by domains, from oceanography, life sciences and health, to agriculture, space and climate. When it comes to cross-disciplinary activities, the notions of “building blocks” of common data infrastructures and building specific “data bridges” are becoming accepted metaphors for approaching the data complexity and enable data sharing. The Research Data Alliance enables data to be shared across barriers through focused Working Groups and Interest Groups, formed of experts from around the world – from academia, industry and government. Participation in RDA is open to anyone who agrees to its guiding principles ( of openness, consensus, balance, harmonisation, community driven and nonprofit approach. It was started in 2013 by a core group of interested agencies – the European Commission, the US National Science Foundation and National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the Australian Government’s Department of Innovation. Other agencies, countries, companies, associations and institutes are due to join. RDA also has a broad, committed membership of individuals – now more than 1300 from 55 countries since RDA was launched in March 2013 - dedicated to improving data exchange.

Among the problems RDA is tackling:x • What kind of infrastructure is needed to handle this data-rich science? • How do you find the right data in the right lab that you need quickly? • How do you manage permission, privacy and proper access to the data? • What new software tools are needed to analyse all this data? • How can we improve the use of computer simulation in science? • How do you ensure the scientific data don’t get lost or corrupted? • How can you partner with the best in the world, wherever they are, on data wherever it is?

Researchers and innovators openly share data across technologies, disciplines, and countries to address the grand challenges of society

RDA magazine • 5

RDA magazine • 6

lRob Baxter, EPCC, the University of Edinburgh

RDA Europe: Community-led collaboration activities in the new RDA RDA Europe has always had a strong research-community focus, and this is reflected in our current activities at RDA


DA Europe has always had a strong researchcommunity focus, and this is reflected in our current activities at RDA. Originally RDA Europe was built on the pillars of three research communities – astronomy, Earth sciences and chemical safety – complemented by an underpinning activity in data and publications linkage. In many ways RDA Europe provides a genuine vehicle for scientists to use to engage in the RDA process. Our goal is to support scientists in seeking and realising solutions to their increasingly complex data management problems.

we have been reorganising the old iCORDI project into the new RDA Europe, and aligning ourselves fully with the aims and goals of the Research Data Alliance One of RDA’s strategies is to highlight and promote existing best practice in data handling among scientific communities, both generally and through specific working groups such as Community Capability Modelling.



The International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA1) has been around for over ten years now. It is a worldwide alliance of the national projects which develop the astronomical Virtual Observatory (VO); at the international level it coordinates and supervises the production of the interoperability standards which constitute the VO framework. As such, the IVOA is among today’s most advanced global scientific collaborations. RDA Europe’s Françoise Genova, director of the astronomical data centre at the University of Strasbourg, vice-chair of the scientific committee of ICSU’s World Data System2 and interim member of the RDA’s Technical Advisory Board, is championing the experiences of IVOA within RDA. The lessons learned by IVOA in their evolution – an evolution not without its hurdles and false starts! – could prove invaluable for RDA in its early days in attempting to bring a global perspective to the sharing of research data. Our work with the astronomy community exemplifies RDA Europe’s goal to help create bridges between coalface researchers and data management practitioners, and between the fledgling RDA and existing scientific data



initiatives such as those under the ICSU banner. Another good example of our work with an existing community can be found in RDA Europe support for the new Marine Data Harmonisation (MDH) interest group. RDA Europe began with a wide range of activities under the broad umbrella of Earth science, and a number of these have come together to support the ocean science community. Within the context of the MDH group we are currently working with the Ocean Data Interoperability Platform (ODIP3) and the COOPEUS initiative4 to find agreement on data interoperability for a number of different Earth science communities spanning the EU and US, through a combination of best-practice dissemination and support for actual experimental prototypes. The RDA Community Capability Model working group collects, validates and publishes a range of data-centric “capability profiles” to enhance inter- and intra-domain interoperability and catalyse RDA data-sharing goals. Our work with three other groups of Earth scientists – the European Plate Observing System (EPOS5) and EarthCube6 and GeoBrain7 in the US – hopes to be able to produce one of the first community capability models to be captured and described by the RDA Working Group. As well as assisting in the capability evaluation exercise, RDA Europe is also working on an experimental interoperability prototype between EPOS and GeoBrain to enable the sharing of US and EU geospatial data over the same technological mechanisms. RDA Europe’s strong emphasis on Earth sciences also fits neatly into the early work of the RDA Engagement Group. The aim of the Engagement Group is to draw researchers into the RDA process and help steer it through the creation of effective methods, demonstrations and compelling science-led use cases, with a first focus on Earth sciences. We are currently helping the ODIP, COOPEUS and DRIHM consortia

develop their user stories through the Engagement Group process. DRIHM – the Distributed Research Infrastructure for Hydro-meteorology – a European consortium, has recently connected with partners in the US under the DRIHM2US programme8. Our hope is that RDA, and RDA Europe in particular, can provide real assistance to DRIHM2US in their early explorations of international data interoperability.

The RDA Community Capability Model working group collects, validates and publishes a range of data-centric “capability profiles” to enhance interand intra-domain interoperability and catalyse RDA data-sharing goals The third research-specific domain in RDA Europe – toxicogenomics or chemical safety – has already spawned a new interest group at the main forum. The Toxicogenomics Interoperability Interest Group is the direct result of an RDA Europe workshop held in June this year between European researchers in chemical safety – notably the diXa consortium9 – and their US counterparts in the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences10. The group has established itself over the summer with a case statement and concrete plans for upcoming interoperability experiments, all facilitated by RDA Europe. The group will be launched formally at the Second RDA Plenary meeting in Washington, DC in September. Work in the cross-discipline RDA Europe theme area of data and publications linkage is currently focused on two RDA groups. The Data Citation group aims to bring together a group of experts to discuss the issues, requirements, advantages and shortcomings of existing approaches









RDA magazine • 7

for efficiently citing subsets of data. In this context, RDA Europe is working on an interoperability prototype called Data Searchery. This tool enables RDA Europe partners from OpenAIRE11 and EUDAT12 to create and perform proofof-concept experiments in key topics in the area of publication and data linking. These experiments will form the bases of the Data Citation working group’s prototypes and reference implementations. The first version of Data Searchery has already been completed, connecting new data sources at the Max Planck Digital Library with the existing OpenAIRE infrastructure. The second data/publications linking activity centres around intellectual property and the legal frameworks – or lack thereof – for world-wide data sharing. The Legal Interoperability group at RDA has been heavily supported in its genesis by RDA Europe, and we continue to play a strong role in its development. While creating an international legal framework for data sharing in the next 12-18 months would be nice, the group recognises that progress will not be quite as rapid as that; the group’s first task will be to four case studies and establish best practices through which legal interoperability if research data can be achieved and adopted by stakeholders. The broader, cross-disciplinary theme of data/ publications linkage suggests possible ways for RDA Europe’s community-led collaborations to develop in the future. While RDA has successfully attracted both domain scientists and informaticians over the last twelve months, there is still a significant job to be done in bringing these two sides of modern science together into deep and lasting collaboration. RDA Europe intends to play its part in building these bridges and laying the foundations for a future of research data sharing without barriers.

lRichard L. Hudson, Science | Business, CEO & Editor

RDA magazine • 8

Promote data sharing to advance global research say policy leaders EU and US experts see big benefits from scientists sharing more data - but say global agreement on privacy, literacy and other issues is needed Washington, DC


eading American and European policy makers said greater international collaboration is needed so scientists can share more research data to solve climate, healthcare, economic and other challenges facing the globe. “An international problem requires an international solution,” said Rep. Dan Lipinski, the ranking Democrat

on the US House Subcommittee on Research. Speaking at a conference in July on US-EU trade policy, Lipinski said, “All trends point to greater access to scientific data” to advance global research faster. “These are big issues that are best dealt with together.” “Within the transatlantic partnership it seems to me this will be an opportunity for scientific collaboration,”

RDA magazine • 9

agreed Malcolm Harbour, a British Member of the European Parliament who is chairman of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Affairs. While ensuring safeguards for data privacy, he said, “We should encourage the expert groups we set up, and the interoperability tools for the Internet, and get on with it.” The legislators were speaking at a panel discussion in Washington about international collaboration in scientific data - and the work of a new international organisation, the Research Data Alliance. The RDA was launched in 2013 by the US, EU and Australian governments as a coordinating body to identify and remove technical barriers to effective sharing of scientific data across the globe and across scientific disciplines. The RDA has opened membership to a wide range of technical experts in industry, academia and policy, and now has more than 1300 members from 55 countries.

RDA magazine • 10

factors - “a socio-cultural health problem.” To tackle it,

said, global health researchers would need access Optatiasperum dolestshefugit, con porias to many local databases of air quality, health services de vollupta dolest or patient profiles - but that’s not possible today.

Counting the benefits Economic stimulus is among the potential benefits. “We are on the cusp of a tremendous wave of innovation, productivity and growth - all driven by big data,” said Francine Berman, a Professor at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a member of the governing RDA Council, speaking at the conference, which was organised by the Transatlantic Policy Network and Science|Business. As an example, she cited a recent study finding that, “Strategic use of this data infrastructure can create $300 billion (in economic output) in the healthcare sector annually in the US. Data is needed for both big ideas, and business.” A range of scientific and social problems could be tackled more efficiently if researchers could find and use each others’ data. For instance, Berman said, asthma currently affects 300 million people around the world - one in 12 in the US, incurring $56 billion in medical costs. It’s a complex disease affected by many

“Data infrastructure is needed to help us combine this data. We need interoperability frameworks. We need a common policy to help guide us when patient information is involved. This is a global issue,” Berman said.

A range of scientific and social problems could be tackled more efficiently if researchers could find and use each others’ data Tracking and preventing wildfires is another area of potential data collaboration, said Ross Wilkinson, Executive Director of the Australian National Data Service and an RDA Council member. The cost of wildfires, especially in built-up areas, is high around the world; and, he said, it would be “nice to understand how we can live safely in an environment where fire is a threat.” But that would require shared knowledge of soil quality, water resources, population distribution and other factors, and “There is not a particular scientific discipline you can go to, to answer the question.” Enabling greater sharing of databases, across disciplines and borders, would help.

Enabling greater sharing of databases, across disciplines and borders, would help Other fields that would benefit from more data sharing include astronomy, linguistics, oceanography, climate research and more, the panellists said. “The impact of scientific data has gone viral; it covers all areas of investigation,” said John Wood, another RDA Council Member and Secretary-General of the Association of

Commonwealth Universities. “We are talking about the free market of scientific data.”

Meeting the challenges But global cooperation is needed to address several challenges. Most important, several said, is agreeing on ways to permit scientific sharing without compromising individual data privacy. “Politically,” said Harbour, “We do have to deal with the sensitivities of citizens on data and data management. When data is prepared for health purposes, we need to give confidence” that personal information is safe. Wood agreed, saying, “I think the big issue is about trust.” Another challenge is data literacy, said Berman. “With the rising amount of data, it isn’t just bits; we need to understand those bits in context - to figure out what’s good and bad, what’s credible and not. Having a sophisticated citizenry that can understand what data means is tremendously important.” But as Wilkinson noted, “We don’t have much idea yet how to develop a data-literate society. It’s likely the biggest cost of all” for governments to handle. Another problem is convincing policy makers that this matters. This field could be, “The future biggest engine for growth,” said Edit Herczog, a Hungarian Member of the European Parliament. Its economic importance needs to be conveyed to lawmakers around the world. “You need to speak a language the policy makers speak: How many jobs, not just the plumbing and data.”

There are also many technical challenges. These include agreeing on international standards for identifiers, so data can be labelled uniquely

There are also many technical challenges. These include agreeing on international standards for identifiers, so data can be labelled uniquely; on global registries that point to the data; on intellectual property protection, data storage and much more.

Bringing communities together As Laurence Lannom, Director of Information Services and Vice President of the Corporation for National Research Initiatives told the meeting, “Strings of numbers without context are meaningless. You need to understand how the numbers are organised, what instrument was used. You have to have a way to put these together without confusing or misrepresenting and in a way that the machines can understand.” This isn’t a novel problem, he pointed out, “The reason there is a global telephone system is not because there’s a global company, but because various telephone companies have figured out a way to talk together. In the Internet, there are lots of computer networks but they don’t talk to each other.” RDA is working to solve that problem. “The world is interconnected,” Lannom said. “The more we learn, the more connected things appear. That adds difficulty because different scientific communities have different languages, different practices. What RDA needs to do is bring disparate communities together.” source:

RDA magazine • 11

RDA magazine • 12

RDA Europe Scientific Meeting in January 2014 In the beginning of 2014 RDA Europe will organize a small-scale, high impact, science workshop at the MPG facilities in Munich.


DA Europe’s objective is to get excellent dataoriented scientists together who have an interest to facilitate data-sharing and exchange through the sharing of experiences, common gaps, practical solutions, and future vision. We hope that by bringing together these top-scientists we can identify crucial aspects that hamper data-sharing and priorities that need to be tackled in RDA and thus push interoperability significantly forward.

RDA Europe’s objective is to get excellent data-oriented scientists together who have an interest to facilitate datasharing and exchange through the sharing of experiences, common gaps, practical solutions, and future vision RDA Working groups The driving seat for overcoming the many barriers in making (scientific) data much more sharable and interoperable are the experts who are collecting data from various sources already now to make it ready for advanced scientific analysis tackling the grand challenges of today. RDA wants them to create working and interest groups or join existing ones. Working Groups should tangibly accelerate progress in concrete ways for specific communities with the overarching goal of increasing data-driven innovation. Working Group (WG) efforts are intended to promote

data sharing and exchange, interoperability, data use and re-use, data discoverability and analysis, data stewardship and preservation, and best practice for substantive communities and need to be devoted to achieve certain concrete goals within a limited lifetime of about 18 months. Often communities need to work together for a while to define the specific implementable activities that are required to form a WG. RDA has developed a process that enables groups of researchers and data scientists to define common issues and interests through longer-term Interest Groups (IGs). Currently RDA includes 9 WGs and 17 IGs working on a variety of concrete topics forming barriers. In some cases these groups are collaborating intensively with groups in comparable initiatives such as IETF, CODATA, WDS, W3C, etc. Where possible RDA will look for a close interaction with such worldwide initiatives and build on what they have done already.

Often communities need to work together for a while to define the specific implementable activities that are required to form a WG

RDA Europe has been active in proposing new working groups in the RDA that support communities or general efforts. Furthermore we have been active in most working

groups. It is worth it to mention that all RDA working and interest groups have a strong European presence. Community Capability Model WG • The RDA Community Capability Model (CCM) Working Group (WG) collects, validates and publishes a range of data-centric “capability profiles” to enhance inter- and intra-domain interoperability and catalyse RDA data-sharing goals. Data Citation WG • The RDA Working Group on Data Citation (WG-DC) aims to bring together agroup of experts to discuss the issues, requirements, advantages and shortcomings of existing approaches for efficiently citing subsets of data. The WG-DC focuses on a narrow field where we can contribute significantly and provide prototypes and reference implementations. Data Foundation and Terminology WG • The Data Foundation and Terminology Working Group describes a basic abstract data organization model which can be used to derive a reference data terminology that can be used across communities and stakeholders to better synchronize conceptualization, enable better understanding within and between communities and stimulate tool building.

Data Type Registries WG • The Data Type Registries Working Group will compile a set of use cases for data type use and management. It will identify and distinguish among existing ‘type registry’ efforts and their potential interaction with this group and formulate a data model and expression for types. It will also design a functional specification for type registries and propose a federation strategy among multiple type registries at both technical and organizational levels.

Metadata Standards Directory Working Group • “The RDA Metadata Standards Directory Working Group is supported by individuals and organizations involved in the development, implementation, and use of metadata for scientific data. The overriding goal of this WG is to develop a collaborative, open directory of metadata standards applicable to scientific data can help address infrastructure challenges.”

PID Information Types WG • This Working Group focuses on cross-community concerns regarding Persistent Identifiers which are the core of proper data management and access.

Practical Policy WG • The Practical Policy Working Group will assemble a collection of production and research policies, analyze the submitted policies to identify best practices, and promote the formation of policy-based data management systems. Categories of computer actionable policies will be defined to simplify policybased interoperability, with the goal of identifying a minimal desired set for policies for each category that can be used as a starter kit.

Standardisation of Data Categories and Codes WG • Working Group on Standardisation of data categories and codes, working specifically with the ISO 639. The outputs of this Working Group will assist with greater data sharing, data discovery, and interoperability of repositories/ archives.

Wheat Data Interoperability • The Wheat Data Interoperability Working Group aims to provide a common framework for describing, representing linking and publishing Wheat data with respect to open standards.

RDA magazine • 13

RDA magazine • 14

RDa Second Plenary September 16-18, 2013, Washington DC, USA


ata sharing offers important benefits for scientific progress and advancement of knowledge. However, several limitations and barriers in the general adoption of data sharing are still in place. Probably the most important challenge is that data sharing is not yet very common among scholars and is not yet seen as a regular activity among scientists, although important efforts are being invested in promoting data sharing. 368 scientists, research data infrastructure providers, research data practitioners, policy-makers and research data stakeholders from 22 countries attended the RDA second plenary meeting which took place from 16th to 18th September 2013 in the esteemed National Academy of Sciences and Mariott Hotel in Washington DC, US. The meeting has provided existing, new and aspiring RDA community members with an opportunity to

conduct business and make progress on their plans and deliverables. The plenary was organised as a forum to demonstrate the value of RDA and to receive feedback from the broader research and policy communities. The meeting has provided existing, new and aspiring RDA community members with an opportunity to conduct business and make progress on their plans and deliverables RDA members and plenary participants were provided with updates on both the governing and technical (Working & Interest Groups) activities since March 2013 (RDA Launch). RDA leveraged on the plenary to continue to define and build relationships with initiatives and organizations that share the same vision and can mutually benefit from engaging with each other.

The first day plenary session started with a welcome and opening keynote by Farnam Jahanian NSF Assistant Director for the Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate, Co-chair RDA and Chair of RDA-US. Plenary sessions during the event included Keynotes from internationally renowned visionaries, including the US Government, reports from currently

active working and Interest Groups, a forum for affiliate organizations, and general RDA business meetings. All this coupled with parallel breakout sessions for the Working and Interest Groups, other ad-hoc groups and a dedicated session for RDA newcomers on how to get involved, propose new working or interest groups and interact with the RDA members.

RDA magazine • 15

RDA magazine • 16

RDA on Tour

RDA Europe Forum members

The Research Data Alliance (RDA) was launched at the RDA First Plenary meeting in March 2013 in Gothenburg, Sweden. It was followed by the RDA Second Plenary meeting in September 2013 at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC, US.


he RDA Europe Forum brings together 11 experts, chaired by John Wood, RDA Council & Secretary General Association of Commonwealth Universities, that will help policy makers define strategic plans and provide input to the Research Data Alliance (RDA) process. For this purpose it will define recommendations to foster the convergence of data integration, interoperability and infrastructures. Members are strategic-thinking technologists and policy makers bringing deep insights into the emerging landscape:

» Paul Ayris, Director of UCL Library Services and UCL Copyright Officer; President of LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries); Chair of the LERU community of Chief Information Officers (League of European Research Universities)

» Peter Linton, European Internet Foundation (EIF) Advisor

» Norbert Lossau, Vice-President Infrastructures, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

» Marja Makarow, Academy of Finland’s Vice President for Research

» Jens Vigen, Head of the CERN Scientific Information Service


he RDA Third Plenary will take place on 26-28 March, in Dublin, Ireland. The Plenaries are the main forums for RDA. At these meetings scientists, research data infrastructure providers, research data practitioners, policy-makers and research data stakeholders from all over the world gather together to discuss and conduct business and make progress on their plans and deliverables. Before the RDA Third Plenary, there will be the RDA Council on 10-11 December 2013 in London, UK and the RDA Europe Science Workshop in February 2014 in Münich, Germany. RDA Fourth Plenary will be in the Netherlands in September 2014.

Some of other the forthcoming events RDA will take part to:

» Paul Boyle, ESRC Chief Executive, RCUK International Champion and President of Science Europe » Martin Vingron, Managing Director Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin

• G8+05 data group meeting on 12 December in London, UK • ICRI 2014 conference on 2-4 April in Athens, Greece • European Data Forum conference 19-20 March 2014, Athens, Greece

» Donatella Castelli, Senior Researcher,”Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie della Informazione, “A. Faedo” of the National Council of Research of Italy

» Norman Wiseman, Head of Services and Acting Head of Innovation, JISC

• EGI CF 2014 conference 19-21 May, Helsinki, Finland

» Sandra Collins, Director of the Digital Repository of Ireland (DRI)

» John Wood CBE FREng, Secretary General, The Association of Commonwealth Universities

RDA magazine • 17

RDA magazine • 18

RDA Third Plenary Meeting

RDA - Are you a member?

26 to 28 March 2014, Croke Park Conference Centre, Dublin, Ireland


The Data Sharing Community: Playing YOUR part


ata is the very foundation of research, and each year the quantity and velocity of data produced increases. Sharing of research data has the potential to revolutionise the way research is conducted by accelerating discovery and improving society - but sharing research data globally is challenging. The RDA (Research Data Alliance) is now one year old: it is a global, grass-roots organisation dedicated to developing the tools, infrastructure, services, standards and practices that the research community requires to share and exchange its data treasures. All parts of the research community are involved, from agriculture to particle physics, from humanities to bioinformatics. All parts of the data lifecycle are addressed from foundational data terminology to data publication and re-use. The third RDA plenary meeting, taking place in Dublin (Ireland) from 26 to 28 March 2014, is focused on harnessing global partnerships built in the data sharing community through the RDA’s activities to date, combining these with existing infrastructure and best practices across the data sharing community, and enabling the community to drive forward the changes needed for global data exchange. This plenary meeting is about exploiting RDA’s work to date to its full potential. MORE INFO:

Co-organised by:

DA pulls together experts from across the world – in universities, companies and government agencies – to build the infrastructure needed to use and share data. It invites researchers, scientists, data practitioners and other interested stakeholders from around the world to work together to achieve the RDA vision.

How does RDA work?

supported by:

The Research Data Alliance enables data to be shared across barriers through focused Working Groups and Interest Groups, formed by experts from around the world – from academia, industry and government. Participation in the RDA is open to anyone who agrees to its guiding principles ( getinvolved.html) of openness, consensus, balance, harmonisation, community driven and non-profit approach. Become an RDA member by registering on the RDA web platform - -

Organizational Members critical to the success of RDA Organisations, data initiatives will be instrumental in developing and implementing global exchange systems. Organizational members of RDA will be seen as pioneers in realizing full value from research data; they will exercise considerable influence in the development of standards for data exchange and will provide valuable insights to the entire range of RDA activity. RDA’s organizational members will be regularly briefed on developments in data interoperability and will have equally regular opportunity to provide feedback on activity and suggestions on next steps.

Organizations that join RDA recognize their future health and growth is dependent on realizing value from research data. They are organizations that recognize the insights that will determine their futures may well come from data created outside their organizations. Because their “genius” is unlocking value, organizations that join RDA recognize systems that enable free trade in data are critical to their future and that of their competitors, collaborators, and societies. Unlocking value from research data is the key competitive advantage in the 21st century. RDA and its members are at the heart of building a new economic model.

Membership Benefits • Engage with the working groups of RDA • Recognition on the RDA Website and at RDA Meetings as a leader in world data interoperability • Become a voice for RDA and data interoperability in your sectors, your markets, your geographies • Have a voice at RDA with advice and counsel on the needs of your sectors and the real problems faced in data exchange • Have the opportunity to act as beta-sites for newly developed standards and protocols • Receive regular briefings on the progress of RDA’s work APPLY NOW!

RDA magazine • 20

rda europe partners: the european plug-in into rda CSC, Finnish IT Center for Science

Association of Commonwealth Universities

Athena Research & Innovation Centre


CNR, National Research Council of Italy

Centre National de la Recerche Scientifique (CNRS)

EPCC, University of Edinburgh

Maastricht University

Max Planck Society

Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)

Trust-IT Services Ltd

Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC)

RDA Europe (312424) is a Coordination and Support action funded by the European Commission under the 7th Framework Programme (FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES-2012-1) - Project started 1st of September 2012

Rda Europe Magazine 2013  
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you