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CRITICAL TOOLS FOR REFLECTION AND SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION

COLLECTIVE MAPPING DEEPENING THE UNDERSTANDING OF LAND AND TERRITORY ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

www.iconoclasistas.com.ar


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WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO WORK WITH CARTOGRAPHIES? !

Cartographical representations constructed by hegemonic powers privilege (by size and location) dominant forces by positioning them as privileged centers of knowledge, power, development, and production over occupied territories. In this way, an imaginary is imposed and difused where other countries are considered underdeveloped and therefore should be subordinated. Our representations of the world are extremely important when defining a critical position in respect to it. Reflecting about our territory and forming new perceptions is essential as we organize ourselves and think through tools of social transformation. ! !

ÂżSouth America is the same as Greenland? (1)! (1)!

! ! (2)! (2)!

! ! ! Mercator Projection!

! ! ! Peters Projection!

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The World Map we see to the left is the one which usually appears in school textbooks and massively distributed atlases. It was carried out by a European over 400 years ago and had much success in colonial times, as it places europe in a central position. In this projection the size of Greenland (1) is almost the same as South America (2), but if we compare the surface occupied we see that Greenland is 2.166.086Km2 and South America goes up to 17.819.100 Km2, that’s to say, approximately 8 times larger. Another way of representing the world gives us the geographical projection we see on the right, published for the first time in the middle of the 19th Century and much less popular in the centers of power, since it constructs surfaces closer to the actual size. These distinct forms of representation constitute a clear example of the conditioning imposed by a eurocentric view of the world. ! ! ! !

Collective Mapping/!!!iconoclasistas!!!2!


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WHAT ARE THEY FOR? Mapmaking! works! to! sharpen! the! work! and! collective! reflection! when! thinking! about! our! territory.!A!map!gives!us!the!possibility!of!taking!a!step!back,!of!imagining!a!bird’s!eye!view!that! facilitates! our! deciphering! the! conections! between! diverse! problematics! with! the! goal! of! questioning!and!elaborating!alternatives!of!resistence,!organization,!and!change.!The!cartography! is! a! permanently! transformative! process,! a! starting! point! available! to! be! taken! up! by! others,! a! platform!from!which!to!devise!other!activities.! ! !

WHO CAN DO IT?

Everyone! can! participate.! Working! on! a! map! broadly! understood:! Can! refer! to! an! abstract! representation!of!territory,!but!also!a!body,!an!institution,!neighborhood,!a!neighborhood!block.! Maps! can! arise! out! of! memory,! future! projections,! of! what! we! have! and! that! which! we! need.! There!are!infinite!possibilities! !!

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WHAT IS COLLECTIVE MAPPING? A!fun!and!creative!tool!that!facilitates!the! construction!of!a!collective!story!over!a!territory.! This!information!socializes!itself!in!a!horizontal!space! of!encounter!that!aims!to!elaborate!locally! situated!knowledge!and!condense!them!into!a! common!support.!It!is!thought!of!as!an!instance!of! collective!construction!and!open!participation,! allowing!critical!knowledge!production!of!diverse! realities!starting!from!local!memory!and!non! specialized!knowledges.! ! ! ! ! ! !

Collective Maping /!!!iconoclasistas!!!3


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HOW TO ORGANIZE CARTOGRAPHY WORKSHOP? We!present!a!series!of!steps!to!carry!the!process!forward.! ! You!can!organize!it!during!a!day,!a!week,!or!a!month.! ! It!all!depends!on!the!type!of!work!that!you!are!thinking!through,!who!to!carry!it!forward!with! and!how!much!time!you!have.!So!the!idea!is!to!proceed!adapting!these!proposals!according!to! your!necessities,!thinking!through!the!flexibility!of!the!tool!and!in!the!local!process!of!knowledge! production.!To!start,!work!with!a!map!poster,!a!guide!of!trigger!questions,!and!a!series!of!icons! as!initial!elements!that!contribute!and!aim!to!motivate!the!participation!and!discussion.! ! !

1.! Adress! the! problems! which! plague! the! area,! contamination,! livelihood,! land,! work,! etc.! or! the! thematics!over!which!you!want!to!work!on!in!the!process! of!exposing!problems.! ! ! 2.!Create!icons!that!identify!these!problematics.! ! We! can! collectively! think! through! and! utilize! icons! elaborated! by! others! (weve! attached! the! ones! we! have! worked!with).!

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! ! ! 3.!Acquire!a!map!of!the!region!or!accurately!draw!one! ! from!memory,!make!several!copies!of!the!poster!in!a!size! ! large!enough!to!facilitate!the!work.!Organize!yourself! ! ! in!groups!of!no!more!than!10!people!and!pass!out!the!map! ! and!resources!to!work.!(weve!attached!the!guide!we! ! passed!out).! ! ! 4.!Point!out!in!the!map!using!the!icons! assuring!that!we!can!make!new!ones,!exposing!themetics!areas! not!yet!considered,!and!inventing!new!forms!of!signposting!in!the! ! form!of!drawings,!brief!texts,!titles,!or!demarcating!zones!with! ! points,!lines,!etc.! ! ! ! 5.!Report!back!from!each!group! ! showing!the!rest!of!the!group!what!was!worked!on!and!how.! ! This!portion!is!very!important!because!learning!is!then!shared! ! and!a!debate!emerges!from!the!distinct!points!of!views!put! ! in!play.! ! ! ! 6.!Sistematize!the!maps!in!one!common!map! ! generating!one/some!maps!that!condense!all!the!information! ! produced!in!the!different!groups!and!that!can!be! ! complemented!with!images,!graphics,!cutouts!and!other! ! resources!that!provide!information!and!deepen!the! ! problematics.! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

From!now!on!a!fan!of! possibilities!is!unleashed.!We! can!produce!a!printed!map!to! diffuse!the!problematics,! organize!activities!to!continue! working!on!the!map,!generate! urban!interventions!to!point!out! what!was!exposed!in!the!map,! sample!presentations,!etc.!

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Iconoclasistas! Communication and Resource Laboratory for Counterhegemonics! !

From the graphics and research to the generated questions and the simbolic hegemony and ideology, we intended to develop strategies for resistance mediated by a creative work liberated from limits imposed by the privatization of knowledge.

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www.iconoclasistas.com.ar!/! iconoclasistas@gmail.com!/! cosmovisionrebelde.blogspot.com!

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You can copy, distribute and make derivative works of this material Provided it is not for comercial purposes and is shared further projects.

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Collective Cartography  

We conducted a synthetic instruccionario suggesting next steps for the realization of a collective mapping workshop, based on our humble exp...