International Center on Nonviolent Conflict Selected Programs and Activities 2000-2012
ICNC exists for one purpose: to deepen and distribute the knowledge of how to engage in the strategic use of civil resistance.
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Women protesting in Syria, 2011
Introduction We established the International Center on Nonviolent Conflict (ICNC) in January 2002, in response to the growing worldwide demand for practical information about civil resistance. That demand was triggered in part by the documentary film series and book, A Force More Powerful: A Century of Nonviolent Conflict—a series and book we helped to create and promote. ICNC exists for one purpose: to deepen and distribute the knowledge of how to engage in the strategic use of civil resistance—including the use of tactics such as strikes, boycotts, protests and civil disobedience—to achieve freedom, democracy and justice. ICNC is a private operating foundation that receives no support and takes no direction from any government or other organization. Our work is focused entirely on helping people learn how to develop and apply “people power” in movements against oppression and campaigns for rights. In the past decade, ICNC has engaged directly with people from 139 countries, through educational institutes and courses we have started, workshops and field seminars for organizers and civic activists, schools for journalists and digital materials for the media, and conferences and events for civil society leaders and the international policy community. Forty-five workshops and seminars for people involved in using civil resistance have been conducted in 38 countries, for people representing movements and campaigns on every continent. Integral to this learning have been the documentaries by the distinguished filmmaker Steve York—notably Bringing Down a Dictator and Orange Revolution, as well as A Force More Powerful. ICNC has directly distributed over 53,000 DVD’s or videocassettes of all three of these films, to teachers, activists and civil society groups everywhere. The films have also been broadcast in 75 countries on 6 continents. ICNC has also supported research and widely distributed many existing and new books by major scholars in this field, such as Unarmed Insurrections (University of Minnesota Press) by Dr. Kurt Schock of Rutgers University, Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict (Columbia University Press), by Drs. Erica Chenoweth and Maria Stephan, and Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Nonviolent Action from Gandhi to the Present, edited by Adam Roberts and Timothy Garton Ash (Oxford University Press). ICNC’s staff and advisors have also written a steady stream of scholarly articles, op-eds and other commentary for newspapers, journals and major web sites. We have also created a new stream of multi-media courseware for digital learning, so that this knowledge can eventually become universally available to everyone at all times. In the last century, millions used nonviolent struggle, in countries such Chile, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, Poland, and South Africa, to demand and win their freedom. In this century, we believe that the impact of civil resistance will be even greater, and will become not only a “force more powerful” than violent insurrection but also quite possibly the decisive factor in producing free and just societies for all. Peter Ackerman, Founding Chair Jack DuVall, President December 7, 2012
In the past decade, ICNC has engaged with 139 countries through educational institutes, workshops, digital materials, conferences and events for civil society and the international policy community.
Seminars and Workshops
Education and Research Nonviolent Struggle in West Papua and the Pacific, A Force More Powerful Screening, Jack DuVall, Peace Brigades International and Melbourne University, Melbourne, Australia, September 2001 Civilian-Based Nonviolent Struggle: The Potential in Iran, Presentation, Peter Ackerman, “Democracy in Iran“ Conference, School of International Service, American University, Washington, DC, USA, October 2003 Strategic Nonviolent Conflict, Joint Symposium by the Martin Institute for Peace Studies & Conflict Resolution, University of Idaho, and ICNC, featuring former Polish president Lech Walesa, Peter Ackerman, Daniel Pinkston of the Monterey Institute, Shaazka Beyerle, and others, March 2004 “The Role of the United States Abroad,” Pendle Hill Peace Network Forum Series with Phyllis Oakley, former Assistant Secretary of States; Prof. Andrew Bacevich of Boston University, and Jack DuVall of ICNC; sponsored by the Peace and Conflict Studies Program and the Lang Center for Civic Responsibility at Swarthmore College, PA, October 2004
Draper Hills Summer Fellows Program on Democracy and Development, Stanford University, 2005-2012. For eight consecutive years, ICNC has made a set of annual presentations on civil resistance and nonviolent conflict at these annual three-week executive education programs, hosted by the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law, to a group of 25 to 30 mid-career practitioners in law, politics, government, private enterprise, civil society, and international development from transitioning countries. Application of Nonviolent Conflict in the Palestinian Context, Research Group Roundtable, Jack DuVall, Middle East Policy Initiative Forum, Oxford Research Group, Oxford, UK, November 2005 Strategic Applications of Nonviolent Action, Presentation, Hardy Merriman, at the Australian Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Queensland, Australia, March 19, 2006 The Right of Resistance: The Legitimacy of Civic Force and Its Support, Presentation, Jack DuVall, Social Activism Speaker Series, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
Lhadon Tethong, Nada Alwadi, Jack DuVall, Rev. James Lawson, Ghada Shahbender, Dr. Mary E. King (L to R)
Fletcher Summer Institute for the Advanced Study of Nonviolent Conflict (FSI), Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, Medford, MA, USA, 2006–2012 FSI is the only executive education program in the advanced, interdisciplinary study of nonviolent conflict, taught by leading scholars and practitioners. Every year, this week-long institute convenes 45 mid-career professionals from civil society groups, international organizations and educational institutions from 20-30 different countries. In 2011 at FSI, ICNC announced its first annual recipients of the James Lawson Award: four prominent women activists and intellectuals representing Egypt, Tibet, Bahrain, and the U.S., in recognition of their contribution to the study, practice and reporting of nonviolent resistance.
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2012 Stanford Summer Fellows People Power and Pedagogy: A Workshop for Educators, ICNC staff and advisors; presentations and discussion of the content and methodology of teaching and learning about nonviolent struggle; participants were scholars from numerous institutions in North America; held at Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO, USA, June 2006 Power and Persuasion: Nonviolent Strategies to Influence State Security Forces in Serbia (2000) and Ukraine (2004), article by Anika Locke Binnendijk, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and Ivan Marovic, based on research support by ICNC for field interviews by Ms. Binnendijk; published in the Journal of Communist and Post-Communist Studies, August 2006 Understanding Nonviolent Conflict: The Ideas, the Results, and the Relevance for War and Peace, War and Peace Seminar, Jack DuVall, University of Virginia Law School, Charlottesville, VA, October 2007 The Intersection of Violent and Nonviolent Strategies and Tactics: Case Study of South Africa, Research support, Dr. Janet Cherry (ICNC academic advisor), Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa, October 2008 Land Struggles in the Global South: Strategic Innovations in Brazil and India, Presentation, Dr. Kurt Schock (ICNC academic advisor), Rutgers University; International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Rio de Janiero, Brazil, June 2009
Nonviolent Journeys: Youth as Protagonists of Social Change, Presentations and Screening, Dr. Roddy Brett and Vanessa Ortiz, Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion, Chile, July 2009 Civil Resistance and the Dynamics of Nonviolent Conflict, ICNC-USIP Pilot Course, ICNC staff and advisors teaching graduate-level students and professionals based in the Washington, D.C. area, United States Institute of Peace, Washington, DC, USA, September-November 2009 Regional Curriculum Development Seminar on Civil Resistance, Collegium Civitas, Kurt Schock and Howard Clark (War Resisters International), Warsaw, Poland, October 2009 The Role of Strategic Nonviolent Action in Civil Resistance, Panel Discussion, Repression Management and the Arts of Nonviolent Strategy, Panel Discussion, The Women’s Resistance Movement in Iran: Strategic Directions, Panel Discussion, Dr. Maciej Bartkowski and ICNC Academic Advisors, International Studies Association 2010 Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, USA, February 2010 Curriculum Support Program on Civil Resistance, Academic Teacher Workshop for scholars from throughout the Middle East, Dr. Maciej Bartkowski and ICNC Academic Advisors, Istanbul, Turkey, July 2010
Civil Resistance and Power Politics An interdisciplinary research project conducted at Oxford University and supported in part by ICNC, under the auspices of the Centre for International Studies of the Department of Politics and International Relations and the Centre for European Studies at St. Antony’s College. A landmark international conference on this topic, chaired by Sir Adam Roberts, was held at St. Antony’s College on 15–18 March 2007. Among the speakers were Peter Ackerman, Prof. Judith Brown of Balliol College, Jacques Semelin (Research Director, CERI/ CNRS, Paris); Doug McAdam, Professor of Sociology, Stanford University; and Mary Kaldor (Professor of Global Governance, London School of Economics and Political Science). A major scholarly book based on this conference, was published in the UK and USA, by Adam Roberts and Timothy Garton Ash (eds.), Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009.
Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict, by Drs. Erica Chenoweth and Maria Stephan (Columbia University Press, August 2011) was the first culmination of a five-year research project supported and advised by ICNC, and conducted initially at Wesleyan University, now at the University of Denver, under the direction of Dr. Chenoweth. This involved the development of the largest and most comprehensive dataset on campaigns of civil resistance ever, entitled the Nonviolent and Violent Campaign Outcomes [NAVCO] dataset, which led to groundbreaking quantitative research. It found that between 1900 and 2006, 53% of civil resistance campaigns had been successful in challenging government adversaries versus only 26% of violent campaigns. What is more, the research findings affirmed a long-held contention by ICNC—that strategic choice and Scan for full text skill are more important in determining the emergence and outcomes of civil resistance campaigns than structural conditions in the conflict environment. The book has been awarded the 2013 University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order and the 2012 Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award from the American Political Science Association.
Understanding the Political Psychology of Nonviolent Conflict and Democratic Change, Research supported by ICNC and conducted by Doron Schultziner, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and included in Struggling for Recognition: The Psychological Impetus for Democratic Progress, published by Continuum Publishers, November 2010 The Nonviolent Revolution in Egypt: Learned Lessons, Symposium at Cairo University, organized by the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at Notre Dame University and supported by ICNC; presenters included Dr. Maciej Bartkowski; Cairo, Egypt, June 2011 Academic Seminar on Civil Resistance, four-day course for graduate students at Central European University, Budapest, Hungary, September 2011
Power and Dynamics of Civil Resistance, Academic Seminar, participants included lawyers and scholars interested in women’s rights, health-based discrimination, legal aid, and domestic migrant workers’ rights; presenters included Dr. Maciej Bartkowski, Dr. Erica Chenoweth, Dr. Howard Barrell, Sherif Mansour and Jason McLeod. University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China, October 2011 Nonviolent Force in Political Change: Power and Dynamics of Civil Resistance, Academic Seminar, ICNC staff and advisors, Center for Peace and Conflict Studies, Sydney University, Sydney, Australia Nonviolent Movements and the Barrier of Fear, International Symposium, Dr. Maciej Bartkowski and Hardy Merriman, Coventry University, England, UK, April 2012
Nonviolent Force in the Struggle for Change, Academic Seminar, Dr. Maciej Bartkowski and Dr. Mary King, held at the University of Bologna Center of Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies, and organized by the International Peace & Security Institute; Bologna, Italy, July 2012. Participants included graduate students, staff members of international organizations and NGO’s, and youth activists. Dr. Maciej Bartkowski, Senior Director of Education and Research, ICNC
Our work is focused entirely on helping people learn how to develop and apply “people power” in movements against oppression and campaigns for rights.
Mohamed Waheed © 2012
Protest calling for early elections, Maldives, Feb. 24, 2012
Seminars and Workshops for Organizers and Activists Africa Regional Training on Nonviolent Conflict, Field workshop, held in conjunction with the Center for Victims of Torture and the Desmond Tutu Peace Center; Shaazka Beyerle; Cape Town, South Africa, May 2003
Nonviolent Struggle as a Vehicle for Change, Talks and Film Screening, World Social Forum, Dr. Stephen Zunes and David Hartsough (Peaceworkers), Caracas, Venezuela, January 2006
Investing in Strategy Building, Workshop, at the New Tactics in Human Rights International Symposium; presenters were Shaazka Beyerle and Ivan Marovic; Ankara, Turkey, September 2004
Nonviolent Conflict in Western Sahara: An Introduction, Field Workshop for Sahrawi activists, Dr. Stephen Zunes and Giorgi Meladze (affiliated with CANVAS), Nouadibou, Mauritania, February 2007
Workshop on Nonviolent Action, hosted by North Korean Democracy and Human Rights (NK Net), with ICNC staff and other advisors, Seoul, South Korea, February 2005 Workshop on Strategic Nonviolent Action, led by Shaazka Beyerle at the International Conference on Nonviolence organized by Nonviolence International; Bethlehem, West Bank, Palestinian Territories, December 2005
Strategic Nonviolent Action and Civilian-Based Power, International Workshop, convened by ICNC; presenters included Peter Ackerman, George Lakey and Dr. Judith Jones of Training for Change, Robert Helvey, Srdja Popovic of the Center for Applied Nonviolent Action & Strategies (CANVAS); and others. Participants included organizers and activists from Australia, Palestine, the Philippines, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe and other countries; Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 2004
Advanced Workshop on Nonviolent Conflict, arranged by Friends of Maldives. Hardy Merriman, Srdja Popovic, Sri Lanka, February 2007. Responding to demand from Maldivian activists, an advanced workshop on civil resistance was supported by ICNC, providing examples and frameworks for how members of opposition groups can unify, develop shared visions, strategize, select appropriate campaign objectives and tactics, and respond to state repression. This followed an earlier basic workshop for Further reading the previous summer in the Maldives. Participants ranged from individuals affiliated with the Maldives Democratic Party, human rights activists, community organizers, and journalists/bloggers.
Some participants and presenters in the Cairo seminar.
Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: An Introduction. In 2007, Dr. Saad Eddin Ibrahim invited ICNC to come to the Ibn Khaldoun Centre in Cairo to give a week-long seminar on nonviolent struggle, given the rising interest among Egyptians in achieving political change. This seminar, held in May 2007, drew three dozen Egyptian activists and civil society leaders, human rights lawyers, womenâ€™s rights activists, students, labor organizers, members of opposition political parties, and youth leaders. Presenters included the former Palestinian activist Mubarak Awad, founder of Nonviolence International; Ivan Marovic, a leader of Otpor in the Serbian nonviolent movement for democracy; Dr. Janet Cherry, a veteran of the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa; Peter Ackerman; Dr. Stephen Zunes of the University of San Francisco; and Dr. Maria Stephan, later the editor of Civilian Jihad: Nonviolent Struggle, Democratization, and Governance in the Middle East (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010). Cairo, Egypt, May 2007.
Nonviolent Civic Mobilization in Afghanistan, Field Seminars, Organizing for Social Cultural Awareness, and Rehabilitation (OSCAR), Archiwal Ahmadullah, Nicola Barrach, Afghanistan, March 2012 In March of 2012, ICNC provided support for two introductory workshops in the two provinces of Kunar and Kunduz in Afghanistan. Drawing high interest, over 60 leading members of local civil society communities attended the workshop. The local press covered the event. These for Further reading workshops launched OSCARS’ effort to support the creation of a local network of educators and organizers, interested in teaching and learning about nonviolent conflict and Afghanistan’s own heritage of civic mobilization.
Introduction to Civil Resistance, Workshop arranged by the American Islamic Congress; presenters included Shaazka Beyerle and other advisors, Amman, Jordan, March 2007 Self-Organization and Other Civilian-Based Strategies, Workshop hosted by the Guatemalan Ministry of Peace, for local representatives of the ministry from throughout the country; Jack DuVall, Dr. Stephen Zunes, Vanessa Ortiz, and other advisors, Guatemala City, Guatemala, April 2007 Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: An Introduction, Field Seminar, with the Nigeria Network of NGOs (NNGO), CANVAS, and Vanessa Ortiz, Enugu State, Nigeria, October 2007
Workshop participants in Kunar, Afghanistan
Introduction to Nonviolent Conflict, Field Seminar, arranged by Organización Negra Centroamericana (ONECA); presenters were Daryn Cambridge and Althea Middleton-Detzner; University of Belize, Belize City, Belize, December 2009 Strategic Dimensions of Nonviolent Struggle, Panel Discussion, 2010 War Resisters International Conference, Vanessa Ortiz and Cynthia Boaz, Mumbai, India, January, 2010 Oceania Workshop on Civil Resistance, Field Seminar, Hardy Merriman and Althea Middleton-Detzner, Southern Cross University, Bilinga, Australia, February 2012
Nonviolent Conflict and Immigrant Rights, Workshop arranged by the Center for the Working Poor and UNITE HERE, presented by Ivan Marovic, Vanessa Ortiz, and other advisors, Keene, CA, USA, January 2008. The Revolutions in Serbia and Georgia, and Other Successful Nonviolent Movements, Presentation, Hardy Merriman, Sinisa Sikman (CANVAS) and Georgi Meladze; The Tibetan Parliamentary and Policy Research Center, Dharamsala, India, March 2008 Field Workshop on Strategic Planning in Nonviolent Conflict, for Palestinian organizers and activists on the West Bank, Ramallah, Palestine, March 2008; facilitators included Ivan Marovic of Serbia, Dr. Janet Cherry; Mkhuseli Jack, former organizer and activist in the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa; and Dr. Maria Stephan Field Workshop on Nonviolent Action supported by ICNC, hosted by the Manu River Union Youth Parliament for Peace, Conakry, Guinea; August 2008; facilitators included Dr. Janet Cherry and Christel Abi Fadel (CANVAS), and Philippe Duhamel
ICNC Academic Advisor Cynthia Boaz in Gandhi’s ashram
Media and Digital Learning A Force More Powerful, Award for Best Documentary, Santa Monica International Film Festival, Santa Monica, CA, USA, February 2001 A Force More Powerful, Premiere Screening, Jack DuVall, Introduced by former Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam, Whitlam Institute, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia, September 2001 A Force More Powerful, Screening and Discussion,Jack DuVall, along with New Zealand’s Minister for Peace and Disarmament, at Massey University, co-hosted by Amnesty International and The Peace Foundation; Auckland, New Zealand, October 2001 Global Media, Nonviolent Power and Democratic Change, Workshop by ICNC at the World Electronic Media Forum and United Nations Summit on the Information Society, Geneva, Switzerland, December 2003
The Rise of Civilian-Based Power: Building Democracy and Global Security from the Bottom Up, Presentation, Peter Ackerman, National Press Club Newsmaker’s Series, Washington, DC, USA, May 2004 A Force More Powerful, Film Viewing and Game Demonstration, Althea Middleton-Detzner, World Scout Jamboree, Chelmsford, UK, August 2007 Orange Revolution, Film Premiere and Panel Discussion, Steve York and Jack DuVall, Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law, University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA, April 2008 Protests and Resistance: Are the Media Missing the Real Story?, Public Discussion, Dr. Howard Barrell and Al Giordano, Newseum, Washington, DC, USA, October 2009 ICNC’s e-classroom, Launch, www.civilresistancestudies. org, May 2010
A Force More Powerful Television Series, Washington Premiere Event, Hosted by the Ambassadors of Chile, Denmark, India, Poland, and South Africa; with special guests Rev. James Lawson, former Polish president Lech Walesa, Mkhuseli Jack of South Africa, and Sergio Bitar of Chile; National Building Museum, Washington DC, September 2000 Originally released as a feature-length film that played in film festivals worldwide and won many awards, A Force More Powerful was also produced as a six-part documentary film series that aired in the U.S. on PBS in 2000. Written, produced and directed by Steve York, with Dr. Peter Ackerman as principal content advisor and Jack DuVall as executive producer, the documentary shows how popular movements in the 20th century battled entrenched regimes and military occupiers through civil resistance. Narrated by the British actor Ben Kingsley, who won the Academy Award for his portrayal of Mohandas Gandhi, the series portrays Gandhi’s resistance to the British in India; the sit-ins and boycotts that were part of the American civil rights movement; the nonviolent campaign against apartheid in South Africa; Danish resistance to the Nazis in World War II; the rise of Solidarity in Poland; and the momentous victory for democracy in Chile in 1988. The television series received an Emmy nomination, and it has been translated into 16 languages and broadcast or seen on videocassette in over 100 countries. MOre information
Mkhuseli Jack, South African anti-apartheid leader (center), with Sheila Sisulu, anti-apartheid veteran and South African ambassador to the U.S. (left), and Rev James Lawson, leader in the American civil rights movement (right).
Bringing Down a Dictator, Peabody Award and Screening, The Carl Vinson Institute of Government, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA, October 2003 This one-hour documentary, which aired on PBS in 2002, documents the spectacular defeat of Slobodan Milosevic in October 2000, by an ingenious nonviolent strategy of enforcing honest elections and massive civil disobedience. The film, written, produced, and directed by Steve York and executive-produced by Peter Ackerman, follows the student movement Otpor! (“Resistance” in Serbian), which forged a unified political opposition that forced the dictator’s resignation. The film was honored with a George Foster Peabody Award. Bringing Down a Dictator has been translated into 13 languages and broadcast in 75 countries.
From a CS Monitor review: “…an inspiring story on courage in the face of unspeakable cruelty.”
Academic Webinar Series on Nonviolent Conflict, Online Lecture Series Launched in February 2010, ICNC’s Academic Webinar Series is an online educational experience giving educators, international professionals and organizers the platform to speak about past and present uses of civil resistance. It allows presenters to interact with a global audience of online listeners. Since 2010, the Webinar Series has featured 30 presentations, watched by several thousand viewers. All presentations are available on ICNC’s website, or You Tube channel. ICNC academic advisor Stellan Vinthagen
Examples of Webinars: • Civil Resistance in Bahrain: Current Political and Communication Challenges, Nada Alwadi, November 1, 2011 • From Facebook to Streetbook: Egypt’s Nonviolent Uprising, Sherif Mansour, February 17, 2011 • How can movement and revolution studies inform the theory and practice of nonviolent action?, Dr. Stellan Vinthagen, October 27, 2010
School of Authentic Journalism, directed by Al Giordano and Narco News, Mexico City, Mexico, 2010-2012.
A work group late at night at the School of Authentic Journalism.
People Power: The Game of Civil Resistance, Release, 2010. Developed by Steve York and Ivan Marovic, a veteran of the successful Serbian Otpor movement, “People Power” is the most advanced game of civil resistance available in the world today. By creating a virtual environment in which players lead and build a civil resistance movement, “People Power“ engenders the development of strategic skill through experiential learning. Players may select a number of pre-designed scenarios that place their movement in a variety of contexts, or they may design their own scenario. As they engage in gameplay, players make complex decisions, Download the GAME analyzing various groups, individuals, demographics and other variables to determine strategic and tactical opportunities for their movement. People Power has been used by practitioners, university students, and others who are serious about developing their knowledge of civil resistance. Civil Resistance: A First Look, Video Launch, February 2011, This 12-minute video introduces the history and basic dynamics of civil resistance. Since its release, the video has been translated into 9 languages, 7 of which are available on You Tube and civilresistance.net. The video is accompanied by a small booklet that goes into further depth by answering ten basic questions about civil resistance. Watch the Film
read the booklet
For three consecutive years, ICNC has supported and participated in the School for Authentic Journalism (SAJ), a ten-day intensive program of plenaries and work groups for young, independent journalists and civil resistance organizers. The SAJ’s purpose is to increase their understanding of civil resistance and movement media strategies, so that the quality and value of media produced about movements—long an impediment to popular understanding of civil resistance—can be taken to a new level. ICNC also supported a Narco Newsorganized workshop in Madrid, Spain, in March 2011, on authentic journalism and civil resistance, for young journalists in the Mediterranean region and Europe.
Civil Resistance and the Dynamics of Nonviolent Conflict, Online Course, Maciej Bartkowski and Daryn Cambridge, with Rutgers University’s Graduate School/Newark, April–June 2012. The People Power App, Mobile learning application for iPhone, Nicola Barrach, with Armadillo Studios Inc., October 2012. ICNC’s free mobile app gives users access to all educational and research materials, information on its latest activities and news on nonviolent conflicts and struggles around the world. Educators and organizers can watch lectures and interviews on ICNC’s YouTube Channel, sign up for webinars, read the latest News Digest, browse the online resource library and stay in touch via Facebook and Twitter. Download the app
Demonstration in Tunisia, 2011
In this century, the impact of civil resistance will be even greater, and become not only a â€œforce more powerfulâ€? but quite possibly the decisive factor in producing free and just societies for all.
Civic and Policy Initiatives A Force More Powerful, Panel Discussion and Film Screening for officers and staff of the United Nations, convened at the UN Secretary General’s invitation, Peter Ackerman and colleagues, United Nations, New York, NY, USA, October 2000 Bringing Down a Dictator, Canadian Premiere, Peter Ackerman, Steve York, and Berel Rodal, Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, November 2002. Between Hard and Soft Power: The Rise of CivilianBased Struggle and Democratic Change, Keynote Presentation, Peter Ackerman Secretary of State’s Open Forum, U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC, USA, June 2003 Denmark’s Resistance to the Holocaust: Circumstances, Motivations, and Strategies, Panel Discussion and Symposium, organized by Humanity in Action; Jack DuVall, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA, April 2003. The Demand for Liberation: Motivations and Limitations of Political Violence, Presentation and Panel Discussion, Jack DuVall; Southampton Institute Conference on “The Error in Terrorism”, Southampton, UK, November 2004 Grassroots Organizations and the War on Terror, Roundtable Discussion, Jack DuVall, Safe Democracy Foundation, Madrid, Spain, March 2005
People Power: Fighting Corruption, Marginalizing Terrorists, Workshop led by Shaazka Beyerle, 11th United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Bangkok, Thailand, April 2005 What Solidarity Has Taught the World, Presentation, Dr. Peter Ackerman. Solidarity Anniversary Program, Gdansk, Poland, August 2005 International Norms for Supporting Nonviolent Organization and Action to Secure Fundamental Rights, Project chaired by Sir Lawrence Freedman and organized by Berel Rodal (then ICNC’s vice chair), King’s College, London, UK November 2005–2007. Democracy and the Rule of Law Project, Roundtable Meeting, Peter Ackerman and Jack DuVall, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, DC, USA, December 2005 Civilians in Nonviolent Conflict: Possibilities for Nongovernmental Civic Forces in Seeking Rights and Liberation of Peoples, Presentation at the Palau de la Generalitat, Jack DuVall, 3rd International Gathering for the Culture of Peace, Building Civil Peace Services, Barcelona, Spain, March 2006 The Right to Rise Up: Why Civic Disruption Can Lead to Civil Liberty, Plenary Panel Discussion; Peter Ackerman, Srdja Popovic, Palestinian activist Huwaida Arraf, Shaazka Beyerle; Workshop, “Harnessing People Power: Principles for Success”; CIVICUS World Assembly, Glasgow, Scotland, June 2006. Democracy and Dialogue: The West and the Arab World, Roundtable Seminar, Berel Rodal and Jack DuVall invited to participate by Kim Campbell, president of the Club de Madrid, held at the Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo (UIMP), Santander, Spain, August 2006
How Freedom is Won: From Civic Resistance to Durable Democracy, Publication and international promotion in conjunction with the Aspen Institute; Peter Ackerman, and Adrian Karatnycky of Freedom House; November–December 2005 This study analyzed 67 democratic transitions between 1972 and 2005 and identified 50 transitions where civil resistance was a pivotal factor. The transitions driven by a mobilized nonviolent society were close to five times more likely to produce successful democratizations than other transitions. A series of gatherings with local policy, media and political leaders were held in London (Nov. 28–29), Berlin (Nov. 30), and Rome (Dec. 1–2).
Nonviolent Action for Rights and Fighting Injustice, Roundtable Discussion at the 2nd World Forum on Human Rights, in Nantes, France, July 2006—including Jack DuVall, Jenni Williams of Women of Zimbabwe Arise, Tongan democracy activist Akanete Lauti, and Srdja Popovic—with an ICNC exhibit in the conference concourse. The conference was attended by hundreds of activists, lawyers and human rights professionals, primarily from Francophone countries. It was at this conference that ICNC met pro-democracy leaders from the Maldives, who requested workshops on nonviolent resistance. Jenni Williams, Jack DuVall, Akanete Lauti
Civil Resistance and Alternatives to Violent Struggle, Working Group, Dr. Peter Ackerman, Jack DuVall, Dr. Saad Eddin Ibraham of Egypt, Dr. Maria Stephan, Dr. Howard Barrell, Dr. Roddy Brett, Berel Rodal, Dr. Alan Krueger of Princeton University, Dr. Rudy Jaffa, and other advisors. The group met as part of the inaugural International Conference on Radicalisation and Political Violence, convened by the International Center on Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR) at King’s College, London, in January 2008. The group’s report was incorporated into a publication by ICSR, providing guidance to policymakers about constructive nonviolent approaches to curbing extreme violence.
ICNC working group at conference. Visible in this photo: Dr. Saad Eddin Ibrahim (Egypt); Berel Rodal (Canada); Dr. Rudy Jaffa (Lebanon); Jack DuVall (US); Dr. Howard Barrell (UK); Dr. Erica Chenoweth (US); Dr. Alan Krueger (US); Dr. Peter Ackerman (US); Dr. Roddy Brett (UK)
Mobilizing Civic Action to Fight Corruption, Workshop, Peter Ackerman, Shaazka Beyerle, Giorgi Meladze, Dr. Stephen Zunes. 12th International Anti-Corruption Conference, Guatemala City, Guatemala, November 2006
Civil Resistance and Democratic Power, Keynote Presentation, Jack DuVall. International Conference, “Civic Responsibility and Human Rights”, Lisbon, Portugal, October 2008
From Solidarity to Democracy, Conference and Workshop, Dr. Maria Stephan, Jack DuVall, and others convened by the Lech Walesa Institute, including a workshop on nonviolent struggle, Warsaw, Poland, December 2006.
European Development Days, European Commission; Plenary on Democracy and Development, Presentation by Peter Ackerman, Stockholm, Sweden, October 2009
Nonviolent Strategies for Civil Power: New Applications and Educational Tools, Seminar, Shaakza Beyerle and Vanessa Ortiz; International Institute on Peace Education Conference and 25th Anniversary, United Nations, New York, NY, USA, August 2007 Introduction to Nonviolent Conflict, Workshop, International Young Leaders Forum 2007, Global Conference on Prevention of Genocide , Centre for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism, McGill University School of Law, Montreal, Quebec, October 2007, Shaazka Beyerle, Jack DuVall, Sharon Shepala of the University of Hartford, Nathan Stoltzfus of Florida State University, and Kris Thalhammer, St. Olaf College Nonviolent Conflict: An Introduction, Panel Presentation and AFMP Screening, Vanessa Ortiz, Africa Democracy Forum, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, December 2007
Lessons from the Fall of the Soviet Empire, Panel Discussion, Dr. Peter Ackerman, at the Academie Diplomatique Internationale, with Berel Rodal and Nicola Barrach; Paris, France, January 2010 People Power: Civil Resistance and Democratization, Roundtable during conference on “Ethics in the Heart of Democratic Reforms” at Council of Europe Summer University, Palais de l’Europe, June 2011 Why Nonviolent Struggle?, Workshop, Case Studies from the Arab Spring, Workshop, Daryn Cambridge, 6th International Vietnamese Youth Conference (DaiHoi6), Len Duong International Vietnamese Youth Network, Manila, Philippines, August 2011 Civil Resistance and Democratization, Working Session by ICNC at World Forum for Democracy, Shaazka Beyerle and Nicola Barrach, Council of Europe, Strasbourg, France, October 2012
Popular Movements Challenging Oppression: Policy Issues for the International Community, International Conference held at Wilton Park in partnership with ICNC; conference chair, Sir Adam Roberts, President of the British Academy; participants included leaders of resistance movements, former diplomats, scholars and policymakers, as well as ICNC senior staff and advisors. Coincidentally held within two months of the fall of Presidents Ben Ali (Tunisia) and Mubarak (Egypt), the conference yielded productive debate and an increased understanding among international actors of what role they might play in supporting future campaigns of civil resistance, as well as the possibilities, limitations, and risks of such actions. West Sussex, UK. March 2011.
Icnc Staff and Senior Advisors, 2002-2012 Peter Ackerman, Founding Chair Jack DuVall, President Maciej Bartkowski, Senior Director of Education and Research Nicola Barrach, Director of Civic and New Media Initiatives Daryn Cambridge, Director of Knowledge and Digital Strategies Jake Fitzpatrick, Content Development Associate Ashley Farnan, Program Associate Shaazka Beyerle, Senior Advisor (former Vice President) Hardy Merriman, Senior Advisor (former Director, Programs and Research) Anne Marie Codur, Senior Advisor Althea Middleton-Detzner, Educational Advisor Matt Mulberry, Independent Writer
Academic Advisors Stephen Zunes, Professor of Politics, University of San Francisco (Chair) Howard Barrell, Senior Lecturer, Cardiff University Cynthia Boaz, Associate Professor of Political Science, Sonoma State University Roddy Brett, Lecturer, School of International Relations, St. Andrew’s University Erica Chenoweth, Associate Professor, Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver Janet Cherry, Senior Lecturer in Development Studies, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University Kevin Clements, Chair of Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Otago Barry Gan, Professor of Philosophy, St. Bonaventure University John Gould, Associate Professor of Political Science, Colorado College Tom Hastings, Director of Peace & Nonviolence, Portland State University Mary Elizabeth King, Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies, University for Peace Lester Kurtz, Professor of Sociology, George Mason University Brian Martin, Professor of Social Sciences, University of Wollongong, Australia Scott O’Bryan, Associate Professor of East Asian Languages and Culture, University of Indiana Kurt Schock, Associate Professor of Sociology and Global Affairs, Rutgers University Lee Smithey, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Swarthmore College Victoria Tin-bor Hui, Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Notre Dame Stellan Vinthagen, Associate Professor, Göteborg University
Former Staff and Associates Suravi Bhandary, Program Associate (2010-2012) Kim Hedge, Program Manager, (2003–2005) Vanessa Ortiz, Director of Field Relations (2007-2010) Berel Rodal, Vice Chair (2004-2010) Maria Stephan, Director of Educational Initiatives (2006-2009)
International Center on Nonviolent Conflict P.O. Box 27606 Washington, DC 20038 office: USA + 202-416-4720 fax: USA + 202-466-5918 email: email@example.com www.nonviolent-conflict.org
A selection of educational and research activities, initiatives and programs supported and implemented by the International Center on Nonvio...