N E W S L E T T E R Newsletter
E u l a s u r J u ly 2010 # 2
C erro T ronador , B ariloche
Message from a par tner... Carles Miravitlles ICMAB-CSIC, Spain
Repor t GENNESYS International Congress on Nanotec hnology and Research Infrastructures Barcelona, 26 - 28 May 2010
Latest news: First EULASUR Summer Sc hool: Properties and Applications of Nanomaterials, Bariloc he, 3-8 October 2010
Summary Message form a partner… Carlos Miravitlles, ICMAB-CSIC, Spain
EULASUR, July 2010
Newsletter issued by: Universidad de la República de Uruguay and Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona
GENNESYS Congress on Nanotechnology and research Infrastructures, Barcelona, May 26th-28th
Graphene oxide goes large scale Researchers at Rutgers University have successfully deposited thin films of chemically derived graphene oxide onto large wafers of silicon for the first time. The films could find use in transparent electrodes for optoelectronic devices, such as solar cells and light-emitting diodes….
Epitaxial stabilization of -Fe2O3 thin films on SrTiO3 Progress on magnetoelectric devices is fundamentally hampered by the scarcity of suitable materials displaying substantial roomtemperature magnetoelectric coupling...
EULASUR is a project funded by the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013, under grant agreement nº233467
2nd EULASUR Summer School in La Plata University…
Workshops and Seminars WEB: http://www.icmab.es/eulasur
Message from a partnerâ€Ś Carlos Miravitlles, ICMAB-CSIC, Spain EULASUR Coordinator
Dear EULASUR partners, This is the second EULASUR newsletter, and as Coordinator of the Project and coeditor of this newsletter, I would like to take advantage of this second issue to write a few words for all the partners of EULASUR.
As you all know, due to administrative reasons, one of the EULASUR partners had to leave the project, so it was necessary to change the location of the Second Summer School.
After the Kick-off meeting held in Barcelona, we are going to celebrate First EULASUR Summer School next October in Bariloche (Argentina), under the direction of Prof. Carlos Balseiro.
The proposal from Marcelo Trivi (CIOp) to celebrate this event in the University of La Plata, Argentina, was very well considered by the EC Officers and all of us, therefore this has been chosen as the new location for the 2nd EULASUR Summer School that will be held next year (September 2011).
We are confident that this first edition of the School will be a great success, and will become an example for next Summer School and other EULASUR events. We are sure that this event will lead us to achieve one of the fundamental goals of our platform which is to motivate and stimulate relationships between European and BRAU (Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay) laboratories within the frame of the hybrid materials. We believe that the Director of the School has done a good choice with the selected lectures and invited Professors, as they will treat issues of maximum interest in the field. We therefore expect a high number of studentâ€™s registrations in both continents, which, in this early training stage, will help establishing knowledge bonds and collaborations among them.
We hope that number of collaborations and common scientific articles form EULASUR laboratories and partners increases day by day, and we will go on supporting the maximum mobility within the partners to assure it. With kind regards, Carlos Miravitlles ICMAB-CSIC
GENNESYS International Congress on Nanotechnology and Research Infrastructures Barcelona 26-28 May 2010
The International Congress on Nanotechnology and Research Infrastructures was held in Barcelona, Catalonia, on May 26th-28th 2010, organized under the Spanish EC Presidency, by PRUAB (UAB Research Park, Barcelona, Spain, http://parc.uab.cat); DESY (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg, Germany, http://www.desy.de), ICMAB (Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona de la Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas and INL (CSIC), http://www.icmab.es); (International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory, Braga, Portugal, http://inl.int). International key authorities from research, education, industry and policy‐makers have met in Barcelona for two days. The audience and speakers list included high‐level representatives from the US National Science Foundation, the US Department of Energy, the European Commission, research directors from all major European research centres, and representatives from the chemicals industry, car manufacturers and semiconductor technologies.
Based on the GENNESYS White Paper1 which has composed detailed science and technology roadmaps the grand challenges of our modern society were addressed - elucidating how the development of advanced nanomaterials and structures with novel functions designed on the nanoscale could overcome these. Emphasis was given on the crucial role of modern research infrastructures, such as synchrotron radiation 1 GENNESYS White Book Editors: H. Dosch, M.H. Van de Voorde Max‐Planck Institute for Metals Research ISBN: 978‐3‐00‐027338‐4
and neutron sources, for the fine analysis of matter. All experts agreed that Europe needs to embark on a common nanotechnology strategy that integrates universities, research infrastructures and industry. The congress set an ideal environment to discuss these strategies and share views among scientists, companies, and policy makers from major world regions (EU, US, Japan, Russia, etc.) After the opening conference by Prof. A. MasColell, General Secretary of the ERC (European Research Council) who gave a clear overview of the ERC, its functions and its work to promote frontier research, the congress was officially opened by several Spanish national and regional authorities. Next, Prof Helmut Dosch, Director General of DESY and GENNESYS Chair, set the framework for the discussion by introducing the GENNESYS initiative and the grand challenges in the fields of Energy and Environment, Health, sustainable Transport, and Information and Communications Technologies. He stressed the important role of nanotechnology to face those challenges and the need of a coordinated an efficient use of large research infrastructures such as neutrons and synchrotron light sources to advance innovation. Issues related to industry-academia collaboration, interdisciplinarity, education, safety, and social awareness were addressed during the conference by different speakers. Active discussions followed the presentations and participants could share respective views of how to define the European roadmap for the use of large infrastructures. The experience of running programs in other countries as EU and Japan were presented as examples and set the basis of discussion of what is needed at the
European level to promote world-class R&D and to foster technology transfer. “Nanotechnology and Research Infrastructures European and Global Challenges”: The chairman of this session was Prof. Ramon Pascual, Chairman of the executive commission of ALBA Synchrotron. Cora Marrett, Deputy Director of the National Science Foundation (NSF), USA, was the keynote speaker. She emphasized the resonance between the NNI (National Nanotechnology Initiative) in the US and the GENNESYS initiative. She also discussed the functions of the NSF on funding research on nanoscience, coordinating the efforts and preparing next generation work force; afterwards Masahiro Takamura - presenting on behalf of Teruo Kishi, Advisor and former president of the national institute for materials science in Japan - described the research infrastructures and nanotechnology plans in Japan. The speaker emphasized the necessity of an international cooperation for a better advancement in this multidisciplinary field.
motors or the use of state-of-the art visualization techniques to observe the cell division mechanism. He also set the accent in personalized medicine as one of the future nanotechnology achievements driven by the evolution in the determination of large-scale molecular structures and the genome sequences. Robin Batterham, Chair of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Expert Group on Science for Energy and President of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, concluded by stating that “much more science for energy is needed to face future challenges”. Finally, Hervé Pero, Director of directorate B of the European Commission discussed how to integrate research in Europe in a consistent manner. The second session “Future Challenges in Nanomaterials Design” was introduced by Mihail Roco, Science Advisor to the NSF, who presented the main challenges of nanotechnology and explained some examples
Welcome to Andreu Mas-Colell, ERC (European Research Council) Secretary
Iain Mattaj, Director General of EMBL, illustrated in his contribution some examples of future needs in nanotechnology. He recognized the challenges in nanosciences as interdisciplinary, cost of infrastructures, and education and training of the next generation. As examples of the work performed at the EMBL, he present the imaging of single molecules acting as molecular
of 3th and 4th Generation of nanotechnology products. He finalized by proposing several possibilities for improving nanotechnology governance. Peter Fratzl (Director of Max-Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces), Guy Brasseur (Director of Climate Research Center in Germany), Eric Issacs (Director of Argonne National Lab.),
Wolfgang Kaysser (Director of GKSSForschungszentrum), L. Malier (Director of LETI Institute in Grenoble), and Josep Samitier (Associated Director of the Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia IBEC), developed the applications of nanotechnologies in BioNanomaterials, Environmental Sciences, future energy concepts, materials for transport technologies, breakthroughs in information and communication technology and medical applications. Finally, Horst Hahn (Director of the Institute of Nanotechnology, KIT), Nieves Casañ (from the Institute of Materials Sciences of Barcelona), and Pablo Ordejón (from the Centre of Research in “Nanociencia y Nanotecnología”) presented new strategies for nanomaterials design. The next session “Advanced Photon and Neutron sources and Laser Research Infrastructures” was introduced by Michel van der Rest, General Director of SOLEIL, who delivered an overview of the last technical advances in analytical facilities. Hideo Ohno presented the Spring-8 source with the new constructed beam lines and the construction status of the new XFEL facility. Murray Gibson, Director of the Advanced Photon Source, discussed the importance to study materials under real conditions in real time. Jose Luis Martinez Peña (Director of Institute LaueLangevin (ILL) in Grenoble), remembered that the ILL and the ESRF share the vision to provide opportunities for cutting-edge research on the structure and dynamics of matter, either with Neutrons or X-Rays. Christian Vettier presented exciting experimental prospects with the future European Spallation Source in Sweden, and finally Massimo Altarelli, Managing Director of the European XFEL, emphasized the high brilliance of X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers having about 8 orders of magnitude more brilliant light than synchrotron sources with ultrashort pulses (<1ps). These special characteristics will allow the study of matter under extreme conditions, such as imaging of single nanoscale objects. The next two sessions “Industry Challenges in the world of open Innovation” and “Nanotechnology: Societal Challenges” were introduced by Walter Riess (IBM, Research Lab. Zurich) and by Joel Chevrier (Vice-President of the Grenoble Universities Consortium), respectively. In the Industrial Challenges, the
first topic “Chemical Industry” was presented by Ruediger Iden (Senior Vice-President BASF SE) and Ramon Bacardit (Corporate Senior Vice President of Henkel AG), the second topic “Nanomaterials for Automotive Applications” by Pietro Perlo (Research Director FIAT Italy) and Shigeru Kimura (JASRI ,Japan), and “Nanometrology” by Gerard Rivière (former President of CEN-STAR) . In the session “Societal Challenges” the first topic “Nano-Schools Network in the US” was developed by Stephen Fonash of the Penn State; topic 2 “Nanoeducation in Europe” by Lars Montelius (Lund University) and J. Becker (KIT); the topic 3 “Social Awareness” by Ana Garcia Om (UAB ,Barcelona); and topic 4 “Nanosafety” by K. Dawson (University College Dublin) and Kostas Kostarelos (School of Pharmacy, London University). The final sessions “European and International Needs” and “First Congress Conclusions Towards a European Action Plan” were discussed under the direction of Francesco Fedi, and J.M. Labastida by a panel formed by Carlo Rizzuto (Chair of ESFRI and Chairman of ELETTRA), Christos Tokamanis (EC), and Marc Van Rossum (IMEC, Belgium). Finally, the GENNESYS International Congress in Barcelona was a very successful platform to share views at the European and International level. The congress also reemphasized which are the key barriers in Europe in facing the future challenges: The fragmentation of efforts between scientific disciplines, sectors and Member States R&D policies; the missing strategic integration of the existing large European research infrastructures (synchrotron radiation, neutron sources, laser facilities, computing infrastructure, etc.) into a European nano-technology action plan; and finally the inter-disciplinary nature of nanotechnologies, which is incompatible with existing funding structures.
Graphene oxide goes large scale Researchers at Rutgers University have successfully deposited thin films of chemically derived graphene oxide onto large wafers of silicon for the first time. The films could find use in transparent electrodes for optoelectronic devices, such as solar cells and light-emitting diodes.
Graphene oxide films "We succeeded in scaling the thin-film deposition of chemically derived graphene to 12 inch wafer size," team leader Manish Chhowalla told nanotechweb.org. "Previously, deposition was only demonstrated on small (a few centimetres across) substrates." Graphene oxide films are transparent and their electrical properties can be tuned from semiconducting to metallic by controlling their thickness. These and other interesting optoelectronic properties could be exploited by fabricating devices on various platforms. Easy transfer The films produced by Chhowalla's team are highly uniform over large areas and atomically thin – something that was confirmed by Raman spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy measurements. They are deposited by spin coating a concentrated aqueous solution of graphene
oxide onto hydroxylated surfaces of Si/SiO2 while controlling the evaporation rate of the solvent used. The films can then be transferred onto any other substrate, or left freestanding if wished. And that's not all: the researchers can control the film thickness, which varies from 1–2 layers to up to 30 layers, by simply changing the spin-coating speed, graphene oxide concentration or number of deposition cycles. "Because the thickness of the material determines its optoelectronic properties, our method allows us to tune these properties in a simple way," said Chhowalla. The films produced are electrically active and have a sheet resistance of about 1 kΩ/sq. Field-effect transistors made using the films show high mobilities of around 15 cm2/(V s) and are approximately 70% transparent. According to the team, the material could be used in transparent electrodes for optoelectronic devices, such as solar cells and light-emitting diodes. However, it must be improved further before it can compete with conventional transparent conductors, like indium tin oxide, in terms of performance. Chhowalla and colleagues now hope to improve the transparent and conducting properties of the films by carefully tuning the conditions under which graphene oxide is reduced. The results were published in ACS Nano. About the author: Belle Dumé contributing editor at nanotechweb.org
Epitaxial stabilization of -Fe2O3 thin films on SrTiO3 Progress on magnetoelectric devices is fundamentally hampered by the scarcity of suitable materials displaying substantial room-temperature magnetoelectric coupling. -Fe2O3 has a large room-temperature coercivity (20 kOe) and enlarges the family of magnetoelectric oxides as we have previously revealed a coupling of its magnetic and dielectric properties. In this letter we show that is possible to stabilize the metastable -Fe2O3 phase as an epitaxial thin film on a SrTiO3 (111) substrate. The films present a 001 orientation perpendicular to the substrate and three in-plane domains measuring a few nanometers that show atomically sharp interfaces. We argue that this domain structure, rather than the epitaxial-strain, plays an essential role in stabilizing the epsilon phase by minimizing the energy of 100 surfaces.
Gich et al. APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 96, 112508 2010
(d) [ ‐ 1, ‐ 1,0]
2 nm 2 nm STO
To see complete article please see Attachment nr1
Simulation and Characterization of Materials and Nanomaterials (Multifunctional Ceramics and Hybrids Materials) 2nd EULASUR Summer School The 2nd EULASUR Summer School on â€œSimulation and Characterization of Materials and Nanomaterials (Multifunctional Ceramics and Hybrids Materials)â€? will be held in La Plata (Argentina) in between the 5th and the 9th of September 2011 (tentative date). It will be organized by CIOp (CONICET), Argentina and ICMCB (CNRS), France. The purpose is to provide graduate students knowledge on the latest scientific and technological advances in the field of computational simulation and experimental characterization of multifunctional hybrids materials and nanomaterials as well as to serve as a forum for researchers to present their own work (posters) and to establish connections between researchers from all the participating entities.
multilayers, piezoelectrics, magnetoelectric multiferroic, defects, surfaces and interfaces; and in the area of Characterisation: powder and surface X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction (FullProf), solid NMR, electronic microscopy and optical methods for characterization of materials.
Natural Sciences Museum
The city of La Plata is located about 50 Km southeast from Buenos Aires city and it can be readily reached by bus from Buenos Aires International Airport. It is the capital of the province of Buenos Aires with architecture of public buildings inspired in French neoclassicism. It is home of a centennial university and many scientific research institutes. La Plata Cathedral
It will encompass (but not limited to) the following subjects in the area of Simulation: surfaces simulation of STM images, methodological developments (SIESTA, ABINIT), multifunctional thin films and
More information about organization, school subjects, lectures and venue will be given in a forthcoming announcement.
The EULASUR exchange program is open!!! I-Scope
The exchange program is opened for student and permanent staff from a EU (or LA) partner belonging to EULASUR that wish to stay for a maximum of 1 month in a LA (or EU) partner also belonging to EULASUR.
For students, exchange program should focus on learning (a technique, a knowhow,..) rather than only using a specific equipment
For permanent staff, exchange program should focus on thematic prospectives and targeted outcomes
At the end of the EULASUR program, there must be 15-20 exchanges done and reported.
A short report must be provided within 1 month after the end of the exchange, approved by both origin and host institution
The leaders of the WP2 (i.e. UPMC and UFMG) must be kept informed of all planned exchanges and will be responsible for approval or rejection of applications. They should also receive a copy of the exchange report (see II-6). They may help the different institutions to contact and/or find the most suitable partner for setting-up the exchange. They can also act as intermediate between the partners and the coordinator if additional funding is required (see II-5).
III- Application and report
The topic of the exchange should be within EULASUR targeted research area.
The exchange should favour new collaborations over already existing ones.
The application and reporting will be performed on the EULASUR website, “Exchanges” section:
Both the origin and host institution should approve the exchange.
The exchange costs will be shared by the origin institution of the candidate (travel costs) and the host institution (stay costs).
If necessary, additional funding may be obtained from the Coordinator to support a longer and/or more expensive exchange.
New FP7 NMP Work Programme 2011 Available! As most of you may know, last 20th of July opened several FP7 calls. You can consult in the link below the NMP Work Programme 2011 ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/fp7/docs/wp/cooperation/nmp/d-wp-201101_en.pdf All activities are open to researchers and research institutions from third countries and strong efforts are made to encourage them to seize this opportunity. Within this Work Programme of the Theme 'Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and New Production Technologies' there are two specific calls where participation of third countries from Latin America is a mandatory. A SICA call will be launched with Latin American countries in the field of materials, covering a topic on 'sustainable packaging' which appears particularly relevant in terms of local economy, development of technologies and impact on the environment: NMP.2011.2.3-1 Advanced packaging materials from renewable biogenic resources (focus: Latin America) In addition the following topic has been identified as particularly appropriate for the participation of beneficiaries outside the EU, in particular from International Cooperation Partner Countries (ICPC): NMP.2011.2.2-5 Development of advanced compatible materials and techniques and their application for the protection, conservation and restoration of cultural heritage assets, NMP – Environment Call
New ERASMUS Mundus Action with Asian Countries has been conceded to UAB and ICMAB The project leaded by the University of Montpellier 2 (France) and with more than 19 partner institutions and 24 associate institutions, was approved by the European Commission last month. This action will contribute to the mobility of a hundred students from Cambodia, Myanmar, Mongolia, Vietnam and Laos to European Universities and Research Centers within the next 4 years. The EULASUR partners, UAB (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona) and ICMAB (Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona) are partner institution and associate institution of this ERASMUS Mundus Action.
Veneto Nanotech participates in the recently approved FP7 Project NanoSustain Development of sustainable solutions for nanotechnology-based products based on hazard characterization and LCA
Among the research initiatives funded by the European Commission to foster the generation of the necessary knowledge to understand possible health and environmental effects associated to the increasing use and production of engineered nanoparticles and materials, the NanoSustain project commenced its activities on 1st May 2010 followed by a kick-off meeting in the Swedish countryside; The project is funded for three years and has the objective of developing innovative solutions for the sustainable design, use, recycling, and final treatment of nanotechnologybased products. Although production of nanomaterials is rapidly increasing, our knowledge about possible health and environmental effects associated with these materials is still rather poor. Veneto Nanotech will participate in the research activities of the project, by specific analysis aimed at characterize the dispersion of nanoparticles and nanomaterials life cycle products in environmental matrices, and their health effects by the mean of functional genomics and proteomics techniques. For further information please visit: www.nanosustain.eu
WORKSHOPS AND SEMINARS
1st EULASUR Summer School Bariloche, Argentina. October 3-8, 2010 Properties and Applications of Nanomaterials www.icmab.es/eualsur
MRS 2010 Fall Meeting Boston, MA. November 29-December 3, 2010 MRS Symposium BB: Aerogels and Aerogel-Inspired Materials For further information see Attachment nr 2
Workshop on Nanoscience, Technology and Innovation CBPF, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. September 28-30, 2010-07-28 For further information see Attachment nr 3
Next EULASUR Meeting EULASUR Governing Council Meeting Bariloche, Argentina. October 4th, 2010