eICB_1991-4

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TRANSLATIONS - TRANSLATIONS - TRANSLATIONS - TRANSLATIONS - TRANSLATION (Z umarraga 1868-1950). J oaljufn lrurclago)cna IA"tigarraga lR98-J957). NC11lc<;io 013.110 (AlC'oili!J. 18RO-19S61. Pedro Fcm:1.ndel de Retana (Vi toria 18501929). Juan Ma Ugartt" (Regil 1878-1956). Ramon U~ andi lag;t (S!J.n Seba~lÎ;ln 188919(4). Cl C. Irl;1 geneT:!1 mu,ic :umo~phc rc III the Ba, que COlllltr}. [1 'laT \l'a, born. al Ihe [ilile w hen f rancisc:m-capuc h i n corn m un il y W:l:rt'Irtaling. Prof. Dono~ti:1 (Saint-Sé bal>lien 1886-1956\, Jo'>é Gonlalo Zu13ica. \~hcn hl" \\a~ taking hi~ holy arder::.. ch:.mgcd hi~ Il:1111(' and bcl:amc Jo, é Antonio of Saim-Séba~tit'n. Howcvc r. w hi le bu ildin g up gre:1l llIu,ical prestige. the pcoplccallcd him P. Dono~tia. hi ~ un in'r:'::I 1 Il:lIllC. He dcclarcd 10 haIt' bccn connc{'lcd \0 the thcorie, of the rCl> urrcction . and began [ola" .. upon him..elf Ihe re"pon~i bi lil )' oflifting 1>.1'><1U" mu~ic 10 ilS mosl ;\ulhcnlic and ani~IÎl' l\1ghlighls. Hb nurncrou, choral \\orb. profan e ilnd re ligio u:.. more lhan 2(4). reprc-.cnh Ihe heighl of ba ~que mu ~ic. ln s ummary. Ihe nilmcs of JO:'l\ Maria Usandizaga. Jc ~u~ Guridi and P. DonO~ lia rc main likc a rcal eompa'is which orienul1ed ail bi1~quc c horal music aClivil)'. The :Ipparilion o r ne\\ chor:! 1 basqu e culllposers. Dncl' Ihe Irouble had been laken tocuhivale ba~que band mu~ic. Ihe fr\li[~ were ~ p le ndld ln m'In)'differemarea~. llle mm.1 immcdüue e~a mple 10 Ihe proposcd modch produccd a plcthor:l o f good compo;,crs. Wc musI aM 10 lhesc prc \' iou~l y indiealcd : José Ma 8eobidc <Zumay:l 1882·19671. FrancÎsco E~cu(kro (San Scba~li:ln 191]· ). Tom:is G arbizu ( Lczo 1901-1989). Jl) ~é Ma Go nsalcz Ba;,l ida (Be rgam 1908- l. Eduardo Gorosarri ( Escoriaza 1889-1947). Bruno Imaz (Zaldibi:11 897· 1972J. Lui~ l nmrrizaga ( Yurrc IIN I-1 9 2R). Franci ~co Madina (Oiiale 1907-1972).JoséOlaiwla( Hcrnani 1883- 1969). José Domingodc Santa T ere_a ( Markina 1888- 1980). Pliblo Sorozab:ll (San Sebastian 1897- 19881. Luis Uncaga CO rdizia 18 R2- 19(0), José Urunucl a (Vitoria 189 1- 1963), Victor Zubiz:lrrelU ( Bil bllo 1899-1970), etc.

"Oi LUL hun Aur" ~ho\>' from the bc:ginning lhlll lhe natu re of basque mu,ie fi nds jh origln~ in Ihe _emamic ,alue of the [e:oll. Olllt."r COlllpû'oCf'. ... uch as Féli .. Ibarrondo (Onale 19·0 · J. Antôn Larr.luri (Bilbao 1932- J, Lui~ de Pablo (BIlbao 193(). ). C:lmlelo B<:maola (Ochandiano 1929- 1 often lefl ,·oc:l1 mu_ic polychoral.alloc:lling c:lch voiec 10:1 pameular choir. Onc phenomenon \>ohich hJd a decI~he miluence on llIt· e .. pan_ion of choral ba.~­ que repcrtoire \\"a~ Ihe organi~ .. tion of compctitions of compo_ilion. Win nÎng Ilorb.:I~ wcll a~ olhcr \\or~ ~ perfonn<:d during the competllion. \\ cre \\ idc1y dj_lribulCd. O\crthe la~ldecadc_. Il l' the competition, o rganbed in Bilbao b) '·Ia Caja dc Ahorra~ Vizeafn.. " !Il Z:1f"JUZ b) Ihe town coundl :md III ToJo~a b) Ihe "CenEro dt> Jniciati\' a~ TurÎ,tieas" and bae"cd Ily the town eouncil \\llIch h:l l'c bren the mo,1 lmportanE . Thl ... ' ...._1 onc Wil~ the mOM Important frorn the point o f vic\>' of rcgul:lrit), il~ continuil) and ÎI~ pan icipant~ , Uplil now, it is on 1" Il'Ilh centur)' w il h a good number o f published score.!>. In addition Ihe compe tit io n. being international. has introduced 111an)' forcig n compo~r~ to ba\quc mu~ic. Thi, j, th e ca.-.c for Emil Co~se l1o ( Trie~le 1918· J. Joaqufn Hom, (Barcelone 1906- ). Angel Barja (San ta Cruz de Terro_o 19J9- 1987). Amando Blanquer (Alco)' 19J5· J. Angel Olive r (Mo yuelll 1937- ), Miguel Angel Manin Llado, l'Il'.

ln the afler-wilr pcriod in Sp.. in. :1 new !!encrnlion of composer;, \>oerc usi ng ncw styles in choral music a~ weil as new conceptS in Iheir all llude lO"' ard~ folklore or the selection of basque leXIS. A long li~1 of composers have dc-fcnded Ihem~el \'cs aflc r the fonns of Iheir composItio ns havc been ~xposcd bUI il wasalw:l)'son II musical line ... jlh a chowl conce pt behind il. Thh i~ the nse of Pedro Ai/puru:l (A ndo:l in 192 .. - 1. Pascual Ald:lbc (Lesaka 192-1· ). TOImh ~rngüés (Albalatc 1932- f, Lui ~ Aramburu IViloria 1905- ), Ja vier Be1loPortu (Tolo sa 1920- J. LUI ~ Eliz:lldc ( ~;m güe sa 1940· 1. P«Iro José Iguain (Alegia 11\96-1(79), Lore nlO Ondarr:l ( 8acaicoa 1931· J • .\Iexandcr Lc ~borde~ (Bailgs de BéaI' 1911· 1969). Fernando Re lllach:! (Tudcla 1898· 19 -1), Sabin Salabcrri (Aramayona 193-11. Juan Urteag:l (Balmaseda [91-1-1990), <lC.

1besc days. Ihe ba~4u e. choral eSlhetir, ~ \.pressed by our l'ompo.-.cr~ ha~ allgned lISClf g radu:llly \>, ilh eurrmt trend~. with I:»ured mean~ for cenain, ~uch a~ GOILon AuleSlla (Ondarro.. 19-10- J, Javier Bu~ 1O Ho ndarribia 19. W )· ), Rafaël C"u o \ illarcayo 1936- ).JuanCordero(Elg6ibar 1927- J, Jo:tq u in Pildain (TOIO~il 1927- l,

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D hcrs have rcmained a'a11l-g:lrdc li"e .t,.!u~tin

Gon z.1lcL Ac ilu (Akl._ua 1919- ) e xposed in hi~ \\orb. "Can tata Semiotonica". "Arrano bcl tz,,",

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theoric~

tnlemnh(.>ll~t

Chorat Butk\,n

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