Issuu on Google+

20

info TC - UPMUL00611 - Applied for RNI

inform l educate l advocate

December 2013

Volume 1 l Issue 4 l Page 24

www.icareinfo.in

in-side Cataract, Rights of PwD 03 / All about Cataract 04 / Eye Donation : FAQ 05 / List of selected Eye Bank in India 06 / Conversation with Prasanna K. Pincha, CCD 07 / Rights of persons with disabilities 09 / The Office of the Commissioner for PwDs 10 / Barrier Free Built Environment 10 / Our Rights / Nikita Patil llll

11 / 14 / 15 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 /

¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶f³ý (I`YMSZ¢M) ³fZ{ýf³f W¸ffSZ Ad²fIYfS / d³fdIY°ff ¸fb£¹f dUIY»ffÔ¦f Af¹fb¢°f IYf¹fÊf»f¹f ´fiÀf³³ff IbY¸ffS d´f³¨ff ÀfZ ¶ff°f¨fe°f ·ffS°f ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦fþ³f dUIY»ffÔ¦fþ³ffZÔ IZY d»fE ·ffS°f ÀfSIYfS IZY IY»¹ff¯fIYfSe IYf¹fÊIi ¸f

llll

llll


info

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

– a monthly news paper

02

to inform, educate and advocate issues about eye. Why I Care INFO l Approximately 285 million people worldwide live with low vision and blindness l Of these, 39 million people are blind and 246 million have moderate or severe visual impairment l 90% of blind people live in low-income countries l Yet 80% of visual impairment is avoidable - i.e. readily treatable and/or preventable l Restorations of sight, and blindness prevention strategies are among the most cost-effective interventions in health care l The number of people blind from infectious causes has greatly reduced in the past 20 years l An estimated 19 million children are visually impaired l About 65 % of all people who are visually impaired are aged 50 and older, while this age group comprises only 20% of the world's population l Increasing elderly populations in many countries mean that more people will be at risk of age-related visual impairment.

We at Antardrishti believe that the awareness level of the society about eye care, eye donation and blindness must be raised. After a thorough analysis of our experiences of last 7 years, we felt the need of a platform to Bring awareness about eye care and health Create communities for people with vision deformity and visually impaired, l Inform and bring awareness to parents and peer group of affected people l Opinion building on issues related to eye health l Generate content focused on empowerment of visually impaired *100% profit will go to Antardrishti* l l

Antardrishti, a social development organisation is committed to the cause of blind people in our society. Towards this we had made a humble beginning in 2006. It is registered as a Public Charitable Trust under Indian Trust Act, 1882.

January 2014 Special

Eye Donation ³fZ{ýf³f

Braille

¶fiZ»f

email: info@icareinfo.in | Subscriptions: subscriptions@icareinfo.in | Advertising: advt@icareinfo.in Owner, Printer and Publisher : Akhil Kumar Srivastava. Printed at Navlok Times Press, 14-A, Maghtai, Bichpuri Road, Agra, U. P., INDIA and Published at 113, Tagore Nagar, Dayal Bagh, Agra-05, U. P., INDIA. Editor - Akhil Kumar Srivastava Copyright: I Care Info All rights reserved. Reproduction in any manner, electronic or otherwise, in whole or in part, wtihout prior written permission is prohibited.

llll

llll

llll


info

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

03

Cataract Among the main causes of blindness, cataract is 55 percent, myopia or hypermetropia 19 percent, glaucoma 4 percent, corneal blindness 7 percent and rest are 15 percent. Cataract is a very common disease all over the world and causes blurred or dimmed vision, and it is the main reason of blindness in our country. It may occurs at older age. Sometimes the lens becomes cloudy or opaque and light is unable to enter eyes and patients face blurred or dimmed vision. In some cases there could be double vision or no vision at all. In old age, eye injury, inflammation, diabetes and use of steroid for long period are the main causes of cataract. If the woman is affected at the time of pregnancy, the child may have cataract right from the birth.

Types of cataracts Age-related cataracts. As the name suggests, this type of cataract develops as a result of aging. Congenital cataracts. Babies are sometimes born with cataracts as a result of an infection, injury, or poor development before they were born, or they may develop during childhood. Secondary cataracts. These llll

develop as a result of other medical conditions, like diabetes, or exposure to toxic substances, certain drugs (such as corticosteroids or diuretics), ultraviolet light, or radiation. Traumatic cataracts. These form after injury to the eye. Cigarette smoke, air pollution, and heavy alcohol consumption can also increase risk of developing cataracts.

Bilateral cataracts in an infant due to congenital rubella syndrome

l In some rare cases patients can see a halo around bright objects, such as car headlights or street lights.

The procedure of formation of cataract cannot be stopped, but can be cured by operation in time. The treatment of cataract is possible only by operation.

Treatment

The severity of cataract formation, assuming that no other eye disease is present, is judged primarily by visual acuity test. The appropriateness of surgery depends on a patient's particular functional and visual needs and other risk factors, all of which may vary widely.

People with cataracts may have the following symptoms: l Blurry, cloudy, or misty vision.

l Some describe it as similar to looking through frosted glass. l Vision may be affected by small spots or dots. l The patient sees small patches which blur parts of his/her field of vision. l Vision gets worse when lights are dim.

l Reading becomes very diffi-

l Eventually wearing glasses becomes less effective.

Precuation

Signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of cataract, though there is considerable overlap. People with nuclear sclerotic or brunescent cataracts often notice a reduction of vision. Those with posterior supcapsular cataracts usually complain of glare as their major symptom.

l Some people with cataracts also comment that colors appear less clear and faded.

l Glasses need to be changed more frequently.

l Double vision in one eye (rare).

Signs and Symptoms

l Vision is sometimes worse when light is very bright (glare).

cult, and eventually impossible.

No medicine can cure cataract, nor can reduce the formation of cataract in eye. In cataract the normal vision can be brought back by removing the dimmed lens through surgery and placing intra ocular lens. Cataract surgery is very simple.

Cataract surgery Cataract removal can be performed at any stage and no longer requires ripening of the lens. Surgery is usually 'outpatient' and performed using local anesthesia. Approximately 90% of patients can achieve a corrected vision of 20/40 or better after surgery. Phacoemulsification is the most widely used cataract surgery today. This procedure uses ultrasonic energy (U/S) to emulsify the cataract lens. Extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE), consists of removing the lens manually, but leaving the

majority of the capsule intact. The lens is expressed through a 10–12 mm incision which is closed with sutures at the end of surgery. Intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE) is rarely performed. The lens and surrounding capsule are removed in one piece through a large incision while pressure is applied to the vitreous membrane. The surgery has a high rate of complications.

Post-operative care The post-operative recovery period (the period after cataract extraction is done) is usually short. The patient is usually ambulatory on the day of surgery but is advised to move cautiously and avoid straining or heavy lifting for about a month. The eye is usually patched on the day of surgery and at night using an eye shield is often suggested for several days after surgery. In all types of surgery, the cataractous lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens, known as intraocular lens, which stays in the eye permanently. Intraocular lenses are usually monofocal, correcting for either distance or near vision, however, multifocal lenses may be implanted to improve near and distance vision simultaneously, but these lenses may increase the chance of unsatisfactory vision.

Government hospitals and various non-government organizations provide the cataract surgery facility free of cost. llll

llll


December 2013

info Eye Donation 1. What is Eye Donation? Eye donation is an act of donating one’s eyes after his/her death. Only corneal blinds can be benefitted through this process not other Blinds. It is an act of charity, purely for the benefit of the society and is totally voluntary. It is done after death. The eye donation of the deceased can be authorized by the next of kith & kin even if the deceased did not pledge to donate his / her eyes before death.

2. What is the use of eyes received? The eyes, which are received through such magnanimous gestures, are of great benefit to the society. The front, clear and transparent tissue of the eye called as cornea can be used to restore vision to corneal blind person. The other portions of the eye are also used for research and training purposes to develop cures for some of the common eye diseases.

3. What is Corneal Blindness? The Cornea is the clear tissue covering the front of the eye. It is a focusing element of the eye.It The Vision is dramatically reduced or lost if the cornea becomes cloudy. This loss of the vision is referred as corneal blindness.

4. What causes corneal blindness? The cornea can get damaged through accidents. Children, while playing with sharp objects (e.g. bows and arrows, pen, pencil, etc.) can accidentally damage their cornea. Corneal blindness can also happen to elders. Some of the industrial causes are chemical bums, flying debris or road accidents. The cornea can get damaged due to infections and malnutrition as well.

5. Is there a cure for corneal blindness? Yes. Removing the damaged llll

cornea and replacing it with a healthy cornea by surgery can cure corneal blindness. Till date the treatment of the corneally blind people is corneal grafting. Artificial corneas have not yet been developed and hence the only source for cornea is from our fellow human beings.The first corneal transplant took place in 1905.

6. What is the source for the cornea? Fortunately, cornea can be removed from a deceased person within six hours of death and can be used for surgery. Artificial cornea has not yet been developed nor is there any other objective. The eyes, which would ultimately be consigned to flames, or buried along with the body, can restore sight to two or moer needy people.

7. What is the magnitude of corneal blindness? In India,There are 4.9 million people suffering from corneal blindness. Out of 4.9 million people at least 3 million can benefit from Corneal Transplantation.Majority of the 4.9 million are young adults ( below 45 years)who have to spend long blind years even though they have a cure. Cumulative loss of Gross National Product consequen to this is estimated to be 11.1 billion dollars, while the problem is formidable. The need to take up the challenge of cutailing it is compelling. The present collection from all over the COUNTRY is 41883 !! (Year-2011 (source EBAI.)India has largest burden of Global Blindness.

8. How can one donate eyes? Eyes are removed only after death. A person wishing to donate eyes should make close family members aware of their intentions. After the death of the person, it is the family who can inform the nearest eye bank to fulfill the wishes of the deceased or

authorize the removal of the eyes if somebody from an eye bank approaches the family.

9. What is an Eye Bank? An Eye Bank is a charitable organization and is not for profit .They are purely functioning for the benefit of the society. The eye banks facilitate removal of eyes, processing of eyes and evaluation of the eyes and distribute them to the needy. The first Eye Bank was set up in United states in 1945 at Newark City. Around 500 + – Eye banks in India.

10. How do I ensure that the eyes so donated would not be misused? Eye Banks are covered under “Transplantation of Human Organs Act” since 1994. It is a criminal offence to buy or sell organs. The Government issues a certificate of registration to eye banks and has a provision to inspect them regularly. In case a complaint is filed against any eye bank, the Government can take legal action.

11. How do I contact an eye bank? A special Toll free number 1919 (BSNL) Nationwide has been allotted for eye banks. Most of the eye banks all over the country have this number, once information for eye donation is communicated to eye banks; the eye bank sends its team to collect the eyes. By calling this number, details about eye donation can also be obtained also,all local news paper carry the eye banks number in their Emergency Number list.You can even get it from 197(BSNL/TATA Directory numbers.)At last,If required,you can contact any hospital and ask them for thelocal eye bank number.

12. What is the procedure for eye donation? The local telephone directory usually lists the phone number of eye banks under essential services. The eye llll

Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

04

F.A.Q. bank personnel would give directions and precautions to be taken. The process of removing eyes does not take more than 15 to 20 minutes. The eye bank team can come either to the house where death has taken place or to the hospital where death has taken place to remove the eyes there. It would not delay the funeral arrangements.

13. What precautions are to be taken? Switch off fans and switch on Air conditioner (if available). Raise the head of the deceased slightly by placing a pillow underneath. Place wet clean cloth over the closed eye lids. Please ensure that the eyelids are properly closed. Keep a copy of the death certificate ready (if available). Contact the nearest eye bank as quickly as possible.Give the correct address with specific landmarks or famous name of our area and mobile and residence number to enable the team of eye bank for locating the house easily.Give alternate cell number of any available relatives also.The eye bank team, which would have a trained technician and/or a registered medical practitioner, would remove the eyes after taking consent on a printed form in the presence of two witnesses and also take A small quantity of blood sample will be drawn to rule out communicable diseases.

14. After the removal of eyes, would there be any complications or disfigurement? There are two methods adopted for removal of eyes. Some eye banks would remove the whole eyeball. In such a case there may be temporary bleeding. The team is well trained to take care of such eventualities. There would be no disfigurement. The eye bank team, after the removal of eyes would properly close the eyes so that there is no disfigurement. The second method is the removal of

only the clear transparent tissue. Here also a plastic shield is placed in place of the tissue and no difference can be noticed.

15. Is eye donation against religious principles or traditions? All religions endorse eye donation. There are numerous examples in our traditions and scriptures, which endorse eye and organ donation. A part of the body would be consumed by flames and reduced to ashes or which is buried and allowed to decay and disintegrate & cannot be put to a better use than restoring vision to the needy!!!

16. Who can donate eyes? Is there any age limit? Any person of any age can donate eyes. Even if the deceased has medical history of hypertension, diabetes, asthma, tuberculosis etc., and even spectacle wearers and people who have undergone cataract operation can donate eyes.

17. Who cannot donate theireyes? Patients suffering from Rabies, Tetanus, Aids, Jaundice, Cancer, Gangrene, Brain Tumor, Food Poisoning, Septicaemia& a person who has died due to drowning etc. cannot donate their eyes.

18. How can you help? Dial the the eye bank after the unfortunate death of your near and dear one soon after the death. Give consent to donate the eyes of you near and dear one. Motivate the family members of anyone who has died in your area and spread information about eye donation. Be a partner in this noble cause.

www.icareinfo.in llll


info

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

05

List of selected Eye Bank in India CHATTISGARH Dept. of Ophthalmology PT. J.N.M. Medical College Opp-Central Jail, Raipur Ph: (0771) 2523919, 2523919 EYE HOSPITAL & EYE BANK DISTRICT HOSPITAL NUTAN CHOWK SARKANDA BILASPUR, Chattisgarh Phone: (07752) 402070 MADHYA PRADESH Eye Bank Jan Jyoti Eye Hospital 1051, Golbazaar, Jabalpur-M.P. Phone: (0761) 2404608 RATAN JYOTI NETRALAYA OPHTHALMIC INSTIUTE & RESEARCH CENTRE 18, VIKAS NAGAR, NEAR SAIBABA MANDIR GWALIOR - M.P. Phone: 0751-2423350 UTTAR PRADESH Lucknow Eye Bank Precision Eye Care, B-719 Sector-C, Mahanagar Lucknow - 226 006 Ph: 0522 - 2381919, 2322669 ICARE Charitable Eye Hospital E-3A, Sector-26 Noida - 201 301 Ph: 0120- 4068800, 2535782, SRMS EYE BANK (SHRI RAM MURTHI SMARAK TRUST) N-3, RAMPUR GARDEN BAREILLY - U.P. Phone: (0581) 2582010, M-09458702291, 09897801256 DEPARTMENT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY KING GEORGE'S MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, CHOWK LUCKNOW - 226 003; U.P. Ph: 0522-2257840, 2257840 DEPARTMENT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY S.N. MEDICAL COLLEGE AGRA - 282 002; U.P. Phone: 1919 RAJ EYE BANK ASSOCIATION C-168/18, NEAR JHANKAR CINEMA, NASEERABAD GORAKHPUR - U.P. Phone: (0551) 2292340, 2290024 M - 09415210529

SUBHARTI MEDICAL COLLEGE DEPARTMENT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY NH-52, DELHI HARIDWAR BY PASS ROAD, MEERUT - U.P. Phone: (0121) 2439027, INDIRA GANDHI EYE HOSPITAL AND RESEARCH CENTRE 1, B.N. ROAD, QAISERBAGH LUCKNOW - 226 001; U.P. Phone: (0522) 2627631, G.S.V.M. MEDICAL COLLEGE DEPARTMENT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY KANPUR - U.P. M - 09415050918, VARANASI EYE BANK SOCIETY SAH MODERN CLINIC K-16/102, BULANALA, VARANASI -221 001, U.P. Phone1919. M-9935038475 EYE BANK GANDHI EYE HOSPITAL RAM GHAT ROAD ALIGARH-202 001; U.P. Phone: 2505968, 2503962 ODISSA Drushti Daan Eye Bank L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Patia Bhubaneswar -751 002 Phone: 3987999, M - 9437009411 WEST BENGAL Vanmukta Eye Bank Susrut Eye Foundation Research Centre HB 36/A/1, Sector-3, Salt Lake Kolkata -700 091 Ph: 033-23580201, 23582334 SILIGURI LIONS EYE BANK HILL CART ROAD, NEAR MAHANANDA BRIDGE SILIGURI -734 403, W.B. Phone: (0353) 2511004 ROTARY NARAYANA NETHRALAYA CN-5, SECTOR-V, SALT LAKE KOLKATA-700 091, W.B. Phone: (033) 23673312, 23673313 M-9007006247 DEPARTMENT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY N.R.S. MEDICAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL, KOLKATA -14, W.B. - Phone: 22444705, 09903039651

INSTITUTE OF OPHTHALMOLOGY J.N. MEDICAL COLLEGE ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY ALIGARH - 202 002; U.P. Phone: (0571) 2504576,

JYOTI EYE BANK, PLOT, KALYANPUR HSG. MORE, VIVEKANANDA SARANI, ASANSOL - 5, W.B. Phone: (0341) 2252233 M - 9474020100

Deoria Eye Hospital and Research Centre 187, Raghav Nagar Deoria - U.P. Phone: (05568) 222029, M - 09415312323

SANKARA NETHRALAYA MEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION 147, MUKUNDAPUR E.M. BYPASS, KOLKATA - 99 Phone: 033-44013000

llll

CHANDIGARH DEPARTMENT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY GOVT. MEDICAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL, SECTOR-32-B, LEVEL-4, B-BLOCK CHANDIGARH - 160 030 M - 09814821212 NEW DELHI National Eye Bank Dr. R.P. Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, AIIMS, Ansari Nagar NEW DELHI -110 029 Phone 011-26588500, Eye Bank Manager Venu Eye Institute & Research Centre, 1/31, Institutional Area Phase-II, Sheikh Sarai NEW DELHI-110 017 Phone. 011-29250757,

RAMAYAMMA INTERNATIONAL EYE BANK, C/O. L.V. PRASAD EYE INSTITUTE, ROAD NO-2, L.V. PRASAD MARG, BANJARA HILLS HYDERABAD -500 034 M- 9849545822, 1919 Vasan Eye Bank H.No. 08-01-05/07, Janak Plaza, Opp. Clock Tower, Beside Wesley Church Secunderabad - 500 003 Phone: 040- 27801919, M- 8886331161, 7799281919

Guru Gobind Singh International Eye Bank 31, Defence Enclave, Vikas Marg, New Delhi - 92 Ph: 22543788, 22545353, 9810155682 , 9350455353

T.L. KAPADIA EYE BANK HUMAYUN NAGAR HYDERABAD -500 028. PHONE NO. 040-23317274 M - 7893506886,

APOLLO EYE BANK, SARITA VIHAR, NEW DELHI - 44 Phone: 26925858, 26925801 SAFDARJANG HOSPITAL EYE BANK DEPARTMENT OF OPHTHALMOLOGY NEW OPD BLOCK NEW DELHI-110 029 Phone: 011-26198126

KARNATAKA Lions International Eye Bank Bengalore West Lions Super Specialty Eye Hospital # 5, Lions Eye Hospital Road Bangalore -560 002 Phe: 080-22235005, 22237628 Kishan Chand Chellaram Eye Bank & Cornea Grafting Centre, Minto Opthalmic Institute Bangalore - 560 002 Phone: 26707176 / 26701398

Centre for Sight A Unit of New Delhi Centre for Sight (P) Ltd. B-5/24, Safdarjung Enclave NEW DELHI-110 029 Phone: 45738888, 41644000

Sankara Eye Hospital & Eye Bank HAL Airport, Varthur Main Road, Kundalahalli Gate Bangalore -560 037 Ph: 28542727, 28542729

PUNJAB PUNARJYOT EYE BANK OF PUNJAB, 65-A, BRS NAGAR FIROZPUR ROAD LUDHIANA - Punjab , Ph: 0161-2464999, M- 098143 31433 EYE BANK DR. OM PRAKASH SATYAM NETRALAYA 117-A, THE MALL AMRITSAR-143 001, Punjab Ph: (0183) 2221128, 2221132 RAJASTHAN EYE BANK SOCIETY OF RAJASTHAN 429, NEAR GEETA BHAWAN ADARSH NAGAR JAIPUR - 302004 , Rajasthan Phone: 2604117, 2365847 M-9829059005, ANDHRA PRADESH Manager – Eye Bank Chiranjeevi Eye Blood Bank Jublee Hills Check-Post Hyderabad – 500 033 Phone 23554849, 23555005, M- 9440055777

Sankar Foundation Eye Hospital D.No.19-50, Sri Sai Madhava Nagar, Naiduthota, Vepagunta VISAKHAPATNAM-530047 (0891) 2891144, 2793219

DR. B.R. AMBEDKAR MEDICAL COLLEGE & HOSPITAL KADUGONDANAHALLI BANGALORE -560 045 Phe: 080-25476498, 25463442 KERALA Kannur Medical College Anjarakandy KANNUR - 670612 Ph: (0497) 2855000, 2855001 PONDICHERRY Jothi Eye Care Foundation # 152 & 154, Calve Subraya Chetty Street Pondicherry -605 001 Ph: (0413) 2224534, 2337659, MTNL Toll Free 1919 TAMILNADU C.U. Shah Eye Bank Sankara Nethralaya 18, College Road, Chennai - 600 006 Ph: 044-28261268 / 1919

Aravind Eye Bank Avinashi Road, Peelamedu Coimbatore - 641 014 Ph: 2578901 / 2578902 Sankara Eye Bank Sri Kanchi Kama Koti Medical Trust 77, West Ponnurangam Road R.S. Puram, Coimbatore - 2 Ph: 24221081/ 2430534 Eye Research Centre Dr. Agarwals’ Eye Hospital 19, Cathedral Road Chennai - 600 086 Phone: 044-28116233 K.G. EYE HOSPITAL K. GOVINDASWAMY NAIDU MEDICAL TRUST ARTS COLLEGE ROAD COIMBATORE -641 018T.N Phone: (0422) 212121, 211212 SANKARA EYE HOSPITAL SRI SANKAR NAGAR, PAMMAL, CHENNAI - 75; Phone: 2484799, 2485299 VASAN EYE BANK VASAN EYE CARE HOSPITAL 120-A, BAZAR ROAD, SAIDAPET CHENNAI - 600 015; TN Phone: 24327736, 43400000, DR. LANKESH EYE BANK DR. LANKESH EYE HOSPITAL NO.2, 41-STREET, 6TH AVENUE, ASHOK NAGAR CHENNAI-600 083; TN Ph: 42318204, 43054261 VASAN EYE BANK VASAN EYE CARE HOSPITAL NO-81/83, T.V. SWAMI ROAD, NEAR KAMAKSHIAMMAN TEMPLE, R.S. PURAM COIMBATORE-641 002; TN Ph: 0422-4089000, 4200008;

Elmex Eye Bank Medical Care Centre Trust Children Hospital Karelibaug, Jalaram Marg Vadodara -390 018 Ph: (0265) 2463906, 2464130 Dr. Indumati T. Patel Eye Bank Haribakti Complex, Vinoba Bhave Road Salatwada, Vadodara-390 001 Ph: (0265) 2410932, 2426311 MAHARASHTRA ARPAN EYE BANK FLAT NO-4054, 1ST FLOOR, PLOT NO-48 MAYURESH CO-OP. HSG. SOCIETY, GHATKOPER (EAST), MUMBAI - 400075 , Ph: 24164342. 24162929, 1919 Sahiya Matrushree Gomtiben Ratanshi Cheda Eye Bank Dr. Shah’s Unique Smile Vision Care Centre 1, Priyadarshini Apartments Thane -West-400 602, M.S. Ph: 25449051, M-09892657656 GOKHALE EYE BANK & RESEARCH CENTRE GOKHALE EYE HOSPITAL, ANANT-3, DADAR MUMBAI -400 028, M.S. Phone: 24221820, 24227425, VASAI BLIND RELIEF ASSOCIATION'S EYE HOSPITAL & LIONS JUHU EYE BANK AZAD ROAD, PARNAKA VASAI-401 201; M.S. Phone: (0250) 2308287, 2308389 JANAKALYAN EYE BANK NETRA SEVA KENDRA 318, NARAYAN PETH, OPP-DAILY PRABHAT PUNE -411 030; M.S. Phone: 020-24464287, 60201034 DR. BAPAYE HOSPITAL EYE BANK BEHIND N.C.C. BANK OLD AGRA ROAD NASIK - 422 001; M.S. Phone: 23576505

Dr. Agarwal's Eye Hospital No.61, Plot No.1, D.D. Main Road, Arapalayam MADURAI- 620 016, TN Ph: (0452) 2301333, 230160; GUJARAT International Eye Bank 1, Atulya Bhavan, Sarkhej-Gandhinagar High-way, Thaltej Ahmedabaad -380 054 Ph: 079- 27413333, 27450633, M- 09825885233 Dr. Dhanijishah Anklesaria Eye Bank, M & J Institute of Ophthalmology Ahmedaabad-380 016 Ph: 079- 22681010, 22680314, Darshini Eye Bank Cornea Foundation 2nd Floor, Suyog Building Near Kamlakam Dhenu Hall Drive-in-Road, Memnagar Ahmedabaad-380 052 Ph: 079-27497815

SUHIL EYE BANK 25, KRUSHI NAGAR COLLEGE ROAD, NASIK -422 005, M.S. Phone: 0253-2579791, 2315342 LOTUS EYE HOSPITAL 13, N.S. ROAD VITHAL NAGAR SOCIETY, JUHU, MUMBAI, M.S. Phone: 26207534, 26205590 CONVENOR-EYE BANK SHRI MULUND K.V.O. SAMAJ EYE BANK 1/2, DEDHIA APARTMENTS GG ROAD, MULUND-(WEST) MUMBAI-400 080; M.S. Phone: M-09320455777

www.icareinfo.in llll

llll


December 2013

info

Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

Rights provide an opportunity to take step towards progress Change in the situation of disable persons (especially blinds) after the 66 years of Independence. Lots of changes is being observed during last 66 years. In comparison to time before 66 years ago, presently there are numerous opportunities of safety, right, training etc for blind people

Prasanna Kumar Pincha

Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, India

These laws have brought lots of changes in disable people life. Now there are imparting their duties in society equally and it is possible only because of these rights, as it provide an opportunity to take step towards progress. llll

At national level, four laws are existing for the help of disable persons. The law of year 1995 talk about the rights of disable persons, a national committee was formed. This law is for such disable or handicapped persons who are dependent on others. There is separate law for mentally retarded, however there is possibility of formation of new law. Mental Health Care bill is being presented in parliament, and it will be more progressive. Apart from this Indian Rehabilitation Council law is also there. There four laws are proving fruitful for the handicapped persons. Many schemes are also launched, a separate department is there in the government. India has also signed and promoted the act prepared by Soviet Union regarding the rights of handicapped people. According to this act, there should be change in all laws and policies related to this. Most probably this bill can be presented in parliament during winter session. However , many more things have to be done for betterment of these people, but it will be wrong saying that nothing has been done so far. These laws had been proved beneficial to which extent. Did the representation of handicapped is being seen in society. No doubt, these laws had proved fruitful. These people had got social safety and smooth environment.

According to this law, it is necessary to provide education to disable child till age of 18 in smooth and safe environment which will be free of cost and children are getting benefitted also Poverty Eradication - Under this scheme there is provision of 3% reservation and it had proved successful also. However, it can be said that these laws are not being implemented properly, most of the places appointment is not done in reserved seats. Backlog is still in existence. But it is true people has become aware and movement is observed. It is necessary to develop sensitivity in burocacy.

How these rights bring change in life? These laws have brought lots of changes in disable people life. Now there are imparting their duties in society equally and it is possible only because of these rights , as it provide an opportunity to take step towards progress. If any one feels that he is deprived of rights, he or she can appeal in front of Chief Handicapped Commissioner of Central Government. State related cases be present before the state government. Apart from this, they can appeal in lok adalats and people are going also.

Act 2012 regarding Handicaps is under process and is different from Act of 1995. Now it has to be seen how much effective it would be? First of all, it is required to know why this act is being formed. As the India has signed the bill with Soviet Union and promoted also , it means law has to be amended. This changes would come in laws of main stream also, on points mentioned in the bill. For example in education field, the laws regarding

llll

06

Conversation with Prasanna Kumar Pincha as the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, India by Divya Sahu

right to education for handicap will be amended, so that education disability should be friendly. It is expected to done soon. If we talk in whole, there would change in social, economical and cultural rights of disable persons , and civil and political rights would be additional. Secondly, in present existing law, only seven awards for disabled are recognized, whereas in new law this figure would increase to 17-18 awards and large number of disabled would be benefitted

Any incident showing the benefit of these rights. There are several incidents regarding it, as many exams are being held throughout the country for job and education, in which there was no similarity in rights of disables as compare to normal candidates. If any blind candidate required writer during the exam it was not available. Most of the exams they were able to get writes and at some places no. As there are different rules in different places, when the complaints was being received , I thought of taking step in this direction. As the Chief Commissioner do not frame policies but before my working period a detail guidelines was prepared and forwarded to government and it was not being implemented. I received the complaint in my office and I issued a show cause notice to Department of Disability Affairs. Hearing was held and ordered to implement the above guidelines in desired period, so that blind candidates should not face during exams. Later on those guidelines was implemented by Monitory of social Justice and Empowerment and it was good. Now the employer are bound to follow it. But still many more changes are required. llll


info

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

07

Rights of persons with disabilities Legal Framework and Extensive Infrastructure At the central level, the Disability Division in the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment facilitates empowerment of the persons with disabilities. The Constitution in the schedule of subjects lays direct responsibility of the empowerment of the persons with disabilities on the State Governments. Hence, the State Governments and Union Territories in India have established Social Welfare Boards for the handicapped. Panchayati Raj Institutions at village level, intermediary level and district level have been entrusted with the welfare of persons with disabilities. The voluntary organisations also play a very important role in providing welfare and rehabilitation services to the disabled. The Government has framed many acts to ensure equal opportunities for persons with disabilities and their full participation in the nation-building process. A multi-sectoral collaborative approach, involving all the appropriate governments agencies i.e. Ministries of the Central Government, the State Governments/UTs, Central/State undertakings, local authorities and other appropriate authorities, is being followed in implementation of various provisions of the Act.

Acts

The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act), 1995 (CMS contribution) is one of the key enactments, which provides for education, employment, creation of barrier free environment, social security etc. The Act extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. The Government of Jammu & Kashmir has enacted "The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights & Full Participation) Act, 1998". The Government is presently in the process of making comprehensive llll

Tax Act

Major Milestones India is a signatory to the Declaration on the Full Participation and Equality of People with Disabilities in the Asia Pacific Region . India is also a signatory to the Biwako Millennium Framework for action towards an inclusive, barrier free and rights based society . The adoption of the National Policy for Persons with Disabilities in 2006 and signing of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) by India in 2007 are some major milestones in ensuring a life of dignity and self sufficiency to persons with disabilities. India ratified the UN Convention on 1st October, 2008. Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities.

amendments to the Persons with Disabilities Act 1995, to make it more inclusive on the line of international conventions.

Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992

Some highlights of the proposed amendments are: • • • •

• •

Inclusion of new disabilities such as autism and enlarging the scope of existing disabilities. Setting up of a national fund for persons with disabilities. Ensuring an inclusive environment in education, on roads and in built environment. Restructuring of the Central and State coordinating Committees as Advisory Boards with enhanced roles and responsibilities; creation of committees at district levels. Emphasis on means to prevent disabilities. Affirmative action, including reservation of dwelling units and shops for persons with disabilities.

National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability Act, 1999 This Act has provisions for legal guardianship of the four categories and creation of enabling environment for as much independent living as possible. This act provides for the constitution of a national body for the welfare of the persons with Autism, Cerebral

The Act deals with the development of manpower for providing rehabilitation services, providing the constitution of the Rehabilitation Council of India for regulating the training of rehabilitation professionals and the maintenance of a Central Rehabilitation Register and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

The Mental Health Act, 1987 This Act consolidates and amends the law relating to the treatment and care of mentally ill persons to make better provision with respect to their properly and affairs and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 The Act provides certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and employment injuries and to make provision for certain other matters in relation thereto. The Act also guarantees reasonably good medical care to workers and their immediate dependants.

Exemptions Under Income

llll

Section 80U, as it existed till the assessment year 1989-90 and earlier years, provided for a deduction in the case of a resident individual assesses suffering from a permanent physical disability (including total blindness). By an amendment made by the Finance Act of 1989, with effect from assessment year 1990-91, the deduction was also made applicable to the assesses who are suffering from mental retardation to the extent specified in the rules made in this behalf by the Board.

The All India Service (Special Disability Leave) Regulations, 1957 These regulations may be called the All India Services (Special Disability Leave) Regulations, 1957.

Extensive Infrastructure for Differently-abled In order to effectively deal with multi dimensional problems of persons with disability and for development of manpower in different areas, the government has developed extensive infrastructure for them. The following seven national institutes have been setup in each major area of disability: • Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped, New Delhi • National Institute of Visually Handicapped, Dehradun • National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped, Kolkata • National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped , Secunderabad. • Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai • National Institute of Rehabilitation Training & Research, Cuttack • National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities, Chennai llll


info Welfare From aids and appliances, scholarships, awards and monetary benefits to reservations in government jobs and incentives for private employers, the government has rolled out various schemes/programmes to ensure development of the persons with disabilities.

Education Get detailed information about schemes related to National Scholarships and Integrated Education for persons with disabilities. Downloadable forms are also available.

Scheme of National Scholarships for Persons with Disabilities Under the Scheme of National Scholarships for Persons with Disabilities every year 500 new scholarships are awarded for pursuing post-matric professional and technical courses of duration more than one year. However, in respect of students with cerebral palsy, mental retardation, multiple disabilities and profound or severe hearing impairment, scholarship are awarded for pursuing studies from IX Std. onwards.

Scheme of Integrated Education for the Disabled Children The centrally sponsored scheme of Integrated Education for the Disabled Children (revised 1992) is being implemented in States and UTs in over 90,000 schools benefiting over 2,00,000 children with disabilities. The scheme was introduced with a view to providing educational opportunities for children with disabilities in general schools, to facilitate their retention in the school system. It provides for facilities to students with disabilities including expenses on books and stationery, expenses on uniforms, transport allowance, reader allowance, escort allowance, hostel accommodation and actual cost of equipment. The scheme also supports the appointment of special teachers, provision for resource rooms and removal of architectural barriers in schools.

Employment Information on vocational rehabilitation centres, special llll

employment exchanges for persons with disabilities, reservation in posts and services under the Government of India, etc is available on the website. Details regarding schemes and incentives related to employment and downloadable forms are also given.

Vocational Rehabilitation Centres for Handicapped Seventeen Vocational Rehabilitation Centres for handicapped (VRCs) have been functioning in the country, one each at Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Bhubaneswar, Bangalore, Kolkata, Delhi, Jaipur, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Guwahati, Kanpur, Ludhiana, Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Vadodara, Agartala and Patna. Out of these, Vocational Rehabilitation Centre at Vadodara has been set up exclusively for handicapped women. These Centres evaluate the residual capacities of the handicapped and provide them training, facilitating their early economic rehabilitation.

Special Employment Exchanges for Physically Handicapped Employment Exchanges under the the National Employment Service are generally responsible for the placement of physically handicapped. Besides, Special Employment Exchanges have also been set-up for their selective placement.

Reservation Persons with disabilities (physically handicapped persons) can avail reservation in posts and services under the Government of India. In case of direct recruitment to Group A, B, C & D posts, 3% of the vacancies shall be reserved for persons with disabilities of which 1% each shall be reserved for persons suffering from (i) blindness or low vision, (ii) hearing impairment and (iii) locomotor disability or cerebral palsy in the posts identified for each disability.

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in hearing impairment and (iii) locomotor disability or cerebral palsy in the posts identified for each disability.

Schemes

Scheme of Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase / Fitting of Aids and Appliances (ADIP Scheme) The main objective of the scheme is to assist the needy disabled persons in procuring durable, sophisticated and scientifically manufactured, modern, standard aids and appliances that can promote their physical, social and psychological rehabilitation, by reducing the effects of disabilities and enhance their economic potential. The aids and appliances supplied under the scheme must be ISI.

Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme This scheme promotes voluntary action for persons with disabilities with the objectives to create an enabling environment to ensure equal opportunities, equity, social justice and empowerment of persons with disabilities. The scheme encourages voluntary action for ensuring effective implementation of the People with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities and Protection of Rights) Act of 1995.

Scheme of National Awards for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities The Scheme for giving National Awards to the outstanding employers of persons with disabilities as well as the most outstanding employees was approved in 1969. The Government of India has been amending scope of the scheme whenever required keeping in view the changing scenario. Schemes arising out of the Implementation of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995

Three percent of the vacancies in case of promotion to Group D, and Group C posts in which the element Some of the Schemes are of direct recruitment, if any, does given below: not exceed 75%, shall be reserved • Incentives to Employers in for persons with disabilities of the Private Sector for which one per cent each shall be reserved for persons suffering from Providing Regular (i) blindness or low vision, (ii) Employment to Persons with llll

08

Disabilities • Models to promote awareness about accessibility features in public buildings • Composite Regional Centres for Persons with Disabilities (CRCs) • District Disability Rehabilitation Centers (DDRCs)

Financial Assistance Financial Support for Self-Employment Ventures The National Handicapped and Finance Development Corporation (NHFDC) has been providing loans on concessional terms for undertaking self-employment ventures by the persons with disabilities through state channelising agencies. • Schemes Implemented through State Channelising Agencies (SCA) & Nationalised Bank • Micro Financing Scheme • Schemes for Parent's Association of mentally retarded persons • Procedure for obtaining Loan

Special Education with Financial Assistance According to the report of manpower development published by the Rehabilitation Council of India, more than 1,00,000 teachers will be needed in the next ten years to cater to the educational needs of disabled children in schools. Bachelor's and master's level teacher programmes are needed for preparing teachers to help disabled children realise the objective of education for all. Hence, the University Grants Commission (UGC) supports selected university departments and colleges of education in the country to offer special education, with financial assistance available under the programme of Integrated Education for Disabled Children by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, or within the available resources of the UGC.

llll


info

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

09

The Office of the Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities The Office of the Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities has been established as an Independent Statutory Authority under the Persons with Disability Act, 1995. It is a quasi judicial authority which looks into the complaints of persons with disabilities regarding infringement of their rights. Independent Office of the Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities has started functioning in Delhi from August, 2009. Till then the Department of Social Welfare was looking after the functions of Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities.

• Limitation of the filed of vision subtending an angle of 20 degree or worse.

• Low vision Person low vision means a person with impairment of visual functioning even after treatment or standard refractive correction but who uses or is potentially capable of using vision for the planning or execution of a task with appropriate assistive device.

• Leprosy cured • Loss of sensation in hands or feet as well as loss of sensation and paresis in the eye-lid but withy no manifest deformity. • Manifest deformity and paresis but having sufficient mobility in their hands and feet to enable them to engage in normal economic activity; • Extreme physical deformity as well as advanced age which prevents him from undertaking any gainful occupation.

Who benefits under the Act A person with disability means a person suffering from not less than forty percent of any disability as certified by a Medical Authority. The disability as per the PWD Act, 1995 is as follows:

• Blindness Blindness refers to a condition where a person suffers from any of the following conditions, namely:• Total absence of sight; or • Visual acuity not exceeding 6/60 or 20/200 (snellen) in the better eye with correcting lenses; or

• Hearing impairment

Hearing impairment means loss of sixty decibels or more in the better ear in the conversational range of frequencies;

• Locomotor disability Locomotor disability means disability of the bones, joints or muscles leading to substantial restriction of the movement of the limbs

or any form of cerebral palsy;

• Mental retardation Mental retardation means a condition of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person which is specially characterized by sub normality of intelligence;

• Mental illness Mental illness means any mental disorder other than mental retardation;

Powers of Commissioner Section 61 of PWD Act The Commissioner within the State shall • Coordinate with the departments of the State Government for the programmes and schemes for the benefit of persons with disabilities • Monitor the utilization of funds disbursed by the State Government • Take steps to safeguard the rights and facilities made available to persons with disabilities. • Submit reports to the State Government on the implementation of the Act at such intervals as that Government may prescribe and forward a copy thereof to the Chief Commissioner.

Section 62 of PWD Act

Commissioner to look into complaints with respect to the matters relating to deprivation of rights of person with disabilitiesWithout prejudice to the provisions of sections 61 the Commissioner may of his own motion or on the application of any aggrieved person or otherwise look into complaints with respect to matters relating to• Deprivation or rights of persons with disabilities; • Non-implementation of laws, rules, bye-laws, regulations, executive orders, guidelines or instructions made or issued by the appropriate Governments and the local authorities for the welfare and protection of rights of persons with disabilities, The take up the matter with the appropriate authorities

Sction 63 of PWD Act Authorities and officers to have certain powers of civil court• The Chief Commissioner and the Commissioners shall, for the purpose of discharging their functions under this Act, have the same powers as are vested in a court under the Code of Civil procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) while trying a suit, in respect of the following matters, namely:• Summoning and enforcing

the attendance of witnesses; • Requiring the discovery and production of any document; • Requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office; • Receiving evidence on affidavits; and • Issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents. • Every proceeding before the Chief Commissioner and Commissioners shall be a judicial proceeding within the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) and the Chief Commissioner, the Commissioner, the competent authority, shall be deemed to be a civil court for the purposes of section 195 and Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).

Activities by the Office of the Commissioner Disabilities • Grievances of disabled persons to secure their rights. • Co-ordination with the Departments of Delhi Government. • Monitor the utilization of government funds.

CONTACT INFORMATION

Office of the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment Sarojini House, 6, Bhagwan Dass Road, New Delhi Name

Designation

Email Address

Telephone Number

Kumari Selja

Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment

kumari.selja@nic.in

23381001, 23381390

Shri Manikrao Hodlya Gavit

Minister of State for Social Justice & Empowerment

23383757, 23383745

Shri Porika Balram Naik

Minister of State for Social Justice & Empowerment

porikabalrammp@gmail.com 23383757, 23383745

Ms. Stuti Kacker

Secretary (DD)

secretaryda-msje@nic.in

23389164, 23389552(Fax)

Shri Prasanna Kumar Pincha

Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities

ccpd@nic.in

23383907, 23386006 (Fax)

Shri T. D. Dhariyal

Dy. Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities

ccpd@nic.in

23384219, 23386006 (Fax)

Shri Shashi Shanker Sinha

Dy. Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities

ccpd@nic.in

23384762, 23386006 (Fax)

llll

llll

llll


info Barrier Free Built Environment The Central Public Works Department (CPWD) has issued comprehensive guidelines for Barrier Free Built Environment to make buildings and facilities friendly for use by persons with disabilities.

The Ministry of Urban Development is the nodal Ministry for implementation of barrier-free built environment for the disabled and elderly persons as envisaged in Section 46 ofthe Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 . The Ministry has prepared Model Building Bye-Laws which contain provisions for improving access to various public buildings by disabled and elderly persons. Moreover, Accessibility norms being followed by the government websites also pave the way for inclusiveness of persons with disabilities. A person with visual disability can now access the government portals using assistive technologies such as screen readers and magnifiers. Three National Awards have been instituted for Websites having the best accessibility features for persons with disabilities. One Award each will be given in the category of Websites belonging to Central and State. One Award each is given in the category of Websites belonging to Central and State governments, Public Sector Undertakings, and the Private Sector, respectively. National Awards for the Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities are given away by the President of India each year on 3rd December, to mark the International Day of Persons with Disabilities.

Braille Print of RTI Act (Press Note) The Constitution of India ensures equality, freedom, justice and dignity of all individuals and implicitly mandates an inclusive society for all including persons with disabilities. In the recent years, there have been vast and positive changes in the perception of the society towards persons with disabilities. It has been realized that a majority of persons with disabilities can lead a better quality of life if they have equal opportunities and effective access to rehabilitation measures. Recently Government of India has enacted Right to Information Act for the general people of India. The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has got translated the Right to Information Act in Braille for the benefit of persons with visual impairment. The copies may be obtained fromNational Institute for the Visually Handicapped 116-Rajpur Road, Dehradun. Telephone No: 0135-2744491, 2735341. Fax No: 0135-2748147. lll

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

10

Proposed law on disabled set to be tabled in Winter Session New Delhi: Government is set to table the new disability bill in the ongoing Winter Session of Parliament, to guarantee civil and political rights to such people and expand the definition of disability. "We feel the country should be ready for new developments that have taken place in the world and so we are considering a new law. It will be more

encompassing with more disabilities being brought in," said Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment, Selja Kumari. The Minister said the proposed law seeks to repeal Persons with Disabilities Act of 1995 and replace it with a comprehensive rights based law in accordance with provisions of the United Nations Disability Convention, which India

ratified in October 2007. According to the UN body "disability is an evolving concept" and broadly casts "persons with disabilities" to "include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others."

Our Rights Nikita Patil / Mumbai In our life few things we get very smoothly and for few things we have to struggle hard, in that case should be accept defeat or left trying moving ahead. When we talk about our rights it becomes more important. In our life whenever we try to achieve new things , to make our own new ways, we should get our rights also. And if are deprived of our rights we should have the spirit to fight against our rights. We blind people always keep on demanding our rights regarding 3% reservation, right to equality, equal work within office or rights related to other facilities. Did we ever thought that there are many more rights which are significant in our life, as we try to demand our rights keeping the daily routine requirement of our life. Can it happen that all this discussion regarding our rights can be related to techniques. I consider that technique is the solution of every problem, so technique is having significant role in my life. Today we are not

receiving our all rights but we are try for our few basic right , among which one is right of technique. Technical rights- if we succeed in getting technical right, in that case we would be able to face lots of difficulties of our life. We can also make use of techniques. Softwares are developed in such a way that it becomes very easy for us to work with it. Oftenly it happen that any how we get job in bank but work is not allotted to us as per our ability. Many times different types of softwares are in use in banks and we are not aware about it, but if training is provided to us we can prove ourself the best. Nowadays a large number of blind people wants to make their career in field of IT and there will be no importance of education in our life if we are deprived of technical rights. Above case is not at every place, in few of the private offices we are using the technique in better way. We are demanding for the technical rights and hopefully we will get it but it will be fruitful only when society will relay on us.

Ask the Experts

http://ask.icareinfo.in get specialist opinion for your eye problems, eye donation or blind people rehabilitation queries

email your queries at ask@icareinfo.in llll

or post at

http://ask.icareinfo.in llll


info

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

11

¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶f³ý (I`YMSZ¢M) ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý ·ffS°f ¸fZÔ ýÈdáWe³f°ff IYf EIY ´fi¸fb£f IYfS¯f W`Ü ¹fW dÀ±fd°f ¸fb£¹f°f¹ff C¸fi Ad²fIY WfZ þf³fZ ´fS ´f`ýf WfZ°fe W`Ü þ¶f »fZÔÀf ¹ff CÀfIYf I`Y´fÀfc»f ²fcÔ²f»ff ¹ff ýcd²f¹ff WfZ þf°ff W` °ffZ SfZVf³fe Afh£f IZY AÔýS ³fWeÔ ´fWbÔ¨f ´ff°fe W` dþÀfIZY IYfS¯f ¸fSeþ IYfZ ²fbÔ²f»ff ¹ff IY¸f dý£ffBÊ ýZ°ff W`Ü UÈðfUÀ±ff, ³fZ{f ¸fZÔ ¨ffZM, þ»f³f (B³μ»fZ¸fZVf³f), ¸f²fb¸fZW Af`S ÀMeSfg¹fO IYf »fÔ¶fZ Àf¸f¹f °fIY ´fi¹ffZ¦f ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶f³ý WfZ³fZ IZY ´fi¸fb£f IYfS¯f W`Ü ¹fdý ¦f·ffÊUÀ±ff IZY ýf`Sf³f ¸ffÔ IYfZ ÀfÔIi ¸f¯f W` °ffZ ¶f¨¨fZ IYfZ þ³¸f ÀfZ We ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý WfZ ÀfIY°ff W`Ü

A¦fS Af´fIYfZ ÀffRY-ÀffRY ýZ£f³fZ ¸fZÔ dý¢IY°f WfZ°fe WfZ, A¨ff³fIY ²fbÔ²f»ff d»f£f³fZ »f¦ff WfZ, ¨fV¸ff »f¦ff³fZ IZY ¶ffý ·fe Àf¸fÀ¹ff NeIY ³f WfZ SWe WfZ °ffZ ÀfÔ·f»f þfBEÜ ¹fZ ÀfÔIZY°f WfZ ÀfIY°fZ W`Ô þfZ ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý WfZ³fZ IYf BVffSf IYS SWZ W`ÔÜ ¹fdý Af´f³fZ »ff´fSUfWe ¶fS°fe °ffZ AfÔ£ffZÔ IYe SfZVf³fe ·fe dL³f ÀfIY°fe W`Ü BÀf SfZ¦f IYe UþW ÀfZ ýbd³f¹ff ¸fZÔ Àf¶fÀfZ ª¹ffýf »ffZ¦f ³fZ{We³f WfZ°fZ W`ÔÜ ýSAÀf»f, þ¶f dIYÀfe IYfS¯f ÀfZ Afh£f IZY »f`ÔÀf IYe ´ffdSýVfÊ°ff IY¸f ¹ff Àf¸ff´°f WfZ þf°fe W` Af`S BÀfÀfZ ²fbÔ²f»ff dý£ffBÊ ýZ³fZ »f¦f°ff W`, °ffZ CÀf dÀ±fd°f IYfZ ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IYW°fZ W`ÔÜ ´fW»fZ ¹fW ¶fe¸ffSe Àff¸ff³¹f°ff`S ´fS ¶fbþb¦ffZÊÔ IYfZ Ad²fIY WfZ°fe ±fe, »fZdIY³f A¶f ¹fbUfAfZÔ ¸fZÔ ·fe BÀfIZY »fÃf¯f d¸f»f³fZ »f¦fZ W`ÔÜ dUVfZ¿f IYfS¯f ÀfZ ¶f¨¨ffZÔ U ³fUþf°f dVfdVfbAfZÔ IYfZ ·fe BÀfIYf ´fi·ffU WfZ ÀfIY°ff W`Ü Wf»ffÔdIY Afg´fSZVf³f ÀfZ ýÈdá dRYS ÀfZ ´fif´°f IYe þf ÀfIY°fe W`Ü

¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IYf IYfS¯f -

BÔdO¹f³f IYfCÔdÀf»f AfgRY ¸fZdOIY»f dSÀf¨fÊ (AfBÊÀfeE¸fAfS) IYe EIY dS´ffZMÊ IZY ¸fb°ffd¶fIY ýZVf ¸fZÔ °fZþe ÀfZ ¶fPÞ°fZ ´fiýc¿f¯f IYe UþW ÀfZ I`YMS`¢M °fZþe ÀfZ ¶fPÞ SWf W`Ü ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý WfZ³fZ IYe A³¹f ¶fOÞe UþW ´fSf¶f`Ô¦f³fe dUdIYS¯f (Àfc¹fÊ IZY ´fiIYfVf ÀfdW°f), ¨ffZM Af`S dUMfd¸f³f °f±ff ´fifZMe³f þ`ÀfZ ´ffZ¿fIY °f°UfZÔ IYe VfSeS ¸fZÔ IY¸fe U ¶fbPÞf´ff W`Ü ¸f²fb¸fZW, Af³fbUÔdVfIY°ff °f±ff AfÔ£f ¸fZÔ ÀfÔIi ¸f¯f, Àfcþ³f U ¨ffZM IYe UþW ÀfZ ·fe ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý WfZ ÀfIY°ff W`Ü UZ »ffZ¦f þfZ dÀf¦fSZM IZY ²fbEh ¹ff IbYL ýUfEÔ IZY Àf¸´fIYÊY ¸fZÔ SÁ°fZ W`Ô, C³WZÔ ·fe ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý WfZ³fZ IYf £f°fSf WfZ°ff W`Ü ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý ÀfZ £fbþ»fe, AfÔÀfc Af³ff ¹ff dÀfS ýQÊ ³fWeÔ WfZ°ff W`Ü

¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IZY »fÃf¯f Af`S d¨f³W Vfb÷ Af°fe »fÃf¯f - Af¸f °ff`S ´fS »ffZ¦ffZÔ IYfZ ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IZY ¶ffSZ ¸fZÔ ´f°ff ³fWeÔ »f¦f°ffÜ þ¶f UZ A´f³fZ ¨fV¸fZ IYf ³fÔ¶fS ¶fPÞ³fZ IYe dVfIYf¹f°f »fZIYS AfBÊ À´fZdVf»fÀM IZY ´ffÀf þf°fZ W`Ô, °f¶f BÀfIYe þf³fIYfSe WfZ°fe W`Ü ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IZY »fÃf¯f ¶fWb°f ¸ff¸fc»fe WfZ°fZ W`Ô -

WfZ³ff

- »f¦ff°ffS ¨fV¸fZ IYf ³fÔ¶fS ¶fý»f³ff - IY»fS W»fIZY dý£f³ff Af`S EIY AfÔ£f ÀfZ ýfZ ¨feþZÔ ³fþS Af³ff

¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý ´fi·ffdU°f »fZÔÀf

¹fbUfAfZÔ IYfZ ·fe ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý

EIY We B»ffþ - dÀfRYÊY Af´fSZVf³f

¸ff³ff þf°ff ±ff dIY ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IYe ¶fe¸ffSe dÀfRYÊY ¶fbPÞf´fZ ¸fZÔ WfZ°fe W`, »fZdIY³f A¶f BÀf ¶fe¸ffSe IYf AÀfS AfV¨f¹fÊþ³fIY øY´f ÀfZ ¹fbUfAfZÔ ¸fZÔ ·fe dý£f³fZ »f¦ff W`Ü IYBÊ »ffZ¦ffZÔ ¸fZÔ IY¸f C¸fi ¸fZÔ BÀfIYe Vfb÷ Af°f WfZIYS ¶ffý ¸fZÔ ¹fW ¦fÔ·feS øY´f »fZ SWe W`Ü A¦fS ÀfWe °fSeIZY ÀfZ B»ffþ ³fWeÔ dIY¹ff þfE, °ffZ BÔÀff³f AÔ²ff ·fe WfZ ÀfIY°ff W`Ü

ÀfþÊSe IZY °fW°f ´fbSf³fZ »fZÔÀf IYe þ¦fW ´fS ¸ffZOÞZ þf ÀfIY³fZ Uf»fZ Af²fbd³fIY »fZÔÀf IYfZ MÑfÔÀf´»ffÔM dIY¹ff þf°ff W` dþÀfIZY IYfS¯f WS ýcSe IZY d»fE ¸fSeþ IYe ³fþS ¸fZÔ Àfb²ffS WfZ°ff W`Ü ÀfþÊSe IZY ýf`Sf³f »f¦ff¹ff þf³fZ Uf»ff »fZÔÀf ¸fb»ff¹f¸f Af`S »f¨fe»fZ ¸fMedSA»f ÀfZ ¶f³ff WfZ°ff W`Ü ¹fZ »fZÔÀf Àfc¹fÊ IYe SfZVf³fe ÀfZ d³fIY»f³fZ Uf»fe Wfd³fIYfSIY ´fSf¶f`Ô¦f³fe dIYS¯ffZÔ ÀfZ ÀfÔUZý³fVfe»f ³fZ{ SZdM³ff IYe SÃff IYS°fZ W`ÔÜ

Bd³fÀfþ³f I`YMSZ¢M ÀfþÊSe (EÀf-d¸f¢Àf) ³ff¸f dý¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü BÀfÀfZ ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IYe ÀfþÊSe IZY d»fE »f¦ffE þf³fZ Uf»fZ ¨feSZ IYf AfIYfS 3.2-3.4 d¸f»fe¸feMS ÀfZ §fMfIYS 1.6-1.8 d¸f»fe¸feMS WfZ ¦f¹ff W`Ü BÀf ÀfþÊSe IZY ¶ffý ¸fSeþ IYe ³fþS þ»ý NeIY WfZ°fe W` Af`S UW IYf¸fIYfþ IYS³fZ »f¦f°ff W`Ü

Afg´fSZVf³f EIY dý³f ¸fZÔ - A¶f ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IYf Afg´fSZVf³f EIY dý³f ¸fZÔ WfZ þf°ff W`Ü BÀfIZY d»fE WfgdÀ´fM»f ¸fZÔ Sf°f d¶f°ff³fZ IYe þøYS°f ³fWeÔ ´fOÞ°feÜ BÀfIZY °fW°f Af´fIYe AfÔ£ffZÔ ¸fZÔ »fZÔÀf BÔ´»ffÔM dIYE þf°fZ W`ÔÜ ³fBÊ °fIY³feIY ÀfZ »fZÔÀf »f¦ff°fZ U¢°f MfÔIZY ³fWeÔ »f¦ff³fZ ´fOÞ°fZ W`ÔÜ BÀfd»fE dSIYUSe ·fe IYfRYe °fZþe ÀfZ WfZ°fe W`Ü US³ff ´fbSf³fe MZ¢³ffg»fþe ¸fZÔ »fZÔÀf »f¦ff°fZ U¢°f MfÔIZY »f¦ffE þf°fZ ±fZ Af`S NeIY WfZ³fZ ¸fZÔ ýfZ-°fe³f ¸fWe³fZ IYf U¢°f »f¦f þf°ff ±ffÜ

d¨fdIY°ÀfIYfZÔ IZY ¸fb°ffd¶fIY ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý SfZIY³fZ IYf A·fe °fIY IYfZBÊ d³fdV¨f°f C´ff¹f ³fWeÔ W`Ü Wf»ffÔdIY ¸fZdOIY»f dSÀf¨fÊ ¸fZÔ Àff¸f³fZ Af¹ff W` dIY £ff³fZ-´fe³fZ IYe ¨feþfZÔ IYf ²¹ff³f S£fIYS Af`S WZ»ýe RcYO »fZIYS ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý ´fS IYf¶fc ´ff¹ff þf ÀfIY°ff W` Af`S SfZ¦f IYfZ ¶fPÞ³fZ ÀfZ SfZIYf þf ÀfIY°ff W`Ü

Vfb÷ Af°f ¸fZÔ ¨fV¸fZ IZY ³f¸¶fS ¶fý»f³fZ ÀfZ »ff·f d¸f»f ÀfIY°ff W`, »fZdIY³f ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IYf B»ffþ dÀfRYÊY Af´fSZVf³f We W`Ü Af´fSZVf³f IZY ´fW»fZ ¶»fO Vfb¦fS, ¶»fO ´fiZVfS, BÊ.Àfe.þe. U ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f ¶fe¸ffSe IYe þfÔ¨f A´f³fZ d¨fdIY°ÀfIY IYe Àf»ffW A³fbÀffS IYS Uf»fZÔÜ

Afg´fSZVf³f IYe ³fBÊ °fIY³feIY ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IYe ÀfþÊSe A¶f ¶fZWý LfZMZ ¨feSZ IZY - ³fþS ²fbÔ²f»fe ¹ff IY¸fþfZS ´fOÞ³ff þdSE WfZ ÀfIY°fe W`Ü BÀf ³fBÊ ÀfþÊSe IYe ¸fýý ÀfZ - Sf°f IYfZ OÑfBdUÔ¦f ¸fZÔ ´fSZVff³fe WfZ³ff ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IZY SfZ¦fe A´f³fe ³fþS ´fW»fZ ÀfZ ¶fZW°fS - °fZþ SfZVf³fe IYfZ ýZ£f³fZ ¸fZÔ dý¢IY°f ¶f³ff ÀfIY°fZ W`ÔÜ BÀf ÀfþÊSe IYfZ ÀMZ»f`dSÀf-¸ffBIi fZ

- Vfb÷ ¸fZÔ »fZ¸´f, »ffBÊM ¹ff ¨f³ýi¸ff EIY ÀfZ Ad²fIY dý£ffBÊ ´fOÞ ÀfIY°fZ W`ÔÜ llll

´fIYf WbAf ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý EIY Àf¸f¹f þ¶f ½¹fd¢°f IYfZ dÀfRYÊY SfZVf³fe IYf We Af·ffÀf WfZ ´ff°ff W`, °ffZ BÀfZ ´fdS´f¢U ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý (´fIYf WbAf ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý) IYW°fZ W`ÔÜ ¹fdý Àf¸f¹f SW°fZ BÀfIYf C´f¨ffS ³fWeÔ Àff¸ff³¹f »fZÔÀf IYSUf¹ff þfUZ °ffZ ¹fW ³fZ{fZÔ ¸fZÔ ý¶ffU IYfZ ¶fPf ýZ°ff W`Ü BÀfÀfZ Afh£f ¸fZÔ IYfÔd¨f¹ffd¶fÔý ¹ff AfÔ°fdSIY Àfcþ³f ·fe Af ÀfIY°fe W`Ü Afh£f IYe SfZVf³fe ´fcSe °fSW ÀfZ Àf¸ff´°f WfZ ÀfIY°fe W`Ü

¶f¨ffU -

IYfZdVfVf IYSZÔ dIY Af´f Àfd¶þ¹ffÔ ª¹ffýf £ffEÔ Af`S À¸ffZdIYÔ¦f ÀfZ ´fSWZþ IYSZÔÜ Af´f ²fc´f ¸fZÔ d³fIY»fZÔ, °ffZ MfZ´fe ¹ff ²fc´f IYf ¨fV¸ff ´fW³f »fZÔÜ Em»IYfgWfg»f IYf IY¸f ÀfZU³f IYSZÔÜ A¦fS Af´fIYfZ Of¹f¶feMeþ W`, °ffZ CÀf ´fS d³f¹fÔdÂf°f S£fZÔÜ WS °fe³f-¨ffS ¸fWe³ffZÔ ¸fZÔ AfÔ£ffZÔ IYe þfÔ¨f þøYS IYSfEÔ, ¢¹ffZÔdIY þSf ·fe »ff´fSUfWe Af´fIYfZ W¸fZVff IZY d»fE AÔ²ff ¶f³ff ÀfIY°fe W`Ü

¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý IYe ÀfþÊSe ÀfS»f W`Ü ÀfSIYfSe AÀ´f°ff»ffZÔ Af`S IYBÊ ¦f`S-ÀfSIYfSe ÀfÔÀ±ffAfZÔ ¸fZÔ ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶f³ý IZY Af´fSZVf³f IYe ÀfbdU²ff d³f:Vfb»IY WfZ°fe W`Ü

llll

llll


December 2013

info

Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

13

email: info@icareinfo.in | Subscripition: subscripitions@icareinfo.in | Advertising: advt@icareinfo.in llll

llll

llll


info

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

14

Af´fIZY ´fi¹ffÀf ÀfZ ³fZ{We³ffZÔ IYe ýbd³f¹ff WfZ ÀfIY°fe W` £fc¶fÀfcS°f

³fZ{ýf³f IZY BÔ°fþfS ¸fZÔ W`Ô ´f¨ffÀf »ff£f »ffZ¦f WS ´ffÔ¨f ÀfZIZY³O ¸fZÔ EIY ½¹fd¢°f ýÈdáWe³f WfZ þf°ff W`, þ¶fdIY 89 ´fid°fVf°f ¶f¨¨ffZÔ ¸fZÔ ýÈdáWe³f°ff 5 U¿fÊ IYe Af¹fb ÀfZ ´fW»fZ WfZ þf°fe W`Ü 90 ´fid°fVf°f ýÈdáWe³f ¶f¨¨fZ ÀIcY»f ³fWeÔ þf ´ff°fZ W`aÜ

ýbd³f¹ff ¶fZWý £fc¶fÀfcS°f W`Ü IY»f-IY»f ¶fW°fe ³fýe, WdS¹ff»fe ÀfZ ·fSZ ´fWfOÞfÔZ IYfZ ýZ£f°fZ We ¸f³f ¸fZÔ Af³fÔý WfZ°ff W`Ü AfÀf´ffÀf IYe WS ¨feþ IYf Àff`ýÔ ¹fÊ dþÔý¦fe ¸fZÔ £fbVfe IZY SÔ¦f d¶f£fZS°ff W`Ü ¹fW EWÀffÀf dý»ff³fZ IYf IYf¸f AfÔ£fZÔ IYS°fe W`,Ô »fZdIY³f ¢¹ff Af´f³fZ IY·fe ÀffZ¨ff W` dIY AfÔ£f IZY d¶f³ff ¹fZ Àf¶f IbYL I`YÀff ¸fWÀfcÀf WfZ¦ff? Af´f dÀfRYÊY ýfZ d¸f³fM AfÔ£ffZÔ ´fSX ´fMÐMe ¶ffÔ²fZÜÔ WS °fSRY AÔ²fZSf WfZ¦ff Af`S ýbd³f¹ff IYf Àff`ý¹a fÊ ¶fZIYfS »f¦fZ¦ffÜ ýZVf ¸fZÔ A¨Le £ffÀfe ÀfÔ£¹ff ¸fZÔ EmÀfZ »ffZ¦f W`,Ô dþ³fIYe dþÔý¦fe ¸fZÔ EmÀff AÔ²fZSf W`Ü ¹fZ ³fZ{We³f W`ÜÔ B³f¸fZÔ ÀfZ »f¦f·f¦f ´f¨ffÀf »ff£f »ffZ¦ffZÔ IYfZ A¦fS ³fZ{ýf³f ÀfZ IYfgd³fʹff d¸f»f þfE, °ffZ C³fIYe dþÔý¦fe SfZVf³f WfZ ÀfIY°fe W`Ü þøYS°f BÀfIZY ¶ffSZ ¸fZÔ Ad²fIY ÀfZ Ad²fIY þf³fIYfSe ´fiÀffdS°f IYS³fZ IYe W`Ü BÀf ýbd³f¹ff ¸fZÔ WS ´ffÔ¨f ÀfZIYZ ³O ¸fZÔ EIY ½¹fd¢°f ýÈdáWe³f WfZ þf°ff W`, þ¶fdIY 89 ´fid°fVf°f ¶f¨¨ffZÔ ¸fZÔ ýÈdáWe³f°ff 5 U¿fÊ IYe Af¹fb ÀfZ ´fW»fZ WfZ þf°fe W`Ü 90 ´fid°fVf°f ýÈdáWe³f ¶f¨¨fZ ÀIcY»f ³fWeÔ þf ´ff°fZ W`Ü Afa£ffZÔ IYf ¸fW°U Àf¸fÓfIYS We W¸f Àf·fe BÀfIYe ÀfbSÃff IYS°fZ W`ÜÔ »fZdIY³f IbYL »ffZ¦f We ýcÀfSfZÔ IZY ³fZ{ IZY ¶ffSZ ¸fZÔ ÀffZ¨f ´ff°fZ W`ÜÔ AfÔ£fZÔ dþÔý¦fe ·fS W¸ffSe dþÔý¦fe ¸fZÔ SfZVf³fe ·fS°fe W` Af`S ¸fS³fZ IZY ¶ffý ·fe dIYÀfe Af`S IYe dªf³Q¦fe IYf AÔ²fZSf WMf ÀfIY°fe W`Ü »fZdIY³f þ¶f ³fZ{ýf³f IYe ¶ff°f Af°fe W`, °ffZ AÔ²fdUVUfÀf IYe UþW ÀfZ ¶fWb°f ÀfZ »ffZ¦f ´feLZ WM þf°fZ W`ÜÔ C³WZÔ »f¦f°ff W` dIY EmÀff WfZ³fZ ´fS A¦f»fZ þ³¸f ¸fZÔ AÔ²fZ ´f`ýf WfZ¦Ô fZÜ þ¶fdIY AÀfd»f¹f°f ¸fZÔ ¹fW Àf¶fÀfZ ¶fOÞZ ´fb¯¹f IYf IYf¸f W`Ü ³fZ{ýf³f ÀfZ Af´fIZY ³f SW³fZ ´fS ·fe Af´fIYe AfÔ£fZÔ ýZ£f ÀfIZY¦Ô feÜ

³fZ{ýf³f IYe ¦fÔ·feS þøYS°f IYfZ Àf¸fÓf°fZ WbE WS Àff»f 25 A¦fÀ°f ÀfZ 8 dÀfÔ°f¶fS °fIY ³fZ{ýf³f ´f£fUfOÞf ¸f³ff¹ff þf°ff W`Ü Af´f ·fe ³fZ{ýf³f IYe ´fid°fÄff »fZIYS »ffZ¦ffZÔ ¸fZÔ þf¦føYIY°ff R`Y»ff ÀfIY°fZ W`ÜÔ BÀf EIY IYý¸f ÀfZ dIYÀfe IYe dþÔý¦fe Af¶ffý WfZ ÀfIY°fe W`Ü lll

dý£ffBÊ ýZ³ff ¶f³ý WfZ þf°ff W`Ü ýZVf ¸fZÔ IYSe¶f 50 »ff£f »ffZ¦f BÀf Àf¸fÀ¹ff ÀfZ ´fedOÞ°f W`ÜÔ B³fIZY þeU³f IYf AÔ²fZSf ýcS WfZ ÀfIY°ff W`, ¹fdý C³WZÔ dIYÀfe ¸fÈ°f ½¹fd¢°f IYf IYfgd³fʹff ´fif´°f WfZ þf¹fZÜ »fZdIY³f Of¢MS dIYÀfe ¸fÈ°f ½¹fd¢°f IYf IYfgd³fʹff °f¶f °fIY ³fWeÔ d³fIYf»f ÀfIY°fZ þ¶f °fIY dIY CÀfIZY ´fdSUfS Uf»fZ ³fZ{ýf³f IYe þf¦føYIY°ff IZY d»fE AfÔ£ffZÔ ¸fÈ°fIY IYf ³fZ{ýf³f IYSf³fZ IZY d»fE Sfþe IYe ÀfÔS¨f³ff Af`S ³fZ{ýf³f IYe ´fidIi ¹ff ³f WfZÜa þf³f³ff ¶fZWý þøYSe W`Ü ýSAÀf»f, ýZVf IZY Àf·fe Sfª¹ffZÔ ¸fZÔ AfBÊ ¶f`IÔ Y ¸ff`þýc W¸ffSe AfÔ£ffZÔ IYf IYf»ff ¦ffZ»f dWÀÀff W`ÜÔ »ffZ¦ffZÔ ¸fZÔ ¹fW ·fe ¦f»f°f ²ffS¯ff W` dIY IYfd³fʹff IYW»ff°ff W`Ü ¹fW Afh£f IYf ³fZ{ýf³f IZY ýf`Sf³f ¸fÈ°f ½¹fd¢°f IYe ´fcSe ´fQfÊ W`, þfZ ¶ffWSe UÀ°fbAfZÔ IYf d¨f{ ¶f³ffIYS W¸fZÔ ýÈdá ýZ°ff W`Ü A¦fS IYfgd³fʹff AfÔ£f d³fIYf»f »fe þf°fe W`Ü Àf¨¨ffBÊ ´fS ¨ffZM »f¦f þfE, BÀfIYe dÓf»»fe RYM ¹fWX W` dIY Ofg¢MS IZYU»f IYfgd³fʹff We þfE ¹ff BÀf´fS ²f¶¶fZ ´fOÞ þf¹fZÔ °ffZ

Àf·fe ²f¸ffZÔÊ ¸fZÔ ýf³f, ý¹ff Af`S ´fSfZ´fIYfS IYe ¸ff³fUe¹f ·ffU³ffEh dÀf£ffBÊ þf°fe W`ÜÔ ¹fdý W¸f ³fZ{ýf³f IYSIZY ¸fS¯ffZ´fSfÔ°f dIYÀfe IYe ÀfWf¹f°ff IYS ÀfIZYÔ °ffZ EmÀff IYSXIYZ A´f³fZ ²f¸fÊ IYf ´ff»f³f IYSZ¦Ô fZÜ BÀf¸fZÔ IYfZBÊ ·fe ÀUf±fÊ ³fWeÔ W` BÀfd»f¹fZ ³fZ{ýf³f IYfZ ¸fWfýf³f ¸ff³ff þf°ff W`Ü

³fZ{ýf³f

³fZ{ýf³f ¸fZÔ ¸fÈ°¹fb IZY ¶ffý Afa£ffZÔ IYfZ ³fZ{¶f`IÔ Y IYfZ ýf³f dIY¹ff þf°ff W` þWfÔ ýfZ ýÈdáWe³ffZÔ IYfZ ³fZ{ýf³f ÀfZ ´fif´°f IYfgd³fʹff ´fi°¹ffSfZd´f°f IYS ³f¹fe ýÈdá ýe þf°fe W`Ü

IYfd³fʹff ´fi°¹ffSfZ´f¯f

IYfgd³fʹff £fSf¶f WfZ³fZ IZY IYfS¯f ýÈdáWe³f WbE ½¹fd¢°f IYf IYfgd³fʹff Af´fSZVf³f õfSf ³fZ{ýf³f ¸fZÔ ´fif´°f IYfgd³fʹff ÀfZ ¶fý»fZ þf³fZ IYe ´fidIiY¹ff IYfZ IYfgd³fʹff ´fi°¹ffSfZ´f¯f IYW°fZ W`Üa ÀffRY, ÀU¨L IYfgd³fʹff IZYU»f ³fZ{ýf³f õfSf We ´fif´°f WfZ ÀfIY°ff W`Ü ´fif´°f IYfgd³fʹff IYf AfBÊ ¶f`IÔ Y ¸fZÔ dUV»fZ¿f¯f IYS dRYS dU¿fZVfÄf IZY ´ffÀf ·fZþ dý¹ff þf°ff W`Ü IYfd³fʹff dUVfZ¿fÄf IYfgd³fʹff IYe ¦fb¯fU°°ff IZY A³fbÀffS CÀfZ ¸fSeþ ¸fZÔ ´fi°¹ffSfZd´f°f IYS°fZ W`Ü

IYf`³f IYS ÀfIY°ff W`?

³fZ{ýf³f ¸fÈ°¹fb IZY ¶ffý We ÀfÔ·fU W`, dIY³°fb BÀfIYf d³fV¨f¹f þeU³f IZY ýf`Sf³f dIY¹ff þf ÀfIY°ff W`Ü ½¹fd¢°f IYe ¸fÈ°¹fb IZY ´fV¨ff°f d³fIYM ´fdSþ³f ·fe BÀfIYf d³f¯fʹf »fZ ÀfIY°fZ WaÜ` EmÀfZ »ffZ¦f þfZ ýZ£f ÀfIY°fZ W`a ³fZ{ýf³f IYS ÀfIY°fZ W`Üa BÀfÀfZ RYIYÊY³fWeÔ ´fOÞ°ff dIY C³WZÔ ¸f²fb¸fZW, ¶»fO ´fiVZ fS W` ¹ff UfZ ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý ¹ff A³¹f IYfZBÊ Afa£f IYf Af´fSZVf³f IYSf ¨fbIYZ W`a ¹ff C³fIYe Afa£fZa IY¸fþfZS W`,a ¨fV¸ff ´fW³f°fZ W`Üa dIYÀfe ·fe C¸fi IZY

d³fIYf»f°fZ W`ÜÔ ¸fÈ°¹fb IZY 6 §fÔMZ IZY ·fe°fS Afa£ffZÔ ÀfZ IYfgd³fʹff »fe þf³fe ¨ffdWEÜ BÀfd»fE ³fZ{ ¶f`IÔ Y IYfZ Àfc¨f³ff ýZ³fZ ¸fZÔ ýZS ¸f°f IYdSEÜ Ofg¢MS IZY Af³fZ °fIY ³fZ{ ´fS W»IYe ·feÔ¦fe ÷ BÊ S£fZÜÔ BÀfÀfZ IYfgd³fʹff £fSf¶f ³fWeÔ WfZ°fe W`Ü Àfc¨f³ff ´ff°fZ We ³fZ{ ¶f`IÔ Y IZY Ofg¢MS ¹ff ´fidVfdÃf°f °fIY³fedVf¹f³f ýf³fIY°ffÊ IZY §fS Af°ff W` Af`S IYfgd³fʹff U S¢°f IYf Àf`´Ô f»f »fZ°ff W`Ü BÀfÀfZ ¨fZWSZ ´fS IYfZBÊ dUIÈYd°f ³fWeÔ Af°feÜ BÀfIZY d»fE IYfZBÊ ·fe Vfb»IY ³fWeÔ »f¦f°ff W`Ü ³fZ{ ¶f`IÔ Y ´fWb¨h f³fZ IZY ¶ffý Afa£f IZY IYfd³fʹff IYe þfa¨f WfZ°fe W`Ü BÀfIZY ¶ffý þ»ý ÀfZ þ»ý ´fi°¹ffSfZ´f¯f IZY d»fE

³fZ{ýf³f ÀfZ þbOÞea IbYL ¸fW°U´fc¯fÊ ¶ff°fZÔ »ffZ¦f ¹fdý C³WZÔ dý£ffBÊ ýZ SWf W` °ffZ ³fZ{ýf³f IYS ÀfIY°fZ W`Üa

AÄff°f IYfS¯ffZ,Ô EOÐÀf, dW´fZMfdBMÀf, SZ¶feþ EUÔ Àf`d´MÀfed¸f¹ff þ`ÀfZ ÀfÔIi ¸f¯f IZY IYfS¯f ¸fS³fZ Uf»fZ ½¹fd¢°f IYe Afa£fZÔ C´f¹ffZ¦f ¸fZÔ ³fWeÔ »fe þf ÀfIY°fe W`ÜÔ

I`YÀfZ dIY¹ff þf ÀfIY°ff W`?

¸fÈ°¹fb IZY ´fV¨ff°f d³fIYM ´fdSþ³f IYe ÀfW¸fd°f WfZ³fZ ´fS AfBÊ ¶f`IÔ Y IYfZ Àfcd¨f°f dIY¹ff þf°ff W`Ü AfBÊ ¶f`IÔ Y IZY ³fÔ¶fS ´fS dIYÀfe ·fe Àf¸f¹f ÀfÔ´fIYÊY dIY¹ff þf ÀfIY°ff W`Ü IYfgd³fʹff IYfZ ¸fÈ°¹fb IZY 6 §fÔMZ IZY ·fe°fS d³fIYf»f »fZ³ff ¨ffdWE, BÀfd»fE ¹fW þøYSe WfZ þf°ff W` dIY ¸fÈ°fIY IZY d³fIYM ÀfÔ¶fÔ²fe dþ°f³fe þ»ýe WfZ ÀfIZY d³fIYM IZY AfBÊ ¶f`IÔ Y ÀfZ ÀfÔ´fIYÊY IYSaÜZ AfBÊ ¶f`IÔ Y ÀfZ Me¸f Af³fZ ¸fZÔ 1-2 §fÔMZ IYf Àf¸f¹f (ýcSe ´fS d³f·fÊS) »f¦f ÀfIY°ff W`Ü AfBÊ ¶f`IÔ Y IYfZ RYfZ³f IYS°fZ Àf¸f¹f ´f°ff EUÔ MZ»feRYfZ³f ³fÔ¶fS ÀfWe ÀfWe ¶f°ff¹fZ,a §fS °fIY ´fWb¨Ô f³fZ IYf SfÀ°ff Af`S AfÀf-´ffÀf dIYÀfe ¶fOÞe B¸ffS°f ¹ff dUdVf¿M À±f»f IZY ¶ffSZ ¸fZÔ ·fe þf³fIYfSe ýaÜZ °ffdIY AfBÊ ¶f`IÔ Y IYe Me¸f þ»ýe ´fWb¨Ô f ÀfIZYÜ ¸fÈ°¹fb ´fi¸ff¯f ´f{ °f`¹ffS S£fZÜÔ ³fZ{ýf³f IYe ´fidIi ¹ff IYfZ ´fcSf IYS³fZ ¸fZÔ AfBÊ ¶f`IÔ Y IYfZ ÀfW¹ffZ¦f IYSZÜÔ IYfd³fʹff d³fIYf»f³fZ IYe ´fidIi ¹ff »f¦f·f¦f llll

15 d¸f³fM ¸fZÔ WfZ þf°fe W`Ü IYfd³fʹff IZY Àff±f - Àff±f CÀf ½¹fd¢°f IZY VfSeS ÀfZ £fc³f IYf ³f¸fc³ff ·fe d»f¹ff þf°ff W`Ü lY Afh£ffZÔ IYf ýf³f dÀfRYÊY¸fÈ°¹fb IZY ¶ffý We dIY¹ff þf ÀfIY°ff W`Ü lY ³fZ{ýf³f ¸fÈ°¹fb IZY 6 §fÔMZ IZY ·fe°fS WfZ þf³ff ¨ffdWE lY IZYU»f ´fÔþeIÈY°f d¨fdIY°ÀfIYfZÔ õfSf We ³fZ{ýf³f IYSUf¹ff þf ÀfIY°ff W`Ü lY ³fZ{ýf³f IYe ´fidIi¹ff ¸fZÔ 15 ÀfZ 20 d¸f³fM IYf Àf¸f¹f »f¦f°ff W`Ü lY ³fZ{ýf³f IZY d»fE ¸fÈ°fIY IYfZ IYWeÔ »fZ þf³fZ IYe þøYS°f ³fWeÔ WfZ°fe, AÀ´f°ff»f ¹ff §fS þWfÔ ·fe W` AfBÊ ¶f`ÔIY IYe Me¸f UWfÔ ´fWbÔ¨f þf°fe W`Ü lY ³fZ{ýf³f ÀfZ ¸fÈ°fIY IYf ¨fZWSf £fSf¶f ³fWeÔ WfZ°ffÜ lY ýf³fýf°ff Af`S ´fif´°fIY°ffÊ ýfZ³ffZÔ IYe ´fW¨ff³f ¦fb´°f S£fe þf°fe W`Ü

IYfd³fʹf»f Àfþʳf IZY ´ffÀf ·fZþ dý¹ff þf°ff W`Ü ÀfRY»f°ff ´fcUIÊ Y IYfgd³fʹff ´fi°¹ffSfZd´f°f WfZ³fZ IZY ¶ffý ³fZ{We³f ½¹fd¢°f ·fe ýbd³f¹ff IYfZ ýZ£f ÀfIY°ff W`Ü EIY ½¹fd¢°f IYe ýfZ IYfgd³fʹff ÀfZ ýfZ ³fZ{We³ffZÔ IYe dþÔý¦fe ¸fZÔ Cþf»ff Af°ff W`Ü ³fZ{ýf³f ¸fZÔ Afa£f IYf dÀfRYÊY IYfgd³fʹff ¹ff CÀfIZY ´ffÀf IYf ÀfRZYý dWÀÀff ´fi°¹ffSfZd´f°f dIY¹ff þf°ff W`Ü AÔ²fZSe dþÔý¦fe ¸fZÔ ´fiIYfVf »ff³fZ ¸fZÔ Af´f ·fe ¸fýý IYS ÀfIY°fZ W`ÜÔ ¸fÈ°¹fb WfZ³fZ IYe AUÀ±ff ¸fZÔ A´f³fZ d´fi¹f ½¹fd¢°f IYe Afh£f ýf³f IYedþEÜ IYfZBÊ ·fe ½¹fd¢°f, À{e A±fUf ´fb÷ ¿f,dIYÀfe ²f¸fÊ, þfd°f IYf WfZ, ³fZ{ýf³f IYS ÀfIY°ff W`Ü ³fZ{ýf³f IYe ´fid°fÄff IZY ¶ffSZ ¸fZÔ ´fcSZ ´fdSUfS IYfZ AUV¹f ¶f°ff ýZ³ff ¨ffdWEÜ °ffdIY ¸fÈ°¹fb IZY ¶ffý ´fdSUfS IZY ÀfýÀ¹f AfBÊ ¶f`IÔ Y IYfZ ÀfÔ´fIYÊ IYS ÀfIZYÜÔ

IYfgd³fʹff ¸fZÔ BÀfd»fE Af°fe W`Ô £fSf¶fe

´fiIYfVf IYe dIYS¯fZÔ IYfd³fʹff ÀfZ WfZ°fZ WbE Afa£f ¸fZÔ ´fiUVZ f IYS°fe W` Af`S »f`ÀÔ f ÀfZ WfZ°fZ WbE AÔ°f ¸fZÔ SZdM³ff (´fQÊ)Z ´fS RYfZIYÀf WfZ°fe W`Üa IYfgd³fʹff IYe Àf°fW ´fS AfaÀfc EIY ¸fWe³f ´fS°f ¶f³ffIYS SW°fZ W`Ô Af`S CÀfIZY ´ffZ¿f¯f IZY °f°U ´fiýf³f IYS°fZ W`ÜÔ IYfd³fʹff ¸fZÔ Ad°fÀfcøf ³fÀfZÔ (³fUÊ) WfZ°fe W`Ô Af`S UZ BÀfZ VfSeS IYf Àf¶fÀfZ ÀfÔUýZ ³fVfe»f AÔ¦f ¶f³ff°fe W`ÜÔ IYfgd³fʹff IYe ÀfZW°f ¶ffWSe IYfS¯f þ`ÀfZ ´fiý¿c f¯f, IY¸´¹fcMS IYf BÀ°fZ¸ff»f B°¹ffdý ÀfZ »fZIYS AÔýøY³fe ¶fe¸ffdS¹ffh þ`ÀfZ ¦fdN¹ff, IYBÊ ´fiIYfS IZY E»fþeÊ B°¹ffdý ÀfZ ´fi·ffdU°f WfZ ÀfIY°fe W`Ü IYfd³fʹff ´fS B³RZY¢Vf³f ÀfZ A»ÀfS ¶f³f ÀfIY°ff W`Ü ¸ffZd°f¹ffd¶fÔý ¹ff A³¹f Afg´fSZVf³f IZY ýf`Sf³f IYfd³fʹff IZY AÔýøY³fe ÀfZ»Àf ³fá WfZ³fZ IYe AUÀ±ff ¸fZÔ ´ffSýdVfÊ°ff EUÔ ³fþS IY¸f WfZ þf°fe W`Ü dUMfd¸f³f E IYe IY¸fe, Afa£f ¸fZÔ AfaÀfc IYe IY¸fe ¸fZÔ IYfgd³fʹff IYe IbYýS°fe ¨f¸fIY U ´ffSýdVfÊ°ff IY¸f WfZ ÀfIY°fe W`Ü llll


info

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

15

¸fb£¹f dUIY»ffÔ¦f Af¹fb¢°f IYf¹fÊf»f¹f

Àff¸ffdþIY ³¹ff¹f Af`S Ad²fIYfdS°ff ¸fÔ{ff»f¹f, ·ffS°f ÀfSIYfS Af¹fb¢°f IYf¹ffÊ»f¹f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE, 1995 Ad²fd³f¹f¸f IZY °fW°f EIY ÀU°fÔ{ ÀffÔdUd²fIY ´fifd²fIYS¯f IZY øY´f ¸fZÔ À±ffd´f°f dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü ¹fW EIY A²fÊ ³¹ffd¹fIY Ad²fIYfS W` þfZ A´f³fZ Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IZY C»»fÔ§f³f IZY ¶ffSZ ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IYe dVfIYf¹f°ffZÔ IYfZ ýZ£f°ff W`Ü ÀU°fÔ{ Af¹fb¢°f IYf¹ffÊ»f¹f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE dý»»fe ¸fZÔ A¦fÀ°f, 2009 ÀfZ VfbøY dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü CÀfIZY ´fW»fZ Àf¸ffþ IY»¹ff¯f dU·ff¦f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE Af¹fb¢°f IYf¹ffÊ»f¹f IZY IYf¹fÊ ýZ£f SWf ±ffÜ

Af¹fb¢°f IYe Vfd¢°f¹ffÔ 61. Af¹fb¢°f, Sfª¹f IZY ·fe°fS -

IY. d³fVf¢°f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY RYf¹fýZ IZY d»fE IYf¹fÊIi ¸ffZÔ Af`S ÀIYe¸ffZÔ IZY ÀfÔ¶fÔ²f ¸fZÔ Sfª¹f ÀfSIYfS IZY dU·ff¦ffZÔ ÀfZ Àf¸f³U¹f IYSZ¦ff Ü £f. Sfª¹f ÀfSIYfS, õfSf ÀfÔdU°fdS°f d³fd²f¹ffZÔ IZY C´f¹ffZ¦f IYfZ ¸ffgd³fMS IYSZ¦ff ¦f. d³fVf¢°f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY Ad²fIYfSfZÔ Af`S C³fIYfZ C´f»f¶²f IYSfBÊ ¦fBÊ ÀfbdU²ffAfZÔ IZY ÀfÔSÃf¯f IZY d»fE IYý¸f CNf¹fZ¦ff Ü §f. Ad²fd³f¹f¸f IZY IYf¹ffʳU¹f³f IZY ÀfÔ¶fÔ²f ¸fZÔ Sfª¹f ÀfSIYfS IYfZ EmÀfZ A³°fSf»ffZÔ ´fS, þfZ UW ÀfSIYfS dUdW°f IYSZ, dS´ffZMÊ ´fiÀ°fb°f IYSZ¦ff Af`S CÀfIYe EIY

þeU³f ¸fZ W¸fZÔ IbYL ¨feþZ AfÀff³fe ÀfZ d¸f»f þf°fe W`Ô °ffZ IbYL IZY d»f¹fZ W¸fZÔ ÀfÔ§f¿fÊ IYS³ff ´fOÞ°ff W`Ô, °ffZ ¢¹ff W¸f WfS ¸ff³f »fZ? ¢¹ff W¸f Af¦fZ ¶fPÞ³ff LfZOÞ ýZ? þ¶f ¶ff°f Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IYe WfZ °f¶f °ffZ ¹fW Af`S ·fe ¸fW°U´fc¯fÊ WfZ þf°fe W`Ü þeU³f ¸fZÔ þ¶f ·fe IbYL ´ff³ff WfZ, IbYL ³f¹fZ SfÀ°fZ ¶f³ff³fZ WfZ, °ffZ W¸fZÔ Ad²fIYfS d¸f»f³fZ We WfZÔ¦fZÜ A¦fS Ad²fIYfS ³fWe d¸f»f°fZ °ffZ W¸fZÔ Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IZY d»f¹fZ »fOÞX³ff We WfZ¦ffÜ W¸f ýÈdáWe³f W¸fZVff ¶fWb°f ÀfZ Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IYe ¸ffh¦f IYS°fZ SW°fZ W`Ü IY·fe AfSÃf¯f IYe ¶ff°f °ffZ, IY·fe Àf¸ff³f°ff IYe ¶ff°f, IY·fe IYf¹ffÊ»f¹ffZÔ ¸fZÔ Àf¸ff³f IYf¸f IYe ¶ff°f, ¹ff dRYS A³¹f ÀfbdU²ffAfZÔ IYf Ad²fIYfSÜ ¢¹ff IY·fe W¸f³fZ ÀffZ¨ff W`, dIY IbYL Af`S ·fe Ad²fIYfS W¸ffSZ d»f¹fZ ¸fW°U´fc¯fÊ WfZ ÀfIY°fZ W`, W¸f dý³f-´fid°fdý³f þeU³f IYe þ÷ S°ffZÔ IYfZ ²¹ff³f ¸fZ S£f°fZ WbE Ad²fIYfS ´ff³ff ¨ffW°fZ W`Ü ¢¹ff IY·fe EmÀff ·fe WfZ ÀfIY°ff W` IYe B³f ÀffSZ Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IYe ¶ff°f °fIY³fedIY ÀfZ þbOÞe WfZ! ¸fZSf EmÀff ¸ff³f³ff W` IYe °fIY³fedIY WS Àf¸fÀ¹ff IYf d³fSfIYS¯f W`Ü BÀfe d»f¹fZ ¸fZSZ þeU³f ¸fZ °fIY³fedIY IYf ¸fW°U ª¹ffýf W`Ü Afþ W¸fZÔ ÀffSZ Ad²fIYfS °ffZ ³fWe d¸f»f SWZ ´fS IbYL Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IZY d»f¹fZ W¸f lll

´fid°f ¸fb£¹f Af¹fb¢°f IYfZ A¦fiZd¿f°f IYSZ¦ff Ü

62. ²ffSf 61 IZY C´f¶f³²ffZÔ ´fS ´fid°fIcY»f ´fi·ffU Of»fZ d¶f³ff, Af¹fb¢°f, ÀU´fiZS¯ff ÀfZ ¹ff dIYÀfe ½¹fd±f°f ½¹fd¢°f IZY AfUZý³f ´fS ¹ff A³¹f±ff IY. d³fVf¢°f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY Ad²fIYfSfZÔ ÀfZ UÔd¨f°f dIY¹fZ þf³fZ, £f. Àf¸fbd¨f°f ÀfSIYfSfZÔ Af`S À±ff³fe¹f ´fifd²fIYfdS¹ffZÔ õfSf d³fVf¢°f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY IY»¹ff¯f Af`S C³fIZY Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IZY ÀfSÔÃf¯f IZY d»fE ¶f³ffBÊ ¦fBÊ dUd²f¹ffÔZ, d³f¹f¸ffZÔ, C´fdUd²f¹ffZÔ, dUd³f¹f¸ffZÔ, þfSe dIY¹fZ ¦f¹fZ IYf¹fÊ´ff»fIY AfýZVffZÔ, ¸ff¦fÊ ýVfÊIY dÀfðXf³°ffZÔ ¹ff A³fbýZVffZÔ IYf IYf¹ffÊd³U°f ³f dIY¹fZ þf³fZ, ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f ¸ff¸f»ffZÔ IZY ÀfÔ¶fÔ²f ¸fZÔ ´fdSUfýfZÔ IYe þfÔ¨f IYS ÀfIZY¦ff Af`S ¸ff¸f»fZ IYfZ Àf¸fbd¨f°f ´fifd²fIYfdS¹ffZÔ IZY Àf¸fÃf CNf ÀfIZY¦ffÜ

63. ´fifd²fIYfdS¹ffZÔ Af`S Ad²fIYfdS¹ffZÔ IYfZ dÀfdU»f ³¹ff¹ff»f¹f IYe IYd°f´f¹f Vfd¢°f¹ffZÔ IYf WfZ³ff:(1) ¸fb£¹f Af¹fb¢°f Af`S Af¹fb¢°ffZÔ IYfZ, BÀf Ad²fd³f¹f¸f IZY A²fe³f C³fIZY IÈY°¹ffZÔ IZY d³fUÊW³f IZY ´fi¹ffZþ³f IZY d»fE, d³f¸³fd»fd£f°f dU¿f¹ffZ IYe ¶ff¶f°f UWe Vfd¢°f¹ffh WfZÔ¦fe þfZ dÀfdU»f ´fidIi ¹ff ÀfÔdW°ff, 1908 IZY A²fe³f dIYÀfe Ufý IYf dU¨ffS¯f IYS°fZ Àf¸f¹f, dIYÀfe ³¹ff¹ff»f¹f ¸fZÔ

W¸ffSZ Ad²fIYfS d³fdIY°ff ´ffMe»f / ¸fbÔ¶fBÊ

d³fdW°f WfZ°fe W`, A±ffÊ°f(IY) ÀffdÃf¹ffZÔ IYfZ Àf¸f³f IYS³ff Af`S WfdþS IYSf³ff; (£f) dIYÀfe ýÀ°ffUZþ IZY ´fiIYMeIYS¯f Af`S´fZVf dIYE þf³fZ IYe A´fZÃff IYS³ff; (¦f) dIYÀfe ³¹ff¹ff»f¹f ¹ff IYf¹ffÊ»f¹f ÀfZ dIYÀfe »ffZIY Ad·f»fZ£f ¹ff CÀfIYe ´fid°f IYe A´fZÃff IYS³ff; (§f) Vf´f±f ´f{fZÔ ´fS Àff¢Ã¹f ¦fiW¯f IYS³ff; Af`S (K) ÀffdÃf¹ffZÔ ¹ff ýÀ°ffUZþfZÔ IYe ´fSeÃff IZY d»fE IY¸feVf³f d³fIYf»f³ffÜ (2) ¸fb£¹f Af¹fb¢°f Af`S Af¹fb¢°ffZÔ IZY Àf¸fÃf ´fi°¹fZIY IYf¹fÊUfWe, ·ffS°fe¹f ýÔO ÀfÔdW°ff IYe ²ffSf 193 Af`S ²ffSf 228 IZY A±fÊ ¸fZÔ ³¹ffd¹fIY IYf¹fÊUfWe WfZ¦fe Af`S ¸fb£¹f Af¹fb¢°f, Af¹fb¢°f, ÀfÃf¸f ´fifd²fIYfSe IYfZ ýÔO ´fidIi ¹ff ÀfÔdW°ff, 1973 IYe ²ffSf 195 Af`S A²¹ff¹f 26 IZY ´fi¹ffZþ³ffZÔ IZY d»fE dÀfdU»f ³¹ff¹ff»f¹f Àf¸fÓff þfE¦ffÜ

IYf`³f Ad²fd³f¹f¸f IZY °fW°f »ff·f »fZ ÀfIY°fZ W`ÔÜ dIYÀfe ·fe ½¹fd¢°f IYfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff IZY dIYÀfe ·fe ´fiIYfS IZY øY´f ¸fZÔ EIY d¨fdIY°Àff ´fifd²fIYfSe õfSf ¨ff»feÀf ´fid°fVf°f ÀfZ IY¸f ´fi¸ffd¯f°f ³fWeÔ WfZ³fe ¨ffdWEÜ

dRYS ¹fZ ÀffgµMUZ¹fÀfÊ Vff¹fý ¸faW¦fZ WfZ ÀfIY°fZ W`, A¦fS ÀfSIYfS ÀfZ W¸fZÔ BÀf¸fZa ÀfWf¹f°ff d¸f»f ÀfIZY¦fe °ffZ W¸f ·fe WS ÃfZ{ ¸fZ Af¦fZ ¶fPÞ ÀfIY°fZ W`Ü ¶fWb°f ¶ffS W¸f ýÈdáWe³f ¶f`ÔIYfZa ¸faZ IYf¸f ´fS »f¦f °ffZ þf°fZ W` ´fS W¸fZ W¸ffSe ¹ffZ¦¹f°ff IZY dWÀff¶f ÀfZ IYf¸f ³fWea d¸f»f°ffÜ ¶fWb°f ¶ffS ¶f`ÔIYfZa IZY IYf¸f ¸fZÔ A»f¦f-A»f¦f °fSW IZY ÀffgµMUZ¹fS BÀ°fZ¸ff»f WfZ°fZ W` dþ³fIYe W¸fZ þf³fIYfSe ³fWea WfZ°feÜ A¦fS W¸fZ B³f Àf¶f ¨feþfZÔ IYf ´fidVfÃf¯f dý¹ff þf¹fZ °ffZ W¸f ·fe

IYfZdVfVf °ffZ IYS We ÀfIY°fZ W`. dþÀf¸fZ ÀfZ EIY W` °fIY³fedIY Ad²fIYfSÜ

´feLZ ³fWe SWZÔ¦fZÜ

°fIY³fedIY Ad²fIYfS - A¦fS W¸fZa °fIY³fedIY Ad²fIYfS d¸f»f þf°ff W` °ffZ W¸f ¶fWb°f Àfe IYdN³ffBʹffZÔ IYf Àff¸f³ff IYS ÀfIY°fZ W`Ü

Afþ-IY»f W¸f ¶fWb°f ÀfZ ýÈdáWe³f A´f³ff ·fdU¿¹f AfBÊ.Me. ÃfZ{ ¸fZ ¶f³ff³ff ¨ffW°fZ W`aÜ ´fS A¦fS W¸fZ ¹fW Ad²fIYfS We ³fWe d¸f»fZ¦ff °ffZ W¸ffSe dVfÃff IYf IYfZBÊ ¸fW°U ³fWea SWZ¦ffÜ

þ¶f W¸f dIYÀfe IYf¹ffÊ»f¹f ¸fZa IYf¸f IYS³ff ¨ffW°fZ W` °f¶f °fIY³fedIY WUf»ff ýZIYS W¸fZ ¸f³ff IYS dý¹ff þf°ff W`Ü W¸f ·fe °fIY³fedIY IYf C´f¹ffZ¦f IYS ÀfIY°fZ W`Ü W¸ffSZ d»f¹fZ ·fe EmÀfZ ÀffgµMUZ¹fS ¶f³ff¹fZ ¦f¹fZ W`a dþ³fIYf BÀ°fZ¸ff»f IYSIZY W¸f ·fe IY¸´¹fcMS ´fS WS EIY IYf¸f IYS ÀfIY°fZ W`aÜ

EmÀff WS þ¦fW °ffZ ³fWe W` IbYL d³fþe IYf¹ffÊ»f¹ffZÔ ¸fZ W¸f °fIY³fedIY IYf A¨Le °fSW BÀ°f¸ff»f IYS SWZ W`aÜ W¸f Ad²fIYfS ¸ffÔ¦f SWZ W`a Af`S Vff¹fý W¸fZÔ ¹fW °fIY³fedIY IYf Ad²fIYfS d¸f»f ·fe þf¹fZ, ´fS þ¶f °fIY Àf¸ffþ W¸f ´fS dUVUfÀf ³fWea IYSZ¦ff °f¶f °fIY BÀf Ad²fIYfS IYf IYfZBÊ A±fÊ ³fWe W`Ü

EmÀff ·fe WfZ ÀfIY°ff W` ¹fZ ³f¹fe °fIY³fedIY ¨feþZ ¹ff llll

Àfc¨f³ff IYf Ad²fIYfS Ad²fd³f¹f¸f IYf ¶fiZ»f d´fiÔM (´fiZÀf ³ffZM)

·ffS°f IYf ÀfÔdU²ff³f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ ÀfdW°f Àf·fe ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE Àf¸ff³f°ff, ÀU°fÔ{°ff, ³¹ff¹f Af`S ¦fdS¸ff Àfbd³fdV¨f°f IYS°ff W` Af`S d³fdUÊUfý øY´f ÀfZ Àf¶fIZY d»fE EIY Àf¸ffUZVfe Àf¸ffþ IYf Ad²fýZVf IYS°ff W`Ü Wf»f IZY U¿ffZÊÔ ¸fZÔ, dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY ´fid°f Àf¸ffþ IYe AU²ffS¯ff ¸fZÔ ¶fWb°f ¶fOÞf EUÔ ÀfIYfSf°¸fIY ´fdSU°fʳf WbAf W`Ü ¹fW ¸fWÀfcÀf dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W` dIY Ad²fIYfÔVf dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f ¶fZW°fS þeU³f ½¹f°fe°f IYS ÀfIY°fZ W`Ô ¹fdý C³WZÔ Àf¸ff³f AUÀfS Af`S ´fb³fUfÊÀf C´ff¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE ´fi·ffUe ´fWbÔ¨f ´fif´°f WfZÜ Wf»f We ¸fZÔ ·ffS°f ÀfSIYfS ³fZ ·ffS°f IYe Af¸f þ³f°ff IZY d»fE Àfc¨f³ff IYf Ad²fIYfS Ad²fd³f¹f¸f Ad²fd³f¹f¸fd°f dIY¹ff W` Ü Àff¸ffdþIY ³¹ff¹f Af`S Ad²fIYfdS°ff ¸fÔ{f»f¹f IZY ´ffÀf ýÈdá¶ffd²f°f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY »ff·ff±fÊ Àfc¨f³ff IYf Ad²fIYfS BÀfIYe ´fid°f¹ffÔ ´fif´°f IYe þf ÀfIY°fe Wa`

Sf¿MÑe¹f ýÈdá¶ffd²f°ff±fÊ ÀfÔÀ±ff³f,

116-Sfþ´fbS SfZO, ýZWSfýc³f. ýcS·ff¿f: 0135-2744491, 2735341. R`Y¢Àf: 0135-2748147. llll


info

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

IYf³fc³f dUIY»ffÔ¦fþ³ffZÔ IYfZ IYý¸f CNf³fZ IYf ¸ff`IYf ýZ°ff W` ýZVf IYe Afþfýe IZY 66 Àff»f ¶ffý dUIY»ffÔ¦f (£ffÀf °ff`S ÀfZ ýÈdáWe³f) IYe dÀ±fd°f ¸fZÔ I`YÀff ¶fý»ffU Af¹ff?

d´fL»fZ 66 U¿ffZÊÔ ¸fZÔ IYfRYe IbYL WAf W`Ü CÀf U¢°f IYe °fb»f³ff ¸fZÔ Afþ ýÈdá¶ffd²f°f ¹ff Àf·fe °fSW IZY dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³ffZÔ IZY d»fE ÀfbSÃff, Ad²fIYfS U ´fidVfÃf¯f, SfZþ¦ffS dVfÃff IZY Ad²fIY AUÀfS W`ÔÜ

´fiÀf³³ff IbY¸ffS d´f³¨ff ¸fb£¹f Af¹fb¢°f dUIY»ffÔ¦fþ³f, ·ffS°f

IYf³fc³ffZÔ IYe UþW ÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³ffZÔ IZY þeU³f ¸fZÔ ¶fWb°f ÀffSZ ¶fý»ffU AfE W`ÔÜ Afþ Àf¸ffþ ¸fZÔ C³fIYf À´f¿M ´fid°fd³fd²f°U dý£f°ff W`Ü ¹fW Àf¶f Ad²fIYfS d¸f»f³fZ IYe UþW ÀfZ WbAf W`Ü IYf³fc³f EmÀfZ »ffZ¦ffZÔ IYfZ IYý¸f CNf³fZ IYf ¸ff`IYf ýZ°ff W`Ü llll

Sf¿MÑe¹f À°fS ´fS dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³ffZÔ IYe ÀfWf¹f°ff IZY d»fE ¨ffS IYf³fc³f W`aÜ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE U¿fÊ 1995 IYf IYf³fc³f W`, þfZ C³fIZY Ad²fIYfS IYe ¶ff°f IYS°ff W`Ü EIY Sf¿MÑe¹f ³¹ffÀf IYf ·fe ¦fN³f dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü ¹fW EmÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³ffZÔ IZY d»fE W`, dþ³fIYe ýcÀfSfZÔ ´fS Ad²fIY d³f·fÊS°ff W`Ü ¸ff³fdÀfIY ÀUfÀ±¹f IZY »ffZ¦ffZÔ IZY d»fE ·fe A»f¦f IYf³fc³f W`Ü Wf»ffÔdIY A¶f ³f¹ff IYf³fc³f Af³fZ IYe ÀfÔ·ffU³ff W`Ü ¸fZÔM»f WZ»±fIZY¹fS dU²fZ¹fIY ÀfÔÀfý ¸fZÔ ´fZVf WfZ ¨fbIYf W`Ü ¹fW Ad²fIY ´fi¦fd°fVfe»f WfZ¦ffÜ BÀfIZY A»ffUf ·ffS°fe¹f ´fb³fUfÊÀf ´fdS¿fý IYf³fc³f W`Ü ¹fZ ¨ffS IYf³fc³f dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³ffZÔ IYe IYfRYe ÀfWf¹f°ff IYS SWZ W`ÔÜ IYBÊ ¹ffZþ³ffEÔ ·fe ¶f³fe W`ÔÜ Afþ A»f¦f ÀfZ dU·ff¦f ÀfÈdþ°f dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü ·ffS°f ³fZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f IZY Ad²fIYfSfZÔ ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f ÀfÔ¹fb¢°f Sf¿MÑ õfSf IZY ÀfÔd²f ´f{ ´fS WÀ°ffÃfS IYS A³fb¸ffZý³f ·fe dIY¹ff W`Ü BÀf ÀfÔd²f ´f{ IZY Af²ffS ´fS ýZVf IZY Àf·fe IYf³fc³f Af`S ³fed°f¹ffZÔ IYfZ ¶fý»ff þf³ff ¨ffdWEÜ ÀfÔÀfý IZY Vfe°fIYf»fe³f Àf{ ¸fZÔ Vff¹fý ¹fW IYf³fc³f AfEÜ Wf»ffÔdIY BÀfIZY ¶ffUþcý ¶fWb°f IbYL IYS³ff A·fe ¶ffIYe W`, »fZdIY³f ¹fW IYW³ff ·fe ¦f»f°f WfZ¦ff dIY IbYL ³fWeÔ WbAf W`Ü

¹fZ IYf³fc³f dIY°f³fZ IYfS¦fS Àffd¶f°f WbE W`Ô? Àf¸ffþ ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³ffZÔ IYf dIY°f³ff ´fid°fd³fd²f°U ³fþS Af SWf W`?

d³fdV¨f°f øY´f ÀfZ ¹fZ IYf³fc³f IYfS¦fS WbE W`ÔÜ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f IZY d»fE ¶ff²ff SdW°f Uf°ff½fS¯f, Àff¸ffdþIY ÀfbSÃff IYe ÀfWf¹f°ff d¸f»fe W`Ü B³f IYf³fc³ffZÔ IYe ¸fýý ÀfZ We SfZþ¦ffS ¸fZÔ dUdVf¿M ´fiIYfS IZY dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff Uf»fZ ½¹fd¢°f IZY d»fE °fe³f ´fid°fVf°f AfSÃf¯f ´fif´°f W`Ü BÀfIYf

»ff·f Àf·fe U¦ffZÊÔ IZY »ffZ¦ff »fZ SWZ W`ÔÜ

dVfÃff IZY ÃfZ{ ¸fZÔ - EIY °fSRY dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³ffZÔ IZY d»fE þWfÔ À´fZVf»f ÀIcY»f £fb»fZ W`Ô UWeÔ ýcÀfSe AfZS Àf¸ffUZVfe dVfÃff IYfZ ·fe ¶fPÞfUf dý¹ff þf SWf W`Ü IYf³fc³f IZY °fW°f Ad³fUf¹fÊ W` dIY WS dUIY»ffÔ¦f ¶f¨¨fZ IYfZ 18 U¿fÊ IYe Af¹fb °fIY C´f¹fb¢°f Uf°ffUS¯f ¸fZÔ d³f:Vfb»IY dVfÃff ýe þfE¦feÜ UZ BÀfIYf ·fe »ff·f CNf SWZ W`ÔÜ ¦fSe¶fe C³¸fc»f³f - BÀf ÀIYe¸f ¸fZÔ °fe³f ´fid°fVf°f AfSÃf¯f IYe ½¹fUÀ±ff W`Ü BÀfÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE ¶ff²ffdSW°f Uf°ffUS¯f ¶f³ff³fZ IYe dýVff ¸fZÔ ÀfRY»f IYf¸f WbAf W`Ü Wf»ffÔdIY ¹fW þøYS IYW ÀfIY°fZ W`Ô dIY IYf³fc³f ´fcSe °fSW ÀfZ »ff¦fc ³fWeÔ WfZ ´ff SWZ W`ÔÜ IYBÊ þ¦fW AfSÃf¯f IZY ´fýfZÔ ´fS d³f¹fbd¢°f ³fWeÔ WbBÊ W`Ü ¶f`IY»ffg¦f A·fe ·fe W`Ü »fZdIY³f ¹fW °ffZ ¸ff³f³ff We ´fOÞZ¦ff dIY W»f¨f»f W`Ü dÀfdU»f ÀffZÀff¹fMe þf¦føYIY WbAf W`Ü A¶f ¶¹fcSfZIi ZÀfe ¸fZÔ ÀfÔUZý³ff ¶fPÞf³ff þøYSe W`Ü

Af´fIYe ³fþS ¸fZÔ ¹fZ Ad²fIYfS dIYÀf °fSW þeU³f ¸fZÔ ¶fý»ffU »ff°fZ W`Ô? IYf³fc³ffZÔ IYe UþW ÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³ffZÔ IZY þeU³f ¸fZÔ ¶fWb°f ÀffSZ ¶fý»ffU AfE W`ÔÜ Afþ Àf¸ffþ ¸fZÔ C³fIYf À´f¿M ´fid°fd³fd²f°U dý£f°ff W`Ü ¹fW Àf¶f Ad²fIYfS d¸f»f³fZ IYe UþW ÀfZ WbAf W`Ü IYf³fc³f EmÀfZ »ffZ¦ffZÔ IYfZ IYý¸f CNf³fZ IYf ¸ff`IYf ýZ°ff W`Ü

A¦fS EmÀff »f¦f°ff W` dIY dIYÀfe IYfZ Ad²fIYfS ³fWeÔ d¸f»f SWf W`, °ffZ IZYÔýi ÀfSIYfS ÀfZ þbOÞZ ¸fÀf»fZ IYe dVfIYf¹f°f ¸fb£¹f dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff Af¹fb¢°f ÀfZ IYe þf ÀfIY°fe W`Ü Sfª¹f ÀfSIYfS ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f ¸ff¸f»fZ ¸fZÔ Sfª¹f IZY dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff Af¹fb¢°f ÀfZ dVfIYf¹f°f WfZ ÀfIY°fe W`Ü A´f³fZ Ad²fIYfS IZY d»fE dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³f Aýf»f°f ·fe þf ÀfIY°fZ W`Ô Af`S þf°fZ W`ÔÜ

dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³f ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f Ad²fd³f¹f¸f 2012 °f`¹ffS WfZ SWf W`, ¹fW dIYÀf °fSW 1995 IZY Ad²fd³f¹f¸f ÀfZ A»f¦f W`? ¹fW dIY°f³ff ´fi·ffUVff»fe WfZ¦ffÜ

´fW»fZ ¹fW þf³f³fZ IYe þøYS°f W` dIY ¹fW IYf³fc³f ¢¹ffZÔ »ff¹ff þf SWf W`Ü ýSAÀf»f, ·ffS°f ³fZ ÀfÔ¹fb¢°f Sf¿MÑ ÀfÔ§f IZY dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f IZY Ad²fIYfSfZÔ ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f ÀfÔd²f ´f{ ¸fZÔ WÀ°ffÃfS Af`S CÀfIYf A³fb¸ffZý³f dIY¹ff W`Ü BÀfIYf ¸f°f»f¶f WfZ°ff W` dIY ýZVf IYfZ IYBÊ IYf³fc³ffZÔ IYfZ ÀfÔd²f ´f{ IZY A³fbøY´f ¶fý»f³ff ´fOÞZ¦ffÜ

llll

16 ·ffS°f ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦fþ³ffZÔ IZY Ad²fIYfS ´fS ´fiÀf³³ff IbY¸ffS d´f³¨ff - ¸fb£¹f Af¹fb¢°f dUIY»ffÔ¦fþ³f, ·ffS°f ÀfZ dý½¹ff ÀffWc IYe ¶ff°f¨fe°f

¹fZ ¶fý»ffU dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f IYf³fc³f ÀfdW°f ¸fb£¹f ²ffSf IZY IYf³fc³ffZÔ ¸fZÔ ·fe AfEÔ¦fZ, dþ³fIYf dþIi ÀfÔd²f ´f{ ¸fZÔ dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü CýfWS¯f IZY °ff`S ´fS dVfÃff ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f IYf³fc³f ¸fZÔ ¶fý»ffU AfE¦ffÜ °ffdIY dVfÃff dOÀfZ¶fd»fMe RiYZÔO»fe WfZÜ C¸¸feý W` dIY IYf³fc³ffZÔ ¸fZÔ ¶fý»ffU þ»ý WfZ þfEÔ¦fZÜ ¸ffZMZ °ff`S ´fS ´fcLZÔ °ffZ BÀf IYf³fc³f ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE Àff¸ffdþIY, Afd±fÊIY Af`S ÀffÔÀIÈYd°fIY Ad²fIYfS IZY Ad°fdS¢°f ³ff¦fdSIY Af`S Sfþ³fed°f Ad²fIYfS ·fe d¸f»fZÔ¦fZÜ ýcÀfSe ¶ff°f dIY ¸ff`þcý IYf³fc³f ¸fZÔ dÀfRYÊY Àff°f ´fiIYfS IZY dUIY»ffÔ¦f IYf³fc³f IYfZ ¸ff³¹f°ff ýe ¦fBÊ W`Ü þ¶fdIY ³fE IYf³fc³f ¸fZÔ IY¸f ÀfZ IY¸f 17-18 °fSW IYe dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff IYfZ ¸ff³¹f°ff d¸f»fZ¦feÜ BÀfIYf »ff·f A¶f dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IYe Ad²fIY þ³fÀfÔ£¹ff IYfZ d¸f»fZ¦ffÜ

IYfZBÊ EmÀfe §fM³ff dþÀf¸fZÔ B³f Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IYfZ »ff·f d¸f»ff WfZ?

EmÀfe IYBÊ §fM³ffEÔ W`ÔÜ þ`ÀfZ dIY ýZVf·fS ¸fZÔ ³ff`IYSe ¹ff ´fPÞfBÊ ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f ´fSeÃffEÔ WfZ°fe W`ÔÜ CÀf¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³ffZÔ IZY Ad²fIYfSfZÔ ¸fZÔ EIYøY´f°ff ³fWeÔ ±feÜ ¹fdý dIYÀfe ýÈdá¶ffd²f°f ´fSeÃff±feÊ IYfZ SfBMS ¨ffdWE ±ff, °ffZ ¶fWb°f ¸fbdVIY»f WfZ°fe ±feÜ IbYL ´fSeÃffAfZÔ ¸fZÔ SfBMS d¸f»f þf°fZ ±fZ, »fZdIY³f IYBÊ þ¦fW EmÀff ³fWeÔ WfZ ´ff°ff ±ffÜ Àf·fe þ¦fW A»f¦f-A»f¦f d³f¹f¸f ±fZÜ þ¶f BÀfIYe dVfIYf¹f°f ª¹ffýf Af³fZ »f¦fe °ffZ ¸f`Ô³fZ ÀffZ¨ff dIY IbYL IYS³ff ¨ffdWEÜ ¨feRY IYd¸fV³fS Af¸f °ff`S ´fS ³fed°f¹ffÔ °ffZ ³fWeÔ ¶f³ff°fZ, »fZdIY³f ¸fZSZ IYf¹fÊIYf»f ÀfZ ´fW»fZ We EIY dUÀ°fÈ°f ¸ff¦fÊ d³fQÊZVf ¶f³ffIYS ÀfSIYfS IYfZ ·fZþf ¦f¹ff ±ffÜ CÀfZ »ff¦fc ³fWeÔ dIY¹ff þf SWf ±ffÜ ¸fZSZ IYf¹ffÊ»f¹f ¸fZÔ BÀfIYe dVfIYf¹f°f AfBÊÜ ¸f`Ô³fZ dO´ffMʸfZÔM AfgRY dOÀf`d¶fd»fMe ARZY¹fÀfÊ IYfZ IYfS¯f ¶f°ffAfZ ³ffZdMÀf þfSe dIY¹ffÜ BÀfIZY ¶ffý ¸f`Ô³fZ Àfb³fUfBÊ IYS R`YÀf»ff dý¹ff dIY d³fdV¨f°f AdU²f °fIY ¸ff¦fÊ d³fQÊZVf þfSe WfZÔ, °ffdIY ýÈdá¶ffd²f°f þ³ffZÔ IYfZ ´fSeÃffAfZÔ ¸fZÔ dý¢IY°f ³f WfZÜ ¶ffý ¸fZÔ d¸fd³fÀMÑe AfgRY ÀffZVf»f þdÀMÀf EÔO BÔ´ffUS¸fZÔM ³fZ »ff¦fc dIY¹ffÜ BÀfÀfZ IYfRYe RYf¹fýf WbAf W`Ü A¶f BÔ´»ff¹fS BÀf d³fQÊZVf IYf ´ff»f³f IYS SWZ W`ÔÜ Wf»ffÔdIY ¹fW A»f¦f ¶ff°f W` dIY B³f¸fZÔ ·fe Àfb²ffS IYe þøYS°f W`Ü llll


info dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff ´fi·ff¦f IZYýÔ i À°fS ´fS Àff¸ffdþIY ³¹ff¹f Af`S Ad²fIYfdS°ff ¸fÔ{f»f¹f IZY AÔ°f¦fÊ°f dUIY»ffÔ¦fþ³ffZÔ IZY ÀfVfd¢°fIYS¯f IZY d»fE IYf¹fÊ IYS°ff W`Ü ÀfÔdU²ff³f, dU¿f¹f A³fbÀfc¨fe ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY ÀfVfd¢°fIYS¯f IYe Àfe²fe dþ¸¸fZýfSe Sfª¹f ÀfSIYfSfZÔ IYfZ ýZ°ff W`Ü ·ffS°f IYe Sfª¹f ÀfSIYfSfZÔ Af`S ÀfÔ§f VffdÀf°f ´fiýVZ ffZÔ ³fZ dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IZY d»fE Àf¸ffþ IY»¹ff¯f ¶ffZOXÊ IYe À±ff´f³ff IYe W`Ü ¦fif¸f À°fS, ¸f²¹fÀ±f À°fS Af`S dþ»ff À°fS ´fS ´fÔ¨ff¹f°fe Sfþ ÀfÔÀ±ffAfZÔ IYfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY IY»¹ff¯f IYf IYf¹fÊ Àff`´Ô ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü ÀU`d¨LIY ÀfÔ¦fN³f ·fe dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IZY d»fE IY»¹ff¯f Af`S ´fb³fUfÊÀf ÀfZUfEÔ ´fiýf³f IYS³fZ ¸fZÔ A°¹fÔ°f ¸fW°U´fc¯fÊ ·fcd¸fIYf d³f·ff°fZ W`ÜÔ ÀfSIYfS ³fZ IYBÊ Ad²fd³f¹f¸f ¶f³ffE W`Ô þfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE Àf¸ff³f AUÀfS Af`S Sf¿MÑ d³f¸ffʯf IYe ´fidIi ¹ff ¸fZÔ C³fIYe ´fc¯fÊ ·ff¦feýfSe Àfbd³fdV¨f°f IYS°fZ W`ÜÔ EIY ¶fWb-ÃfZ{e¹f ÀfW¹ffZ¦fe ýÈdáIYfZ¯f IZY °fW°f Àf·fe Cd¨f°f ÀfSIYfSe EþZdÔ Àf¹ffZÔ þ`ÀfZ IZYýÔ i ÀfSIYfS IZY ¸fÔ{f»f¹f, Sfª¹f ÀfSIYfSZ/Ô ÀfÔ§f VffdÀf°f ´fiýVZ f, IZYýÔ /i Sfª¹f IZY C´fIi ¸f, À±ff³fe¹f ´fifd²fIYS¯f Af`S A³¹f C´f¹fb¢°f ´fifd²fIYfdS¹ffZÔ IZY ¸ff²¹f¸f ÀfZ BÀf Ad²fd³f¹f¸f IZY dUd·f³³f ´fifU²ff³ffZÔ IYfZ »ff¦fc IYSf¹ff þf SWf W`Ü

Ad²fd³f¹f¸f

dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f (Àf¸ff³f AUÀfS, Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IYf ÀfÔSÃf¯f Af`S ´fc¯fÊ ·ff¦feýfSe Ad²fd³f¹f¸f), 1995: IYf ´fi¸fb£f d³f¹f¸f þfZ

dVfÃff, SfZþ¦ffS, ¶ff²ff SdW°f Uf°ffUS¯f Af`S Àff¸ffdþIY ÀfbSÃff Afdý ´fiýf³f IYS°ff W`Ü ¹fW Ad²fd³f¹f¸f þ¸¸fc Af`S IYV¸feS Sfª¹f ÀfdW°f ´fcSZ ·ffS°f ¸fZÔ »ff¦fc dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü þ¸¸fc Af`S IYV¸feS ÀfSIYfS ³fZ kdUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE (Àf¸ff³f AUÀfS, Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IYf ÀfÔSÃf¯f Af`S ´fc¯fÊ ·ff¦feýfSe) Ad²fd³f¹f¸f, 1998 ·fe »ff¦fc dIY¹ff W`Ül U°fʸff³f ¸fZÔ ÀfSIYfS dUIY»ffÔ¦f Ad²fd³f¹f¸f 1995 IYfZ Af`S Ad²fIY Àf¸ffUZVfe ¶f³ff³fZ IZY d»fE Af`S

l l l l l

lll

www.icareinfo.in

IYf³fc³fe øY´fSZ£ff Af`S ½¹ff´fIY AUÀfÔS¨f³ff ´fi¸fb£f C´fd»f¶²f¹ffÔ

·ffS°f EdVf¹ff ´fiVffÔ°f ÃfZ{ ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f »ffZ¦ffZÔ IZY d»fE ´fc¯fÊ ·ff¦feýfSe IZY Àff±f Àf¸ff³f°ff IYe §ffZ¿f¯ff IYS³fZ Uf»ffZÔ ¸fZÔ ÀfZ EIY WÀ°ffÃfSIY°ffÊ W`Ü ·ffS°f EIY Àf¸ffUZVfe, ¶ff²ff ¸fb¢°f Af`S Ad²fIYfS Af²ffdS°f Àf¸ffþ IYe AfZS IYfSÊUfBÊ IZY d»fE d¶fUfIYfZ d¸f»fZd³f¹f¸f RiYZ¸fUIYÊY IZY d»fE ·fe WÀ°ffÃfSIY°ffÊ ýZVf W`Ü U¿fÊ 2006 ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE Sf¿MÑe¹f ³fed°fA´f³ff³ff Af`S 2007 ¸fZÔ ÀfÔ¹fb¢°f Sf¿MÑ ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IZY Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IZY d»fE Àf¸¸fZ»f³f (¹fcE³fÀfeAfS´feOe) ¸fZÔ ·ffS°f õfSf WÀ°ffÃfS IYS³ff, dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IZY d»fE ¦fdS¸ff Af`S Af°¸fd³f·fÊS°ff IZY þeU³f IYfZ Àfbd³fdV¨f°f IYS³fZ IYe dýVff ¸fZÔ ¸fe»f IYf ´f°±fS W`ÔÜ ·ffS°f ³fZ 1 A¢Mc¶fS, 2008 IYfZ ÀfÔ¹fb¢°f Sf¿MÑ Àf¸¸fZ»f³f IYf A³fb¸ffZý³f dIY¹ff ±ffÜ AÔ°fSSf¿MÑe¹f Àf¸¸fZ»f³ffZÔ IYfZ ²¹ff³f ¸fZÔ S£f°fZ WbE BÀf¸fZÔ ½¹ff´fIY ÀfÔVffZ²f³f IYe ´fidIi ¹ff ¨f»ff SWe W`Ü

´fiÀ°ffdU°f ÀfÔVffZ²f³f IZY IbYL ¸fb£¹f AfIY¿fʯf : l

l l

l

l

´fÔdO°f ýe³fý¹ff»f CX´ff²¹ff¹f dUIY»ffÔ¦f þ³f ÀfÔÀ±ff³f, ³fBÊ dý»»fe Sf¿MÑe¹f ýÈV¹f°ff dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff ÀfÔÀ±ff³f, ýZWSXfýc³f Sf¿MÑe¹f AdÀ±f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ÀfÔÀ±ff³f, IYfZ»fIYf°ff Sf¿MÑe¹f ¸ff³fdÀfIY dUIY»ffÔ¦f ÀfÔÀ±ff³f, dÀfIYÔýSf¶ffý A»fe ¹ffUS þÔ¦f Sf¿MÑe¹f ßfU¯f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ÀfÔÀ±ff³f, ¸fbÔ¶fBÊ Sf¿MÑe¹f ´fb³fUfÊÀf ´fidVfÃf¯f EUÔ A³fbÀfÔ²ff³f ÀfÔÀ±ff³f, IYMIY Sf¿MÑe¹f ¶fWb-dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff ÀfVfd¢°fIYS¯f ÀfÔÀ±ff³f, ¨fZ³³fBÊ

dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff IYfZ SfZIY³fZ ´fS þfZS ýZ³ff dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE AfUfÀf BIYfBʹffZÔ Af`S ýbIYf³ffZÔ ´fS AfSÃf¯f IZY d»fE ÀfIYfSf°¸fIY ´fW»f

17

·ffS°fe¹f ´fb³fUfÊÀf ´fdS¿fý Ad²fd³f¹f¸f, 1992: ¸ff³fU ÀfÔÀff²f³f dUIYfÀf Af`S ´fb³fUfÊÀf WZ°fb

ÀfZUfEÔ ´fiýf³f IYS³fZ ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f W`Ü ¹fW Ad²fd³f¹f¸f ·ffS°fe¹f ´fb³fUfÊÀf ´fdS¿fýIYfZ ´fb³fUfÊÀf ´fZVfZUSfZÔ IZY dUd³f¹f¸f³f Af`S ´fidVfÃf¯f Af`S IZYýÔ ei ¹f ´fb³fUfÊÀf SdþÀMS IZY A³fbSÃf¯f U BÀfIZY dÀfUf ¹ff CÀfÀfZ Af³fb¿fÔd¦fIY ¸ff¸f»ffZÔ IZY d»fE EIY ÀfÔdU²ff³f C´f»f¶²f IYSf°ff W`Ü

¸ffd³fÀfIY ÀUfÀ±¹f Ad²fd³f¹f¸f, 1987: ¹fW

Ad²fd³f¹f¸f ¸ffd³fÀfIY øY´f ÀfZ ¶fe¸ffS ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY C´f¨ffS Af`S ýZ£f·ff»f IZY d»fE ¶f³ffE ¦fE IYf³fc³ffZÔ IYfZ Àf¸fZdIY°f U ÀfÔVffZd²f°f IYS°ff W`Ü Àff±f We C³fIZY ¸ff¸f»ffZÔ ¹ff C³fÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f AfIYdÀ¸fIY ¸ff¸f»ffZÔ ´fS Cd¨f°f IYf¹fÊ IZY d»fE ´fifU²ff³f IYS°ff W`Ü

Sfª¹f IY¸fʨffSe ¶fe¸ff Ad²fd³f¹f¸f, 1948:

¹fW Ad²fd³f¹f¸f IY¸fʨffdS¹ffZÔ IYfZ ¶fe¸ffSe, ´fiÀfcd°f Af`S IYf¹fÊ IZY ýf`Sf³f ¨ffZM »f¦f³fZ þ`ÀfZ ¸ff¸f»ffZÔ ¸fZÔ IbYL »ff·f ´fiýf³f IYS°ff W` Af`S Àff±f We BÀfÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f A³¹f ¸ff¸f»ffZÔ IZY d»fE ´fifU²ff³f IYS°ff W`Ü

Af¹f IYS Ad²fd³f¹f¸f IZY °fW°f SfW°f: ²ffSf

80 ¹fc IZY °fW°f d³f²ffÊS¯f U¿fÊ 1989-90 Af`S BÀfIZY ´fW»fZ IZY U¿ffZÔÊ IZY ¸ff¸f»ffZÔ ¸fZÔ dIYÀfe d³fUfÀfe ½¹fd��°f IZY ¸ff¸f»fZ ¸fZÔ À±ff¹fe VffSedSIY dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff (´fc¯fÊ ³fZ{We³f°ff ÀfdW°f) ´ffE þf³fZ ´fS Af¹fIYS ¸fZÔ IYMf`°fe ¹ff SfW°f ´fiýf³f IYS°ff W`Ü d³f²ffÊS¯f U¿fÊ ÀfZ ´fi·ffUe dU°°f Ad²fd³f¹f¸f ¸fZÔ dIYE ¦fE ÀfÔVffZ²f³f ÀfZ ¹fW ÀU»fe³f°ff (AfgdMª¸f), dý¸ff¦fe IYMf`°fe ¸fc»¹ffÔIY³f ¶ffZOXÊ õfSf BÀf ÀfÔ¶fÔ²f ¸fZÔ dUd³fdýÊá ´fÃff§ff°f (ÀfZSZ¶fi»f ´f»Àfe), ¸ff³fdÀfIY d³f¹f¸ffZÔ IZY ¸fb°ffd¶fIY ¸ffd³fÀfIY ¸fÔý°ff ÀfZ ´fedOÞ°f IZY ¸fÔý°ff Af`S ¶fWb dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff Uf»fZ ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY IY»¹ff¯f IZY d»fE ³fZVf³f»f d»fE 1990-91 ÀfZ »ff¦fc dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff ±ffÜ MÑÀM Ad²fd³f¹f¸f, 1999: ¸fZÔ B³f ¨ffS Ad£f»f ·ffS°fe¹f ÀfZUf (dUVfZ¿f ßfZd¯f¹ffZÔ IZY dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IYfZ IYf³fc³fe ÀfÔSÃf¯f Af`S dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff LfZOI Þ YS) dUd³f¹f¸f, 1957: dþ°f³ff WfZ ÀfIZY ÀU°fÔ{ SW³fZ IZY d»fE Uf°ffUS¯f BÀf d³f¹f¸f IYfZ Afg»f BÔdO¹ff ÀfdUÊÀf (À´fZVf»f ¶f³ff³fZ ´fifU²ff³f dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü BÀf Ad²fd³f¹f¸f dOÀfZd¶fd»fMe »feU) SZ¦¹fb»fZVf³f, 1957 IYWf þf IZY °fW°f ÀU»fe³f°ff (AfgdMª¸f), dý¸ff¦fe ÀfIY°ff W`Ü BÀfIZY ÀfÔ¶fÔ²f ¸fZÔ Ad²fIY þf³fIYfSe IZY ´fÃff§ff°f (ÀfZSZ¶fi»f ´f»Àfe), ¸ffd³fÀfIY ¸fÔý°ff d»fE DY´fS ýe ¦fBÊ d»fÔIY ´fS d¢»fIY IYS dUVfZ¿f Af`S ¶fWb dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff Uf»fZ ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff SfW°f IZY ¶ffSZ ¸fZÔ þf³fIYfSe ´fif´°f IYS IY»¹ff¯f IZY d»fE Sf¿MÑe¹f À°fS IYe ÀfÔÀ±ff IZY ÀfIY°fZ W`ÜÔ ¦fN³f IYf ´fifU²ff³f W`Ü l

¸ff`þýc f dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff IZY ýf¹fSZ IYfZ dUÀ°ffS ýZ³ff Af`S ÀU»fe³f°ff (AfgdMª¸f) IYfZ BÀf¸fZÔ Vffd¸f»f IYS³ff dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE EIY Sf¿MÑe¹f IYfZ¿f IYe ½¹fUÀ±ff IYS³ff dVfÃff IZY ÃfZ{ ¸fZÔ Af`S ÀfOÞIY ´fS EIY Àf¸ffUZVfe Uf°ffUS¯f Af`S EIY ÀU-d³fd¸fÊ°f Uf°ff½fS¯f Àfbd³fdV¨f°f IYS³ff IZYýÔ i Af`S Sfª¹f Àf¸f³U¹f Àfd¸fd°f IYf Àf»ffWIYfS ¶ffZOûË IZY øY´f ¸fZÔ ª¹ffýf ¶fPÞe ·fcd¸fIYf Af`S dþ¸¸fZýfSe IZY Àff±f ´fb³f¦fÊN³f, dþ»ff À°fS ´fS Àfd¸fd°f¹ffZÔ IYf d³f¸ffʯf

dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IYe ¶fWbAf¹ff¸fe Àf¸fÀ¹ffAfZÔ ÀfZ ´fi·ffUe PÔ¦f ÀfZ d³f´fM³fZ IZY d»fE Af`S dUd·f³³f ÃfZ{fZÔ ¸fZÔ ¸ff³fU ÀfÔÀff²f³f IZY dUIYfÀf IZY d»fE ÀfSIYfS ³fZ ½¹ff´fIY ¶fbd³f¹ffýe PfÔ¨ff dUdIYÀf°f dIY¹ff W`Ü d³f¸³fd»fd£f°f Àff°f Sf¿MÑe¹f ÀfÔÀ±ff³f dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff IZY ´fi¸fb£f ÃfZ{fZÔ ¸fZÔ À±ffd´f°f dIYE ¦fE W`Ô : l

Volume 1 l Issue 4

·ffS°f ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦fþ³f

dUdU²f dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff Uf»ffZÔ IZY d»fE ½¹ff´fIY AUÀfÔS¨f³ff

l

December 2013

IZY³ýie¹f »ffZIY d³f¸ffʯf dU·ff¦f (Àfe´feO¶»¹fcOe) ³fZ AUSfZ²f ¸fb¢°f Uf°ffUS¯f d³fd¸fÊ°f IYS³fZ IZY d»fE ½¹ff´fIY dýVff-d³fQÊZVf þfSe dIYE W`Ô, °ffdIY B¸ffS°fZÔ Af`S ÀfbdU²ffEÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY C´f¹ffZ¦f WZ°fb A³fbIcY»f WfZÔÜ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f (Àf¸ff³f AUÀfS, Ad²fIYfS ÀfÔSÃf¯f Af`S ´fc¯fÊ ·ff¦feýfSe) Ad²fd³f¹f¸f, 1995 IZY A³fbÀffS VfWSe dUIYfÀf ¸fÔ{f»f¹f dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ Af`S ¶fbþb¦ffZÊÔ IZY d»fE AUSfZ²f ¸fb¢°f Uf°ffUS¯f ¶f³ff³fZ IZY d»fE EIY ³ffZO»f ¸fÔ{f»f¹f IZY øY´f ¸fZÔ ´fdSIYd»´f°f dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü ¸fÔ{f»f¹f ³fZ dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ Af`S UÈðfZÔ IZY d»fE IYf³fc³fe øY´f ÀfZ ·fU³ffZÔ IZY ¸ffgO»f °f`¹ffS dIYE W`Ô, dþÀf¸fZÔ ÀffUÊþd³fIY ·fU³ffZÔ IZY d³f¸ffʯf Af`S C³f¸fZÔ Àfb²ffS IZY ´fifU²ff³ffZÔ IYfZ Vffd¸f»f dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü dý»»fe ¸fZÔ ¶fbþb¦ffZÊÔ Af`S dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IZY d»fE ·fU³ffZÔ ¸fZÔ AUSfZ²f ¸fb¢°f AfÔ°fdSIY U ¶ffÁ¹f Uf°ffUS¯f d³fd¸fÊ°f IYS³fZ IYe ýÈdá ÀfZ IYSe¶f 50 ¸fW°U´fc¯fÊ B¸ffS°ffZÔ IZY »fZ£ff ´fb³fSeÃf¯f IYe ´fW»f IYe W`Ü Àff±f We dý»»fe IZY ¶ffWS A³¹f À±ff³ffZÔ ´fS ·fe Àf·fe ´fi¸fb£f ÀfSIYfSe ·fU³ffZÔ ¸fZÔ AUSfZ²f ¸fb¢°f Uf°ffUS¯f d³fd¸fÊ°f IYS³fZ IYf ´fi¹ffÀf dIY¹ff þfE¦ffÜ llll

AUSfZ²f ¸fb¢°f d³f¸ffʯf BÀfIZY A»ffUf, ÀfSIYfSe UZ¶fÀffBMfZÔ õfSf Ad·f¦f¸¹f°ff Ãf¸f°ff ¸ff³fýÔOfZÔ IYfZ A´f³ff³fZ ÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IYf Àf¸f¦fi°ff IZY Àff±f ¸ff¦fÊ ´fiVfÀ°f WbAf W`Ü ýÈV¹f dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff ÀfZ ´fedOÞ°f ½¹fd¢°f ·fe ÀIi e³f SeOS Af`S ¸f`¦³feRYf¹fS IYe ÀfWf¹fIY °fIY³feIYe IYe ¸fýý ÀfZ ÀfSIYfS IZY ´ffZMÊ»f IYf C´f¹ffZ¦f IYS ÀfIY°fZ W`ÔÜ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ °fIY Ad·f¦f¸¹f°ff ÀfbdU²ff ´fiýf³f IYS³fZ Uf»fe ÀfUÊßfZâ UZ¶fÀffBMfZÔ IZY d»fE °fe³f Sf¿MÑe¹f ´fbSÀIYfS À±ffd´f°f dIYE ¦fE W`ÔÜ B³f¸fZÔ ÀfZ EIY ´fbSÀIYfS IZYÔýi Af`S Sfª¹f ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f UZ¶fÀffBMfZÔ IYe ßfZ¯fe ¸fZÔ dý¹ff þfE¦ffÜ EIY ´fbSÀIYfS ´fi°¹fZIY IZYÔýi Af`S Sfª¹f ÀfSIYfSfZÔ, ÀffUÊþd³fIY ÃfZ{ IZY C´fIi ¸ffZÔ Af`S d³fþe ÃfZ{ Ii ¸fVf: ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f UZ¶fÀffBMfZÔ IYe ßfZ¯fe ¸fZÔ dý¹ff þf°ff W`Ü dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY ÀfVfd¢°fIYS¯f IZY d»fE ¹fW Sf¿MÑe¹f ´fbSÀIYfS ·ffS°f IZY Sf¿MÑ´fd°f õfSf ´fid°f U¿fÊ 3 dýÀfÔ¶fS IYfZ AÔ°fSSf¿MÑe¹f dUIY»ffÔ¦f dýUÀf IZY C´f»f¢¿¹f ¸fZÔ dý¹ff þf°ff W`Ü llll


info ÀfSIYfS ³fZ dUd·f³³f ÀfWf¹f°ff C´fIYS¯ffZÔ, Lf{UÈd°°f, ´fbSÀIYfS Af`S Afd±fÊIY »ff·ffZÔ Af`S ÀfSIYfSe ³ff`IYSe ¸fZÔ AfSÃf¯f U d³fþe d³f¹ffZ¢°ffAfZÔ IYfZ ´fifZ°ÀffW³f þ`Àfe dUd·f³³f ¹ffZþ³ffAfZÔ/IYf¹fÊIi ¸ffZÔ IZY ¸ff²¹f¸f ÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IYf dUIYfÀf Àfbd³fdV¨f°f IYS³fZ IYf ´fi¹ffÀf dIY¹ff W`Ü

dVfÃff

dUVfZ¿f øY´f ÀfZ ÀfÃf¸f »ffZ¦ffZÔ IZY d»fE ¨f»ffBÊ þf SWe dUd·f³³f ´fiIYfS IYe Sf¿MÑe¹f Lf{UÈd°°f¹ffZÔ EUÔ EIYeIÈY°f dVfÃff ¹ffZþ³ffAfZÔ IYe þf³fIYfSe ¹fWfÔ dUÀ°ffS ÀfZ ýe þf SWe W`Ü Af´f B³fÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f ´fi´f{ ·fe OfC³f»ffZO IYS ÀfIY°fZ W`ÔÜ

dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE Sf¿MÑe¹f Lf{UÈd°°f ¹ffZþ³ff

dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE Sf¿MÑe¹f Lf{UÈd°°f ¹ffZþ³ff IZY AÔ°f¦fÊ°f WS U¿fÊ 500 ³fBÊ Lf{UÈd°°f¹ffÔ ´ffZÀM ¸f`dMÑIY À°fS ´fS ½¹ffUÀffd¹fIY Af`S °fIY³feIYe ´ffNйfIi ¸ffZÔ ¸fZÔ EIY Àff»f ÀfZ Ad²fIY AdU²f ÀfZ A²¹f¹f³fS°f Lf{fZÔ IYfZ ´fiýf³f IYe þf°fe W`ÔÜ Wf»ffÔdIY, ¸fdÀ°f¿IY ´fÃff§ff°f, ¸ff³fdÀfIY ¸fÔý°ff, ¶fWb-dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff Af`S ¦fÔ·feS ¶fWSZ´f³f Uf»fZ Lf{fZÔ IYfZ ³ff`ÔUe IYÃff ÀfZ ´fPÞfBÊ IZY d»fE Lf{UÈd°°f ÀfZ Àf¸¸ffd³f°f dIY¹ff þf°ff W`Ü

dUIY»ffÔ¦f ¶f¨¨ffZÔ IZY d»fE Àf¸fZdIY°f dVfÃff IYe ¹ffZþ³ff

IZYÔýi ´fif¹ffZdþ°f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ¶f¨¨ffZÔ IZY d»fE Àf¸fZdIY°f dVfÃff ¹ffZþ³ff (1992 ÀfÔVffd²f°f) U°fʸff³f ¸fZÔ Sfª¹ffZÔ Af`S ÀfÔ§f VffdÀf°f ´fiýZVffZÔ ¸fZÔ IYf¹ffÊd³U°f W` Af`S IYSe¶f 90,000 ÀIcY»ffZÔ IZY 2,00,000 dUIY»ffÔ¦f ¶f¨¨fZ BÀfIYf »ff·f »fZ SWZ W`ÔÜ BÀf ¹ffZþ³ff IYfZ Àff¸ff³¹f ÀIcY»ffZÔ ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ¶f¨¨ffZÔ IZY d»fE dVfÃff IZY AUÀfS C´f»f¶²f IYSf°fZ WbE, ÀIcY»f ´fi¯ff»fe IYfZ Af`S Ad²fIY ÀfbdU²ffþ³fIY ¶f³ff³fZ IYe ýÈdá ÀfZ VfbøY dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff ±ffÜ ¹fW ¹ffZþ³ff dUIY»ffÔ¦f Lf{fZÔ IYfZ dIY°ff¶fZÔ Af`S A³¹f Àff¸f¦fie ÀfdW°f ´fdSUW³f ·f°°ff, ´ffNIY ·fØff, A³fbSÃfIY ·fØff, Lf{fUfÀf, UQeÊ ´fS £f¨fÊ Af`S A³¹f C´fIYS¯ffZÔ IYe UfÀ°fdUIY »ff¦f°f ´fS £f¨fÊ Afdý ÀfbdU²ffEÔ ´fiýf³f IYS°fe W`Ü ¹ffZþ³ff ÀfÔÀff²f³f IY¸fSZ Af`S ÀIcY»ffZÔ ¸fZÔ À±ff´f°¹f ¶ff²ffAfZÔ IYfZ ýcS IYS³fZ IZY d»fE dUVfZ¿f dVfÃfIYfZÔ IYe d³f¹fbd¢°f IZY ´fifU²ff³f IYf Àf¸f±fʳf ·fe IYS°fe W`Ü

SfZ¬f¦ffS

dUVfZ¿f øY´f ÀfZ ÀfÃf¸f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE ½¹ffUÀffd¹fIY EUÔ ´fb³fUfÊÀf IZYÔýi, dUVfZ¿f SfZþ¦ffS IYf¹ffÊ»f¹f °f±ff dUd·f³³f VffÀfIYe¹f ÀfZUfAfZÔ ¸fZÔ AfSÃf¯f Afdý IYe þf³fIYfSe C´f»f¶²f W`Ü BÀf ¶ffU°f dUd·f³³f ¹ffZþ³ffAfZÔ, IYf¹fÊIi ¸ffZÔ EUÔ SfZþ¦ffS ÀfZ ÀfÔ¶fÔd²f°f þf³fIYfSe IZY ´fi´f{ OfC³f»ffZO ·fe dIYE þf ÀfIY°fZ W`ÔÜ

dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹ffUÀffd¹fIY ´fb³fUfÊÀf IZYÔýi ýZVf ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IZY d»fE Àf{W ½¹ffUÀffd¹fIY ´fb³fUfÊÀf IZYÔýi (UeAfSÀfe) IYf¹fÊ IYS SWZ W`Ô, þfZ AW¸fýf¶ffý, ¸fbÔ¶fBÊ, ·fbU³fZVUS, ¶f`Ô¦f»ffZS, lll

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

IYfZ»fIYf°ff, dý»»fe, þ¹f´fbS, W`ýSf¶ffý, þ¶f»f´fbS, ¦fbUfWfMe, IYf³f´fbS, »fbd²f¹ff³ff, ¨f`³³fBÊ, d°f÷ U³fÔ°f´fbS¸f, UOfZýSf, A¦fS°f»ff Af`S ´fM³ff ¸fZÔ dÀ±f°f W`ÔÜ B³f¸fZÔ ÀfZ UOfZýSf IYf ½¹ffUÀffd¹fIY ´fb³fUfÊÀf IZYÔýi dUVfZ¿f øY´f ÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ¸fdW»ffAfZÔ IZY d»fE À±ffd´f°f dIY¹ff ¦f¹ff W`Ü ¹fZ IZYÔýi dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IYe Ãf¸f°ffAfZÔ IYf ¸fc»¹ffÔIY³f IYS°fZ W`Ô Af`S C³WZÔ ´fidVfÃf¯f U Afd±fÊIY ´fb³fUfÊÀf IYe ÀfbdU²ff ´fiýf³f IYS°fZ W`ÔÜ

VffSedSIY øY´f ÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IZY d»fE dUVfZ¿f SfZþ¦ffS IYf¹ffÊ»f¹f

Af¸f°ff`S ´fS VffSedSIY øY´f ÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IYe d³f¹fbd¢°f IZY d»fE Sf¿MÑe¹f SfZþ¦ffS ÀfZUf °fW°f SfZþ¦ffS IYf¹fÊ»f¹f dþ¸¸fZýfS W`ÔÜ ´fSÔ°fb BÀfIZY A»ffUf ·fe, C³fIYe ¨fbd³fÔýf À±ff³ffZÔ ´fS d³f¹fbd¢°f IZY d»fE dUVfZ¿f SfZþ¦ffS IYf¹ffÊ»f¹f À±ffd´f°f dIYE ¦fE W`ÔÜ

AfSÃf¯f

dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f (VffSedSIY øY´f ÀfZ d³f:Vf¢°f) ·ffS°f ÀfSIYfS IZY A²fe³f ÀfZUfAfZÔ Af`S ´fýfZÔ ¸fZÔ AfSÃf¯f IYf »ff·f »fZ ÀfIY°fZ W`ÔÜ Àf¸fcW A, ¶f, Àf Af`S ý IZY ´fýfZÔ ´fS Àfe²fe ·f°feÊ IZY ¸ff¸f»fZ ¸fZÔ dSd¢°f¹ffZÔ ¸fZÔ 3 ´fid°fVf°f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE AfdSÃf°f WfZ¦fe CÀf¸fZÔ ·fe (i) AÔ²ff´f³f ¹ff IY¸f ýÈdá ÀfZ ´fedOÞ°ffZÔ, (ii) ßf½¹f Wfd³f Af`S (iii) ¦fd°fWe³f°ff ¹ff d¸fÀ°f¿IY ´fÃff§ff°f ÀfZ ´fi°¹fZIY ´fedOÞ°f IYe ´fW¨ff³f IYS ´fý IZY d»fE 1 ´fid°fVf°f AfSÃf¯f WfZ¦ffÜ °fe³f ´fid°fVf°f dSd¢°f¹ffZÔ ´fS Àf¸fcW Àf Af`S ý IYfZ ´fifZ°ÀffW³f IZY ¸ff¸f»fZ ¸fZÔ, dþÀf¸fZÔ Àfe²fe ·f°feÊ IYf °f°U, ¹fdý IYfZBÊ WfZ °ffZ ¹fW 75 ´fid°fVf°f ÀfZ Ad²fIY ³fWeÔ WfZ¦ff, CÀf¸fZÔ ·fe ´fi°¹fZIY EIY ´fid°fVf°f AfSÃf¯f (i) ³fZ{We³f°ff ¹ff IY¸f ýÈdá ÀfZ ´fedOÞ°f, (ii) ßf½¹f Wfd³f Af`S (iii) ¦fd°fWe³f°ff ¹ff ¸fdÀ°f¿IY ´fÃff§ff°f ÀfZ ´fedOÞ°f ´fi°¹fZIY IYe ´fW¨ff³f IYS ´fý IZY d»fE AfSÃf¯f SWZ¦ffÜ

¹ffZþ³ffEÔ

dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE £fSeý/dRYdMÔ¦f ¸fýý/C´fIYS¯f WZ°fb ÀfWf¹f°ff ¹ffZþ³ff (EOeAfBÊ´fe ¹ffZþ³ff)Ü

dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY ÀfVfd¢°fIYS¯f IZY d»fE Sf¿MÑe¹f ´fbSÀIYfS ¹ffZþ³ff

IZY °fW°f dUIY»ffÔ¦fþ³ffZÔ IYfZ SfZþ¦ffS ýZ³fZ Uf»fZ C°IÈYá d³f¹ffZ¢°ff IZY Àff±f C°IÈYá IY¸fʨffSe IYfZ ´fbSÀIYfS dý¹ff þf SWf W`Ü BÀf ¹ffZþ³ff IYfZ 1969 ¸fZÔ ¸fÔþcSe ýe ¦fBÊ ±feÜ ·ffS°f ÀfSIYfS ³fZ ¶fý»f°fZ ´fdSýÈV¹f IYfZ ²¹ff³f ¸fZÔ S£f°fZ WbE BÀf¸fZÔ AfUV¹fIY ÀfÔVffZ²f³f IYS³fZ IYe ¦fbÔþfBVf S£fe W`Ü

d³f:Vf¢°fþ³ffZÔ IZY d»fE ÀU`d¨LIY IYf¹fÊ IYfZ ¶fPÞfUf ýZ³fZ IZY d»fE ýe³fý¹ff»f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ´fb³fUfÊÀf ¹ffZþ³ff (OeOeAfSEÀf ¹ffZþ³ff)

ÀfWf¹f°ff ³fZVf³f»f W`³OeI`Y´O RYfB³f`ÔÀf EÔO OZU»f´f¸fZÔM IYfZ´ffZÊSZVf³f (E³fE¨fERYOeÀfe) õfSf Sfª¹ffZÔ IYe IYf¹fÊIYfSe EþZÔdÀf¹ffZÔ IZY ¸ff²¹f¸f ÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ õfSf ÀUSfZþ¦ffS Cô¸f IYfZ VfbøY IYS³fZ IZY d»fE dS¹ff¹f°fe Vf°ffZÊÔ ´fS F¯f C´f»f¶²f IYSf¹ff þf SWf W`Ü l

l l

Sfª¹f IYe IYf¹fÊIYfSe EþZÔdÀf¹ffZÔ (EÀfÀfeE) Af`S Sf¿MÑe¹fIÈY°f ¶f`ÔIYfZÔ IZY ¸ff²¹f¸f ÀfZ dIi ¹ffd³U°f ¹ffZþ³ffEÔ ¸ffBIi fZ dU°°fe¹f ¹ffZþ³ff ¸ff³fdÀfIY øY´f ÀfZ ¸fÔý ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY ¸ff°ff-d´f°ff IYe EÀffZdÀfEVf³f IZY d»fE ¹ffZþ³ff

dUIY»ffÔ¦fþ³ffZÔ IZY d»fE ·ffS°f ÀfSIYfS IZY IY»¹ff¯fIYfSe IYf¹fÊIi ¸f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE (Àf¸ff³f AUÀfS, Ad²fIYfSfZÔ IYf ÀfÔSÃf¯f Af`S ´fc¯fÊ ·ff¦feýfSe) Ad²fd³f¹f¸f, 1995 IZY IYf¹ffʳU¹f³f ÀfZ C°´f³³f ¹ffZþ³ffEÔ IbYL ¹ffZþ³ffEÔ d³f¸³fd»fd£f°f W`Ô:

BÀf ¹ffZþ³ff IYf ¸fb£¹f CïZV¹f þøYS°f¸fÔý dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IYfZ dMIYfDY, ´fdS¿IÈY°f Af`S U`Äffd³fIY øY´f ÀfZ d³fd¸fÊ°f Af²fbd³fIY C´fIYS¯f ¸fbW`¹ff IYSf³fZ IZY d»fE ÀfWf¹f°ff ýZIYS C³fIZY VffSedSIY AÃf¸f°ff IYfZ IY¸f IYS°fZ WbE, Àff¸ffdþIY Af`S ¸f³ffZU`Äffd³fIY ´fb³fUfÊÀf IYfZ ¶fPÞfUf ýZ³ff W`Ü °ffdIY dUIY»ffÔ¦f IZY ´fi·ffU IYfZ IY¸f IYS C³fIYe Afd±fÊIY Ãf¸f°ff IYfZ ¶fPÞf¹ff þf ÀfIZYÜ dUIY»ffÔ¦ffZÔ IYfZ BÀf ÀfWf¹f°ff IZY °fW°f dýE þf³fZ Uf»fZ C´fIYS¯f AfBÊEÀfAfBÊ ´fi¸ff¯fd°f WfZ³fZ ¨ffdWEÜ

BÀf ¹ffZþ³ff IYf ¸fb£¹f CïZV¹f dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE Àf¸ff³f AUÀfS, Àf¸ff³f°ff, Àff¸ffdþIY

³¹ff¹f Af`S ÀfdVf¢°fIYS¯f IYfZ ¶fPÞfUf ýZ³fZ Uf»fZ Uf°ffUS¯f IYf d³f¸ffʯf Àfbd³fdV¨f°f IYS³ff W`Ü ¹fW ¹ffZþ³ff dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY d»fE (Àf¸ff³f AUÀfS Af`S Ad²fIYfS IYe ÀfbSÃff) Ad²fd³f¹f¸f 1995 IZY °fW°f ÀU`d¨LIY IYf¹fÊ IYfZ ´fifZ°ÀffdW°f Af`S ´fi·ffUe IYf¹ffʳU¹f³f Àfbd³fdV¨f°f IYS°fe W`Ü

18

l

l

l

l

d³fþe ÃfZ{ ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IYfZ SfZþ¦ffS C´f»f¶²f IYSf³fZ IZY d»fE d³f¹ffZ¢°ffAfZÔ IYfZ d³f¹fd¸f°f øY´f ÀfZ ´fifZ°ÀffW³f ÀffUÊþd³fIY ·fU³ffZÔ ¸fZÔ ´fWbÔ¨f ÀfbdU²ffAfZÔ IZY ¶ffSZ ¸fZÔ ¸ffgO»f ¶f³ffIYS þf¦f÷ IY°ff IYfZ ¶fPÞfUf ýZ³ff dUIY»ffÔ¦f ½¹fd¢°f¹ffZÔ IZY Àff±f A³¹f »ffZ¦ffZÔ IZY d»fE ÃfZ{e¹f IZYÔýi (ÀfeAfSÀfe) dþ»ff dUIY»ffÔ¦f°ff ´fb³fUfÊÀf IZYÔýi (OeOeAfSÀfe)

dU°°fe¹f ÀfWf¹f°ff

ÀUSfZþ¦ffS Uf»fZ C´fIi ¸ffZÔ IZY d»fE dU°°fe¹f llll

dU°°fe¹f ÀfWf¹f°ff IZY Àff±f dUVfZ¿f dVfÃff

·ffS°fe¹f ´fb³fUfÊÀf ´fdS¿fý õfSf ´fiIYfdVf°f ¸ff³fU ÀfÔÀff²f³f dUIYfÀf IYe dS´ffZMÊ IZY A³fbÀffS Af³fZ Uf»fZ 10 Àff»ffZÔ ¸fZÔ ÀIcY»ffZÔ ¸fZÔ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ¶f¨¨ffZÔ IYe Vf`dÃfIY þøYS°ffZÔ IYfZ ´fcSf IYS³fZ IZY d»fE 1,00,000 ÀfZ Ad²fIY dVfÃfIYfZÔ IYe AfUV¹fIY°ff WfZ¦feÜ BÀf d»fWfþ ÀfZ dUIY»ffÔ¦f ¶f¨¨ffZÔ Af`S Àf·fe IZY d»fE dVfÃff IZY ¸fW°U IYf Àf¸fÓf°fZ WbE À³ff°fIY Af`S À³ff°fIYfZ°°fS dVfÃfIY IYf¹fÊIi ¸ffZÔ IZY ¸ff²¹f¸f ÀfZ dVfÃfIY °f`¹ffS IYS³fZ IYe AfUV¹fIY°ff W`Ü BÀfd»fE, dUVUdUôf»f¹f A³fbýf³f Af¹ffZ¦f (¹fcþeÀfe) ýZVf ¸fZÔ IbYL ¨fbd³fÔýf dUVUdUôf»f¹f IZY dU·ff¦ffZÔ Af`S ¸fWfdUôf»f¹ffZÔ IYfZ dVfÃff ´fiýf³f IYS³fZ IZY d»fE dU°°fe¹f ÀfWf¹f°ff ´fiýf³f IYS°ff W`Ü ¸ff³fU ÀfÔÀff²f³f dUIYfÀf ¸fÔ{f»f¹f, ·ffS°f ÀfSIYfS õfSf dUIY»ffÔ¦f ¶f¨¨ffZÔ IZY d»fE Àf¸fZdIY°f dVfÃff(´feOeERY RYfB»f þfZ ³fBÊ dUÔOfZÔ ¸fZÔ £fb»f°fe W`) IYf¹fÊIi ¸f IZY °fW°f C´f»f¶²f ÀfWf¹f°ff ÀfZ ¹ff dRYS Af¹ffZ¦f A´f³fZ We C´f»f¶²f ÀfÔÀff²f³ffZÔ ÀfZ dUVfZ¿f dVfÃff ´fiýf³f IYS°ff W`Ü llll


info

lll

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

llll

19

llll


info

lll

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

llll

20

llll


info

llll

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

llll

21

llll


info

llll

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

llll

22

llll


info

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

23

Advt. /Dec. / 2013 / 1

llll

llll

llll


info

lll

December 2013 Volume 1 l Issue 4

www.icareinfo.in

llll

24

llll


i Care Info December 2013